Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 40.414
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305710

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive bacterium capable of resisting 5.0 mM glufosinate, designated strain YX-27T, was isolated from a sludge sample collected from a factory in Wuxi, Jiangsu, PR China. Cells were rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic, endospore-forming, and motile by peritrichous flagella. Growth was observed at 15-42 °C (optimum at 30 °C), pH 4.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5) and with 0-2.5% NaCl (w/v; optimum, 0.5 %). Strain YX-27T could tolerate up to 6.0 mM glufosinate. Strain YX-27T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Paenibacillus tianjinensis TB2019T (96.17 %), followed by Paenibacillus odorifer DSM 1539T (96.15 %), Paenibacillus sophorae S27T (96.04 %), Paenibacillus apii 7124T (96.02 %) and Paenibacillus stellifer DSM 14472T (95.87 %). The phylogenetic tree based on genome and 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YX-27T was clustered in the genus Paenibacillus but formed a separate clade. The genome size of YX-27T was 5.22 Mb with a G+C content of 57.5 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between the genomes of strain YX-27T and 12 closely related type strains ranged from 70.8 to 74.8% and 19.8 to 23.0 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The major polar lipids were one diphosphatidylglycerol, one phosphatidylethanolamine, one phosphatidylglycerol, one phospholipid, four aminophospholipids and four unidentified lipids. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. Based on phylogenetic, genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain YX-27T was considered to represent a novel species for which the name Paenibacillus glufosinatiresistens sp. nov. is proposed, with YX-27T (=MCCC 1K08803T= KCTC 43611T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Aminobutiratos , Ácidos Graxos , Paenibacillus , Ácidos Graxos/química , Esgotos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Fosfolipídeos/química
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305772

RESUMO

Three Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria were isolated from activated sludge samples. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the three strains, designated HXWNR29T, HXWNR69T and HXWNR70T, had the highest sequence similarity to the type strains Flavobacterium cheniae NJ-26T, Flavobacterium channae KSM-R2A30T and Flavobacterium amniphilum KYPY10T with similarities of 97.66 %, 98.66 and 98.14 %, respectively. The draft genomes of these three strains were 2.93 Mbp (HXWNR29T), 2.69 Mbp (HXWNR69T) and 2.65 Mbp (HXWNR70T) long with DNA G+C contents of 31.84 %, 32.83 % and 34.66 %, respectively. These genomes contained many genes responsible for carbohydrate degradation and antibiotic resistance. The major fatty acids (>5 %) included iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major menaquinone was MK-6 for all the three strains. The average nucleotide identity (ANI; 72.7-88.5 %) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH; 19.6-35.3 %) results further indicated that these three strains represented three novel species within the genus Flavobacterium, for which the names Flavobacterium odoriferum sp. nov. (type strain HXWNR29T = KCTC 92446T = CGMCC 1.61821T), Flavobacterium fragile sp. nov. (type strain HXWNR69T = KCTC 92468T = CGMCC 1.61442T) and Flavobacterium luminosum sp. nov. (type strain HXWNR70T = KCTC 92447T = CGMCC 1.61443T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Flavobacterium , Ácidos Graxos/química , Esgotos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Vitamina K 2
3.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 192, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305902

RESUMO

Micro-aeration was shown to improve anaerobic digestion (AD) processes, although oxygen is known to inhibit obligate anaerobes, such as syntrophic communities of bacteria and methanogens. The effect of micro-aeration on the activity and microbial interaction in syntrophic communities, as well as on the potential establishment of synergetic relationships with facultative anaerobic bacteria (FAB) or aerobic bacteria (AB), was investigated. Anaerobic sludge was incubated with ethanol and increasing oxygen concentrations (0-5% in the headspace). Assays with acetate or H2/CO2 (direct substrates for methanogens) were also performed. When compared with the controls (0% O2), oxygen significantly decreased substrate consumption and initial methane production rate (MPR) from acetate or H2/CO2. At 0.5% O2, MPR from these substrates was inhibited 30-40%, and close to 100% at 5% O2. With ethanol, significant inhibition (>36%) was only observed for oxygen concentrations higher than 2.5%. Oxygen was consumed in the assays, pointing to the stimulation of AB/FAB by ethanol, which helped to protect the syntrophic consortia under micro-aerobic conditions. This highlights the importance of AB/FAB in maintaining functional and resilient syntrophic communities, which is relevant for real AD systems (in which vestigial O2 amounts are frequently present), as well as for AD systems using micro-aeration as a process strategy. KEY POINTS: •Micro-aeration impacts syntrophic communities of bacteria and methanogens. •Oxygen stimulates AB/FAB, maintaining functional and resilient consortia. •Micro-aeration studies are critical for systems using micro-aeration as a process strategy.


Assuntos
Euryarchaeota , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Esgotos/microbiologia , Reatores Biológicos , Dióxido de Carbono , Metano , Bactérias , Acetatos , Oxigênio , Etanol
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 466: 133637, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306831

RESUMO

Addressing per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination is an urgent environmental concern. While most research has focused on PFAS contamination in water matrices, comparatively little attention has been given to sludge, a significant by-product of wastewater treatment. This critical review presents the latest information on emission sources, global distribution, international regulations, analytical methods, and remediation technologies for PFAS in sludge and biosolids from wastewater treatment plants. PFAS concentrations in sludge matrices are typically in hundreds of ng/g dry weight (dw) in developed countries but are rarely reported in developing and least-developed countries due to the limited analytical capability. In comparison to water samples, efficient extraction and cleaning procedures are crucial for PFAS detection in sludge samples. While regulations on PFAS have mainly focused on soil due to biosolids reuse, only two countries have set limits on PFAS in sludge or biosolids with a maximum of 100 ng/g dw for major PFAS. Biological technologies using microbes and enzymes present in sludge are considered as having high potential for PFAS remediation, as they are eco-friendly, low-cost, and promising. By contrast, physical/chemical methods are either energy-intensive or linked to further challenges with PFAS contamination and disposal. The findings of this review deepen our comprehension of PFAS in sludge and have guided future research recommendations.


Assuntos
Fluorocarbonos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Esgotos/química , Biossólidos , Solo , Água , Fluorocarbonos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3391, 2024 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336908

RESUMO

In this study, the efficacy of the promising iron-based polymeric inorganic coagulant (POFC) was assessed for the reduction of eutrophication effect (freshwater toxicity) and the microbial loads from wastewater. Toxicity assessment for POFC was conducted on mice and skin cell lines. The results confirm the lower toxicity level of POFC. The POFC showed excellent antibacterial efficacy against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Moreover, it demonstrated a remarkable effectiveness against black fungus such as Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus oryzae. Additionally, POFC showed antiviral effectiveness against the highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus as well as Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). POFC-based treatment gives excellent removal percentages for phosphate, and phosphorus at doses below 60 ppm with a low produced sludge volume that leads to 84% decrease in the rate of eutrophication and freshwater toxicity. At a POFC concentration of 60 ppm, remarkable reduction rates for total coliforms, fecal coliforms, and E. coli were achieved. After POFC-based coagulation, the produced sludge retains a lower bacterial density due to the antibacterial activity of POFC. Furthermore, it revealed that the observed removal efficiencies for fungi and yeasts in the produced sludge reached 85% at a POFC dose of 60 ppm. Overall, our research indicates that POFC has potential for application in pre-treatment of wastewater and serves as an antimicrobial agent.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Virus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1 , Camundongos , Animais , Águas Residuárias , Esgotos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Polímeros , Eutrofização
6.
PeerJ ; 12: e16931, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371377

RESUMO

Background: Urbanization has an ecological and evolutionary effect on urban microorganisms. Microorganisms are fundamental to ecosystem functions, such as global biogeochemical cycles, biodegradation and biotransformation of pollutants, and restoration and maintenance of ecosystems. Changes in microbial communities can disrupt these essential processes, leading to imbalances within ecosystems. Studying the impact of human activities on urban microbes is critical to protecting the environment, human health, and overall urban sustainability. Methods: In this study, bacterial communities in the sediments of an urban artificial river were profiled by sequencing the 16S rRNA V3-V4 region. The samples collected from the eastern side of the Jiusha River were designated as the JHE group and were marked by persistent urban sewage discharges. The samples collected on the western side of the Jiusha River were categorized as the JHW group for comparative analysis. Results: The calculated alpha diversity indices indicated that the bacterial community in the JHW group exhibited greater species diversity and evenness than that of the JHE group. Proteobacteria was the most dominant phylum between the two groups, followed by Bacteroidota. The relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidota accumulated in the JHE group was higher than in the JHW group. Therefore, the estimated biomarkers in the JHE group were divided evenly between Proteobacteria and Bacteroidota, whereas the biomarkers in the JHW group mainly belonged to Proteobacteria. The Sulfuricurvum, MND1, and Thiobacillus genus were the major contributors to differences between the two groups. In contrast to JHW, JHE exhibited higher enzyme abundances related to hydrolases, oxidoreductases, and transferases, along with a prevalence of pathways associated with carbohydrate, energy, and amino acid metabolisms. Our study highlights the impact of human-induced water pollution on microorganisms in urban environments.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Esgotos , Humanos , Cidades , Rios/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Crescimento Sustentável , Bactérias/genética , Bacteroidetes/genética , Proteobactérias/genética , Microbiota/genética , Biomarcadores
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3690, 2024 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355952

RESUMO

Poor management of fecal sludge (FSM) presents significant risks to public health and the environment. This study employed qualitative and quantitative data collection methods, along with the Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) data analyzing tool to investigate FSM patterns in Kombolcha town, Ethiopia. The findings indicate that 75.7% of housing unites in the town are shared toilets, with multiple households sharing a single facility. The primary toilet technologies used include cistern flush toilets (2.1%), pour/manual flush toilets (19.8%), ventilated improved pit latrines (11.1%), pit latrines with slabs (56.4%), and pit latrines without slabs (10.6%). However, 98.5% of these toilet types had either unlined or only partially lined containments. Furthermore, only 37% of households practice safe pit or sludge tank emptying. As a result, only 17% of fecal sludge goes through the sanitation value chain and is effectively treated, while 39% remains onsite and unemptied, and the remaining 44% is disposed of in a manner that poses risks to the environment and public health. The study highlights the significant public health and environmental risks associated with the high reliance on shared toilets, the prevalence of inadequately lined toilet types, and the low adoption of proper fecal sludge management practices. Addressing these challenges requires the implementation of sanitation bylaws and building code regulations that prioritize hygienic standards and promote improved toilet technologies.


Assuntos
Saneamento , Esgotos , Humanos , Saneamento/métodos , Etiópia , Cidades , Saúde Pública , Toaletes
8.
Bioresour Technol ; 395: 130390, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301944

RESUMO

In this study, H2O2 (0.1 ‰) and NH2-MIL-101(Fe)-driven (150 mg/L) photo-Fenton-coupled anammox were proposed to simultaneously improve the removal efficiency of nitrogen and humic acid. Long-term experiments showed that the total nitrogen removal efficiency was increased by the photo-Fenton reaction to 91.9 ± 1.5 % by altering the bioavailability of refractory organics. Correspondingly, the total organic carbon removal efficiency was significantly increased. Microbial community analyses indicated that Candidatus_Brocadia maintained high activity during photo-Fenton reaction and was the most abundant genus in the reactor. Dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium process and denitrification process were enhanced, resulting in reduced NO3--N production. The establishment of electron transfer between microorganisms and NH2-MIL-101 (Fe) improved the charge separation efficiency of the quantum dots and increased the intracellular adenosine triphosphate content of anammox bacteria. These results indicated that photo-Fenton-anammox process promoted the removal of nitrogen and refractory organics in one reactor which had good economic value and application prospects.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Desnitrificação , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Oxirredução , Nitrogênio , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Elétrons , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Esgotos
9.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120148, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306856

RESUMO

Arsenic-bearing neutralization (ABN) sludge is a classical hazardous waste commonly found in nonferrous metallurgy. However, the current storage of these hazardous wastes not only has to pay costly hazardous waste taxes but also poses significant risks to both the environment and human health. To address these issues and achieve the comprehensive utilization and minimization of ABN sludge, this study proposes a new combined process. The process involves selective reduction roasting, leaching, and carbonation, through which, the arsenate and gypsum in the ABN sludge were recovered in the form of As(s), high-purity CaCO3, and H2S. The selective reduction behaviors of arsenate and gypsum were investigated through thermodynamic analysis and roasting experiments. The results indicated that the 95.35 % arsenate and 96.55 % gypsum in the sludge were selectively reduced to As4(g) and CaS at 950 °C by carbothermic reduction. The As4(g) was condensed to As(s) and enriched in the dust (As, 96.78 wt %). In the leaching process, H2S gas was adopted to promote the leaching of CaS, and resulted in 97.41 % of CaS in the roasted product was selectively leached in the form of Ca(HS)2, leading to a 74.11 % reduction in the weight of the ABN sludge. Then, the Ca(HS)2 was subjected to capture CO2 for the separation of Ca2+ and S2-. The result depicted that 99.69 % of Ca2+ and 99.12 % of S2- were separated as high-purity (99.12 wt %) CaCO3 and H2S (24.89 vol %) by controlling the terminal carbonation pH to below 6.55. The generated H2S can be economically converted to sulfur by the Clause process. The whole process realized the comprehensive resource recovery and the minimization of the sludge, which provides an alternative solution for the clean treatment of hazardous ABN waste.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Humanos , Arsênio/análise , Esgotos , Arseniatos , Sulfato de Cálcio , Resíduos Perigosos
10.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120142, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306855

RESUMO

The effective removal of heavy metal ions from sewage remains a critical issue, and applying the operability of magnetic materials to large volume wastewater treatment has been a significant challenge. In this paper, metal ions adsorption induced aggregation strategy is proposed to solve this contradiction. The intelligent magnetic fluid designed in this study is a well-dispersed fluid state when treating sewage, and can efficiently adsorb heavy metal ions in wastewater with high adsorption capacity and ultra-fast adsorption kinetics. More importantly, after saturation of adsorption, the magnetic fluid will transform from a well-dispersed fluid state to an agglomeration state which is easy to precipitate and separate via external magnetic field. In a simple and effective way, the particles size of magnetic nanoparticles was precisely controlled by cellulose derivatives modification to obtain a stable magnetic fluid in water. The Freundlich model best described Cu2+ adsorption on magnetite nanoparticles, the correlation coefficients from the Cu2+ adsorption on the two magnetic fluids are 0.9554 and 0.9336, n are 1.868 and 2.117, revealing a favorable adsorption of Cu2+ onto magnetic fluids. The pseudo second-order model fitted the adsorption kinetic data better, the qe are 0.1948 and 0.1315 mmol/g and the R2 are 0.9999, indicating that the adsorption of Cu2+ onto the magnetic fluid was dominated by chemisorption. Moreover, the removal rate of Cu2+ in tap water and lake water was more than 97.1%, and the removal rate of large volume sewage was 81.7%. The synthetic magnetic fluid has high adsorption capacity, ultra-fast adsorption kinetics, reusability and easy separation, indicating its potential application for the removal of heavy metal ions from large-volume sewage.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Cobre/análise , Esgotos , Adsorção , Íons , Água , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
11.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120195, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306858

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production during composting can impact the environment and human health. Especially during the thermophilic phase, H2S is discharged in large quantities. However, in sludge composting, the contributions of different sulfur-containing precursors to H2S fluxes, key functional microorganisms, and key environmental parameters for reducing H2S flux remain unclear. Analysis of cysteine (Cys), methionine (Met), and sulfate (SO42-) concentrations, multiple stepwise regression analysis, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) annotation analysis of metagenomes showed that Cys was the main contributor to the production of H2S and that Met was among the main sources during the first three days of composting, while the SO42- contribution to H2S was negligible. Fifteen functional genera involved in the conversion of precursors to H2S were identified by co-occurrence network analysis. Only Bacillus showed high temperature resistance (>50 °C) and the ability to reduce H2S. Redundancy analysis showed that total carbon (64.0 %) and pH (23.3 %) had significant effects on functional bacteria. H2S had a quadratic relationship with sulfur-containing precursors. All microbial network sulfur-containing precursors metabolism modules showed a highly significant relationship with Cys.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Humanos , Esgotos/química , Enxofre , Carbono
12.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120229, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310790

RESUMO

Climate change is currently reshaping precipitation patterns, intensifying extremes, and altering runoff dynamics. Particularly susceptible to these impacts are combined sewer systems (CSS), which convey both stormwater and wastewater and can lead to combined sewer overflow (CSO) discharges during heavy rainfall. Green infrastructure (GI) can help mitigate these discharges and enhance system resilience under historical conditions; however, the quantification of its effect on resilience in a future climate remains unknown in the literature. This study employs a modified Global Resilience Analysis (GRA) framework for continuous simulation to quantify the impact of climate change on CSS resilience, particularly CSOs. The study assesses the efficacy of GI interventions (green roofs, permeable pavements, and bioretention cells) under diverse future rainfall scenarios based on EURO-CORDEX regional climate models (2085-2099) and three Representative Concentration Pathways (2.6, 4.5, 8.5 W/m2). The findings underscore a general decline in resilience indices across the future rainfall scenarios considered. Notably, the total yearly CSO discharge volume increases by a range of 145 % to 256 % in response to different rainfall scenarios. While GI proves effective in increasing resilience, it falls short of offsetting the impacts of climate change. Among the GI options assessed, green roofs routed to pervious areas exhibit the highest adaptive capacity, ranging from 9 % to 22 % at a system level, followed by permeable pavements with an adaptation capacity between 7 and 13 %. By linking the effects of future rainfall scenarios on CSO performance, this study contributes to understanding GI's potential as a strategic tool for enhancing urban resilience.


Assuntos
Resiliência Psicológica , Esgotos , Mudança Climática , Chuva , Águas Residuárias
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 395: 130414, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310978

RESUMO

Effects of sewage sludge (SS) and fresh leachate (FL) addition on corn straw (CS) digestion and underlying mechanisms were investigated. Co-digestion of CS, SS and FL significantly increased cumulative methane production by 7.2-61.1%. Further analysis revealed that co-digestion acted mainly on slowly degradable substrates and exerted dual effects on methane production potential, which was closely related to the volatile solids (VS) content. Antagonistic effects of co-digestion resulted from the dominance of norank_c_Bathyarchaeia, a mixotrophic methanogen that may generate methane inefficiently and consume existing methane. The synergistic enhancement of methane production (0.7-12.7%) was achieved in co-digestion with 33.5-45.5% of total VS added as SS and FL. Co-digestion with more balanced nutrients and higher buffering capacity enriched Actinobacteriota, Firmicutes, and Synergistota, thereby facilitating the substrate degradation. Furthermore, the predominant acetoclastic methanogens, increased hydrogenotrophic methanogens, and decreased methylotrophic methanogens in the digester combined to prompt the synergy.


Assuntos
Euryarchaeota , Esgotos , Esgotos/química , Anaerobiose , Zea mays , Reatores Biológicos , Bactérias , Metano , Digestão
14.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(3): 274, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363428

RESUMO

Although phytoplankton is well known as robust bioindicators to aquatic environments, their indicating functions based on different community parameters remain to be understood. In order to filter effective bioindicators in aquatic ecosystems, four phytoplankton community parameters including species richness (SR), total biomass (SBP), functional groups (FGBP), and size-fractionated chlorophyll-a (SC) were demonstrated in a subtropical artificial lake with ecological restoration in South China. Our results indicated that all the above four parameters exhibited high sensitivity to environmental variations and illustrated distinct aspects of indicating functions to aquatic environments due to their individual biological characteristics. Based on FGBP, both spatial and temporal differences in phytoplankton community could be identified. SR and SBP only classified the spatial and temporal distributions, respectively, while SC could distinguish the sewage outfalls from other sites. In terms of ecological management, two parameters (SR and FGBP) could distinguish the restored waters from untreated environments as non-point source pollution, and another parameter SC could indicate the sewage outfalls as point source pollution. Therefore, the combination of the above two categories of phytoplankton community parameters could make the strongest indicating functions. Our study provided greater insight into indicating functions of phytoplankton community parameters in an ecological restored lake and enabled better managements in such artificial lakes.


Assuntos
Fitoplâncton , Qualidade da Água , Ecossistema , Lagos/química , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Biomarcadores Ambientais , Esgotos , Estações do Ano , China
15.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(3): 78, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367092

RESUMO

Industrial by-products are stored in large quantities in the open, leading to wasted resources and environmental pollution, and the natural environment is similarly faced with phosphate depletion and serious water and soil pollution. This study uses these by-products to produce a new sludge/biomass ash ceramsite that will be used to adsorb nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater, and solidify heavy metals in the soil while releasing Olsen P. The sludge/biomass ash ceramsites are made using sewage sludge and biomass ash in a certain ratio calcined at high temperatures and modified for the adsorption of nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater. Sludge/biomass ash ceramsites before and after phosphorus adsorption, biochar and biomass ash were compared to analyze their heavy metal adsorption capacity and potential as phosphate fertilizer. After phosphorus adsorption, the sludge/biomass ash ceramsites released effective phosphorus steadily and rapidly in the soil, with a greater initial release than biochar and biomass ash, and the ceramsites were in a granular form that could be easily recycled. Biochar and biomass residue, due to their surface functional groups, are better at solidifying heavy metals than sludge/biomass ash ceramsites. Biochar, biomass ash and sludge/biomass ash ceramsites significantly reduced the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in the soil. Correlation analysis demonstrated that there was a synergistic relationship between the increase in soil Olsen P content and the change in pH, with the increase in soil Olsen P content and the increase in pH contributing to heavy metal solidification.


Assuntos
Misturas Complexas , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Esgotos/química , Águas Residuárias , Biomassa , Metais Pesados/análise , Carvão Vegetal/química , Solo/química , Fósforo/análise , Fosfatos/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise
16.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(3): 81, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367190

RESUMO

This study presents an environmentally sustainable method for minimizing sludge production in the textile effluent sector through the combined application of electrokinetic (EK) and electrooxidation (EO) processes. AAS and XRF analyses reveal that utilizing acidic electrolytes in the EK method successfully eliminates heavy metals (Cu, Mn, Zn, and Cr) from sludge, demonstrating superior efficiency compared to alkaline conditions. In addition, the total removal efficiency of COD contents was calculated following the order of EK-3 (60%), EK-1 (51%) and EK-2 (34%). Notably, EK-3, leveraging pH gradient fluctuations induced by anolyte in the catholyte reservoir, outperforms other EK systems in removing COD from sludge. The EK process is complemented by the EO process, leading to further degradation of dye and other organic components through the electrochemical generation of hypochlorite (940 ppm). At an alkaline pH of 10.0, the color and COD removal were effectively achieved at 98 and 70% in EO treatment, compared to other mediums. In addition, GC-MS identified N-derivative residues at the end of the EO. This study demonstrates an integrated approach that effectively eliminates heavy metals and COD from textile sludge, combining EK with EO techniques.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Esgotos , Esgotos/química , Metais Pesados/análise , Têxteis
17.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1196248, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379678

RESUMO

Background: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an oil-derived, large-market volume chemical with endocrine disrupting properties and reproductive toxicity. Moreover, BPA is frequently used in food contact materials, has been extensively researched recently, and widespread exposure in the general population has been reported worldwide. However, national information on BPA levels in general Chinese people is lacking. Methods: This study collected and analyzed 145 (104 in urine and 41 in serum) research articles published between 2004 and 2021 to reflect the BPA internal exposure levels in Chinese populations. The Monte Carlo simulation method is employed to analyze and estimate the data in order to rectify the deviation caused by a skewed distribution. Results: Data on BPA concentrations in urine and serum were collected from 2006 to 2019 and 2004 to 2019, respectively. Urinary BPA concentrations did not vary significantly until 2017, with the highest concentration occurring from 2018 to 2019 (2.90 ng/mL). The serum BPA concentration decreased to the nadir of 1.07 ng/mL in 2011 and gradually increased to 2.54 ng/mL. Nationally, 18 provinces were studied, with Guangdong (3.50 ng/mL), Zhejiang (2.57 ng/mL), and Fujian (2.15 ng/mL) having the highest urine BPA levels. Serum BPA was investigated in 15 provinces; Jiangsu (9.14 ng/mL) and Shandong (5.80 ng/mL) were relatively high. The results also indicated that males' urine and serum BPA levels were higher than females, while the BPA levels in children were also higher than in adults (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the volume of garbage disposal (r = 0.39, p < 0.05), household sewage (r = 0.34, p < 0.05), and waste incineration content (r = 0.35, p < 0.05) exhibited a strong positive connection with urine BPA levels in Chinese individuals. Conclusion: Despite using a data consolidation approach, our study found that the Chinese population was exposed to significant amounts of BPA, and males having a higher level than females. Besides, the levels of BPA exposure are influenced by the volume of garbage disposal, household sewage, and waste incineration content.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos , População do Leste Asiático , Fenóis , Esgotos , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Compostos Benzidrílicos/sangue , Compostos Benzidrílicos/urina , China , Fenóis/sangue , Fenóis/urina , Fatores de Risco
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4472, 2024 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396086

RESUMO

With increasing coffee consumption worldwide, the efficient and sustainable management of spent coffee grounds (SCG) has become increasingly challenging. This study investigated the anaerobic co-digestion of small amounts of SCG with food waste (FW) at increasing co-feeding ratios of 1:100-1:10 (volatile solids basis) to assess the possibility of SCG treatment using the spare capacity of existing anaerobic digesters. Co-feeding SCG increased methane production compared to FW mono-digestion in the tested range of co-feeding ratios without compromising process stability. Methane yield did not further increase when the SCG/FW ratio increased above 4%, and process failure occurred at a 1:10 co-feeding ratio without trace element supplementation. The enhanced methanogenic performance was attributed to increased protein removal efficiency, which was potentially related to the promotion of peptide hydrolysis. The overall results suggest that co-feeding appropriate small amounts of SCG to FW digesters can be a realistic sustainable option for SCG management.


Assuntos
Café , Eliminação de Resíduos , Alimentos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Metano , Esgotos
19.
Molecules ; 29(4)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398521

RESUMO

Oily sludge-derived activated carbon was prepared using the potassium hydroxide (KOH) activation method using oily sludge as a raw material, and one-factor experiments determined the best conditions for preparing activated carbon. The activated carbon's morphological structure and surface chemical properties were analyzed by scanning different characterization tools, and the adsorption behavior of tetracycline hydrochloride was investigated. The results showed that the optimum conditions for preparing oily sludge-derived activated carbon were an activation temperature of 400 °C, activation time of 30 min, activator concentration of 1 mol/L, and impregnation ratio of 2 mL/g. After activation, the activated carbon had more pores and a more orderly crystal structure arrangement, the specific surface area was 2.07 times higher than that before activation, and the surface was rich in functional groups such as -HO, -C-O, -C=C, and -C-H, which increased the active sites of activated carbon. Physicochemical effects dominated the adsorption process. It belonged to the spontaneous heat absorption process under the quasi-secondary kinetic and Langmuir isothermal models. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of KOH-activated carbon was 205.1 mg·g-1.


Assuntos
Hidróxidos , Compostos de Potássio , Esgotos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Esgotos/química , Carvão Vegetal/química , Tetraciclina , Adsorção , Óleos , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
20.
Water Environ Res ; 96(2): e10985, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305068

RESUMO

To improve the treatment performance of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) processes at low temperatures, the immobilized cold-acclimation ANAMMOX granules (R3) were prepared and their low-temperature nitrogen removal ability as well as the cold adaptation mechanism were analyzed. The results indicated that the total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) removal efficiency of R3 was significantly higher than that of R2 (cold-acclimation granules without immobilization) and R1 (common granules), especially at 11 ± 2 and 7 ± 2°C (68% and 54%). These were attributed to the remarkable biomass retention capacity of R3, high up to 4.3-4.9 mg/gVSS even at 5-18°C. Besides, higher protein (PN) content of tightly bound extracellular polymeric substances (TB-EPS) also facilitated microbial aggregation in R3. Meanwhile, R3 granules retained higher ANAMMOX activity and heme c content at 5-25°C. The original dominant ANAMMOX genus (Candidatus Kuenenia) in R3 kept higher abundance (49%-57%) at 23 ± 2 and 16 ± 2°C, whereas Candidatus Brocadia became the dominant ANAMMOX genus (25%-32%) in R3 at 11 ± 2 and 7 ± 2°C. Notably, different ANAMMOX genera in R3 may adapt to cold environment by regulating the expression of cold-stress proteins (CspA, CspB, PpiD, and UspA). PRACTITIONER POINTS: Immobilized cold-acclimation ANAMMOX granules showed higher nitrogen removal efficiency at 23°C → 5°C. Immobilization method effectively retained biomass (Candidatus Kuenenia and Candidatus Brocadia). Immobilization facilitated TB-EPS release and biological aggregation in cold-acclimation granules. Expression of cold-stress proteins in immobilized cold-acclimation granules was more active.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio , Temperatura , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Anaerobiose , Oxirredução , Reatores Biológicos , Aclimatação , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Esgotos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...