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1.
Brasília; IPEA; 20200500. 73 p. ilus.(Texto para Discussão / IPEA, 2559).
Monografia em Português | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1100677

RESUMO

Este texto apresenta um panorama internacional das medidas econômicas adotadas para reduzir os graves efeitos econômicos da pandemia de Sars-COV-2 em três países: Estados Unidos, Reino Unido e Espanha. A análise toma como base primordialmente documentos governamentais que normatizaram as medidas de política econômica. São analisados os diversos canais por meio dos quais a crise sanitária afeta a economia. Por um lado, estão os fatores de oferta: oferta de trabalho, produtividade do trabalho e funcionamento das cadeias produtivas. Por outro lado, encontram-se os fatores de demanda: consumo das famílias, investimento privado e comércio exterior. O terceiro canal diz respeito aos fatores financeiros que incidem sobre as variáveis de demanda e, principalmente, sobre o grau de liquidez das empresas financeiras e não financeiras. As medidas adotadas nos três países apresentam como características comuns a mobilização de grande volume de recursos fiscais e financeiros, a adoção de uma grande diversidade de instrumentos de política econômica e o uso de arranjos institucionais sofisticados em termos de regras de focalização e de mecanismos de operacionalização das medidas adotadas.


This text presents an international overview of the economic measures adopted to reduce the serious economic effects of the Sars-COV-2 pandemic in three countries: the USA, the United Kingdom and Spain. The analysis is based primarily on government documents that regulated economic policy measures. The various channels through which the health crisis affects the economy are analyzed. On one hand, there are the supply factors: labor supply, labor productivity and the functioning of production chains. On the other hand, there are demand factors: household consumption, private investment and foreign trade. The third channel concerns the financial factors on demand variables and, mainly, on the degree of liquidity of financial and non-financial companies. The measures adopted in the three countries have as common characteristics the mobilization of large volumes of fiscal and financial resources, the adoption of a wide range of economic policy instruments and the use of sophisticated institutional arrangements in terms of targeting rules and mechanisms for operationalizing the measures adopted.


Assuntos
Política Pública , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036132

RESUMO

The continued spread of COVID-19 suggests a significant possibility of reimposing the lockdowns and stricter social distancing similar to the early phase of pandemic control. We present a dynamic model to quantify the impact of isolation for the contagion curves. The model is calibrated to the COVID-19 outbreak in Spain to study the effects of the isolation enforcement following the declaration of the state of alarm (14 March 2020). The simulations indicate that both the timing and the intensity of the isolation enforcement are crucial for the COVID-19 spread. For example, a 4-day earlier intervention for social distancing would have reduced the number of COVID-19 infected people by 67%. The model also informs us that the isolation enforcement does not delay the peak day of the epidemic but slows down its end. When relaxing social distancing, a reduction of the contagion probability (with the generalization of preventive actions, such as face mask wearing and hands sanitizing) is needed to overcome the effect of a rise in the number of interpersonal encounters. We report a threshold level for the contagion pace to avoid a second COVID-19 outbreak in Spain.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036176

RESUMO

The strict quarantine measures employed as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic have led the global tourism industry to a complete halt, disrupting the livelihoods of millions. The economic importance of beach tourism for many destinations has led many governments to reopen tourist beaches, as soon as the number of infection cases decreased. The objective of this paper is to provide a scientific basis for understanding the key issues for beach tourism management in these circumstances. These issues include risk perception, environmental considerations directly related to beaches and COVID-19, and management strategies designed to limit the risk of contagion on the beach. The contribution of this paper lies in its interdisciplinary approach to delivering the findings from the latest studies, highly relevant for beach tourism, in psychology, health science, and environmental science (often in preprint and in press format). Particular attention was given to identifying the knowledge gaps evident in the areas of COVID-19 risk perception, with the drivers explaining the risk-taking behavior and the protective strategies employed by beachgoers. Gaps were also found in areas such as the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in bathing waters and the sand, the potential of contaminated sand being a viable route of transmission, and the impact of the use of chemical disinfectants on the marine environment and on bathers. The paper identifies research prospects in these areas, additionally pointing out other questions such as new carrying capacity methods, the opportunity given by COVID-19 in estimation of the impacts of visitation and beach-litter.


Assuntos
Praias , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Coronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036461

RESUMO

Spanish children were locked down for 72 days due to COVID-19, causing severe disruption to their normal life. The threat posed by COVID-19 continues and clinicians, administrators, and families need to know the life conditions associated with more psychological problems to modify them and minimize their effect on mental health. The goal was to study the life conditions of adolescents during lockdown and their association with psychological problems. A total of 226 parents of 117 girls and 109 boys (mean age: 13.9; Standard deviation: 0.28) from the community that were participants in a longitudinal study answered an online questionnaire about life conditions during lockdown and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Stepwise regression analyses controlling by previous reports of SDQ were performed. Conduct, peer, prosocial, and total problems scores increased after lockdown. After adjusting for previous measures of psychopathology, worse adolescents' mental health during COVID-19 lockdown was associated with unhealthy activities, worsening of the relationships with others, and dysfunctional parenting style. It seems important to mitigate psychological stress in a situation of isolation due to a state of emergency by keeping the adolescent active and maintaining their daily habits and routines in a non-conflictive atmosphere and give support to parents.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Coronavirus , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Espanha/epidemiologia
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 745, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Workers and residents in Care Homes are considered at special risk for the acquisition of SARS-CoV-2 infection, due to the infectivity and high mortality rate in the case of residents, compared to other containment areas. The role of presymptomatic people in transmission has been shown to be important and the early detection of these people is critical for the control of new outbreaks. Pooling strategies have proven to preserve SARS-CoV-2 testing resources. The aims of the present study, based in our local experience, were (a) to describe SARS-CoV-2 prevalence in institutionalized people in Galicia (Spain) during the Coronavirus pandemic and (b) to evaluate the expected performance of a pooling strategy using RT-PCR for the next rounds of screening of institutionalized people. METHODS: A total of 25,386 Nasopharyngeal swab samples from the total of the residents and workers at Care Homes in Galicia (March to May 2020) were individually tested using RT-PCR. Prevalence and quantification cycle (Cq) value distribution of positives was calculated. Besides, 26 pools of 20 samples and 14 pools of 5 samples were tested using RT-PCR as well (1 positive/pool). Pooling proof of concept was performed in two populations with 1.7 and 2% prevalence. RESULTS: Distribution of SARS-CoV-2 infection at Care Homes was uneven (0-60%). As the virus circulation global rate was low in our area (3.32%), the number of people at risk of acquiring the infection continues to be very high. In this work, we have successfully demonstrated that pooling of different groups of samples at low prevalence clusters, can be done with a small average delay on Cq values (5 and 2.85 cycles for pools of 20 and 5 samples, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A new screening system with guaranteed protection is required for small clusters, previously covered with individual testing. Our proposal for Care Homes, once prevalence zero is achieved, would include successive rounds of testing using a pooling solution for transmission control preserving testing resources. Scale-up of this method may be of utility to confront larger clusters to avoid the viral circulation and keeping them operative.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Espanha/epidemiologia
7.
Rev. esp. quimioter ; 33(5): 369-378, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few descriptions of the clinical presentation and evolution of consecutive SARS-CoV-2 infections with a long-enough follow up. METHODS: Description of the first consecutive 100 patients with microbiologically-proven COVID-19 in a large hospital in Madrid, Spain including a minimum of two-month follow up. RESULTS: The median age of the patients (52% males) was 61.5 years (IQR=39.5-82.0) and the median BMI was 28.8 kg/m2 (IQR=24.7-33.7). Overall 72% of the patients had one or more co-morbid conditions with a median age-adjusted Charlson index of 2 (IQR=0-5.7). Five patients (5%) were immunosuppressed. The most common symptoms at the time of diagnosis were fever (80.0%), cough (53.0%) and dyspnea (23.0%). The median O2 saturation at the time of first examination was 94% (IQR=90-97). Chest X-ray on admission was compatible with pneumonia in 63% of the cases (bilateral in 42% and unilateral in 21%). Overall, 30% were managed at home and 70% were admitted to the hospital. Thirteen patients were admitted to the ICU with a median of 11 days of stay in the Unit (IQR=6.0-28.0). CALL score of our population ranged from 4 to 13. Overall, 60.0% of patients received antibiotic treatment and 66.0%, empirical antiviral treatment, mainly with lopinavir/ritonavir (65%) or hydroxychloroquine (42%). Mortality, with a minimum of 60 days of follow up, was 23%. The median age of the deceased patients was 85 years (IQR=79-93). CONCLUSIONS: We found a high mortality in the first 100 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 at our institution, associated with advanced age and the presence of serious underlying diseases


ANTECEDENTES: Existen pocas descripciones de la presentación clínica y evolución de infecciones consecutivas por SARS-CoV-2 con un seguimiento lo suficientemente largo. MÉTODOS: Descripción de los primeros 100 pacientes consecutivos con COVID-19 probada microbiológicamente en un gran hospital de Madrid, incluyendo un seguimiento mínimo de dos meses. RESULTADOS: La mediana de edad de los pacientes (52% hombres) fue de 61,5 años (RIC=39,5-82,0) y la mediana de IMC fue de 28,8 kg/m2 (RIC=24,7-33,7). El 72% de los pacientes tuvieron una o más comorbilidades con un índice de Charlson ajustado a la edad de 2 (RIC=0-5,7). Cinco pacientes (5%) estaban inmunodeprimidos. Los síntomas más comunes al momento del diagnóstico fueron fiebre (80,0%), tos (53,0%) y disnea (23,0%). La mediana de saturación de O2 en el momento del primer examen fue del 94% (RIC=90-97). La radiografía de tórax al ingreso fue compatible con neumonía en el 63% de los casos (bilateral en el 42% y unilateral en el 21%). El 30% fueron manejados en su domicilio y el 70% ingresados en el hospital. Trece pacientes ingresaron en la UCI con una mediana de 11 días de estancia en la Unidad (RIC=6,0-28,0). El score CALL de nuestra población varió de 4 a 13. En general, el 60,0% de los pacientes recibió tratamiento antibiótico y el 66,0%, tratamiento antiviral empírico, principalmente con lopinavir/ritonavir (65%) o hidroxicloroquina (42%). La mortalidad, con un mínimo de 60 días de seguimiento, fue del 23%. La mediana de edad de los pacientes fallecidos fue de 85 años (RIC=79-93). CONCLUSIONES: Encontramos una alta mortalidad en los primeros 100 pacientes diagnosticados con COVID-19 en nuestra institución, asociada con edad avanzada y presencia de enfermedades subyacentes graves


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estatísticas Hospitalares , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 55(5): 266-271, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192479

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVO: La pandemia de la COVID-19 afecta de manera diferencial a distintos grupos etarios, concentrándose la mayor parte de fallecimiento entre las personas más mayores y con afecciones de salud previas. Esto ha implicado una mayor presencia de los mayores en la agenda informativa de todos los medios de comunicación. Este artículo pretende analizar esos discursos y representaciones relacionados con los mayores tal y como se presentan en los titulares de publicaciones difundidas en 2diarios de alcance nacional (ABC y El País) durante la fase más crítica de la pandemia en España. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se analizaron 501 titulares relacionados con los mayores y la pandemia COVID-19 (380 del ABC y 121 de El País) desde la perspectiva de los Estudios Críticos del Discurso (van Dijk, 2003) y llevándose a cabo un análisis de contenido. RESULTADOS: El 71,4% de los titulares representaban de manera desfavorable a los mayores, presentándolos como un grupo homogéneo y asociándolos a fallecimientos, deficiencias en la atención residencial o vulnerabilidad extrema. La presencia de ciertos términos potencialmente peyorativos o impropios (ancianos, abuelos) estaba en coherencia con esa representación negativa. CONCLUSIONES: A la luz de esos resultados, se discute en qué medida la pandemia de la COVID-19 puede reforzar una narrativa edadista de los mayores, basada en la fragilidad, el declive y la dependencia, que pueda justificar prácticas discriminatorias dirigidas a este sector de la población


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic affects various age groups differently, with most deaths concentrated among the older population and those with previous health conditions. This has led to a greater presence of older people in the agenda setting of all the media. This article aims to analyse these discourses and representations related to older people as presented in the headlines of publications disseminated in 2national newspapers (ABC and El País) during the most critical phase of the pandemic in Spain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An analysis was made of 501 headlines related to older people and the COVID-19 pandemic (380 from ABC, and 121 from El País) from the perspective of the Critical Discourse Studies (Van Dijk, 2003), as well as carrying out a content analysis. RESULTS: 71.4% of the headlines represented the Older adults were represented unfavourably in 71.4% of the headlines, with them being presented as a homogeneous group and associating them with deaths, deficiencies in residential care, or extreme vulnerability. The presence of certain potentially derogatory or improper terms (elderly, grandparents) was consistent with this negative representation. CONCLUSIONS: In light of these results, it is discussed to what extent the COVID-19 pandemic may reinforce an ageist narrative of the older people, based on frailty, decline, and dependency, which may justify discriminatory practices directed at this sector of the population


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Ageismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Idoso/estatística & dados numéricos , Jornais como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Espanha/epidemiologia , Meios de Comunicação/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5009, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024121

RESUMO

Comorbid conditions appear to be common among individuals hospitalised with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) but estimates of prevalence vary and little is known about the prior medication use of patients. Here, we describe the characteristics of adults hospitalised with COVID-19 and compare them with influenza patients. We include 34,128 (US: 8362, South Korea: 7341, Spain: 18,425) COVID-19 patients, summarising between 4811 and 11,643 unique aggregate characteristics. COVID-19 patients have been majority male in the US and Spain, but predominantly female in South Korea. Age profiles vary across data sources. Compared to 84,585 individuals hospitalised with influenza in 2014-19, COVID-19 patients have more typically been male, younger, and with fewer comorbidities and lower medication use. While protecting groups vulnerable to influenza is likely a useful starting point in the response to COVID-19, strategies will likely need to be broadened to reflect the particular characteristics of individuals being hospitalised with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238682, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941474

RESUMO

The appearance of a new coronavirus (Covid-19) and its rapid expansion throughout the world has forced all countries to establish regulations based on social confinement. In the early days of a pandemic, the adherence to regulations is crucial to be able to block its spread. This research aims to analyse the relationship between motivational variables associated with physical distancing and self-interested consumption behaviours in the first 10 days of confinement in Spain. A total of 1,324 people participated throughout the country (mean age 28.92 years). Participants answered an online survey about socio-demographic, motivational variables, which included a) risk information seeking, b) confidence in self- and collective efficacy in coping with the pandemic, and c) the four higher-order personal values ‒conservation (security, conformity, and tradition), self-transcendence (universalism and benevolence), openness (self-direction actions and stimulation), and self-improvement (hedonism and power) ‒ and the aforementioned behaviours in coping with Covid-19. Results showed a positive association between self- and collective efficacy and both coping behaviours analysed: a protective role of conservation values on normative behaviours; and a negative relationship between self-transcendence values and self-interested consumption. Additionally, risk information seeking was positively associated with the development of physical distancing behaviour.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Valores Sociais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/legislação & jurisprudência , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Comportamento do Consumidor , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Euro Surveill ; 25(35)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885777

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 community-wide transmission declined in Spain by early May 2020, being replaced by outbreaks and sporadic cases. From mid-June to 2 August, excluding single household outbreaks, 673 outbreaks were notified nationally, 551 active (>6,200 cases) at the time. More than half of these outbreaks and cases coincided with: (i) social (family/friends' gatherings or leisure venues) and (ii) occupational (mainly involving workers in vulnerable conditions) settings. Control measures were accordingly applied.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Surtos de Doenças , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Notificação de Doenças , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
15.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 44(6): 363-370, ago.-sept. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190825

RESUMO

En enero de 2020 China identificó un nuevo virus de la familia de los Coronaviridae como causante de varios casos de neumonía de origen desconocido. Inicialmente confinado a la ciudad de Wuhan, se extendió posteriormente fuera de las fronteras chinas. En España, el primer caso se declaró el 31 de enero de 2020. El 11 de marzo, la Organización Mundial de la Salud declaró el brote de coronavirus como pandemia. El 16 de marzo había 139 países afectados. Ante esta situación, las Sociedades Científicas SEMICYUC y SEEIUC han decidido la elaboración de este plan de contingencia para dar respuesta a las necesidades que conllevará esta nueva enfermedad. Se pretende estimar la magnitud del problema e identificar las necesidades asistenciales, de recursos humanos y materiales, de manera que los servicios de medicina intensiva del país tengan una herramienta que les permita una planificación óptima y realista con que responder a la pandemia


In January 2020, the Chinese authorities identified a new virus of the Coronaviridae family as the cause of several cases of pneumonia of unknown aetiology. The outbreak was initially confined to Wuhan City, but then spread outside Chinese borders. On 31 January 2020, the first case was declared in Spain. On 11 March 2020, The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic. On 16 March 2020, there were 139 countries affected. In this situation, the Scientific Societies SEMICYUC and SEEIUC, have decided to draw up this Contingency Plan to guide the response of the Intensive Care Services. The objectives of this plan are to estimate the magnitude of the problem and identify the necessary human and material resources. This is to provide the Spanish Intensive Medicine Services with a tool to programme optimal response strategies


Assuntos
Humanos , Planejamento em Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Pandemias , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Espanha/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
16.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 47(3): 111-117, jul.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191033

RESUMO

La actual pandemia ocasionada por el SARS-coronavirus tipo 2 ha generado, en pocas semanas, cambios importantes en el funcionamiento del sistema sanitario y la forma en cómo se realiza la atención a las pacientes. La patología uroginecológica afecta a la calidad de vida, pero sin riesgo vital en la mayoría de casos, por lo que suele ser demorable. Además, afecta a un alto porcentaje de mujeres > 65 años (población de riesgo ante la infección por COVID-19). En este manuscrito se resume la evidencia que existe sobre la efectividad de la telemedicina aplicada en las disfunciones de suelo pélvico, así como recomendaciones de las sociedades científicas uroginecológicas durante el estado de alarma. Describimos el abordaje de las disfunciones de suelo pélvico durante la pandemia por COVID-19 y una propuesta de cómo organizar las agendas para el diagnóstico (visitas y pruebas diagnósticas) y tratamiento (conservador, farmacológico y la cirugía) en el período interpandemia y en el futuro


The current SARS-coronavirus type 2 pandemic caused, in few weeks, important changes in the health system organization and in the way we attend the patients. Urogynaecological diseases affect quality of life, but without life risk in most cases, so it is possible to delay. Moreover, urogynaecological diseases affect mostly women over 65 years old (a high risk population for contracting COVID-19). In this manuscript we summarise the current evidence about telemedicine efectivity to manage to pelvic floor dysfunctions and, in addition, the recommendations of Urogynaecological scientific societies during state of alarm. We describe the management of the different pelvic floor dysfunctions during COVID-19 pandemic and a proposal to organize the urogynaecological services to diagnose (visits and diagnostic investigations) and to treat (conservative, pharmacological or surgery) in the interpandemic period and in the future


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/patologia , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/terapia , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Espanha/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Incontinência Urinária/terapia , Infecções Urinárias/terapia , Prolapso
17.
Rev. esp. patol ; 53(3): 188-192, jul.-sept. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192406

RESUMO

The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, first identified in Wuhan, China in December, 2019, can cause Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) with massive alveolar damage and progressive respiratory failure. We present the relevant autopsy findings of the first patient known to have died from COVID19 pneumonia in Spain, carried out on the 14th of February, 2020, in our hospital (Hospital Arnau de Vilanova-Lliria, Valencia). Histological examination revealed changes typical of diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) in both the exudative and proliferative phase of acute lung injury. Intra-alveolar multinucleated giant cells, smudge cells and vascular thrombosis were present. The diagnosis was confirmed by reverse real-time PCR assay on a throat swab sample taken during the patient's admission. The positive result was reported fifteen days subsequent to autopsy


El nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, identificado inicialmente en China en diciembre de 2019 puede cursar con un Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Severo (SARS) con daño alveolar masivo y fracaso respiratorio progresivo. Presentamos los hallazgos más relevantes encontrados en la autopsia clínica efectuada en nuestro hospital (Hospital Arnau de Vilanova-Lliria de Valencia) a fecha de 14 de febrero de 2020, al primer paciente fallecido conocido en España por neumonía COVID-19. A nivel pulmonar, la autopsia revela cambios típicos de daño alveolar difuso (DAD) en fase exudativa y fase proliferativa. Se observan células multinucleadas gigantes, células tipo smudge intraalveolares y trombosis vasculares. El diagnóstico microbiológico confirmativo mediante PCR se realizó 15 días después de la autopsia sobre la muestra faríngea del enfermo tomada durante su ingreso


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Autopsia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/mortalidade , Vírus da SARS/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Histológicas/métodos , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , Pandemias
18.
Rev. esp. patol ; 53(3): 182-187, jul.-sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192407

RESUMO

We describe the implementation of a COVID-19 Autopsy Programme in our Hospital, report the main findings from the first autopsy of the programme and briefly review the reports of lung pathology of these patients


En este artículo presentamos el proceso de implementación de un Programa de Autopsias COVID-19 en nuestro hospital, presentamos los principales hallagos de la primera autopsia realizada y revisamos brevemente la patología pulmonar publicada previamente en estos pacientes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Autopsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Causas de Morte , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/complicações , Vírus da SARS/isolamento & purificação , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Hipertensão/complicações , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Técnicas Histológicas/métodos , Espanha/epidemiologia
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