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1.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(1): e20201011, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to understand how religiosity can influence the health of individuals diagnosed with mental disorders, based on comprehensive care. METHODS: this is an integrative literature review, with the inclusion of articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish, between 2010 and 2018. RESULTS: the critical analysis and qualitative synthesis of the 24 selected studies were categorized into two subtopics: The influence of religiosity in promoting comprehensive mental health care; Mental health versus religiosity: influencing conditions for effective access to comprehensive care. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: a positive influence of religiosity was identified in the lives of individuals diagnosed with mental disorders; however, evidence shows that health teams do not feel comfortable and prepared to work with religiosity as an expression of spirituality. This being one of the dimensional aspects of health, it can be inferred, on the results, the existence of this gap in the comprehensive care approach.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Terapias Espirituais , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Saúde Mental , Religião , Espiritualidade
2.
J Relig Health ; 60(5): 3100-3129, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487295

RESUMO

During psychotherapy assessments clinicians may recognize that some of their injured and traumatized clients may be wrestling with issues related to a lack of forgiveness linked to Moral Injury (MI). This paper presents the Forgiveness Interview Protocol (FIP), a narrative therapy writing-process model for the treatment of Moral Injury, drawing upon the philosophical work of Margaret Holmgren: "Forgiveness and the Intrinsic Value of Persons" (1993) now linked to a variety of evidence-based psychological sources. The FIP utilizes three distinct theoretical and clinical disciplines to arrive at a semi-structured interview intended for mental health counseling, and religious and spiritual care.


Assuntos
Perdão , Terapia Narrativa , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Espiritualidade , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Redação
3.
J Relig Health ; 60(5): 2977-2982, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491480

RESUMO

Four key themes are covered in this issue of JORH, namely: (1) the catastrophic events of 11 September 2001, (2) the syndrome of moral injury, (3) the ongoing calamity of COVID-19, and finally, (4) the validation, translation and use of measurement instruments/scales assessing religion, spirituality and health.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Religião , SARS-CoV-2 , Espiritualidade
4.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 371-377, mayo-sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-202560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to spirituality well-being, ambiguity intolerance, and happiness conceptualizations, this study was purposed to investigate the influences of spiritual well-being and uncertainty tolerance on happiness with regards to the moderating roles of sex in the elderly. Meth-od: Participants included 120 elders from Shiraz City, Fars province, Iran. A demographic questionnaire, the Spiritual Well-Being Inventory (SWBI), the Multiple Stimulus Types Ambiguity Tolerance Scale-II (MSTAT-II), and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHI) were used for data collection. RESULTS: Findings showed that spirituality well-being and uncertainty intolerance explain 60% of happiness variation in the elderly. But results rejected the role of sex on the prediction of happiness in the present study. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the predictive roles of spiritual well-being and ambiguity tolerance on happiness in the field of gerontology


ANTECEDENTES: De acuerdo con las conceptualizaciones del bienestar espiritual, la intolerancia a la ambigüedad y la felicidad, este estudio se propuso investigar las influencias del bienestar espiritual y la tolerancia a la incertidumbre sobre la felicidad con respecto a los roles moderadores del sexo en los ancianos. MÉTODO: Participaron 120 ancianos de la ciudad de Shiraz, provincia de Fars, Irán. Para la recopilación de datos se utilizaron un cuestionario demográfico, el Inventario de Bienestar Espiritual (SWBI), la Escala II de Tolerancia a la Ambigüedad de Tipos de Estímulos Múltiples (MSTAT-II) y el Cuestionario de Felicidad de Oxford (OHI). RESULTADOS: Los resultados mostraron que la espiritualidad, el bienestar y la intolerancia a la incertidumbre explican el 60% de la variación de la felicidad en los ancianos. Pero los resultados rechazaron el papel del sexo en la predicción de la felicidad en el presente estudio. CONCLUSIÓN: Este estudio demuestra los roles predictivos del bienestar espiritual y la tolerancia a la ambigüedad sobre la felicidad en el campo de la gerontología


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Espiritualidade , Permissividade , Felicidade , Incerteza , Saúde do Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Inventário de Personalidade , Satisfação Pessoal , Envelhecimento/psicologia
6.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 148, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about associations of psychological and mental well-being with cognitive and socioemotional factors in low and middle-income countries, particularly among vulnerable populations born in adverse environments that may restrict developmental potential. This study aimed to examine the cognitive and socioemotional correlates of psychological well-being and mental health in a cohort of Guatemalan adults born in contexts of poverty and malnutrition. METHODS: From Dec 2017 to Apr 2019, data were collected from 704 women and 564 men ages 40-57 years living in four rural villages in eastern Guatemala and Guatemala City. We measured latent domains of psychological well-being, spirituality and religion, emotional support, and executive function using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Under a Structural Equation Modeling framework, we examined intercorrelations among latent domains and observed measures of intelligence and mental health. RESULTS: CFA supported the construct validity of factor structures in this population. Correlations of psychological well-being with spirituality and religion were moderate in women (r = 0.68, p < 0.001) and men (r = 0.70, p < 0.001). Executive function was weakly correlated with psychological well-being in men (r = 0.23, p < 0.001) and showed no association in women. Correlations of psychological well-being with emotional support and IQ were weak in women (r = 0.34, and r = 0.15, respectively; p < 0.001 for both) and men (r = 0.35, and r = 0.25, respectively; p < 0.001 for both). Mental health and IQ were weakly correlated in men (r = 0.09, p < 0.05) and showed no association in women. Mental health showed weak correlations with emotional support (r = 0.18, p < 0.001 in women; r = 0.09, p < 0.05 in men), psychological well-being (r = 0.32 and r = 0.35, in women and men respectively; p < 0.001 for both) and showed no association with executive function in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Of all examined factors, spirituality and religion made the greatest contribution to psychological well-being. These findings support the notion that in populations experiencing difficult circumstances, religion can perhaps make a greater contribution to well-being and aid coping. More research is needed to examine mediators of this association.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Espiritualidade , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Religião
7.
J Relig Health ; 60(5): 3061-3089, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553273

RESUMO

Military personnel deployed to war zones or assigned to other morally challenging military duties are likely to be exposed to potentially morally injurious events (PMIE) that may inflict a moral injury (MI). This qualitative study formed 'Phase 1' of a larger study into PMIEs experienced by Australian veterans and the potential pastoral/spiritual care role of chaplains. Two seminars were conducted that involved 10 veterans being interviewed and audio recorded about their deployment experiences to evaluate whether there was any evidence among Australian veterans of a PMIE. Narrative data analysis indicated that all participants had been exposed to, or were involved in, a PMIE of one kind or another. Seven key themes were identified from the analyzed qualitative data: (i) immoral acts, (ii) death and injury, (iii) betrayal, (iv) ethical dilemmas, (v) disproportionate violence, (vi) retribution and (vii) religious/spiritual issues. Given this preliminary PMIE evidence identified, there is a need for further research, as well as the development of a suitable moral injury assessment scale appropriate for Australian veterans. Furthermore, given the ethical, moral, and spiritual issues involved, the implementation of a rehabilitation program suitable for Australian veterans which can be provided by chaplains is also suggested-namely 'Pastoral Narrative Disclosure.' It is argued that moral injury needs to be recognized, not just as an issue affecting individual personnel and their families, but is also a community health, organizational and government responsibility.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Austrália , Clero , Humanos , Espiritualidade
8.
J Relig Health ; 60(5): 3732-3748, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491481

RESUMO

To provide spiritual care, an assessment and documentation of patients´ spiritual struggles and/or their spiritual needs is required to initiate appropriate support planning processes. For that purpose, the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) was developed in 2009 as an easy to apply standardized measure. The tool has so far been translated into numerous languages and is widely used as a valid and reliable instrument to assess a wide range of spiritual needs of patients with chronic diseases, elderly, adolescents, and healthy persons. Its four main factors address Religious needs, Existential needs, Inner Peace needs, and Giving/Generativity needs. Here, the main findings are summarized and discussed.


Assuntos
Espiritualidade , Tradução , Adolescente , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(1): e20200402, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586195

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to understand care for the spiritual dimension provided by caregivers in a Nursing Home. METHODS: this is a qualitative research, carried out in a geriatric center of a philanthropic hospital in the city of Salvador, Bahia. Eighteen formal caregivers participated, through a semi-structured interview, between January and February 2019. The data were analyzed in the light of Jean Watson's Theory of Transpersonal Caring. RESULTS: formal caregivers discuss the spiritual dimension based on older adults' religious beliefs, encourage religious practices and exercise spiritual care according to older adults' physical, emotional and spiritual demands. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: formal caregivers understand that older adults' religious or spiritual experiences should be included in their work routine. Care for the spiritual dimension occurs by stimulating faith in God, encouraging religious practices and embracing their beliefs in the face of physical, emotional and spiritual demands.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Espiritualidade , Idoso , Brasil , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Religião
10.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(1): e20210029, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze nurses' role in assisting patients in palliative care, with emphasis on the spiritual dimension, in the light of Theory of Human Caring. METHODS: this is an exploratory, qualitative study, carried out in a hospital in João Pessoa, Paraíba, between August and December 2019, with 10 nurses. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were used. For analysis, we opted for content analysis. RESULTS: the spiritual dimension of care is contemplated by several religious and spiritual practices. These are respected and encouraged by nurses, although there is difficulty in providing care for the spiritual dimension. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: nurses have attitudes consistent with Jean Watson's Theory and apply the Caritas Process elements during assistance to patients' spiritual dimension in palliative care.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Terapias Espirituais , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espiritualidade
11.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 31(3): 589-598, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483616

RESUMO

Background: Spiritual health is one of the important dimensions of the elderly's health, which plays an important role in other dimensions of their health. This study aimed to explain the process of spiritual health of the elderly living in nursing homes. Methods: This grounded theory study was conducted in 4 nursing homes in the city of Arak Iran between October 2019 and September 2020. The participants were 24 elderly people living in nursing homes, two health care providers, one nurse and one family member, first selected through purposive sampling and then, through theoretical sampling. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and field notes. All the interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on Strauss and Corbin approach (2008). Results: Six main categories were identified, including helplessness, inefficient supportive environment, spiritual distress, seeking support, relative improvement of spiritual health and factors affecting spiritual health, each of which explains a part of the whole process of spiritual health of the elderly living in nursing homes. Conclusion: Supporting the elderly living in nursing homes is necessary in order to meet their spiritual needs and preserve and promote their spiritual health.


Assuntos
Casas de Saúde , Espiritualidade , Idoso , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)
12.
Epilepsy Behav ; 122: 108219, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343961

RESUMO

This review provides responses to four questions on epilepsy, religion, and spirituality. Firstly, have early religious beliefs and writings stigmatized and discriminated against epilepsy and if so, what has been done to correct this? We provide textual evidence suggesting an affirmative response. Secondly, which religious luminaries, gods, saints, and religious symbols have connections with epilepsy? We argue that the evidence to suggest that St Paul, Joan of Arc, the Prophet Mohammed, and others had epilepsy is weak and emphasizes the limitations of imposing contemporary neurological frameworks upon them. Furthermore, we discuss how different faith traditions identify Divine figures, as associated with epilepsy, and the use of religious symbols in healing. Thirdly, why is religiosity associated with having epilepsy? We review empirical studies focusing upon the epileptic personality, religiosity, mysticism, and religious conversion and find that, while some studies suggest that religious experience may be associated with epilepsy, this cannot be taken as proven. Fourthly, in what ways has religion been a force for good for those with epilepsy? We discuss the role of Christian social reform in caring for individuals with epilepsy and that of religion in coping with the condition. We conclude by arguing that the relationship between religion and epilepsy has been overstated in the academic literature.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Espiritualidade , Adaptação Psicológica , Cristianismo , Humanos , Personalidade , Religião
13.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20200476, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify whether there is an association between spirituality/religiosity and quality of life of women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy. METHOD: Cross-sectional, quantitative study performed between May and July 2019 in an Oncology Hospital of Porto Alegre state, Brazil. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the instruments EORTC-QLQ-C30 and WHOQOL-SRPB were applied. The data were verified through Shapiro-Wilk test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Spearman. RESULTS: The sample comprised 108 women with a mean age of 56, predominantly white, married, and with incomplete primary education. A positive correlation between "Overall quality of life score" with all facets of spirituality, as well as a negative correlation for the symptoms "Fatigue", "Insomnia", and "Diarrhea" with some aspects of spirituality, such as "Faith", were observed. CONCLUSION: The statistical significance of the correlation has positively associated spirituality/religiosity and quality of life in women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Understanding spirituality as a preponderant factor in quality of life contributes to positive nursing care interference, with individualized orientation and care to each woman.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 35(5): 242-247, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407021

RESUMO

Stressful life events often disrupt individuals' assumptive world, challenging their self-identity and altering their lives. Suffering from stressful life events may have a profound negative impact on a person's life. Nurses felt great demands on their spiritual selves even as they responded to the grave situations and caring demands needed to care for the spirits of their patients during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. However, with intentionality, suffering and stress can be ameliorated by engaging in spiritual self-care and self-renewing activities. Spirituality is recognized as an essential factor in a person's health and well-being and is integral to the process of growing through life events, such as illness, grief, and bereavement. Nurses may choose to use spiritual practices, either religious or nonreligious, to buffer the effects of stressful life events. The concept of caring for self has long being promoted, by scholars, as an essential need of nurses to care for themselves, not so they can keep on giving to others but because each nurse is worthy of being cared for by self. In the era of the pandemic in which stressful work environment, social distancing, and self-isolation make it difficult to maintain interconnectedness and build relationships, despair can occur. Spiritual practices are examples of the resources that can be used effectively in times of stress to reduce the negativity that life stressors create in individuals.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Autocuidado , Espiritualidade , Feminino , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
15.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e045110, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the UK, doctors' regulatory and professional bodies require general practitioners (GPs) to consider discussing spiritual health as part of the consultation. However, spiritual health is not defined in guidance, and it is unknown what individual doctors understand by the term. RESEARCH QUESTION: What do GPs understand by the term 'spiritual health'? AIM: To explore how GPs understand and define spiritual health. DESIGN AND SETTING: Survey of GPs in England 9 April 2019-21 May 2019. METHOD: A mixed-methods online survey asked practising GPs in England qualitative free text questions-'What does the term 'Spiritual Health' mean to you?' and 'Any comments?' after five vignettes about discussing spiritual health with patients. These were subject to thematic analysis using a priori themes from the literature on GP definitions of spiritual health, and on attitudes towards the topic. PARTICIPANTS: 177 practising GPs in England. RESULTS: 177 GPs responded to the survey. Understanding of spiritual health fitted into three themes: self-actualisation and meaning, transcendence and relationships beyond the self, and expressions of spirituality. A full range of views were expressed, from a minority who challenged their role in spiritual health, through to others enthusiastic about its place in healthcare. CONCLUSION: Spirituality and religiosity are understood by English GPs to be distinct concepts. A consensus definition of spiritual health incorporating the themes identified by working doctors, may be helpful to support GPs to follow the recommended guidance in their practice.


Assuntos
Clínicos Gerais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360306

RESUMO

Suicidal behavior constitutes a major global problem. Qualitative research utilizing the first-hand experiences of those who have survived attempts to take their own lives can offer much in the way of understanding how to live well despite ongoing suicidal behavior. Given that suicidal intentions and behaviors occur within the person's subjective construal, the solutions to living-and preferably living well-despite such inclinations must also be subjective and adaptive. The aim of this study was therefore to understand how individuals live with different aspects of their suicidal behavior and their use of effective strategies to protect themselves from future attempts. Thematic analysis of semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 17 participants with lived experience of suicidal behavior from the USA yielded two main themes: (i) the 'dynamic relationship with suicidal behavior: living with, and through', and (ii) 'the toolbox'. Each of these themes had four subthemes. Participants in this study offered important insights into what helped them not just survive ongoing suicidal behavior, but how they created unique toolboxes to continue living, and to live well. These toolboxes contained personalized solutions to dealing with recurring threats to their subjective wellbeing and included diverse solutions from spirituality, pets, peer-support, participating in the arts, through to traditional therapeutic supports. Some participants also discussed the importance of broader social policy and societal changes that help them live. The findings highlight crucial implications for suicide prevention efforts, especially in terms of encouraging collaborations with the lived experience community and furthering a strengths-based approach to mitigating suicidal behaviors. We encourage the clinical community to work in partnership with service-users to enable them to generate effective solutions to living-and living well-through suicidal behavior.


Assuntos
Ideação Suicida , Suicídio , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espiritualidade , Suicídio/prevenção & controle
17.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(8): e2119355, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347059

RESUMO

Importance: Although people receiving maintenance dialysis have limited life expectancy and a high burden of comorbidity, relatively few studies have examined spirituality and religious beliefs among members of this population. Objective: To examine whether there is an association between the importance of religious or spiritual beliefs and care preferences and palliative care needs in people who receive dialysis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among adults who were undergoing maintenance dialysis at 31 facilities in Seattle, Washington, and Nashville, Tennessee, between April 22, 2015, and October 2, 2018. The survey included a series of questions assessing patients' knowledge, preferences, values, and expectations related to end-of-life care. Data were analyzed from February 12, 2020, to April 21, 2021. Exposures: The importance of religious or spiritual beliefs was ascertained by asking participants to respond to this statement: "My religious or spiritual beliefs are what really lie behind my whole approach to life." Response options were definitely true, tends to be true, tends not to be true, or definitely not true. Main Outcomes and Measurements: Outcome measures were based on self-reported engagement in advance care planning, resuscitation preferences, values regarding life prolongation, preferred place of death, decision-making preference, thoughts or discussion about hospice or stopping dialysis, prognostic expectations, and palliative care needs. Results: A total of 937 participants were included in the cohort, of whom the mean (SD) age was 62.8 (13.8) years and 524 (55.9%) were men. Overall, 435 (46.4%) participants rated the statement about religious or spiritual beliefs as definitely true, 230 (24.6%) rated it as tends to be true, 137 (14.6%) rated it as tends not to be true, and 135 (14.4%) rated it as definitely not true. Participants for whom these beliefs were more important were more likely to prefer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (estimated probability for definitely true: 69.8% [95% CI, 66.5%-73.2%]; tends to be true: 60.8% [95% CI, 53.4%-68.3%]; tends not to be true: 61.6% [95% CI, 53.6%-69.6%]; and definitely not true: 60.6% [95% CI, 52.5%-68.6%]; P for trend = .003) and mechanical ventilation (estimated probability for definitely true: 42.6% [95% CI, 38.1%-47.0%]; tends to be true: 33.5% [95% CI, 25.9%-41.2%]; tends not to be true: 35.1% [95% CI, 27.2%-42.9%]; and definitely not true: 27.9% [95% CI, 19.6%-36.1%]; P for trend = .002) and to prefer a shared role in decision-making (estimated probability for definitely true: 41.6% [95% CI, 37.7%-45.5%]; tends to be true: 35.4% [95% CI, 29.0%-41.8%]; tends not to be true: 36.0% [95% CI, 26.7%-45.2%]; and definitely not true: 23.8% [95% CI, 17.3%-30.3%]; P for trend = .001) and were less likely to have thought or spoken about stopping dialysis. These participants were no less likely to have engaged in advance care planning, to value relief of pain and discomfort, to prefer to die at home, to have ever thought or spoken about hospice, and to have unmet palliative care needs and had similar prognostic expectations. Conclusions and Relevance: The finding that religious or spiritual beliefs were important to most study participants suggests the value of an integrative approach that addresses these beliefs in caring for people who receive dialysis.


Assuntos
Preferência do Paciente , Diálise Renal , Autorrelato , Assistência Terminal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Religião , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tennessee , Washington
18.
J Relig Health ; 60(5): 3694-3715, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435266

RESUMO

The Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) was developed from a theoretical understanding that spiritual well-being (SWB) is expressed in the quality of relationships that each person has across one or more of four domains, namely with self, others, environment and/or with a transcendent other. Based on the SWBQ, the Spiritual Health And Life-Orientation Measure (SHALOM) is unique in that it compares each person's lived experience with their ideals on the 20 items reflecting the four domains of SWB. This paper builds on previous reviews of the SWBQ-SHALOM, by providing breadth and depth of data and their validity, from a wide range of sources, and expressing the instrument's usefulness in a variety of settings. It provides an overview with details from 60 studies that started with the SWBQ-SHALOM. Presented herein are ideas on what can be done with further investigations of this vital aspect of life.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Espiritualidade , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Relig Health ; 60(5): 3675-3693, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420121

RESUMO

The purpose of workplace spirituality is to enable individuals to realize the potential or their personal spirituality, develop a positive attitude and be able to create positive connections with their environment. The Spirit at Work Scale (SAWS) developed by Kinjerski and Skrypnek stands out as it conceptualizes and evaluates workplace spirituality. This study was organized methodologically in order to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish adaptation of the Spirit at Work Scale in production businesses in a Turkish metropolitan center. The population of the study was drawn from businesses with ten or more employees in an industrial zone. The study involved a convenience sample of 188 participants. Considering the results of exploratory factor analysis (EFA), it was seen that the items in the scale were grouped around three different factors. According to the results from confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), three-factor SAWS­TR was confirmed as a model. Consequently, it was seen that spirituality at work combined three elements, namely Engaging Work, Mystical Experience and Spiritual and Social Connection, for workers in the production sector in this study.


Assuntos
Espiritualidade , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Relig Health ; 60(5): 3621-3639, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455549

RESUMO

We aimed to validate the Spanish version of the Spiritual Care Competence Questionnaire (SCCQ) in a sample of 791 health care professionals from Spanish speaking countries coming principally from Argentina, Colombia, Mexico and Spain. Exploratory factor analysis pointed to six factors with good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha ranging from 0.71 to 0.90), which are in line with the factors of the primary version of the SCCQ. Conversation competences and Perception of spiritual needs competences scored highest, and Documentation competences and Team spirit the lowest, Empowerment competences and Spiritual self-awareness competences in-between. The Spanish Version of the SCCQ can be used for assessment of spiritual care competencies, planning of educational activities and for comparisons as well as monitoring/follow-up after implementation of improvement strategies.


Assuntos
Terapias Espirituais , Traduções , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
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