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1.
Soc Work Public Health ; 35(7): 523-532, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970547

RESUMO

The authors assert that art-based inquiry can serve as a powerful medium for understanding the connection between faith and resilience as perceived and understood by older African-Americans adults disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizing the CRT method of counterstorytelling as our conduit to elucidate our culturally situated responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. We seek to explore the connections between faith and resilience in social work practice during this public health crisis. Drawing from our shared experiences as two Black social workers we discuss the role spirituality plays in mitigating loneliness and stress among socially isolated older African-American adults (i.e., social distancing). Finally, with physical contact limited (i.e., social distancing) because of COVID-19, implications and recommendations for using spiritual-based practices with older African-American adults and families are discussed.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Solidão , Narração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Distância Social , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
2.
Cuad Bioet ; 31(102): 203-222, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910672

RESUMO

The crisis in the health system caused by COVID-19 has left some important humanitarian deficits on how to care for the sick in their last days of life. The humanization of the dying process has been affected in three fundamental aspects, each of which constitutes a medical and ethical duty necessary. In this study, I analyze why dying accompanied, with the possibility of saying goodbye and receiving spiritual assistance, constitutes a specific triad of care and natural obligations that should not be overlooked - even in times of health crisis - if we do not want to see human dignity violated and violated some fundamental rights derived from it.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Espiritualidade , Assistência Terminal/ética , Desumanização , Emoções , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Obrigações Morais , Cuidados Paliativos , Conforto do Paciente , Isolamento de Pacientes/ética , Direitos do Paciente , Pessoalidade , Papel do Médico , Religião , Assistência Terminal/métodos , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Visitas a Pacientes
4.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 960-965, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To relate anxiety and depression levels to the spirituality levels of oncology patients in the ABC region. METHODS Cross-sectional study performed at the ABC University Center oncology outpatient clinics. For the evaluation of spirituality, the Religiosity, Spirituality, and Personal Beliefs instrument of the World Health Organization (SRPB-WHO) was applied. To evaluate the levels of depression and anxiety, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied. Qualitative variables were described by frequency and percentage, and quantitative variables by mean and standard deviation or median and range. Relationships were established using either the T-test or Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and correlations with Pearson or Spearman tests, depending on the normality assessed by the Shapiro-Wilk test. RESULTS We included 99 patients, 68% female, with a median age of 60 years (19 to 81). A total of 24% had high or borderline levels of anxiety and 21% of depression. There was a negative correlation between levels of depression and spirituality (rho = -0.44, p <0.001), and anxiety and spirituality (rho=-0.232, p=0.02). We found no significant difference between levels of anxiety, depression, or spirituality when stratified by schooling, income, ethnicity, or marital status. There was a positive correlation between levels of anxiety and depression (cor = 0.477, p <0.001). CONCLUSION Spirituality can be a complementary tool in the treatment of patients with cancer.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Neoplasias , Espiritualidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia
5.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 12(1): e1-e3, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634003

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented unprecedented health challenges across all strata in society throughout the world. The COVID experience has caused us to reflect on quality of life, health and well-being and, just as important, end of life. During this time, spiritual care forms a vital component of holistic health management, especially in terms of coping, coming to terms with illness, suffering and ultimately death. The relationship with the transcendent or sacred has a strong influence on a people's beliefs, attitudes, emotions and behaviour. Populations, communities, families and individuals have always found solace through their religious or philosophical beliefs during times of personal adversity and widespread anxiety or disaster. Although spiritual care has always been a part of the domain of religious beliefs, a more contemporary perspective is that spiritual care forms part of the human psyche and thus forms part of human care, health and well-being for families, patients and healthcare workers. Spiritual care deals with the provision of compassion and empathy during periods of heightened stress, distress and anxiety within care. This article provides insights into the necessity of providing spiritual care as a means of coping and well-being for families, patients and healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade , Adaptação Psicológica , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Religião , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
6.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 60(3): e7-e11, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629084

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis has amplified the importance of palliative care to countless patients suffering with and dying from this disease, as well as to their families, communities, and the worldwide cadre of overburdened health care workers. Particularly urgent is the need for spiritual care specialists and generalists to address spiritual suffering given the degree of isolation, loneliness, and vulnerability caused by this pandemic. Although spiritual care has long been recognized as one of the domains of quality palliative care, it is often not fully integrated into practice. All disciplines are ultimately responsible for ensuring that spiritual care is prioritized to improve quality of life and the experience of patients and families facing spiritual emergencies amid the complex life-and-death scenarios inherent to coronavirus disease 2019. Although the pandemic has revealed serious fault lines in many health care domains, it has also underscored the need to recommit to spiritual care as an essential component of whole-person palliative care.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Terapias Espirituais/organização & administração , Espiritualidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia
7.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 912-921, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663322

RESUMO

Following the format put forth by Imber-Black and Roberts, I examine daily rituals, family traditions, holidays, and life cycle rituals during the pandemic of COVID-19. Marked by symbols capable of carrying multiple meanings, symbolic actions, special time and special place, and newly invented and adapted rituals are illustrated through stories of couples, families, and communities.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Imaginação , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
9.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 269-288, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643618

RESUMO

The development of our techno civilization by the enormous increase of information flow and mobility signi ficantly increased conflicts of our time's spiritual streams. That means elevated burden of increased degree for people of weaker balance of mind. The political changes of the early of '90 made it possible to establish a department in the National Institute with a profile for treating mentally confused people being in some accented connection with spirituality: thus members gotten psychiatrically ill in various kinds of religions, new religious movements, and esote - ric flows. This was the Religion Psychological Psychiatric Department (VLPO). Here we had to elaborate a method of complex treatment being capable to deal with the spirituality even the gravest cases of patients with schizophrenia. We have to elaborate a common image of human personality, to build together the four dimensions of treatment, and to form an adequate complex therapeutic system according to the basic model of human archetypal development. We name all this process Reparenting.


Assuntos
Religião , Esquizofrenia/terapia , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Personalidade , Espiritualidade
10.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-593119

RESUMO

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade
11.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-609384

RESUMO

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade
12.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 74(2): 141, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-544005

RESUMO

Those of us who can come to work every day and provide emotional and spiritual support to the patients, families, staff, and to each other despite all challenges. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our ability to care. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our voices in using kind words, thoughts, sentiments, and prayers to comfort others and each other. Most importantly, COVID-19 has not broken us.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Assistência Religiosa , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Espiritualidade
14.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(5): 455-456, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567874

RESUMO

A series of 15-min videos were produced to provide resources to pastors in African-American communities to aid them in conveying accurate public and mental health information about COVID-19. Video presenters included trusted experts in public and mental health and pastors with considerable experience responding to the needs of the African-American community during the COVID-19 pandemic. Four culturally specific core themes to consider when providing care to African Americans who are at increased risk during the pandemic were identified: ritual disruption, negative reactions for not following public health guidelines, trauma, and culture and trust. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Clero , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Trauma Psicológico , Espiritualidade , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/etnologia , Humanos , Internet , Trauma Psicológico/etnologia , Confiança , Gravação em Vídeo
15.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515399

RESUMO

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade
16.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(2): 149-163, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552584

RESUMO

Increased attention of radiotherapy patients to religiousness and spirituality - a comparison with patients in a psychosomatic outpatient clinic Objectives: The aim of this study is to prove both hypothesis, that patients of radiation therapy are different to patients of a psychosomatic outpatient unit in case of their spirituality and religiosity and that these attitudes have an influence of their own lives. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, a data set of the Department of Psychosomatic and Psychotherapy of the University Hospital Münster in 2013 (n = 1110) was compared to data from 2017 by the Department of Radiation Therapy - Radiation oncology of the University Münster (n = 275) in terms of their religiosity and spirituality. The survey was carried out by a questionnaire on religious attitudes (FRA-RE, Heuft 2016). An age- and gender-controlled statistical analysis has been made by means of partial correlations and mean comparisons. Results: The results are consistent with the hypothesis that patients of radiotherapy, in contrast to psychosomatic patients, are more religious, more spiritual, show more private, but also public religious/spiritual practice, have a stronger desire for more religiosity in their lives and belief that religiosity helps to overcome times of crisis. Conclusions: Thus, it is of particular importance to provide this burdened patient clientele spiritual/religious offers for coping with their disease.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/psicologia , Religião e Psicologia , Espiritualidade , Atenção , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 74(2): 141, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496947

RESUMO

Those of us who can come to work every day and provide emotional and spiritual support to the patients, families, staff, and to each other despite all challenges. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our ability to care. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our voices in using kind words, thoughts, sentiments, and prayers to comfort others and each other. Most importantly, COVID-19 has not broken us.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Assistência Religiosa , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Espiritualidade
18.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 11(2): e1020, 1 de Mayo de 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1118346

RESUMO

Introdução: A Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal auxilia a compreensão de momentos críticos no processo saúde-doença, como a vivência de uma cirurgia de grande porte. O presente estudo tem por objetivo avaliar a religiosidade e o bem-estar espiritual de pacientes internados no período pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca, na perspectiva do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado entre os meses de janeiro e junho de 2017, nas enfermarias cirúrgicas de hospital universitário cardiológico do Nordeste do Brasil. Foram avaliados 174 participantes no pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca, utilizando-se do Índice de Religiosidade de DUKE e a Escala de Bem-Estar Espiritual. Resultados: Os resultados apontaram que os pacientes utilizavam a religiosidade de forma significativa para manterem o bem-estar espiritual no pré-operatório. A análise dos resultados encontrados teve o referencial da teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson. Discussão e Conclusões: As crises existenciais vivenciadas pelos pacientes diante da cirurgia cardíaca, envolvendo as restrições, mudanças impostas e o desconhecido, impactam na manutenção do bem-estar, na sua dimensão espiritual, que é, em uma análise transpessoal, uma dimensão da saúde integral do individuo.


Introduction: The theory of transpersonal caring is useful in understanding critical moments in the health-disease process such as the experience of major surgery. This study aims to evaluate the religiousness and spiritual well-being of patients hospitalized in the preoperative period of heart surgery from the perspective of Jean Watson's transpersonal caring. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and June 2017 at the surgical wards of a university cardiology hospital in northeastern Brazil. 174 participants were evaluated in the preoperative period of cardiac surgery using the Duke University Religion Index and the Spiritual Well Being Scale. Results: The results showed that patients made significant use of religion to maintain their spiritual well-being in the preoperative period. The analysis of the results found was carried out based on Jean Watson's theory of transpersonal caring. Discussion and conclusion: Existential crisis experienced by patients in the face of cardiac surgery, which involves restrictions, imposed changes and uncertainty, has an impact on the maintenance of well-being and its spiritual dimension which, in a transpersonal analysis, is a dimension of the individual's integral health.


Introducción: La teoría del cuidado transpersonal ayuda a comprender los momentos críticos del proceso de salud-enfermedad, como la experiencia de una cirugía mayor. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la religiosidad y el bienestar espiritual de los pacientes hospitalizados en el período preoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca desde la perspectiva del cuidado transpersonal de Jean Watson. Materiales y métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal realizado entre los meses de enero y junio de 2017 en las salas de cirugía de un hospital universitario de cardiología en el noreste de Brasil. 174 participantes fueron evaluados en el período preoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca mediante el Índice de Religiosidad Duke y la Escala de Bienestar Espiritual. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron que los pacientes hicieron un uso significativo de la religión para mantener su bienestar espiritual en el período preoperatorio. El análisis de los resultados encontrados se basó en la teoría del cuidado transpersonal de Jean Watson. Discusión y conclusión: Las crisis existenciales experimentadas por los pacientes frente a la cirugía cardíaca, que implican restricciones, cambios impuestos e incertidumbre, repercuten en el mantenimiento del bienestar y en su dimensión espiritual que, en un análisis transpersonal, es una dimensión de la salud integral del individuo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Enfermagem Perioperatória , Cirurgia Torácica , Teoria de Enfermagem , Educação Infantil , Espiritualidade , Período Pré-Operatório
19.
J. nurs. health ; 10(2): 20102003, mai.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1099697

RESUMO

Objetivo: conhecer e compreender a forma como a fé e espiritualidade se manifestam na vivência de pacientes que realizarão uma intervenção cirúrgica. Método: estudo qualitativo e exploratório, realizado com 20 pacientes internados em um hospital universitário no Sul do Brasil. As informações foram coletadas em setembro de 2019, através de instrumento semiestruturado e categorizadas por meio de análise temática. Resultados: o medo e a angústia são sentimentos frequentes entre pacientes submetidos a intervenções cirúrgicas. A fé e espiritualidade são recursos importantes de refúgio para amenizar esses sentimentos. Apesar disso, o cuidado espiritual é uma dimensão pouco explorada pelos profissionais de saúde. O amparo espiritual é recebido principalmente de amigos e familiares. Conclusões: sugere-se a inclusão do acolhimento espiritual no plano de cuidados para ampliar a qualidade do cuidado e o vínculo dos pacientes com os profissionais, visto que, compõe o cuidado em saúde.(AU)


Objective: to know and understand the way that faith and spirituality manifest itself in the experience of patients who will suffer a surgical intervention. Method: qualitative and exploratory study, with 20 patients from a universitary hospital in the southern Brazil. Information collected in September 2019, through semi-structured instrument. Results: the fear and anguish are frequent feelings among patients undergoing surgical interventions. Faith and spirituality are important refuge resources to ease these feelings. Despite this, spiritual care is a dimension little explored by health professionals. Spiritual support is received mainly from friends and family. Conclusions: the inclusion of spiritual welcome is suggested in care plan, to increase the quality of care and the bond of patient's to professionals, since it makes up health care.(AU)


Objetivo: conocer y comprender la forma en que la fe y espiritualidad se manifiestan en la experiencia de pacientes que realizarán una intervención quirúrgica. Métodos: estudio cualitativo y exploratorio, realizado con 20 pacientes ingresados en un hospital universitario del sur del Brasil. La información se reunió en septiembre de 2019, mediante instrumento semiestructurado y se clasificó mediante análisis temático. Resultados: el miedo y la angustia son sentimientos frecuentes entre los pacientes sometidos a intervenciones quirúrgicas. La fe y espiritualidad son importantes recursos de refugio para aliviar estos sentimientos. A pesar de esto, el cuidado espiritual es una dimensión poco explorada por los profesionales de la salud. El apoyo espiritual se recibe principalmente de amigos y familiares. Conclusiones: se sugiere incluir la recepción espiritual en el plan de atención para ampliar la calidad de la atención y el vínculo entre los pacientes con los profesionales, ya que constituyen la atención sanitaria. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Cirurgia Geral , Espiritualidade , Cuidados de Enfermagem
20.
J Relig Health ; 59(5): 2193-2195, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424660

RESUMO

In this letter to the editor, the authors tell their personal experience in the fight against Coronavirus pandemic and call for more spirituality needed to battle in the COVID-19 emergency. They commemorate the story of many Italian priests who have died in this tragedy and claim that spiritual skills for healthcare workers are especially important in a disaster scenario like this COVID 19 pandemic, to relieve stress and psychic sufferance of the same healthcare professionals as well as of patients and their families.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Animais , Feminino , Cavalos , Humanos , Itália , Espiritualidade
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