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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e246872, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630475

RESUMO

Importance: Despite a growing population of survivors of lung cancer, there is limited understanding of the survivorship journey. Survivors of lung cancer experience unmet physical, social, emotional, and medical needs regardless of stage at diagnosis or treatment modalities. Objective: To investigate the association of unmet needs with quality of life (QOL) and financial toxicity (FT) among survivors of lung cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study was conducted at Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center thoracic oncology clinics between December 1, 2020, and September 30, 2021, to assess needs (physical, social, emotional, and medical), QOL, and FT among survivors of lung cancer. Patients had non-small cell lung cancer of any stage and were alive longer than 1 year from diagnosis. A cross-sectional survey was administered, which consisted of an adapted needs survey developed by the Mayo Survey Research Center, the Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity measure, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 QOL scale. Demographic and clinical information was obtained through retrospective medical record review. Data analysis was performed between May 9 and December 8, 2022. Main Outcomes and Measures: Separate multiple linear regression models, treating QOL and FT as dependent variables, were performed to assess the adjusted association of total number of unmet needs and type of unmet need (physical, emotional, social, or medical) with QOL and FT. Results: Of the 360 survivors of lung cancer approached, 232 completed the survey and were included in this study. These 232 respondents had a median age of 69 (IQR, 60.5-75.0) years. Most respondents were women (144 [62.1%]), were married (165 [71.1%]), and had stage III or IV lung cancer (140 [60.3%]). Race and ethnicity was reported as Black (33 [14.2%]), White (172 [74.1%]), or other race or ethnicity (27 [11.6%]). A higher number of total unmet needs was associated with lower QOL (ß [SE], -1.37 [0.18]; P < .001) and higher FT (ß [SE], -0.33 [0.45]; P < .001). In the context of needs domains, greater unmet physical needs (ß [SE], -1.24 [0.54]; P = .02), social needs (ß [SE], -3.60 [1.34]; P = .01), and medical needs (ß [SE], -2.66 [0.98]; P = .01) were associated with lower QOL, whereas only greater social needs was associated with higher FT (ß [SE], -3.40 [0.53]; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this survey study suggest that among survivors of lung cancer, unmet needs were associated with lower QOL and higher FT. Future studies evaluating targeted interventions to address these unmet needs may improve QOL and FT among survivors of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Estresse Financeiro , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sobreviventes
2.
Int J Equity Health ; 23(1): 73, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) is a health and social problem. Millions of girls and women have undergone FGM or will soon, and more information is needed to effectively reduce the practice. The aim of this research is to provide an overview of the FGM trendlines, the inequality of its prevalence, and the economic burden. The findings shed light on 30-year trends and the impact of the pandemic on planned efforts to reduce FGM which helps with public health interventions. METHODS: Temporal trend analysis, and graphical analysis were used to assess the change and inequality over the last 30 years. We included 27 countries in which FGM is prevalent. We calculated the extra economic burden of delayed interventions to reduce FGM like COVID-19. RESULTS: For the 27 countries analyzed for temporal trendlines, 13 countries showed no change over time while 14 had decreasing trends. Among the 14, nine countries, Uganda, Togo, Ghana, Benin, Kenya, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Chad, and Ethiopia had high year-decrease (CAGR - 1.01 and - 10.26) while five, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Gambia, Djibouti, and Mali had low year-decrease (CAGR>-1 and < 0). Among these five are the highest FGM prevalence similar distribution regardless the wealth quintiles or residence. There is an economic burden of delay or non-decline of FGM that could be averted. CONCLUSION: Findings indicate that some countries show a declining trend over time while others not. It can be observed that there is heterogeneity and homogeneity in the FGM prevalence within and between countries which may indicate inequality that deserves further investigation. There is considerable economic burden due to delays in the implementation of interventions to reduce or eliminate FGM. These insights can help in the preparation of public health interventions.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Feminina , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Estresse Financeiro , Egito , Etiópia/epidemiologia
4.
Public Health ; 230: 183-189, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565064

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between food insecurity and health, access to care, affordability of care, financial burden of care, and financial hardships among US adults during the COVID-19 pandemic and examine whether the associations were less pronounced among adults with safety nets. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal cohort study using the 2020-2021 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. METHODS: Linear probability models were used to assess the associations between food insecurity in one year and the outcomes of interest in the following year while adjusting for baseline characteristics. We performed the analyses for the entire population and then conducted stratified analyses for adults with and without Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits or Medicaid coverage. RESULTS: Compared with food-secure adults, food-insecure adults were 9.1 percentage points less likely to report life satisfaction and 9.9, 10.2, and 13.2 percentage points more likely to experience delays in getting medical care, postpone or forgo medical care because of cost, and struggle with paying medical bills. Food-insecure adults were 30.4, 27.2, and 23.5 percentage points more likely to face challenges in affording necessities, paying utility bills, and meeting rent or mortgage payments on time than food-secure adults. Notably, the strengths of these associations were attenuated among adults with SNAP benefits or Medicaid coverage. CONCLUSIONS: Food insecurity was associated with poor health, limited access to and affordability of care, and a greater financial burden of care among US adults during the pandemic. Nevertheless, safety net programs can play a critical role in alleviating adverse consequences.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Assistência Alimentar , Adulto , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estresse Financeiro , Pandemias , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Abastecimento de Alimentos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Insegurança Alimentar , Custos e Análise de Custo , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
5.
Public Health ; 230: 216-222, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579649

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of overweight increases the risk of several non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and, consequently, the costs of health care systems. In this study, we aimed to project the economic burden of NCDs attributable to overweight in Brazil between 2021 and 2030. METHODS: A cohort simulation of adults (17-117 years) using multistate lifetable modeling was used to estimate the costs of NCDs attributable to overweight in Brazil. The projections of direct health care costs (outpatient and inpatient expenses in the Unified Health System) and indirect costs (years of productive life lost) considered different trajectories of the prevalence of overweight between 2021 and 2030. RESULTS: In 2019, the prevalence of overweight was 55.4% in the adult Brazilian population. We estimate that around 1.8 billion international dollars (Int$) would be spent on the direct health care cost of NCDs between 2021 and 2030, through the continued increase in overweight prevalence observed between 2006 and 2020. The indirect costs over the same time would be approximately 20.1 billion Int$. We estimate that halving the annual increase in body mass index slope from the beginning of 2021 until 2030 would save 20.2 million Int$ direct and indirect costs by 2030. In the scenario of keeping the prevalence of overweight observed in 2019 constant until 2030, the savings would be 40.8 million Int$. Finally, in the scenario of a 6.7% reduction in the prevalence of overweight observed in 2019 (to be achieved gradually until 2030), 74.1 million Int$ would be saved. CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight the high economic burden of overweight in the Brazilian adult population.


Assuntos
Doenças não Transmissíveis , Sobrepeso , Adulto , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estresse Financeiro , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297278, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity (PA) was estimated to cause 4.8% of deaths and 2.6% of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) due to noncommunicable diseases in Saudi Arabia in 2019. While Saudi Arabia is already achieving great improvements, we predict the health and economic burden of insufficient PA up to 2040 to present a case for policy makers to invest more in the uptake of PA. METHODS: Using a population health model to estimate avoidable health loss, we identified four causes of health loss related to low PA (cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer) and estimated the deaths and DALYs from these causes. We projected the expected disease burden until 2040 under alternative assumptions about future PA levels and trends by using three health scenarios: baseline (no change in 2019 PA levels), intervention (81% of the population achieving sufficient PA levels), and ideal (65% of population: moderate PA, 30%: high PA, and 5%: inactive). We applied an "intrinsic value" approach to estimate the economic impact of each scenario. RESULTS: Overall, we estimate that between 2023 and 2040, about 80,000 to 110,000 deaths from all causes and 2.0 million to 2.9 million DALYs could be avoided by increasing PA levels in Saudi Arabia. The average annual economic loss from insufficient PA is valued at 0.49% to 0.68% of the current gross domestic product, with an average of US$5.4 billion to US$7.6 billion annually till 2040. The most avoidable disease burden and economic losses are expected among males and because of ischemic heart disease. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights that low PA levels will have considerable health and economic impacts in Saudi Arabia if people remain inactive and do not start following interventions. There is an urgent need to develop innovative programs and policies to encourage PA among all age and sex groups.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Estresse Financeiro , Masculino , Humanos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
7.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 212(5): 295-299, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598730

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Many individuals lost their employment during the COVID-19 pandemic and experienced financial hardship. These experiences may increase risk for co-occurring conditions, including substance use disorders (SUDs) and related symptoms of depression and anxiety. This study aimed to examine the associations between COVID-19-related financial hardship and/or job loss and co-occurring symptoms, across gender and racial groups. Respondents (N = 3493) included individuals entering SUD treatment in the United States in March-October of 2020. Results demonstrated that COVID-19-related financial hardship and unemployment in the household was associated with greater depression and anxiety severity among people in SUD treatment (p's < 0.05). Our findings highlight financial hardship and loss of employment as risk factors for co-occurring depression and anxiety. However, additive effects between marginalized identity status and COVID-19 economic hardship on co-occurring symptoms were not observed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Estresse Financeiro/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Grupos Raciais , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
8.
Ann Plast Surg ; 92(4S Suppl 2): S279-S283, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burns constitute a major global health challenge, causing over 11 million injuries and 300,000 deaths annually and surpassing the economic burden of cervical cancer and HIV combined. Despite this, patient-level financial consequences of burn injuries remain poorly quantified, with a significant gap in data from low- and middle-income countries. In this study, we evaluate financial toxicity in burn patients. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter cohort study was conducted across two tertiary care hospitals in India, assessing 123 adult surgical in-patients undergoing operative interventions for burn injuries. Patient sociodemographic, clinical, and financial data were collected through surveys and electronic records during hospitalization and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. Out-of-pocket costs (OOPCs) for surgical burn treatment were evaluated during hospitalization. Longitudinal changes in income, employment status, and affordability of basic subsistence needs were assessed at the 1-, 3-, and 6-month postoperative time point. Degree of financial toxicity was calculated using a combination of the metrics catastrophic health expenditure and financial hardship. Development of financial toxicity was compared by sociodemographic and clinical characteristics using logistic regression models. RESULTS: Of the cohort, 60% experienced financial toxicity. Median OOPCs was US$555.32 with the majority of OOPCs stemming from direct nonmedical costs (US$318.45). Cost of initial hospitalization exceeded monthly annual income by 80%. Following surgical burn care, income decreased by US$318.18 within 6 months, accompanied by a 53% increase in unemployment rates. At least 40% of the cohort consistently reported inability to afford basic subsistence needs within the 6-month perioperative period. Significant predictors of developing financial toxicity included male gender (odds ratio, 4.17; 95% confidence interval, 1.25-14.29; P = 0.02) and hospital stays exceeding 20 days (odds ratio, 11.17; 95% confidence interval, 2.11-59.22; P ≤ 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment for burn injuries is associated with substantial financial toxicity. National and local policies must expand their scope beyond direct medical costs to address direct nonmedical and indirect costs. These include burn care insurance, teleconsultation follow-ups, hospital-affiliated subsidized lodging, and resources for occupational support and rehabilitation. These measures are crucial to alleviate the financial burden of burn care, particularly during the perioperative period.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Estresse Financeiro , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Feminino
9.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04076, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574358

RESUMO

Background: Research on the health and economic costs due to insufficient sleep remains scant in developing countries. In this study we aimed to estimate the years of life lost (YLLs) due to short sleep and quantify its economic burden in China. Methods: We estimated both individual and aggregate YLLs due to short sleep (ie, ≤6 hours) among Chinese adults aged 20 years or older by sex and five-year age groups in 2010, 2014, and 2018. YLL estimates were derived from 1) the prevalence of short sleep using three survey waves of the China Family Panel Studies, 2) relative mortality risks from meta-analyses, and 3) life tables in China. YLL was the difference between the estimated life expectancy of an individual in the short sleep category vs in the recommended sleep category. We estimated the economic cost using the human capital approach. Results: The sample sizes of the three survey waves were 31 393, 31 207, and 28 618. Younger age groups and men had more YLLs due to short sleep compared to their counterparts. For individuals aged 20-24, men had an average YLL of nearly 0.95, in contrast to the approximate 0.75 in women across the observed years of 2010, 2014, and 2018. The trend in individual YLLs remained consistent over these years. In aggregate, China experienced a rise from 66.75 million YLLs in 2010 to 95.29 million YLLs in 2014, and to 115.05 million YLLs in 2018. Compared to 2010 (USD 191.83 billion), the associated economic cost in 2014 increased to USD 422.24 billion, and the cost in 2018 more than tripled (USD 628.15 billion). The percentage of cost to Chinese gross domestic product in corresponding years was 3.23, 4.09, and 4.62%. Conclusions: Insufficient sleep is associated with substantial YLLs in China, potentially impacting the population's overall life expectancy. The escalating economic toll attributed to short sleep underscores the urgent need for public health interventions to improve sleep health at the population level.


Assuntos
Estresse Financeiro , Privação do Sono , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Expectativa de Vida , Prevalência , China/epidemiologia
10.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297098, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common childhood disease frequently caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7, PCV10, PCV13) can reduce the risk of AOM but may also shift AOM etiology and serotype distribution. The aim of this study was to review estimates from published literature of the burden of AOM in Europe after widespread use of PCVs over the past 10 years, focusing on incidence, etiology, serotype distribution and antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae, and economic burden. METHODS: This systematic review included published literature from 31 European countries, for children aged ≤5 years, published after 2011. Searches were conducted using PubMed, Embase, Google, and three disease conference websites. Risk of bias was assessed with ISPOR-AMCP-NPC, ECOBIAS or ROBIS, depending on the type of study. RESULTS: In total, 107 relevant records were identified, which revealed wide variation in study methodology and reporting, thus limiting comparisons across outcomes. No homogenous trends were identified in incidence rates across countries, or in detection of S. pneumoniae as a cause of AOM over time. There were indications of a reduction in hospitalization rates (decreases between 24.5-38.8% points, depending on country, PCV type and time since PCV introduction) and antibiotic resistance (decreases between 14-24%, depending on country), following the widespread use of PCVs over time. The last two trends imply a potential decrease in economic burden, though this was not possible to confirm with the identified cost data. There was also evidence of an increase in serotype distributions towards non-vaccine serotypes in all of the countries where non-PCV serotype data were available, as well as limited data of increased antibiotic resistance within non-vaccine serotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Though some factors point to a reduction in AOM burden in Europe, the burden still remains high, residual burden from uncovered serotypes is present and it is difficult to provide comprehensive, accurate and up-to-date estimates of said burden from the published literature. This could be improved by standardised methodology, reporting and wider use of surveillance systems.


Assuntos
Otite Média , Infecções Pneumocócicas , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Estresse Financeiro , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Otite Média/epidemiologia , Otite Média/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/uso terapêutico , Sorogrupo , Vacinas Conjugadas/uso terapêutico
11.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e080634, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485178

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Stroke imposes a heavy economic burden and loss of productivity on individuals and society. This study assessed a range of crucial factors, including direct costs and indirect costs, to gauge the economic implications of stroke in China. These outcomes were evaluated with specific reference to the year 2018, using the Chinese yuan (¥) as the unit of measurement and providing the corresponding purchasing power parity dollar ($PPP) currency value. METHODS: A cost-of-illness methodology was used to ascertain the economic implications of stroke in 2018. Within the constraints of this approach, economic costs were defined as 'direct costs' or 'indirect costs'. We estimated direct costs from sample data, the National Health Service Survey and the National Health Account and Health Statistical Yearbook. A human capital method was used to conservatively estimate indirect costs. RESULTS: In 2018, of the economic burden of stroke in China, the direct costs were ¥247.8 billion ($PPP 58.6 billion) and indirect costs were ¥704.4 billion ($PPP 166.5 billion). The curative care expenditure for stroke was ¥193.1 billion ($PPP 45.7 billion), consuming nearly 5.5% of curative expenditure. The cost of stroke treatment relied heavily on public financing, with 58% from social health insurance and 14% from government sources. CONCLUSIONS: A significant economic burden is imposed by stroke on China's economy, and there is a risk of underestimating this burden if indirect costs are not comprehensively considered. The importance of implementing effective preventive measures and screening strategies for stroke, with a particular focus on high-risk populations, is underscored by this study's findings. Such investments in public health have the potential to yield substantial benefits.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estresse Financeiro , Medicina Estatal , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , China/epidemiologia
12.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 28(2): 227-231, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511924

RESUMO

A team conducted semistructured interviews and developed case reports about financial toxicity (FT) and healthcare transitions (HCTs) with two adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. These reports found poor HCTs f.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias , Transição para Assistência do Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Estresse Financeiro , Atenção à Saúde , Neoplasias/terapia
14.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 43(4): 393-399, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Varicella infects 90% of children before age 9. Though varicella is self-limiting, its complications may require antibiotics, though how antibiotics are utilized for varicella in France is not well known. This study assessed antibiotic use and costs associated with varicella and its complications in pediatric patients managed in the outpatient setting in France. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using the Cegedim Strategic Data-Longitudinal Patient Database, an electronic medical record database from general practitioners and office-based specialists in France, was conducted. Children <18 years old diagnosed with varicella between January 2014 and December 2018 with 3-month follow-up available were included. We used descriptive analysis to assess varicella-related complications, medication use, healthcare resource utilization and costs. RESULTS: Overall, 48,027 patients were diagnosed with varicella; 15.3% (n = 7369) had ≥1 varicella-related complication. Antibiotics were prescribed in up to 25.1% (n = 12,045/48,027) of cases with greater use in patients with complications (68.1%, n = 5018/7369) compared with those without (17.3%, n = 7027/40,658). Mean medication and outpatient varicella-related costs were €32.82 per patient with medications costing a mean of €5.84 per patient; antibiotics contributed ~23% to total costs annually. CONCLUSION: This study showed high antibiotic use for the management of varicella and its complications. A universal varicella vaccination program could be considered to alleviate complications and associated costs in France.


Assuntos
Varicela , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Varicela/tratamento farmacológico , Varicela/epidemiologia , Varicela/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Estresse Financeiro , França/epidemiologia
15.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1324147, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525344

RESUMO

Objective: To clarify subgroups of married female nurses experiencing work-family conflict (WFC), explore the factors associated with the subgroups, and determine how desired support strategies differ among the subgroups. Methods: Data was collected from a sample of 646 married female nurses from public hospitals in Zhejiang Province, China, in December 2021. Latent profile analysis was used to group the participants, and multiple logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with higher WFC. The STROBE criteria were used to report results. Results: According to latent profile analysis, there were three distinct profiles of WFC among married female nurses: "low-conflict type," "work-dominant-conflict type," and "high-conflict type." These profiles differed in the number of children, night shifts, family economic burden, childcare during working hours, family harmony, colleague support, and nurse-patient relationships. Nurses with multiple children, higher pressures in childcare during working hours, heavier family economic burdens, lower family harmony, lower colleague support, and poorer nurse-patient relationships are more likely to be classified as "high-conflict type" nurses. Conclusion: This study found that married female nurses experience different types of WFCs. The structure of these WFCs and their associated factors suggests that customized intervention strategies can be developed to address the specific needs of married female nurses.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Estresse Financeiro , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , China
16.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(3): e241420, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512256

RESUMO

Importance: In the face of an emerging heart failure (HF) epidemic, describing the association between perceived economic burden (PEB) and health care outcomes is an important step toward more equitable and achievable care. Objectives: To examine the association between PEB and risk of 1-year clinical outcomes and HF-specific health status in patients with acute decompensated HF. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective, multicenter, hospital-based cohort study prospectively enrolled adult patients hospitalized for acute decompensated HF at 52 hospitals in China from August 2016 to May 2018, with 1-year follow-up. Data were analyzed on June 17, 2022. Exposure: Perceived economic burden, categorized as severe (cannot undertake expenses), moderate (can almost undertake expenses), or little (can easily undertake expenses). Main Outcomes and Measures: The clinical outcomes of the study were 1-year all-cause death and rehospitalization for HF. Heart failure-specific health status was assessed by the 12-Item Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ-12). Results: Among 3386 patients, median age was 67 years (IQR, 58-75 years) and 2116 (62.5%) were men. Of these patients, 404 (11.9%) had severe PEB; 2021 (59.7%), moderate PEB; and 961 (28.4%), little PEB. Compared with patients with little PEB, those with severe PEB had increased risk of 1-year mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.21-2.13; P < .001) but not 1-year HF rehospitalization (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 0.98-1.49; P = .07). The mean (SD) adjusted KCCQ-12 score was lowest in patients with severe PEB and highest in patients with little PEB at baseline (40.0 [1.7] and 50.2 [1.0] points, respectively; P < .001) and at each visit (eg, 12 months: 61.5 [1.6] and 75.5 [0.9] points respectively; P < .001). Patients reporting severe PEB had a clinically significant lower 1-year KCCQ-12 score compared with those reporting little PEB (mean difference, -11.3 points; 95% CI, -14.9 to -7.6 points; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study of patients with acute decompensated HF, greater PEB was associated with higher risk of mortality and poorer health status but not with risk of HF rehospitalization. The findings suggest that PEB may serve as a convenient tool for risk estimation and as a potential target for quality-improvement interventions for patients with HF.


Assuntos
Estresse Financeiro , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Pacientes Internados , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde
17.
Cancer Med ; 13(6): e7088, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520136

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: While demographic risk factors of cancer-related financial hardships have been studied, having minor children or being single have rarely been assessed in the context of healthcare-related financial hardships. METHODS: Using data from the 2015 to 2018 National Health Interview Survey, we assessed financial hardship (material and psychological hardship; behavioral coping due to costs: delaying/foregoing care, reducing prescription costs, or skipping specialists or follow-up care) among adults aged 18-59 years with cancer (N = 2844) by minor child parenting status and family structure. In a secondary analysis, we compared this group with individuals without cancer. Using logistic regression models, we compared those with and without children aged <18 years, further distinguishing between those who were single versus one of two or more adults in the family. RESULTS: Compared to individuals from families with two or more adults/without children, single adults with children more often reported cancer-related financial hardships, for example material hardship (45.9% vs. 38.8%), and reducing prescription costs, (50.7% vs. 34.4%, adjusted OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.07-2.28). Single adults without minor children and those from families with two or more adults/with minor children also reported greater financial hardships on some dimensions. Associations were similar among those without cancer, but the overall magnitude of financial hardships was lower compared to those with cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that having minor children, and being a single adult are risk factors for cancer-related financial hardship. Financial vulnerability associated with family structure should be taken into consideration in healthcare, and especially cancer care.


Assuntos
Estresse Financeiro , Neoplasias , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Estrutura Familiar , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco
18.
Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res ; 24(4): 567-575, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Living with an ostomy is often associated with costly complications. This study examined the burden of illness the first two years after ostomy creation. METHODS: Data from Danish national registries included all adult Danes with an ostomy created between 2002 and 2014. RESULTS: Four cohorts consisted, respectively, of 11,385 subjects with a colostomy and 4,574 with an ileostomy, of which 1,663 subjects had inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and 1,270 colorectal cancer as cause of their ileostomy. The healthcare cost was significantly higher for cases versus matched controls for all cohorts. In the first year, the total healthcare cost per person-year was €27,962 versus €4,200 for subjects with colostomy, €29,392 versus €3,308 for subjects with ileostomy, €15,947 versus €2,216 when IBD was the underlying cause, and €32,438 versus €4,196 when it was colorectal cancer. Healthcare costs decreased in the second year but remained significantly higher than controls. Hospitalization and outpatient services were primary cost drivers, with ostomy-related complications comprising 8-16% of hospitalization expenses. CONCLUSION: Compared to controls, subjects with an ostomy bear a significant health and financial burden attributable to ostomy-related complications, in addition to the underlying disease, emphasizing the importance of better ostomy care to enhance well-being and reduce economic strain.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Estomia , Populações Escandinavas e Nórdicas , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Estresse Financeiro , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estomia/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/cirurgia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Dinamarca
19.
J Med Econ ; 27(sup1): 12-22, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468477

RESUMO

AIMS: Our cost of illness study aimed to provide an estimate of the burden related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the Mexican context. METHODS: Our model was used to simulate the resource utilization and economic consequences over a period of 5 years for patients with SLE in Mexico. The model simulated four health states-three phenotypes of SLE, including mild, moderate, and severe states, and death. Clinical parameters were retrieved from the literature. Resource utilization in our model represents the most common practice in the Mexican healthcare system. These include disease management, transient events (e.g. infections, flares, and complications due to SLE-related organ damage), and indirect costs. Direct non-medical costs were not considered. One-way sensitivity analysis was performed. RESULTS: The number of targeted Mexican SLE patients was 57,754. The numbers of SLE patients diagnosed with mild, moderate, and severe phenotypes were 8,230, 44,291, and 5,233, respectively. Disease management costs, including the treatment of each phenotype and disease follow-up, were MXN 4 billion ($ 415 million); the costs of transient events (infections, flares, and consequences of SLE-related organ damage) were MXN 5 billion ($ 478 million). Productivity loss costs among adult employed Mexican patients with SLE were estimated at MXN 17 billion ($ 1.6 billion). The total SLE cost in Mexico over 5 years from the payer and societal perspectives is estimated at MXN 9 billion ($ 893 million) and 26 billion ($ 2.5 billion), respectively. Over 5 years, the costs per patient per year from the payer and societal perspectives were MXN 32,131($ 3,095) and MXN 91,661($ 8,830), respectively. CONCLUSION: The findings pointed out the substantial economic burden associated with SLE, including the costs of disease progression and SLE transient events, such as flare-ups, infections, and organ damage, in addition to productivity loss due to work capacity impairment.


Assuntos
Estresse Financeiro , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Adulto , Humanos , México , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
20.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 97(4): 435-450, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530482

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Jobs in domestic cleaning are often conceived as 'precarious employment' (PE)-i.e. a multidimensional concept referring to accumulated adverse characteristics of employment due to workers' weak bargaining position. Against this background, the Belgian service voucher system (SVS) was implemented aimed at creating formal and stable, subsidized domestic services jobs. PURPOSE: The current study assesses the relationship between PE and mental health (WHO5) in the Belgian SVS, accounting for the potential mediating role of working conditions and perceived financial strain at the household level. METHODS: We analysed a cross-sectional sample of 1,115 Belgian SVS domestic cleaners, collected in 2019 through an online survey. A mediation model was estimated. RESULTS: The crude effect of PE on adverse mental health was strong (ß 0.545-S.E. 0.063). However, 50% of the association between PE and mental well-being was mediated by work task characteristics (quantitative demands, physical demands, task variation and autonomy) and 25% by household-level perceived financial strain. The remaining direct effect of PE on adverse mental well-being is ß 0.066 (S.E. 0.032-25% of the total effect). CONCLUSION: These findings are the first based on the Belgian Employment Precariousness Scale (EPRES-BE) and are consistent with earlier-made-but seldom simultaneously tested-assumptions on the mechanisms relating PE to adverse mental health-i.e. involving direct associations and indirect associations via adverse working conditions and material deprivation. Based on the results, we recommend more democratic and higher-quality management practices in the SVS, in addition to higher wages and working time reduction.


Assuntos
60671 , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Estresse Financeiro , Estudos Transversais , Condições de Trabalho
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