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1.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(1): e21445, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical professionals are exposed to multiple and often excessive demands in their work environment. Low-intensity internet interventions allow them to benefit from psychological support even when institutional help is not available. Focusing on enhancing psychological resources-self-efficacy and perceived social support-makes an intervention relevant for various occupations within the medical profession. Previously, these resources were found to operate both individually or sequentially with self-efficacy either preceding social support (cultivation process) or following it (enabling process). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial is to compare the efficacy of 4 variants of Med-Stress, a self-guided internet intervention that aims to improve the multifaceted well-being of medical professionals. METHODS: This study was conducted before the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants (N=1240) were recruited mainly via media campaigns and social media targeted ads. They were assigned to 1 of the following 4 groups: experimental condition reflecting the cultivation process, experimental condition reflecting the enabling process, active comparator enhancing only self-efficacy, and active comparator enhancing only perceived social support. Outcomes included 5 facets of well-being: job stress, job burnout, work engagement, depression, and job-related traumatic stress. Measurements were taken on the web at baseline (time 1), immediately after intervention (time 2), and at a 6-month follow-up (time 3). To analyze the data, linear mixed effects models were used on the intention-to-treat sample. The trial was partially blinded as the information about the duration of the trial, which was different for experimental and control conditions, was public. RESULTS: At time 2, job stress was lower in the condition reflecting the cultivation process than in the one enhancing social support only (d=-0.21), and at time 3, participants in that experimental condition reported the lowest job stress when compared with all 3 remaining study groups (ds between -0.24 and -0.41). For job-related traumatic stress, we found a significant difference between study groups only at time 3: stress was lower in the experimental condition in which self-efficacy was enhanced first than in the active comparator enhancing solely social support (d=-0.24). The same result was found for work engagement (d=-0.20), which means that it was lower in exactly the same condition that was found beneficial for stress relief. There were no differences between study conditions for burnout and depression neither at time 2 nor at time 3. There was a high dropout in the study (1023/1240, 82.50% at posttest), reflecting the pragmatic nature of this trial. CONCLUSIONS: The Med-Stress internet intervention improves some components of well-being-most notably job stress-when activities are completed in a specific sequence. The decrease in work engagement could support the notion of dark side of this phenomenon, but further research is needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03475290; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03475290. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): RR2-10.1186/s13063-019-3401-9.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Intervenção Baseada em Internet , Estresse Ocupacional/terapia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/terapia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Autoeficácia , Apoio Social , Local de Trabalho
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435300

RESUMO

The coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome (COVID-19) pandemic has placed increased stress on healthcare workers (HCWs). While anxiety and post-traumatic stress have been evaluated in HCWs during previous pandemics, moral injury, a construct historically evaluated in military populations, has not. We hypothesized that the experience of moral injury and psychiatric distress among HCWs would increase over time during the pandemic and vary with resiliency factors. From a convenience sample, we performed an email-based, longitudinal survey of HCWs at a tertiary care hospital between March and July 2020. Surveys measured occupational and resilience factors and psychiatric distress and moral injury, assessed by the Impact of Events Scale-Revised and the Moral Injury Events Scale, respectively. Responses were assessed at baseline, 1-month, and 3-month time points. Moral injury remained stable over three months, while distress declined. A supportive workplace environment was related to lower moral injury whereas a stressful, less supportive environment was associated with increased moral injury. Distress was not affected by any baseline occupational or resiliency factors, though poor sleep at baseline predicted more distress. Overall, our data suggest that attention to improving workplace support and lowering workplace stress may protect HCWs from adverse emotional outcomes.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Princípios Morais , Angústia Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias , Apoio Social , Local de Trabalho
5.
Psychol Health Med ; 26(1): 119-130, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314964

RESUMO

The study aimed to explore the effect of perceived stress of healthcare workers on anxiety and sleep level in intensive care units during corona virus pandemic. The research was conducted in descriptive and cross-sectional types. The study was conducted between April 2020 and July 2020 at Atatürk University Research Hospital and Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital. In the research, it was aimed to reach all the healthcare professionals (260) working in intensive care units without selecting a sample. The data was collected by using the personal information form prepared by the researchers in line with the literature, Perceived Stress Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Visual Analog Sleep Scale. Of the 210 participants, 75.4% were female, and 88.1% were nurses. The mean age of the participants was 27.04 ± 5.71 years, and 51.9% of the participants were 20-25 years old. The mean perceived stress, state anxiety, trait anxiety, and visual analog sleep scores were moderate and found as 29.9 ± 6.83, 43.09 ± 5.55, 46.15 ± 5.3, and 503.79 ± 134.24, respectively. In conclusion, a general picture of the psychological state of healthcare professionals in Turkey during the COVID-19 pandemic has been presented.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 38: e190128, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1133865

RESUMO

Our study compared the effects of mindfulness and relaxation interventions on stress, quality of life, resilience, and mindfulness levels. A total of 29 workers, recruited at a university hospital in the northeastern region of Brazil and distributed in two groups: Mindfulness (89.5% female, age mean 37.5 ± 6.23 years old); and Relaxation (90.0% female, age mean 34.2 ± 8.66). After eight weeks of daily mindfulness or relaxation practices, both groups significantly reduced the perceived stress and stress at work, and increased their mindfulness and resilience levels, as well as the physical and psychological quality of life domains. Our results suggest that both interventions may be effective in the organizational environment, assisting in health promotion and increasing the ability of individuals to recover from an adversity (resilience).


Este estudo comparou os efeitos de intervenções baseadas em mindfulness e em relaxamento sobre níveis de estresse, qualidade de vida e resiliência. Participaram do estudo 29 trabalhadores de um hospital universitário do nordeste do Brasil, distribuídos em dois grupos: Mindfulness (89,5% mulheres, média de idade 37,5 ± 6,23); e Relaxamento (90,0% mulheres, média de idade 34,2 ± 8,66). Após oito semanas de práticas diárias dessas internveções, ambos os grupos reduziram significativamente o estresse percebido e aumentaram os níveis de mindfulness, de resiliência e os domínios físico e psicológico da qualidade de vida. Nossos resultados sugerem que elas podem ser eficazes no ambiente organizacional, auxiliando na promoção da saúde e aumentando a capacidade dos indivíduos de se recuperarem da adversidade (resiliência).


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Resiliência Psicológica , Estresse Ocupacional
7.
Hum Resour Health ; 18(1): 100, 2020 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress, anxiety, and depression are some of the most important research and practice challenges for psychologists, psychiatrists, and behavioral scientists. Due to the importance of issue and the lack of general statistics on these disorders among the Hospital staff treating the COVID-19 patients, this study aims to systematically review and determine the prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression within front-line healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients. METHODS: In this research work, the systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression approaches are used to approximate the prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression within front-line healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients. The keywords of prevalence, anxiety, stress, depression, psychopathy, mental illness, mental disorder, doctor, physician, nurse, hospital staff, 2019-nCoV, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2 and Coronaviruses were used for searching the SID, MagIran, IranMedex, IranDoc, ScienceDirect, Embase, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science (ISI) and Google Scholar databases. The search process was conducted in December 2019 to June 2020. In order to amalgamate and analyze the reported results within the collected studies, the random effects model is used. The heterogeneity of the studies is assessed using the I2 index. Lastly, the data analysis is performed within the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software. RESULTS: Of the 29 studies with a total sample size of 22,380, 21 papers have reported the prevalence of depression, 23 have reported the prevalence of anxiety, and 9 studies have reported the prevalence of stress. The prevalence of depression is 24.3% (18% CI 18.2-31.6%), the prevalence of anxiety is 25.8% (95% CI 20.5-31.9%), and the prevalence of stress is 45% (95% CI 24.3-67.5%) among the hospitals' Hospital staff caring for the COVID-19 patients. According to the results of meta-regression analysis, with increasing the sample size, the prevalence of depression and anxiety decreased, and this was statistically significant (P < 0.05), however, the prevalence of stress increased with increasing the sample size, yet this was not statistically significant (P = 0.829). CONCLUSION: The results of this study clearly demonstrate that the prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression within front-line healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients is high. Therefore, the health policy-makers should take measures to control and prevent mental disorders in the Hospital staff.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional , Médicos/psicologia , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
8.
Trials ; 21(1): 1019, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burnout is an occupational syndrome that leads to mental health problems, job turnover, and patient safety events. Those caring for critically ill patients are especially susceptible due to high patient mortality, long hours, and regular encounters with trauma and ethical issues. Interventions to prevent burnout in this population are needed. Preliminary studies suggest debriefing sessions may reduce burnout. This study aims to assess whether participation in regular debriefing can prevent burnout in intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial will be conducted in two large academic medical centers. Two hundred ICU clinicians will be recruited with target enrollment of 100 physicians and 100 non-physicians (nurses, pharmacists, therapists). Participants must have worked in the ICU for the equivalent of at least 1 full time work week in the preceding 4 weeks. Enrolled subjects will be randomized to virtually attend biweekly debriefing sessions facilitated by a psychotherapist for 3 months or to a control arm without sessions. Our debriefs are modeled after Death Cafés, which are informal discussions focusing on death, dying, loss, grief, and illness. These sessions allow for reflection on distressing events and offer community and collaboration among hospital employees outside of work. The primary outcome is clinician burnout as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) Score. Secondary outcomes include depression and anxiety, as measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire 8 (PHQ-8) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), respectively. Questionnaires will be administered prior to the intervention, at 1 month, at 3 months, and at 6 months after enrollment. These values will be compared between groups temporally. Qualitative feedback will also be collected and analyzed. DISCUSSION: With ICU clinician burnout rates exceeding 50%, Death Café debriefing sessions may prove to be an effective tool to avert this debilitating syndrome. With COVID-19 limiting social interactions and overloading ICUs worldwide, the virtual administration of the Death Café for ICU clinicians provides an innovative strategy to potentially mitigate burnout in this vulnerable population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04347811 . Registered on 15 April 2020.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Conscientização/fisiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , /virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comunicação , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Estado Terminal/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interface Usuário-Computador
9.
Front Public Health ; 8: 590190, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33344401

RESUMO

Objectives: COVID-19 has been recognized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization, and physicians are at the frontline to confront the disease. Burnout syndrome (BOS) is a syndrome resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed. The objective of this study is to evaluate the frequency and associated risk factors of BOS among a sample of Egyptian physicians during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Using Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey, a cross-sectional electronic survey was conducted to assess BOS among the target group. Results: Two hundred and twenty physicians participated in the study. The frequency of BOS among the research group was 36.36%. The possibility of development of BOS increased two times with the need to buy personal protective equipment (PPE) from participants' own money, with harassment by patients' families, and was less likely to develop in doctors with older age. While male gender was a predictor of depersonalization (DP), female gender showed a significant association with higher emotional exhaustion (EE). Infection or death from COVID-19 among colleagues or relatives showed significant association with elevated EE and lowered personal achievement (PA), respectively. Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic added new factors to the development of BOS in our research group. Several measures should be taken to support physicians at this stage. These measures include psychological support, organizing work hours, adjusting salaries, and providing personal protective equipment and training on safety measures.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias , Médicos/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e042930, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to understand the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic among healthcare workers (HCWs) at acute hospital settings in the South-East of Ireland, as a crucial step in guiding policies and interventions to maintain their psychological well-being. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 472 HCWs participated from two distinct acute hospital settings, A and B, in the South-East of Ireland. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of psychological distress-depression, anxiety, acute and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-as dictated by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). An independent sample t-test and a Mann-Whitney U test was used to determine significance of difference in continuous variables between groups. Categorical variables were assessed for significance with a χ2 test for independence. RESULTS: The DASS-21 provided independent measures of depression (mean 4.57, IQR 2-7), anxiety (mean 3.87, IQR 1-6) and stress (mean 7.41, IQR 4-10). Positive scores were reflected in 201 workers (42.6%) for depression and 213 (45.1%) for both anxiety and stress. The IES-R measured subjective distress on three subscales: intrusion (mean 1.085, IQR 0.375-1.72), avoidance (mean 1.008, IQR 0.375-1.5) and hyperarousal (mean 1.084, IQR 0.5-1.667). Overall, 195 cases (41.3%) were concerning for PTSD. Site B scored significantly higher across all parameters of depression (5.24 vs 4.08, p<0.01), anxiety (4.66 vs 3.3, p<0.01), stress (8.91 vs 6.33, p<0.01) and PTSD (0.058 vs 0.043, p<0.01). Worse outcomes were also noted in HCWs with underlying medical ailments. CONCLUSION: Psychological distress is prevalent among HCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic; screening for adverse mental and emotional outcomes and developing timely tailored preventative measures with effective feedback are vital to protect their psychological well-being, both in the immediate and long-term.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Pessoal de Saúde , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , /psicologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Mental/tendências , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Angústia Psicológica , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia
11.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244172, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338064

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related stigma and its associated factors among Egyptian physicians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using an anonymous online questionnaire was conducted from 7 to 21 June 2020. The survey was distributed via social media and email to physicians working in Egypt through convenience sampling. RESULTS: 509 physicians participated in the study (mean age: 41.5±10.2). 138 (27.1%) participants were directly involved in the care of COVID-19 patients. 159 (31.2%) participants reported severe level of COVID-19-related stigma. Participants' mean overall COVID-19-related stigma score was 40.6±8.0. The mean subscale scores were: personalized stigma 26.0±5.7, disclosure concerns 9.3±2.2, negative self-image 6.9±1.6, and concern with public attitudes 24.4±4.9. In the multivariable regression analyses, the overall COVID-19-related stigma score was higher in participants with lower qualifications (ß = -0.19, 95% CI: 2.32, -0.64, p = 0.001), and in those working in a quarantine hospital (ß = 0.08, 95% CI: 0.01, 7.14, p = 0.050). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable proportion of Egyptian physicians in this exploratory study experienced COVID-19-related stigmatization. These preliminary findings highlight the need for specific research and targeted interventions particularly addressing COVID-19-related stigmatization among healthcare workers.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional , Estigma Social , Estereotipagem , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Projetos Piloto , Saúde Pública , Quarentena , Inquéritos e Questionários , Revelação da Verdade , Adulto Jovem
12.
Work ; 67(4): 767-769, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325427

RESUMO

The potential ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic global shut down on physical education providers and youth sport coaches may be particularly severe due to substantial cutbacks on many of their normal activities. This population faces unique challenges in engaging in "virtual learning" given the physical nature of their job, potentially leading to sedentary lifestyle, weight gain, and the development of depressive mood disorders. This commentary aims to explore options to mitigate worsening of stress, depression, physical inactivity, and social disconnection in youth sport coaches following the guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and to call attention to this vulnerable demographic which has been substantially impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Tutoria , Educação Física e Treinamento , Quarentena , Esportes Juvenis/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Dieta Saudável , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Comportamento Sedentário , Isolamento Social
13.
Work ; 67(4): 799-809, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The public health strategies for prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection have included closing the national borders and cancelling international flights, which has severely affected free crew changes. This caused prolonged stay on board or at home for seafarers, who should be recognized as 'key' workers regarding their essential role in maintaining the flow of vital goods. OBJECTIVE: Using a general inductive approach, this qualitative study aims to describe how the COVID-19 pandemic reflects on seafarers' well-being. The study focused on obtaining personal experiences from seafarers on board, and seafarers at home, relating to the current world pandemic. METHODS: A convenience sample consisting of 752 seafarers from the international seafarers' population participated in an online study in spring 2020. The questionnaire used included questions relating to basic sociodemographic and work characteristics, and one open question which addressed seafarers' personal experiences. The data obtained was analysed by thematic analysis. RESULTS: The emerged themes included mental, physical, social and economic well-being. Most of the answers of seafarers located on board related to threatened mental, physical and social well-being, while seafarers at home reported mostly on threats to their economic well-being. CONCLUSION: Seafarers' well-being is seriously threatened by preventive measures relating to the COVID-19 pandemic. Results are discussed in relation to earlier findings in the area of occupational stress in seafaring. Overall, the data obtained portrays existing underlying occupational structures in the seafaring sector, which are rendered more visible due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In short, seafarers describe their reality as far away from the concept of 'key' or 'essential' workers.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Navios , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medicina Naval , Estresse Ocupacional/economia , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Isolamento Social , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e046620, 2020 12 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Essential healthcare workers (HCW) uniquely serve as both COVID-19 healers and, potentially, as carriers of SARS-CoV-2. We assessed COVID-19-related stigma and bullying against HCW controlling for social, psychological, medical and community variables. DESIGN: We nested an analytical cross-sectional study of COVID-19-related stigma and bullying among HCW within a larger mixed-methods effort assessing COVID-19-related lived experience and impact. Adjusted OR (aOR) and 95% CIs evaluated the association between working in healthcare settings and experience of COVID-19-related bullying and stigma, controlling for confounders. Thematic qualitative analysis provided insight into lived experience of COVID-19-related bullying. SETTING: We recruited potential participants in four languages (English, Spanish, French, Italian) through Amazon Mechanical Turk's online workforce and Facebook. PARTICIPANTS: Our sample included 7411 people from 173 countries who were aged 18 years or over. FINDINGS: HCW significantly experienced more COVID-19-related bullying after controlling for the confounding effects of job-related, personal, geographic and sociocultural variables (aOR: 1.5; 95% CI 1.2 to 2.0). HCW more frequently believed that people gossip about others with COVID-19 (OR: 2.2; 95% CI 1.9 to 2.6) and that people with COVID-19 lose respect in the community (OR: 2.3; 95% CI 2.0 to 2.7), both which elevate bullying risk (OR: 2.7; 95% CI 2.3 to 3.2, and OR: 3.5; 95% CI 2.9 to 4.2, respectively). The lived experience of COVID-19-related bullying relates frequently to public identities as HCW traverse through the community, intersecting with other domains (eg, police, racism, violence). INTERPRETATION: After controlling for a range of confounding factors, HCW are significantly more likely to experience COVID-19-related stigma and bullying, often in the intersectional context of racism, violence and police involvement in community settings.


Assuntos
Bullying , Pessoal de Saúde , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Racismo , Estigma Social , Violência , Adulto , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Bullying/psicologia , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , /prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Saúde Global , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Racismo/prevenção & controle , Racismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Nurs Open ; 7(6): 1902-1908, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346408

RESUMO

AIM: To explore an effective personalized training model for nurses working in emergency isolation wards of COVID-19 in a short period. DESIGN: This study is a longitudinal study from 24 January 2020 to 28 February 2020. METHODS: There are 71 nursing staff working in the emergency isolation wards of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital that participated in this study. The questionnaires were conducted with Likert scale. The operation assessment teachers have received standardized training. The self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression Scale (SDS) were applied to assess the mental state of nurses. RESULTS: After short-term training, these nurses can handle the emergency tasks in a timely manner. The pass rate of nurse theory and operation assessment is 100%. The 111 suspected patients admitted to the emergency isolation ward have been scientifically diagnosed and treated, the three confirmed patients have received appropriate treatment. No nurses have been infected. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the personalized emergency training mode was feasible in the emergency isolation ward during the COVID-19 epidemic, which rapidly improved the rescue ability of nurses and effectively avoid the occurrence of cross-infection. This mode can provide a valuable reference for the emergency training of nurses in the future.


Assuntos
/enfermagem , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Hospitais de Isolamento/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e043949, 2020 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the experiences and concerns of front-line National Health Service (NHS) workers while caring for patients with COVID-19. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of data collected through an anonymous website (www.covidconfidential) provided a repository of uncensored COVID-19 experiences of front-line NHS workers, accessed via a link advertised on the Twitter feed of two high profile medical tweeters and their retweets. SETTING: Community of NHS workers who accessed this social media. PARTICIPANTS: 54 healthcare workers, including doctors, nurses and physiotherapists, accessed the website and left a 'story'. RESULTS: Stories ranged from 1 word to 10 min in length. Thematic analysis identified common themes, with a central aspect being the experience and psychological consequence of trauma. Specific themes were: (1) the shock of the virus, (2) staff sacrifice and dedication, (3) collateral damage ranging from personal health concerns to the long-term impact on, and care of, discharged patients and (4) a hierarchy of power and inequality within the healthcare system. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 confidential gave an outlet for unprompted and uncensored stories of healthcare workers in the context of COVID-19. In addition to personal experiences of trauma, there were perceptions that many operational difficulties stemmed from inequalities of power between management and front-line workers. Learning from these experiences will reduce staff distress and improve patient care in the face of further waves of the pandemic.


Assuntos
/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Administração Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Fisioterapeutas/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Mídias Sociais , Medicina Estatal/organização & administração , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e44289, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1104374

RESUMO

Objetivo: discutir as vivências dos motoristas de ônibus através de suas percepções acerca do trânsito e os impactos à saúde sofridos por eles. Método: estudo qualitativo fenomenológico realizado em uma garagem de ônibus situada no Rio de Janeiro. As entrevistas fenomenológicas foram realizadas com 24 motoristas que responderam perguntas semiestruturadas e foram gravadas em dispositivo mp3, posteriormente, transcritas para obtenção das unidades de significado, a coleta de dados ocorreu entre 2017 e 2018. O projeto foi aprovado por Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa. Resultados: da análise fenomenológica das unidades de significados dos depoimentos emergiram duas categorias: o trânsito é instável e estressante e a falta de educação das pessoas afeta os aspectos psíquicos. O ambiente de trabalho determina, expressivamente, o bem-estar dos trabalhadores que nele atuam. Conclusão: diante de tantos limites impostos pela sociedade contemporânea e pelo sofrimento no trabalho, necessário é motiva-los, e também dar-lhes condições de realizar seu trabalho de forma plena.


Objective: to discuss the experience of bus drivers through their perceptions regarding traffic and the health impacts they suffer. Method: in this qualitative phenomenological study conducted at a bus garage in Rio de Janeiro, data were collected in 2017 and 2018 by way of phenomenological interviews of 24 drivers, who answered semi-structured questions. The resulting mp3 recordings were later transcribed to obtain the units of meaning. The project was approved by the research ethics committee. Results: from phenomenological analysis of the units of meaning in the responses, two categories emerged: traffic is unstable and stressful, and people's lack of education has adverse psychological effects. The work environment substantially determines the well-being of those working in it. Conclusion: given all the many constraints imposed by contemporary society and by their suffering at work, it is necessary to motivate them and also assure them the conditions necessary to carry out their work fully.


Objetivo: discutir la experiencia de los conductores de autobuses a través de sus percepciones sobre el tráfico y los impactos en la salud que sufren. Método: en este estudio fenomenológico cualitativo realizado en un garaje de autobuses en Río de Janeiro, se recopilaron datos en 2017 y 2018 a través de entrevistas fenomenológicas a 24 conductores, que respondieron preguntas semiestructuradas. Las grabaciones mp3 resultantes se transcribieron posteriormente para obtener las unidades de significado. El proyecto fue aprobado por el comité de ética de investigación. Resultados: del análisis fenomenológico de las unidades de significado en las respuestas, surgieron dos categorías: el tráfico es inestable y estresante, y la falta de educación de las personas tiene efectos psicológicos adversos. El ambiente de trabajo determina sustancialmente el bienestar de quienes trabajan en él. Conclusión: dadas las muchas restricciones impuestas por la sociedad contemporánea y por su sufrimiento en el trabajo, es necesario motivarlos y también asegurarles las condiciones necesarias para llevar a cabo su trabajo plenamente.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Condução de Veículo , Condições de Trabalho , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Percepção Social , População Urbana , Brasil , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190169, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1145144

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the association between socio-occupational characteristics, stress level, and quality of life in hospital Nursing workers. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, with data collected by means of a socio-occupational questionnaire to survey the profile of the workers, the Bianchi Stress Scale to assess stress, and the WHOQOL-Bref to assess quality of life. Results: 180 Nursing workers participated in the research, being 49 nurses and 131 Nursing technicians and assistants, most of them women, predominantly aged up to 35 years old, married, and with up to three years of experience in the sector. In general, the participants presented medium stress level, with a higher level among the nurses, and greater satisfaction with the quality of life level related to the physical (65.6%), psychological (64.7%), and social relationships (67.9%) domains. This study identified significant associations between stress and quality of life in hospital Nursing workers. Conclusion: it was demonstrated that there was an association between stress and quality of life, and the greater the stress, the lower the quality of life in hospital Nursing workers.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre las características sociolaborales, el nivel de estrés y la calidad de vida en trabajadores de Enfermería hospitalaria. Método: estudio transversal y cuantitativo, con datos recolectados por medio de un cuestionario sociolaboral para sondear el perfil de los trabajadores, de la Escala Bianchi de Estrés para evaluar el estrés y del instrumento WHOQOL-Bref para evaluar la calidad de vida. Resultados: los participantes de esta investigación fueron 180 trabajadores de Enfermería: 49 enfermeros(as) y 131 técnicos(as) y auxiliares de Enfermería, en su mayoría mujeres, con una edad máxima predominante de 35 años, casadas, con hasta tres años de desempeño en el sector. En general, los participantes presentaron un nivel medio de estrés, con un nivel más elevado entre los enfermeros, y mayor satisfacción con el nivel de calidad de vida relacionado con los siguientes dominios: físico (65,6%), psicológico (64,7%) y de relaciones sociales (67,9%). Este estudio identificó asociaciones significativas entre el estrés y la calidad de vida en trabajadores de Enfermería hospitalaria. Conclusión: se demostró que existe una asociación entre el estrés y la calidad de vida, y que, cuanto mayor es el estrés menor es la calidad de vida en trabajadores de Enfermería hospitalaria.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a associação entre as características sociolaborais, o nível de estresse e a qualidade de vida em trabalhadores de enfermagem hospitalar. Método: estudo transversal, quantitativo, com dados coletados por meio de questionário sociolaboral para levantamento do perfil dos trabalhadores, da Escala Bianchi de Stress para avaliação do estresse e do WHOQOL-Bref para avaliação da qualidade de vida. Resultados: participaram da pesquisa 180 trabalhadores de enfermagem, sendo 49 enfermeiros e 131 técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem, a maioria mulheres, com idade predominante de até 35 anos, casadas e com até três anos de atuação no setor. Em geral, os participantes apresentaram nível médio de estresse, com maior nível entre os enfermeiros, e maior satisfação com o nível de qualidade de vida relacionado aos domínios físico (65,6%), psicológico (64,7%) e de relações sociais (67,9%). Este estudo identificou associações significativas entre estresse e qualidade de vida em trabalhadores de enfermagem hospitalar. Conclusão: demonstrou-se associação entre estresse e qualidade de vida, e quanto maior o estresse menor a qualidade de vida em trabalhadores de enfermagem hospitalar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Esgotamento Profissional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Enfermagem , Estresse Ocupacional
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