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1.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46780

RESUMO

In a world where it seems as though the pressure to perform is always on, more and more people are admitting to burnout at work. What is this phenomenon, and how can you cope with it if it happens to you? In this Spotlight feature, we investigate.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Psicológico , Estresse Ocupacional
2.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 843-848, jul.-set. 2019. tab, il
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005484

RESUMO

Objetivo: Explorar a relação entre disposição ao estresse e processo de trabalho junto a docentes universitários. Métodos: Pesquisa quanti-qualitativa, realizada com docentes das Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, utilizando instrumentos autoaplicáveis. Resultados: A prevalência do estresse entre os docentes foi de 35%. Considerando os diferentes aspectos investigados do processo de trabalho: curso de graduação e pós-graduação, regime de trabalho, carga horária, atividade administrativa; nenhuma condição apresentou relação significativa com o estresse, suas fases de evolução e sintomatologia. Grande parte dos docentes atribui a determinação do estresse a questões administrativas inerentes ao trabalho e ao atrito com estudantes e colegas de trabalho. Para o enfrentamento do estresse, os docentes manifestam com frequência a prática de atividades físicas e de atividades de lazer, a busca pelo contato com amigos e familiares e o aprimoramento de habilidades pessoais. Conclusão: O estresse esteve significativamente presente no meio docente, independente do processo de trabalho exercido


Objective: To explore the relationship between stress disposition and the work process among university professors. Methods: Quantitativequalitative research, carried out with teachers of the Biological Sciences and Health, using self-applicable instruments. Results: The prevalence of stress among teachers was 35%. Considering the different investigated aspects of the work process: undergraduate and postgraduate course, work regime, workload, administrative activity; no condition had a significant relationship with stress, its stages of evolution and symptomatology. Most teachers attribute stress determination to administrative issues inherent in work and friction with students and co-workers. Faced with stress, teachers often demonstrate physical activity and leisure activities, the search for contact with friends and family, and the improvement of personal skills. Conclusion: Stress was significantly present in the teaching environment, regardless of the work process


Objetivo: Explorar la relación entre disposición al estrés y proceso de trabajo junto a docentes universitarios. Métodos: Investigación cuantitativa, realizada con docentes de las Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, utilizando instrumentos auto-aplicables. Resultados: La prevalencia del estrés entre los docentes fue del 35%. Considerando los diferentes aspectos investigados del proceso de trabajo: curso de graduación y posgrado, régimen de trabajo, carga horaria, actividad administrativa; Ninguna condición presentó una relación significativa con el estrés, sus fases de evolución y sintomatología. Muchos de los docentes atribuyen la determinación del estrés a cuestiones administrativas inherentes al trabajo ya la fricción con estudiantes y compañeros de trabajo. Para el enfrentamiento del estrés, los docentes manifiestan con frecuencia la práctica de actividades físicas y de actividades de ocio, la búsqueda por el contacto con amigos y familiares y el perfeccionamiento de habilidades personales. Conclusión: El estrés estuvo significativamente presente en el medio docente, independiente del proceso de trabajo ejercido


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/educação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Brasil , Docentes de Enfermagem
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 5(1): 52-70, jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1007343

RESUMO

Introdução:Os serviços de emergência médica exigem do profissional da saúde uma pronta resposta às demandas de cada paciente. Nesse contexto, o estresse laboral pode ser extremamente destrutivo não só para o trabalhador, mas também para o serviço de saúde prestado.Objetivo:Assim, este estudo tem como objetivo analisar os fatores desencadeantes do estresse laboral em profissionais de saúde que trabalham em serviços de emergência médica.Metodologia:Para isso, foi realizada uma revisão integrativa de literatura, tendo como fonte as basesde dados Lilacs, MedLinee Scielo. Foram incluídos estudos transversais ou longitudinais em inglês, português ou espanhol sem restrição de período de publicação que tinham como objetivo avaliar os níveis de estresse em profissionais de saúde que trabalham em serviços de emergência médica. Logo, nove artigos transversais e dois longitudinais foram incluídos, totalizando onze artigos.Resultados:Como resultado, observou-se que uma série de fatores ambientais (más condições de trabalho, atividades de administração) e pessoais(união estável, menor tempo de serviço) são associados ao estresse laboral. Todavia, principalmente os fatores relacionados ao ambiente são passíveis de intervenção.Conclusões:Dessa forma, surge a necessidade de políticas de melhoria do ambiente de trabalho e de empoderamento do profissional de saúde que trabalha em serviços de emergência médica (AU).


Introduction:The emergency medical services require the health professional to respond promptly to the demands of each patient. In this context, work stress can be extremely destructive not only for the worker, but also for the health service provided. Objective:Thus, this study aims to analyze the factors that trigger work stress in health professionals working in emergency medical services.Methods:For this, a integrative review of the literature was performed, based on the Lilacs, MedLineand Scielodatabases. We included cross-sectional or longitudinal studies in English, Portuguese or Spanish without restriction of publication period that aimed to evaluate stress levels in health professionals working in emergency medical services. Therefore, nine transverse and two longitudinal articles were included, totaling eleven articles.Results:As a result, it was observed that a series of environmental factors (poor working conditions, administration activities) and personal factors (stable union, shorter working time) are associated with work stress. However, mainly environmental factors are amenable to intervention.Conclusions:Thus, there is a need for policies to improve the work environment and the empowerment of the health professional working in emergency medical services (AU).


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Brasil , Saúde Pública , Revisão
4.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3156, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to represent the dynamics of stress generation, accumulation and reduction in the nursing team at an oncology therapy center. METHOD: a mathematical simulation model of system dynamics was developed based on data collection in loco. The model served to test the impact of three policies aimed at reducing stress in the team, namely i) increase in the service load; ii) increase in the size of shift teams and iii) reduction of service hours per bed. RESULTS: the model showed that the policy of increasing the size of the team obtained the best results, with the absenteeism index stabilizing at 8%; staff at leave also stabilizing at 4-5 people per month, as well as accumulated stress reduced to baseline levels. CONCLUSION: measures to monitor physical and emotional demands, hiring staff, better technical training for so-called stressful activities, and a better distribution of tasks can be effective in reducing absenteeism rates and improving the quality of life of these workers.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Equipe de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Equipe de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Absenteísmo , Institutos de Câncer , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/reabilitação , Qualidade de Vida
5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256524

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) and occupational stress(OS) among street office staffs of a city in china. Methods: A total of 504 street office staffs were collected by using stratified cluster sampling method from April to June in 2016, the international physical activity questionnaire(IPAQ) and job content questionnaire(JCQ) were used to survey the PA and OS. Results: In all subjects, the average score of job demand was(3.57±0.83), job decision was(2.71±0.63), social support was (2.79±0.79), demand-control ratio was (1.35±0.47) and 75.60% felt OS in self-evaluation. There were significant differences in OS between subjects with different gender, ages, job rank and job hours (P<0.01), also, there were significant differences in OS between different levels of occupational and leisure related PA (P<0.01). After controlling the potentially confounding effects, compared with low PA group, the OR values of medium-level and high-level groups of occupation-related PA were 1.38(95%CI=1.21~1.94) and 2.21(95%CI=2.06~2.67) respectively, however, the OR values of the medium-level and high-level groups of leisure-related PA were 0.89(95%CI=0.73~1.12) and 0.67(95%CI=0.38~0.96) respectively. Conclusion: Street office staffs have high level of OS, and leisure-related PA may be a protective factor for occupational stress.


Assuntos
Exercício , Estresse Ocupacional , China , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256528

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current status and influencing factors of occupational stress among couriers. Methods: Couriers (n=925) were selected on this study used cluster sampling method from January to March 2018. They were from SF and Zhongtong Express Co., Ltd., on the Wechat platform, and surveyed by a job stress questionnaire based on a job demand-control model.Valid questionnaires(n=617) were obtained. Results: A total of 418 workers were occupational stress positive (67.7%). The results of Chi-square analysis showed that there were significant differences in occupational stress among workers categorized by job position, working years, mealtime, sleeping time, and weekly work time (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic analysis indicated that non-regular meals, short-term sleep and less than 0.5 working years were risk factors for occupational stress(P<0.05). Conclusion: Couriers generally have occupational stress. The main influencing factors are job position, working years mealtime, sleeping time, and weekly work time. It is necessary to guide healthy lifestyle, rationally organize labor and assign tasks, and improve working environment to relieve their occupational stress.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 37(2): [E05], 15-06-2019. Diag 1, Tab 1, Tab 2
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1007512

RESUMO

Abstract Objective. This work sought to determine the effectiveness of an aerobic exercise program on the occupational stress of nurses. Methods. Prevention-type controlled clinical trial carried out with the participation of 60 nurses working in hospitals affiliated to Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Randomly, the nurses were assigned to the experimental group or to the control group. The intervention consisted in an aerobic exercise program lasting three months with three weekly sessions one hour each. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) questionnaire measured occupational stress with 35 questions, each with five Likert-type response options, which can have a maximum score of 175 points; higher scores meant lower levels of occupational stress. The HSE was evaluated during three moments: upon registering, after finishing the exercise program (week 8), and two months after terminating the intervention (week 16). Results. The level of occupational stress was the same in the experimental and control groups during registration (86.2 vs. 86.3). Upon finishing the aerobic exercise program(week 8), the experimental group showed a higher score than the control group (119.7 vs. 86.2, p<0.01), with this score diminishing after two months of having ended the intervention (91.4 vs. 85.8, p=0.061). Conclusion. The aerobic exercise program was associated to decreased work stress of nurses in the experimental group compared to the control group at eight weeks, but this difference did not persist when the experimental group did not continue with the program.


Resumen Objetivo. Determinar la efectividad de un programa de ejercicio aeróbico en el estrés ocupacional de las enfermeras. Métodos. Ensayo clínico controlado de tipo preventivo que se llevó a cabo con la participación de 60 enfermeras que trabajaban en hospitales afiliados a Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences en Irán. Las enfermeras se asignaron aleatoriamente al grupo experimental o al grupo control. La intervención consistió en un programa de ejercicio aeróbico realizado durante dos meses con tres sesiones semanales de una hora de duración. El estrés ocupacional se midió con el cuestionario Health and Safety Executive (HSE) de 35 preguntas, con opciones de respuesta tipo Likert que van de 1 a 5; puede llegar a puntuar en 175 como máximo: a mayor puntaje, menor el nivel de estrés ocupacional. Se evaluó el HSE en tres momentos: en la inscripción, después de finalizar el programa de ejercicio (semana 8) y también dos meses después de terminada la intervención (semana 16). Resultados. Fue igual el nivel de estrés ocupacional en los grupos de intervención y de control en la inscripción (86.2 vs. 86.3), pero al finalizar el programa de ejercicios aeróbicos (semana 8) el grupo experimental mostró un puntaje mayor que el del grupo control (119.7 vs. 86.2, p<0.01), para luego disminuir este puntaje a los dos meses de haber finalizado la intervención, (91.4 vs. 85.8, p=0.061). Conclusión. El programa de ejercicio aeróbico se asoció a la disminución del estrés laboral de las enfermeras en el grupo de intervención en comparación con el grupo control a las ocho semanas, pero esta diferencia no se mantuvo cuando el grupo experimental no continuó con el programa.


Resumo Objetivo. Determinar a efetividade de um programa de exercício aeróbico sobre o estresse ocupacional das enfermeiras. Métodos. Ensaio clínico controlado de tipo preventivo que se levou a cabo com a participação de 60 enfermeiras que trabalhavam em hospitais afiliados a Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences no Irã. Em forma aleatorizada, as enfermeiras foram designadas ao grupo experimental ou ao grupo controle. A intervenção consistiu num programa de exercício aeróbico realizado durante dois meses com três sessões semanais de uma hora de duração. O estresse ocupacional se mediu com o questionário Health and Safety Executive (HSE) de 35 perguntas, que tem opções de resposta tipo Likert que vão de 1 a 5, pode chegar a pontuação de 175 como máximo; a maior pontuação, é menor o nível de estresse ocupacional. Se avaliou o HSE em três momentos: a inscrição, depois de finalizar o programa de exercício (semana 8) e também dois meses depois de terminada a intervenção (semana 16). Resultados. Foi igual o nível de estresse ocupacional nos grupos de intervenção e de controle na inscrição (86.2 vs. 86.3), mas ao finalizar o programa de exercícios aeróbicos (semana 8) o grupo experimental mostrou uma pontuação maior que o do grupo controle (119.7 vs. 86.2, p<0.01), para depois diminuir esta pontuação aos dois meses de haver finalizado a intervenção, (91.4 vs. 85.8, p=0.061). Conclusão. O programa de exercício aeróbico se associou à diminuição do estresse profissional das enfermeiras no grupo de intervenção em comparação com o grupo de controle às oito semanas, mas esta diferença não se manteve quando o grupo experimental não continuou com o programa.


Assuntos
Humanos , Grupos Controle , Esforço Físico , Estresse Ocupacional , Enfermeiros
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(23): e15950, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169719

RESUMO

Although the association between perceived stress and psychological distress has been demonstrated, the mechanism behind the association is not well understood in physicians. The purpose of this study was to examine how coping styles (positive and negative) mediated the association between perceived stress and psychological distress among Chinese physicians.A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Liaoning Province, China, between October and December 2017. Self-administered questionnaires, including the General Health Questionnaire to assess psychological distress, the Stress Reaction Questionnaire to assess perceived stress, and the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire to assess coping style, as well as surveys of demographic and occupational characteristics, were distributed to 1120 physicians employed in large general hospitals. The final sample consisted of 1051 participants. Asymptotic and resampling strategies were used to examine how coping style mediated the association between perceived stress and psychological distress.Perceived stress was significantly and positively associated with psychological distress among physicians. Both positive and negative coping significantly mediated the association between perceived stress and psychological distress. For psychological distress and its 3 dimensions (depression, anxiety, and reduced self-affirmation), the proportions of mediating roles of coping styles were 26.1%, 29.9%, 24.8%, and 22.7%, respectively.Perceived stress had positive effects on psychological distress, and coping style was a mediator in this relationship among Chinese physicians. In addition to reducing stress in clinical practice, appropriate coping styles should be adopted in psychological distress prevention and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Percepção , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
9.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(2): 183-197, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154931

RESUMO

Objectives: There is an ongoing debate as to whether job burnout and depression are overlapping concepts or differ from each other, although this has not been scrutinized in inpatients. To further elucidate the robustness of this relationship, we used three different measurements of depression. We further examined the influence of psychological distress, perceived stress and sleep quality in the link between depressive symptoms and burnout. Methods: We investigated 723 consecutive inpatients, aged 23 to 82 years, 51.2 % women, referred to a hospital specialized in the treatment of job stress-related disorders. Patients completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results: We found significant correlations between burnout total scores as well as subscales (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, lack of accomplishment) and depressive symptoms, virtually independent of the applied depression measure. The shared variance ranged between 1.1 % and 19.4 %. Greater levels of burnout were directly associated with cognitiveaffective symptoms and, although to a lesser extent, also with somatic-affective symptoms of depression. In the multivariable analysis, significantly more total burnout symptoms were revealed in more depressed and younger patients, in men than women, and in employees with greater levels of psychological distress and perceived stress, respectively. Conclusions: The findings suggest that although burnout and depression do not represent the same psychopathology, there is considerable overlap between the two constructs; the extent of this overlap may vary depending upon the applied depression measure.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/terapia , Depressão/psicologia , Pacientes Internados , Estresse Ocupacional/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Esgotamento Profissional/complicações , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Psicopatologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Wiad Lek ; 72(5 cz 2): 1038-1042, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Stress is considered to be a very common pathology among primary care doctors, since practically any professional activity requires significant emotional, mental and practical efforts. The aim has determined the factors associated with occupational stress and compare the difference of behavior patterns which is used to reduce stress among primary care doctors in Ukraine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The authors used medical-statistical methods as well as analyzed questionnaires of the sociological survey conducted among general practitioners and family doctors of the primary care level from various regions of Ukraine. RESULTS: Results: Occupational stress is a common symptom among primary care physicians of different ages and genders in Ukraine. For primary care doctors the most common symptoms related to occupational stress were found to be burnout (n=93), poor night's sleep (n=84) and tiredness (n=84). Female doctors experience more often symptoms such as frequent headaches tiredness, burnout, whilst for male doctors feelings of irritation and anxiety are more common indicators of occupational stress. Work experience also has a strong association with experiencing stress related to "unrealistic expectations from their patients with complex medical and social problems" (s.df=.082). Young doctors with work experience of less than 5 years and those who have worked for more than 20 years in the industry similarly find it stressful to deal with such "complex patients". CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Primary care doctors in Ukraine, from many different demographic backgrounds, experience high levels of occupational stress; this is a common health condition, which can have devastating personal and professional consequences.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estresse Ocupacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ucrânia , Local de Trabalho
11.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 34(2): 85-91, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Popular (i.e., nonclassical) musicians have higher rates of depression, anxiety, and suicide than the general population. Occupational and financial stress have been suggested to be social determinants of musician mental health burden. A pilot study was conducted to assess the internal consistency and test-retest reliability of a revised measure of popular musician occupational stress and compare the results to those of other, previously validated instruments used in the same survey. METHODS: An online survey was emailed to a convenience sample of 150 musicians who had formerly accessed mental health services through a non-profit organization in Austin, Texas. The survey included a revised Musician Occupational Stress Scale (MOSS), a measure of financial stress, and instruments to screen for clinically significant depression, anxiety, and alcohol misuse. RESULTS: Forty musicians (26.7%) completed the initial survey and 19 completed a repeat survey 2 weeks later for the test-retest comparison. Internal consistency coefficients for individual instruments ranged from 0.86-0.92. The piloted MOSS demonstrated good internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.91; one-sided 95% CI ≥0.88) and test-retest reliability (r=0.86; p<0.0001). The MOSS also showed reasonable construct validity, correlating well with a single question of perceived occupational stress (ρ=0.46; p<0.001) over career satisfaction (ρ=-0.09; p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The individual, construct-specific measures included in this survey all demonstrated good internal consistency and test-retest reliability on examination. While the results are preliminary due to the small sample size, the MOSS psychometrically performed at a level equal to or better than other widely used and well-validated measures included in this survey.


Assuntos
Música , Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Música/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Texas
12.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(2): 87-92, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to verify the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model, which served as the basic concept of mapping workplace stress, on the sample of Czech professional caregivers. ERI model examines the relationship between the long-term subjectively perceived level of workers' effort and rewards and analyses the physical and psychosocial consequences of the (im)balance. METHODS: The verification of ERI model in combination with well-being (and its psychosocial consequences) was conducted on a sample of Czech professionals caring for older people in 2014 (N = 265). The survey included 12 facilities providing health and social care services for older people. Facilities were chosen through purposive sampling and snowball technique. The sample was divided into the following subgroups: professionals working in residential or field services and medical or social workers. RESULTS: Results showed that the majority (57%) of professional caregivers in both residential and field services suffered from imbalance caused by higher effort and lower rewards. Subgroup of medical workers in long-term care institutions formed the most demanded group with the highest imbalance between work effort and rewards (68%). This discrepancy was reflected in a reduction of their well-being. This effect was most evident by the medical workers in home care. Well-being within this group was more than five times lower compared to other groups with ERI imbalance. Also, a group of social workers in institutions came out as a high-risk group in this regard. DISCUSSION: The level of imbalance differed among the defined groups. The data obtained verified the known facts about the adverse work situation of professionals in long-term care in the contemporary Czech environment. The outputs correspond to foreign studies and confirm the validity of ERI model on the sample of Czech professionals in the long-term care.


Assuntos
Fadiga , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional , Estresse Psicológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , República Tcheca , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177713

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the high occupational stress and its influencing factors in traffic police in Shanghai. Methods: 728 traffic police were selected as the study subjects, and the《Occupational Health Questionnaire》was used to investigate and evaluate their job demand-control (JDC) and effort-reward imbalance model (ERI) occupational stress situation respectively. The related influencing factors were analyzed. Results: The prevalence rates of high occupational stress in JDC and ERI models were 74.6% (543/728) and 51.5% (375/728) . The influencing factors of JDC were education, marriage, average weekly hours (χ(2)=16.82, 10.04, 18.71, P<0.05) , and The influencing factors of ERI were gender, age, marriage, real monthly income level, education, work experience, and average weekly hours (χ(2)=7.02, 26.18, 6.73, 50.42, 4.75, 26.61, 112.98, 6.19, P<0.05) . The JDC multivariate logistic analysis indicated that the risk of occupational stress of married police was 2.81 times as high as that of Unmarried ones. The risk of occupational stress of traffic police with more education was 1.92 times as high as that of low eduacation, average weekly working 41-50 hours and≥51 hours was 2.53, 3.12 times as high as that of ones with average working 40 hours, respectivly. Meanwhile, the ERI multivariate logistic analysis indicated that high income level is the protective factor of occupational stress. The traffic police with 15-<20 working years were more likely to occur higher occupational stress. The traffic police with the more average weekly hours had greater possibility of higher occupational stress. Conclusion: The main influencing factors of JDC and ERI are marriage, real monthly income level, education, work experience, and average weekly hours.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Polícia , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Polícia/psicologia , Recompensa , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189241

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the occupation stress and job burnout of orphan child care workers in Nanjing and nursing staff in Yangzhong primary hospital, to compare the differences of occupational stress and job burnout between the two social service workers. Methods: From February to May 2017, a cross- sectional survey was conducted. Cluster sampling method was used to investigate the occupation stress and job burnout of orphan child care workers in Nanjing and nursing staff in Yangzhong primary hospital, totally 403 people, by a combination of the Internet of things assessment system of occupational stress and traditional questionnaire. Results: There were statistically significant differences of occupational stress and job burnout scores of both social service workers (P<0.05). Orphan child care workers in job control, technology utilization, job routinization, work risk, role ambiguity and participation decision-making, anxiety state, body complain, life attitude, behavior characteristics, ambition, anxiety trait, social support, logic, family-work relationship and depersonalization were higher than those of Yangzhong primary nurses (P<0.05); Primary nurses in Yangzhong in quantitative load and change, workload, role conflict, job prospects, promotion, depressive symptom, daily stress, self-esteem, task strategy, time management, work input, and personal accomplishment reduction scored higher than those of Orphan child care workers (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis of the occupational depletion positive rate of the two social service personnel showed that the protective factors of the nursing staff of the orphans and disabled children had behavioral characteristics and family support(OR=0.877, P=0.044; OR=0.691, P=0.001) . The contributing factors of the primary nursing staff in Yangzhong were task control, workload, work psychological control source (OR=1.110, P=0.019; OR=1.128, P<0.001;OR=1.066, P=0.032) . The protection factors were technical utilization, opportunities for improvement, and mental health (OR=0.775, P=0.005; OR=0.765, P=0.006; OR=0.914, P=0.002) . Conclusion: The work content, the service object and the nature of the unit of primary caregivers influence the state of occupational stress and job burnout. The influencing factors of occupational stress and job burnout are not identical, Different social service personnel show occupational stress and occupational exhaustion in different aspects, and it is necessary to propose mitigation measures for two kinds of social service personnel.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Cuidadores , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional , Cuidadores/psicologia , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho
15.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46586

RESUMO

Sensação de exaustão completa no trabalho, inferioridade em relação aos demais colegas, isolamento, angústia para ir trabalhar e a impressão de que nada do que você faz é satisfatório. O conjunto de sintomas como esses tem nome: síndrome de burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estresse Ocupacional , Presenteísmo
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(22): e15836, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145327

RESUMO

Occupational stress impairs nurses' psychosomatic wellbeing, which includes anxiety, depression, sleep quality, and somatic symptoms; however, few studies have focused on the associations between the subdimensions of occupational stress [workload and time pressure (WTP), professional and career issues (PC), patient care and interaction (PCI), interpersonal relationships and management problems (IRMP), resource and environment problem (REP)] and psychosomatic wellbeing among nurses in China. This study thus examined these associations using a cross-sectional survey in Sichuan, China. An online application was devised to collect data, with the scales of sociodemographic and occupational variables, Nurse Job Stressor Questionnaire, the 9- and 15-item Patient Health Questionnaires, the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Investigation was completed by 2889 nurses (96.7% women; mean age = 31.20 ±â€Š6.72 years). Relationships were identified by correlation and multivariate regression analyses. Most (68.3%) nurses had high levels of occupational stress. The multivariate analyses revealed that WTP was correlated with anxiety (P = .003). PC was associated with depression (P = .033) and sleep quality (P = .078). PCI was correlated with anxiety (P = .031) and somatic symptoms (P = .005). IRMP was associated with anxiety (P = .018), depression (P = .001), and somatic symptoms (P = .025). Lastly, REPs had nonsignificant relationships with depression, anxiety, sleep quality, and somatic symptoms. In sum, nurses had high levels of occupational stress; therefore, a series of strategies should be implemented to help nurses cope with the above issues, which could promote nurses' psychosomatic wellbeing, and have a buffering effect on nurses' depression, anxiety, poor sleep quality, and somatic symptoms.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Sono , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(22): e15571, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145277

RESUMO

This study reports the subjective perceptions and mental state of employees working in the Erdaogou Mine, affiliated with Jiapigou Minerals Limited Corporation of China National Gold Group Corporation (CJEM); these employees are pioneers working at the deepest point below ground in China. The data represent a valuable baseline from which to assess the effects of the environmental factors in the deep-underground on human physiology, psychology, and pathology.The air pressure, relative humidity, temperature, total γ radiation dose-rate, and oxygen concentration in the CJEM in the aisles in goafs at 4 depths below ground were measured. Study subjects were administered a study-specific questionnaire that included items that targeted factors with potential to affect respondents' health and wellbeing and included the symptom checklist-90-revised (SCL-90-R).Air pressure, relative humidity, and temperature rose, total γ radiation dose-rate decreased, and there was no change in oxygen concentration with increasing depth below ground. Most (97.2%) respondents had a negative impression of the ambient conditions in the deep-underground space. The most commonly perceived adverse factors included moisture (74.9%), heat (33.5%), and poor ventilation (32.4%). 93.29% of respondents associated ≥1 self-reported negative physical symptom with working in the deep-underground space; the most frequent symptoms were being easily tired (48.7%), tinnitus (47.5%), and hearing loss (44.1%). Higher SCL-90-R scores were associated with the perception of >1 adverse factor in the deep-underground, spending >8 hours continuously in the deep-underground space, or working at a depth > 1000 m below ground. >1 perceived adverse factor in the deep-underground and continuously spending >8 hours in the deep-underground space were significant predictors of high SCL-90-R scores.Adverse factors, including high temperature, humidity, and dim light, may have negative impacts on the physical and psychological health of people who spend long periods of time living and/or working in the deep-underground space.


Assuntos
Espaços Confinados , Mineração , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Pressão do Ar , China , Estudos Transversais , Ouro , Humanos , Umidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Oxigênio/análise , Percepção , Exposição à Radiação/análise , Temperatura Ambiente , Adulto Jovem
18.
Work ; 62(4): 553-561, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine whether physical health and well-being are affected by work rumination and the role of work interruptions as job events. It was hypothesized that stressful work interruptions, would be related to affective rumination, psychosomatic symptoms and poorer general health. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of work rumination in the relationship between work interruptions, physical and general well-being. METHODS: Self-reports of distressing work interruptions, psychosomatic symptoms and general health data were gathered from employees (N = 139) from diverse occupational groups. RESULTS: Affective rumination acted as a partial mediator (ß= 0.37) and moderator (ß= 0.24) in the relationship between stressful work interruptions and psychosomatic symptoms. As a mediator affective rumination explains 34.8% of the effect of work interruptions on psychosomatic symptoms. CONCLUSION: Affective rumination about work hinders psycho-physiological recovery, and such an effect relates to stressful work interruptions. Implications for future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Análise de Regressão , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pensamento , Local de Trabalho/normas
19.
BJOG ; 126(9): 1117, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099475
20.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 249, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess workplace stress and associated factors among health care professionals working in public health care facilities in Bahir Dar city, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017. RESULTS: Out of the expected 294 study participants, 253 respondents had participated in the study making the response rate 86.1%. In this study the prevalence of workplace stress was found to be 48.6%. Educational status (AOR: 3.227, 95% CI [(1.358, 7.673) and working experience (AOR: 2.11,95, 95% CI [1.046, 4.260]) were the factors associated with workplace stress. The current study concluded that the prevalence of workplace stress was high among the study participants. Therefore, this study recommended that the health care facilities should work to identify other sources of workplace stress and further large-scale researches need to be done.


Assuntos
Instalações de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Estresse Ocupacional , Saúde Pública , Adulto , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
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