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1.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 56: e20210307, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of flower essence bouquets on the signs and symptoms of stress in nursing students. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial, triple blind, with two groups, flower essence group and placebo group, carried out with 101 nursing students. The groups used the formula for 60 days at a dosage of 4 drops 4 times a day. The outcome was evaluated using the Baccaro Test and the Perceived Stress Scale applied at the beginning and at the end of the intervention. The outcome analysis was performed using the mixed effects model, with 〈 = 5% and the effect size verified by the Cohen's d test. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the groups in stress reduction (p > 0.05). Both groups showed a reduction in scale scores (p < 0.001) with large effect size. There was an influence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the reduction of Baccaro Test scores. CONCLUSION: The intervention with flower essence therapy was not more effective than placebo in reducing stress signs and symptoms. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: UTN U1111-1257-5715.


Assuntos
Essências Florais , Estresse Ocupacional/terapia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , COVID-19 , Essências Florais/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Pandemias
2.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(12)2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34946235

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: As medical service employees, physiotherapists are prone to suffer from job-related stress and are at great risk of experiencing occupational burnout. Therefore, the aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the level of generalized stress, occupational burnout syndrome and occupational stress in a group of professionally active physiotherapists and to answer the question: which psychosocial and physical factors (work characteristics) present at the given workplace were perceived as the most stress-inducing in the study group and in various subgroups? Materials and Methods: This study included 70 physiotherapists, mean age 40.1 ± 11.6, employed in sanatoria and outpatient clinics. An authorial survey, the Subjective Assessment Work Questionnaire, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Inventory to Measure Coping Strategies with Stress Mini-COPE were used. Results: The study group of physiotherapists was characterized by a moderate level of stress, a high level of occupational stress and a moderate level of occupational burnout. The most common stressors reported by the participants included the lack of rewards at work, the sense of uncertainty resulting from workplace organization, the sense of threat, social interaction, and the lack of control. Conclusions: The knowledge of the level of occupational stress among health care professionals (including physiotherapists) and, most importantly, the assessment of stress-inducing psychosocial and physical factors present at the given workplace may prove useful while designing a prevention and health protection strategy.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estresse Ocupacional , Fisioterapeutas , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
3.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 510-516, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908425

RESUMO

Background: Stress is the result of the imbalance between the demands and pressures that the individual faces. Stress tests the individual's ability to cope with her activity, and this is a health problem for the worker. Objective: To explore the association between occupational stress and nicotine dependence in healthcare workers from the Family Medicine Unit No. 92 of the IMSS. Material and methods: Cross-sectional study that included 180 active smoking workers, occupational stress was evaluated with the Psychosomatic Problems for Occupational Stress questionnaire adapted by IMSS and nicotine dependence with the Fagerström questionnaire. Student's t tests and Fisher's Exact test were used. The statistical analysis was performed with the Stata 15 program. Results: The prevalence of occupational stress was 72.2% (42.8% mild, 20.6% moderate and 8.9% severe). Women presented greater work stress compared to men (76.1% vs. 56.0%; p = 0.008). Nicotine dependence was 49.4% mild, 35.6% moderate and 15.0% severe, the average of the Fagerström test was higher in women compared to men (3.75 vs. 2.83; p = 0.025), in addition an association was found between the work stress and nicotine dependence (p = 0.011). Conclusions: 72% of the workers presented work stress, in the same way the association between work stress and nicotine dependence was found. Identifying the main causes of work stress, together with the support of smoking cessation programs, would help in the well-being of health personnel in FMUs.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Tabagismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Tabagismo/complicações , Tabagismo/diagnóstico , Tabagismo/epidemiologia
4.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 255(4): 283-289, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897160

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has spread throughout the world. Poor mental health has been reported among healthcare professionals responding to COVID-19. However, no study has examined the impact of COVID-19-related workplace bullying or patient aggression on the mental health of healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 outbreak. This study examined the prevalence of COVID-19-related workplace bullying and patient aggression and its association with psychological distress among healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 outbreak in Japan. This was a cross-sectional study conducted from May 22 to 26, 2020, inviting participants (n = 1,421) from an online survey of full-time employees. We limited the sample to healthcare professionals for further analyses. Using an online self-report questionnaire, workplace bullying and patient aggression related to COVID-19 was measured using nine items with dichotomous response options. Psychological distress was measured using the Japanese version of Brief Job Stress Questionnaire. Among 1,032 participants (72.6%) who completed the survey, 111 healthcare professionals were identified. Among them, 19 participants (17.1%) had experienced any COVID-19-related workplace bullying or patient aggression: 11 participants (9.9%) had experienced any workplace bullying and 12 participants (10.8%) had experienced any patient aggression. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that any bullying or patient aggression related to COVID-19 significantly correlated with psychological distress. It was suggested that a non-negligible proportion of participants experienced workplace bullying or patient aggression related to COVID-19. Preventing and reducing workplace bullying and patient aggression may be effective in improving mental health of healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Bullying , COVID-19/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Angústia Psicológica , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(12): 5987-5996, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34909991

RESUMO

This paper investigates the levels of occupational stress and work engagement among military police officers. This cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study was conducted with 268 police officers from the 3rd Military Police Battalion of Paraná state. We observed significant levels of occupational stress in 125 (46.7%) police officers. The main stressors were lack of career growth prospects (3.7; ±1.3); inadequate training (3.4; ±1.2); discrimination/favoritism in the work environment (3.1; ±1.4); long working hours (3.0; ±1.4); distribution of tasks (2.7; ±1.1); control type (2.7; ±1.1); gaps in disclosing information about organizational decisions (2.7; ±1.2); low valuation (2.7; ±1.2). Levels of work engagement ranged from 3.8 [medium] to 4.1 [high]. The correlation between occupational stress and work engagement was low for the dimensions of Absorption (r: -.284; p<0.001) and Overall Score (r: -0.393; p<0.001) and moderate for the dimensions Vigor (r: -0.422; p<0.001) and Dedication (r: -0.414; p<0.001). We concluded that an important number of police officers had shown occupational stress. However, they displayed good levels of work engagement and are enthusiastic, inspired, and proud of their work.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Polícia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Engajamento no Trabalho
6.
Med Lav ; 112(6): 486-495, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression, anxiety, psychological distress, and poor sleep quality increased in healthcare workers (HCWs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of the study was to assess levels of psychological distress in Umbrian HCWs during the COVID-19 Phase 1 lockdown along with exploring the relationship between sociodemographic/occupational factors. METHODS: Data on sociodemographic and occupational characteristics, change of job description, economic losses and emergency involvement and SARS-CoV2 infections in the workplace were collected using an anonymous online survey sent by healthcare professional associations. Data concerning psychological healthcare distress, were collected anonymously using BIAS 20 (stress balance) and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21). RESULTS: One thousand and one healthcare workers responded to the questionnaire. Biological risk at work was perceived by all HCWs, less so from psychologists and more so from those working in hospitals. Stress symptoms (DASS21 >14) were associated with a younger age group (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.97-0.99) and less work experience (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.96-0.99). Younger age was also associated with anxiety symptoms (DASS 21 >7) (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.97-0.99), as well as graduate/post graduate education level (OR 2.04; 95% CI 1.14-3.63). Working as an independent contractor was a risk factor for high stress health impact (OR 2.00; CI 1.40-2.86) and stress (OR 1.87; CI 1.20-2.92), anxiety (OR 1.89; CI 1.22-2.92) and depression (OR 1.57; CI 1.10-2.22) symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed a possible relationship between healthcare type of employment and distress symptoms during Covid19 pandemic phase 1. Results of our study should be confirmed in other Italian healthcare settings and could serve as a preliminarily baseline for multidisciplinary Italian collaboration.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estresse Ocupacional , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pandemias , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Front Public Health ; 9: 782846, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957034

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to analyze occupational and personal stressors, mental health indicators, perceived discrimination and help-seeking behaviors among healthcare workers and providers (HCWPs) serving socially vulnerable groups such as immigrants, refugees, farmworkers, homeless individuals, people living in poverty, and other disadvantaged populations in the United States (U.S.) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a cross-sectional descriptive approach, we gathered information between July and September 2020, from a sample of 407 affiliates of two national organizations of clinic-based HCWPs who worked at federally funded and community safety-net clinics. Informed consent was obtained from all participants who completed a self-administered online survey available in English and Spanish. Our results indicated that the HCWPs serving vulnerable groups in the midst of the pandemic experienced high levels of occupational and personal stressors as well as anxiety and depressive symptomology. Major occupational stressors were excessive workload, long working-hours, and institutional barriers to refer and follow-up on their clients' access to needed social services. High-rated personal stressors included sleep disorders, lack of and child-care, partner's loosing job, and other family related situations. Our findings suggest that HCWPs working with vulnerable populations need specialized interventions that bolster their mental health and well-being as the pandemic continues to unfold. We recommend implementing initiatives that encourage HCWPs' to be actively involved in clinic decisions regarding employee safety and protection as well as in management decisions to improve work place infrastructure and capacity to respond to the social needs of their clients. Lessons learned from the pandemic are useful tools in designing protocols for addressing the mental-health needs of HCWPs in health-care organizations that attend to socially underprivileged populations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estresse Ocupacional , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos , Populações Vulneráveis
8.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12310, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the extent to which role ambiguity modifies the association between job stressors and workers' psychological ill-being. METHODS: We used data from 41 962 observations from 13 811 individuals (10 269 males and 3542 females) who participated in three to eight waves of an occupational survey conducted in Japan. We estimated fixed-effects models to explain psychological distress (defined by Kessler 6 score ≥13) by role ambiguity. Four types of job stressors (i.e., high job demands, low job control, high effort, and low reward), and their interactions were examined along with potential confounders. We repeated a similar analysis for job dissatisfaction. RESULTS: The fixed-effects models showed that role ambiguity as well as the four job stressors were positively associated with psychological distress, albeit somewhat more modestly than the results of the pooled cross-sectional models. More notably, we found that role ambiguity substantially amplified the association between job stressors and psychological distress; for example, a combination of high job demands and high role ambiguity added to the risk of psychological distress by 3.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.5%-4.5%), compared with 1.4% (95% CI: 0.4%-2.3%) for a combination of high job demands and low role ambiguity. In contrast, we did not find a modifying effect of role ambiguity on the association between low job control and psychological distress. Similar results were observed for job dissatisfaction. CONCLUSION: The results underscore the importance of reducing role ambiguity to mitigate the adverse impact of job stressors on workers' psychological ill-being.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Angústia Psicológica , Papel (figurativo) , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recompensa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948487

RESUMO

One way to prevent work-related stress, is to implement primary occupational health interventions aimed at improving the psychosocial work environment. However, such interventions have shown a limited effect, often due to implementation failure and poor contextual fit. Co-creation, where researchers, together with end-users and other relevant stakeholders, develop the intervention is increasingly encouraged. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of co-created interventions, and participants' experience of the co-creation process. This is one of the first studies evaluating stakeholder perceptions of co-creating an occupational health intervention. We applied a thematic analysis, with data from 12 semi-structured interviews with stakeholders involved in the co-creation. Our results show that the respondents, in general, were satisfied with engaging in the co-creation, and they reported an increased awareness regarding risk factors of stress and how these should be handled. Additionally, the respondents described trust in the intervention activities and a good fit into the context. The study indicates that co-creating occupational health interventions can enhance the implementation and the contextual fit.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Suécia , Local de Trabalho
10.
Investig. psicol. (La Paz, En línea) ; 26: 51-67, dic. 2021. tab.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348931

RESUMO

Se relaciona estrés laboral y percepción de competencias parentales en padres que trabajan, es un estudio transversal, asociativo con diseño predictivo correlacional (Ato, López & Benavente, 2013), participaron 177 padres (55.7% mujeres), quienese trabajan como mínimo 30 horas semanales y que tienen hijos entre 3 y 12 años. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el Inventario del modelo demandas-control-apoyo (Rosario-Hernández & Rovira, 2016) y la Escala de Competencia Parental Percibida (Vera-Vásquez, Zaragoza-Tafur & Musayón-Oblitas, 2014). Los resultados hallados evidencian correlaciones significativas y positivas entre la dimensión de apoyo con asunción del rol y ocio compartido (.27). De la misma forma, la dimensión de apoyo se relaciona positivamente con la implicación escolar (.28); al igual que la dimensión de control con asunción del rol y ocio compartido (.22). Se halló también, correlación positiva y moderada entre demandas laborales y horas trabajadas (.34). Se ha podido comparar los resultados con estudios anteriores que reafirman la idea que debido a la cantidad de compromisos laborales, la estadía de los padres en casa es más difícil. En conclusión, las personas que perciban estrés en su trabajo tendrán menor percepción de competencias parentales, ya que no encuentran un equilibrio entre las funciones de ambos roles.(au)


Work stress is related to the perception of parental skills in working parents, it is a cross-sectional, associative study with correlational predictive design (Ato, López & Benavente, 2013), 177 parents participated (55.7% women), who worked at least 30 hours per week and who have children between 3 and 12 years old. The instruments used were the Inventory of the demands-control-support model (Rosario-Hernández & Rovira, 2016) and the Perceived Parental Competence Scale (Vera-Vásquez, Zaragoza-Tafur & Musayón-Oblitas, 2014). The results found show significant and positive correlations between the dimension of support with assumption of the role and shared leisure (.27). In the same way, the support dimension is positively related to school involvement (.28); as well as the dimension of control with assumption of the role and shared leisure (.22). A positive and moderate correlation was also found between work demands and hours worked (.34). It has been possible to compare the results with previous studies that reaffirm the idea that due to the amount of work commitments, the parents' stay at home is more difficult. In conclusion, people who perceive stress in their work will have a lower perception of parental competences, since they do not find a balance between the functions of both roles.(AU)


O estresse no trabalho está relacionado à percepção das competências parentais em pais trabalhadores, trata-se de um estudo transversal associativo com desenho correlacional preditivo (Ato, López & Benavente, 2013), participaram 177 pais (55,7% mulheres), que trabalharam pelo menos 30 horas por semana e que tenham filhos entre 3 e 12 anos. Os instrumentos utilizados foram o Inventário do modelo demanda-controle-apoio (Rosario-Hernández & Rovira, 2016) e a Escala de Competência Parental Percebida (Vera-Vásquez, Zaragoza-Tafur & Musayón-Oblitas, 2014). Os resultados encontraram correlações significativas e positivas entre a dimensão apoio com o assumir do rol e o lazer compartilhado (.27). Do mesmo modo, a dimensão apoio está positivamente relacionada com a implicação escolar (.28), tal como a dimensão controle com o assumir do rol e o lazer compartilhado (.22). Também foi encontrada uma correlação positiva e moderada entre as exigências laborais e as horas trabalhadas (.34). Foi possível comparar os resultados com estudos anteriores que reforçam a ideia de que, devido ao número de compromissos laborais, é mais difícil para os pais ficarem em casa. Em conclusão, as pessoas que percebem estresse no trabalho terão uma menor percepção da competência parental, pois não encontram um equilíbrio entre as funções de ambos roles.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trabalho , Estresse Ocupacional , Competência Mental
11.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 39(10): 766-769, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727659

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the impact of occupational stress and shift work on the mental health of railway workers and provide a scientific basis for occupational health protection. Methods: In April 2019, stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 613 railway workers from Fuzhou railway as subjects. Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) , Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) , Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to investigate railway workers' occupational stress and mental health conditions. The influencing factors of railway workers' mental health were analyzed. Results: The detection rates of mental health problems, anxiety and depression of railway workers were 40.5% (248/613) , 4.4% (27/613) and 9.0% (55/613) , respectively. There were 250 railway workers with occupational stress (40.78%) . There were statistically significant differences in the total scores of SCL-90 among different groups of working age and education background (P<0.05) . And there were statistically significant differences in the SAS total scores among different groups of education background (P<0.05) . The detection rates of mental health problems and anxiety in the night shift group were higher than that in the white shift group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . The detection rate of mental health problems in the group with occupational stress was higher than that in the group without occupational stress, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Logistic regression analysis found that night shift work was the main risk factor affecting railway workers' anxiety (OR=2.38, 95%CI: 1.04-5.46, P<0.05) . The results of interaction analysis showed that compared with the non-occupational stress+white shift group, the workers in the night shift+occupational stress group had the higher risk of mental health problems and anxiety (OR=3.14, 95%CI: 1.84-5.38; OR=4.29, 95%CI: 1.36-13.54; P<0.05) . Conclusion: Night shift and occupational stress are the risk factors for the mental health of railway workers, and the interaction between night shift and occupational stress is the most harmful to the mental health of railway workers.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769695

RESUMO

An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that humor can impact interpersonal relationships in organizations and employee well-being. However, there is little evidence coming from intervention studies in organizational settings. In response, we developed a training following the principles of positive psychology that aims at improving employees' adaptive use of humor as a successful mechanism to deal with stress. In this study, we assess the effectiveness of such training and its impact on employee well-being. Results from this one-group intervention study in an emergency ambulance service (N = 58) revealed that the participants reported higher levels of cheerfulness (Z = -3.93; p < 0.001) and lower levels of seriousness (Z = -3.32; p < 0.001) after being exposed to the training. Indeed, the participants reported lower scores on psychological distress after the training (Z = -3.35; p < 0.001). The effect size of the training was medium (r = 0.31 to 0.36), suggesting that interventions to improve adaptive humor at work can be a useful resource to deal with workplace stress and foster employee well-being. These results may have interesting implications for designing and implementing positive interventions as well as for developing healthy organizations.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Organizações , Local de Trabalho
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is not the same as occupational activity. Various factors influence both forms of physical activity, including job stress and job satisfaction, but the associations found are weak, and the need for new studies in large populations is emphasized. The objective was to study the relationship between job stress and job satisfaction, and the relationship between these and occupational and leisure-time physical activity according to the National Survey of Health 2017. METHODS: A population-based study of 8716 workers between 18 and 65 years of age. The variables age, sex, leisure, and occupational-time physical activity (OTPA), educational level, type of occupation, job stress level, and job satisfaction were collected. A simple and multiple correspondence analysis was performed between the variables that reached statistical significance. RESULTS: 4621 cases (53.02%) correspond to men with a mean age of 44.83 years (SD 10.22) and 4095 cases to women with a mean age of 44.55 years (SD 10.23). Women had higher percentages of higher education (p < 0.001), intermediate to high occupations and unskilled (p < 0.001), job stress (p < 0.001), covered the most extreme levels of satisfaction (p = 0.003), and do less LTPA (p < 0.001) and OTPA (p < 0.001). Also, in women a relationship was found between job stress and LTPA (p = 0.024), as well as between satisfaction and both forms of physical activity (OTPA p = 0.013 and LTPA p < 0.001). In men, significance was only reached in the relationship between job stress and OTPA (p <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The higher the job stress, the less the job satisfaction, but the relationship is reversed in the intermediate categories. For both sexes, job stress is related to a sedentary lifestyle and higher employment and education levels. Higher levels of satisfaction correspond to higher levels of occupancy. The relationship between job satisfaction and educational level is direct in women but inverse in men. In women, there is a relationship between sedentary occupations and job satisfaction. In addition, intense physical activity at work is related to higher levels of job stress, lower satisfaction levels, and less physical activity in leisure-time.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Ocupações , Adulto , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Atividade Motora , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia
14.
J Prof Nurs ; 37(5): 907-915, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical nursing teachers face conflicts and challenges while instructing nursing students in the clinical setting. They may be under job stress, which can lead to occupational burnout. PURPOSE: This study investigated the current state and relationship between job stress and occupational burnout, as well as explore the significant predictors of occupational burnout among clinical nursing teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design and convenience sampling was conducted. A total of 205 clinical nursing teachers from 43 nursing schools in Taiwan. Used the Chinese version of the job content questions and occupational burnout inventory to collect data. Multiple linear regression was used to determine the predictors of occupational burnout. RESULTS: The degree of perception of life stress by teachers was moderate, and occupational burnout was mild to moderate. Multiple regression analyses showed that perceived life stress and job stress were significant predictors of occupational burnout; perceived life stress was the strongest predictor of occupational burnout, explained 26.4% of the variance; and the workload explained 16.6% of the variance. CONCLUSION: Perceived life stress and job stress influence occupational burnout. This study results may help administrators recognize the vulnerability of clinical nursing teachers to different stressors and develop strategies to improve occupational burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estresse Ocupacional , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Carga de Trabalho
15.
Trials ; 22(1): 826, 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, more than half of the teachers working in primary education experience high levels of work stress. Compared to other professions, teachers are more likely to drop out from work and develop mental illnesses. Almost one in five even choose a new profession within 5 years after starting as a teacher. This indicates an urgent need for interventions to reduce stress levels in teachers. However, few evidence-based effective interventions targeting stress and work-related problems in the primary educational system are available. AIM: In the current paper, we describe the protocol for a randomized controlled study (RCT) comparing an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention with a wait list control condition in primary school teachers. We hypothesize that teachers who participate in the MBSR programme will report less stress (primary outcome) than those in the control group at post-test and at 3-month follow-up. We also expect a decrease in teachers' absenteeism and improvements of mental health, teacher skills, classroom climate quality and the pupil-teacher relationship (secondary outcomes). Finally, we hypothesize that self-compassion, mindfulness skills and emotion regulation skills could mediate effects. METHODS/DESIGN: A mixed-method study will be conducted among N=155 Dutch primary school teachers (grade 1 to 6). The quantitative study will be an RCT, in which teachers will be randomly allocated to the MBSR or waiting list control condition. Trial participants will not be made actively aware of their condition. The data analysts will be blinded. Online questionnaires will be sent to teachers before and after the MBSR programme, and at 3-month follow-up. Information about absenteeism will be collected. In the qualitative part of the study, we will interview teachers to examine their perceived effects of MBSR on their teaching skills, the classroom climate quality and the pupil-teacher relationship. DISCUSSION: This protocol paper describes a mixed-method study design with an RCT and a qualitative evaluation to evaluate an MBSR programme on perceived stress among primary school teachers. If the MBSR programme proves to be effective, it could be implemented as a programme to reduce stress and improve mental health and teaching outcomes in primary school teachers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Nederland Trial Register NL. Registered on 19 November 2019-retrospectively registered, https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/8171.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Professores Escolares , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 40: 50, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795830

RESUMO

Introduction: in Burkina Faso, work-related stress is a public health problem. The purpose of this study is to evaluate factors of stress among formal private sector employees in the city of Ouagadougou. Methods: we conducted a survey using the 26-item scale derived from Karasek and the 23-item scale derived from Siegrist. Validated Karasek and Siegrist´s models as well as SPSS software were used to analyze data. Results: we surveyed 223 employees (186 men and 37 women) with an average age of 36.70 years ± δ = 33.25. In addition, 70,40% of employees had job strain; 50,22% iso strain and 52,02% effort-reward imbalance. Post-hoc analyses showed the following stress factors: great efforts and poor decision-making ability. Conclusion: this study confirms the presence of stress among private sector employees and highlights the importance of combining Karasek and Siegrist's questionnaires in the study of stress factors.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Setor Privado , Saúde Pública , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Burkina Faso , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 285: 245-250, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734881

RESUMO

High stress levels among hospital workers could be harmful to both workers and the institution. Enabling the workers to monitor their stress level has many advantages. Knowing their own stress level can help them to stay aware and feel more in control of their response to situations and know when it is time to relax or take some actions to treat it properly. This monitoring task can be enabled by using wearable devices to measure physiological responses related to stress. In this work, we propose a smartwatch sensors based continuous stress detection method using some individual classifiers and classifier ensembles. The experiment results show that all of the classifiers work quite well to detect stress with an accuracy of more than 70%. The results also show that the ensemble method obtained higher accuracy and F1-measure compared to all of the individual classifiers. The best accuracy was obtained by the ensemble with soft voting strategy (ES) with 87.10% while the hard voting strategy (EH) achieved the best F1-measure with 77.45%.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos
19.
Int Marit Health ; 72(3): 183-192, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604987

RESUMO

This narrative review examines current academic literature on the mental health of Filipino seafarers working internationally, including the mental health effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Framed within a rights-based approach, it aims to identify and analyse emerging themes on Filipino seafarers' mental health literature to understand what these studies potentially mean for the improvement of seafarers' education on mental health. Based on a broad selection criteria, 28 eligible papers demonstrate collectively three key findings: firstly, there is paucity in published research on seafarers' mental health; secondly, the majority of published studies are associated with a recent piracy crisis, where a significant number of mariners were attacked, taken as hostages, or killed; thirdly, three key areas emerged under which research on Filipino seafarers' mental health can be organized: the medical repatriation of seafarers, system of care for the mental health of seafarers including the diagnostic standards used, and seafarers' experiences and conceptions of mental health including the mental health effects of COVID-19. Though the bulk of the current understanding of the mental health problems is associated with piracy, several risk factors for which the quality of quantitative and qualitative evidence are patchy. The few sources of primary data to date lack focus on mental health needs which makes it difficult to grasp the extent of the problem. Developing policies and programmes for the promotion of mental health through mental health education among seafarers is important for a couple of reasons. Seafaring remains a dangerous and socially isolating occupation where work-related accidents are likely and will be potentially traumatic to mariners. Research on occupational stressors is increasingly providing evidence of their contributions to poor mental health outcomes among seafarers. Thus, mental health education of seafarers in the context of their work is important for proactive training and development.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Saúde Mental/educação , Medicina Naval/métodos , Crime/psicologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Filipinas/etnologia , Navios
20.
Eur J Gen Pract ; 27(1): 277-285, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Responsibility of general practitioners (GPs) in delivering safe and effective care is always high but during the COVID-19 pandemic they face even growing pressure that might result in unbearable stress load (allostatic overload, AO) leading to disease. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to measure AO of Hungarian GPs during the COVID-19 pandemic and explore their recreational resources to identify potential protective factors against stress load. METHODS: In a mixed-method design, Fava's clinimetric approach to AO was applied alongside the Psychosocial Index (PSI); Kellner's symptom questionnaire (SQ) to measure depression, anxiety, hostility and somatisation and the Public Health Surveillance Well-being Scale (PHS-WB) to determine mental, social, and physical well-being. Recreational resources were mapped. Besides Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests, regression analysis was applied to identify explanatory variables of AO. RESULTS: Data of 228 GPs (68% females) were analysed. Work-related changes caused the biggest challenges leading to AO in 60% of the sample. While female sex (OR: 1.99; CI: 1.06; 3.74, p = 0.032) and other life stresses (OR: 1.4; CI: 1.2; 1.6, p < 0.001) associated with increased odds of AO, each additional day with 30 min for recreation purposes associated with 20% decreased odds (OR: 0.838; CI: 0.72; 0.97, p = 0.020). 3-4 days a week when time was ensured for recreation associated with elevated mental and physical well-being, while 5-7 days associated with lower depressive and anxiety symptoms, somatisation, and hostility. CONCLUSION: Under changing circumstances, resilience improvement through increasing time spent on recreation should be emphasised to prevent GPs from the adverse health consequences of stress load.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Clínicos Gerais/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recreação , Inquéritos e Questionários
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