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1.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124746, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568946

RESUMO

The skin is one of the main organs exposed to airborne particulate matter (PM), which may contain various pollutants linked to a wide range of adverse health endpoints. In the present work, we analyzed the proinflammatory and oxidative effects of some PM components leading to inflammatory responses, cell proliferation or cell death. We investigated four redox-active chemicals, such as Cu (II) metal and quinones generated from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), i.e., 9,10 phenanthrenequinone and isomers 1,2 and 1,4 naphthoquinone. We performed in vitro biological tests on human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells and also acellular assays based on the oxidation of dithiothreitol and ascorbic acid, antioxidants to assess the oxidative potential (OP). We found that treated keratinocytes showed increased activation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor NFκB and increased transcript levels of the NFκB-dependent gene IL8. Moreover, the treatment with Cu(II) and quinones increased the activities and the expression of genes involved in the redox response, SOD1 and GPX, suggesting that PM components induced cellular damage due to redox imbalances. Finally, we found alteration of the mitochondrial ultrastructure and increased apoptosis after 24 h of treatment. The results presented suggest that all of the analyzed pollutant components are able to modulate similar signal transduction pathways, resulting in activation of inflammatory processes in the skin, followed by oxidative damage. Altogether these observations indicate that exposure of skin to air pollutants modifies the redox equilibrium of keratinocytes, which could explain the increased skin damage observed in populations that live in high-pollution cities.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Humanos , Metais/análise , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Material Particulado/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Quinonas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124571, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472351

RESUMO

Rhodococcus exhibits strong adaptability to environmental stressors and plays a crucial role in environmental bioremediation. However, seasonal changes in ambient temperature, especially rapid temperature drops exert an adverse effect on in situ bioremediation. In this paper, we studied the cell morphology and fatty acid composition of an aniline-degrading strain Rhodococcus sp. CNS16 at temperatures of 30 °C, 20 °C, and 10 °C. At suboptimal temperatures, cell morphology of CNS16 changed from short rod-shaped to long rod or irregular shaped, and the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids was upregulated. Transcriptomic technologies were then utilized to gain detailed insights into the adaptive mechanisms of CNS16 subjected to suboptimal temperatures. The results showed that the number of gene responses was significantly higher at 10 °C than that at 20 °C. The inhibition of peptidoglycan synthase expression and up-regulation of Filamentous Temperature Sensitive as well as unsaturated fatty acid synthesis genes at suboptimal temperatures might be closely related to corresponding changes in cell morphology and fatty acids composition. Strain CNS16 showed loss of catalase and superoxide dismutase activity, and utilized thioredoxin-dependent thiol peroxidase to resist oxidative stress. The up-regulation of carotenoid and Vitamin B2 synthesis at 10 °C might also be involved in the resistance to oxidative stress. Amino acid metabolism, coenzyme and vitamin metabolism, ABC transport, and energy metabolism are essential for peptidoglycan synthesis and regulation of cellular metabolism; therefore, synergistically resisting environmental stress. This study provides a mechanistic basis for the regulation of aniline degradation in Rhodococcus sp. CNS16 at low temperatures.


Assuntos
Aclimatação/fisiologia , Compostos de Anilina/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Peptidoglicano/biossíntese , Rhodococcus/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Catalase/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ligação às Penicilinas/biossíntese , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Rhodococcus/genética , Estações do Ano , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
3.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124602, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545211

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been known to exhibit neurotoxicity in rats; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown and there is no available intervention. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in the neurotoxicity in the cerebral cortex and primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment. Compared to the untreated group, BDE-153 treatment significantly induced the neurotoxic effects in rats, as manifested by the increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities and cell apoptosis rates, and the decreased neurotrophic factor contents and cholinergic enzyme activities in rats' cerebral cortices and primary neurons. When compared to the untreated group, the oxidative and nitrosative stress had occurred in the cerebral cortex or primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment, as manifested by the increments in levels of reactive oxygenspecies (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) mRNA and protein expressions, along with the decline in levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione (GSH) content, and peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) and Prx II mRNA and protein expressions. In addition, the ROS scavenger N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) or NO scavenger NG-Nitro-l-arginine (L-NNA) significantly rescued the LDH leakage and cell survival, reversed the neurotrophin contents and cholinergic enzymes, mainly via regaining balance between oxidation/nitrosation and antioxidation. Overall, our findings suggested that oxidative and nitrosative stresses are involved in the neurotoxicity induced by BDE-153, and that the antioxidation is a potential targeted intervention.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/patologia , Estresse Nitrosativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Bifenil Polibromatos/toxicidade , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurotrofina 3/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Estresse Nitrosativo/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 187, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565147

RESUMO

Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is a mycotoxin frequently found in agricultural commodities. The toxin poses a considerable risk for human and animal health. FB1 is among several mycotoxins produced by Fusarium spp. contaminating virtually any cereal and other Poaceae. Their intracellular action includes the promotion of oxidative stress through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that damage biomolecules such as DNA. These toxic effects were observed in vivo and in vitro. However, the association between esophageal lesions and oxidative stress induced by FB1. Studies in China, Iran and South Africa showed higher exposure to fumonisins in areas with higher risk of esophageal cancer (EC). Exposure to mycotoxins may be inevitable in Mozambique. How mycotoxins, particularly fumonisins from the contaminated food, can be associated with the emergence of EC in Mozambique? Herein, we revise the literature and present some pieces of evidence in order to highlight the burden of mycotoxins and to provide evidence-based considerations for the stakeholders involved in the management of the EC agenda in Mozambique. The information presented herein supports the need to implement novel and/or to revisit the existent detoxification methods to reduce the global burden of mycotoxins and its outcomes in health management.


Assuntos
Carcinógenos Ambientais/toxicidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Fumonisinas/toxicidade , Micotoxinas/toxicidade , Animais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/etiologia , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Fusarium/metabolismo , Humanos , Moçambique/epidemiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
5.
Orv Hetil ; 160(40): 1567-1573, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565977

RESUMO

The relationship between the potentially developing complications of the 451 million people affected by diabetes and hyperglycaemia can be based on the enhanced generation of advanced glycation endproducts and the more intensive oxidative and carbonyl stress. Advanced glycation endproducts generated partly due to carbonyl stress play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications such as elevated arterial thickness, vascular permeability, enhanced angiogenesis or the more rigid vessels induced nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy. Furthermore, the elevated thrombocyte aggregation, the reduced fibrinolysis induced elevated coagulation, and the atherosclerosis or the mitochondrial dysfunction are important as well. The most potent target of both the non-oxidative and oxidative generation of advanced glycation endproducts can be the scavenging of α,ß-unsaturated aldehydes. Although, aminoguanidine, the prototype of scavenger molecules, showed protection in different animal models, it failed in the human clinical studies. Finally, the clinical studies were terminated almost 20 years ago. The endogen dipeptide L-carnosine was also expected to mitigate the complications due to carbonyl stress. However, its clinical significance was limited by the serum carnosinases and by the consequent low serum stability and bioavailability. The carnosinase resistance of the molecule can be achieved by the change of the carboxyl group of the molecule to hydroxyl group. At the same time, the biosafety and the carbonyl stress scavenging activity of the molecule could be preserved. Although clinical studies could not be performed in the last six months, on the basis of the in vitro and in vivo results, carnosinole seems to be a promising compound to mitigate and prevent the diabetic complications. Thus it is worth to the attention of the clinicians. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(40): 1567-1573.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes/fisiopatologia , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/efeitos adversos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Complicações do Diabetes/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/fisiologia , Humanos , Hiperglicemia
6.
Hypertension ; 74(4): 957-966, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476900

RESUMO

Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a failure of pulmonary vascular resistance to decline at birth rapidly. One principal mechanism implicated in PPHN development is mitochondrial oxidative stress. Expression and activity of mitochondrial SOD2 (superoxide dismutase) are decreased in PPHN; however, the mechanism remains unknown. Recently, OLA1 (Obg-like ATPase-1) was shown to act as a critical regulator of proteins controlling cell response to stress including Hsp70, an obligate chaperone for SOD2. Here, we investigated whether OLA1 is causally linked to PPHN. Compared with controls, SOD2 expression is reduced in distal-pulmonary arteries (PAs) from patients with PPHN and fetal-lamb models. Disruptions of the SOD2 gene reproduced PPHN phenotypes, manifested by elevated right ventricular systolic pressure, PA-endothelial cells apoptosis, and PA-smooth muscle cells proliferation. Analyses of SOD2 protein dynamics revealed higher ubiquitinated-SOD2 protein levels in PPHN-lambs, suggesting dysregulated protein ubiquitination. OLA1 controls multiple proteostatic mechanisms and is overexpressed in response to stress. We demonstrated that OLA1 acts as a molecular chaperone, and its activity is induced by stress. Strikingly, OLA1 expression is decreased in distal-PAs from PPHN-patients and fetal-lambs. OLA1 deficiency enhanced CHIP affinity for Hsp70-SOD2 complexes, facilitating SOD2 degradation. Consequently, mitochondrial H2O2 formation is impaired, leading to XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) overexpression that suppresses caspase activity in PA-smooth muscle cells, allowing them to survive and proliferate, contributing to PA remodeling. In-vivo, ola1-/- downregulated SOD2 expression, induced distal-PA remodeling, and right ventricular hypertrophy. We conclude that decreased OLA1 expression accounts for SOD2 downregulation and, therefore, a therapeutic target in PPHN treatments.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ovinos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/metabolismo
7.
Phytopathology ; 109(10): 1679-1688, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479404

RESUMO

Alternative oxidase (AOX) is a ubiquinol terminal oxidase that is involved in fungal mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. In this study, we analyzed the roles of AOX in Botrytis cinerea by generating BcAOX deletion mutants. The mutants exhibited defects in mycelial growth, sporulation, spore germination, and virulence. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the mutants to quinone outside inhibitor fungicides and oxidative stress were increased. All phenotypic variations could be restored in the complemented strain. In summary, these results showed that BcAOX is involved in the regulation for vegetative development, adaptation to environmental stress, and virulence of B. cinerea.


Assuntos
Botrytis , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Oxirredutases , Oxigênio , Proteínas de Plantas , Botrytis/enzimologia , Botrytis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Botrytis/patogenicidade , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Virulência
9.
Chem Biol Interact ; 313: 108834, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545955

RESUMO

The anthracycline doxorubicin (DOX) is widely used in cancer therapy with the limitation of cardiotoxicity leading to the development of congestive heart failure. DOX-induced oxidative stress and changes of the phosphoproteome as well as epigenome were described but the exact mechanisms of the adverse long-term effects are still elusive. Here, we tested the impact of DOX treatment on cell death, oxidative stress parameters and expression profiles of proteins involved in epigenetic pathways in a cardiomyocyte cell culture model. Markers of oxidative stress, apoptosis and expression of proteins involved in epigenetic processes were assessed by immunoblotting in cultured rat myoblasts (H9c2) upon treatment with DOX (1 or 5 µM for 24 or 48 h) in adherent viable and detached apoptotic cells. The apoptosis markers cleaved caspase-3 and fractin as well as oxidative stress markers 3-nitrotyrosine and malondialdehyde were dose-dependently increased by DOX treatment. Histone deacetylases (SIRT1 and HDAC2), histone lysine demethylases (KDM3A and LSD1) and histone lysine methyltransferases (SET7 and SMYD1) were significantly regulated by DOX treatment with generation of cleaved protein fragments and posttranslational modifications. Overall, we found significant decrease in histone 3 acetylation in DOX-treated cells. DOX treatment of cultured cardiomyocyte precursor cells causes severe cell death by apoptosis associated with cellular oxidative stress. In addition, significant regulation of proteins involved in epigenetic processes and changes in global histone 3 acetylation were observed. However, the significance and clinical impact of these changes remain elusive.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos
10.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(7): e201900707, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531528

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of splenic ischemic preconditioning (sIPC) on oxidative stress induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion in rats. METHODS: Fifteen male Wistar rats were equally divided into 3 groups: SHAM, IRI and sIPC. Animals from IRI group were subjected to 45 minutes of partial liver ischemia (70%). In the sIPC group, splenic artery was clamped in 2 cycles of 5 min of ischemia and 5 min of reperfusion (20 min total) prior to hepatic ischemia. SHAM group underwent the same surgical procedures as in the remaining groups, but no liver ischemia or sIPC were induced. After 1h, hepatic and splenic tissue samples were harvested for TBARS, CAT, GPx and GSH-Rd measurement. RESULTS: sIPC treatment significantly decreased both hepatic and splenic levels of TBARS when compared to IRI group (p<0.01). Furthermore, the hepatic and splenic activities of CAT, GPx and GSH- Rd were significantly higher in sIPC group than in IRI group. CONCLUSION: sIPC was able to attenuate hepatic and splenic IRI-induced oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Hepatopatias/prevenção & controle , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fígado/fisiologia , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/fisiopatologia
11.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 34(9): 853-861, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399939

RESUMO

Intake of individual antioxidants has been related to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes. However, the overall diet may contain many antioxidants with additive or synergistic effects. Therefore, we aimed to determine associations between total dietary antioxidant capacity and risk of type 2 diabetes, prediabetes and insulin resistance. We estimated the dietary antioxidant capacity for 5796 participants of the Rotterdam Study using a ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) score. Of these participants, 4957 had normoglycaemia and 839 had prediabetes at baseline. We used covariate-adjusted proportional hazards models to estimate associations between FRAP and risk of type 2 diabetes, risk of type 2 diabetes among participants with prediabetes, and risk of prediabetes. We used linear regression models to determine the association between FRAP score and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). We observed 532 cases of incident type 2 diabetes, of which 259 among participants with prediabetes, and 794 cases of incident prediabetes during up to 15 years of follow-up. A higher FRAP score was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes among the total population (HR per SD FRAP 0.84, 95% CI 0.75; 0.95) and among participants with prediabetes (HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.73; 0.99), but was not associated with risk of prediabetes. Dietary FRAP was also inversely associated with HOMA-IR (ß - 0.04, 95% CI - 0.06; - 0.03). Effect estimates were generally similar between sexes. The findings of this population-based study emphasize the putative beneficial effects of a diet rich in antioxidants on insulin resistance and risk of type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Dieta , Resistência à Insulina , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Pré-Diabético/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 159: 1-8, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400771

RESUMO

We examined the molecular regulation of porphyrin biosynthesis and protective responses in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa) expressing Bradyrhizobium japonicum Fe-chelatase (BjFeCh) after treatment with acifluorfen (AF). During the photodynamic stress imposed by AF, transcript levels of BjFeCh in transgenic plants increased greatly; moreover, transcript levels of OsFeCh2 remained almost constant, whereas in wild type (WT) plants they were considerably down-regulated. In the heme branch, transgenic plants exhibited greater levels of OsFC and HO transcripts than WT plants in the untreated stems as well as in the AF-treated leaves and stems. Both WT and transgenic plants treated with AF substantially decreased transcript levels for all the genes in the chlorophyll branch, with less decline in transgenic plants. After AF treatment, ascorbate (Asc) content and the redox Asc state greatly decreased in leaves of WT plants; however, in transgenic plants both parameters remained constant in leaves and the Asc redox state increased by 20% in stems. In response to AF, the leaves of WT plants greatly up-regulated CatA, CatB, and GST compared to those of transgenic plants, whereas, in the stems, transgenic plants showed higher levels of CatA, CatC, APXb, BCH, and VDE. Photochemical quenching, qP, was considerably dropped by 31% and 18% in WT and transgenic plants, respectively in response to AF, whereas non-radiative energy dissipation through non-photochemical quenching increased by 77% and 38% in WT and transgenic plants, respectively. Transgenic plants treated with AF exhibited higher transcript levels of nucleus-encoded photosynthetic genes, Lhcb1 and Lhcb6, as well as levels of Lhcb6 protein compared to those of WT plants. Our study demonstrates that expression of BjFeCh in transgenic plants influences not only the regulation of porphyrin biosynthesis through maintaining higher levels of gene expression in the heme branch, but also the Asc redox function during photodynamic stress caused by AF.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Bradyrhizobium/enzimologia , Ferroquelatase/metabolismo , Nitrobenzoatos/farmacologia , Oryza/metabolismo , Porfirinas/biossíntese , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Ferroquelatase/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Oryza/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 689: 1160-1171, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466156

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a widespread environmental pollutant that accumulates in living systems and represents a significant global health hazard. Cd poses a toxicity threat to both human and animal health, including that of birds. Further knowledge of Cd toxicology pathways will allow for a better understanding of Cd-induced nephrotoxicity. To evaluate Cd-induced nephrotoxicity through potential oxidative damage, male chickens were treated with 0 mg/kg, 35 mg/kg or 70 mg/kg CdCl2 in diet for 90 days. Markedly, histopathology indicated renal tubular epithelial cell swelling, renal function CREA content abnormalities, biochemical and morphologic indices indicative of Cd-induced kidney injury. Cd toxicity induced the up-regulation of Nrf2 and downstream target genes that relieve oxidative stress. Meanwhile, Cd disrupted the homeostasis of trace elements and promoted oxidative damage. Cd interfered with mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt)-related factors (SIRT1, SIRT3, PGC-1α, TFAM, Nrf1, and HTRA2) and disrupted the homeostasis of mitochondrial dynamics (OPA1, MFN1, MFN2, Fis1 and MFF), thereby exacerbating mitochondrial structural damage and mitochondrial dysfunction. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that the nephrotoxicity of Cd exposure results in oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway and inhibiting UPRmt in the kidneys.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Animais , Galinhas , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Testes de Toxicidade , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas/fisiologia
14.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(7): 847-851, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between plasma oxidative stress factors levels and organ damage parameters as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted. Twenty-five patients admitted to surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March to December in 2016 and diagnosed as sepsis were enrolled as study subjects. Another 15 patients without sepsis admitted to surgical ICU in the same period were enrolled as controls. General demographic data, main diagnoses, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score within 24 hours, clinical laboratory indicators [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), white blood count (WBC)] and oxidative stress indicators [superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO)] as well as length of ICU stay, total hospital stay and 28-day mortality were recorded. Spearman or Pearson correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between oxidative stress indicators and organ damage indicators as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the predictive value of oxidative stress indicators for 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis. RESULTS: The length of ICU stay in sepsis group was significantly longer than that in non-sepsis group [days: 7.0 (5.5, 11.0) vs. 4.0 (1.0, 11.0), P < 0.05], and AST, BUN, CRP, PCT, plasma MDA and NO levels were significantly higher than those in non-sepsis group [AST (U/L): 50.76±19.53 vs. 28.53±14.02, BUN (mmol/L): 9.99±5.26 vs. 6.97±4.32, CRP (mg/L): 109.28±42.79 vs. 60.33±46.68, PCT (µg/L): 5.4 (0.3, 24.0) vs. 0.6 (0.1, 1.5), MDA (ng/L): 488.31±76.68 vs. 399.30±50.23, NO (ng/L): 5.08±0.89 vs. 4.42±0.88, all P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in gender, age, APACHE II score, total hospital stay, 28-day mortality, ALT, SCr, WBC or plasma SOD activity between the two groups. The correlation analysis between oxidative stress parameters and organ damage parameters as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis showed that MDA and NO were positively correlated with SCr (r value was 0.426 and 0.431, respectively, both P < 0.05), and there was a positive correlation between MDA and NO (r = 0.990, P < 0.01); plasma SOD activity was negatively correlated with 28-day mortality (r = -0.468, P < 0.05), while MDA and NO levels were positively correlated with 28-day mortality (r value was 0.598 and 0.611, respectively, both P < 0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that plasma SOD, MDA and NO levels had a good independent predictive effect on 28-day mortality, the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.816±0.087, 0.904±0.078 and 0.912±0.071, and the best cut-off value was 40.76% (sensitivity 68.4%, specificity 100%), 487.93 ng/L (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 89.5%) and 5.31 ng/L (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 89.5%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The plasma levels of oxidative stress factors in patients with sepsis are significantly increased, which is closely related to organ damage and poor prognosis. The plasma SOD, MDA and NO levels can be used as independent bio-marker to predict the 28-day mortality of patients with sepsis.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Sepse/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Prognóstico , Sepse/metabolismo
15.
Exp Parasitol ; 205: 107748, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442453

RESUMO

Trypanosoma cruzi (the causative agent of Chagas disease) presents a complex life cycle that involves adaptations in vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. As a protozoan parasite of hematophagous insects and mammalian hosts, T. cruzi is exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS). To investigate the functionality of T. cruzi tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase type 5 (TcACP5), we cloned, superexpressed and purified the enzyme. Purified TcACP5 exhibited a Vmax and apparent Km for pNPP hydrolysis of 7.7 ±â€¯0.2 nmol pNP × µg-1 × h-1 and 169.3 ±â€¯22.6 µM, respectively. The pH dependence was characterized by sharp maximal activity at pH 5.0, and inhibition assays demonstrated its sensitivity to acid phosphatase inhibitors. Similar activities were obtained with saturating concentrations of P-Ser and P-Thr as substrates. The enzyme metabolizes hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in vitro, and parasites superexpressing this enzyme were more resistant to oxidative stress promoted by H2O2. Taken together, these results suggest that TcACP5 plays a central role in phosphoryl transfer and redox reactions.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/metabolismo , Trypanosoma cruzi/enzimologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Imunofluorescência , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microscopia Confocal , Oxirredução , Especificidade por Substrato , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/química , Transfecção , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 687: 839-848, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412487

RESUMO

The adverse effects of air pollution have been long studied in the lung and respiratory systems, but the molecular changes that this causes at the central nervous system level have yet to be fully investigated and understood. To explore the evolution with time of protein expression levels in the brain of rats exposed to particulate matter of different sizes, we carried out two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by determination of dysregulated proteins through Coomassie blue staining-based densities (SameSpots software) and subsequent protein identification using MALDI-based mass spectrometry. Expression differences in dysregulated proteins were found to be statistically significant with p-value <0.05. A systems biology-based approach was utilized to determine critical biochemical pathways involved in the rats' brain response. Our results suggest that rats' brains have a particulate matter size dependent-response, being the mitochondrial activity and the astrocyte function severely affected. Our proteomic study confirms the dysregulation of different biochemical pathways involving energy metabolism, mitochondrial activity, and oxidative pathways as some of the main effects of PM exposure on the rat brain. SIGNIFICANCE: Rat brains exposed to particulate matter with origin in car engines are affected in two main areas: mitochondrial activity, by the dysregulation of many pathways linked to the respiratory chain, and neuronal and astrocytic function, which stimulates brain changes triggering tumorigenesis and neurodegeneration.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Proteoma/metabolismo , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Proteômica , Ratos
18.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180395, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432900

RESUMO

The aquatic environment presents daily and/or seasonal variations in dissolved oxygen (DO) levels. Piava faces different DO levels in the water due to its distributional characteristics. The goal of this study was to describe the effects of low DO levels on plasma ion, biochemical and oxidative variables in piava juveniles. Fish were exposed to different DO levels, including 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 mg L-1 of DO for 96 h, after which blood and tissue samples (liver, kidney, gill and muscle) were collected. The decrease in DO levels decreased plasma Na+, Cl-, K+ and NH3 levels as well as protein and glycogen levels in the liver, kidney and muscle; increased Na+/K+-ATPase activity in the gills and kidney as well as glucose and ammonia levels in the liver, kidney and muscle; and increased lactate levels in the kidney and muscle. Thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances, catalase and non-protein thiol levels decreased in the tissues of piavas exposed to low DO levels. It is concluded that piava can apparently cope with hypoxic conditions; however, low DO levels are a stressor, and the tolerance of piava to hypoxia involves iono-regulatory, metabolic and oxidative adjustments.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Caraciformes/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Oxigênio/fisiologia , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Caraciformes/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
19.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8688, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389493

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise on oxidative stress markers in a group of women with fibromyalgia (FM) compared to a group of healthy women (CT). Twenty-one women diagnosed with FM and 21 age- and weight-matched healthy women were enrolled the study. Plasma oxidative stress markers (primary outcomes) were evaluated at rest and after WBV, and included thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), iron reduction capacity (FRAP), superoxide dismutase antioxidant enzymes activity (SOD), and catalase (CAT). At rest, the FM group had higher TBARS (P<0.001) and FRAP (P<0.001), and lower CAT (P=0.005) compared to the CT. In the CT group, the WBV had no effect on TBARS (P=0.559) and FRAP (P=0.926), whereas it increased both SOD (P<0.001) and CAT (P<0.001). In the FM group, the WBV reduced TBARS (p <0.001), FRAP (P<0.001), and CAT (P=0.005), while it increased SOD (P=0.019). There was an interaction effect (moments vs groups) in the TBARS (effect size=1.34), FRAP (effect size=0.93), CAT (effect size=1.45), and SOD (effect size=1.44) (P<0.001). A single trial of WBV exercise improved all oxidant and antioxidant parameters towards a greater adaptation to the stress response in FM women.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Fibromialgia/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Vibração , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fibromialgia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 182: 109436, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325808

RESUMO

Copper (Cu) is an essential yet toxic metal, which holds the ability to induce production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in living cells resulting in severe abiotic stress. Therefore, the aim of our current study was to investigate the effects of extrinsically added ascorbic acid (AA) on oxidative stress indicators and redox homoeostasis remediators in 7-day-old seedlings and 60-day-old plants of Brassica juncea L. (hyper-accumulator species) subjected to Cu (II) stress. Our findings showed that seed germination ballooned by 55.4% in Cu (II) stressed seedlings upon addition of 50 mg l-1 AA. Copper content accelerated in stressed seedlings and plants; however, a negative interaction was seen upon addition of AA. Both seedlings and plants exposed to Cu (II) accumulated free radicals such as H2O2 and superoxide anion, however, the addition of AA in the growth media decreased H2O2 and superoxide anion generation indicating ROS detoxification. Confocal microscopy also revealed improved cell viability and reduced H2O2 content because of enhanced antioxidant activity upon addition of AA as a protective chelate. Antioxidants such as ascorbate, flavonoids and glutathione rose significantly in Cu (II) stressed seedlings and plants in the presence of AA. Protein content increased by 51.3% and 47.5% in seedlings and plants growing in a binary combination of 100 mg l-1 Cu and AA (75 mg l-1 and 25 mg l-1), respectively. Sharp peaks for stress indicator amino acids such as cysteine and proline were seen in spectral analysis of B. juncea seedlings exposed to Cu (II). Protein thiols increased in plants grown in various binary doses Cu (II) and AA. This study provides sufficient evidence regarding the protective role of ascorbic acid (AA) against ROS and its suggested use as a soil amendment against Cu (II) toxicity in B. juncea.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Cobre/toxicidade , Mostardeira/fisiologia , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Mostardeira/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Prolina/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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