Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 132
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3376-3384, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621223

RESUMO

We examined the effects of different salt stress intensities (control, mild, moderate, severe) on the growth traits, photosynthetic and fluorescence characteristics, and root architecture of three Corylus heterophylla × C. avellan varieties (Xinzhen 1, Xinzhen 2, Xinzhen 3). The results showed that the new shoot length, basal diameter, leaf area, root biomass, shoot biomass, leaf biomass, and total biomass of the three varieties all decreased, but the root-shoot ratio increased with increasing salt stress. The net photosynthetic rate of the three varieties in the moderate and severe salt stress treatments significantly decreased by 20.5% and 43.2%, respectively. The transpiration rate and stomatal conductance in the mild, moderate, and severe salt stress treatments decreased by 2.0%, 16.3%, 32.0% and 10.2%, 35.7%, 60.1% than those of the control, respectively. With the increasing salt stress, the intercellular CO2 concentration gradually increased, while the water use efficiency increased first and then decreased and being the highest in the mild salt stress treatment. The initial fluorescence of the three varieties increased with the increasing salt stress. With the increasing salt stress, the maximum fluorescence, maximal photochemical efficiency, potential photochemical activity, actual photochemical efficiency, electron transfer rate and photochemical quenching coefficient decreased, while the non-photochemical quenching coefficient increased first and then decreased. Salt stress reduced root biomass, length, surface area and volume of the three varieties. In the same salt stress treatment, the reduction of root architecture parameters of Xinzhen 2 was lower than the other two varieties. The growth traits, photosynthetic and fluorescence characteristics, and root architecture parameters of Corylus heterophylla × C. avellan were affected by both varieties and salt stress. Xinzhen 2 displayed stronger growth and photosynthetic physiological adaptability to salt stress, showing stronger salt tolerance than the other two varieties.


Assuntos
Corylus , Plântula , Fluorescência , Fotossíntese , Estresse Salino , Estresse Fisiológico
3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 353, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The PHOSPHATE1 (PHO1) gene family plays diverse roles in inorganic phosphate (Pi) transfer and signal transduction, and plant development. However, the functions and diversification of soybean PHO1 family are poorly understood. RESULTS: Cultivated soybean (Glycine max) was domesticated from wild soybean (Glycine soja). To illuminate their roles in this evolutionary process, we comparatively investigated the G. max PHO1 genes (GmPHO1) in Suinong 14 (SN14) and G. soja PHO1 genes (GsPHO1) in ZYD00006 (ZYD6). The sequences of the orthologous Gm-GsPHO1 pairs were grouped into two Classes. The expression of Class I in both SN14 and ZYD6 was widely but relatively high in developing fruits, whereas Class II was predominantly expressed in the roots. The whole family displayed diverse response patterns to salt stresses and Pi-starvation in roots. Between SN14 and ZYD6, most PHO1 genes responded similarly to salinity stresses, and half had sharp contrasts in response to Pi-starvation, which corroborated the differential response capacities to salinity and low-Pi stress between SN14 and ZYD6. Furthermore, in transgenic Arabidopsis plants, most Class II members and GmPHO1;H9 from Class I could enhance salt tolerance, while only two Class II genes (GmPHO1;H4 and GmPHO1;H8) differently altered sensitivity to Pi-starvation. The expression of critical genes was accordingly altered in either salt or Pi signaling pathways in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. CONCLUSIONS: Our work identifies some PHO1 genes as promising genetic materials for soybean improvement, and suggests that expression variation is decisive to functional divergence of the orthologous Gm-GsPHO1 pairs, which plays an adaptive role during soybean evolution.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia , Soja/genética , Adaptação Fisiológica , Arabidopsis/genética , Evolução Molecular , Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Estresse Salino/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Soja/metabolismo
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 291: 121914, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377507

RESUMO

Dynamics of nitrification activity, ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and bacteria (AOB) abundance and active ammonia oxidizers of activated sludge were explored under different salinities. Results showed that specific ammonium oxidation rates were significantly negative with increasing salinity. The responses of AOA and AOB populations to salt stress were distinct. AOA abundance decreased at moderate salinities (2.5, 5 and 7 g L-1) and increased at high salinities (10, 15, 20 and 30 g L-1), while AOB abundance showed opposite tendency. DNA-based stable isotope probing assays indicated AOA exclusively dominated active ammonia oxidation of test samples under different salinities. The active AOA communities retrieved were all non-halophilic and regulated by salinities. Candidatus Nitrosocosmicus exaquare and Ca. Nitrosocosmicus franklandus were the predominantly active AOA in both salt-free and salt-containing microcosms, while 13C-labeled Nitrososphaera viennensis and Ca. Nitrososphaera gargensis were only retrieved from the microcosms amended with 0 and 30 g L-1 salinity, respectively.


Assuntos
Amônia , Esgotos , Archaea , DNA , Isótopos , Nitrificação , Oxirredução , Filogenia , Estresse Salino , Microbiologia do Solo
5.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 367, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adaptation to abiotic stresses is crucial for the survival of perennial plants in a natural environment. However, very little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Here, we adopted a liquid culture system to investigate plant adaptation to repeated salt stress in Populus trees. RESULTS: We first evaluated phenotypic responses and found that plants exhibit better stress tolerance after pre-treatment of salt stress. Time-course RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was then performed to profile changes in gene expression over 12 h of salt treatments. Analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) indicated that significant transcriptional reprogramming and adaptation to repeated salt treatment occurred. Clustering analysis identified two modules of co-expressed genes that were potentially critical for repeated salt stress adaptation, and one key module for salt stress response in general. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis identified pathways including hormone signaling, cell wall biosynthesis and modification, negative regulation of growth, and epigenetic regulation to be highly enriched in these gene modules. CONCLUSIONS: This study illustrates phenotypic and transcriptional adaptation of Populus trees to salt stress, revealing novel gene modules which are potentially critical for responding and adapting to salt stress.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Populus/genética , Estresse Salino/genética , Transcrição Genética , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Genoma de Planta , Fenótipo , Populus/fisiologia , RNA de Plantas , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma , Árvores/genética , Árvores/fisiologia
6.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 370, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidences show that SPLs are crucial regulators of plant abiotic stress tolerance and the highly conserved module miR156/SPL appears to balance plant growth and stress responses. The halophyte Tamarix chinensis is highly resistant to salt tress. SPLs of T. chinensis (TcSPLs) and theirs roles in salt stress responses remain elusive. RESULTS: In this study, we conducted a systematic analysis of the TcSPLs gene family including 12 members belonging to 7 groups. The physicochemical properties and conserved motifs showed divergence among groups and similarity in each group. The microRNA response elements (MREs) are conserved in location and sequence, with the exception of first MRE within TcSPL5. The miR156-targeted SPLs are identified by dual-luciferase reporter assay of MRE-miR156 interaction. The digital expression gene profiles cluster suggested potential different functions of miR156-targeted SPLs vs non-targeted SPLs in response to salt stress. The expression patterns analysis of miR156-targeted SPLs with a reverse expression trend to TcmiR156 suggested 1 h (salt stress time) could be a critical time point of post-transcription regulation in salt stress responses. CONCLUSIONS: Our work demonstrated the post-transcription regulation of miR156-targeted TcSPLs and transcription regulation of non-targeted TcSPLs in salt stress responses, and would be helpful to expound the miR156/SPL-mediated molecular mechanisms underlying T. chinensis salt stress tolerance.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia , RNA de Plantas/fisiologia , Estresse Salino/genética , Tamaricaceae/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/fisiologia , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Sequência Conservada , Genes de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Transcriptoma
7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 182: 109431, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301593

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine the response of soil archaeal communities to saline stress in different types of Cd-contaminated soils from the North China Plain. Increased soil salinity by addition of 0.5% sodium salts (NaCl: Na2SO4: NaHCO3: Na2CO3 = 1:9:9:1) increased available Cd concentration, resulting in decreased ratios of Cd2+/CdT and CdSO4/CdT and increased ratios of CdCln2-n/CdT in soil solution. Soil saline stress decreased archaeal abundance and diversity and changed major soil archaeal taxa. For example, increased saline stress enriched taxa in the archaeal phyla Thaumarchaeota and Euryarchaeota, and these enriched tolerant taxa had much stronger correlations with soil properties, such as soil pH, EC or Na+. In addition, some microbes with low abundances like Bathyarchaeia (no rank) and Candidatus Nitrosotenuis were found to closely correlate with soil pH, EC, Na+, and Cl-, indicating they might play disproportionate roles in regulating ecological functions in stressed habitats. These results suggest that saline stress modified the effect of Cd toxicity on soil archaeal communities in different types of Cd-contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Archaea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio/toxicidade , Estresse Salino , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Archaea/fisiologia , Cádmio/química , China , Solução Salina , Salinidade , Cloreto de Sódio , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/química
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(12): 2444-2451, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359709

RESUMO

We studied the seed germination of Astragalus membranaceus under PEG and Na Cl osmotic stress gradients( 0,-0. 1,-0. 3,-0. 5,-0. 7 MPa) respectively applied with light( continuous light,light 12 h/dark 12 h circulation and continuous dark) and temperature( constant 15 ℃,15 ℃ 12 h/30 ℃ 12 h circulation and constant 30 ℃) treatments. The results showed as following: ① Under the light and temperature interactive treatments,total germination percentage( TGP) was restrained by high temperature and continuous light also decreased TGP under high temperature. Mean germination time( MGT) was not changed by light mode. Root development was enhanced by dark and low temperature. Shoot development was enhanced by light and high temperature. Hypocotyl length was enhanced by dark and high temperature. ② Under the light and temperature interactive treatments combined respectively with PEG and NaCl stress conditions,although the inhibitions of seed germination and growth were gradually strengthened with the increases of osmotic stresses,slight osmotic stress can promote seed germination. Under the same osmotic potential,the effects of PEG on TGPs and MGTs were stronger than that of NaCl. As the temperature increase,the seeds may change from photo-neutrality to photo-phobia. Decreased TGP under drought and continuous light interactive treatment is an adaptation strategy to avoiding drought. Hypocotyl growth accelerated under continuous dark treatment is an ecological trait which could increase dry matter input in stem and height for more light. Seed development under high concentration of NaCl treatment is better than that of PEG treatment due to low water potential caused by Na~+,which can enter into seed coat and promote water absorption.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus/fisiologia , Secas , Germinação , Estresse Salino , Sementes/fisiologia , Astragalus propinquus/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Sementes/efeitos da radiação , Temperatura Ambiente
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(12): 2452-2458, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359710

RESUMO

Exogenous calcium can enhance the resistance of certain plants to abiotic stress. Research have demonstrated that exogenous calcium could enhances the resistance of honeysuckle under salt stress by promoting the transmission of photosynthetic electrons.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exogenous calcium on the contents of Na~+,K~+,Ca~(2+),Mg~(2+)and the expression of photosynthetic related genes Cab and rbc L. In this study,we used ICP-OES to analysis ion contents and used qRT-PCR to analysis the expression patterns of Cab and rbc L. The results showed that CaCl_2 significantly enhanced the K~+-Na~+,Ca~(2+)-Na~+,Mg~(2+)-Na+ratio of honeysuckle treated with 50 and 100 mmol·L~(-1) NaCl. Meanwhile,Cab and rbc L were significantly up-regulated under short-term salt stress,and CaCl_2 promoted this trend. From the two gene expression patterns,rbc L rapidly up-regulated on the first day of stress and then decreased,and was more sensitive to environmental changes. In summary,exogenous calcium could alleviate salt stress and increase plant development by increasing intracellular K~+-Na~+,Ca~(2+)-Na~+,Mg~(2+)-Na+ratio,and the transient overexpression of Cab and rbc L.


Assuntos
Cálcio/fisiologia , Lonicera/fisiologia , Fotossíntese , Estresse Salino , Cátions/análise
10.
Plant Sci ; 286: 28-36, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300139

RESUMO

MYB family genes act as important regulators modulating the response to abiotic stress in plants. However, much less is known about MYB proteins in cotton. Here, we found that a cotton MYB gene, GhMYB73, was induced by NaCl and abscisic acid (ABA). Silencing GhMYB73 expression in cotton increased sensitivity to salt stress. The cotyledon greening rate of Arabidopsis thaliana over-expressing GhMYB73 under NaCl or mannitol treatment was significantly enhanced during the seedling germination stage. What's more, several osmotic stress-induced genes, such as AtNHX1, AtSOS3 and AtP5CS1, were more highly induced in the over-expression lines than in wild type under salt treatment, supporting the hypothesis that GhMYB73 contributes to salinity tolerance by improving osmotic stress resistance. Arabidopsis lines over-expressing GhMYB73 had superior germination and cotyledon greening under ABA treatment, and some abiotic stress-induced genes involved in ABA pathways (AtPYL8, AtABF3, AtRD29B and AtABI5), had increased transcription levels under salt-stress conditions in these lines. Furthermore, we found that GhMYB73 physically interacts with GhPYL8 and AtPYL8, suggesting that GhMYB73 regulates ABA signaling during salinity stress response. Taken together, over-expression of GhMYB73 significantly increases tolerance to salt and ABA stress, indicating that it can potentially be used in transgenic technology approaches to improve cotton salt tolerance.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Gossypium/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Estresse Salino/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Inativação Gênica , Genes myb , Gossypium/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 331, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salt stress is one of the environmental factors that greatly limits crop production worldwide because high salt concentrations in the soil affect morphological responses and physiological and metabolic processes, including root morphology and photosynthetic characteristics. Soil aeration has been reported to accelerate the growth of plants and increase crop yield. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of 3 NaCl salinity levels (28, 74 and 120 mM) and 3 aeration volume levels (2.3, 4.6 and 7.0 L/pot) versus non-aeration and salinity treatments on the root morphology, photosynthetic characteristics and chlorophyll content of potted tomato plants. RESULTS: The results showed that both aeration volume and salinity level affected the root parameters, photosynthetic characteristics and chlorophyll content of potted tomato plants. The total length, surface area and volume of roots increased with the increase in aeration volume under each NaCl stress level. The effect was more marked in the fine roots (especially in ≤1 mm diameter roots). Under each NaCl stress level, the photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll content of tomato significantly increased in response to the aeration treatments. The net photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll a and t content increased by 39.6, 26.9, and 17.9%, respectively, at 7.0 L/pot aeration volume compared with no aeration in the 28 mM NaCl treatment. We also found that aeration could reduce the death rate of potted tomato plants under high salinity stress conditions (120 mM NaCl). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the negative effect of NaCl stress can be offset by soil aeration. Soil aeration can promote root growth and increase the photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll content, thus promoting plant growth and reducing the plant death rate under NaCl stress conditions.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum/fisiologia , Fotossíntese , Raízes de Plantas/anatomia & histologia , Clorofila/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/anatomia & histologia , Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia , Salinidade , Estresse Salino , Solo
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 182: 109347, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254854

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of industrial solid wastes (ISWs) and salinity on growth and heavy metals uptake by cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). The soil was treated with 5% and 10% of the ceramic factory (CFW), stone cutting (SCW) and sugar factory (SFW) wastes. Plant of cucumber was grown under greenhouse conditions in control and ISWs treated soils and stressed with electrical conductivities of 0, 4 and 8 dS m-1. Plants were harvested after 2 months and separated into root, shoot, and fruit. Then, dry weights and heavy metals contents in each fraction of plants were determined. The addition of all ISWs in soil increased total heavy metals content in the soil. In all treatments, growth parameters of cucumber decreased when irrigated with saline waters. As compared to control soil, the addition of CFW and SCW to soil decreased plant dry weight, while, it was improved with the addition of the SFW. The result of plant analysis showed that there was an increase in the contents of heavy metals (except Cr) in all parts of cucumber with the addition of ISWs. Salinity decreased the content of Zn uptake and increased another heavy metal uptake by all parts of the plants. The application of ISWs and salinity did not show a significant effect on bioconcentration (BCF) and transfer factor (TF) of heavy metals in plants. The health risk index (HRI) values of all heavy metals for both adults and children were found to be less than 1, so, the health risk of heavy metal for people who consume cucumber grown in these industrial areas was generally assumed to be safe.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Estresse Salino , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Salinidade , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Resíduos Sólidos/análise
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 686: 107-117, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176810

RESUMO

Soil salinity is one of the serious environmental issues worldwide. In the present study, we made an attempt to isolate endophytic actinobacteria from halophyte and evaluate their growth promoting ability in Arabidopsis thaliana under salt stress through transcriptomic analysis. Two endophytic strains SYSU 333322 and SYSU 333140 were isolated and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis suggests that these strains belong to Arthrobacter endophyticus and Nocardiopsis alba, respectively. To evaluate the growth promoting ability of two strains in Arabidopsis thaliana four experimental set up were designed. Set up designated s322 and s140 includes strains SYSU 333322 and SYSU 333140, respectively inoculated with A. thaliana under salt stress; set up designated MS322 and MS140 includes strains SYSU 333322 and SYSU 333140, respectively inoculated with A. thaliana without salt stress; MS includes seedlings without bacterial strains and salt stress; C150 includes seedlings grown in 150 mmol L-1NaCl. A. endophyticus strain SYSU 333322 and N. alba strain SYSU 333140 were efficient to promote A. thaliana growth under salt stress A. endophyticus strain SYSU 333322 was more efficient than N. alba strain SYSU 333140 for growth promotion. Although A. endophyticus strain SYSU 333322 and N. alba strain SYSU 333140 were isolated from the same host, their mechanism of growth promotion in A. thaliana under salt stress was different. Gene encoding for chlorophyll a reductase, peptide-methionine (R)-S-oxide reductase, and potassium ion uptake were up-regulated when A. thaliana inoculated with strain SYSU 333322 and SYSU 333140 under salt stress. Pathways such as carotenoid biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, glycerolipid metabolism, and nitrogen metabolism played a crucial role in enhancing the salt stress tolerance of A. thaliana. Our results suggest that different bacteria have a different mechanism to promote plant growth under salt stress and hence it is necessary to understand the mechanism to overcome soil salinity problem.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Endófitos/genética , Arabidopsis/microbiologia , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Rizosfera , Estresse Salino/fisiologia , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Transcriptoma
15.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 141: 325-331, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207493

RESUMO

Type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2Cs) counteract protein kinases, thereby inhibiting the abscisic acid (ABA)-mediated response to abiotic stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. In the absence of stress, the promoters of PP2C genes (e.g., ABI1, ABI2, and HAI1) are negatively regulated by repressors that suppress gene transcription in a signal-independent manner. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays revealed that the levels of PP2C gene transcripts and RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) that stalled at the transcription start sites (TSS) of PP2C gene loci were increased under salt stress. The salt-induced increases in RNA polymerase-mediated transcription were reduced in 35S:AtMYB44 plants, confirming that AtMYB44 acts as a repressor of PP2C gene transcription. ChIP assays revealed that AtMYB44 repressors are released and nucleosomes are evicted from the promoter regions in response to salt stress. Under these conditions, histone H3 acetylation (H3ac) and methylation (H3K4me3) around the TSS regions significantly increased. The salt-induced increases in PP2C gene transcription were reduced in abf3 plants, indicating that ABF3 activates PP2C gene transcription. Overall, our data indicate that salt stress converts PP2C gene chromatin from a repressor-associated suppression status to an activator-mediated transcription status. In addition, we observed that the Arabidopsis mutant brm-3, which is moderately defective in SWI2/SNF2 chromatin remodeling ATPase BRAHMA (BRM) activity, produced more PP2C gene transcripts under salt stress conditions, indicating that BRM ATPase contributes to the repression of PP2C gene transcription.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Cromatina/química , Nucleossomos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/metabolismo , Estresse Salino , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina , Metilação de DNA , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Estresse Fisiológico , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética
16.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 141: 343-352, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207495

RESUMO

Plant U-box (PUB) E3 ubiquitin ligases play crucial roles in the plant response to abiotic stress and the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, but little is known about them in bryophytes. Here, a representative U-box armadillo repeat (PUB-ARM) ubiquitin E3 ligase from Antarctic moss Pohlia nutans (PnSAG1), was explored for its role in abiotic stress response in Arabidopsis thaliana and Physcomitrella patens. The expression of PnSAG1 was rapidly induced by exogenous abscisic acid (ABA), salt, cold and drought stresses. PnSAG1 was localized to the cytoplasm and showed E3 ubiquitin ligase activity by in vitro ubiquitination assay. The PnSAG1-overexpressing Arabidopsis enhanced the sensitivity with respect to ABA and salt stress during seed germination and early root growth. Similarly, heterogeneous overexpression of PnSAG1 in P. patens was more sensitive to the salinity and ABA in their gametophyte growth. The analysis by RT-qPCR revealed that the expression of salt stress/ABA-related genes were downregulated in PnSAG1-overexpressing plants after salt treatment. Taken together, our results indicated that PnSAG1 plays a negative role in plant response to ABA and salt stress.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Briófitas/enzimologia , Bryopsida/fisiologia , Estresse Salino , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Regiões Antárticas , Arabidopsis/genética , Briófitas/genética , Bryopsida/genética , Biologia Computacional , Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Células Germinativas Vegetais/metabolismo , Germinação , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 141: 398-406, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228796

RESUMO

The fruticose epiphytic lichen Seirophora villosa, strictly associated with Juniperus shrublands in the Mediterranean basin, was used to investigate the role of hairiness on a lichen thallus, as a characteristic morphological trait. We evaluated the effect of hair removal on the physiological parameters of a set of samples, during desiccation and on exposure to different salt concentrations. Hairy thalli were less affected by salt, suggesting that during dehydration, the presence of hair protects the thallus from light irradiance, oxidative stresses and the lipid peroxidation generated by free radicals, and could offer passive, but selective, water control. Our results showed that hair could not only increase thallus surface and promote water absorption when availability is low, but could also repel the salt dissolved in water by activating a passive resistance mechanism, by preventing salt entering.


Assuntos
Clorofila A/química , Líquens/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Estresse Salino , Antioxidantes/química , Carotenoides/química , Clorófitas/fisiologia , Desidratação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Malondialdeído/química , Região do Mediterrâneo , Fotossíntese , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água/química
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 289: 121644, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238289

RESUMO

The genus Scenedesmus harbors around 120 species, and some strains have been successfully used for mass culture and biotechnological applications. Considering the potential of this genus as a promising feedstock for production of biofuels, mainly biodiesel, it was evaluated the combined effects of trace elements, salinity stress and different cultivation modes (single batch, semi-continuous, and two-stage batch) on lipid productivity of the freshwater strains S. obliquus BR003 and S. bajacalifornicus BR024. Cultivation of BR003 and BR024 applying culture medium supplemented with trace elements and salt stress sustained a higher production of lipids. However, S. obliquus BR003 and S. bajacalifornicus BR024 showed different concentrations of neutral and total lipids when cultivated in batch-based and semi-continuous modes, and the batch-based modes were preferred for the production of lipids and carbohydrates. Consequently, different cultivation strategies coupled with slight salt stress improve the lipid productivity in Scenedesmus strains.


Assuntos
Scenedesmus , Oligoelementos , Biocombustíveis , Biomassa , Lipídeos , Estresse Salino
19.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(7): 1124-1136, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216607

RESUMO

Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses that cause reduction of plant growth and crop productivity. It has been reported that plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) could confer abiotic stress tolerance to plants. In a previous study, we screened bacterial strains capable of enhancing plant health under abiotic stresses and identified these strains based on 16s rRNA sequencing analysis. In this study, we investigated the effects of two selected strains, Bacillus aryabhattai H19-1 and B. mesonae H20-5, on responses of tomato plants against salinity stress. As a result, they alleviated decrease in plant growth and chlorophyll content; only strain H19-1 increased carotenoid content compared to that in untreated plants under salinity stress. Strains H19-1 and H20-5 significantly decreased electrolyte leakage, whereas they increased Ca2+ content compared to that in the untreated control. Our results also indicated that H20-5-treated plants accumulated significantly higher levels of proline, abscisic acid (ABA), and antioxidant enzyme activities compared to untreated and H19-1-treated plants during salinity stress. Moreover, strain H20-5 upregulated 9-cisepoxycarotenoid dioxygenase 1 (NCED1) and abscisic acid-response element-binding proteins 1 (AREB1) genes, otherwise strain H19-1 downregulated AREB1 in tomato plants after the salinity challenge. These findings demonstrated that strains H19-1 and H20-5 induced ABA-independent and -dependent salinity tolerance, respectively, in tomato plants, therefore these strains can be used as effective bio-fertilizers for sustainable agriculture.


Assuntos
Bacillus/fisiologia , Lycopersicon esculentum/fisiologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Tolerância ao Sal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Prolina/metabolismo , Estresse Salino
20.
Microbiol Res ; 223-225: 33-43, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178049

RESUMO

Mangroves, dominating tropical intertidal zones and estuaries, are among the most salt tolerant plants, and propagate through reproductive units called propagules. Similarly to plant seeds, propagules may harbor beneficial bacteria. Our hypothesis was that mangroves, being able to grow into seawater, should harbor bacteria able to interact with the host and to exert positive effects under salt stress, which could be exploited to improve crop production. Therefore, we isolated bacterial endophytes from mangrove propagules with the aim to test whether these bacteria have a beneficial potential on their natural host and on different crops such as barley and rice, cultivated under salt stress. The 172 bacterial isolates obtained were screened for plant growth promotion (PGP) activities in vitro, and the 12 most promising isolates were tested on barley under non-axenic conditions and salt stress. Gordonia terrae KMP456-M40 was the best performing isolate, increasing ear weight by 65%. Based on the in vivo PGP activity and the root colonization ability, investigated by fluorescence in situ hybridization and confocal microscopy, three strains were additionally tested on mangrove propagule germination and on rice growth. The most effective strain was again G. terrae KMP456-M40, which enhanced the root length of mangrove seedlings and the biomass of salt-stressed rice under axenic conditions up to 65% and 62%, respectively. We demonstrated that propagules, the reproductive units of mangroves, host beneficial bacteria that enhance the potential of mangrove seedlings establishment and confer salt tolerance to cereal crops.


Assuntos
Produtos Agrícolas , Grão Comestível/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Endófitos/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Estresse Salino , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Biomassa , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Genótipo , Germinação , Hordeum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hordeum/microbiologia , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Oryza/microbiologia , Pressão Osmótica , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Salinidade , Tolerância ao Sal , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/microbiologia , Arábia Saudita , Água do Mar , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/microbiologia , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Áreas Alagadas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA