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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 16-20, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915330

RESUMO

Now a days depression is one of the leading cause of disabilities all over the world. Depression leads to a wide range of disorders and affects people of all communities. Medical students pass through a relatively high level of stress. Several studies revealed that anxiety and depression is significantly prevalent among medical students and often it persists even when they become physicians. The study was designed with an aim to estimate the prevalence of depression among the medical students of Bangladesh. The cross sectional descriptive type of observational study was conducted among randomly selected 399 Bangladeshi students of third year MBBS from six (6) randomly selected public medical colleges of Bangladesh from February 2017 to July 2017. Data were collected by a semi-structured self-administered questionnaire containing Beck's Depression Inventory. Data were entered and analyzed by SPSS version 20.0. Among 399 medical students, 45.6% were male and 54.4% were female. Regarding presence of depression among the medical students, 35.8% students had normal score. More than one fourth of the students (25.1%) had mild mood disturbance. Borderline clinical depression was found in 15.5% and moderate depression was found in 18.0% of the students. Severe depression was found in 5.3% students and one (0.3%) student was suffering from extreme depression. Overall 39.1% students were suffering from different levels of depression. Depression was prevalent more in female students (45.6%) than male students (31.3%). Suicidal tendency was present in 18.8% students. Among them 14.3% had thoughts of killing themselves but they would not carry them out; 3% would like to kill themselves and 1.5% would kill themselves if they had the chance. Suicidal tendency was also a bit higher in female students (19.3%) than male students (18.1%). A significant number (39.1%) of medical students of Bangladesh are suffering from depression and many of them (18.8%) have suicidal tendency which demands immediate attention of the authority. The findings of the study warrant a need for psychiatric counseling and support services for vulnerable students.


Assuntos
Depressão/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
J Vet Med Educ ; 46(4): 438-448, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756148

RESUMO

The stress of veterinary school and the high prevalence of psychological distress among veterinary students have been well documented. Pet ownership is known to improve overall health and reduce stress among the public. Yet, for veterinary students, owning a pet (especially a dog) can offer both rewards and challenges. The academic schedule for veterinary students often comprises long hours that can make caring for a dog challenging. This study explores the area of veterinary students' dog care options and perspectives by examining two aspects of this issue: (a) currently available options, as reported by academic administrators, and (b) perceived need for these options, as reported by veterinary students. A survey of associate deans for academic affairs (n = 30) found that routine on-site kenneling options for student-owned dogs are available at eight (26.6%) veterinary schools. Simultaneously, results of a student survey (n = 768) revealed a great desire for on-campus services. Among students who did not have access to on-campus kenneling facilities, 71.5% (453 of 634) felt that creating these options would be important or very important. Across all students surveyed, 76% (581 of 764) felt it would be important to have on-site dog housing/care available. Students experience considerable stress over having to find accommodations or care for their dogs while engaged in academic activities. Thus, providing on-site boarding and care options for student-owned dogs can play an important role in both recruiting prospective veterinary students and enhancing the well-being of those currently in the program.


Assuntos
Educação em Veterinária , Propriedade , Animais de Estimação/psicologia , Faculdades de Medicina Veterinária/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Neuropsychiatr ; 33(4): 207-211, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Learning, competence development and scientific thinking in medicine need several strategies to facilitate new diagnostic and therapeutic ways. The optimal collaboration between creative thinking and biomedical informatics provides innovation for the individual patient and for a medical school or society. Utilizing the flexibilities of an e­learning platform, a case based blended learning (CBBL) framework consisting of A) case based textbook material, B) online e­CBL with question driven learning scenarios and C) simulated patient (SP) contact seminars was developed and implemented in multiple medical fields. Real-life clinical cases were anonymized and transferred into an interactive and an interdisciplinary eLearning platform. METHODS: As an example of the offered clinical teaching-case collection, an example of a psychiatric case for the disease "posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)" is presented: a 30-year-old man with a history of insomnia with difficulties in falling asleep and sleeping through, nightmares, nervousness and psychomotor restlessness. The students are challenged to identify possible differential diagnoses and further get to know the patient's personal history (loss of relatives due to war, torture and flight from home country). Further, the students are guided through the principles of fear conditioning including translational aspects like neurotransmitter signaling of PTSD pathomechanism (translational and research aspects like dopamine transporter gene polymorphism, long term potentiation and synaptic signaling). RESULTS/CONCLUSION: The case presentation comprises different learning aspects: First, declarative knowledge has to be acquired and collected in basic medical sciences, knowledge that is in fact available and can be accessed on the conscious and preconscious level in long-term memory. Second, associative learning leads to the formation of neuronal connections and is an important way of learning and discovering, founded in neural associations. Third, polythematic-crosslinking thinking is needed as ability to link information in a meaningful way. These steps are a typical intellectual ability of gifted learners and researchers that combine previously seemingly unrelated areas to each other and drive innovation.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Instrução por Computador , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Educação Médica , Humanos , Masculino , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
9.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(11): 1509-1515, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719272

RESUMO

Background: Blood is the most donated tissue in medical practice and a veritable tool in many life-saving situations if used appropriately and judiciously. Despite the increased demand for blood, the supply of safe blood has been inadequate. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the perception and attitude toward voluntary non-remunerated blood donation among medical students in Abakaliki. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, between October 2017 and March 2018. Stratified and simple random sampling technique was used to recruit participants from among medical students using pretested, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 20. Results: A total of 158 medical students who participated in the study were made up of 90 (57%) males and 68 (43%) females. The most prevalent age group was 20-25 years. Most of the participants, 151 (95.6%), were single. The proportion of the participants who had good knowledge about voluntary blood donation was 72.8%, while the attitudes of the respondents were positive to most aspects of blood donation considered. However, participants were found to have poor practice of voluntary blood donation as only 56 of 158 (35.4%) had ever donated blood. Conclusion: The majority of the participants have good knowledge and positive attitude toward voluntary non-remunerated blood donation. However, their practice of voluntary blood donation was poor. Sustained awareness creation and enlightenment is relevant to influence the masses to have better knowledge and positive attitudes toward voluntary non-remunerated blood donation with improved blood donation practices.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Altruísmo , Conscientização , Doadores de Sangue/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Percepção , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Voluntários
11.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1363, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This scoping review summarizes the existing literature regarding the mental health of physicians and physicians-in-training and explores what types of mental health concerns are discussed in the literature, what is their prevalence among physicians, what are the causes of mental health concerns in physicians, what effects mental health concerns have on physicians and their patients, what interventions can be used to address them, and what are the barriers to seeking and providing care for physicians. This review aims to improve the understanding of physicians' mental health, identify gaps in research, and propose evidence-based solutions. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was conducted using Arksey and O'Malley's framework, which examined peer-reviewed articles published in English during 2008-2018 with a focus on North America. Data were summarized quantitatively and thematically. RESULTS: A total of 91 articles meeting eligibility criteria were reviewed. Most of the literature was specific to burnout (n = 69), followed by depression and suicidal ideation (n = 28), psychological harm and distress (n = 9), wellbeing and wellness (n = 8), and general mental health (n = 3). The literature had a strong focus on interventions, but had less to say about barriers for seeking help and the effects of mental health concerns among physicians on patient care. CONCLUSIONS: More research is needed to examine a broader variety of mental health concerns in physicians and to explore barriers to seeking care. The implication of poor physician mental health on patients should also be examined more closely. Finally, the reviewed literature lacks intersectional and longitudinal studies, as well as evaluations of interventions offered to improve mental wellbeing of physicians.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Humanos , América do Norte
12.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(6): 887-897, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An unintended consequence of medical technologies is loss of personal interactions and humanism between patients and their healthcare providers, leading to depersonalisation of medicine. As humanism is not integrated as part of formal postgraduate anaesthesiology education curricula, our goal was to design, introduce, and evaluate a comprehensive humanism curriculum into anaesthesiology training. METHODS: Subject-matter experts developed and delivered the humanism curriculum, which included interactive workshops, simulation sessions, formal feedback, and patient immersion experience. The effectiveness of the programme was evaluated using pre- and post-curriculum assessments in first-year postgraduate trainee doctors (residents). RESULTS: The anaesthesiology residents reported high satisfaction scores. Pre-/post-Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy showed an increase in empathy ratings with a median improvement of 12 points (range; P=0.013). After training, patients rated the residents as more empathetic (31 [4] vs 22 [5]; P<0.001; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 7-12) and professional (47 [3] vs 35 [8]; P<0.001; 95% CI: 9-16). Patient overall satisfaction with their anaesthesia provider improved after training (51 [6] vs 37 [10]; P<0.001; 95% CI: 10-18). Patients rated their anxiety lower in the post-training period compared with pretraining (1.8 [2.3] vs 3.6 [1.6]; P=0.001; 95% CI: 0.8-2.9). Patient-reported pain scores decreased after training (2.3 [2.5] vs 3.8 [2.1]; P=0.010; 95% CI: 0.4-2.8). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a humanism curriculum during postgraduate anaesthesiology training was well accepted, and can result in increased physician empathy and professionalism. This may improve patient pain, anxiety, and overall satisfaction with perioperative care.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/educação , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Currículo , Humanismo , Internato e Residência , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesiologia/métodos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Georgian Med News ; (292-293): 57-65, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560664

RESUMO

Research objective - justification of efficiency of the comprehensive program with use of projective techniques in prevention auto-destructive behavior of students. Psychodiagnostic testing of individual and psychological features of the personality and an emotional condition of students before holding preventive actions are conducted. 40 students of medical college at the age of 17-20 with signs of disadaptation participated in a research. In work psychodiagnostic tests "the Questionnaire of EPQ", HADS, the questionnaire "SAN", "Hans Schmischek's Questionnaire", M. Zuckerman's technique "A scale of search of thrills" are used. Criterion of efficiency of preventive actions with use of projective techniques was increase in number of examinees with normal indicators of an emotional state due to decrease in number of examinees with manifestations of uneasiness and depressiveness. The last in turn influence indicators of health, activity and mood of students.


Assuntos
Determinação da Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Personalidade , Técnicas Projetivas , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adolescente , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
17.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 70(4): 337-343, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561924

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine medical students' and radiologists' attitude toward radiology electives at a distributed medical school and identify specific areas for improvement. METHODS: During a single academic year, both students and faculty preceptors were surveyed anonymously following a senior radiology elective. The survey was based on an established theoretical framework for studying the educational environment which takes into account domains: (1) goal orientation, (2) organization/regulation, and (3) relationships. Mann-Whitney tests were performed to determine if there was any difference between the overall satisfaction of students and preceptors, responses from the different elective sites and students' ratings of the domains. Statistical significance was set at P < .05. Thematic analysis was performed on the narrative comments to identify specific challenges. RESULTS: The response rate was 82.0% for students (95/116) and 19.5% (31/159) for radiologists. There was no difference in responses based on elective site. Overall, the elective was viewed positively by both groups however students rated their experience as significantly better than their preceptors (P = .0012). Students viewed the relationships domain more positively than both the other two (goal orientation, P = .0001; organization/regulation, P = .0038). Thematic analysis identified that the student challenges were lack of autonomy, structured teaching, and preceptor continuity and the preceptor challenges were ambiguous learning objectives/expectations and insufficient resources. CONCLUSIONS: The radiology elective challenges identified in this study provide educators with specific areas to target when updating radiology electives. A better elective experience may improve students' radiology knowledge and attitude towards the specialty as well as radiologists' interest in teaching.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Radiologistas/psicologia , Radiologia/educação , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547407

RESUMO

Global concerns persist regarding the shortage and misdistribution of health workers in rural and remote areas. Medical education is an important input channel of human resources for health. This study aimed to identify the association between medical graduates' job choices for rural practice and their initial intentions when they began to look for a job in China. Data were extracted from a cross-sectional survey among medical students in ten western provinces in China in 2013. Only medical students who were in the last year of study (i.e., medical graduates) and had found a job were included in this study. Of the 482 participants, 61.04% (293) presented an initial intention of rural practice when they began to look for a job, and 68.88% (332) made a final job choice for rural practice. However, of the 332 graduates with a final job choice of rural practice, only 213 (64.55%) had an initial intention. A univariate association was identified in which medical graduates who were more likely to make final job choices for rural practice were those having initial intentions (OR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.08-2.36); however, after adjusting for controlled variables, it became insignificant and was reduced to a 1.31-fold increase (95% CI: 0.82-2.07). The initial intentions of medical graduates are not assurance of ultimate job outcomes, and it cannot be deduced that all medical graduates who made a final job choice for rural practice had authentic desires for rural practice. Twenty years of age or below, low-income families, majoring in non-clinical medicine, and studying in a junior medical college or below were associated with medical graduates' final job choices for rural practice. More studies are required on how to translate medical student's intention of rural medical practice into reality and how to retain these graduates via a job choice in rural practice in the future.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Intenção , Serviços de Saúde Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Med Educ Online ; 24(1): 1666537, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532330

RESUMO

Patients want empathetic physicians who listen and understand. How do you teach and measure empathy? Medical educators, including those inspired by Alan Alda, have turned to theater to teach skills in empathetic communication. Improvisation-informedcurriculum (medical improv) draws upon foundational actors training: deep listening, emotional understanding, connections, authenticity. Arating scale to measure the impact of medical improv on empathetic and clear communication does not exist. Objective: To develop aframework and instrument, the Empathy and Clarity Rating Scale (ECRS), for measuring communication elements used by actors and physicians, and pilot ECRS to test effectiveness of medical improv on first-yearstudents' communication skills. Design: Four medical schools collaborated. USMLE Step 2 Communication and Interpersonal Skills (CIS) domains were used as framework for discussion among three focus groups, each with clinicians, actors, communication experts, and community members with patient experience. Audiotaped discussions were transcribed; open coding procedures located emerging themes. The initial coding scheme was compared with the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure. ECRS content was aligned with CARE, CIS and focus group themes. Modified nominal processes were conducted to finalize the scale. We implemented procedures to establish content validity and interrater reliability. Final ECRS was used to study student performance across three levels of experience with medical improv. Results: The final ECRS was comprised of seven five-pointscale items. Narrative comments precede behaviorally anchored ratings: 5=desired, 1=ineffective, 2-4=developing based upon adjustment needed. Rater agreement across all items was 84%. There was asmall correlation between the ECRS and another measure interviewing (r=0.262, p=0.003). Students with advanced medical improv training outperformed those without (F=3.51, p=.042). Conclusion: Acommunication scale enlightened by experiences of actors, clinicians, scholars and patients has been developed. The ECRS has potential to detect the impact of medical improv on development of empathetic and clear communication.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Empatia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Competência Profissional , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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