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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 52, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health professionals are known to use various combinations of knowledge and skills, such as critical thinking, clinical reasoning, clinical judgment, problem-solving, and decision-making, in conducting clinical practice. Clinical reasoning development is influenced by knowledge and experience, the more knowledge and experience, the more sophisticated clinical reasoning will be. However, clinical reasoning research in dentistry shows varying results . AIMS: This study aims to observe the clinical reasoning pattern of undergraduate dental students when solving oral health problems, and their accordance with their knowledge acquisition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This qualitative study employed the think-aloud method and the result was assessed through verbal protocol analyses. Five respondents from final year dental undergraduate students were agreed to participate. A unique hypothetical clinical scenario was used as a trigger. The audio data were transcribed, interpreted, and categorized as a clinical reasoning pattern; and the concept maps created were assessed by a Structure of Learning Outcomes (SOLO) taxonomy as knowledge acquisition. RESULTS: Observations on clinical reasoning patterns and the level of knowledge acquisition in five undergraduate dental students showed varying results. They applied clinical reasoning patterns according to their knowledge acquisition during didactical phase. Learners with inadequate knowledge relied on guessing, meanwhile learners with adequate knowledge applied more sophisticated reasoning pattern when solving problems. CONCLUSIONS: Various problem-solving strategies were encountered in this study, which corresponded to the level of knowledge acquisition. Dental institutions must set minimum standards regarding the acquisition of conceptual knowledge accompanied by improvement of clinical reasoning skills, as well as refinement of knowledge and procedural skills.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Estudantes de Odontologia , Humanos , Indonésia , Resolução de Problemas , Competência Clínica , Raciocínio Clínico
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674261

RESUMO

The transition of an undergraduate dental student to an actual practicing dentist is a crucial phase and ensuring the preparedness of graduates for the complexity and demands of contemporary dental practice is a challenging task. This study aimed to evaluate the self-perceived preparedness of undergraduate dental students and house officers in the dental colleges of Pakistan. A cross-sectional national study was planned to collect information from dental students and new graduates in Pakistan. The pre-validated Dental Undergraduates Preparedness Assessment Scale (DU-PAS) was used. A purposive sampling technique was utilized to recruit house officers and undergraduate dental students from 27 dental schools in Pakistan. The data analysis was carried out using the R statistical environment for Windows (R Core Team, 2015). A total of 862 responses with 642 females and 219 males were analyzed in the study. Overall, the clinical skills score was 30.56 ± 9.08 and the score for soft skills was 30.54 ± 10.6. The mean age of the participants was 23.42 ± 1.28. Deficiencies were reported in various soft skills and clinical skills attributes. The results highlighted the strengths and weaknesses of dental students and new graduates in Pakistani dental institutions. The findings may be used to further develop and strengthen the teaching and training of dental students in Pakistan.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Estudantes de Odontologia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Paquistão , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 59(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36676730

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: College life is a time when students take more responsibility for health-related behaviors. Aim: To determine the oral health behaviors of dental students, to motivate their transformation into cyanogenic behaviors by applying the planned behavior model, and to determine the degree to which students can modify behavior for oral health. Material and Methods: The results of the initial and final assessment (4 months apart) of the bacterial plaque present by means of the Quigley Hein and API indexes were collected from the student files. The Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II -HPLP II and Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) questionnaires were used to determine the variables with predictor values that influence the cognitive-perceptual factors. Results: For the "health responsibility" domain, the average total value was 2.53 ± 0.9 (SD). For the "interpersonal relationships" domain, the average value was 2.82 ± 0.79. In the case of the "nutrition" domain, the desire to change the behavior of the participants was moderate (2.53 ± 1.19). "Physical activity" represents an important field in the everyday life of young adults. The results of the study indicated a moderate desire for change (2.52 ± 0.97). In the case of "spiritual growth", in which self-esteem, the way the individual perceives the environment and the adaptation to it were evaluated, a great desire for change was observed (2.74 ± 0.82). Scale GSE questionnaire showed an α coefficient of 28.52 ± 0.82, a value that indicated a moderate to a high level of efficacy and self-confidence. Conclusions: The results of the study showed that students have a moderate tendency to change in all areas, except for interpersonal relationships, where the desire to change something is increased. The participants have a moderate to a high level of self-efficacy and self-confidence.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estilo de Vida
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 51, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease that could indirectly affect oral health, and it is necessary for dentists to be familiar with the specific needs of patients with epilepsy. Therefore, aim of the present study was to assess the factors associated with the level of knowledge about management of epileptic patients in Peruvian dental students. METHODS: This analytical, observational, cross-sectional and prospective study assessed 312 dental students from a Peruvian university during February to April 2022. A validated questionnaire of 20 closed multiple-choice questions was used to measure the level of knowledge about dental management in epileptic patients. A logit model was used to assess the influence of variables: gender, age, year of study, marital status, place of origin and area of residence, with the level of knowledge in dental students considering a significance level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: Of the total, 28.8%, 36.2% and 34.9% had a poor, fair and good level of knowledge, respectively, about the dental treatment of epileptic patients. On the other hand, it was observed that being a woman (OR = 0.44, CI 0.26-0.75) and being a third year student (OR = 0.39, CI 0.21-0.74) and fourth year student (OR = 0.43, CI 0.23-0.89) constituted a protective factor against poor knowledge about the dental management of epileptic patients, while being from the capital city constituted a risk factor. Finally, age, marital status and the students' area of residence were not considered influential factors (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Most of the students showed a poor and fair level of knowledge about the dental management of epileptic patients, with gender, academic year and place of origin being influential factors. It is advisable that authorities and teachers in the dental profession organize recurrent training programs on the care of patients with chronic diseases requiring special attention, since knowing general concepts, pharmacological management and dental care of epileptic patients will allow future dentists to develop competencies to improve and implement good quality care protocols for this group of patients.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Epilepsia/terapia , Peru , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sociodemográficos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 45, 2023 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental curriculums require regular revision to stay up to date in scientifical and societal fields. Senior dental students are among the main stakeholders of such curriculums. The present study investigated the opinions of Iranian senior dental students regarding the adequacy of their dentistry program and the national dental curriculum in training a competent dentist, the program's content, and its structure. METHODS: A previously designed and validated questionnaire on the opinion of senior dental students regarding curriculum adequacy was sent to a representative in each of the country's dental schools. Before the COVID pandemic terminated data collection, a total of 16 schools (438 students) managed to respond (37%). The questionnaire asked the students to assess the adequacy of the training received in curriculum's theoretical and practical competencies with the help of a five-point Likert scale that ranged from "Completely inadequate" to "Completely adequate". It also questioned them on its teaching methods and intensity. SPSS software version 24 and Chi-square test served for statistical analysis. RESULTS: In total, the study has 438 participants, 245 female and 193 male. Significant sex differences were spotted in the responses concerning both theoretical and practical training. Regarding general training adequacy, 50 (22.6%) female students and 50 male ones (30.7%), P = 0.08 agreed that the program was acceptable. The numbers for students of old (more than 15 years of activity) and new schools were 47 (21.7%) and 53 (31.7%), respectively (P = 0.03). Nearly one-third deemed the teaching methods appropriate. Regarding the duration of curriculum phases, 33 students (8.3%) believed that basic science required extension, while 108 (28.6%) and 266 (69.1%) reported such need for pre-clinical and clinical phases. The school's years of activity emerged as significant, as 38.1% of students from new schools versus 21.7% of those from old ones deemed the extension of pre-clinical phase necessary (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: A significant number of Iranian senior dental students found the undergraduate dental curriculum inadequate regarding competencies, content, and teaching. Further investigations will determine whether it's the curriculum or its implementation that warrants revision.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estudantes de Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Currículo , Retroalimentação , Irã (Geográfico) , Inquéritos e Questionários , Faculdades de Odontologia
6.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 59, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to observe the impact of service learning on the attitude of senior dental students toward community service. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey-based was conducted and recruited a total of 120 senior students of Dentistry Taibah University that were enrolled in a clinical service-learning course using convenience sampling. The attitude of dental college students toward community service based on the model of helping behavior by Schwartz was evaluated through Community Service Attitude Scale (CSAS). The data was collected using the same questionnaires for the pre-test and post-test. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 25. A repeated-measures mixed-model ANOVA was used to test the changes across pre-and post-test. RESULTS: A total of 96 students completed the first survey, making a response rate of 80%, and 78 among them completed the second survey as well, making a response rate of 81%. Significant change (P < 0.0001) in ANOVA indicated that there was an overall change in attitude.  CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that community-based service-learning positively impacts the attitude of last year's dental students toward understanding needs at the community level and the attitude to help in providing dental care at the community level.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Seguridade Social , Estudantes de Odontologia , Humanos , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Aprendizagem
7.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 25, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While closed-book examinations (CBEs) have traditionally been implemented in dental education, open-book examinations (OBEs) are being introduced for the purpose of acquiring higher levels of knowledge and promoting long-term memory. This study examines whether it is effective to use a blended assessment of CBEs and OBEs for dental students to reduce test anxiety and enhance academic performance. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental research method, a blended assessment that combined CBEs in class and OBEs online was designed for a dental course. In 2020, when the pandemic was at its peak, student assessment was ineffective, and the 2020 cohort was omitted for our study; instead, two cohorts of predoctoral dental students (N = 178) enrolled in Restorative Dentistry in the spring semesters of 2019 and 2021 were included in the study. These students were informed about the experimental design, and they provided written consent for data collection, thereby voluntarily participating in the survey. Their self-perceived responses to open-ended survey questions on assessment methods were qualitatively analyzed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in test anxiety between the CBEs and OBEs at the p-values of 0.001 in all items. Traditional and blended assessment showed a similar trend of lower scores in midterm exams compared to higher scores in final exams, thus discriminating against students' performances. In particular, a low-achieving group was better predicted by a blended assessment. An analysis of the students' self-perceived responses produced highly topical themes, including exam burden, learning effects, and fairness issues. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the feasibility of blended assessment that can be implemented in online and in-person educational environments. Moreover, it can be used as the groundwork to develop new models of assessment in dental education.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Humanos , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Aprendizagem , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Ansiedade
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237397, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1413361

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychosocial comorbidities in undergraduate dental students in a southern Brazilian university, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, it aimed to verify the association between psychosocial factors and TMD. Methods: Fonseca Anamnestic Index, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), a socioeconomic questionnaire, and questions about academic performance and social distancing were applied. Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the association of predictive variables with TMD. Results: The prevalence of TMD was found to be 82.4%, and more than half of the students had some degree of stress, anxiety, and depression. Students who had symptoms of stress (RR 1.11; 95% CI 1.04-1.19), anxiety (RR 1.19; 95% CI 1.12-1.27) and reported academic performance worsening (RR 1.12; 95% CI 1.07-1.19) had higher TMD scores. Conclusion: The findings suggest that TMD was highly prevalent among dental students at a federal university in southern Brazil during the pandemic, being associated with high levels of stress, anxiety, poor academic performance, and greater social distancing


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Ansiedade , Estudantes de Odontologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Depressão , COVID-19
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237471, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1401470

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of the present study is to assess the perception of undergraduate students on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Brazilian dental education. Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted using an online questionnaire hosted in Google Forms platform and publicized on Instagram® and Facebook®. The questionnaire was available between July 8-27, 2020. Absolute and relative frequencies were obtained for variables of interest using Pearson's chi-squared and considering 95% confidence intervals. Prevalence of learning resource variables according to self-reported skin color, educational institution, and Brazilian region were presented using equiplots. Results: A total of 1,050 undergraduate dental students answered the questionnaire. Most students reported being in full-distance learning mode. Among the undergraduate students, 65.4% reported perceiving a very high impact in dental education, and 16.6% of students reported not being able to follow distance learning. In addition, 14% reported not having a personal laptop or desktop to study with, with this condition being more prevalent among non-white than white individuals. Conclusion: We conclude that Brazilian dental students perceived a high impact of COVID-19 on dental education, as well as one-sixth of the students reported not having adequate resources to continue with distance learning. It is important that different policies are developed at the institutional and governmental levels to reduce the impact of the pandemic on dental education


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudantes de Odontologia , Educação em Odontologia , Pandemias , COVID-19
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e239237, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1399762

RESUMO

Aim: To estimate the prevalence and associated factors of self-reported depressive symptoms in undergraduate and graduate dental students. Methods: The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was applied, and only the depression domain was verified. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic, behavioral, and COVID-19 pandemic-related fear variables. Academic performance was assessed based on academic records, ranging from 0 (worst possible grade) to 10 (best possible grade). Respondents included 408 regularly enrolled dental students. Bi- and multivariate analyses were performed using Poisson regression with robust variance to verify the association between at least moderate depressive symptoms and independent variables. Results: The prevalence of at least moderate depression was 40.5% among undergraduate students and 26% among graduate students. The prevalence of fear and anxiety due to the COVID-19 pandemic was 96.1% among undergraduate students and 93.5% among graduate students. In the final multivariate analysis, being female (prevalence ratio [PR]:2.01; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]:1.36­2.96) was associated with a higher PR for depression. Conversely, no exposure to smoking (PR:0.54; 95%CI:0.36­0.82) and a final academic performance average ≥7.0 (PR:0.56; 95%CI:0.41­0.76) was associated with a lower PR for depression. Finally, among graduate students, a non-heterosexual orientation was associated with a higher PR for depression (PR:6.70; 95%CI:2.21­20.29). Conclusion: Higher rates of depression symptoms were observed in female undergraduates, students with lower academic performance and smoking exposure, and graduate dental students with a non-heterosexual orientation


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Estudantes de Odontologia , Tabagismo , Saúde Mental , Depressão/epidemiologia , Desempenho Acadêmico
11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-7, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1413579

RESUMO

Recently, studies have highlighted the importance of compassionate care in healthcare. Not only does it improve patient outcomes and satisfaction, but it also improves the healthcare providers' overall well-being. Furthermore, it helps streamline the healthcare system by shortening hospital stays and rates or readmittance. Unfortunately, patients report that they feel there is a lack of compassionate care provided to them, thus shedding light on the compassion crisis. The compassion crisis seems to have its roots in healthcare professional education, as evidenced by the high levels of burnout experienced by students, particularly in dental students. Compassion training, however, not only equips healthcare professionals with strategies to more effectively treat their patients, but also with coping mechanisms to better handle the stressors of their profession. Dentistry is no exception and has some unique barriers to care as well such as communication, the physical barrier during treatment. This further highlights the importance of compassionate care while providing treatment. Implementing compassionate care to be taught in school will improve patient outcomes and provider well-being (AU)


Recentemente, estudos destacaram a importância da empatia na área da saúde. A empatia não só melhora resultados e satisfação do paciente, mas também melhora o bem-estar dos profissionais de saúde. Além disso, ajuda a diminuir o custo do sistema de saúde ao reduzir as internações hospitalares e as taxas de reinternação. Infelizmente, os pacientes relatam que sentem falta de empatia, levando a uma atual crise de falta de empatia nos servicos de saúde. A crise da falta de empatia parece ter suas raízes na formação dos profissionais de saúde, como evidenciado pelos altos níveis de burnout experimentados pelos alunos, principalmente em estudantes de Odontologia. Treinamento para empatia, no entanto, não apenas prepara os profissionais de saúde com estratégias para tratar de forma mais eficaz seus pacientes, mas também com mecanismos de enfrentamento para lidar melhor com os fatores de estresse da profissão. A Odontologia não é exceção e tem algumas barreiras específicas, como a comunicação, que fica comprometida durante o tratamento odontológico. Isso destaca ainda mais a importância da empatia durante o tratamento. Ensinando empatia nos cursos de Odontologia melhorará os resultados para os pacientes e o bem-estar dos profissionais. (AU)


Assuntos
Estudantes de Odontologia , Assistência Odontológica , Atenção à Saúde , Empatia
12.
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract ; 27(1): 23-48, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476651

RESUMO

This study describes a theory-informed application of data science methods to analyze the quality of reflections made in a health professions education program over time. One thousand five hundred reflections written by a cohort of 369 dental students over 4 years of academic study were evaluated for an overall measure of reflection depth (No, Shallow, Deep) and the presence of six theoretically-indicated elements of reflection quality (Description, Analysis, Feeling, Perspective, Evaluation, Outcome). Machine learning models were then built to automatically detect these qualities based on linguistic features in the reflections. Results showed a dramatic increase from No to Shallow reflections from the start to end of year one (20% → 66%), but only a limited gradual rise in Deep reflections across all four years (2% → 26%). The presence of all six reflection elements increased over time, but inclusion of Feelings and Analysis remained relatively low even at the end of year four (found in 44% and 60% of reflections respectively). Models were able to reliably detect the presence of Description (κTEST = 0.70) and Evaluation (κTEST = 0.65) in reflections; models to detect the presence of Analysis (κTEST = 0.50), Feelings (κTEST = 0.54), and Perspectives (κTEST = 0.53) showed moderate performance; the model to detect Outcomes suffered from overfitting (κTRAIN = 0.90, κTEST = 0.53). A classifier for overall depth built on the reflection elements showed moderate performance across all time periods (κTEST > 0.60) but relied almost exclusively on the presence of Description. Implications for the conceptualization of reflection quality and providing personalized learning support to help students develop reflective skills are discussed.


Assuntos
Ciência de Dados , Estudantes de Odontologia , Humanos , Redação
13.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 319, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aims of this article are to assess dental students' knowledge about herbal medicine usage and the potential benefits and side effects, and to conduct a short course about herbal medicine. METHODS: All fourth-year pre-doctoral students were invited to participate in a herbal medicine course as a test while the sixth-year students were the control group. A survey was tested for validity and reliability. It comprised of 16 multiple choice questions was given before the course and one month after the course. The sum score of knowledge for each participant was calcuated based on the ability to identify the use of herbs in dentistry with high-quality evidence (correct answer) or total answer for periodontal disease and caries. RESULTS: The response rate for completing the study was 112 fourth-year students (73.7%) and 64 sixth-year students (39.0%). More than half of the participants (52.5%) were unsure about the importance of herbal medicine in dentistry. However, the majority also stated that the most common herbs used in dentistry were clove (62.9%), followed by curcuma turmeric (54.7%) and meswak (43.0%). The fourth-year students displayed evidence of a higher overall knowledge score after the course in herbal medicine related to periodontal disease in total and correct answers (mean 4.48 ± 4.13, 3.73 ± 3.31, respectively) compared to before the course (mean 0.84 ± 1.23, 0.74 ± 1.16, respectively) (p-value < 0.001). The post-course periodontal disease total and correct answers were statistically significant between fourth- and sixth-year students. CONCLUSION: Herbal medicine has a potential positive impact on dentistry. However, these effects are not fully investigated and received full attention in academic institute. This short educational program related to medicinal herbs can improve the knowledge of dental students. This will help increase the awareness about the use and potential side effects of herbal medicine in the dental field.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Doenças Periodontais , Plantas Medicinais , Humanos , Medicina Herbária , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes de Odontologia
14.
Korean J Med Educ ; 34(4): 309-318, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464901

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Spatial perception is an essential skill for professional dentists. The objective of this study was to observe the spatial ability, as well as anatomy module grades, of dental students at a dental education center in Indonesia and relate these to gender and cohort. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out where dental students in years (cohorts) 1, 2, 4-6 were invited to take the Revised Purdue Spatial Visualization Test (PSVT-R) and the redrawn Vandenberg and Kuse Mental Rotation Test (MRT) in order to assess spatial ability. In addition, the 1st- and 2nd-year dental students carried out gross anatomy assessments. Spatial ability test results were compared using an independent t-test to detect gender differences, one-way analysis of variance to inspect cohort differences, and correlation relative to anatomy module scores. RESULTS: A total of 326 dental students voluntarily participated. Statistically significant gender differences were found in both spatial ability tests in the overall sample (PSVT-R: p<0.001; MRT: p=0.001). When the 1st- and 2nd-year dental students were pooled, significant gender differences were detected, in which males scored higher than females in both spatial ability tests (PSVT-R: p<0.001; MRT: p=0.003). In anatomy, however, females scored higher than the males (p=0.005). In addition, there were weak to moderate, but significant correlations between spatial ability tests and anatomy scores. CONCLUSION: This study indicated that spatial ability may not be the only factor predicting the academic performance of dental students. However, dental students with low spatial ability scores may need supplementary educational techniques when learning specific spatial tasks.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Navegação Espacial , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estudantes de Odontologia , Aprendizagem
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226698, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1393366

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the psychological impact of COVID-19 on undergraduate and graduate students of the Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. Methods: Three questionnaires were used: sociodemographic, WHO Abbreviated Quality of Life Inventory, and General Anxiety Disorder-7. Data were analyzed using Graph Pad Prism 7a (α = 5%). Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post-tests were used for statistical comparisons. The Spearman test was used as the correlation test. Results: 257 students responded to the online form that assessed their quality of life and anxiety level. On a scale from 1 to 100, with 100 being the best quality of life, the average obtained was 64.71 (± 13.36). In addition, 87.6% of the students rated their quality of life as good or very good. 74.7% reported good or very good health. The anxiety analysis resulted in an average of 10.04 (± 4.5), indicating moderate anxiety levels. There was an inversely proportional correlation between age and degree of anxiety (p = 0.008, r = -0.1628) and self-perceived learning and student commitment (r = 0.69). Conclusion: Despite the good quality of life and the students' good self-perception of health, they showed a moderate degree of anxiety during the social distancing caused by COVID-19, also demonstrating a decrease in interest and commitment during distance education


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Estudantes de Odontologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Distanciamento Físico , COVID-19 , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 859, 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Access to electronic (E) resources has become an indispensable requirement in medical education and practice. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the effect of E-resources access during examination on end-course-exam scores of medical and dental students. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study which included two cohorts of medical (n = 106 & 85) and three cohorts of dental students (n = 66, 64 and 69) who took end-course- exams. Each exam was composed of two- parts (Part I and II), that encompassed equal number of questions and duration. Access to E-resources was allowed in part-II only. Items Difficulty Index (DI), Discrimination Index, (DisI), Point Biserial, (PBS) and cognitive level were determined. RESULTS: The study included 390 students. The proportion of items at various levels of DI, DisI, and PBS and the average values for item DI, DisI in both parts of each exam were comparable. The average scores in part-II were significantly higher than part-I (P < 0.001, < 0.001 and 0.04) and lower-order cognitive-level items scores were higher in three exams (P < 0.0001, 0.0001, 0.0001). Higher- order cognitive level items scores were comparable between part I and II in all courses. The significant factor for change in marks were questions cognitive level and type of the course. CONCLUSION: Access to E-resources during examination does not make a significant difference in scores of higher-order cognitive level items. Question cognitive level and course type were the significant factors for the change in exam scores when accessing E-resources. Time-restricted E-resources accessed tests that examine higher cognitive level item had no significant academic integrity drawback.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Avaliação Educacional , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
17.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 894, 2022 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-Measure (PRISM) and a numeric scale for self-reflection in dental students. METHODS: Fourth year dental students were randomly assigned to each receive one interview based on PRISM or a numeric scale to self-assess their competencies at the beginning (t1), the middle (t2) and the end (t3) of integrated clinical course. Questionnaires were used to assess self-perceived benefit of the interviews at each time points. RESULTS: Students in PRISM group perceived a higher benefit regarding the self-assessment of their practical skills at all time points (P < 0.05), for theoretical knowledge at t2 and t3 (P < 0.05) and reaching the course objectives at t3 (P = 0.04). At all time points, PRISM group rated their interview (P = 0.04), the applied instrument (PRISM, P = 0.01) and the benefit of the combination of both higher than numeric scale group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this preliminary study, PRISM was superior against a numeric scale and can be recommended for dental education to facilitate self-assessment.


Assuntos
Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Estudantes de Odontologia , Humanos , Competência Clínica , Progressão da Doença , Aprendizagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 633, 2022 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prescribing medicine is integral to clinical dentistry. Infective endocarditis may be rare but fatal if left untreated. As a result, judicious prescribing of antibiotics should be implemented due to potential. To our knowledge, no Australian study has examined dental students' knowledge and perceptions about antibiotic prophylaxis for dental procedures. METHODS: Australian dental students were invited to undertake the survey comprising case vignettes to investigate their medication knowledge. A total of 117 responses were received. The questions were 12 clinically relevant questions and three perception-based questions. Results were analysed using descriptive statistics as well as the chi-squared test. RESULTS: The 117 respondents had a mean correct response of 7.34 ± 2.64 (range 3-12 out of 12). Out of 117 students, 89 (76%) answered more than half of the questions correctly. Only three students (3%) answered all the questions correctly. Nearly two-thirds felt that they knew about antibiotic prophylaxis used for dental procedures. CONCLUSION: Most respondents answered more than half, but not all, of the clinical questions correctly. It is crucial to highlight that dental student may never receive any more training on antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) at any point in their future careers. It may be ideal that this issue is addressed at the dental school. One way to target this is to potentially nationalised teaching delivery of dental AMS across Australia.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia , Endocardite , Humanos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Odontologia
19.
Int J Prosthodont ; 35(5): 581-587, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36511790

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the association between clinical decision-making approaches and personal and professional background factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent to 550 dentists and dental students all over Saudi Arabia from October 2019 to January 2020. The questionnaire assessed personal and professional background factors in addition to three different clinical scenarios, and each participant was asked to rate the importance of some factors that might affect clinical decision-making on a visual analog scale (VAS). Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed to assess the association between the exposure variables (background and professional factors) and the outcome variables, which were the three clinical decision-making approaches (patient-related, clinical-case, and operator-related factors). Regression coefficients (B), 95% CI, and the adjusted R2 of the models were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 420 participants responded to the questionnaire (76.36% response rate). Clinical-case factors had the highest mean scores, while the operator-related factors had the lowest mean scores. Men were significantly less likely than women to consider any factor decisive (P < .001). General dentists and specialists other than prosthodontists/restorative dentists assigned significantly lower importance to operator-related factors (P = .003) and clinical-case factors (P = .005). However, there was no statistically significant difference between undergraduate students and prosthodontists/restorative dentists in considering all decisive factors. CONCLUSION: Clinical-case factors were of greater importance compared to operator- and patient-related factors. General practitioners and specialists other than prosthodontists/restorative dentists gave lower attention to operator-related and clinical-case approaches, while experienced dentists showed greater importance to clinical-case and operator-related factors.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1046466, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504985

RESUMO

Objectives: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is a major reason for consultation in primary care and is becoming increasingly prevalent among medical students. There is little research on the current situation of MSP among Chinese medical and dental students. Data on the analysis of risk factors related to MSP are also limited. The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of MSP among Chinese medical and dental students and to explore the risk factors for MSP and students' intent to seek medical treatment. Methods: An anonymous, internet-based, cross-sectional, open survey was distributed to medical and dental students at Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China. Data on the demographic information and characteristics of MSP were collected and analyzed. In addition to descriptive statistics, logistic regression was used to analyze significant risk factors contributing to MSP. Results: A total of 1,178 students responded to the survey (response rate = 79.6%), including 722 medical students and 456 dental students. The age ranged from 16 to 24. There were 553 male students and 625 female students. A total of 523 students reported neck pain (NP, 44.4%), 361 students reported low back pain (LBP, 30.6%), and 182 students reported joint pain (JP, 15.4%). Sixty-six students (5.6%) simultaneously suffered from NP, LBP, and JP. The prevalence of NP (49.1 vs. 41.4%, P = 0.01), LBP (34.6 vs. 28.1%, P = 0.02), and JP (20.2 vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001) was significantly higher in dental students than in medical students. The prevalence of MSP was significantly different among the academic years for NP and LBP (P = 0.02 and P < 0.001, respectively). Univariate and multivariate regression analyses demonstrated that female sex, PSS-10 score, and major of stomatology were risk factors for MSP. Medical and dental students' intention to seek treatment for MSP was low and was significantly associated with the severity of pain. Conclusions: The prevalence of MSP in Chinese medical and dental students is high, especially for NP and LBP, and is significantly higher in dental students than in medical students. The prevalence of NP and LBP were significantly different among academic grades. Female sex, PSS-10 score, and major of stomatology were risk factors for MSP. Students' intent to seek treatment for MSP was very low and was determined by the severity of pain.


Assuntos
Dor Musculoesquelética , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Odontologia
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