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1.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 873-879, 2020 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215479

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge of postgraduate dental students about evidence-based methodology pertaining to the design, conduct, and critical appraisal of clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Senior postgraduate students were surveyed from the dental schools of three universities in Athens (Greece), Boston (USA), and Zürich (Switzerland). The proportion of students correctly answering each of the 10 questions of the survey, as well as the cumulative scores, were analysed statistically with descriptive statistics and logistic/linear regression analysis at α = 5%. RESULTS: A total of 96 students with a mean age of 30.0 years attained an overall correct score of 45.6% ± 15.0%, with correct answers to each question ranging from 13.5% to 86.5%. The questions most frequently answered incorrectly pertained to characterising sensitivity/specificity (13.5%), the number needed to treat (14.0%), the credibility of trial synthesis in meta-analysis (23.7%), and publication bias (29.5%). The vast majority of postgraduate students could correctly identify the role of statistical power of a trial (63.8%), random allocation sequence in a randomised trial (76.0%), and blinding in a randomised trial (86.5%). Paediatric dentistry postgraduate students scored better than students from other departments (+15.1%; 95% CI: 3.0% to 27.1%; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Postgraduate students in orthodontics and other dental specialties possessed moderate knowledge on evidence-based methodology and clinical trials. Efforts should be made to integrate such subjects in university postgraduate curricula, so that future dental specialists can critically appraise such research papers.


Assuntos
Odontologia Baseada em Evidências , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adulto , Criança , Grécia , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça
2.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 945-951, 2020 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215485

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In periodontally healthy individuals, mean crevicular depth ranges from 1 to 3 mm. This depth threshold has been used as an indicator to differentiate a physiological dentoalveolar sulcus from a periodontal pocket needing further treatment. Because many studies have shown the important contribution of oral hygiene status to periodontal health, the purpose of this study was to explore the clinical effect of reinforced oral hygiene on the periodontal status of periodontitis-free dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our longitudinal observational clinical study, we assessed the periodontal status of healthy individuals attending the dental school by measuring the periodontal pocket depth, bleeding on probing, and plaque index. The follow-up reassessment was carried out four years later at the end of the dental curriculum. RESULTS: The study showed that oral hygiene improvement led to a slight but significant reduction in the mean sulcus depth (-0.049 mm; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Reinforcement of oral hygiene contributes to the reduction of probing depth even in periodontally healthy patients.


Assuntos
Higiene Bucal , Estudantes de Odontologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Seguimentos , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e121, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146317

RESUMO

COVID-19 is an emerging and rapidly-evolving situation. This study aimed to measure the level of knowledge and attitude of the Iranian dental students towards COVID-19 and its infection control strategies. This cross-sectional study was designed using a web-based method. The questionnaire associated with COVID-19 was sent to all Iranian students in the clinical course. The extracted data regarding the knowledge and attitude of the students were statistically analyzed. In this study, 531 dental students of the clinical course in 32 Iranian universities were included. The mean age of the participants was 23.13 ± 2.29 years. The average percentage of knowledge and attitude scores were 59.7% (moderate) and 66.0% (neutral), respectively. The association between the attitude of the students and their semesters was statistically significant (r = 0.183, p < 0.001). The age of the students was also significantly associated with their attitudes (r = 0.150, p = 0.001). The outbreak of COVID-19 might resurge due to re-opening of the dental faculties. Training courses on COVID-19 infection prevention strategies should be held for dental students, especially the junior ones, and the guidelines should be sent to all of them.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 106, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression, stress, and anxiety are common psychological conditions among dental students in many countries around the world. A number of researchers have found life coaching to be effective at reducing psychological distress. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a life coaching program on dental students' psychological status. METHODS: A quasi-experiment study with two arms was conducted on 88 female dental students at Umm Al-Qura University (study group = 44; control group = 44). The psychological status was assessed by questionnaire before and after intervention. The questionnaire was composed of the Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), Resilience Scale (RS-14), the Psychological Well-Being Scale-Short (PWB-S), and goal approach questions. The study group received a coaching program comprising one lecture for 1 h and five phone coaching sessions over 5 weeks, while the control group received no intervention. RESULTS: The study group showed a significant reduction in depression, anxiety, stress, resilience, and self-acceptance according to the PWB-S scale. Also, goal approach was significantly improved. On the other hand, the control group showed a significant reduction on the RS-14 only. The differences in the tested scales between the study group and the control group from pre-intervention (T1) to post-intervention (T2) showed significant differences in depression, stress, self-acceptance, and goal approach measurements per t-test. CONCLUSION: The study's findings showed that life coaching had the effect of reducing psychological distress, which encouraged the implementation of coaching practice in the daily life of dental students.


Assuntos
Odontólogos/psicologia , Relações Interprofissionais , Tutoria , Angústia Psicológica , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Adulto , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Psicológico , Ensino
5.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 58(229): 677-680, 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068090

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is a global crisis which has been led by COVID-19. The patients undergoingdental procedures and dental professionals are at higher risk of contracting this disease owing toaerosols generated and a lot of face to face contact during the procedures. The aim of this study was to know the perceptions of dental students of COMS-TH regarding future of dentistry in Nepal amidCOVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The present cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at COMS-TH, Bharatpur by sending an online e-survey questionnaire to 146 dental students out of which 99 responded. The e-survey questionnaire consisted of three parts which consisted of questions about demographics, knowledge about COVID-19 and their perceptions about future of dentistry. RESULTS: The results of the study depicted that most of the students thought dentistry is good and noble profession and will recommend it to young medical aspirants. Most of them wanted to pursue post graduation courses in future giving preference to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The study concluded that most of the dental students were satisfied with dentistry as their profession and wanted National Dental Association to fix the minimum charges of each dental procedure. Also there is a need to start more post graduation courses in existing institutions providing dental education as most of the students want to pursue it in future.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus , Odontologia/tendências , Economia em Odontologia/tendências , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estudantes de Odontologia , Betacoronavirus , Escolha da Profissão , Feminino , Previsões , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Controle de Infecções Dentárias , Masculino , Nepal , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/tendências , Cirurgia Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 392, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a global health issue and has had a major impact on education. Consequently, half way through the second semester of the academic year 2019/2020, learning methods were delivered through distance learning (DL). We aimed to evaluate the student perspective of DL compared to classroom learning (CL) in the undergraduate dentistry study program at the Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia. METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent at the end of the semester. A total of 301 students participated in the study. RESULTS: Duration of study influenced student preference. Higher number of first-year students preferred DL compared to their seniors (p < 0.001). Students preferred CL for group discussion, as DL resulted in more difficult communication and gave less learning satisfaction. Only 44.2% students preferred DL over CL, although they agreed that DL gave a more efficient learning method (52.6%), it provided more time to study (87.9%) and to review study materials (87.3%). Challenges during DL included external factors such as unstable internet connection, extra financial burden for the internet quota and internal factors such as time management and difficulty to focus while learning online for a longer period of time. CONCLUSION: Despite some challenges, dental students could adapt to the new learning methods of full DL and the majorities agreed blended learning that combined classroom and distance learning can be implemented henceforth. This current COVID-19 pandemic, changes not only the utilization of technology in education but the pedagogy strategies in the future.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Educação a Distância/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Pandemias , Grupo Associado , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e2891, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126518

RESUMO

RESUMO Introdução: Diversas situações no consultório odontológico podem gerar quadros de emergência. A administração de anestésicos locais, o atendimento odontológico aos pacientes com comprometimento sistêmico, ansiedade e medo são muitas vezes as causas mais comuns. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o nível de percepção dos alunos de Odontologia frente às principais emergências odontológicas. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo transversal e descritivo com abordagem quantitativa dos dados por meio dos questionários. Foram entrevistados 138 alunos cursando do 5º ao 10º período de odontologia da Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, na cidade de Patos, Paraíba. Resultados: Foi observado que 86,2 porcento do total de entrevistados responderam saber a diferença entre urgência e emergência; 52,2 porcento dos alunos confirmaram receber ou terem recebido instruções extracurriculares sobre o assunto; 59,4 porcento responderam que o aprendizado fornecido na graduação sobre este tema não está sendo suficiente. Cerca de 17,4 porcento destes alunos responderam saber realizar as manobras de Reanimação Cardiopulmonar, 11,6 porcento dos entrevistados relataram que se sentiam preparados para lidar com uma situação de emergência e 81,9 porcento dos alunos pretendem buscar uma formação complementar durante ou após a graduação. Conclusão: Verificou-se que os alunos de graduação em odontologia apresentaram um baixo nível de percepção sobre as emergências médicas no consultório odontológico(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Varias situaciones en el consultorio dental pueden generar casos de emergencia. La administración de anestésicos locales, el cuidado dental a pacientes con deterioro sistémico, ansiedad y miedo, son a menudo las causas más comunes. Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de percepción de los alumnos de odontología frente a las principales emergencias odontológicas. Métodos: Se trató de un estudio transversal y descriptivo de los datos por medio de los cuestionarios. Se entrevistaron 138 alumnos del 5.º al 10.º periodo de odontología de la Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, en la ciudad de Patos, Paraíba. Resultados: Se observó que el 86,2 por ciento del total de alumnos entrevistados sabían la diferencia entre urgencia y emergencia; 52,2 por ciento de los alumnos confirmaron recibir o haber recibido instrucciones extracurriculares sobre el asunto. El 59,4 por ciento respondió que el aprendizaje proporcionado en la graduación sobre este tema no está siendo suficiente. Alrededor del 17,4 por ciento de estos alumnos respondieron a saber realizar las maniobras de resucitación cardiopulmonar, 11,6 por ciento de los entrevistados se sentían preparados para lidiar con una situación de emergencia y el 81,9 por ciento de los alumnos entrevistados pretenden buscar una formación complementaria durante o después de la graduación. Conclusión: Se descubrió que los estudiantes de odontología tenían un bajo nivel de percepción sobre emergencias médicas en el consultorio odontológico(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Several situations in the dental office may cause emergency cases. Administration of local anesthetics, dental care to patients with systemic deterioration, anxiety and fear are often the most common causes. Objective: To evaluate the dental level of perception of dental students facing the main dental emergencies. Methods: This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study of the data through questionnaires. We interviewed 138 students from the 5th to the 10th period of Dental Medicine at the Federal University of Campina Grande, in the city of Patos, Paraíba. Results: We observed that 86.2 percent of the interviewed students knew the difference between urgency and emergency; 52.2 percent of the students confirmed receiving or having received extracurricular instructions about the topic; 59.4 percent answered that the learning provided about this topic after graduation is not being sufficient. About 17.4 percent of these students responded positively to knowing how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers; 11.6 percent of those interviewed felt themselves prepared to deal with an emergency situation, while 81.9 percent of the students interviewed intended to seek complementary training during or after graduation. Conclusion: Dental students were found to have a low level of perception about medical emergencies in the dental office(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Percepção , Estudantes de Odontologia , Identificação da Emergência , Emergências/epidemiologia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Consultórios Odontológicos
8.
Oral Dis ; 26 Suppl 1: 123-126, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862521

RESUMO

HIV TEACHING: A dental curriculum which fosters knowledge and attitude. OBJECTIVES: A pilot study to explore dental students views of current HIV related teaching and to assess the impact of this teaching on the students' self-perceived confidence in delivering dental care to HIV patients. METHODS: A short cross-sectional survey was conducted to gather the views of students on both objectives. Data was collected using an online self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive data analysis was conducted and used to present the data. Additionally, a one to one interview was performed with a past dental student for a thematic analysis. RESULTS: The HIV teaching at this dental school uses different learning approaches involving didactic, reflective, and participatory methods to address the knowledge, attitudinal and skills objectives. A didactic and experiential problem-based approach using role-play with simulated patients with feedback, and discussion is utilised. Preliminary results show dental students perceive the course to be valuable and there is a general improvement in confidence in their knowledge and ability to communicate with HIV-positive patients. CONCLUSIONS: This evaluation suggests the course format and content are appropriate in providing education and training for dental students and supports the value of teaching HIV to undergraduate students.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Infecções por HIV , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudantes de Odontologia
9.
Oral Dis ; 26 Suppl 1: 47-53, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862532

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dentists have an important role in reducing new HIV infections by early diagnosis and need to know how to treat patients with HIV and understand universal cross-infection control. In many parts of the world, healthcare professionals struggle to provide care because of barriers including stigma and cultural attitudes. AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of a brief educational intervention in understanding/changing the views of dental school deans regarding the quality of the oral health and HIV/AIDS teaching and their willingness to undertake a curriculum review if appropriate. METHODS: Questionnaires before and after interactive presentation to the deans of 30 Indonesian dental schools and discussion. RESULTS: Only six of 30 dental school deans believed that their HIV undergraduate dental student teaching was inadequate before the intervention, but 29 of 30 deans recognised the need to review their curriculum after the intervention. Whilst the majority (24/30) felt that their HIV teaching was adequate, good or excellent, the majority also thought that their students would find it difficult to treat patients with HIV. CONCLUSION: The brief educational intervention was effective in improving the understanding/changing the views of dental school deans regarding the quality of HIV/AIDS teaching and learning at their own institution and engaging a willingness to undertake curriculum review.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Educação em Odontologia , Infecções por HIV , Saúde Bucal , Currículo , Humanos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237327, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797074

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In order to foster dental and dental hygiene practices that are inclusive, sensitive to diversity, equitable, and without prejudice, a call to broadly teach cultural diversity within dental and dental hygiene education has been made. The research question of this study was "to what extent can an interactive and open dialogue about substance use, queer health, and social responsibility foster transformative learning?" METHODS: A collaborative and interdisciplinary project engaged the community as a teacher over the Summer and Fall of 2019 to address issues of substance use, queer health, and social responsibility and was delivered to 55 first-year undergraduate dental and 23 third-year dental hygiene students over three educational sessions. Dental and dental hygiene students were asked to reflect, in writing, on each session using between 200 and 400 words. Textual information from students' self-reflections and from the community's feedback were analyzed thematically for content (e.g., codes and themes). RESULTS: In total, 128 written reflections-for an average of 42 reflections per session-were gathered and analyzed interactively by the authors. Three major themes emerged: feeling privileged, breaking stereotypes, and coalescing learning. Feedback from the participating community members highlighted changes to be implemented in these sessions in the future, including more opportunities for small group activities in class. CONCLUSIONS: The three major themes that emerged from the thematic analysis of the self-reflections and community member feedback (feeling privileged, breaking stereotypes, and coalescing leaning) further highlighted the impact of community-driven curricula on students' learning in regard to substance use, queer health, and social responsibility. Further work is critical to understand the impact of such a pedagogy on students' practices once they leave their undergraduate programs.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Práticas Interdisciplinares , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Canadá , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Responsabilidade Social , Estudantes de Odontologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle
11.
Virchows Arch ; 477(4): 475-486, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833038

RESUMO

Since digital microscopy (DM) has become a useful alternative to conventional light microscopy (CLM), several approaches have been used to evaluate students' performance and perception. This systematic review aimed to integrate data regarding the use of DM for education in human pathology, determining whether this technology can be an adequate learning tool, and an appropriate method to evaluate students' performance. Following a specific search strategy and eligibility criteria, three electronic databases were searched and several articles were screened. Eight studies involving medical and dental students were included. The test of performance comprised diagnostic and microscopic description, clinical features, differential, and final diagnoses of the specimens. The students' achievements were equivalent, similar or higher using DM in comparison with CLM in four studies. All publications employed question surveys to assess the students' perceptions, especially regarding the easiness of equipment use, quality of images, and preference for one method. Seven studies (87.5%) indicated the students' support of DM as an appropriate method for learning. The quality assessment categorized most studies as having a low bias risk (75%). This study presents the efficacy of DM for human pathology education, although the high heterogeneity of the included articles did not permit outlining a specific method of performance evaluation.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Educação Médica/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Microscopia , Patologia/educação , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Escolaridade , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Odontologia , Estudantes de Medicina
12.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 52-56, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121121

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos mediante el empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de alumnos de grado de una cátedra de endodoncia de una universidad argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo durante los años 2017, 2018 y 2019 (54 por cohorte) en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos por alumnos de grado de la cátedra de Endodoncia I de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Para la instrumentación fue empleado el sistema ProTaper Next. La muestra se tomó de forma aleatoria. En un programa de presentación de computadora se incluyeron las radiografías periapicales pre- y posoperatoria para su evaluación. Un evaluador externo analizó las imágenes radiográficas de los tratamientos y los categorizó como correctos o incorrectos teniendo en cuenta tres requisitos excluyentes: la conformación de la preparación quirúrgica, el límite apical y la homogeneidad de la obturación. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la frecuencia relativa (intervalo de confianza 95%) y la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados mostró un número considerable de tratamientos correctos. Los resultados para cada cohorte (años 2017, 2018 y 2019) fueron del 96,3% (87,2- 99,5%), el 94,4% (84,6-98,8%) y el 98,2% (90,1-99,9%) respectivamente. El porcentaje global de tratamientos correctos fue del 96,3% (92,1-98,6%). La diferencia entre las cohortes no fue estadísticamente significativa (P>0,05). Conclusión: El empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de estudiantes de grado evaluados mostró resultados radiográficamente satisfactorios en la instrumentación ex vivo de conductos radiculares de premolares inferiores y superiores humanos (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically, 162 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo by three cohorts of students from a school of dentistry in Argentina, using ProTaper Next rotatory system in mandibular and maxillary human premolars. Materials and methods: 162 mandibular and maxillary human premolars received endodontic treatment by undergraduate students from the Department of Endodontics I of the School of Dentistry USAL/AOA. The treatments were performed ex vivo during the academic years 2017, 2018 and 2019 (54 teeth were chosen for each cohort) using the rotatory system ProTaper Next. The samples were taken randomly. Pre and postoperative radiographs were included in a computer presentation program for its evaluation. An external examiner analysed the radiographic images by the shape of the preparation, the apical limit, and the homogeneity of the obturation, considering the treatments well obturated (correct) or ill obturated (incorrect). To be considered correct the case had to meet all the requirements. The statistic calculations used in this study were: relative frequency (confidence interval 95%) and the chi-square test. Results: The radiographic evaluation showed a considerable number of endodontic treatments correctly done using ProTaper Next system. The percentages for each cohort were 96.3% (87.2-99.5%), 94.4% (84.6-98.8%) y 98.2% (90.1-99.9%) for years 2017, 2018 y 2019 respectively. Global percentage of correctly endodontic treatments was 96.3% (92.1-98.6%). The difference between the cohorts was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The use of ProTaper Next by the dental students evaluated showed satisfactory results in the ex vivo instrumentation of mandibular and maxillary human premolar root canals (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Equipamentos Odontológicos de Alta Rotação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Educação Pré-Odontológica/métodos , Avaliação Educacional , Argentina , Faculdades de Odontologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Análise Estatística , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(6): 365-372, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716400

RESUMO

The study of dentistry is known to cause high levels of psychological stress and physical strain. The aim of the present study was to determine the degree to which dental students experience study stress, burnout and physical complaints. The study showed female students experience higher levels of study stress, on average, than male students. Students' mean level of emotional exhaustion was 'high'. In addition, 90% of the students had suffered from physical complaints in the year preceding the survey. A strong correlation was shown to exist between physical complaints and emotional exhaustion, and in addition, a strong wish for more (pre)clinical teacher support correlated with study stress, burnout and physical complaints. It can be concluded that dental students, on average, experience the study as taxing, feel emotionally exhausted and suffer from many physical complaints. In the dental practice, they will be confronted with many taxing factors. In the dental curriculum, therefore, adequate and frequent attention should be given to learning to cope with stressful situations and to maintain physical well-being.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1262: 217-237, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613586

RESUMO

Knowledge of the anatomy of the skull and its bones forms an important part of the understanding required for the study and practice of safe clinical dentistry. The use of serious games in healthcare education is well-documented, but there is comparatively little evidence for their use in dental education. Intrinsically integrated rewards are a game mechanic that can be motivational for serious game users. A research gap was identified in the delivery of skull anatomy education to dental undergraduate students via a serious game with intrinsically integrated rewards. A serious game, titled Visualisation Studio Sim, was developed with Unity, featuring three-dimensional models and assets designed and modified with 3ds Max and Instant Meshes. Two versions of the game were built, one with the addition of intrinsically integrated rewards and one without it, and the game versions were tested by a convenience sample to gather open-ended feedback on the usability and suitability of the game mechanic for dental undergraduate education. Feedback suggested that it was straightforward to interact with the skull models but that the rewards were not as well integrated into the flow and immersion of the game as intended, and the game might not have been as challenging as desired for the intended cohort warranting future refinements in these aspects.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Crânio , Estudantes de Odontologia , Jogos de Vídeo , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Retroalimentação , Humanos , Motivação , Crânio/anatomia & histologia , Jogos de Vídeo/normas
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e083, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609144

RESUMO

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis, many dental schools and instructors are rethinking the way they teach and interact with students. New perspectives regarding a change in face-to-face activities, social isolation and the reformulation of clinical activities result in a transition toward e-learning and e-teaching processes. In this review, we discuss some favorable aspects and difficulties associated with virtual teaching and learning, searching for available tools and techniques as well as new perspectives.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação em Odontologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias
16.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(5): 532-538, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690835

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this survey was to evaluate the ability of dental students and interns to deliver oral hygiene instructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey targeted patients aged 17-67 years who sought different dental treatments performed by final (sixth)-year dental students or dental interns. Both patients and therapists participated in filling out the questionnaire. The questionnaire included an exploration of the ability of therapists to prescribe dental hygiene aids commonly used in oral hygiene dentistry. RESULTS: In total, 150 patients and 150 therapists of both genders participated in this survey. The results showed that 47.3% of all therapists taught the patients the brushing technique; however, only 20% of the therapists reinforced oral hygiene instructions. Similarly, only 26% of therapists instructed their patients to renew their toothbrushes regularly, and 34% of the therapists instructed the patients on using dental floss. Only 32% of therapists prescribed a mouthwash to their patients, and 40.7% of the therapists used a disclosing agent. The difference was highly significant between students and interns in all the above activities, in favor of the dental students. CONCLUSION: The result shows a low level of therapist's performance, both students and interns, in delivering oral hygiene instructions to their patients. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dental students and interns take a big responsibility in motivation and delivery of oral hygiene instructions in dental clinics to their patients. Evaluating the performance of students and interns in delivering oral health instructions in dental clinics will facilitate establish oral health programs to improve the performance of therapists in motivation and delivering the oral hygiene instructions and therefore increase the ability of patients to respond.


Assuntos
Higiene Bucal , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Saúde Bucal , Escovação Dentária , Adulto Jovem
17.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e062, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609231

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dentists and dental undergraduate students know the terminology of the International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC), and make their restorative treatment decisions regarding carious tissue removal accordingly. Data collection was performed using an electronic questionnaire, considering: a) profile of the respondent; b) analysis of four clinical cases with respect to possible management strategies; and c) questions on cariology field terminology. Sample size consisted of 175 dentists and 66 last semester dental students. Statistical analyses were performed comparing profile, type of institution and dental specialty of the participants. Results showed students were less conservative and agreed less with the ICCC than dentists, and private schools, less than public institutions. Private institutions were 12% (95%CI = 0.833-0.949; p = 0.000) more likely to be less updated with the ICCC recommendations than public institutions, and dentists were 20% more likely to agree with them than students (95%CI = 1.118-1.302; p = 0.000). Dentists were 66% more likely to be conservative than students (95%CI = 0.203-0.554; p = 0.000); dentists and students who graduated or were graduating from public universities were twice as likely to be conservative as those from private universities (95%CI = 1.336-3.333; p = 0.001). In conclusion, students in the last semester are less conservative than dentists, and respondents who graduated or were graduating from public dental schools were more aligned with the current concepts of the ICCC. Several answers were not aligned with ICCC directives, thus showing that management of deep carious lesions still causes restorative therapeutic insecurity.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Estudantes de Odontologia , Brasil , Consenso , Odontólogos , Humanos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
J Prosthodont ; 29(S1): 3-147, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681591
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727038

RESUMO

The aim was to assess perceived stress (PS) and factors associated with PS in Russian medical and dental students. A total of 406 medical and 283 dental students aged 18-25 years that attended the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk, North-West Russia participated in this cross-sectional study. A structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health (OH) behavior, and self-reported OH. All students were clinically examined to assess dental caries, oral hygiene, and gingiva. PS was measured by the Perceived Stress Scale 10 (PSS-10). Of the students, 26.0%, 69.1%, and 4.9% reported low, moderate, and high PS, respectively. Female sex (b = 2.28, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.38-3.18), dental faculty (b = 1.74, 95% CI: 0.94-2.54), low subjective socioeconomic status (SES) (b = 1.71, 95% CI: 0.91-2.51), and irregular dental visits (b = 1.65, 95% CI: 0.72-2.58) were associated with higher PSS-10 score. These factors were assumed to be clinical meaningful, given that minimal clinically important difference of PSS-10 fell between 2.19 and 2.66 points. The majority of the medical and dental students reported moderate PS. Based on statistical significance and clinical meaningfulness, socio-demographic factors (sex, faculty), subjective SES, and OH behavior (regularity of dental visits) were associated with PS.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Odontologia , Estudantes de Medicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 23(4): 493-500, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to use eye tracking to analyse people's visual perceptions of smiles with a diastema between the maxillary central and lateral incisors, based on different categories of observers. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATIONS: An image of a diastema between the maxillary central and lateral incisors was shown to dental students and laypeople. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our null hypothesis was that there would be no difference in the visual perception of the different graduations of diastemas between the two groups. The diastemas were edited in Photoshop® to gradually increase the distance between the maxillary central and lateral incisors from no diastema to 1.5 mm and 3.5 mm diastemas. These diastemas were evaluated by using a TheEyeTribe© tracker in conjunction with OGAMA© 5.0 software. A total of 37 dental students and 33 laypeople looked at eight randomly arranged images of smiles. The data were analyzed using color coded maps, scanpaths, and the Kruskal-Wallis test with a level of significance of 5%. RESULTS: Laypeople tended to observe the eyes, focusing more on the right than the left, and spent less time focusing on the diastema region than did the dental students. There were differences for the same magnitude of diastema within participant groups. As the width of the diastema increased, both students and laypeople focused more on the diastema region. CONCLUSIONS: The two groups of evaluators presented different perceptions of smiles in cases of diastema between the maxillary central and lateral incisors when evaluated using eye-tracking.


Assuntos
Diastema , Cor , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudantes de Odontologia
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