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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 11, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Internet as a communication tool is an essential component of daily life. Nowadays, problematic Internet use (PIU) has led to various psychosocial problems that can indirectly lead to oral diseases due to neglect of healthy behaviors. Also, college students are a large proportion of Internet users. The present study aimed to determine the association between problematic Internet use and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among medical and dental students. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted on medical and dental students in the first and second years of education (basic sciences courses) at the Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, between January and July 2020. The data collection process was carried out in the following sequence: questionnaire on demographic characteristics (age, gender, marital status, academic field, and year); Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire (PIUQ); and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire. RESULTS: Among 268 medical and dental students, 171 students (63.81%) [95% confidence interval: 58.02%- 69.60%] had problematic Internet use. The mean PIU score in the first-year was significantly higher than the second-year students. In addition, 65% of single students and 25% of married subjects were dealing with PIU. The statistical difference between mean OHIP scores among PIU students (12.5 ± 2.9), with average Internet usage (7.39 ± 6.6), was significant. The Spearman correlation coefficient between PIU and OHIP was 0.309 and significant (P-value < 0.000001). It indicates that students with higher PIU showed higher OHIP scores. CONCLUSION: The present study showed that problematic Internet use was significantly associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among first and second-year medical and dental students. Thus, the students with problematic Internet use experienced a poorer oral health-related quality of life than average Internet users. Furthermore, appropriate preventive and interventional strategies need to be developed to encourage rational use of the Internet to protect the users' oral health, especially among medical and dental students.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Internet , Uso da Internet , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Oral Sci ; 64(1): 74-79, 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980824

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate an ageism scale for dental students in Switzerland. METHODS: The original scale was first translated to German and then evaluated by 14 experts for relevance; four items were eliminated. Validation of the resulting questionnaire was performed at three Swiss dental schools. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed; Cronbach's alpha (α) was used to assess the internal consistency reliability, and Pearson's coefficient to identify any correlations with demographic parameters (P < 0.05). RESULTS: PCA revealed 11 items among 4 factors (Overall: 11 items, α = 0.63, variance = 56.6%; Factor #1 (F1): items = 3, α = 0.64; Factor #2 (F2): items = 3, α = 0.42; Factor #3 (F3): items = 3, α = 0.35; Factor #4 (F4): items = 2, α = 0.37). F1 and F4 were correlated with clinical experience (F1: P = 0.042; F4: P = 0.006) and participation in a gerodontology course (F1: P = 0.021; F4: P = 0.004). F1 was correlated with experience of dealing with the elderly (P = 0.031), while residence locality was correlated with F3 (P = 0.047) and F4 (P = 0.043). F2 was correlated with the presence of elderly in the family (P = 0.047). CONCLUSION: The translated dental ageism questionnaire for Switzerland resulted in an 11-item scale with acceptable reliability.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Idoso , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça
3.
J Oral Sci ; 64(1): 85-90, 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980826

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The rapid deterioration of oral health in young adults is an alarming problem in Japan. The aim of the present study is to investigate the oral health status, subjective oral symptoms and oral health behaviors of dental students. METHODS: Participants were 108 first-year students attending dental school in 2018-2019. Oral examinations were performed to assess dental caries indices, oral hygiene status, gingival bleeding on probing (BOP) and pocket depth. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess subjective oral symptoms and oral health behaviors. RESULTS: The prevalence of decayed teeth (DT) and gingivitis (BOP ≥ 10%) were 43.5% and 50.0%, respectively. Having DT and gingivitis were significantly associated with poorer oral hygiene. No association was observed between DT and subjective symptoms. Having gingivitis was significantly associated with xerostomia, mouth-breathing and less use of interdental cleaning tools. Multiple logistic regression analysis for gingivitis yielded an odds ratio of 1.41 (95% confidence interval: 1.19-1.67) for plaque score, and 2.75 (1.27-5.98) for xerostomia. CONCLUSION: Since a relatively high ratio of students had DT and gingivitis without clear subjective symptoms, they require regular dental visits for early treatment and oral hygiene maintenance from the start of their time at university.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Gengivite , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 41, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental students are frequently affected by work-related musculoskeletal symptoms (WMSs) due to reasons such as working conditions, difficult education process and long work periods. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency and anatomical distribution of WMSs, and its effect on the quality of life (QoL) in dental students. METHODS: Sociodemographic and health-related characteristics of one-hundred and five dental students were recorded. WMSs were scored by the participants with the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Then, participants were asked to evaluate their QoL by scoring the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief Form. Differences between independent groups for continuous variables were evaluated by Student's t-test and ANOVA as appropriate. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine the effect of demographic and health-related parameters in predicting the QoL subscales. RESULTS: The most common painful region in the last 12 months was the neck (66.7%). The body region with the most WMSs in the last 7 days was the upper back (43.8%). Physical health-related QoL of those with diagnosed musculoskeletal symptoms, and general health-related QoL of those using medicine due to any musculoskeletal symptoms were found to be statistically significantly lower (p = 0.018, p = 0.041, respectively). It was observed that the general and physical health, psychological well-being, and social relationship of the participants who reported the presence of neck pain in the last 7 days were statistically significantly lower (p = 0.003, p < 0.001, p = 0.004, p = 0.012; respectively). According to multiple regression analyses, pain occurrence in the body in the last 12 months and/or in the last 7 days had a negative impact on the participants' general and physical health, psychological well-being, social relationship, and environmental status and related QoL (p = 0.026, p = 0.047, p = 0.021, p = 0.001, p = 0.027, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that dental students' body regions, especially the neck and the back, are affected by WMSs. These negative changes observed in the body had a negative effect on the QoL of the dental students.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 26(1): 216-222, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936173

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in students' preferences between soap carving (SC) and digital sculpting (DS) methods after obtaining tooth with both methods, their opinions about the methods and their performance in the dental anatomy course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SC and DS methods were demonstrated. Students were asked to obtain a maxillary central incisor by both methods and to record time. Students' preferences were asked both before and after applying both methods. The level of significance for statistical analysis was set at p ≤ .05. RESULTS: Forty first year preclinical students (24 female, 16 male) participated in this study. Their mean age was 19.38 years ±1.00 year. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean time of the DS method according to gender (p = .004) and the mean time of DS and SC methods for females (p = .015). There was also a statistically significant difference between preferences of students for "In the future while treating the patient in the clinic, I learned with ………… method in the preclinic will be more useful for me." statement, before and after applying both methods (p = .034). CONCLUSIONS: The obtaining the tooth of the students with DS method were longer than with SC method (especially in the females). After applying both methods, the students changed their minds that learning the information about the SC and DS methods would have a similar effect when treating patients in the clinic.


Assuntos
Anatomia , Sabões , Adulto , Anatomia/educação , Educação em Odontologia , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0260698, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, world is suffering from a respiratory disease names as COVID-19. This is a novel coronavirus (n-CoV), a new strain which has not been previously identified in humans and it has spread in more than 100 locations internationally due to which it is termed as "public health emergency of international concern" (PHEIC) by the World Health Organization So far, no study done as yet to assess whether the dental workforce is aware about the facts and myths related to Covid-19 awareness. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze and compare the level of awareness about the facts and myths related to COVID-19 amongst faculty, dental students and prep year students of the College of Dentistry (COD) as part of an awareness campaign. METHODS: An awareness test about COVID-19 was designed using information from the World Health Organization's (WHO) Myth Busters Awareness webpage. The questionnaire was administrated online to faculty and students, of the College of Dentistry and preparatory year students who had applied for the admission to the dental college using a secure enterprise online assessment platform (Blackboard). The tests were administered over a period of three months from March to June 2020. A written informed consent was obtained. RESULTS: The online COVID-19 awareness test was administered to 810 participants, out of which 325 (40%) were prep year students, 429(53%%) were dental students, and 56 (7%) were faculty members. Analysis of the results showed that 86% of the Faculty were able to correctly identify the facts and the myths related to COVID-19 followed by 81% of the prep year students and 74% of the dental students. Preparatory year student's knowledge related to COVID-19 was found to be high when compared to dental students (26.47±4.27, 23.67±6.2). Student to faculty knowledge score did not differ significantly (p = 0.808). CONCLUSION: This study reports about a successful pilot test conducted to assess the perceived knowledge about facts and myths related to corona virus amongst the dental workforce.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Faculdades de Odontologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Arábia Saudita , Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948851

RESUMO

Dental students are an interesting population because they are expected to have a higher level of knowledge of and to exhibit better oral hygiene habits, and thus have a greater impact on the environment, families, and society as a whole. The aim of this research was to determine the state of oral hygiene in dental students before and after the interventional health education program. The research sample consisted of 119 students of dentistry in their first and fourth years of study. The first research stage was conducted before health education intervention (for the evaluation of selected oral health parameters, the Decayed, Missing and Filled index, Greene-Vermillion index, Silness-Löe plaque index, Silness-Löe gingival index, and the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs index were used). The second stage was conducted as a clinical measurement of oral health changes. The conducted health education intervention, to an extent, led to changes in the state of oral hygiene among the students, and thus healthier habits. There was a statistically significant difference in the examined population between the beginning of the study and after the health education intervention program. Although a significant improvement in oral hygiene and oral health was noticed after the health education intervention program, the state of oral hygiene was still not at a satisfactory level among the dental students, contrary to our expectations.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Estudantes de Odontologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948855

RESUMO

The presence of micronuclei in oral epithelial cells is considered a marker of genotoxicity, which can be identified using exfoliative cytology. The aim of this study was to investigate cytotoxic damage through the evaluation of micronuclei in the oral mucosa of smokers and e-cigarette users compared to nonsmokers. We obtained smears from the buccal mucosa of 68 participants divided in 3 groups (smokers, e-cigarette users and nonsmokers), which were further processed with Papanicolaou stain. The frequencies of micronuclei and micronucleated cells were recorded and statistically analyzed at a level of significance of p < 0.05. The mean micronuclei values per 1000 cells were 3.6 ± 1.08 for smokers, 3.21 ± 1.12 for e-cigarette users and 1.95 ± 1.05 for nonsmokers. The mean values of micronucleated cells per 1000 cells were 2.48 ± 0.91 for smokers, 2.39 ± 1.07 for e-cigarette users and 1.4 ± 0.68 for nonsmokers. Smokers and e-cigarette users had significantly higher values of micronuclei and micronucleated cells compared to nonsmokers, but there were no significant differences between smokers and e-cigarette users. We concluded that the micronuclei count can be used as an early indicator for alterations of oral mucosa and exfoliative cytology represents an accessible tool which could be applied for mass screening.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Mucosa Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Fumantes , Estudantes de Odontologia
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213961, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1254644

RESUMO

Aim: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate where Brazilian dental students seek information about COVID-19 by a self-administered web-based questionnaire. Methods: A social network campaign on Instagram was raised to approach the target population. The dental students responded to a multiple-response question asking where or with whom they get information about COVID-19. The possible answers were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, TV Programs, professors, social media, scientific articles, health professionals, and family members. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and the frequency distributions of responses were evaluated by gender, age, type of institution, and year of enrollment. Results: A total of 833 valid responses were received. The main source of information used by the dental students were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, which were reported by 739 (88.7%) participants. In the sequence, 477 (57.3%) participants chose health professionals while 468 (56.2%) chose scientific articles as information sources. The use of social media was reported by 451 (54.1%) students, while TV programs were information sources used by 332 (39.9%) students. The least used information sources were professors, reported by 317 (38.1%) students, and family members, chosen only by 65 (7.8%) participants. Conclusion: Brazilian dental students rely on multiple information sources to stay informed about COVID-19, mainly focusing their information-seeking behavior on governmental and health professional's websites


Assuntos
Faculdades de Odontologia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Mídias Sociais , COVID-19
11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214270, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1254738

RESUMO

There are various instruments to measure attitudes toward persons with disabilities (PwD). The Multidimensional Attitudes Scale (MAS) toward PwD is a three-dimension scale with good psychometric properties; the Spanish version has been validated with a four-factor structure. Aim: To examine the factor structure of a cross-cultural adapted version of the Spanish MAS towards deaf persons in a sample of Chilean dental students. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved five Chilean public health experts that reviewed the scale for obtaining a preliminary version of a 30-item modified MAS towards deaf persons; a pilot with 15 dental students was performed, and a final sample composed of 311 students was included. For the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), maximum likelihood estimation (ML) for determining the number of factors and parallel analysis (PA) was used, with Oblimin for the rotation method. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess reliability. The root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), comparative fit index (CFI), incremental fit index (IFI), goodness of fit index (GFI), Tucker-Lewis fit index (TLI-NNF) and root mean square of residuals (RMSR) were used to assess model fit. Results: All items had a normal distribution with the exception of items 7 and 10. The four-factor structure without item 10 in this EFA presented an adequate Cronbach's alpha (>0.83), suggesting acceptable reliability. RMSEA, TLI-NNFI, RMSR, GFI and CFI indices suggested a good fit of the model and were consistent with the literature. Conclusion: The Spanish modified version of the MAS towards deaf persons has a four-factor structure, which in consistent with a previous version of the MAS


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Odontologia , Atitude , Hispano-Americanos , Chile , Surdez , Estudos de Validação como Assunto
12.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(11)2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833496

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has a negative impact on the mental health of the population in general, and in college students in particular. Dental students have seen their teaching altered and their clinical practice reduced. This study was aimed at conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting levels of depression among dental students during the COVID-19 and estimating the pooled prevalence of depression. Materials and Methods: Medline via PubMed and other databases were searched for studies on the prevalence of depression in dental undergraduates, published from 1 December 2019 to 1 September 2021. The pooled proportions of depression were calculated with random effects models. Results: We identified 13 studies from 9 countries. The pooled prevalence of depression in dental students was 37% (95% CI: 26-49%) with no variation due to gender, response rate or methodological quality. We only found a significantly higher prevalence of depression in studies from Asia compared to Europe and America. Conclusions: Our results suggest that dental students are suffering from higher levels of depression compared with the general population or other college students during the COVID-19 pandemic, with differences across regions. Measures to improve mental health and wellbeing of dental students during the pandemic are needed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes de Odontologia
13.
Indian J Dent Res ; 32(2): 153-157, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810381

RESUMO

Objective: Career choice, one of the most important process in a student's life, has an influence on his/her future life. Hence, it is important to understand student's motives behind choosing a specific career. Hence, the study was designed with an aim to evaluate the factors influencing dental students to choose dentistry as career. Methods: The present cross-sectional survey was conducted on 401 dental students from a dental institute. The data was collected using a structured questionnaire consisting of 13 reasons that possibly influenced students' decision to study dentistry. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS 20 software. Results: Majority of the students participating were female (77.1%). Top four reasons to choose dentistry as a profession were to help poor people (95.5%), to earn prestige and respect (95.0%) followed by self-interest (94.7%) and study of human parts especially teeth (92.8%). Making money was the reason reported by 77.8% of the students. Other reasons reported were inspiration from other dentists (63.3%), did not get admission to medicine (MBBS) course (52.1%), and no doctor in family (51.9%). Family members in medical/dental profession was the least reported reason (36.9%). There were no significant differences among males and females for reported reasons except for one reason, that is, did not get admitted to medicine (MBBS) course (60.9% male and 48.9% female; P = 0.031). Conclusion: Students were mostly influenced by own interest and altruistic nature to opt for dental profession.


Assuntos
Odontologia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Escolha da Profissão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Aust J Rural Health ; 29(5): 670-677, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Melbourne Dental School's (MDS) rural dental clinical placement program operates in two Victorian rural areas and offers final year dental students an integrated program of practical clinical experience and rural lifestyle exposure. The objective of this study was to understand the student's experiences to determine whether they increased the likelihood of them seeking rural employment after graduation. DESIGN: The University of Melbourne final year dental students attended 5-week mandatory rural clinical placements in 2018 and 2019. At the completion of their placement, students were invited to complete an anonymous questionnaire about their experiences, which had both quantitative and qualitative questions. This study examined the qualitative data using thematic analysis to identify common themes. SETTING: Rural clinical dental placements at Goulburn Valley Health and Latrobe Community Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: Final year Dentistry and Oral Health students. INTERVENTIONS: Clinical placementevaluation questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To examinedentalstudents interest in rural practicepost rural clinical placement. RESULTS: Of the 129 students who completed the survey, 116 completed the open-ended questions and four themes were identified. Rich clinical experience; social capital; rural life and infrastructure. High levels of satisfaction were reported across all themes. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the rural clinical program to be a positive and enjoyable placement which increased dental students' clinical practice experience and their interest in considering rural practice upon graduation. Exposure to rural lifestyle and supportive clinical and social relationships were shown to be important influences. The current survey can benefit from refinement and further research following up MDS graduate workplace locations is recommended.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Rural , Estudantes de Odontologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Escolha da Profissão , Humanos , População Rural , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
J Nepal Health Res Counc ; 19(2): 384-389, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Problem based learning is self-directed form of learning. Problem of Diabetes Mellitus was chosen. The objective was to evaluate perception of students towards Problem based learning and test their understanding. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted from November 2019 till October 2020. An online Problem based learning session of a week was conducted to second-year Bachelors of Dental Surgery students using online applications. Tutors facilitated students in a group of five to six each. Pre-post testing of evaluation questions was done. At end of session, feedback of students on Problem based learning and tutor of Problem based learning were received with 'Dolmans and Schmidt' and 'Dolmans and Ginns' questionnaire. RESULTS: There was increase in correct response in nine out of 12 evaluation questions. Most students agreed to influence of discussion, content tested, course objectives, lectures, tutor and reference literature. The students agreed that tutors facilitated active, self-directed, contextual and collaborative learning. CONCLUSIONS: The influence of discussion among participants, content tested, course objectives, reference literature during the Problem based learning session were agreed upon by majority of the students. The tutors' role was accepted by participants in terms of stimulation to self-directed, active, collaborative and contextual learning.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Nepal , Percepção , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Pesquisa , Estudantes de Odontologia
16.
J Dent Hyg ; 95(5): 64-72, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654717

RESUMO

Purpose: Research has shown an increase in dental hygiene (DH) students' knowledge and attitudes toward teledentistry (TD) after TD training in states with permissive but not restrictive DH scope of practice policies. The purpose of this study was to identify self-reported knowledge and attitudes regarding TD among the DH students at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill before and after an educational intervention and student recommendations for TD curriculum placement.Methods: A faculty presentation and video demonstration, followed by small group discussions and a large group debriefing session were conducted at the UNC Adams School of Dentistry in March 2019. Participants were invited to complete a survey before and after the educational session. McNemar's matched pair test was used to compare the proportion of the participants' pre- and post-test responses.Results: Survey participants (n=30) included first year and second year DH students. There was significant difference (p<0.001) between pre and post self-reported knowledge of TD as well as a significant difference in participant's response (p= 0.012) about facilitating consultation with health care specialists through TD in NC. There was a significant difference in favorable responses (p=0.0394) that TD could increase reimbursement to dentists to enhance the provision of more services in NC. Students identified didactic courses (43%), simulated cases (47%), and integration into the DH community rotations (66%) as potential ways to incorporate TD into curriculum. Most students (93%) identified DH restricted scope of practice as a barrier to TD implementation in NC.Conclusion: The educational session resulted in increased self-reported knowledge and demonstrated positive attitudes toward the adoption of TD into multiple facets of DH curriculum. A major barrier to its adoption into practice is the DH restricted scope of practice in NC.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Higiene Bucal , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Currículo , Higienistas Dentários , Humanos , Estudantes de Odontologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the psychological state of university students has been a cause for concern. In particular, odontology students have experienced symptoms of anxiety due to the closure of universities and the suspension of clinical training. METHODS: Medline via PubMed was searched for studies on the prevalence of anxiety in dental undergraduates, published from 1 December 2019 to 1 August 2021. RESULTS: A total of fifteen studies were included in this review. Our results show a prevalence of anxiety of 35% reported by dental students, which was independent of gender, response rate or methodological quality. The only significant finding was a lower prevalence of anxiety in studies located in Europe compared to those located in other continents. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest dental students are experiencing significant levels of anxiety during this COVID-19 pandemic and that there seem to be differences between students from different regions of the world. Therefore, it is important to help dental students psychologically as the pandemic situation continues.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes de Odontologia , Universidades
18.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0257359, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 has dramatically changed teaching approach in dental schools due to the switch to distance learning and the lack of practice training in direct contact with patients with possible impact on clinical skills of students. The aim of the study was to assess the level of the 2020 final year dental students' self-confidence in performing different dental procedures through specially designed questionnaire and compare it to self-confidence of the 2019 final year students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire consisting of 40 questions regarding self-confidence level in performing 40 different dental procedures and based on five points Likert-like scale was distributed during November 2020 to final year dental students whose studies were disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in one semester. The study group comprised their answers. The comparison was done with the control group that consisted of students' answers on the same questionnaire from previous 2019 year conducted as a part of regular internal educational evaluation. RESULTS: Response rate was 74.2% in study group and 89.3% in control group. Mean level of self-confidence reported by 115 students in study group was significantly lower than that reported by 100 students in control group (3.28±1.08 vs. 3.58±0.88, respectively) and the distribution of self-confidence scores were different in observed groups. Graduates from study group felt less confident than those from control in 8 clinical skills. CONCLUSION: Abrupt changes in teaching modalities caused by COVID-19 pandemic had significant impact on final year dental students' self-confidence indicating additional educational needs in postgraduate period.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação em Odontologia , Autoimagem , Estudantes de Odontologia , COVID-19 , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 548, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge obtained at the undergraduate level regarding molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) has an impact on future practice of dentists and paediatric dentists. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess final-year dental students' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs towards MIH in all Swiss universities. METHODS: A previously utilised survey (in both English and German) was distributed among final-year dental students in all Swiss dental schools (Basel, Bern, Geneva and Zurich). It probed students' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding the diagnosis, prevalence, aetiology, and management of MIH, and was structured in two parts: knowledge/perception and clinical application. The students' responses were analysed statistically with descriptive statistics. RESULTS: 113 out of 133 final-year Swiss dental students took part in the study (85%). Nearly all students were familiar with MIH (99%), but only 12% of them felt confident when diagnosing MIH clinically. Direct composite fillings (66%), indirect restorations (28%) and preformed stainless-steel crowns (26%) were chosen as most suitable treatment options for MIH-affected teeth. CONCLUSION: Final-year Swiss dental students are well informed about MIH. However, they report low level of confidence when clinically confronted with MIH-affected teeth regarding its diagnosis and treatment. Swiss Universities curricula should be revisited accordingly.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Estudantes de Odontologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/terapia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Dente Molar , Prevalência , Suíça
20.
Med Educ Online ; 26(1): 1983927, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34694980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The volume of literature about serious gaming in dental education has increased, however, none of the previous studies have developed a serious game for closing the gap between preclinical and clinical training. OBJECTIVE: Virtual Dental Clinic (VDC) is a serious game that was created to help develop clinical reasoning skills in dental students. This study aimed to evaluate VDC as an educational tool and its effectiveness on clinical skill and knowledge gain among clerkship dental students. METHODS: The following three stages of VDC design and testing were addressed from 2016 to 2020: development, validation, and application. The VDC was developed using Unity game engine. In the validation stage, the content validity was reviewed by five visiting staff; construct validity and face validity were examined by 9 postgraduate-year dentists and 14 clerkship dental students. Concurrent validity and predictive validity were examined by 34 fifth-year dental students during their clerkship from September, 2018 to May, 2019, the associations between VDC experiences, clerkship performance, and the score on a national qualification test were explored. In the application stage, the VDC was set up as a self-learning tool in the Family Dentistry Department from August, 2019, quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted using the 92 clerkship students' feedback. RESULTS: The VDC showed good validity and a high potential for education in practice. Students who have used VDC received significantly higher scores on qualification test (p = 0.029); the VDC experiences significantly predicted higher performance score on periodontics (p = 0.037) and endodontics (p = 0.040). After the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, significantly higher proportion of students confirmed the value of VDC as an assistant tool for learning clinical reasoning (p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: The VDC as an educational tool, and the effectiveness on clinical reasoning skills and knowledge gain among clerkship dental students has been validated and confirmed in this study.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estágio Clínico , Estudantes de Medicina , Competência Clínica , Clínicas Odontológicas , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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