Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 163.571
Filtrar
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226288, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1366204

RESUMO

Aim: To describe the pattern of toothache experience in a cohort of children aged 2-5 over 21 years and to find the relationship between previous toothache experience and later reports of toothache to get finding on the most critical period of toothache as a problem in life. Methods: This is a secondary data analysis from Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS). A total of 1,927 children from IFLS-1 with complete data were included as baseline participants. They were followed up four times within 21 years (age 6-9y, age 9-12y, age 16-19y, age 23- 26y). Toothache was based on the question of self-reported toothache experience during the last four weeks. After 21 years, a total of 1,098 individuals could be traced and completed every cohort of the survey. Toothache experiences were reported for frequencies in every cohort and accumulative experiences over 21 years. Logistic regression tests were performed to analyze the association of previous toothache experience and later toothache experience. Results: Almost 40% of the respondents reported toothache at least once in their life. The age of 6-9 years is the period when a high percentage of children had teeth-related pain. The experience of toothache at this period was significantly related to every period of age in life. Conclusions: The period of early mixed dentition is important. Oral health status in this period is associated with future oral health. A comprehensive dental health prevention program targeting this population is essential to increase the quality of life


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Prevalência , Estudos Longitudinais , Indonésia/epidemiologia
3.
Psychooncology ; 31(1): 54-61, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of breast reconstruction on women's perceptions of body image over time and to assess the influence of sociodemographic variables on body image. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal cohort study, using validated breast cancer-specific questionnaires, to compare patient-reported outcomes in women choosing immediate (n = 61), delayed (n = 16) or no (n = 23) breast reconstruction. RESULTS: One hundred women completed baseline questionnaires that included items on body image; 30 women completed all four annual follow-up sets, while 20 women completed baseline only. The three groups were well matched at baseline and similar trajectories in body image measures were identified over 48 months in all groups. At 12 months post-mastectomy, significant changes were seen in eight of the 10 subscales; this reduced to seven subscales at 24 months and four at 36 months. By 48 months, only three subscales remained significantly different to baseline scores: women remained less vulnerable and had fewer limitations (improved outcomes); the one worse outcome was persistently higher levels of arm concern. Three of the sociodemographic variables (health insurance, age and employment status) showed significant inter-group differences at some time points. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest women recover from the negative impact of mastectomy on body image within four years of surgery, whether they have immediate, delayed or no reconstruction. Our results provide some indirect evidence that having a choice of BR options is important, regardless of the choice made. Four years appears to be a suitable follow-up period for future studies in this area.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Imagem Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
5.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 22(1): 153, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the cost of RNA-sequencing decreases, complex study designs, including paired, longitudinal, and other correlated designs, become increasingly feasible. These studies often include multiple hypotheses and thus multiple degree of freedom tests, or tests that evaluate multiple hypotheses jointly, are often useful for filtering the gene list to a set of interesting features for further exploration while controlling the false discovery rate. Though there are several methods which have been proposed for analyzing correlated RNA-sequencing data, there has been little research evaluating and comparing the performance of multiple degree of freedom tests across methods. METHODS: We evaluated 11 different methods for modelling correlated RNA-sequencing data by performing a simulation study to compare the false discovery rate, power, and model convergence rate across several hypothesis tests and sample size scenarios. We also applied each method to a real longitudinal RNA-sequencing dataset. RESULTS: Linear mixed modelling using transformed data had the best false discovery rate control while maintaining relatively high power. However, this method had high model non-convergence, particularly at small sample sizes. No method had high power at the lowest sample size. We found a mix of conservative and anti-conservative behavior across the other methods, which was influenced by the sample size and the hypothesis being evaluated. The patterns observed in the simulation study were largely replicated in the analysis of a longitudinal study including data from intensive care unit patients experiencing cardiogenic or septic shock. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple degree of freedom testing is a valuable tool in longitudinal and other correlated RNA-sequencing experiments. Of the methods that we investigated, linear mixed modelling had the best overall combination of power and false discovery rate control. Other methods may also be appropriate in some scenarios.


Assuntos
RNA , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , RNA/genética , Tamanho da Amostra , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos
6.
Front Public Health ; 10: 847822, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646763

RESUMO

Based on the panel data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2011, 2015, and 2018, this paper used the difference-in-difference (DID) method to evaluate the implementation effect how the Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) policy impacted on the medical expenses and the health status of the middle-aged and elder population. The empirical results show that LTCI has reduced the outpatient and inpatient quantity by 0.1689 and 0.1093 per year, and cut the outpatient and inpatient expenses by 23.9% and 19.8% per year. Moreover, the implementation of LTCI has improved the self-rated health, the activity of daily living (ADL), as well as the mental health. These conclusions verify the implementation value of LTCI system and provide policy implications for the medical reform and the further LTCI implementation in a larger scale.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Seguro de Assistência de Longo Prazo , China , Estudos Longitudinais , Saúde Mental
7.
Front Public Health ; 10: 868059, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646780

RESUMO

This study used data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study to investigate the temporal relationship between blood lipids and sleep duration in Chinese middle-aged and older adults. We used medical examinations and questionnaire data of 5,016 Chinese middle-aged and older adults (age 45+) in 2011 and 2015. Cross-lagged path analysis was performed to examine the bidirectional relationships between blood lipids and sleep duration. Sleep duration and lipids data were analyzed as continuous variables. Temporal relationships between sleep duration and HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglycerides were different. Sleep duration was negatively associated with HDL-cholesterol 4 year later (ß1 = -0.171, P = 0.005), and HDL-cholesterol was negatively associated with sleep duration 4 year later (ß2 = -0.006, P = 0.002). Longer sleep duration was associated lower levels of LDL-cholesterol (ß1 = -0.275, P = 0.097) and total cholesterol (ß1 = -0.329, P = 0.096) 4 year later. There was a positive correlation between triglycerides and sleep duration. The path coefficient from triglycerides to sleep duration 4 year later (ß2 = 0.001, P = 0.018) was greater than that from sleep duration to triglycerides 4 year later (ß1 = 0.109, P = 0.847), with P = 0.030 for the difference between ß1 and ß2. In stratified analysis, we found that the strength and direction of the relationships may be related to age and BMI. Effects of sleep duration on blood lipids were only observed among participants aged <60 years, while the effect in the opposite direction was observed in older adults (age 60+), and the cross-lagged path coefficients were more significant in adults with BMI > 25.


Assuntos
Lipídeos , Sono , Idoso , China , Colesterol , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Triglicerídeos
8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 267, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A better understanding of how cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity interact to associate with arterial blood pressure over time remains inconclusive. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine whether changes in CRF moderates the association between body fat percentage (BF%) and arterial blood pressure in children and adolescents. METHODS: This is an observational longitudinal study with 407 children and adolescents aged 8-17 years followed-up for three years from a city in Southern Brazil. Participants were evaluated in 2011 and 2014. CRF was measured by validated field-based tests following the Projeto Esporte Brazil protocols and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) was estimated. BF% was determined by the measures of tricipital and subscapular skinfolds using equations according to sex. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) were measured with a sphygmomanometer according to standard procedures. Moderation analyses included multiple linear regression models adjusted for sex, age, pubertal status, height, socioeconomic level, skin color, and the arterial blood pressure variable itself at baseline. RESULTS: It was observed a significant inverse association between VO2peak at baseline with SBP (ß = - 0.646 CI95% = - 0.976 - 0.316) and DBP (ß = - 0.649 CI95% = - 0.923 - 0.375) at follow-up and a positive association between BF% at baseline with SBP (ß = 0.274; CI95% = 0.094 0.455) and DBP (ß = 0.301; CI95% = 0.150 0.453) at follow-up. In addition, results indicated a significant interaction term between changes in VO2peak and BF% at baseline with both SBP (p = 0.034) and DBP at follow-up (p = 0.011), indicating that an increase of at least 0.35 mL/kg/min and 1.78 mL/kg/min in VO2peak attenuated the positive relationship between BF% with SBP and DBP. CONCLUSION: CRF moderates the relationship between BF% and SBP and DBP in children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Tecido Adiposo , Adiposidade/fisiologia , Adolescente , Pressão Arterial , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais
9.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 101(7): 666-673, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35706119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: After total knee arthroplasty, the ability to weight bear symmetrically during the sit-to-stand task provides important information regarding altered movement patterns. Despite this, comprehensive recovery curves and validity data for sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry are lacking in the total knee arthroplasty population. Our study aimed to (1) develop recovery curves with reference ranges, (2) identify the correlates of standard and constrained sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry, and (3) evaluate their predictive validity with gait speed. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective longitudinal study of 706 patients with primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty. Monthly, for 4 mos after surgery, sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry, knee pain, knee range of motion, quadriceps strength, and gait speed were quantified. RESULTS: Standard and constrained sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry measures improved nonlinearly over time. Standard sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry was most strongly associated with bilateral quadriceps strength, whereas constrained sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry was most strongly associated with ipsilateral quadriceps strength. Knee range of motion and contralateral knee pain were additional correlates. Both standard sit-to-stand and constrained sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry were independently and nonlinearly associated with gait speed in multivariable models. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provided recovery curves and validity data to support routine clinical measurement of sit-to-stand weight-bearing symmetry in total knee arthroplasty. Our results also indicate that constrained sit-to-stand may promote greater use of the operated limb than standard sit-to-stand.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Longitudinais , Dor/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Velocidade de Caminhada , Suporte de Carga
10.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 338, 2022 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In The Netherlands, prematurely born infants and their parents are offered regular developmental check-ups in a hospital setting. In line with providing healthcare at distance, the use of video footage showing the infant's behavior and movements, taken by parents at home and assessed by professionals online, might be a fruitful future practice. The focus of this study was to gain insight into parental experiences with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale home-video method and their appraisal of its applicability for use in an outpatient neonatal follow-up clinic. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study among parents of healthy extremely or very premature infants (GA 26.2-31.5 weeks) participating in a longitudinal study of motor development between 3-18 months corrected age. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted and transcribed verbatim. Data was analyzed independently. Inductive content analysis was performed following the process of the AIMS home-video method. RESULTS: Parents appraised the AIMS home-video method as manageable and fun to do. Instructions, instruction film, and checklists were clear. Transferring the video footage from their phone to their computer and uploading it to the web portal was sometimes time-consuming. Parents gained a better awareness of their infant's motor development and found the provided feedback a confirmation of what they already thought about their infant's development and was reassuring that their child was doing well. First-time parents seemed more uncertain and had a greater need for information about (motor) development, but on the other hand, also had confidence in their child. All parents thought that home-videos can be an addition to follow-up visits, but cannot replace (all) visits. It may be an opportunity to reduce the frequency of hospital visits, while still having their infant monitored. CONCLUSION: Parents appraised the AIMS home-video method positively and are of the opinion that home-videos can be of added value in monitoring infants at risk in neonatal follow-up additional to hospital visits. In future research a user-friendly application and/or platform to exchange video footage safely between parents and professionals should be developed with all possible stakeholders involved and implementation should be explored.


Assuntos
Doenças do Prematuro , Pais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Pesquisa Qualitativa
11.
Environ Health Perspect ; 130(6): 67005, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that long-term exposure to fine particulate matter [PM ≤2.5µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5)] may adversely impact cognitive performance. Wildfire smoke is one of the biggest sources of PM2.5 and concentrations are likely to increase under climate change. However, little is known about how short-term exposure impacts cognitive function. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the associations between daily and subdaily (hourly) PM2.5 and wildfire smoke exposure and cognitive performance in adults. METHODS: Scores from 20 plays of an attention-oriented brain-training game were obtained for 10,228 adults in the United States (U.S.). We estimated daily and hourly PM2.5 exposure through a data fusion of observations from multiple monitoring networks. Daily smoke exposure in the western U.S. was obtained from satellite-derived estimates of smoke plume density. We used a longitudinal repeated measures design with linear mixed effects models to test for associations between short-term exposure and attention score. Results were also stratified by age, gender, user behavior, and region. RESULTS: Daily and subdaily PM2.5 were negatively associated with attention score. A 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 in the 3 h prior to gameplay was associated with a 21.0 [95% confidence interval (CI): 3.3, 38.7]-point decrease in score. PM2.5 exposure over 20 plays accounted for an estimated average 3.7% (95% CI: 0.7%, 6.7%) reduction in final score. Associations were more pronounced in the wildfire-impacted western U.S. Medium and heavy smoke density were also negatively associated with score. Heavy smoke density the day prior to gameplay was associated with a 117.0 (95% CI: 1.7, 232.3)-point decrease in score relative to no smoke. Although differences between subgroups were not statistically significant, associations were most pronounced for younger (18-29 y), older (≥70y), habitual, and male users. DISCUSSION: Our results indicate that PM2.5 and wildfire smoke were associated with reduced attention in adults within hours and days of exposure, but further research is needed to elucidate these relationships. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP10498.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Incêndios Florestais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Encéfalo , Cognição , Exposição Ambiental , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Material Particulado/análise , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9825, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701477

RESUMO

The factors associated with cognitive decline among older adults include physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake. However, the long-term effects of concomitant physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake are unknown. This 16-year longitudinal study explored the joint effect of mitigating cognitive decline in a cohort of older Taiwanese individuals. Five population-based surveys (Taiwan Longitudinal Survey on Aging [1999-2015]) involving 4440 respondents over 53 years old in 1999 were conducted. Cognitive function was assessed using the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ). The demographic, socioeconomic, health-related, behavioral, and disease status covariates were adjusted in the regression analysis. Trends in cognitive decline were observed over 16 years. The risk of cognitive decline decreased by 63% when high physical activity and high fruit and vegetable intake were combined (odds ratio 0.37; 95% confidence interval 0.23-0.59), indicating a potential combined effect of physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake on mitigating cognitive decline. These personal actions are safe, effective, and economical approaches to health promotion and disease prevention.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Frutas , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Dieta , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Verduras
13.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 398, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that childhood socioeconomic status (SES) can influence the development and progression of depression in adulthood. This study aimed to analyze the effects of childhood SES on depressive symptoms in individuals of middle-old age and examine the potential mediating role of life satisfaction based on national data in China. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2018 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) data. A total of 17,129 individuals who were aged 45 years and older were included. The dependent variable was depressive symptoms in middle-old age. Childhood SES was the independent variable, and life satisfaction was the mediator. This study controlled four factors: general demographic characteristics, adult SES, childhood adversity and health and living status. Pearson correlations and hierarchical multiple regression analysis were performed, and the Baron and Kenny method was used to test the mediating role. RESULTS: The score of depressive symptoms among all participants was 7.88 ± 6.65. Gender, age, adult SES, childhood adversity and health and living status all affected the development of depression symptom in middle-aged and elderly individuals in China. After adjusting for all covariates, the higher the childhood SES, the lower the depressive symptom score (ß = - 0.422, P < 0.001). Life satisfaction had a partial mediating effect between childhood SES and depressive symptoms. Low childhood SES may improve life satisfaction (ß = 0.051, P < 0.001) and life satisfaction indirectly decreases depressive symptom scores (ß = - 0.403, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Life satisfaction was a partial mediator between childhood SES and depressive symptoms in middle and old age. Improving life satisfaction may serve as an intervention to reduce the incidence of depression symptoms in the future.


Assuntos
Depressão , Satisfação Pessoal , Adulto , Idoso , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aposentadoria , Classe Social
14.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 159, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of older people who receive home care services (HCS) has diabetes and requires diabetes specific monitoring, treatment and self-care assistance. However, the prevalence and incidence rates of diabetes among older people in HCS are poorly described. The aim of the study is to estimate prevalence, incidence and time trends of pharmacologically treated diabetes among older people receiving HCS in Norway 2009-2014. METHODS: This nationwide observational cohort study is based on data from two population registries. The study population consisted of persons registered in the Norwegian Information System for the Nursing and Care Sector aged ≥ 65 years receiving HCS during at least one of the years 2009-2014. The Norwegian Prescription Database was utilized to identify participants' prescriptions for glucose lowering drugs (GLD). The period prevalence was calculated each year as persons with one or more prescriptions of GLD in the current or previous year. Incident cases were defined as subjects receiving prescriptions of GLD for the first time in the given calendar year if there were no prescriptions of any GLD for that person during the previous two years. RESULTS: From 2009 to 2014, the number of older people receiving HCS increased from 112,487 to 125,593. The proportion of these who received GLD increased from 14.2% to 15.7% (p < 0.001) and was significantly higher among men than women. The annual incidence rate of diabetes among those receiving HCS showed a decreasing trend from 95.4 to 87.5 cases per 10,000 person-years from 2011 to 2014, but when stratifying on age group and gender, was significant only among the oldest women (age groups 85-89 years and 90 +). CONCLUSIONS: The increasing prevalence of older people with diabetes who receive HCS highlights the importance of attention to treatment and care related to diabetes in the HCS.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiologia , Prevalência
15.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e060829, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While the development of vaccines against the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) brought hope of establishing herd immunity and ending the global pandemic, vaccine hesitancy can hinder the progress towards herd immunity. In this study, by analysing the data collected when citizens undergo public health restrictions due to the pandemic, we assess the determinants of vaccine hesitancy, reasons for hesitation and potential effectiveness of vaccine passports used to relax public health restrictions on mitigating vaccine hesitancy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, longitudinal study and conjoint experimental design. SETTING: An online survey conducted in Japan in July 2021. PARTICIPANTS: A demographically representative sample of 5000 Japanese adults aged 20-74. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: COVID-19 vaccination intention RESULTS: We found that about 30% of respondents did not intend to get vaccinated or had not yet decided, with major reasons for vaccine hesitancy relating to concerns about the safety and side effects of the vaccine. In line with previous findings, younger age, lower socioeconomic status, and psychological and behavioural factors such as weaker COVID-19 fear were associated with vaccine hesitancy. Easing of public health restrictions such as travel, wearing face masks and dining out at night was associated with an increase in vaccine acceptance by 4%-10%. Moreover, we found that more than 90% of respondents who intended to get vaccinated actually received it while smaller proportions among those undecided and unwilling to get vaccinated did so. CONCLUSION: With a major concern about vaccine safety and side effects, interventions to mitigate against these may help to reduce vaccine hesitancy. Moreover, when citizens are imposed with restrictions, vaccine passports that increase their freedom may be helpful to increase vaccination rates.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Vacinação
16.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e058647, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710258

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The clinical course of patients with a SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection varies widely, from symptom-free to severe courses that can lead to death. Laboratory values of SARS-CoV-2 patients such as lymphocyte counts or C-reactive protein (CRP) do not allow a prediction of the actual course of the disease. To identify a possible predictive marker for the differentiation and prognosis of illness with influenza-like symptoms with and without SARS-CoV-2 infections in general practice, we will analyse the concentrations of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) levels, laboratory and clinical parameters, temperature, oxygen saturation, breathing rate and concomitant symptoms in patients with flu-like symptoms with and without a SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, two-arm, parallel longitudinal cohort study with a total of 44 patients. 22 patients with flu-like symptoms without a SARS-CoV-2 infection and 22 patients with flu-like symptoms with a SARS-CoV-2 infection will be recruited. The primary objective is to compare cfDNA levels in ambulatory patients in general practice with flu-like symptoms with SARS-CoV-2 infection with those with influenza like symptoms without a SARS-CoV-2 infection during the disease (day 7 and day 14). The secondary objective is to determine whether there is a correlation between cfDNA concentrations on the one hand, and laboratory and clinical parameters on the other hand. cfDNA, differential blood count, high-sensitive CRP and erythrocyte sedimentation rate will be measured in blood samples, concomitant symptoms will be surveyed via a self-assessment questionnaire, and oxygen saturation, breathing rate and examination of the lungs will be reported by treating physicians. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was issued on 1 March 2021 by the Ethics Committee Essen under the number 21-9916-BO. Findings will be published in peer-reviewed open-access journals and presented at national and international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00024722.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Medicina Geral , Influenza Humana , Biomarcadores , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 152, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poor parental bonding in childhood has been associated with loneliness in younger populations. Whether these associations persists into middle and older adulthood is unclear. Additionally, given the overlapping relationship between loneliness and social isolation we sought to explore the role of social isolation in any associations present i.e. are those reporting worse parental bonding lonely due to less connections or are they more likely to be lonely regardless of isolation. METHODS: Analysis of a nationally representative longitudinal sample of adults aged 50 and over from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing was undertaken. The current analysis was based on data for core participants across waves 3[2006/7] to 8[2016/17] with missing data across waves leading to analytical samples ranging from 4384 to 5173. Multivariate adjusted multinomial regression models were used to assess associations between parental bonding [PBI], isolation [score derived from data on living alone, frequency of contact with friends, family and children, and whether or not participate in social organisations] and loneliness [R-UCLA]. RESULTS: Parental bonding scores were associated with later life loneliness according to overall PBI score [RRR .93 95%CI .92-.95], care [RRR .90 95%CI .88-.92] and overprotection [RRR 1.11 95%CI 1.08-1.14] subscale scores as well as when separated into maternal and paternal scores, with effects larger in relation to chronic loneliness. Parental bonding scores were also associated with isolation in later life, with the exception of maternal overprotection which was non-significant. The addition of isolation to the loneliness models however had no impact on associations indicating that isolation is not a mediator of the association between parental bonding and later life loneliness. CONCLUSIONS: Associations between parental bonding and loneliness do persist into middle and older adulthood and were in line with hypothesis stronger for more chronic loneliness. Isolation did not explain these associations and those reporting more negative parental bonds were more likely to be lonely regardless of isolation.


Assuntos
Solidão , Isolamento Social , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pais
18.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 595, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710731

RESUMO

Family history of complex traits may reflect transmitted rare pathogenic variants, intra-familial shared exposures to environmental and lifestyle factors, as well as a common genetic predisposition. We developed a latent factor model to quantify trait heritability in excess of that captured by a common variant-based polygenic risk score, but inferable from family history. For 941 children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort, a joint predictor combining a polygenic risk score for height and mid-parental height was able to explain ~55% of the total variance in sex-adjusted adult height z-scores, close to the estimated heritability. Marginal yet consistent risk prediction improvements were also achieved among ~400,000 European ancestry participants for 11 complex diseases in the UK Biobank. Our work showcases a paradigm for risk calculation, and supports incorporation of family history into polygenic risk score-based genetic risk prediction models.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Herança Multifatorial , Adulto , Criança , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco
19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10109, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710879

RESUMO

Synanthropic rodents are ubiquitous in low-income communities and pose risks for human health, as they are generally resistant to control programs. However, few or no studies have evaluated the long-term effect of chemical and infrastructural interventions on rodent population dynamics, especially in urban low-income communities, or evaluated the potential recovery of their population following interventions. We conducted a longitudinal study in a low-income community in the city of Salvador (BA, Brazil) to characterize the effect of interventions (chemical and infrastructural) on the dynamics of rodent population, and documented the post-intervention recovery of their population. We evaluated the degree of rodent infestation in 117 households/sampling points over three years (2014-2017), using tracking plates, a proxy for rodent abundance/activity. We reported a significant lower rodent activity/abundance after the chemical and infrastructural interventions (Z = -4.691 (p < 0.001)), with track plate positivity decreasing to 28% from 70% after and before interventions respectively. Therefore, the combination of chemical and infrastructural interventions significantly decreased the degree of rodent infestation in the study area. In addition, no rodent population rebound was recorded until almost a year post-intervention, and the post-intervention infestation level did not attain the pre-intervention level all through the study. Moreover, among pre-treatment conditions, access to sewer rather than the availability of food was the variable most closely associated with household rodent infestation. Our study indicates that Integrated Pest Management (IPM)-approaches are more effective in reducing rodent infestation than the use of a single method. Our findings will be useful in providing guidance for long-term rodent control programs, especially in urban low-income communities.


Assuntos
Pobreza , Roedores , Animais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Dinâmica Populacional , Controle de Roedores/métodos , População Urbana
20.
Front Immunol ; 13: 911339, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711444

RESUMO

Introduction: Immunocompromised patients with B-cell depletion agents are at risk for persistence and/or severe SARS-COV-2 infection. We describe a case series of 21 COVID-19 patients under B cell depletion therapy, mostly treated with a combined therapy based on intravenous remdesevir (RDV) and steroid associated with SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies against Spike glycoprotein and/or hyper-immune convalescent plasma. Methods: This is a single-center longitudinal study. We retrospectively enrolled a total number of 21 B-cell depleted consecutive hospitalized patients with COVID-19 at the Lazzaro Spallanzani National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Rome, Italy, from November 2020 to December 2021. Demographic characteristics, medical history, clinical presentation, treatment, adverse drug reactions, and clinical and virological outcome were collected for all patients. In a subgroup, we explore immune T cells activation, T cells specific anti-SARS-COV-2 response, and neutralizing antibodies. Results: Twenty-one inpatients with B-cell depletion and SARS-COV-2 infection were enrolled. A median of 1 B cells/mm3 was detected. Eighteen patients presented hypogammaglobulinemia. All patients presented interstitial pneumonia treated with intravenous RDV and steroids. Sixteen patients were treated with monoclonal antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein, four patients were treated with SARS-CoV-2 hyper-immune convalescent plasma infusion, and three patients received both treatments. A variable kinetic of T cell activation returning to normal levels at Day 30 after immunotherapy infusion was observed. All treated patients recovered. Conclusion: In COVID-19 immunosuppressed subjects, it is mandatory to establish a prompt, effective, and combined multi-target therapy including oxygen, antiviral, steroid, and antibody-based therapeutics, tailored to the patient's clinical needs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/terapia , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...