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1.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802024

RESUMO

Dietary risk factors, including excess added sugar intake, are leading contributors to Australia's burden of disease. An objective of the Australian Health Star Rating (HSR) system is to encourage the reformulation of packaged foods. Manufacturers may improve a product's HSR by replacing added sugar with non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS). Concerns have been raised regarding the potential substitution effects of ultra-processed foods containing NNS for whole foods, and the long-term impact this may have on population health. The aim of this study was to determine whether the implementation of the HSR system has impacted the use of added sugars and NNS in the food supply. Four product categories were used: products with no added sweetener, products containing added sugar only, products containing NNS only, and products containing a combination of added sugar and NNS. Of 6477 newly released products analyzed displaying a HSR in Australia between 2014-2020, 63% contained added sugars. The proportion of new products sweetened with added sugars increased over time, while NNS use did not, despite a higher average and median HSR for products sweetened with NNS. These findings suggest that at the current time, the HSR system may not discourage the use of added sugars in new products or incentivize the reformulation of added sugar with NNS. As the health risks of NNS are questioned, increased reformulation of products with NNS to reduce the presence of added sugar in the food supply may not address broader health concerns. Instead, supporting the promotion of whole foods and drinks should be prioritized, as well as policy actions that reduce the proliferation and availability of UPFs.


Assuntos
Dieta , Açúcares da Dieta , Aditivos Alimentares , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Adoçantes não Calóricos , Edulcorantes , Austrália , Fast Foods , Embalagem de Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo
2.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799532

RESUMO

Online food delivery (OFD) platforms have changed how consumers purchase food prepared outside of home by capitalising on convenience and smartphone technology. Independent food outlets encompass a substantial proportion of partnering outlets, but their offerings' nutritional quality is understudied. Little is also known as to how OFD platforms influence consumer choice. This study evaluated the nutritional quality and marketing attributes of offerings from independent takeaway outlets available on Sydney's market-leading OFD platform (UberEats®). Complete menus and marketing attributes from 202 popular outlets were collected using web scraping. All 13841 menu items were classified into 38 food and beverage categories based on the Australian Dietary Guidelines. Of complete menus, 80.5% (11,139/13,841) were discretionary and 42.3% (5849/13,841) were discretionary cereal-based mixed meals, the largest of the 38 categories. Discretionary menu items were more likely to be categorised as most popular (OR: 2.5, 95% CI 1.9-3.2), accompanied by an image (OR: 1.3, 95% CI 1.2-1.5) and offered as a value bundle (OR: 6.5, 95% CI 4.8-8.9). Two of the three discretionary food categories were more expensive than their healthier Five Food Group counterparts (p < 0.02). The ubiquity of discretionary choices offered by independent takeaways and the marketing attributes employed by OFD platforms has implications for public health policy. Further research on the contribution of discretionary choices and marketing attributes to nutritional intakes is warranted.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Fast Foods , Alimentos , Refeições , Valor Nutritivo , Restaurantes , Austrália , Custos e Análise de Custo , Estudos Transversais , Fast Foods/economia , Alimentos/economia , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Humanos
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808267

RESUMO

As one of the most important criteria for measuring the quality of urban life and the environment, urban vitality has become the focus of urban-related research and related disciplines with an increasing number of advocates for the rapid and harmonious development of urban cities. Urban takeaway can represent urban vitality, but studies have not investigated this in a quantitative manner. Furthermore, current studies rarely focus on or even mention the urban food takeaway vitality generated by the spatial distribution of urban takeaway. This study first calculated the vitality of urban takeaways based on the urban takeaway distribution, building footprint, Open Street Map (OSM) data, and the Rapidly Exploring Random Tree (RRT). Then, the urban vitality was obtained using Tencent-Yichuxing data and night-time light data, followed by a spatial correlation analysis between the urban takeaway vitality and urban vitality. Finally, the results for Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou were compared, and the following conclusions were drawn: (1) there is a significant spatial correlation between the urban takeaway vitality and urban vitality, but the correlation varies in different cities at different times; and (2) even in the same city, different road and building densities have an impact on the correlation. The urban takeaway vitality proposed in this study can be used as a new index to evaluate the urban vitality, which has important theoretical and practical significance for the sustainable development of future urban cities.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Pequim , China , Cidades
4.
Rev Saude Publica ; 55: 13, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the Nova score for the consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) and evaluate its potential in reflecting the dietary share of UPF in Brazil. METHODS: This study was conducted in São Paulo with a convenience sample of 300 adults. Using a tablet, participants answered a 3-minute electronic self-report questionnaire on the consumption of 23 subgroups of UPF commonly consumed in Brazil, regarding the day prior the survey. Each participant score corresponded to the number of subgroups reported. The dietary share of UPF on the day prior to the survey, expressed as a percentage of total energy intake, was calculated based on data collected on a 30-minute complete 24-hour dietary recall administered by trained nutritionists. The association between the score and the dietary share of UPF was evaluated using linear regression models. The Pabak index was used to assess the agreement in participants' classification according to the fifths of Nova score and the fifths of dietary share of UPF. RESULTS: The average dietary share of UPF increased linearly and significantly with the increase of the Nova score for the consumption of ultra-processed foods. We found a substantial agreement in participants' classification according to the fifths of the distribution of scores and the fifths of the dietary share of UPF (Pabak index = 0.67). Age was inversely associated with a relatively high frequency of UPF consumption (upper fifth of the distribution) for both score and dietary share of UPF. CONCLUSION: The Nova score for the consumption of ultra-processed foods, obtained in a quick and practical manner, shows a good potential in reflecting the dietary share of UPF in Brazil.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Manipulação de Alimentos , Adulto , Brasil , Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos
5.
Cad Saude Publica ; 37(2): e00030120, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729301

RESUMO

This study analyzed the role of ultra-processed foods (UPFs) in the food and nutritional profile of pregnant women's diet. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a representative sample of pregnant women attending primary healthcare units in Maceió, capital of the State of Alagoas, Brazil. Food consumption was assessed with the application of two 24-hour food recalls on nonconsecutive days, and the consumption items were grouped according to the NOVA classification. Overall estimates were expressed as absolute dietary consumption (mean calorie intake) and relative consumption (percentage of total energy intake according to food groups and consumption items). Analysis of variance was used to compare mean energy and nutrient intake according to food groups. The association between quintiles of the energy share from UPFs (exposure variable) and (1) consumption items and food groups, (2) percentage of total energy from macronutrients, and (3) micronutrient density was analyzed via adjusted linear regression models. Mean energy intake in pregnant women was 1,966.9Kcal/day, 22% of which from UPFs. A direct relationship was observed between the percentage of energy from UPFs and total energy consumption (ß = 228.78Kcal; SE = 21.26). In addition, an increase in the share of UPFs was associated with a statistically significant reduction in the intake of protein, fiber, magnesium, iron, potassium, zinc, selenium, folate, and vitamins D and E, as well as in the consumption of traditional foods such as protein, beans, roots, and tubers. Our data thus indicate that the consumption of UPFs reduces the overall nutritional and food quality of diet in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Gestantes , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(1): 77-81, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663667

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the nutritional literacy levels of the takeaway platform practitioners in Chengdu,the takeaway food nutrients,and the correlation between them.Methods We employed a multi-stage random sampling method to investigate the nutritional literacy levels of 100 takeaway platform restaurants in the main urban area of Chengdu and examined the nutritional components of hot set meals in each restaurant.A questionnaire survey was conducted on the nutritional literacy levels of chefs and food matching staff.The correlations of nutrient energy supply rationality with nutritional literacy level and set meal price were then analyzed.Results The total pass rate of nutrition knowledge of chefs/food matching staff was 61.0%.Only 2.0% of the set meals had reasonable total energy supply.The set meals with reasonable energy supply of available carbohydrate,protein,and fat accounted for 3.0%,62.0%,and 21.0%,and those with over energy supply accounted for 97.0%,26.0%,and 73.0%,respectively.The rest set meals provided insufficient energy.There was a positive correlation between the nutritional literacy level and the rationality of protein energy supply(r=0.414,P=0.003).Conclusions The nutritional literacy levels of chefs/food matching staff of takeaway food restaurants in Chengdu are moderate.The hot set meals on the takeaway platform have the problem of excess energy supply.The nutrition knowledge of chefs/food matching staff cannot effectively satisfy rational nutrition matching.The nutritional literacy levels of chefs/food matching staff showed no significant correlation with the rationality of nutrient energy supply.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Alfabetização , Humanos , Refeições , Nutrientes , Restaurantes
7.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672720

RESUMO

The present study aims to describe ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption in a representative sample of French adults and to evaluate the association between UPF consumption and socioeconomic characteristics and nutritional profile of the diet. This is a cross-sectional study using food consumption data from the Étude Nationale Nutrition Santé (ENNS), conducted with 2642 participants (18-74 years old), between February 2006 and March 2007 in France. Dietary data were collected through three 24-h dietary recalls. All food and beverages were classified according to the NOVA classification. The energy contribution of NOVA food groups to total energy intake was presented by categories of sociodemographic characteristics. Linear and logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between the percentage of UPF in the diet with nutritional indicators. The mean daily energy consumption of the adult French population was 2111 kcal, of which 31.1% came from UPF. This percentage was higher among younger individuals, and in the urban area, and lower among individuals with incomplete high school and individuals who were retired. The consumption of UPF was positively associated with the dietary energy density and the dietary contents of total carbohydrates, free sugar, and total and saturated fat, as well as with inadequate dietary energy density, saturated fat, free sugar, and fiber intakes.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fast Foods/estatística & dados numéricos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Escolaridade , Emprego , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , França , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Nutritivo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669768

RESUMO

Restaurants are regular eating environments for many families. Children's consumption of restaurant foods has been linked with poorer diet quality, prompting emerging research examining strategies to encourage healthier eating among children in restaurants. Although taste is a primary determinant of restaurant meal choices, there is a lack of research considering children's perspectives on the taste of different healthier kids' meal options. The current study sought to examine, via objective taste testing, children's liking of and preference for healthier kids' meal options at a quick-service restaurant (QSR) and to describe bundled kids' meals with evidence of both taste acceptability and consistency with nutrition guidelines. Thirty-seven 4-to-8-year-old children completed taste tests of ten healthier main and side dish options. Liking and preference were assessed using standard methods after children tasted each food. Children also reported their ideal kids' meal. Results show the majority of children liked and preferred three main (turkey sandwich, chicken strips, peanut butter/banana sandwich) and side dishes (yogurt, applesauce, broccoli), with rank order differing slightly by age group. Accepted foods were combined into 11 bundles meeting nutritional criteria. Results highlight healthier kids' meals with evidence of appeal among children in a QSR. Findings can inform future research and may increase the success of healthy eating interventions in these settings.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável , Fast Foods , Preferências Alimentares , Paladar , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Planejamento de Cardápio , Política Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Restaurantes
9.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670190

RESUMO

Street food plays an increasingly important role in the nutrition of the inhabitants of European cities. Our study aimed to analyze Polish consumers' attitudes toward food offered in street food outlets, consumers' eating out behavior, and the factors that determine their choice of meals from street food vendors. A survey was conducted of 1300 adult respondents who eat street food in Poland. The research enabled a detailed and comprehensive assessment of consumer behavior toward the use of street food outlets, as well as consumer opinions on vendors' functioning, including hygiene and meals offered. Factors determining the frequency of street food consumption, preferred food types, and factors influencing the use of such outlets were identified. The most important factors were the quality of services and meals, personal preferences and price. Using cluster analysis, consumer profiles based on the types of street food outlets and food preferred were identified. Four main street food consumer preference profiles were identified: 'burger-enthusiasts', 'kebab-enthusiasts' and 'ice-cream enthusiasts', and 'no specific-oriented consumers'. The Internet and social media were identified as information and promotion channels for this form of gastronomy. Results also revealed Polish consumer behavior and opinions about the food safety of street food in Poland. In summary, in Poland the habits of eating typical Polish homemade dishes is being replaced by eating meals in street food outlets, which can be classified as fast food. Increasing consumer knowledge and awareness of the quality and safety of street food may counteract improper hygiene practices of sellers.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Fast Foods , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Comércio , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Higiene , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nutr. hosp ; 38(1): 177-185, ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198855

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVO: cada vez son más numerosos los estudios que relacionan el consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados con la prevalencia de la obesidad. Esta clase de alimentos se caracteriza porque aportan gran cantidad de azúcares libres y grasas saturadas, lo que contribuye a aumentar la ingesta energética. En las últimas décadas, el consumo de estos alimentos ha aumentado hasta el punto de convertirse en una importante fuente de energía diaria en algunas poblaciones. De esta manera se desplazan los alimentos ricos en fibra, hidratos de carbono complejos y grasas beneficiosas para la salud que pertenecen a los patrones de alimentación saludables. El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue recopilar la información existente en la literatura sobre la relación entre alimentos ultraprocesados y obesidad. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: se realizó una revisión sistemática en la base de datos PubMed. Se siguieron los criterios PRISMA para identificar los artículos publicados desde el año 2000 hasta abril de 2020 que cumplían los siguientes criterios: eran artículos originales (en inglés o español), realizados en sujetos humanos y excluyendo a mujeres embarazadas. La búsqueda se realizó utilizando los términos "Ultra-processed food and obesity" y "ultra-processed food and overweight", de manera que se incluyeron un total de 12 artículos: 7 estudios transversales, 3 estudios prospectivos de cohortes y 2 estudios ecológicos. RESULTADOS: se encontró una asociación positiva entre el consumo de ultraprocesados y la obesidad en 9 de los 12 artículos incluidos en la revisión. Sin embargo, existen limitaciones con respecto a la heterogeneidad de las metodologías de los diversos estudios o la utilización de distintos sistemas de clasificación de alimentos en función del grado de procesamiento. CONCLUSIÓN: es necesario realizar más estudios que permitan establecer con mayor evidencia la relación entre el consumo de ultraprocesados y la prevalencia e incidencia de la obesidad


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: a number of studies suggest a relationship between the intake of ultra-processed foods and the prevalence of obesity. Specifically, this type of food provides large amounts of free sugars and saturated fats, which contribute to a high energy intake. In the last few decades, consumption of these products has increased to the point of representing an important amount of calories in the daily diet of several populations. As a result, foods that are usually consumed in healthy eating patterns containing fiber, complex carbohydrates and fats are displaced. This systematic review aimed to compile the information in the literature, and to examine the scientific evidence about the relationship between ultra-processed food and obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: a systematic review was performed of the PubMed database. PRISMA criteria were applied to identify those papers published from 2000 to April 2020 that met the following criteria: original articles (in English or Spanish), dealing with research in human subjects, with exclusion of pregnant women. The search was performed using the terms "ultra-processed food and obesity" and "ultra-processed food and overweight", which resulted in a total of 12 references: 7 cross-sectional studies, 3 prospective cohort studies, and 2 ecological studies. RESULTS: a positive association was found between ultra-processed food consumption and obesity in 9 of the 12 papers included in the review. However, limitations exist regarding the heterogeneity of methodologies or use of different food classification systems according to processing degree. CONCLUSION: further studies are needed to establish the relationship between ultra-processed food consumption and the prevalence and incidence of obesity


Assuntos
Humanos , Fast Foods/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Ingestão de Energia , Alimentos/classificação , Estado Nutricional , Estilo de Vida , Comportamento Sedentário
12.
Nutr. hosp ; 38(1): 201-206, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198858

RESUMO

Al logotipo nutricional Nutri-Score se le ataca a veces porque clasifica como A y B algunos alimentos ultraprocesados. Esto no es sorprendente si se tiene en cuenta que la calidad nutricional (evaluada por Nutri-Score) y el ultraprocesamiento (evaluado por la clasificación NOVA) no abarcan las mismas «dimensiones de salud» de los alimentos, sino que cada una de ellas puede impactar en la salud por mecanismos específicos propios. Al mismo tiempo que cubren dimensiones diferentes y complementarias, sigue existiendo una asociación global entre el grado de transformación y la calidad nutricional de los alimentos. Dentro de los alimentos ultraprocesados existen diferencias en términos de número, tipo y dosis de aditivos, pero también en términos de calidad nutricional, por lo que Nutri-Score permite, dentro de la amplia categoría de productos ultraprocesados (como en todas las categorías de la clasificación NOVA), distinguir su calidad nutricional, lo que es primordial en términos de impacto sobre la salud. Cualquiera que sea el nivel de procesamiento de los alimentos, se ha demostrado que el consumo de alimentos mejor clasificados por Nutri-Score es beneficioso para la salud y tiene un menor riesgo de patologías crónicas. Esto es importante porque, incluso si se recomienda reducir el consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados, para aquellos que no quieren o no pueden evitar consumirlos o para quienes es complicado cocinar (por razones de tiempo, facilidad, preferencia, etc.) la elección de un alimento mejor clasificado en la escala Nutri-Score tiene un impacto favorable en el plano de la salud. En consecuencia, Nutri-Score y el ultraprocesamiento deben considerarse como dos dimensiones diferentes y complementarias


The front-of-pack nutritional labeling system Nutri-Score is sometimes under attack because it classifies as A and B certain ultra-processed foods. In fact, this is not surprising given that nutritional quality (assessed by Nutri-Score) and ultra-processing (assessed by the NOVA classification) do not cover the same "health dimensions" in foods but rather different dimensions likely to affect health through specific mechanisms. Although they cover different and complementary dimensions, there is nevertheless an overall association between the degree of processing and nutritional quality of foods. But within the group of ultra-processed foods there are differences in the number, type and doses of additives, as well as differences in nutritional quality. Therefore Nutri-Score allows, within the category of ultra-processed foods (as for all categories of the NOVA classification), to differentiate the nutritional quality of foods, which is essential in terms of health impact. Indeed, regardless of the level of food processing, it has been shown that consuming foods that are better ranked on the Nutri-Score scale is associated with a health benefit and a lower risk of chronic diseases. This is important because, even if it is recommended to reduce the consumption of ultra-processed foods, for those who do not want to or cannot avoid consuming them, for those for whom cooking is difficult (for reasons of time, ease, taste, etc.), the choice of foods better ranked on the Nutri-Score scale has a positive impact on health. Nutri-Score and ultra-transformation must be considered two different and complementary dimensions


Assuntos
Humanos , Fast Foods/normas , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos , Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas , Rotulagem de Produtos/normas , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Análise de Alimentos/normas
13.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429889

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to explore the associations between perceived health and nutrition concerns, sociodemographic characteristics and unhealthy dietary patterns in a representative group of Polish adults. The data were collected in 2017 through a cross-sectional quantitative survey under the National Health Program 2016-2020. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the data. It was found that higher health concerns decreased the chances of adhering to upper tertiles of "Fast food & alcohol" and "Refined food & sweetened beverages" dietary patterns (DPs), thus displaying less frequent consumption of such foods. No relationship was found between health concerns and adhering to the "Fat food" and "Butter" DPs. Nutrition concerns increased the likelihood of frequent consumption of foods from "Fast food & alcohol" DP. Women were less likely to adhere to unhealthy eating patterns than men, while older people were less likely to often consume fast food, alcohol, or refined food and sweetened beverages. Findings of this study showed that concerns about health or nutrition were differently associated with dietary patterns and consumption of unhealthy foods. These relationships should be considered when developing interventions to address health-related lifestyle changes. However, further research is needed to identify cause-effect relationships between these variables.


Assuntos
Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bebidas Alcoólicas , Estudos Transversais , Carboidratos da Dieta , Fast Foods , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Polônia , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
14.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 8, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407589

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate associations of five typical lifestyle-related behavioral risk factors (insufficient physical activity, prolonged screen viewing, deprived sleeping, consumption of fast food and sugar-sweetened beverage) with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among school students in China. METHODS: Students aged 9-17 years (grades 4-12) were randomly selected from primary and high schools in Nanjing, China, to participate in this cross-sectional study in 2018. The outcome variable, HRQoL, was assessed using the Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D) instrument and scored from 0 (worst) to 1 (best). Physical activity (including screen viewing and sleeping) and dietary intake were measured using a validated Physical Activity Scale and Food Frequency Questionnaire, respectively. Lifestyle-related behaviors were categorized as sufficient/insufficient or no/yes, and their associations with HRQoL were assessed using mixed-effects linear regression models. RESULTS: Overall, 4388 participants completed the questionnaire (response rate = 97.6%). Students with insufficient physical activity [mean difference (MD) = - 0.03; 95% confidence interval (CI) = - 0.04, - 0.01], prolonged screen time (MD = - 0.06; 95% CI = - 0.07, - 0.04), insufficient sleeping time (MD = - 0.04; 95% CI = - 0.07, - 0.02), consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage (MD = - 0.02; 95% CI = - 0.03, - 0.01) or fast food intake (MD = - 0.03; 95% CI = - 0.04, - 0.02) reported significantly lower HRQoL scores. When considered additively, each additional lifestyle-related risk factor was associated with an average decrease of 0.03 units (95% CI: - 0.03, - 0.02) CHU9D score. CONCLUSIONS: For Chinese students, HRQoL was positively associated with physical activity and sleep duration, but negatively with screen time and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage and fast food. Moreover, lifestyle-related behaviors may have an additive effect on HRQoL.


Assuntos
Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Estilo de Vida , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Fast Foods , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tempo de Tela , Sono , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Eat Behav ; 40: 101473, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517025

RESUMO

Previous research examining the relationship between negative states such as tension/anxiety and food intake has typically overlooked the naturally occurring variability of day-to-day experiences and the subsequent consequences for eating behavior. In this study, the relationship of within- and between-person perceived daily tension with food cravings and consumption was assessed. One hundred and forty-two men and women (Mage=21.3, SDage=5.3) completed a survey daily for 7 consecutive days. Levels of perceived daily tension, food cravings, and consumption were assessed. Linear and logistic mixed effect regression models were used to examine associations between tension and food cravings and consumption variables, respectively. Individuals reported greater cravings (for sweets, OR 95% CI 1.05-1.26; carbohydrates/starches, OR 95% CI 1.02-1.26; and fast foods, OR 95% CI 1.01-1.19) and consuming more carbohydrates/starches (b 95% CI 0.05-0.79) on days when they felt more tension. Individuals with higher tension had more cravings (total OR 95% CI 1.09-1.71; and specifically for sweets, OR 95% CI 1.04-1.42; and fast foods, OR 95% CI 1.15-1.54) and reported consuming more sweet (b 95% CI 0.21-1.10) and fast foods (b 95% CI 0.55-1.66). These findings suggest that greater perceived tension (both within and between individuals) is associated with increased food cravings and consumption.


Assuntos
Fissura , Comportamento Alimentar , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Ingestão de Alimentos , Fast Foods , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Paladar , Adulto Jovem
16.
Public Health Nutr ; 24(5): 1142-1152, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of references to the COVID-19 pandemic as part of the marketing strategies used on Facebook to promote ultra-processed products. DESIGN: A search for Facebook accounts of ultra-processed products was performed using a master list of products commercialised in two online supermarkets in Uruguay. For each of the identified Facebook accounts, all the content posted from the confirmation of the first cases of COVID-19 in Uruguay, on 14 March 2020, until 1 July 2020 was recorded. Posts including mentions to COVID-19, social distancing measures or their consequences were identified and analysed using content analysis. SETTING: Uruguay, Latin America. RESULTS: A total of 135 Facebook accounts were identified, which generated a total of 1749 posts related to ultra-processed products, from which 35 % included references to COVID-19. The majority of the posts included references to prevention measures. Approximately one-third of the posts included proposals of activities to do at home, most of which were linked to a healthy lifestyle. Tips for coping with quarantine and descriptions of the charitable work undertaken by brands were also identified. CONCLUSIONS: Results from the present work provide evidence that industries of ultra-processed products have taken advantage of the COVID-19 pandemic to promote their products, create positive associations with the brands and improve their image as part of their digital marketing strategies.


Assuntos
Fast Foods/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústria Alimentícia/tendências , Marketing/tendências , Mídias Sociais/tendências , Humanos , Marketing/métodos , Uruguai
17.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 28(4): 260-266, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the associations between recreational screen time and dietary habits and lifestyle factors in a representative sample of schoolchildren. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional study data were derived from 177,091 children aged 8 to 17 years participating in a health survey. Recreational screen time, physical activity (PA), and sleeping hours were assessed through self-completed questionnaires. Dietary habits were evaluated via the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents (KIDMED) test. Anthropometric and physical fitness (PF) estimations were obtained by trained investigators. RESULTS: Binary logistic regression comparisons between screen time levels (e.g. < 2 vs. ≥ 2 - < 3 h/d, < 2 vs. ≥ 3 - < 4 h/d and < 2 vs. ≥ 4 h/d) and dietary habits showed that the longer the screen time the increased the odds of unhealthy dietary habits such as skipping breakfast, consuming fast food frequently, and eating sweets frequently, and the decreased the odds of healthy dietary habits such as consuming a second fruit every day, consuming fresh or cooked vegetables or/and fish regularly, in both genders, after adjusting for several covariates. Furthermore, the longer the screen time the increased the odds of total and central obesity, insufficient sleep (< 8-9 h/d), and inadequate PA, and the decreased the odds of healthy PF. CONCLUSIONS: The longer the screen time the unhealthier dietary habits and lifestyle profile among schoolchildren, after adjusting for several covariates.


Assuntos
Tempo de Tela , Adolescente , Animais , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Fast Foods , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33322286

RESUMO

Digital food ordering platforms are used by millions across the world and provide easy access to takeaway fast-food that is broadly, though not exclusively, characterised as energy dense and nutrient poor. Outlets are routinely rated for hygiene, but not for their healthiness. Nutritional information is mandatory in pre-packaged foods, with many companies voluntarily using traffic light labels to support making healthier choices. We wanted to identify a feasible universal method to objectively score takeaway fast-food outlets listed on Just Eat that could provide users with an accessible rating that can infer an outlet's 'healthiness'. Using a sample of takeaway outlets listed on Just Eat, we obtained four complete assessments by nutrition researchers of each outlet's healthiness to create a cumulative score that ranged from 4 to 12. We then identified and manually extracted nutritional attributes from each outlet's digital menu, e.g., number of vegetables that have the potential to be numerated. Using generalized linear modelling we identified which attributes were linear predictors of an outlet's healthiness assessment from nutritional researchers. The availability of water, salad, and the diversity of vegetables were positively associated with academic researchers' assessment of an outlet's healthiness, whereas the availability of chips, desserts, and multiple meal sizes were negatively associated. This study shows promise for the feasibility of an objective measure of healthiness that could be applied to all outlet listings on Just Eat and other digital food outlet aggregation platforms. However, further research is required to assess the metric's validity, its desirability and value to users, and ultimately its potential influence on food choice behaviour.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Refeições , Valor Nutritivo , Comportamento de Escolha , Dieta Saudável , Preferências Alimentares , Modelos Lineares
19.
Nutrients ; 12(11)2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167515

RESUMO

Past public health crises (e.g., tobacco, alcohol, opioids, cholera, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), lead, pollution, venereal disease, even coronavirus (COVID-19) have been met with interventions targeted both at the individual and all of society. While the healthcare community is very aware that the global pandemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has its origins in our Western ultraprocessed food diet, society has been slow to initiate any interventions other than public education, which has been ineffective, in part due to food industry interference. This article provides the rationale for such public health interventions, by compiling the evidence that added sugar, and by proxy the ultraprocessed food category, meets the four criteria set by the public health community as necessary and sufficient for regulation-abuse, toxicity, ubiquity, and externalities (How does your consumption affect me?). To their credit, some countries have recently heeded this science and have instituted sugar taxation policies to help ameliorate NCDs within their borders. This article also supplies scientific counters to food industry talking points, and sample intervention strategies, in order to guide both scientists and policy makers in instituting further appropriate public health measures to quell this pandemic.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/prevenção & controle , Dieta , Açúcares da Dieta/efeitos adversos , Fast Foods/efeitos adversos , Indústria Alimentícia/legislação & jurisprudência , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública , Comportamento Aditivo/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Comportamento Alimentar , Manipulação de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Política Pública , Controle Social Formal , Impostos
20.
J Adolesc Health ; 67(5): 653-661, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099413

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Physical distancing policies in the state of New South Wales (Australia) were implemented on March 23, 2020, because of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study investigated changes in physical activity, dietary behaviors, and well-being during the early period of this policy. METHODS: A cohort of young people aged 13-19 years from Sydney (N = 582) were prospectively followed for 22 weeks (November 18, 2019, to April 19, 2020). Daily, weekly, and monthly trajectories of diet, physical activity, sedentary behavior, well-being, and psychological distress were collected via smartphone, using a series of ecological momentary assessments and smartphone sensors. Differences in health and well-being outcomes were compared pre- and post-implementation of physical distancing guidelines. RESULTS: After the implementation of physical distancing measures in NSW, there were significant decreases in physical activity (odds ratio [OR] = .53, 95% confidence interval [CI] = .34-.83), increases in social media and Internet use (OR = 1.86, 95% CI = 1.15-3.00), and increased screen time based on participants' smartphone screen state. Physical distancing measures were also associated with being alone in the previous hour (OR = 2.09, 95% CI: 1.33-3.28), decreases in happiness (OR = .38, 95% CI = .18-.82), and fast food consumption (OR = .46, 95% CI = .29-.73). CONCLUSIONS: Physical distancing and social restrictions had a contemporaneous impact on health and well-being outcomes associated with chronic disease among young people. As the pandemic evolves, it will be important to consider how to mitigate against any longer term health impacts of physical distancing restrictions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Exercício Físico , Nível de Saúde , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Fast Foods , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , New South Wales , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicologia do Adolescente , Adulto Jovem
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