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1.
Sud Med Ekspert ; 67(2): 17-19, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the applicability of IHC staining method: with TGF-ß1 antibodies (serial examination, statistically processed results) and with mast cell tryptase antibodies for injuries vitality determination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 261 skin autopsy samples with mechanical injuries from 29 persons were divided to 3 groups (87 in each group): vital injuries, postmortal injuries, control non-injured samples. A routine histological examination using standard H&E stain and IHC both with TGF-ß1 and mast cells tryptase antibodies was performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The positive TGF-ß1 staining (score 2-3) was found in keratinocytes in vitally injured skin and the negative or weak one (score 0-1) was found in control postmortally injured and non-injured samples. Additionally, dermal TGF-ß1 expression was found in some vitally injured skin samples. The difference between vitally injured skin and control samples was statistically significant (p<0.05). No significant difference of dermal mast cells density in groups 1, 2, 3 was found.


Assuntos
Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Pele/lesões , Autopsia
2.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(4): e1237, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe myocarditis is often accompanied by cardiac fibrosis, but the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. CXCL4 is a chemokine that has been reported to have pro-inflammatory and profibrotic functions. The exact role of CXCL4 in cardiac fibrosis remains unclear. METHODS: Viral myocarditis (VMC) models were induced by intraperitoneal injection of Coxsackie B Type 3 (CVB3). In vivo, CVB3 (100 TCID50) and CVB3-AMG487 (CVB3: 100 TCID50; AMG487: 5 mg/kg) combination were administered in the VMC and VMC+AMG487 groups, respectively. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, severity score, Masson staining, and immunofluorescence staining were performed to measure myocardial morphology in VMC. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to quantify inflammatory factors (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and CXCL4). Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) levels were analyzed by commercial kits. CXCL4, CXCR3B, α-SMA, TGF-ß1, Collagen I, and Collagen III were determined by Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: In vivo, CVB3-AMG487 reduced cardiac injury, α-SMA, Collagen I and Collagen III levels, and collagen deposition in VMC+AMG487 group. Additionally, compared with VMC group, VMC+AMG group decreased the levels of inflammatory factors (IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α). In vitro, CXCL4/CXCR3B axis activation TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 pathway promote mice cardiac fibroblasts differentiation. CONCLUSION: CXCL4 acts as a profibrotic factor in TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 pathway-induced cardiac fibroblast activation and ECM synthesis, and eventually progresses to cardiac fibrosis. Therefore, our findings revealed the role of CXCL4 in VMC and unveiled its underlying mechanism. CXCL4 appears to be a potential target for the treatment of VMC.


Assuntos
Acetamidas , Infecções por Coxsackievirus , Miocardite , Pirimidinonas , Camundongos , Animais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Interleucina-6 , Colágeno , Fibrose
3.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 200: 105831, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582594

RESUMO

Paraquat (PQ) causes fatal poisoning that leads to systemic multiple organ fibrosis, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1 plays a critical role in this process. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of AZ12601011 (a small molecular inhibitor of TGFßRI) on PQ-induced multiple organ fibrosis. We established a mouse model of PQ in vivo and used PQ-treated lung epithelial cell (A549) and renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) in vitro. Haematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining revealed that AZ12601011 ameliorated pulmonary, hepatic, and renal fibrosis, consistent with the decrease in the levels of fibrotic indicators, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen-1, in the lungs and kidneys of PQ-treated mice. In vitro data showed that AZ12601011 suppressed the induction of α-SMA and collagen-1 in PQ-treated A549 cells and TECs. In addition, AZ12601011 inhibited the release of inflammatory factors, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumour necrosis factor-α. Mechanistically, TGF-ß and TGFßRI levels were significantly upregulated in the lungs and kidneys of PQ-treated mice. Cellular thermal shift assay and western blotting revealed that AZ12601011 directly bound with TGFßRI and blocked the activation of Smad3 downstream. In conclusion, our findings revealed that AZ12601011 attenuated PQ-induced multiple organ fibrosis by blocking the TGF-ß/Smad3 signalling pathway, suggesting its potential for PQ poisoning treatment.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Paraquat , Fibrose Pulmonar , Camundongos , Animais , Paraquat/toxicidade , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/toxicidade , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/toxicidade , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Colágeno/toxicidade , Colágeno/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores/toxicidade
4.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(3): 428-436, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of metformin for regulating tumor-stromal cell cross-talk in breast cancer. METHODS: Tumor associated fibroblasts (CAFs) co-cultured with breast cancer cells were treated with metformin, and the changes in expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), p-AMPK, stroma-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in the CAFs were detected using ELISA, RT-qPCR or Western blotting; Transwell assay was used to evaluate the invasiveness of the tumor cells and its changes following treatment with exogenous SDF-1, IL-8 and TGF-ß1. The effects of HIF-1α shRNA or overexpression plasmid, AMPK shRNA, and treatment with OG (a proline hydroxylase inhibitor) or 2-OXO (a proline hydroxylase activator) were examined on p-AMPK, HIF-1α, SDF-1 and IL-8 expressions and invasiveness of the CAFs. RESULTS: Metformin treatment significantly increased the expression levels of p-AMPK, SDF-1 and IL-8 (P<0.05) and decreased HIF-1α expression (P<0.05) without affecting AMPK expression level (P>0.05) in the CAFs. The invasion ability of metformintreated breast cancer cells was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Exogenous SDF-1 and IL-8, HIF-1α overexpression, and OGinduced upregulation of HIF-1α all significantly attenuated the inhibitory effects of metformin on breast cancer cell invasion (P<0.05) and HIF-1α, SDF-1 and IL-8 expressions in CAFs (P<0.05). Transfection with HIF-1α shRNA or treatment with 2-OXO significantly decreased the invasiveness of breast cancer cells (P<0.05). P-AMPK knockdown significantly suppressed the inhibitory effect of metformin on HIF-1α expression in CAFs and on invasion of breast cancer cells (P<0.05). Treatment with TGF-ß1 partially decreased the inhibitory effect of metformin on HIF-1α expression in CAFs and invasiveness of the breast cancer cells (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Metformin suppresses HIF-1α expression in CAFs to block tumor-stromal cross talk in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Metformina , Humanos , Feminino , Metformina/farmacologia , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Fibroblastos
5.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300548, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578740

RESUMO

Biomechanical cue within the tissue microenvironment is known to play a critical role in regulating cell behaviors and maintaining tissue homeostasis. As hydrostatic pressure often increases in biliary system under pathological states, we investigated the effect of the moderate elevation of the hydrostatic pressure on biliary epithelial cells, especially on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells were loaded to hydrostatic pressure using a commercial device. We found that loading the cells to 50 mmHg hydrostatic pressure induced obvious morphological changes and significantly upregulated vimentin, ZEB1, and pSmad2/3, fibronectin, and collagen 1α. All changes induced by hydrostatic pressure loading were effectively mitigated by either ROCK inhibitor (Y-27632) or ALK5 inhibitor (SB-431542). Our in vitro experimental data suggests that hydrostatic pressure loading induces EMT of cholangiocytes through RhoA/ROCK and TGF-ß/Smad pathways. Elevated hydrostatic pressure in biliary duct system under pathological states may promote the biliary epithelial cells shifting to profibrotic and mesenchymal characteristics.


Assuntos
Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Humanos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Pressão Hidrostática , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301540, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) is the main complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and the most common cause of cessation from PD. There is still no effective therapeutic approach to reserve PF. We aimed to investigate the role of miR-132-3p and underlying potential mechanisms in PF. METHODS: A total of 18 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided randomly into three groups (n = 6): (i)Control group (ii)PF group (iii)PF+Losartan group; Rats in the PF group and PF+Losartan group received daily intraperitoneal injections of 3 mg/kg chlorhexidine for 14 days, and rats in the PF+Losartan group simultaneously received daily intraperitoneal injections of 2 mg/kg losartan for 14 days. The control group was injected with saline in the same volume. Met-5A cells were treated for 24h with TGF-ß1 dissolved in recombinant buffered saline at a concentration of 10 ng/ml, meanwhile, PBS solution as a negative control. The human peritoneal solution was collected for the detection of miR-132-3p. RESULTS: In vivo, SD rats were infused with chlorhexidine to establish PF model, and we found that miR-132-3p significantly decreased and the expressions of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1), and Smad2/3 were up-regulated in PF. In vitro, miR-132-3p mimics suppressed TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 activity, whereas miR-132-3p inhibition activated the pathway. In human peritoneal solution, we found that the expression of miR-132-3p decreased in a time-dependent model and its effect became more pronounced with longer PD duration. CONCLUSION: MiR-132-3p ameliorated PF by suppressing TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 activity, suggesting that miR-132-3p represented a potential therapeutic approach for PF.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Diálise Peritoneal , Fibrose Peritoneal , Ratos , Humanos , Animais , Fibrose Peritoneal/genética , Fibrose Peritoneal/induzido quimicamente , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Losartan/uso terapêutico , Diálise Peritoneal/efeitos adversos , MicroRNAs/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Fibrose
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7652, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561456

RESUMO

Considering the effect of SIRT1 on improving myocardial fibrosis and GAS5 inhibiting occurrence and development of myocardial fibrosis at the cellular level, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether LncRNA GAS5 could attenuate cardiac fibrosis through regulating mir-217/SIRT1, and whether the NLRP3 inflammasome activation was involved in this process. Isoprenaline (ISO) was given subcutaneously to the male C57BL/6 mice to induce myocardial fibrosis and the AAV9 vectors were randomly injected into the left ventricle of each mouse to overexpress GAS5. Primary myocardial fibroblasts (MCFs) derived from neonatal C57BL/6 mice and TGF-ß1 were used to induce fibrosis. And the GAS5 overexpressed MCFs were treated with mir-217 mimics and mir-217 inhibitor respectively. Then the assays of expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1ß and SIRT1 were conducted. The findings indicated that the overexpression of GAS5 reduced the expression levels of collagen, NLRP3, Capase-1, IL-1ß and SIRT1 in ISO treated mice and TGF-ß1 treated MCFs. However, this effect was significantly weakened after mir-217 overexpression, but was further enhanced after knockdown of mir-217. mir-217 down-regulates the expression of SIRT1, leading to increased activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and subsequent pyroptosis. LncRNA GAS5 alleviates cardiac fibrosis induced via regulating mir-217/SIRT1 pathway.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Inflamassomos , Sirtuína 1/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fibrose
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8441, 2024 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600214

RESUMO

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a prevalent vascular dementia and common comorbidity of Alzheimer's disease (AD). While it is known that vascular fibrillar amyloid ß (Aß) deposits leads to vascular deterioration and can drive parenchymal CAA related inflammation (CAA-ri), underlying mechanisms of CAA pathology remain poorly understood. Here, we conducted brain regional proteomic analysis of early and late disease stages in the rTg-DI CAA rat model to gain molecular insight to mechanisms of CAA/CAA-ri progression and identify potential brain protein markers of CAA/CAA-ri. Longitudinal brain regional proteomic analysis revealed increased differentially expressed proteins (DEP) including ANXA3, HTRA1, APOE, CST3, and CLU, shared between the cortex, hippocampus, and thalamus, at both stages of disease in rTg-DI rats. Subsequent pathway analysis indicated pathway enrichment and predicted activation of TGF-ß1, which was confirmed by immunolabeling and ELISA. Further, we identified numerous CAA related DEPs associate with astrocytes (HSPB1 and MLC1) and microglia (ANXA3, SPARC, TGF-ß1) not previously associated with astrocytes or microglia in other AD models, possibly indicating that they are specific to CAA-ri. Thus, the data presented here identify several potential brain protein biomarkers of CAA/CAA-ri while providing novel molecular and mechanistic insight to mechanisms of CAA and CAA-ri pathological progression and glial cell mediated responses.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral , Ratos , Animais , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Proteômica , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral/patologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia
9.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 42(3): e4005, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583082

RESUMO

Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is an inevitable consequence of all progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) and contributes to a substantial health burden worldwide. Icariin, an active flavonoid glycoside obtained from Epimedium species, exerts potential antifibrotic effect. The study aimed to explore the protective effects of icariin against tubulointerstitial fibrosis in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced CKD mice and TGF-ß1-treated HK-2 cells, and furthermore, to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. The results demonstrated that icariin significantly improved renal function, alleviated tubular injuries, and reduced fibrotic lesions in UUO mice. Furthermore, icariin suppressed renal inflammation, reduced oxidative stress as evidenced by elevated superoxide dismutase activity and decreased malondialdehyde level. Additionally, TOMM20 immunofluorescence staining and transmission electron microscope revealed that mitochondrial mass and morphology of tubular epithelial cells in UUO mice was restored by icariin. In HK-2 cells treated with TGF-ß1, icariin markedly decreased profibrotic proteins expression, inhibited inflammatory factors, and protected mitochondria along with preserving mitochondrial morphology, reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) overproduction, and preserving membrane potential. Further investigations demonstrated that icariin could activate nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway both in vivo and in vitro, whereas inhibition of Nrf2 by ML385 counteracted the protective effects of icariin on TGF-ß1-induced HK-2 cells. In conclusion, icariin protects against renal inflammation and tubulointerstitial fibrosis at least partly through Nrf2-mediated attenuation of mitochondrial dysfunction, which suggests that icariin could be developed as a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of CKD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Obstrução Ureteral , Camundongos , Animais , Rim/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/patologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose , Inflamação/metabolismo
10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1361326, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572322

RESUMO

Spinal tuberculosis is a common extrapulmonary type that is often secondary to pulmonary or systemic infections. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection often leads to the balance of immune control and bacterial persistence. In this study, 64 patients were enrolled and the clinicopathological and immunological characteristics of different age groups were analyzed. Anatomically, spinal tuberculosis in each group mostly occurred in the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. Imaging before preoperative anti-tuberculosis therapy showed that the proportion of abscesses in the older group was significantly lower than that in the younger and middle-aged groups. However, pathological examination of surgical specimens showed that the proportion of abscesses in the older group was significantly higher than that in the other groups, and there was no difference in the granulomatous inflammation, caseous necrosis, inflammatory necrosis, acute inflammation, exudation, granulation tissue formation, and fibrous tissue hyperplasia. B cell number was significantly lower in the middle-aged and older groups compared to the younger group, while the number of T cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, macrophages, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and NK cells did not differ. Meaningfully, we found that the proportion of IL-10 high expression and TGF-ß1 positive in the older group was significantly higher than that in the younger group. TNF-α, CD66b, IFN-γ, and IL-6 expressions were not different among the three groups. In conclusion, there are some differences in imaging, pathological, and immune features of spinal tuberculosis in different age groups. The high expression of IL-10 and TGF-ß1 in older patients may weaken their anti-tuberculosis immunity and treatment effectiveness.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Idoso , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Abscesso/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso/metabolismo , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Necrose/tratamento farmacológico , Necrose/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Citocinas/metabolismo
11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 162: 105956, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The periodontal ligament is a crucial part of the periodontium, and its regeneration is challenging. This study compares the effect of simultaneous and sequential use of FGF-2 and TGF-ß1 with FGF-2 and TGF-ß3 on the periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) teno/ligamentogenic differentiation. DESIGN: This study comprises ten different groups. A control group with only PDLSCs; FGF-2 group containing PDLSCs with a medium culture supplemented with FGF-2 (50 ng/mL). In other experimental groups, different concentrations (5 ng/mL or 10 ng/mL) of TGF-ß1&-ß3 simultaneously or sequentially were combined with FGF-2 on the cultured PDLSCs. TGF-ß was added to the medium after day 3 in the sequential groups. Methyl Thiazolyl Tetrazolium (MTT) assay on days 3, 5, and 7 and Quantitative Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis after day 7 were conducted to investigate PLAP1, SCX, and COL3A1, RUNX2 genes. All experiments were conducted in a triplicate. The One-way and Two-way ANOVA with Tukey post hoc were utilized to analyze the results of the MTT and RT-qPCR tests, respectively. A p-value less than 0.05 is considered significant. RESULTS: The proliferation of cells on days 3, 5, and 7 was not significantly different among different experimental groups (P > 0.05). A higher expression of the PLAP1, SCX, and COL3A1 have been seen in groups with sequential use of growth factors; among these groups, the group using 5 ng/mL of TGF-ß3 led other groups with the most amount of significant upregulation in PLAP1(17.69 ± 1.11 fold; P < 0.0001), SCX (5.71 ± 0.38 fold; P < 0.0001), and COL1A3 (6.35 ± 0.39 fold; P < 0.0001) expression, compared to the control group. The expression of the RUNX2 decreased in all groups compared to the control group; this reduction was more in groups with sequential use of growth factors. CONCLUSION: The sequential use of growth factors can be more effective than simultaneous use in teno/ligamentogenic differentiation of PDLSCs. Moreover, treatment with 5 ng/mL TGF-ß3 after FGF-2 was more effective than TGF-ß1.


Assuntos
Ligamento Periodontal , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta3 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta3/metabolismo , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células-Tronco , Células Cultivadas
12.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(5): 1796-1814, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481818

RESUMO

Appropriate fibrosis is required to prevent subsequent adverse remodeling and heart failure post myocardial infarction (MI), and cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) play a critical role during the process. Carbonic anhydrase 3 (CAR3) is an important mediator in multiple biological processes besides its CO2 hydration activity; however, the role and underlying mechanism of CAR3 on cardiac repair post MI injury remains unknown. Here, we found that CAR3 expression was up-regulated in cardiac tissue in infarct area at the reparative phase of MI, with a peak at 7 days post MI. The upregulation was detected mainly on fibroblast instead of cardiomyocyte, and primary cardiac fibroblasts treated with TGF-ß1 recaptured our observation. While CAR3 deficiency leads to weakened collagen density, enlarged infarct size and aggravated cardiac dysfunction post-MI. In fibroblast, we observed that CAR3 deficiency restrains collagen synthesis, cell migration and gel contraction of cardiac fibroblasts, whereas overexpression of CAR3 in CFs improves wound healing and cardiac fibroblast activation. Mechanistically, CAR3 stabilizes Smad7 protein via modulating its acetylation, which dampens phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3, thus inhibiting fibroblast transformation. In contrast, inhibition of Smad7 acetylation with C646 blunts CAR3 deficiency induced suppression of fibroblast activation and impaired cardiac healing. Our data demonstrate a protective role of CAR3 in cardiac wound repair post MI via promoting fibroblasts activation through Smad7-TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Anidrases Carbônicas , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Proteína Smad7/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo
13.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 38(4): e23694, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504479

RESUMO

Chronic liver injury due to various etiological factors results in excess secretion and accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins, leading to scarring of liver tissue and ultimately to hepatic fibrosis. If left untreated, fibrosis might progress to cirrhosis and even hepatocellular carcinoma. Thymoquinone (TQ), an active compound of Nigella sativa, has been reported to exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. Therefore, the effect of TQ against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver fibrosis was assessed in rats. Fibrosis was induced with intraperitoneal administration of TAA (250 mg/kg b.w.) twice a week for 5 weeks. TQ (20 mg/kg b.w.) and silymarin (50 mg/kg b.w.) were orally administered daily for 5 weeks separately in TAA administered groups. Liver dysfunction was reported by elevated liver enzymes, increased oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrosis upon TAA administration. Our study demonstrated that TQ inhibited the elevation of liver marker enzymes in serum. TQ administration significantly increased antioxidant markers, such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase in the liver tissue of rats. Further, TQ significantly attenuated liver fibrosis, as illustrated by the downregulation of TAA-induced interleukin-ß, tumour necrosis factor-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase and fibrosis markers like transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), α-smooth muscle actin, collagen-1, Smad3 and 7. Therefore, these findings suggest that TQ has a promising hepatoprotective property, as indicated by its potential to effectively suppress TAA-induced liver fibrosis in rats by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammation via TGF-ß/Smad signaling.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Ratos , Animais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Tioacetamida/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/prevenção & controle , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo
14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(7): e18191, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494860

RESUMO

Epigenetic modifications are involved in fibrotic diseases, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and contribute to the silencing of anti-fibrotic genes. H3K27me3, a key repressive histone mark, is catalysed by the methyltransferase enhancer of Zeste homologue 2 (EZH2), which is regulated by the post-translational modification, O-linked N-Acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc). In this study, we explored the effects of O-GlcNAc and EZH2 on the expression of antifibrotic genes, cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox2) and Heme Oxygenase (Homx1). The expression of Cox2 and Hmox1 was examined in primary IPF or non-IPF lung fibroblasts with or without EZH2 inhibitor EZP6438, O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) inhibitor (OSMI-1) or O-GlcNAcase (OGA) inhibitor (thiamet G). Non-IPF cells were also subjected to TGF-ß1 with or without OGT inhibition. The reduced expression of Cox2 and Hmox1 in IPF lung fibroblasts is restored by OGT inhibition. In non-IPF fibroblasts, TGF-ß1 treatment reduces Cox2 and Hmox1 expression, which was restored by OGT inhibition. ChIP assays demonstrated that the association of H3K27me3 is reduced at the Cox2 and Hmox1 promoter regions following OGT or EZH2 inhibition. EZH2 levels and stability were decreased by reducing O-GlcNAc. Our study provided a novel mechanism of O-GlcNAc modification in regulating anti-fibrotic genes in lung fibroblasts and in the pathogenesis of IPF.


Assuntos
Histonas , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Histonas/metabolismo , Acetilglucosamina/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo
15.
FASEB J ; 38(5): e23502, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430223

RESUMO

Podocan, the fifth member of Small Leucine-Rich Proteoglycan (SLRP) family of extracellular matrix components, is poorly known in muscle development. Previous studies have shown that Podocan promotes C2C12 differentiation in mice. In this study, we elucidated the effect of Podocan on skeletal muscle post-injury regeneration and its underlying mechanism. Injection of Podocan protein promoted the process of mice skeletal muscle post-injury regeneration. This effect seemed to be from the acceleration of muscle satellite cell differentiation in vivo. Meanwhile, Podocan promoted myogenic differentiation in vitro by binding with TGF-ß1 to inhibit the activity of the TGF-ß signaling pathway. These results indicated that Podocan had the potential roles to enhance skeletal muscle post-injury regeneration. Its mechanism is likely the regulation of the expression of p-Smad2 and p-Smad4 related to the TGF-ß signaling pathway by interacting with TGF-ß1.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético , Proteínas , Regeneração , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Camundongos , Diferenciação Celular , Músculo Esquelético/lesões , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo
16.
FASEB J ; 38(5): e23436, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430461

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health burden, with ineffective therapies leading to increasing morbidity and mortality. Renal interstitial fibrosis is a common pathway in advanced CKD, resulting in kidney function and structure deterioration. In this study, we investigate the role of FTO-mediated N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and its downstream targets in the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis. M6A modification, a prevalent mRNA internal modification, has been implicated in various organ fibrosis processes. We use a mouse model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) as an in vivo model and treated tubular epithelial cells (TECs) with transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1 as in vitro models. Our findings revealed increased FTO expression in UUO mouse model and TGF-ß1-treated TECs. By modulating FTO expression through FTO heterozygous mutation mice (FTO+/- ) in vivo and small interfering RNA (siRNA) in vitro, we observed attenuation of UUO and TGF-ß1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), as evidenced by decreased fibronectin and N-cadherin accumulation and increased E-cadherin levels. Silencing FTO significantly improved UUO and TGF-ß1-induced inflammation, apoptosis, and inhibition of autophagy. Further transcriptomic assays identified RUNX1 as a downstream candidate target of FTO. Inhibiting FTO was shown to counteract UUO/TGF-ß1-induced RUNX1 elevation in vivo and in vitro. We demonstrated that FTO signaling contributes to the elevation of RUNX1 by demethylating RUNX1 mRNA and improving its stability. Finally, we revealed that the PI3K/AKT pathway may be activated downstream of the FTO/RUNX1 axis in the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis. In conclusion, identifying small-molecule compounds that target this axis could offer promising therapeutic strategies for treating renal fibrosis.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Obstrução Ureteral , Camundongos , Animais , Rim/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Fibrose , Desmetilação , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/metabolismo
17.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 249: 10111, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38510491

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (mRNAs) were believed to play an important role in cancers, and this study aimed to explore the mechanism of miRNA regulating Treg in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Firstly, the differentially expressed miRNAs and target genes significantly associated with Tregs were screened out by high-throughput sequencing, and their enrichment pathways were analyzed. The binding relationship between miRNA and target genes was further verified, and the effects of miRNA on the proliferation and apoptosis of B-ALL Nalm-6 cells and Treg activation were analyzed. Results showed that differentially expressed miR-539-5p was significantly under-expressed, and its target gene BMP2 was significantly over-expressed in B-ALL, and significantly enriched in the TGF-ß1 pathway. In addition, both miR-539-5p and BMP2 were significantly correlated with Treg activity in B-ALL. In vitro experiments further confirmed that miR-539-5p could directly target BMP2. The low expression of miR-539-5p in B-ALL significantly promoted BMP2 expression to promote the proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of Nalm-6 cells. Furthermore, the high expression of BMP2 in B-ALL could cooperate with TGF-ß1 to promote the activation of human CD4+CD25-T cells to Treg, and significantly activate the TGF-ß/Smads/MAPK pathway. In vivo experiments also confirmed that overexpression of miR-539-5p significantly inhibited BMP2 to suppress Treg activation and Smad1 and Smad2 phosphorylation, and finally inhibit the B-ALL process. In conclusion, miR-539-5p was significantly under-expressed in B-ALL and could target BMP2 to promote its expression, and the overexpressed BMP2 further promoted Treg activation in B-ALL by regulating TGF-ß/Smads/MAPK pathway.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/genética
18.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 222: 116121, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461906

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a chronic liver disease characterized by a progressive wound healing response caused by chronic liver injury. Currently, there are no approved clinical treatments for liver fibrosis. Sevelamer is used clinically to treat hyperphosphatemia and has shown potential therapeutic effects on liver diseases. However, there have been few studies evaluating the therapeutic effects of sevelamer on liver fibrosis, and the specific mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the antifibrotic effects of sevelamer-induced low inorganic phosphate (Pi) stress in vitro and in vivo and analyzed the detailed mechanisms. We found that low Pi stress could inhibit the proliferation of activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by promoting apoptosis, effectively suppressing the migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of hepatic stellate cells. Additionally, low Pi stress significantly increased the antioxidant stress response. It is worth noting that low Pi stress indirectly inhibited the activation and migration of HSCs by suppressing transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) expression in macrophages. In a rat model of liver fibrosis, oral administration of sevelamer significantly decreased blood phosphorus levels, improved liver function, reduced liver inflammation, and increased the antioxidant stress response in the liver. Our study revealed that the key mechanism by which sevelamer inhibited liver fibrosis involved binding to gastrointestinal phosphate, resulting in a decrease in blood phosphorus levels, the downregulation of TGF-ß expression in macrophages, and the inhibition of HSC migration and fibrosis-related protein expression. Therefore, our results suggest that sevelamer-induced low Pi stress can attenuate hepatic stellate cell activation and inhibit the progression of liver fibrosis, making it a potential option for the treatment of liver fibrosis and other refractory chronic liver diseases.


Assuntos
Células Estreladas do Fígado , Hepatopatias , Ratos , Animais , Sevelamer/efeitos adversos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Fósforo/farmacologia , Fósforo/uso terapêutico , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(7): e18238, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509729

RESUMO

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) accounts for approximately 50% of total heart failure patients and is characterized by peripheral circulation, cardiac remodelling and comorbidities (such as advanced age, obesity, hypertension and diabetes) with limited treatment options. Chidamide (HBI-8000) is a domestically produced benzamide-based histone deacetylase isoform-selective inhibitor used for the treatment of relapsed refractory peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Based on our in vivo studies, we propose that HBI-8000 exerts its therapeutic effects by inhibiting myocardial fibrosis and myocardial hypertrophy in HFpEF patients. At the cellular level, we found that HBI-8000 inhibits AngII-induced proliferation and activation of CFs and downregulates the expression of fibrosis-related factors. In addition, we observed that the HFpEF group and AngII stimulation significantly increased the expression of TGF-ß1 as well as phosphorylated p38MAPK, JNK and ERK, whereas the expression of the above factors was significantly reduced after HBI-8000 treatment. Activation of the TGF-ß1/MAPK pathway promotes the development of fibrotic remodelling, and pretreatment with SB203580 (p38MAPK inhibitor) reverses this pathological change. In conclusion, our data suggest that HBI-8000 inhibits fibrosis by modulating the TGF-ß1/MAPK pathway thereby improving HFpEF. Therefore, HBI-8000 may become a new hope for the treatment of HFpEF patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Piridinas , Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Volume Sistólico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Fibrose
20.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 44(2): 324-333, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the nephroprotective mechanism of modified Huangqi Chifeng decoction (, MHCD) in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) rats. METHODS: To establish the IgAN rat model, the bovine serum albumin, lipopolysaccharide, and carbon tetrachloride 4 method was employed. The rats were then randomly assigned to the control, model, telmisartan, and high-, medium-, and low-dose MHCD groups, and were administered the respective treatments via intragastric administration for 8 weeks. The levels of 24-h urinary protein, serum creatinine (CRE), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured in each group. Pathological alterations were detected. IgA deposition was visualized through the use of immunofluorescence staining. The ultrastructure of the kidney was observed using a transmission electron microscope. The expression levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) were examined by immunohistochemistry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Levels of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) P65, were examined by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The 24-h urine protein level in each group increased significantly at week 6, and worsen from then on. But this process can be reversed by treatments of telmisartan, and high-, medium-, and low-dose of MHCD, and these treatments did not affect renal function. Telmisartan, and high-, and medium-dose of MHCD reduced IgA deposition. Renal histopathology demonstrated the protective effect of high-, medium-, and low-dose of MHCD against kidney injury. The expression levels of MCP-1, IL-6, and TGF-ß1 in kidney tissues were downregulated by low, medium and high doses of MHCD treatment. Additionally, treatment of low, medium and high doses of MHCD decreased the protein and mRNA levels of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB. CONCLUSIONS: MHCD exerted nephroprotective effects on IgAN rats, and MHCD regulated the expressions of key targets in TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby alleviating renal inflammation by inhibiting MCP-1, IL-6 expressions, and ameliorating renal fibrosis by inhibiting TGF-ß1 expression.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Ratos , Animais , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/genética , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Telmisartan/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Imunoglobulina A
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