Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.813
Filtrar
1.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e943152, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a paraneoplastic syndrome caused by aberrant fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23)-producing tumors. Early surgical resection is the optimal strategy for preventing TIO progression. Thus, tumor localization is a priority for successful treatment. A simple and safe examination method to identify functional endocrine tumors is essential to achieve better outcomes in patients with TIO. CASE REPORT A 64-year-old Japanese man with recurrent fractures, hypophosphatemia, and elevated alkaline phosphatase and FGF-23 levels (109 pg/mL) was admitted to our university hospital and was diagnosed with FGF23-related hypophosphatemic osteomalacia. Notably, the superficial dorsal vein in the patient's left foot exhibited a high FGF-23 level (7510 pg/mL). Octreotide and ¹8F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) scintigraphy and systemic venous sampling revealed that the tumor in the third basal phalanx of the left foot was responsible for FGF-23 overproduction. Tumor resection resulted in a rapid decrease in serum FGF-23 levels and an increase in serum phosphorus levels. CONCLUSIONS Octreotide scintigraphy, FDG-positron emission tomography, and systemic venous sampling are the standard methods for localizing functional endocrine tumors. However, the limited availability and invasive nature of these examinations hinder effective treatment. Here, we highlight the importance of peripheral superficial blood sampling as an alternative to conventional systemic methods for confirming the presence of FGF-23-producing tumors. Clinicians should consider TIO as a potential cause of acquired hypophosphatemic osteomalacia. Furthermore, peripheral superficial vein blood sampling may be useful for confirming the localization of FGF-23-producing tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Osteomalacia , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteomalacia/etiologia , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Octreotida
2.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 23: 15330338241245924, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uterine sarcoma (US) is a highly malignant cancer with poor prognosis and high mortality in women. In this study, we evaluated the expression of human fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) in different US subtypes and the relationship between survival and clinicopathological characteristics. METHODS: We conducted a comparative analysis of FGF23 gene expression in different pathological types of US. Utilizing a cohort from The Cancer Genome Atlas of 57 patients, a 50-patient microarray dataset (GSE119043) from the Gene Expression Omnibus and a Suining cohort of 44 patients, we analyzed gene expression profiles and corresponding clinicopathological information. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression level of FGF23 in four US subtypes. Survival analysis was used to assess the relationship between FGF23 expression and prognosis in US patients. RESULTS: Compared with uterine normal smooth muscle and uterine leiomyoma, FGF23 expression was significantly upregulated in US and was differentially expressed in four US subtypes. Uterine carcinosarcoma exhibited the highest expression of FGF23 among the subtypes. Survival analysis revealed no correlation between FGF23 expression and either overall survival or progression-free survival in US (P > 0.05). Similar results were obtained from the validation cohorts. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed no significant correlation between FGF23 expression and the US prognosis. Tumor stage, CA125, and tumor recurrence were independent prognostic factors for survival of US patients. CONCLUSION: FGF23 was highly expressed in US and was promising as a novel potential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of US.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pélvicas , Sarcoma , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Humanos , Feminino , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Prognóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética
3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 26(3): 269-274, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the correlation between growth impairment induced by long-term oral glucocorticoids (GC) therapy and the ratio of FGF23/Klotho in children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 56 children with GC-sensitive PNS who had discontinued GC therapy for more than 3 months and revisited the Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between June 2022 and December 2022. After monitoring qualitative and quantitative urine protein levels upon admission, the children with proteinuria relapse were treated with GC (GC group; n=29), while those without relapse did not receive GC treatment (non-GC group; n=27). In addition, 29 healthy children aged 3 to prepuberty were selected as the control group. Height, bone age, growth rate, and the FGF23/Klotho ratio were compared among the groups. The correlations of the FGF23/Klotho ratio with height, bone age, and growth rate were analyzed. RESULTS: The FGF23/Klotho ratio in the GC group was significantly higher than that in the non-GC group after 1 month of GC therapy (P<0.05), and the height and bone age growth rates within 6 months were lower than those in the non-GC group (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed significant negative correlations between the FGF23/Klotho ratio after 1 month of treatment and the growth rates of height and bone age within 6 months in children with PNS (r=-0.356 and -0.436, respectively; P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The disturbance in FGF23/Klotho homeostasis is one of the mechanisms underlying the growth impairment caused by long-term oral GC therapy.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Glucocorticoides , Glucuronidase , Transtornos do Crescimento , Proteínas Klotho , Criança , Humanos , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/química , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Proteínas Klotho/química , Proteínas Klotho/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/química , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos do Crescimento/induzido quimicamente
4.
Res Vet Sci ; 171: 105234, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547738

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the concentrations of Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 (FGF-23) and α-Klotho in healthy dogs and dogs at different stages of Canine Leishmaniasis (CanL), and investigate the changes of these parameters in relation to renal function and calcium­phosphorus metabolism. A total of 74 dogs (22 healthy and 52 with CanL) of varying ages, sexes, and medium-sized breeds were included. Dogs with CanL were categorized into different stages (Stage I-IV) based on Leishvet recommendations. In addition to routine hematological parameters, plasma FGF-23, serum α-Klotho, urea, creatinine, phosphorus, calcium, parathormone, vitamin D concentrations, and urine protein/creatinine ratio were measured. Data from healthy dogs were compared to dogs with CanL overall and by stage. Dogs with CanL exhibited higher concentrations of FGF-23 (p < 0.05), α-Klotho, and parathormone (p < 0.001), as well as lower concentrations of vitamin D and calcium (p < 0.001). FGF-23 concentration was particularly elevated in Stage IV compared to other stages. However, no significant differences in α-Klotho levels were observed among the stages. FGF-23 levels showed a weak positive correlation with urea and creatinine concentrations and a moderate positive correlation with urine protein/creatinine ratio. This study demonstrated increased levels of FGF-23 and α-Klotho in dogs with CanL for the first time. The increase in FGF-23 levels was more prominent in advanced stages of the disease and correlated with higher urea and creatinine concentrations. These findings may serve as a basis for future diagnostic and therapeutic investigations, contributing to the understanding of the pathophysiology of kidney disease in CanL.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Leishmaniose , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Cães , Animais , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/veterinária , Cálcio , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Creatinina , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Leishmaniose/veterinária , Fósforo , Vitamina D , Ureia
5.
Clin Chim Acta ; 557: 117863, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Measuring 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), parathyroid hormone 1-84 (PTH 1-84) and intact FGF23 (iFGF23) is crucial for diagnosing a variety of diseases affecting bone and mineral homeostasis. Biological variability (BV) data are important for defining analytical quality specifications (APS), the usefulness of reference intervals, and the significance of variations in serial measurements in the same subject. The aim of this study was to pioneer the provision of BV estimates for 1,25(OH)2D and to improve existing BV estimates for iFGF23 and PTH 1-84. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum and plasma-EDTA samples of sixteen healthy subjects have been collected for seven weeks and measured in duplicate by chemiluminescent immunoassay on the DiaSorin Liaison platform. After variance verification, within-subject (CVI) and between-subject (CVG) BV estimates were assessed by either standard ANOVA, or CV-ANOVA. The APSs were calculated according to the EFLM-BV-model. RESULTS: We found the following CVI estimates with 95% confidence intervals:1,25(OH)2D, 22.2% (18.9-26.4); iFGF23, 16.1% (13.5-19.5); and PTH 1-84, 17.9% (14.8-21.8). The CVG were: 1,25(OH)2D, 21.2% (14.2-35.1); iFGF23, 21.1% (14.5-35.8); and PTH 1-84, 31.1% (22.1-50.8). CONCLUSIONS: We report for the first time BV estimates for 1,25(OH)2D and enhance existing data about iFGF23-BV and PTH 1-84-BV through cutting-edge immunometric methods.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Voluntários Saudáveis
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5712, 2024 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459119

RESUMO

This meta-analysis was conducted to clarify the role of klotho and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) in human arterial remodeling across recent studies, in terms of arterial calcification, thickness, and stiffness. A systematic literature search was conducted on five databases for articles up to December 2023. Arterial calcification, thickness, and stiffness were determined using the calcification score and artery affected, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and pulse wave velocity (PWV), respectively. Sixty-two studies with a total of 27,459 individuals were included in this meta-analysis. Most studies involved chronic kidney disease patients. Study designs were mostly cross-sectional with only one case-control and nine cohorts. FGF-23 was positively correlated with arterial calcification (r = 0.446 [0.254-0.611], p < 0.0001 and aOR = 1.36 [1.09-1.69], p = 0.006), CIMT (r = 0.188 [0.02-0.354], p = 0.03), and PWV (r = 0.235 [0.159-0.310], p < 0.00001). By contrast, Klotho was inversely correlated with arterial calcification (r = - 0.388 [- 0.578 to - 0.159], p = 0.001) and CIMT (r = - 0.38 [- 0.53 to - 0.207], p < 0.00001). In conclusion, FGF-23 and Klotho were associated with arterial calcification, thickness, and stiffness, clarifying their role in arterial remodeling processes.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Rigidez Vascular , Humanos , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos Transversais , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
7.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 54, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous iron is commonly used in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD). Modern intravenous iron compounds (e.g. ferric derisomaltose (FDI), ferric carboxymaltose (FCM)) are increasingly utilized with similar efficacy. A differential effect in terms of hypophosphatemia has been noted following administration of FCM, which may be related to fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). This study was designed to examine the comparative effects of FDI and FCM on FGF23, phosphate and other markers of bone turnover. METHODS: The single-center double-blind randomized controlled trial "Iron and Phosphaturia - ExplorIRON-CKD" primarily assessed the effects of FCM and FDI on intact FGF23 and phosphate, whilst also studying the impact on vitamin D, parathyroid hormone and phosphaturia. Bone markers including alkaline phosphatase, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide and carboxy-terminal collagen cross-linked telopeptide were monitored. Non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients (stage 3a-5) with iron deficiency with/without anemia (serum ferritin < 200 µg/L or transferrin saturation = 20% and serum ferritin 200-299 µg/L) were randomized to receive FDI or FCM in a 1:1 ratio. At baseline 1000 mg of intravenous iron was administered followed by 500-1000 mg at 1 month to achieve replenishment. Measurements were performed at baseline, 1-2 days following iron administration, 2 weeks, 1 month (second iron administration), 1-2 days following second administration, 2 months and 3 months following initial infusion. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients participated in the trial; 14 randomized to FDI and 12 to FCM. Intact FGF23 increased following administration of iron, and the increase was significantly higher with FCM compared to FDI (Baseline to 1-2 days following 1st administration: FDI: 3.0 (IQR: - 15.1 - 13.8) % vs. FCM: 146.1 (IQR: 108.1-203.1) %; p < 0.001 and Baseline to 1-2 days following 2nd administration: FDI: 3.2 (IQR: - 3.5 - 25.4) % vs. FCM: 235.1 (138.5-434.6) %; p = 0.001). Phosphate levels decreased in the FCM group, causing a significant difference versus FDI 2 weeks following administration of the first dose. A significantly greater decrease in 1,25 (OH)2 Vitamin D was noted with FCM. Several markers of bone turnover significantly changed following administration of FCM but not FDI. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests a differential effect on FGF23 following administration of FCM compared to FDI in non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients, similar to other patient groups. This may lead to changes consistent with hypovitaminosis D and alterations in bone turnover with potential clinical consequences. Further definitive studies are required to understand these differences of intravenous iron compounds. TRIAL REGISTRATION: European Union Drug Regulating Authorities Clinical Trials Database (EudraCT) number: 2019-004370-26 ( https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/trial/2019-004370-26/GB ) (First date of trial registration: 03/12/2019).


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Hipofosfatemia Familiar , Maltose , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Fosfatase Alcalina , Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Férricos , Ferritinas , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Hipofosfatemia Familiar/tratamento farmacológico , Ferro , Maltose/análogos & derivados , Fosfatos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego
8.
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes ; 132(2): 91-97, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373702

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a major regulator of phosphate and vitamin D metabolism in the kidney, and its higher levels in plasma are associated with poorer outcomes in kidney and cardiovascular diseases. It is produced by bone cells upon enhanced oxidative stress and inhibits renal phosphate reabsorption and calcitriol (active form of vitamin D) production. Bilirubin, the final product of the heme catabolic pathway in the vascular bed, has versatile biological functions, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. This study explored whether bilirubin alters FGF23 production. METHODS: Experiments were performed using UMR106 osteoblast-like cells. Fgf23 transcript levels were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, C-terminal and intact FGF23 protein levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and cellular oxidative stress was assessed by CellROX assay. RESULTS: Unconjugated bilirubin down-regulated Fgf23 gene transcription and FGF23 protein abundance; these effects were paralleled by lower cellular oxidative stress levels. Also, conjugated bilirubin reduced Fgf23 mRNA abundance. CONCLUSION: Bilirubin down-regulates FGF23 production in UMR106 cells, an effect likely to be dependent on the reduction of cellular oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Bilirrubina/farmacologia , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Osteoblastos , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Vitamina D
9.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 326(4): F584-F599, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299214

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with high circulating fibroblast growth factor (FGF)23 levels. It is unresolved whether high circulating FGF23 is a mere biomarker or pathogenically contributes to cardiomyopathy. It is also unknown whether the C-terminal FGF23 peptide (cFGF23), a natural FGF23 antagonist proteolyzed from intact FGF23 (iFGF23), retards CKD progression and improves cardiomyopathy. We addressed these questions in three murine models with high endogenous FGF23 and cardiomyopathy. First, we examined wild-type (WT) mice with CKD induced by unilateral ischemia-reperfusion and contralateral nephrectomy followed by a high-phosphate diet. These mice were continuously treated with intraperitoneal implanted osmotic minipumps containing either iFGF23 protein to further escalate FGF23 bioactivity, cFGF23 peptide to block FGF23 signaling, vehicle, or scrambled peptide as negative controls. Exogenous iFGF23 protein given to CKD mice exacerbated pathological cardiac remodeling and CKD progression, whereas cFGF23 treatment improved heart and kidney function, attenuated fibrosis, and increased circulating soluble Klotho. WT mice without renal insult placed on a high-phosphate diet and homozygous Klotho hypomorphic mice, both of whom develop moderate CKD and clear cardiomyopathy, were treated with cFGF23 or vehicle. Mice treated with cFGF23 in both models had improved heart and kidney function and histopathology. Taken together, these data indicate high endogenous iFGF23 is not just a mere biomarker but pathogenically deleterious in CKD and cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, attenuation of FGF23 bioactivity by cFGF23 peptide is a promising therapeutic strategy to protect the kidney and heart from high FGF23 activity.NEW & NOTEWORTHY There is a strong correlation between cardiovascular morbidity and high circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels, but causality was never proven. We used a murine chronic kidney disease (CKD) model to show that intact FGF23 (iFGF23) is pathogenic and contributes to both CKD progression and cardiomyopathy. Blockade of FGF23 signaling with a natural proteolytic product of iFGF23, C-terminal FGF23, alleviated kidney and cardiac histology, and function in three separate murine models of high endogenous FGF23.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Animais , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Fosfatos , Cardiomiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatias/complicações
10.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(2)2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397231

RESUMO

Background: Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of bone (UPSb) is a rare primary bone sarcoma that lacks a specific line of differentiation. Distinguishing between UPSb and other malignant bone sarcomas, including dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma, is challenging due to their overlapping features. We have previously identified that UPSb tumours have elevated mRNA levels of Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 (FGF23) transcripts compared to other sarcomas including osteosarcoma. In the present study, we evaluated the specificity and practicality of FGF23 immunoreactivity as a specific diagnostic tool to differentiate UPSb tumours from osteosarcomas and dedifferentiated chondrosarcomas. Methods: A total of 10 UPSb, 10 osteosarcoma, and 10 dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma cases (all high-grade), were retrieved and immunohistochemistry for FGF23 was performed. Results: FGF23 protein was expressed at high levels in 80-90% of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the bone cases, whereas it was expressed at significantly lower levels in dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma cases. A semiquantitative analysis, considering the intensity of immunoreactivity, confirmed significantly elevated FGF23 expression levels in UPSb tissues compared to those observed in osteosarcoma and dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma tissues. Conclusions: The results we present here suggest that FGF23 immunohistochemistry may be a useful tool to aid in differentiating UPSb from morphologically similar malignant bone sarcomas, especially in situations where sampling is restricted and there is limited clinical information available.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Condrossarcoma , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Osteossarcoma , Sarcoma , Humanos , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Condrossarcoma/diagnóstico , Condrossarcoma/genética , Condrossarcoma/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/diagnóstico , Osteossarcoma/genética , Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Sarcoma/genética , Sarcoma/patologia , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/metabolismo
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4054, 2024 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374169

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy is a commonly observed cause of blindness and is a common problem in individuals with diabetes. Recent investigations have showed the capability of serum α-Klotho and FGF 23 in mitigating the effects of diabetic retinopathy. This study aimed to discover the correlation between FGF 23, α-Klotho, and diabetic retinopathy in type 1 diabetics. This case-control study included 63 diabetic patients and 66 healthy controls. Following an overnight duration of fasting, morning blood samples were taken from both the patient and the control groups. The serum concentrations of α-Klotho and FGF 23 were quantified. An experienced ophthalmologist inspected the retinopathy. All participants in this study have moderate non-proliferative retinopathy. A p value under 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The mean α-Klotho level for retinopathic diabetic patients was 501.7 ± 172.2 pg/mL and 579.6 ± 312.1 pg/mL for non-retinopathic diabetic patients. In comparison, α-Klotho level of the control group was 523.2 ± 265.4 pg/mL (p = 0.531). The mean of FGF 23 level did not demonstrate a significant difference (p = 0.259). The mean FGF 23 level were 75.7 ± 14.0 pg/mL, 74.0 ± 14.8 pg/mL and 79.3 ± 14.4 pg/mL in groups, respectively. In conclusion, there was no significant difference in FGF 23 and α-Klotho levels between type 1 diabetics with and without retinopathy when compared to the control group.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Retinopatia Diabética , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Proteínas Klotho , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/etiologia , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/sangue , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/química , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Glucuronidase , Proteínas Klotho/sangue , Proteínas Klotho/química
13.
Growth Factors ; 42(1): 1-12, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37906060

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) has been casually linked to numerous hypophosphatemic bone diseases, however connection with bone loss or fragility fractures is still a matter of debate. The purpose of this review is to explore and summarise the known actions of FGF23 in various pathological bone conditions. Besides implication in bone mineralisation, elevated FGF23 showed a pathological effecton bone remodelling, primarily by inhibiting osteoblast function. Unlike the weak association with bone mineral density, high values of FGF23 have been connected with fragility fracture prevalence. This review shows that its effects on bone are concomitantly present on multiple levels, affecting both qualitative and quantitative part of bone strength, eventually leading to impaired bone strength and increased tendency of fractures. Recognising FGF23 as a risk factor for the development of bone diseases and correcting its levels could lead to the reduction of morbidity and mortality in specific groups of patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Hipofosfatemia , Humanos , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo
14.
Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 38(2): 101844, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38044258

RESUMO

Syndromes of inherited fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) excess encompass a wide spectrum that includes X-linked hypophosphataemia (XLH), autosomal dominant and recessive forms of rickets as well as various syndromic conditions namely fibrous dysplasia/McCune Albright syndrome, osteoglophonic dysplasia, Jansen's chondrodysplasia and cutaneous skeletal hypophosphataemia syndrome. A careful attention to patient symptomatology, family history and clinical features, supported by appropriate laboratory tests will help in making a diagnosis. A genetic screen may be done to confirm the diagnosis. While phosphate supplements and calcitriol continue to be the cornerstone of treatment, in recent times burosumab, the monoclonal antibody against FGF-23 has been approved for the treatment of children and adults with XLH. While health-related outcomes may be improved by ensuring adherence and compliance to prescribed treatment with a smooth transition to adult care, bony deformities may persist in some, and this would warrant surgical correction.


Assuntos
Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar , Hipofosfatemia , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/diagnóstico , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/genética , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Fosfatos/metabolismo
15.
J Biol Chem ; 300(1): 105480, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37992803

RESUMO

The bone-derived hormone fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) has recently received much attention due to its association with chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease progression. Extracellular sodium concentration ([Na+]) plays a significant role in bone metabolism. Hyponatremia (lower serum [Na+]) has recently been shown to be independently associated with FGF23 levels in patients with chronic systolic heart failure. However, nothing is known about the direct impact of [Na+] on FGF23 production. Here, we show that an elevated [Na+] (+20 mM) suppressed FGF23 formation, whereas low [Na+] (-20 mM) increased FGF23 synthesis in the osteoblast-like cell lines UMR-106 and MC3T3-E1. Similar bidirectional changes in FGF23 abundance were observed when osmolality was altered by mannitol but not by urea, suggesting a role of tonicity in FGF23 formation. Moreover, these changes in FGF23 were inversely proportional to the expression of NFAT5 (nuclear factor of activated T cells-5), a transcription factor responsible for tonicity-mediated cellular adaptations. Furthermore, arginine vasopressin, which is often responsible for hyponatremia, did not affect FGF23 production. Next, we performed a comprehensive and unbiased RNA-seq analysis of UMR-106 cells exposed to low versus high [Na+], which revealed several novel genes involved in cellular adaptation to altered tonicity. Additional analysis of cells with Crisp-Cas9-mediated NFAT5 deletion indicated that NFAT5 controls numerous genes associated with FGF23 synthesis, thereby confirming its role in [Na+]-mediated FGF23 regulation. In line with these in vitro observations, we found that hyponatremia patients have higher FGF23 levels. Our results suggest that [Na+] is a critical regulator of FGF23 synthesis.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Sódio , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/genética , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/metabolismo , Hiponatremia/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Sódio/metabolismo , Sódio/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Linhagem Celular , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Arginina Vasopressina/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Ratos
16.
ESC Heart Fail ; 11(1): 240-250, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37950429

RESUMO

AIMS: Abnormalities of mineral metabolism (MM) have been related to cardiovascular disorders. There are no reports on the prognostic role of MM after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aim to assess the prognostic role of MM after an ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma levels of components of MM [fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), calcidiol, parathormone, klotho, and phosphate], high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide were measured in 1190 patients at discharge from an ACS. The primary outcome was a combination of acute ischaemic events, heart failure (HF) and death. Secondary outcomes were the separate components of the primary outcome. Age was 61.7 ± 12.2 years, and 77.1% were men. Median follow-up was 5.44 (3.03-7.46) years. Two hundred and ninety-four patients developed the primary outcome. At multivariable analysis FGF23 (hazard ratio, HR 1.18 [1.08-1.29], P < 0.001), calcidiol (HR 0.86 [0.74-1.00], P = 0.046), previous coronary or cerebrovascular disease, and hypertension were independent predictors of the primary outcome. The predictive power of FGF23 was homogeneous across different subgroups of population. FGF23 (HR 1.45 [1.28-1.65], P < 0.001) and parathormone (HR 1.06 1.01-1.12]; P = 0.032) resulted as independent predictors of HF. FGF23 (HR 1.21 [1.07-1.37], P = 0.002) and calcidiol (HR 0.72 [0.54-0.97), P = 0.028) were independent predictors of death. No biomarker predicted acute ischaemic events. FGF23 predicted independently the primary outcome in patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 . CONCLUSIONS: FGF23 and other components of MM are independent predictors of HF and death after an ACS. This effect is homogeneous across different subgroups of population, and it is not limited to patients with chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Calcifediol , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Hormônio Paratireóideo
17.
Horm Metab Res ; 56(2): 142-149, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37875141

RESUMO

To assess the correlation between serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23)/Klotho levels and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in middle-aged and elderly patients combined with low bone mineral density (BMD). The BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femoral neck of 87 patients with ESRD was measured using a dual-energy X-ray bone densitometer during hospitalisation and the patients were divided into a normal bone mass group and a low bone mass group. Haemoglobin, albumin, urea nitrogen, uric acid, creatinine, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alkaline phosphatase, blood calcium, blood phosphorus and full parathyroid hormone were detected using an automatic biochemical analyser. The levels of serum FGF-23, Klotho and activated vitamin D in the patients with ESRD were measured via an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Older age and decreased serum creatinine levels and serum Klotho levels were associated with low bone mass. There were significantly more men in normal bone mass group (n=49, 74.24%) than in low bone mass group (n=8, 38.10%). The correlation analysis showed that BMD was negatively correlated with age but positively correlated with serum Klotho. The binary logistic regression analysis indicated that old age and the decrease in serum Klotho level were independent risk factors of a low BMD (all p<0.05). In conclusion, serum Klotho is closely related to BMD changes in middle-aged and elderly patients with ESRD. A high Klotho level is a protective factor and is expected to be a marker in reducing bone mineral metabolism disorders and improving the prognosis of patients with ESRD.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Falência Renal Crônica , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Densidade Óssea , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Feminino
18.
Am J Nephrol ; 55(2): 187-195, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128487

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) has direct effects on the vasculature and myocardium, and high levels of FGF23 are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the impact of FGF23 on CVD in primary proteinuric glomerulopathies has not been addressed. METHODS: The associations of baseline plasma intact FGF23 levels with resting blood pressure (BP) and lipids over time among adults and children with proteinuric glomerulopathies enrolled in the Nephrotic Syndrome Study Network (NEPTUNE) were analyzed using generalized estimating equation regression analyses. Models were adjusted for age, sex, glomerular diagnosis, follow-up time, estimated glomerular filtration rate, urine protein/creatinine ratio, obesity, and serum phosphorous levels. RESULTS: Two hundred and four adults with median FGF23 77.5 (IQR 51.3-119.3) pg/mL and 93 children with median FGF23 62.3 (IQR 44.6-83.6) pg/mL were followed for a median of 42 (IQR 20.5-54) months. In adjusted models, each 1 µg/mL increase in FGF23 was associated with a 0.3 increase in systolic BP index at follow-up (p < 0.001). Greater baseline FGF23 was associated with greater odds of hypertensive BP (OR = 1.0003; 95% CI 1.001-1.006, p = 0.03) over time. Compared to tertile 1, tertile 2 (OR = 2.1; 95% CI 1.12-3.99, p = 0.02), and tertile 3 (OR = 3; 95% CI 1.08-8.08, p = 0.04), FGF23 levels were associated with greater odds of hypertensive BP over time. Tertile 2 was associated with greater triglycerides compared to tertile 1 (OR = 48.1; 95% CI 4.4-91.9, p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Overall, higher baseline FGF23 was significantly associated with hypertensive BP over time in individuals with proteinuric glomerulopathies. Further study of FGF23 as a therapeutic target for reducing CVD in proteinuric glomerular disease is warranted.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Int J Oral Sci ; 15(1): 53, 2023 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38052774

RESUMO

Elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) in X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) results in rickets and phosphate wasting, manifesting by severe bone and dental abnormalities. Burosumab, a FGF23-neutralizing antibody, an alternative to conventional treatment (phosphorus and active vitamin D analogs), showed significant improvement in the long bone phenotype. Here, we examined whether FGF23 antibody (FGF23-mAb) also improved the dentoalveolar features associated with XLH. Four-week-old male Hyp mice were injected weekly with 4 or 16 mg·kg-1 of FGF23-mAb for 2 months and compared to wild-type (WT) and vehicle (PBS) treated Hyp mice (n = 3-7 mice). Micro-CT analyses showed that both doses of FGF23-mAb restored dentin/cementum volume and corrected the enlarged pulp volume in Hyp mice, the higher concentration resulting in a rescue similar to WT levels. FGF23-mAb treatment also improved alveolar bone volume fraction and mineral density compared to vehicle-treated ones. Histology revealed improved mineralization of the dentoalveolar tissues, with a decreased amount of osteoid, predentin and cementoid. Better periodontal ligament attachment was also observed, evidenced by restoration of the acellular cementum. These preclinical data were consistent with the retrospective analysis of two patients with XLH showing that burosumab treatment improved oral features. Taken together, our data show that the dentoalveolar tissues are greatly improved by FGF23-mAb treatment, heralding its benefit in clinics for dental abnormalities.


Assuntos
Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/tratamento farmacológico , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/metabolismo , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar/patologia , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Fosfatos/uso terapêutico
20.
Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl ; 34(2): 147-153, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38146724

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) plays a significant role in phosphate homeostasis but data on children are limited. We aimed to detect FGF23 levels in 107 healthy children aged 6-16 years and evaluate its correlation with markers of phosphate and calcium metabolism, and the dietary intake of calcium, phosphate, and proteins. Height, weight, and Tanner stages were measured, and dietary intake was calculated. Biochemical analyses of hemoglobin, serum calcium, phosphate, creatinine, Vitamin D, and plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) and FGF23 levels were performed, alongside their associations with FGF23. Of the children, 65.4% were males. Their mean body mass index was 15.79 ± 2.96 for males and 16.5 ± SD 2.72 for females. The mean Vitamin D and PTH levels were 29.7 ± 1.1 ng/mL and 29.2 ± 1.2 pg/mL, respectively. The mean FGF23 levels were 159 ± 15.2 reference units (RU)/mL. The mean FGF23 levels were significantly higher in females (209.3 ± 31 RU/mL) than in males (132.3 ± 15.1 RU/mL). All biochemical parameters were within the normal range. FGF23 correlated with age, weight, and height, but not Vitamin D, PTH, or dietary calcium and phosphate. FGF23 showed a negative correlation with hemoglobin levels (r = -0.23). Since most children had a nonvegetarian diet, the FGF23 levels were not assessed in vegetarians. These observations were attributed to the rural lifestyle favoring adequate exposure to sunlight and physical activity. The increased FGF23 levels in females, the trends in urban settings, and the levels in strictly vegetarian diets need further study.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Vitamina D , Fosfatos , Minerais , Hemoglobinas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...