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1.
Arch Esp Urol ; 77(2): 183-192, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583011

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the influence of miR-1297 on kidney injury in rats with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and its causal role. METHODS: A DN rat model was established through right kidney resection and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Sham rats did not undergo right kidney resection or STZ injection. The DN rats were divided into the DN model and antagomiR-1297 treatment groups. Kidney morphology was observed using hematoxylin and eosin staining. Renal function indices, including blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), and urinary protein, were measured using kits. Levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were determined through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Fibrin (FN), collagen type I (Col I), and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were assessed through western blotting and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Apoptosis was detected using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining. miR-1297 targets were predicted using bioinformatic software and verified through luciferase reporter assay. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathway expression was analyzed through western blotting. RESULTS: AntagomiR-1297 reduced BUN (p = 0.005), SCr (p = 0.012), and urine protein (p < 0.001) levels and improved kidney tissue morphology. It prevented renal interstitial fibrosis by decreasing FN, Col I, and α-SMA protein levels (all p < 0.001). AntagomiR-1297 increased SOD (p = 0.001) and GSH-Px (p = 0.002) levels. Additionally, it reduced levels of cell inflammatory factors, including TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß (all p < 0.001), and alleviated apoptosis (p < 0.001) in rat kidney tissue with DN. miR-1297 was pinpointed as a target for PTEN. AntagomiR-1297 increased PTEN expression and suppressed PI3K and AKT phosphorylation (all p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: AntagomiR-1297 can mitigate renal fibrosis, renal inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress levels through the PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , MicroRNAs , Ratos , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/farmacologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Antagomirs/farmacologia , Rim , MicroRNAs/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571695

RESUMO

In rheumatoid arthritis, dysregulated cytokine signaling has been implicated as a primary factor in chronic inflammation. Many antirheumatic and biological therapies are used to suppress joint inflammation, but despite these advances, effectiveness is not universal, and delivery is often at high doses, which can predispose patients to significant off-target effects. During chronic inflammation, the inappropriate regulation of signaling factors by macrophages accelerates progression of disease by driving an imbalance of inflammatory cytokines, making macrophages an ideal cellular target. To develop a macrophage-based therapy to treat chronic inflammation, we engineered a novel induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived macrophage capable of delivering soluble TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1), an anti-inflammatory biologic inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), in an auto-regulated manner in response to TNF-α. Murine iPSCs were differentiated into macrophages (iMACs) over a 17-day optimized protocol with continued successful differentiation confirmed at key timepoints. Varying inflammatory and immunomodulatory stimuli demonstrated traditional macrophage function and phenotypes. In response to TNF-α, therapeutic iMACs produced high levels of sTNFR1 in an autoregulated manner, which inhibited inflammatory signaling. This self-regulating iMAC system demonstrated the potential for macrophage-based drug delivery as a novel therapeutic approach for a variety of chronic inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/patologia , Citocinas/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Inflamação/patologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico
3.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 332, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575957

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intestinal barrier dysfunction is a pivotal factor in sepsis progression. The mechanosensitive ion channel Piezo1 is associated with barrier function; however, its role in sepsis-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction remains poorly understood. METHODS: The application of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) modeling was performed on both mice of the wild-type (WT) variety and those with Villin-Piezo1flox/flox genetic makeup to assess the barrier function using in vivo FITC-dextran permeability measurements and immunofluorescence microscopy analysis of tight junctions (TJs) and apoptosis levels. In vitro, Caco-2 monolayers were subjected to TNF-α incubation. Moreover, to modulate Piezo1 activation, GsMTx4 was applied to inhibit Piezo1 activation. The barrier function, intracellular calcium levels, and mitochondrial function were monitored using calcium imaging and immunofluorescence techniques. RESULTS: In the intestinal tissues of CLP-induced septic mice, Piezo1 protein levels were notably elevated compared with those in normal mice. Piezo1 has been implicated in the sepsis-mediated disruption of TJs, apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells, elevated intestinal mucosal permeability, and systemic inflammation in WT mice, whereas these effects were absent in Villin-Piezo1flox/flox CLP mice. In Caco-2 cells, TNF-α prompted calcium influx, an effect reversed by GsMTx4 treatment. Elevated calcium concentrations are correlated with increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species, diminished mitochondrial membrane potential, and TJ disruption. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, Piezo1 is a potential contributor to sepsis-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction, influencing apoptosis and TJ modification through calcium influx-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction.


Assuntos
Mucosa Intestinal , Sepse , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Sepse/complicações , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos/farmacologia
4.
Sci Prog ; 107(1): 368504241231154, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425276

RESUMO

The underlying mechanisms for the beneficial effects exerted by bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in treating repetitive traumatic brain injury (rTBI)-induced long-term sensorimotor/cognitive impairments are not fully elucidated. Herein, we aimed to explore whether BM-MSCs therapy protects against rTBI-induced long-term neurobehavioral disorders in rats via normalizing white matter integrity and gray matter microglial response. Rats were subjected to repeated mild lateral fluid percussion on day 0 and day 3. On the fourth day post-surgery, MSCs groups received MSCs (4 × 106 cells/ml/kg, intravenously) and were assessed by the radial maze, Y maze, passive avoidance tests, and modified neurological severity scores. Hematoxylin & eosin, and Luxol fast blue stainings were used to examine the histopathology and white matter thickness. At the same time, immunofluorescence staining was used to investigate the numbers of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-containing microglia in gray matter. Three to nine months after neurotrauma, rats displayed sensorimotor and cognitive impairments, reduced thickness in white matter, and over-accumulation of TNF-α-containing microglia and cellular damage in gray matter. Therapy with BM-MSCs significantly attenuated the rTBI-induced sensorimotor and cognitive impairments and all their complications. Mesenchymal stem cell therapy might accelerate the recovery of sensorimotor and cognitive impairments in rats with rTBI via normalizing myelin integrity and microglia response.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Disfunção Cognitiva , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Ratos , Animais , Bainha de Mielina , Microglia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Cognição
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(13): 7140-7154, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518253

RESUMO

Microplastics derived from plastic waste have emerged as a pervasive environmental pollutant with potential transfer and accumulation through the food chain, thus posing risks to both ecosystems and human health. The gut microbiota, tightly intertwined with metabolic processes, exert substantial influences on host physiology by utilizing dietary compounds and generating bacterial metabolites such as tryptophan and bile acid. Our previous studies have demonstrated that exposure to microplastic polystyrene (PS) disrupts the gut microbiota and induces colonic inflammation. Meanwhile, intervention with cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), a natural anthocyanin derived from red bayberry, could mitigate colonic inflammation by reshaping the gut bacterial composition. Despite these findings, the specific influence of gut bacteria and their metabolites on alleviating colonic inflammation through C3G intervention remains incompletely elucidated. Therefore, employing a C57BL/6 mouse model, this study aims to investigate the mechanisms underlying how C3G modulates gut bacteria and their metabolites to alleviate colonic inflammation. Notably, our findings demonstrated the efficacy of C3G in reversing the elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α) and the upregulation of mRNA expression (Il-6, Il-1ß, and Tnf-α) induced by PS exposure. Meanwhile, C3G effectively inhibited the reduction in levels (IL-22, IL-10, and IL-4) and the downregulation of mRNA expression (Il-22, Il-10, and Il-4) of anti-inflammatory cytokines induced by PS exposure. Moreover, PS-induced phosphorylation of the transcription factor NF-κB in the nucleus, as well as the increased level of protein expression of iNOS and COX-2 in the colon, were inhibited by C3G. Metabolisms of gut bacterial tryptophan and bile acids have been extensively implicated in the regulation of inflammatory processes. The 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing disclosed that PS treatment significantly increased the abundance of pro-inflammatory bacteria (Desulfovibrio, norank_f_Oscillospiraceae, Helicobacter, and Lachnoclostridium) while decreasing the abundance of anti-inflammatory bacteria (Dubosiella, Akkermansia, and Alistipes). Intriguingly, C3G intervention reversed these pro-inflammatory changes in bacterial abundances and augmented the enrichment of bacterial genes involved in tryptophan and bile acid metabolism pathways. Furthermore, untargeted metabolomic analysis revealed the notable upregulation of metabolites associated with tryptophan metabolism (shikimate, l-tryptophan, indole-3-lactic acid, and N-acetylserotonin) and bile acid metabolism (3b-hydroxy-5-cholenoic acid, chenodeoxycholate, taurine, and lithocholic acid) following C3G administration. Collectively, these findings shed new light on the protective effects of dietary C3G against PS exposure and underscore the involvement of specific gut bacterial metabolites in the amelioration of colonic inflammation.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Interleucina-10 , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Antocianinas/farmacologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Plásticos/farmacologia , Poliestirenos/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/farmacologia , Interleucina-4 , Ecossistema , Triptofano/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/genética , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro
6.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 970: 176507, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) due to renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (RIRI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with no renoprotective drug available. Previous research focused on single drug targets, yet this approach has not reached translational success. Given the complexity of this condition, we aimed to identify a disease module and apply a multitarget network pharmacology approach. METHODS: Identification of a disease module with potential drug targets was performed utilizing Disease Module Detection algorithm using NADPH oxidases (NOXs) as seeds. We then assessed the protective effect of a multitarget network pharmacology targeting the identified module in a rat model of RIRI. Rats were divided into five groups; sham, RIRI, and RIRI treated with setanaxib (NOX inhibitor, 10 mg/kg), etanercept (TNF-α inhibitor, 10 mg/kg), and setanaxib and etanercept (5 mg/kg each). Kidney functions, histopathological changes and oxidative stress markers (MDA and reduced GSH) were assessed. Immunohistochemistry of inflammatory (TNF-α, NF-κB) apoptotic (cCasp-3, Bax/Bcl 2), fibrotic (α-SMA) and proteolysis (MMP-9) markers was performed. RESULTS: Our in-silico analysis yielded a disease module with TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1A) as the closest target to both NOX1 and NOX2. Targeting this module by a low-dose combination of setanaxib, and etanercept, resulted in a synergistic effect and ameliorated ischemic AKI in rats. This was evidenced by improved kidney function and reduced expression of inflammatory, apoptotic, proteolytic and fibrotic markers. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that applying a multitarget network pharmacology approach allows synergistic renoprotective effect in ischemic AKI and might pave the way towards translational success.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Ratos , Animais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Etanercepte/farmacologia , Rim , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/complicações , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Isquemia/patologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle
7.
FASEB J ; 38(7): e23569, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551610

RESUMO

Early in sepsis, a hyperinflammatory response is dominant, but later, an immunosuppressive phase dominates, and the host is susceptible to opportunistic infections. Anti-inflammatory agents may accelerate the host into immunosuppression, and few agents can reverse immunosuppression without causing inflammation. Specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) such as resolvin D2 (RvD2) have been reported to resolve inflammation without being immunosuppressive, but little work has been conducted to examine their effects on immunosuppression. To assess the effects of RvD2 on immunosuppression, we established a model of macrophage exhaustion using two lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatments or hits. THP-1 monocyte-derived macrophages were first treated with RvD2 or vehicle for 1 h. One LPS hit increased NF-κB activity 11-fold and TNF-α release 60-fold compared to unstimulated macrophages. RvD2 decreased LPS-induced NF-κB activity and TNF-α production but increased bacterial clearance. Two LPS hits reduced macrophage bacterial clearance and decreased macrophage NF-κB activity (45%) and TNF-α release (75%) compared to one LPS hit, demonstrating exhaustion. RvD2 increased NF-κB activity, TNF-α release, and bacterial clearance following two LPS hits compared to controls. TLR2 inhibition abolished RvD2-mediated changes. In a mouse sepsis model, splenic macrophage response to exogenous LPS was reduced compared to controls and was restored by in vivo administration of RvD2, supporting the in vitro results. If RvD2 was added to monocytes before differentiation into macrophages, however, RvD2 reduced LPS responses and increased bacterial clearance following both one and two LPS hits. The results show that RvD2 attenuated macrophage suppression in vitro and in vivo and that this effect was macrophage-specific.


Assuntos
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Sepse , Camundongos , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , NF-kappa B/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/induzido quimicamente , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(3): 202, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467621

RESUMO

Cellular responses to TNF are inherently heterogeneous within an isogenic cell population and across different cell types. TNF promotes cell survival by activating pro-inflammatory NF-κB and MAPK signalling pathways but may also trigger apoptosis and necroptosis. Following TNF stimulation, the fate of individual cells is governed by the balance of pro-survival and pro-apoptotic signalling pathways. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms driving heterogenous responses to TNF, quantifying TNF/TNFR1 signalling at the single-cell level is crucial. Fluorescence live-cell imaging techniques offer real-time, dynamic insights into molecular processes in single cells, allowing for detection of rapid and transient changes, as well as identification of subpopulations, that are likely to be missed with traditional endpoint assays. Whilst fluorescence live-cell imaging has been employed extensively to investigate TNF-induced inflammation and TNF-induced cell death, it has been underutilised in studying the role of TNF/TNFR1 signalling pathway crosstalk in guiding cell-fate decisions in single cells. Here, we outline the various opportunities for pathway crosstalk during TNF/TNFR1 signalling and how these interactions may govern heterogenous responses to TNF. We also advocate for the use of live-cell imaging techniques to elucidate the molecular processes driving cell-to-cell variability in single cells. Understanding and overcoming cellular heterogeneity in response to TNF and modulators of the TNF/TNFR1 signalling pathway could lead to the development of targeted therapies for various diseases associated with aberrant TNF/TNFR1 signalling, such as rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic syndrome, and cancer.


Assuntos
Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Apoptose
9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167099, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428686

RESUMO

The abnormal proliferation, migration, and inflammation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play crucial roles in the development of neointimal hyperplasia and restenosis. Exposure to inflammatory cytokines such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) induces the transformation of contractile VSMCs into abnormal synthetic VSMCs. Isoxanthohumol (IXN) has significant anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antimigratory effects. This study aimed to explore the therapeutic impact and regulatory mechanism of IXN in treating neointimal hyperplasia. The present findings indicate that IXN effectively hinders the abnormal proliferation, migration, and inflammation of VSMCs triggered by PDGF or TNF-α. This inhibition is primarily achieved through the modulation of the apelin/AKT or AKT pathway, respectively. In an in vivo model, IXN effectively reduced neointimal hyperplasia in denuded femoral arteries. These results suggest that IXN holds promise as a potential and innovative therapeutic candidate for the treatment of restenosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Xantonas , Humanos , Hiperplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Apelina , Movimento Celular , Becaplermina/farmacologia , Neointima/tratamento farmacológico , Neointima/metabolismo , Inflamação
10.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; 91(3): e13833, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endometritis is an inflammatory reaction of the lining of uterus, leading to the occurrence of infertility. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) has been proven to exhibit extremely effective for the treatment of endometrium-associated infertility, but the mechanism of its prevention for endometritis remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of PRP against endometritis induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and elucidate the mechanism underlying these effects. METHODS: Mouse model of endometritis was established by intrauterine perfusion of LPS. PRP intrauterine infusion was administered at 24 h after LPS induction. After another 24 h, the uterine tissues were harvested to observe histopathological changes, production of proinflammatory cytokines, variation of the Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor κB (TLR4/NF-κB) signaling pathways, and validated the anti-inflammatory effect of PRP. The myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and concentration of nitric oxide (NO) were determined using assay kit. Proinflammatory chemokines (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin-6 (IL-6)) were measured by ELISA and Real-Time PCR. The activity of TLR4/NF-κB pathway in uterine tissues was measured by Western blotting. RESULTS: Hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E) appeared that PRP remarkably relieved the impairment of uterine tissues. Detection of MPO activity and concentration of NO revealed that PRP treatment distinctly mitigated infiltration of inflammatory cells in mice with endometritis induced by LPS. PRP treatment significantly affected the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6. PRP was also found to suppress LPS-induced activation of TLR4/NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSION: PRP effectively alleviates LPS-induced endometritis via restraining the signal pathway of TLR4/NF-κB. These findings provide a solid foundation for PRP as a potential therapeutic agent for endometritis.


Assuntos
Endometrite , Infertilidade , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Endometrite/tratamento farmacológico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Interleucina-6 , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico/uso terapêutico , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/metabolismo
11.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 44(2): 251-259, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the synergistic effects of polyphyllin I (PPI) combined with tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) on the growth of osteosarcoma cells through downregulating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: Cell viability, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were examined using cell counting kit-8 and flow cytometry assays. The morphology of cancer cells was observed with inverted phase contrast microscope. The migration and invasion abilities were examined by xCELLigence real time cell analysis DP system and transwell assays. The expressions of poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase, C-Myc, Cyclin B1, cyclin-dependent kinases 1, N-cadherin, Vimentin, Active-ß-catenin, ß-catenin, p-glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK-3ß) and GSK-3ß were determined by Western blotting assay. RESULTS: PPI sensitized TRAIL-induced decrease of viability, migration and invasion, as well as increase of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of MG-63 and U-2 OS osteosarcoma cells. The synergistic effect of PPI with TRAIL in inhibiting the growth of osteosarcoma cells was at least partially realized through the inactivation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: The combination of PPI and TRAIL is potentially a novel treatment strategy of osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Diosgenina/análogos & derivados , Osteossarcoma , Humanos , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Ligantes , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular , Apoptose , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Movimento Celular
12.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542876

RESUMO

Endothelial inflammation is a multifaceted physiological process that plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis and progression of diverse diseases, encompassing but not limited to acute lung infections like COVID-19, coronary artery disease, stroke, sepsis, metabolic syndrome, certain malignancies, and even psychiatric disorders such as depression. This inflammatory response is characterized by augmented expression of adhesion molecules and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this study, we discovered that saponins from Allium macrostemon bulbs (SAMB) effectively inhibited inflammation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells induced by the exogenous inflammatory mediator lipopolysaccharide or the endogenous inflammatory mediator tumor necrosis factor-α, as evidenced by a significant reduction in the expression of pro-inflammatory factors and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) with decreased monocyte adhesion. By employing the NF-κB inhibitor BAY-117082, we demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of SAMB on VCAM-1 expression may be attributed to the NF-κB pathway's inactivation, as characterized by the suppressed IκBα degradation and NF-κB p65 phosphorylation. Subsequently, we employed a murine model of lipopolysaccharide-induced septic acute lung injury to substantiate the potential of SAMB in ameliorating endothelial inflammation and acute lung injury in vivo. These findings provide novel insight into potential preventive and therapeutic strategies for the clinical management of diseases associated with endothelial inflammation.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Cebolinha-Francesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Saponinas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7126, 2024 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531887

RESUMO

Probiotics are a mixture of beneficial live bacteria and/or yeasts that naturally exist in our bodies. Recently, numerous studies have focused on the immunostimulatory effects of single-species or killed multi-species probiotic conditioned mediums on macrophages. This study investigates the immunostimulatory effect of commercially available active, multi-species probiotic conditioned medium (CM) on RAW264.7 murine macrophages. The probiotic CM was prepared by culturing the commercially available probiotic in a cell-culture medium overnight at 37 °C, followed by centrifugation and filter-sterilization to be tested on macrophages. The immunostimulatory effect of different dilution percentages (50%, 75%, 100%) of CM was examined using the MTT assay, proinflammatory cytokine (tumor necrosis factor TNF-alpha) production in macrophages, migration, and phagocytosis assays. For all the examined CM ratios, the percentages of cell viability were > 80%. Regarding the migration scratch, TNF-alpha and phagocytosis assays, CM demonstrated a concentration-dependent immunostimulatory effect. However, the undiluted CM (100%) showed a significant (p-value < 0.05) stimulatory effect compared to the positive and negative controls. The findings suggest that the secretions and products of probiotics, as measured in the CM, may be closely associated with their immune-boosting effects. Understanding this relationship between probiotic secretions and immune function is crucial for further exploring the potential benefits of probiotics in enhancing overall health and well-being.


Assuntos
Probióticos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Camundongos , Animais , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Imunidade , Probióticos/farmacologia
14.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 103(2): e14477, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361150

RESUMO

Dry eye (DE) is a multifactorial ocular surface disease characterised by an imbalance in tear homeostasis. The pathogenesis of DE is complex and related to environmental, immunological (e.g., T helper 17 cells) and other factors. However, the DE disease pathogenesis remains unclear, thereby affecting its clinical treatment. This study aimed to explore the mechanism through which prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) affects DE inflammation by regulating Th17. The DE mouse model was established through subcutaneous injection of scopolamine hydrobromide. The tear secretion test and break-up time (BUT) method were used to detect tear secretion and tear film BUT, respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the concentrations of PGE2, interleukin (IL)-17, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF-α) in tear fluid and those of PGE2 and IL-17 in the serum. RT-qPCR and western blotting were used to test the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-17 and retinoid-related orphan receptor-γt (RORγt). PGE2 was highly expressed in the DE mouse model. The mRNA and protein levels of IL-17 and the key Th17 transcription factor RORγt were increased in tissues of the DE mice. Moreover, PGE2 promoted tear secretion, reduced the BUT, increased the IL-17 concentration in tears and increased the Th17 cell proportion in DE, whereas the PGE2 receptor inhibitor AH6809 reversed the effects of PGE2 on tear secretion, BUT, and the Th17 cell proportion in draining lymph node (DLN) cells. Taken together, the study findings indicate that PGE2 could induce DE-related symptoms by promoting Th17 differentiation.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Células Th17 , Camundongos , Animais , Células Th17/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Interleucina-17 , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/genética , Síndromes do Olho Seco/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro
15.
Food Funct ; 15(5): 2693-2705, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376424

RESUMO

Asparagi radix is an edible herb with medicinal properties and is now widely used in clinical applications for improving pulmonary inflammation. However, the lung-protective effect and the active constituents of Asparagi radix are yet to be elucidated. Herein, the potential pulmonary protective effect of the oligosaccharides of Asparagi radix was investigated. We firstly identified eighteen oligosaccharides with different degrees of polymerization from Asparagi radix using HPLC-QTOF MS. Oligosaccharides were analysed for 20 samples of Asparagi radix collected from various regions in China using HILIC-ELSD and were found to stably exist in this herb. In this study, we found that AROS significantly reduced NO production and effectively down-regulated the mRNA expression of IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α in RAW 264.7 cells, thereby reducing the inflammatory response induced by LPS. AROS also inhibited LPS-stimulated intracellular ROS production. A murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury was used to evaluate the in vivo anti-inflammatory and lung protective efficacies of AROS. AROS ameliorated the damage to the pulmonary cellular architecture pathological injury and lung edema. AROS significantly decreased the levels of cytokines IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1ß; the levels of MPO and MDA; and superoxide dismutase consumption in vivo. This effect of oligosaccharides can explain the traditional usage of Asparagus cochinchinensis as a tonic medicine for respiratory problems, and oligosaccharides from Asparagi radix used as a natural ingredient can play an important role in protecting lung injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Pulmão , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo
16.
Sleep Med ; 115: 193-201, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mid-pregnancy sleep deprivation (SD) in C57BL/6 J mice on the motor coordination of the offspring and to explore the potential mechanism of microglia activation in the cerebellar vermis of the offspring involved in the induction of impaired motor coordination development. METHODS: C57BL/6 J pregnant mice were randomly divided into the SD and control groups. SD was implemented by the multi-platform method from first day of the middle pregnancy (gestation day 8, GD8). At postnatal day 21 (PND21), we measured the development of motor behavior and collected cerebellar vermis tissues to observe the activation of microglia by H&E staining, the expression of microglia-specific markers ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule-1 (Iba-1) and cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68) by immunohistochemical, and interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor -α (TNF-α) by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). RESULTS: In the offspring of SD group, comparing to the control group, the total time of passage and the reverse crawl distance in the balance beam test, and the frequency of falls from the suspension cord was increased; with lower max rotational speed and shorter duration in the rotarod experiment. Further, we found that the microglia of cerebellar vermis tissues emerged an amoeba-like activation. The mean gray value of Iba-1 was lower, the density of positive cells of CD68 and the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were increased. CONCLUSIONS: The motor coordination of offspring is impaired, accompanying a SD from mid-pregnancy, and the cerebellar vermis showed microglia activation and pro-inflammatory response. It suggested the adverse effects of SD from mid-gestation on the development of motor coordination through the inflammatory response in the cerebellar vermis of the offspring.


Assuntos
Vermis Cerebelar , Microglia , Gravidez , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/patologia , Vermis Cerebelar/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Privação do Sono/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
17.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 221: 116037, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301965

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a well-known autoimmune disorder associated with joint pain, joint swelling, cartilage and bone degradation as well as deformity. The chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 13 (CXCL13) plays a crucial role in multiple cellular pathogenesis processes, including RA. TNF-α is a vital proinflammatory factor in the progression of RA. However, the role of CXCL13 in TNF-α production in RA has not been fully explored. Our analysis of both database and clinical samples revealed higher levels of CXCL13 and TNF-α in RA samples compared to healthy controls. CXCL13 concentration-dependently induces TNF-α synthesis in RA synovial fibroblasts. CXCL13 enhances TNF-α expression by interacting with the CXCR5 receptor, activating the ERK/p38 pathways, and inhibiting miR-330-3p generation. Importantly, treatment with CXCL13 shRNA counteracted the upregulation of TNF-α production induced by collagen-induced arthritis. Our findings support the notion that CXCL13 is a promising target in the treatment of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Autoimunes , MicroRNAs , Animais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4402, 2024 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388665

RESUMO

The DNA repair gene PARP1 and NF-κB signalling pathway affect the metastasis of breast cancer by influencing the drug resistance of cancer cells. Therefore, this study focused on the value of the DNA repair gene PARP1 and NF-κB pathway proteins in predicting the postoperative metastasis of breast cancer. A nested case‒control study was performed. Immunohistochemical methods were used to detect the expression of these genes in patients. ROC curves were used to analyse the predictive effect of these factors on distant metastasis. The COX model was used to evaluate the effects of PARP1 and TNF-α on distant metastasis. The results showed that the expression levels of PARP1, IKKß, p50, p65 and TNF-α were significantly increased in the metastasis group (P < 0.001). PARP1 was correlated with IKKß, p50, p65 and TNF-α proteins (P < 0.001). There was a correlation between IKKß, p50, p65 and TNF-α proteins (P < 0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that immunohistochemical scores for PARP1 of > 6, IKKß of > 4, p65 of > 4, p50 of > 2, and TNF-α of > 4 had value in predicting distant metastasis (SePARP1 = 78.35%, SpPARP1 = 79.38%, AUCPARP1 = 0.843; Sep50 = 64.95%, Spp50 = 70.10%, AUCp50 = 0.709; SeTNF-α = 60.82%, SpTNF-α = 69.07%, AUCTNF-α = 0.6884). Cox regression analysis showed that high expression levels of PARP1 and TNF-α were a risk factor for distant metastasis after breast cancer surgery (RRPARP1 = 4.092, 95% CI 2.475-6.766, P < 0.001; RRTNF-α = 1.825, 95% CI 1.189-2.799, P = 0.006). Taken together, PARP1 > 6, p50 > 2, and TNF-α > 4 have a certain value in predicting breast cancer metastasis, and the predictive value is better when they are combined for diagnosis (Secombine = 97.94%, Spcombine = 71.13%).


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , NF-kappa B , Humanos , Feminino , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Reparo do DNA/genética , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/genética , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/metabolismo
19.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 262: 107430, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364503

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effects of mammary inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA) infusions on pregnancy function during early pregnancy in goats. In Experiment 1, pregnant goats were subjected to an intramammary LPS infusion for 1 week from Days 60-66 after natural mating (n = 5), and in Experiment 2, they received intramammary infusions of either saline, LPS, or SA for 1 week from Days 45-51 after natural mating (n = 15). Blood was collected to determine the plasma cytokine, cortisol, 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F2α (PGFM), and progesterone levels. Pregnancy length was significantly longer in the LPS-treated group than that for the saline-treated group of experiment 2. Cytokine levels (IL-1ß, IL-8, Tumor necrosis factor-α: TNF-α) after LPS (in both Experiments 1 and 2) and SA (in Experiment 2) infusion were significantly higher compared with those before infusion. In Experiment 2, the SA-infused group showed significantly higher TNF-α concentrations than those in the saline group. Cortisol levels increased in both experiment 1 and 2 after LPS infusion, but not after saline and SA treatments. Furthermore, PGFM levels increased after LPS infusion in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2, LPS- and SA-infused goats showed significantly higher PGFM levels than those in the saline-infused goats. However, the progesterone levels decreased after LPS treatment in Experiment 1. Our results show that intramammary LPS infusion during the early stage of pregnancy in goats induces inflammatory cytokine and stress hormone production, which prolongs the pregnancy period.


Assuntos
Doenças das Cabras , Mastite , Gravidez , Feminino , Animais , Lactação , Hidrocortisona , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Progesterona/farmacologia , Cabras , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Citocinas , Mastite/veterinária
20.
Mol Autism ; 15(1): 10, 2024 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that immune dysfunction and inflammation in the peripheral tissues as well as the central nervous system are associated with the neurodevelopmental deficits observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Elevated expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the plasma, serum, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of ASD has been reported. These cytokine expression levels are associated with the severity of behavioral impairments and symptoms in ASD. In a prior study, our group reported that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression in granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-induced macrophages (GM-CSF MΦ) and the TNF-α expression ratio in GM-CSF MΦ/M-CSF MΦ (macrophage colony-stimulating factor-induced macrophages) was markedly higher in individuals with ASD than in typically developed (TD) individuals. However, the mechanisms of how the macrophages and the highly expressed cytokines affect neurons remain to be addressed. METHODS: To elucidate the effect of macrophages on human neurons, we used a co-culture system of control human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived neurons and differentiated macrophages obtained from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of five TD individuals and five individuals with ASD. All participants were male and ethnically Japanese. RESULTS: Our results of co-culture experiments showed that GM-CSF MΦ affect the dendritic outgrowth of neurons through the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1α and TNF-α. Macrophages derived from individuals with ASD exerted more severe effects than those derived from TD individuals. LIMITATIONS: The main limitations of our study were the small sample size with a gender bias toward males, the use of artificially polarized macrophages, and the inability to directly observe the interaction between neurons and macrophages from the same individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Our co-culture system revealed the non-cell autonomous adverse effects of GM-CSF MΦ in individuals with ASD on neurons, mediated by interleukin-1α and TNF-α. These results may support the immune dysfunction hypothesis of ASD, providing new insights into its pathology.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Citocinas , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Interleucina-1alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-1alfa/farmacologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Sexismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Granulócitos/metabolismo , Dendritos/metabolismo
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