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4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 151, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Besides research on psychiatric diseases related to problematic Internet use (PIU), a growing number of studies focus on the impact of Internet on subjective well-being (SWB). However, in previous studies on the relationship between PIU and SWB, there is little data for Japanese people specifically, and there is a lack of consideration for differences in perception of happiness due to cultural differences. Therefore, we aimed to clarify how happiness is interdependent on PIU measures, with a focus on how the concept of happiness is interpreted among Japanese people, and specifically among Japanese university students. METHODS: A paper-based survey was conducted with 1258 Japanese university students. Respondents were asked to fill out self-report scales regarding their happiness using the Interdependent Happiness Scale (IHS). The relationship between IHS and Internet use (Japanese version of the Internet addiction test, JIAT), use of social networking services, as well as social function and sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI) were sought using multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Based on multiple regression analyses, the following factors related positively to IHS: female gender and the number of Twitter followers. Conversely, the following factors related negatively to IHS: poor sleep, high- PIU, and the number of times the subject skipped a whole day of school. CONCLUSIONS: It was shown that there was a significant negative correlation between Japanese youths' happiness and PIU. Since epidemiological research on happiness that reflects the cultural background is still scarce, we believe future studies shall accumulate similar evidence in this regard.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Felicidade , Internet , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Autorrelato , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
5.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1602-1606, 2019.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586970

RESUMO

All over world people live longer. In highly civilized societies the elderly people are half of the population. The old age crowns the whole life, it is the period when one enjoys the fruits of his labours. The man, when living on earth, completes a certain cycle which begins with the birth and is crowned with the old age. Each age is somehow beautiful but the extreme happiness is to go through the whole cycle. The old age is the specific beauty enriched with the past which had prepared it. Through their whole life one should be preparing to have successful, cheerful old age as it crowns air existence. The elderly like calmness, rest, silence and deadened sounds. Thanks to these traits they make every environment harmonious, calm and peaceful. They do it subconsciously thanks to their existence, exclusively through their own presence because these traits are the inherent part of their lives. The old age is God's grace given to man. That is why we may easily say that in their hand an old man holds their life's achievements that they will introduce to God one day.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Felicidade , Idoso , Humanos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505862

RESUMO

This study examines the association between school absenteeism, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and happiness among young adults aged 16-26 years attending vocational education. Cross-sectional data from a survey among 676 young adults were analyzed. School absenteeism was measured by the self-reported number of sick days in the past eight weeks and hours of truancy in the past four weeks. HRQOL was measured by the 12-item Short Form Health Survey; physical and mental component summary scores were calculated. General happiness was assessed on a scale of 0-10, higher scores indicating greater happiness. Linear regression analyses were performed. The study population had a mean age of 18.5 years (SD 2.2); 26.1% were boys. Young adults with ≥5 sick days or ≥6 h of truancy reported lower mental HRQOL compared to young adults without sickness absence or truancy (p < 0.05). Young adults with 1-4 and ≥5 sick days reported lower physical HRQOL compared to young adults who had not reported to be sick (p < 0.05). Young adults with 1-5 h and ≥6 h of truancy reported higher physical HRQOL compared to young adults who were not truant (p < 0.05). No associations were observed between school absence and happiness. Lower self-reported mental HRQOL was observed among young adults with more school absenteeism due to sickness or truancy. Sickness absence was additionally associated with lower physical HRQOL.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Felicidade , Qualidade de Vida , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 447-451, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488770

RESUMO

Not only philosophers, but also artists and scientists have always struggled to find a universal definition of beauty. Not even Darwin could find an answer to the question: are there any parameters of beauty that we can apply to every species. Nobody can give a valid definition for the perception of beauty in others. Can a definition in subjective terms be achieved? If I say something is beautiful, it only means that it is beautiful for me, but it does not mean that is necessarily beautiful for everyone else. Beauty is a subjective experience, but it is not only a perceptive experience! According to the Treccani Dictionary of Italian Language, beauty can be defined as: something capable of pleasing the soul through the senses and become an object worthy of contemplation. Developmental biologists say that when people talk about how beautiful a person is, they tend to highlight those qualities that make them more or less attractive. These qualities can be, for example, if and how much I look like their father or mother. Does this mean there can be universal parameters of beauty for the human species? According to Professor Semir Zeki, there are universal parameters of beauty and the easiest way to define them is in a negative way. This means that whoever has his eyes in a different position, compared to where the eyes are placed in a nation or race, cannot be called beautiful. According to this, could there be a model of beauty in our society? Today's society gives a considerable importance to appearance, it is even thought that being "beautiful" can achieve happiness, love and success. Mass media show icons of perfection and ideals of beauty almost unattainable and makes us to believe that achieving them would make us feel fulfilled; therefore underestimating other values such as happiness, family, friendship and beauty. There is less and less space for self-acceptance and developing other qualities, whereas we invest more into treatments of various kinds to change our body, considering it as an object we can manipulate, or as a tool to achieve goals. Particularly young people, today, are conditioned by the myth of beauty and by the canons imposed by newspapers, TV and the media, which demands virtual beauty without originality. According to this canon, women must always be slim but firm and sinuous, with flowing bleached hair, perfect make-up, smooth skin, full lips and long nails. On the other hand, men are forced to resemble the football players: muscular, but not too much, without a belly and marked abdominals muscles, tall, well-shaved, fragrant, or even shaving their whole body. According to Charmet: "We live in a continuous casting, with boys feeling inadequate and ugly". Adolescence is then considered a period full enthusiasm but also of torment, such as long struggles in front of the mirror with the different ways of "decorating" a suddenly new body. This is a particularly fertile ground for the onset of pathologies such as depression, dysmorphophobias, eating disorders and other pathologies. They become 'mutants', because they change and adapt to the current fashion; nowadays these changes affect not only women, but also men. Pathologies are also in the rise among increasingly younger people, aged 10 to 20 years old. In addition, there are new pathologies, such as orthorexia (the obsession for healthy eating) or drunkorexia (a combination of fasting/binge eating with alcohol abuse). Often, these are associated with other psychiatric disorders or serious physical complications. However, only a small percentage of people suffering from these conditions ask for help.


Assuntos
Beleza , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia , Emoções , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16863, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415420

RESUMO

Heart rate variability (HRV) is an objective measure of emotional regulation. This study aimed to estimate the accuracy with which an artificial neural network (ANN) algorithm could classify emotions using HRV data that were obtained using wristband heart rate monitors.Four emotions were evoked during gameplay: pleasure, happiness, fear, and anger. Seven normalized HRV features (i.e., 3 time-domain features, 3 frequency-domain features, and heart rate), which yielded 29,727 segments during gameplay, were collected and analyzed first by statistics and then classified by the trained ANN model.General linear model adjusted for individual differences in HRV showed that all HRV features significantly differed across emotions, despite disparities in their magnitudes and associations. When compared to neutral status (i.e., no emotion evoked), the mean of R-R interval was significantly higher for pleasure and fear but lower for happiness and anger. In addition, pleasure evidenced the HRV features that suggested a superior parasympathetic to sympathetic activation. Happiness was associated with a prominent sympathetic activation. These statistical findings suggest that HRV features significantly differ across emotions evoked by gameplay. When further utilizing ANN-based emotion classification, the accuracy rates for prediction were above 75.0% across the 4 emotions with accuracy rates for classification of paired emotions ranging from 82.0% to 93.4%.For classifying emotion in an individual person, the trained ANN model utilizing HRV features yielded a high accuracy rate in our study. ANN is a time-efficient and accurate means to classify emotions using HRV data obtained from wristband heart rate monitors. Thus, this integrated platform can help monitor and quantify human emotions and physiological biometrics.


Assuntos
Ira/fisiologia , Medo/fisiologia , Felicidade , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Prazer/fisiologia , Adulto , Algoritmos , Humanos , Masculino , Smartphone , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(23-24): 4412-4423, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410919

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of a musical training programme in promoting happiness and quality of life of Hong Kong Chinese underprivileged preschool children. BACKGROUND: The impact of poverty and income disparity on the psychological well-being of children remains a profound global public health concern. There is substantial evidence that poverty and income disparity have many negative impacts on children's psychological well-being, adversely affecting their quality of life. METHODS: A nonequivalent, quasi-experimental, two-group, pretest and post-test, between-subjects design was conducted with 171 Hong Kong Chinese underprivileged preschool children (aged 3-6 years). Participants (n = 100) in the experimental group attended a weekly 1-hr musical training lesson for 12 weeks conducted by the Music Children Foundation. Participants (n = 71) in the wait list control group received the same training after all data had been collected. Data collection for both groups was conducted at baseline and 12-week follow-up. The measured outcomes were happiness level and quality of life. A TREND checklist was completed. RESULTS: Participants in the experimental group reported significantly higher levels of happiness (p = .002) and quality of life (p = .44) than those in the wait list control group. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates the effectiveness of a musical training programme in promoting happiness and quality of life of Hong Kong Chinese underprivileged preschool children. It also demonstrated the feasibility of implementing the programme in a community context. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This study aids to inform nurses the beneficial effect of the musical training programme in improving underprivileged children's psychological well-being and quality of life. Indeed, community nurses may act as facilitators to promote the musical training programme to underprivileged children. The involvement of community nurses may greatly enhance the sustainability of the programme, thus making it to be a routine health promotion activity.


Assuntos
Música/psicologia , Pobreza/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária/métodos , Feminino , Felicidade , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
10.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e118, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407997

RESUMO

Evolutionary theory makes further predictions about conflict. It predicts sex differences in the proclivity to attack and defend. It further suggests complementary biases in what we expect of the sexes. Finally, it suggests that the forms of human facial expressions of anger and happiness may have coevolved with the regularity of conflict as a means of signaling, bluffing, and defusing attack.


Assuntos
Ira , Expressão Facial , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Social
12.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1054, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eating disorders among adolescents are an ongoing public health concern. Sustainable health promotion programmes require a thorough understanding of the social context in which minors engage. Initial studies show that young people make extensive use of social networks in order to exchange experiences and gather information. During this process their (buying) behaviour is significantly affected by so-called influencers. METHODS: The exploratory research studies non-campaign driven health communication on dieting and exercise by influencers in social networks with a focus on content, techniques and visible impact. In a mixed methods approach, we initially analysed 1000 posts from influencers on Instagram quantitatively. Subsequently we conducted an in-depth content analysis of 9 extreme and 27 typical communication threads. RESULTS: Influencers gain the trust and friendship of their followers by designing body-shape focused visual content and targeted communication techniques. They identify and define diet and exercise as factors to be controlled for body perfection. By consuming dietary supplements and wearing tight-fitting branded sportswear, influencers promise a simplified way of optimizing one's appearance as the key to happiness. Direct and surreptitious advertising of industry-specific products constitutes the communicative focus. At the same time, minors identify with the roles and ideals demonstrated by influencers and their needs are satisfied on several different levels. This creates a relationship of dependency between influencers and their followers. CONCLUSIONS: The dynamics in the field of health communication by influencers on social networks will become increasingly important in the coming years. This is largely due to the targeted demand on the part of (mainly) underage users and the high attractiveness of influencer marketing on the part of companies. Influencers suggest a dependence on happiness, well-being, health and beauty. Only those who create a body shaped through control and discipline are healthy and beautiful - and can be happy. The indirectly communicated conclusions, which can be considered as extremely critical, illustrate the need for action in order to protect and positively accompany young people in their psychological and physical development. The shift of authority figures within Generation Z, as well as identified communication techniques, can be considered and may be harnessed by targeted, group-oriented campaign designs.


Assuntos
Dieta , Exercício , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Rede Social , Adolescente , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Felicidade , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323796

RESUMO

(1) Purpose: The purpose of our research is to understand the subjective well-being (SWB) of Chinese adult residents and its influencing factors and to identify the key groups and areas to provide a basis for the formulation of relevant policies to improve residents' happiness. (2) Methods: In this study, we analyzed the influencing factors of SWB of individuals older than 16 years of age, according to the 2014 China Family Panel Study (CFPS). We weighted 27,706 samples in the database to achieve the purpose of representing the whole country. Finally, descriptive statistics were used for the population distribution, chi-square tests were used for univariable analysis, and binary logistic models were used for multivariable analysis. (3) Results: The response rate of SWB was 74.58%. Of the respondents, 71.2% had high SWB (7-10), with a U-shaped distribution between age and SWB. Females are more likely than males to rate themselves as happy. There is a positive ratio between years of education and SWB. Residents who have better self-evaluated income, self-rated health (SRH), psychological well-being (PWB), Body Mass Index (BMI), social trust, social relationships, and physical exercise have higher SWB. (4) Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that to improve residents' SWB, we should focus more attention on middle-aged and low-income groups, particularly men in agriculture. The promotion of SWB should be facilitated by improvements in residents' education, health status, and social support as well as by the promotion of smoking bans and physical exercise.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Nível de Saúde , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoavaliação , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330883

RESUMO

No study has been conducted linking Chinese migrants' subjective well-being (SWB) with urban inequality. This paper presents the effects of income and inequality on their SWB using a total of 128,000 answers to a survey question about "happiness". We find evidence for a satiation point above which higher income is no longer associated with greater well-being. Income inequality is detrimental to well-being. Migrants report lower SWB levels where income inequality is higher, even after controlling for personal income, a large set of individual characteristics, and province dummies. We also find striking differences across socio-economic and geographic groups. The positive effect of income is more pronounced for rural and western migrants, and is shown to be significantly correlated with the poor's SWB but not for the well-being of more affluent respondents. Interestingly, high-income earners are more hurt by income inequality than low-income respondents. Moreover, compared with migrants in other regions, those in less developed Western China are found to be more averse to income inequality. Our results are quite robust to different specifications. We provide novel explanations for these findings by delving into psychological channels, including egalitarian preferences, social comparison concerns, expectations, perceived fairness concerns and perceived social mobility.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Renda , Migrantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pobreza/psicologia , Saúde da População Rural/economia , Saúde da População Urbana/economia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(2): 408-414, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348351

RESUMO

Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet surgery has been shown to decrease cost and hospital length of stay. The authors studied the use of virtual reality during wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet outpatient upper extremity surgery to assess its effect on patient pain, anxiety and fun. Patients undergoing wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet surgery were randomized to use (virtual reality) or not use (non-virtual reality) virtual reality during their procedures. Pain, fun, and anxiety were measured with a Likert scale at several time points, as were blood pressure and heart rate. A postoperative questionnaire was used to assess overall satisfaction. Virtual reality patients exhibited lower anxiety scores during injection, during the procedure, and at the end of the procedure. There were no differences in blood pressure, heart rate, or pain scores. Compared with non-virtual reality patients, virtual reality patients' fun scores were higher. Virtual reality patients felt the experience helped them to relax, and they would recommend virtual reality-assisted wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet surgery. Among patients with self-reported preexisting anxiety, virtual reality patients had lower pain and anxiety scores during injection of local anesthesia compared with non-virtual reality patients. This study demonstrates that readily available virtual reality hardware and software can provide a virtual reality experience that reduces patient anxiety both during the injection of local anesthesia and during the surgical procedure. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 144: 408, 2019.) CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Therapeutic, II.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/métodos , Mãos/cirurgia , Realidade Virtual , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Feminino , Felicidade , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Dor/prevenção & controle , Medição da Dor , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Torniquetes , Vigília , Adulto Jovem
17.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 119, 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the multiple happiness questionnaire (MHQ) in new-generation migrant workers (NGMW), to compare the difference of well-being and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) in NGMW with first-generation migrant workers (FGMW) and urban workers (UW), and to explore the relationship between well-being and HRQOL and analyze influential factors to well-being in NGMW in Zhejiang province, China. METHODS: By stratified sampling, 542 NGMW, 226 FGMW and 200 UW had completed the questionnaires in 2018. Cronbach's alpha coefficient (a) for internal consistency of the multiple happiness questionnaire (MHQ) was used. Factor analysis was applied for construct validity. Scores of well-being and HRQOL were compared between NGMW and control groups. Spearman's correlation was performed to clarify the relationship between well-being and HRQOL in NGMW. Multiple linear regression analytical methods were used to adjust confounding effects and to identify the variables that were associated with well-being. RESULTS: MHQ had good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha overall was 0.960, subscales ranged from 0.754 to 0.957) and structural validity based on factor analysis. Except for life satisfaction and altruism commitment, there was a positive correlation between well-being and HRQOL in NGMW. There were significant differences in psychological well-being (PWB), health concern, subjective vitality, physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) between NGMW and FGMW. Compared to UW, NGMW's general well-being (GWB), subjective well-being (SWB), life satisfaction, positive relation and altruism commitment scores were lower and their negative affect was higher. The GWB score was related to MCS, PCS, self-reported social status, marital status, age and monthly income. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the MHQ is a reliable and valid measure for well-being in NGMW. There is a significant difference in well-being and HRQOL between NGMW and control groups. Well-being is higher in NGMW than in FGMW, but is lower than in UW. Well-being is related with HRQOL and may be affected by MCS, PCS, self-reported social status, marital status, age and monthly income in NGMW.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Migrantes/psicologia , Adulto , China , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Felicidade , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
18.
Value Health ; 22(7): 785-791, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a new approach to estimate optimal willingness to pay (WTP) for health technology assessment (HTA). STUDY DESIGN: This analysis specified utility as a function of income and calibrated it using estimates of relative risk aversion, from which the optimal WTP (K) can be determined using Garber and Phelps' results (1997). METHODS: This analysis used the highly flexible Weibull utility function, calibrated with estimates of relative risk aversion (r*) derived from multiple data sources. The analysis centered on r* = 1 and conducted sensitivity analysis on r* and key Weibull parameters. For a range of income (M), graphs demonstrated how K/M and K vary with M. Results were compared with estimates of K and K/M from alternative models. Extrapolation from a representative individual to population-wide health plans was discussed. RESULTS: Using r* = 1 and central values of other key parameters, K/M (at average income for developed nations) was approximately 2× annual income. Both K and K/M rose with income. Sensitivity analysis showed that results depend moderately on the chosen value of r* and specific Weibull utility function parameters. At average income, the optimal K/M ratio (2×) was modestly lower than many standard recommendations (typically 3× average income) and substantially lower than estimates using value-of-statistical-life approaches. CONCLUSIONS: The new model, although not yet perfected, provides a different way to identify the WTP cutoff for HTA. Extrapolation to more than twice the calibration income ($50 000) is advised against. Analysis of other approaches to estimate the optimal K reveal potential upward biases.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Gastos em Saúde , Renda , Preferência do Paciente/economia , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica/economia , Comportamento de Escolha , Análise Custo-Benefício , Felicidade , Humanos , Modelos Econômicos , Qualidade de Vida
19.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 49(3): 241-253, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266921

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop and test a model of the happiness of mothers with young children based on the stress-coping-adaptation model of Lazarus and Folkman. METHODS: The data collection period was from May to July 2016. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect data from 210 mothers with children under 5 years of age living in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Gangwon provinces. The exogenous variable was parenting stress, and the endogenous variables were parenting alliance, depression, optimism, ways of coping, and happiness. Data from 201 questionnaires were analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 20.0 programs. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and structural equation modeling. RESULTS: The final modified model showed a reasonable fit to the data, and out of 25 paths, 13 were statistically significant. This model explained 78.4% of the variance in the happiness of mothers with young children and confirmed that depression, optimism, parenting alliance, and social support-focused coping have a direct effect on the subject's happiness. Parenting stress also influenced happiness through parenting alliance, depression, and optimism. CONCLUSION: In order to bolster the happiness of mothers with young children, positive psychological interventions that can minimize psychological vulnerabilities, such as depression, and that can enhance their strengths, such as optimism, may serve as effective ways of coping with and adapting to stress.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Modelos Teóricos , Mães/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Pré-Escolar , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Med Humanit ; 45(2): 199-210, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289221

RESUMO

This paper plateau describes children's interspecies relation with a classroom canine, utilising posthumanism, post-structuralism and new materialism as its research paradigm and methodology. Once feelings are cognitised or articulated, their true essence can be lost. Therefore, elucidating moment-to-moment child-dog interactions through the lens of affect theory attempts to materialise the invisible, embodied, 'unthought' and non-conscious experience. Through consideration of Deleuzian concepts such as the 'rhizome' and 'Body-without-Organs' being enacted it illuminates new, 'situated knowledge'. This is explicated and revealed using visual methods with 'data' produced by both, the children and their classroom dog such as photographs and video footage mounted on the dogs harness, from a GoPro micro camera. In addition, individual drawings, artefacts and paintings completed by the children are profound points in the research process, which are referred to as 'plateaus'. These then become emergent as a children's comic book where their relationship with 'Dave', their classroom dog is materialised. Through their interspecies relationship both child and dog exercise agency, co-constitute and transform one another and occupy a space of shared relations and multiple subjectivities. The affectual capacities of both child and dog also co-create an affective atmosphere and emotional spaces. Through ethnographic, participant observation and the 'researcher's body' as a tool, they visually create illustrations through the sketching of 'etudes' (drawing exercises) to draw forth this embodied experience to reveal multiple lines and entanglements, mapping a landscape of interconnections and relations.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Animais de Estimação/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Animais , Criança , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
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