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1.
Vínculo ; 18(3): 60-64, set.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1347949

RESUMO

O casamento é uma instituição milenar, com importantes funções psíquicas, culturais e sociais para seus membros. Sendo a base primária de constituição da família, e sendo esta a formação que consubstancia o vínculo humano, o casamento é geralmente considerado como um dos eventos mais importantes e significativos, tanto em termos psíquicos como para a sociedade. Contudo, na vivência concreta de cada casal, são inúmeros os desafios que a união de dois seres tão dessemelhantes como o homem e a mulher representam. O vínculo conjugal é carregado de desejos, anseios, frustrações e realizações e tanto pode representar uma das definições da felicidade pessoal, quanto pode significar crises e sofrimento psíquico para os envolvidos e seus próximos, principalmente os filhos. Por isso tratar o casal pode ter grandes reflexos e consequências na saúde mental de toda a família. O presente trabalho apresentará diversas vinhetas de tratamentos psicoterapêuticos realizados com casais, embasados na psicanálise das configurações vinculares.


Marriage is an ancient institution, with important psychic, cultural and social functions for its members. Being the primary basis for the constitution of the family, and being the formation that consubstantiates the human bonds, marriage is generally considered as one of the most important and significant events, both in psychic terms and for society. However, in the concrete experience of each couple, there are innumerable challenges that the union of two beings as dissimilar as man and woman represent. The conjugal bond is loaded with desires, longings, frustrations and achievements, and it can represent one of the definitions of personal happiness, and it can mean crises and psychic suffering for those involved and people next to them, especially the children. So, treating the couple can have great reflexes and consequences on the mental health of the whole family. This work will present several vignettes of psychotherapeutic treatments performed with couples, based on the psychoanalysis of the link configurations.


El matrimonio es una institución milenaria, con importantes funciones psíquicas, culturales y sociales para sus miembros. Siendo la base primaria de constitución de la familia, y siendo ésta la formación que consubstancia el vínculo humano, el matrimonio es generalmente considerado como uno de los eventos más importantes y significativos, tanto en términos psíquicos y para la sociedad. Sin embargo, en la vivencia concreta de cada pareja, son innumerables los desafíos que la unión de dos seres tan semejantes como el hombre y la mujer representan. El vínculo conyugal es cargado de deseos, anhelos, frustraciones y realizaciones y tanto puede representar una de las definiciones de la felicidad personal, cuanto puede significar crisis y sufrimiento psíquico para los involucrados y sus próximos, principalmente los hijos. Por eso tratar a la pareja puede tener grandes reflejos y consecuencias en la salud mental de toda la familia. El presente trabajo presentará diversas vinetas de tratamientos psicoterapéuticos realizados con parejas, basadas en el psicoanálisis de las configuraciones vinculares.


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicoterapia , Família , Casamento , Características da Família , Felicidade , Apego ao Objeto
2.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9311

RESUMO

The story of a rodent's unrelenting quest for happiness and fulfillment.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Animação , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770124

RESUMO

Improving nursing students' subjective happiness is germane for efficiency in the nursing profession. This study examined the subjective happiness of nursing students by applying social network analysis (SNA) and developing a strategy to improve the subjective happiness of nursing. The study adopted a cross sectional survey to measure subjective happiness and social network of 222 nursing students. The results revealed that the centralization index, which is a measure of intragroup interactions from the perspective of an entire network, was higher in the senior year compared with the junior year. Additionally, the indegree, outdegree, and centrality of the social network of students with a high level of subjective happiness were all found to be high. This result suggests that subjective happiness is not just an individual's psychological perception, but can also be expressed more deeply depending on the subject's social relationships. Based on the study's results, to strengthen self-efficacy and resilience, it is necessary to utilize strategies that activate group dynamics, such as team activities, to improve subjective happiness. The findings can serve as basic data for future research focused on improving nursing students' subjective happiness by consolidating team-learning social networks through a standardized program approach within a curriculum or extracurricular programs.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Felicidade , Humanos , Análise de Rede Social , Rede Social
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between anxiety, self-esteem, happiness index and primary school students' academic performance in Chilean adolescents from the Biobío province. METHODOLOGY: 733 (46.1% girls; 12 (1.3 years)) public primary school students that completed the 2018 Health and School Performance Survey carried out in the Biobío province were included in this cross-sectional analysis. The BECK Anxiety Inventory (BAI) was used to measure anxiety while happiness index and self-esteem were measured using the subjective happiness scale and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, respectively. School performance was measured by grade point average (GPA) of language, math, physical education and cumulative GPA, and behavior associated with cognition in the school context was also considered. The relationship between mental health indicators and school performance was investigated using a one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation. RESULTS: In comparison to students with low anxiety levels and high self-esteem and happiness levels, students with higher anxiety levels, lower self-esteem and happiness levels perceived themselves as having memory problems. They were also slower to solve math problems, had a shorter attention span in class and presented more difficulties in solving complex tasks, as well as being more nervous during testing. These students also got the lowest grade point average in math, language and physical education. CONCLUSIONS: High anxiety levels, low self-esteem and low happiness levels were associated with lower school performance and weaker behavior associated with cognition in Chilean adolescents. Implementing plans of emotional education and mental health could improve academic achievement.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Felicidade , Adolescente , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autoimagem
5.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259528, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731212

RESUMO

A key goal for society as a whole is the pursuit of well-being, which leads to the happiness of its individual members; as such, it is of critical socioeconomic relevance. In this regard, it is important to study which factors primarily affect the happiness of the population. In principle, these factors are associated with income level and residential and job stability, or more specifically, citizens' quality of life. This research, which is based on a multidimensional concept of quality of life, uses a regression model to explain the dependence of Spaniards' happiness on the well-being or quality of life provided by their work, their family situation, their income level and aspects of their place of residence, among other factors. The data were collected through an anonymous survey administered to a representative sample of Spanish citizens. The methodology used approaches the intangible concept of happiness as resulting from different individual and social causes selected from dimensions addressed in the literature, and calculates their effects or importance through regression coefficients. One of the findings is that people with the highest level of well-being or quality of life in the most important dimensions mostly claim to be happy. With respect to gender, it has a significant influence on the dimensions included in the model of citizen happiness and on personal issues. It is also shown that the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic negatively influenced the quality of life of Spanish citizens and therefore their happiness.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Qualidade de Vida , Teoria Social , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/psicologia , Emprego , Meio Ambiente , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639358

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged governments worldwide with the design of appropriate policies that maximize health outcomes while minimizing economic and mental health consequences. This paper explores sources of individuals' life satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic, paying special attention to the effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). We studied the specific case of Spanish regions and focused on bar and restaurant closures using data from a continuous voluntary web survey that we merged with information about region-specific policies that identified when and where bars and restaurants were closed. We estimated an endogenous binary-treatment-regression model and found that closing bars and restaurants had a significant negative impact on happiness. The results were statistically significant after controlling for the pandemic context, health, income, work, and other personal characteristics and circumstances. We interpreted the results in terms of the positive effect of socialization, individuals' feelings of freedom, and the comparative nature of life satisfaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Felicidade , Humanos , Satisfação Pessoal , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682725

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the changes in the structural relationship between alienation in physical education (PE) classes, school happiness, and future healthy life expectations in Korean adolescents after the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were collected from Korean adolescents using different scales. The collected data were analyzed using frequency analysis, reliability analysis, validity analysis, independent t test, and path analysis. The key results were: First, there were partial changes in each of the parameters since the outbreak of COVID-19. Second, before the pandemic, alienation in PE classes negatively affected school happiness, and school happiness positively affected expectations of a future healthy life; however, alienation in PE classes did not affect the expectations of a future healthy life, showing a complete mediating effect. Third, during the pandemic, alienation in PE classes negatively affected school happiness, and school happiness positively affected the expectations of a future healthy life; alienation in PE classes negatively affected the expectations of a future healthy life, showing a partial mediating effect. These findings emphasize the importance and potential of school education, especially PE, in promoting happiness and healthy lives in adolescents. We expect these findings to have practical implications for future research by presenting theoretical and empirical data.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação Física e Treinamento , Adolescente , Felicidade , Humanos , Motivação , Pandemias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Instituições Acadêmicas
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639620

RESUMO

Background: The impact of air pollution on residents' happiness remains unclear and the underlying mechanism remains unknown. We aimed to examine the direct effect of air pollution on residents' happiness and indirect effect through mediating their health. Methods: Based on the 2017 China Comprehensive Social Survey Data (CGSS), data on happiness were retrieved from 11,997 residents in 28 provinces in China. An ordered-probit model was used to examine the effect of air pollution on residents' happiness and health, respectively. A stepwise regression was used to derive the direct effect of air pollution on residents' happiness and indirect effect from health impairment attributable to air pollution. Results: Air pollution was associated with lower levels of health (coef. -0.190, 95% CI -0.212, -0.167, p < 0.001), while health was positively associated with happiness (coef. 0.215, 95% CI 0.196, 0.234, p < 0.001). Mediation analysis methods showed that air pollution impacted residents' happiness directly and indirectly: the percent of total effect that was mediated through health was 36.97%, and the ratio of indirect to direct effect was 0.5864. Conclusions: Health plays a major mediating role in the relation between air pollution and residents' happiness. In order to alleviate the impact of air pollution on residents' happiness, future strategies should focus on health promotion besides reducing air pollutant emission.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Felicidade
9.
Front Public Health ; 9: 647548, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595147

RESUMO

Since the global onset of COVID-19 in early 2020, the disease has significantly impacted mental health. This impact is likely to be further exacerbated for groups who were already marginalized. This paper shares results from a broader study of men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in Bali, Indonesia and includes a focus on psychological distress and happiness during the COVID-19 pandemic; applying sociodemographic and epidemiological characteristics as potential mediators. Psychological distress and the level of happiness were measured by The Kessler Psychological Distress (K10) and the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS). A cross-sectional survey was conducted from July to September 2020. Of the 416 participants, complete data were available for 363 participants. The majority of participants were aged 26-40 years, currently single, were born outside Bali, were currently living in an urban area, and over one-third were living with HIV. While all were MSM, the majority identified as homosexual/tend to be homosexual (71.3%), however 54 (14.9%) identified themselves as heterosexual. The majority (251, 69.1%) reported moderate to very high psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. The binary logistic regression analysis identified five factors to be significantly associated with higher psychological distress: being a student, reporting higher levels of stigma, had ever experienced discrimination, felt better prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, and less happy than the average person. When homosexual were compared with heterosexual participants, those who identified themselves as being homosexual reported significantly lower psychological distress compared to those identified themselves as heterosexual, which may be associated with these participants not disclosing their status as MSM and the stigma around MSM. Those who considered themselves to be less happy than the average person (316, 87.1%) were more likely to live with a partner and to report moderate to very high psychological distress. Based on the findings, interventions should focus on strategies to reduce stigma, provide non-discriminatory services, and improve access to essential health services.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Angústia Psicológica , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Pessoas Transgênero , Estudos Transversais , Felicidade , Política de Saúde , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Neuropsychologia ; 162: 108060, 2021 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653496

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that negative emotional experiences are detrimental to individual's arithmetic performance, and no study has investigated whether such negative influence can be improved through emotional regulation. This study aimed to explore the relationship between emotion regulation and individual's performance in completing arithmetic problem verification task. Participants were asked to complete arithmetic problem verification task using the down-up strategy (e.g., doing 30 × 70 = 2100 for 34 × 67), under neutral, happy, and fear priming conditions, during which they were asked to regulate their emotional experience by using cognitive reappraisal or expressive suppression. Behavioral results showed that, under happy priming condition, cognitive reappraisal (but not expression suppression) contributed to improving individual's estimation speed. Additionally, under happy and fear priming conditions, cognitive reappraisal (vs. expression suppression) reduced individuals' emotional experience intensity. The arithmetic problem verification task-related ERP results showed that the P1 amplitudes elicited by using cognitive reappraisal (vs. freely view) were larger under happy and fear priming conditions, but the P1 amplitudes elicited by using expression suppression were larger only under happy condition. Meanwhile, the corresponding N170 amplitudes were smaller when using cognitive reappraisal and expression suppression (vs. freely view). Additionally, using cognitive reappraisal (vs. expression suppression) cost less cognitive resource (smaller LPC amplitudes). The present study indicated that both cognitive reappraisal and expression suppression contributed to improving individual's arithmetic performance, and the regulation effect of cognitive reappraisal was better than that of expression suppression.


Assuntos
Cognição , Emoções , Medo , Felicidade , Humanos , Matemática
12.
J Pers Soc Psychol ; 121(2): 239-256, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636586

RESUMO

Compliments increase the well-being of both expressers and recipients, yet in a series of surveys people report giving fewer compliments than they should give, or would like to give. Nine experiments suggest that a reluctance to express genuine compliments partly stems from underestimating the positive impact that compliments will have on recipients. Participants wrote genuine compliments and then predicted how happy and awkward those compliments would make recipients feel. Expressers consistently underestimated how positive recipients would feel but overestimated how awkward recipients would feel (Experiments 1-3, S4). These miscalibrated expectations are driven partly by perspective gaps in which expressers underestimate how competent-and to a lesser extent how warm-their compliments will be perceived by recipients (Experiments 1-3). Because people's interest in expressing compliments is partly driven by their expectations of the recipient's reaction, undervaluing compliments creates a barrier to expressing them (Supplemental Experiments S2, S3, S4). As a result, directing people to focus on the warmth conveyed by their compliments (Experiment 4) increased interest in expressing them. We believe these findings may reflect a more general tendency for people to underestimate the positive impact of prosocial actions on others, leading people to be less prosocial than would be optimal for both their own and others' well-being. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Emoções , Felicidade , Humanos
13.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258769, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695151

RESUMO

The study of meaning in life has largely centered on its relationship with personal well-being, while a focus on how meaning is related to enhancing the well-being of others has received less research attention. Although searching for meaning may imply lower personal well-being, we find that meaning-seekers are more motivated to perform costly prosocial actions for the sake of others' well-being, given the perceived meaningfulness of these behaviors. Studies 1-4 (N = 780) show that meaning-seeking correlates with the motivation to engage in a range of costly prosocial behaviors. Meaning-seeking is further shown to be distinct from pursuing happiness in its relationship with costly prosociality (Study 2 & 3) and to share a stronger association with high-cost than low-cost prosociality (Study 3 & 4). Study 5 (N = 370; pre-registered) further shows that the search for meaning is related to costly prosocial behavior in the recent past. While our studies are cross-sectional, the pattern of findings suggests that seeking meaning (rather than happiness) may play an important role in motivating altruistic tendencies.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Felicidade , Motivação/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Comportamento Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682544

RESUMO

Perfectionism or a tendency to aim for an unrealistic standard can impair happiness. However, the potential mechanisms of perfectionism to explain the association between trait emotional intelligence (EI) and happiness are still understudied. This study explores the mediating role of perfectionism in the relationship between trait emotional intelligence (EI) and happiness among young adults. A cross-sectional sample of 259 young adults aged between 18 to 35 years old was recruited. All analyses were conducted using SPSS and AMOS Structural Equation Modeling. High trait EI was linked to low perfectionism and high happiness levels. Furthermore, perfectionism mediated the relationship between trait EI and happiness. Although high trait EI lowered maladaptive perfectionism, the negative impact of maladaptive perfectionism remained and subsequently led to decreasing happiness levels of young adults. This study offers an enhanced understanding of the role of perfectionism in explaining the happiness state of young adults. Moreover, it provides practical implications for using trait EI and managing perfectionism tendency to manage the happiness and wellbeing of the young adult population.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Perfeccionismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Inteligência Emocional , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682709

RESUMO

Despite the considerable amount of research evidence on the significant role of subjective happiness on mental health, there is no psychometric study of the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) in psychiatric samples. This study was aimed at exploring the psychometric properties of the SHS in a Spanish sample of patients with depressive disorders. Participants were 174 patients with a depressive disorder (70% diagnosed as major depressive disorder) who completed the SHS, the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report (QIDS-SR16), and the EQ-5D Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D VAS). Depressive symptoms were also assessed by means of the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS17) and the Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) Scale. Dimensionality, internal consistency reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness to change of the SHS were examined. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the original one-factor structure of the scale. The SHS exhibited good-to-excellent results for internal consistency (α = 0.83) and for convergent [EQ-5D VAS (r = 0.71)] and divergent [QIDS-SR16 (r = -0.72), HDRS17 (r = -0.60) and CGI-S (r = -0.61)] construct validity. The ability of the SHS to differentiate between depression severity levels as well as its responsiveness to clinical change were both highly satisfactory (p < 0.001 in both cases). The SHS retained the soundness of psychometric properties showed in non-clinical samples in a sample of patients with depressive disorders, which supports its use as a reliable and valid outcome measure in the treatment of such disorders.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Felicidade , Humanos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 811-821, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Network analyses have been applied to understand the relationships between individual symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, little is known about which symptoms are most strongly associated with "positive" indicators of mental health, such as happiness. Furthermore, few studies have examined symptom networks in participants from low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: To address these gaps, we applied network analyses in a sample of Indian adolescents (Study 1; n=1080) and replicated these analyses in a pre-registered study with Kenyan adolescents (Study 2; n=2176). Participants from both samples completed the same measures of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and happiness. RESULTS: Feeling sad and feeling like a failure had the strongest (negative) associations with happiness items. These two symptoms, as well as worrying and feeling nervous, had the strongest associations with other symptoms of depression and anxiety. Symptoms of depression and anxiety formed a single cluster, which was distinct from a cluster of happiness items. Main findings were consistent across the two samples, suggesting a cross-culturally robust pattern. LIMITATIONS: We used cross-sectional data, and we administered scales assessing a limited subset of symptoms and happiness items. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the idea that some symptoms of depression and anxiety are more strongly associated with happiness. These findings contribute to a body of literature emphasizing the advantages of symptom-level analyses. We discuss how efforts to understand associations between individual symptoms and "positive" mental health indicators, like happiness, could have theoretical and practical implications for clinical psychological science.


Assuntos
Depressão , Felicidade , Adolescente , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Quênia/epidemiologia
17.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258089, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613976

RESUMO

Emotional sensations and inferring another's emotional states have been suggested to depend on predictive models of the causes of bodily sensations, so-called interoceptive inferences. In this framework, higher sensibility for interoceptive changes (IS) reflects higher precision of interoceptive signals. The present study examined the link between IS and emotion recognition, testing whether individuals with higher IS recognize others' emotions more easily and are more sensitive to learn from biased probabilities of emotional expressions. We recorded skin conductance responses (SCRs) from forty-six healthy volunteers performing a speeded-response task, which required them to indicate whether a neutral facial expression dynamically turned into a happy or fearful expression. Moreover, varying probabilities of emotional expressions by their block-wise base rate aimed to generate a bias for the more frequently encountered emotion. As a result, we found that individuals with higher IS showed lower thresholds for emotion recognition, reflected in decreased reaction times for emotional expressions especially of high intensity. Moreover, individuals with increased IS benefited more from a biased probability of an emotion, reflected in decreased reaction times for expected emotions. Lastly, weak evidence supporting a differential modulation of SCR by IS as a function of varying probabilities was found. Our results indicate that higher interoceptive sensibility facilitates the recognition of emotional changes and is accompanied by a more precise adaptation to emotion probabilities.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Expressão Facial , Felicidade , Interocepção/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Sensação/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 233-242, mayo-sept. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-202547

RESUMO

The study of happiness and well-being is receiving increased attention in different fields. Recent research into well-being has focused on delving deeper into the individual's conception about the experience of well-being. McMahan and Estes (2011a) created a scale that assesses lay conceptions of well-being based on four dimensions: the experience of pleasure, avoidance of negative experience, self-development and contribution to others. The goal of this study was to adapt this scale, the Beliefs about Well-Being Scale (BWBS), to the Spanish population. The sample consisted of 1,024 participants from the general population ranging in age interval from 17 to 87 years old. The confirmatory factorial analysis results in a structure of four dimensions, similar to the original scale, although in the adaptation of the scale the items decrease from 16 to 12. The results of the reliability analysis reveal indexes similar to those of the original scale. These results confirm the validity of Beliefs about Well-Being Scale with general population in a cultural context different from the original study. This will allow cross-cultural studies to analyze the influence of culture in the perception of well-being


El estudio de la felicidad y el bienestar está recibiendo cada vez más atención en diferentes campos. Las investigaciones recientes sobre el bienestar se han centrado en profundizar en la concepción del individuo sobre la experiencia del bienestar. McMahan y Estes (2011a) crearon una escala que evalúa las concepciones legas del bienestar en base a cuatro dimensiones: la experiencia de placer, la evitación de la experiencia negativa, el autodesarrollo y la contribución a los demás. El objetivo de este estudio fue adaptar esta escala, Beliefs about Well-Being Scale (BWBS), a la población española. La muestra estuvo formada por 1.024 participantes de la población general con un intervalo de edad entre 17 y 87 años. El análisis factorial confirmatorio da como resultado una estructura de cuatro dimensiones, similar a la escala original, aunque en la adaptación de la escala los ítems disminuyen de 16 a 12. Los resultados del análisis de fiabilidad revelan índices similares a los de la escala original. Estos resultados confirman la validez de la Escala de Creencias sobre el Bienestar con población general en un contexto cultural diferente al del estudio original. Esto permitirá realizar estudios transculturales para analizar la influencia de la cultura en la percepción del bienestar


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Satisfação Pessoal , Cultura , Adaptação Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Felicidade , Comparação Transcultural , Filosofia , Testes Psicológicos/normas , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Análise Fatorial , Prazer , Espanha
19.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 371-377, mayo-sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-202560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to spirituality well-being, ambiguity intolerance, and happiness conceptualizations, this study was purposed to investigate the influences of spiritual well-being and uncertainty tolerance on happiness with regards to the moderating roles of sex in the elderly. Meth-od: Participants included 120 elders from Shiraz City, Fars province, Iran. A demographic questionnaire, the Spiritual Well-Being Inventory (SWBI), the Multiple Stimulus Types Ambiguity Tolerance Scale-II (MSTAT-II), and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHI) were used for data collection. RESULTS: Findings showed that spirituality well-being and uncertainty intolerance explain 60% of happiness variation in the elderly. But results rejected the role of sex on the prediction of happiness in the present study. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the predictive roles of spiritual well-being and ambiguity tolerance on happiness in the field of gerontology


ANTECEDENTES: De acuerdo con las conceptualizaciones del bienestar espiritual, la intolerancia a la ambigüedad y la felicidad, este estudio se propuso investigar las influencias del bienestar espiritual y la tolerancia a la incertidumbre sobre la felicidad con respecto a los roles moderadores del sexo en los ancianos. MÉTODO: Participaron 120 ancianos de la ciudad de Shiraz, provincia de Fars, Irán. Para la recopilación de datos se utilizaron un cuestionario demográfico, el Inventario de Bienestar Espiritual (SWBI), la Escala II de Tolerancia a la Ambigüedad de Tipos de Estímulos Múltiples (MSTAT-II) y el Cuestionario de Felicidad de Oxford (OHI). RESULTADOS: Los resultados mostraron que la espiritualidad, el bienestar y la intolerancia a la incertidumbre explican el 60% de la variación de la felicidad en los ancianos. Pero los resultados rechazaron el papel del sexo en la predicción de la felicidad en el presente estudio. CONCLUSIÓN: Este estudio demuestra los roles predictivos del bienestar espiritual y la tolerancia a la ambigüedad sobre la felicidad en el campo de la gerontología


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Espiritualidade , Permissividade , Felicidade , Incerteza , Saúde do Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Inventário de Personalidade , Satisfação Pessoal , Envelhecimento/psicologia
20.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 479, 2021 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The happiness of older adults living alone warrants attention because they are more vulnerable to unhappiness than those living with families. The present study aimed to construct and test a structural equation model to elucidate the relationship among participation in social activities, satisfaction with the neighborhood environment, subjective health status, and happiness in older adults living alone in South Korea. METHODS: Secondary data of 2768 older adults (605 males and 2163 females) living on their own were extracted from the 2017 Korean Community Health Survey and used in this cross-sectional study. Data were collected via self-reported questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 and AMOS version 20.0. RESULTS: The hypothetical model exhibited a good fit: χ2 = 342.06 (df = 58, p < .001), goodness-of-fit index = .98, adjected goodness-of-fit index = .97, root mean square error of approximation = .04, and nonstandard fit index = .92. Participation in social activities had a significant effect on participants' subjective health status (path coefficient = .45, p = .001) and happiness (path coefficient = .20, p = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Interventions to improve the health and happiness of older adults living alone should aim to enhance their social and physical environmental dimensions based on the participants' various social activities and their neighborhoods' characteristics.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Nível de Saúde , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal
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