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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7853, 2024 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570592

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine carcinoma and, among its different subtypes, the papillary subtype (PTC) is the most frequent. Generally, PTCs are well differentiated, but a minor percentage of PTCs are characterized by a worse prognosis and more aggressive behavior. Phytochemicals, naturally found in plant products, represent a heterogeneous group of bioactive compounds that can interfere with cell proliferation and the regulation of the cell cycle, taking part in multiple signaling pathways that are often disrupted in tumor initiation, proliferation, and progression. In this work, we focused on 15,16-dihydrotanshinone I (DHT), a tanshinone isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen). We first evaluated DHT biological effect on PTC cells regarding cell viability, colony formation ability, and migration capacity. All of these parameters were downregulated by DHT treatment. We then investigated gene expression changes after DHT treatment by performing RNA-seq. The analysis revealed that DHT significantly reduced the Wnt signaling pathway, which plays a role in various diseases, including cancer. Finally, we demonstrate that DHT treatment decreases protein levels of ß-catenin, a final effector of canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Overall, our data suggest a possible use of this nutraceutical as an adjuvant in the treatment of aggressive papillary thyroid carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Furanos , Fenantrenos , Quinonas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Carcinoma Papilar/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Papilar/genética , Carcinoma Papilar/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Movimento Celular/genética
2.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 151, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580972

RESUMO

AIMS: Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) injection has been widely used as adjunctive therapy for pulmonary heart disease (PHD) in China. Nevertheless, the efficacy of STS injection has not been systematically evaluated so far. Hence, the efficacy of STS injection as adjunctive therapy for PHD was explored in this study. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were screened from China Science and Technology Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, PubMed, Sino-Med, Google Scholar, Medline, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Cochrane Library, Embase and Chinese Science Citation Database until 20 January 2024. Literature searching, data collection and quality assessment were independently performed by two investigators. The extracted data was analyzed with RevMan 5.4 and STATA 14.0. Basing on the methodological quality, dosage of STS injection, control group measures and intervention time, sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis were performed. RESULTS: 19 RCTs with 1739 patients were included in this study. Results showed that as adjunctive therapy, STS injection combined with Western medicine showed better therapeutic efficacy than Western medicine alone for PHD by increasing the clinical effective rate (RR = 1.22; 95% CI, 1.17 to 1.27; p < 0.001), partial pressure of oxygen (MD = 10.16; 95% CI, 5.07 to 15.24; p < 0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction (MD = 8.66; 95% CI, 6.14 to 11.18; p < 0.001) and stroke volume (MD = 13.10; 95% CI, 11.83 to 14.38; p < 0.001), meanwhile decreasing the low shear blood viscosity (MD = -1.16; 95% CI, -1.57 to -0.74; p < 0.001), high shear blood viscosity (MD = -0.64; 95% CI, -0.86 to -0.42; p < 0.001), plasma viscosity (MD = -0.23; 95% CI, -0.30 to -0.17; p < 0.001), hematokrit (MD = -8.52; 95% CI, -11.06 to -5.98; p < 0.001), fibrinogen (MD = -0.62; 95% CI, -0.87 to -0.37; p < 0.001) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (MD = -8.56; 95% CI, -12.09 to -5.02; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: STS injection as adjunctive therapy seemed to be more effective than Western medicine alone for PHD. However, due to low quality of the included RCTs, more well-designed RCTs were necessary to verify the efficacy of STS injection.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fenantrenos , Doença Cardiopulmonar , Humanos , Doença Cardiopulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Injeções , Fenantrenos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
3.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 113, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triptolide is a widely utilized natural anti-inflammatory drug in clinical practice. Aim of this study was to evaluate effects of triptolide on hPDLSCs osteogenesis in an inflammatory setting and to investigate underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Using the tissue block method to obtain hPDLSCs from extracted premolar or third molar. Flow cytometry, osteogenic and adipogenic induction were carried out in order to characterise the features of the cells acquired. hPDLSC proliferative activity was assessed by CCK-8 assay to determine the effect of TNF-α and/or triptolide. The impact of triptolide on the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs was investigated by ALP staining and quantification. Osteogenesis-associated genes and proteins expression level were assessed through PCR and Western blotting assay. Finally, BAY-117,082 was used to study the NF-κB pathway. RESULTS: In the group treated with TNF-α, there was an elevation in inflammation levels while osteogenic ability and the expression of both osteogenesis-associated genes and proteins decreased. In the group co-treated with TNF-α and triptolide, inflammation levels were reduced and osteogenic ability as well as the expression of both osteogenesis-associated genes and proteins were enhanced. At the end of the experiment, both triptolide and BAY-117,082 exerted similar inhibitory effects on the NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSION: The osteogenic inhibition of hPDLSCs by TNF-α can be alleviated through triptolide, with the involvement of the p-IκBα/NF-κB pathway in this mechanism.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , NF-kappa B , Fenantrenos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Humanos , Osteogênese , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa , Ligamento Periodontal , Transdução de Sinais , Células-Tronco , Inflamação , Compostos de Epóxi
4.
Acta Cir Bras ; 39: e391424, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511762

RESUMO

PURPOSE: XinJiaCongRongTuSiZiWan (XJCRTSZW) is a traditional Chinese medicine compound for invigorating the kidney, nourishing blood, and promoting blood circulation. This study aimed to explore the effect of XJCRTSZW on triptolide (TP)-induced oxidative stress injury. METHODS: Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats and human ovarian granulosa cell lines were treated with TP and XJCRTSZW. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow cytometry, CCK-8, JC-1 staining, transmission electron microscopy, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and Western blotting were performed in this study. RESULTS: XJCRTSZW treatment observably ameliorated the TP-induced pathological symptoms. Furthermore, XJCRTSZW treatment observably enhanced the TP-induced reduction of estradiol, anti-Mullerian hormone, progesterone, superoxide dismutase, ATP content, mitochondrial membrane potential, p62, and Hsp60 mRNA, and protein levels in vivo and in vitro (p < 0.05). However, TP-induced elevation of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone concentrations, malondialdehyde levels, reactive oxygen species levels, apoptosis rate, mitophagy, and the mRNA and protein expressions of LC3-II/LC3-I, PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1), and Parkin were decreased (p < 0.05). In addition, XJCRTSZW treatment markedly increased cell viability in vitro (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: XJCRTSZW protects TP-induced rats from oxidative stress injury via the mitophagy-mediated PINK1/Parkin pathway.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Mitocôndrias , Mitofagia , Fenantrenos , Adulto , Ratos , Feminino , Humanos , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Oxidativo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Compostos de Epóxi
5.
Environ Int ; 185: 108555, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458119

RESUMO

High-throughput identification and cultivation of functional-yet-uncultivable microorganisms is a fundamental goal in environmental microbiology. It remains as a critical challenge due to the lack of routine and effective approaches. Here, we firstly proposed an approach of stable-isotope-probing and metagenomic-binning directed cultivation (SIP-MDC) to isolate and characterize the active phenanthrene degraders from petroleum-contaminated soils. From SIP and metagenome, we assembled 13 high-quality metagenomic bins from 13C-DNA, and successfully obtained the genome of an active PHE degrader Achromobacter (genome-MB) from 13C-DNA metagenomes, which was confirmed by gyrB gene comparison and average nucleotide/amino identity (ANI/AAI), as well as the quantification of PAH dioxygenase and antibiotic resistance genes. Thereinto, we modified the traditional cultivation medium with antibiotics and specific growth factors (e.g., vitamins and metals), and separated an active phenanthrene degrader Achromobacter sp. LJB-25 via directed isolation. Strain LJB-25 could degrade phenanthrene and its identity was confirmed by ANI/AAI values between its genome and genome-MB (>99 %). Our results hinted at the feasibility of SIP-MDC to identify, isolate and cultivate functional-yet-uncultivable microorganisms (active phenanthrene degraders) from their natural habitats. Our findings developed a state-of-the-art SIP-MDC approach, expanded our knowledge on phenanthrene biodegradation mechanisms, and proposed a strategy to mine functional-yet-uncultivable microorganisms.


Assuntos
Fenantrenos , Poluentes do Solo , Metagenoma , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Isótopos , DNA , Biodegradação Ambiental , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
6.
Nutrients ; 16(5)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474816

RESUMO

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), byproducts of incomplete combustion, and their effects on the development of cancer are still being evaluated. Recent studies have analyzed the relationship between PAHs and tobacco or dietary intake in the form of processed foods and smoked/well-done meats. This study aims to assess the association of a blood biomarker and metabolite of PAHs, r-1,t-2,3,c-4-tetrahydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrophenanthrene (PheT), dietary intake, selected metabolism SNPs, and pancreatic cancer. Demographics, food-frequency data, SNPs, treatment history, and levels of PheT in plasma were determined from 400 participants (202 cases and 198 controls) and evaluated based on pancreatic adenocarcinoma diagnosis. Demographic and dietary variables were selected based on previously published literature indicating association with pancreatic cancer. A multiple regression model combined the significant demographic and food items with SNPs. Final multivariate logistic regression significant factors (p-value < 0.05) associated with pancreatic cancer included: Type 2 Diabetes [OR = 6.26 (95% CI = 2.83, 14.46)], PheT [1.03 (1.02, 1.05)], very well-done red meat [0.90 (0.83, 0.96)], fruit/vegetable servings [1.35 (1.06, 1.73)], recessive (rs12203582) [4.11 (1.77, 9.91)], recessive (rs56679) [0.2 (0.06, 0.85)], overdominant (rs3784605) [3.14 (1.69, 6.01)], and overdominant (rs721430) [0.39 (0.19, 0.76)]. Of note, by design, the level of smoking did not differ between our cases and controls. This study does not provide strong evidence that PheT is a biomarker of pancreatic cancer susceptibility independent of dietary intake and select metabolism SNPs among a nonsmoking population.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(3): 222-228, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512032

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effects of triptolide (TP) on microglial M1/M2 polarization after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats and the underlying molecular mechanism. Methods A rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was established. TP was administered to rats at doses of 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg, with a sham surgery group as the control group. Longa scoring was performed to grade neurological deficits in rats; HE staining was used to observe the morphology of neurons in ischemic brain tissues; neuron-specific nuclear protein (NeuN) immunofluorescence staining was used to measure the number of neurons; and Western blot analysis was used to measure the expression levels of ionised calcium-binding adaptor molecule-1 (Iba1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase 1 (Arg1), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), NeuN and caspase-3 in ischemic-brain tissues. The protein levels of interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-10 were measured by ELISA. Immunofluorescence double labelling was performed to detect the expression of Arg1 and TLR4 in microglia. Results Compared with the model group, the neurological score of the TP treatment group was significantly reduced and the neuronal damage was significantly alleviated. IL-1ß levels decreased while IL-10 levels increased. The expression levels of iNOS, TLR4, NF-κB and caspase-3 decreased, while the expression levels of Arg1 and NeuN increased. Conclusion TP treatment ameliorates cerebral I/R injury in rats, which may be attributed to the promotion of microglial M2 polarization, thereby reducing the release of inflammatory factors and inhibiting apoptosis.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Diterpenos , Fenantrenos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Ratos , Caspase 3 , Interleucina-10 , Microglia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , NF-kappa B , Reperfusão , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-1beta , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Epóxi
8.
Brain Res ; 1829: 148845, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452845

RESUMO

Formononetin has been demonstrated to protect against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, however its mechanism has to be further researched. This study examined the effect of formononetin on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats using the PARP-1/PARG/Iduna signaling pathway. In male SD rats, a model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury was developed. Animals were randomly assigned to one of eight groups: Sham operation, Sham operation + formononetin, MCAO, MCAO + formononetin, PARP inhibitor (PJ34) + MCAO, formononetin + PJ34 + MCAO, PARG inhibitor (Ethacridine lactate) + MCAO, and ethacridine lactate + formononetin. The neurological deficit test, TTC staining, HE staining, Nissl staining, TUNEL staining, and western blotting were utilized to assess formononetin's protective effects in MCAO rats. The data show that formononetin can effectively alleviate neurological dysfunction and pathological changes in brain tissue in rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, reduce the area of cerebral infarction and neuronal apoptosis, decrease the protein levels of PARP-1, PARG, Caspase-3, P53, and AIF in brain tissue, and increase the protein levels of Iduna and p-AKT. As a result, we concluded that formononetin improves brain ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by modulating the PARP-1/PARG/Iduna signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Isoflavonas , Fenantrenos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Ratos , Animais , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Etacridina/farmacologia , Etacridina/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo
9.
Environ Pollut ; 347: 123712, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460593

RESUMO

Humic acid (HA) from different organic solid waste (OSW) compost has been shown good adsorption properties for phenanthrene. However, the raw material of HA can affect its structure, resulting in differences in adsorption capacity. Therefore, this study focused on the adsorption characteristics of phenanthrene by HA from different OSW compost. In this work, chicken manure (CM), rice straw (RS) and lawn waste (LW) were selected as sources of composted HA. The adsorption mechanism of HA from different OSW compost were revealed through analytical techniques including three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy (EEM), two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2DCOS), and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results suggested that HA from LW compost had a better adsorption affinity for phenanthrene because of its more complex fluorescent component, where C1 as a simple component determined the adsorption process specifically. Furthermore, after HA from LW compost adsorbed phenanthrene, the increase in aromatic -COOH and -NH was the main reason for fluorescence quenching. These results indicated that HA from LW compost had better adsorption effect for phenanthrene. The results of this study were expected to provide a selection scheme for the control of phenanthrene pollution and environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Fenantrenos , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Solo/química , Resíduos Sólidos , Adsorção , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Fenantrenos/química
10.
Chemosphere ; 354: 141705, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494000

RESUMO

Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), as the typical representative of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), is a serious hazard to human health and natural environments. Though the study of microbial degradation of PAHs has persisted for decades, the degradation pathway of BaP is still unclear. Previously, Pontibacillus chungwhensis HN14 was isolated from high salinity environment exhibiting a high BaP degradation ability. Here, based on the intermediates identified, BaP was found to be transformed to 4,5-epoxide-BaP, BaP-trans-4,5-dihydrodiol, 1,2-dihydroxy-phenanthrene, 2-carboxy-1-naphthol, and 4,5-dimethoxybenzo[a]pyrene by the strain HN14. Furthermore, functional genes involved in degradation of BaP were identified using genome and transcriptome data. Heterogeneous co-expression of monooxygenase CYP102(HN14) and epoxide hydrolase EH(HN14) suggested that CYP102(HN14) could transform BaP to 4,5-epoxide-BaP, which was further transformed to BaP-trans-4,5-dihydrodiol by EH(HN14). Moreover, gene cyp102(HN14) knockout was performed using CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing system which confirmed that CYP102(HN14) play a key role in the initial conversion of BaP. Finally, a novel BaP degradation pathway was constructed in bacteria, which showed BaP could be converted into chrysene, phenanthrene, naphthalene pathways for the first time. These findings enhanced our understanding of microbial degradation process for BaP and suggested the potential of using P. chungwhensis HN14 for bioremediation in PAH-contaminated environments.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae , Naftalenos , Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Humanos , Benzo(a)pireno/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Compostos de Epóxi
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133853, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503207

RESUMO

The key characteristic (KCs) framework has been used previously to assess the carcinogenicity and cardiotoxicity of various chemical and pharmacological agents. Here, the 12 KCs of cardiotoxicity are used to evaluate the previously reported cardiotoxicity of phenanthrene (Phe), a tricyclic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), and major component of fossil fuel-derived air pollution. Phe is a semi-volatile pollutant existing in both the gas phase and particle phase through adsorption onto or into particulate matter (PM). Phe can translocate across the airways and gastrointestinal tract into the systemic circulation, enabling body-wide effects. Our evaluation based on a comprehensive literature review, indicates Phe exhibits 11 of the 12 KCs for cardiotoxicity. These include adverse effects on cardiac electromechanical performance, the vasculature and endothelium, immunomodulation and oxidative stress, and neuronal and endocrine control. Environmental agents that have similarly damaging effects on the cardiovascular system are heavily regulated and monitored, yet globally there is no air quality regulation specific for PAHs like Phe. Environmental monitoring of Phe is not the international standard with benzo[a]pyrene being frequently used as a proxy despite the two PAH species exhibiting significant differences in sources, concentration variations and toxic effects. The evidence summarised in this evaluation highlights the need to move away from proxied PAH measurements and develop a monitoring network capable of measuring Phe concentration. It also stresses the need to raise awareness amongst the medical community of the potential cardiovascular impact of PAH exposure. This will allow the production of mitigation strategies and possibly the development of new policies for the protection of the societal groups most vulnerable to cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluentes Ambientais , Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Humanos , Cardiotoxicidade , Fenantrenos/toxicidade , Monitoramento Ambiental , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
12.
Environ Health ; 23(1): 26, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Studies suggest prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may influence wheezing or asthma in preschool-aged children. However, the impact of prenatal PAH exposure on asthma and wheeze in middle childhood remain unclear. We investigated these associations in socio-demographically diverse participants from the ECHO PATHWAYS multi-cohort consortium. METHODS: We included 1,081 birth parent-child dyads across five U.S. cities. Maternal urinary mono-hydroxylated PAH metabolite concentrations (OH-PAH) were measured during mid-pregnancy. Asthma at age 8-9 years and wheezing trajectory across childhood were characterized by caregiver reported asthma diagnosis and asthma/wheeze symptoms. We used logistic and multinomial regression to estimate odds ratios of asthma and childhood wheezing trajectories associated with five individual OH-PAHs, adjusting for urine specific gravity, various maternal and child characteristics, study site, prenatal and postnatal smoke exposure, and birth year and season in single metabolite and mutually adjusted models. We used multiplicative interaction terms to evaluate effect modification by child sex and explored OH-PAH mixture effects through Weighted Quantile Sum regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of asthma in the study population was 10%. We found limited evidence of adverse associations between pregnancy OH-PAH concentrations and asthma or wheezing trajectories. We observed adverse associations between 1/9-hydroxyphenanthrene and asthma and persistent wheeze among girls, and evidence of inverse associations with asthma for 1-hydroxynathpthalene, which was stronger among boys, though tests for effect modification by child sex were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In a large, multi-site cohort, we did not find strong evidence of an association between prenatal exposure to PAHs and child asthma at age 8-9 years, though some adverse associations were observed among girls.


Assuntos
Asma , Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Criança , Gravidez , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Sons Respiratórios , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/epidemiologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5229, 2024 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433255

RESUMO

In the Anthropocene, plastic pollution has become a new environmental biotope, the so-called plastisphere. In the oceans, nano- and micro-sized plastics are omnipresent and found in huge quantities throughout the water column and sediment, and their large surface area-to-volume ratio offers an excellent surface to which hydrophobic chemical pollutants (e.g. petrochemicals and POPs) can readily sorb to. Our understanding of the microbial communities that breakdown plastic-sorbed chemical pollutants, however, remains poor. Here, we investigated the formation of 500 nm and 1000 nm polystyrene (PS) agglomerations in natural seawater from a coastal environment, and we applied DNA-based stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP) with the 500 nm PS sorbed with isotopically-labelled phenanthrene to identify the bacterial members in the seawater community capable of degrading the hydrocarbon. Whilst we observed no significant impact of nanoplastic size on the microbial communities associated with agglomerates that formed in these experiments, these communities were, however, significantly different to those in the surrounding seawater. By DNA-SIP, we identified Arcobacteraceae, Brevundimonas, Comamonas, uncultured Comamonadaceae, Delftia, Sphingomonas and Staphylococcus, as well as the first member of the genera Acidiphilum and Pelomonas to degrade phenanthrene, and of the genera Aquabacterium, Paracoccus and Polymorphobacter to degrade a hydrocarbon. This work provides new information that feeds into our growing understanding on the fate of co-pollutants associated with nano- and microplastics in the ocean.


Assuntos
Comamonadaceae , Poluentes Ambientais , Microbiota , Fenantrenos , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Poliestirenos , Sondas de DNA , Isótopos , DNA
14.
Food Chem ; 447: 139044, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513481

RESUMO

The object of this study was to trace TwHf-derived toxins in raw honey and clarify their acute toxic effect related to the addition of honey or sugars. TwHf flowers, raw honey from TwHf planting base and from beekeepers in high-risk area were detected using LC-MS/MS. The results revealed five target toxins were detected in TwHf flowers; only celastrol was detected in one raw honey sample, as a food safety risk factor, celastrol had been traced back to TwHf flowers from raw honey. In a series of acute toxic tests on zebrafish, toxification effects were observed when honey, mimic honey or sugar was mixed with toxins. The degree of toxicity varied among various sugar-based solutions. At the same mass concentration, they follow this order: raw honey/mimic honey > glucose > fructose. The main toxic target organs of triptolide and celastrol with honey were the heart and liver.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Mel , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Fenantrenos , Tripterygium , Animais , Mel/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Peixe-Zebra , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Açúcares , Compostos de Epóxi
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7511, 2024 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553533

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widespread pollutants associated with several adverse health effects and PAH-induced oxidative stress has been proposed as a potential mechanism. This study evaluated the associations of single and multiple PAHs exposure with oxidative stress within the Korean adult population, using serum gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) as an oxidative stress marker. Data from the Second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012-2014) were analyzed. For analysis, 5225 individuals were included. PAH exposure was assessed with four urinary PAH metabolites: 1-hydroxyphenanthrene, 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-hydroxyfluorene, and 2-naphthol. After adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, drinking, passive smoking, and current smoking (model 1), as well as the presence of diabetes and hepatobiliary diseases (model 2), complex samples general linear model regression analyses for each metabolite revealed a significant positive association between Ln(1-hydroxyphenanthrene) and Ln(GGT) (model 1: ß = 0.040, p < 0.01 and model 2: ß = 0.044, p < 0.05). For the complete dataset (n = 4378), a significant positive association was observed between mixture of four urinary PAH metabolites and serum GGT in both the quantile g-computation and the Bayesian kernel machine regression analysis. Our study provides evidence for the association between mixed PAH exposure and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Adulto , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/urina , Teorema de Bayes , Biomarcadores , Estresse Oxidativo , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Nutricionais
16.
Neurosci Lett ; 825: 137708, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438068

RESUMO

Dehydroeffusol, a major phenanthrene in Juncus effusus, protects neurodegeneration induced by intracellular Zn2+ ferried by extracellular amyloid ß1-42 (Aß1-42). Here we focused on adrenaline ß receptor activation and the induction of metallothioneins (MTs), intracellular Zn2+-binding proteins to test the protective mechanism of dehydroeffusol. Isoproterenol, an agonist of adrenergic ß receptors elevated the level of MTs in the dentate granule cell layer 1 day after intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection. When Aß1-42 was injected 1 day after isoproterenol injection, pre-injection of isoproterenol protected Aß1-42 toxicity via reducing the increase in intracellular Zn2+ after ICV injection of Aß1-42. On the basis of the effect of increased MTs by isoproterenol, dehydroeffusol (15 mg/kg body weight) was orally administered to mice once a day for 2 days. On day later, dehydroeffusol elevated the level of MTs and prevented Aß1-42 toxicity via reducing Aß1-42-mediated increase in intracellular Zn2+. In contrast, propranolol, an antagonist of adrenergic ß receptors reduced the level of MTs increased by dehydroeffusol, resulting in invalidating the preventive effect of dehydroeffusol on Aß1-42 toxicity. The present study indicates that blockage of MT synthesis via adrenaline ß receptor activation invalidates dehydroeffusol-mediated prevention of Aß1-42 toxicity. It is likely that MT synthesis via adrenaline ß receptor activation is beneficial to neuroprotection and that oral intake of dehydroeffusol preventively serves against the Aß1-42 toxicity.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Metalotioneína , Fenantrenos , Camundongos , Animais , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/toxicidade , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Epinefrina , Isoproterenol , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo
17.
Phytochemistry ; 221: 114051, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452878

RESUMO

The genus Vincetoxicum includes a couple of highly invasive vines in North America that threaten biodiversity and challenge land management strategies. Vincetoxicum species are known to produce bioactive phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids that might play a role in the invasiveness of these plants via chemical interactions with other organisms. Untargeted, high-resolution mass spectrometry-based metabolomics approaches were used to explore specialized metabolism in Vincetoxicum plants collected from invaded sites in Ontario, Canada. All metabolites corresponding to alkaloids in lab and field samples of V. rossicum and V. nigrum were identified, which collectively contained 25 different alkaloidal features. The biosynthesis of these alkaloids was investigated by the incorporation of the stable isotope-labelled phenylalanine precursor providing a basis for an updated biosynthetic pathway accounting for the rapid generation of chemical diversity in invasive Vincetoxicum. Aqueous extracts of aerial Vincetoxicum rossicum foliage had phytotoxic activity against seedlings of several species, resulting in identification of tylophorine as a phytotoxin; tylophorine and 14 other alkaloids from Vincetoxicum accumulated in soils associated with full-sun and a high-density of V. rossicum. Using desorption-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, 15 alkaloids were found to accumulate at wounded sites of V. rossicum leaves, a chemical cocktail that would be encountered by feeding herbivores. Understanding the specialized metabolism of V. rossicum provides insight into the roles and influences of phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids in ecological systems and enables potential, natural product-based approaches for the control of invasive Vincetoxicum and other weedy species.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Indolizinas , Fenantrenos , Vincetoxicum , Espectrometria de Massas
18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(4): 3231-3240, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334965

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We studied the functions of sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (TSA) in inducing tumor growth in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-mimicking intermittent hypoxia (IH) xenograft mice and the underlying potential molecular mechanism. METHODS: RNA sequencing was conducted to screen the differentially expressed microRNAs in cell lines exposed to IH with or without TSA treatment. As part of the 5-week in vivo study, we treated xenograft mice with 8-h IH once daily. TSA and miR-138 inhibitors or mimics were administrated appropriately. In addition, we performed real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunohistochemistry (IHC), microvessel density (MVD), and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assays. RESULTS: RNA sequencing and RT-PCR results demonstrated that TSA increased the levels of miR-138 under IH conditions in vitro. TSA reduced the IH-stimulated high levels of hypoxia-induced factor-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor. Furthermore, IH contributed to high tumor migration, invasion, MVD, and low apoptosis. TSA attenuated IH-mediated tumor proliferation, migration, invasion, MVD, and increased apoptosis, whereas miR-138 inhibitor interrupted the effect of TSA on treating IH-induced tumor behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: OSA mimicking IH facilitates tumor growth and reduces miR-138 levels. TSA inhibits IH-induced tumor growth by upregulating the expression of miR-138.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias , Fenantrenos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Regulação para Cima , Xenoenxertos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética
19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(4): 3955-3972, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393691

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Among aging adults, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a prevalent cause of blindness. Nevertheless, its progression may be halted by antioxidation in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The primary effective constituent of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. F., triptolide (TP), has demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antioxidant properties. The mechanics of the protective effect of triptolide against the oxidative damage in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) were assessed in this study. METHODS: ARPE-19 cells were pretreated with TP, and then exposed to sodium iodate (SI). First, cell viability was assessed using CCK-8. Subsequently, we measured indicators for cell oxidation including reactive oxygen species (ROS), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA). Then, we used network pharmacological analysis and molecular docking to explore the signaling pathway of TP. Last, we used western blot, ELISA, and immunofluorescence assays to clarify the potential mechanistic pathways. RESULTS: The network pharmacology data suggested that TP may inhibit AMD by regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Experimental results showed that the potential mechanism is that it regulates the PI3K/Akt pathway and promotes Nrf2 phosphorylation and activation, thereby raising the level of antioxidant factors (HO-1, NQO1) and reducing the generation of ROS, which inhibit oxidative damage. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that the effect of TP on SI-exposed RPE cells principally relies on the regulation of oxidative stress through the PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Degeneração Macular , Fenantrenos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Estresse Oxidativo , Degeneração Macular/tratamento farmacológico , Degeneração Macular/metabolismo , Apoptose , Compostos de Epóxi
20.
Chemosphere ; 352: 141426, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360411

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are contaminants of great concern owing to their persistence, toxicity, and bioaccumulation in aquatic environments. In this study, nanofiltration (NF) was used to investigate the removal of naphthalene (NAP) and phenanthrene (PHE) using three membranes of NF270, NF90, and DK. Subsequently, we examined the effects of coexisting organics on PAHs removal. Based on the results, DK was determined to be the optimal membrane for removing PAHs by comparing the membrane flux and pollutant rejection. The membrane flux reached 34.32 L/m2·h, and the NAP and PHE rejections were 92.21% and 97.85%, respectively, at transmembrane pressure (TMP) of 5 bar using DK. Coexisting organics decreased the membrane fluxes of NF270 and DK in the following order: protein > glucose > humic acid. The NAP and PHE rejections were obviously improved using NF270 in the following order: humic acid > protein > glucose. The PHE rejection was slightly improved using DK. A low concentration of organics could reduce the NAP rejection using DK; however, the NAP rejection could be restored at high concentrations of organics, except for humic acid. Coexisting organics could cause severe membrane fouling. The order of the effect of different coexisting organics on membrane fouling was protein > humic acid > glucose. The total investment and operating costs were about 1.47 and 0.187 million dollars, respectively, for treating PAHs solution using DK when the feed flow was 300 m3/d.


Assuntos
Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Substâncias Húmicas , Naftalenos , Glucose
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