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1.
Mol Cell ; 84(4): 616-618, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364779

RESUMO

Two recent studies by Liu et al.1 in Science and Shi et al.2 in this issue of Molecular Cell identify a mitochondrial GSH-sensing mechanism that couples SLC25A39-mediated GSH import to iron metabolism, advancing our understanding of nutrient sensing within organelles.


Assuntos
Ferro , Mitocôndrias , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial , Glutationa/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo
2.
Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging ; 6(1): e230153, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358329

RESUMO

Purpose To investigate if the right ventricular (RV) systolic and left ventricular (LV) diastolic pressures can be obtained noninvasively using the subharmonic-aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) technique with Sonazoid microbubbles. Materials and Methods Individuals scheduled for a left and/or right heart catheterization were prospectively enrolled in this institutional review board-approved clinical trial from 2017 to 2020. A standard-of-care catheterization procedure was performed by advancing fluid-filled pressure catheters into the LV and aorta (n = 25) or RV (n = 22), and solid-state high-fidelity pressure catheters into the LV and aorta in a subset of participants (n = 18). Study participants received an infusion of Sonazoid microbubbles (GE HealthCare), and SHAPE data were acquired using a validated interface developed on a SonixTablet (BK Medical) US scanner, synchronously with the pressure catheter data. A conversion factor, derived using cuff-based pressure measurements with a SphygmoCor XCEL PWA (ATCOR) and subharmonic signal from the aorta, was used to convert the subharmonic signal into pressure values. Errors between the pressure measurements obtained using the SHAPE technique and pressure catheter were compared. Results The mean errors in pressure measurements obtained with the SHAPE technique relative to those of the fluid-filled pressure catheter were 1.6 mm Hg ± 1.5 [SD] (P = .85), 8.4 mm Hg ± 6.2 (P = .04), and 7.4 mm Hg ± 5.7 (P = .09) for RV systolic, LV minimum diastolic, and LV end-diastolic pressures, respectively. Relative to the measurements with the solid-state high-fidelity pressure catheter, the mean errors in LV minimum diastolic and LV end-diastolic pressures were 7.2 mm Hg ± 4.5 and 6.8 mm Hg ± 3.3 (P ≥ .44), respectively. Conclusion These results indicate that SHAPE with Sonazoid may have the potential to provide clinically relevant RV systolic and LV diastolic pressures. Keywords: Ultrasound-Contrast, Cardiac, Aorta, Left Ventricle, Right Ventricle ClinicalTrials.gov registration no.: NCT03245255 © RSNA, 2024.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos , Ferro , Microbolhas , Óxidos , Humanos , Coração , Ventrículos do Coração
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 917: 170397, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307284

RESUMO

Confronting the threat of environment uranium pollution, decades of research have yielded advanced and significant findings in uranium bioremediation, resulting in the accumulation of tremendous amount of high-quality literature. In this study, we analyzed over 10,000 uranium reduction-related papers published from 1990 to the present in the Web of Science based on bibliometrics, and revealed some critical information on knowledge structure, thematic evolution and additional attention. Methods including contribution comparison, co-occurrence and temporal evolution analysis are applied. The results of the distribution and impact analysis of authors, sources, and journals indicated that the United States is a leader in this field of research and China is on the rise. The top keywords remained stable, primarily focused on chemicals (uranium, iron, plutonium, nitrat, carbon), characters (divers, surfac, speciat), and microbiology (microbial commun, cytochrome, extracellular polymeric subst). Keywords related to new strains, reduction mechanisms and product characteristics demonstrated the strongest uptrend, while some keywords related to mechanism and performance were clearly emerging in the past 5 years. Furthermore, the evolution of the thematic progression can be categorized into three stages, commencing with the discovery of the enzymatic reduction of hexavalent uranium to tetravalent uranium, developing in the groundwater remediation process at uranium-contaminated sites, and delving into the research on microbial reduction mechanisms of uranium. For future research, enhancing the understanding of mechanisms, improving uranium removal performance, and exploring practical applications can be considered. This study provides unique insights into microbial uranium reduction research, providing valuable references for related studies in this field.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Urânio , Urânio/análise , Ferro , Biodegradação Ambiental , Água Subterrânea/química , Bibliometria
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170601, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309346

RESUMO

Metals continue to impose health issues among world populations. A non-invasive alternative biomarker for assessment of metals and other elements has been explored in other studies using toenail samples. Some benefits of using toenails as biomarkers over blood samples include cost efficiency, ease of collection, and a longer biological half-life within samples. The objective of this study was to employ desktop XRF for the purpose of measuring metal concentrations in human nail samples, thus conducting a non-destructive assessment. These benefits paired with comparable accuracy in exposure detection could prove toenail samples to be a preferred biomarker for many studies. Current elemental quantification techniques in toenail samples could be improved. The standard practice for measuring metal exposure in toenails, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), has a counterpart in x-ray fluorescence. While maintaining similar quantification capabilities, x-ray fluorescence could provide decreased cost, preservation of samples, and ease of operation. Portable XRF machines have been tested for measuring toenail samples, but they have drastically increased detection limits in comparison to ICP-MS. New benchtop XRF systems should give comparable detection limits to ICP-MS. This study compares the benchtop XRF measurements of lead (Pb), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), and Selenium (Se) levels to that of ICP-MS measurements of toenail samples and calculates estimated detection limits for 23 other elements. We found strong correlations for the toenail lead (R2 = 0.92), copper (R2 = 0.95), selenium (R2 = 0.60), and iron (R2 = 0.77) comparison between desktop XRF and ICP-MS measurements. Median minimum detection limits over the 23 elements were found to be 0.2 µg/g using a 7.5-min measurement. Benchtop XRF provides a lower detection limit than previously studied portable XRF machines, which gives it the capability of accurately detecting almost any desired element in nail samples. Benchtop XRF provides a non-destructive alternative to ICP-MS in surveillance of nail samples.


Assuntos
Unhas , Selênio , Humanos , Unhas/química , Selênio/análise , Raios X , Cobre/análise , Espectrometria por Raios X/métodos , Metais/análise , Ferro/análise , Biomarcadores/análise
5.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2297273, 2024 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316028

RESUMO

Introduction: This study investigated the health effects of two different architectural glass types: A two-layered low-iron high transmittance glass and a three-layered low energy glass with lower transmittance. The study investigated how these glass types affected daylight conditions in 72 residential apartments, as well as health and satisfaction of the residents.Methods: The study installed high transmittance glass (light transmittance LT:0.82) in 36 apartments and low transmittance (LT:0.74) in 36 identical apartments. The study then analyzed the light transmittance of each glass type in the laboratory and analyzed the indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in eight representative apartments before and after renovation. Self-reported questionnaires were handed out and collected before and after renovation.Results: The results showed that the glass types differed significantly in measured daylight transmittance. The two-layered high transmittance glass transmitted 15% more visual light (380-750 nm) and 20% more light in the spectral range (460-480 nm), stimulating ipRGCs and circadian rhythm, when compared to three-layered low energy glass. In addition, significant differences were observed in the UV-B spectrum (280-315 nm). While two-layered high transmittance glass transmitted UV-B, three-layered low transmittance glass did not. During the 12-month study period, residents in apartments with three-layered low energy glass reported more difficulties sleeping (p = 0.05), higher satisfaction with daylight (p = 0.03) and higher satisfaction with ventilation (p = 0.04). Residents in apartments with three-layered low energy glass experienced fewer days with too cold indoor temperatures (p = 0.02), compared to residents with two-layered low-iron glass. The results of energy consumption for heating showed that two-layered low-iron glass reduced the energy consumption by 11.0%, while three-layered low energy glass reduced the energy consumption by 9.4%, compared to the year prior to renovation.Conclusion: The results contribute to a discussion about potential energy savings on one hand and potential non-energy benefits, such as daylight quality, overall health, and total economy/life cycle assessment of the built environment on the other hand. The results suggest further research performed in randomized large-scale studies.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Sono , Humanos , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ferro
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170606, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316307

RESUMO

Antimony (Sb) is increasingly released and poses a risk to the environment and human health. Antimonite (Sb(III)) oxidation can decrease Sb toxicity, but the current knowledge regarding the effects of Sb(III) and antimonate (Sb(V)) exposure is limited to wetland plants, especially the Sb speciation in plants. In this study, Phragmites australis and Potamogeton crispus were exposed to 10 and 30 mg/L Sb(III) or Sb(V) for 20 days. The total concentration, subcellular distribution, and concentration in the iron plaque of Sb were determined. The Sb speciation in plants was analyzed by HPLC-ICP-MS. It illustrated that Sb(III) exposure led to more Sb accumulation in plants than Sb(V) treatments, with the highest Sb concentration of 405.35 and 3218 mg/kg in Phragmites australis and Potamogeton crispus, respectively. In the subcellular distribution of Sb, accumulation of Sb mainly occurred in cell walls and cell cytosol. In Phragmites australis, the transport factor in the Sb(V) treatments was about 3 times higher than the Sb(III) treatments, however, it was lower in the Sb(V) treatments than Sb(III) treatments for Potamogeton crispus. Sb(V) was detected in the plants of Sb(III) treatments with different Sb(V)-total Sb vitro (Phragmites australis: 34 % and, Potamogeton crispus: 15 %), moreover, Sb(V) was also detected in the nutrient solution of Sb(III) treatments. Antimony exposure caused a reduction of the iron plaque formation, at the same time, the root aerenchyma formation was disrupted, and this phenomenon is more pronounced in the Sb(III) treatments. Moreover, the iron plaque has a higher sorption potential to Sb under Sb(III) exposure than that under Sb(V) exposure. The results can fill the gap for antinomy speciation in wetland plants and expand the current knowledge regarding the Sb translocation in wetland systems.


Assuntos
Potamogetonaceae , Humanos , Antimônio , Áreas Alagadas , Poaceae , Ferro
7.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 101, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321571

RESUMO

Iron metabolism disorders are implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It was previously reported that transferrin receptor (TFR1) expression was upregulated in AD mouse model. However, the precise biological functions of TFR1 in AD progression remains unclear. Herein, we observed a gradual increase in TFR1 protein expression during the differentiation of AD patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (AD-iPS). TFR1 knockdown inhibited the protein expression of ferritin and ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1), enhanced the expression of ferroportin 1 (FPN1), and decreased intracellular levels of total iron, labile iron, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, TFR1 knockdown improved mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, downregulated mitochondrial fission proteins, and upregulated mitochondrial fusion proteins. TFR1 knockdown alleviated iron overload and mitochondrial dysfunction in neural cells differentiated from AD-iPS, while TFR1 overexpression showed the opposite results. Additionally, TFR1interacted with glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3B) and promoted GSK3B expression. GSK3B overexpression reversed the inhibitory effects of TFR1 knockdown on iron overload and mitochondrial dysfunction in AD-iPS differentiated neural cells. In conclusion, TFR1 knockdown alleviated iron overload and mitochondrial dysfunction in neural cells differentiated from AD-iPS by promoting GSK3B expression. Our findings provide a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Sobrecarga de Ferro , Doenças Mitocondriais , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/patologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Receptores da Transferrina/metabolismo , Sobrecarga de Ferro/metabolismo
8.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1346585, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322268

RESUMO

Glioma, as the most frequently occurring primary malignancy in the central nervous system, significantly impacts patients' quality of life and cognitive abilities. Ferroptosis, a newly discovered form of cell death, is characterized by significant iron accumulation and lipid peroxidation. This process is fundamentally dependent on iron. Various factors inducing ferroptosis can either directly or indirectly influence glutathione peroxidase, leading to reduced antioxidant capabilities and an increase in lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) within cells, culminating in oxidative cell death. Recent research indicates a strong connection between ferroptosis and a range of pathophysiological conditions, including tumors, neurological disorders, ischemia-reperfusion injuries, kidney damage, and hematological diseases. The regulation of ferroptosis to intervene in the progression of these diseases has emerged as a major area of interest in etiological research and therapy. However, the exact functional alterations and molecular mechanisms underlying ferroptosis remain to be extensively studied. The review firstly explores the intricate relationship between ferroptosis and glioma, highlighting how ferroptosis contributes to glioma pathogenesis and how glioma cells may resist this form of cell death. Then, we discuss recent studies that have identified potential ferroptosis inducers and inhibitors, which could serve as novel therapeutic strategies for glioma. We also examine the current challenges in targeting ferroptosis in glioma treatment, including the complexity of its regulation and the need for precise delivery methods. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of research on ferroptosis in glioma, offering insights into future therapeutic strategies and the broader implications of this novel cell death pathway in cancer biology.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Glioma , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema Nervoso Central , Ferro
9.
Chem Rev ; 124(3): 1288-1320, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305159

RESUMO

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas that contributes significantly to climate change and is primarily regulated in Nature by methanotrophic bacteria, which consume methane gas as their source of energy and carbon, first by oxidizing it to methanol. The direct oxidation of methane to methanol is a chemically difficult transformation, accomplished in methanotrophs by complex methane monooxygenase (MMO) enzyme systems. These enzymes use iron or copper metallocofactors and have been the subject of detailed investigation. While the structure, function, and active site architecture of the copper-dependent particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO) have been investigated extensively, its putative quaternary interactions, regulation, requisite cofactors, and mechanism remain enigmatic. The iron-dependent soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) has been characterized biochemically, structurally, spectroscopically, and, for the most part, mechanistically. Here, we review the history of MMO research, focusing on recent developments and providing an outlook for future directions of the field. Engineered biological catalysis systems and bioinspired synthetic catalysts may continue to emerge along with a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms of biological methane oxidation. Harnessing the power of these enzymes will necessitate combined efforts in biochemistry, structural biology, inorganic chemistry, microbiology, computational biology, and engineering.


Assuntos
Cobre , Metano , Cobre/química , Ferro , Metanol , Oxigenases/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Oxigenases de Função Mista
10.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(1): 26-34, Ene-Feb, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229667

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Los vástagos primarios con cuellos modulares fueron introducidos con la ventaja teórica de restaurar la anatomía de la cadera de forma más precisa. Sin embargo, la presencia de un segundo encaje se ha asociado a una mayor corrosión y liberación de detritos metálicos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es cuantificar los valores séricos de cromo y de cobalto, y analizar su evolución temporal durante cinco años. Material y métodos: Se presenta una serie prospectiva de 61 pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera primaria mediante la implantación del vástago HMAX-M® (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italia) en los que se realizó una determinación sérica de cromo y cobalto a los seis meses, a los dos años y a los cinco años. Resultados: Nuestra serie presenta una elevación progresiva de los niveles de cromo, con una diferencia significativa entre los valores de cromo a los seis meses (0,35±0,18) y los cinco años (0,52±0,36), p=0,01. Respecto al cobalto, se observa una elevación estadísticamente significativa entre los seis meses y los dos años y una posterior estabilización hasta los cinco años, siendo la media de cobalto a los seis meses (1,17±0,8) significativamente menor que a los dos años (2,63±1,76) y a los cinco años (2,84±2,1), p=0,001. Conclusión: Se ha observado una elevación de los niveles séricos de cobalto en aquellos pacientes a los que se les implantó un vástago con cuello modular. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio han limitado el uso de vástagos con cuello modular en nuestra práctica habitual.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Modular neck primary stems were introduced with the theoretical advantage of restoring the hip anatomy more precisely. However, the presence of a second junction has been associated with increased corrosion and release of metal debris. The objective of our study is to quantify of chromium and cobalt serum values, and to analyze their temporal evolution during five years. Material and methods: We present a prospective series of 61 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty by implantation of the HMAX-M® stem (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italy). Serum chromium and cobalt determinations were performed at six months, two years and five years. Results: Our series shows a progressive elevation in chromium levels with a significant difference between chromium values at six months (0.35±0.18) and five years (0.52±0.36), P=.01. Regarding cobalt, a statistically significant elevation is observed between six months and two years and a subsequent stabilization of values between two and five years, with a cobalt mean at six months (1.17±0.8) significantly lower than at two (2.63±1.76) and five years (2.84±2.1), P=.001. Conclusion: Elevated serum cobalt levels have been observed in patients who underwent modular neck stem implantation. The results obtained in this study have limited the use of stems with a modular neck in our clinical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cromo/administração & dosagem , Cobalto/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Íons , Ferro/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Lesões do Quadril , Itália
11.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(1): T26-T34, Ene-Feb, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229668

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Los vástagos primarios con cuellos modulares fueron introducidos con la ventaja teórica de restaurar la anatomía de la cadera de forma más precisa. Sin embargo, la presencia de un segundo encaje se ha asociado a una mayor corrosión y liberación de detritos metálicos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es cuantificar los valores séricos de cromo y de cobalto, y analizar su evolución temporal durante cinco años. Material y métodos: Se presenta una serie prospectiva de 61 pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera primaria mediante la implantación del vástago HMAX-M® (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italia) en los que se realizó una determinación sérica de cromo y cobalto a los seis meses, a los dos años y a los cinco años. Resultados: Nuestra serie presenta una elevación progresiva de los niveles de cromo, con una diferencia significativa entre los valores de cromo a los seis meses (0,35±0,18) y los cinco años (0,52±0,36), p=0,01. Respecto al cobalto, se observa una elevación estadísticamente significativa entre los seis meses y los dos años y una posterior estabilización hasta los cinco años, siendo la media de cobalto a los seis meses (1,17±0,8) significativamente menor que a los dos años (2,63±1,76) y a los cinco años (2,84±2,1), p=0,001. Conclusión: Se ha observado una elevación de los niveles séricos de cobalto en aquellos pacientes a los que se les implantó un vástago con cuello modular. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio han limitado el uso de vástagos con cuello modular en nuestra práctica habitual.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Modular neck primary stems were introduced with the theoretical advantage of restoring the hip anatomy more precisely. However, the presence of a second junction has been associated with increased corrosion and release of metal debris. The objective of our study is to quantify of chromium and cobalt serum values, and to analyze their temporal evolution during five years. Material and methods: We present a prospective series of 61 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty by implantation of the HMAX-M® stem (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italy). Serum chromium and cobalt determinations were performed at six months, two years and five years. Results: Our series shows a progressive elevation in chromium levels with a significant difference between chromium values at six months (0.35±0.18) and five years (0.52±0.36), P=.01. Regarding cobalt, a statistically significant elevation is observed between six months and two years and a subsequent stabilization of values between two and five years, with a cobalt mean at six months (1.17±0.8) significantly lower than at two (2.63±1.76) and five years (2.84±2.1), P=.001. Conclusion: Elevated serum cobalt levels have been observed in patients who underwent modular neck stem implantation. The results obtained in this study have limited the use of stems with a modular neck in our clinical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cromo/administração & dosagem , Cobalto/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Íons , Ferro/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Lesões do Quadril , Itália
12.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(4): 1356-1374, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385087

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer (EC) is a prevalent gynecological malignancy, and metabolic disorders are among its most significant risk factors. Abnormal iron metabolism is associated with the progression of cancer malignancy. Nevertheless, the involvement of iron metabolism in the EC remains uncertain. Ceruloplasmin (CP) functions as a multicopper oxidase and ferroxidase, playing a crucial role in maintaining the metabolic balance between copper and iron. Prior research has demonstrated that the dysregulated expression of CP has important clinical implications in EC. However, ​the specific underlying molecular mechanisms remains uncertain. This research examined the impact of CP on the malignant advancement of EC by suppressing ferroptosis. Next, we explored the possibility that Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC02936/SIX1/CP axis may be a key pathway for inhibiting ferroptosis and promoting cancer progression in EC. Mechanistically, SIX1 modulates the expression of CP, whereas LINC02936 interacts with SIX1 and recruits SIX1 to the CP promoter, leading to upregulation of CP, inhibition of ferroptosis, and promotion of EC progression. Administration of a small peptide cloud block the LINC02936-SIX1 interaction, thereby inhibits EC progression by promoting ferroptosis. Altogether, this is the first report on the lncRNA regulation of ferroptosis in EC. Our research enhances the knowledge of the lncRNA-mediated regulation of ferroptosis in EC progression and indicates the potential therapeutic significance of the LINC02936/SIX1/CP axis in treating EC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Ferroptose , RNA Longo não Codificante , Feminino , Humanos , Ceruloplasmina , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Ferroptose/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Ferro , Proteínas de Homeodomínio
13.
J Med Chem ; 67(4): 2238-2263, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306267

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a type of iron-dependent programmed cell death characterized by the dysregulation of iron metabolism and the accumulation of lipid peroxides. This nonapoptotic mode of cell death is implicated in various physiological and pathological processes. Recent findings have underscored its potential as an innovative strategy for cancer treatment, particularly against recalcitrant malignancies that are resistant to conventional therapies. This article focuses on ferroptosis-based therapeutic strategies for precision cancer treatment, covering the molecular mechanisms of ferroptosis, four major types of ferroptosis inducers and their inhibitory effects on diverse carcinomas, the detection of ferroptosis by fluorescent probes, and their implementation in image-guided therapy. These state-of-the-art tactics have manifested enhanced selectivity and efficacy against malignant carcinomas. Given that the administration of ferroptosis in cancer therapy is still at a burgeoning stage, some major challenges and future perspectives are discussed for the clinical translation of ferroptosis into precision cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Ferroptose , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão , Morte Celular , Ferro
14.
J Inorg Biochem ; 253: 112487, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306887

RESUMO

Metal-dependent, nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent formate dehydrogenases (FDHs) are complex metalloenzymes coupling biochemical transformations through intricate electron transfer pathways. Rhodobacter capsulatus FDH is a model enzyme for understanding coupled catalysis, in that reversible CO2 reduction and formate oxidation are linked to a flavin mononuclotide (FMN)-bound diaphorase module via seven iron-sulfur (FeS) clusters as a dimer of heterotetramers. Catalysis occurs at a bis-metal-binding pterin (Mo) binding two molybdopterin guanine dinucleotides (bis-MGD), a protein-based Cys residue and a participatory sulfido ligand. Insights regarding the proposed electron transfer mechanism between the bis-MGD and the FMN have been complicated by the discovery that an alternative pathway might occur via intersubunit electron transfer between two [4Fe4S] clusters within electron transfer distance. To clarify this difference, the redox potentials of the bis-MGD and the FeS clusters were determined via redox titration by EPR spectroscopy. Redox potentials for the bis-MGD cofactor and five of the seven FeS clusters could be assigned. Furthermore, substitution of the active site residue Lys295 with Ala resulted in altered enzyme kinetics, primarily due to a more negative redox potential of the A1 [4Fe4S] cluster. Finally, characterization of the monomeric FdsGBAD heterotetramer exhibited slightly decreased formate oxidation activity and similar iron-sulfur clusters reduced relative to the dimeric heterotetramer. Comparison of the measured redox potentials relative to structurally defined FeS clusters support a mechanism by which electron transfer occurs within a heterotetrameric unit, with the interfacial [4Fe4S] cluster serving as a structural component toward the integrity of the heterodimeric structure to drive efficient catalysis.


Assuntos
Formiato Desidrogenases , NAD , NAD/química , Formiato Desidrogenases/química , Elétrons , Oxirredução , Ferro/química , Enxofre/química , Formiatos
15.
New Phytol ; 241(6): 2495-2505, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323734

RESUMO

Photosynthetic efficiency is reduced by the dual role of Rubisco, which acts either as a carboxylase or as an oxygenase, the latter leading to photorespiration. C4 photosynthesis evolved as a carbon-concentrating mechanism to reduce photorespiration. To engineer C4 into a C3 plant, it is essential to understand how C4 genes, such as phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC1), are regulated to be expressed at high levels and in a cell-specific manner. Yeast one-hybrid screening was used to show that OsPRI1, a rice bHLH transcription factor involved in iron homeostasis, binds to the Setaria viridis PEPC1 promoter. This promoter drives mesophyll-specific gene expression in rice. The role of OsPRI1 in planta was characterized using a rice line harbouring SvPEPC1pro ::GUS. We show that OsPRI1 activates the S. viridis PEPC1 promoter by binding to an N-box in the proximal promoter, and that GUS activity is highly reduced in SvPEPC1pro ::GUS lines when OsPRI1 is mutated. Cross-species comparisons showed that the SvPRI1 homolog binds to the SvPEPC1 promoter but the maize ZmPRI1 does not bind to the ZmPEPC1 promoter. Our results suggest that elements of the iron homeostasis pathway were co-opted to regulate PEPC1 gene expression during the evolution of some but not all C4 species.


Assuntos
Oryza , Setaria (Planta) , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Setaria (Planta)/genética , Setaria (Planta)/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Fotossíntese/genética , Ferro
16.
Water Res ; 252: 121221, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324985

RESUMO

This study proposes a novel method by forming biogenic K-jarosite coatings on pyrite surfaces driven by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A. ferrooxidans) to reduce heavy metal release and prevent acid mine drainage (AMD) production. Different thicknesses of K-jarosite coatings (0.7 to 1.1 µm) were able to form on pyrite surfaces in the presence of A. ferrooxidans, which positively correlated with the initial addition of Fe2+ and K+ concentrations. The inhibiting effect of K-jarosite coatings on pyrite oxidation was studied by electrochemical measurements, chemical oxidation tests, and bio-oxidation tests. The experimental results showed that the best passivation performance was achieved when 20 mM Fe2+ and 6.7 mM K+ were initially introduced with a bacterial concentration of 4 × 108 cells·mL-1, reducing chemical and biological oxidation by 70 % and 98 %, respectively (based on the concentration of total iron dissolved into the solution by pyrite oxidation). Similarly, bio-oxidation tests of two mine waste samples also showed sound inhibition effects, which offers a preliminary demonstration of the potential applicability of this method to actual waste rock. This study presents a new perspective on passivating the oxidation of metal sulfide tailings or waste and preventing AMD.


Assuntos
Acidithiobacillus , Ferro , Sulfatos , Compostos Férricos , Sulfetos , Oxirredução
17.
Exp Dermatol ; 33(2): e15018, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414007

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, a type of programmed cell death, occurs when there is oxidative stress and lipid peroxides. This condition is marked by lipid peroxidation that relies on iron and the reduction of cellular defences against oxidation. To investigate the effect of UVB irradiation on ferroptosis of human keratinocytes HaCaT cells, the cells were pretreated with Ferrostatin 1 (Fer-1, 10 µM), an ferroptosis inhibitor and then irradiated with UVB (20 mJ/cm2 ) for 30 min to detect related indexes of ferroptosis through MTT assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay, western blotting. Results showed that UVB significantly reduced cell activity, promoted apoptosis and ROS level, whereas Fer-1 significantly increased cell activity, and reduced apoptosis and ROS level. In addition, UVB significantly reduced levels of ferroptosis-related proteins and skin barrier-related proteins, and increased levels of γ-H2AX and iron, whereas Fer-1 significantly increased their protein levels, and reduced levels of γ-H2AX and iron. Conjoint analysis of transcriptomic and proteomic revealed that UVB significantly reduced the levels of TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 3 (TIMP3), and coagulation factor II thrombin receptor (F2R), whereas Fer-1 significantly promoted the levels of TIMP3, and F2R. Therefore, our results indicated that Fer-1 significantly ameliorates UVB-induced damage of HaCaT cells by regulating the levels of TIMP3 and F2R.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Células HaCaT , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteômica , Apoptose , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Ferro , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
18.
Luminescence ; 39(3): e4694, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414310

RESUMO

Two fluorescent chemosensors, denoted as chemosensor 1 and chemosensor 2, were synthesized and subjected to comprehensive characterization using various techniques. The characterization techniques employed were Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), proton (1 H)- and carbon-13 (13 C)-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry, and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Chemosensor 1 is composed of a 1H-imidazole core with specific substituents, including a 4-(2-(4,5-c-2-yl)naphthalene-3-yloxy)butoxy)naphthalene-1-yl moiety. However, chemosensor 2 features a 1H-imidazole core with distinct substituents, such as 4-methyl-2-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl)phenoxy)butoxy)-5-methylphenyl. Chemosensor 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c. Both chemosensors 1 and 2 exhibit a discernible fluorescence quenching response selectively toward iron(III) ion (Fe3+ ) at 435 and 390 nm, respectively, in dimethylformamide (DMF) solutions, distinguishing them from other tested cations. This fluorescence quenching is attributed to the established mechanism of chelation quenched fluorescence (CHQF). The binding constants for the formation of the 1 + Fe3+ and 2 + Fe3+ complexes were determined using the modified Benesi-Hildebrand equation, yielding values of approximately 2.2 × 103 and 1.3 × 104 M-1 , respectively. The calculated average fluorescence lifetimes for 1 and 1 + Fe3+ were 2.51 and 1.17 ns, respectively, while for 2 and 2 + Fe3+ , the lifetimes were 1.13 and 0.63 ns, respectively. Additionally, the applicability of chemosensors 1 and 2 in detecting Fe3+ in live cells was demonstrated, with negligible observed cell toxicity.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo , Corantes Fluorescentes , Ferro , Ferro/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Íons/química , Prótons , Cátions , Naftalenos , Imidazóis/química
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 272: 116045, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309232

RESUMO

Atmospheric deposition of Cd poses a serious threat to ecosystem security. Biochar is widely used for polluted soil remediation, however, whether biochar already applied to the soil can reduce the hazards of newly deposited Cd remains to be studied. Thus, an indoor cultural experiment and static adsorption method were conducted to study the isothermal and kinetic adsorption processes of three types of biochar (rice husk, rubber wood, and tobacco stem biochars) on Cd in iron rich soils and the effect of biochar on the morphological distribution of Cd in the soil and the soil pH. The results showed that the soil with biochar in our study could quickly fix "the new deposited Cd" in the soil in 3 h with the maximum adsorption capacity in rubber wood biochar-treated sample (3227.34 mg/kg). The addition of all three biochar treatments significantly increased the soil pH and reduced the soil exchange state Cd content, with a 13.69-17.32% increase in the pH and a 13.22-54.39% reduction in the exchange state Cd content when contrasted with the control, which could promote those Cd converting into unavailable Cd (carbonate-bound form Cd, Fe-Mn oxide-bound form Cd, or residual form Cd) for crops. In summary, the addition of three kinds of biochar treatments could effectively reduce the ecological and environmental risk of soil that was contaminated by Cd and could provide a reliable theoretical basis for the effect of biochar on the improvement of the quality of soil that is contaminated by heavy metals.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Ferro , Solo/química , Ecossistema , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Carvão Vegetal/química
20.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 64, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The critically low hepatic iron stores of newborn piglets are considered to be a major cause of neonatal iron deficiency in modern breeds of domestic pig (Sus domestica). The main factor believed to contribute to this phenomenon is large litter size, which has been an objective of selective breeding of pigs for decades. As consequence, iron transferred from the pregnant sow has to be distributed among a greater number of fetuses. RESULTS: Here, we investigated whether litter size influences red blood cell (RBC) indices and iron parameters in Polish Large White (PLW) piglets and gilts. Small and large litters were produced by the transfer of different numbers of embryos, derived from the same superovulated donor females, to recipient gilts. Piglets from large litters obtained following routine artificial insemination were also examined. Our results clearly demonstrated that varying the number of piglets in a litter did not affect the RBC and iron status of 1-day-old piglets, with all showing iron deficiency anemia. In contrast, gilts with small litters displayed higher RBC and iron parameters compared to mothers with large litters. A comparative analysis of the RBC status of wild boars (having less than half as many piglets per litter as domestic pigs) and PLW pigs, demonstrated higher RBC count, hemoglobin level and hematocrit value of both wild boar sows and piglets, even compared to small-litter PLW animals. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that RBC and iron status in newborn PLW piglets are not primarily determined by litter size, and indicate the need to study the efficiency of iron transport across the placenta in domestic pig and wild boar females.


Assuntos
Ferro , Sus scrofa , Gravidez , Suínos , Animais , Feminino , Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Placenta
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