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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256486, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364500

RESUMO

This study explores the antioxidant activity, phytochemical screening, total phenolic and flavonoids contents in the extracts of four locally available weeds plants namely Convolvulus arvensis, Chenopodium murale, Avena fatua and Phalaris minor with different solvents. The antioxidant activities of these extracts were determined via various in-vitro methods such as total antioxidant activity (TAA), reducing power (RP), DPPH (2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging and hydrogen peroxide scavenging assays. Phytochemical screening was performed both qualitatively as well as quantitatively. Total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) were determined through Folin- Ciocalteu reagent and aluminium chloride methods respectively. Methanol-chloroform solvent showed the presence of a high amount of TPC in milligram of gallic acid equivalent per gram of dry weight (mg of GAE/g of DW) in the extracts of all weeds. Their descending sequence was Avena fatua (74.09) ˃ Phalaris minor (65.66) ˃ Chenopodium murale (64.04) ˃ Convolvulus arvensis (61.905), while, chloroform solvent found to be best solvent for the extraction of TFC. Methanol-chloroform solvent was also found to be best solvent for TAA (Total antioxidant activity assay) which showed values in milligram of ascorbic acid equivalent per gram of dry weight (mg of AAE /g of DW), for DPPH scavenging activity, reducing power (antioxidant activity) and hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity. Phytochemical screening indicated the presence of polyphenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, alkaloids and glycosides in these weeds.


Este estudo investiga a atividade antioxidante, a triagem fitoquímica, os teores de fenólicos totais e de flavonoides nos extratos de quatro plantas daninhas disponíveis localmente, quais sejam, Convolvulus arvensis, Chenopodium murale, Avena fatua e Phalaris minor com diferentes solventes. As atividades antioxidantes desses extratos foram determinadas por meio de vários métodos in vitro, tais como atividade antioxidante total (TAA), poder redutor (RP), sequestro de radicais livres DPPH (2,2-Difenil-1-Picril-hidrazil) e ensaios de sequestro de peróxido de hidrogênio. A triagem fitoquímica foi realizada tanto qualitativamente quanto quantitativamente. O teor de fenólicos totais (TPC) e o teor de flavonoides totais (TFC) foram determinados pelos métodos do reagente de Folin-Ciocalteu e do cloreto de alumínio, respectivamente. O solvente metanol-clorofórmio mostrou a presença de elevada quantidade de TPC em miligramas de ácido gálico equivalente por grama de peso seco (mg de GAE/g de DW) nos extratos de todas as plantas daninhas. Sua sequência descendente foi Avena fatua (74,09) ˃ Phalaris minor (65,66) ˃ Chenopodium murale (64,04) ˃ Convolvulus arvensis (61,905), enquanto o solvente clorofórmio foi o melhor solvente para a extração de TFC. O solvente metanol-clorofórmio também foi considerado o melhor solvente para AAT (ensaio de atividade antioxidante total), que apresentou valores em miligramas de equivalente de ácido ascórbico por grama de peso seco (mg de AAE/g de DW), para atividade sequestrante de DPPH, RP (atividade antioxidante) e atividade de sequestro de peróxido de hidrogênio. A triagem fitoquímica indicou a presença de polifenóis, flavonoides, taninos, saponinas, alcaloides e glicosídeos nessas plantas daninhas.


Assuntos
Triticum , Flavonoides , Compostos Fenólicos , Plantas Daninhas/fisiologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Antioxidantes
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255529, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364534

RESUMO

Reports from popular medicine usually act as a basis for the development of new drugs from natural compounds with therapeutic actions for serious diseases and prevalence such as cancer. Bromelia antiacantha Bertol. is a species of the Bromeliaceae family, considered an unconventional food plant, found in the south and midwest regions of Brazil. Despite the high nutritional content and pharmacological potential of its fruits, few scientific studies report its biological actions. Thus, this study evaluates the phytochemical profile of aqueous and ethanol extracts obtained from B. antiacantha fruits, as well as their possible antioxidant, antitumor, and cytotoxic activities. The aqueous extract exhibited phenolic compounds and flavonoids, while ethanol extracts indicated the presence of flavonoids and coumarin in their composition, regardless of the region of collection. The ethanolic extract demonstrated a more promising antioxidant effect than the aqueous extract and also induced a significant inhibition in the viability of human cervical cancer cells of the SiHa strain. In addition, treatment with both extracts did not alter the viability of non-tumor cells of the immortalized human keratinocyte lineage (HaCaT). These results bring new data about extracts obtained from a native plant, edible and traditionally used in popular medicine, opening new perspectives for its possible therapeutic application.


Relatos da medicina popular costumam atuar como referencial para o desenvolvimento de novos fármacos a partir de moléculas naturais com ações terapêuticas para doenças de alta gravidade e prevalência como o câncer. Bromelia antiacantha Bertol. é uma espécie da família Bromeliaceae, considerada uma planta alimentícia não convencional (PANC), encontrada nas regiões sul e centro-oeste do Brasil. Apesar do alto teor nutritivo e potencial farmacológico de seus frutos, poucos estudos científicos relatam suas ações biológicas. Desta forma, este estudo avalia o perfil fitoquímico de extratos aquoso e etanólico obtidos de frutos de B. antiacantha, bem como a sua possível ação antioxidante, antitumoral e citotóxica. O extrato aquoso apresentou compostos fenólicos e flavonoides, enquanto os extratos etanólicos apontam a presença de flavonóides e cumarina em sua composição, independente da região de coleta. O extrato etanólico demonstrou efeito antioxidante mais promissor do que o extrato aquoso e também induziu uma inibição significativa na viabilidade de células humanas de câncer cervical da linhagem SiHa. Além disso, o tratamento com ambos extratos não alterou a viabilidade de células não tumorais da linhagem de queratinócitos humanos imortalizados (HaCaT). Estes dados trazem novas informações sobre extratos obtidos de uma espécie vegetal nativa, comestível e já utilizada tradicionalmente, mas abrindo novas perspectivas quanto a possíveis aplicações terapêuticas.


Assuntos
Flavonoides , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Bromeliaceae , Bromelia , Usos Terapêuticos , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Fitoterapia
3.
Food Chem ; 399: 133946, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998491

RESUMO

Genotype, growth stages, and moisture regimes affect polyphenols as beneficial compounds in rapeseed with edible and medicinal properties. The aims of this study were to assess the effects of tissue, genotype background and moisture on growth, pigment composition, phenolic acids, flavonoids, antioxidant, and antiglycation activities in rapeseed. Treatments included two moisture regimes (10% field capacity as drought-treated and 30% field capacity as control), tissue (leaf, flower and seed), and 12 rapeseed genotypes. The range of loss in growth traits under drought compared with control was between 23% and 47%. Drought reduced number of leaves, leaf area, fresh and dry weights by 23%, 31%, 37%, and 36%, respectively whilst increased chlorophylls, carotenoids, total pigment, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and antioxidant activities. Analysis for antiglycation properties in two genotypes (G01 and G08) which accumulated higher phenolic compounds showed that higher antiglycation property was associated with higher epicatechin, and caffeic, and syringic acids. Flower extracts showed higher phenolics than leaf and seed suggesting flowering stage is a preferred timing to harvest a higher polyphenols from rapeseed. Overall, our results demonstrated role of specific polyphenols in antiglycation activities and the importance of growth stage and genotype in attaining higher polyphenols and antioxidants that affect edible and medicinal values of rapeseed under water limited conditions.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Brassica rapa , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Brassica napus/genética , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fenóis/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia
4.
Food Chem ; 399: 133959, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001928

RESUMO

Advances in understanding the biological effects of dietary flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods have been reported. Improving knowledge about their beneficial effects, and mechanisms of action, is crucial for better utilization. However, mechanisms responsible for their health benefits are still unclear. Previous research considered has suggested that gut microbiota might be linked to the metabolism of dietary flavonoids. To understand the bioactivities of dietary flavonoids/flavonoid-rich foods better, and the role of microbiota, we explored systematically 1) types of dietary flavonoids and associated health benefits, 2) low bioaccessibilities and metabolic characteristics, 3) gut microbiota role in regulation, and 4) crosstalk between regulation mechanisms. Current challenges and future perspectives were also considered, offering new research directions and identifying trends in the development of flavonoid-rich food products.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Promoção da Saúde , Polifenóis/farmacologia
5.
Food Chem ; 399: 133927, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029674

RESUMO

Copigmentation effect of flavonoids on black mulberry juice and its main anthocyanin, cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), was evaluated. Results showed that the hyperchromic effect of flavonols, such as kaempferol (KAE), hyperoside (HYP), rutin (RUT), quercetin (QTI) and isoquercitrin (IQT), was better than that of quercitrin (QTR) and catechin (CAT). The degradation rate constant (k) of C3G decreased by 8.6 %∼50.0 % when KAE, HYP, RUT, QTI and IQT were added, whilst half-life (t1/2), activation energy (Ea) and hydration reaction equilibrium constant (pKh) increased by 7.4 %∼99.0 %, 60.0 %∼95.7 % and 8.3 %∼37.8 % respectively. Meanwhile, the maximum absorption wavelength of the mixture displayed bathochromic shift. Molecular simulation indicated that the interaction energy with C3G was KAE > HYP > RUT > QTI > IQT > QTR > CAT. The main driving force forming C3G-flavonol complex were hydrogen bond and Van der Waals interaction. These results will provide theoretical reference to enhance color stability of food rich in anthocyanins.


Assuntos
Catequina , Morus , Antocianinas/análise , Catequina/química , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Frutas/química
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt B): 115932, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403745

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser is wildly distributed in the western high-altitude area of China and has been used as a Tibetan medicine to treat inflammatory diseases. We previously demonstrated the total flavonoids of Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser (TFA) showed obvious anti-inflammatory effects and its content was 276.62 mg/g. However, the chemical profile, active ingredients, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of TFA are not clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to study the components of TFA, evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of TFA, and preliminarily predict the anti-inflammatory mechanism of TFA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TFA was prepared by the semi-biomimetic extraction method and purified by macroporous resin. The components of TFA were analyzed based on LC-MS combined with the targeted metabolomics method. The anti-inflammatory activity of TFA was evaluated using CuSO4-induced and tail cutting-induced zebrafish inflammation models. Based on the network pharmacology method, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of the main components of TFA was preliminarily predicted. RESULTS: A total of 185 components were identified in TFA. TFA showed significant anti-inflammatory effects on CuSO4-induced and tail cutting-induced zebrafish inflammation models. According to network pharmacology prediction and experimental verification, 10 compounds were identified as the main active ingredients, including 3,7-di-O-methylquercetin, Hesperetin 5-O-glucoside, Myricitrin, et al. Twenty key targets were recognized, such as TNF, AKT1, VEGFA, MMP9, EGFR, PTGS2 et al. Moreover, the TNF signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway were identified to play vital roles in the anti-inflammatory effects of TFA. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed the chemical profile of TFA and identified the main active ingredients, key targets, and pathways of TFA in anti-inflammatory effects, which is helpful to elucidate the pharmacodynamic substances and action mechanisms of Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser, to promote its clinical rational application.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Animais , Peixe-Zebra , Farmacologia em Rede , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 103(2): 488-495, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35892267

RESUMO

The chances of people suffering from cognitive impairments increase gradually with age. Diet and lifestyle are closely related to the occurrence and development of cognitive function. Dietary flavonoid supplementation has been shown to be one of the protective factors against cognitive decline. Flavonoids belong to a class of polyphenols that have been proposed for the treatment of cognitive decline. Recent evidence has shown that intestinal flora in the human body can interact with flavonoids. Intestinal microbiota can modify the chemical structure of flavonoids, producing new metabolites, the pharmacological activities of which may be different from those of the parent; meanwhile, flavonoids and their metabolites can, in turn, regulate the composition and structure of intestinal flora. Notably, intestinal flora affect host nervous system activity through the gut-brain axis, ultimately causing changes in cognitive function. This review therefore summarizes the interaction of dietary flavonoids and intestinal flora, and their protective effect against cognitive decline through the gut-brain axis, indicating that dietary flavonoids may ameliorate cognitive impairment through their interaction with intestinal microbiota. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Polifenóis/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Dieta
8.
J Sci Food Agric ; 103(2): 770-778, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rutin is a natural bioactive flavonoid that is poor in water solubility and chemical stability. Encapsulation can be used to protect bioactive molecules from chemical or physical decomposition during food processing and storage. Thus, the effect of initial particle size on the ability of oil-in-water emulsions to retain rutin during storage was investigated. RESULTS: Rutin was encapsulated in oil-in-water emulsions with different mean surface-weighted diameters: d3,2  = 0.56 µm (small), 0.73 µm (medium), and 2.32 µm (large). As expected, the resistance of the emulsions to coalescence and creaming during storage increased as the particle size decreased due to weakening of the colloidal and gravitational forces acting on the droplets. The concentration of rutin in the emulsions decreased during storage (28 days), which was mainly attributed to photodegradation of the flavonoid. The loss of rutin from the emulsions during storage was fitted using a second-order equation. The rutin degradation rate constant k decreased and the half-life t1/2 increased with decreasing droplet size, which was attributed to the stronger encapsulation and light scattering by smaller oil droplets reducing the amount of light that can penetrate into the emulsions. CONCLUSION: This study has important implications for the design of more efficacious emulsion-based delivery systems for incorporating health-promoting nutraceuticals into foods. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Flavonoides , Rutina , Emulsões/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Cinética , Água/química
9.
J Sci Food Agric ; 103(2): 666-679, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, cloudy pomegranate juice (PJ) has become popular due to its rich phenolic and health-promoting effects. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the application of high hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP), pasteurization (PT) and high-temperature short-time sterilization (HTST) on physicochemical properties (color, flow behavior, turbidity, sugars, organic acids, aroma and sensory evaluation) and in vitro bioaccessibility of total phenolics content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC) and phenolics of cloudy PJ. RESULTS: Compared to HPP, thermal sterilization significantly increased the brightness (L*), redness (a*), total color difference (ΔE) and turbidity, and decreased the TPC and TFC. HPP maintained the volatile profile of cloudy PJ better, while thermal sterilization significantly changed the profile by decreasing alcohols 23.8-32.7% and increasing acids by 33.6%-182.8%. The bioaccessibility of flavonoids, phenolic acids and tannins in the control cloudy PJ after in vitro oral-gastric-intestinal digestion were 1.5%, 4.9%, and 9.0%, respectively, which were not significantly changed by different treatments. CONCLUSION: These results contributed to promoting the color quality and health benefits of cloudy PJ rich in phenolics by optimizing the processing conditions in the food industry. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Romã (Fruta) , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Pasteurização , Fenóis/análise , Flavonoides
10.
Bioorg Chem ; 130: 106262, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371821

RESUMO

Nine new flavonoids dimers, psocorylins R-Z (1-9), were isolated from the fruits of Psoralea corylifolia L. (Psoraleae Fructus), a traditional Chinese medicine. The structures of these compounds were elucidated via multiple spectroscopic techniques and X-ray diffraction. Psocorylins R (1) and S (2) were rare cyclobutane-containing chalcone dimers, and psocorylins T-Z (3-9) were established by CC or COC bond of two flavonoid monomers. The structural-types, flavonoids dimers, were isolated from the plant for the first time, enriching the chemical diversity. The cytotoxicity assay suggested that compounds 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 8 exhibited cytotoxic activities against MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, compounds 1 and 8 significantly increased intracellular ROS levels, decreased MMP and induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. They markedly upregulated the expression of Bax and cleaved caspase-3, and suppressed Bcl-2 and caspase-3 levels, indicating their mechanism of Bcl-2/Bax/Cleaved caspase-3 pathway. Hence, our findings not only promoted the chemical investigation of Psoraleae Fructus, but also provided potential bioactive natural products for anti-cancer.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Psoralea , Humanos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Frutas , Células MCF-7 , Caspase 3 , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Polímeros , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2
11.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1238: 340189, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464431

RESUMO

Peak detection of untargeted liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) data is a key step to identify the metabolic status of the drugable chemicals and extracts from functional foods or herbs. Nevertheless, the existing approaches are difficult to obtain ideal results with low false positives and false negatives. In this paper, we proposed an automatic method based on convolutional neural network (CNN) for image classification and Faster R-CNN for peak location/classification in untargeted LC-HRMS data, and named it Peak_CF. It can achieve detection of target peaks with high accuracy and high recall (both >90%) as verified by an evaluation data-set. In terms of detecting the m/z peaks of known compounds, Peak_CF is better than Peakonly, and it can effectively have an overall peak shape judgment of split peaks. For the same evaluation data, the recall of MZmine2 (ADAP) is slightly higher than that of Peak_CF, however, the F1 score of Peak_CF is higher, indicating that it has higher accuracy. In addition, the Peak_ CF training model with strong generalization ability can be achieved and verified. At last, Peak_CF was applied in real metabolic fingerprints of total flavonoids from Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, also a contrast was conducted based on 40 m/z peaks of 40 prototypes in serum data-set. The result showed that the recall rate of Peak_CF and Peakonly all reached 95%, higher than 70% of MZmine2 (ADAP), and Peak_CF is more accurate when detecting EIC that has serious drifts. In conclusion, Peak_CF provides a new route for data mining of LC-HRMS datasets of drug (or herbs, or functional foods) metabolites.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados , Redes Neurais de Computação , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas , Flavonoides
12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115843, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265676

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sailuotong (SLT) is a standardized herbal medicine formula made from extracts of ginseng (the dried root and rhizome of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer), ginkgo (the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L.), and saffron (the stigma of Crocus sativus L.). It is prescribed compatibly for the treatment of vascular dementia (VaD) following the TCM principle of Qi-invigorating and Blood-activating. Ginseng is widely used as a tonic for the restoration of strength in China. Ginkgo and saffron have been traditionally used for a long time as medicines with the main effect of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: SLT has been proven to be a promising medicine for VaD by existing pharmacological and clinical evidence. To understand how the formula herbs and their active ingredients cooperate to produce comprehensive effects, the present study aimed to establish a highly sensitive and accurate quantitative method to reveal the plasma exposure profile of SLT in humans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multiplex quantitation of a total of 17 SLT-derived components in human plasma was fulfilled by using online SPE for sample extractions followed by LC-MS/MS determinations. Among them, 8 ginsenoside (Rg1, Re, F1, Rf, Rb1, Rb2, Rc and Rd) were determined in ESI+ mode, and ginkgo flavonoids of quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin were in ESI- mode. Improved sensitivity was achieved through optimizing the condition of sample extraction and LC separation, as well as mass parameters. 4 ginkgolides, including ginkgolide A, B, C and bilobalide, and 2 crocins of crocin-1 and its metabolite crocetin, were analyzed concurrently in negative ion mode, and their stability was ensured by a series of protective solutions. RESULTS: The lower limit of quantitation was achieved to be extremely sensitive at 0.078 ng/mL for all ginsenosides, 0.033 ‒ 0.2 ng/mL for ginkgo flavonoids, 0.75 or 1.5 ng/mL for ginkgolides and 3 ng/mL for crocins. The methods were fully validated to be accurate and precise, and applicability was demonstrated by the analysis of clinical samples from 2 healthy volunteers. CONCLUSION: The developed methods should be useful in further detailed clinical pharmacokinetic research for clarifying the effect mechanism of SLT and formulating its rational therapeutic regimens.


Assuntos
Crocus , Ginsenosídeos , Panax , Humanos , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Ginkgolídeos , Ginkgo biloba , Ginsenosídeos/farmacocinética , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Flavonoides/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115761, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309113

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (HC, Saururaceae family) is a classical Traditional Chinese Medicine used to treat pneumonia clinically. The total flavonoids (HCF) and polysaccharides (HCP) are key medicinal components of H. cordata involved in its beneficial effect on viral pneumonia. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study is to investigate the synergistic or complementary effects of combination of HCF and HCP on viral pneumonia as well as the mechanisms underlying. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HCF or HCP were administrated separately or combined in different proportions on influenza virus H1N1 - infected mice. The survival and lung weight of mice were recorded. The synergistic effect on HCF and HCP combination was calculated by Chou-Talalay method. H&E staining was performed to detect lung histomorphology. Western blot, immunohistochemistry and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay were done to analyze the representative protein expression in lung and intestine tissues. AB - PAS staining on intestine tissue sections was performed to evaluate the histopathology of intestines. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted and sequenced for gut microbiota analysis. RESULTS: In H1N1 lethally infected mice, the combined administration of HCF and HCP significantly increased the survival rate and prolonged the life span of mice, compared with mono-drug therapy. The viral pneumonia was remarkably improved by HCF and HCP combination reflected by lower lung index, more intact lung morphology, and less inflammatory cells and mediators. Furthermore, the combination of HCF and HCP regulated intestinal microbiota, significantly reduced the proportion of pathogenic Proteobacteria and the secretion of proinflammatory cytokine in gut. The combined HCF and HCP showed synergistic effect on reducing lung and intestine injury. The complementary interaction was also found in HCF and HCP combined therapy, as HCF provided the significant antiviral activity and HCP markedly improved intestinal physical barrier and increased the protein expression involving removal of edema. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that combination of HCF and HCP from H. cordata synergistically alleviated H1N1-induced viral pneumonia in mice via multimodal regulation of both pulmonary and intestinal homeostasis, which might imply novel therapeutic strategy for treating viral pneumonia.


Assuntos
Houttuynia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Pneumonia Viral , Camundongos , Animais , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115889, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334817

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lauraceae family includes Nectandra angustifolia a species widely used in the folk medicine of South America against various maladies. It is commonly used to treat different types of processes like inflammation, pain, and snakebites. Snakes of the Bothrops genus are responsible for about 97% of the ophidic accidents in northeastern Argentina. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the anti-snake activity of the phytochemicals present in N. angustifolia extracts, identify the compounds, and evaluate their inhibitory effect on phospholipase A2 (PLA2) with in vitro and in silico assays. METHODS: Seasonal variations in the alexiteric potential of aqueous, ethanolic and hexanic extracts were evaluated by inhibition of coagulant, haemolytic, and cytotoxic effects of B. diporus venom. The chemical identity of an enriched fraction obtained by bio-guided fractioning was established by UPLC-MS/MS analysis. Molecular docking studies were carried out to investigate the binding mechanisms of the identified compounds to PLA2 enzyme from snake venom. RESULTS: All the extracts inhibited venom coagulant activity. However, spring ethanolic extract achieved 100% inhibition of haemolytic activity. Bio-guide fractioning led to an enriched fraction (F4) with the highest haemolytic inhibition. Five flavonoids were identified in this fraction; molecular docking and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations indicated the binding mechanisms of the identified compounds. The carbohydrates present in some of the compounds had a critical effect on the interaction with PLA2. CONCLUSION: This study shows, for the first time, which compounds are responsible for the anti-snake activity in Nectandra angustifolia based on in vitro and in silico assays. The results obtained in this work support the traditional use of this species as anti-snake in folk medicine.


Assuntos
Bothrops , Venenos de Crotalídeos , Lauraceae , Animais , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Cromatografia Líquida , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Bothrops/fisiologia , Fosfolipases A2/metabolismo
15.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 2): 114478, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206926

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) (LE) and rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus) (RE) extracts, in two free forms and loaded with liposome, on the behavior of Listeria monocytogenes and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) minced, were examined. After extraction, the extracts were evaluated for phenolic, flavonoid, and antibacterial compounds (determination of MIC and MBC). The treatments studied included control treatment, treatments containing 1 and 1.5% of free extracts, and treatments containing 1 and 1.5% of liposome-coated extracts of LE and RE which were examined at times of 0, 4, 8, and 12 days with 3 replications. The findings indicated that the amount of flavonoid and phenolic compounds and the results of antibacterial tests (MIC and MBC tests) in RE extract were more favorable than LE extract. The aqueous extract of rosemary had higher levels of phenolic (344.66 mg gallic acid/g extract) and flavonoid (245.33 mg Catechin/g extract) compounds compared to the bay laurel extract (257.66 mg gallic acid/g extract) and (151.26 mg Catechin/g extract) respectively. The results of the behavior of L. monocytogenes and V. parahaemolyticus in fish showed that with increasing the storage time at 4 °C, these parameters increased, but in the treatment containing the coated forms of LE and RE extracts (concentration 1.5%), changes were significantly slower than other treatments. According to the obtained results, it can be concluded that in general, adding extracts of bay laurel and rosemary in a concentration of 1.5% reduces the proliferation of bacteria that cause food poisoning.


Assuntos
Carpas , Catequina , Laurus , Listeria monocytogenes , Rosmarinus , Salvia , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Animais , Lipossomos/farmacologia , Catequina/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Fenóis , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Ácido Gálico
16.
Food Chem ; 405(Pt B): 134968, 2023 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442239

RESUMO

Suaeda salsa L. (Chenopodiaceae) is a wild vegetable distributed along the northern coast of China. Searching for potential agents with health benefits from S. salsa L. led to the identification of 14 flavonoids (1-14), eight phenolic acids (15-22), one coumarin (23), one benzoquinone (24), two sesquiterpenes (25, 26), and three lignins (27-29) from an aqueous ethanol (EtOH) extract of the above-ground whole plant using various column chromatographic methods. High-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS) analyses and nuclear magnetic resonance (1H and 13C NMR) spectroscopy were adopted to examine the structural properties of the compounds. To date, our study is the first to identify 20 compounds from this genus. Some compounds exhibited significant health benefits in zebrafish models. Compounds 2, 4, 23, and 28 significantly improved oxidative damage, while compounds 1-5, 7, 11, 13, 18, 19, and 23 significantly improved zebrafish lateral line neuromast inflammation. Additionally, compounds 1, 4, 8, 13, and 16 significantly promoted zebrafish angiogenesis, while compounds 3-5 and 18 significantly improved zebrafish arrhythmia. Furthermore, a flavonoid-targeted metabolomics study revealed that flavanone was the precursor of all of the flavonoids and had its highest accumulation in August, while the others showed their highest accumulation in September. Thus, the best time to harvest most of the bioactive polyphenols is during September. The present study revealed that the wild vegetable S. salsa L. might be developed as a potential cardioprotective functional food.


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Polifenóis , Animais , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Verduras , Peixe-Zebra , Flavonoides/farmacologia
17.
Food Chem ; 405(Pt B): 134993, 2023 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442240

RESUMO

As an important natural nutrient-like substance, chrysin is highly desirable in the field of health food. Here, to achieve the specific and efficient adsorption of chrysin, a magnetic surface molecularly imprinted polymer (chrysin/SMIPs) was fabricated by free radical polymerization of methacrylic acid onto the surface of functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The obtained chrysin/SMIPs showed favorable binding ability towards chrysin with 35.27 mg·g-1 maximum adsorption capacity in 20 min, prominent reusability with 9 cycles of adsorption-desorption and superior specific recognition with imprinting factor (IF) of 2.87 and selectivity coefficient (K) of 8.74, 5.64 and 8.64 corresponding to the interferents of genistein, daidzein and quercetin, respectively. Moreover, the chrysin/SMIPs showed high recoveries (91.13 % to 95.12 %) and precisions (RSDs from 2.51 % to 1.32 %) in the extraction of chrysin from real propolis samples. Therefore, chrysin/SMIPs is highly promising for the selective enrichment recovery of chrysin in health food.


Assuntos
Flavonoides , Polímeros Molecularmente Impressos , Fenômenos Físicos , Fenômenos Magnéticos
18.
Food Chem ; 405(Pt B): 134909, 2023 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442247

RESUMO

Cold is the best means of prolonging fruit storage. However, tropical fruit are susceptible to cold storage. The mode of action of mango fruit tolerance to suboptimal cold temperature of 7 or 10 °C after postharvest application of 8 mM phenylalanine was investigated using transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses of mango fruit during suboptimal cold storage. Phenylalanine-treated fruit had less chilling injuries-black spot and pitting electrolyte leakage,-and reduced decay after suboptimal cold storage. Phenylalanine treatment induced genes related to plant-pathogen interactions, plant hormone signal transduction, and the phenylpropanoid pathway, increasing the levels of the flavonoids quercetin and kaempferol glycosides and anthocyanins, and antioxidant content. Reduced oxidation led to lower lipid peroxidation, and a reduction in fatty acid-degradation products, e.g., volatile aldehydes. Treatment with phenylalanine, therefore, enhances chilling tolerance of mango fruit through regulation of metabolic and defense-related pathways, maintaining high levels of flavonoids, and antioxidants enzyme activity, and reducing H2O2 content, lipid peroxidation, and volatile aldehydes.


Assuntos
Mangifera , Mangifera/genética , Temperatura , Fenilalanina , Antocianinas , Frutas/genética , Flavonoides , Aldeídos , Antioxidantes
19.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134763, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444089

RESUMO

The effects of three different hulling methods wiz natural heaping/traditional (T1), steeping (T2), and spraying (T3), on moisture, colour, fat, free amino acids, fatty acids, antioxidant activities, flavonoids, tannins, total phenolic content, and organoleptic qualities of walnut kernels were examined in this study. The kernels extracted from walnuts subjected to T3 method recorded significantly (p ≤ 0.05) highest DPPH inhibition (68.61 %), ABTS (54.56 %inhibition) and FRAP (0.106 µM trolox/100 g); flavonoids (1993.08 mg QE/100 g), tannin content (0.312 %) and phenols (0.736 mg GAE/g) compared to T1 and T2. Walnut kernels of T3 treatment group were rated better in terms of taste (3.8), odour (3.6) and overall acceptability (3.78) Furthermore, walnut kernels obtained from T3 treatment group exhibited the highest percentage of unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) and sweet free amino acids. The outcome of the present study offers a fresh viewpoint regarding the hulling processes of green walnuts to meet the quality requirements of walnut kernels.


Assuntos
Juglans , Polifenóis , Antioxidantes , Frutas , Aminoácidos , Etilenos , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados , Flavonoides , Fenóis , Taninos
20.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134544, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265274

RESUMO

Nymphaea rubra flowers (NRF) are widely used as a food and in folk medicine throughout the subtropical regions due to their health-promoting characteristics. This study characterized the phytochemical composition of various extracts/fractions of NRF by establishing a quadrupole-cyclic ion mobility-time-of-flight (Q-cIM-TOF) mass spectrometry method in both positive and negative electrospray ionization modes. Over 100 phytoconstituents were tentatively identified, among which 53 phytochemicals belonging to phenolic acids, tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, xanthones, and naphthopyrones have never been documented in NRF before. Moreover, the ethyl acetate fraction of NRF demonstrated strong antioxidant potential (IC50: 9.21 ± 0.47 µg/mL in DPPH assay and 13.65 ± 0.03 µg/mL in ABTS assay) and tyrosinase, α-glucosidase, and elastase inhibition (IC50: 10.58 ± 0.20, 2.48 ± 0.02, and 38.15 ± 0.25 µg/mL, respectively). The findings highlight the value of NRF as a source of functional components and broaden its potential applications in the food and nutraceutical industries.


Assuntos
Nymphaea , Nymphaea/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Flores/química , Flavonoides , Espectrometria de Massas
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