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1.
Glob Health Action ; 15(1): 2111780, 2022 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) faces a critical shortage of pediatric surgical providers. International partnerships can play an important role in pediatric surgical capacity building but must be ethical and sustainable. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to perform a scoping literature review of international pediatric surgery partnerships in SSA from 2009 to 2019. We aim to categorize and critically assess past partnerships to aid in future capacity-building efforts. METHODS: We performed a scoping literature review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines. We searched the PubMed and Embase databases for articles published from 2009 to 2019 using 24 keywords. Articles were selected according to inclusion criteria and assessed by two readers. Descriptive analyses of the data collected were conducted in Excel. RESULTS: A total of 2376 articles were identified. After duplicates were removed, 405 articles were screened. In total, 83 articles were assessed for eligibility, and 62 were included in the review. The most common partnership category was short-term surgical trip (28 articles, 45%). A total of 35 articles (56%) included education of host country providers as part of the partnership. Only 45% of partnerships included follow-up care, and 50% included postoperative outcomes when applicable. CONCLUSIONS: To increase sustainability, more partnerships must include education of local health-care providers, and short-term surgical trips must be integrated into long-term partnerships. More partnerships need to report postoperative outcomes and ensure follow-up care. Educating peri-operative providers, training general surgeons in common pediatric procedures, and increasing telehealth use are other goals for future partnerships.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Pessoal de Saúde , África ao Sul do Saara , Criança , Humanos
2.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 665, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While there are many teacher training programs for health professional students, few are interprofessional, and few integrate assessment and feedback prior to participation as peer teachers. In 2021, The Student Interprofessional Facilitator Training (SIFT) program was developed to allow senior students, already trained in peer teaching, to revise, build on, and practice their newly acquired skills in an interprofessional context. The aim of this study was to explore participant perception and performance, and the contextual factors that influence student aspirations as clinical teachers. METHODS: Alumni of the 2021 Peer Teacher Training program (n = 74) were invited to participate in the SIFT program. Those who participated were invited to attend individual semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was used to code and categorise data into themes, using Communities of Practice as a conceptual framework. Skills in interprofessional facilitation were observed, assessed and students were provided with individual feedback. Assessment data were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Sixteen students from six disciplines joined the SIFT program, and 13/16 (81%) completed. Students were from medicine, nursing, diagnostic radiography, medical imaging, dentistry and speech pathology. Students reported an increased recognition of teaching as a learned skill, development of clinician identity formation as educators, development of interprofessional communication skills, increased awareness of the roles of other health professions, and an increased understanding of leadership. Participants expressed a desire for additional opportunities for interprofessional networking and peer teaching. A good level of competence in facilitation skills was reached by participants. CONCLUSION: The SIFT program provided a sustainable framework for health professional students to develop and evidence their teaching and leadership skills in an interprofessional context. This study highlighted the important role of observation, assessment and feedback in student teacher training programs. The process of clear assessment guidelines, direct observation with feedback from supervisors provided a way to ensure quality improvement in peer teaching. The SIFT program will help to build capacity of interprofessional programs where large numbers of teachers are required for small group teaching. The next step will be to ensure a variety of opportunities within interprofessional contexts, and with face-to-face engagement.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Liderança , Escolaridade , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Humanos , Estudantes
3.
Glob Health Sci Pract ; 10(Suppl 1)2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109060

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Health information systems (HIS) performance in Ethiopia is currently insufficient, and improvements are required to ensure that decision making is data driven. We share our experiences from the early-stage implementation of a package of HIS capacity-strengthening interventions as part of an innovative academic-government collaboration that addresses challenges in HIS performance. METHODS: We used routine program data to assess HIS performance using the Performance of Routine Information System Management (PRISM) assessment tools. The assessment employed a pre-post design and was conducted in a total of 24 selected health facilities (6 hospitals and 18 health centers) from 11 districts in Ethiopia at project baseline (2018) and midline (2020). RESULTS: Source document completeness rate reached less than 80% for the majority of the assessed data elements. Improvements were observed in quarterly report completeness (26% vs. 83%) and timeliness (17% vs. 48%). Though data inaccuracies are noted for all assessed data elements in 2020, the majority (83%) of skilled birth attendance and HIV reports (68%) fall within the acceptable range of reporting accuracy. The identification of performance-related problems, using performance monitoring team (PMT) meetings, improved between 2018 and 2020 (67% vs 89%). Similar improvements were also observed in developing action plans to solve identified problems via the PMT (52% in 2018 vs. 89% in 2020). Data use for planning and target setting (65% in 2018 vs. 90% in 2020), reviewing performance (58% in 2018 vs. 60% in 2020), and supervision (51% in 2018 vs. 53% in 2020) all improved among assessed health facilities. DISCUSSION: This study showed that a capacity-building and mentorship program that engages experts from multiple disciplines and sectors can improve the quality and use of health data. This partnership enabled engagement between government and academic stakeholders and allowed for a more robust exchange of resources and expertise toward HIS improvement.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Fortalecimento Institucional , Atenção à Saúde , Etiópia , Humanos , Mentores
4.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 20(1): 100, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109784

RESUMO

The use of collaborative health research approaches, such as integrated knowledge translation (IKT), was challenged during the COVID-19 pandemic due to physical distancing measures and transition to virtual platforms. As IKT trainees (i.e. graduate students, postdoctoral scholars) within the Integrated Knowledge Translation Research Network (IKTRN), we experienced several changes and adaptations to our daily routine, work and research environments due to the rapid transition to virtual platforms. While there was an increased capacity to communicate at local, national and international levels, gaps in equitable access to training and partnership opportunities at universities and organizations have emerged. This essay explores the experiences and reflections of 16 IKTRN trainees during the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic at the micro (individual), meso (organizational) and macro (system) levels. The micro level, or individual experiences, focuses on topics of self-care (taking care of oneself for physical and mental well-being), maintaining research activities and productivity, and leisure (social engagement and taking time for oneself), while conducting IKT research during the pandemic. At the meso level, the role of programmes and organizations explores whether and how institutions were able to adapt and continue research and/or partnerships during the pandemic. At the macro level, we discuss implications for policies to support IKT trainees and research, during and beyond emergency situations. Themes were identified that intersected across all levels, which included (i) equitable access to training and partnerships; (ii) capacity for reflexivity; (iii) embracing changing opportunities; and (iv) strengthening collaborative relationships. These intersecting themes represent ways of encouraging sustainable and equitable improvements towards establishing and maintaining collaborative health research approaches. This essay is a summary of our collective experiences and aims to provide suggestions on how organizations and universities can support future trainees conducting collaborative research. Thus, we hope to inform more equitable and sustainable collaborative health research approaches and training in the post-pandemic era.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fortalecimento Institucional , Humanos , Pandemias , Pesquisadores
5.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 20(1): 99, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088365

RESUMO

During the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, astonishingly rapid research averted millions of deaths worldwide through new vaccines and repurposed and new drugs. Evidence use informed life-saving national policies including non-pharmaceutical interventions. Simultaneously, there was unprecedented waste, with many underpowered trials on the same drugs. We identified lessons from COVID-19 research responses by applying WHO's framework for research systems. It has four functions-governance, securing finance, capacity-building, and production and use of research-and nine components. Two linked questions focused the analysis. First, to what extent have achievements in knowledge production and evidence use built on existing structures and capacity in national health research systems? Second, did the features of such systems mitigate waste? We collated evidence on seven countries, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Germany, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States, to identify examples of achievements and challenges.We used the data to develop lessons for each framework component. Research coordination, prioritization and expedited ethics approval contributed to rapid identification of new therapies, including dexamethasone in the United Kingdom and Brazil. Accelerated vaccines depended on extensive funding, especially through the Operation Warp Speed initiative in the United States, and new platforms created through long-term biomedical research capacity in the United Kingdom and, for messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccines, in Canada, Germany and the United States. Research capacity embedded in the United Kingdom's healthcare system resulted in trial acceleration and waste avoidance. Faster publication of research saved lives, but raised challenges. Public/private collaborations made major contributions to vastly accelerating new products, available worldwide, though unequally. Effective developments of living (i.e. regularly updated) reviews and guidelines, especially in Australia and Canada, extended existing expertise in meeting users' needs. Despite complexities, effective national policy responses (less evident in Brazil, the United Kingdom and the United States) also saved lives by drawing on health research system features, including collaboration among politicians, civil servants and researchers; good communications; and willingness to use evidence. Comprehensive health research strategies contributed to success in research production in the United Kingdom and in evidence use by political leadership in New Zealand. In addition to waste, challenges included equity issues, public involvement and non-COVID research. We developed recommendations, but advocate studies of further countries.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Fortalecimento Institucional , Programas Governamentais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078714

RESUMO

Despite increased awareness of its risks, for the most part, contemporary efforts for obesity prevention have been patchy at best. As such, the burgeoning interest in whole-systems approaches (WSAs) that acknowledge the complex, dynamic nature of overweight and obesity and operate across multiple levels of society is particularly timely. Many components of "community capacity building" (CB), an essential but often neglected aspect of obesity prevention, overlap with "best practice principles" in effective/optimal community-based obesity-prevention initiatives. Rhetoric urging WSAs and community CB in public health abounds although operative and efficacious contemporary examples of these approaches to reducing obesity levels are scarce. The aim of this investigation was to undertake a systematized review of the level of capacity building incorporated in published literature on WSAs targeting obesity to better understand how domains of CB have been incorporated. A PubMed search and a recently published systematic review were utilized to identify WSAs to obesity prevention between 1995-2020. A team-based approach to qualitative thematic data analysis was used to systematically assess and describe each intervention regarding explicit capacity-building practice. Despite not being specifically designed for building capacity, a significant proportion of the WSAs studied in the current report had implemented several CB domains.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Obesidade , Humanos , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Sobrepeso , Saúde Pública
7.
Front Public Health ; 10: 715356, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36033803

RESUMO

The 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in Guinea revealed systematic weaknesses in the existing disease surveillance system, which contributed to delayed detection, underreporting of cases, widespread transmission in Guinea and cross-border transmission to neighboring Sierra Leone and Liberia, leading to the largest Ebola epidemic ever recorded. Efforts to understand the epidemic's scale and distribution were hindered by problems with data completeness, accuracy, and reliability. In 2017, recognizing the importance and usefulness of surveillance data in making evidence-based decisions for the control of epidemic-prone diseases, the Guinean Ministry of Health (MoH) included surveillance strengthening as a priority activity in their post-Ebola transition plan and requested the support of partners to attain its objectives. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) and four of its implementing partners-International Medical Corps, the International Organization for Migration, RTI International, and the World Health Organization-worked in collaboration with the Government of Guinea to strengthen the country's surveillance capacity, in alignment with the Global Health Security Agenda and International Health Regulations 2005 objectives for surveillance and reporting. This paper describes the main surveillance activities supported by US CDC and its partners between 2015 and 2019 and provides information on the strategies used and the impact of activities. It also discusses lessons learned for building sustainable capacity and infrastructure for disease surveillance and reporting in similar resource-limited settings.


Assuntos
Doença pelo Vírus Ebola , Fortalecimento Institucional , Surtos de Doenças , Guiné , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Ann Glob Health ; 88(1): 65, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35974986

RESUMO

Background: The further development of research capacity in low- and middle-income countries is critical to the delivery of evidence-based healthcare, the design of sound health policy and effective resource allocation. Research capacity is also critical for the retention of highly skilled faculty and staff and for institutional internationalization. Objectives: We summarize the accomplishments, challenges and legacy of a five-year program to train biomedical researchers entitled "Enhanced Advanced Biomedical Research Training for Mozambique (EABRTM)". Methods: A program conducted from 2015-2021 built upon the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to develop research capacity at Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) and allied institutions. The project included design and implementation of postgraduate training programs and bolstered physical and human research infrastructure. Findings: The program supported development and implementation of UEM's first doctoral (Bioscience and Public Health) and master (Biosciences) programs with 31 and 23 students enrolled to date, respectively. Three master programs were established at Lúrio University from which 176/202 (87.1%) and 107/202 (53.0%) students obtained a Postgraduate Diploma or master's degree, respectively. Scholarships were awarded to 39 biomedical researchers; 13 completed master degrees, one completed a PhD and five remain in doctoral studies. Thirteen administrative staff and four biomedical researchers were trained in research administration and in biostatistics, respectively. A total of 119 courses and seminars benefited 2,142 participants. Thirty-five manuscripts have been published to date in peer-reviewed international journals of which 77% are first-authored by Mozambicans and 44% last-authored by Africans. Sustainability was achieved through 59 research projects awarded by international agencies, totaling $16,363,656.42 and funds ($ 7,319,366.11) secured through 2025. Conclusions: The EABRTM program substantially increased research and mentorship capacity and trained a new generation of biostatisticians and research administrators. These programmatic outcomes significantly increased the confidence of early stage Mozambican researchers in their ability to successfully pursue their career goals.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Educação Médica , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Fortalecimento Institucional , Humanos , Moçambique , Pesquisadores/educação
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1070, 2022 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 15% of the world population have some forms of disability and their quality of life is compromised. According to Thailand Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) Empowerment Act, B.E. 2550 (2007), PWDs are entitled for benefits ranging from medical care to social support services. The CBR framework and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can be used to promote the interdisciplinary approach across staff from different organizations. This study aimed to demonstrate the capacity building strategy for user organizations and resource teams, the key components in environment of scale-up as described in "WHO/ExpandNet Scaling-up Framework" to promote the implementation process of CBR interventions in Thailand. METHODS: The study was conducted with a network of representative from five sub-districts in Thailand. A set of capacity building training courses was designed. Fieldworkers were trained to administer the ICF questionnaire to collect data of PWDs in community. A qualitative interview was conducted to investigate the changes of the interdisciplinary teams. RESULTS: The total of 1,783 PWDs data were collected during 1 April 2018-30 December 2019. All of them have, at least, one type of impairment and one type of difficulty in activity of daily living (ADL). Needs of assistive devices and home modifications were also recognized. Individual ICF profiles can also developed to monitor change of their functioning after receiving services. After the discussions in the qualitative interviews, it is indicated that their perceptions towards work with PWDs were changed. The six steps in capacity building include: dialogue, team building, disability role-play; ICF data collection and analysis; developing individual care plans for PWDs; home and environmental modifications for PWDs; training to promote employment opportunities; and evaluation of the care plan. CONCLUSIONS: The study highlighted the innovative training methodology for building up the capacity of staff to work as a team and to become agents of change to set up a strategic plan for delivering CBR interventions in their own settings.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Pessoas com Deficiência , Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Tailândia
10.
Fam Community Health ; 45(4): 228-237, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985023

RESUMO

Land grant universities are a key provider of community-based health promotion programs through the Cooperative Extension Service. However, Extension's current approach to addressing systemic social determinants of health is incomplete and inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to explore Extension health educators' perceptions of demand for health promotion programming targeting audiences most likely to experience health inequities. Health educators within 2 state Extension systems were invited to complete an online survey based on a capacity building model. Survey questions included rating perceptions of demand for programming for health disparate populations: low-income; Black and African American; Hispanic, Latino/a, Latinx; persons with disabilities; immigrants and refugees; and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. Analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc testing was used to determine differences in perceived demand between populations. Ninety-six educators completed the survey. Perceived demand for low-income population programming was significantly higher than for other populations. Perceived programming demand for immigrants and refugees and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people was significantly lower than for other populations. Individual and organizational-level factors, including racism and Extension's historical scope, likely contribute to the results. Engaging historically excluded Extension audiences requires time and resources to improve the Extension system and educator capacity for relationship building, trust building, and communication.


Assuntos
Refugiados , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Fortalecimento Institucional , Feminino , Iniquidades em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos
11.
West Afr J Med ; (7): 756-760, 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929491

RESUMO

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular diseases in the world. The study aimed to assess awareness and capacity building on the diagnosis and prevention of RHD among Community Health Workers (CHWs) Nigeria. It was an interventional study, where 300 CHWs from public Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities were selected pre-assessed on the diagnosis and prevention of RHD before their training on RHD. Also, a post-test evaluation was done to reassess the CHWs awareness on RHD. Data were analyzed and RHD knowledge was scored and graded. Results showed, at pre-test evaluation, that 49% of the CHWs had good knowledge, 49.7% had fair knowledge while 4.1% had poor knowledge on the diagnosis and prevention of RHD, while post-test evaluation revealed that 100% of the CHWs had good knowledge. Awareness of the CHWs about the diagnosis and prevention of RHD was fair in the pre-test and improved after the training with all the CHWs having good knowledge. This showed the training was impactful. Intermittent assessment of the awareness and simultaneous training of the CHWs on RHD may be scaled up into a significant and effective measure in the armamentarium of community prevention of the disease.


La cardiopathie rhumatismale est l'une des principales causes de maladies cardiovasculaires dans le monde. L'étude visait à évaluer la sensibilisation et le renforcement des capacités sur le diagnostic et la prévention de la cardiopathie rhumatismale chez les agents de santé communautaire (ASC). au Nigeria. Il s'agissait d'une étude interventionnelle, dans le cadre de laquelle 300 ASC des établissements publics de soins de santé primaires (PHC) ont été sélectionnés et pré-évalués sur le diagnostic et la prévention des RHD avant leur formation sur les RHD.. De plus, une évaluation post-test a été réalisée pour réévaluer la connaissance des ASC sur la RHD. Les données ont été analysées et les connaissances sur la RHD ont été notées et évaluées. Les résultats ont montré, lors de l'évaluation du pré-test, que 49% des ASC avaient une bonne connaissance, 49,7 % une connaissance moyenne et 4,1 % une mauvaise connaissance du diagnostic et de la prévention de RHD, tandis que l'évaluation du post-test a révélé que 100% des ASC avaient de bonnes connaissances. La connaissance des ASC sur le diagnostic et la prévention de la RHD était moyenne dans le pré-test et s'est améliorée après la formation, tous les ASC ayant de bonnes connaissances. Cela montre que la formation a eu un impact. L' évaluation intermittente de la sensibilisation et la formation simultanée des ASC sur la RHD peut devenir une mesure significative et efficace dans l'arsenal de prévention communautaire de la maladie. Mots-clés: Cardiopathie rhumatismale, Agents de santé communautaire, service de santé, prévention.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Cardiopatia Reumática , Fortalecimento Institucional , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/educação , Humanos , Nigéria , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico , Cardiopatia Reumática/prevenção & controle
12.
BMJ Glob Health ; 7(8)2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Authorship and author order have been used as one measure to characterise equity in research partnerships. First and last (senior) authorships often denote scientific merit as well as potential for research career advancement. A previous analysis found that only about 20%-25% of publications about Africa with coauthors from top-ranking US universities had a first or last author from the topic country. In this bibliometric analysis, we evaluated authorship of publications about sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) funded by the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the US National Institutes of Health, an institution with a mission of training and capacity building in low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We analysed publications from PubMed and Web of Science that were funded by FIC, about SSA, and published between 2008 and 2020. Relative citation ratio (RCR) data from iCite were used to compare group citation impact measures using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. RESULTS: A total of 3446 publications met the inclusion criteria, with annual number increasing from 114 in 2008 to 352 in 2020. SSA-affiliated first authors increased from 53 (47%) in 2008 to 224 (63%) in 2020. SSA-affiliated last authors increased from 32 (28%) to 166 (47%). For both first and last authorships, the median RCR value of publications with SSA-affiliated authors was lower than for US-affiliated authors (first authors: 0.84 vs 0.95, p=0.0021; last authors: 0.88 vs 0.91, p=0.010). CONCLUSION: The increase in first and last authorships by SSA-affiliated authors of publications about SSA suggests increasing equity in research activities funded by FIC. Further investigation and actions are needed to establish how authorship reflects other aspects of equity, the implication of the lower RCR in papers with SSA-affiliated first and last authors and what policies and practices are needed to further promote equity in global health research.


Assuntos
Autoria , Pesquisa Biomédica , África ao Sul do Saara , Bibliometria , Fortalecimento Institucional , Humanos
13.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(10): 3409-3426, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986591

RESUMO

AIMS: The study aim was to examine the impact of a home-based programme intervention on organizational contexts, implementation processes and organizational capacity outcomes from multicultural, multilingual participants working at community-based organizations. DESIGN: This was a sequential exploratory, mixed-methods longitudinal study using community-based participatory research principles. SAMPLE: Twenty participants from nine multicultural, multilingual community-based organizations were in this public health initiative's intervention to develop community-designed, home-based programmes. METHODS: Capacity building providers delivered the intervention selected by the funders. Workshop outcomes were descriptively measured in April/May 2019. In April/May and November 2019, participants completed surveys about organizational contexts, implementation processes and organizational capacity outcomes, which were analysed with t-tests using the organization as the unit of analysis. Qualitative data were analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: Seven programmes were new and two were modified. As workshop outcomes, 59% of participants reported increased overall implementation knowledge and 74% reported capacity building providers as the most helpful resource. After 6 to 7 months, no statistically significant changes were noted in organizational contexts, implementation processes or organizational capacity outcomes. Participants benefited from capacity building because they had programmes developed, formed partnerships with capacity building providers, gained implementation knowledge, and engaged in networking. CONCLUSION: Participants reported excellent individual and organizational strengths. Many Initiative factors contributed to no statistical changes. Namely, there was no opportunity for baseline data; limited community-based organization engagement in the intervention model selection, timeline and processes; the Initiative's timeline did not fit participants' timeline; insufficient time to develop culturally and linguistically appropriate programmes; late literature review abstracts; lack of adequate, planful and paid capacity building time; and a contract requirement to have the programme due when it was not implementable. These Initiative design factors, as reported by participants, limited the Initiative's home-based programme development. IMPACT: This study highlights the strengths of participants, community-based organizations and capacity building providers. Model selection, timeline and budget were identified as key factors for equitable implementation in multicultural, multilingual organizations.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Desenvolvimento de Programas
14.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 11(1): 88, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect poor populations with little or no 'political voice' to influence control activities. While most NTDs have interventions that work, the biggest challenge remains in delivering targeted interventions to affected populations residing in areas experiencing weak health systems. Despite the upward development trends in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the healthcare worker to population ratio remains exceptionally low, with some areas not served at all; thus, there is a need to involve other personnel for school and community-based healthcare approaches. Nonetheless, the current community-based programs suffer from inconsistent community participation due to a lack of coordinated response, and an expanded intervention agenda that lacks context-specific solutions applicable to rural, urban, and marginalized areas. METHODS: This research investigated the capacity of local communities to address the burden of NTDs. Informed by the social theory of human capability, the research collected primary qualitative data by conducting key informant interviews and focus group discussions of people infected or affected by NTDs. The interview data were collected and transcribed verbatim for thematic analysis using Nvivo version 12. RESULTS: Our findings reveal, first, a need for intersectoral collaboration between governments and affected populations for inclusive and sustainable NTD solutions. Second, a 'bottom-up' approach that enhances capacity building, sensitization, and behaviour change for improved uptake of NTD interventions. Third, the enforcement of Public Health Legislative Acts that mandates the reporting and treatment of NTDs such as leprosy. Fourth, the establishment of support groups and counseling services to assist persons suffering from debilitating and permanent effects of NTDs. CONCLUSIONS: Our research demonstrates the importance of human agency in encouraging new forms of participation leading to the co-production of inclusive and sustainable solutions against NTDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Negligenciadas , Medicina Tropical , Fortalecimento Institucional , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Humanos , Quênia , Doenças Negligenciadas/epidemiologia , Doenças Negligenciadas/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública
15.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 32(3): 269-278, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961735

RESUMO

There is great need for intentional investment in capacity building for thoracic surgical conditions. This article provides a brief overview of thoracic surgical capacity building for low- and middle-income countries using the Lancet framework of infrastructure, workforce, financing, and information management. The authors highlight the needs, opportunities, and challenges that are relevant for the thoracic surgical community, as it aims to increase care for patients with these conditions globally.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Cirurgia Torácica , Países em Desenvolvimento , Humanos
16.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 32(3): 317-327, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961740

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal and pulmonary disease is prevalent in many developing countries. Establishing an endoscopy training partnership can transfer skills that can influence policy and stakeholder support to address disease morbidity and mortality. Any new program needs to consider the environmental services that will be delivered and give consideration to the sustainability of the program over time. This article outlines what we have learned from our training partnership in the Pacific Islands Region.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Países em Desenvolvimento , Endoscopia , Humanos
18.
Implement Sci ; 17(1): 49, 2022 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35870930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Academic institutions building capacity for implementation scholarship are also well positioned to build capacity in real world health and human service settings. How practitioners and policy makers are included and trained in implementation capacity-building initiatives, and their impact on building implementation practice capacity is unclear. This scoping review identified and examined features of interventions that build implementation practice capacity across researchers and practitioners or practitioners-in-training. METHODS: Five bibliographic databases were searched. Eligible studies (a) described an implementation capacity building intervention with a connection to an academic institution, (b) targeted researchers and practitioners (including practitioners-in-training, students, or educators), and (c) reported intervention or participant outcomes. Articles that only described capacity building interventions without reporting outcomes were excluded. Consistent with Arksey and O'Malley's framework, key study characteristics were extracted (target participants, core components, and outcomes) and analyzed using open coding and numerical analysis. RESULTS: Of 1349 studies identified, 64 met eligibility for full-text review, and 14 were included in the final analysis. Half of the studies described implementation capacity building interventions that targeted health or behavioral health researchers, practitioners, and practitioners-in-training together, and half targeted practitioners or practitioners-in-training only. The most common components included structured didactic activities offered in person or online, mentorship and expert consultation to support implementation, and practical application activities (e.g., field placements, case studies). Knowledge sharing activities and technical assistance were less common. All studies reported favorable outcomes related to knowledge attainment, increased ability to implement evidence, productivity, and satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Building implementation capacity among practitioners is critical for integrating insights from implementation science into the field and preventing the "secondary" implementation research-to-practice gap. This scoping review identified several promising implementation practice capacity building interventions that tend to build practitioner capacity via expert led activities which may be relevant for academic institutions seeking to build implementation practice capacity. To avoid widening the implementation research-to-practice gap, implementation capacity building interventions are needed that target policy makers, expand beyond multiple practice settings, and leverage university/community partnerships or on-site academic medical centers. Future studies will also be needed to test the impact on service quality and public health outcomes.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Organizações , Humanos , Pesquisadores
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886091

RESUMO

Communities are the first line of defense in responding to major public health events. Taking the community-based prevention and control cases of COVID-19 in China as samples, this paper constructs an analytical framework for the generation of community-based prevention and control capacity of public health events from the perspective of governance elements optimization based on the methods of text analysis and limits-to-growth archetype analysis. According to the research, the community-based prevention and control of public health events realizes the integration of governance elements of key actors through the bureaucratic coordination mode and maximizes the prevention and control efficiency with the primary goal of epidemic prevention and control in a short period of time, which presents a "reinforcing feedback" loop in the "limits-to-growth" model system. However, with the development of the epidemic showing a strong trend of being latent and wide spread, the "reinforcing feedback" from the bureaucratic coordination model on the effect of epidemic prevention and control encounters the "regulatory feedback" that inhibits the growth at the data-driven level. On the basis of discussing the practice of the public health prevention and control mode in the grassroots communities under the established political framework, this paper attempts to construct an institutional reform system from technological governance to technological empowerment, so as to effectively realize the mode transformation of community-based prevention and control of public health events.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Fortalecimento Institucional , China , Humanos , Saúde Pública
20.
Nurse Pract ; 47(8): 32-40, 2022 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35877146

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: NPs are an essential resource in the organization and creation of capacity-building efforts to improve healthcare across the globe. There are limited data to guide the creation of effective supplementary education projects. Recent evidence highlights the essential components of sustainability, curriculum development, and program evaluation.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Currículo , Países em Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
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