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1.
J Prev Alzheimers Dis ; 9(2): 371-375, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543011

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that dementia can be prevented. Patients with frailty may be particularly at risk for cognitive impairment (CI). The aim of this study was to determine dementia risk in older Veterans and whether the risk varies according to frailty status. We also evaluated the feasibility of mailed dementia risk screening. Participants were mailed a questionnaire and the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination (SAGE). High dementia risk was defined as having mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on SAGE or a CAIDE score ≥6. Out of 5,432 mailed surveys, we obtained a response rate of 19.75%. Most responders completed the questionnaire items. We identified a total of 689 (75.9%) subjects to be at high risk for dementia. Individuals with frailty were at a greater risk for dementia when compared to robust individuals OR:1.921 (95%CI:1.259-2.930), p=.002. The mailed screening represents a convenient, alternative and scalable approach to screen for dementia risk.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Fragilidade , Veteranos , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
BMJ Open ; 12(5): e059371, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To derive two household context factors - living alone and living in a two-person household with a person who is frail - from routine administrative health data and to assess their association with emergency hospital use in people aged 65 or over. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using national pseudonymised hospital data and pseudonymised address data derived from a minimised version of the Master Patient Index, a central database of all patient registrations in England. SETTING: England-wide. PARTICIPANTS: 4 876 285 people aged 65 years or older registered at GP practices in England on 16 December 2018 who were living alone or in a household of up to six people, and with at least one hospital admission in the last 3 years. OUTCOMES: Rates of accident and emergency (A&E) attendance and inpatient emergency admissions over a 1-year follow-up period. RESULTS: Older people living alone had higher rates of A&E attendances (adjusted rate ratio 1.09, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.10) and emergency admissions (1.14, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.15) than older people living in households of 2-6 people. Older people living with someone with frailty in a two-person household had higher rates of A&E attendance (adjusted rate ratio 1.09, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.10) and emergency admissions (1.10, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.11) than other older people living in a two-person household. CONCLUSIONS: We show that household context factors can be derived from linked routine administrative health data and that these are strongly associated with higher emergency hospital use in older people. Using household context factors can improve analyses, as well as support in the understanding of local population needs and in population health management.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Atenção à Saúde , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 79(18): 1785-1798, 2022 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials of percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) used specific postprocedure treatment protocols. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate patterns of postprocedure care after LAAO with the Watchman device in clinical practice and compare the risk of adverse events for different discharge antithrombotic strategies. METHODS: We evaluated patients in the LAAO Registry of the National Cardiovascular Data Registry who underwent LAAO with the Watchman device between 2016 and 2018. We assessed adherence to the full postprocedure trial protocol including standardized follow-up, imaging, and antithrombotic agents and then evaluated the most commonly used antithrombotic strategies and compared the rates and risk of adverse events at 45 days and 6 months by means of multivariable COX frailty regression. RESULTS: Among 31,994 patients undergoing successful LAAO, only 12.2% received the full postprocedure treatment protocol studied in pivotal trials; the most common protocol deviations were with discharge antithrombotic medications. The most common discharge medication strategies were warfarin and aspirin (36.9%), direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) and aspirin (20.8%), warfarin only (13.5%), DOAC only (12.3%), and dual antiplatelet therapy (5.0%). In multivariable Cox frailty regression, the adjusted risk of any adverse event through the 45-day follow-up visit were significantly lower for discharge on warfarin alone (HR: 0.692; 95% CI: 0.569-0.841) and DOAC alone (HR: 0.731; 95% CI: 0.574-0.930) compared with warfarin and aspirin. Warfarin alone retained lower risk at the 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In contemporary U.S. practice, practitioners rarely used the full U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved postprocedure treatment protocols studied in pivotal trials of the Watchman device. Discharge after implantation on warfarin or DOAC without concomitant aspirin was associated with lower risk of adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Fragilidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Fragilidade/complicações , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 168, 2022 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and oral health indicators including dental status, total occlusion force (TOF), number of natural and rehabilitated teeth (NRT), number of natural teeth (NT), and to explore the effect modification on the association by gender among Korean elders. METHODS: A total of 675 participants aged 65 or above recruited by a cluster-based stratified random sampling were included in this cross-sectional study. The 14-items Korean version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) was used to measure OHRQoL. The responses about OHIP were dichotomized by the cut-off point of 'fairly often' to determine the 'poor' versus 'fair' OHRQoL. Age, gender, education level, alcohol drinking, smoking, metabolic syndrome, frailty, and periodontitis were considered as confounders. Multiple multivariable logistic regression analyses were applied to assess the adjusted association between oral health indicators and OHRQoL. Gender stratified analysis was also applied to explore the effect modification of the association. RESULTS: The prevalence of poor OHRQoL was 43.0%, which was higher in women, less-educated elders, alcohol non-drinkers and frailty elders (p < 0.05). Elders with poor OHRQoL also showed lower values of oral health indicators than elders with fair OHRQoL (p < 0.05). Those with NRT ≤ 24, NT ≤ 14, and TOF < 330 N increased the risk of poor OHRQoL by 2.3 times (OR = 2.26, confidence interval [CI] 1.54-3.31), 1.5 times (OR = 1.45, CI 1.02-2.07), and 1.5 times (OR = 1.47, CI 1.06-2.04), respectively. In women, the association of NRT ≤ 24 with poor OHRQoL increased from OR of 2.3 to OR of 2.4, while, in men, the association of TOF < 330 N with poor OHRQoL increased from OR of 1.5 to OR of 3.2. CONCLUSION: Oral health indicators consisting of TOF, NRT, and NT were independently associated with poor OHRQoL among Korean elders. Gender modified the association of TOF and NRT. Preventive and/or curative management for keeping natural teeth and the rehabilitation of missing teeth to recover the occlusal force may be essential for reducing poor OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Boca Edêntula , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 407, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased physical activity (PA) is a very important factor in a healthy aging lifestyle. Psychosocial factors have also a main role in the initiation and maintenance of this behavior, but nowadays its implications for frailty elderly people are unknown, therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the psychosociological variables of behavior change that influence the practice of (PA) in frail and prefrail elderly. METHODS: A total of 103 frail and pre-frail elderly people (72 females) participated in this cross-sectional study, on the framework of the EXERNET-Elder3.0 project. Age ranged from 68-94 years (mean = 80.4 ± 5.9 years). Individualized face-to-face interviews according to the constructs of the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM) [(decisional balance (DB) and self-efficacy (SE)], social support (SS) (family and friends) and outcome expectations (OE) were administered to all participants. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in DB, perceived benefits (PBn), SE, family-related SS and OE as a function of stages of change (SoC) (p < 0.005), but no significant were found in perceived barriers (PBrr) (p = 0.259) and friends-related SS (p = 0.068). According to the Scheffé post-hoc test, those in advanced SoC (Action-Maintenance), scored higher than those in lower SoC (Precontemplation-Contemplation and Preparation). CONCLUSION: The scores obtained from the study variables differed according to the SoC, supporting the external validity for the use of the TTM in frailty elderly. Further research is needed to determine the impact of PBrr and friends-related SS on this people, as well as to identify the validity of this model in the long-term in this population.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Autoeficácia
6.
Br J Community Nurs ; 27(5): 226-230, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522451

RESUMO

An ageing population is leading to greater demands on healthcare services; investments are being made to allow complex care to be given in patient's homes by community care staff, as highlighted in the NHS Long Term Plan (2019). Frailty is often identified in secondary care when acute crisis is hit; frailty does not suddenly occur and will happen over time. This article aims to explore community screening, the assessment processes of frailty and the role the district nurse has. It also addresses how working collaboratively with the wider multidisciplinary team to earlier identify service users with frailty can assist in improving patient outcomes by empowering and supporting service users to remain at home. Recognising continual improvement to service users' care and changes in practice should be considered and disseminated. based upon best available evidence.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Envelhecimento , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Humanos
7.
BMJ Open Gastroenterol ; 9(1)2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: End-stage chronic liver disease is associated with accelerated ageing and increased frailty. Frailty measures have provided clinical utility in identifying patients at increased risk of poor health outcomes, including those awaiting liver transplantation. However, there is limited data on the prevalence and severity of frailty in patients with non-cirrhotic non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of frailty and prefrailty in patients with non-cirrhotic NAFLD and correlate with severity of liver disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of functional and laboratory frailty assessments, including the Fried frailty index (FFI), a self-reported frailty index (SRFI) and a lab-based frailty index (FI-LAB), was performed in a cohort of 109 patients with NAFLD, and results compared with fibrosis staging based on transient elastography. RESULTS: Patients with NAFLD had a high prevalence of prefrailty and frailty, with a median SRFI score of 0.18 (IQR: 0.18), FFI of 1 (IQR: 1) and FI-LAB of 0.18 (IQR: 0.12). Using the SRFI, 45% of F0/F1 patients were classified as prefrail and 20% were classified as frail, while in F2/F3 patients this increased to 36% and 41%, respectively. SRFI, 30 s sit-to-stand and FI-LAB scores increased with increasing liver fibrosis stages (p=0.001, 0.006 and <0.001, respectively). On multivariate linear regression, female gender was identified as a significant predictor of elevated frailty scores. CONCLUSION: This study identifies a high prevalence of frailty in individuals with non-cirrhotic NAFLD. Addressing frailty through early rehabilitation interventions may reduce overall morbidity and mortality in this population.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fragilidade/complicações , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Prevalência
8.
Age Ageing ; 51(5)2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sars-CoV-2 infection influences older individuals at the forefront, and there is still limited data on the COVID-19 vaccine response in the geriatric population. This study aimed to assess antibody response after vaccination with SARS-CoV-2 inactivated vaccine and examine possible factors affecting this response in a geriatric population. METHODS: individuals who have been on at least the 28th day after the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine were included. Comprehensive geriatric assessment tools and the Clinical Frailty Scale were performed. SARS-CoV-2 spike-specific IgG antibodies were detected and, levels ≥1 U/ml were defined as seropositive, <1 U/ml were defined as seronegative. RESULTS: a total of 497 patients were included and divided into three groups according to the days past after the second dose of the vaccine (Group 1: 28-59 days, Group 2: 60-89 days and Group 3: 90 days and more). Groups included 188, 148 and 171 patients, respectively. Seropositivity rate in each group was 80.9,73.2 and 57.3%, respectively. In Groups 1 and 2, Charlson Comorbidity Index score was higher in the seronegative group (P = 0.023 and P = 0.011, respectively). In Group 3, the prevalence of frailty was significantly higher in the seronegative group (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study assessing the antibody response after vaccination with Sars-CoV 2 inactivated vaccine in the Turkish geriatric population. Moreover, this is the first study revealing the relationship between antibody response and frailty. Larger studies are needed to confirm the antibody response duration and the association between frailty and COVID-19 vaccine response.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fragilidade , Idoso , Anticorpos Antivirais , Formação de Anticorpos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados
9.
Age Ageing ; 51(5)2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frailty can be operationalised using the deficit accumulation approach, which considers health deficits across multiple domains. We aimed to develop, validate and compare three different frailty indices (FI) constructed from self-reported health measures (FI-Self Report), blood-based biomarkers (FI-Blood) and examination-based assessments (FI-Examination). METHODS: Up to 30,027 participants aged 45-85 years from the baseline (2011-2015) comprehensive cohort of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging were included in the analyses. Following standard criteria, three FIs were created: a 48-item FI-Self Report, a 23-item FI-Blood and a 47-item FI-Examination. In addition a 118-item FI-Combined was constructed. Mortality status was ascertained in July 2019. RESULTS: FI-Blood and FI-Examination demonstrated broader distributions than FI-Self Report. FI-Self Report and FI-Blood scores were higher in females, whereas FI-Examination scores were higher in males. All FI scores increased nonlinearly with age and were highest at lower education levels. In sex and age-adjusted models, a 0.01 increase in FI score was associated with a 1.08 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07,1.10], 1.05 (1.04,1.06), 1.07 (1.05,1.08) and a 1.13 (1.11,1.16) increased odds of mortality for FI-Self Report, FI-Blood, FI-Examination and FI-Combined, respectively. Inclusion of the three distinct FI types in a single model yielded the best prognostic accuracy and model fit, even compared to the FI-Combined, with all FIs remaining independently associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: Characteristics of all FIs were largely consistent with previously established FIs. To adequately capture frailty levels and to improve our understanding of the heterogeneity of ageing, FIs should consider multiple types of deficits including self-reported, blood and examination-based measures.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Biomarcadores , Canadá , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Autorrelato
10.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 404, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To create an electronic frailty index (eFRAGICAP) using electronic health records (EHR) in Catalunya (Spain) and assess its predictive validity with a two-year follow-up of the outcomes: homecare need, institutionalization and mortality in the elderly. Additionally, to assess its concurrent validity compared to other standardized measures: the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the Risk Instrument for Screening in the Community (RISC). METHODS: The eFRAGICAP was based on the electronic frailty index (eFI) developed in United Kingdom, and includes 36 deficits identified through clinical diagnoses, prescriptions, physical examinations, and questionnaires registered in the EHR of primary health care centres (PHC). All subjects > 65 assigned to a PHC in Barcelona on 1st January, 2016 were included. Subjects were classified according to their eFRAGICAP index as: fit, mild, moderate or severe frailty. Predictive validity was assessed comparing results with the following outcomes: institutionalization, homecare need, and mortality at 24 months. Concurrent validation of the eFRAGICAP was performed with a sample of subjects (n = 333) drawn from the global cohort and the CFS and RISC. Discrimination and calibration measures for the outcomes of institutionalization, homecare need, and mortality and frailty scales were calculated. RESULTS: 253,684 subjects had their eFRAGICAP index calculated. Mean age was 76.3 years (59.5% women). Of these, 41.1% were classified as fit, and 32.2% as presenting mild, 18.7% moderate, and 7.9% severe frailty. The mean age of the subjects included in the validation subsample (n = 333) was 79.9 years (57.7% women). Of these, 12.6% were classified as fit, and 31.5% presented mild, 39.6% moderate, and 16.2% severe frailty. Regarding the outcome analyses, the eFRAGICAP was good in the detection of subjects who were institutionalized, required homecare assistance, or died at 24 months (c-statistic of 0.841, 0.853, and 0.803, respectively). eFRAGICAP was also good in the detection of frail subjects compared to the CFS (AUC 0.821) and the RISC (AUC 0.848). CONCLUSION: The eFRAGICAP has a good discriminative capacity to identify frail subjects compared to other frailty scales and predictive outcomes.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Fragilidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Eletrônica , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino
11.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 113, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our objective was to report on the prospective outcomes in the areas of depression, quality of life, angina, and frailty in SAVR and TAVR patients with aortic stenosis undergoing aortic valve intervention. METHODS: We recruited 300 patients across 3 groups (TAVR, SAVR, and CABG) over 12 months. Depression, quality of life, frailty, and angina were assessed followed by propensity score matching. RESULTS: Using logistical regression when all patient factors considered for all patients who had SAVR and TAVR, the only preoperative factors that impacted on 1 year mortality was hypertension and STS score. Quality of life improvements within each group over 12 months was significant (p value = 0.0001). Depression at 12 months between groups (p value = 0.0395) and within each group was significant (p value = 0.0073 for SAVR and 0.0001 for TAVR). Angina was most frequent in TAVR at 12 months in the QL (p = 0.0001), PL (p = 0.0007), and improvement was significant in the QL (SAVR p = 0.0010, TAVR p = 0.0001) and PL (SAVR p = 0.0002), TAVR p = 0.0007) domains in both groups. Frailty at 12 months improved in both groups, but was greatest in TAVR (p value = 0.00126). CONCLUSIONS: This 12 months follow up of cardiac surgical patients has revealed significant improvement in PROMs and frailty in all groups by 3 months postoperative regardless of surgical or transcatheter approach. Outcome measures of quality of life and frailty could be utilized as a measure of outcome more regularly in patients undergoing aortic valve surgery regardless of approach.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Fragilidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Clin Interv Aging ; 17: 675-683, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528802

RESUMO

Objective: Hearing and vision loss have been independently associated with frailty in older adults, but the relationship between concurrent hearing and visual impairment (dual sensory impairment) and frailty is not well understood. Therefore, we aimed to examine whether dual sensory impairment is associated with frailty in older adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on the data from the West China Health and Aging Trend (WCHAT) study of community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years and older. Frailty status was evaluated by the FRAIL scale and categorized as robust, prefrail and frail. Hearing and vision functions were based on self-report. We used multinomial regression models to explore the association between dual sensory impairment and frailty. Results: Of 3985 participants, 1655 (41.5%) were male and the median age was 66 years (interquartile range: 61-68). Overall, 7.6% of participants reported hearing impairment only, 32.7% reported vision impairment only, and 28.6% reported dual sensory impairment. The prevalence of prefrailty and frailty was 60.7% and 6.1%, respectively. After adjustment for confounding variables, results from the multinomial regression analysis showed that dual sensory impairment was significantly associated with greater odds of becoming frail (OR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.40-3.38) compared with no impairment. When stratified by gender, dual sensory impairment was significantly associated with frailty in women (OR = 2.42, 95% CI = 1.40-4.20) but not in men (OR = 1.30, 95% CI = 0.58-2.91). Conclusion: Older adults with dual sensory impairment are more likely to be frail than those with no impairment, suggesting that interventions to improve sensory function may potentially help reduce the risk of frailty in older adults.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Perda Auditiva , Idoso , Envelhecimento , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Perda Auditiva/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Clin Interv Aging ; 17: 627-636, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509347

RESUMO

Purpose: Although the association between a single assessment of frailty index (FI) and clinical outcomes has been revealed in prior studies, there is a lack of knowledge about the prognostic value of FI at different time points and the changes in repeated measurements of FI. Hence, we sought to determine the clinically meaningful changes in FI and reveal the association with the changes and a composite outcome of mortality and institutionalization. Participants and Methods: This study was based on a longitudinal study of the Pyeongchang Rural Area cohort that included people aged 65 years or older, ambulatory and living at home. Individuals were divided into the worsened group (changes in FI ≥ 0.03 during 2 years) and the stable group (changes in FI < 0.03 during 2 years). The incidence of a composite outcome was compared between the two groups and the relationship was adjusted for age, sex, baseline FI, and follow-up FI. Results: Of the 953 participants, 403 (42.3%) and 550 (57.7%) were included in the worsened group and the stable group, respectively. The worsened group had a significantly higher risk of the composite outcome than the stable group (HR, 2.37 [95% CI, 1.54-3.67]; p < 0.001). Although the higher risk remained significant after adjusting for age, sex, and baseline FI, the statistical significance disappeared after adjusting for follow-up FI (p = 0.614). The aggravation of FI in the worsened group was predominantly due to aggravation of FI domains, such as activities in daily living, cognitive function and mood, and mobility rather than comorbidity burden. Conclusion: Aggravation of FI was associated with a composite outcome regardless of baseline FI, and the association was significantly reflected in the follow-up measurement of FI. The worsening FI was mainly attributable to functional geriatric domains.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Idoso Fragilizado , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais
14.
Age Ageing ; 51(5)2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) has been in use for the last three decades. However, some doubts remain regarding its clinical use. Therefore, we aimed to capture the breadth of outcomes reported and assess the strength of evidence of the use of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) for health outcomes in older persons. METHODS: Umbrella review of systematic reviews of the use of CGA in older adults searching in Pubmed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane library and CINHAL until 05 November 2021. All possible health outcomes were eligible. Two independent reviewers extracted key data. The grading of evidence was carried out using the GRADE for intervention studies, whilst data regarding systematic reviews were reported as narrative findings. RESULTS: Among 1,683 papers, 31 systematic reviews (19 with meta-analysis) were considered, including 279,744 subjects. Overall, 13/53 outcomes were statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was high certainty of evidence that CGA reduces nursing home admission (risk ratio [RR] = 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.75-0.89), risk of falls (RR = 0.51; 95%CI: 0.29-0.89), and pressure sores (RR = 0.46; 95%CI: 0.24-0.89) in hospital medical setting; decreases the risk of delirium (OR = 0.71; 95%CI: 0.54-0.92) in hip fracture; decreases the risk of physical frailty in community-dwelling older adults (RR = 0.77; 95%CI: 0.64-0.93). Systematic reviews without meta-analysis indicate that CGA improves clinical outcomes in oncology, haematology, and in emergency department. CONCLUSIONS: CGA seems to be beneficial in the hospital medical setting for multiple health outcomes, with a high certainty of evidence. The evidence of benefits is less strong for the use of CGA in other settings.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Avaliação Geriátrica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Vida Independente , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
15.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 405, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation, coagulation activation, endothelial dysfunction and subclinical vascular disease are cross-sectionally associated with frailty. Cardiac-specific biomarkers are less-well characterised. We assessed associations between these and frailty, in men with, and without, cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1096 men without, and 303 with, CVD, aged 71-92, from the British Regional Heart Study. Multinominal logistic regression was performed to examine the associations between frailty status (robust/pre-frail/frail) and, separately, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), D-dimer, von Willebrand factor (vWF), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T (hs-cTnT), N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (all natural log-transformed), and, in men without CVD, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), carotid distensibility coefficient (DC), and ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI), adjusted for age, renal function, BMI, social class, smoking, polypharmacy, cognition, multimorbidity and systolic blood pressure. Explanatory variables with p < 0.05 were carried forward into mutually-adjusted analysis. RESULTS: In men without CVD, higher CRP, IL-6, vWF, tPA, hs-cTnT, NT-proBNP, cfPWV, and lower DC were significantly associated with frailty; mutually-adjusted, log IL-6 (OR for frailty = 2.02, 95%CI 1.38-2.95), log hs-cTnT (OR = 1.95, 95%CI 1.24-3.05) and DC (OR = 0.92, 95%CI 0.86-0.99) retained associations. In men with CVD, higher CRP, IL-6, and hs-cTnT, but not vWF, tPA, NT-proBNP or D-dimer, were significantly associated with frailty; mutually-adjusted, log hs-cTnT (OR 3.82, 95%CI 1.84-7.95) retained a significant association. CONCLUSIONS: In older men, biomarkers of myocardial injury are associated with frailty. Inflammation is associated with frailty in men without CVD. Carotid artery stiffness is associated with frailty in men without CVD, independently of these biomarkers.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Fragilidade , Doenças Vasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos Transversais , Fragilidade/complicações , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Interleucina-6 , Masculino , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fatores de Risco , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Troponina T , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Fator de von Willebrand
16.
Neurosurg Focus ; 52(5): E3, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Frailty embodies a state of increased medical vulnerability that is most often secondary to age-associated decline. Recent literature has highlighted the role of frailty and its association with significantly higher rates of morbidity and mortality in patients with CNS neoplasms. There is a paucity of research regarding the effects of frailty as it relates to neurocutaneous disorders, namely, neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In this study, the authors evaluated the role of frailty in patients with NF1 and compared its predictive usefulness against the Elixhauser Comorbidity Index (ECI). METHODS: Publicly available 2016-2017 data from the Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to identify patients with a diagnosis of NF1 who underwent neurosurgical resection of an intracranial tumor. Patient frailty was queried using the Johns Hopkins Adjusted Clinical Groups frailty-defining indicator. ECI scores were collected in patients for quantitative measurement of comorbidities. Propensity score matching was performed for age, sex, ECI, insurance type, and median income by zip code, which yielded 60 frail and 60 nonfrail patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created for complications, including mortality, nonroutine discharge, financial costs, length of stay (LOS), and readmissions while using comorbidity indices as predictor values. The area under the curve (AUC) of each ROC served as a proxy for model performance. RESULTS: After propensity matching of the groups, frail patients had an increased mean ± SD hospital cost ($85,441.67 ± $59,201.09) compared with nonfrail patients ($49,321.77 ± $50,705.80) (p = 0.010). Similar trends were also found in LOS between frail (23.1 ± 14.2 days) and nonfrail (10.7 ± 10.5 days) patients (p = 0.0020). For each complication of interest, ROC curves revealed that frailty scores, ECI scores, and a combination of frailty+ECI were similarly accurate predictors of variables (p > 0.05). Frailty+ECI (AUC 0.929) outperformed using only ECI for the variable of increased LOS (AUC 0.833) (p = 0.013). When considering 1-year readmission, frailty (AUC 0.642) was outperformed by both models using ECI (AUC 0.725, p = 0.039) and frailty+ECI (AUC 0.734, p = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that frailty and ECI are useful in predicting key complications, including mortality, nonroutine discharge, readmission, LOS, and higher costs in NF1 patients undergoing intracranial tumor resection. Consideration of a patient's frailty status is pertinent to guide appropriate inpatient management as well as resource allocation and discharge planning.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Fragilidade , Neurofibromatose 1 , Neoplasias Encefálicas/complicações , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Fragilidade/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Neurofibromatose 1/complicações , Neurofibromatose 1/epidemiologia , Neurofibromatose 1/cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Am J Dent ; 35(2): 75-78, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506961

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the failure rate of 1,000 immediately placed implants in fresh extraction sockets and their risk factors. METHODS: The data comprised files of 1,000 fresh socket implants placed during the 2014-2019 interval in three Tehran-based private dental clinics. The statistical method was survival analysis consisting of shared frailty and intra-cluster correlation. Moreover, Chi-squared test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to statistically analyze the relationship between each independent variable and the response variable (immediate implant failure). RESULTS: 40 cases of failures among the implants were found, accounting for a 4% failure rate. Shared frailty survival model indicated that only the implant system significantly affects the failure rate. Intra-clustered correlation was 0.41. Chi-squared analysis showed that gender and implant system both significantly affect immediate implant failure. None of the quantitative variables were significantly related to immediate implant failure according to the Mann-Whitney U test. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The data was gathered using a relatively large sample size to perform a reliable evaluation on success and predictability of implants placed into fresh extraction sites. A brief review on articles focusing on fresh socket implant success or failure published from years 2000-2020 is presented.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Fragilidade , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Seguimentos , Humanos , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Irã (Geográfico) , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
BMJ Open ; 12(5): e061104, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508347

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The number of people living with multiple long-term conditions (MLTCs) is predicted to rise. Within this population, those also living with frailty are particularly vulnerable to poor outcomes, including decreased function. Increased physical activity, including exercise, has the potential to improve function in those living with both MLTCs and frailty but, to date, the focus has remained on older people and may not reflect outcomes for the growing number of younger people living with MLTCs and frailty. For those with higher burdens of frailty and MLTCs, physical activity may be challenging. Tailoring physical activity in response to symptoms and periods of ill-health, involving family and reducing sedentary behaviour may be important in this population. How the tailoring of interventions has been approached within existing studies is currently unclear. This scoping review aims to map the available evidence regarding these interventions in people living with both frailty and MLTCs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will use a six-stage process: (1) identifying the research questions; (2) identifying relevant studies (via database searches); (3) selecting studies; (4) charting the data; (5) collating and summarising and (6) stakeholder consultation. Studies will be critically appraised using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: All data in this project will be gathered through database searches. Stakeholder consultation will be undertaken with an established patient and public involvement group. We will disseminate our findings via social media, publication and engagement meetings.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Comportamento Sedentário , Idoso , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7341, 2022 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513428

RESUMO

Frailty is very common in old age and often associated with adverse events. Transitioning between frailty states is possible in both directions (improvement and worsening) offering targets for interventions. Frailty is more prevalent in women, but little is known about the impact of gender on frailty transition. The aim of this study is to identify gender differences for frailty transition in older adults and to develop gender-stratified prognostic prediction models for frailty transition. We performed a longitudinal analyses of the Berlin Initiative (cohort) Study with a frailty follow-up of 2.1 years. Description of frailty transition using the frailty phenotype and development of prognostic prediction models using multivariable logistic regressions for transition (improvement or worsening) stratified by gender following the TRIPOD statement were performed. In total, the study population consisted of 1158 community-dwelling adults with a mean age of 84.4 years and of whom 55% were women. Out of 1158 participants 225 (19%) were robust, 532 (46%) prefrail and 401 (35%) frail. After 2.1 (IQR 2.0-2.3) years, half of the participants had transitioned between frailty states. Men worsened more often and those who were already frail died more often than women. Gender-stratified prediction models for frailty transition demonstrated that some predictors (age, self-rated health, cognitive impairment, baseline frailty status) were included in all models. While stroke, diabetes mellitus, smoking and glomerular filtration rate were unique predictors in the models for females, osteoarthritis, hospitalization and education were predictors in the models for males. There are gender differences in frailty transition rates, patterns and prediction. This supports the importance of considering gender when addressing frailty and targeting interventions in old age.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
20.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0266041, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511937

RESUMO

Increased preoperative red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with higher mortality following non-cardiac surgery in patients older than 65 years. Little is known if this association holds for all adult emergency laparotomy patients and whether it affects 30-day or long-term mortality. Thus, we examined the relationship between increased RDW and postoperative mortality. Furthermore, we investigated the prognostic worth of anisocytosis and explored a possible association between increased RDW and frailty in this cohort. We conducted a retrospective, single centre National Emergency Laparotomy Audit (NELA) database study at St Mary's Hospital Imperial NHS Trust between January 2014 and April 2018. A total of 356 patients were included. Survival models were developed using Cox regression analysis, whereas RDW and frailty were analysed using multivariable logistic regression. Underlying model assumptions were checked, including discrimination and calibration. We internally validated our models using bootstrap resampling. There were 33 (9.3%) deaths within 30-days and 72 (20.2%) overall. Median RDW values for 30-day mortality were 13.8% (IQR 13.1%-15%) in survivors and 14.9% (IQR 13.7%-16.1%) in non-survivors, p = 0.007. Similarly, median RDW values were lower in overall survivors (13.7% (IQR 13%-14.7%) versus 14.9% (IQR 13.9%-15.9%) (p<0.001)). Mortality increased across quartiles of RDW, as did the proportion of frail patients. Anisocytosis was not associated with 30-day mortality but demonstrated a link with overall death rates. Increasing RDW was associated with a higher probability of frailty for 30-day (Odds ratio (OR) 4.3, 95% CI 1.22-14.43, (p = 0.01)) and overall mortality (OR 4.9, 95% CI 1.68-14.09, (p = 0.001)). We were able to show that preoperative anisocytosis is associated with greater long-term mortality after emergency laparotomy. Increasing RDW demonstrates a relationship with frailty. Given that RDW is readily available at no additional cost, future studies should prospectively validate the role of RDW in the NELA cohort nationally.


Assuntos
Índices de Eritrócitos , Fragilidade , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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