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1.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(3): 209-212, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187924

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the psychological state and affected factors of elderly patients with hip fractures. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 156 elderly hip fracture patients(>65 years) admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2016 to August 2019 was performed. General and psychological information were collected by questionnaire.General information included age, gender, education, whether surgery, length of stay.SCL-90, a self-assessment scale, was chosen as the psychological test to analyzed the elderly hip fracture patients' psychological status during hospitalization and the norms of SCL-90 in Chinese which were established in 1986 were used as the control group. The prognostic factors were examined by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, paranoid factor scores, and total scores of the elderly hip fracture patients were significantly higher than control group(all P=0.00).Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis showed that non-surgery treatment and more than 10 days of hospitalization were independent prognostic factors that affected the psychological state of elderly hip fracture patients (all P=0.00). Conclusion: Elderly patients hospitalized with osteoporosis and hip fractures are prone to have negative emotional and psychological changes.The length of hospitalization and the choice of treatment can affect patients' psychological state, suggesting that effective psychological intervention is necessary.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/psicologia , Osteoporose , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Idoso , China , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(3): 394-399, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114812

RESUMO

AIMS: A lack of supporting clinical studies have been published to determine the ideal length of intramedullary nail in fixation of trochanteric fractures of the hip. Nevertheless, there has been a trend to use shorter intramedullary nails for the internal fixation of trochanteric hip fractures. Our aim was to determine if the length of nail affected the outcome. METHODS: We randomized 229 patients with a trochanteric hip fracture between two implants: a 'standard' nail of 220 mm and a shorter nail of 175 mm, which had decreased proximal angulation (4° vs 7°) and a reduced diameter at the level of the lesser trochanter. Patients were followed up for one year by a nurse blinded to the type of implant used to determine if there were differences in mobility and pain with two nail designs. Pain was assessed on a scale of 1 (none) to 8 (severe and constant) and mobility on a scale of 1 (full mobility) to 9 (immobile). RESULTS: The shorter nail did not require any reaming of the femur and was quicker to insert (mean difference 5.1 minutes; p < 0.001, 95% confidence interval (CI) of the difference 3.16 to 7.04). Those treated by the shorter nail were less mobile (mean difference in reduction in mobility score at one year 0.80; p = 0.007, 95% CI 1.38 to 0.22). In addition, there was a trend toward greater residual pain for those treated with the shorter nail, although this was not statistically significant (mean difference in pain score at one year 0.24; p = 0.064, 95% CI -0.01 to 0.49). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the increasing use of this very short intramedullary nail with its design modification may not be appropriate. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(3):394-399.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico , Fraturas do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Radiografia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19592, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of hip fracture. The literature rarely discusses the importance of pay-for-performance (P4P) programs for the incidence of hip fractures in patients with type 2 DM (T2DM). This study aimed to examine the impact of the P4P program on hip fracture risk in patients with T2DM. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study focused on data from T2DM patients aged 45 and older between 2001 and 2012. We continued to track these data until 2013. The data were collected from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. To minimize selection bias, T2DM patients were divided into P4P enrollees and non-enrollees. Propensity score matching by greedy matching technique (1:1 ratio) was used to include 252,266 participants. A Cox proportional hazard model was performed to examine the impact of the P4P program on hip fracture risk. We used the bootstrap method to perform sensitivity analysis by random sampling with replacement. RESULTS: Our results showed that the risk of hip fracture in P4P enrollees was 0.92 times that of non-enrollees. (hazards ratio [HR] = 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.85-0.99). P4P enrollees who received regular treatment had lower risk in the first 4 years (HR = 0.90; 95%CI: 0.84-0.96) but no statistically significant difference after 4-year enrollment (HR = 0.99; 95%CI: 0.93-1.06). There was no statistically significant difference in the effect of hip fractures between P4P non-enrollees and P4P enrollees with irregular treatment (HR = 0.94, 95%CI: 0.87-1.03). Through sensitivity analysis, the results also showed P4P enrollees had a lower risk of hip fracture compared to P4P non-enrollees (mean HR = 0.919; 95% CI: 0.912-0.926). Stratified analysis showed that patients without DM complications (DCSI = 0) who enrolled in P4P had lower risks of hip fractures than the non-enrollees (HR = 0.90; 95% CI: 0.82-0.98). CONCLUSION: T2DM patients enrolled in P4P program can reduce the risks of hip fracture incidence. Early inclusion of patients without DM complications in the P4P program can effectively reduce hip fractures.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Fraturas do Quadril/economia , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Reembolso de Incentivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
4.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(2): 189-205, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138857

RESUMO

Hip fractures are of great interest worldwide as the geriatric population continues to increase rapidly. Currently, surgeons prefer to use cephalomedullary nail for internal fixation of pertrochanteric/intertrochanteric fractures. This article summarizes 10 concepts in hip fracture treatment over the past 20 years, including fracture line mapping, proximal lateral wall and anterior cortex, posteromedial lesser trochanter-calcar fragment, anteromedial cortex support reduction, changes of fracture reduction after sliding and secondary stability, nail entry point and wedge-open deformity, tip-apex distance and calcar-referenced tip-apex distance, femoral anterior bowing and nail modification, long nails for wide medullary canal and large posterior coronal fragment, and postoperative stability score.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Ásia , Fixação de Fratura , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/educação , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
5.
West Afr J Med ; 37(2): 173-177, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral surgeries involving femoral head replacement are common procedures worldwide. In these patients, the femoral heads are replaced with femoral head prosthetic implants. Pre-operative planning to determine the likely size of the prosthetic implant is important. Estimation from radiographs is the commonest method being used but this is fraught with problems. This study, therefore, developed an alternative method that can be used to estimate the femoral head size prior to hemiarthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that involved measurements of parts of femoral bone. Forty-eight adult femoral bones were measured. Measurements taken were the femoral head size (FH), the femoral bone maximum length (ML), the trochanteric length of the femur (TL), and the distal femoral breadth (DFB) of the femur. All measurements obtained were recorded and were analyzed using STATA version 13 (StataCorp, Texas, USA). RESULTS: The maximum length of the femora ranged from 42.1 cm to 51.5 cm. The trochanteric length ranged from 39 cm to 48.3 cm. The distal femoral breadth ranged from 53.8 mm to 92.3 mm. The femoral head size ranged from 39 mm to 55 mm with a mean value of 46.6 ± 2.9 mm. An equation was generated using the trochanteric length. Femoral head size = 16 + 0.7(trochanteric length in centimeter) ± 5 mm. This will provide a range of possible femoral head prostheses that should be made available for the surgery. CONCLUSION: This study generated an alternate method to be used during the pre-operative planning of a femoral head replacement surgery. It provides the possible range of prosthetic implants sizes to be made available for such surgeries. The trochanteric length can be easily measured. The method described will be of great benefit in middle and low income countries where prosthetic implants are not usually stocked within the hospital.


Assuntos
Antropometria/métodos , Cabeça do Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e19048, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150051

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the risk of dementia after distal radius, hip, and spine fractures.Data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort were collected for the population ≥ 60 years of age from 2002 to 2013. A total of 10,387 individuals with dementia were matched for age, sex, income, region of residence, and history of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia with 41,548 individuals comprising the control group. Previous histories of distal radius, hip, and spine fractures were evaluated in both the dementia and control groups. Using ICD-10 codes, dementia (G30 and F00) and distal radius (S525), hip (S720, S721, and S722), and spine (S220 and S320) fractures were investigated. The crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of dementia in distal radius, hip, and spine fracture patients were analyzed using conditional logistic regression analyses. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to age, sex and region of residence.The adjusted ORs for dementia were higher in the distal radius, hip, and spine fracture group than in the non-fracture group (adjusted OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.10 -1.37, P < .001 for distal radius fracture; adjusted OR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.48 - 1.83, P < .001 for hip fracture; adjusted OR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.22 - 1.41, P < .001 for spine fracture). The results in subgroup analyses according to age, sex and region of residence were consistent.Distal radius, hip, and spine fractures increase the risk of dementia.


Assuntos
Demência/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Demência/etiologia , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fraturas por Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas do Rádio/complicações , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(5): 373-377, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074782

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the postoperatively hidden blood loss of elderly intertrochanteric fracture patients fixed with combined external fixator, and to explore the correlation between hidden blood loss and age. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 elderly intertrochanteric fracture patients who were admitted to the Department of Orthopedics of Hebei Provincial Hospital from January 2016 to May 2019. All the fractures were fixed with combined external fixators. The patients were divided into two groups according to the age: there were 31 cases in group A (60-80 years old) and 29 cases in group B (≥80 years old). The Gross equation and the Nandler formula were used to evaluate the amount of hidden blood loss based on changes in hematocrit (Hct) at the day preoperatively, 3 days postoperatively and the weight. The data were compared between the two groups by independent-sample t test. Results: The decreased Hct, hemoglobin(Hb) and the dominant blood loss and hidden blood loss in group A and B was 3.4%±1.7%, (13±7) g/L, (25±6) ml, (186±7) ml and 3.8%±1.2%, (13±3) g/L, (24±8) ml, (194±7) ml, respectively. There was no significant differences in the dominant and hidden blood loss between the groups (t=0.309, 0.883, both P>0.05). Conclusion: The age doesn't affect the hidden blood loss in elderly intertrochanteric fracture patients fixed with combined external fixator, which indicated that the operation is safe and reliable for such patients.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fixadores Externos , Hemorragia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18531, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000361

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of low-energy fracture of wrist, hip, and spine and the related risk factors in Chinese populations 50 years or older.This study was a part of the Chinese National Fracture Survey (CNFS) carried out in 8 Chinese provinces in 2015. Data on 154,099 Chinese men and women 50 years or older were extracted from the CNFS database for calculations and analyses. Low-energy fracture was defined as fracture caused by slip, trip, or falls from standing height.A total of 247 patients sustained low-energy fractures in 2014, indicating the incidence rate was 160.3/100,000 person-years, with 120.0 [95% confidence interval (CI), 95.5-144.5] and 213.1(95% CI, 180.7-245.6)/100,000 person-years in men and women, respectively. In men, advanced age, alcohol consumption, residence at second floor or above without elevator, sleep duration <7 h/day, and history of past fracture were identified to be significant risk factors for low-energy fractures. In women, advanced age, living in east region, higher latitude zone (40°N -49.9°N), alcohol consumption, more births, sleep duration <7 h/day, and history of past fracture were identified as significant risk factors. Supplementation of calcium or vitamin D or both was identified to be associated with reduced risk of fracture in women (odds ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.20-0.75), but not in men.These epidemiologic data on low-energy fractures provided updated clinical evidence base for national healthcare planning and preventive efforts in China. Corresponding interventions such as decreasing alcohol consumption and sleep improvement should clearly be implemented. For women, especially those with more births and past history of fracture, routine screening of osteoporosis, and intensive nourishment since menopause should be advocated.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Punho/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Lancet ; 395(10225): 698-708, 2020 02 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Observational studies have suggested that accelerated surgery is associated with improved outcomes in patients with a hip fracture. The HIP ATTACK trial assessed whether accelerated surgery could reduce mortality and major complications. METHODS: HIP ATTACK was an international, randomised, controlled trial done at 69 hospitals in 17 countries. Patients with a hip fracture that required surgery and were aged 45 years or older were eligible. Research personnel randomly assigned patients (1:1) through a central computerised randomisation system using randomly varying block sizes to either accelerated surgery (goal of surgery within 6 h of diagnosis) or standard care. The coprimary outcomes were mortality and a composite of major complications (ie, mortality and non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, venous thromboembolism, sepsis, pneumonia, life-threatening bleeding, and major bleeding) at 90 days after randomisation. Patients, health-care providers, and study staff were aware of treatment assignment, but outcome adjudicators were masked to treatment allocation. Patients were analysed according to the intention-to-treat principle. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02027896). FINDINGS: Between March 14, 2014, and May 24, 2019, 27 701 patients were screened, of whom 7780 were eligible. 2970 of these were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive accelerated surgery (n=1487) or standard care (n=1483). The median time from hip fracture diagnosis to surgery was 6 h (IQR 4-9) in the accelerated-surgery group and 24 h (10-42) in the standard-care group (p<0·0001). 140 (9%) patients assigned to accelerated surgery and 154 (10%) assigned to standard care died, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0·91 (95% CI 0·72 to 1·14) and absolute risk reduction (ARR) of 1% (-1 to 3; p=0·40). Major complications occurred in 321 (22%) patients assigned to accelerated surgery and 331 (22%) assigned to standard care, with an HR of 0·97 (0·83 to 1·13) and an ARR of 1% (-2 to 4; p=0·71). INTERPRETATION: Among patients with a hip fracture, accelerated surgery did not significantly lower the risk of mortality or a composite of major complications compared with standard care. FUNDING: Canadian Institutes of Health Research.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Comorbidade , Delírio/epidemiologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Casas de Saúde , Redução Aberta/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi ; 57(1): 81-88, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074564

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate whether a combination of readily available osteoporosis screening systems, instead of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), can aid in the identification of characteristic features of hip fracture in post-menopausal patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: Forty patients (58-90 years old) who had undergone quantitative ultrasound (QUS) on more than one occasion were included. Heel QUS (conducted yearly for 3 years), digital image processing (DIP), and the fracture risk assessment tool (FRAXR) were used to evaluate bone fragility. The latter two assessments (DIP and FRAXR) were conducted on 25 and 26 of the 40 patients mentioned above respectively, for this study. RESULTS: Hip fractures were identified in five patients. The mean values of broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and speed of sound (SOS) in patients with hip fractures were 80±7 dB/MHz and 1,491±14 m/s, respectively, while the recorded values in patients without fractures were 88±9 dB/MHz and 1,506±22 m/s, respectively. The maximum value of BUA and SOS in patients with hip fractures were 91 dB/MHz and 1,510 m/s, respectively. These values were similar to the mean values in patients without fractures. The DIP (YAM) was 55-67% in four patients with fractures, compared to 44 - 91% in 25 examined patients without fractures. Moreover, in four patients with fractures, the FRAXR score was 12 - 55% for major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and 3.3 - 9.3% for hip fracture (HF), compared to 4.4 - 33% for MOF and 0.3 -18% for HF in 26 examined patients without fractures. The results of these three methods were not statistically significant between patients with and without fractures. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of the three screening systems was not superior diagnostic method for hip fractures in post-menopausal patients, compared to DXA. Heel QUS and FRAXR (MOF, HF), both of which do not include bone mineral content (BMC) and DIP (peripheral cortical bone), which accounts for BMC, were used to evaluate bone fragility. In patients undergoing hemodialysis, the clinical importance of measuring DXA is growing, but it is necessary to estimate not only bone mass, but also bone quality. New modalities for the evaluation of bone quality are required in the future.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Pós-Menopausa , Diálise Renal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco
15.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 27-31, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939230

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application and effectiveness of self-made spring plate in surgical treatment of acetabular posterior wall fracturejavascript:void(0)s. Methods: Between June 2013 and June 2017, 38 patients with acetabular posterior wall fractures were treated. There were 27 males and 11 females with an average age of 53 years (range, 28-68 years). The injury caused by traffic accident in 18 cases, falling from height in 15 cases, and tumble in 5 cases. There were 4 cases of simple posterior wall fracture, 18 cases of posterior wall fracture with posterior dislocation of hip joint, 10 cases of posterior wall fracture with posterior column fracture, and 6 cases of posterior wall fracture with transverse fracture. The time from injury to admission was 1-4 days (mean, 2.5 days). The time from injury to operation was 4-8 days (mean, 5 days). After fracture reduction via the Kocher-Langenbeck approach (35 cases) or the combined ilioinguinal approach (3 cases), the spring plate was used to press the posterior wall fracture, and then the reconstruction plate was pressed against the spring plate and fixed to the posterior column. Results: All the incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 12-36 months (mean, 28 months). Five cases of post-traumatic sciatic nerve injury and 2 cases of sciatic nerve injury caused by traction during operation were fully recovered at 3 months after operation. The imaging examination showed that all the fractures healed. The fracture healing time was 10-16 weeks (mean, 12 weeks). There was no ruptures or failures of internal fixation during the follow-up period. There were 2 cases of femoral head necrosis, 1 case of traumatic arthritis, and 1 case of osteomyositis at last follow-up. The hip joint function was rated as excellent in 27 cases, good in 5 cases, fair in 2 cases, and poor in 4 cases according to the Harris scores at 12 months after operation. Conclusion: For the acetabular posterior wall fracture, it has the advantages of easy to use and reliable fixation that the posterior wall fracture is fixed with spring plate firstly, and the spring plate is pressed to fix the posterior column with the reconstruction plate finally.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas do Quadril , Acetábulo , Adulto , Idoso , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 32-36, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939231

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture of femur in traction bed supine position and non-traction bed lateral position. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 102 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture of femur who met the selection criteria between January 2013 and April 2018 was made. According to the different operative positions, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (50 cases, PFNA internal fixation in traction bed supine position) and group B (52 cases, PFNA internal fixation in non-traction bed lateral position). There was no significant difference in age, gender, fracture side, cause of injury, AO classification, complications, and time from injury to operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The preoperative preparation time, incision length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy times, fracture healing time, and complications were recorded and compared between the two groups, and the effectiveness was evaluated by Harris hip score at 1 year after operation. Results: There was no significant difference in incision length between groups A and B ( t=1.116, P=0.268). In addition, the preoperative preparation time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy times in group A were significantly greater than those in group B ( P<0.05). Both groups were followed up 12-14 months, with an average of 13 months. There were 3 postoperative complications in group A and group B respectively. In group A, there were 2 cases of hip joint pain and 1 case of local fat liquefaction (healed after dressing change); in group B, there were 2 cases of hip joint pain and 1 case of deep vein thrombosis in lower extremity; there was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups ( P=0.642). The patients of the two groups had a good result of fracture reduction and the internal fixation quality, and there was no main nail loosening, screw fracture, spiral blade cutting, withdrawal, and the nail breakage occurred, and no nonunion of bone, coxa vara, and other complications occurred. X-ray showed that the fracture healed in both groups, and there was no significant difference in fracture healing time between the two groups ( t=1.515, P=0.133). There was no significant difference in Harris hip score between the two groups at 1 year after operation ( t=0.778, P=0.438). Conclusion: Compared with the traction bed supine position, PFNA internal fixation for intertrochanteric fracture of femur in the non-traction bed lateral position has the advantages of short preparation time, short operation time, less intraoperative blood loss, less X-ray fluoroscopy times, and satisfactory postoperative recovery effect.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Pinos Ortopédicos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Decúbito Dorsal , Tração , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 132-138, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939248

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the research progress of multidisciplinary team (MDT) co-management models in the clinical treatment of geriatric hip fractures. Methods: The literature about types and characteristics of MDT for geriatric hip fracture treatment were extensively reviewed, and the advantages of its clinical application were analysed and summarised. Finally, the MDT model and characteristics of geriatric hip fracture in the Zhongda Hospital affiliated to Southeast University were introduced in detail. Results: Clinical models of MDT are diverse and have their own characteristics, and MDT can shorten the length of stay and waiting time before operation, reduce the incidence of internal complications, save labor costs, and reduce patient mortality. Conclusion: The application of MDT in the treatment of geriatric hip fracture has achieved remarkable results, which provides an optimal scheme for the treatment of geriatric hip fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
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