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1.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(3): 363-373, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827761

RESUMO

Background: Operative management with intramedullary nail fixation remains the definitive treatment of choice for osteoporotic subtrochanteric (ST) fractures; however, there remains no consensus regarding the proper nail length. We aimed to use 3-dimensional finite element (FE) analysis to determine the optimal nail length for the safe fixation of osteoporotic ST fractures. Methods: Nine modes of FE models were constructed using 9 different lengths of cephalomedullary nails (short nails: 170, 180, and 200 mm; long nails: 280, 300, 320, 340, 360, and 380 mm) from the same company. The interfragmentary motion was analyzed. Additionally, the peak von Mises stress (PVMS) in the cortical bone, cancellous bone of the femoral head, and the nail were measured, and the yielding risk for each subject was investigated. Results: Long nails were associated with less interfragmentary motion. In the cortical bone, the PVMS of short nails was observed at the distal locking screw holes of the femoral medial cortex; however, in long nails, the PVMS was observed at the lag screw holes on the lateral cortex. The mean yielding risk of long nails was 40.1% lower than that of short nails. For the cancellous bone of the femoral head, the PVMS in all 9 FE models was in the same area: at the apex of the femoral head. There was no difference in the yielding risk between short and long nails. For implants, the PVMS was at the distal locking screw hole of the nail body in the short nails and the nail body at the fracture level in the long nails. The mean yielding risk was 74.9% lower for long nails than that for short nails. Conclusions: Compared to short nails, long nails with a length of 320 mm or more showed less interfragmentary motion and lower yielding risk in low-level osteoporotic ST fractures. The FE analysis supports long nails as a safer option than short nails, especially for treating transverse-type low-level osteoporotic ST fractures.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Feminino , Idoso
2.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 243, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847956

RESUMO

This study systemically reviewed the effects of robot-assisted percutaneous kyphoplasty (R-PKP) on the clinical outcomes and complications of patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). The articles published from the establishment of the database to 19 April 2024 were searched in PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Chinese biomedical literature service system (SinoMed). Meta-analysis was employed to evaluate the status of pain relief and complications between the control and R-PKP groups. Standardized mean difference (SMD) or mean difference (MD), risk ratios (RR), and 95% confidence interval (CI) were selected for analysis, and a common or random effect model was adopted to merge the data. Eight studies involving 773 patients with OCVFs were included. R-PKP could effectively Cobb's angles (MD = -1.00, 95% CI -1.68 to -0.33, P = 0.0034), and decrease the occurrence of cement leakage (RR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.60, P < 0.0001). However, there was no significant effect on the results of visual analog scale (MD = -0.09, 95% CI -0.20 to 0.02, P = 0.1145), fluoroscopic frequency (SMD = 5.31, 95% CI -7.24 to 17.86, P = 0.4072), and operation time (MD = -0.72, 95% CI -7.47 to 6.03, P = 0.8342). R-PKP could significantly correct vertebral angle and reduce cement leakage. Thus, R-PKP maybe an effective choice for correction vertebral Angle and reducing postoperative complications, while its impact on relieving pain, decreasing fluoroscopic frequency, and shortening operation time need further exploration.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Feminino , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Masculino
3.
J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact ; 24(2): 192-199, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826002

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the combined application of percutaneous vertebroplasty and zoledronic acid on bone mineral density (BMD), bone metabolism, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in elderly patients with osteoporotic lumbar vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). METHODS: The medical records of 118 elderly patients with OVCF who received treatment at our hospital from March 2018 to March 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Vertebral body height, spinal function, pain degree, and lumbar BMD were compared between the two groups upon admission and three years after the operation. Additionally, the levels of bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D), beta collagen degradation fragments (ß-CTx), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the two groups were measured at admission and three years after the operation. Furthermore, complications in the two groups within three years after the operation were documented. RESULTS: After three years post-operation, the combination group showed a significantly greater improvement in vertebral body height compared to the control group (P<0.05). Moreover, the combination group exhibited a significantly lower Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score compared to the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In elderly patients with OVCF, the combined use of zoledronic acid and percutaneous vertebroplasty is effective in improving lumbar function, BMD, and bone metabolism indices, while reducing pain and the levels of NPY and PGE2.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Densidade Óssea , Dinoprostona , Fraturas por Compressão , Vértebras Lombares , Neuropeptídeo Y , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Ácido Zoledrônico , Humanos , Idoso , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Ácido Zoledrônico/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia Combinada/métodos
4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1359550, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38800478

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the appropriate bone cement filling ratio in percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). Methods: Clinical and radiological data from 150 OVCF patients treated with PKP were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were categorized into three groups based on bone cement filling ratio: low (<0.4), medium (0.4-0.6), and high (>0.6) filling ratio groups. The clinical characteristics (age, gender, BMI, etc.) and related study data (bone cement leakage and its location, pre/post-operative Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), pre/post-operative Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), vertebral height restoration, kyphotic Cobb angle, etc.) among the three groups were compared using statistical software to compare to identify the most appropriate cement filling ratio. Results: The 0.4-0.6 group presented a lower cement leakage rate compared to the >0.6 group, and there were no significant differences in pre-operative VAS, post-operative day 2 VAS, post-operative month 1 VAS, and pre-operative ODI (p>0.05). However, significant differences were observed in post-operative month 3 VAS (p=0.002), post-operative day 2 ODI (p=0.002), post-operative month 1 ODI (p<0.001), and post-operative month 3 ODI (p<0.001). The "0.4-0.6" group showed better pain improvement and functional recovery compared with the ">0.6" group at the 3-month follow-up. While presenting the best vertebral height restoration, the ">0.6" group also exhibited the greatest variability. Additionally, no significant difference in Cobb angle changes was observed among the groups. Conclusion: A bone cement filling ratio of 0.4-0.6 in PKP treatment for OVCF strikes a favorable balance between complication reduction and positive patient outcomes, warranting it as an optimal filling volume.


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos , Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Feminino , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seguimentos
5.
Pain Physician ; 27(4): 253-262, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38805532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In our clinical practice, we observed that some osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture patients undergoing vertebral augmentation exhibited pain in the iliac crest region. This pain aligned with the diagnostic criteria for superior cluneal neuralgia (SCN) and affected treatment satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to clinically observe patients undergoing vertebral augmentation in a hospital setting and analyze the etiology and risk factors associated with SCN. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Inpatient population of a single center. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 630 patients who underwent vertebral augmentation in our hospital from March 2022 to March 2023. Fifty-two patients enrolled in the study experienced pain that met the diagnostic criteria for superior cluneal neuralgia during the perioperative period of the vertebral augmentation procedures. Those patients were divided into 2 subgroups according to the conditions involved in the occurrence of SCN: Group A (26 patients) had either no preoperative SCN but developed it postoperatively, or had preoperative SCN that worsened or did not alleviate postoperatively. Group B (26 patients) had preoperative SCN that was relieved postoperatively. Additionally, 52 consecutive patients in March 2022 to March 2023. who did not experience SCN during the perioperative period were selected as the control group (Group C). Variables such as surgical segment, age, height, weight, body mass index, duration of hospitalization, chronic low back pain (CLBP), duration of pain, anesthesia, surgical approach, fracture pattern, preoperative visual analog scale (pre-op VAS) score, intraoperative VAS score, one-day VAS score, one-month VAS score, lumbar sacral angle, and sacral tilt angle were statistically described and analyzed. RESULTS: In our hospital, the incidence of SCN during the perioperative period of vertebral augmentation procedures is 8.25% (52/630). Among all the segments of patients who developed SCN during the perioperative period, the L1 segment had the highest proportion, which was 29.03% and 35.14% in Groups A and B, respectively. Group B and Group C showed significant differences in duration of hospitalization (P = 0.012), pre-op VAS scores (P = 0.026), and CLBP (P < 0.001). Group A had significantly higher VAS scores preoperatively (P = 0.026) and intraoperatively (P = 0.004) and in CLBP (P = 0.001) than did Group C. LIMITATIONS: This is a retrospective study. Single-center noncontrolled studies may introduce selection bias. The small sample size in each group might have also led to bias. CONCLUSION: Perioperative SCN associated with vertebral augmentation is significantly correlated with preoperative VAS scores and CLBP. In addition, intraoperative VAS scores might be a factor contributing to the nonalleviation or exacerbation of postoperative SCN.


Assuntos
Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuralgia/etiologia , Neuralgia/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/métodos
6.
J Clin Neurosci ; 125: 152-158, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38815301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of postoperative complications in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compressive fractures (OVCFs) undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is multifaceted, with local biomechanical deterioration playing a pivotal role. Specifically, the disparity in stiffness between the bone cement and osteoporotic cancellous bone can precipitate interfacial stress concentrations, potentially leading to cement-augmented vertebral body collapse and clinical symptom recurrence. This study focuses on the biomechanical implications of the space between the bone cement and bony endplate (BEP), hypothesizing that this interface may be a critical locus for stress concentration and subsequent vertebral failure. METHODS: Leveraging a validated numerical model from our previous study, we examined the biomechanical impact of the cement-BEP interface in the L2 vertebral body post-PVP, simulated OVCF and PVP and constructed three distinct models: one with direct bone cement contact with both cranial and caudal BEPs, one with contact only with the caudal BEPs and one without contact with either BEP. Moreover, we assessed stress distribution across cranial and caudal BEPs under various loading conditions to describe the biomechanical outcomes associated with each model. RESULTS: A consistent trend was observed across all models: the interfaces between the bone cement and cancellous bone exhibited higher stress values under the majority of loading conditions compared to models with direct cement-BEP contact. The most significant difference was observed in the flexion loading condition compared to the mode with direct contact between BEP and cement. The maximum stress in models without direct contact increased by at least 30%. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals the biomechanical significance of interfacial stiffness differences at the cement-BEP junction, which can exacerbate local stress concentrations and predispose to augmented vertebral collapse. We recommend the strategic distribution of bone cement to encompass a broader contact area with the BEP for preventing biomechanical failure and subsequent vertebral collapse.


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos , Simulação por Computador , Fraturas por Compressão , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Cimentos Ósseos/efeitos adversos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/efeitos adversos , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Estresse Mecânico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
7.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 142, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724895

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a machine learning (ML) model for predicting the risk of new osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in patients who underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and to create a user-friendly web-based calculator for clinical use. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty: A retrospective analysis of patients treated with PVP between June 2016 and June 2018 at Liuzhou People's Hospital was performed. The independent variables of the model were screened using Boruta and modelled using 9 algorithms. Model performance was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC_AUC), and clinical utility was assessed by clinical decision curve analysis (DCA). The best models were analysed for interpretability using SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) and the models were deployed visually using a web calculator. RESULTS: Training and test groups were split using time. The SVM model performed best in both the training group tenfold cross-validation (CV) and validation group AUC, with an AUC of 0.77. DCA showed that the model was beneficial to patients in both the training and test sets. A network calculator developed based on the SHAP-based SVM model can be used for clinical risk assessment ( https://nicolazhang.shinyapps.io/refracture_shap/ ). CONCLUSIONS: The SVM-based ML model was effective in predicting the risk of new-onset OVCF after PVP, and the network calculator provides a practical tool for clinical decision-making. This study contributes to personalised care in spinal surgery.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Internet , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/etiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
8.
Pain Physician ; 27(4): E383-E394, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38805534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous meta-analyses and systematic reviews have explored the differences between percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty (PKP) for treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), however, their final conclusions have been inconsistent. The inconsistent conclusions drawn from these meta-analyses create uncertainty among clinicians about the best treatment approach for OVCFs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a cross-sectional analysis of overlapping meta-analyses comparing PVP and PKP treatments for OVCF in order to help clinicians have access to the best available evidence and provide treatment recommendations based on the best available evidence. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of overlapping meta-analyses. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of meta-analyses published up to February 2023 in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases to identify relevant studies. The methodological quality of these studies was assessed using the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews tool (original AMSTAR) and the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Two researchers independently extracted the data and assessed the quality of these meta-analyses. To determine which meta-analyses represented the best evidence, we employed the Jadad decision algorithm. RESULTS: Seventeen meta-analyses were included in the study, with AMSTAR scores ranging from 4 to 9, with an average of 7. After rigorous scrutiny, the Zhu et al study was determined to provide the best evidence. According to their findings, both PVP and PKP effectively alleviate pain and improve function in the treatment of OVCFs, without any statistically significant differences between them. In addition, PKP can reduce the risk of polymethylmethacrylate leakage compared to PVP. LIMITATIONS: This study analyzed published overlapping meta-analyses, inherently confining our investigation to the meta-analysis level. Furthermore, based on the AMSTAR scores, several included studies exhibited lower methodological quality. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, the best evidence indicates that PVP and PKP are equally effective at alleviating pain and enhancing function in the treatment of OVCFs, but PKP had a lower incidence of polymethylmethacrylate leakage. However, there is still a need for high-quality randomized controlled trials to provide higher levels of evidence regarding other aspects of the differences between the 2 procedures.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Metanálise como Assunto
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38814254

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: CVFs are common, with several classification systems available. We have encountered osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs) with PDF, a never-described fracture pattern.This study evaluates this unique fracture's characteristics. METHODS: Retrospective study of surgically treated OVFs during 2016 to 2020. RESULTS: Of 105 patients, 85 had classifiable OVFs and 20 had uni-PDF (n = 10, 9.5%) or bi-PDF (n = 10, 9.5%). Both cohorts mainly had single vertebral fractures and upper end plate involvement with cleft sign found in 30% of PDFs versus 15.3% of OVFs (P < 0.001), higher incidence of burst fractures (40% vs. 25.9%; P < 0.001). Posterior vertebral body collapse was higher for PDFs (13.2 ± 9.3% vs. 18.3 ± 8.5%; P = 0.02). Most OVFs underwent balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) (94%). Most bi-PDFs were regarded unstable; six patients underwent PSF (2 short PSF, 1 PSF + BKP, and 3 BKP with intravertebral pedicular lag screws at the fractured vertebra). Half of the bi-PDFs underwent BKP-developed nonunion. CONCLUSION: Our study is novel in describing an unrecognized OVF pattern disregarded in current classification systems. We found notable differences in fracture characteristics, prefracture functional status, and surgical results between OVF and PDF cohorts. We suggest adding this fracture pattern as a unique OF-4 subtype or a specific entity between OF-4 and 5, with uni-PDF as type A and bi-PDF as type B.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cifoplastia
10.
J Med Invest ; 71(1.2): 179-183, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735718

RESUMO

Osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) is common in the elderly population. In this report, we describe a case with radiculopathy due to foraminal stenosis caused by OVF in a very elderly patient that was treated successfully by full-endoscopic foraminotomy under local anesthesia. The patient was an 89-year-old woman who presented with a chief complaint of left leg pain for 5 years. She visited a couple of hospitals and finally consulted us to determine the exact cause of the pain. Computed tomography scans were obtained and selective nerve root block at L3 was performed. The diagnosis was radiculopathy at L3 due to foraminal stenosis following OVF. The patient had severe heart disease, so we decided to avoid surgery under general anesthesia and planned full-endoscopic spine surgery under local anesthesia. We performed transforaminal full-endoscopic lumbar foraminotomy at L3-L4 to decompress the L3 nerve root. The leg pain disappeared completely immediately after surgery. Postoperative computed tomography confirmed appropriate bone resection. The leg pain did not recur during a year of postoperative follow-up. OVF may cause lumbar radiculopathy as a result of foraminal stenosis, and transforaminal full-endoscopic lumbar foraminotomy under local anesthesia would be the best option in an elderly patient with poor general condition. J. Med. Invest. 71 : 179-183, February, 2024.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Endoscopia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Endoscopia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiculopatia/cirurgia , Radiculopatia/etiologia
11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 302, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760662

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the association between scoliosis and vertebral refracture after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 269 patients meeting the criteria from January 2014 to October 2022. All patients underwent PKP with complete data and were followed-up for > 12 months. First, it was verified that scoliosis was a risk factor in 269 patients. Second, patients with scoliosis were grouped based on the Cobb angle to evaluate the impact of the post-operative angle. The cox proportional hazards regression analysis and survival analysis were used to calculate the hazard ratio and recurrence time. RESULTS: A total of 56 patients had scoliosis, 18 of whom experienced refractures after PKP. The risk factors for vertebral refractures included a T-score < - 3.0 and presence of scoliosis (both p < 0.001). The results indicated that the vertebral fractured arc (T10 - L4) was highly influential in scoliosis and vertebral fractures. When scoliotic and initially fractured vertebrae were situated within T10 - L4, the risk factors for vertebral refracture included a postoperative Cobb angle of ≥ 20° (p = 0.002) and an increased angle (p = 0.001). The mean recurrence times were 17.2 (10.7 - 23.7) months and 17.6 (7.9 - 27.3) months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Osteoporosis combined with scoliosis significantly increases the risk of vertebral refractures after PKP in patients with OVCFs. A postoperative Cobb angle of ≥ 20° and an increased angle are significant risk factors for vertebral refractures when scoliotic and initially fractured vertebrae are situated within T10 - L4.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Recidiva , Escoliose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/etiologia , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifoplastia/métodos , Feminino , Escoliose/cirurgia , Escoliose/etiologia , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores de Risco , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seguimentos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
12.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 55(3): 355-362, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782507

RESUMO

Fragility fractures as a result of osteoporosis, osteopenia, or vitamin D deficiency are some of the most common injuries encountered in orthopedics and require careful consideration when determining the appropriate management and treatment options. A thorough perioperative evaluation can identify causes of low bone mineral density allowing for initiation of appropriate therapy. Surgical treatment of these fractures can be difficult, and techniques should be employed to ensure stable fixation. It is important to understand the potential pitfalls associated with treatment of fragility fractures to prevent avoidable complications. Postoperative management is key to preventing future injuries in this unique patient population.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Osteoporose , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Humanos , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose/complicações , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia , Extremidade Superior/lesões , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Densidade Óssea
13.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 55(3): 403-413, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782511

RESUMO

This article reviews the appropriate assessment and management of osteoporotic compression fractures and discusses the implications of osteoporosis on initial patient evaluation, medical optimization for surgery, selection of instrumentation, and surgical technique. Adverse outcomes associated with osteoporosis are discussed. Failure to appropriately evaluate, optimize, and treat spine patients with osteoporotic bone can lead to disastrous complications. Weakened bone can lead to implant failure through cage subsidence and screw pullout, as well as, peri-implant fractures, failure of deformity correction, and proximal kyphosis. These risks must be taken into account when considering operative interventions in these patients.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/terapia
14.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303385, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771842

RESUMO

New vertebral compression fractures (NVCF) are common in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) who have undergone percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). We sought to develop a nomogram prediction model for better identification and prevention of NVCF within 3 years after PVP in patients with OVCF. The demographic, clinical, and imaging data of patients who underwent PVP for OVCF between January 2010 and December 2019 were reviewed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen for risk factors for NVCF within 3 years after PVP. A nomogram prediction model was then developed and validated to visually predict NVCF. The samples in the model were randomly divided into training and validation sets at a ratio of 7:3. Twenty-seven percent of patients experienced NVCF in other segments within 3 years after PVP. Older age, lower bone mineral density (BMD), smoking, lack of anti-osteoporosis therapy, and postoperative trauma were risk factors for NVCF. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve suggested good discrimination of this model: training set (0.781, 95% confidence interval: 0.731-0.831) and validation set (0.786, 95% confidence interval: 0.708-0.863). The calibration curve suggested good prediction accuracy between the actual and predicted probabilities in the training and validation sets. The DCA results suggested that, when the probability thresholds were 0.0452-08394 and 0.0336-0.7262 in the training and validation set, respectively, patients can benefit from using this model to predict NVCF within 3 years after PVP. In conclusion, this nomogram prediction model that included five risk factors (older age, lower BMD, smoking, postoperative minor trauma, and lack of anti-osteoporosis treatment can effectively predict NVCF within 3 years after PVP. Postoperative smoking cessation, standard anti-osteoporosis treatment, and reduction in incidental minor trauma are necessary and effective means of reducing the incidence of NVCF.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Nomogramas , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Arch Osteoporos ; 19(1): 38, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750277

RESUMO

Data from English randomized controlled trials comparing unilateral versus bilateral PKP for the treatment of OVCFs were retrieved and analyzed, and the results showed that unilateral PKP is a better choice for the treatment of patients with OVCFs, which will provide a reliable clinical rationale for the treatment of OVCFs. PURPOSE: To investigate the advantages of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs). METHODS: The systematic evaluation program met all program requirements (CRD 42023422383) by successfully passing the PROSPERO International Prospective Systematic Evaluation Registry. Researchers searched the references of English-language randomized controlled trials comparing unilateral and bilateral PKP for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures published between 2010 and 2023 and manually searched for known primary and review articles. The study statistically analyzed data from all the included literature, which primarily included time to surgery, visual pain score(VAS) and Oswestry disability index(ODI) at postoperative follow-up time points, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA, bone cement) injection dose, cement leakage, radiation dose, and improvement in kyphotic angle. RESULTS: This meta-analysis searched 416 articles published from 2010 to 2023 based on keywords, and 18 articles were finally included in this study. The results of the forest plot showed that unilateral PKP operative time, amount of bone cement used, and radiation dose to the patient were significantly reduced (p < 0.01, p < 0.01, and p < 0.01, respectively), and unilateral and bilateral PKP had comparable cement leakage (p = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.58-1.30), and there was no significant difference in the kyphotic angle between unilateral and bilateral PKP (p = 0.42, 95% CI = - 2.29-0.96). During follow-up, there was no significant difference in pain relief between unilateral and bilateral PKP (p = 0.70, 95% CI = - 0.09-0.06), nor was there a significant difference in ODI (p = 0.27, 95% CI = - 0.35-1.24). CONCLUSIONS: There is no difference in clinical efficacy between unilateral PKP and bilateral PKP, but unilateral PKP has a shorter operative time, a lower incidence of cement leakage, a lower amount of cement, and a lower radiation dose to the patient and operator. Unilateral PKP is a better option for patients with OVCFs.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 240, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the radiographic outcomes, clinical outcomes and complications of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) with and without posterior pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) in the treatment of severe osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (sOVCF) with nonunion. METHODS: This study involved 51 patients with sOVCF with nonunion who underwent PKP or PPSF + KP. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, volume of injected bone cement, operation costs and hospital stays were all recorded. In addition, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were assessed separately for each patient before and after surgery. RESULTS: Compared with the PPSF + KP group, the PKP group had shorter operation time, less intraoperative blood loss, shorter hospital stays and fewer operation costs. However, cobb's angle improvement (13.4 ± 4.3° vs. 21.4 ± 5.3°), VWR improvement ratio (30.4 ± 11.5% vs. 52.8 ± 12.7%), HA (34.9 ± 9.0% vs. 63.7 ± 7.6%) and HM (28.4 ± 11.2% vs. 49.6 ± 7.7%) improvement ratio were all higher in PPSF + KP group than that in PKP group. In addition, the ODI index and VAS score in both groups were significantly decreased at the postoperative and final follow-up. PKP group's postoperative VAS score was significantly lower than that in PPSF + KP group, but there was no statistically significant difference in VAS score at the last follow-up. CONCLUSION: PKP and PPSF + KP can both effectively relieve the pain associated with sOVCF with nonunion. PPSF + KP can achieve more satisfactory vertebral reduction effects compared to PKP. However, PKP was less invasive and it has more advantages in shortening operation time and hospital stay, as well as decreasing intraoperative blood loss and operation costs.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Parafusos Pediculares , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/tratamento farmacológico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 56(2): 371-374, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595261

RESUMO

With the development of modern medical standards, autoimmune diseases and their associated successive osteoporosis have received increasing attention in recent years. Patients with autoimmune diseases, due to the characteristics of the disease and the prolonged use of glucocorticoid hormone therapy, may affect the bone formation and bone absorption of the patient, followed by severe successive osteoporosis, thereby increasing the risk of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Vertebral compression fractures of the spine are common fracture types in patients with osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporosis is a common complication after glucocorticoid therapy in patients with autoimmune diseases. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) are minimally invasive operation and are commonly used surgical methods for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. However, due to the operation of spinal puncture during the operation, there are serious surgical risks such as bone cement leakage, spinal epidural hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage in both PVP and PKP. As a result, it is necessary to evaluate the patient' s body before surgery carefully, especially in the case of blood coagulation. This article reports a case of autoimmune disease patient admitted to Peking University People' s Hospital due to lumbar 4 vertebral compression fracture combined with Sjögren' s syndrome. The patient' s preoperative examination showed that the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was significantly prolonged. After completing the APTT extended screening experiment and lupus anticoagulant factor testing, the multi-disciplinary team (MDT) of Peking University People' s Hospital jointly discussed the conclusion that the patient' s test results were caused by an abnormal self-immunity anti-copulant lupus (LAC). Based on the results of the laboratory examination, the patient was considered to be diagnosed with combined antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). For such patients, compared with the patient' s tendency to bleed, we should pay more attention to the risk of high blood clotting in the lower limbs of the patient, pulmonary clots and so on. With timely anti-coagulation treatment, the patient safely passed the peripheral period and was successfully discharged from the hospital. Therefore, for patients with autoimmune diseases with prolonged APTT in the perioperative period, doctors need to carefully identify the actual cause and carry out targeted treatment in order to minimize the risk of surgical and perioperative complications and bring satisfactory treatment results to the patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/efeitos adversos , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Glucocorticoides , Tempo de Protrombina , Cifoplastia/efeitos adversos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Cimentos Ósseos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(4)2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38674165

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the outcomes of early balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) intervention compared with late intervention for osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF). Background: Osteoporotic vertebral fracture can lead to kyphotic deformity, severe back pain, depression, and disturbances in activities of daily living (ADL). Balloon kyphoplasty has been widely utilized to treat symptomatic OVFs and has proven to be a very effective surgical option for this condition. Furthermore, BKP is relatively a safe and effective method due to its reduced acrylic cement leakage and greater kyphosis correction. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at our hospital for patients who underwent BKP for osteoporotic vertebral fractures in the time frame between January 2020 and December 2022. Ninety-nine patients were included in this study, and they were classified into two groups: in total, 36 patients underwent early BKP intervention (EI) at <4 weeks, and 63 patients underwent late BKP intervention (LI) at ≥4 weeks. We performed a clinical, radiological and statistical comparative evaluation for the both groups with a mean follow-up of one year. Results: Adjacent segmental fractures were more frequently observed in the LI group compared to the EI group (33.3% vs. 13.9%, p = 0.034). There was a significant improvement in postoperative vertebral angles in both groups (p = 0.036). The cement volume injected was 7.42 mL in the EI, compared with 6.3 mL in the LI (p = 0.007). The mean surgery time was shorter in the EI, at 30.2 min, compared with 37.1 min for the LI, presenting a significant difference (p = 0.0004). There was no statistical difference in the pain visual analog scale (VAS) between the two groups (p = 0.711), and there was no statistical difference in cement leakage (p = 0.192). Conclusions/Level of Evidence: Early BKP for OVF treatment may achieve better outcomes and fewer adjacent segmental fractures than delayed intervention.


Assuntos
Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Tempo
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 262, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiculopathy of the lower limb after acute osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs) in the lower lumbar spine is uncommon in geriatric patients. Moreover, surgical intervention is generally recommended in patients who are irresponsive to conservative treatment. Determining an optimum surgical strategy is challenging considering the poor general condition of this population. Thus, herein, we established an algorithm for surgically managing this clinical scenario, hoping to provide a reference for making a surgical decision. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients who suffered from new-onset radiculopathy of the lower limb after acute single-level OVFs in the lower lumbar spine and eventually underwent surgical intervention at our department. Information on the demographics, bone quality, AO spine classification of the vertebral fracture, pre-existing degenerative changes, including foraminal stenosis and lumbar disc herniation, and surgical intervention type was collected. Additionally, clinical outcomes, including preoperative and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) scores for back and leg pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI), and MacNab criterion for response to surgery, were evaluated. RESULTS: From September 2019 to December 2021, a total of 22 patients with a mean age of 68.59 ± 9.74 years were analyzed. The most involved vertebra was L5 (54.5%), followed by L4 (27.3%) and L3 (18.2%). Among the 22 patients, 15 (68.2%) were diagnosed with the A1 type fracture of AO classification, and among them, 11 (73.3%) were characterized by the collapse of the inferior end plate (IEP). Three patients (13.6%) suffered from A2-type fractures, whereas four patients (18.2%) suffered from A3-type fractures. Pre-existing degenerative changes were observed in 12 patients (54.5%) of the patients. A total of 16 patients (72.7%) were treated by percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). Additionally, three patients underwent posterior instrumentation and fusion, two patients underwent a secondary endoscopic foraminoplasty, and one patient underwent a secondary radiofrequency ablation. The mean follow-up period was 17.42 ± 9.62 months. The mean VAS scores for leg and back pain and ODI decreased significantly after the surgery (P < 0.05). The total satisfaction rate at the last follow-up was 90.9% per the Macnab criterion. CONCLUSION: Patients with OVFs in the IEP are predisposed to suffer from radiculopathy of the lower limb. PKP alone or in combination with other minimally invasive surgical strategies is safe and effective in treating stable fractures. Additionally, aggressive surgical intervention should be considered in patients with unstable fractures or severe foraminal encroachment.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Radiculopatia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiculopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiculopatia/etiologia , Radiculopatia/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Perna (Membro) , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia
20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 294, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627655

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical safety, accuracy, and efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) surgery using an enhanced method of unilateral puncture on the convex side for the treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (P-OVCF) with scoliosis. METHODS: Clinical and radiographic data of P-OVCF patients with scoliosis who underwent PKP via unilateral puncture on the convex side from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. This technique's detailed surgical steps and tips were described. The local kyphosis angle (LKA), scoliosis Cobb angle (SCA), and local scoliosis Cobb angle (LSCA) were measured using X-ray and compared at pre-operation, post-operation, and the last follow-up. The width of pedicle (POW), inner inclination angle (IIA), lateral distance (LD), and puncture course length (PCL) were measured on the axial computed tomography image and compared between two sides. Postoperative computed tomography was employed to evaluate the condition of cement distribution and puncture. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for back pain (BP). RESULTS: Thirty-six patients, 23 women and 13 men, with an average age of 76.31 ± 6.28 years were monitored for 17.69 ± 4.70 months. The median surgical duration of single vertebrae was 35 min. The volume of bone cement for single vertebrae was 3.81 ± 0.87 ml and the proportion of sufficient cement distribution of the patients was 97.22. LKA was considerably improved from pre-operation to post-operation and sustained at the last follow-up. SCA and LSCA were not significantly modified between these three-time points. IIA, PCL, and LD were lower on the convex side than on the concave side. POW was considerably wider on the convex side. The ODI and VAS-BP scores were significantly improved after surgery and sustained during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Combining with the proper assessment of the pre-injured life status of patients, PKP surgery using unilateral puncture on the convex side for the treatment of P-OVCF with scoliosis can achieve safe, excellent clinical, and radiographic outcomes.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Cifose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Escoliose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Compressão/etiologia , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Escoliose/complicações , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Coluna Vertebral , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Punções , Cifose/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifose/etiologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia
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