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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(5): 348-354, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233845

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Predicting when fracture incidence will rise assists in healthcare planning and delivery of preventative strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between temperature and the incidence of hip and wrist fractures. METHODS: Data for adults presenting to our unit with a hip or wrist fracture over a seven and eight-year period respectively were analysed. Incidence rates were calculated and compared with meteorological records. A Poisson regression model was used to quantify the relationship between temperature and fracture rate. RESULTS: During the respective study periods, 8,380 patients presented with wrist fractures and 5,279 patients were admitted with hip fractures. All women (≥50 years: p<0.001; <50 years: p<0.001) and men aged ≥50 years (p=0.046) demonstrated an increased wrist fracture rate with reduced temperature. Men aged <50 years also had an increased wrist fracture rate with increased temperature (p<0.001).The hip fracture rate was highest in women aged ≥50 years but was not associated with temperature (p=0.22). In men aged ≥50 years, there was a significant relationship between reduced temperature and increased fracture rate (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Fragility fracture of the wrist is associated with temperature. Compared with an average summer, an additional 840 procedures are performed for wrist fractures during an average winter in our trust with an additional 798 bed days taken up at a cost of £3.2 million. The winter increase seen in male hip fracture incidence requires approximately 888 surgical procedures, with 18,026 bed days, and costs £7.1 million. Hip fracture incidence in older women is not related to temperature.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Rádio/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Punho/epidemiologia , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fixação de Fratura/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano , Fatores Sexuais , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(17): e19816, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332625

RESUMO

Anatomical differences of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) between transverse process-pedicle approach (TPPA) and conventional transpedicular approach (CTPA) are not well discussed. To investigate the anatomical distinctions of unilateral PKP between TPPA and CTPA, we have discussed the unilateral PKP through a 3-dimensional-computed tomography database.Five hundred lumbar spines from 100 patients have been retrospectively collected and unilateral CTPA and TPPA were simulated. Distance between the entry point and the midline of the vertebral body (DEM), the puncture inclination angle (PIA), and the success rate (SR) of puncture were measured and compared.The male presented with significantly larger DEM than the female. The TPPA group presented with larger DEM than the CTPA group according to different level, the difference was 1.5 ±â€Š1.1 mm to 3.8 ±â€Š2.3 mm. The PIAs in the TPPA group were larger than that in the CTPA group. The SR including 1 side SR and bilateral SR was 72.0% in the CTPA group and 98.0% in the TPPA group. Compared with CTPA group, the SR in TPPA group was significantly higher for L1 to L4 no matter in the left, right side and female patients.The TPPA group presented with more lateral entry point, larger PIAs and higher SRs than that in the CTPA group. PKP surgery through a TPPA was safer and could provide a more symmetrical distribution of bone cement than the CTPA group.


Assuntos
Cifoplastia/métodos , Cifoplastia/normas , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Cifoplastia/classificação , Cifoplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Vértebras Lombares/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Pesos e Medidas/instrumentação
4.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(2): 121-6, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical choice of posterior osteotomy way by the observation of clinical outcome of Smith-Petersen osteotomy (SPO), pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) and vertebral column re-section (VCR) for senile osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture with kyphosis. METHODS: From June 2015 to August 2017, an amount of 8 elderly patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis caused by osteoporotic vertebral fracture underwent osteotomy approach for posterior osteotomy. All patients were old osteoporotic vertebral fracture more than 6 months and received invalid conservative treatment for 3 months including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, anti-osteoporosis drugs and acupuncture, etc. There were 3 males and 5 females, with an average age of 73.4 years (66 to 83 years), with an average course of the disease of 34.6 months (8 to 60 months). Eight patients had a total of 8 vertebral fractures, and fracture segment was in T10 of 1 case, T11 of 1 case, T12 of 3 cases, L1 of 2 cases, L2 of 1 case. Eight patients showed kyphosis caused by wedge deformation of single segmental vertebral fractures. The thoracolumbar kyphosis and symptoms were progressively developing into central sagittal imbalance. SPO osteotomy was performed in 3 cases, PSO osteotomy in 3 cases, and VCR osteotomy in 2 cases. Orthopaedic effects were analyzed by imaging measurements, including pre- and post-operative kyphosis Cobb angle, localized kyphosis (LK), thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sacral tilt angle (ST) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA). Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to evaluate the pain and lumbar function. RESULTS: All the eight patients were followed up from 8 to 24 months with an average of 13.5 months and all the symptoms of low back pain have significantly reduced or disappeared. The VAS score decreased from 5-8 points (mean 6.5 points) before surgery to 1-4 points (mean 1.88 points) at the final follow-up, and the score was significantly improved. The ODI score decreased from 36-78 points (mean 60.25 points) before surgery to 10-32 points (mean 20.38 points) at the final follow-up, and the functional score improved significantly. During the follow-up period, X-ray examination showed that some patients had a slight decrease in the height of the intervertebral fusion, and the bone graft was healed. There was no obvious corrected degree loss and internal fixation loosening, and the thoracolumbar kyphosis was significantly improved. The mean Cobb angle of T10-L2 was reduced from 25.3° to 2.8° with corrected rate of 89.3% ; LK was reduced from 43.4° to 7.1° with corrected rate of 86.2% ; TK was reduced from 49.9° to 30.6°, LL was reduced from 43.6° to 30.8°, and ST was changed from 24.0° to 32.1°, SVA was changed from 6.23 cm to 2.40 cm. CONCLUSION: For the different pathological features and deformities of senile osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture combined with kyphosis, SPO, PSO or VCR can achieve good orthopedic effect and clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Cifose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(685): 492-497, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167251

RESUMO

Should we continue to treat patients suffering from an acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture with vertebroplasty ? What is the potential benefit ? What are its indications ? What are its risks ? Which way to perform it ? How to manage the osteoporosis evaluation and therapy ? In 2009 we published the «â€…CHUV consensus ¼ on the management of vertebral osteoporotic fractures by vertebroplasty. We here propose an update including recent knowledge on the management of vertebral fractures by bone insufficiency by percutaneous cementoplasty.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Vertebroplastia , Consenso , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 155-161, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009440

RESUMO

AIMS: Complex displaced osteoporotic acetabular fractures in the elderly are associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality. Surgical options include either open reduction and internal fixation alone, or combined with total hip arthroplasty (THA). There remains a cohort of severely comorbid patients who are deemed unfit for extensive surgical reconstruction and are treated conservatively. We describe the results of a coned hemipelvis reconstruction and THA inserted via a posterior approach to the hip as the primary treatment for this severely high-risk cohort. METHODS: We have prospectively monitored a series of 22 cases (21 patients) with a mean follow-up of 32 months (13 to 59). RESULTS: The mean patient age was 79 years (67 to 87), and the mean ASA score was 3.3 (3 to 5). Three patients had high-energy injuries and 18 had low-energy injuries. All cases were associated fractures (Letournel classification: anterior column posterior hemitransverse, n = 13; associated both column, n = 6; transverse posterior wall, n = 3) with medialization of the femoral head. Mean operative time was 93 minutes (61 to 135). There have been no revisions to date. Of the 21 patients, 20 were full weight-bearing on day 1 postoperatively. Mean length of hospital stay was 12 days (5 to 27). Preoperative mobility status was maintained in 13 patients. At one year, mean Merle d'Aubigné score was 13.1 (10 to 18), mean Oxford Hip Score was 38.5 (24 to 44), mean EuroQol five-dimension five-level (EQ-5D-5L) health score was 68 (30 to 92), and mean EQ-5D-5L index score was 0.68 (0.335 to 0.837); data from 14 patients. Mortality was 9.5% (2/21) at one year. There have been no thromboembolic events, deep infections, or revisions. CONCLUSION: The coned hemipelvis reconstruction bypasses the fracture, creating an immediately stable construct that allows immediate full weight-bearing. The posterior approach minimizes the operative time and physiological insult in this vulnerable patient population. Early results suggest this to be a safe addition to current surgical options, targeted at the most medically frail elderly patient with a complex displaced acetabular fracture. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):155-161.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Idoso Fragilizado , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Acetábulo/lesões , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Comores , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Suporte de Carga
7.
Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.) ; 30(6): 268-277, nov.-dic. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186956

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: Con cada vez mayor frecuencia neurocirujanos y otros especialistas nos vemos afrontados al tratamiento de pacientes con osteoporosis que requieren una cirugía de fusión de columna. Pese a existir tratamientos farmacológicos efectivos e innovaciones en las técnicas quirúrgicas que pueden beneficiar a estos pacientes, se han reportado tasas bajas de diagnóstico y tratamiento preoperatorio de osteoporosis, además de una escasa participación de los cirujanos de columna en este ámbito. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las tendencias en el diagnóstico y tratamiento respecto a la osteoporosis en los cirujanos de raquis de la comunidad neuroquirúrgica. Material y métodos: Se realizó una encuesta electrónica con 10 preguntas de opción múltiple a los miembros de la Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía (SENEC). Se valoraron: 1) papel del cirujano de columna frente a la osteoporosis en la artrodesis de raquis, 2) la influencia de osteoporosis en la seudoartrosis y 3) tendencias de tratamiento respecto a las fracturas vertebrales osteoporóticas. Resultados: Obtuvimos un total de 77 cuestionarios respondidos. En los pacientes con sospecha de osteoporosis, un 32,5% de los encuestados no se plantea ninguna medida para diagnosticarla antes de una artrodesis vertebral. En osteoporóticos sin tratamiento, un 37,7% procedería con la cirugía sin tratamiento o lo haría después de la cirugía. El 48% de los respondedores optaría por modificar su estrategia quirúrgica en los pacientes con osteoporosis. La técnica quirúrgica preferida fue la colocación de tornillos cementados (70%). En la seudoartrosis, el 46,1% no considera necesario el diagnóstico de osteoporosis para una reintervención. En las fracturas vertebrales osteoporóticas, el 80,5% de los cirujanos se plantea alguna medida que facilitara el tratamiento de la osteoporosis. Conclusiones: Una mayor participación del cirujano de columna mejoraría el diagnóstico y tratamiento preoperatorio de la osteoporosis en las cirugías de artrodesis vertebral y seudoartrosis. En las fracturas vertebrales existe una mejor concienciación para optimizar el tratamiento y el seguimiento de la osteoporosis


Background and objectives: Neurosurgeons and other specialists are increasingly having to treat patients with osteoporosis who require spinal fusion surgery. Although there are effective pharmacological treatments and innovations in surgical techniques that can benefit these patients, low rates of diagnosis and preoperative treatment of osteoporosis have been reported, in addition to the limited participation of spine surgeons in this area. The objective of this study was to evaluate trends in diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis with regard to spine surgeons of the neurosurgical community. Material and methods: An electronic survey with 10 multiple-choice questions was issued to Spanish Neurosurgery Society (SENEC) members. The following were evaluated: 1) the surgeon's role regarding osteoporosis in spinal arthrodesis, 2) the influence of osteoporosis in pseudarthrosis, and 3) treatment trends in relation to osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Results: A total of 77 completed questionnaires were obtained. In patients with suspected osteoporosis, 32.5% of respondents did not consider any measure to diagnose it before spinal arthrodesis. In osteoporosis without treatment, 37.7% would proceed with surgery without treatment or would do so after surgery. A total of 48% of respondents would choose to modify their surgical strategy in patients with osteoporosis. The preferred surgical technique was the placement of augmentation screws (70%). In pseudarthrosis, 46.1% did not consider an osteoporosis diagnosis to be necessary for a reoperation. In osteoporotic vertebral fractures, 80.5% of surgeons considered some measure that would facilitate the treatment of osteoporosis. Conclusions: Greater participation of the spine surgeon could improve the diagnosis and preoperative treatment of osteoporosis in spinal arthrodesis surgery and pseudarthrosis. In vertebral fractures, there is greater awareness of the optimisation of treatment and monitoring of osteoporosis


Assuntos
Humanos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/terapia , Neurocirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Padrões de Prática Médica , Artrodese/métodos
8.
Rev. osteoporos. metab. miner. (Internet) ; 11(4): 92-97, nov.-dic. 2019. graf, tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187300

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Actualmente, existen pocos datos sobre la influencia a largo plazo del polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) en la integridad de los cuerpos vertebrales tras la vertebroplastia percutánea (VP). Resulta de interés investigar la posible relación entre esta técnica y la aparición con el tiempo de fenómenos de osteólisis o la fragmentación del cemento en las vértebras intervenidas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar si, a largo plazo, existe una pérdida de efectividad y/o seguridad de la VP con PMMA. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se analizaron radiografías de pacientes intervenidos correspondientes al post-operatorio inmediato y al estudio radiológico más reciente (VP hace más de 15 años). Con ambos estudios radiológicos, describimos: la altura del cuerpo vertebral, la angulación de platillos y la presencia de osteólisis alrededor del cemento en el tiempo. RESULTADOS: Un total de 7 pacientes intervenidos mediante VP con PMMA hace 15 o más años accedieron a realizarse una nueva radiografía en nuestro Centro. Tras el análisis de sus imágenes post-operatorias (inmediatas y a 15 ó más años de la cirugía), no se observó en ninguna de las vértebras intervenidas pérdida de altura del cuerpo vertebral cementado, diferencias de angulación en los platillos, presencia de osteólisis alrededor del cemento o fragmentación del PMMA inyectado. CONCLUSIÓN: El PMMA inyectado en el cuerpo vertebral mantiene una situación estable en el tiempo (más de 15 años). No se observan cambios en la interfaz hueso-PMMA, osteólisis y/o cambios en la altura de los cuerpos vertebrales en los casos analizados


OBJETIVE: Currently, there are limited data on the long-term influence of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) on the integrity of vertebral bodies after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). Interesting investigation is being carried out into the possible relationship between this technique and the appearance over time of osteolytic phenomena or cement fragmentation in the intervened vertebrae. The objective of our study was to investigate whether there is a loss of effectiveness and/or safety of PVP with PMMA in the long term. MATERIAL AND METHOD: X-rays were analyzed of intervened patients corresponding to the immediate post-operative and the most recent radiological study (PVP more than 15 years previous). With both radiological studies, we describe: the height of the vertebral body, the angulation of lamellar plates and osteolytic presence around the cement over time. RESULTS: A total of 7 patients operated by PVP with PMMA 15 or more years earlier agreed to have a new radiograph in our center. After the analysis of their post-operative images (immediate and 15 or more years after surgery), no loss of height of the cemented vertebral body, differences in angulation in the lamellar plates, presence of osteolysis around the vertebrae was observed in any of the involved vertebrae cement or fragmentation of the injected PMMA. CONCLUSIONS: PMMA injected into the vertebral body remains stable over time (more than 15 years). There are no changes in the bone-PMMA interface, osteolysis and/or changes in the height of the vertebral bodies in the cases analyzed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Polimetil Metacrilato/administração & dosagem , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Osteólise , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Índice de Massa Corporal
9.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(12): 1128-1133, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of bone cement dispersion and distribution on the clinical effect and the degree of pain reduction of percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) in the treatment of osteoporosis spinal fracture. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made of 130 cases of osteoporotic spinal fractures admitted from August 2016 to April 2018, of which 114 cases were followed up completely. The VAS score, Oswestry disability index(ODI), kyphosis angle(Cobb angle), anterior column height and complications were analyzed. RESULTS: Finally, 114 cases were included. The grade of bone cement dispersion was 42 cases (36.8%) in grade 1, including 14 males and 28 females, with an average age of (73.43 ±7.91) years. There were 36 cases of grade 2(31.6%), including 10 males and 26 females with an average age of (71.22 ±8.06) years, and 36 cases with grade 3 (31.6%), including 9 males and 27 females, with an average age of (74.81 ±6.91) years. There were no significant differences in preoperative general data among the three groups (P>0.05). The VAS, ODI score of grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3 of bone cement dispersion and distribution were significantly lower than those of preoperative follow-up(P<0.05) in the follow-up period of 1, 1, 3 and 6 months after operation(P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the three groups in using single factor ANOVA at the same time point of postoperative follow-up(P>0.05). In terms of bone cement leakage, 15 cases(41.7%) were in grade 2 of diffusion distribution, 23 cases(63.9%) in grade 3 more than 8 cases(19%) in grade 1 of diffusion distribution, exhibiting a significant difference among the three groups (P<0.05). The diffusive distribution in grade 2(7, 19.4%) and grade 3(8, 22.2%) less than that in grade 1(18, 42.9%)(P<0.05). Bone cement dispersion and distribution with grade 2 and 3 level could effectively improve the kyphosis deformity and reduce the loss of anterior column height in the injured vertebrae compared with that with grade 1, showing a statistical difference among the three groups(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Bone cement dispersion and distribution with any grades in PVP are effective in relieving pain, and bone cement dispersion and distribution with grade 2 could not only relieve the pain of patients, but also correct the kyphosis angle of the injured vertebrae. The height of the anterior column of the injured vertebrae and the risk of cement leakage and non-operative vertebral body fracture is relatively low.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18217, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852080

RESUMO

To evaluate the influence of various distributions of bone cement on the clinical efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in treating osteoporotic vertebrae compression fractures.A total of 201 OVCF patients (30 males and 171 females) who received PKP treatment in our hospital were enrolled in this study. According to the characteristic of cement distribution, patients were divided into 2 groups: group A ("H" shaped group), the filling pattern in vertebral body were 2 briquettes and connected with / without cement bridge; and group B ("O" shaped group), the filling pattern in vertebral body was a complete crumb and without any separation. Bone mineral density, volume of injected cement, radiographic parameters, and VAS scores were recorded and analyzed between the 2 groups.All patients finished at least a 1-year follow-up and both groups had significant improvement in radiographic parameters and clinical results. No significant differences in BMD, operation time, bleeding volume, or leakage of cement were observed between the 2 groups. Compared with group B, group A had a larger use of bone cement, lower proportion of unipedicular approach, and better VAS scores at 1 year after surgery.Both "H" and "O" shaped distribution pattern can improve radiographic data and clinical outcomes effectively. However, "H" shaped distribution can achieve better clinical recovery at short-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 178, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although various studies have described the outcomes and complications of each treatment for OF 4 in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment regimen. This study aimed to investigate the clinical effect of OF 4 in patients with OVCFs treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) compared with PV in combination with intermediate bilateral pedicle screw fixation (IBPSF). METHODS: A total of 110 patients with OF 4 in OVCFs from January 2011 to December 2013 were reviewed retrospectively and divided into two groups (group A: PV, group B: PV + IBPSF). According to the guidelines of the German Society for Orthopaedics and Trauma (DGOU), OF 4 consists of 3 fracture types. The clinical and radiographic assessments were observed preoperatively, postoperatively, and during follow-up. RESULTS: The patients were followed for an average of 60.50 ± 15.20 months (group A) and 58.20 ± 17.60 months (group B) without significant differences. No significant differences were found in BMD, BMI and cement volume between the two groups, but differences were found for operation time, blood loss, and hospitalization time. The VAS and ODI scores improved better significantly at the final follow-up in group B but not in group A. Compared with the preoperative values, the postoperative kyphosis angle and loss of fractured segment height significantly improved, but the difference between the groups was significant after 3 months postoperatively. The loss of angular correction and fractured segment height in group A were greater than those in group B. A total of 15 cases of cement leakage were observed in group A and 8 cases in group B, and no complications or revision surgeries were observed in either group. Thirteen new fractures occurred (11 in group A and 2 in group B), which was significant. CONCLUSION: PV with IBPSF could provide effective restoration and maintenance of fractured segment height and segment alignment as well as a lower rate of complications of OF 4 in OVCFs.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Cifose/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Parafusos Pediculares , Período Pós-Operatório , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(670): 2027-2031, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696677

RESUMO

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture is a frequent health problem in older persons that results in pain, morbidity but remains underdiagnosed. Although percutaneous vertebroplasty has been available for almost 30 years, the first randomized controlled trial was published only in 2007. Since then, multiple controlled studies mostly failed to definitely conclude about the benefits of this procedure, with meta-analyses of randomized controlled studies reporting rather negative results. This paper discusses the place of percutaneous vertebroplasty in the management of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in older persons.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia , Idoso , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17810, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702634

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the treatment effects of kyphoplasty (KP) compared with percutaneous vertebroplasty (VP) in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, based on evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed (from 1966), EmBase (from 1974), and Cochrane Library (including Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Reviews) were searched systematically to identify relevant studies published up to August 31, 2019. Meta-analyses were conducted for subjective pain as measured using visual analogue scale (VAS), disability function as measured by Oswestry disability index (ODI), and cement leakage. For VAS and ODI, mean change from the baseline and standard deviation were used; for cement leakage, numbers of events and patients in each group were used. The random-effects model was applied to summarize the effects across trials. RESULTS: Previous reviews and meta-analysis included non-RCTs, which brought (for those studies) a higher risk of bias. Therefore, 6 RCTs involving 1077 patients were included in the meta-analysis. No between-group difference was found. The weighted mean difference was -0.19 (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.39-0.01; P = .057) for VAS and -3.51 (95% CI, -8.70-1.67; P = .184) for ODI. However, KP had numerically lower rates of cement leakage across trials in a consistent fashion (relative risk, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.74-0.94; P = .004). CONCLUSIONS: Both KP and VP had clinically meaningful beneficial effects on pain and disability, and the effects were stable and similar. KP had significantly fewer cement leakages.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Cifoplastia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Vertebroplastia/efeitos adversos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17857, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689878

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in Kambin triangle approach for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).Between November 2017 and September 2018, 109 patients (144 vertebral bodies) with OVCFs, with a mean age of 76.7 ±â€Š9.9 years (55-96 years), underwent PVP in Kambin triangle approach. The time of operation, the volume of bone cement, the incidence of complication, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score, the position of puncture needles, and the spread of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in vertebral body (VB) were recorded.All patients had been completed the operation successfully and were followed up 9.1 ±â€Š2.9 months. The average operation time of each VB was 24.0 ±â€Š3.5 minutes. The average volume of cement was 4.8 ±â€Š0.6 ml. The mean VAS scores were 8.4 ±â€Š0.7 preoperatively, 1.6 ±â€Š0.6 at the first day postoperatively, and 1.2 ±â€Š0.6 at the last follow-up. The mean ODI scores were 70.97 ±â€Š7.73 preoperatively, 27.99 ±â€Š4.12 at the first day postoperatively, and 19.65 ±â€Š3.49 at the last follow-up. The position of puncture needles in the VB was: 119 vertebral puncture needles reached the midline, 15 were close to the midline, and 10 exceeded the midline. The spread of PMMA in the VB was: type 1 in 81 levels (56.3%), type 2 in 37 (25.7%), type 3 in 18 (12.5%), type 5 in 8 (5.5%), and no case in type 4. One case developed pneumothorax after operation. No other complications (hematoma, cement embolism, spinal cord, and nerve injury) occurred.Kambin triangle approach in PVP, which can deliver the puncture needle to the midline of VB easily and with excellent cement distribution, is a safe and effective method.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Polimetil Metacrilato , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vertebroplastia/efeitos adversos
16.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 29(10): 946-950, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacies of unilateral and bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Orthopedics, Hubei 672 Orthopedics Hospital of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, China, from November 2014 to January 2017. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and seventy-eight patients with single-level thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures included in this study. These patients were randomly assigned to unilateral (n=83) and bilateral (n=95) PKP groups. The operation time, bone cement volume, number of X-ray views, preoperative and postoperative pain visual analogue scale scores (VAS), Oswestry Dysfunction Index (ODI), Cobb angle, and vertebral height in both groups were recorded. RESULTS: Operation time, bone cement volume and intraoperative number of X-ray views were significantly different between unilateral and bilateral PKP groups (29.8 ±2.7 vs. 31.5 ±3.9 minutes; 9.3 ±2.6 vs. 11.2 ±3.7 times; 3.1 ±0.7 vs. 3.5 ±1.2 ml, respectively, p <0.05). VAS scores and ODI in both groups were significantly different before and 24 hours, 3 months and 6 months after surgery. The heights of anterior and middle borders of vertebral body and Cobb angle in the two groups were significantly different before and after surgery (p <0.05). CONCLUSION: The short-term efficacy was identical between unilateral and bilateral PKP. The unilateral PKP is characterized by short operation time, low hospital cost, less number of X-ray views and less bone cement volume. The unilateral PKP shows a higher risk of re-fracture of adjacent vertebral body compared with the bilateral PKP.


Assuntos
Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , China , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Medição da Dor , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
17.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 1693-1703, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631990

RESUMO

Purpose: Define the effectiveness of teriparatide (TPTD) treatment on reducing the incidence of new vertebral compression fractures (NVCFs) and back pain and improving quality of life after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). Methods: Two years of clinical follow-up data from primary osteoporotic women who had experienced initial osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) and received PKP plus 12-month TPTD (n=113) or basic treatment (BT) of calcium and vitamin D supplements (n=208) were retrospectively collected. The risk of NVCFs over each 6-month period in the TPTD group was evaluated and compared with the BT group using a logistic regression. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL, EQ-5D questionnaire), back pain [100 mm visual analog scale (VAS)] and bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine were analyzed using linear mixed models for repeated measures (LMMRM). Results: Logistic regression analysis adjusting for baseline characteristics showed that patients in the TPTD group had a lower risk of NVCFs compared with those receiving BT during the final three observation intervals (6-12 months, OR=0.189, 95% CI=0.030-0.681, p=0.046; 12-18 months, OR=0.009, 95% CI=0.0001-0.111, p=0.001; 18-24 months, OR=0.024, 95% CI=0.0009-0.264, p=0.009, respectively). Significant improvements in adjusted EQ-5D and back pain VAS scores were identified in the TPTD group compared with the BT group, and this improvement was sustained for at least 12 months after teriparatide treatment was discontinued (both p<0.001). The BMD of the spine also showed a higher T-value in the TPTD group compared with the BT group (p<0.001). Conclusion: In routine clinical practice, for patients with OVCFs who receive the PKP procedure, TPTD treatment may be a preferable subsequent therapy because of its ability to reduce the incidence of NVCFs and sustain a high quality of life and back pain alleviation.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Fraturas por Compressão/tratamento farmacológico , Cifoplastia/métodos , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas por Osteoporose/dietoterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Teriparatida/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol ; 33(2): 236-263, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547981

RESUMO

Fractures of the extremities in the elderly constitute more than two-thirds of all fragility fractures befalling frail, osteoporotic and sarcopenic patients. Although treatment controversies abound, consensus exists. Upper extremity fractures hinder activities of daily living and are debilitating. Open fractures or displaced fractures will need surgical intervention. Wrist fractures treated operatively allow early use of the hand. Most pelvic fractures are treated conservatively. In the lower extremities, fractures of the long bones, tibia and femur need surgical intervention. Non-displaced fractures around the foot may be treated with immobilisation and avoidance of full weight-bearing. As a rule, fractures take four months for consolidation. Individually tailored solutions are needed for frail patients with comorbidities. Maintaining joint mobility and muscle strength preserves mobility and autonomy. Caring for extremities trauma is team work, involving family and health care providers. Prevention efforts are mandatory.


Assuntos
Artroplastia/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Extremidade Superior/lesões , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Feminino , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia
19.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol ; 33(2): 264-277, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547982

RESUMO

The constant rise in fragility fractures is proportional to the constant rise in life expectancy. Treatment of fragility fractures can be challenging because of severe fractures, poor bone quality, significant co-morbidities, and reduced mobility. However, new surgical techniques and implants have been developed that address these challenges and show improvement in overall patient outcomes. This review addresses general considerations including nonsurgical and surgical treatments of fractures as well as treatment of specific fragility fractures of the extremities. Based on these findings, this chapter gives treatment recommendations for a selection of common geriatric fractures. The aim of treating fragility fractures is on the early mobilization to prevent complications such as pneumonia. However, the patient's general situation should be taken into consideration while recommending appropriate treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Idoso Fragilizado , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos
20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 423, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) can effectively treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Although satisfactory clinical outcomes can be achieved, bone cement leakage remains a primary complication of PKP. Previous studies have found many high risk factors for bone cement leakage into the spinal canal; however, less attention to the posterior wall morphologies of different vertebral bodies may be one reason for the leakage. Here, we investigated the effect of posterior vertebral wall morphology in OVCF patients on bone cement leakage into the spinal canal during PKP. METHODS: Ninety-eight OVCF patients with plain computed tomography (CT) scans and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction images from T6 to L5 were enrolled. 3D-CT and multiplanar reconstructions (MPR) were used to measure the concave posterior vertebral wall depth (PVWCD) and the corresponding midsagittal diameter of the nonfractured vertebral body (VBSD), and the PVWCD/VBSD ratio was calculated. All subjects were divided into the thoracic or lumbar groups based on the location of the measured vertebrae to observe the value and differences in the PVWCD between both groups. The differences in PVWCD and PVWCD/VBSD between the thoracic and lumbar groups were compared. Three hundred fifty-seven patients (548 vertebrae) who underwent PKP within the same period were also divided into the thoracic and lumbar groups. The maximal sagittal diameter (BCSD), the area of the bone cement intrusion into the spinal canal (BCA), and the spinal canal encroachment rate (BCA/SCA × 100%) were measured to investigate the effect of the thoracic and lumbar posterior vertebral wall morphologies on bone cement leakage into the spinal canal through the Batson vein during PKP. RESULTS: The PVWCDs gradually deepened from T6 to T12 (mean, 4.6 mm); however, the values gradually became shallower from L1 to L5 (mean, 0.6 mm). The PVWCD/VBSD ratio was approximately 16% from T6 to T12 and significantly less at 3% from L1 to L5 (P < 0.05). The rate of bone cement leakage into the spinal canal through the Batson vein was 10.1% in the thoracic group and 3.7% in the lumbar group during PKP. In the thoracic group, the BCSD was 3.1 ± 0.5 mm, the BCA was 30.2 ± 3.8 mm2, and the BCA/SCA ratio was 17.2 ± 2.0%. In the lumbar group, the BCSD was 1.4 ± 0.3 mm, the BCA was 14.8 ± 2.2 mm2, and the BCA/SCA ratio was 7.4 ± 1.0%. The BCSD, BCA and BCA/SCA ratio were significantly higher in the thoracic group than in the lumbar group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The PVWCD in the middle and lower thoracic vertebrae can help reduce bone cement leakage into the spinal canal by enabling avoiding bone cement distribution over the posterior 1/6 of the vertebral body during PKP. The effect of the difference between the thoracic and lumbar posterior vertebral wall morphology on bone cement leakage into the spinal canal through the Batson vein in OVCF patients during PKP is one reason that the rate of bone cement leakage into the thoracic spinal canal is significantly higher than that into the lumbar spinal canal.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos/efeitos adversos , Corpos Estranhos/epidemiologia , Cifoplastia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Canal Vertebral/lesões , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpos Estranhos/etiologia , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Cifoplastia/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/anatomia & histologia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Canal Vertebral/irrigação sanguínea , Canal Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/anatomia & histologia , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Veias
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