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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 407, 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric lymphangioma is one of the highly rare benign tumors characterized by multilocular or unilocular lymphatic spaces. Herein, we report a case of lymphangioma in the gastric antrum. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old male patient who had been experiencing epigastric discomfort for a year was presented to our hospital. A gastric subepithelial lesion was diagnosed by upper endoscopy and was entirely excised via diatal subtotal gastrectomy. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed an echoless homogenous echo pattern in the third wall layer. A lymphangioma was diagnosed by pathologic investigation of the resected specimen. The PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases were reviewed for literature in English while using the keywords of "gastric lymphangioma" or "lymphangioma of stomach" or "gastric lymphatic cyst" or "lymphatic cyst of stomach" and the results were discussed. CONCLUSION: Gastric lymphangioma is a rarely occurring submucosal tumor that should be considered when diagnosing subepithelial lesions in the stomach.


Assuntos
Linfangioma , Linfocele , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Gastroscopia , Humanos , Linfangioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfangioma/cirurgia , Masculino , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
2.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 282, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical application of robotic-assisted gastrectomy remains controversial, especially as clinical studies of this operation navigated by carbon nanoparticle suspension injection (CNSI) have not been conducted. This study aims to assess the perioperative safety and efficacy of CNSI-guided robotic-assisted gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer by focusing on short-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent CNSI-guided laparoscopic or robotic-assisted gastrectomy with a pathological diagnosis of gastric cancer was conducted. Data on demographics, surgical management, clinical-pathological results and short-term outcomes were compared among the groups. RESULTS: A total of 126 eligible patients were separated into the robotic-assisted gastrectomy (RAG) group (n = 16) and the laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) group (n = 110) in total. The operation time of the RAG group is longer than the LG group (p = 0.0000). When it comes to perioperative and short-term complications, there exists no statistical difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The time required for CNSI-guided robotic-assisted gastrectomy is longer than that for CNSI-guided laparoscopic gastrectomy. CNSI-guided robotic-assisted gastrectomy is safe and effective.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Nanopartículas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Carbono , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
3.
BJS Open ; 6(5)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relative prognostic value of each lymph node (LN) station remains undefined in the treatment of gastric cancer. This study aimed to develop a new method to evaluate LN station ranking and define the optimal extent of lymphadenectomy for early gastric cancer. METHODS: Clinical and histopathological information from patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy between 1989 and 2018 was reviewed. The LN station power index (LNPI) of each station was estimated using a LN retrieval frequency and the 5-year overall survival of patients with absence of LN at each station. External validation was conducted to evaluate the relevance of the LNPI. RESULTS: A training set was developed from examination of 7009 patient records. For most nodal stations, the absence of LN was significantly associated with a poor prognosis. For the perigastric stations, the prognostic value assessed using the LNPI was in the following order: LN 4 (LNPI = 19.68), LN 3 (LNPI = 17.58), LN 6 (LNPI = 15.16), LN 1 (LNPI = 6.71), LN 2 (LNPI = 4.64) and LN 5 (LNPI = 2.86). The value rank of the extra-gastric stations was in the following order: LN 8a (LNPI = 12.93), LN 7 (LNPI = 10.51) and LN 9 (LNPI = 9.70), but the index of LN 12a (LNPI = 4.79) was higher than that of LN 11 (LNPI = 4.78). These trends in the LNPI were similar in the validation patient cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The LNPI is a simple tool to rank the priority of each LN station dissection. The optimal extent of D1 + lymphadenectomy using LNPI was determined to be D1 with LNs 7, 8a and 9.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
4.
JSLS ; 26(3)2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071990

RESUMO

Background: The increasing prevalence of obesity is a significant concern worldwide. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an effective and standard procedure for sustained weight loss. However, optimal pain control is essential for enhanced recovery after surgery. The aim of this randomized controlled study was to investigate the efficacy of a pre-incisional laparoscopic preperitoneal local anesthetic technique (PLPLAT) on recovery characteristics following LSG. Methods: A total of 120 obese patients scheduled to undergo LSG were randomized into the PLPLAT or placebo group (n = 60 patients in both groups). All patients received conventional intravenous or other analgesics postoperatively, as required. The primary outcome was the postoperative pain score. The secondary outcomes included morphine consumption, other analgesics, length of stay in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), hemodynamic changes, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), early mobilization, and length of hospital stay. Results: Pain scores in the PACU and at 12 hours after surgery in the ward were significantly lower in the PLPLAT group than in the placebo group (P < 0.05). The morphine consumption was significantly less in PLPLAT group with mean dosage of 2.95 mg (± 0.39) compared to 6.0 mg (± 0.4) in placebo group. PONV, mean arterial pressure, and PACU stay were significantly higher in the placebo group than in the PLPLAT group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Intraoperative PLPLAT provide effective postoperative pain relief for patients undergoing LSG. The findings indicated the efficacy of PLPLAT in reducing postoperative pain, enhancing recovery, and facilitating early discharge.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais , Laparoscopia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Derivados da Morfina/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios
5.
JSLS ; 26(3)2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071996

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has become one of the most popular bariatric surgeries in the United States with a low rate of morbidity and effective weight loss. However, staple line leak remains a feared complication requiring a lengthy and difficult treatment course until resolution. This study outlines the various treatment methods used within a high-volume bariatric practice for successful leak resolution without necessitating a conversion procedure. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on all patients with staple line leak after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in a three-surgeon bariatric practice from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2019. Results: A total of 10 staple line leaks were identified with a leak rate of 0.9%. Patients presented on average 29.3 days postoperatively and were all diagnosed on computed tomography. Three patients were initially managed operatively with washout and drainage procedure. Six patients were managed endoscopically initially with either stent or over-the-scope clip placement. Most patients required multiple interventions with an average of 2.4 interventions per patient. Average time to leak resolution was 48.2 days (15-95 days). Conclusion: Management of staple line leaks after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy requires a multimodal approach usually requiring multiple interventions before leak resolution. We demonstrate effective utilization of varying interventions that lead to effective leak resolution and avoid conversion operations.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Laparoscopia , Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/efeitos adversos
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14922, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056110

RESUMO

Enteral nutrition has been reported to be safe and effective in malnourished patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery. In this study, we devised night home enteral nutrition (N-HEN) as a novel nutritional strategy and evaluated the efficacy in gastric cancer patients following total gastrectomy. Between January 2017 and March 2021, 24 patients were prospectively included in the protocol and supported by N-HEN for three postoperative months through a jejunostomy during the night (Elental:1200 kcal/day), and 22 patients without N-HEN were followed as a control group (CG). Body weight loss, nutritional indicators and tolerance to chemotherapy were evaluated. After 3 and 6 months, patients with N-HEN had significantly less body weight loss than CG (3 months P < 0.0001: N-HEN 4.0% vs. CG 15.2%, 6 months P < 0.0001: N-HEN 7.7% vs. CG 17.7%). Prealbumin was significantly higher in patients with N-HEN than CG after 3 and 6 months (3 months P < 0.0001, 6 months P = 0.0037). Albumin, total protein and hemoglobin, tended to be higher after 3 and 6 months in patients with N-HEN than CG, and total cholesterol after 6 months. Concerning the tolerance to adjuvant chemotherapy in Stage II-III patients, patients with N-HEN significantly had a higher completion rate (P = 0.0420: N-HEN 70% vs. CG 29%) and longer duration (P = 0.0313: N-HEN 458 days vs. CG 261 days) as planned. Continuous monitoring of blood glucose concentration in patients with N-HEN did not show nocturnal hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. N-HEN could be a novel enforced and physiologically effective nutritional strategy to support potentially malnourished patients following total gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Neoplasias Gástricas , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Jejunostomia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Redução de Peso
7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 60(9): 807-812, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058705

RESUMO

There are several controversies and issues in the surgical treatment of esophagogastric junction (AEG) currently. The Siewert classification and TNM staging system are commonly used to assist clinical decision and prognosis prediction. Generally, transthoracic procedure is more suitable for Siewert Ⅰ type and longer esophageal invasion patients, while transhiatal is more suitable for Siewert Ⅲ type patients. The optimal extent of lymph node dissection for AEG should be based on tumor location and esophageal invasion range. The extent of surgical resection and the method of digestive tract reconstruction should be based on the principle of radical resection and surgical safety, and the postoperative life quality of patients should be fully considered. Roux-en-Y anastomosis is the most common and efficient anastomosis after total gastrectomy, while double tract anastomosis is recommended by many experts after proximal gastrectomy. With the continuous advancement of minimally invasive techniques, experienced centers and teams can perform digestive tract reconstruction under total laparoscopy. In the future, more high-quality studies are expected to provide evidence-based medical evidence for AEG's surgical treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
8.
Surg Infect (Larchmt) ; 23(7): 625-633, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049075

RESUMO

Background: We performed a meta-analysis to confirm the efficacy of short-term compared with long-term administration of antimicrobial prophylaxis in gastric cancer surgery. Methods: Randomized controlled trials of the efficacy of short-term versus long-term administration of antimicrobial prophylaxis in gastric cancer surgery were searched using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register databases. The data were evaluated and statistically analyzed using RevMan version 5.3.0. Five studies including 2,053 participants who received short-term versus long-term administration of antimicrobial prophylaxis in gastric cancer surgery were considered. Results: There was no significant difference in the surgical site infection (SSI) rate between the short-term group and the long-term group (8.1% vs. 9.2%; odds ratio [OR], 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64-1.09; p = 0.39). Hierarchical analysis also showed no significant differences in incisional-site incisions, organ/space incisions, or leakage. Multivariable analysis showed no significant differences in gender, age (>65 years), body mass index (>25 kg/m2), D2, operation time (>3 hours), pathologic stage 3, blood loss, combined resection, diabetes mellitus, total gastrectomy, or blood transfusion between the two groups. Conclusions: Short-term administration of antimicrobial prophylaxis did not increase the incidence of SSIs after gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia
9.
Rozhl Chir ; 101(7): 332-336, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075696

RESUMO

We present the case of a 60-year-old patient with the history of subtotal gastric resection and reconstruction of passage using the Roux-Y loop, five years later diagnosed with benign stenosis of the common bile duct. The possibilities of using endoscopy and interventional radiology for the bile duct treatment in the postoperatively altered terrain of the proximal digestive tract were limited. After failure of these methods the patient was indicated for surgery - biliodigestive anastomosis. The postoperative course was significantly complicated by bleeding and formation of bile and colic fistulas. Over time, a migrated stent was found in the small intestine, which was the cause of inflammatory changes and incomplete small bowel obstruction. Increased intraluminal pressure in the intestinal loops inhibited healing of the anastomosis and was a major cause of the complications.


Assuntos
Anastomose em-Y de Roux , Gastrectomia , Anastomose em-Y de Roux/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30141, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107576

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a family history of malignant tumor on the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer and develop a nomogram that incorporates a family history of malignant tumor to predict overall survival (OS) in patients with gastric cancer to aid clinicians and patients in decision making. Four hundred eighty-eight patients with gastric cancer undergoing radical gastrectomy in our center were included and randomly split into a training set (n = 350) and a validation set (n = 138) at a ratio of 7:3. Cox univariate regression analysis was used to evaluate the influence of clinicopathological characteristics and family history of malignant tumors on their prognosis, and variables were screened by multivariate Cox regression analysis and consensus on clinical evidence. A nomogram was constructed for OS based on the filtered variables, and the C-index, receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve), and calibration curve were used to validate the nomogram and decision curve analysis curve (DCA curve) was used for clinical practicality assessment. Six variables related to OS, including the pathological differentiation degree, Lauren type, infiltration depth, lymph node metastasis, tumor deposit, and family history of malignant tumor, were screened to construct a nomogram. The nomogram developed in this study performed well in the training set and the validation set, with C-index of 0.776 and 0.757, and the area under the ROC curve(AUC) for predicting 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates are 0.838, 0.850, 0.820 and 0.754, 0.789, 0.808, respectively. The calibration curve shows that the estimated death risk of the nomogram in the 2 data sets is very close to the actual death risk. The net benefits of nomogram-guided prediction of patient survival at 1-, 3-, and 5 years were demonstrated by the DCA curves, which showed high clinical practicability. Family history of malignant tumors is an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer. The nomogram developed in this research can be used as an important tool to predict the prognosis of gastric cancer patients with family history data.


Assuntos
Nomogramas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 60(9): 838-845, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058710

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of 3 anti-reflux methods of digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: The clinical data and follow-up data of gastric cancer patients who underwent anti-reflux reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy in 11 medical centers of China from September 2016 to August 2021 were retrospectively collected, including 273 males and 65 females, aging of (63±10) years (range: 28 to 91 years). Among them, 159 cases were performed with gastric tube anastomosis (GTA), 107 cases with double tract reconstruction (DTR), and 72 cases with double-flap technique (DFT), respectively. The duration of operation, length of postoperative hospital stay and early postoperative complications (referring to Clavien-Dindo classification) of different anti-reflux reconstruction methods were assessed. Body mass index, hemoglobin and albumin were used to reflect postoperative nutritional status. Reflux esophagitis was graded according to Los Angeles criteria based on the routinely gastroscopy within 12 months after surgery. The postoperative quality of life (QoL) was evaluated by Visick score system. The ANOVA analysis, Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test, χ2 test and Fisher's exact test were used for comparison between multiple groups, and further comparison among groups were performed with LSD, Tamhane's test or Bonferroni corrected χ2 test. The mixed effect model was used to compare the trends of Body mass index, hemoglobin and albumin over time among different groups. Results: The operation time of DFT was significantly longer than that of GTA and DTR ((352±63) minutes vs. (221±66) minutes, (352±63) minutes vs. (234±61) minutes, both P<0.01). The incidence of early complications with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ to Ⅴ in GTA, DFT and DTR groups was 17.0% (27/159), 9.7% (7/72) and 10.3% (11/107), respectively, without significant difference among these three groups (χ2=3.51, P=0.173). Body mass index decreased more significantly in GTA than DFT group at 6 and 12 months after surgery (mean difference=1.721 kg/m2, P<0.01; mean difference=2.429 kg/m2, P<0.01). body mass index decreased significantly in DTR compared with DFT at 12 months after surgery (mean difference=1.319 kg/m2, P=0.027). There was no significant difference in hemoglobin or albumin fluctuation between different reconstruction methods perioperative. The incidence of reflux esophagitis one year after surgery in DTR group was 12.9% (4/31), which was lower than that in DFT (45.9% (17/37), χ2=8.63, P=0.003). Follow-up of postoperative quality of life showed the incidence of Visick grade 2 to 4 in DFT group was lower than that in GTA group (10.4% (7/67) vs. 34.6% (27/78), χ2=11.70, P=0.018), while there was no significant difference between DFT and DTR group (10.4% (7/67) vs. 22.2% (8/36, P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with GTA and DTR, DFT is more time-consuming, but there is no significant difference in early complications among three methods. DFT reconstruction is more conducive to maintain postoperative nutritional status and improve QoL, especially compared with GTA. The risk of reflux esophagitis after DTR reconstruction is lower than that of DFT.


Assuntos
Esofagite Péptica , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Albuminas , Esofagite Péptica/cirurgia , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
13.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 341, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green (ICG) when injected intravenously into the bloodstream allows us to show stomach vascularity in real time. The aim of our study was to observe the preliminary results of the application of indocyanine green fluorescence (IGF) during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in our center and how the perfusion of the staple line of the stomach affects the onset of fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 82 patients underwent LSG with ICG fluorescence angiography at our center from January 2020 to December 2021. 5 ml of ICG was injected intravenously to identify the blood supply of the stomach, carefully assessing the angle of His. RESULTS: In the ICG-tested LSG, we recorded adequate perfusion in all patients but one: the leakage rate was 1.2%. This data is inferior to the non-tested patients' group. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative ICG testing may be helpful in determining which patients are at an increased risk for leakage but there are multiple factors contribute to the pathophysiology and the incidence of gastric fistula not only the perfusion. Trial registration Retrospectively registrated.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Laparoscopia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estômago/cirurgia
14.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 25(9): 812-818, 2022 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117373

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the advantages and safety of a modified mattress inversion suturing using double barbed sutures compared with the traditional overlap method in totally laparoscopic esophagojejunostomy overlap anastomosis. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients were aged 18 - 80 years old; (2) adenocarcinoma was preoperatively confirmed by pathological analysis; (3) patients had undergone a complete laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy; (4) patients had undergone esophagojejunostomy using the overlap method; (5) patients received a grade of I-III on the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system; (6) patients' complete follow-up data had been collected. Patients with a history of other malignant tumors, multi-origin tumors, emergency surgery, non-R0 radical resection or distant metastasis were excluded. The clinical data of 89 gastric cancer patients who underwent total laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2019 to December 2020 were collected. These patients were grouped according to the esophagojejunostomy method used. Of 89 patients, 32 received modified mattress inversion suturing with double barbed sutures to close the common opening of esophagojejunostomy (the modified anastomosis group), while 57 received traditional overlap anastomosis in which the common opening was closed by barbed suture (the traditional anastomosis group). The operation conditions (incision length, conversion to laparotomy, duration of esophagojejunostomy) and postoperative recovery (time to commencement of a liquid diet, duration of postoperative hospital stay, anastomotic leakage, anastomotic stenosis, and anastomotic bleeding) were compared between the two groups. Results: There was no significant difference in the baseline data of the two groups for any parameter (all P>0.05). All patients received complete laparoscopic radical gastrectomy without conversion to laparotomy. There were no significant differences in the length of the median incision, the proportion of food intake on the first day after surgery, or in the incidence of anastomotic complications such as anastomotic leakage, anastomotic stenosis, and anastomotic bleeding between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the traditional anastomosis group, patients in the modified anastomosis group had shorter anastomosis time [26 (19-62) minutes vs. 36 (20-50) minutes, Z=-2.546, P=0.011] and postoperative hospital stay [7 (6-12) days vs. 9 (7-42) days, Z=-4.202, P<0.001]. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). In a subgroup analysis of tumor TNM stage III, Siewert type II and neoadjuvant chemotherapy patients, there was no significant difference in the incidence of anastomotic complications between the modified group and the traditional group. However, the postoperative hospital stay duration in the modified anastomosis group was less than in the traditional anastomosis group. The duration of anastomosis in Siewert type II patients was also shorter in the modified anastomosis group than in the traditional anastomosis group [26 (19-62) minutes vs. 38 (21-50) minutes, Z=-2.105, P=0.035], and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Complete laparoscopic esophagojejunostomy using modified mattress inversion suturing with double barbed sutures is a safe and feasible anastomosis method to close the common opening of esophagojejunostomy, with shorter operation time, faster postoperative recovery and shorter hospital stay than the traditional method.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica , Laparoscopia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Constrição Patológica , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suturas , Adulto Jovem
15.
Int J Surg ; 105: 106889, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is a major health problem worldwide, with high prevalence and mortality. The present GC staging system provides inadequate prognostic information and does not reflect the chemotherapy benefit of GC. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-five patients who underwent surgical resection were enrolled in our study (training cohort = 212, internal validation cohort = 43). Nine clinicopathologic features were obtained to construct an support vector machine (SVM) model. The cohorts from 4 domestic centres and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were used for external validation. RESULTS: In the training cohort, the AUCs were 0.773 (95% CI 0.708-0.838) for 5-year overall survival (OS) and 0.751 (95% CI 0.683-0.820) for 5-year disease-free survival (DFS); in the domestic validation cohort, the AUCs were 0.852 (95% CI 0.810-0.894) and 0.837 (95% CI 0.792-0.882), respectively. The model performed better than the TNM staging system according to the receiver operator characteristic(ROC) curve. GC patients were significantly divided into low, moderate and high risk based on the SVM. High-risk TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ patients were more likely to benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy than low-risk patients. CONCLUSIONS: The SVM-based model may be used to predict OS and DFS in GC patients and the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ GC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Inteligência Artificial , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
16.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 59(3): 370-374, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is still controversial in elderly patients with severe obesity. Most publications focus on safety and early clinical outcomes. Food tolerance and nutritional postoperative risk is unknown for this population. METHODS: Thirty-six elderly patients with severe obesity were recruited for an open-label randomized trial from September 2017 to May 2019 comparing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB). Food tolerance was accessed by Quality of Alimentation (QoA) questionnaire and data on weight loss, body composition, and nutritional risk were collected between 6 and 24 months after surgery. RESULTS: Comparing LSG to LRYGB patients, the latter had higher total weight loss (22% vs 31%, P=0.01) and excess weight loss (53% vs 68%, P=0.01). Food tolerance to eight food groups was similar between groups (14 vs 15 points, P=0.270), as Suter score (23 vs 25, P=0.238). Daily protein intake was below recommendation in both groups (40 vs 51 g/d, P=0.105). Nutritional risk, evaluated through Standardized Phase Angle (-1.48 vs -1.99, P=0.027), was worse for LRYGB group. CONCLUSION: Food tolerance and adequacy of food consumption were similar in both groups. LRYGB patients had higher nutritional risk.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Idoso , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Redução de Peso
17.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 35: e1678, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication fails to control the gastroesophageal reflux in almost 15% of patients, and most of them must be reoperated due to postoperative symptoms. Different surgical options have been suggested. AIMS: This study aimed to present the postoperative outcomes of patients submitted to three different procedures: redo laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication alone (Group A), redo laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication combined with distal gastrectomy (Group B), or conversion to laparoscopic Toupet combined with distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy (Group C). METHODS: This is a prospective study involving 77 patients who were submitted initially to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication and presented recurrence of gastroesophageal reflux after the operation. They were evaluated before and after the reoperation with clinical questionnaire and objective functional studies. After reestablishing the anatomy of the esophagogastric junction, a surgery was performed. None of the patients were lost during follow-up. RESULTS: Persistent symptoms were observed more frequently in Group A or B patients, including wrap stricture, intrathoracic wrap, or twisted fundoplication. In Group C, recurrent symptoms associated with this anatomic alteration were infrequently observed. Incompetent lower esophageal sphincter was confirmed in 57.7% of patients included in Group A, compared to 17.2% after Nissen and distal gastrectomy and 26% after Toupet procedure plus distal gastrectomy. In Group C, despite the high percentage of patients with incompetent lower esophageal sphincter, 8.7% had abnormal acid reflux after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Nissen and Toupet procedures combined with Roux-en-Y distal gastrectomy are safe and effective for the management of failed Nissen fundoplication. However, Toupet technique is preferable for patients suffering from mainly dysphagia and pain.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Laparoscopia , Fundoplicatura/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
In Vivo ; 36(5): 2014-2019, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099086

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is quite a common type of cancer, with significant associated mortality. Traditionally, combined resections of affected organs have been advocated in cases of locally advanced gastric cancer, in order to achieve an R0 resection. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the role of pancreatectomy in the treatment of gastric cancer invading the pancreas by reviewing the relevant literature. The oncological benefits to survival rates of multivisceral resection are not always obvious from the relevant survival charts, especially when the pancreas is the organ invaded by the gastric cancer and gastrectomy needs to be combined with a pancreatectomy, an operation with high morbidity rates. In conclusion, careful patient selection is essential to achieving optimal results, balancing the oncological benefits in these properly selected patients against the associated morbidity of extensive resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
19.
In Vivo ; 36(5): 2314-2322, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of preoperative anemia in gastric cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 801 patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy at the Nara Medical University hospital, were reviewed. Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin (Hb) level of <10 g/dl. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors. RESULTS: The mean Hb level was 13.1 (SD=2.0). Sixty-four (8.0%) patients were classified into the anemic group. Anemic patients were significantly older than nonanemic patients (p=0.007). Anemia was significantly associated with cardiovascular disease (p=0.041), chronic renal failure (p<0.001), tumor depth (p<0.001), and lymph node metastasis (p=0.001). The overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) rates of anemic patients were significantly lower in comparison to the nonanemic patients (p<0.001). In a subgroup analysis, the OS rate of anemic patients was significantly lower than that of nonanemic patients among patients with stage I and stage II disease. According to a multivariate analysis, preoperative anemia was an independent prognostic factor for OS (p<0.001), but not CSS (p=0.555). The rate of non-cancer deaths among anemic patients was significantly higher than that among nonanemic patients (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Preoperative anemia is a simple and reliable predictor of poor prognosis, and it is associated with a higher risk of non-cancer death.


Assuntos
Anemia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Anemia/complicações , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(36): e30309, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086777

RESUMO

This study investigated the antidiabetic outcomes after gastrectomy with long-limb RY reconstruction (LRYR) and the prognostic factors for remission after 1 year in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and gastric cancer. In 25 Koreans with T2DM and gastric cancer, plasma glucose and insulin levels were measured during a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test, before and 1 week after gastrectomy with LRYR. Patients were examined after 1 year and we defined glycemic control as "remission" when the HbA1c level after 1 year was <6.0% without medication. One year after surgery, 12 patients achieved HbA1c < 6.0% without medication. Among the preoperative indices, the duration of diabetes was shorter in the remission group than that in the non-remission group (median 2.0 [0-6.5] years vs 7.0 [4.5-10.0] years, P = .023). At 1 week after surgery, significant improvements in fasting, 30 minutes, 60 minutes, 90 minutes stimulated glucose levels and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR and Matsuda index) were found only in the remission group. The multivariable logistic regression analysis results showed that higher 30 minutes stimulated glucose level and HOMA-IR index at 1 week after surgery were independent factors for lower odds of 1-year diabetes remission. Shorter duration of diabetes and early postoperative improvements in 30 minutes stimulated glucose level and HOMA-IR were important determinants of long-term antidiabetic outcomes after gastrectomy with LRYR in patients with T2DM and gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neoplasias Gástricas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Glucose/uso terapêutico , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
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