Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 19.421
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 22(1)2025 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459787


OBJECTIVES: This systematic review of qualitative studies explored interventions to improve student nurses' knowledge, attitudes or willingness to work with older people. Student nurses are likely to encounter older people in all health and aged care settings, however, research demonstrates that few have career aspirations in gerontological nursing. METHODS: Qualitative systematic review method based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. RESULTS: Search of Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, EBSCOhost and Scopus yielded 1841 articles which were screened to include primary research about educational interventions to improve student nurses' knowledge, attitudes and/or willingness to work with older people. Data extraction was performed on the 14 included studies, and data were analysed using directed content analysis. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) was used the assess the quality of the studies. CONCLUSIONS: Educational interventions included theory or practice courses, or a combination of theory and practice. While most interventions changed nursing students' negative attitudes towards older people, few increased their willingness to work with them. Practice courses had the most significant impact on willingness to work with older people. Quality assessment revealed methodical limitations. More research is needed to better understand the elements of practice interventions that enhance student nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to work with older people, so that they can be replicated.

Geriatria , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica
J Frailty Aging ; 13(2): 189-192, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616377


BACKGROUND: Knowledge of frailty is essential for meeting the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies for US trainees. The UK General Medical Council requires that frailty be included in undergraduate and graduate medical education curricula. Trainees are expected to appropriately modify care plans and help make patient-centered decisions, while incorporating diagnostic uncertainty, such as frailty, in older adults. Little is known about current needs for frailty instruction in graduate medical education in the US and beyond. OBJECTIVE: We sought to capture faculty perceptions on how frailty should be defined and identified, and what aspects and level of detail should be taught to residents. DESIGN: The authors developed a 4-item short response questionnaire, and faculty had the option to respond via electronic survey or via semi-structured interviews. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Respondents included 24 fellowship-trained geriatricians based at 6 different academic medical centers in a single urban metropolitan area. METHODS: An invitation to participate in either an electronic survey or semi-structured virtual interview was e-mailed to 30 geriatricians affiliated with an academic multi-campus Geriatric Medicine fellowship. Responses were transcribed and coded independently by two authors. RESULTS: Responses were received from 24 geriatricians via a combination of digital questionnaires (n=18) and semi-structured online interviews (n=6), for a response rate of 80%. Responses revealed significant diversity of opinion on how to define and identify frailty and how these concepts should be taught. CONCLUSIONS: As frailty is increasingly incorporated into clinical practice, consensus is needed on how to define and teach frailty to residents.

Fragilidade , Geriatria , Internato e Residência , Humanos , Idoso , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Docentes
Georgian Med News ; (347): 117-121, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609126


An elderly person is the subject of changes and development of the basic conditions of his life. Older patients may experience manifestations of social aging, in which some new areas of social reality remain unexplored for them. This article analyzes dispositional optimism and locus of control, as two personal characteristics closely related to the social and psychological aspects. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between dispositional optimism and locus of control in young and old people. During the study, 115 elderly respondents from the Gerontological Center were surveyed. The average age was 70 [52-74]. A survey of 120 students of the Krasnoyarsk State Medical University of the first, second, third and fourth years, whose average age was 20 [19-25] was conducted. The majority of elderly patients were classified as having an external locus of control (54%), while 46% had an internal locus of control. Regarding optimism, 20% of older people were optimists, 73% were pessimists, and 7% of respondents had a combination of both optimism and pessimism. The majority of young respondents also fell into the category with an external locus of control (70%), while 30% had an internal locus of control. 73% of young people were optimists, 19% were pessimists, and 8% of respondents had a combination of both optimism and pessimism. In older people, there is an inverse relationship between the indicators - the level of internality is inversely proportional to the level of optimism, which is explained by the expectation that bad events will happen more often in the future than good ones. Accordingly, it is necessary to introduce practical recommendations.

Geriatria , Motivação , Idoso , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Envelhecimento , Fatores de Risco , Otimismo
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 59(2): [101446], Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231163


Objetivo: Se ha analizado la prevalencia de antipsicóticos, inhibidores de la acetilcolinesterasa (IACE) y memantina en pacientes con demencia en España y la influencia de estas asociaciones en su prescripción. Método: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal de la base BIFAP de 2017 en los mayores de 65 años con demencia. Se recogieron las prescripciones de antipsicóticos, los IACE y la memantina. Para los antipsicóticos también se recogieron, la duración del tratamiento y el tiempo desde el diagnóstico de demencia, al de prescripción. Resultados: Se recuperaron 1.327.792 sujetos, 89.464 (6,73%) con demencia. El 31,76% tuvieron prescritos antipsicóticos; los más frecuentes: quetiapina (58,47%), risperidona (21%) y haloperidol (19,34%). Las prescripciones de IACE y memantina fueron más frecuentes en los menores de 84 años y las de antipsicóticos en los mayores de 85 años (p<0,001). Los antipsicóticos se mantuvieron una media de 1.174,5 días. En el 26,4% de los casos se prescribieron aislados, OR: 0,61 (IC 95%: 0,59-0,62), en el 35,85% asociados a IACE, OR: 1,26 (IC 95%: 1,22-1,30) y en el 42,4% a memantina, OR: 1,69 (IC 95%: 1,62-1,78); p<0,000). Desde el diagnóstico de demencia transcurrieron de 461 días (±1.576,5) cuando se prescribieron aislados; 651 días (±1.574,25) asociados a IACE y 1.224 (±1.779) a memantina. Conclusiones: Una tercera parte de los pacientes con demencia tuvieron prescritos antipsicóticos, mayoritariamente atípicos, más frecuentemente en los mayores de 85 años y durante periodos prolongados. La prescripción de IACE y memantina se asoció al incremento del riesgo de uso de antipsicóticos, pero paradójicamente, a la prolongación del tiempo hasta su prescripción.(AU)

ObjectiveWe have analyzed the prevalence of antipsychotics in patients with dementia in Spain, their age distribution and the influence of treatment with IACEs and memantine on their prescription. Method: Descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study of the 2017 BIFAP database in over 65 years of age with dementia. Prescriptions of antipsychotics, IACEs and memantine were collected. For antipsychotics were also collected, the duration of treatment and time from dementia diagnosis to prescription. Results: A total of 1,327,792 subjects were retrieved, 89,464 (6.73%) with dementia. Antipsychotics were prescribed in 31.76%; by frequency: quetiapine (58.47%), risperidone (21%) and haloperidol (19.34%). Prescriptions of IACEs and memantine were clustered in those younger than 84 years and antipsychotics in those older than 85 (P<.001). Antipsychotics were maintained for a mean of 1174.5 days. In 26.4% of cases they were prescribed alone, OR 0.61 (95% CI: 0.59-0.62), in 35.85% associated with IACEs, OR 1.26 (95% CI: 1.22-1.30) and in 42.4% with memantine, OR 1.69 (95% CI: 1.62-1.78) (P<.000). From the diagnosis of dementia, 461 days (±1576.5) elapsed when isolated drugs were prescribed; 651 days (±1574.25) associated with IACEs and 1224 (±1779) with memantine. Conclusions: One third of patients with dementia were prescribed antipsychotics, mostly atypical, more frequently in those older than 85 years and for prolonged periods. IACEs and memantine were associated with the risk of antipsychotic prescription, but paradoxically, with prolonged time to onset.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Antipsicóticos/administração & dosagem , Demência/tratamento farmacológico , Memantina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Colinesterase , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Espanha , Geriatria , Saúde do Idoso , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Transversais
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 59(2): [101449], Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231164


Fundamento: Analizar las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y funcionales de los pacientes ingresados en el Hospital Universitario de Navarra por infección por SARS-CoV-2, así como los factores predictores de mortalidad, durante la primera ola de la pandemia provocada por este virus. Metodología: Estudio observacional y retrospectivo de todos los pacientes hospitalizados mayores de 75 años entre marzo y noviembre de 2020. Se ha obtenido información sobre múltiples variables, entre las que cabe destacar los síndromes geriátricos previos y que han aparecido durante la hospitalización, o los antecedentes médicos considerados relevantes en la infección por SARS-CoV-2. Se ha realizado un análisis descriptivo de los datos, comparaciones según diversos factores de interés y análisis multivariable para analizar los factores asociados a la mortalidad. Resultados: Se obtuvieron datos de un total de 426 pacientes cuya edad media fue de 83,2 años (52,6% varones). El 34,7% fallecieron en el hospital y el 4,5% antes de un mes tras el alta hospitalaria. Los factores relacionados con la mortalidad fueron: peor situación funcional basal, enfermedad renal crónica y fiebre o disnea como formas de presentación. Los síntomas típicos más frecuentes fueron: fiebre, disnea, tos, astenia e hiporexia. Hasta el 42,1% presentaron delirium como síntoma de inicio atípico. Se objetivó un deterioro funcional que no se recuperó al mes de seguimiento (índice de Barthel basal 81,12; 70,08 al alta; 75,55 al mes). Conclusiones: La infección por SARS-CoV-2 ha provocado elevadas tasas de mortalidad en las personas mayores. En este grupo etario, es frecuente la forma de presentación atípica de esta enfermedad y el deterioro funcional durante la hospitalización. En el presente estudio se ha identificado un peor estado funcional previo como predictor de mortalidad. Son necesarios más estudios que evalúen el impacto que la enfermedad y la hospitalización tienen en el paciente mayor...(AU)

Background: The objective of the present study is to analyze the epidemiological, clinical and functional characteristics of patients admitted to the University Hospital of Navarra due to SARS-CoV-2 infection, as well as the predictors of mortality, during the first wave of the pandemic caused by this virus. Methodology: An observational, retrospective study was performed, including all hospitalized patients older than 75 years. Information has been obtained on multiple variables, among which it is worth mentioning previous geriatric syndromes or those that have appeared during hospitalization, or past medical history considered relevant in SARS-CoV-2 infection. A descriptive analysis of the data, comparisons according to various factors of interest and multivariate analysis to analyze factors associated with mortality were carried out. Results: Data have been obtained from a total of 426 patients with a mean age of 83.2 years (52.6% men). 34.7% died in hospital and 4.5% within 1 month after hospital discharge. The factors related to mortality were: worse baseline functional status, chronic kidney disease, and fever or dyspnea as forms of presentation. The most frequent typical symptoms were: fever, dyspnea, cough, asthenia and hyporexia. Up to 42.1% presented delirium as a symptom of atypical onset. We observed a functional deterioration that was not recover after a month of follow-up (baseline Barthel index 81.12; 70.08 at discharge; 75.55 after a month). Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 infection has caused high mortality rates in older adults. In this age group, the atypical presentation of this disease and functional deterioration during hospitalization are frequent. In the present study, a worse previous functional status has been identified as a predictor of mortality. More studies are needed to evaluate the impact that the disease and hospitalization have on the older patient...(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , /epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hospitalização , Mortalidade , Geriatria , Saúde do Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , /diagnóstico
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 59(2): [101452], Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231165


Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre funcionalidad familiar y deterioro cognitivo leve en la familia con adulto mayor. Metodología: Diseño transversal analítico en familias con pacientes geriátricos. Se consideró familia con paciente geriátrico cuando al menos uno de sus integrantes tenía más de 60años de edad. Los grupos de comparación fueron la familia con paciente geriátrico sin deterioro cognitivo y la familia con paciente geriátrico con deterioro cognitivo leve determinada con el instrumento MoCA. La funcionalidad familiar se evaluó con el instrumento APGAR familiar, el cual identifica tres categorías: funcionalidad familiar, disfuncionalidad familiar moderada y disfuncionalidad familiar severa. El análisis estadístico incluyó chi cuadrado y prueba de Mann Whitney. Resultados: En la familia con paciente geriátrico, en el grupo sin deterioro cognitivo la prevalencia de funcionalidad familiar es del 89,7% y en el grupo con deterioro cognitivo leve la prevalencia de funcionalidad familiar es del 59,3% (MW=4,87, p<0,000). Conclusión: Existe asociación entre funcionalidad familiar y deterioro cognitivo leve.(AU)

Aim: To determine the association between family functionality and mild cognitive impairment in the family with the elderly. Methodology: Analytical cross-sectional design in families with geriatric patients. A family with a geriatric patient was considered when at least one of its members was over 60years of age. The comparison groups were the family with a geriatric patient without cognitive impairment and the family with a geriatric patient with mild cognitive impairment determined with the MoCA instrument. Family functionality was evaluated with the family APGAR instrument, which identifies three categories: family functionality, moderate family dysfunction, and severe family dysfunction. Statistical analysis included Chi square and Mann-Whitney test. Results: In the family with a geriatric patient, in the group without cognitive impairment the prevalence of family functionality is 89.7% and in the group with mild cognitive impairment the prevalence of family functionality is 59.3% (MW=4.87, P<.000). Conclusion: There is an association between family functionality and mild cognitive impairment.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva , Família , Prevalência , Envelhecimento , Estudos Transversais , Geriatria , Saúde do Idoso
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 59(2): [101453], Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231166


Background: Nursing homes are becoming increasingly important as end-of-life care facilities. However, many older adults want to stay in their homes as they age. Objective: To assess the feasibility of a deinstitutionalization process on selected institutionalized older adults who are willing to initiate the process. Methods: This study, divided into two phases, will be carried out over 15 months on 241 residents living in two nursing homes in Navarra (Spain). The first phase has a cross-sectional design. We will identify the factors and covariates associated with feasibility and willingness to participate in a deinstitutionalization process by bivariate analysis, essential resources for the process and residents to participate in the process. The second phase has a complex interventional design to implement a deinstitutionalization process. An exploratory descriptive and comparative analysis will be carried out to characterize the participants, prescribed services and the impact deinstitutionalization intervention will have over time (quality of life will be the main outcome; secondary variables will be health, psychosocial, and resource use variables). This study will be accompanied by a pseudo-qualitative and emergent sub-study to identify barriers and facilitators concerning the implementation of this process and understand how intervention components and context influence the outcomes of the main study. Intervention components and the way the intervention is implemented will be of great relevance in the analysis. Discussion: Alternatives to institutionalization with adapted accommodation and community support can allow people who wish to return to the community.(AU)

Introducción: Las residencias de personas mayores cobran cada vez más importancia como centros de atención al final de la vida. Sin embargo, muchos adultos mayores desean permanecer en sus casas mientras envejecen. Objetivo: Se pretende evaluar la viabilidad de un proceso de desinstitucionalización en adultos mayores seleccionados que viven en las residencias y que expresen la voluntad para iniciar el proceso. Métodos: Este estudio, dividido en dos fases, se llevará a cabo durante 15 meses en 241 sujetos que viven en dos residencias de personas mayores en Navarra (España). La primera fase tiene un diseño transversal en donde se identificarán los factores y covariables asociadas a la viabilidad y voluntad para participar en un proceso de desinstitucionalización a través de un análisis bivariante, los recursos imprescindibles para el proceso y los residentes que quieran participar en él. La segunda fase tiene un diseño de intervención compleja en la que se implementa un proceso de desinstitucionalización. Se realizará un análisis exploratorio descriptivo y comparativo para caracterizar a los participantes, los servicios prescritos y el efecto de la intervención de desinstitucionalización a lo largo del tiempo (la calidad de vida será la variable principal; las secundarias serán las referentes a la salud, las psicosociales y de uso de recursos). Este estudio irá acompañado de un subestudio pseudocualitativo y emergente para identificar las barreras y los elementos facilitadores relativos a la implementación de este proceso y comprender cómo los componentes de la intervención y el contexto influyen en los resultados del estudio principal. Los componentes de la intervención y su ejecución serán de gran relevancia en el análisis. Discusión: Las alternativas a la institucionalización con viviendas adaptadas y apoyos comunitarios pueden permitir a las personas que así lo desean el retorno a la comunidad.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Desinstitucionalização , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde do Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Geriatria , Guias como Assunto , Espanha
Rev. clín. esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 224(4): 204-216, Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232255


Objetivo: Estimar la incidencia de diagnóstico de insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) en pacientes mayores en los servicios de urgencias (SU), la confirmación diagnóstica de la ICA en pacientes hospitalizados y los eventos adversos a corto plazo. Método: Se incluyeron a todos los pacientes de ≥65 años atendidos en 52 SU españoles durante una semana y se seleccionaron los diagnosticados de ICA. En los hospitalizados se recogieron los diagnosticados de ICA al alta. Como eventos adversos, se recogió la mortalidad intrahospitalaria y a 30 días, y evento adverso combinado (muerte u hospitalización) a 30 días posalta. Se calcularon las odds ratio (OR) ajustadas de las características demográficas, de estado basal y a la llegada al SU asociadas con mortalidad y evento adverso posalta a 30 días. Resultados: Se incluyeron 1.155 pacientes con ICA (incidencia anual: 26,5 por 1.000 habitantes ≥65 años, IC95%: 25,0-28,1). En el 86%, el diagnóstico de ICA constaba al alta. La mortalidad global a 30 días fue del 10,7%, la intrahospitalaria del 7,9% y el evento combinado posalta del 15,6%. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria y a 30 días se asoció con hipotensión arterial (OR ajustada: 74,0, IC95%: 5,39-1.015.; y 42,6, 3,74-485, respectivamente) e hipoxemia (2,14, 1,27-3,61; y 1,87, 1,19-2,93) a la llegada a urgencias y con precisar ayuda en la deambulación (2,24, 1,04-4,83; y 2,48, 1,27-4,86) y la edad (por cada incremento de 10 años; 1,54, 1,04-2,29, y 1,60, 1,13-2,28). Conclusiones: La ICA es un diagnóstico frecuente en los pacientes mayores que consultan en los SU. El deterioro funcional, la edad, la hipotensión e hipoxemia son los factores que más se asocian a mortalidad.(AU)

Objective: To estimate the incidence of acute heart failure (AHF) diagnosis in elderly patients in emergency departments (ED), diagnostic confirmation in hospitalized patients, and short-term adverse events. Methods: All patients aged ≥65 years attended in 52 Spanish EDs during 1 week were included and those diagnosed with AHF were selected. In hospitalized patients, those diagnosed with AHF at discharge were collected. As adverse events, in-hospital and 30-day mortality, and combined adverse event (death or hospitalization) at 30 days post-discharge were collected. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) for association of demographic variables, baseline status and constants at ED arrival with mortality and 30-day post-discharge adverse event were calculated. Results: We included 1,155 patients with AHF (annual incidence: 26.5 per 1000 inhabitants ≥65 years, 95%CI: 25.0-28.1). In 86% the diagnosis of AHF was known at discharge. Overall 30-day mortality was 10.7% and in-hospital mortality was 7.9%, and the combined event in 15.6%. In-hospital and 30-day mortality was associated with arterial hypotension (adjusted OR: 74.0, 95%CI: 5.39-1015. and 42.6, 3.74-485, respectively and hypoxemia (2.14, 1.27-3.61; and 1.87, 1.19-2.93) on arrival at the ED and requiring assistance with ambulation (2.24, 1.04-4.83; and 2.48, 1.27-4.86) and age (per 10-year increment; 1.54, 1.04-2.29; and 1.60, 1.13-2.28). The combined post-discharge adverse event was not associated with any characteristic. Conclusions: AHF is a frequent diagnosis in elderly patients consulting in the ED. The functional impairment, age, hypotension and hypoxemia are the factors most associated with mortality.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Incidência , Hospitalização , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Geriatria , Espanha
Cult. cuid ; 28(68): 267-280, Abr 10, 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232328


Introducción: El envejecimiento poblacional ha desplegadoun nuevo y amplio campo de estudio para la ciencia sanitariaen el que la enfermería debe investigar para garantizar laautonomía en salud de las personas mayores.Objetivo: Visibilizar los Centros de Día Gerontológicos(CDG) y las actividades de los profesionales de enfermeríaen dichos centros en Huelva.Metodología: Se ha realizado una investigación cualitativa apartir de cuestionarios y entrevistas dirigidas al personal dedirección y enfermería de varios Centros de Día de Huelvay provincia.Resultados: Los CDG son un recurso intermedio con múltiplesobjetivos y funciones, que ofrecen calidad de vida tantopara los mayores como para sus familiares. Se componende un equipo básico de profesionales que trabaja de formano permanente. La figura de la enfermería es esencial, perocuenta con una situación laboral muy deficiente.Conclusión: Estos centros proporcionan cuidados profesionalesy permiten la permanencia en los domicilios habitualesfavoreciendo la calidad de vida y autonomía de esta poblaciónmayor. La bibliografía sobre este tema es escasa, por lo quese considera necesario profundizar en su investigación juntocon la puesta en marcha de programas y propuestas de mejoraque den a conocer estos centros sociosanitarios.(AU)

Introduction: Population aging has opened up a newand broad field of study for health science in whichnursing must investigate to guarantee the healthautonomy of older people.Objective: To make visible the Gerontological DayCenters (CDG) and the activities of nursing professionalsin these centers in Huelva.Methodology: A qualitative investigation has beencarried out using questionnaires and interviews directedat the management and nursing staff of several DayCenters in Huelva and the province.Results: The CDG are an intermediate resource withmultiple objectives and functions, which offer qualityof life for both the elderly and their families. They aremade up of a basic team of professionals who workon a non-permanent basis. The role of nursing isessential, but it has a very poor employment situation.Conclusion: These centers provide professional careand allow them to remain in their usual homes,favoring the quality of life and autonomy of thisolder population. The bibliography on this topic isscarce, so it is considered necessary to deepen itsresearch along with the implementation of programsand improvement proposals that make these socio-health centers known.(AU)

Introdução: O envelhecimento populacional abriuum novo e amplo campo de estudo para as ciênciasda saúde no qual a enfermagem deve investigar paragarantir a autonomia de saúde dos idosos.Objectivo: Dar visibilidade aos Centros de DiaGerontológicos (CDG) e à actividade dos profissionaisde enfermagem destes centros de Huelva.Metodologia: Foi realizada uma investigação qualitativaatravés de questionários e entrevistas dirigidas aosdirigentes e pessoal de enfermagem de vários Centrosde Dia de Huelva e da província.Resultados: Os CDG são um recurso intermediáriocom múltiplos objetivos e funções, que oferecemqualidade de vida tanto para os idosos quanto paraseus familiares. São formados por uma equipe básicade profissionais que atuam de forma não permanente.O papel da enfermagem é essencial, mas tem umasituação laboral muito precária.Conclusão: Estes centros prestam cuidados profissionaise permitem a permanência nos seus domicílios habituais,favorecendo a qualidade de vida e a autonomia destapopulação idosa. A bibliografia sobre este tema éescassa, pelo que considera-se necessário aprofundara sua investigação juntamente com a implementaçãode programas e propostas de melhoria que dêem aconhecer estes centros sócio-sanitários.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Centros-Dia de Assistência à Saúde para Adultos , Envelhecimento , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Enfermagem , Geriatria , Espanha , Saúde do Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa Qualitativa
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 20(4): 193-198, Abr. 2024. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232372


Background: The characteristics of synovial fluid (SF) in geriatric patients differ from those in younger patients. In Mexico, epidemiologic data on the incidence of different rheumatic diseases in geriatric patients are scarce. Objective: To describe the physical characteristics of geriatric SF and the prevalence of crystals in knee and other joint aspirates from patients with previously diagnosed joint disease. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was performed with a baseline of 517 SF samples between 2011 and 2023. White blood cell count was performed by Neubauer chamber and crystals were identified by polarized light microscopy. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed and prevalence was reported as a percentage. Results: The mean age of the adults was 73.5±5.0 years, 54.4% were women and 45.6% were men. The mean SF volume was 6.3±9.5mL in older adults and 15.3±24.9mL in those younger than 65 years. The mean viscosity in older adults was 9.5±4.5mm and the mean leukocyte count was 7352±16,402leukocytes/mm3. Seventy percent of the older adults’ SFs were referred to the laboratory for osteoarthritis (OA), with lower proportions for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (14.6%) and gout (5.1%). Of the crystals observed in the geriatric population, 14.6% corresponded to monosodium urate crystals (CUM) and 18.9% to calcium pyrophosphate crystals (CPP). Conclusions: The characteristics of LS in older adults were smaller volume, increased viscosity, and non-inflammatory. The main diagnoses were OA, RA, and gout. The crystal content of the SF of the geriatric population corresponded mainly to CPP.(AU)

Antecedentes: Las características del líquido sinovial (LS) en pacientes geriátricos varían en comparación con pacientes más jóvenes. En México, los datos epidemiológicos sobre la incidencia de diversas enfermedades reumáticas en el paciente geriátrico son escasos. Objetivo: Describir las características físicas del LS geriátrico y la prevalencia de cristales en aspirados de rodilla y otras articulaciones de pacientes con enfermedades articulares previamente diagnosticadas.Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo con una base de 517 muestras de LS entre 2011 y 2023. El recuento de glóbulos blancos se realizó con cámara de Neubauer, y los cristales se identificaron por microscopia de luz polarizada. Se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo y la prevalencia se reportó como porcentaje. Resultados: La edad promedio en los adultos fue de 73,5±5,0 años; el 54,4% fueron mujeres y el 45,6%, hombres. El volumen promedio del LS en adultos mayores fue de 6,3±9,5ml, mientras que en menores de 65 años fue de 15,3±24,9ml. La viscosidad promedio fue de 9,5±4,5mm en los adultos mayores, y una cuenta de 7.352±16.402 leucocitos/mm3. El 70% de los LS de los adultos mayores fueron remitidos a laboratorio por osteoartritis (OA), u una proporción más baja, por artritis reumatoide (AR) (14,6%) y gota (5,1%). En cuanto a los cristales observados en los LS de la población geriátrica, el 14,6% correspondieron a cristales de urato monosódico (CUM) y el 18,9%, a cristales de pirofosfato de calcio (CPP). Conclusiones: Las características del LS en los adultos mayores fueron menor volumen, viscosidad incrementada y no inflamatorios. Los principales diagnósticos fueron OA, AR y gota. El contenido de los cristales en los LS de la población geriátrica correspondió principalmente a CPP.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Geriatria , Líquido Sinovial/microbiologia , Osteoartrite , Saúde do Idoso , Reumatologia , Doenças Reumáticas , Estudos Retrospectivos , México
Curr Pharm Teach Learn ; 16(5): 377-385, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609769


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Development of competencies related to care of older adults is necessary in pharmacy education. Skills laboratories as an essential part of the curriculum represent an important setting to teach geriatrics. The purpose of this research was to describe geriatrics cases in skills/simulation activities of an undergraduate pharmacy program. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A retrospective review of one academic year of skills laboratories from the pharmacy program at the Faculty of Pharmacy of University of Montreal was performed. Sessions including cases aged ≥65 years were selected. Content was extracted for characteristics relating to the patient, health, medications, and care context. A framework including geriatric considerations such as geriatric syndromes, frailty status, and potentially inappropriate medications was developed for data collection. FINDINGS: In total, 210 patient cases were extracted. Older adults (≥ 65 years) were represented in 51 cases (24%), with 8 cases (4%) aged ≥80 years. Geriatric syndromes were documented in 8%, functional status in 10%, and mobility in 12% of the cases. The median number of comorbidities and medications were 4 and 7, respectively. Regarding polypharmacy, only 10 cases had >10 medications, and none had >15 medications. Potentially inappropriate medications were found in 47% (n = 24) of the cases but were addressed in only 14% (n = 7) cases. SUMMARY: This mapping of skills laboratories highlights gaps in geriatrics content. Inclusion of the oldest patients and geriatrics issues were incorporated in a minority of cases and lacked many characteristics essential for geriatrics care.

Geriatria , Internato e Residência , Idoso , Humanos , Laboratórios , Geriatria/educação , Currículo , Competência Clínica
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 349, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637724


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the actual application, knowledge, and training needs of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) among geriatric practitioners in China. METHODS: A total of 225 geriatric practitioners attending the geriatric medicine or geriatric nursing training were recruited for this cross-sectional study. The questionnaire included demographics, healthcare institution characteristics, the actual application, knowledge, training needs, and barriers to CGA and geriatric syndromes (GS). RESULTS: Physicians and nurses were 57.3% and 42.7%, respectively. 71.1% were female, with a median age was 35 years. Almost two-thirds (140/225) of geriatric practitioners reported exposure to CGA in their clinical practice. The top five CGA evaluation items currently used were malnutrition risk (49.8%), fall risk (49.8%), activity of daily living (48.0%), pain (44.4%), and cognitive function (42.7%). Median knowledge scores for the management procedures of GS ranged from 2 to 6. Physicians identified medical insurance payment issues (29.5%) and a lack of systematic specialist knowledge and technology (21.7%) as the two biggest barriers to practicing geriatrics. Nurses cited a lack of systematic specialist knowledge and technology (52.1%) as the primary barrier. In addition, physicians and nurses exhibited significant differences in their knowledge of CGA-specific evaluation items and management procedures for GS (all P < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in their training needs, except for polypharmacy. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of CGA application at the individual level, as well as the overall knowledge among geriatric practitioners, was not adequate. Geriatric education and continuous training should be tailored to address the specific roles of physicians and nurses, as well as the practical knowledge reserves, barriers, and training needs they face.

Enfermagem Geriátrica , Geriatria , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Atenção à Saúde , Geriatria/métodos
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8758, 2024 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627582


Multidimensional health function impairments are common in older patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this study was to explore whether the risk or severity of geriatric syndrome increased with a decline in renal function. This survey was conducted for CKD patients aged ≥ 60 years and hospitalized at West China Hospital of Sichuan University (Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Nephrology, and Endocrinology) and Chengdu Kangfu Kidney Disease Hospital from September 01, 2013 to June 30, 2014. Patients underwent multidimensional individualized assessments by trained doctors. Logistic regression analysis found that the risk of assisted walking (P = 0.001) and urinary incontinence (P = 0.039) increased with a decline in renal function. Regression analysis revealed that the scores of activities of daily living (P = 0.024), nutritional status (P = 0.000), total social support (P = 0.014), and objective support (P = 0.000) decreased with a decline in renal function.

Geriatria , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi ; 61(1): 13-21, 2024.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583964


After the publication of the guidelines about the safe drug therapy for older people in 2015 by the Japan Geriatrics Society, the risk of polypharmacy has become popular. Older people are likely to have multimorbidity, resulting in the use of multiple drugs. This not only increases the frequency of side effects, but also increase confusion and difficulty in medication management and adherence. Polypharmacy is the problem related to these complicated drug therapies and will increase by age. It is necessary to review drugs and resolve polypharmacy without making comorbid conditions worth. To carry out effective medication reviews, the guidance established by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare introduced that geriatric assessment is essential for those with polypharmacy, since not only all medical conditions, but also physical and cognitive functions, medications, living environment, and caregivers should be taken into consideration when discontinuing drugs. When tapering, potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) should be always the targets, and PIMs drug lists such as the Beers criteria and STOPP/START became very popular in overseas. Even after the reductions, careful attention should be paid to changes in the patient's condition. For drugs that are continued, continuous checks are required to ensure compliance with patients' medication adherence. There are many possible reasons for poor medication adherence, and it will be difficult to improve unless we identify what the cause is in each patient, and making the prescriptions simple may be necessary.

Geriatria , Prescrição Inadequada , Humanos , Idoso , Prescrição Inadequada/efeitos adversos , Polimedicação , Lista de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados , Japão
J Aging Stud ; 68: 101210, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458729


Most people become more reliant on care and support as they age. The constitution of ageing people in the context of nursing support thus represents a material aspect in the daily life of these people and must be taken into account in the science of gerontology. However, theories of (geriatric) care have previously been predominantly human-centric. In light of the material turn, the goal of this paper is to highlight the potential to be found in using agential realism to critically examine geriatric care. It will begin by detailing previous perspectives on geriatric care and any use of material aspects to be found in it. It will then present a conceptual-methodical approach that allows for an examination of the act of caring, taking material aspects into account. The application of this approach to empirical material drawn from an example of acute care in Germany will, in conclusion, illustrate significant elements that, in light of agential realism, must also be taken into account when investigating what it means to provide good geriatric care.

Enfermagem Geriátrica , Geriatria , Humanos , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Alemanha