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1.
J Mol Model ; 29(2): 49, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662338

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Aiming at accurately predicting electro-optical properties of biomolecules, this work presents distributed atomic and functional-group polarizability tensors for a series of polypeptides and peptide clusters constructed from glycine and its residuals. By partitioning the electron density using the quantum theory of atoms in molecules, we demonstrated a very good transferability of the group polarizabilities. We were able to identify and extract the most efficient functional groups capable of generating the largest electrical susceptibility in condensed phases. Both the isotropic polarizability and its anisotropy were used to understand the way functional groups act as sources of linear optical responses, how they interact with each other reinforcing the macroscopic optical behavior within the material, and how covalent bonds and non-covalent interactions, such as hydrogen bonds, determine refractive indices and birefringence. Particular attention is devoted to the peptide bonds as they provide links to build biomacromolecules or polymers. An adequate quantum-mechanical treatment of at least the first interaction sphere of a given functional group is required to properly describe the effects of mutual polarization, but we identified optimum cluster size and shape to better estimate polarizabilities and dipole moments of larger molecules or molecular aggregates from the knowledge of the electron density of a central molecule or amino acid residual that is representative of the bulk. The strategy outlined here is a fast yet effective tool for estimating the optical properties of proteins but could eventually find application in the rational design of optical organic materials as well. METHODS: Electronic-structure calculations were performed on the Gaussin16 program at the DFT level using the CAMB3LYP functional and the double-ζ quality Dunning basis set aug-cc-pVDZ. Electron density partitioning followed the concepts of the Quantum Theory of Atoms and Molecules (QTAIM) and was performed using the AIMAll program. The locally developed Polaber routine was applied to calculate dipole moment vectors and polarizability tensors. It was amended to include the effects of the local field on a given central molecule by means of a modified Atom-Dipole Interaction Model (ADIM).


Assuntos
Peptídeos , Proteínas , Aminoácidos , Glicina , Eletricidade
2.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677970

RESUMO

The interplay of high-resolution rotational spectroscopy and quantum-chemical computations plays an invaluable role in the investigation of biomolecule building blocks in the gas phase. However, quantum-chemical methods suffer from unfavorable scaling with the dimension of the system under consideration. While a complete characterization of flexible systems requires an elaborate multi-step strategy, in this work, we demonstrate that the accuracy obtained by quantum-chemical composite approaches in the prediction of rotational spectroscopy parameters can be approached by a model based on density functional theory. Glycine and serine are employed to demonstrate that, despite its limited cost, such a model is able to predict rotational constants with an accuracy of 0.3% or better, thus paving the way toward the accurate characterization of larger flexible building blocks of biomolecules.


Assuntos
Glicina , Serina , Análise Espectral
3.
Life Sci Alliance ; 6(4)2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690444

RESUMO

Membrane cholesterol binds to and modulates the function of various SLC6 neurotransmitter transporters, including stabilizing the outward-facing conformation of the dopamine and serotonin transporters. Here, we investigate how cholesterol binds to GlyT2 (SLC6A5), modulates glycine transport rate, and influences bioactive lipid inhibition of GlyT2. Bioactive lipid inhibitors are analgesics that bind to an allosteric site accessible from the extracellular solution when GlyT2 adopts an outward-facing conformation. Using molecular dynamics simulations, mutagenesis, and cholesterol depletion experiments, we show that bioactive lipid inhibition of glycine transport is modulated by the recruitment of membrane cholesterol to a binding site formed by transmembrane helices 1, 5, and 7. Recruitment involves cholesterol flipping from its membrane orientation, and insertion of the 3' hydroxyl group into the cholesterol binding cavity, close to the allosteric site. The synergy between cholesterol and allosteric inhibitors provides a novel mechanism of inhibition and a potential avenue for the development of potent GlyT2 inhibitors as alternative therapeutics for the treatment of neuropathic pain and therapeutics that target other SLC6 transporters.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Glicina , Glicina , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Glicina/química , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Glicina/metabolismo , Transporte de Íons , Glicina/química , Glicina/metabolismo , Glicina/farmacologia , Colesterol/metabolismo , Lipídeos
4.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112257, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596168

RESUMO

Glyceryl core aldehyde (GCAs) are hazard factors produced during the frying process using oils and fats, and GCAs control and mitigation research is very important. This study investigated the effects of adding amino acids (methionine, glycine, and histidine) at 2.5, 5, and 10 mM on the formation and distribution of four GCAs during frying. High oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) was selected as frying oil for French fries. After 12 h of frying, the content of GCAs in the tert-butylhydroquinone-treated group (0.02 wt%, 1.1 mM) decreased by 29 % compared with the control group. The addition of methionine, glycine, and histidine decreased the total GCAs by 51 %, 28 %, and 27 %, respectively. The total GCAs content was best inhibited by methionine, while glycine and histidine were not significantly different from TBHQ. Methionine addition significantly reduced GCAs (9-oxo), GCAs (10-oxo-8), and GCAs (11-oxo-9) by 39 %, 78 %, and 80 %, respectively, while histidine was the most potent inhibitor of GCAs (8-oxo), which decreased by 40 %. Methionine also proved effective in slowing degradation of frying oil quality. These results provide a new direction for decreasing GCAs in frying systems.


Assuntos
Glicerol , Óleos Vegetais , Óleos Vegetais/química , Aminoácidos , Aldeídos/análise , Histidina , Culinária/métodos , Metionina , Glicina
5.
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci ; 378(1871): 20220029, 2023 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633285

RESUMO

By linking amino acids to their codon assignments, transfer RNAs (tRNAs) are essential for protein synthesis and translation fidelity. Some human tRNA variants cause amino acid mis-incorporation at a codon or set of codons. We recently found that a naturally occurring tRNASer variant decodes phenylalanine codons with serine and inhibits protein synthesis. Here, we hypothesized that human tRNA variants that misread glycine (Gly) codons with alanine (Ala) will also disrupt protein homeostasis. The A3G mutation occurs naturally in tRNAGly variants (tRNAGlyCCC, tRNAGlyGCC) and creates an alanyl-tRNA synthetase (AlaRS) identity element (G3 : U70). Because AlaRS does not recognize the anticodon, the human tRNAAlaAGC G35C (tRNAAlaACC) variant may function similarly to mis-incorporate Ala at Gly codons. The tRNAGly and tRNAAla variants had no effect on protein synthesis in mammalian cells under normal growth conditions; however, tRNAGlyGCC A3G depressed protein synthesis in the context of proteasome inhibition. Mass spectrometry confirmed Ala mistranslation at multiple Gly codons caused by the tRNAGlyGCC A3G and tRNAAlaAGC G35C mutants, and in some cases, we observed multiple mistranslation events in the same peptide. The data reveal mistranslation of Ala at Gly codons and defects in protein homeostasis generated by natural human tRNA variants that are tolerated under normal conditions. This article is part of the theme issue 'Reactivity and mechanism in chemical and synthetic biology'.


Assuntos
Alanina-tRNA Ligase , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Humanos , Alanina/genética , Alanina/química , Alanina/metabolismo , Alanina-tRNA Ligase/química , Alanina-tRNA Ligase/genética , Alanina-tRNA Ligase/metabolismo , Códon/genética , Glicina/genética , Glicina/metabolismo , Proteostase , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , RNA de Transferência de Alanina/química , RNA de Transferência de Alanina/genética , RNA de Transferência de Alanina/metabolismo , RNA de Transferência de Glicina/metabolismo
6.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279835, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of metabolomics profile in subjects with different blood pressure, including normal blood pressure, elevated blood pressure, stage 1 hypertension, and stage 2 hypertension, would be a promising strategy to understand the pathogenesis of hypertension. Thus, we conducted this study to investigate the association of plasma acylcarnitines and amino acids with hypertension in a large Iranian population. METHODS: 1200 randomly selected subjects from the national survey on the Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in Iran (STEPs 2016) were divided into four groups based on the ACC/AHA hypertension criteria: normal blood pressure (n = 293), elevated blood pressure (n = 135), stage 1 hypertension (n = 325), and stage 2 hypertension (n = 447). Plasma concentrations of 30 acylcarnitines and 20 amino acids were measured using a targeted approach with flow-injection tandem mass spectrometry. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to estimate the association between metabolites level and the risk of hypertension. Age, sex, BMI, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose, use of oral glucose-lowering drugs, statins, and antihypertensive drugs were adjusted in regression analysis. RESULTS: Of 50 metabolites, 34 were associated with an increased likelihood of stage 2 hypertension and 5 with a decreased likelihood of stage 2 hypertension. After full adjustment for potential confounders, 5 metabolites were still significant risk markers for stage 2 hypertension including C0 (OR = 0.75; 95%CI: 0.63, 0.90), C12 (OR = 1.18; 95%CI: 1.00, 1.40), C14:1 (OR = 1.20; 95%CI: 1.01, 1.42), C14:2 (OR = 1.19; 95%CI: 1.01, 1.41), and glycine (OR = 0.81; 95%CI: 0.68, 0.96). An index that included glycine and serine also showed significant predictive value for stage 2 hypertension after full adjustment (OR = 0.86; 95%CI: 0.75, 0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Five metabolites were identified as potentially valuable predictors of stage 2 hypertension.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Hipertensão , Humanos , Aminoácidos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/complicações , Glicina , Metabolômica
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674875

RESUMO

The use of chemicals for various purposes in agriculture has numerous consequences, such as the contamination of ecosystems. Thus, nowadays it is perceived that their development should adhere to the principles of green chemistry elaborated by Paul Anastas. Consequently, to create more environment-friendly herbicides, we elaborated a 'green' synthesis method of a series of ionic liquids (ILs) containing cations derived from glycine. The appropriately modified cations were combined with an anion from the group of phenoxy acids, commonly known as 2,4-DP. The products were obtained with high yields, and subsequently, their properties, such as density, viscosity and solubility, were thoroughly examined to elucidate existing structure-property relationships. All ILs were liquids at room temperature, which enabled the elimination of some serious issues associated with solid active forms, such as the polymorphism or precipitation of an active ingredient from spray solution. Additionally, the synthesized compounds were tested under greenhouse conditions, which allowed an assessment of their effectiveness in regulating the growth of oilseed rape, selected as a model dicotyledonous plant. The product comprising a dodecyl chain exhibited the greatest reduction in the fresh weight of plants, significantly surpassing not only a commercially used reference herbicide but also the potassium salt of 2,4-DP.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Líquidos Iônicos , Herbicidas/química , Aminoácidos/química , Glicina , Ecossistema , Cátions/química , Líquidos Iônicos/química
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675238

RESUMO

The most frequent alterations in plasma amino acid concentrations in type 1 and type 2 diabetes are decreased L-serine and increased branched-chain amino acid (BCAA; valine, leucine, and isoleucine) levels. The likely cause of L-serine deficiency is decreased synthesis of 3-phosphoglycerate, the main endogenous precursor of L-serine, due to impaired glycolysis. The BCAA levels increase due to decreased supply of pyruvate and oxaloacetate from glycolysis, enhanced supply of NADH + H+ from beta-oxidation, and subsequent decrease in the flux through the citric acid cycle in muscles. These alterations decrease the supply of α-ketoglutarate for BCAA transamination and the activity of branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase, the rate-limiting enzyme in BCAA catabolism. L-serine deficiency contributes to decreased synthesis of phospholipids and increased synthesis of deoxysphinganines, which play a role in diabetic neuropathy, impaired homocysteine disposal, and glycine deficiency. Enhanced BCAA levels contribute to increased levels of aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan), insulin resistance, and accumulation of various metabolites, whose influence on diabetes progression is not clear. It is concluded that amino acid concentrations should be monitored in patients with diabetes, and systematic investigation is needed to examine the effects of L-serine and glycine supplementation on diabetes progression when these amino acids are decreased.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Ácido Pirúvico , Glicólise , Glicina/metabolismo , Serina/metabolismo
9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 225: 115220, 2023 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610173

RESUMO

Ixazomib is the only orally active proteasome inhibitor used in clinical practice as an anticancer drug. The novel, rapid UHPLC-UV assay for ixazomib was developed and applied to the forced degradation study followed by HRMS identification of the main degradation products. Oxidative deboronation and hydrolysis of the amid bond were found to be the principal degradation pathways. The chemical standards of the main degradation products were prepared. The method was validated for the simultaneous assay of ixazomib and its degradation products within the concentration ranges of 2.50-100.00 µg/mL (ixazomib); 0.75-60.00 µg/mL (Impurity A and B) and 1.25-60.00 µg/mL (Impurity C). The stability study revealed that ixazomib in solution is: 1) relatively stable in neutral and acidic environments, 2) its decomposition is accelerated at higher pH, 3) it is sensitive to the effects of oxidants and light, and 4) the degradation of ixazomib follows the first-order kinetics under neutral, acidic, alkaline, and UV stress. Contrary, the solid substance of ixazomib citrate was relatively resistant to heat (70 °C), heat/humidity (70 °C/75 % RH), and UV irradiation for 24 h. This study presents the first MS-compatible UHPLC method for the quantification of ixazomib and its degradation products. Furthermore, it provides data about the inherent stability and kinetics of degradation of ixazomib in a solution that may be useful in further investigation of this drug, or the development of novel proteasome inhibitors based on the ixazomib structure.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Glicina , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Compostos de Boro , Inibidores de Proteassoma , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Hidrólise , Oxirredução
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246579, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278558

RESUMO

Abstract Water magnetization and geoprocessing are increasingly utilized tools in weed management. Our objective was to study the influence of water magnetization on herbicide efficiency and to verify whether there is a relationship between control scores and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). In the laboratory experiment, water was subjected to magnetization and evaluated with respect to four characteristics. In the field experiment, plots of Brachiaria grass were subjected to treatments in a factorial scheme (6 × 2 + 1). Six herbicidal factors (doses of glyphosate and glyphosate + 2,4-D) and the magnetization or absence of magnetization of the spray solution were evaluated and compared against the control treatment (without spraying). Weed control assessments were carried out six times. Images were obtained using an embedded multispectral camera to determine the NDVI values. Data related to water characteristics were analyzed using the t test. Weed control and NDVI data were subjected to analysis of variance and are presented in regression graphs. Dispersion analysis of NDVI data was performed according to the control scores. The magnetization process decreased the pH of the water and increased the surface tension, but it did not influence the control scores or the NDVI. As the glyphosate dose was increased, the control scores were higher and the NDVI values were lower. Magnetized water did not affect the biological efficiency of the herbicides, and there was a strong correlation between the control scores and the NDVI values.


Resumo A magnetização da água e o geoprocessamento são ferramentas cada vez mais utilizadas no manejo de ervas daninhas. Nosso objetivo foi estudar a influência da magnetização da água na eficiência do herbicida e verificar se existe uma relação entre os escores de controle e o índice de vegetação por diferença normalizada (NDVI). No experimento de laboratório, a água foi submetida à magnetização e avaliada em relação a quatro características. No experimento de campo, parcelas de capim-braquiária foram submetidas a tratamentos em esquema fatorial (6 × 2 + 1). Seis fatores herbicidas (doses de glyphosate e glyphosate + 2,4-D) e a magnetização ou ausência de magnetização da calda foram avaliados e comparados com o tratamento controle (sem pulverização). Avaliações de controle de plantas daninhas foram realizadas seis vezes. As imagens foram obtidas usando uma câmera multiespectral incorporada para determinar os valores de NDVI. Os dados relacionados às características da água foram analisados ​​por meio do teste t. O controle de plantas daninhas e os dados de NDVI foram submetidos à análise de variância e são apresentados em gráficos de regressão. A análise de dispersão dos dados NDVI foi realizada de acordo com os escores de controle. O processo de magnetização diminuiu o pH da água e aumentou a tensão superficial, mas não influenciou nos escores de controle ou no NDVI. Conforme a dose de glyphosate foi aumentada, os escores de controle foram maiores e os valores de NDVI foram menores. A água magnetizada não afetou a eficiência biológica dos herbicidas, e houve uma forte correlação entre os escores de controle e os valores de NDVI.


Assuntos
Dessecação , Herbicidas , Ácido 2,4-Diclorofenoxiacético , Controle de Plantas Daninhas , Glicina/análogos & derivados
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242830, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278540

RESUMO

Abstract Pesticide residues that contaminate the environment circulate within the hydrological cycle can accumulate within the food chain and cause problems to both environmental and human health. Microbes, however, are well known for their metabolic versatility and the ability to degrade chemically stable substances, including recalcitrant xenobiotics. The current study focused on bio-prospecting within Amazonian rainforest soils to find novel strains fungi capable of efficiently degrading the agriculturally and environmentally ubiquitous herbicide, glyphosate. Of 50 fungal strains isolated (using culture media supplemented with glyphosate as the sole carbon-substrate), the majority were Penicillium strains (60%) and the others were Aspergillus and Trichoderma strains (26 and 8%, respectively). All 50 fungal isolates could use glyphosate as a phosphorous source. Eight of these isolates grew better on glyphosate-supplemented media than on regular Czapek Dox medium. LC-MS revealed that glyphosate degradation by Penicillium 4A21 resulted in sarcosine and aminomethylphosphonic acid.


Resumo Resíduos de agrotóxicos que contaminam o meio ambiente circulam no ciclo hidrológico, podendo se acumular na cadeia alimentar e causar problemas tanto à saúde ambiental quanto humana. Por sua vez, microrganismos são bem conhecidos por sua versatilidade metabólica e capacidade de degradar substâncias quimicamente estáveis, incluindo xenobióticos recalcitrantes. O estudo atual se concentrou na bioprospecção nos solos da floresta amazônica para encontrar novas linhagens de fungos capazes de degradar com eficiência o herbicida onipresente na agricultura e no meio ambiente, o glifosato. Entre os 50 fungos isolados (usando meio de cultura suplementado com glifosato como única fonte de carbono), a maioria eram isolados do gênero Penicillium (60%) e os outros eram isolados de Aspergillus e Trichoderma (26 e 8%, respectivamente). Todos os 50 isolados de fungos foram capazes de usar glifosato como fonte de fósforo. Oito desses isolados cresceram melhor em meio suplementado com glifosato do que em meio Czapek Dox regular. LC-MS revelou que a degradação do glifosato por Penicillium 4A21 resultou nos metabólitos sarcosina e ácido aminometilfosfônico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Penicillium , Trichoderma , Herbicidas/toxicidade , Aspergillus , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Organofosfonatos , Fungos , Glicina/análogos & derivados
13.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 126: 48-57, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503774

RESUMO

Ultraviolet/persulfate (UV/PS) and Ultraviolet/hydrogen peroxide (UV/H2O2) have attracted much attention in recent years as advanced oxidation processes for water treatment. However, it is not all clear how these two methods affect the formation of cyanogen chloride (CNCl) in the subsequent water chlorination process. In this study, it was found that both UV/H2O2 and UV/PS pre-oxidation promoted the formation of CNCl in six actual water samples collected from urban rivers. Glycine, uric acid, arginine and histidine were investigated as the model compounds to explore the effects of different methods on the production of CNCl. The results showed that compared with chlorination alone, pre-oxidation by UV/H2O2 and UV/PS can reduce the production of CNCl for glycine and uric acid by up to 95% during post-chlorination process. However, they can greatly promote the formation of CNCl for arginine and histidine by up to 120-fold. In a more detailed investigation, pre-oxidation of histidine formed highly reactive intermediates to chlorine, leading to increased CNCl formation and chlorine consumption. The results showed that the precursors of CNCl was altered after pre-oxidation, and need to be re-evaluated.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Histidina , Ácido Úrico , Arginina , Glicina
14.
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care ; 26(1): 50-54, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542534

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The metabolic signature associated with obesity is characterized by a decrease in plasma glycine concentration, a feature closely associated with insulin resistance and highly predictive of the risk of developing chronic metabolic diseases. This review presents recent advances in understanding the causes of decreased glycine availability and in targeting strategies to replenish the glycine pool and especially to improve insulin resistance. RECENT RESULTS: Recent literature has made progress in understanding host and gut microbiota mechanisms in determining circulating glycine levels. It has also explored new clinical pathways to restore circulating glycine levels and insulin resistance in obesity-related metabolic diseases. SUMMARY: Recent findings suggest that glycine metabolism must now be considered in close interaction with branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism. Thus, strategies that decrease BCAAs seem to be the best to restore glycine. Furthermore, recent literature has confirmed that lifestyle strategies aimed at inducing weight loss are effective in replenishing the glycine pool. It also confirms that correcting the dysbiosis of the gut microbiota associated with obesity may be a valuable means of achieving this goal. However, it remains unclear whether dietary glycine is an effective strategy for correcting cardiometabolic disorders in obesity.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Doenças Metabólicas , Humanos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Dieta , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/metabolismo , Doenças Metabólicas/complicações , Glicina
15.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 127: 60-68, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522089

RESUMO

With increasing concerns on the environment and human health, the degradation of glyphosate through the formation of less toxic intermediates is of great importance. Among the developed methods for the degradation of glyphosate, photodegradation is a clean and efficient strategy. In this work, we report a new photocatalyst by doping F ion on BiVO4 that can efficiently degrade glyphosate and reduce the toxic emissions of aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) through the selective (P)-C-N cleavage in comparison of BiVO4 catalyst. The results demonstrate that the best suppression of AMPA formation was achieved by the catalyst of 0.3F@BiVO4 at pH = 9 (AMPA formation below 10%). In situ attenuated total reflectance Fourier transforms infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy indicates that the adsorption sites of glyphosate on BiVO4 and 0.3F@BiVO4 are altered due to the difference in electrostatic interactions. Such an absorption alteration leads to the preferential cleavage of the C-N bond on the N-C-P skeleton, thereby inhibiting the formation of toxic AMPA. These results improve our understanding of the photodegradation process of glyphosate catalyzed by BiVO4-based catalysts and pave a safe way for abiotic degradation of glyphosate.


Assuntos
Flúor , Glicina , Humanos , Ácido alfa-Amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxazol Propiônico , Fotólise
16.
ACS Nano ; 17(1): 552-560, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524731

RESUMO

Zn metal is thermodynamically unstable in aqueous electrolytes, which induces dendrite growth and ongoing parasitic reactions at the interface during the plating process and even during shelf time, resulting in rapid battery failure and hindering the practical application of aqueous Zn ion batteries. In this work, glycine, a common multifunctional additive, is utilized to modulate the solvation shell structure and enhance the interfacial stability to guard the reversibility and stability of the Zn anode. Apart from partially replacing the original SO42- in the contact ion pair of Zn2+[H2O]5·OSO32- complexes to suppress the formation of Zn4(OH)6SO4·xH2O byproducts at the interface, glycine molecules can also form a water-poor electrical double layer on the zinc metal surface during resting and be further reduced to build in situ a ZnS-rich solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer during cycling, which further suppresses side reactions and the random growth of Zn dendrites in the whole process. As expected, the cycle life of the symmetrical cells reaches over 3200 h in glycine-containing electrolytes. In addition, the Zn//NVO full cell shows exceptional cycling stability for 3000 cycles at 5 A g-1. Given the low-cost superiority of glycine, the proposed strategy for interfacial chemistry modulation shows considerable potential in promoting the commercialization progress of aqueous batteries.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Zinco , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Glicina , Água
17.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 80(3): 93-95, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545781
18.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 17(1): 423, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is a severe neurometabolic disorder characterized by increased glycine levels. Current glycine reduction therapy uses high doses of sodium benzoate. The ketogenic diet (KD) may represent an alternative method of glycine reduction. AIM: We aimed to assess clinical and biochemical effects of two glycine reduction strategies: high dose benzoate versus KD with low dose benzoate. METHODS: Six infants with NKH were first treated with high dose benzoate therapy to achieve target plasma glycine levels, and then switched to KD with low dose benzoate. They were evaluated as clinically indicated by physical examination, electroencephalogram, plasma and cerebral spinal fluid amino acid levels. Brain glycine levels were monitored by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). RESULTS: Average plasma glycine levels were significantly lower with KD compared to benzoate monotherapy by on average 28%. Two infants underwent comparative assessments of brain glycine levels via serial MRS. A 30% reduction of brain glycine levels was observed in the basal ganglia and a 50% reduction in the white matter, which remained elevated above normal, and was equivalent between the KD and high dose benzoate therapies. CSF analysis obtained while participants remained on the KD showed a decrease in glycine, serine and threonine levels, reflecting their gluconeogenetic usage. Clinically, half the patients had seizure reduction on KD, otherwise the clinical impact was variable. CONCLUSION: KD is an effective glycine reduction method in NKH, and may provide a more consistent reduction in plasma glycine levels than high-dose benzoate therapy. Both high-dose benzoate therapy and KD equally reduced but did not normalize brain glycine levels even in the setting of low-normal plasma glycine.


Assuntos
Dieta Cetogênica , Hiperglicinemia não Cetótica , Lactente , Humanos , Hiperglicinemia não Cetótica/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperglicinemia não Cetótica/diagnóstico , Glicina/uso terapêutico , Glicina/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Benzoatos/metabolismo , Benzoatos/uso terapêutico
19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7450, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460657

RESUMO

Alcohols are ubiquitous in chemistry and are native functionalities in many natural products and bioactive molecules. As such, a strategy that utilizes hydroxy-containing compounds to develop bond disconnection and bond formation process would achieve molecular diversity. Herein we utilize bench-stable N-alkoxyphthalimides prepared from alcohols to couple with glycine derivatives via radical process under visible light irradiation, providing a variety of unnatural amino acid (UAA) and peptide derivatives. The approach allows to rapidly deconstruct molecular complexity via ß-fragmentation such as saclareolide, ß-pinene and camphor and provides products with unique scaffolds, which show inhibition toward the pathogenic fungi growth.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Fabaceae , Aminoácidos , Cânfora , Glicina
20.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(12): 1357-1359, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456517
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