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1.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 12: e47012, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623741

RESUMO

Background: In patients with gout, suboptimal management refers to a lack of disease knowledge, low treatment compliance, and inadequate control of serum uric acid (SUA) levels. Several studies have shown that continuous care is recommended for disease management in patients with gout. However, in China, the continuous care model commonly used for patients with gout requires significant labor and time costs, and its efficiency and coverage remain low. Mobile health (mHealth) may be able to address these issues. Objective: This study aimed to explore the impact of mHealth-based continuous care on improving gout knowledge and treatment compliance and reducing SUA levels. Methods: This study was a single-center, single-blind, and parallel-group randomized controlled trial. Participants were recruited at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University in Chengdu, China, between February 2021 and July 2021 and were randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. The intervention group received continuous care via an mHealth app, which includes modules for health records, 24 weeks of gout-related health education materials, and interactive support. The control group received routine continuous care, including face-to-face health education, paper-based health education materials consistent with the content for the intervention group, and telephone consultations initiated by the patient. Follow-up was conducted at 6 months. Participants' gout knowledge levels and treatment compliance were measured at baseline and the 12th and 24th weeks, and participants' SUA levels were measured at baseline and the 24th week. The intention-to-treat principle and a generalized estimating equation model were used to test the effect of the intervention. Results: Overall, 258 potential participants underwent eligibility assessments, and 120 were recruited and randomized into the intervention (n=60, 50%) and control (n=60, 50%) groups. Of the 120 participants, 93 (77.5%) completed the 24-week study. The 2 groups had no significant differences in sociodemographic or clinical characteristics, and the baseline measurements were comparable (all P>.05). Compared with the control group, the intervention group exhibited a significant improvement in gout knowledge levels over time (ß=0.617, 95% CI 0.104-1.129; P=.02 and ß=1.300, 95% CI 0.669-1.931; P<.001 at the 12th and 24th weeks, respectively). There was no significant difference in treatment adherence between the 2 groups at the 12th week (ß=1.667, 95% CI -3.283 to 6.617; P=.51), while a statistical difference was observed at the 24th week (ß=6.287, 95% CI 1.357-11.216; P=.01). At the 24th week, SUA levels in both the intervention and control groups were below baseline, but there was no significant difference in SUA changes between the 2 groups (P=.43). Conclusions: Continuous care based on the mHealth app improved knowledge levels and treatment compliance among patients with gout. We suggest incorporating this intervention modality into standard continuous care for patients with gout.


Assuntos
Gota , Telemedicina , Humanos , Ácido Úrico/uso terapêutico , Método Simples-Cego , Gota/terapia , Cooperação do Paciente
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1373044, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601492

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the causal relationships between pneumoconiosis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and gout. Methods: The random-effects inverse variance weighted (IVW) approach was utilized to explore the causal effects of the instrumental variables (IVs). Sensitivity analyses using the MR-Egger and weighted median (WM) methods were did to investigate horizontal pleiotropy. A leave-one-out analysis was used to avoid the bias resulting from single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Results: There was no causal association between pneumoconiosis and SLE, RA or gout in the European population [OR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.94-1.10, p = 0.74; OR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.999-1.000, p = 0.50; OR = 1.00, 95% CI: 1.000-1.001, p = 0.55]. Causal relationships were also not found in pneumoconiosis due to asbestos and other mineral fibers and SLE, RA and gout [OR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.96-1.07, p = 0.66; OR = 1.00, 95% CI: 1.00-1.00, p = 0.68; OR = 1.00, 95% CI: 1.00-1.00, p = 0.20]. Conclusion: Our study suggests that pneumoconiosis may have no causal relationship with the three inflammatory immune diseases.


Assuntos
Gota , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Pneumoconiose , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia
3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 26(1): 86, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Little is known about long-term clinical outcomes or urate-lowering (ULT) therapy use following pegloticase discontinuation. We examined ULT use, serum urate (SU), inflammatory biomarkers, and renal function following pegloticase discontinuation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of gout patients who discontinued pegloticase using the Rheumatology Informatics System for Effectiveness (RISE) registry from 1/2016 to 6/2022. We defined discontinuation as a gap ≥ 12 weeks after last infusion. We examined outcomes beginning two weeks after last dose and identified ULT therapy following pegloticase discontinuation. We evaluated changes in lab values (SU, eGFR, CRP and ESR), comparing on- treatment (≤ 15 days of the second pegloticase dose) to post-treatment. RESULTS: Of the 375 gout patients discontinuing pegloticase, median (IQR) laboratory changes following discontinuation were: SU: +2.4 mg/dL (0.0,6.3); eGFR: -1.9 mL/min (- 8.7,3.7); CRP: -0.8 mg/L (-12.8,0.0); and ESR: -4.0 mm/hr (-13.0,0.0). Therapy post-discontinuation included oral ULTs (86.0%), restarting pegloticase (4.5%), and no documentation of ULT (9.5%), excluding patients with multiple same-day prescriptions (n = 17). Oral ULTs following pegloticase were: 62.7% allopurinol, 34.1% febuxostat. The median (IQR) time to starting/restarting ULT was 92.0 days (55.0,173.0). Following ULT prescribing (≥ 30 days), only 51.0% of patients had SU < 6 mg/dL. Patients restarting pegloticase achieved a median SU of 0.9 mg/dL (IQR:0.2,9.7) and 58.3% had an SU < 6 mg/dL. CONCLUSION: Pegloticase treats uncontrolled gout in patients with failed response to xanthine oxidase inhibitors, but among patients who discontinue, optimal treatment is unclear. Based on this analysis, only half of those starting another ULT achieved target SU. Close follow-up is needed to optimize outcomes after pegloticase discontinuation.


Assuntos
Gota , Polietilenoglicóis , Urato Oxidase , Ácido Úrico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Biomarcadores , Rim
4.
Trials ; 25(1): 229, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, colchicine and prednisolone are two effective therapies for the treatment of acute gout but have never been compared directly in a randomized clinical trial. In addition, in previous trials of treating acute gout patients with concomitant comorbidities were often excluded due to contraindications to naproxen. STUDY DESIGN: This pragmatic, prospective, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, randomized, non-inferiority trial compares prednisolone with colchicine in terms of non-inferiority in patients with acute gout. Patients presenting to their general practitioner with acute gout can be included if the gout attack has occurred within the last 2 days. A total of 60 practices in the vicinity of three university medical centers (Greifswald, Göttingen, and Würzburg) participate in the study. The intervention group receives 30 mg prednisolone for 5 days, while the group of standard care receives low-dose colchicine (day 1: 1.5 mg; days 2-5: 1 mg). The first dose of treatment is provided at day 0 when patients present to the general practitioner due to an acute gout attack. From day 0 to day 6, patients will be asked to complete a study diary on daily basis regarding pain quantification. For safety reasons, potential side effects and the course of systolic blood pressure are also assessed. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PLAN: N = 314 patients have to be recruited to compensate for 10% of dropout and to allow for showing non-inferiority of prednisolone compared to colchicine with a power of 90%. We use permuted block randomization with block sizes of 2, 4, and 6 to avoid imbalanced treatment arms in this multi-center study; patients are randomized in a 1:1 ratio. The absolute level of pain on day 3 (in the last 24 h) is the primary outcome and measured on a numerical rating scale (NRS: 0-10). Using a multiple linear regression model adjusted for age, sex, and pain at baseline, prednisolone is considered non-inferior if the effect estimate including the confidence intervals is lower than a margin of 1 unit on the NRS. Average response to treatment, joint swelling and tenderness, physical function of the joint, and patients' global assessment of treatment success are secondary outcomes. DISCUSSION: The trial will provide evidence from a direct comparison of colchicine and prednisolone regarding their efficacy of pain reduction in acute gout patients of primary care and to indicate possible safety signals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05698680 first posted on January 26, 2023 (retrospectively registered).


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Humanos , Colchicina/efeitos adversos , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Gota/diagnóstico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Dor , Resultado do Tratamento , Atenção Primária à Saúde
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37589, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic gouty arthritis, a prevalent metabolic disorder, has prompted interest in the role of diet and lifestyle in its management. This study examines alkaline water as a non-pharmacological adjunct to traditional medicine, hypothesizing its positive effects on uric acid levels and gout symptoms. METHODS: In this research, 400 chronic arthritis patients from Guangdong Hydropower Hospital (September 2021-September 2023) were randomly assigned to groups receiving varying concentrations of alkaline water alongside conventional Western medicine, or Western medicine alone. A 1-year follow-up involved assessments using visual analogue scales, joint swelling scores, functional assessment scales, and biochemical markers (serum uric acid, creatinine, urea nitrogen) for comprehensive evaluation. RESULTS: Pain relief: High-concentration alkaline water significantly reduced VAS pain scores posttreatment (P < .05). Joint swelling: Greatest improvement observed in high-concentration group (P < .001). Daily activity capability: Notable enhancements in daily activity scores in experimental groups (P < .05). Range of joint motion: All groups showed significant improvement posttreatment (P < .05). Inflammatory markers: Experimental groups experienced a notable decrease in C-reactive protein, especially in the low concentration group (P < .001). Erythrocyte sedimentation rate decreases were marginal and not statistically significant (P > .05). Interleukin-1ß and tumor necrosis factor-α levels significantly decreased, particularly in the low concentration group. Serum uric acid levels: Significant reduction in serum uric acid observed in all alkaline water groups (P < .05), contrasting with the control group. CONCLUSION: Alkaline water, particularly at high concentrations, effectively alleviated pain, reduced joint swelling, enhanced daily activities, and improved joint motion in chronic gouty arthritis treatment. It significantly reduced key inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, interleukin-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α) and serum uric acid levels, suggesting its potential as a valuable adjunct in gout management. The limited impact on erythrocyte sedimentation rate warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Humanos , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Dor , Água
7.
Health Technol Assess ; 28(18): 1-55, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551218

RESUMO

Background: Allopurinol is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor that lowers serum uric acid and is used to prevent acute gout flares in patients with gout. Observational and small interventional studies have suggested beneficial cardiovascular effects of allopurinol. Objective: To determine whether allopurinol improves major cardiovascular outcomes in patients with ischaemic heart disease. Design: Prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint multicentre clinical trial. Setting: Four hundred and twenty-four UK primary care practices. Participants: Aged 60 years and over with ischaemic heart disease but no gout. Interventions: Participants were randomised (1 : 1) using a central web-based randomisation system to receive allopurinol up to 600 mg daily that was added to usual care or to continue usual care. Main outcome measures: The primary outcome was the composite of non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke or cardiovascular death. Secondary outcomes were non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke, cardiovascular death, all-cause mortality, hospitalisation for heart failure, hospitalisation for acute coronary syndrome, coronary revascularisation, hospitalisation for acute coronary syndrome or coronary revascularisation, all cardiovascular hospitalisations, quality of life and cost-effectiveness. The hazard ratio (allopurinol vs. usual care) in a Cox proportional hazards model was assessed for superiority in a modified intention-to-treat analysis. Results: From 7 February 2014 to 2 October 2017, 5937 participants were enrolled and randomised to the allopurinol arm (n = 2979) or the usual care arm (n = 2958). A total of 5721 randomised participants (2853 allopurinol; 2868 usual care) were included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis population (mean age 72.0 years; 75.5% male). There was no difference between the allopurinol and usual care arms in the primary endpoint, 314 (11.0%) participants in the allopurinol arm (2.47 events per 100 patient-years) and 325 (11.3%) in the usual care arm (2.37 events per 100 patient-years), hazard ratio 1.04 (95% confidence interval 0.89 to 1.21); p = 0.65. Two hundred and eighty-eight (10.1%) participants in the allopurinol arm and 303 (10.6%) participants in the usual care arm died, hazard ratio 1.02 (95% confidence interval 0.87 to 1.20); p = 0.77. The pre-specified health economic analysis plan was to perform a 'within trial' cost-utility analysis if there was no statistically significant difference in the primary endpoint, so NHS costs and quality-adjusted life-years were estimated over a 5-year period. The difference in costs between treatment arms was +£115 higher for allopurinol (95% confidence interval £17 to £210) with no difference in quality-adjusted life-years (95% confidence interval -0.061 to +0.060). We conclude that there is no evidence that allopurinol used in line with the study protocol is cost-effective. Limitations: The results may not be generalisable to younger populations, other ethnic groups or patients with more acute ischaemic heart disease. One thousand six hundred and thirty-seven participants (57.4%) in the allopurinol arm withdrew from randomised treatment, but an on-treatment analysis gave similar results to the main analysis. Conclusions: The ALL-HEART study showed that treatment with allopurinol 600 mg daily did not improve cardiovascular outcomes compared to usual care in patients with ischaemic heart disease. We conclude that allopurinol should not be recommended for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with ischaemic heart disease but no gout. Future work: The effects of allopurinol on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with ischaemic heart disease and co-existing hyperuricaemia or clinical gout could be explored in future studies. Trial registration: This trial is registered as EU Clinical Trials Register (EudraCT 2013-003559-39) and ISRCTN (ISRCTN 32017426). Funding: This award was funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment programme (NIHR award ref: 11/36/41) and is published in full in Health Technology Assessment; Vol. 28, No. 18. See the NIHR Funding and Awards website for further award information.


The purpose of the ALL-HEART study was to determine whether giving allopurinol to people with ischaemic heart disease (also commonly known as coronary heart disease) would reduce their risk of having a heart attack, stroke or of dying from cardiovascular disease. Allopurinol is a medication usually given to patients with gout to prevent acute gout flares. It is not currently used to treat ischaemic heart disease. We randomly allocated people aged over 60 years with ischaemic heart disease to take up to 600 mg of allopurinol daily (in addition to their usual care) or to continue with their usual care. We then monitored participants for several years and recorded any major health events such as heart attacks, strokes and deaths. We obtained most of the follow-up data from centrally held electronic hospital admissions and death records, making the study easier for participants and more cost-efficient. We asked participants in both groups to complete questionnaires to assess their quality of life during the study. We also collected data to determine whether there was any economic benefit to the NHS of using allopurinol in patients with ischaemic heart disease. There was no difference in the risk of heart attacks, strokes or death from cardiovascular disease between the participants given allopurinol and those in the group continuing their usual care. We also found no difference in the risks of other cardiovascular events, deaths from any cause or quality-of-life measurements between the allopurinol and usual care groups. The results of the ALL-HEART study suggest that we should not recommend that allopurinol be given to people with ischaemic heart disease to prevent further cardiovascular events or deaths.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Gota , Infarto do Miocárdio , Isquemia Miocárdica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Feminino , Alopurinol/uso terapêutico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Prospectivos , Ácido Úrico , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Otol Neurotol ; 45(4): e333-e336, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tophaceous lesions of the middle ear from calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD, or pseudogout) and gout are infrequently reported. Recognizing its characteristic findings will allow clinicians to accurately narrow the differential diagnosis of bony-appearing middle ear lesions and improve management. PATIENTS: Two consecutive cases of tophaceous middle ear lesions presenting to a tertiary care center between January 2021 and December 2021. Neither with previous rheumatologic history. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical excision of tophaceous middle ear lesions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Improvements in facial weakness and conductive hearing loss. RESULTS: The first case was a 66-year-old gentleman with progressive conductive loss, ipsilateral progressive facial weakness over years, and an opaque, irregular-appearing tympanic membrane anterior to the malleus found to have CPPD on surgical pathology, with immediate postoperative improvement of facial function. The second was a 75-year-old gentleman with progressive conductive loss and similar appearing tympanic membrane as case 1, previously diagnosed with tympanosclerosis, found to have gout on surgical pathology. In both cases, the CT showed a heterogenous, bony-appearing lesion in the middle ear, and both tophaceous lesions were a of gritty, chalky consistency intraoperatively. CONCLUSION: Tophaceous lesions of the middle ear are rare but have similar findings. Notably, the tympanic membrane can appear opaque and irregular, and the CT demonstrates a radiopaque, heterogeneous appearance. Facial weakness is an unusual finding. Specimens of suspected tophi must be sent to pathology without formalin for accurate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Condrocalcinose , Paralisia Facial , Gota , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Orelha Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Orelha Média/cirurgia , Orelha Média/patologia , Membrana Timpânica/patologia , Gota/diagnóstico , Gota/patologia , Perda Auditiva Condutiva/etiologia , Perda Auditiva Condutiva/cirurgia , Perda Auditiva Condutiva/diagnóstico , Paralisia Facial/patologia
10.
Luminescence ; 39(3): e4713, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515291

RESUMO

As large numbers of people are suffering from gout, an accurate, rapid, and sensitive method for the detection of gout biomarker, uric acid, is important for its effective control, diagnosis, and therapy. Although colorimetric detection methods based on uricase have been considered, they still have limitations as they produce toxic H2O2 and are expensive and not stable. Here, a novel uricase-free colorimetric method was developed for the sensitive and selective detection of uric acid based on the light-induced oxidase-mimicking activity of a new photosensitized covalent organic framework (COF) (2,4,6-trimethylpyridine-3,5-dicarbonitrile-4-[2-(4-formylphenyl)ethynyl]benzaldehyde COF [DCTP-EDA COF]). DCTP-EDA COF has a strong ability to harvest visible light, and it could catalyze the oxidation of 1,4-dioxane, 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine under visible light irradiation to produce obvious color changes. With the addition of uric acid, however, the significant inhibition of the oxidase-mimicking activity of DCTP-EDA COF remarkably faded the color, and thus uric acid could be colorimetrically detected in the range of 2.0-150 µM with a limit of detection of 0.62 µM (3σ/K). Moreover, the present colorimetric method exhibited high selectivity; uric acid level in serum samples was successfully determined, and the recoveries ranged from 96.5% to 105.64%, suggesting the high accuracy of the present colorimetric method, which demonstrates great promise in clinical analysis.


Assuntos
Gota , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Humanos , Oxirredutases , Ácido Úrico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Colorimetria/métodos , Urato Oxidase
11.
Adv Rheumatol ; 64(1): 18, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438904

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: If a large amount of urate crystals is deposited in a joint cavity for an extended period of time, bone erosion will occur and gradually cause skeletal muscle necrosis and joint deformity. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and factors associated with bone erosion in gout patients with tophi. METHODS: A total of 210 gout patients with tophi were enrolled and divided into a bone erosion group (n = 135) and a non-bone erosion group (n = 75). Digital radiography (DR) was performed to detect bone erosion in the elbow, wrist, knee, ankle joints, interphalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints. The clinical characteristics were recorded and compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the factors associated with bone erosion. RESULTS: Compared with the non-bone erosion group, the bone erosion group had an older age, longer disease duration of gout and tophi, higher level of serum creatinine (sCr), higher proportion of drinking history and ulceration, and a lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Univariate logistic regression analysis results showed that sex, age, body mass index (BMI), gout duration, tophi duration, GFR, white blood cell (WBC) count, sCr level, smoking history, drinking history, and presence of ulceration were associated with bone destruction. Multivariable logistic regression analysis results indicated that tophi duration, drinking history, ulceration and sCr were positively and independently related to bone erosion. CONCLUSIONS: Tophi patients with bone erosion presented different clinical characteristics. Tophi duration, drinking history, ulceration and sCr were associated with bone erosion in gout patients with tophi.


Assuntos
Gota , Humanos , Gota/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5631, 2024 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453976

RESUMO

Regarding clinically-concerning non-standard initial anti-tuberculous (TB) regimens, few studies have examined their prevalence, risk factors and impacts. We recruited patients with drug susceptible TB and non-standard initial anti-TB regimens (NSTB group) and matched them with patients with standard initial regimens (STB group) in a 1:1 ratio. The risk factors and outcomes were analyzed. During the 11-year study period, we analyzed 50 (3.7%) patients with NSTB from a total set of 1337 patients with drug-susceptible TB. Pyrazinamide (60%) was the drug most commonly not prescribed in the NSTB group, followed by ethambutol (34%). Multivariable logistic regression identified independent risk factors as underlying eye disease (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 8.869; 95% CI 2.542-30.949; p = 0.001), gout/hyperuricemia (aOR: 4.012 [1.196-13.425]; p = 0.024), and liver disease (aOR: 12.790 [3.981-41.089]; p < 0.001). The NSTB group had longer treatment durations (281 ± 121 vs. 223 ± 63 days; p = 0.003) and more occurrences of treatment interruption (26% vs. 8%; p = 0.021) than the STB group. In conclusion, NSTB occurs in around 3.7% of patients and is associated with longer treatment and more treatment interruption. The risk factors might include underlying liver and eye diseases, and gout. Further studies to improve non-standard initial regimens and prevent negative outcomes are warranted.


Assuntos
Gota , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Tuberculose , Humanos , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Prevalência , Quimioterapia Combinada , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Raciocínio Clínico
14.
Clin Nutr ; 43(4): 1001-1012, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Growing evidence has indicated a potential association between micronutrient levels, urate levels, and the risk of gout. However, the causal association underlying these associations still remains uncertain. Previous observational studies and randomized controlled trials investigating the association between micronutrients, urate levels, and the risk of gout have been limited in their scope and depth. The aim of this study was to utilize Mendelian randomization (MR) to investigate the causal associations between genetically predicted micronutrient levels, urate levels, and the risk of gout. METHODS: In this study, we conducted a comprehensive examination of 10 specific micronutrients (vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, folate, calcium, iron, copper, zinc, and selenium) as potential exposures. Two-sample MR analyses were performed to explore their causal associations with urate levels and the risk of gout. In these analyses, gout data were collected from the Global Biobank Meta-Analysis Initiative (N = 1,069,839, N cases = 30,549) and urate levels data from CKDGen Consortium (N = 288,649) by utilizing publicly available summary statistics from independent cohorts of European ancestry. We performed inverse-variance weighted MR analyses as main analyses, along with a range of sensitivity analyses, such as MR-Egger, weighted median, simple mode, weighted mode, Steiger filtering, MR-PRESSO, and Radial MR analysis, to ensure the robustness of our findings. RESULTS: The results of our study indicate that there were negative associations between serum vitamin B12 and urate levels, as well as serum folate and the risk of gout. Specifically, we found a negative association between vitamin B12 levels and urate levels, with a ß coefficient of -0.324 (95% CI -0.0581 to -0.0066, P = 0.0137) per one standard deviation (SD) increase. Similarly, a negative association was observed between folate levels and gout risk, with an odds ratio of 0.8044 (95% CI 0.6637 to 0.9750, P = 0.0265) per one SD increase. On the other hand, we identified positive associations between serum calcium levels and both urate levels and the risk of gout. Specifically, there was a positive association between serum calcium levels and urate levels (ß coefficient: 0.0994, 95% CI 0.0519 to 0.1468, P = 4.11E-05) per one SD increase. Furthermore, a positive association was found between serum calcium levels and the risk of gout, with an odds ratio of 1.1479 (95% CI 1.0460 to 1.2598, P = 0.0036) per one SD increase. These findings were robust in extensive sensitivity analyses. By employing MR-PRESSO and Radial MR to eliminate outliers, the observed associations have been reinforced. No clear associations were found between the other micronutrients and the urate levels, as well as the risk of gout. CONCLUSION: Our findings provided evidence that there were negative associations between serum vitamin B12 and urate levels, as well as serum folate and the risk of gout, while positive associations existed between the serum calcium levels and urate levels, as well as the risk of gout.


Assuntos
Gota , Micronutrientes , Humanos , Ácido Úrico , Cálcio , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Vitaminas , Vitamina B 12 , Ácido Fólico , Gota/epidemiologia , Gota/genética
15.
Comput Biol Med ; 172: 108252, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493604

RESUMO

Gout, a painful condition marked by elevated uric acid levels often linked to the diet's high purine and alcohol content, finds a potential treatment target in xanthine oxidase (XO), a crucial enzyme for uric acid production. This study explores the therapeutic properties of alkaloids extracted from sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) receptacles against gout. By leveraging computational chemistry and introducing a novel R-based clustering algorithm, "TriDimensional Hierarchical Fingerprint Clustering with Tanimoto Representative Selection (3DHFC-TRS)," we assessed 231 alkaloid molecules from sunflower receptacles. Our clustering analysis pinpointed six alkaloids with significant gout-targeting potential, particularly emphasizing the fifth cluster's XO inhibition capabilities. Through molecular docking and the BatchDTA prediction model, we identified three top compounds-2-naphthylalanine, medroxalol, and fenspiride-with the highest XO affinity. Further molecular dynamics simulations assessed their enzyme active site interactions and binding free energies, employing MM-PBSA calculations. This investigation not only highlights the discovery of promising compounds within sunflower receptacle alkaloids via LC-MS but also introduces medroxalol as a novel gout treatment candidate, showcasing the synergy of computational techniques and LC-MS in drug discovery.


Assuntos
Etanolaminas , Gota , Helianthus , Helianthus/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/uso terapêutico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Xantina Oxidase/química , Xantina Oxidase/metabolismo
17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6991, 2024 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523180

RESUMO

Gout and hyperuricemia are characterized by high uric acid levels, and their treatment involves medications that have adverse effects. In this study, we evaluated oral liposomal formulations with eremantholide C and goyazensolide as a novel approach to reduce the toxicity associated with these substances while maintaining their anti-hyperuricemic activity. We characterized the formulations and evaluated them based on encapsulation efficiency and stability over 12 months and under simulated physiological environments. We determined the toxicity of the liposomal formulations in Caco-2 cells and the anti-hyperuricemic activity in rats. The formulations exhibited nanometric size, a narrow size distribution, and a negative zeta potential, indicating their stability and uniformity. The efficient encapsulation of the sesquiterpene lactones within the liposomes emphasizes their potential for sustained release and therapeutic efficacy. Stability evaluation revealed a small decrease in the eremantholide C concentration and a remarkable stability in the goyazensolide concentration. In Caco-2 cells, the liposomes did not exert toxicity, but did exhibit an antiproliferative effect. In vivo assays demonstrated that the liposomes reduced serum uric acid levels. Our study represents an advancement in gout and hyperuricemia treatment. The liposomal formulations effectively reduced the toxicity associated with the sesquiterpene lactones while maintaining their therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes , Furanos , Gota , Hiperuricemia , Sesquiterpenos , Sesterterpenos , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Lipossomos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Úrico/uso terapêutico , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Células CACO-2 , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Lactonas/farmacologia , Lactonas/uso terapêutico
18.
BMJ ; 384: q514, 2024 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458626

RESUMO

The studyRoddy E, Bajpai R, Forrester H, et al. Safety of colchicine and NSAID prophylaxis when initiating urate-lowering therapy for gout: propensity score-matched cohort studies in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Ann Rheum Dis 2023;82:1618-25.To read the full NIHR Alert, go to: https://evidence.nihr.ac.uk/alert/how-common-are-side-effects-of-treatment-to-prevent-gout-flares-when-starting-allopurinol/.


Assuntos
Gota , Humanos , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Alopurinol/efeitos adversos , Supressores da Gota/efeitos adversos , Ácido Úrico , Exacerbação dos Sintomas
19.
J Med Chem ; 67(6): 5032-5052, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482820

RESUMO

Gout and hyperuricemia are metabolic diseases characterized with high serum uric acid (SUA) levels that significantly impact human health. Lesinurad, a uricosuric agent, is limited to concurrent use with xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOIs) in clinical practice due to its restricted efficacy and potential nephrotoxicity. Herein, extensive structural modifications of lesinurad were conducted through scaffold hopping and substituent modification strategies, affording 54 novel derivatives containing pyrimidine-fused cyclic structures. Notably, the thienopyrimidine compound 29 demonstrated a remarkable 2-fold increase in SUA-lowering in vivo activity compared to lesinurad, while exhibiting potent inhibitory activity against the urate transporter 1 (URAT1, IC50 = 2.01 µM) and glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9, IC50 = 18.21 µM). Furthermore, it possessed a lower effective dosage of 0.5 mg/kg, favorable safety profile without any apparent acute toxicity at doses of 1000 mg/kg, and improved pharmacokinetic properties. Overall, we have discovered an efficacious URAT1/GLUT9 dual inhibitor for inhibiting urate reabsorption with favorable pharmacokinetic profiles.


Assuntos
Gota , Hiperuricemia , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos , Tioglicolatos , Triazóis , Humanos , Ácido Úrico/uso terapêutico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Uricosúricos/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/toxicidade , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Facilitadoras de Transporte de Glucose , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos
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