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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770087

RESUMO

Numerous tools for addressing gender inequality in governmental policies, programs, and research have emerged across the globe. Unfortunately, such tools have largely failed to account for the impacts of colonialism on Indigenous Peoples' lives and lands. In Canada, Indigenous organizations have advanced gender-based analysis frameworks that are culturally-grounded and situate the understanding of gender identities, roles, and responsibilities within and across diverse Indigenous contexts. However, there is limited guidance on how to integrate Indigenous gender-based frameworks in the context of research. The authors of this paper are participants of a multi-site research program investigating intersectoral spaces of Indigenous-led renewable energy development within Canada. Through introspective methods, we reflected on the implementation of gender considerations into our research team's governance and research activities. We found three critical lessons: (1) embracing Two-Eyed Seeing or Etuaptmumk while making space for Indigenous leadership; (2) trusting the expertise that stems from the lived experiences and relationships of researchers and team members; and (3) shifting the emphasis from 'gender-based analysis' to 'gender-based relationality' in the implementation of gender-related research considerations. Our research findings provide a novel empirical example of the day-to-day principles and practices that may arise when implementing Indigenous gender-based analysis frameworks in the context of research.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Grupos Populacionais , Canadá , Colonialismo , Humanos , Povos Indígenas
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769820

RESUMO

Indigenous populations around the world face disproportionately high rates of disease related to the environment and animals. One Health is a concept that has been used effectively to understand and address these health risks. One Health refers to the relationships and interdependencies between animal, human, and environmental health and is an emerging research field that aligns with indigenous views of health. To understand the applicability of One Health in indigenous communities, a critical review was undertaken to investigate evidence of One Health research in indigenous communities internationally, assess the strength of evidence, and understand what gaps are present. This review included the appraisal of twenty-four studies based in five regions: Canada, Africa, Australia, South America, and Central America. The review found that there is a need for studies of high strength, with rigorous methods, local leadership, and active involvement of indigenous viewpoints, to be undertaken in indigenous communities internationally that focus on One Health. It highlights the need to further consider indigenous viewpoints in research to reduce limitations, increase effectiveness of findings, consider appropriateness of recommendations, and benefit communities.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Saúde Única , África , Austrália , Canadá , Humanos , Grupos Populacionais
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769942

RESUMO

This paper explores loneliness as it is understood and experienced by adolescents, with a special focus on the importance of their migration status. We recruited students from five schools following a maximum variation sampling scheme, and we conducted 15 semi-structured, individual interviews with eighth-grade adolescents (aged 14-15 years) that were immigrants, descendants, and with a Danish majority background. A thematic analysis was applied with a special focus on differences and similarities in understanding and experiencing loneliness between adolescents with diverse migration status. The results showed more similarities than differences in loneliness. Generally, loneliness was described as an adverse feeling, varying in intensity and duration, and participants referenced distressing emotions. Feeling lonely was distinguished from being alone and characterized as an invisible social stigma. A variety of perceived social deficiencies were emphasized as causing loneliness, emerging in the interrelation between characteristics of the individual and their social context. The results add to the current literature by highlighting that it is not the presence of specific individual characteristics that causes loneliness; instead, loneliness is dependent on the social contexts the individual is embedded in. Differences across migration status were few and related to variations in the adolescents' individual characteristics. The findings highlight the importance of (1) studying the characteristics of both the individual and the social context in research on the antecedents to adolescents' loneliness, and (2) applying this perspective in other studies on the importance of migration status.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Solidão , Adolescente , Emoções , Humanos , Grupos Populacionais , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 3): 5223-5232, 2021.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787213

RESUMO

The scope of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence and the associated factors of the recommendation of dental extraction in the adult Kiriri Indigenous population of northeastern Brazil. A total of 225 natives (≥19 years) were evaluated. The extraction criteria were teeth with clinical attachment loss ≥50% in at least 3 sites, and residual roots. Statistical models were used to evaluate associations between the need for dental extraction and selected variables. The percentage of teeth recommended for dental extraction was 4.98%, characterizing a mean of 1.24 tooth per individual. A regression analysis showed that age ≥35 years (OR=2.24, 95%CI: 1.13-4.43, p=0.02), income

Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Perda de Dente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Grupos Populacionais , Prevalência , Extração Dentária
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 3): 5251-5260, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787216

RESUMO

Self-medication is a social practice that corresponds to the autonomous use of therapeutic elements to address diseases. It involves a sociocultural context of the disease, and a rationality focused on therapeutic efficacy and the availability of curative supplies. Identify and analyze the process of oral health self-medication in indigenous Muiscas, Pijaos, and Yanakunas of Colombia. This is a qualitative, ethnographic study employing techniques such as documentary analysis, participant observation, field diary, and ethnographic interviews. Self-medication is frequent among these indigenous people. It prioritizes the use of pharmaceutical drugs in the Muiscas and medicinal plants in the Yanakunas. The therapeutic supplementation is evident in the Pijaos. The pharmaceutical elements focus on a matter of social progress and the herbal elements on a matter of cultural identity. In these communities, oral health self-medication is a structured and daily practice in families to address their ailments. This practice is supported by the knowledge, management, and availability of different therapeutic resources.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais , Grupos Populacionais , Colômbia , Humanos , Conhecimento , Saúde Bucal
6.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 3): 5371-5382, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787226

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is among the most prevalent chronic autoimmune and inflammatory diseases worldwide. The aim of this study was to establish a pooled estimate of the RA prevalence in South America by means of a meta-analysis of the available epidemiologic studies. Systematic searches in PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Science databases (updated May 2019) were done followed by a systematic grey literature search to identify original research articles and reports, published after 2000, providing data of RA prevalence in any South American country. Proportion meta-analysis of weighted pooled was performed, with between-trial heterogeneity assessed by the inconsistency relative index. Sensitivity analyses and sub-group analyses were also done. A total of 25 articles, representing 27 population-based studies were included. Pooled prevalence of RA resulted in 0.48% with 591,981 cases in a population of 114,537,812 individuals (I2=99%). Brazil and Colombia presented the lowest rates of RA prevalence 0.22%, and 0.24%, respectively. RA prevalence in indigenous population was higher 1.45%, and studies using COPCORD method reported also the highest rates 1.07%.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Brasil , Colômbia , Humanos , Grupos Populacionais , Prevalência
7.
Healthc Q ; 24(3): 23-26, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792444

RESUMO

To advance equity, diversity, inclusion and reconciliation, healthcare organizations are increasingly recruiting Indigenous leaders. While it is crucial to involve Indigenous Peoples in solving the problems they experience, serving in these roles presents dilemmas and often harm to the Indigenous incumbents. Non-Indigenous healthcare organizations are encouraged to lay the groundwork for right relations with Indigenous Peoples and sustainable workplaces for Indigenous leadership through understanding and accepting accountability for the problem, getting comfortable with discomfort and being truly prepared for systemic change.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Humanos , Liderança , Grupos Populacionais , Responsabilidade Social
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1244, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hospitals in the public and private sectors tend to join larger organizations to form hospital groups. This increasingly frequent mode of functioning raises the question of how countries should organize their health system, according to the interactions already present between their hospitals. The objective of this study was to identify distinctive profiles of French hospitals according to their characteristics and their role in the French hospital network. METHODS: Data were extracted from the national hospital database for year 2016. The database was restricted to public hospitals that practiced medicine, surgery or obstetrics. Hospitals profiles were determined using the k-means method. The variables entered in the clustering algorithm were: the number of stays, the effective diversity of hospital activity, and a network-based mobility indicator (proportion of stays followed by another stay in a different hospital of the same Regional Hospital Group within 90 days). RESULTS: Three hospital groups were identified by the clustering algorithm. The first group was constituted of 34 large hospitals (median 82,100 annual stays, interquartile range 69,004 - 117,774) with a very diverse activity. The second group contained medium-sized hospitals (with a median of 258 beds, interquartile range 164 - 377). The third group featured less diversity regarding the type of stay (with a mean of 8 effective activity domains, standard deviation 2.73), a smaller size and a higher proportion of patients that subsequently visited other hospitals (11%). The most frequent type of patient mobility occurred from the hospitals in group 2 to the hospitals in group 1 (29%). The reverse direction was less frequent (19%). CONCLUSIONS: The French hospital network is organized around three categories of public hospitals, with an unbalanced and disassortative patient flow. This type of organization has implications for hospital planning and infectious diseases control.


Assuntos
Hospitais Públicos , Aprendizado de Máquina não Supervisionado , Análise por Conglomerados , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Grupos Populacionais
9.
Aust J Prim Health ; 27(5): 339-349, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649643

RESUMO

A user-led organisation (ULO) may be defined as an organisation that is run and controlled by the people who use the services provided by that organisation. ULOs provide services to their members, such as information, advice, support, treatment and training. ULOs may also be involved in advocacy, influencing local service provision, government policy and public perceptions of disability. This scoping review concentrated on health outcomes achieved by ULOs for people with disabilities, including physical, sensory, cognitive, intellectual, neurological or mental health impairments. Based on a search of the academic literature up to 30 June 2020, 26 articles were included. Twenty-four articles were on ULOs for mood disorders, schizophrenia or psychosis, and there was one article each on ULOs for cross-disability and chronic non-malignant pain. There was some evidence that peer-run and inclusive ULOs for members with mood disorders, schizophrenia or psychosis can reduce the number of times people with these illnesses access traditional mental health services. There was no evidence that ULOs can replace traditional mental health services. Therefore, ULOs for mood disorders, schizophrenia or psychosis could be considered an adjunct to traditional mental health services, not a replacement. For other disabilities, a lack of evidence means that no recommendation can be made. However, the organisational structure of ULOs may be as important as the support and services offered.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Transtornos Mentais , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Grupos Populacionais
10.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e055033, 2021 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675023

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is widespread agreement that medical care without compassion cannot be patient-centred, but patients still routinely cite that they feel a lack of compassion in the care environment. There is a dearth of research on how compassion is experienced in a non-hospital setting such as a care home, not just by residents but by staff and other key stakeholders. This scoping review aims to determine the body of existing, published research that explicitly refers to compassion or empathy in the context of care homes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This scoping review will follow the methodology described by Arksey and O'Malley and the PRISMAextension for scoping reviews guideline to adhere to an established methodological framework. Relevant publications will be searched on the EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, EBM Reviews and PsycInfo databases. Peer-reviewed literature focusing on experiences of compassion or empathy in care home settings from the perspective of either staff, residents (or clients), family members or their combined perspectives will be included. We will focus on literature published from 2000 up to 1 November 2021, in English, Spanish, Portuguese Finnish and Estonian. The review process will consist of three stages: a title review to identify articles of interest, this will be followed by an abstract review and finally, a full-text review. These three stages will be conducted by two reviewers. Data will be extracted, collated and charted and a narrative synthesis of the results will be presented. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required for this scoping review. This study supports the first part of a larger programme to understand the importance of technologies in care homes. The scoping review will examine data from publicly available documentation, reports and published papers. Dissemination will be achieved through engagement with stakeholder communities, and publishing results. Our team will include representatives from the different communities involved.


Assuntos
Empatia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Grupos Étnicos , Humanos , Revisão por Pares , Grupos Populacionais , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
11.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e055991, 2021 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The concept of a 'public health approach' to substance use is frequently but inconsistently invoked. This inconsistency is reflected in public policy, with governments using the term 'public health approach' in contradictory ways. This aim of this study is to clarify what is meant and understood when the term 'public health approach' is used in the context of substance use. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic search of Medline, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts and PAIS Index. Eligible articles will be from peer-reviewed journals, in English, with full text available. There will be no limits on year of publication. Substance use must be the primary topic of the article. Editorials, commentaries and letters to the editor will be included, but not commentaries on other articles, unless the definition of a public health approach is central to the commentary. Data selection and collection will be conducted independently by two researchers, with a third separately resolving any disagreement. To answer the research question, we will extract authors' definitions of a public health approach to substance use as well as any descriptions of the central principles, characteristics and components of such an approach. To synthesise the data, we will employ thematic synthesis. Coding will be conducted by one researcher and verified by a second; two researchers will then group the codes into themes using an inductive process. Finally, the full research team will develop a set of analytic themes, which will be presented as a narrative. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval is not needed since the research will only involve published work. Our findings will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal and, if possible, at conferences. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021270632.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Revisão por Pares , Grupos Populacionais , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
12.
Prim Health Care Res Dev ; 22: e52, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615567

RESUMO

AIM: In the crowded field of leadership research, Indigenous leadership remains under-researched. This article explores the Leadership Model of an Aboriginal Community Controlled Primary Health Care Organisation providing services to the Yolngu people of remote northern Australia: the Miwatj Health Aboriginal Corporation (Miwatj). BACKGROUND: The limited research which does exist on Indigenous leadership points to unique challenges for Indigenous leaders. These challenges relate to fostering self-determination in their communities, managing significant community expectations, and navigating a path between culturally divergent approaches to management and leadership. METHODS: Guided by Indigenous methodology and using a mixed methods approach, semi-structured interviews, self-reported health service data, organisational and publicly available documents, and literature were analysed using a framework method of thematic analysis to identify key themes of the Miwatj Leadership Model. FINDINGS: The Miwatj Leadership Model is underpinned by three distinctive elements: it offers Yolngu people employment opportunities; it supports staff who want to move into leadership positions and provides capacity building through certificates and diplomas; and it provides for the physical, emotional, and cultural wellbeing of all Yolngu staff. Furthermore, the model respects traditional Yolngu forms of authority and empowers the community to develop, manage and sustain their own health. The Miwatj Leadership Model has been successful in providing formal pathways to support Indigenous staff to take on leadership roles, and has improved the accessibility and acceptability of health care services as a result of Yolngu employment and improved cultural safety. CONCLUSIONS: Translating the Miwatj Leadership Model into other health services will require considerable thought and commitment. The Miwatj Leadership Model can be adapted to meet the needs of other health care services in consideration of the unique context within which they operate. This study has demonstrated the importance of having a formal leadership model that promotes recruitment, retention, and career progression for Indigenous staff.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Humanos , Liderança , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos , Grupos Populacionais
13.
Porto Alegre; CEVS/RS; out. 2021. 1-15 p. ilus., graf., tab., mapas.
Não convencional em Português | Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-RS | ID: biblio-1292931

RESUMO

Neste boletim são apresentados: situação mundial, ocorrência de hospitalizações confirmadas para sars-cov-2, perfil das pessoas, distribuição espacial, Síndrome Inflamatória Multissistêmica Pediátrica (SIM-P), povos indígenas, descrição de surtos, trabalhadores da saúde, Vigilância sentinela de síndrome gripal e tabelas de descrição do surto. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perfil de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar/etnologia , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/mortalidade
14.
Porto Alegre; CEVS/RS; out. 2021. 1-15 p. ilus., graf., tab., mapas.
Não convencional em Português | Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-RS | ID: biblio-1342433

RESUMO

Neste boletim são apresentados: situação mundial, ocorrência de hospitalizações confirmadas para sars-cov-2, perfil das pessoas, distribuição espacial, Síndrome Inflamatória Multissistêmica Pediátrica (SIM-P), povos indígenas, descrição de surtos, trabalhadores da saúde, Vigilância sentinela de síndrome gripal e tabelas de descrição do surto. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perfil de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar/etnologia , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , COVID-19/mortalidade
15.
Porto Alegre; CEVS/RS; out. 2021. 1-32 p. ilus., graf., tab., mapas.
Não convencional em Português | Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-RS | ID: biblio-1342437

RESUMO

Neste boletim são apresentados: situação mundial, ocorrência de hospitalizações confirmadas para sars-cov-2, perfil das pessoas, distribuição espacial, Síndrome Inflamatória Multissistêmica Pediátrica (SIM-P), povos indígenas, descrição de surtos, trabalhadores da saúde, Vigilância sentinela de síndrome gripal e tabelas de descrição do surto. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perfil de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar/etnologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde de Populações Indígenas/estatística & dados numéricos , Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/mortalidade
16.
Porto Alegre; CEVS/RS; out. 2021. 1-15 p. ilus., graf., tab., mapas.
Não convencional em Português | Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-RS | ID: biblio-1343325

RESUMO

Neste boletim são apresentados: situação mundial, ocorrência de hospitalizações confirmadas para sars-cov-2, perfil das pessoas, distribuição espacial, Síndrome Inflamatória Multissistêmica Pediátrica (SIM-P), povos indígenas, descrição de surtos, trabalhadores da saúde, Vigilância sentinela de síndrome gripal e tabelas de descrição do surto. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perfil de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar/etnologia , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , COVID-19/mortalidade
17.
Porto Alegre; CEVS/RS; Out. 2021. 1-15 p. ilus., graf., tab., mapas.
Não convencional em Português | Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-RS | ID: biblio-1343329

RESUMO

Neste boletim são apresentados: situação mundial, ocorrência de hospitalizações confirmadas para sars-cov-2, perfil das pessoas, distribuição espacial, Síndrome Inflamatória Multissistêmica Pediátrica (SIM-P), povos indígenas, descrição de surtos, trabalhadores da saúde, Vigilância sentinela de síndrome gripal e tabelas de descrição do surto. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perfil de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar/etnologia , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , COVID-19/mortalidade
18.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48427

RESUMO

Com o objetivo de incentivar e sensibilizar a população indígena sobre a importância do aleitamento materno, o Ministério da Saúde, por meio da Secretaria Especial de Saúde Indígena (Sesai), vem desenvolvendo ações de conscientização nas aldeias para estimular a prática da amamentação entre as populações tradicionais.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Saúde de Populações Indígenas , Grupos Populacionais , Promoção da Saúde , Brasil
19.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(Suppl 4)(8): S26-S29, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the probability of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 transmission from different key HIV population groups using probabilistic modelling. Methods: This study was conducted in December 2020. A probabilistic model was used to estimate the probability of HIV-1 transmission from different key HIV population groups in Larkana. Our model was run on three probabilistic assumptions: 1) each replication gave two conceivable results: 'true' or 'false'; 2) the chance of giving a 'true' result is the same for each replication; and 3) the replications are independent - 'true' in one will not impact the likelihood of 'true' in another. RESULTS: The results estimated the probability of HIV transmission in key HIV population groups in Larkana to range between 0.42-0.54 per trial, where the highest probability of transmission was predicted for men who have sex with men (MSM; 0.54 per trial), followed by transgender (TG; 0.46 per trial) and people who inject drugs (PWID; 0.457 per trial). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that there is a high likelihood of HIV transmission by key population groups in Larkana, such as MSM, TG, and PWID. Mathematic models, such as one proposed in our study can aid the HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) control programmes in evaluating and optimising the strategies in controlling transmission of HIV from the key population groups.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Grupos Populacionais
20.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(2): 333-338, set. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1291627

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar os desafios enfrentados pelos profissionais de enfermagem na atenção à saúde dos povos indígenas do Distrito Sanitário Especial Indígena Rio Tapajós. Metodologia: Estudo descritivo de cunho quanti-qualitativo submetido à técnica de análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Identificou-se a prevalência de indivíduos do sexo feminino e com a faixa etária de 31 a 35 anos (60%). Constatou-se que 60% dos entrevistados trabalham entre 6 a 10 anos no DSEI Rio Tapajós. Discussões: Dentre as dificuldades da saúde indígena, a localização das aldeias e a barreira linguística são fatores de preocupação para os enfermeiros, assim como a alta rotatividade de profissionais e a falta de capacitações durante a formação acadêmica para atuação em contexto intercultural. Conclusão: Constatou-se que diante de todos os desafios, a Enfermagem é um componente chave na prestação de cuidados direcionados às populações indígenas. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the challenges faced by nursing professionals in health care for indigenous peoples in the Rio Tapajós Special Sanitary District. Methods: A quantitative and qualitative descriptive study submitted to content analysis technique. Results: The prevalence of females and individuals aged between 31 and 35 years (60%) was identified. It was found that 60% of respondents work between 6 to 10 years at Rio Tapajós Special Sanitary District. Among the difficulties of indigenous health, the location of the villages and the language barrier are factors of concern for nurses, as well as the high turnover of professionals and the lack of training during academic training to work in an intercultural context. Conclusion: It was found that in the face of all challenges, Nursing is a key component in the provision of care directed to indigenous populations. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar los desafíos que enfrentan los profesionales de enfermería en el cuidado de la salud de los pueblos indígenas en el Distrito Sanitario Especial de Río Tapajós. Metodos: Estudio descriptivo cuantitativo y cualitativo presentado a la técnica de análisis de contenido. Resultados: Se identificó la prevalencia de mujeres e individuos de edades comprendidas entre 31 y 35 años (60%). Se encontró que el 60% de los encuestados trabaja entre 6 y 10 años en Distrito Sanitario Especial de Río Tapajós. Entre las dificultades de la salud indígena, la ubicación de las aldeas y la barrera del idioma son factores de preocupación para las enfermeras, así como la alta rotación de profesionales y la falta de capacitación durante la capacitación académica para trabajar en un contexto intercultural. Conclusión: Se encontró que ante todos los desafíos, la Enfermería es un componente clave en la provisión de atención dirigida a las poblaciones indígenas. (AU)


Assuntos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas , Enfermagem , Atenção à Saúde , Grupos Populacionais
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