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2.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1081, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658285

RESUMO

In euthyroid population, it is uncertain whether there is sex-specific difference in the associations of metabolic syndrome (MetS) or its components with gallstone disease (GSD); in general population, MetS increases the risk of GSD. This was a cross-sectional study to investigate the sex-specific difference in the prevalence of MetS according to GSD status and the associations of MetS or its components with GSD in Chinese euthyroid population. The total prevalence of GSD was 8.1% (6.5% in men and 11.0% in women, with a significant difference (p < 0.001)). The total presence of MetS was 10.7% (12.1% in men and 8.2% in women,with a significant difference (p = 0.001)). The age-adjusted odds ratio of MetS for GSD was 2.775 in men (p < 0.001), 2.543 in women (p = 0.007) and 2.503 in the oveall samples (p < 0.001). Univariate analysis revealed that fasting plasma glucose (FPG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were associated with the prevalence of GSD. After adjustment for age, multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that above three parameters were still significantly associated with the risk of GSD in general population; FPG and HDL-C but not TSH levels were significantly associated with the risk of GSD in men; and FPG and TSH levels but not HDL-C in women. Our study demonstrated that in euthyroid population, MetS appeared to be strongly associated with GSD regardless of sex, and FPG and TSH were two independent risk factors for GSD in men, while FPG and HDL-C in women.


Assuntos
Colelitíase , Síndrome Metabólica , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Colelitíase/complicações , HDL-Colesterol
3.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678212

RESUMO

Physical activity is needed in today's highly sedentary society. Research into Chinese trends with respect to the longitudinal association between changes in physical activity (PA) and dyslipidemia (DL) is limited. The present study assessed PA and PA-related changes associated with the level of serum lipids, and the risk of dyslipidemia stratified by gender, via a population-based longitudinal observational study among adults (>18 years old) residing in nine provinces in China. Data of 3380 adult participants, gleaned from two surveys in 2009 and 2015 used by the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), were analyzed. Three-level random intercept growth models were used to calculate the associations between total physical activity (TPA), the four activity subtypes, and changes in the level of blood lipids. Three-level logistic regression models were utilized to assess the association between TPA and the risk of DL. The highest level of TPA was observed to correlate with the lowest prevalence of DL. Compared with the lowest level of TPA, the highest level of TPA increases the concentration of HDL-C (ß = 0.050, 95% CI = 0.005, 0.096) in males, and also reduces the risk in males of having low HDL-C by 31% (OR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.52, 0.91). Occupational PA was positively associated with higher HDL-C levels in both genders (males: ß = 0.004, 95% CI = 0.002, 0.007; females: ß = 0.002, 95% CI = 0.000, 0.004), and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) was negatively associated with TG levels in males. Increasing TPA benefited HDL-C levels in males, irrespective of the level of basic TPA of individuals. Physical activity (especially occupational PA) was superior in positively influencing HDL-C in males, but not in females. Leisure-time physical activity needs to be increased substantially in order to increase TPA to levels that would be beneficial to blood lipid levels and DL, irrespective of baseline TPA levels.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Exercício Físico , Lipídeos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos , HDL-Colesterol
4.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 34, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690949

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal and irreversible neurodegenerative disease. Identification of inexpensive and easy-to-implement biomarkers of CJD which could predict disease severity and patient survival is important for improving disease management. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of peripheral neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), monocyte to HDL ratio (MHR) and neutrophil to HDL ratio (NHR) for CJD. METHODS: Patients with definite or probable CJD admitted to the Neurology Department of Xuanwu Hospital from 2014 to 2021 were enrolled and followed up until April 2022. Clinical information including sex, age, Barth Index, survival time and results of auxiliary examination were collected, and NLR, HDL, NHR and MHR were measured for all enrolled patients. The associations between NLR, HDL, NHR and MHR, and disease severity (evaluated by Barth Index), survival time and auxiliary examinations were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 88 CJD patients were enrolled and all were deceased. NLR (r = -0.341, p = 0.001), NHR (r = -0.346, p = 0.001) and MHR (r = -0.327, p = 0.002) were significantly associated with disease severity. Higher NHR (HR = 2.344, 95% CI = 1.277-4.303 p = 0.006) and lower HDL (HR = 0.567, 95% CI = 0.346-0.930, p = 0.025) were associated with shorter survival time in the CJD patients. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral inflammatory biomarkers, especially NHR, were associated with disease severity and survival duration. These findings provide new insights into the mechanisms and treatment strategies of CJD.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Creutzfeldt-Jakob , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Lipoproteínas HDL , Síndrome de Creutzfeldt-Jakob/diagnóstico , Neutrófilos , Biomarcadores , Gravidade do Paciente , HDL-Colesterol , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 32(1): 118-124, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594311

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a chronic multi-factorial disease characterized by the presence of functioning uterine glands and stroma in any site outside the uterus. Despite the major public health impact of this condition, little is known about their etiologies. Some studies focused on the similarities between the common biological mechanisms underlying the development of endometriosis and atherosclerotic plaques. So, it is possible to hypothesize that same atherogenic risk factors, such as dyslipidemia may play a role in endometriosis pathogenesis. This case-control study was carried out in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from September 2018 to August 2019 to investigate the lipid profile in patients with endometriosis and to analyze the association of dyslipidemia with endometriosis. A total of 140 participants ranged between 18 and 35 years of age attending BSMMU were enrolled in the study. The study population was divided into case and control group; the case group consisting of patients with endometriosis and control group comprising of healthy women without endometriosis. Fasting lipid profile of all participants was measured in the department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of BSMMU, Bangladesh. Doing student's t-test and Chi square test compared results of both groups. Logistic regression analysis was done to see association of dyslipidemia with endometriosis. Women with endometriosis were found to have significantly higher levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG) and significantly lower level of high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) compared to the controls (p<0.05). The mean atherogenic index was significantly higher in case group (p<0.05). This study found an association between dyslipidemia and endometriosis.Women with endometriosis have higher atherogenic index compared to women without endometriosis.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Endometriose , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Endometriose/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos , Dislipidemias/complicações , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol
6.
BMC Nephrol ; 24(1): 2, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the renal prognosis of patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) complicated with steroid-induced diabetes mellitus (SIDM), the association of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) before glucocorticoid treatment with renal prognosis, and the risk for persistent diabetes among patients with INS who had withdrawn from steroid therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 239 patients with INS complicated with SIDM at the National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital, from January 2008 to December 2019. The primary endpoint was the composite renal outcome defined as the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or a 50% decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) for more than 24 months after glucocorticoid withdrawal. The secondary endpoint was persistent diabetes, defined as fulfilling the criteria for diagnosing diabetes or using antidiabetic medications for at least 24 months after glucocorticoid withdrawal. RESULTS: After glucocorticoid withdrawal for over 24 months, 35 (14.6%) patients reached the composite renal endpoint: end-stage renal disease (n = 14) or a 50% decrease in eGFR (n = 21). Before glucocorticoid therapy, a level of HDL-C greater than 1.45 mmol/L worsened renal survival in patients with INS complicated with SIDM. The log10 the level of HDL-C before glucocorticoid treatment was an independent risk factor for the renal outcome. A prediction model was generated: Hazard ratio (renal outcome) = 0.94 * hypertension before glucocorticoid therapy + 2.29 * log10 level of HDL-C before glucocorticoid treatment + 0.90 * the grade of interstitial tubule injury (AUROC, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.63 to 0.87; P < 0.01). Meanwhile, a level of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) before glucocorticoid treatment greater than 5.2 mmol/L enhanced the likelihood of persistent diabetes for at least 24 months after glucocorticoid withdrawal. CONCLUSIONS: Increased level of HDL-C before glucocorticoid therapy was independently associated with a higher risk for renal outcome and thus may be useful in the renal prognosis of patients with INS complicated with SIDM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Falência Renal Crônica , Síndrome Nefrótica , Humanos , HDL-Colesterol , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia
7.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 36(1): 1-9, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650677

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this case-control study was to explore the association between serum uric acid to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (UHR) and the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Chinese adults. Methods: A total of 636 patients with NAFLD and 754 controls were enrolled from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, China, between January and December 2016. All patients completed a comprehensive questionnaire survey and underwent abdominal ultrasound examination and a blood test. NAFLD was diagnosed using ultrasonography after other etiologies were excluded. Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline model were conducted to evaluate the relationship of UHR with NAFLD risk. Results: The multivariable adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval, CI) for NAFLD in the highest versus lowest quartile of UHR was 3.888 (2.324-6.504). In analyses stratified by sex and age, we observed significant and positive associations between UHR and the risk of NAFLD in each subgroup. In analyses stratified by body mass index (BMI), a significant and positive association was found only in individuals with a BMI of ≥ 24 kg/m2. Our dose-response analysis indicated a linear positive correlation between UHR and the risk of NAFLD. Conclusion: UHR is positively associated with the risk of NAFLD and may serve as an innovative and noninvasive marker for identifying individuals at risk of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Adulto , Ácido Úrico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , HDL-Colesterol , Fatores de Risco
8.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 67(1): 3-18, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651718

RESUMO

In individuals with very low high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) cholesterol, such as Tangier disease, LCAT deficiency, and familial hypoalphalipoproteinemia, there is an increased risk of premature atherosclerosis. However, analyzes based on comparisons of populations with small variations in HDL-C mediated by polygenic alterations do not confirm these findings, suggesting that there is an indirect association or heterogeneity in the pathophysiological mechanisms related to the reduction of HDL-C. Trials that evaluated some of the HDL functions demonstrate a more robust degree of association between the HDL system and atherosclerotic risk, but as they were not designed to modify lipoprotein functionality, there is insufficient data to establish a causal relationship. We currently have randomized clinical trials of therapies that increase HDL-C concentration by various mechanisms, and this HDL-C elevation has not independently demonstrated a reduction in the risk of cardiovascular events. Therefore, this evidence shows that (a) measuring HDL-C as a way of estimating HDL-related atheroprotective system function is insufficient and (b) we still do not know how to increase cardiovascular protection with therapies aimed at modifying HDL metabolism. This leads us to a greater effort to understand the mechanisms of molecular action and cellular interaction of HDL, completely abandoning the traditional view focused on the plasma concentration of HDL-C. In this review, we will detail this new understanding and the new horizon for using the HDL system to mitigate residual atherosclerotic risk.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Lipoproteínas HDL , Humanos , HDL-Colesterol , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Aterosclerose/terapia
9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 250: 114494, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608569

RESUMO

Dyslipidemia is a common disease in the older population and represents a considerable disease burden worldwide. Epidemiological and experimental studies have indicated associations between heavy metal exposure and dyslipidemia; few studies have investigated the effects of heavy metal mixture and interactions between metals on dyslipidemia. We recruited 1121 participants living in heavy metal-contaminated and control areas in northeast China from a cross-sectional survey (2017-2019). Urinary metals including chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and manganese (Mn) and dyslipidemia biomarkers, namely triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, were measured. The generalized linear model (GLM) was used to explore the association of a single metal with dyslipidemia biomarkers. Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) and multivariable linear regression were performed to explore the overall effect of metal mixture and the interaction between metals on dyslipidemia. Heavy metal mixture was positively associated with LDL-C, TC, and TG and negatively with HDL-C. In multivariable linear regression, Pb and Cd exhibited a synergistic association with LDL-C in the participants without hyperlipemia. Mn-Cd and Pb-Cr also showed a synergistic association with increasing the level of LDL-C in subjects without hyperlipemia. Cd-Cr showed an antagonistic association with HDL-C, respectively. Cr-Mn exhibited an antagonistic association with decreased HDL-C and TG levels. No significant interaction was noted among the three metals. Our study indicated that exposure to heavy metals is associated with dyslipidemia biomarkers and the presence of potential synergistic or antagonistic interactions between the heavy metals.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Metais Pesados , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Cádmio/toxicidade , LDL-Colesterol , Teorema de Bayes , Chumbo/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Manganês , Cromo , Triglicerídeos , HDL-Colesterol , Dislipidemias/induzido quimicamente , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , China
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(2): e32684, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637918

RESUMO

Lipid alteration in postmenopausal women is commonly due to hormonal changes. This study aimed to explore the association between the years since menopause and lipid profiles in postmenopausal women. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1033 postmenopausal women were recruited from the Women's Hospital of Zhejiang University in China between 2015 and 2022. Each participant was interviewed using questionnaires regarding sociodemographic and reproductive data. Anthropometric measurements, lipid profiles, and reproductive hormone levels were assessed. Participants were divided into 3 groups based on the length of time since menopause: 2, 2 to 5.9, and 6 years. Differences in lipid profiles and reproductive hormones among the groups were compared. Logistic and linear regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between years after menopause and lipid profile. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and luteinizing hormone levels were significantly lower in postmenopausal women with time since menopause of ≥6 years than those <2 years (P < .05), whereas low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly higher (P < .05). A longer time after menopause was independently associated with lower HDL-C levels (ß, -0.059, standard error, 0.023, P = .01) after adjustment for age, body mass index, and other confounders. Compared to women who had menopause for <2 years, those who were postmenopausal for >6 years had lower HDL-C levels after adjustment for age, body mass index, and other covariates (ß, -0.123, 95% confidence interval, [-0.221, -0.014], P = .014). Longer time since menopause was associated with an atherogenic lipid profile with appreciably low levels of HDL-C subfraction. Future multicenter studies are necessary to examine postmenopausal population and determine how differences in lipids influence the risk of cardiovascular disease in this group.


Assuntos
Menopausa , Pós-Menopausa , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Colesterol , HDL-Colesterol , Triglicerídeos
11.
Curr Atheroscler Rep ; 25(1): 31-41, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602752

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Summarize selected late-breaking science on cardiovascular (CV) disease prevention presented at the 2022 scientific session of the American Heart Association (AHA). RECENT FINDINGS: The PROMINENT trial compared pemafibrate to a placebo in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and mild-to-moderate hypertriglyceridemia and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)<40 mg/dL who were already on guideline-directed statin therapy. The RESPECT-EPA trial compared purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and statin therapy to statin therapy alone for secondary prevention of atherosclerotic CV disease (ASCVD). SPORT compared the efficacy of low-dose statin therapy with a placebo and six commonly used dietary supplements on lipid and inflammatory markers. Data from long-term follow-up of the FOURIER-OLE study was presented to evaluate the efficacy of very low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels with proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors. Patient-level meta-analyses evaluated the association of statin therapy with new-onset DM and worse glycemic control. PROMPT-LIPID evaluated if automated electronic alerts to physicians with guideline-based recommendations improved the management of hyperlipidemia in patients at very high risk. NOTIFY-1 trial evaluated if notifying physicians and patients about coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores in non-ECG gated computed tomography scans led to increased prescription of statin therapy for primary ASCVD prevention. The DCP trial compared hydrochlorothiazide and chlorthalidone for blood pressure control and CV outcomes in hypertension. The CRHCP study compared the effectiveness of a village doctor for hypertension management and CV outcomes in rural areas of China. The QUARTET USA trial compared the effectiveness and safety of 4 antihypertensive medications in ultra-low doses with angiotensin-receptor blocker monotherapy. The late-breaking science presented at the 2022 scientific session of the AHA paves the way for future pragmatic trials and provides meaningful information to guide management strategies in cardiovascular disease prevention.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Hiperlipidemias , Hipertensão , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , American Heart Association , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , HDL-Colesterol , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 55: e12410, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629527

RESUMO

In clinical practice, we need to develop new tools to identify the residual cardiovascular risk after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study aimed to evaluate whether the monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) variation (ΔMHR) obtained during hospital admission (MHR1) and repeated in the first outpatient evaluation (MHR2) is a predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after ACS. One hundred ninety-one patients admitted for ACS were prospectively included. The ΔMHR was calculated by subtracting MHR1 from MHR2. Patients were followed for 166±38 days in which the occurrence of MACE was observed. The best cutoff for ΔMHR was zero (0), and individuals were divided into two groups: ΔMHR<0 (n=113) and ΔMHR≥0 (n=78). The presence of MACE was higher in the ΔMHR≥0 (22%) than in the ΔMHR<0 (7%), with a hazard ratio (HR) of 3.96 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.74-8.99; P=0.0004). After adjusting for confounders, ΔMHR≥0 remained an independent MACE predictor with an adjusted HR of 3.13 (95%CI: 1.35-7.26, P=0.008). In conclusion, our study showed that ΔMHR was an independent MACE predictor after ACS. Thus, ΔMHR is a potential marker of residual cardiovascular risk after ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Humanos , HDL-Colesterol , Monócitos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
13.
Lipids Health Dis ; 22(1): 7, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ratio of gamma-glutamyltransferase to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (GGT/HDL-C) has been highlighted in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by previous studies. However, there have been fewer investigations into the correlation between the GGT/HDL-C ratio and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) incidence. Our secondary analysis used published data from a Japanese population and aimed to investigate the role of the GGT/HDL-C ratio in the incidence of T2DM. METHODS: The research was a longitudinal cohort study completed by Okamura, Takuro et al. We obtained the data from the DATADRYAD website and used it for secondary analysis only. The participants recruited from a medical program called the NAGALA database received regular medical examinations and standardized questionnaires to obtain the baseline variables. Abdominal ultrasound was used to diagnose fatty liver disease. The participants were followed up, and the duration and occurrence of T2DM were documented. The GGT/HDL-C ratio evaluated at baseline served as the independent variable, while the occurrence of diabetes served as the dependent variable. RESULTS: A total of 15,453 cases (8,419 men and 7,034 women) were included in our study. After adjusting for age, sex, BMI, DBP, SBP, ALT, AST, TG, TC, HbA1C, FPG, drinking status, smoking status, exercise status, and fatty liver, we observed that the GGT/HDL-C ratio was positively associated with the incidence of T2DM (hazard ratio = 1.005, 95% confidence interval: 1.000 to 1.010, P = 0.0667). The results were consistent when the GGT/HDL-C quartile was used as a categorical variable (P for trend < 0.00396). A curvilinear relationship with a threshold effect was identified between the GGT/HDL-C ratio and the risk of incident T2DM. On the left of the point, a one-unit increase in the GGT/HDL-C ratio was associated with a 1.5-fold increase in the risk of incident T2DM (hazard ratio 2.57, 95% confidence interval 1.20 to 5.49). On the right of the point, when GGT/HDL-C was greater than 6.53, their relationship became saturated. CONCLUSION: The GGT/HDL-C ratio correlated with the incidence of T2DM in a curvilinear form with a threshold effect. Their positive relationship could be observed when GGT/HDL-C was less than 6.53.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , HDL-Colesterol , Estudos Longitudinais , gama-Glutamiltransferase , Japão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678207

RESUMO

We hypothesized that consumption of high-fat (HF) ground beef (24% fat) would not affect plasma concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) or low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), whereas low-fat (LF) ground beef (5% fat) would decrease HDL-C and LDL-C concentrations. In a randomized 2-period crossover, controlled feeding trial, 25 men (mean age and body mass index, 40 years and 31.2) consumed 115-g HF or LF patties, 5/week for 5 weeks with a 4-week washout. The HF treatment increased % energy from fat (p = 0.006) and saturated fat (p = 0.004) and tended (p = 0.060) to depress % energy from carbohydrates. The HF and LF treatments decreased the plasma concentrations of HDL-C (p = 0.001) and LDL-C (p = 0.011). Both ground beef treatments decreased the abundance of HDL3a and increased the abundance of HDL3 (p ≤ 0.003); the LF treatment also decreased the abundance of HDL2b and HDL2a (p ≤ 0.012). The HF and LF treatments decreased the abundance of LDL3 and LDL4 (p ≤ 0.024) and the HF treatment also decreased LDL5 (p = 0.041). Contrary to our hypothesis, the HF treatment decreased plasma HDL-C and LDL-C concentrations despite increased saturated fat intake, and both treatments decreased the abundance of smaller, denser LDL subfractions.


Assuntos
Dieta com Restrição de Gorduras , Ácidos Graxos , Masculino , Animais , Humanos , Bovinos , LDL-Colesterol , HDL-Colesterol , Índice de Massa Corporal , Triglicerídeos , Gorduras na Dieta
15.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678239

RESUMO

Most atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by modifying lifestyles, including unhealthy diets. Eggs contain important carotenoids that may impact cardiovascular risk. The lipid nature of eggs can improve the bioavailability of other carotenoids, such as Annatto (Bixa orellana L.), with reported antioxidant properties. Although numerous studies have shown that there is no association between egg consumption and cardiovascular risk, there is still controversy. In addition, there is limited information about Annatto's effects on human health. This study evaluated the association between egg consumption and its enrichment with Annatto in lipid biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. In a parallel clinical trial, one hundred and five (n = 105) men and women were randomized by age, sex, and body mass index (BMI), and distributed into three groups. Subjects consumed daily, for 8 weeks, either two eggs, two eggs with Annatto, or two egg whites. Plasma lipids were measured by enzymatic colorimetric methods, plasma apolipoproteins and lipoprotein subfractions and size by nuclear magnetic resonance. There were no differences between groups in age, sex, and BMI. No significant changes were found over time or between groups in plasma triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein (apo) A1, apo B, or lipoprotein subfraction concentrations. In healthy adults, the intake of two eggs a day, or two eggs with Annatto for eight weeks, did not generate adverse changes in cardiovascular risk markers.


Assuntos
Bixaceae , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Carotenoides , Lipoproteínas , HDL-Colesterol , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Ovos
16.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678241

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported that the SIDT2 and ABCA1 genes are involved in lipid metabolism. We aimed to analyze the association-the gene x gene interaction between rs17120425 and rs1784042 on SIDT2 and rs9282541 on ABCA1 and their diet interaction on the HDL-c serum levels-in a cohort of 1982 Mexican adults from the Health Workers Cohort Study. Demographic and clinical data were collected through a structured questionnaire and standardized procedures. Genotyping was performed using a predesigned TaqMan assay. The associations and interactions of interest were estimated using linear and logistic regression. Carriers of the rs17120425-A and rs1784042-A alleles had slightly higher blood HDL-c levels compared to the non-carriers. In contrast, rs9282541-A was associated with low blood HDL-c levels (OR = 1.34, p = 0.013). The rs1784042 x rs9282541 interaction was associated with high blood HDL-c levels (p = 3.4 × 10-4). Premenopausal women who carried at least one rs17120425-A allele and consumed high dietary fat, protein, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated fatty acids levels had higher HDL-c levels than the non-carriers. These results support the association between the genetic variants on SIDT2 and ABCA1 with HDL-c levels and suggest gene-gene and gene-diet interactions over HDL-c concentrations in Mexican adults. Our findings could be a platform for developing clinical and dietary strategies for improving the health of the Mexican population.


Assuntos
Dieta , Proteínas de Transporte de Nucleotídeos , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , HDL-Colesterol , Alelos , Nutrientes , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Nucleotídeos/genética
17.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 925, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650276

RESUMO

Within competitive sociocultural environments, most Korean workers are likely to shorten their sleep duration during the weekday. Short sleep duration is associated with dyslipidemia; however, studies on the correlation between various sleep patterns and dyslipidemia are still lacking. In hence this study aimed to investigate the association between weekend catch-up sleep (CUS) and dyslipidemia among South Korean workers. Our study used data from the 8th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The analysis covered 4,085 participants, excluding those who were diagnosed with dyslipidemia and not currently participating in economic activities. Weekend CUS was calculated as the absolute difference between self-reported weekday and weekend sleep duration. Dyslipidemia was diagnosed based on the levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides in blood samples collected after 9-12 h of fasting. After adjusting for sociodemographic, economic, health-related, and sleep-related factors, a negative association of weekend CUS with dyslipidemia was observed in male workers (odds ratio: 0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.61-0.95). Further, workers with total sleep duration of 7-8 h, night workers, and white-collar workers with CUS were at relatively low risk of dyslipidemia compared to the non-CUS group. Less than 2 h of weekend CUS was negatively related to dyslipidemia in Korean workers, especially males. This suggests that sleeping more on weekends for workers who had a lack of sleep during the week can help prevent dyslipidemia.


Assuntos
Colesterol , Dislipidemias , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol , Sono , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674667

RESUMO

Regular exercise, especially aerobic exercise, is beneficial for increasing serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in the general population. In addition to the HDL-C quantity, exercise enhances HDL functionality, antioxidants, and cholesterol efflux. On the other hand, the optimal intensity and frequency of exercise to increase HDL quantity and enhance HDL quality in middle-aged women need to be determined. The current study was designed to compare the changes in HDL quantity and quality among middle-aged women depending on exercise intensity, frequency, and duration; participants were divided into a sedentary group (group 1), a middle-intensity group (group 2), and a high-intensity group (group 3). There were no differences in anthropometric parameters among the groups, including blood pressure, muscle mass, and handgrip strength. Although there was no difference in serum total cholesterol (TC) among the groups, the serum HDL-C and apolipoprotein (apo)A-I levels remarkably increased to 17% and 12%, respectively, in group 3. Serum low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), glucose, triglyceride, and the apo-B/apoA-I ratio were remarkably decreased in the exercise groups depending on the exercise intensity; group 3 showed 13%, 10%, and 45% lower LDL-C, glucose, and triglyceride (TG), respectively, than group 1. The hepatic and muscle damage parameter, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), was significantly decreased in the exercise groups, but high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GTP) were similar in the three groups. In LDL, the particle size was increased 1.5-fold (p < 0.001), and the oxidation extent was decreased by 40% with a 23% lower TG content in group 3 than in group 1. In the exercise groups (groups 2 and 3), LDL showed the slowest electromobility with a distinct band intensity compared to the sedentary group (group 1). In HDL2, the particle size was 2.1-fold increased (p < 0.001) in the exercise group (group 3) with a 1.5-fold increase in TC content compared to that in group 1, as well as significantly enhanced antioxidant abilities, paraoxonase (PON) activity, and ferric ion reduction ability (FRA). In HDL3, the particle size was increased 1.2-fold with a 45% reduction in TG in group 3 compared to group 1. With increasing exercise intensity, apoA-I expression was increased in HDL2 and HDL3, and PON activity and FRA were enhanced (p < 0.001). In conclusion, regular exercise in middle-aged women is associated with the elevation of serum HDL-C and apoA-I with the enhancement of HDL quality and functionality and an increase in the TC content, particle size, and antioxidant abilities. With the reduction in TG and oxidized products in LDL and HDL, lipoproteins could have more anti-atherogenic properties through regular exercise in an intensity-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Lipoproteínas HDL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Feminino , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apolipoproteína A-I , LDL-Colesterol , Tamanho da Partícula , Força da Mão , Apolipoproteínas , Triglicerídeos , Lipoproteínas HDL3 , Exercício Físico , HDL-Colesterol , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo
19.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280672, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is one of the modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study was designed to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with dyslipidemia in Bangladeshi adults. METHODS: A total of 603 participants aged ≥ 18 years were recruited in the study. Serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were analyzed using enzymatic colorimetric methods. Dyslipidemia was defined based on serum lipids levels following the standard guidelines by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to evaluate risk factors associated with dyslipidemia. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia was 89% with no significant difference between male (90.1%) and female (85.7) subjects. The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia was 51.7%, hypercholesterolemia 41.6%, high LDL 43.9% and low HDL 78.8%. When participants were classified into healthy control, hypertensive and diabetic groups, the lipid levels and prevalence of lipid abnormalities were higher in hypertensive and diabetic groups compared to the control group. Low HDL level was the main prevalent dyslipidemia among study subjects. The prevalence of isolated hypertriglyceridemia, isolated hypercholesterolemia, and isolated low HDL-C was 24.7%, 14.7%, and 25.5%, respectively. Mixed hyperlipidemia was prevalent in 26.9% of the participants. According to the logistic regression analysis, significant associated factors of dyslipidemia were increased age, overweight, general and abdominal obesity, hypertension, diabetes and inadequate physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows a high prevalence of dyslipidemia in Bangladeshi adults. Important risk factors of dyslipidemia are increased age, overweight, general and abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension and low physical activity. Our results suggest that awareness-raising programs are required to prevent and control dyslipidemia among Bangladeshi adults.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Hipercolesterolemia , Hiperlipidemias , Hipertensão , Hipertrigliceridemia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso , Prevalência , Obesidade Abdominal , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos , Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Lipoproteínas HDL , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Lipoproteínas LDL , HDL-Colesterol
20.
Biomolecules ; 13(1)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671490

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Western countries. A low HDL-C is associated with the development of CVD. However, recent epidemiology studies have shown U-shaped curves between HDL-C and CVD mortality, with paradoxically increased CVD mortality in patients with extremely high HDL-C levels. Furthermore, HDL-C raising therapy using nicotinic acids or CETP inhibitors mostly failed to reduce CVD events. Based on this background, HDL functions rather than HDL-C could be a novel biomarker; research on the clinical utility of HDL functionality is ongoing. In this review, we summarize the current status of HDL functions and their future perspectives from the findings of basic research and clinical trials.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , HDL-Colesterol , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico
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