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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e244581, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564217

RESUMO

Importance: Although major bleeding is among the most common and prognostically important perioperative complications, the relative timing of bleeding events is not well established. This information is critical for preventing bleeding complications and for informing the timing of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis. Objective: To determine the timing of postoperative bleeding among patients undergoing surgery for up to 30 days after surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study. Patients aged 45 years or older who underwent inpatient noncardiac surgery were recruited in 14 countries between 2007 and 2013, with follow-up until December 2014. Data analysis was performed from June to July 2023. Exposure: Noncardiac surgery requiring overnight hospital admission. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome (postoperative major bleeding) was a composite of the timing of the following bleeding outcomes: (1) bleeding leading to transfusion, (2) bleeding leading to a postoperative hemoglobin level less than 7 g/dL, (3) bleeding leading to death, and (4) bleeding associated with reintervention. Each of the components of the composite primary outcome (1-4) and bleeding independently associated with mortality after noncardiac surgery, which was defined as a composite of outcomes 1 to 3, were secondary outcomes. Results: Among 39 813 patients (median [IQR] age, 63.0 [54.8-72.5] years; 19 793 women [49.7%]), there were 5340 major bleeding events (primary outcome) in 4638 patients (11.6%) within the first 30 days after surgery. Of these events, 42.7% (95% CI, 40.9%-44.6%) occurred within 24 hours after surgery, 77.7% (95% CI, 75.8%-79.5%) by postoperative day 7, 88.3% (95% CI, 86.5%-90.2%) by postoperative day 14, and 94.6% (95% CI, 92.7%-96.5%) by postoperative day 21. Within 48 hours of surgery, 56.2% of major bleeding events, 56.2% of bleeding leading to transfusion, 56.1% of bleeding independently associated with mortality after noncardiac surgery, 51.8% of bleeding associated with hemoglobin less than 7 g/dL, and 51.8% of bleeding associated with reintervention had occurred. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, of the major postoperative bleeding events in the first 30 days, more than three-quarters occurred during the first postoperative week. These findings are useful for researchers for the planning future clinical research and for clinicians in prevention of bleeding-related surgical complications and in decision-making regarding starting of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis after surgery.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Pacientes Internados , Hemoglobinas
2.
BMC Res Notes ; 17(1): 99, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A complete blood count (CBC) analysis is one of the most common conventional blood tests that physicians frequently prescribe. THE OBJECTIVE: of this study was to determine the reference intervals (RIs) of CBC parameters in the population of healthy adults living in the western Sudan region. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of healthy people residing in the western area of Sudan was carried out. We assessed the CBC RIs in samples taken from 153 individuals using an automated haematology analyser (Sysmex KX-21) and a modified Box-Cox transformation procedure to transform the data into a Gaussian distribution after eliminating outliers using the Dixon method. IBM SPSS Statistics version 25 was used to analyse the data, and t tests were employed to examine variations in the mean CBC parameters according to sex and age. P was considered significant at ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Beyond all the other measured values, the only CBC parameters that significantly differed between the sexes were haemoglobin (HGB) and white blood cell (WBC) counts. Women were found to experience more WBC counts than men did. However, they have less HGB RIs.The male participants in our study exhibited lower WBC count RIs, a significantly lower limit, and a greater upper limit of platelet RIs than did the individuals from other nations. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with males, females had higher platelet and WBC counts and lower HGB.


Assuntos
Testes Hematológicos , Hemoglobinas , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Valores de Referência , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Contagem de Leucócitos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37751, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579024

RESUMO

The demand for Janus Kinase-2 (JAK2) testing has been disproportionate to the low yield of positive results, which highlights the need for more discerning test strategies. The aim of this study is to introduce an artificial intelligence application as a more rational approach for testing JAK2 mutations in cases of erythrocytosis. Test results were sourced from samples sent to a tertiary hospital's genetic laboratory between 2017 and 2023, meeting 2016 World Health Organization criteria for JAK2V617F mutation testing. The JAK2 Somatic Mutation Screening Kit was used for genetic testing. Machine learning models were trained and tested using Python programming language. Out of 458 cases, JAK2V617F mutation was identified in 13.3%. There were significant differences in complete blood count parameters between mutation carriers and non-carriers. Various models were trained with data, with the random forest (RF) model demonstrating superior precision, recall, F1-score, accuracy, and area under the receiver operating characteristic, all reaching 100%. Gradient boosting (GB) model also showed high scores. When compared with existing algorithms, the RF and GB models displayed superior performance. The RF and GB models outperformed other methods in accurately identifying and classifying erythrocytosis cases, offering potential reductions in unnecessary testing and costs.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Policitemia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Algoritmos , Hemoglobinas , Janus Quinase 2/genética
4.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 154: 3537, 2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programs after total hip arthroplasty have been shown to reduce hospital length of stay without compromising results, but yet there is a lack of data for the Swiss population. Therefore, this retrospective cohort study evaluated whether similar positive effects on clinical outcomes are present in the context of the Swiss healthcare system. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective primary total hip arthroplasty were analysed. The baseline group comprised 50 patients treated consecutively by one surgeon in 2013 according to the clinical practice guidelines. Another surgeon implemented a new standardised treatment protocol in April 2014. In January 2018, this protocol was followed by an enhanced recovery program that integrated all care providers at the hospital. The data of the baseline group (series 0) and four series of 50 patients each, two treated with the standardised treatment protocol (series 1-2) and two treated with the enhanced recovery program (series 3-4), were analysed. All patients had follow-ups at 6 weeks and 3 months after surgery. The primary outcomes were length of stay and discharge destination; the secondary outcomes were admission on the day of surgery (instead of one day prior), the use of urinary catheters, the administration of opioids, the difference between pre- and postoperative haemoglobin, blood transfusions, and adverse events within 3 months of surgery. RESULTS: The median length of stay was 10 days in the baseline group and only 5 days after the implementation of the standardised protocol and enhanced recovery program in series 4 (p <0.001). The percentage of patients discharged directly home was higher in series 4 than in the baseline group (84% vs. 66%, p = 0.085). Patients admitted to the hospital on the day of surgery increased from 2% in series 0 to 98% in series 4 (p <0.001). The use of urinary catheters was significantly higher in the baseline group (100% of patients) than in series 3 and 4 (0%) (p <0.001), and the number of patients who did not require opioids was significantly higher in series 4 than in series 0 (36% vs. 10%, p = 0.007). The median blood loss (500 ml vs. 300 ml, p <0.001), median difference in pre- and postoperative haemoglobin (29 g/dl vs. 25 g/dl, p = 0.145), and number of blood transfusions (5 vs. 2 p = 0.99) were higher in the baseline group than in series 4. The number of adverse events did not differ significantly between groups (p = 0.699). CONCLUSIONS: Almost all parameters examined in this study showed improvement, whereas the rate of adverse events was not affected and remained low. The presented data can be used as a benchmark, but details of these findings need to be confirmed in larger cohorts.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suíça , Hospitais , Tempo de Internação , Hemoglobinas
5.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 375-380, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583886

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between sarcopenia and adverse events (AEs) of postoperative imatinib therapy through computed tomography (CT) quantitative body composition for intermediate- and high-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 208 patients with intermediate- and high-risk GIST treated surgically and treated with imatinib afterward at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University between October 2011 and October 2021. Images of preoperative CT scans within 1 month were used to determine the body composition of the patients. On the basis of the L3 skeletal muscle index, patients were classified into sarcopenia and nonsarcopenia groups. In 2 groups, AEs related to imatinib were analyzed. RESULTS: The proportion of AEs related to imatinib in the sarcopenia group was higher, and this disparity had a significant statistical significance (P = .013). Sarcopenia was significantly associated with hemoglobin reduction compared with nonsarcopenia (P = .015). There was a significant difference between the sarcopenia group and the nonsarcopenia group in the ratio of severe AEs (grades 3-4). Hemoglobin content (odds ratio [OR], 0.981; 95% CI, 0.963-1.000; P = .045), sex (OR, 0.416; 95% CI, 0.192-0.904; P = .027), and sarcopenia (OR, 5.631; 95% CI, 2.262-14.014; P < .001) were the influential factors of imatinib severe AEs in patients with intermediate- and high-risk GIST within 1 year after imatinib treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients with preoperative sarcopenia have a higher incidence and severity of AEs during adjuvant imatinib therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Sarcopenia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/induzido quimicamente , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Hemoglobinas , Tomografia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300784, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568921

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the association between pattern changes in hemoglobin levels over time and the incidence of dementia using trajectories in females aged 55-79 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using females of aged 55-79 years from the National Health Insurance Service National Health Screening Cohort in Korea. To identify hemoglobin trajectories over eight years (2002-2009), we performed a three-step approach comprising measures of change, factor analysis, and cluster analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the associations between hemoglobin trajectories and the incidence of dementia. RESULTS: We included 20,195 of 235,742 female participants. New dementia (N = 2664) was developed during follow-up period (2010-2015). Five hemoglobin trajectories were identified: high, mid, low, increasing, and decreasing. With high as a reference, the hazard ratios (HRs) for low and decreasing trajectories were significant, 1.28 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-1.45) and 1.21 (95% CI, 1.10-1.34) in univariate models, respectively. However, only the HR for the decreasing trajectory was significant, 1.12 (95% CI, 1.01-1.24) after adjustment for confounders. CONCLUSION: The decreasing trajectory of hemoglobin levels within the normal range was associated with dementia. Even females aged 55-79 years without anemia might be vulnerable to dementia development risk.


Assuntos
Demência , Humanos , Feminino , Demência/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Prospectivos , Hemoglobinas
7.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 121, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the potential of Native T1-mapping in predicting the prognosis of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We enrolled 119 CKD patients as the study subjects and included 20 healthy volunteers as the control group, with follow-up extending until October 2022. Out of these patients, 63 underwent kidney biopsy measurements, and these patients were categorized into high (25-50%), low (< 25%), and no renal interstitial fibrosis (IF) (0%) groups. The study's endpoint event was the initiation of renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation, or an increase of over 30% in serum creatinine levels. Cox regression analysis determined factors influencing unfavorable kidney outcomes. We employed Kaplan-Meier analysis to contrast kidney survival rates between the high and low T1 groups. Additionally, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis assessed the predictive accuracy of Native T1-mapping for kidney endpoint events. RESULTS: T1 values across varying fibrosis degree groups showed statistical significance (F = 4.772, P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression pinpointed 24-h urine protein, cystatin C(CysC), hemoglobin(Hb), and T1 as factors tied to the emergence of kidney endpoint events. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a markedly higher likelihood of kidney endpoint events in the high T1 group compared to the low T1 value group (P < 0.001). The ROC curves for variables (CysC, T1, Hb) tied to kidney endpoint events demonstrated area under the curves(AUCs) of 0.83 (95%CI: 0.75-0.91) for CysC, 0.77 (95%CI: 0.68-0.86) for T1, and 0.73 (95%CI: 0.63-0.83) for Hb. Combining these variables elevated the AUC to 0.88 (95%CI: 0.81-0.94). CONCLUSION: Native T1-mapping holds promise in facilitating more precise and earlier detection of CKD patients most at risk for end-stage renal disease.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Rim , Prognóstico , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Fibrose , Hemoglobinas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
8.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 383-386, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557515

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem. This study was done to evaluate the changes of hemoglobin concentration in COPD patients in comparison to healthy person. This analytical type of cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Bangladesh from July 2018 to June 2019. A total number of 160 male subjects, ages ranged from 30-70 years were included in this study. Among them, eighty (80) male COPD subjects were taken as study group (Group II) and eighty (80) age matched male healthy subjects were taken as control group (Group I). Hemoglobin concentration was estimated by cyanmethemoglobin method. Data were expressed as mean (±SD) and statistical significance of difference among the group was calculated by unpaired students' 't' test. The mean±SD of hemoglobin concentration of Group I and Group II were 13.79±1.08gm/dl and 11.63±1.33gm/dl respectively. The mean ±SD of hemoglobin concentration significantly lower in study group in comparison with control group. Patients with COPD with greater changes in hemoglobin concentration causes more frequent hospitalization and increased mortality and morbidity due to COPD related complications. So, assessment of this parameter is important for early detection and prevention of complication related to COPD for leading a healthy life.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Hemoglobinas
9.
PeerJ ; 12: e17040, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560450

RESUMO

Background: During physical exercise, the level of hematological parameters change depending on the intensity and duration of exercise and the individual's physical fitness. Research results, based on samples taken before and after exercise, suggest that hematological parameters increase during incremental exercise. However, there is no data confirming this beyond any doubt. This study examined how red blood cell (RBC) parameters change during the same standard physical exertion in athletes representing different physiological training profiles determined by sport discipline. Methods: The study included 39 highly trained male members of national teams: 13 futsal players, 12 sprinters, and 14 triathletes. We used multiple blood sampling to determine RBC, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit value (Hct), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) before, during (every 3 min), and after (5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 min) an incremental treadmill exercise test until exhaustion. Results: There were no significant exercise-induced differences in RBC parameters between athletic groups. No significant changes were recorded in RBC parameters during the low-intensity phase of exercise. RBC, Hb, and Hct increased significantly during incremental physical exercise, and rapidly returned to resting values upon test termination. Conclusions: The general pattern of exercise-induced changes in RBC parameters is universal regardless of the athlete's physiological profile. The changes in RBC parameters are proportional to the intensity of exercise during the progressive test. The increase in hemoglobin concentration associated with the intensity of exercise is most likely an adaptation to the greater demand of tissues, mainly skeletal muscles, for oxygen.


Assuntos
Eritrócitos , Esportes , Humanos , Masculino , Exercício Físico , Atletas , Hemoglobinas
10.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 222, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and blood biochemical indicators in early adolescence, and to provide ideas for early prevention of diseases and explore possible disease-related predictors. METHODS: 3125 participants aged 10 ∼ 14 years were selected from China from the survey of "China Nutrition and Health Surveillance ( 2016 ∼ 2017 ) ". Employing advanced statistical methods, including generalized linear models, heatmaps, hierarchical clustering, and generalized additive models, the study delved into the associations between BMI and various biochemical indicators. RESULTS: In early adolescence, indicators including systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, weight, height, BMI, hemoglobin, blood uric acid, serum creatinine, albumin, vitamin A presented increasing trends with the increase of age ( P < 0.05 ), whereas LDL-C, vitamin D, and ferritin showed decreasing trends with the increase of age ( P < 0.05 ). The increase in hemoglobin and blood uric acid levels with age was more pronounced in males compared to females ( P < 0.05 ). BMI was positively correlated with blood glucose, hemoglobin, triglyceride, LDL-C, blood uric acid, serum creatinine, ferritin, transferrin receptor, hs-CRP, total protein, vitamin A ( P < 0.05 ). There was a significant BMI × age interaction in the correlation analysis with LDL-C, transferrin receptor, serum creatinine, and hs-CRP ( P < 0.05 ). BMI was a risk factor for hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, low high density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, and metabolic syndrome in all age groups ( OR > 1, P < 0.05 ). CONCLUSIONS: High BMI was a risk factor for hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, low high density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, and MetS in early adolescents. With the focus on energy intake beginning in early adolescence, the maintenance of a healthy weight warrants greater attention.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Hipertrigliceridemia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , LDL-Colesterol , Ácido Úrico , Creatinina , Vitamina A , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Lipoproteínas HDL , Hemoglobinas/análise , Ferritinas , Receptores da Transferrina
11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 214, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early postoperative mobilization is essential for early functional recovery but can be inhibited by postoperative orthostatic intolerance (OI). Postoperative OI is common after major surgery, such as total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, limited data are available after less extensive surgery, such as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We, therefore, investigated the incidence of OI as well as cardiovascular and tissue oxygenation responses during early mobilization after UKA. METHODS: This prospective single-centre observational study included 32 patients undergoing primary UKA. Incidence of OI and cardiovascular and tissue oxygenation responses during mobilization were evaluated preoperatively, at 6 and 24 h after surgery. Perioperative fluid balance, bleeding, surgery duration, postoperative hemoglobin, pain during mobilization and opioid usage were recorded. RESULTS: During mobilization at 6 h after surgery, 4 (14%, 95%CI 4-33%) patients experienced OI; however, no patients terminated the mobilization procedure prematurely. Dizziness and feeling of heat were the most common symptoms. OI was associated with attenuated systolic and mean arterial blood pressure responses in the sitting position (all p < 0.05). At 24 h after surgery, 24 (75%) patients had already been discharged, including three of the four patients with early OI. Only five patients were available for measurements, two of whom experienced OI; one terminated the mobilization procedure due to intolerable symptoms. We observed no statistically significant differences in perioperative fluid balance, bleeding, surgery duration, postoperative hemoglobin, pain, or opioid usage between orthostatic intolerant and tolerant patients. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of orthostatic intolerance after fast-track unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is low (~ 15%) and is associated with decreased orthostatic pressure responses. Compared to the previously described orthostatic intolerance incidence of ~ 40% following total knee arthroplasty, early orthostatic intolerance is uncommon after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, suggesting a procedure-specific component. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prospectively registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; registration number: NCT04195360, registration date: 13.12.2019.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Intolerância Ortostática , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Intolerância Ortostática/epidemiologia , Intolerância Ortostática/etiologia , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Analgésicos Opioides , Estudos Prospectivos , Hemodinâmica , Dor , Hemoglobinas , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 982024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with high morbidity and mortality, affecting 537 million adults worldwide. Spain is the second European country in prevalence, with 14.8% in the population aged twenty/seventy-nine years; with 11.6 cases per 1,000 people/year. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the fifth cause of vision loss worldwide and the seventh cause of blindness/visual impairment among members of the National Organization of the Blind in Spain (ONCE). Early detection of DR prevents blindness in diabetics and is conditioned by glycosylated hemoglobin. The aim of this paper was to analyze the management of diabetic patients in Aljarafe region (Seville) and identify opportunities for improvement in the coordination of their follow-up between the Primary Care physician and the ophthalmologist. METHODS: A retrospective observational study (2016-2019) was carried out, with patients registered in the diabetic census of the twenty-eight municipalities of Aljarafe. The primary care and hospital health history, and telemedicine program were consulted. About statistical analysis, for qualitative variables, totals and percentages were calculated; for quantitative variables, mean and standard deviation (if normally distributed) and median and quartiles (if non-normally distributed). RESULTS: There were 17,175 diabetics registered in Aljarafe (5.7% of the population); 14,440 patients (84.1%) had some determination of hemoglobin during the period, 9,228 (63.9%) had all of them in the appropriate range. Fundoscopic control was performed on 12,040 diabetics (70.1%), and of those who did not, 346 (10.6%) had all of them out of range. There were 1,878 (10.9%) patients without fundoscopic or metabolic control, 1,019 (54.3%) were women, 1,219 (64.9%) were under sixty-five years of age, 1,019 (54.3%) had severe comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients have adequate screening, and more than half have determinations within range. However, a significant percentage with no glycated hemoglobin within range lack fundoscopic control, and another smaller group lack fundoscopic or metabolic control, with inter-municipal variability. We propose to improve communication channels between levels.


OBJECTIVE: La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad crónica con alta morbimortalidad que afecta a 537 millones de adultos en el mundo. España es el segundo país europeo en prevalencia, con un 14,8% en población de veinte-setenta y nueve años, con 11,6 casos por cada 1.000 personas/año. La retinopatía diabética (RD) es la quinta causa de pérdida de visión a nivel mundial y la séptima causa de ceguera/discapacidad visual entre afiliados a la Organización Nacional de Ciegos de España (ONCE). La detección precoz de RD previene la ceguera en diabéticos y está condicionada por la hemoglobina glicosilada. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar el manejo de los pacientes diabéticos en la comarca del Aljarafe (Sevilla) e identificar oportunidades de mejora en la coordinación de su seguimiento entre el médico de Atención Primaria y el médico oftalmólogo. METHODS: Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo (2016-2019) con los pacientes registrados en el censo de diabéticos de los veintiocho municipios del Aljarafe. Se consultó la historia de salud de Atención Primaria y Hospital, así como el programa de Telemedicina. En cuanto al análisis estadístico, para variables cualitativas se calcularon totales y porcentajes; para variables cuantitativas, media y distribución estándar (si distribución normal), y la mediana y cuartiles (distribución no normal). RESULTS: Se registraron 17.175 diabéticos en el Aljarafe (5,7% de población); 14.440 pacientes (84,1%) tenían alguna determinación de hemoglobina durante el periodo, 9.228 (63,9%) las tenían todas en rango adecuado. Tenían control fundoscópico 12.040 diabéticos (70,1%), y de los que no, 346 (10,6%) tenían todas fuera de rango. Hubo 1.878 (10,9%) pacientes sin control fundoscópico ni metabólico, 1.019 (54,3%) eran mujeres, 1.219 (64,9%) menores de sesenta y cinco años, 1.019 (54,3%) con comorbilidad grave. CONCLUSIONS: La mayoría de los pacientes presentan un cribado adecuado y, más de la mitad, determinaciones en rango. Sin embargo, un porcentaje relevante con ninguna hemoglobina glicosilada en rango carecen de control fundoscópico, y otro grupo menor está sin control fundoscópico ni metabólico, con variabilidad intermunicipios. Planteamos mejorar los circuitos de comunicación entre niveles.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Retinopatia Diabética/epidemiologia , Retinopatia Diabética/prevenção & controle , Seguimentos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Cegueira/epidemiologia , Cegueira/etiologia , Cegueira/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Hemoglobinas
13.
Indian J Med Res ; 159(2): 193-205, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND OBJECTIVES: The role of consolidation radiation therapy (CRT) after complete metabolic response to chemotherapy in advanced-stage (stage III and IV) Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is controversial. This study was undertaken to assess the clinical outcomes in terms of event free survival, local failure free survival and overall survival in individuals with advanced HL treated with chemotherapy and CRT. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to study the long-term clinical outcomes in individuals diagnosed with HL and treated with chemotherapy and CRT from 2012 to 2016 at a tertiary cancer care hospital in India. RESULTS: Data from 203 study participants with advanced-stage HL were analyzed. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) was done at baseline and after 2 cycles for response assessment. The median age at presentation was 32 yr [interquartile range (IQR): 26-46]. Early metabolic response (after 2 cycles) and delayed metabolic response (after 4 or 6 cycles) were observed in 74.4 and 25.6 per cent of individuals, respectively. With a median follow up of 52 months (IQR: 40-67), the five-year event-free survival (EFS), local failure-free survival (LFFS) and overall survival (OS) were 83.2, 95.1 and 94.6 per cent, respectively. On univariate analysis, extranodal disease was associated with inferior EFS (P=0.043). Haemoglobin <10.5 g/dl (P=0.002) and Hasenclever index >3 (P=0.00047) were associated with poorer OS. Relapses were observed in 28/203 (13.8%) study participants with predominance at central nodal stations. The median time to relapse was 19.4 months (IQR: 13-33). Local relapse alone (at the irradiated site) was observed in 5/28 study participants, systemic (distant) relapse in 14/28 individuals, while both systemic and local relapse was observed in 9/28 participants. Extranodal disease (P=0.05), bulky disease (P=0.005) and haemoglobin concentration ≤10.5 g/dl (P=0.036) were significant predictors for disease relapse. INTERPRETATION CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with advanced-stage HL treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy (anthracycline-based chemotherapy with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine regimen) and CRT had excellent long-term outcomes. As isolated infield failures are uncommon, selective consolidation with conformal RT to high-risk sites improves final disease outcomes.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Humanos , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Doxorrubicina , Recidiva , Hemoglobinas , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 126, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide theoretical basis for prevention of a Dacron-cuffed catheter related infection (CRI), the risk factors of CRI in hemodialysis patients were systematically evaluated. METHODS: Eight databases, including PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), Wanfang Database and Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), were searched to screen out literatures related to the risk factors of long-term indwelling a Dacron-cuffed CRI in hemodialysis. Meta-analysis of risk factors for a Dacron-cuffed CRI in hemodialysis and publication bias test were performed using RevMan 5.4 software. RESULTS: After screening, 13 literatures involving a Dacron-cuffed CRI were included, with a total of 625 patients, and the infection rate was 11.7%. The combined OR value and 95% confidence interval (CI) of all factors were: Combined with Diabetes (1.94, 1.51 ~ 2.50), Hb (1.82, 1.35 ~ 2.44), age (2.38, 1.06 ~ 5.34), catheter indwelling time (1.79, 1.21 ~ 2.66), serum albumin (2.26, 1.25 ~ 4.08), catheter indwelling site (3.29, 1.74 ~ 6.23) and the number of tube placement (5.40, 2.65 ~ 11.02). CONCLUSIONS: The main risk factors for a Dacron-cuffed CRI in hemodialysis were combined with diabetes, hemoglobin level, age, catheter indwelling time, serum albumin level, femoral vein catheter indwelling and catheterization times. In other words, hemodialysis patients are at higher risk of CRI if they have diabetes, or if they have a lower hemoglobin level, or if they are older, or if they have a longer duration of catheterization, or if they have a lower serum albumin level, or if they have a femoral vein catheter, or if they have more catheters.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Polietilenotereftalatos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Albumina Sérica , Hemoglobinas
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8272, 2024 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594253

RESUMO

Human hemoglobin (Hb) is the preferred iron source of Staphylococcus aureus. This pathogenic bacterium exploits a sophisticated protein machinery called Iron-regulated surface determinant (Isd) system to bind Hb, extract and internalize heme, and finally degrade it to complete iron acquisition. IsdB, the surface exposed Hb receptor, is a proven virulence factor of S. aureus and the inhibition of its interaction with Hb can be pursued as a strategy to develop new classes of antimicrobials. To identify small molecules able to disrupt IsdB:Hb protein-protein interactions (PPIs), we carried out a structure-based virtual screening campaign and developed an ad hoc immunoassay to screen the retrieved set of commercially available compounds. Saturation-transfer difference (STD) NMR was applied to verify specific interactions of a sub-set of molecules, chosen based on their efficacy in reducing the amount of Hb bound to IsdB. Among molecules for which direct binding was verified, the best hit was submitted to ITC analysis to measure the binding affinity to Hb, which was found to be in the low micromolar range. The results demonstrate the viability of the proposed in silico/in vitro experimental pipeline to discover and test IsdB:Hb PPI inhibitors. The identified lead compound will be the starting point for future SAR and molecule optimization campaigns.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus/metabolismo , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Heme/metabolismo , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Ferro/metabolismo
16.
Crit Care ; 28(1): 114, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anemia is a hallmark of critical illness, which is largely inflammatory driven. We hypothesized that the use of anti-inflammatory agents limits the development of anemia and reduces the need for red blood cell (RBC) transfusions in patients with a hyper-inflammatory condition due to COVID-19. METHODS: An observational cohort (n = 772) and a validation cohort (a subset of REMAP-CAP, n = 119) of critically ill patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure due to COVID-19 were analyzed, who either received no treatment, received steroids or received steroids plus IL-6 blocking agents. The trajectory of hemoglobin (Hb) decline and the need for RBC transfusions were compared using descriptive statistics as well as multivariate modeling. RESULTS: In both cohorts, Hb level was higher in the treated groups compared to the untreated group at all time points. In the observational cohort, incidence and number of transfused patients were lower in the group receiving the combination treatment compared to the untreated groups. In a multivariate analysis controlling for baseline Hb imbalance and mechanical ventilation, receipt of steroids remained associated with a slower decline in Hb level and the combination treatment remained associated with a slower decline of Hb and with less transfusions. Results remained the same in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: Immunomodulatory treatment was associated with a slower decline in Hb level in critically ill patients with COVID-19 and with less transfusion. Findings point toward inflammation as an important cause for the occurrence of anemia in the critically ill.


Assuntos
Anemia , COVID-19 , Humanos , Estado Terminal/terapia , Anemia/terapia , Anemia/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinas/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/complicações , Esteroides
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 56(2): 267-272, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of hemodialysis patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a single-center from Beijing. METHODS: Patients with COVID-19 who received regular hemodialysis at Peking University Third Hospital from November 30, 2022 to January 4, 2023 were selected as the study objects. Clinical symptoms, severity and duration of symptoms during the period of virus positive were investigated in the form of questionnaires, and the basic information of the patients, as well as the results of blood tests (routine blood and blood biochemistry, etc.) before and after infection, dialysis treatment and the outcome of the disease were collected by consulting medical records. RESULTS: A total of 203 subjects were included in this study, including 148 mild cases (72.91%), 23 medium cases (11.33%), 32 severe and critical cases (15.76%), and 16 (7.88%) deaths occured during the follow-up. Clinical symptoms mainly included respiratory symptoms (among which 81.77% had cough, 68.97% had expectoration), fever (81.28%) and fatigue (65.52%), and fatigue and weakness had the longest duration [9 (5, 15) days] among all symptoms. Twenty-six patients (12.8%) reduced the dialysis sessions [1 (1, 2) times], 25 patients (12.32%) had the behavior of early finishing dialysis (27 times), reducing the dialysis time by 30.0 (20.0, 30.5) minutes. Univa-riate analysis showed that the hemoglobin, creatinine, urea nitrogen and ultrafiltration decreased signi-ficantly after infection (P < 0.05). There were significant differences in age, albumin, hemoglobin, creatinine levels and vascular access types among the patients with different clinical subtypes, and the changes of dialysis sessions, fever, expectoration and fatigue degree were also different among the patients with different clinical subtypes (P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR=1.051, 95%CI: 1.017-1.086, P=0.003) and albumin levels (OR=0.905, 95%CI: 0.803-1.019, P=0.098) corrected by fever, expectoration and fatigue levels were still associated with the occurrence of pneumonia. CONCLUSION: The morbidity of pneumonia and the proportion of deaths in hemodialysis patients with COVID-19 were higher, and some clinical symptoms lasted for a longer time than the general population. During the infection period, the incidence of dialysis-related complications increased, hemoglobin and nutritional status decreased. Elderly patients and patients with low albumin level had a higher risk of developing pneumonia after infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , Creatinina , Diálise Renal , Albuminas , Hemoglobinas
18.
Can J Vet Res ; 88(2): 33-37, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595948

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the hematology profiles of Korean indigenous cattle (Hanwoo) raised in a barn (housed) or on pasture (grazing). Our findings showed significant differences in the red blood cell (RBC) profiles of these 2 groups. When compared to cattle raised in a barn, a significant decrease in hematocrit (P = 0.000), hemoglobin (P = 0.000), and red blood cells (RBCs) (P = 0.000) and a significant increase in mean cell volume (P = 0.015) and reticulocytes (P = 0.000) were observed in grazing cattle, which indicate regenerative anemia. Furthermore, indirect bilirubin was significantly higher in grazing cattle, which indicates intravascular hemolysis and neutropenia (P = 0.000), and monocytosis (P = 0.000) was also identified. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that demonstrates changes in reticulocyte count and indirect bilirubin levels secondary to regenerative intravascular hemolysis in grazing cattle.


L'objectif de cette étude était de comparer les profils hématologiques de bovins coréens indigènes (Hanwoo) gardés dans une étable ou au pâturage. Nos résultats ont montré des différences significatives dans les profils des globules rouges de ces 2 groupes. Lorsque comparé aux bovins gardés dans l'étable, une réduction significative de l'hématocrite (P = 0,000), de l'hémoglobine (P = 0,000), et des globules rouges (P = 0,000) et une augmentation significative du volume cellulaire moyen (P = 0,015) et des réticulocytes (P = 0,000) ont été observées chez les bovins au pâturage, ce qui indique une anémie régénératrice. Également, la bilirubine indirecte était significativement plus élevée chez les bovins au pâturage, indicatif d'une hémolyse intravasculaire, et une neutropénie (P = 0,000) et une monocytose (P = 0,000) furent également identifiées. Au meilleur de nos connaissances, ceci est la première étude qui démontre des changements dans le dénombrement des réticulocytes et les niveaux de bilirubine indirecte secondaires à une hémolyse intravasculaire régénérative chez des bovins au pâturage.(Traduit par Docteur Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Hemólise , Bovinos , Animais , Eritrócitos , Hemoglobinas/análise , Bilirrubina , República da Coreia
20.
Neurochem Res ; 49(5): 1322-1330, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478218

RESUMO

Microdialysis is applied in neurointensive care to monitor cerebral glucose metabolism. If recoverable, macromolecules may also serve as biomarkers in brain disease and provide clues to their passage across the blood-brain barrier. Our study aimed to investigate the in vitro recovery of human micro- and macromolecules using microdialysis catheters and perfusion fluids approved for clinical use. In vitro microdialysis of a bulk solution containing physiological or supraphysiological concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, human IgG, serum albumin, and hemoglobin was performed using two different catheters and perfusion fluids. One had a membrane cut-off of 20 kDa and was used with a standard CNS perfusion fluid, and the other had a membrane cut-off of 100 kDa and was perfused with the same solution supplemented with dextran. The flow rate was 0.3 µl/min. We used both push and push-pull methods. Dialysate samples were collected at 2-h intervals for 6 h and analyzed for relative recovery of each substance. The mean relative recovery of glucose, pyruvate, and lactate was > 90% in all but two sets of experiments. In contrast, the relative recovery of human IgG, serum albumin, and hemoglobin from both bulk solutions was below the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ). Using a push-pull method, recovery of human IgG, serum albumin, and hemoglobin from a bulk solution with supraphysiological concentrations were above LLOQ but with low relative recovery (range 0.9%-1.6%). In summary, exchanging the microdialysis setup from a 20 kDa catheter with a standard perfusion fluid for a 100 kDa catheter with a perfusion solution containing dextran did not affect the relative recovery of glucose and its metabolites. However, it did not result in any useful recovery of the investigated macromolecules at physiological levels, either with or without a push-pull pump system.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Dextranos , Humanos , Lesões Encefálicas/metabolismo , Microdiálise/métodos , Perfusão/métodos , Glucose/metabolismo , Lactatos , Piruvatos , Albumina Sérica , Hemoglobinas , Imunoglobulina G
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