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1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(4): 405-408, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of shear-wave elastography (SWE) of the liver and spleen for predicting the risk of esophageal-gastric varices (EGV) and the bleeding from EGV (EGVB) in patients with advanced schistosomiasis. METHODS: The medical records of 90 patients with definitive diagnosis of advanced schistosomiasis in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 through January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The severity of EGV was graded in the 90 patients with advanced schistosomiasis using gastroscopic findings as a golden standard. Then, the subjects were assigned to the non-EGV and EGV groups, and the low- and high-risk EGVB groups according to the grading. The SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen were measured and compared between groups. In addition, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was estimated to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen for predicting the high risk of EGV and EGVB. RESULTS: The 90 patients with advanced schistosomiasis included 61 men and 29 women, and had a mean age of (74.3 ± 8.6) years (range, 62 to 83 years). If gastroscopic findings were employed as a golden standard, there were 32 cases with grade 0 (35.5%), 17 cases with grade 1 (18.9%), 15 cases with grade 2 (16.7%) and 26 cases with grade 3 EGV (28.9%). There were 32 cases in the non-EGV group (35.6%) and 58 cases in the EGV group (64.4%), and 41 cases in the high-risk EGV group (45.6%) and 49 cases in the low-risk EGV group (54.4%), respectively. The SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen were both significantly greater in the EGV group than in the non-EGV group (t = 5.73 and 7.26, both P values < 0.05). The SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen had AUCs of 0.70 and 0.75, optimal cut-off of 16.1 kPa and 22.6 kPa, sensitivities of 80.6% and 83.9% and specificities of 71.4% and 78.6% for the prediction of EGV, respectively. In addition, the SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen were significantly greater in the high-risk EGVB groups than in the low-risk EGVB group (t = 7.35 and 9.61, both P values < 0.05), and the SWE elastic moduli of the liver and spleen had AUCs of 0.68 and 0.71, optimal cut-off of 22.7 kPa and 33.8 kPa, sensitivities of 70.4% and 73.6% and specificities of 89.3% and 93.1% for the prediction of high-risk EGV, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: SWE is useful to predict the risk of EGV and EGVB in patients with advanced schistosomiasis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Hemorragia , Esquistossomose , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/normas , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Feminino , Hemorragia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esquistossomose/complicações , Esquistossomose/diagnóstico por imagem , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 107-109, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869623

RESUMO

Aneurysmal transformation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a common complication and associated with increased risk of arrosive bleeding. Ligation of fistulous vein is conventional surgery for bleeding. This is followed by AVF malfunction and need for implantation of central venous catheter. We report reconstructive surgery and maintaining the function of AVF in a patient with aneurysmal transformation of AVF after arrosive bleeding. Reconstructive vascular surgery can significantly extend the period of patent AVF for hemodialysis. This is extremely important in patients with reduced resources of native vessels suitable for AVF formation. The same is true if conversion of the type of renal replacement therapy is associated with significant difficulties.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Aneurisma/etiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Ligadura , Diálise Renal , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Veias/cirurgia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22341, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991448

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The Goodpasture syndrome is an extremely rare disease, with renal and pulmonary manifestations, and is mediated by anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibodies. Renal pathological changes are mainly characterized by glomerular crescent formation and linear immunofluorescent staining for immunoglobulin G on the GBM. There are few reports on the atypical course of the syndrome involving serum-negative anti-GBM antibodies. Therefore, we present a case of Goodpasture syndrome that presented with nephrotic-range proteinuria and was seronegative for anti-GBM antibodies. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old Chinese man presented with a lung lesion that was discovered by physical examination a month prior to presentation. The chief concern was occasional hemoptysis without fever, cough, chest pain, and edema. DIAGNOSES: Laboratory testing revealed that the urinary protein level and urine erythrocyte count were 7.4 g/24 hours and 144/high-power field (HPF), respectively. Serological testing for anti-GBM antibodies was negative. Chest computed tomography revealed multiple exudative lesions in both lungs, indicating alveolar infiltration and hemorrhage. Electronic bronchoscopy and pathological examination of the alveolar lavage fluid indicated no abnormalities. However, kidney biopsy suggested cellular crescent formation and segmental necrosis of the globuli, with linear IgG and complement C3 deposition on the GBM. These findings were consistent with the diagnosis of anti-GBM antibody nephritis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent 7 sessions of double filtration plasmapheresis. He was also administered with intravenous methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide. After renal function stabilization, he was discharged under an immunosuppressive regimen comprising of glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamides. OUTCOMES: Three months later, follow-up examination revealed that the 24-hour urine protein had increased to 13 g. Furthermore, the urine erythrocyte count was 243/HPF. After a 6-month follow-up, the patient achieved partial remission, with a proteinuria level of 3.9 g/24 hours and a urine erythrocyte count of 187/HPF. LESSONS: This extremely rare case of Goodpasture syndrome manifested with seronegativity for anti-GBM antibodies and nephrotic-range proteinuria. Our findings emphasize the importance of renal biopsy for the clinical diagnosis of atypical cases. Furthermore, because renal involvement achieved only partial remission despite therapy, early detection and active treatment of the Goodpasture syndrome is necessary to improve the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/complicações , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Proteinúria/etiologia , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/diagnóstico , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/terapia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Complemento C3/metabolismo , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hemoptise/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/patologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rim/patologia , Glomérulos Renais/metabolismo , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Nefrite/diagnóstico , Nefrite/imunologia , Plasmaferese/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Orv Hetil ; 161(37): 1599-1605, 2020 09.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894740

RESUMO

Major trauma is a frequent cause of death, and is the leading cause of death in the younger agegroups. Severe bleeding is often responsible for early mortality. The background of the latter is the trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC), which - often very early - develops after the onset of bleeding. The high amount of blood products, i.e., massive transfusion administered during the management of traumatic bleeding can result in severe, even fatal complications. Modern, aggressive management of masssive traumatic bleeding is effective in reducing exsanguination and mortality or late complications. This method also fits into the concept of Patient Blood Management. This review deals with the up-to-date, goal-directed, preventive management of traumatic bleeding and coagulopathy, with emphasis on theoretical grounds. The aim is to present the essence of this management method also to those who are not directly involved in this activity. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(37): 1599-1605.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea , Hemorragia , Ferimentos e Lesões , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/terapia , Transfusão de Sangue , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/terapia , Humanos , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21741, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872061

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hemangiomas are usually found in cutaneous or mucosal layers, less than 1% of hemangiomas develop in skeletal muscles. Intramuscular hemangioma (IH) in the head and neck areas is relatively infrequent, accounting for 15% of IH. Most of them are identified as a benign mass, and rapid changes in size or internal bleeding are rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old female patient presented with a 2-week history of sudden onset posterior neck pain. There was no neurological deficit except limited neck motion due to pain. The palpable mass was noted on the paraspinal muscles of cervicothoracic junction, which was located midline to left side portion with tenderness. DIAGNOSES: Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a round shaped, multi-lobulated, and well-defined mass lesion (4.1 × 2.6 × 0.9 cm) embedded from the inter-spinous space of T1-2 to the left paraspinal muscles. The lesion was iso-intense on T2-weighted images (WI), iso- to slightly low-intense on T1-WI, heterogeneous enhancement of intra- and peri-mass lesion on contrast-enhanced T1-WI. Vascular structures presented as signal voids were identified internally and around the mass lesion. Histological examination revealed a mixed-type hemangioma. INTERVENTIONS: The mass was removed completely including some of the surrounding muscles where boundaries were unclear between the mass and surrounding muscles with ligation of peritumoral vessels. Dark-brown colored blood was drained from the ruptured tumor capsule during the dissection. There was no bony invasion. OUTCOMES: The preoperative symptoms improved immediately after the operation. There is no residual or recurrence lesion by the 15-months follow-up. LESSONS: IH with hemorrhagic transformation in the head and neck is extremely rare. In the case of intramuscular tumors accompanied by a sudden onset of severe acute pain, we recommend considering a differential diagnosis of IH with hemorrhagic transformation. Complete resection of the tumor mass including surrounding muscles is required to prevent recurrence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Hemangioma/patologia , Músculos Paraespinais/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Hemangioma/complicações , Hemangioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangioma/cirurgia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Paraespinais/cirurgia
6.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 561, 2020 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal prophylactic and therapeutic management of thromboembolic disease in patients with COVID-19 remains a major challenge for clinicians. The aim of this study was to define the incidence of thrombotic and haemorrhagic complications in critically ill patients with COVID-19. In addition, we sought to characterise coagulation profiles using thromboelastography and explore possible biological differences between patients with and without thrombotic complications. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre retrospective observational study evaluating all the COVID-19 patients received in four intensive care units (ICUs) of four tertiary hospitals in the UK between March 15, 2020, and May 05, 2020. Clinical characteristics, laboratory data, thromboelastography profiles and clinical outcome data were evaluated between patients with and without thrombotic complications. RESULTS: A total of 187 patients were included. Their median (interquartile (IQR)) age was 57 (49-64) years and 124 (66.3%) patients were male. Eighty-one (43.3%) patients experienced one or more clinically relevant thrombotic complications, which were mainly pulmonary emboli (n = 42 (22.5%)). Arterial embolic complications were reported in 25 (13.3%) patients. ICU length of stay was longer in patients with thrombotic complications when compared with those without. Fifteen (8.0%) patients experienced haemorrhagic complications, of which nine (4.8%) were classified as major bleeding. Thromboelastography demonstrated a hypercoagulable profile in patients tested but lacked discriminatory value between those with and without thrombotic complications. Patients who experienced thrombotic complications had higher D-dimer, ferritin, troponin and white cell count levels at ICU admission compared with those that did not. CONCLUSION: Critically ill patients with COVID-19 experience high rates of venous and arterial thrombotic complications. The rates of bleeding may be higher than previously reported and re-iterate the need for randomised trials to better understand the risk-benefit ratio of different anticoagulation strategies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Estado Terminal , Hemorragia/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Hemorragia/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tromboelastografia , Trombose/terapia , Reino Unido
7.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 4158363, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934664

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of drug-coated balloon (DCB) treatment for de novo coronary artery lesions in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Background: DCB was an effective therapy for patients with in-stent restenosis. However, the efficacy of DCB in patients with de novo coronary artery lesions is still unknown. Methods: Eligible studies were searched on PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library Database. Systematic review and meta-analyses of RCTs were performed comparing DCB with non-DCB devices (such as plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA), bare-metal stents (BMS), or drug-eluting stents (DES)) for the treatment of de novo lesions. Trial sequential meta-analysis (TSA) was performed to assess the false positive and false negative errors. Results: A total of 2,137 patients enrolled in 12 RCTs were analyzed. Overall, no significant difference in target lesion revascularization (TLR) was found, but there were numerically lower rates after DCB treatment at 6 to 12 months follow-up (RR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.47 to 1.01; P = 0.06; TSA-adjusted CI: 0.41 to 1.16). TSA showed that at least 1,000 more randomized patients are needed to conclude the effect on TLR. A subgroup analysis from high bleeding risk patients revealed that DCB treatment was associated with lower rate of TLR (RR: 0.10; 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.78; P = 0.03). The systematic review illustrated that the rate of bailout stenting was lower and decreased gradually. Conclusions: DCB treatment was associated with a trend toward lower TLR when compared with controls. For patients at bleeding risk, DCB treatment was superior to BMS in TLR.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 658, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia-induced pulmonary haemorrhage is considered a fatal infection among haematological patients. The outcome can be explained by the patients' immunity status and late diagnosis and treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the rare case of successful outcome in a 61-year-old female who developed alveolar haemorrhage and acute respiratory distress syndrome 8 days after a chemotherapy session for her acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, in the context of secondary bone marrow aplasia. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was isolated in sputum culture. The patient benefitted from early empirical treatment with colistin followed by trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, according to the antibiogram. Despite a severe initial clinical presentation in need of mechanical ventilation, neuromuscular blocking agents infusion, and ventilation in prone position, the patient had a favourable outcome and was discharged from intensive care after 26 days. CONCLUSIONS: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia severe pneumonia complicated with pulmonary haemorrhage is not always fatal in haematological patients. Empirical treatment of multidrug-resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in an immunocompromised haematological patient presenting with hemoptysis should be taken into consideration.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Colistina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/tratamento farmacológico , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/isolamento & purificação , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/uso terapêutico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/complicações , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/etiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Bacteriana/etiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/microbiologia , Escarro/microbiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Blood ; 136(11): 1342-1346, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766883

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with a prothrombotic state with a high incidence of thrombotic events during hospitalization; however, data examining rates of thrombosis after discharge are limited. We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of discharged patients with confirmed COVID-19 not receiving anticoagulation. The cohort included 163 patients with median time from discharge to last recorded follow-up of 30 days (interquartile range [IQR], 17-46 days). The median duration of index hospitalization was 6 days (IQR, 3-12 days) and 26% required intensive care. The cumulative incidence of thrombosis (including arterial and venous events) at day 30 following discharge was 2.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.8-7.6); the cumulative incidence of venous thromboembolism alone at day 30 postdischarge was 0.6% (95% CI, 0.1-4.6). The 30-day cumulative incidence of major hemorrhage was 0.7% (95% CI, 0.1-5.1) and of clinically relevant nonmajor bleeds was 2.9% (95% CI, 1.0-9.1). We conclude that the rates of thrombosis and hemorrhage appear to be similar following hospital discharge for COVID-19, emphasizing the need for randomized data to inform recommendations for universal postdischarge thromboprophylaxis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hemorragia/etiologia , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose/patologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 667-671, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of super-selective renal artery embolization in treatment of post-percutaneous nephrolithotomy bleeding, and to analyse the causes of failure embolization. METHODS: In the study, 65 post-percutaneous nephrolithotomy patients with severe renal bleeding and hemodynamic instability were treated by super-selective renal artery embolization. First of all, we performed selective renal arteriography. After clarifying the location of the bleeding, superselective intubation of the injured vessel with a microcatheter was carried out. Then the injured vessel was embolized with Tornado micro-coil. When complete embolization was not achieved with micro-coil, a small amount of gelatin sponge particles were added. If there was no positive finding of the beginning selective renal arteriography, the following measures could be taken to prevent missing lesions: (1) Abdominal aorta angiography was performed to determine whether there were anatomical variations, such as accessory renal arteries or multiple renal arteries; (2) Ultra-selective intubation angiography next to the nephrostomy tube path was performed; (3) Renal arteriography was repeated; (4) Renal arteriography after removing the nephrostomy tube while retaining the puncture channel. We evaluated the different angiographic findings and analysed the causes of embolization failure. RESULTS: Bleeding was successfully controled in 60 patients (62 kidneys) whose renal arteriography was postive. Positive findings included: pseudoaneurysm formation, patchy contrast extravasation, pseudoaneurysm combined with arteriovenous fistula, contrast agent entering the collection system, extravascular perinephric leakage of contrast. After first embolization, bleeding was controled in 53 patients (55 kidneys). The success rate after the first and second embolization was 88.7% and 96.7% respectively. The second session was required because of failure to demonstrate bleeding arteries during the first session (4 patients, 57.1%) and recurrent hemorrhage of the embolized injured arteries (2 patients, 28.6%). In 5 patients with no positive findings, after conservative treatment, hematuria disappeared. All the patients were followed up for 3, 6, and 12 months after embolization, and no hematuria occurred again, and no sustained and serious renal insufficiency. CONCLUSION: Super-selective renal artery embolization is an effective treatment for post percutaneous nephrolithotomy bleeding. The main cause of failure is omitting of injured arteries during renal arteriography. Renal artery branch injury has various manifestations. Attention should paid to the anatomical variation of the renal artery, and patient and meticulous superselective intubation angiography is the key to avoiding missing the lesion and improving the success rate of embolization.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Hemorragia/etiologia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Nefrostomia Percutânea , Humanos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Artéria Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(12)2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738040

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage is a rare condition with potentially life-threatening consequences such as acute adrenal insufficiency. Early adrenal axis testing, as well as directed imaging, is crucial for immediate diagnosis and treatment. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been associated with coagulopathy and thromboembolic events. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 66-year-old woman presented with acute COVID-19 infection and primary adrenal insufficiency due to bilateral adrenal hemorrhage (BAH). She also had a renal vein thrombosis. Her past medical history revealed primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS). Four weeks after discharge she had no signs of COVID-19 infection and her polymerase chain reaction test for COVID-19 was negative, but she still needed glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid replacement therapy. The combination of APLS and COVID-19 was probably responsible of the adrenal event as a "two-hit" mechanism. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 infection is associated with coagulopathy and thromboembolic events, including BAH. Adrenal insufficiency is life threatening; therefore, we suggest that early adrenal axis testing for COVID-19 patients with clinical suspicion of adrenal insufficiency should be carried out.


Assuntos
Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/etiologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hemorragia/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Hemorragia/patologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Trombose/patologia
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e19800, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702807

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) of the familial type is caused by abnormalities in the CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3 genes. These 3 proteins forming a complex associate with the maintenance of vascular endothelial cell-cell junctions. Dysfunction of these proteins results in the development of hemangiomas and abnormal intercellular junctions. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 68-year-old man with familial cerebral cavernous malformation with initial presentation as convulsions at an advanced age. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple cavernous hemangiomas in the right occipital lobe. The convulsions were considered to be induced by hemorrhage from cavernous hemangioma in the right occipital lobe. DIAGNOSES: Genetic screening of the CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3 genes revealed a novel mutation in the CCM2 gene (exon4 c: 359 T>A, p: V120D). No abnormalities were found in CCM1 or CCM3. Therefore, we diagnosed the patient with familial CCM caused by a CCM2 mutation. INTERVENTIONS: This patient was treated with the administration of levetiracetam at a dosage of 1000 mg/day. OUTCOMES: No seizures have been observed since the antiepileptic drug was administered. We performed brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) regularly to follow-up on appearance of new cerebral hemorrhages and cavernous hemangiomas. LESSONS: This report reviews cases of familial cerebral cavernous malformations caused by abnormalities in the CCM2 gene. This mutation site mediates interactions with CCM1 and CCM3. The mutation occurs in the phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) site, which is considered functionally important to CCM2.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Anticonvulsivantes/administração & dosagem , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Testes Genéticos , Hemangioma Cavernoso/complicações , Hemangioma Cavernoso/genética , Hemangioma Cavernoso/patologia , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Levetiracetam/administração & dosagem , Levetiracetam/uso terapêutico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Mutação , Convulsões/diagnóstico , Convulsões/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Am Surg ; 86(6): 685-689, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative hemorrhage has been described at rates of 14% in kidney transplant (KT) literature. The preferred management of postoperative hemorrhage in this population is not well described. We hypothesized a difference in outcomes with operative versus nonoperative management of hemorrhage after kidney transplantation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive KTs from 2012 to 2019 (living and deceased donors). We defined hemorrhage based on the objective finding of hematoma on either ultrasound or CT scan. Management was defined as operative (surgical intervention with or without transfusion) or nonoperative (with or without transfusion). RESULTS: We performed 1758 KTs of which 135 (8%) demonstrated hematoma on ultrasound or CT scan (66 operative vs 69 nonoperative management). The clinical signs and symptoms of low urine output (P = .044), drop in hemoglobin (P < .001), abdominal pain (P = .005), and MAP < 70 mm Hg (P = .034) were 92.5% predictive of postoperative hemorrhage in our KT patients. There were no differences between groups based on medical history, preop anticoagulation, anastomosis type, cold ischemic time, lowest hemoglobin, delayed graft function, or complications. Patients with nonoperative treatment of postoperative hemorrhage had shorter lengths of stay (P = .003), better graft survival (P = .01), and better patient survival (P = .01). DISCUSSION: We found better outcomes of graft and patient survival with shorter lengths of stay when we utilized nonoperative management of postoperative hemorrhage in KT patients. Our findings suggest a role for conservative nonoperative management in select patients. Ultimately, it is the surgeon's choice on how best to manage postoperative hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/terapia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Adulto , Isquemia Fria/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 612-617, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721190

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Vascular closure device (VCD) use following antegrade femoral access may present unique challenges relative to retrograde access. We retrospectively compared safety and efficacy of these devices between antegrade and retrograde patient cohorts undergoing percutaneous intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 5-year period, a consecutive series of 107 limbs in 84 patients underwent VCD arteriotomy closure following percutaneous revascularization using an antegrade approach (VCD-A). Device deployment success rates, time to ambulation, and complication rates were compared to a contemporaneous control group of 401 limbs in 305 patients who underwent closure following retrograde access (VCD-R) during revascularization or embolization procedures. RESULTS: Closure was attempted in VCD-A using 53 StarClose, 35 Perclose, and 19 Angio-Seal devices. Hemostasis (without supplemental manual compression) was achieved in 86/107 (80.4%) limbs. Closure was attempted in VCD-R using 215 StarClose, 119 Perclose, and 67 Angio-Seal devices with hemostasis in 357/401 (89.0%) limbs. Device deployment failure occurred in 7/107 (6.5%) of VCD-A and 20/401 (5.0%) of VCD-R (P = .52), independent of specific device type. Femoral pseudoaneurysm developed in 1/107 and 1/401 of VCD-A and VCD-R (P = .31), and minor hematoma developed in 3/107 and 8/401 of the VCD-A and VCD-R (P = .61). Mean time to ambulation was 204.1 minutes in VCD-A and 204.8 minutes in VCD-R (P = .97). CONCLUSION: Antegrade femoral closure was associated with high rates of technical success and low complications, similar to retrograde closure. Time to ambulation was the same in both groups despite higher heparin doses in the antegrade patients.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Artéria Femoral , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Técnicas Hemostáticas/instrumentação , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Técnicas Hemostáticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Punções , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Caminhada
16.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235902, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-colonoscopy bleeding (PCB) is an important colonoscopy quality indicator that is recommended to be routinely collected by colorectal cancer screening programs and endoscopy quality improvement programs. We created a standardized and reliable definition of PCB and set of rules for attributing the relatedness of PCB to a colonoscopy. METHODS: PCB events were identified from colonoscopies performed at the Forzani & MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre. Existing definitions and relatedness rules for PCB were reviewed by the authors and a draft definition and set of rules was created. The definition and rules were revised after initial testing was performed using a set of 15 bleeding events. Information available for each event included the original endoscopy report and data abstracted from the emergency or inpatient record by a trained research assistant. A validation set of 32 bleeding events were then reviewed to assess their interrater reliability by having three endoscopists and one research assistant complete independent reviews and three endoscopists complete a consensus review. The Kappa statistic was used to measure interrater reliability. RESULTS: The panel classified 28 of 32 events as meeting the definition of PCB and rated 7, 8 and 6 events as definitely, probably and possibly related to the colonoscopy, respectively. The Kappa for the definition of PCB for the three independent reviews was 0.82 (substantial agreement). The Kappa for the attribution of the PCB to the colonoscopy by the three endosocopists was 0.74 (substantial agreement). The research assistant had a high agreement with the panel for both the definition (100% agreement) and application of the causal criteria (kappa 0.95). CONCLUSIONS: A standardized definition of PCB and attribution rules achieved high interrater reliability by endoscopists and a non-endoscopist and provides a template of required data for event adjudication by screening and quality improvement programs.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos
17.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 103(3): 1156-1157, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682452

RESUMO

A 70-year-old Dominican Republic man presented with lower back pain for 10 days. Fifteen days before pain onset, he had low-grade fever, chills, and asthenia, and 4 days before admission, he had constipation, malaise, generalized weakness, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. On admission, the patient was afebrile and hypotensive, with a heart rate of 105 and an oxyhemoglobin saturation on room air of 95%. Hyponatremia, lymphopenia, elevated C-reactive protein, and ferritin were observed in complementary tests. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed findings consistent with COVID-19 bilateral bronchopneumonia, and an increase in size and blurring (loss of the Y shape) of both adrenals indicative of acute bilateral adrenal hemorrhage. The patient tested negative by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of nasopharyngeal swab, yet positive for IgG and IgM by ELISA, suggesting COVID-19 diagnosis.


Assuntos
Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hemorragia/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Idoso , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias
19.
Am Surg ; 86(7): 873-877, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720511

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utilization of pelvic binders, the proper placement of binders, and to determine any differences in blood product transfusions between combat casualties with and without a pelvic binder identified on initial imaging immediately after the injury. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all combat-injured patients who arrived at our military treatment hospital between 2010 and 2012 with a documented pelvic fracture. Initial imaging (X-ray or computed tomography) immediately after injury were evaluated by 2 independent radiologists. Young-Burgess (YB) classification, pelvic diastasis, correct binder placement over the greater trochanters, and the presence of a pelvic external fixator (ex-fix) was recorded. Injury severity score (ISS), whole blood, and blood component therapy administered within the first 24-hours after injury were compared between casualties with and without a pelvic binder. RESULTS: 39 casualties had overseas imaging to confirm and radiographically classify a YB pelvic ring injury. The most common fracture patterns were anteroposterior (53%) and lateral compression (28%). 49% (19/39) did not have a binder or ex-fix identified on initial imaging or in any documentation after injury. Ten patients had a binder, with 30% positioned incorrectly over the iliac crest. ISS (34 ± 1.6) was not statistically different between the binder and the no-binder group. Pubic symphysis diastasis was significantly lower in the binder group (1.4 ± 0.2 vs 3.7 ± 0.5, P < .001). There was a trend toward decreased 24-hour total blood products between the binder and no-binder groups (75 ± 11 vs 82 ± 13, P = .67). This was due to less cryoprecipitate in the binder group (6 ± 2 vs 19 ± 5, P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Pelvic binder placement in combat trauma may be inconsistent and an important area for continued training. While 24-hour total transfusions do not appear to be different, no-binder patients received significantly more cryoprecipitate.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Militares , Dispositivos de Fixação Ortopédica , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Fixação de Fratura/instrumentação , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 172-177, jun. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115832

RESUMO

En este artículo se presenta un paciente que en contexto de un cuadro amigdalino agudo bilateral con un absceso periamigdalino unilateral concomitante presenta sangrado espontáneo proveniente de la amígdala abscedada. Los signos y síntomas observados en este paciente, así como los estudios complementarios son compatibles con la entidad clínica definida como amigdalitis hemorrágica espontánea, una complicación altamente infrecuente de la amigdalitis aguda y/o crónica en nuestra época, la que solía tener una gran tasa de mortalidad y gravedad en la era preantibiótica. A continuación, se reúnen y analizan los antecedentes descritos en la literatura referidos a este cuadro, al igual que su estudio complementario requerido para definir conducta, la cual es fundamentalmente de resorte quirúrgico.


In this article we report a patient who, in the context of a bilateral acute tonsillar condition with a concomitant unilateral peritonsillar abscess presents spontaneous bleeding from the abscessed tonsil. The clinical features observed in our patient, as well as the complementary studies are all compatible with the clinical entity known as spontaneous tonsil hemorrhage, a highly rare complication of acute and/or chronic tonsillitis in our time, which used to have major severity and mortality rate in the pre-antibiotic era. Following next, we gather and analyze the information described in literature referred to this affliction, as well as the complementary tests required to define its fundamentally surgical management.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Tonsilite/complicações , Hemorragia/etiologia , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite/cirurgia , Tonsilite/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Abscesso
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