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1.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 47(5): 753-766, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573334

RESUMO

Green synthesis of metal oxides as a treatment for bone diseases is still exploring. Herein, MgO and Fe2O3 NPs were prepared from the extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. to study their effect on vit D3, Ca+2, and alkaline phosphatase enzyme ALP associated with osteoporosis. Computational chemistry was utilized to gain insight into the possible interactions. These oxides were characterized by X-ray diffraction, SEM, FTIR, and AFM. Results revealed that green synthesis of MgO and Fe2O3 NPs was successful with abundant. MgO NPs were in vitro applied on osteoporosis patients (n = 35) and showed a significant elevation of vit D3 and Ca+2 (0.0001 > p < 0.001) levels, compared to healthy volunteers (n = 25). Thus, Hibiscus sabdariffa L. is a good candidate to prepare MgO NPs, with a promising enhancing effect on vit D3 and Ca+2 in osteoporosis. In addition, interactions of Fe2O3 and MgO NPs with ALP were determined by molecular docking study.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Óxido de Magnésio , Osteoporose , Hibiscus/química , Humanos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Óxido de Magnésio/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Feminino , Masculino , Cálcio/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxidos/química , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Colecalciferol/química , Colecalciferol/farmacologia
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8672, 2024 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622317

RESUMO

Extraction of lignin via green methods is a crucial step in promoting the bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomasses. In the present study, utilisation of natural deep eutectic solvent for the pretreatment of kenaf fibres biomass is performed. Furthermore, extracted lignin from natural deep eutectic solvent pretreated kenaf biomass was carried out and its comparative study with commercial lignin was studied. The extracted lignin was characterized and investigated through Infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. FTIR Spectra shows that all samples have almost same set of absorption bands with slight difference in frequencies. CHNS analysis of natural deep eutectic solvent pretreated kenaf fibre showed a slight increase in carbon % from 42.36 to 43.17% and an increase in nitrogen % from - 0.0939 to - 0.1377%. Morphological analysis of commercial lignin shows irregular/uneven surfaces whereas natural deep eutectic solvent extracted lignin shows smooth and wavy surface. EDX analysis indicated noticeable peaks for oxygen and carbon elements which are present in lignocellulosic biomass. Thermal properties showed that lignin is constant at higher temperatures due to more branching and production of extremely condensed aromatic structures. In UV-VIS spectroscopy, commercial lignin shows slightly broad peak between 300 and 400 nm due to presence of carbonyl bond whereas, natural deep eutectic solvent extracted lignin does not show up any peak in this range. XRD results showed that the crystallinity index percentage for kenaf and natural deep eutectic solvent treated kenaf was 70.33 and 69.5% respectively. Therefore, these innovative solvents will undoubtedly have significant impact on the development of clean, green, and sustainable products for biocatalysts, extraction, electrochemistry, adsorption applications.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Lignina , Lignina/química , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Biomassa , Carboidratos , Solventes/química , Carbono , Hidrólise
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8102, 2024 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582921

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a major public health issue and heavy burden in China and worldwide due to its high incidence and mortality without effective treatment. It's imperative to develop new treatments to overcome drug resistance. Natural products from food source, given their wide-ranging and long-term benefits, have been increasingly used in tumor prevention and treatment. This study revealed that Hibiscus manihot L. flower extract (HML) suppressed the proliferation and migration of A549 cells in a dose and time dependent manner and disrupting cell cycle progression. HML markedly enhanced the accumulation of ROS, stimulated the dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and that facilitated mitophagy through the loss of mitochondrial function. In addition, HML induced apoptosis by activation of the PTEN-P53 pathway and inhibition of ATG5/7-dependent autophagy induced by PINK1-mediated mitophagy in A549 cells. Moreover, HML exert anticancer effects together with 5-FU through synergistic effect. Taken together, HML may serve as a potential tumor prevention and adjuvant treatment for its functional attributes.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Manihot , Humanos , Células A549 , Hibiscus/metabolismo , Manihot/metabolismo , Autofagia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Flores/metabolismo , Apoptose , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9915, 2024 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689005

RESUMO

In recent years, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have garnered considerable attention as a promising material for biomedical applications because of their unique optical and biological properties. In this study, CQDs were derived from the leaves of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. via microwave-assisted technique and characterized using different techniques such as ultraviolet-visible, Fourier transform infrared, fluorescence spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Subsequently, their potential for biomedical applications was investigated through in vitro assays assessing scratch healing, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and cytotoxicity properties. It was found that the CQDs were fluorescent, polycrystalline, quasi-spherical, ~ 12 nm in size with presence of -OH and -COOH groups on their negatively charged surfaces, and demonstrated good anti-inflammatory by inhibiting protein denaturation, cyclooxygenase-2 and regulating inflammatory cytokines. The CQDs also exhibited antimicrobial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae and Bacillus cereus, good biocompatibility, along with excellent promotion of cell proliferation in vitro, indicating their potential as a anti-inflammatory and wound healing material. The properties were more enhanced than their precursor, H. rosa-sinensis leaf extract. Hence, the CQDs synthesized from the leaves of H. rosa-sinensis can serve as a potential biomedical agent.


Assuntos
Carbono , Hibiscus , Micro-Ondas , Extratos Vegetais , Pontos Quânticos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Hibiscus/química , Carbono/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 265(Pt 2): 130952, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499119

RESUMO

The traditional textile degumming process produces abundant wastewater, which contains a lot of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides. It is of great economic and environmental significance to utilize these carbohydrates in high value. In this study, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to analyze the carbohydrate components in kenaf degumming wastewater, and then the production of C-dots using the wastewater was explored. The results showed that the types and content in the degumming wastewater were monosaccharides (glucose, xylose and arabinose) and oligosaccharides (dextran, xylan and araban). The carbohydrate (mainly glucan and xylan) content in wastewater accounted for 91.16 % of the total carbohydrates weight loss in kenaf degumming process. By using hydrolysis and hydrothermal reaction on kenaf degumming wastewater, blue-green carbon dots (C-dots) with good performance were prepared and successfully applied to anti-counterfeiting printing. In particular, the as-prepared C-dots prepared from kenaf degumming wastewater with urea added (WUC-dots) showed an excitation-dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectrum and quantum yield (QY) of 2.4 % in aqueous solution. The fluorescent code exhibited a clear outline, excitation-tunable color and good stability, showing a great potential for anti-counterfeiting system.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Pontos Quânticos , Águas Residuárias , Carbono/química , Xilanos , Monossacarídeos , Oligossacarídeos , Pontos Quânticos/química
6.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474558

RESUMO

The Hibiscus manihot L. (HML) Medic, an edible hibiscus of the Malvaceae family, is abundant with flavonoids. The study investigated how Rhizopus-arrhizus-31-assisted pretreatment affects the extraction and bioactivity of flavonoids from HML. The fiber structure of the fermented flavonoid sample (RFF) appears looser, more porous, and more disordered than the unfermented flavonoid sample (RUF). RFF demonstrates milder conditions and yields higher extraction rates. According to the Box-Behnken response surface optimization experiment, the optimal conditions for RFF include a material-liquid ratio of 1:41 g/mL, a 2 h extraction time, a 57% ethanol concentration, and an extraction temperature of 800 °C, resulting in a 3.69% extraction yield, which is 39.25% higher than that of RUF. Additionally, RFF exhibits greater activity than RUF in the radical-scavenging system. The IC50 values for DPPH, OH, and ABTS radicals are 83.43 µg/mL and 82.62 µg/mL, 208.38 µg/mL and 175.99 µg/mL, and 108.59 µg/mL and 75.39 µg/mL for RUF and RFF, respectively. UPLC-QTOF-MS analysis of the active components in the HML flavonoid sample revealed significant differences in the chromatograms of RUF and RFF, indicating that biofermentation led to substantial changes in composition and content from HML.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Manihot , Flavonoides/química , Antioxidantes/química , Hibiscus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Rhizopus
7.
J Oleo Sci ; 73(3): 275-292, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432993

RESUMO

Roselle is an annual botanical plant that widely planted in different countries worldwide. Its different parts, including seeds, leaves, and calyces, can offer multi-purpose applications with economic importance. The present review discusses the detailed profile of bioactive compounds present in roselle seeds, leaves, and calyces, as well as their extraction and processing, to explore their potential application in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, nutraceutical, food and other industries. Roselle seeds with high phenolics, fiber, and protein contents, which are suitable to use in functional food product development. Besides, roselle seeds can yield 17-20% of roselle seed oil with high content of linoleic acid (35.0-45.3%) and oleic acid (27.1- 36.9%). This unique fatty acid composition of roselle seed oil makes it suitable to use as edible oil to offer the health benefits of essential fatty acid. Moreover, high contents of tocopherols, phenolics, and phytosterols were detected in roselle seed oil to provide nutritional, pharmaceutical, and therapeutic properties. On the other hand, roselle leaves with valuable contents of phenols, flavonoids, organic acid, and tocopherols can be applied in silver nanoparticles, food product development, and the pharmaceutical industry. Roselle calyces with high content of anthocyanins, protocatechuic acids, and organic acids are widely applied in food and colorant industries.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Antocianinas , Prata , Sementes , Fenóis , Tocoferóis , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Óleos de Plantas
8.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(4): 142, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507144

RESUMO

Bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) are considered superior in terms of stability and function with respect to its monometallic counterparts. Hence, in the present study Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flower extract was used to synthesis copper-iron bimetallic nanoparticles (HF-FCNPs). HF-FCNPs was characterized and its applications (biological and environmental) were determined. HF-FCNPs were spherical in shape with high percentage of copper inducted into the NPs. HF-FCNPs inhibited mammalian glucosidases [maltase (IC50: 548.71 ± 61.01 µg/mL), sucrase (IC50: 441.34 ± 36.03 µg/mL), isomaltase (IC50: 466.37 ± 27.09 µg/mL) and glucoamylase (IC50: 403.12 ± 14.03 µg/mL)], alpha-amylase (IC50: 16.27 ± 1.73 µg/mL) and acetylcholinesterase [AChE (IC50: 0.032 ± 0.004 µg/mL)] activities. HF-FCNPs showed competitive inhibition against AChE, maltase and sucrase activities; mixed inhibition against isomaltase and glucoamylase activities; whereas non-competitive inhibition against α-amylase activity. HF-FCNPs showed zone of inhibition of 16 ± 2 mm against S. mutans at 100 µg/mL concentration. HF-FCNPs inhibited biofilm formation of dental pathogen, S. mutans. SEM and confocal microscopy analysis revealed the disruption of network formation and bacterial cell death induced by HF-FCNPs treatment on tooth model of S. mutans biofilm. HF-FCNPs efficiently removed hexavalent chromium in pH-independent manner and followed first order kinetics. Through Langmuir isotherm fit the qmax (maximum adsorption capacity) was determined to be 62.5 mg/g. Further, HF-FCNPs removed both anionic and cationic dyes. Altogether, facile synthesis of HF-FCNPs was accomplished and its biological (enzyme inhibition and antibiofilm activity) and environmental (catalyst to remove pollutants) applications have been understood.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Nanopartículas , Animais , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Glucana 1,4-alfa-Glucosidase , Corantes , Cobre , Hibiscus/metabolismo , Ferro , Acetilcolinesterase , Flores/metabolismo , Oligo-1,6-Glucosidase , Sacarase , Cromo , Biofilmes , alfa-Amilases , Mamíferos/metabolismo
9.
Chemosphere ; 354: 141593, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460854

RESUMO

This study presents an innovative method for synthesizing activated carbon with an exceptionally high surface area (3359 m2 g-1) using kenaf fiber-based biochar through chemical activation. The achieved specific surface area surpasses activated carbon derived from other reported fiber-based precursors. The resulting activated carbon was investigated as electrodes for supercapacitors, revealing a remarkable maximum capacitance of 312 F g-1 at a current density of 0.5 A g-1. An aqueous symmetric supercapacitor employing these high-surface-area electrodes exhibited an outstanding energy density of 18.9 Wh kg-1 at a power density of 250 W kg-1. Notably, the supercapacitor retained exceptional capacitance, maintaining 93% of its initial capacitance even after 5000 charge-discharge cycles.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Hibiscus , Capacitância Elétrica , Eletrodos
10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 263(Pt 1): 130120, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350581

RESUMO

This study investigates the viscoelastic behavior, gelling properties, and structural characteristics of Deccan hemp seed protein (DHSP) to overcome limitations in its application in food formulations. Small amplitude oscillatory shear measurements were employed to investigate the impact of protein concentration, pH, ionic concentration, and temperature on DHSP's rheological features. The study revealed that the 20 % protein dispersion had the highest storage modulus (G') and yield stress at 63.96 ± 0.23 Pa and 0.61 Pa, respectively. DHSP dispersion exhibited pseudo-plastic behavior across various conditions. The gelling performance was higher at pH 4 and 8 and at ionic concentration in the range of 0.1 M - 0.5 M. Gelation time and temperature were observed from the temperature ramp test. Structural characterizations, including fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism spectra, FTIR spectra, SEM, AFM images, zeta potential analysis, and DSC, provided insights into DHSP's tertiary and secondary conformation, surface characteristics, and thermal properties. Notably, the study highlighted DHSP's exceptional rheological properties, making it a promising gelling material for the food and nutraceutical industries. The findings also offer new insights into DHSP's structural characteristics, suggesting potential applications in food packaging and product development within the food industry.


Assuntos
Cannabis , Hibiscus , Temperatura , Géis , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Reologia
11.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 246, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413611

RESUMO

Hibiscus syriacus L. is a renowned ornamental plant. We constructed 95 chloroplast genomes of H. syriacus L. cultivars using a short-read sequencing platform (Illumina) and a long-read sequencing platform (Oxford Nanopore Technology). The following genome assembly, we delineate quadripartite structures encompassing large single-copy, small single-copy, and inverted repeat (IRa and IRb) regions, from 160,231 bp to 161,041 bp. Our comprehensive analyses confirmed the presence of 79 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes, and 4 rRNA genes in the pan-chloroplast genome, consistent with prior research on the H. syriacus chloroplast genome. Subsequent pangenome analysis unveiled widespread genome sequence conservation alongside unique cultivar-specific variant patterns consisting of 193 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and 61 insertions or deletions. The region containing intra-species variant patterns, as identified in this study, has the potential to develop accession-specific molecular markers, enhancing precision in cultivar classification. These findings are anticipated to drive advancements in breeding strategies, augment biodiversity, and unlock the agricultural potential inherent in H. syriacus.


Assuntos
Genoma de Cloroplastos , Hibiscus , Hibiscus/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Genoma de Planta
12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 262(Pt 1): 129630, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336319

RESUMO

The current novel study aims was to development and characterization of gum based (guar gum: almond gum) composite formulations with or without addition of oregano essential oils to extend the shelf life of okra at ambient condition. In this study, the optimized composite of guar gum: almond gum (75:25 V/V) prepared with addition of different concentrations (0.05, 0.1 and 0.15 % (V/V) of oregano essential oils to study their physicochemical, rheological, antimicrobial and particle size & zeta potential distribution. In addition, the effects of prepared edible coatings on shelf-life of okra vegetables were also investigated by assessing their postharvest quality attributes at ambient (23 °C) storage up to 7 days storage. The results revealed, increasing concentration of essential oils in composite coating significantly increased in pH, TSS, particle size, antimicrobial (Apergillus. niger, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus) activity respectively. Furthermore, the increasing EOs improved viscosity (n) and stability of the coatings matrix. In addition, the applications of guar gum (0.25 %): almond gum (0.5 %) composite ratio (75,25) with oregano essential oils exhibited excellent properties and potential to maintain the postharvest characteristics of okra throughout the storage period. The results of this study revealed that the addition of higher concentration (0.15 %) of essential oils in composite formulation of 75 % guar gum +25 % almond gum (03) showed higher value of pH (5.45), antioxidant activity (20.87 %), particle size (899.1 nm), zeta potential (-8.6 mV), polydispersity index (50.6 %) and higher antimicrobial activity against E.coli (19 mm), S. aureus (29 mm) and A. niger (35 mm) as compared to other formulations. Therefore, the lower composite formulation (01) with lower concentration (0.05 %) of oregano essential oil was found most effective formulation to maintain the shelf life of okra for up to 4 days as compared to other treated and control okra samples at ambient temperature by retarded the weight loss (12.74 %), maintained higher firmness (0.998 N), lower respiration rate (484.32 ml Co2/kg/h) respectively on 7 days of storage. The microbial load in the okra samples treated with different guar gum: almond gum composite showed lower microbial load in terms of total plate count and yeast & mold counts as compared to control samples. Samples treated with O3 coating showed lowest TPC (0.1 × 108 cfu/g) and YMC (6.63 × 106 cfu/g) followed by O2 (0.48 × 108 cfu/g, 7.9 × 106 cfu/g) and O1 (0.78 × 108 cfu/g, 9.45 × 106 cfu/g) respectively on 6rd day of storage, overall results indicated that the application of composite coating with different concentrations of oregano essential oils were effective to maintained postharvest shelf life of okra up to 4 days at ambient condition.


Assuntos
Abelmoschus , Anti-Infecciosos , Galactanos , Hibiscus , Mananas , Óleos Voláteis , Gomas Vegetais , Prunus dulcis , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Staphylococcus aureus , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Expectativa de Vida
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(8): 4089-4099, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353561

RESUMO

Ten new cadinane-type sesquiterpenoids, named hibisceusins I-R (1-10), along with 14 known sesquiterpenoids (11-24), were acquired from the tainted stems of Hibiscus tiliaceus. Their structures were identified via spectroscopic analysis, one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) NMR, and computer-assisted structure elucidation techniques, including infrared (IR) and mass spectrometry (MS) data. Additionally, subsequent DP4/DP4+ probability methods were used to resolve 3's relative configurations by comparing their experimental values to the predicted NMR data. The absolute configurations of compounds 1-4 were measured through electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. The ability of all isolates to inhibit the growth of five phytopathogenic fungi (Rhizopus stolonifer, Verticillium dahliae Kleb., Thanatephorus cucumeris, Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl., and F. oxysporum HK-27) was evaluated. Aldehydated sesquiterpenoids (1, 6-9, 11, 12, and 22) and a known sesquiterpenoid quinine (18) exhibited significant inhibitory activities against V. dahliae, T. cucumeris, F. oxysporum, and F. oxysporum HK-27 with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 2.5-50 µg/mL, but all isolates remained inactive against R. stolonifer. Moreover, the effects of the isolates on the mycelial morphology were watched through scanning electron microscopy. This study revealed that aldehydated cadinane-type sesquiterpenoids could be used as novel antifungal molecules to develop agrochemical fungicides in plant protection.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Hibiscus , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Sesquiterpenos , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Hibiscus/química , Estrutura Molecular , Sesquiterpenos/química
14.
Nutrients ; 16(4)2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398890

RESUMO

The utilization of food as a therapeutic measure for various ailments has been a prevalent practice throughout history and across different cultures. This is exemplified in societies where substances like Hibiscus sabdariffa have been employed to manage health conditions like hypertension and elevated blood glucose levels. The inherent bioactive compounds found in this plant, namely, delphinidin-3-sambubioside (DS3), quercetin (QRC), and hibiscus acid (HA), have been linked to various health benefits. Despite receiving individual attention, the specific molecular targets for these compounds remain unclear. In this study, computational analysis was conducted using bioinformatics tools such as Swiss Target Prediction, ShinnyGo 0.77, KEGG, and Stringdb to identify the molecular targets, pathways, and hub genes. Supplementary results were obtained through a thorough literature search in PubMed. DS3 analysis revealed potential genetic alterations related to the metabolism of nitrogen and glucose, inflammation, angiogenesis, and cell proliferation, particularly impacting the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. QRC analysis demonstrated interconnected targets spanning multiple pathways, with some overlap with DS3 analysis and a particular focus on pathways related to cancer. HA analysis revealed distinct targets, especially those associated with pathways related to the nervous system. These findings emphasize the necessity for focused research on the molecular effects of DS3, QRC, and HA, thereby providing valuable insights into potential therapeutic pathways.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Citratos , Hibiscus , Quercetina , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases
15.
Viruses ; 16(2)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400042

RESUMO

Hibiscus is not native to Colombia but well suited to its arid soil and dry climates. A single hibiscus plant from Risaralda, showing black spots on upper and lower sides of its leaves, was collected for virome analysis using meta-transcriptomic high-throughput sequencing technology. Bioinformatic analysis identified 12.5% of the total reads in the Ribo-Zero cDNA library which mapped to viral genomes. BLAST searches revealed the presence of carlavirus, potexvirus, and of known members of the genera Betacarmovirus, Cilevirus, Nepovirus, and Tobamovirus in the sample; confirmed by RT-PCR with virus-specific primers followed by amplicon sequencing. Furthermore, in silico analysis suggested the possibility of a novel soymovirus, and a new hibiscus strain of citrus leprosis virus C2 in the mixed infection. Both RNA dependent RNA polymerase and coat protein gene sequences of the potex and carla viruses shared less than 72% nucleotide and 80% amino acid identities with any alphaflexi- and betaflexi-virus sequences available in GenBank, identifying three novel carlavirus and one potexvirus species in the Hibiscus rosa-sinensis plant. The detection of physalis vein necrosis nepovirus and passion fruit green spot cilevirus in hibiscus are also new reports from Colombia. Overall, the meta-transcriptome analysis identified the complex virome associated with the black spot symptoms on hibiscus leaves and demonstrated the diversity of virus genera tolerated in the mixed infection of a single H. rosa-sinensis plant.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Hibiscus , Vírus de RNA , Hibiscus/genética , Colômbia , Vírus de RNA/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 112, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365586

RESUMO

Owing to the uniqueness of quantum dots (QDs) as a potential nanomaterial for agricultural application, hence in the present study, titanium dioxide quantum dots (TiO2 QDs) were successfully synthesized via sol-gel technique and the physico-chemical properties of the prepared TiO2 QDs were analyzed. Based on the results, the TiO2 QDs showed the presence of anatase phase of TiO2. TEM examination revealed spherical QDs morphology with an average size of 7.69 ± 1.22 nm. The large zeta potential value (-20.9 ± 2.3 mV) indicate greater stability of the prepared TiO2 QDs in aqueous solutions. Moreover, in this work, the application of TiO2 QDs on Hibiscus sabdariffa plants was conducted, where H. sabdariffa plants were foliar sprayed twice a week in the early morning with different concentrations of TiO2 QDs (0, 2, 5, 10, 15 and 30 ppm) to evaluate their influence on these plants in terms of morphological indexes and biochemical parameters. The results exhibited an increasing impact of the different used concentrations of TiO2 QDs on morphological indexes, such as fresh weight, dry weight, shoot length, root length, and leaf number, and physio-biochemical parameters like chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, carotenoid contents, total pigments and total phenolic contents. Remarkably, the most prominent result was recorded at 15 ppm TiO2 QDs where plant height, total protein and enzymatic antioxidants like catalase and peroxidase were noted to increase by 47.6, 20.5, 29.5 and 38.3%, respectively compared to control. Therefore, foliar spraying with TiO2 QDs positively serves as an effective strategy for inducing optimistic effects in H. sabdariffa plants.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Pontos Quânticos , Titânio , Pontos Quânticos/química , Hibiscus/química , Clorofila A , Antioxidantes
17.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 22(1): 131-138, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376437

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the antioxidant and antineoplastic effects of Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. on oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human squamous cell carcinoma HSCC cells were tested for cytotoxicity by a methanol extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa (MEHSP). After 24, 48, and 72 h, the MTT assay and Trypan blue exclusion test were used to determine cell survival and death. 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), DNA Protection Assay (DPA), and ferric reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAPA) measured the antioxidant activity of MEHSP. RESULTS: The antioxidant activity (%) ranged from 47.92-82.24 in the DPPH test, 11.61-73.65 in the DPA, and 4.97-52.09 in the FRAPA. The HSCC in-vitro cytotoxicity assay showed dose- and time-dependent cell viability. MEHSP at 5 µg/ml inhibited viable cells, while increasing MEHSP doses decreased cell viability. The Trypan blue exclusion test showed that MEHSP significantly reduced cell viability at 24, 48, and 72 h. CONCLUSION: Hibiscus sabdariffa contains antioxidant and HSCC-cytotoxic properties.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Compostos de Bifenilo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Hibiscus , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Azul Tripano , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Metanol
18.
J Oral Biosci ; 66(1): 179-187, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38278302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Medicinal herbs are plants with potential medicinal and health benefits. In recent years, they are being increasingly used as a treatment alternative owing to their effectiveness against various diseases. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of 15 medicinal herbs on causative bacteria for dental caries and periodontal disease. METHODS: This study evaluated the effects of the extracts of 15 medicinal herbs on growth and biofilm formation in five oral pathogenic bacterial strains. The herbs were processed into extracts, and bacterial strains were cultured. Then, bacterial growth and biofilm formation were assessed using various methods. Finally, the extract of the herb Hibiscus sabdariffa (hibiscus) was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: Incubation of bacteria with the herbal extracts showed that hibiscus exerted a significant inhibitory effect on all the oral pathogenic bacterial strains evaluated in this study. In addition, the pigment delphinidin-3-sambubioside, which is found in hibiscus extract, was identified as a particularly important inhibitory component. CONCLUSIONS: These results lay the ground work for the potential development of novel therapeutic or preventive agents against dental caries and periodontal disease, two major oral diseases.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Hibiscus , Doenças Periodontais , Plantas Medicinais , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Hibiscus/química , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Bactérias , Doenças Periodontais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle
19.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 76(3): 163-182, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38226899

RESUMO

This study signifies the rich pharmacological potential of Hibiscus sabdariffa, exploring its bioactive components and their therapeutic implications for health and wellness. Despite the promising insights, a comprehensive critical analysis is essential to ensure scientific rigour. To address this, the study establishes clear aims and objectives, aiming to scrutinise the study findings through a meticulous assessment. In conclusion, this study, upon addressing these key points, aspires to offer a robust contribution to scientific research, by advancing the understanding of H. sabdariffa's therapeutic attributes and promoting the adoption of sustainable methodologies in scientific research.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Extratos Vegetais , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
20.
J Food Sci ; 89(2): 1098-1113, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235990

RESUMO

Hibiscus sabdariffa has gained increasing attention from consumers as a natural, healthy food ingredient, leading to a myriad of available products, yet there is a lack of understanding of the quality and chemical diversity among commercially available hibiscus products. Here, we conducted a survey on the chemistry of 29 hibiscus products (calyces, beverages, and extracts). UHPLC-DAD and UHPLC-QQQ/MS methods with high sensitivity and selectivity were developed to evaluate the chemical profiles pertaining to the sensory attributes (color and taste). Two major anthocyanins (delphinidin-3-sambubioside and cyanindin-3-sambubioside), eight organic acids, and 23 phenolic acids were identified and quantified in hibiscus market products. The results showed that hibiscus samples contained < 0.001-2.372% of total anthocyanins, 0.073-78.002% of total organic acids, and 0.001-1.041% of total phenolic acids, and demonstrated significant variations in market products. This is the first time that an in-depth organic acid profiling was conducted on hibiscus products using UHPLC-QQQ/MS. This method can also be extended to chemical profiling, sensory analysis, quality control, authentication, and standardization of other natural products.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Hibiscus , Hidroxibenzoatos , Antocianinas/análise , Flores/química , Compostos Orgânicos , Fenóis/análise , Extratos Vegetais
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