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1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1336674, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590804

RESUMO

Background: Hyperuricemia is a common metabolic disorder linked to various health conditions. Its prevalence varies among populations and genders, and high-altitude environments may contribute to its development. Understanding the connection between blood cell parameters and hyperuricemia in high-altitude areas can shed light on the underlying mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between blood cell parameters and hyperuricemia in high-altitude areas, with a particular focus on gender differences. Methods: We consecutively enrolled all eligible Tibetan participants aged 18-60 who were undergoing routine medical examinations at the People's Hospital of Chaya County between January and December 2022. During this period, demographic and laboratory data were collected to investigate the risk factors associated with hyperuricemia. Results: Among the participants, 46.09% were diagnosed with hyperuricemia. In the male cohort, significant correlations were found between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and red blood cell (RBC) count, creatinine (Cr). Urea, alanine transaminase (ALT), and albumin (ALB). Notably, RBC exhibited the strongest association. Conversely, in the female cohort, elevated SUA levels were associated with factors such as white blood cell (WBC) count. Urea, ALT, and ALB, with WBC demonstrating the most significant association. Further analysis within the female group revealed a compelling relationship between SUA levels and specific white blood cell subtypes, particularly neutrophils (Neu). Conclusion: This study revealed gender-specific associations between SUA levels and blood cell parameters in high-altitude areas. In males, RBC count may play a role in hyperuricemia, while in females, WBC count appears to be a significant factor. These findings contribute to our understanding of metabolic dynamics in high-altitude regions but require further research for comprehensive mechanistic insights.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Altitude , Ácido Úrico , Células Sanguíneas , Ureia
2.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 226, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Knee synovial abnormalities, potentially treatment targets for knee pain and osteoarthritis, are common in middle-aged and older population, but its etiology remains unclear. We examined the associations between hyperuricemia and knee synovial abnormalities detected by ultrasound in a general population sample. METHODS: Participants aged ≥ 50 years were from a community-based observational study. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum urate (SU) level > 416 µmol/L in men and > 357 µmol/L in women. Ultrasound of both knees was performed to determine the presence of synovial abnormalities, i.e., synovial hypertrophy, effusion, or Power Doppler signal (PDS). We examined the relation of hyperuricemia to prevalence of knee synovial abnormalities and its laterality, and the dose-response relationships between SU levels and the prevalence of knee synovial abnormalities. RESULTS: In total, 3,405 participants were included in the analysis. Hyperuricemia was associated with higher prevalence of knee synovial abnormality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02 to 1.43), synovial hypertrophy (aOR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.68), and effusion (aOR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.44), respectively. There were dose-response relationships between SU levels and synovial abnormalities. Additionally, the hyperuricemia was more associated with prevalence of bilateral than with that of unilateral knee synovial abnormality, synovial hypertrophy, or effusion; however, no significant association was observed between hyperuricemia and PDS. CONCLUSION: In this population-based study we found that hyperuricemia was associated with higher prevalence of knee synovial abnormality, synovial hypertrophy and effusion, suggesting that hyperuricemia may play a role in pathogenesis of knee synovial abnormalities.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Sinovite , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Ultrassonografia , Sinovite/diagnóstico por imagem , Sinovite/epidemiologia
3.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613119

RESUMO

Resveratrol (RES) has been reported to prevent hyperuricemia (HUA); however, its effect on intestinal uric acid metabolism remains unclear. This study evaluated the impact of RES on intestinal uric acid metabolism in mice with HUA induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). Moreover, we revealed the underlying mechanism through metagenomics, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), and 16S ribosomal RNA analysis. We demonstrated that RES reduced the serum uric acid, creatinine, urea nitrogen, and urinary protein levels, and improved the glomerular atrophy, unclear renal tubule structure, fibrosis, and renal inflammation. The results also showed that RES increased intestinal uric acid degradation. RES significantly changed the intestinal flora composition of HFD-fed mice by enriching the beneficial bacteria that degrade uric acid, reducing harmful bacteria that promote inflammation, and improving microbial function via the upregulation of purine metabolism. The FMT results further showed that the intestinal microbiota is essential for the effect of RES on HUA, and that Lactobacillus may play a key role in this process. The present study demonstrated that RES alleviates HFD-induced HUA and renal injury by regulating the gut microbiota composition and the metabolism of uric acid.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hiperuricemia , Animais , Camundongos , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Ácido Úrico , Túbulos Renais , Inflamação
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 402-410, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557518

RESUMO

Stroke is the second-leading cause of death and also a leading cause of combined death and disability. In Bangladesh, stroke prevalence is 11.39 per 1000 population, but highest prevalence of stroke is 14.71 per 1000 population in the Mymensingh division. Hyperuricemia has been reported as an independent risk factor for stroke in different studies and a significant association between serum uric acid and dyslipidemia has also been stated. On the contrary, some studies suggest that uric acid has a neuroprotective role. This cross-sectional study was completed in the Medicine Department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from March 2021 to January 2023. In this cross-sectional study, 352 adult acute ischemic stroke patients were included from the Medicine Department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital. Serum uric acid and fasting serum lipid levels were measured within 48 hours of admission. The mean age ±SD of the respondents was 61.9±12.8 years. Hyperuricemia was found among 18.2% of respondents, whose mean ±SD serum uric acid was 5.7±1.9 mg/dl. Dyslipidemia was present in 88.4% of patients. The mean ±SD of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 12.0±5.9. Most of the patients (65.6%) were suffering from moderate stroke, followed by moderate to severe stroke (15.1%), severe stroke (10.8%) and minor stroke (8.5%). After multiple linear regressions, the independent variables age, gender, serum uric acid and total cholesterol were found to be significant predictors of the NIHSS score of the respondents. In conclusion, the majority of acute ischemic stroke patients have an association with dyslipidemia, but only around one-fifth of patients have hyperuricemia. There is a significant association of high serum uric acid and high serum total cholesterol with stroke severity (NIHSS score). But low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and, triglycerides have no association with stroke severity.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Dislipidemias , Hiperuricemia , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Humanos , Ácido Úrico , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos , HDL-Colesterol , Fatores de Risco , Dislipidemias/complicações , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Hospitais
5.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 215, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between achilles tendon rupture (ATR) and hyperuricemia, also verify the known risk factors for ATR. METHODS: A retrospective review of 488 subjects was performed (182 with Achilles tendon rupture, 306 controls with ankle sprains). Demographic variables and risk factors for rupture were tabulated and compared. The baseline data and related indicators were compared, and the risk factors of ATR were analyzed by constructing a binary logistic regression model. RESULTS: Univariate logistic analysis showed that BMI, smoking, and hyperuricemia were risk factors for the development of ATR (OR = 1.65, 95%CI 1.13-2.42, P = 0.01; OR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.00-2.24, P < 0.05; OR = 2.85, 95%CI 1.84-4.42, P < 0.01). Multifactorial analysis showed that BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, smoking, and hyperuricemia were independent risk factors for the development of ATR (OR = 1.66, 95%CI 1.11-2.49, P = 0.01; OR = 2.15, 95%CI 1.28-3.60, P < 0.01; OR = 3.06, 95%CI 1.92-4.89, P < 0.01). Among the blood biochemical indicators, total cholesterol (TC) and uric acid (UA) were independent risk factors for the occurrence of ATR (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.12-2.12, P = 0.01; OR = 1.01, 95% CI 1.01-1.01, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed that, as in previous results, higher BMI, smoking, and total cholesterol are risk factors for ATR, Hyperuricemia may contribute to the development of ATR, and adjunctive tests for TC and UA in the blood biochemistry may be helpful in predicting the risk of ATR.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Colesterol , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/complicações , Ruptura/etiologia
6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1286206, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586465

RESUMO

Aim: Both hyperuricemia and anemia are not only the manifestation of chronic kidney disease (CKD) but also related to its occurrence and development. A recent study has found that there was a synergetic effect between hyperuricemia and anemia on new-onset CKD. Herein we aimed to explore the roles of hyperuricemia and anemia in the all-cause mortality in patients with CKD. Methods: Data of adult patients with CKD were extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) database in 2009-2018 in this retrospective cohort study. Weighted univariate and multivariate COX regression analyses were used to investigate the associations of hyperuricemia and anemia with all-cause mortality, and the evaluation indexes were hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The interaction effect between hyperuricemia and anemia on the risk of all-cause mortality was assessed via relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) and attributable proportion of interaction (AP). Subgroup analyses of age, gender, CVD, hypertension, DM, and cancer were also performed to assess this interaction effect. Results: Among 3,678 eligible patients, 819 died from all causes. After adjusting for covariables, we found that CKD patients with anemia (HR = 1.72, 95%CI: 1.42-2.09) or hyperuricemia (HR = 1.21, 95%CI: 1.01-11.45) had a higher risk of all-cause mortality. There was a potential synergetic effect between anemia and hyperuricemia on all-cause mortality, with RERI of 0.630 and AP of 0.291. Moreover, this synergetic effect was also observed in ≥65 years old (AP = 0.330), male (AP = 0.355), hypertension (AP = 0.736), non-hypertension (AP = 0.281), DM (AP = 0.371), and cancer (AP = 0.391) subgroups. Conclusion: A potential synergetic effect between anemia and hyperuricemia on all-cause mortality was found in patients with CKD. However, further studies are needed to clarify the causal relationship between them.


Assuntos
Anemia , Hipertensão , Hiperuricemia , Neoplasias , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/complicações
7.
BMC Med Imaging ; 24(1): 78, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the feasibility of Diffusion Kurtosis Imaging (DKI) in assessing renal interstitial fibrosis induced by hyperuricemia. METHODS: A hyperuricemia rat model was established, and the rats were randomly split into the hyperuricemia (HUA), allopurinol (AP), and AP + empagliflozin (AP + EM) groups (n = 19 per group). Also, the normal rats were selected as controls (CON, n = 19). DKI was performed before treatment (baseline) and on days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 days after treatment. The DKI indicators, including mean kurtosis (MK), fractional anisotropy (FA), and mean diffusivity (MD) of the cortex (CO), outer stripe of the outer medulla (OS), and inner stripe of the outer medulla (IS) were acquired. Additionally, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Masson trichrome staining, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) immunostaining were used to reveal renal histopathological changes at baseline, 1, 5, and 9 days after treatment. RESULTS: The HUA, AP, and AP + EM group MKOS and MKIS values gradually increased during this study. The HUA group exhibited the highest MK value in outer medulla. Except for the CON group, all the groups showed a decreasing trend in the FA and MD values of outer medulla. The HUA group exhibited the lowest FA and MD values. The MKOS and MKIS values were positively correlated with Masson's trichrome staining results (r = 0.687, P < 0.001 and r = 0.604, P = 0.001, respectively). The MDOS and FAIS were negatively correlated with Masson's trichrome staining (r = -626, P < 0.0014 and r = -0.468, P = 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSION: DKI may be a non-invasive method for monitoring renal interstitial fibrosis induced by hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Ratos , Animais , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Fibrose
8.
Endokrynol Pol ; 75(1): 71-82, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497392

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity not only affects human health but also is an important risk factor for a variety of chronic diseases. Therefore, it is particularly important to analyse the epidemic trend of obesity and actively carry out the prevention and control of obesity in the population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 4565 adults were selected by multi-stage stratified random sampling in Shenmu, Shaanxi Province, China. Univariate analysis was used to explore the epidemic characteristics of obesity in this region. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse the relationship between obesity and chronic diseases. Finally, the prediction efficiency of different obesity indexes was analysed by drawing receiver operator characteristic curves (ROC). All statistical analysis was completed by SPSS 26.0 software. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of overweight, obesity, and central obesity were 39.9%, 18.2%, and 48.0%, respectively. After adjusting for other confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that overweight and obesity were risk factors for hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and hyperuricaemia. Central obesity is a risk factor for dyslipidaemia and hyperuricaemia. High level of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was a risk factor for dyslipidaemia and hyperuricaemia (p < 0.05). Obesity-related indicators: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and WHtR, are strongly correlated with the increased risk of chronic diseases in northern Shaanxi, China. The optimal BMI cut-off values for predicting hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and hyperuricaemia were 24.27, 24.04, and 25.54, respectively. The optimal WC cut-off values for predicting dyslipidaemia and hyperuricaemia were 84.5 and 90.5, and WHtR cut-off values were 0.52 and 0.54, respectively. CONCLUSION: The problem of overweight, obesity, and central obesity in adults is serious in northern Shaanxi, China. Obesity of all types will increase the risk of chronic diseases. Therefore, a variety of preventive and therapeutic measures should be adopted to curb obesity and reduce the incidence of related chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Hipertensão , Hiperuricemia , Adulto , Humanos , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Prevalência , Obesidade/complicações , Dislipidemias/complicações , China/epidemiologia
9.
Lancet Glob Health ; 12(4): e685-e696, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gout is the most common cause of inflammatory arthritis worldwide, particularly in Pacific regions. We aimed to establish the prevalence of gout and hyperuricaemia in French Polynesia, their associations with dietary habits, their comorbidities, the prevalence of the HLA-B*58:01 allele, and current management of the disease. METHODS: The Ma'i u'u survey was epidemiological, prospective, cross-sectional, and gout-focused and included a random sample of adults from the general adult population of French Polynesia. It was conducted and data were collected between April 13 and Aug 16, 2021. Participants were randomly selected to represent the general adult population of French Polynesia on the basis of housing data collected during the 2017 territorial census. Each selected household was visited by a research nurse from the Ma'i u'u survey who collected data via guided, 1-h interviews with participants. In each household, the participant was the individual older than 18 years with the closest upcoming birthday. To estimate the frequency of HLA-B*58:01, we estimated HLA-B haplotypes on individuals who had whole-genome sequencing to approximately 5× average coverage (mid-pass sequencing). A subset of individuals who self-reported Polynesian ancestry and not European, Chinese, or other ancestry were used to estimate Polynesian-ancestry specific allele frequencies. Bivariate associations were reported for weighted participants; effect sizes were estimated through the odds ratio (OR) of the association calculated on the basis of a logistic model fitted with weighted observations. FINDINGS: Among the random sample of 2000 households, 896 participants were included, 140 individuals declined, and 964 households could not be contacted. 22 participants could not be weighted due to missing data, so the final weighted analysis included 874 participants (449 [51·4%] were female and 425 [48·6%] were male) representing the 196 630 adults living in French Polynesia. The estimated prevalence of gout was 14·5% (95% CI 9·9-19·2), representing 28 561 French Polynesian adults, that is 25·5% (18·2-32·8) of male individuals and 3·5% (1·0-6·0) of female individuals. The prevalence of hyperuricaemia was estimated at 71·6% (66·7-76·6), representing 128 687 French Polynesian adults. In multivariable analysis, age (OR 1·5, 95% CI 1·2-1·8 per year), male sex (10·3, 1·8-60·7), serum urate (1·6, 1·3-2·0 per 1 mg/dL), uraturia (0·8, 0·8-0·8 per 100 mg/L), type 2 diabetes (2·1, 1·4-3·1), BMI more than 30 kg/m2 (1·1, 1·0-1·2 per unit), and percentage of visceral fat (1·7, 1·1-2·7 per 1% increase) were associated with gout. There were seven heterozygous HLA-B*58:01 carriers in the full cohort of 833 individuals (seven [0·4%] of 1666 total alleles) and two heterozygous carriers in a subset of 696 individuals of Polynesian ancestry (two [0·1%]). INTERPRETATION: French Polynesia has an estimated high prevalence of gout and hyperuricaemia, with gout affecting almost 15% of adults. Territorial measures that focus on increasing access to effective urate-lowering therapies are warranted to control this major public health problem. FUNDING: Variant Bio, the French Polynesian Health Administration, Lille Catholic University Hospitals, French Society of Rheumatology, and Novartis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Gota , Hiperuricemia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Hiperuricemia/genética , Ácido Úrico , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Gota/epidemiologia , Gota/genética , Polinésia/epidemiologia , Antígenos HLA-B
10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1320092, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435751

RESUMO

Introduction: Hyperuricemia (HUA) is a metabolic disorder caused by purine metabolism dysfunction in which the increasing purine levels can be partially attributed to seafood consumption. Perillae Folium (PF), a widely used plant in functional food, has been historically used to mitigate seafood-induced diseases. However, its efficacy against HUA and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. Methods: A network pharmacology analysis was performed to identify candidate targets and potential mechanisms involved in PF treating HUA. The candidate targets were determined based on TCMSP, SwissTargetPrediction, Open Targets Platform, GeneCards, Comparative Toxicogenomics Database, and DrugBank. The potential mechanisms were predicted via Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) analyses. Molecular docking in AutoDock Vina and PyRx were performed to predict the binding affinity and pose between herbal compounds and HUA-related targets. A chemical structure analysis of PF compounds was performed using OSIRIS DataWarrior and ClassyFire. We then conducted virtual pharmacokinetic and toxicity screening to filter potential inhibitors. We further performed verifications of these inhibitors' roles in HUA through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, text-mining, and untargeted metabolomics analysis. Results: We obtained 8200 predicted binding results between 328 herbal compounds and 25 potential targets, and xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) exhibited the highest average binding affinity. We screened out five promising ligands (scutellarein, benzyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside, elemol, diisobutyl phthalate, and (3R)-hydroxy-beta-ionone) and performed MD simulations up to 50 ns for XDH complexed to them. The scutellarein-XDH complex exhibited the most satisfactory stability. Furthermore, the text-mining study provided laboratory evidence of scutellarein's function. The metabolomics approach identified 543 compounds and confirmed the presence of scutellarein. Extending MD simulations to 200 ns further indicated the sustained impact of scutellarein on XDH structure. Conclusion: Our study provides a computational and biomedical basis for PF treating HUA and fully elucidates scutellarein's great potential as an XDH inhibitor at the molecular level, holding promise for future drug design and development.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Alimento Funcional , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Purinas
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1301543, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38524637

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aims to compare the association of hypertension plus hyperuricemia (HTN-HUA) with seven anthropometric indexes. These include the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), lipid accumulation product (LAP), visceral adiposity index (VAI), triglyceride-glucose index (TyG), body roundness index (BRI), a body shape index (ABSI), and the cardiometabolic index (CMI). Methods: Data was procured from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), which recruited a representative population aged 18 years and above to calculate these seven indexes. Logistic regression analysis was employed to delineate their correlation and to compute the odds ratios (OR). Concurrently, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were utilized to evaluate the predictive power of the seven indexes. Results: A total of 23,478 subjects were included in the study. Among these, 6,537 (27.84%) were patients with HUA alone, 2,015 (8.58%) had HTN alone, and 2,836 (12.08%) had HTN-HUA. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the AIP, LAP, VAI, TyG, BRI, ABSI, and CMI were all significantly associated with concurrent HTN-HUA. The OR for the highest quartile of the seven indexes for HTN-HUA were as follows: AIP was 4.45 (95% CI 3.82-5.18), LAP was 9.52 (95% CI 7.82-11.59), VAI was 4.53 (95% CI 38.9-5.28), TyG was 4.91 (95% CI 4.15-5.80), BRI was 9.08 (95% CI 7.45-11.07), ABSI was 1.71 (95% CI 1.45 -2.02), and CMI was 6.57 (95% CI 5.56-7.76). Notably, LAP and BRI demonstrated significant discriminatory abilities for HTN-HUA, with area under the curve (AUC) values of 0.72 (95% CI 0.71 - 0.73) and 0.73 (95% CI 0.72 - 0.74) respectively. Conclusion: The AIP, LAP, VAI, TyG, BRI, ABSI, and CMI all show significant correlation with HTN-HUA. Notably, both LAP and BRI demonstrate the capability to differentiate cases of HTN-HUA. Among these, BRI is underscored for its effective, non-invasive nature in predicting HTN-HUA, making it a superior choice for early detection and management strategies.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Hiperuricemia , Adulto , Humanos , Obesidade/complicações , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Fatores de Risco , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Circunferência da Cintura , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Triglicerídeos
12.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 10(1): 25, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509085

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia (HUA) is a metabolic syndrome caused by abnormal purine metabolism. Although recent studies have noted a relationship between the gut microbiota and gout, whether the microbiota could ameliorate HUA-associated systemic purine metabolism remains unclear. In this study, we constructed a novel model of HUA in geese and investigated the mechanism by which Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) could have beneficial effects on HUA. The administration of antibiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) experiments were used in this HUA goose model. The effects of LGG and its metabolites on HUA were evaluated in vivo and in vitro. Heterogeneous expression and gene knockout of LGG revealed the mechanism of LGG. Multi-omics analysis revealed that the Lactobacillus genus is associated with changes in purine metabolism in HUA. This study showed that LGG and its metabolites could alleviate HUA through the gut-liver-kidney axis. Whole-genome analysis, heterogeneous expression, and gene knockout of LGG enzymes ABC-type multidrug transport system (ABCT), inosine-uridine nucleoside N-ribohydrolase (iunH), and xanthine permease (pbuX) demonstrated the function of nucleoside degradation in LGG. Multi-omics and a correlation analysis in HUA patients and this goose model revealed that a serum proline deficiency, as well as changes in Collinsella and Lactobacillus, may be associated with the occurrence of HUA. Our findings demonstrated the potential of a goose model of diet-induced HUA, and LGG and proline could be promising therapies for HUA.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/terapia , Nucleosídeos , Lactobacillus , Prolina , Purinas
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 45(3): 432-439, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514321

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the relationship between unhealthy lifestyle and hyperuricemia, as well as the modification effects of hypertension and dyslipidemia in occupational population and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention of hyperuricemia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design was adopted, based on baseline data from the Southwest Occupational Population Cohort from China Railway Chengdu Group Co., Ltd., which included the population in 28 prefectures from Sichuan Province and Guizhou Province, and 33 districts (counties) from Chongqing Municipality between October and December 2021. This study collected the information about the demographics characteristics, lifestyles, and prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases of the study subjects through questionnaire, physical measurement and laboratory biochemical test. The unhealthy lifestyle score was scored based on smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary patterns, physical activity, and low weight or overweight, with higher scores being associated with more unhealthy lifestyles. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between unhealthy lifestyle score, smoking, alcohol consumption, other factors and hyperuricemia, and the stratified analysis was used to explore the modification effect of hypertension and other diseases on the relationship between unhealthy lifestyle and hyperuricemia. Results: A total of 11 748 participants were included in this study, the prevalence of hyperuricemia was 34.4%. Multivariate logistic regression model showed that current/previous smoking, current/previous alcohol consumption and BMI abnormality were risk factors for hyperuricemia, and the unhealthy lifestyle score showed a "cumulative" effect on the risk for hyperuricemia, with higher score increasing the risk of hyperuricemia, and the OR increased from 1.64 (95%CI: 1.34-2.00) to 2.89 (95%CI: 2.39-3.50). Stratified analysis showed that unhealthy lifestyles had a greater impact on the risk for hyperuricemia in people with hypertension and dyslipidemia. Conclusions: The coexistence of multiple unhealthy lifestyles might increase the risk of hyperuricemia, and this effect was stronger in participants with hypertension and dyslipidemia. Timely correction of unhealthy lifestyles, and control of hypertension and dyslipidemia might reduce the risk for hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Hipertensão , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Estilo de Vida , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/complicações , Prevalência
14.
Lipids Health Dis ; 23(1): 77, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with elevated serum uric acid (SUA) levels and frequent gout flares. Losing weight can reduce the SUA level and gout flares. The effect of orlistat on SUA levels and gout flares in patients with overweight/obesity and hyperuricemia (HUA) has not been extensively studied. This study investigated the effects of orlistat on SUA levels and gout flares compared to placebo in overweight and obese patients with HUA. METHODS: A total of 72 Chinese patients with overweight/obesity and HUA were randomly divided into a placebo group (35, 48.6%) and an orlistat group (37, 51.4%); the trial lasted 12 weeks. The primary endpoints were the relative changes in body weight, the SUA level, and gout flares in the per-protocol population. RESULTS: Orlistat reduced the proportion of patients with gout flares (log-rank P = 0.023, hazard ratio = 0.31, 95% confidence interval 0.11-0.85). There was no significant difference in SUA level between the two groups. The average weight loss of the orlistat group was 2.85 kg, and the average weight loss of the placebo group was 0.76 kg. The weight loss in the orlistat group was significantly greater than that in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to demonstrate that orlistat has no significant effect on SUA levels in patients with overweight/obesity and HUA. The utility of orlistat as an adjunct therapy to prevent gout flares during weight loss in patients with HUA was emphasized. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT05496075.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Orlistate , Sobrepeso , Humanos , Masculino , Método Duplo-Cego , Gota/complicações , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Orlistate/efeitos adversos , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico , Redução de Peso
15.
Clin Transl Sci ; 17(3): e13757, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488426

RESUMO

The cardiovascular (CV) safety of febuxostat compared to allopurinol for the treatment of hyperuricemia among Asian patients is uncertain. In this study, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the CV safety profiles of febuxostat with allopurinol in Asian patients with hyperuricemia. A total of 13 studies were included. On the basis of the pooled results of cohort studies, febuxostat users were at a significantly higher risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-1.09, p < 0.01), atrial fibrillation (HR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.05-1.35, p < 0.01) than allopurinol users, whereas no significant difference between febuxostat and allopurinol existed for urgent coronary revascularization (HR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.98-1.16, p = 0.13), and stroke (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.91-1.01, p = 0.13). Nevertheless, that difference in results of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF; HR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.35-1.53, p = 0.40) and all-cause death (HR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.49-1.51, p = 0.60) was not significant based on randomized controlled trials. In the Chinese subgroup, febuxostat could increase the risk of ADHF (HR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.01-1.48, p < 0.05), CV death (HR: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.03-1.50, p < 0.05), and all-cause mortality (HR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.01-1.14, p < 0.05) compared to allopurinol. In conclusion, the use of febuxostat, compared with allopurinol among Asian patients, was associated with a significantly increased risk of adverse CV events.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Gota , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Alopurinol/efeitos adversos , Febuxostat/efeitos adversos , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Supressores da Gota/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 269: 116327, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547733

RESUMO

We report the design and synthesis of a series of proline-derived quinoline formamide compounds as human urate transporter 1 (URAT1) inhibitors via a ligand-based pharmacophore approach. Structure-activity relationship studies reveal that the replacement of the carboxyl group on the polar fragment with trifluoromethanesulfonamide and substituent modification at the 6-position of the quinoline ring greatly improve URAT1 inhibitory activity compared with lesinurad. Compounds 21c, 21e, 24b, 24c, and 23a exhibit potent activities against URAT1 with IC50 values ranging from 0.052 to 0.56 µM. Furthermore, compound 23a displays improved selectivity towards organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1), good microsomal stability, low potential for genotoxicity and no inhibition of the hERG K+ channel. Compounds 21c and 23a, which have superior pharmacokinetic properties, also demonstrate significant uric acid-lowering activities in a mouse model of hyperuricemia. Notably, 21c also exhibits moderate anti-inflammatory activity related to the gout inflammatory pathway. Compounds 21c and 23a with superior druggability are potential candidates for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout.


Assuntos
Gota , Hiperuricemia , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos , Quinolinas , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperuricemia/metabolismo , Quinolinas/farmacologia
17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 709: 149809, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552555

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia is a chronic metabolic disease caused by purine metabolism disorder. And several gene loci and transporter proteins that associated with uric acid transport functions have been identified. Retinol Dehydrogenase 12 (RDH12), recognized for its role in safeguarding photoreceptors, and our study investigated the potential impact of Rdh12 mutations on other organs and diseases, particularly hyperuricemia. We assessed Rdh12 mRNA expression levels in various tissues and conducted serum biochemical analyses in Rdh12-/- mice. Compared with the wild type, significant alterations in serum uric acid levels and kidney-related biochemical indicators have been revealed. Then further analysis, including quantitative RT-PCR of gene expression in the liver and kidney, highlighted variations in the expression levels of specific genes linked to hyperuricemia. And renal histology assessment exposed mild pathological lesions in the kidneys of Rdh12-/- mice. In summary, our study suggests that Rdh12 mutations impact not only retinal function but also contribute to hyperuricemia and renal disease phenotypes in mice. Our finding implies that individuals with Rdh12 mutations may be prone to hyperuricemia and gout, emphasizing the significance of preventive measures and regular examinations in daily life.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Camundongos , Animais , Hiperuricemia/genética , Ácido Úrico , Oxirredutases do Álcool/genética , Oxirredutases do Álcool/metabolismo , Fenótipo
18.
Clin Rheumatol ; 43(5): 1745-1754, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Urate-lowering therapy (ULT) is widely recognized as the primary treatment for hyperuricemia and gout. Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI), particularly febuxostat, have gained popularity as a frontline approach. However, the divergent efficacy and safety between febuxostat and the traditional ULT drug, benzbromarone, remain poorly understood. This knowledge gap necessitates a comprehensive analysis and evidence update to guide drug selection for physicians and patients. METHOD: We conducted a systematic analysis by extracting relevant clinical studies from four medical literature databases. Forest plots, funnel plots, sensitivity analysis, Egger's test, and subgroup analysis were utilized to compare relevant indicators. RESULTS: The advantages and disadvantages of the two drugs were evaluated based on various indicators such as serum uric acid (SUA), triglyceride (TG), urinary uric acid (UUA), white blood cell count (WBC), total cholesterol (TC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and serum creatinine (SC). Benzbromarone demonstrated better efficacy in rapidly reducing SUA levels and inhibiting inflammation for hyperuricemia and gout patients. Febuxostat was slightly less effective in lowering SUA, but there was no significant difference in its impact on liver and kidney function after long-term use. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the superiority of benzbromarone in rapidly reducing SUA and inhibiting inflammation. Febuxostat shows comparable effects on liver and kidney function after long-term use. These findings provide valuable insights for clinicians and patients in drug selection. Key Points • Benzbromarone stands out as a highly effective treatment for hyperuricemia and gout, offering rapid reduction of serum uric acid levels and potent anti-inflammatory effects. • When it comes to long-term use, febuxostat demonstrates comparable effects on liver and kidney function. This provides reassurance for patients who require extended treatment duration. • Moreover, our study goes beyond previous research by presenting a more comprehensive and detailed analysis.


Assuntos
Gota , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Febuxostat/uso terapêutico , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Benzobromarona/uso terapêutico , Ácido Úrico , Supressores da Gota/efeitos adversos , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Alopurinol/uso terapêutico
19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(7): e033407, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between uric acid (UA) levels and functional outcomes at 3 months in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who underwent intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective cohort study included 1001 consecutive patients with AIS who underwent IVT. The correlation between UA levels and post-IVT AIS outcomes was examined. Any nonlinear relationship was assessed using a restricted cubic spline function. The nonlinear P value for the association of UA levels with favorable (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score ≤2) and excellent (mRS score ≤1) outcomes at 3 months post-IVT were <0.001 and 0.001, respectively. However, for patients with and without hyperuricemia, no evident nonlinear relationship was observed between UA levels and favorable 3-month post-IVT outcomes, with nonlinear P values of 0.299 and 0.207, respectively. The corresponding interaction analysis yielded a P value of 0.001, indicating significant heterogeneity. Similar results were obtained for excellent outcomes at 3 months post-IVT. In the hyperuricemia group, increased UA levels by 50 µmol/L reduced the odds of a favorable 3-month post-AIS outcome (odds ratio [OR], 0.75 [95% CI, 0.57-0.97]). Conversely, in the nonhyperuricemia group, a similar UA increase was linked to higher favorable outcome odds (OR, 1.31 [95% CI, 1.15-1.50]). CONCLUSIONS: An inverted U-shaped nonlinear relationship was observed between UA levels and favorable and excellent outcomes at 3 months in patients with AIS who underwent IVT. Higher UA levels predict favorable outcomes in patients without hyperuricemia but unfavorable outcomes in those with hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Hiperuricemia , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Ácido Úrico , Resultado do Tratamento , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7457, 2024 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548844

RESUMO

To investigate the relationship between serum uric acid level and glomerular ischemic lesions (GIL) in patients with primary membranous nephropathy (PMN) and identify relevant risk factors. A total of 201 patients with PMN but normal renal function confirmed by renal biopsy executed in the Liaocheng People's Hospital, China, during January 2020-January 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. The enrolled patients were divided into a hyperuricemia group and a normal serum uric acid group (control group) according to their serum uric acid levels. Then, the participants were further divided into a non-GIL group or a GIL group based on the patient's renal biopsy results. The two groups' clinical and pathological data and meaningful indicators for differences were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis. Additionally, the serum uric acid level prediction value on GIL was investigated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Compared with the control group, the hyperuricemia group exhibited high serum uric acid, the prevalence of GIL, serum albumin, the prevalence of hypertension, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) levels (P < 0.05). Compared with the non-GIL group, the GIL group exhibited were older, had enhanced serum uric acid, serum albumin, and an increased prevalence of tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis (TA/IF), arteriolosclerosis, and low eGFR levels (P < 0.05). The binary logistic regression analysis revealed that the serum uric acid and the TA/IF are independent risk factors of GIL (P < 0.05). The AUC of ROC of GIL of PMN patients, predicted based on the serum uric acid concentration, was 0.736 (P < 0.05), wherein the threshold = 426.5 µmol/L and the Youden's index = 0.41. Serum uric acid concentration and the TA/IF are independent risk factors of GIL in patients with PMN, and the former exhibits prediction value on GIL in patients with PMN.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranosa , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Ácido Úrico , Estudos Transversais , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica
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