Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.389
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1155-1174, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994981


O presente artigo tem por objetivo traçar uma genealogia possível da técnica psicanalítica apontando para a importância das dimensões histórica, política e social na construção da psicanálise. A partir do fenômeno do magnetismo animal, postulado por Franz Anton Mesmer, no século XVIII, passando pela hipnose e pela sugestão até alcançarmos a transferência na psicanálise, buscaremos remontar a influência como pressuposto ético-político que perpassa e, mesmo, possibilita todas essas práticas.(AU)

The present article aims to delineate a possible genealogy of the psychoanalytical technique indicating the importance of the historical, political and social dimensions in the construction of the psychoanalysis. From the animal magnetism phenomenon, postulated by Franz Anton Mesmer, in the eighteenth century, moving to hypnosis and suggestion until achieving the transference in psychoanalysis, we seek reassemble the influence as ethical-politic presuppose that passes through, and yet, makes possible all these practices.(AU)

El artículo tiene por objectivo trazar una genealogía possible de la técnica psicoanalítica marcando la importancia de las dimenciones históricas, política y sociales en la construcción de la psicoanálisis. A partir del fenômeno del magnetismo animal, propuesto por Franz Anton Mesmer, en siglo XVIII, pasando por la hipnosis y por la sugestión, hasta encuentrarmos la transferencia psicoanalítica, intentamos remontar la influencia como pressupuesto ético-político que atraviesa y possibilita todas esas practicas.(AU)

Humanos , Psicanálise , Política , Hipnose , Libido
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 6: CD001008, 2019 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198991


BACKGROUND: Hypnotherapy is widely promoted as a method for aiding smoking cessation. It is intended to act on underlying impulses to weaken the desire to smoke, or strengthen the will to stop. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect and safety of hypnotherapy for smoking cessation. SEARCH METHODS: For this update we searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialized Register, and trial registries ( and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform), using the terms "smoking cessation" and "hypnotherapy" or "hypnosis", with no restrictions on language or publication date. The most recent search was performed on 18 July 2018. SELECTION CRITERIA: We considered randomized controlled trials that recruited people who smoked and implemented a hypnotherapy intervention for smoking cessation compared with no treatment, or with any other therapeutic interventions. Trials were required to report smoking cessation rates at least six months after the beginning of treatment. Study eligibility was determined by at least two review authors, independently. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least two review authors independently extracted data on participant characteristics, the type and duration of hypnotherapy, the nature of the control group, smoking status, method of randomization, and completeness of follow-up. These authors also independently assessed the quality of the included studies. In undertaking this work, we used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane.The main outcome measure was abstinence from smoking after at least six months' follow-up. We used the most rigorous definition of abstinence in each trial, and biochemically validated abstinence rates where available. Those lost to follow-up were considered to still be smoking. We summarized effects as risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Where possible, we performed meta-analysis using a fixed-effect model. We also noted any adverse events reported. MAIN RESULTS: We included three new trials in this update, which brings the total to 14 included studies that compared hypnotherapy with 22 different control interventions. The studies included a total of 1926 participants. Studies were diverse and a single meta-analysis was not possible. We judged only one study to be at low risk of bias overall; we judged 10 studies to be at high risk of bias and three at unclear risk. Studies did not provide reliable evidence of a greater benefit from hypnotherapy compared with other interventions or no treatment for smoking cessation. Most individual studies did not find statistically significant differences in quit rates after six months or longer, and studies that did detect differences typically had methodological limitations.Pooling small groups of relatively comparable studies did not provide reliable evidence for a specific effect of hypnotherapy relative to controls. There was low certainty evidence, limited by imprecision and risk of bias, that showed no statistically significant difference between hypnotherapy and attention-matched behavioural treatments (RR 1.21, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.61; I2 = 36%; 6 studies, 957 participants). Results were similarly imprecise, and also limited by risk of bias, when comparing hypnotherapy to intensive behavioural interventions (not matched for contact time) (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.47 to 1.82; I2 = 0%; 2 studies, 211 participants; very low certainty evidence). Results from one small study (40 participants) detected a statistically significant benefit of hypnotherapy compared to no intervention (RR 19.00, 95% CI 1.18 to 305.88), but this evidence was judged to be of very low certainty due to high risk of bias and imprecision. No significant differences were detected in comparisons of hypnotherapy with brief behavioural interventions (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.69; I² = 0%; 2 studies, 269 participants), rapid/focused smoking (RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.43 to 2.33; I2 = 65%; 2 studies, 54 participants), and pharmacotherapies (RR 1.68, 95% CI 0.88 to 3.20; I2 = 5%; 2 studies, 197 participants). When hypnotherapy was evaluated as an adjunct to other treatments, the pooled result from five studies showed a statistically significant benefit in favour of hypnotherapy (RR 2.10, 95% CI 1.31 to 3.35; I² = 62%; 224 participants); however, this result should be interpreted with caution due to the high risk of bias across studies (four had a high risk or bias, one had an unclear risk), and substantial statistical heterogeneity.Most studies did not provide information on whether data specifically relating to adverse events were collected, and whether or not any adverse events occurred. One study that did collect such data did not find a statistically significant difference in the adverse event 'index' between hypnotherapy and relaxation. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to determine whether hypnotherapy is more effective for smoking cessation than other forms of behavioural support or unassisted quitting. If a benefit is present, current evidence suggests the benefit is small at most. There is very little evidence on whether hypnotherapy causes adverse effects, but the existing data show no evidence that it does. Further large, high-quality randomized controlled trials, and more comprehensive assessments of safety, are needed on this topic.

Hipnose , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fumar/terapia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/métodos
Rev Infirm ; 68(250): 34-36, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147074


Treating pain is a priority for caregivers and patients. With in-home care, nurses care for patients who are sometimes in pain and for whom they implement treatments prescribed by the doctor. A nurse and a doctor describe here the complementary contribution of hypnosis in the treatment of pain, including in in-home nursing practice.

Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Hipnose , Manejo da Dor , Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Dor
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(651): 1007-1009, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091033


After a cancer diagnosis, emotional distress is common. We currently have many conventional treatments such as radiotherapy, surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapies and immunotherapy to fight cancer. However, these treatments are associated with significant adverse effects, which may themselves be the cause of psychic suffering. Hypnosis has been shown to be effective in relieving some of these symptoms, but its practice is still limited in oncology. This is as much related to ignorance about the discipline as to a lack of large randomized prospective studies. This article provides an overview of hypnotherapy and its benefits in the field of psycho-oncology and discusses the prospects for the future.

Hipnose , Neoplasias , Psico-Oncologia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos
Oncology ; 97(1): 18-25, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31132779


PURPOSE: It is usual for cancer patients to use complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) and yet the literature evaluating their efficacy in cancer patients is very limited. The objective of the present study was to report on the nature, frequency of use, and patient-reported outcome of CAMs in a single-center study. METHODS: All the consecutive patients treated between November 2017 and June 2018 at the Lucien Neuwirth Cancer Institute (France) were screened. Their reasons for using CAMs and their usage habits were collected. Patients evaluated their benefit. RESULTS: Of the 209 patients screened, 200 patients were included. CAMs ranged from osteopathy, homeopathy, acupuncture, healing touch, magnetism, naturopathy, suction cups, Chinese medicine, reflexology, to hypnosis. CAMs were widely used (n = 166, 83%), the first being osteopathy (n = 99, 49.5%), the second homeopathy (n = 78, 39.0%), and finally acupuncture (n = 76, 38.0%). Whatever the CAM, high satisfaction rates were reported (median satisfaction: 61-81%). CAMs were mainly used to prevent/treat side effects of anticancer treatments (81.2% for healing touch), increase well-being (55.4% for naturopathy), improve the immune system (16.9% for homeopathy), and treat cancer (n = 3, 5.1% for homeopathy). Patients could easily consider using CAMs, as up to 50.8% would have accepted a consultation. CONCLUSIONS: The reasons for using CAMs differed among patients. They praised CAMs and kept asking for more information although there is limited evidence about their efficacy in the literature. Thus, prospective randomized controlled trials exploring the safety and efficacy of CAMs in cancer patients are needed.

Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Terapias Complementares/psicologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Homeopatia/métodos , Humanos , Hipnose/métodos , Masculino , Massagem/métodos , Naturopatia/métodos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento
Am J Clin Hypn ; 61(4): 370-393, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017544


Registered nurses (RNs) are the largest, most diverse, and most respected of all healthcare professions in the United States, numbering over 3.5 million (Gallup poll, 2017). Nurses have evolved from being the handmaidens of physicians and bedpan handlers to highly trained and educated clinicians who have assumed an important, integral, and indispensable role in the healthcare system. The capabilities of nurses to expand the excellent care they can provide has historically been thwarted by others in the healthcare field, including in the area of hypnosis. This article begins with a historical perspective on the education, training, and ever-expanding profession of nursing. The multiplicity of settings where nurses have the opportunity to incorporate clinical hypnosis into the care of their patients is discussed.

Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Hipnose/métodos , Enfermagem/métodos , Humanos
Am J Clin Hypn ; 61(4): 345-369, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017546


The purpose of this article is to share approaches and program design to assist healthcare professionals trained in hypnosis help tobacco users become tobacco free. Helping tobacco users overcome their tobacco dependency is generally seen as challenging to healthcare professionals. Efforts to stop a tobacco habit have components which are both physical and emotional in nature and which produce periods of discomfort and high relapse rates. Hypnosis can be supportive for both the physical and emotional aspects necessary for successful cessation. Health risks of tobacco use cannot be overlooked, and individuals burdened by tobacco habits will benefit from health professionals' greater appreciation for the contributions hypnosis can offer. Tobacco cessation incorporating hypnosis can be successful when careful attention is given to the program design.

Hipnose/métodos , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Tabagismo/terapia , Humanos
Am J Clin Hypn ; 61(4): 322-334, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017547


Hypnosis and biofeedback techniques are evidence-based psychophysiological therapies that can be applied with a wide variety of medical and mental health disorders. Research shows efficacy for anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTDS), chronic pain, hypertension, fibromyalgia, and a host of other disorders. Hypnosis and biofeedback can also augment the effectiveness of psychotherapy. The author utilizes the case narrative of a 36-year-old woman, presenting with postpartum depression and dissociative features, to illustrate the integration of biofeedback training, physiological monitoring, self-hypnosis, hypnotic age regression, and affective journaling into dynamic psychotherapy. The hypnotic techniques and the affective journaling assisted in the retrieval of critical traumatic events during the patient's adolescence, and a combination of breath training, self-hypnosis, and biofeedback aided the patient in self-calming.

Biorretroalimentação Psicológica/métodos , Depressão Pós-Parto/terapia , Transtornos Dissociativos/terapia , Hipnose/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos
Am J Clin Hypn ; 61(4): 394-408, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017549


This case study reports on a 28-year-old male with spinal cord injury (SCI), quadriplegia, and chronic pain with neuropathic characteristics. The treatment had to be adapted to address the patient's needs, as he was on a respirator and paralyzed from the chin down. The intervention consisted of eight 90-minute sessions. The first four sessions were based on a standardized hypnotic cognitive therapy protocol developed for a randomized controlled trial (RCT). The sessions included training in cognitive restructuring skills and a hypnosis session with suggestions that was audiorecorded. Instructions to practice at home, both with the recording and by using self-hypnosis, were provided as well. Most of the outcome domains assessed (i.e., pain intensity, pain interference, sleep quality) showed clinically meaningful improvements that were maintained (or increased) at one-year follow-up. The patient reported that he was still using self-hypnosis at one-year follow-up. His subjective impression of change was positive and he did not report any negative side effects. Results show that the hypnotic cognitive therapy protocol used is a promising intervention that can benefit individuals with SCI presenting with complex symptomatology. Such therapy helps patients by teaching them effective coping strategies that they can use on their own to manage pain and its effects. In addition, it is important to note that this therapy provided benefits to someone who had not experienced any benefits from numerous medications he had tried before treatment. Therefore, the findings support continued efforts to make this treatment more accessible to patients who could benefit from this approach.

Dor Crônica/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Hipnose/métodos , Quadriplegia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Adulto , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Quadriplegia/etiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações
Am J Clin Hypn ; 61(4): 335-344, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017551


The incidence of stress-related, psychophysiological disorders in children is increasing. A goal of both parenting and pediatric health care is to teach children the skills of problem solving, affective and physical regulation, and techniques to better manage stress. In primary care pediatrics, both hypnotherapy and biofeedback can be used to teach psychophysiological self-regulation through relaxation and stress management affecting cognitive change and improving the child's self-image. This article uses case examples to review how hypnosis and relatively inexpensive biofeedback equipment can be implemented in primary care pediatrics to teach psychophysiological self-regulation through relaxation and stress management to effect cognitive change and improving the child's self-image.

Biorretroalimentação Psicológica/métodos , Hipnose/métodos , Pediatria/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Terapia de Relaxamento/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Criança , Humanos
Am J Clin Hypn ; 61(4): 302-321, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017552


Hypnosis and neurofeedback each provide unique therapeutic strengths and opportunities. This article provides an overview of some of the research on neurofeedback and hypnosis. The author's perspective and recommendations are provided on the relative clinical utility of using either neurofeedback or hypnosis as the initial treatment of choice with various clinical conditions.

Terapia Combinada/métodos , Hipnose/métodos , Neurorretroalimentação/métodos , Humanos
Am J Clin Hypn ; 61(4): 409-425, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017553


Psychological symptoms, particularly postpartum depression, may impair women's well-being after childbirth. Mind-body treatments such as hypnosis are available to help prepare women to maintain or improve their well-being postpartum. The aims of the present study are to determine the effectiveness of a hypnosis intervention in alleviating psychological symptoms (stress, anxiety, and depression) and the symptoms of postpartum depression. A quasi-experimental design was utilized in this study. The experimental group participants (n = 28) received a hypnosis intervention at weeks 16, 20, 28, and 36 of their pregnancies. Participants in the control group (n = 28) received routine prenatal care. The final data collection, occurring at two months postpartum, included 16 women from the experimental group and 11 women from the control group. The Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) was used to measure psychological symptoms, and postpartum depression was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The results at two months postpartum showed that the experimental group had significantly lower postpartum anxiety than the control group (M = 2.88 versus M = 38.36, p = .023). Similarly, the experimental group had significantly lower postpartum depressive symptoms than the control group (M = 1.25 versus M = 6.73, p < .002). Group differences in postpartum stress symptoms were not significant (p = .363). Finally, the results indicated that the experimental group experienced reduced postpartum depression when compared to the control group (M = 5.69 versus M = 10.64, p < .001). Thus, hypnosis conducted during pregnancy may promote improvements in psychological well-being postpartum.

Transtornos de Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Hipnose/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Transtornos Puerperais/prevenção & controle , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Depressão Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
Orthod Fr ; 90(1): 29-36, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994447


INTRODUCTION: After being discarded from hospitals due to its lack of scientific evidence, medical hypnosis is once more in the spotlight thanks to neuroscience and medical imaging, which have proven its specificity. Medical hypnosis is currently enjoying real enthusiasm, and now the doors are opening not only to medical and surgical units but also to our orthodontic clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This article defines hypnosis and its different levels of application and the required techniques. It also explores all the different fields in which it can be used in orthodontic treatment. DISCUSSION: Hypnosis can be applied from the very first contact with the patient and can be useful and therapeutic at every step of the process. It is useful to think of it in our discipline as a treatment in its own right contributing to heal parafunctions and tongue disorders more efficiently.

Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Hipnose/métodos , Ortodontia/métodos , Adolescente , Ansiedade/terapia , Conscientização/fisiologia , Comunicação , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Feminino , Sucção de Dedo/psicologia , Sucção de Dedo/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Médico-Paciente , Sono/fisiologia , Fases do Sono/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Transtornos de Tique/psicologia , Transtornos de Tique/terapia , Hábitos Linguais/psicologia , Hábitos Linguais/terapia
Psych J ; 8(1): 36-50, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912626


Mindfulness meditation and hypnosis are related in opposing ways to awareness of intentions. The cold control theory of hypnosis proposes that hypnotic responding involves the experience of involuntariness while performing an actually intentional action. Hypnosis therefore relies upon inaccurate metacognition about intentional actions and experiences. Mindfulness meditation centrally involves awareness of intentions and is associated with improved metacognitive access to intentions. Therefore, mindfulness meditators and highly hypnotizable people may lie at opposite ends of a spectrum with regard to metacognitive access to intention-related information. Here we review the theoretical background and evidence for differences in the metacognition of intentions in these groups, as revealed by chronometric measures of the awareness of voluntary action: the timing of an intention to move (Libet's "W" judgments) and the compressed perception of time between an intentional action and its outcome ("intentional binding"). We review these measures and critically evaluate their proposed connection to the experience of volition and sense of agency.

Hipnose , Intenção , Meditação , Metacognição/fisiologia , Atenção Plena , Percepção do Tempo/fisiologia , Humanos
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 39: 1-11, jan.-mar.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1015909


O presente trabalho busca articular aspectos conceituais relativos à evolução da prática psicanalítica freudiana no que tange, fundamentalmente, ao trajeto compreendido entre a utilização da hipnose e o balizamento da interpretação. Em constantes articulações da técnica freudiana com as perspectivas de autores atuais, delimitam-se os alcances e destacam-se as transformações e inflexões cruciais da práxis ao longo do percurso freudiano. Inicia-se tendo por foco os primeiros escritos produzidos por Freud, numa retrospectiva do progresso técnico rumo à consolidação do método interpretativo, discutindo-se a evolução da técnica psicanalítica, seus limites, e a própria eficácia da hipnose e da interpretação enquanto recursos técnicos. O texto fornece ainda outros subsídios, auxiliando na pontuação de questões significativas do arcabouço psicanalítico e contemplando: (1) o motivo pelo qual o psiquismo por tantas vezes mostra-se impenetrável, (2) como a retirada do material recalcado move o afeto e (3) como são delineados os limites da evolução técnica da psicanálise....(AU)

The present paper searches to articulate conceptual aspects of the evolution of the Freudian psychoanalytic practice regarding, fundamentally, the path between the use of hypnosis and the beaconing of interpretation. In constant joints of the Freudian technique with perspectives of current authors, scopes are delimited and transformations and crucial inflections of the praxis throughout the Freudian passage are distinguished. Initially, the text focuses on the first writings produced by Freud, in a retrospect of the technic progress to the consolidation of the interpretative method. The evolution of the psychoanalysis technique, its limits, and the proper effectiveness of the hypnosis and interpretation as a technic resource are discussed. The text still provides important subsidies, assists on the points of significant questions of psychoanalysis structure, contemplating (1) the reason for which the psyche for as many times reveals itself as impenetrable, (2) how the removal of the repressed material moves the affection and (3) how the limits of the technique of psychoanalysis evolution are outlined....(AU)

El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo articular aspectos conceptuales relacionados con la evolución de la práctica psicoanalítica freudiana con respecto, fundamentalmente, al camino comprendido entre la utilización de la hipnosis y el balizamiento de la interpretación. En constantes articulaciones de la técnica freudiana con las perspectivas de autores actuales, se delimitan los alcances y se destacan transformaciones e inflexiones cruciales de la praxis a lo largo del recorrido freudiano. El comienzo se concentra en los primeros escritos producidos por Freud, en una retrospectiva de progreso técnico hacia a la consolidación del método interpretativo, examinando la evolución de la técnica psicoanalítica, sus límites, y la propia eficacia de la hipnosis y la interpretación como recursos técnicos. El texto proporciona todavía otros subsidios, auxiliando en la puntuación de cuestiones significativas del esquema psicoanalítico y contemplando (1) el motivo por lo cual el psiquismo por tantas veces se muestra impenetrable, (2) como la retirada del material recalcado mueve el afecto y (3) como se detallan los límites de la evolución técnica del psicoanálisis....(AU)

Psicanálise , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Teoria Freudiana , Psicologia , Hipnose