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1.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The literature review addresses the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic methods in the treatment of functional abdominal pain syndrome and studying the prospects for using virtual reality technology in combination with psychotherapeutic methods according to the available literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was conducted for available literature in the eLibrary and PubMed databases, published for the period 2017-2022, using the keywords: abdominalgia, psychotherapeutic methods, gut-brain axis, virtual reality technology. RESULTS: Currently, the biopsychosocial concept of the etiopathogenesis of abdominal pain syndrome, which is not associated with an organic disease of the gastrointestinal tract, is used. A significant contribution to the formation of the disease is made by genetic, neuropsychological, neurophysiological factors, and disruption of the interaction of the gut-brain axis. Cognitive behavioral therapy, yoga, and hypnotherapy are applicable as effective psychotherapeutic methods in the complex treatment of abdominal pain syndrome in children. A promising direction is the use of virtual reality technology to increase the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic methods and reduce chronic abdominal pain syndrome by influencing the gut-brain axis. Practical research work devoted to this issue is currently rare. CONCLUSION: In the complex treatment of functional abdominal pain syndrome in children, various psychotherapeutic methods are used, the most effective are cognitive behavioral therapy and hypnotherapy. It is necessary to stimulate domestic research work studying the joint use of virtual reality technology and psychotherapeutic methods in children aged 7 to 18 years.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Criança , Dor Abdominal/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Hipnose/métodos , Psicoterapia/métodos
2.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 56: 101861, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38820657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cancer remains a leading cause of death in Australia. The number of new cancer cases diagnosed each year is expected to surpass 200,000 by 2033. This marks a significant increase from about 88,000 cases in 2000 to an estimated 165,000 cases in 2023. Despite advancements in treatment, emotional and psychological challenges in cancer care are often overlooked. This study focuses on hypnotherapy, a complementary therapy recognized for its efficacy for physical and emotional symptoms, yet underutilized in Australian cancer care. The research aims to explore patients' perceptions of hypnotherapy and identify barriers to its integration, contributing to the development of holistic, patient-centered cancer care models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study employing semi-structured interviews was conducted with 14 adult cancer patients (breast, lung, and colorectal) undergoing active treatment, selected through convenience sampling. The interviews were carried out from May 2022 to August 2023, focusing on participants' experiences and attitudes toward hypnotherapy among other complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. Thematic analysis using Braun and Clarke's six-step framework was applied to the data. RESULTS: Five themes were developed following analysis: 1) emotional roller coaster of cancer diagnosis, 2) participants' perspectives on hypnotherapy among other CAM modalities, 3) hypnotherapy as a psychological vs physiological support, 4) fringe benefits of hypnosis, and 5) the main hurdles: cost and lack of information. Participants expressed a diverse range of experiences and attitudes towards hypnotherapy and CAM, with a strong emphasis on the need for emotional support in cancer care. Although hypnotherapy was recognized for its potential to address both emotional and physical symptoms, its predominant use was for emotional well-being. Participants also highlighted the importance of attitudes and endorsements from healthcare providers in their decision-making process about CAM therapies. CONCLUSION: The study findings emphasize the need for a more integrative and patient-centered approach in cancer care that includes hypnotherapy as a non-pharmacological intervention for physical and particularly emotional support. Healthcare providers should be aware of the potential value of hypnotherapy and consider patient preferences in their recommendations. In addition, addressing the identified barriers could improve the accessibility and integration of hypnotherapy into cancer care protocols in Australia.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Neoplasias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Idoso , Adulto , Austrália , Terapias Complementares
3.
Neuroimage ; 293: 120623, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670442

RESUMO

High-order interactions are required across brain regions to accomplish specific cognitive functions. These functional interdependencies are reflected by synergistic information that can be obtained by combining the information from all the sources considered and redundant information (i.e., common information provided by all the sources). However, electroencephalogram (EEG) functional connectivity is limited to pairwise interactions thereby precluding the estimation of high-order interactions. In this multicentric study, we used measures of synergistic and redundant information to study in parallel the high-order interactions between five EEG electrodes during three non-ordinary states of consciousness (NSCs): Rajyoga meditation (RM), hypnosis, and auto-induced cognitive trance (AICT). We analyzed EEG data from 22 long-term Rajyoga meditators, nine volunteers undergoing hypnosis, and 21 practitioners of AICT. We here report the within-group changes in synergy and redundancy for each NSC in comparison with their respective baseline. During RM, synergy increased at the whole brain level in the delta and theta bands. Redundancy decreased in frontal, right central, and posterior electrodes in delta, and frontal, central, and posterior electrodes in beta1 and beta2 bands. During hypnosis, synergy decreased in mid-frontal, temporal, and mid-centro-parietal electrodes in the delta band. The decrease was also observed in the beta2 band in the left frontal and right parietal electrodes. During AICT, synergy decreased in delta and theta bands in left-frontal, right-frontocentral, and posterior electrodes. The decrease was also observed at the whole brain level in the alpha band. However, redundancy changes during hypnosis and AICT were not significant. The subjective reports of absorption and dissociation during hypnosis and AICT, as well as the mystical experience questionnaires during AICT, showed no correlation with the high-order measures. The proposed study is the first exploratory attempt to utilize the concepts of synergy and redundancy in NSCs. The differences in synergy and redundancy during different NSCs warrant further studies to relate the extracted measures with the phenomenology of the NSCs.


Assuntos
Estado de Consciência , Eletroencefalografia , Hipnose , Meditação , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Estado de Consciência/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(870): 793-796, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630039

RESUMO

Anorexia Nervosa (AN) mainly affects adolescent girls and requires specialized, multidisciplinary care. In Geneva, the HUG's AliNEA unit and the pediatric hypnosis consultation have been collaborating since 2021 to integrate hypnosis into the management of AN. Hypnosis is seen as a complementary tool to the Maudsley therapeutic model, but not a miracle solution. It needs to be adapted to each patient's individual needs and to the different phases of treatment : re-association with the body, reinforcement of motivation, exploration of interpersonal relationships and consolidation of progress. Although scientific evidence is limited, patient testimonials underline its beneficial potential as a non-medicinal, individualized form of support.


L'anorexie mentale (AM) affecte principalement les adolescentes et requiert une prise en charge spécialisée et multidisciplinaire. Aux Hôpitaux universitaires de Genève (HUG), l'unité AliNEA et la consultation d'hypnose pédiatrique collaborent depuis 2021 pour intégrer l'hypnose dans la prise en charge de l'AM. L'hypnose est considérée comme un outil complémentaire au modèle thérapeutique Maudsley, mais non une solution miracle. Elle nécessite une adaptation aux besoins individuels de chaque patiente et aux différentes phases de la prise en charge : réassociation avec le corps, renforcement de la motivation, exploration des relations interpersonnelles et consolidation des progrès. Bien que les preuves scientifiques soient limitées, les témoignages des patientes soulignent son potentiel bénéfice comme soutien non médicamenteux et individualisé.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Hipnose , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Anorexia Nervosa/terapia , Estudos Interdisciplinares , Relações Interpessoais , Motivação
6.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 245: 104240, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569321

RESUMO

In our study, we use the post-hypnotic suggestion of easy remembering to improve memory with long-lasting effects. We tested 24 highly suggestible participants in an online study. Participants learned word lists and recalled them later in a recognition memory task. At the beginning of the study, participants were hypnotized and the post-hypnotic suggestion to remember easily was associated with a cue that participants used during the recognition memory task. In a control condition, the same participants used a neutral cue. One week later, participants repeated both conditions with new word lists. Participants were significantly faster and more confident in their recognition ratings in the easy-remembering condition compared to the control condition, and this effect persisted over one week. Crucially, the increased speed and confidence in the easy-remembering condition did not affect memory accuracy. That makes our hypnosis intervention promising for patients experiencing subjective memory impairments. APA PSYCINFO CODES: 2343 (Learning and Memory), 2380 (Consciousness States), 3351 (Clinical Hypnosis).


Assuntos
Hipnose , Sugestão , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Rememoração Mental
7.
Inflammopharmacology ; 32(2): 1005-1015, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512653

RESUMO

The gut and the brain communicate bidirectionally through the autonomic nervous system. The vagus nerve is a key component of this gut-brain axis, and has numerous properties such as anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, anti-depressive effects. A perturbation of this gut-brain communication is involved in the pathogeny of functional digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Stress plays a role in the pathogeny of these diseases, which are biopsychosocial models. There are presently unmet needs of pharmacological treatments of these chronic debilitating diseases. Treatments are not devoid of side effects, cost-effective, do not cure the diseases, can lose effects over time, thus explaining the poor satisfaction of patients, their lack of compliance, and their interest for non-drug therapies. The gut-brain axis can be targeted for therapeutic purposes in irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease through non-drug therapies, such as hypnosis and vagus nerve stimulation, opening up possibilities for responding to patient expectations.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Encéfalo
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6329, 2024 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491229

RESUMO

Hypnosis is a psychological intervention that is commonly used to enhance the effectiveness of therapeutic suggestions. Despite extensive fascination and study, the neural mechanisms behind hypnosis remain elusive. In the current study, we undertook a systematic exploration of these neural correlates. We first extracted well-studied neurophysiological features from EEG sensors and source-localized data using spectral analysis and two measures of functional connectivity: weighted phase lag index (wPLI) and power envelope correlation (PEC). Next, we developed classification models that predicted self-rated hypnotic experience based on the extracted feature sets. Our findings reveal that gamma power computed on sensor-level data and beta PEC computed between source-localized brain networks are the top predictors of hypnosis depth. Further, a SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) analysis suggested reduced gamma power in the midline frontal area and increased beta PEC between interhemispheric Dorsal Attention Networks (DAN) contribute to the hypnotic experience. These results broaden our understanding of the neural correlates of deep hypnosis, highlighting potential targets for future research. Moreover, this study demonstrates the potential of using predictive models in understanding the neural underpinnings of self-reported hypnotic depth, offering a template for future investigations.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Humanos , Sugestão , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Hipnóticos e Sedativos , Eletroencefalografia
9.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 72(2): 202-217, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518212

RESUMO

"The relationship" is often cited as an essential aspect of successful psychotherapy, but what is it about the relationship that contributes to positive outcomes in treatment? This article introduces the concept of implicit rapport, which, in the parlance of social psychology, is an element of influence. Influence represents those things to which people respond without awareness of what exactly they are responding. Implicit rapport is here defined as a category of behaviors or interventions that occur within the context of clinical encounters and are designed or intended to promote a sense of feeling known, understood, valued, and safe. It is characterized as implicit because the variety of interactions referred to are not likely to be overtly or explicitly recognized by the client but, nonetheless, influences their willingness to commit to the work of psychotherapy. Clinical vignettes are presented to provide examples of how implicit rapport is conceptualized and actualized.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Humanos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Emoções
10.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 72(2): 139-154, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38446038

RESUMO

Sleep disturbance is a public health problem among aging adults (age 45 and older). While aging adults are at an elevated risk for sleep disturbance, many also have high rates of mistrust toward psychological interventions, such as self-hypnosis, which may be beneficial for sleep. The purpose of the study was to assess factors that may impact utilization of self-hypnosis for sleep, including willingness, preferences, and access among informed aging adults. 244 aging adults were recruited. After reading an information sheet on self-hypnosis for sleep, participants completed questionnaires assessing sleep related worry, stress, and perceptions of self-hypnosis for sleep, including willingness, benefits, barriers, preferences, and access. The findings indicated that informed aging adults were willing to engage in self-hypnosis for sleep, regardless of their race or gender. Furthermore, they preferred technological delivery methods (i.e. telehealth or smartphone apps) with flexible scheduling options. However, very few participants endorsed having access to self-hypnosis.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Hipnose/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Envelhecimento , Sono
11.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(3): 101475, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508134

RESUMO

Hypnosis provides a therapeutic option for health issues like chronic pain, but individual responsiveness, termed hypnotizability, varies. Faerman et al.'s1 study showed that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can significantly improve hypnotizability, offering potential for patients with limited response to hypnosis in pain management.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Hipnose , Humanos , Dor Crônica/terapia , Encéfalo
12.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 72(2): 91-93, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546456

RESUMO

Research into clinical hypnosis for sleep disturbances is an expanding area with important implications for clinical practice and future research. This issue of the International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis includes emerging research on clinical hypnosis to improve sleep quality and disturbances. While clinical hypnosis for sleep is very promising, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. To address this is an article that examines pre-sleep arousal and worry reduction as potential variables associated with the effects of clinical hypnosis in improving sleep quality. Related to this topic is an article entitled, "Aging adults' willingness, preferences, and access to self-hypnosis for sleep: A cross-sectional study," which identifies aging adults' preferences and access to self-hypnosis for sleep. This issue of the IJCEH also includes an important article on health care professionals' perceptions, knowledge and attitudes toward clinical hypnosis which considers the need for more training and education in clinical hypnosis among health care providers. Further, a scoping review of hypnotherapy for treatment of depression is presented, followed by an exploration of implicit rapport in hypnotherapy, and a case report on hypnotherapy in oral surgery with a highly hypnotizable patient.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Qualidade do Sono , Humanos , Nível de Alerta , Sono
14.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(859): 259-261, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299958

RESUMO

To illustrate the news of 2023 in integrative medicine, the authors summarized four particularly relevant studies. The first highlights one of the foundational principles of integrative medicine, describing the importance of respecting patient preference in the choice of a therapeutic approach, promoting their «empowerment¼. The second article proposes methodological recommendations to improve the scientific value of studies assessing the efficacy and mechanisms of non-pharmacological approaches. Finally, the last two articles are randomized studies designed to either demonstrate the feasibility and effect of hypnosis in geriatrics, or evaluate the efficacy of a several combined complementary approaches for cancer-related fatigue.


Dans cette nouvelle édition consacrée aux nouveautés en médecine intégrative, les auteurs ont choisi de résumer quatre études particulièrement pertinentes parmi les articles publiés en 2023. La première souligne l'un des principes fondateurs de la médecine intégrative en décrivant l'importance du respect de la préférence du patient dans le choix d'une approche thérapeutique, favorisant leur « empowerment ¼. La deuxième propose des recommandations méthodologiques afin d'améliorer la valeur scientifique des études de l'efficacité et des mécanismes d'approches non pharmacologiques. Enfin, les deux dernières sont des études randomisées visant à démontrer, d'une part, la faisablité et l'effet de l'hypnose en gériatrie et, d'autre part, l'efficacité d'une combinaison d'approches complémentaires pour lutter contre la fatigue liée au cancer.


Assuntos
Geriatria , Hipnose , Medicina Integrativa , Humanos , Fadiga , Preferência do Paciente , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 72(1): 1-3, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300855

RESUMO

The lead article in this issue of the International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (IJCEH), entitled, "Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Elkins Hypnotizability Scale in a Clinical Population", reports on a factor analysis of hypnotizability scores in a clinical population of postmenopausal women. The results found evidence for a general hypnotizability latent variable. This finding suggests a general "G factor" may best account for hypnotizability. More research is needed, however, if confirmed in future research would lead to a new understanding of hypnotizability as having a single-factor structure. Existing research proposes greater recognition of the natural capacity of humans to intentionally alter their own experiences. Another study reports that perceptions of clinical hypnosis are positive among the public and healthcare providers, but more education of healthcare providers about hypnotherapy is needed. Additional articles are presented that examine the feasibility and potential benefit of clinical hypnosis in treatment of pain and distress among patients with fibromyalgia syndrome and in improving sleep disturbances in individuals with mild cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia , Hipnose , Humanos , Feminino , Dor , Análise Fatorial
16.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 55: 101841, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypnotherapy continues to be a controversial practice in medicine. It is surrounded by myth and misuses that instill doubts about its legitimacy and usefulness. PURPOSE: In this paper, we will distinguish pseudoscientific claims from evidence-based uses of hypnotherapy. RESULTS: The use and acceptability of hypnotherapy has varied over history. Pseudoscientific uses, based on outdated theories that it can access the unconscious mind, have delegitimized hypnotherapy. Modern theories that hypnosis uses common social, emotional, and cognitive processes combined with evidence-based methods have re-established the use of hypnotherapy in many physical and mental health disorders and symptoms. Currently it is a widely accepted and recommended treatment for irritable bowel syndrome, with evidence building for many other applications. CONCLUSION: Hypnotherapy, as a pseudoscience, can become unethical and cause distress for the patient and their families. Hypnotherapy, as an evidence-based treatment, can be used as a powerful tool to treat physical and psychological symptoms related to medical ailments.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Pseudociência , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/psicologia , Emoções
17.
Mov Disord Clin Pract ; 11(2): 129-135, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Functional Neurological Disorder (FND) experience complex patterns of motor and/or sensory symptoms. Treatment studies of psychological interventions are promising but limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current pilot study is to investigate the effect of treatment consisting of a combination of hypnosis and catalepsy induction on FND symptom severity. METHODS: A within-subject waiting list-control design was used with 46 patients diagnosed with FND. The treatment consisted of 10 sessions. The primary outcome measure was FND symptom severity (The Psychogenic Movement Disorder Rating Scale; PMDRS). The secondary outcome measures were psychological distress and quality of life. RESULTS: The repeated measures (RM) ANOVA for the PMDRS as outcome measure revealed a significant effect for time with a large effect size (η2 = 0.679). Pairwise comparisons indicated that the effect of time in the treatment period was significant for the measure of FND symptom severity, whereas the waiting list period was not. The effect remained stable even at 8 weeks post treatment. As for the additional measurement, general psychological distress and quality of life, no statistically significant differences between individual time points were found. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study showed that eight sessions of treatment consisting of a combination of hypnosis and catalepsy induction was effective in reducing FND symptom severity. Some explanations and limitations are provided in the paper as well as several avenues of future research.


Assuntos
Transtorno Conversivo , Hipnose , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Humanos , Catalepsia/complicações , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/complicações
18.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 72(2): 189-201, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363817

RESUMO

This article presents the third molar removal in a highly hypnotizable patient, who had been successfully submitted to oral surgery with hypnosis as stand-alone anesthesia in previous sessions. Unexpectedly, hypnosis initially failed, as a result of a nocebo response due to a previous dentist's bad communication; two complaints made by the patient were associated with increased sympathetic activity (as defined by increased heart rate and electrodermal activity and decreased heart rate variability). After deepening of hypnosis, the patient achieved a full hypnotic analgesia allowing for a successful conclusion of the intervention, an event associated with decreased heart rate, electrodermal activity, and increased heart rate variability. Hence, the initial failure was paralleled by a decreased parasympathetic activity and increased sympathetic activity, while hypnotic analgesia was associated with the opposite pattern. The patient's postoperative report indicated that the initial failure of hypnosis depended on a strong nocebo effect because of a previous dentist distrusting hypnosis and persuading her that it was not enough to face a third molar removal.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Feminino , Humanos , Efeito Nocebo , Dor , Hipnóticos e Sedativos
19.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 72(2): 155-188, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416132

RESUMO

This scoping review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of studies that explore the use of hypnotherapy as a treatment for depression, adhering to the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. A total of 232 articles were identified through systematic search strategies in four databases. Following rigorous screening, 14 studies, varying from case studies to randomized controlled trials, were included in the final review. The age range of participants spanned from 18 to 70 years, and the number of female participants generally exceeded that of males in these studies. Hypnotherapy was found to be frequently used as an adjunct treatment alongside various types of psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy and often included techniques like hypnotic induction, ego strengthening, and self-hypnosis. The treatment duration varied from 3 sessions to as long as 20 weekly sessions. Most importantly, the majority of the studies found hypnotherapy to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression, with some studies suggesting it has superior effects to antidepressant treatment in areas such as overall health and vitality. This review highlights the potential of hypnotherapy as a viable treatment option for depression and highlights the need for further controlled studies to establish its efficacy.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Hipnose , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Hipnose/métodos , Depressão/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3548, 2024 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347065

RESUMO

Effective coping with acute stress is important to promote mental health and to build stress resilience. Interventions improving stress coping usually require long training periods. In this study, we present a hypnosis-based intervention that produces long-term effects after a single hypnosis session. In that session, we established a post-hypnotic safety suggestion that participants can activate afterwards with a cue, the Jena Safety Anchor. We tested 60 participants in our study who all received the hypnosis session and a stress task. The safety group used the Jena Safety Anchor during acute stress (Trier Social Stress Test, TSST). The control group used a neutral anchor. We measured subjective stress responses via self-reports and physiological stress responses via saliva and blood samples as well as heart rate. One week later, all participants filled in an online survey to measure long-term effects of the post-hypnotic safety suggestion. We found that participants using the Jena Safety Anchor during the TSST reported significantly lower stress compared to the control group. The safety group also reported significantly fewer negative thoughts concerning their TSST performance than the control group during the stress recovery phase and 1 week later. All participants indicated that the Jena Safety Anchor still worked 1 week after its establishment. Suggestibility did not affect the efficacy of the Jena Safety Anchor. Our findings demonstrate that post-hypnotic safety suggestions improve stress coping with long-lasting effects, which makes it a promising intervention to promote mental health and establish stress resilience in just one hypnosis session.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Sugestão , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Autorrelato , Capacidades de Enfrentamento
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