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1.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 47(4): 791-795, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583950

RESUMO

The number of patients with type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide. The mechanisms leading to type 2 diabetes and its complications is being researched; however, the pathological mechanisms of diabetes in the small intestine remain unclear. Therefore, we examined these pathological mechanisms in the small intestine using a mouse model of type 2 diabetes (KK-Ay/TaJcl) aged 10 and 50 weeks. The results showed that diabetes worsened with age in the mice with type 2 diabetes. In these mice, advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the small intestine and mast cell expression increased, whereas diamine oxidase (DAO) decreased; increased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and histamine levels in the plasma and small intestine were also detected. Additionally, the expression of zonula occludens (ZO)-1 and Claudin1 and cell adhesion molecules in the small intestine reduced. These results exacerbated with age. These findings indicate that type 2 diabetes causes AGE/mast cell/histamine and TNF-α signal transmission in the small intestine and decreases small intestinal wall cell adhesion molecules cause TNF-α and histamine to flow into the body, worsening the diabetic condition. In addition, this sequence of events is suggested to be strengthened in aged mice with type 2 diabetes, thus exacerbating the disease. These findings of this study may facilitate the elucidation of the pathological mechanisms of type 2 diabetes and its associated complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo
2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2493, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509098

RESUMO

The histamine H4 receptor (H4R) plays key role in immune cell function and is a highly valued target for treating allergic and inflammatory diseases. However, structural information of H4R remains elusive. Here, we report four cryo-EM structures of H4R/Gi complexes, with either histamine or synthetic agonists clobenpropit, VUF6884 and clozapine bound. Combined with mutagenesis, ligand binding and functional assays, the structural data reveal a distinct ligand binding mode where D943.32 and a π-π network determine the orientation of the positively charged group of ligands, while E1825.46, located at the opposite end of the ligand binding pocket, plays a key role in regulating receptor activity. The structural insight into H4R ligand binding allows us to identify mutants at E1825.46 for which the agonist clobenpropit acts as an inverse agonist and to correctly predict inverse agonism of a closely related analog with nanomolar potency. Together with the findings regarding receptor activation and Gi engagement, we establish a framework for understanding H4R signaling and provide a rational basis for designing novel antihistamines targeting H4R.


Assuntos
Agonismo Inverso de Drogas , Histamina , Imidazóis , Tioureia/análogos & derivados , Histamina/metabolismo , Receptores Histamínicos H4 , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Ligantes , Receptores Histamínicos/metabolismo , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/farmacologia
3.
Curr Biol ; 34(7): 1453-1468.e6, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484733

RESUMO

Itch encompasses both sensory and emotional dimensions, with the two dimensions reciprocally exacerbating each other. However, whether a shared neural circuit mechanism governs both dimensions remains elusive. Here, we report that the anterior insular cortex (AIC) is activated by both histamine-dependent and -independent itch stimuli. The activation of AIC elicits aversive emotion and exacerbates pruritogen-induced itch sensation and aversion. Mechanistically, AIC excitatory neurons project to the GABAergic neurons in the dorsal bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (dBNST). Manipulating the activity of the AIC → dBNST pathway affects both itch sensation and itch-induced aversion. Our study discovers the shared neural circuit (AIC â†’ dBNST pathway) underlying the itch sensation and aversion, highlights the critical role of the AIC as a central hub for the itch processing, and provides a framework to understand the neural mechanisms underlying the sensation and emotion interaction.


Assuntos
Córtex Insular , Sensação , Humanos , Sensação/fisiologia , Neurônios GABAérgicos/metabolismo , Histamina/efeitos adversos , Histamina/metabolismo , Prurido/induzido quimicamente
4.
Drug Discov Today ; 29(4): 103941, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447930

RESUMO

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and histamine plasma concentrations increase during migraine attacks. Both mediators are potent vasodilators, and they have been shown to reciprocally contribute to the release of each other in the trigeminovascular system, possibly driving migraine development. A high-histamine-content diet triggers migraine in patients who have histamine degradation deficiency owing to diaminooxidase (DAO) gene mutations. Therefore, studying functional links between exogenous histamine and CGRP seems promising for the understanding of diet-induced migraine generation. Notably, there is a lack of knowledge about the interplay of the enteric nervous system and the spinal/trigeminal somatosensory system with regard to CGRP and histamine. Based on background evidence, we propose that a functional interconnection between exogenous histamine and CGRP contributes to migraine development.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Histamina , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Humanos , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/metabolismo
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542369

RESUMO

Arrestins are known to be involved not only in the desensitization and internalization of G protein-coupled receptors but also in the G protein-independent activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, such as extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), to regulate cell proliferation and inflammation. Our previous study revealed that the histamine H1 receptor-mediated activation of ERK is dually regulated by Gq proteins and arrestins. In this study, we investigated the roles of Gq proteins and arrestins in the H1 receptor-mediated activation of JNK in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing wild-type (WT) human H1 receptors, the Gq protein-biased mutant S487TR, and the arrestin-biased mutant S487A. In these mutants, the Ser487 residue in the C-terminus region of the WT was truncated (S487TR) or mutated to alanine (S487A). Histamine significantly stimulated JNK phosphorylation in CHO cells expressing WT and S487TR but not S487A. Histamine-induced JNK phosphorylation in CHO cells expressing WT and S487TR was suppressed by inhibitors against H1 receptors (ketotifen and diphenhydramine), Gq proteins (YM-254890), and protein kinase C (PKC) (GF109203X) as well as an intracellular Ca2+ chelator (BAPTA-AM) but not by inhibitors against G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRK2/3) (cmpd101), ß-arrestin2 (ß-arrestin2 siRNA), and clathrin (hypertonic sucrose). These results suggest that the H1 receptor-mediated phosphorylation of JNK is regulated by Gq-protein/Ca2+/PKC-dependent but GRK/arrestin/clathrin-independent pathways.


Assuntos
Arrestina , Histamina , Animais , Cricetinae , Humanos , Arrestina/metabolismo , Arrestinas/metabolismo , beta-Arrestinas/metabolismo , Células CHO , Clatrina/metabolismo , Cricetulus , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Quinases de Receptores Acoplados a Proteína G/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Histamina/farmacologia , Histamina/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Receptores Histamínicos H1/genética , Receptores Histamínicos H1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(12): 6519-6525, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497614

RESUMO

Histamine, found abundantly in salt-fermented foods, poses a risk of food poisoning. Natronobeatus ordinarius, a halophilic archaeon isolated from a salt lake, displayed a strong histamine degradation ability. Its histamine oxidase (HOD) gene was identified (hodNbs). This is the first report of an archaeal HOD. The HODNbs protein was determined to be a tetramer with a molecular weight of 307 kDa. HODNbs displayed optimum activity at 60-65 °C, 1.5-2.0 M NaCl, and pH 6.5. Notably, within the broad NaCl range between 0.5 and 2.5 M, HODNbs retained above 50% of its maximum activity. HODNbs exhibited good thermal stability, pH stability, and salinity tolerance. HODNbs was able to degrade various biogenic amines. The Vmax of HODNbs for histamine was 0.29 µmol/min/mg, and the Km was 0.56 mM. HODNbs exhibited high efficiency in histamine removal from fish sauce, namely, 100 µg of HODNbs degraded 5.63 mg of histamine (37.9%) in 10 g of fish sauce within 24 h at 50 °C. This study showed that HODNbs with excellent enzymatic properties has promising application potentials to degrade histamine in high-salt foods.


Assuntos
Histamina , Oxirredutases , Animais , Histamina/metabolismo , Archaea/metabolismo , Cloreto de Sódio , Aminas Biogênicas/metabolismo , Inocuidade dos Alimentos
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6011, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472288

RESUMO

Sensory neurons are afferent neurons in sensory systems that convert stimuli and transmit information to the central nervous system as electrical signals. Primary afferent neurons that are affected by non-noxious and noxious stimuli are present in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG), and the DRG sensory neurons are used as an in vitro model of the nociceptive response. However, DRG derived from mouse or rat give a low yield of neurons, and they are difficult to culture. To help alleviate this problem, we characterized human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) derived sensory neurons. They can solve the problems of interspecies differences and supply stability. We investigated expressions of sensory neuron related proteins and genes, and drug responses by Multi-Electrode Array (MEA) to analyze the properties and functions of sensory neurons. They expressed nociceptor, mechanoreceptor and proprioceptor related genes and proteins. They constitute a heterogeneous population of their subclasses. We confirmed that they could respond to both noxious and non-noxious stimuli. We showed that histamine inhibitors reduced histamine-induced neuronal excitability. Furthermore, incubation with a ProTx-II and Nav1.7 inhibitor reduced the spontaneous neural activity in hiPSC-derived sensory neurons. Their responsiveness was different from each drug. We have demonstrated that hiPSC-derived sensory neurons combined with MEA are good candidates for drug discovery studies where DRG in vitro modeling is necessary.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Humanos , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/fisiologia , Histamina/metabolismo , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo
8.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 38(2): e23653, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348711

RESUMO

Histamine (HIS) is an important chemical mediator that causes vasodilation and contributes to anaphylactic reactions. Recently, HIS is an understudied neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and its potential role in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration is a critical area of research. So, the study's goal is to investigate the consequences of repeated oral intake of HIS on the rat's brain and explore the mechanistic way of its neurotoxicity. Thirty male rats were divided into three groups (n = 10). The following treatments were administered orally to all rats every day for 14 days. Group (1) was given distilled water, whereas groups (2 & 3) were given HIS at dosage levels 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight (BWT), respectively. Brain tissue samples were collected at 7- and 14-days from the beginning of the experiment. Our results revealed that continuous oral administration of HIS at both doses for 14 days significantly reduced the BWT and induced severe neurobehavioral changes, including depression, dullness, lethargy, tremors, abnormal walking, and loss of spatial learning and memory in rats. In all HIS receiving groups, HPLC data showed a considerable raise in the HIS contents of the brain. Additionally, the daily consumption of HIS causes oxidative stress that is dose- and time-dependent which is characterized by elevation of malondialdehyde levels along with reduction of catalase activity and reduced glutathione levels. The neuropathological lesions were commonly observed in the cerebrum, striatum, and cerebellum and confirmed by the immunohistochemistry staining that demonstrating moderate to strong caspase-3 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expressions in all HIS receiving groups, mainly those receiving 500 mg/kg HIS. NF-κB, TNF-α, and IL-1ß gene levels were also upregulated at 7- and 14-days in all HIS groups, particularly in those getting 500 mg/kg. We concluded that ROS-induced apoptosis and inflammation was the essential mechanism involved in HIS-mediated neurobehavioral toxicity and histopathology.


Assuntos
Histamina , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Histamina/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Apoptose
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 325: 117845, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307355

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The rhizome of Kaempferia galanga L., a medicinal and edible Plant, was widely distributed in many Asian and African counties. It has been traditionally used to treat gastroenteritis, hypertension, rheumatism and asthma. However, there is a lack of modern pharmacology studies regarding its anti-gastric ulcer activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study is to investigate the protective effects of an extract from K. galanga L. rhizome (Kge) and its active components kaempferol and luteolin on ethanol-induced gastric ulcer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The kge was prepared by ultrasonic-assisted extraction, and the contents of kaempferol and luteolin were determined by HPLC. The mice were randomly divided into seven groups: blank control (0.5 % CMC-Na; 0.1 mL/10 g), untreatment (0.5 % CMC-Na; 0.1 mL/10 g), Kge (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg), kaempferol (100 mg/kg) and luteolin (100 mg/kg) groups. The mice were treated intragastrically once daily for 7 days. At 1 h post the last administration, the mice in all groups except the blank control group were intragastrically administrated with anhydrous alcohol (0.1 mL/10 g) once to induce gastric ulcer. Then, fasting was continued for 1 h, followed by sample collection for evaluation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay. RESULTS: The contents of kaempferol and luteolin in Kge were determined as 3713 µg/g and 2510 µg/g, respectively. Alcohol induced severely damages with edema, inflammatory cell infiltration and bleeding, and the ulcer index was 17.63 %. After pre-treatment with Kge (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg), kaempferol and luteolin, the pathological lesions were obviously alleviated and ulcer indices were reduced to 13.42 %, 11.65 %, 6.54 %, 3.58 % and 3.85 %, respectively. In untreated group, the contents of Ca2+, myeloperoxidase, malondialdehyde, NO, cyclic adenosine monophosphate and histamine were significantly increased, while the contents of hexosamine, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and prostaglandin E2 were significantly decreased; the transcriptional levels of IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-6, calcitonin gene related peptide, substance P, M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor, histamine H2 receptor, cholecystokinin 2 receptor and H+/K+ ATPase were significantly increased when compared with the blank control group. After pre-treatment, all of these changes were alleviated, even returned to normal levels. Kge exhibited anti-gastric ulcer activity and the high dose of Kge (400 mg/kg) exhibited comparable activity to that of kaempferol and luteolin. CONCLUSION: The study showed that K. galanga L., kaempferol, and luteolin have protective effects against ethanol-induced gastric ulcers. This is achieved by regulating the mucosal barrier, oxidative stress, and gastric regulatory mediators, as well as inhibiting the TRPV1 signaling pathway and gastric acid secretion, ultimately reducing the gastric ulcer index.


Assuntos
Alpinia , Antiulcerosos , Úlcera Gástrica , Camundongos , Animais , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Úlcera Gástrica/prevenção & controle , Etanol/toxicidade , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Quempferóis/uso terapêutico , Rizoma/metabolismo , Úlcera/tratamento farmacológico , Luteolina/farmacologia , Histamina/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica , Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Antiulcerosos/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
10.
Biopharm Drug Dispos ; 45(1): 43-57, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305087

RESUMO

The renal tubular organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) and multidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1 (MATE1) mediate the vectorial elimination of many drugs and toxins from the kidney, and endogenous biomarkers for vectorial transport (OCT2-MATE1) would allow more accurate drug dosing and help to characterize drug-drug interactions and toxicity. Human serum uptake in OCT2-overexpressing cells and metabolomics analysis were carried out. Potential biomarkers were verified in vitro and in vivo. The specificity of biomarkers was validated in renal transporter overexpressing cells and the sensitivity was investigated by Km . The results showed that the uptake of thiamine, histamine, and 5-hydroxytryptamine was significantly increased in OCT2-overexpressing cells. In vitro assays confirmed that thiamine, histamine, and 5-hydroxytryptamine were substrates of both OCT2 and MATE1. In vivo measurements indicated that the serum thiamine level was increased significantly in the presence of the rOCT2 inhibitor cimetidine, and the level in renal tissue was increased significantly by the rMATE1 inhibitor pyrimethamine. There were no significant changes in the uptake or efflux of thiamine in cell lines overexpressed OAT1, OAT2, OAT3, MRP4, organic anion transporting polypeptide 4C1, P-gp, peptide transporter 2, urate transporter 1, and OAT4. The Km for thiamine with OCT2 and MATE1 were 71.2 and 10.8 µM, respectively. In addition, the cumulative excretion of thiamine at 2 and 4 h was strongly correlated with metformin excretion (R2  > 0.6). Thus, thiamine is preferentially secreted by the OCT2 and MATE1 in renal tubules and can provide a reference value for evaluating the function of the renal tubular OCT2-MATE1.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos , Transportador 1 de Cátions Orgânicos , Humanos , Transportador 1 de Cátions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Tiamina/metabolismo , Células HEK293
11.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1831, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418462

RESUMO

Here we describe the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the human histamine 2 receptor (H2R) in an active conformation with bound histamine and in complex with Gs heterotrimeric protein at an overall resolution of 3.4 Å. The complex was generated by cotranslational insertion of the receptor into preformed nanodisc membranes using cell-free synthesis in E. coli lysates. Structural comparison with the inactive conformation of H2R and the inactive and Gq-coupled active state of H1R together with structure-guided functional experiments reveal molecular insights into the specificity of ligand binding and G protein coupling for this receptor family. We demonstrate lipid-modulated folding of cell-free synthesized H2R, its agonist-dependent internalization and its interaction with endogenously synthesized H1R and H2R in HEK293 cells by applying a recently developed nanotransfer technique.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Histamina , Humanos , Histamina/metabolismo , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Células HEK293 , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Receptores Histamínicos H2/metabolismo
12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(15): e2307237, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350720

RESUMO

Various disorders are accompanied by histamine-independent itching, which is often resistant to the currently available therapies. Here, it is reported that the pharmacological activation of Slack (Kcnt1, KNa1.1), a potassium channel highly expressed in itch-sensitive sensory neurons, has therapeutic potential for the treatment of itching. Based on the Slack-activating antipsychotic drug, loxapine, a series of new derivatives with improved pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles is designed that enables to validate Slack as a pharmacological target in vivo. One of these new Slack activators, compound 6, exhibits negligible dopamine D2 and D3 receptor binding, unlike loxapine. Notably, compound 6 displays potent on-target antipruritic activity in multiple mouse models of acute histamine-independent and chronic itch without motor side effects. These properties make compound 6 a lead molecule for the development of new antipruritic therapies targeting Slack.


Assuntos
Loxapina , Canais de Potássio , Camundongos , Animais , Canais de Potássio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/uso terapêutico , Histamina/metabolismo , Histamina/uso terapêutico , Antipruriginosos/uso terapêutico , Prurido/tratamento farmacológico , Prurido/metabolismo , Loxapina/uso terapêutico
13.
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi ; 159(1): 44-47, 2024.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171838

RESUMO

Mast cells and basophils share many characteristics, such as surface expression of the high affinity receptor of IgE, FcεRI, granule storage of histamine, which is released during their activation, and potentials to produce pro-/anti-inflammatory cytokines. These similar leukocytes, however, were found to have their own process of differentiation. Indeed, accumulating evidence suggests that these cells should play critical roles in type I allergy including anaphylaxis and in urticaria. Various inflammatory mediators derived from mast cells/basophils, such as histamine, platelet-activating factor, prostanoids, and leukotrienes, have been paid a particular attention to as the therapeutic targets for type I allergy and inflammatory diseases. Recent progress in the field of mast cell/basophil research has shed light on their physiological roles in bacterial infection, energy metabolism, and cutaneous/intestinal inflammation. This review makes a brief introduction of these recent studies, which are expected to provide novel therapeutic approaches for infectious and chronic inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Basófilos , Urticária , Humanos , Basófilos/metabolismo , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Urticária/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo
14.
Food Chem ; 443: 138399, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280364

RESUMO

This study aimed to efficiently reduce a large number of biogenic amines in salt-fermented fish sauce while minimizing sensory reduction using various activated carbons. Aromatic amines, such as tryptamine and phenethylamine, were reduced by 86.1-100 % after treating with activated carbon. Histamine with a heterocyclic structure decreased by 13-42 %. No significant effects were observed on the levels of aliphatic amines, putrescine, cadaverine, spermine, and spermidine. The major taste component, amino acid nitrogen, was reduced to within 3 %, and brown color removal was reduced depending on the type of activated carbon used. Acid-modified AC-A and AC-B had rough surfaces, high total acidity, low point of zero charge (pHpzc), and rich surface functional groups. Owing to its smooth surface, low total acidity, high pHpzc, and few surface functional groups, AC-C exhibited a higher histamine elimination and less color reduction despite its lower surface area compared to other activated carbons.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Histamina , Animais , Histamina/metabolismo , Aminas Biogênicas/metabolismo , Putrescina , Espermidina
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 321: 117529, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38042384

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Curcuma longa, known as turmeric, is an herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the genus Curcuma. It is dispersed throughout tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Since ancient times, turmeric has been used as an ethnomedicinal plant in the Ayurvedic system, particularly in Asian countries. Rhizomes of turmeric possess several pharmacological properties that give high value as a medicinal remedy for treating a range of conditions, including inflammation, pain, allergies, and digestive issues. Moreover, turmeric leaves and pseudostems also contain a variety of health-enhancing secondary metabolites, such as curcumin, flavonoids, and other phenolic compounds, which exhibit anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: Allergic diseases are a group of immune-mediated disorders mainly caused by an immunoglobulin E (IgE)-dependent immunological response to an innocuous allergen. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of leaves and pseudostems extract of turmeric (TLSWE-8510) on IgE/bovine serum albumin (BSA)-stimulated allergic responses in mouse bone marrow-derived cultured mast cells (BMCMCs) and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) in BALB/c mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of TLSWE-8510 on mast cell degranulation has been evaluated by investigating the release of ß-hexosaminidase and histamine in IgE/BSA-stimulated BMCMCs. Additionally, anti-allergic properties of TLSWE-8510 on IgE/BSA-stimulated BMCMCs were investigated using suppression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), and spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk)-linker for T-cell activation (LAT)-extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-GRB2 associated binding protein 2 (Gab2) signaling pathway and downregulation of allergy-related cytokines and chemokines expression. Furthermore, in vivo, studies were conducted using IgE-mediated PCA in BALB/c mice. RESULTS: TLSWE-8510 treatment significantly inhibited the degranulation of IgE/BSA-stimulated BMCMCs by inhibiting the release of ß-hexosaminidase and histamine dose-dependently. Additionally, TLSWE-8510 reduced the expression of high-affinity IgE receptors (Fc epsilon receptor I-FcεRI) on the surface of BMCMCs and the binding of IgE to FcεRI. Besides, the expression of cytokines and chemokines is triggered by IgE/BSA stimulation via activating the allergy-related signaling pathways. TLSWE-8510 dose-dependently downregulated the mRNA expression and the production of allergy-related cytokines (interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interferon (IFN)-γ), and chemokines (thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC), and regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES)) by regulating the phosphorylation of downstream signaling molecules, NF-κB, and Syk, LAT, ERK and Gab2 in IgE/BSA-stimulated BMCMCs. Moreover, PCA reaction in IgE/BSA-stimulated BALB/c mice ears was effectively decreased by TLSWE-8510 treatment in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: These results collectively demonstrated that TLSWE-8510 suppressed mast cell degranulation by inhibiting the release of chemical mediators related to allergies. TLSWE-8510 downregulated the allergy-related cytokines and chemokines expression and phosphorylation of downstream signaling molecules in IgE/BSA-stimulated BMCMCs. Furthermore, in vivo studies with IgE-mediated PCA reaction in the BALB/c mice ears were attenuated by TLSWE-8510 treatment. These findings revealed that TLSWE-8510 has the potential as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , Hipersensibilidade , Camundongos , Animais , Imunoglobulina E , Curcuma , Soroalbumina Bovina , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Mastócitos , Anafilaxia Cutânea Passiva , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Medula Óssea , Hipersensibilidade/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , beta-N-Acetil-Hexosaminidases/metabolismo , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Degranulação Celular
16.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 691: 149258, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029541

RESUMO

Mast cells (MCs) possess numerous potent inflammatory mediators and undergo differential regulation in response to antigen (Ag) stimulation. Among the regulatory systems governing secretory responses, soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) play a pivotal role in facilitating granule-plasma membrane fusion and subsequent secretion. Our previous investigation documented the involvement of vesicle-associated membrane protein 3 (VAMP3) in regulating cytokine secretions in RBL-2H3 cells, a model for MC IgE-mediated responses. In addition to VAMP3, VAMP7 is expressed in MCs, but its functional role remains elusive. The present study seeks to explore VAMP7-specific regulatory mechanisms in MCs, shedding light on one of the mechanisms governing heterogeneous secretory responses in these cells. Murine bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) were examined to analyze the subcellular distribution of inflammatory mediators, specifically TNFα, CCL2, and histamine, and VAMPs (i.e., VAMP3, VAMP7, and VAMP8). Immunocytochemistry and the transient expression of fluorescent protein-conjugated target proteins were used to discern the distribution of various inflammatory mediators and VAMP7 through confocal laser scanning microscopy. Each inflammatory mediator (TNFα, CCL2, and histamine) was found in secretory granules of different sizes within BMMCs. VAMP7 exhibited a distinct distribution compared to VAMP3 in these granules. Notably, an overlapping distribution was observed between VAMP7 and CCL2, but not between VAMP7 and TNFα or VAMP7 and histamine. This suggests that CCL2 resides within VAMP7-expressing granules and is subject to VAMP7-dependent secretory regulation. Consistently, BMMCs with VAMP7 knockdown showed markedly reduced CCL2 secretion after Ag stimulation. These observations underscore the heterogeneity of MC secretory responses and unveil a novel VAMP7-dependent CCL2 secretion mechanism within MCs. This discovery might pave the way for the development of more precise therapeutic strategies to modulate MC secretion in allergic conditions.


Assuntos
Histamina , Mastócitos , Camundongos , Animais , Proteína 3 Associada à Membrana da Vesícula/genética , Proteína 3 Associada à Membrana da Vesícula/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Vesículas Secretórias/metabolismo , Proteínas SNARE/metabolismo
17.
Curr Neuropharmacol ; 22(1): 88-106, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36443965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the current management of neuropathic pain, in addition to antidepressants and anticonvulsants, the use of opioids is wide, despite their related and well-known issues. OBJECTIVE: N-palmitoylethanolamine (PEA), a natural fatty-acid ethanolamide whose anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, immune-modulating and anti-hyperalgesic activities are known, represents a promising candidate to modulate and/or potentiate the action of opioids. METHODS: This study was designed to evaluate if the preemptive and morphine concomitant administration of ultramicronized PEA, according to fixed or increasing doses of both compounds, delays the onset of morphine tolerance and improves its analgesic efficacy in the chronic constriction injury (CCI) model of neuropathic pain in rats. RESULTS: Behavioral experiments showed that the preemptive and co-administration of ultramicronized PEA significantly decreased the effective dose of morphine and delayed the onset of morphine tolerance. The activation of spinal microglia and astrocytes, commonly occurring both on opioid treatment and neuropathic pain, was investigated through GFAP and Iba-1 immunofluorescence. Both biomarkers were found to be increased in CCI untreated or morphine treated animals in a PEA-sensitive manner. The increased density of endoneural mast cells within the sciatic nerve of morphine-treated and untreated CCI rats was significantly reduced by ultramicronized PEA. The decrease of mast cell degranulation, evaluated in terms of reduced plasma levels of histamine and N-methyl-histamine metabolite, was mainly observed at intermediate-high doses of ultramicronized PEA, with or without morphine. CONCLUSION: Overall, these results show that the administration of ultramicronized PEA in CCI rats according to the study design fully fulfilled the hypotheses of this study.


Assuntos
Morfina , Neuralgia , Ratos , Animais , Morfina/farmacologia , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Mastócitos , Histamina/metabolismo , Histamina/farmacologia , Histamina/uso terapêutico , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Neuroglia/metabolismo , Analgésicos Opioides/farmacologia
18.
Biomolecules ; 13(11)2023 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38002319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) on monoamine neurotransmitters in the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) of rats. METHODS: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were utilized for the vestibular impaired animal model through UL. The success of the model establishment and the recovery process were evaluated using vestibular behavioral tests, including spontaneous nystagmus, postural asymmetry, and balance beam test. Additionally, the expression levels of c-Fos protein in the MVN were assessed by immunofluorescence. Furthermore, changes in the expression levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, including 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), and histamine in the MVN, were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) at different time points after UL (4 h, 8 h, 1 day, 2 days, 4 days, and 7 days). RESULTS: Compared to the sham control group, the UL group exhibited the most pronounced vestibular impairment symptoms at 4 h post-UL, which significantly decreased at 4 days and almost fully recovered by 7 days. Immunofluorescence results showed a notable upregulation of c-Fos expression in the MVN subsequent to the UL-4 h, serving as a reliable indicator of heightened neuronal activity. In comparison with the sham group, HPLC analysis showed that the levels of 5-HT and NE in the ipsilesional MVN of the UL group were significantly elevated within 4 days after UL, and peaked on 1 day and 2 days, respectively. DA showed an increasing trend at different time points up to 7 days post-UL, while histamine levels significantly increased only at 1 day post-UL. CONCLUSIONS: UL-induced dynamic changes in monoamine neurotransmitters during the early compensation period in the rat MVN may be associated with the regulation of the central vestibular compensation mechanism by the MVN.


Assuntos
Histamina , Vestíbulo do Labirinto , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Histamina/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Neurotransmissores/metabolismo , Núcleos Vestibulares/metabolismo
19.
Biomolecules ; 13(11)2023 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38002333

RESUMO

Histamine is a neuromodulator that affects gut motility and visceral sensitivity through intrinsic and extrinsic neural pathways, yet the mechanisms regulating histamine availability in these pathways remain poorly understood. Here, we show that enteric glia contribute to histamine clearance in the enteric nervous system (ENS) through their expression of the enzyme histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT). Glial HNMT expression was initially assessed using immunolabeling and gene expression, and functionally tested using CRISPR-Cas9 to create a Cre-dependent conditional Hnmt ablation model targeting glia. Immunolabeling, calcium imaging, and visceromotor reflex recordings were used to assess the effects on ENS structure and visceral hypersensitivity. Immunolabeling and gene expression data show that enteric neurons and glia express HNMT. Deleting Hnmt in Sox10+ enteric glia increased glial histamine levels and altered visceromotor responses to colorectal distension in male mice, with no effect in females. Interestingly, deleting glial Hnmt protected males from histamine-driven visceral hypersensitivity. These data uncover a significant role for glial HNMT in histamine degradation in the gut, which impacts histamine-driven visceral hypersensitivity in a sex-dependent manner. Changes in the capacity of glia to clear histamines could play a role in the susceptibility to developing visceral pain in disorders of the gut-brain interaction.


Assuntos
Histamina N-Metiltransferase , Histamina , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Histamina/metabolismo , Histamina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Neuroglia/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo
20.
Clin Ter ; 174(Suppl 2(6)): 256-262, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37994773

RESUMO

Background: Mast cells are immune cells that mediate hypersensi-tivity and allergic reactions in the body, secreting histamine and other inflammatory molecules. They have been associated with different inflammatory conditions such as obesity and other adipose tissue di-sorders. Lipedema is a chronic disease characterized by an abnormal accumulation of adipose tissue on the legs and arms, pain, and other symptoms. Mast cells may play a role in the pathology of lipedema. Objective: Pilot study to determine levels of histamine and its metabolites in lipedema subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) biopsy samples, and to test sodium cromoglycate for the treatment of mast cells in women with lipedema. Methods: Biopsies from lipedema and control SAT were collected and analyzed histologically for the presence of mast cells. Mass spec-trometry was used to measure the levels of histamine, a key marker of mast cells, and its metabolites in SAT in women with lipedema and controls, and after a group of women with lipedema were administered oral and topical doses of sodium cromoglycate for two weeks. Results: Histological examination of biopsies from lipedema patients confirmed the presence of mast cells. Metabolomic analysis revealed high levels of histamine and its metabolites in samples from women with lipedema compared to controls. Following a two-week treatment period, lipedema tissue samples exhibited reduced levels of histamine, suggesting a reduction of mast cell activity. Conclusion: Sodium cromoglycate has the ability to stabilize mast cells and reduce histamine levels in lipedema patients, which could be useful in lowering the symptoms of lipedema.


Assuntos
Lipedema , Humanos , Feminino , Lipedema/tratamento farmacológico , Lipedema/metabolismo , Lipedema/patologia , Cromolina Sódica/uso terapêutico , Cromolina Sódica/metabolismo , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Mastócitos/patologia , Histamina/metabolismo , Projetos Piloto
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