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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 216, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692727

RESUMO

The association of myoma and pregnancy is becoming more frequent due to the increasing age of first pregnancy. It may affect the outcome of fertility, pregnancy, labor and peripartum course. A 37 years old patient was referred to our unit for discovering uterine leiomyoma at 37 weeks of pregnancy. Ultrasound screening showed a praevia isthmic leiomyoma measuring 16cm. A caesarean delivery was scheduled and a large interstitial isthmic uterine myoma measuring 25cm was found. Hysterectomy was corporeal. The post-operative and puerperium course was normal.


Assuntos
Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Gravidez , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
2.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 630-635, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699193

RESUMO

Objective To explore the correlation between asymptomatic bacteriuria(AB)and surgical site infection(SSI)in middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy.Methods The clinical data of 1469 middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from June 2011 to August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Factors associated with SSI after operation were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression models to identify the relationship of AB with SSI after open hysterectomy.Results Of these 1469 patients,101(6.88%)had SSI and 124 had AB[including 14 patients(11.29%)with infections].In addition,1345 patients had no AB,among whom 87(6.47%)had infections.Thus,the infection rate in patients with AB was significantly higher than that in patients without AB(χ 2=4.123,P=0.042).Univariate analysis showed AB,history of diabetes mellitus,surgical procedure,length of stay(>15 d),season(summer and autumn),body mass index(≥25 kg/m 2),nature of lesions(malignant tumors),ASA grade(>grade Ⅱ),incision length(≥10 cm),and operative time(≥3 h),bleeding volume(≥1000 ml),serum albumin concentration(<30 g/L),blood glucose(≥10 mmol/L),and hemoglobin concentration(<90 g/L)were associated with SSI(all P <0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that AB,nature of lesions(malignant tumors),blood glucose(≥10 mmol/L),operative time(≥3 h),and ASA grade(>grade Ⅱ)were risk factors for SSI in these patients(all P <0.05). Conclusions AB is one of the risk factors for SSI in middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy.Screening and treatment of AB before surgery can reduce the risk of SSI.ASA grading shall be performed before surgery before corresponding preparation was offered.Effective control of blood glucose,improved surgical skills,and shorter operative time are helpful for lowering postoperative SSI.


Assuntos
Bacteriúria/complicações , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/complicações , Idoso , Glicemia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 290, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692824

RESUMO

We present a 34-year-old HIV positive woman who presented with a 2-month history of abdominal pain, abdominal distension, night sweats and fever. She had a firm, immobile and irregular abdominopelvic mass of about 30 weeks uterine size. Investigations showed a haemoglobin of 6.5g/dl, (NR 12-14) cancer antigen 125 of 44U/ml (NR 0-35), serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) of 0.258mIU/ml (NR 0-5) and alpha fetoprotein of 7ng/ml (NR <10). Her CD4 count was 63cells/mm3. At laparotomy there was a left ovarian mass and the rest of the abdomen and omentum looked grossly normal, leading to the conclusion that the primary was in the ovaries. A total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy and infracolic omentectomy were done. Sigmoidectomy and Hartmann's procedure were also performed. Histology of the specimens showed a large B cell lymphoma. She has since been commenced on chemotherapy and antiretroviral therapy and has been doing well.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Anexos/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Anexos/patologia , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/administração & dosagem , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17738, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689821

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate a novel real-time rotational optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging system (OCTIS) with a fiber-optic probe to look at endometrium and to correlate the OCTIS images with standard histology. OCT could obtain real-time images resembling histological examination. With recent development of customized probes, it allows OCT to be used in the field of gynecology.This is a pilot, prospective, ex-vivo and observational study. Women underwent hysterectomy for various gynecological conditions were recruited and OCTIS images were obtained from endometrium of 15 fresh uterus specimens immediately after hysterectomy. The excised uterus was cut open and OCTIS imaging was obtained. The scanned region of endometrium was excised for histological examination and OCTIS images were precisely compared to corresponding histological images and ultrasound images. Blinded qualitative analysis on OCTIS images was performed by 2 assessors to determine inter-rating reliability on the histopathological diagnosis.Epithelium, glands, cysts, and stroma of endometrium were clearly seen by the OCTIS. Different phases of menstrual cycle of normal endometrium could be differentiated and pathological condition such as hyperplastic and dysplasic endometrium, which corresponded well with histological findings, could be identified. The inter-rater reliability between assessors on overall OCTIS endometrium and neoplastic OCTIS endometrium was moderate (Kendall τb of 0.58) and substantial (Kendall τb of 0.76), respectively.OCTIS can provide real-time, high-resolution and rotational imaging modality to view endometrial structure with high consistency with histological examination and satisfactory agreement between observers. It has a great potential to be developed in the clinical use of endometrial assessment for gynecological applications.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Endometrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Endométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Aumento da Imagem/instrumentação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Projetos Piloto , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Método Simples-Cego , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/instrumentação
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17742, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689824

RESUMO

Placenta previa and accreta with prior cesarean section is an extremely serious condition that is associated with maternal morbidity and mortality from obstetric hemorrhage. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and advantages of a novel surgical technique, parallel transverse uterine incisions (PTUI), during conservative cesarean delivery in patients with placenta previa and accreta.This was a retrospective cohort study including 124 pregnant women, who had at least 1 prior cesarean section and were diagnosed with anterior placenta previa and accreta between January 2014 and October 2017. Using the hospital's information system, patients were retrospectively classified into undergoing either the PTUI surgery (Group A) or the ordinary cesarean section (Group B). Surgical outcomes and maternal complications during hospitalization were collected. The results from 2 groups were compared and analyzed statistically. Multivariable regression analyses were further used to assess the effect of PTUI on severe maternal outcomes.Patients who underwent PTUI were not statistically different from patients who underwent the ordinary cesarean section in terms of maternal and infants' characteristics. However, PTUI was associated with remarkably reduced intraoperative blood loss (P = .005), related vaginal blood loss after surgery (P = .026), and transfusion requirement of packed red cells (P = .000), compared to the ordinary cesarean section. Moreover, cesarean hysterectomy (3.3% vs 21.9%; P = .002) and intensive care unit admission (1.7% vs 29.7%; P = .000) were significantly fewer among patients who underwent PTUI. Multivariable regression analyses further showed that the risk of intraoperative hemorrhage (ß = -2343.299, P = .000) and cesarean hysterectomy (odds ratio = 0.027, P = .018) were both significantly decreased by PTUI.PTUI is a novel approach that may significantly reduce maternal complications, while preserving the uterus for patients with anterior placenta previa and accreta.


Assuntos
Cesárea/métodos , Histerectomia/métodos , Histeroscopia/métodos , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/cirurgia , Adulto , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Útero/cirurgia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17434, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593098

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Preoperative prolonged fasting may cause starvation ketoacidosis. Herein, we report of a case of starvation ketoacidosis due to long-term fasting before surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report of a case of metabolic acidosis due to prolonged fasting in a previously healthy 44-year-old woman during a total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Hyperventilation was observed to occur when the surgery was completed. Metabolic acidosis and hypoglycemia were demonstrated by blood gas analysis of the radial artery. DIAGNOSIS: Metabolic acidosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received sodium bicarbonate and 5% glucose fluid at the end of the surgery. OUTCOMES: The tracheal tube was successfully removed when the tidal volume of the patient returned to normal after the therapy. However, the patient suffered pulmonary edema when she was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU). With treatments with furosemide and sodium bicarbonate, acidosis and pulmonary edema were completely corrected at 8 hours after the surgery. On the second day after the surgery, the patient suffered nausea and vomiting. Nausea and vomiting were not completely relieved on the sixth day after the operation; therefore, the patient was transferred to the Department of Gastroenterology for further therapy. LESSONS: This case suggests that although the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been adopted by most physicians because of its positive outcomes, the issue of prolonged fasting still exists, and such patients may be exposed to the risk of starvation ketoacidosis.


Assuntos
Acidose/etiologia , Jejum/efeitos adversos , Inanição/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Período Pré-Operatório
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17540, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593132

RESUMO

To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of pelvic masses after hysterectomy for benign diseases, and to analyze the related factors of benign and malignant pelvic masses.This study retrospectively analyzed the patients undergone reoperation for pelvic mass subsequently to hysterectomy for benign disease from January 2012 to December 2016 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.A total of 247 patients were enrolled in this study, of which 34.01% were diagnosed with malignant tumors, and 65.99% benign tumors. Comparing the clinicopathological data of patients with benign and malignant pelvic masses, significant differences were found between the 2 groups with regard to their ages of having hysterectomy and pelvic mass resection, and the time intervals between the onset of pelvic mass and hysterectomy. In addition, patients with malignant masses tended to complain of abdominal distension and abdominal pain, while most of those with benign masses were diagnosed during physical examination. Patients with malignant pelvic masses had medical imagines of mixed masses, extraovarian derivation, as well as elevated carbohydrate antigen-125 (CA 125). Multivariate analysis showed that ages of having hysterectomy, physical examination results, abnormal defecation, cystic and solid masses, and elevated CA 125 level were independent risk factors for benign and malignant pelvic masses.For patients having pelvic masses following hysterectomy for benign diseases, if they had hysterectomy later in their lives, and their masses were not found during physical examination, and had abnormal defecation, mixed cystic solid mass as well as elevated serum CA 125, it is suggested that special attention should be paid to the possibility of malignant tumors.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Defecação/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pélvicas/patologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(4): 719-720, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599231

RESUMO

Not Available.


Assuntos
Histerectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia Vaginal
10.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(10): 666-672, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648442

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the 13 years trend in proportion, risks factors and clinicopathological characteristics of young women with stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer by using multi-center data of cervical cancer in China. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 46 313 patients with cervical cancer treated from 37 hospitals in China were obtained from January 2004 to December 2016. Using clinical and pathologic data, each patient's stage was reclassified by the 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system. A total of 19 041 patients were selected according to the following criteria: FIGO stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2, underwent type B or C radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. All the patients were divided into two groups: the study group of 1 888 patients aged 35 years or younger and the control group of 17 153 patients aged over 35 years. The 13 years trend in proportion of young women with stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer, risks factors and clinicopathological characteristics of two groups were retrospectively analyzed. Results: (1) The total number of hospitalized patients with stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer increased annually. However, a downward trend of patients aged 35 years or younger was observed (P<0.01) . The constituent ratio of patients aged 35 years or younger was significantly greater during 2004-2010 than that during 2011-2016 [12.6% (820/6 484) and 8.5% (1 068/12 557) , respectively; χ(2)=82.101, P<0.01]. (2) Compared with patients aged over 35 years, patients aged 35 years or younger had an earlier age at menarche, a later age at marriage, lesser gravida and parity (all P<0.01). The positive rate of high-risk HPV infection was not statistically different between two groups (all P>0.05). (3) The proportions of stage Ⅰ, exophytic type and non-squamous histological type in patients aged 35 years or younger were clearly higher than those in patients aged over 35 years (83.4% vs 68.5%, P<0.01; 63.2% vs 56.2%, P<0.01; 13.9% vs 12.0%, P<0.05, respectively). Whereas the poor differentiation ratios of the two groups had no statistical significance (P>0.05). (4) As for the postoperative pathological risk factors, the rate of surgical margin involvement in patients aged 35 years or younger was lower than that aged over 35 years (1.1% vs 1.8%, P<0.05), and the rate of depth of stromal invasion >1/2 in patients aged 35 years or younger was lower than that in patients aged over 35 years (40.1% vs 50.9%, P<0.01). In addition, there were no significant difference in parametrial margin involvement, tumor size and lymph vascular space invasion between two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The trend in proportion among hospitalized patients for stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer in young women is decreasing yearly. Compared with cervical cancer in middle-aged and elderly women, cervical cancer in young women have an earlier age at menarche, a higher proportion of stage Ⅰ patients and non-squamous histological type. In terms of the postoperative pathological risk factors, the rate of surgical margin involvement and depth of stromal invasion >1/2 in young women with cervical cancer are lower than in middle-aged and elderly women.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Histerectomia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
11.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(10): 673-679, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648443

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects and postoperative prognostic factors in cervical cancer patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with surgery and post-operative adjuvant therapy. Methods: A total of 177 patients with cervical cancer at International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ⅰ b2, Ⅱ a2 who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by surgery with and without adjuvant therapy in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were included. Univariate and multivariate analyses of 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate were performed. Results: Of 177 patients, 133 (75.1%) had stage Ⅰb2 and 44 (24.9%) had Ⅱa2 cancers. After NACT, overall response rate was 63.3% (112/177) including 12 cases of complete response (CR), 100 of partial response (PR) and no progressive disease (PD) case. At a median follow-up of 59.2 months, the 5-year DFS rate was 73.6% and the 5-year OS rate was 86.8%. Univariate analysis revealed that lymph node metastasis, deep stromal invasion and tumor size after NACT significantly affected 5-year DFS rate (P<0.05). Lymph node metastasis, deep stromal invasion and tumor size after NACT significantly affected 5-year OS rate (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that, stromal invasion (outer 1/3 or outer 1/2) was independent risk factor of 5-year DFS rate (P<0.05), and 5-year OS rate was significantly affected by tumor size >3 cm after NACT (P<0.05). Conclusions: The effect of NACT in Ⅰ b2, Ⅱ a2 squamous carcinoma of the uterined cervix is confirmed. The independent risk factor for 5-year DFS rate in patients received NACT and hysterectomy is deep stromal invasion of the cervix. The presence of tumor size >3 cm after NACT adversely affect 5-year OS rate.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Histerectomia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17301, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577720

RESUMO

The metastasis of cervical carcinoma is associated with the lymphovascular spread. The primary objective of the present study was to determine the prognostic value of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) in patients with early-stage cervical cancer in Jilin, China.In this retrospective cohort study, patients with early-stage cervical cancer (stage IB-IIA) at the Second Hospital of Jilin University from February 2014 to December 2016 were included in the analysis. All included participants underwent radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. LVSI was identified by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. The primary outcomes are overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Kaplan-Meier curves were used to calculate the patient's survival. Survival was compared using the log-rank test, while risk factors for the prognosis were assessed by Cox regression analysis.The incidence of LVSI was positively associated with the depth of stromal invasion (P = .009) and lymph node metastasis (LNM, P < .001). LVSI is an independent factor that affects OS (P = .009) and PFS (P = .006) in patients with early stage cervical cancer. LNM status is an independent factor that affects postoperative OS (P = .005).The incidence of lymphatic vessel infiltration is positively associated with the depth of stromal invasion and LNM. LVSI is an independent risk factor for the prognosis of early cervical cancer. The results suggest that further large-scale studies are needed to improve the treatment for patients with LVSI.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Excisão de Linfonodo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1174-1180, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the relationship between preoperative anxiety and chronic postoperative pain. METHODS: A total of forty rats were divided into four groups, control, single-prolonged stress alone, Hysterectomy alone, and SPS+ Hysterectomy. The paw withdrawal mechanical thresholds (PWMT) were examined. qRT-PCR and western blotting assay were performed to detect the GFAP expression in astrocytes isolated from the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) region. In addition, the long-term potentiation (LTP) in ACC was examined. RESULTS: Rats in the SPS group or the Hysterectomy alone group had no significant effect on chronic pain formation, but SPS can significantly induce chronic pain after surgery. Astrocytes were still active, and the LTP was significantly increased three days after modeling in the SPS+Hysterectomy group. CONCLUSIONS: anxiety can induce chronic pain by activating astrocytes in the ACC region.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/complicações , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Animais , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/metabolismo , Giro do Cíngulo/metabolismo , Membro Posterior , Histerectomia , Potenciação de Longa Duração/fisiologia , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17043, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574801

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Post-hysterectomy collision tumors of the vulva has rarely been reported. Though long-term HPV infection may induce vulva tumor, but the relationship between HPV infection and collision vulva tumor is not clear. And there are no clear rules of the post-hysterectomy cancer surveillance for human papilloma virus (HPV) long-term infections. So here we first report a case of post-hysterectomy rare collision vulva tumor with long-term HPV infection composed of squamous cell carcinoma of the labia major and adenosquamous carcinoma of bartholin gland and hope to bring new direction to our future research. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old woman with long-term HPV infection, 3 years after hysterectomy, gravida 3, para 2, was admitted to our hospital with complaints of a 4-month history of an itching vulva ulceration. An anabrosis was located on the surface of the solid mass of the bartholin gland at the posterior part of the right labium and the right inguinal lymph nodes were palpable. Result of the incisional biopsy of the ulcer area at local hospital was atypical squamous cells couldn't exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H). Subsequently more authoritative pathological consultation results suggested squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva. DIAGNOSES: Post-hysterectomy collision vulva tumor with long-term HPV infection composed of squamous cell carcinoma of the labia major and adenosquamous carcinoma of bartholin gland. INTERVENTIONS: The extensive excision of the vulva, bilateral inguinal lymph nodes dissection, and local skin flap transposition surgeon was done to this patient. The final certificate diagnosis was: vulvar tumor T1bM0N0 composed of squamous cell carcinoma of the labia major and adenosquamous carcinoma of bartholin gland; HPV infection; post hysterectomy, and bilateral salpingectomy. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered well after surgery, and consequently received 6 courses of TC (paclitaxel + carboplatin) chemotherapy, and 9 months and 13 days followed up. So far patient recorded as complete response (CR). LESSONS: Collision vulva tumor occurred post-hysterectomy is extremely rare. It is most likely related to long-term HPV infection, which suggests us should to modify the manner of the post-hysterectomy cancer surveillance for HPV long-term infections. For patients with high-risk HPV infection, even if the cytology results are negative, we may should perform colposcopy and vulva biopsy more positively to prevent the disease from progressing into cancer. And the pathogenesis of relationship between HPV infection and collision vulva tumor is still need further investigation.


Assuntos
Glândulas Vestibulares Maiores , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Histerectomia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Vulvares/diagnóstico , Glândulas Vestibulares Maiores/patologia , Biópsia , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/patologia , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Colposcopia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/virologia , Neoplasias Vulvares/patologia , Neoplasias Vulvares/virologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17234, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574835

RESUMO

Locally advanced cervical carcinoma has a poor prognosis. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) can reduce tumor size and improve tumor resection rate, but its use in large locally advanced cervical carcinoma is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the treatment and prognosis of NACT in patients with cervical carcinoma stage IB2 or IIA2.This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent type-C radical surgery and pelvic lymphadenectomy due to cervical carcinoma stage IB2/IIA2 between 2/2014 and 12/2016 at the Second Hospital of Jilin University. The patients were grouped according to whether they received NACT (paclitaxel and a platinum salt) or not. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared between the 2 groups.Of the 144 patients, 60 (41.7%) received NACT. A total of 119 patients underwent postoperative radiation therapy, of which 97 received radiation therapy alone and 22 received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The adverse reactions in the NACT group were mainly hematologic toxic reactions, but were tolerated. No grade ≥III adverse reactions were observed. NACT did not significantly affect the PFS (P = .453) and OS (P = .933) between the 2 groups. No factor was found to be independently associated with OS or PFS (all P > .05).Compared with patients who underwent surgery with/without radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy, NACT using paclitaxel and a platinum salt does not improve the prognosis and lymph node metastasis rate of locally advanced cervical carcinoma in Chinese patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Histerectomia/mortalidade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/mortalidade , China , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 86, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489064

RESUMO

Placenta accreta spectrum disorders is a rare pathology but the incidence has not stopped to increase in recent years. The purpose of our work was the analysis of the epidemiological profile of our patients, the circumstances of diagnosis, the interest of paraclinical explorations in antenatal diagnosis and the evaluation of the evolutionary profile. We hereby report a case series spread over a period of one year from 01/01/2015 to 01/01/2016 at the Gynaecology-Obstetrics department of the University Hospital Center IBN SINA of Rabat where we identified six cases of placenta accreta. We selected patients whose diagnosis was confirmed clinically and histologically. The major risk factors identified were a history of placenta previa, previous caesarean section, advanced maternal age, multiparity. 2D ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allowed us to strongly suspect the presence of a placenta accreta in a pregnant woman with risk factor(s) but the diagnosis of certainty was always histological. Placenta accreta spectrum disorders were associated with a high risk of severe postpartum hemorrhage, serious comorbidities, and maternal death. Leaving the placenta in situ was an option for women who desire to preserve their fertility and agree to continuous long-term monitoring in centers with adequate expertise but a primary elective caesarean hysterectomy was the safest and most practical option. Placenta accreta spectrum disorders is an uncommon pathology that must be systematically sought in a parturient with risk factors, to avoid serious complications. In light of the latest International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) recommendations of 2018, a review of the literature and finally the experience of our center, we propose a course of action according to whether the diagnosis of the placenta is antenatal or perpartum.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Marrocos , Placenta Acreta/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
BJOG ; 126(13): 1577-1586, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate incidence, trends over time, and risk factors for massive blood transfusions in obstetric patients. A secondary aim was to evaluate transfusion ratios in relation to massive transfusion. DESIGN: Population-based cohort. SETTING: Five hospitals, in the Stockholm County, Sweden, from 1990 to 2011. POPULATION: All women that gave birth in Stockholm county, Sweden, and who received blood transfusions postpartum between 1990 and 2011. METHODS: Data on pregnancies and deliveries from the Swedish National Medical Birth Registry was cross-linked to the Stockholm transfusion database. Massive blood transfusion was defined as the transfusion of ≥10 units of red blood cells from partus through the next day. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Main primary outcome was massive blood transfusion postpartum. RESULTS: Our cohort comprised 517 874 deliveries. Massive blood transfusion occurred in 277 women, for an incidence of 5.3 per 10 000 deliveries, and increased by 30% (P < 0.001) between the first and the second half of the study period. Major risk factors apparent before delivery were abnormal placentation (odds ratio [OR] 41; 95% CI 29.3-58.1), pre-eclampsia/placental abruption (OR 4; 95% CI 2.8-5.6), and previous caesarean delivery (OR 4; 95% CI 3.1-6.0). Risk factors at time of delivery were uterine rupture, atonic uterus, and caesarean delivery (OR 38, 17, and 3, respectively). CONCLUSION: We found an increasing trend in the postpartum rate of massive transfusion. Women with abnormal placentation were found to have the highest increased risk. Improved antenatal awareness of these women at risk might improve management and reduce the rate of massive transfusion. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Risk of massive blood transfusion in obstetric patients increases with placental complications and prior caesarean section.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Descolamento Prematuro da Placenta/epidemiologia , Adulto , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Incidência , Placenta Acreta/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia , Inércia Uterina/epidemiologia , Inércia Uterina/terapia
19.
Lancet ; 394(10207): 1425-1436, 2019 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heavy menstrual bleeding affects 25% of women in the UK, many of whom require surgery to treat it. Hysterectomy is effective but has more complications than endometrial ablation, which is less invasive but ultimately leads to hysterectomy in 20% of women. We compared laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with endometrial ablation in women seeking surgical treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding. METHODS: In this parallel-group, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial in 31 hospitals in the UK, women younger than 50 years who were referred to a gynaecologist for surgical treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding and who were eligible for endometrial ablation were randomly allocated (1:1) to either laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy or second generation endometrial ablation. Women were randomly assigned by either an interactive voice response telephone system or an internet-based application with a minimisation algorithm based on centre and age group (<40 years vs ≥40 years). Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy involves laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery to remove the upper part of the uterus (the body) containing the endometrium. Endometrial ablation aims to treat heavy menstrual bleeding by destroying the endometrium, which is responsible for heavy periods. The co-primary clinical outcomes were patient satisfaction and condition-specific quality of life, measured with the menorrhagia multi-attribute quality of life scale (MMAS), assessed at 15 months after randomisation. Our analysis was based on the intention-to-treat principle. The trial was registered with the ISRCTN registry, number ISRCTN49013893. FINDINGS: Between May 21, 2014, and March 28, 2017, we enrolled and randomly assigned 660 women (330 in each group). 616 (93%) of 660 women were operated on within the study period, 588 (95%) of whom received the allocated procedure and 28 (5%) of whom had an alternative surgery. At 15 months after randomisation, more women allocated to laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy were satisfied with their operation compared with those in the endometrial ablation group (270 [97%] of 278 women vs 244 [87%] of 280 women; adjusted percentage difference 9·8, 95% CI 5·1-14·5; adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2·53, 95% CI 1·83-3·48; p<0·0001). Women randomly assigned to laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy were also more likely to have the best possible MMAS score of 100 than women assigned to endometrial ablation (180 [69%] of 262 women vs 146 [54%] of 268 women; adjusted percentage difference 13·3, 95% CI 3·8-22·8; adjusted OR 1·87, 95% CI 1·31-2·67; p=0·00058). 14 (5%) of 309 women in the laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy group and 11 (4%) of 307 women in the endometrial ablation group had at least one serious adverse event (adjusted OR 1·30, 95% CI 0·56-3·02; p=0·54). INTERPRETATION: Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy is superior to endometrial ablation in terms of clinical effectiveness and has a similar proportion of complications, but takes longer to perform and is associated with a longer recovery. FUNDING: UK National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment Programme.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação Endometrial , Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Menorragia/cirurgia , Adulto , Técnicas de Ablação Endometrial/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Reino Unido
20.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(9): 690-694, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475556

RESUMO

AIM: Severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) is a state of the woman, when she nearly died, but survived. The aim of study was to find out the exact incidence of SAMM in Slovakia, establishment of functional surveillance system and improve quality of health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The regular annual analyses of SAMM cases in Slovakia from January 1st 2012 to December 31st 2016. Observed SAMM included: peripartum haemorrhage, peripartum hysterectomy, uterine rupture, abnormally invasive placenta, HELLP syndrome, eclampsia, sepsis, transport to intensive care unit or anaesthesiology and non-fatal amniotic fluid embolism. RESULTS: The response rate of questionnaires was 84.8 %. The overall confirmed incidence of SAMM was 6.35/1,000 births (95% CI 6.03-6.67). The most often causes of SAMM were: peripartum haemorrhage (2.1/1,000 births), transport to intensive care unit or anaesthesiology (1.46/1,000 births), peripartum hysterectomy (0.84/1,000 births) and HELLP syndrome (0.63/1,000 births). The average age of women with SAMM was 30.3 years (14-46) and average parity was 1.16 (0-15). CONCLUSION: The incidence of SAMM and especially incidence of peripartum haemorrhage and peripartum hysterectomy in Slovakia is one of the highest in Europe. To decrease incidence and improve management and outcome of patients, regular audit of SAMM is needed (Tab. 3, Fig. 2, Ref. 30).


Assuntos
Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Morbidade/tendências , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Hemorragia , Humanos , Histerectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Periparto , Placenta Acreta , Gravidez , Sepse , Eslováquia , Ruptura Uterina , Adulto Jovem
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