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1.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 346-366, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372381

RESUMO

Intuitively distinguishing the myriad of critically informed paradigms requires an in-depth analysis of genealogies, histories, and philosophical underpinnings grounding each paradigm. Despite significant parallels between queer theory and intersectionality theory, the distinction of these two paradigms acts in both complicated and complementary manners that necessitate a dialogue on the contributions emanating from both paradigms to LGBTQ studies. This article targets the following goals: (1) explicate genealogy, history, and philosophical tenets of intersectionality and queer theory; (2) dialogue about the complementary yet complex relationships between the two paradigms; and (3) illustrate the promise of the complex relationship and distinction for LGBTQ studies.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade , Teoria Psicológica , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Educação , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Homossexualidade/história , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/história
2.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 159-173, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403564

RESUMO

Studies of adults who experienced sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) have documented a range of health risks. To date, there is little research on SOCE among adolescents and no known studies of parents' role related to SOCE with adolescents. In a cross-sectional study of 245 LGBT White and Latino young adults (ages 21-25), we measured parent-initiated SOCE during adolescence and its relationship to mental health and adjustment in young adulthood. Measures include being sent to therapists and religious leaders for conversion interventions as well as parental/caregiver efforts to change their child's sexual orientation during adolescence. Attempts by parents/caregivers and being sent to therapists and religious leaders for conversion interventions were associated with depression, suicidal thoughts, suicidal attempts, less educational attainment, and less weekly income. Associations between SOCE, health, and adjustment were much stronger and more frequent for those reporting both attempts by parents and being sent to therapists and religious leaders, underscoring the need for parental education and guidance.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade/psicologia , Pais , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pais/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 305-314, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335583

RESUMO

Increasingly popular in the neoliberal university, community-engaged service-learning (CESL) courses offer rich yet contradictory opportunities for LGBTQ studies students to synthesize queer critiques of community and identity with experiences in LGBTQ communities. Much CESL scholarship has focused on the tensions between benefits to community and to students, prioritizing either radical social change or student satisfaction. Beside such debates, I propose the queer ethical, pedagogical, and political value of disappointment in the tedium and contradictions of community itself. Such queer disappointment, I contend, might enable students to cultivate the emotional and critical capacities to engage in community work on sustainable, dedramatized, and unentitled terms.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Características de Residência , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/educação , Mudança Social
4.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 367-383, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335589

RESUMO

This essay examines the intersection of queerness and social class as it impinges on the field of LGBTQ+ studies. Specifically, it considers some of the disciplinary aims of queer critique in relation to the challenges facing first-generation queer scholars; in so doing, it suggests how forms of difference operate in relation to the personal over time. As a discipline committed to intersectional frameworks, LGBTQ+ studies (and its ongoing evolution) might thus usefully foreground overlapping understandings of outsiderness: namely, how queerness might be experienced as a form of class, and how class might be experienced as a form of queerness.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Classe Social , Escolaridade , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Pesquisa
5.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 315-324, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335590

RESUMO

This think piece provides a critical analysis of the terms lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) from an international perspective that draws on citizenship studies, providing some indications of the implications for LGBTQ studies. It outlines difficulties with the LGBTQ acronym in the Global North and South. Internationally, scholarship to support the human rights of non-heterosexuals and gender-diverse people is badly needed, but the think piece concludes that it is crucial to consider the social context of different cases, and to address the materialist, cultural, neo-colonial, and other forces that affect the formation of non-heterosexual and gender-diverse identities.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Variação Biológica da População , Bissexualidade , Diversidade Cultural , Feminino , Homossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoas Transgênero
6.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 294-304, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335600

RESUMO

Drawing on my experience as a queer, genderqueer, Puerto Rican counselor educator, this article considers how LGBTQAI+ studies and academia can expand to better include people with multiple marginalized identities. This article highlights some of the contradictions that educators face when engaging in the liberatory praxis that connects and creates a sense of belonging during these tumultuous times. This reflection suggests a decolonizing approach to intersectionality and highlights the importance of transcending binary discourse to engage in deconstructing the multiple layers of colonization in our internal and external spaces that is necessary for liberatory praxis. Finally, a few recommendations for how LGBTQAI+ studies and academia can support scholars with multiple marginalized identities are identified.


Assuntos
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Distância Social , Sucesso Acadêmico , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/educação , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Apoio Social , Ensino , Redação
7.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 35-57, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335587

RESUMO

The gay/lesbian social movement has primarily been understood as an identity movement. This article contributes to expanding understandings of the gay/lesbian movement by following the advocacy of the Dutch Association for the Integration of Homosexuality COC (COC) as a case of a gay/lesbian movement organization's expansion of its action repertoire to include public policy goals. On the basis of archival and interview data, this article identifies several factors that enabled the COC to see the Dutch government as a potential public policy partner. Previous legal successes and facilitation by the institutionalized wing of the women's movement, coupled with a constitutional change, resulted in the COC's development of a policy strategy. By tracing the history of the COC's strategic interactions, this article demonstrates that, while an identity strategy was constant throughout the COC's advocacy, the organization could combine an identity strategy with strategies of legal change, cultural change, and public policy.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade , Política Pública , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Feminino , História do Século XX , Homossexualidade/história , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Organizações , Política Pública/história , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/história
8.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1415-1436, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-995168

RESUMO

Este artigo trata da disputa gerada por profissionais identificados como "psicólogos cristãos" que defendem publicamente seu direito de oferecer auxílio terapêutico com o fim de reverter a homossexualidade. Esta polêmica adquiriu contornos particulares no Brasil, onde o Conselho Federal de Psicologia desde 1999 proíbe qualquer forma de patologização da orientação sexual. Com base na literatura especializada começamos por expor, por um lado, a trajetória da homossexualidade como objeto de discurso da Psicologia e, por outro, no campo evangélico. A seguir, explicamos a conformação da Psicologia como profissão regulamentada no Brasil. Em seguida, com base em fontes documentais de caráter público, examinamos a posição do Conselho Federal de Psicologia e analisamos as disputas jurídicas travadas por psicólogos que defendem seu direito a tratar a homossexualidade como expressão de desordem moral e desvio patológico. O antagonismo que emerge na polêmica em torno da chamada "cura gay" não opõe simplesmente ciência e religião, mas envolve atores públicos capazes de se localizar estrategicamente em um ou outro campo e de fazer uso do direito em seu favor. Sua capacidade de recolocar a homossexualidade como signo de desvio moral e transtorno mental constela a política sexual como questão de peso para a democracia brasileira.(AU)


This article examines the claims of professionals identified as "Christian psychologists" who publicly defend their right to offer therapy to "reverse homosexuality". This debate took shape when "conversion therapy" was banned by the Brazilian Federal Council of Psychology in 1999. Based on specialized literature, we begin by introducing, on the one hand, the itinerary of homosexuality as object of discourse in Psychology, and in the evangelical field, on the other. And we go on explaining the process of constitution of Psychology as a regulated practice in Brazil. Then, based on public records, we examine the stand taken by the Federal Council of Psychology, and analyze the legal claims made by psychologists who defend their right to treat homosexuality as a moral offense and a mental disorder. The antagonism that emerges in the so-called "gay cure" debate does not simply oppose science and religion but involves public actors capable of strategically placing themselves in one field or the other and use the Law in their favor. Their ability to consider homosexuality as a sign of moral deviance and a mental disorder places sexual politics as a significant issue with regards to Brazilian democracy.(AU)


Este artículo aborda la disputa generada por profesionales identificados como "psicólogos cristianos" que defienden públicamente su derecho a ofrecer apoyo terapéutico con el fin de revertir la homosexualidad. Esta polémica adquirió contornos particulares en Brasil, donde el Consejo Federal de Psicología desde 1999 prohíbe cualquier forma de patologización de la orientación sexual. Basándonos en literatura especializada, comenzamos por exponer, por un lado, la trayectoria de la homosexualidad como objeto de discurso de la Psicología y, por otro, en el campo evangélico. A continuación, explicamos la conformación de la Psicología como profesión reglamentada en Brasil. Luego, basándonso en fuentes documentales de carácter público, examinamos la posición del Consejo Federal de Psicología y analizamos las disputas jurídicas entabladas por psicólogos que defienden su derecho a tratar la homosexualidad como expresión de desorden moral y desvío patológico. El antagonismo que emerge en la polémica en torno de la llamada "cura gay" no opone simplemente ciencia y religión, sino que involucra actores públicos capaces de localizarse estratégicamente en uno u otro campo y de hacer uso del derecho a su favor. Su capacidad de re-colocar la homosexualidad como signo de desvío moral y trastorno mental constela la política sexual como cuestión de peso para la democracia brasileña.(AU)


Assuntos
Religião e Psicologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Cristianismo/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Psicologia
11.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 21: 67-74, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the associations between sexual orientation of young people and their health and risk behaviours in Thailand and Sweden, and to explore similarities and differences between the countries. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using data from the Life and Health - Young surveys in Thailand and Sweden. Three different statistical analyses were used to examine the associations of the variables. RESULTS: In total, 3869 students aged 16-18 years old were included: 1488 Thai students and 2381 Swedish students. Significantly more Thai (20%) than Swedish (9%) students identified themselves as bisexual, homosexual or unsure (p < .001). Bivariate analysis showed that, in Thailand, self-harm was more often reported by the homosexual, unsure, and bisexual groups than by the heterosexual group (p = .005). In Sweden, early sexual debut was more often reported by the unsure, bisexual, and homosexual groups than by the heterosexual group (p = .033). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that homosexual and unsure sexual orientations were significantly associated with self-harm (p < .05) among Thai students. Unsure sexual orientation was significantly associated with early sexual debut (p = .04) among Swedish students. Multiple correspondence analysis indicated that sexual orientation was associated with health and risk behaviours, and varied by different subcategories of students' backgrounds such as country, sexual orientation, family structure and adult support. CONCLUSIONS: Sexual minority young people reported more risk behaviours and poorer health than their heterosexual counterparts. The findings are useful for policy programmes on sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people.


Assuntos
Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Sexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Bissexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Características da Família , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Heterossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Homossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Apoio Social , Suécia/epidemiologia , Tailândia/epidemiologia
13.
Sex., salud soc. (Rio J.) ; (32): 65-89, maio-ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020947

RESUMO

Resumo O texto discute gestões de risco para o HIV no sexo anal desprotegido (SAD) realizadas por homens que fazem sexo com homens (HSH). Está embasado na análise de 25 entrevistas com enfoque biográfico com HSH e observação participante na comunidade gay do Recife. Os homens utilizam a soroescolha: SAD com parceiros de mesma sorologia. Além da testagem, são empregados outros indicadores para inferir a condição sorológica negativa. Estilizações corporais, nuançadas pelos vínculos com os parceiros, produzem emoções que medeiam o SAD. Dada a precariedade dos indicadores utilizados, os homens recorrem muito ao teste anti-HIV. Este acontece após a exposição ao risco, como um ritual reparador para o drama do sexo desprotegido, mas sem eficácia preventiva individual.


Abstract The text discusses HIV risk management in unprotected anal sex (UAS) carried out by men who have sex with men (MSM). It is based on analyses of 25 interviews with a biographical focus with MSM, and participant observation in the gay community of Recife. The men use serosorting: UAS is chosen with partners of the same serology. Besides testing, other indicators are used to infer a serologically negative condition. Body stylizations, nuanced by affective bonds with the partners, produce emotions which mediate the willingness to engage in UAS. As they understand the precariousness of the indicators used, the men often resort to testing. This takes place after exposure to risk, as a repairing ritual for the drama of unprotected sex, but without any individual preventative effectiveness.


Resumen El texto discute el manejo del riesgo para el VIH en el sexo anal sin protección (SASP) llevado a cabo por hombres que tienen sexo con hombres (HSH). Se basa en el análisis de 25 entrevistas con enfoque biográfico con HSH y la observación participante en la comunidad gay de Recife. Los hombres utilizan el "suero elección": elige para el SASP parejas de la misma serología. Además de las pruebas, utilizan otros indicadores para inferir una condición serológica negativa. Estilizaciones corporales, matizadas por los vínculos afectivos con parejas sexuales, producen emociones que median el SASP. Como entienden la precariedad de los indicadores utilizados, los hombres a menudo recurren a las pruebas. Esto ocurre después de la exposición al riesgo, como un ritual de reparación para el drama del sexo sin protección, pero sin ninguna eficacia preventiva individual.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Brasil , Homossexualidade , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , HIV , Confiança , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sexo sem Proteção , Prevenção de Doenças
14.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(4): 97-102, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019347

RESUMO

Abstract Background Mental health disparity in sexual minorities is a crucial clinical and public health issue worldwide. A total of 500 homosexual or bisexual men aged between 20 and 25 years participated in this study. Objectives The aims of the study were to examine the relationships of victimization of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying during childhood and adolescence with problematic internet and smartphone use and activities during early adulthood among sexual minority men in Taiwan. Methods The seveirities of problematic internet and smartphone use and activities in early adulthood were compared between victims and non-victims of bullying. The severities of problematic internet and smartphone use were also compared among the groups of various types of bullying as well as among the groups of various persistence durations of being bullied. Results Victims of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying had more severe problematic internet and smartphone use than non-victims. Victims of multi-type bullying had more severe problematic internet use than victims of single-type bullying. Prolonged victimization was significantly associated with problematic internet and smartphone use. Discussion: Victimization of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying during childhood and adolescence predicts problematic internet and smartphone use during early adulthood among sexual minority men.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Bullying , Homofobia , Taiwan , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Bissexualidade , Homossexualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento Aditivo/prevenção & controle , Vítimas de Crime , Internet , Smartphone
15.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 19(2): 342-365, maio-ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1010038

RESUMO

Este artigo de revisão objetiva destacar as contribuições e fazer um panorama dos estudos que utilizam a teoria das representações sociais para estudar o fenômeno da homofobia no contexto da psicologia social brasileira. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases BVS, PePSIC e SciELO, sem demarcação de tempo. Foram encontrados sete artigos empíricos realizados no contexto brasileiro, três de cunho quantitativo e quatro qualitativos. Cinco artigos deixaram claros os modelos escolhidos, entre eles a abordagem societal e abordagem estrutural. Também apontaram quatro núcleos temáticos que não são excludentes, mas dizem respeito ao foco de cada trabalho: (1) Expressão do preconceito e natureza da homossexualidade; (2) Adoção homoparental; (3) Representações sociais da homossexualidade; (4) Professores e representações sociais da homossexualidade e diversidade sexual. Duas tendências podem ser apontadas quanto aos objetivos: (1) a compreensão das expressões do preconceito (sutil e flagrante) com base nas representações sobre a natureza da homossexualidade; (2) as representações a respeito da homossexualidade. É preciso que os estudos futuros mudem seu foco, propondo formas de enfrentamento e combate a discriminação homofóbica, além de considerar o lugar de fala de LGBT. Deixando a busca pela origem da homofobia e da homossexualidade em segundo plano.(AU)


This review article aims to highlight the contributions and give an overview of the studies that use social representations theories to study the homophobia phenomenon in the context of Brazilian Social Psychology. The research was carried out in the BVS, PePSIC and SciELO bases, without time demarcation. seven empirical articles were found in the Brazilian context. Three with quantitative aproach and four with qualitative aproach. Five articles made clear their chosen models, among them the societal approach and structural approach. They also pointed out four thematic nuclei that were not excluding but related to the focus of each work: (1) Expressions of prejudice and nature of homosexuality; (2) Homoparental adoption; (3) Social representations of homosexuality and; (4) Teachers and social representations of homosexuality and sexual diversity. Two tendencies can be pointed toward the objectives: (1) the understanding of expressions of prejudice (subtle and flagrant) based on representations about the nature of homosexuality and; (2) representations regarding homosexuality. It is necessary that future studies change their focus, proposing strategies to face and fight homophobic discrimination, as well as taking into account the place of LGBT speech. Leaving the search for the origin of homophobia and homosexuality in the background.(AU)


Este artículo de revisión tiene por objetivo destacar las contribuciones y hacer un panorama de los estudios que utilizan la teoría de las representaciones sociales para estudiar el fenómeno de la homofobia en el contexto de la psicología social brasileña. La investigación se realizó en las bases BVS, PePSIC y SciELO, sin demarcación de tiempo. Se encontraron sete artículos empíricos realizados en el contexto brasileño. Tres de carácter cuantitativo y cuatro cualitativos. Cinco artículos dejaron claros los modelos escogidos, entre ellos el enfoque societal y el enfoque estructural. También señalaron cuatro temas que no son excluyentes entre sí, sino que se relacionan con el enfoque de cada trabajo: (1) la expresión de los prejuicios y la naturaleza de la homosexualidad; (2) Adopción homoparental; (3) Representaciones sociales de la homosexualidad; (4) Profesores y representaciones sociales de la homosexualidad y diversidad sexual. Dos tendencias se pueden identificar cuanto a los objetivos: (1) la comprensión de las expresiones del prejuicio (sutiles y evidentes) con base en las representaciones acerca de la naturaleza de la homosexualidad y; (2) las representaciones acerca de la homosexualidad. Es necesario que los estudios futuros cambien su enfoque, proponiendo formas de enfrentamiento y combate a la discriminación homofóbica, además de considerar el lugar de habla de LGBT. Dejando la búsqueda por el origen de la homofobia y de la homosexualidad en segundo plano.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicologia Social , Homofobia/psicologia , Preconceito/psicologia , Homossexualidade , Sexismo
16.
J Abnorm Psychol ; 128(5): 465-472, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282729

RESUMO

It has recently been proposed that compulsive sexual behavior disorder should be included in the 11th version of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. Concerns have been repeatedly expressed regarding the overpathologizing of sexual behaviors and the potential for false-positive results in clinical practice. Empirical evidence indicates that stereotypes related to gender and sexual orientation might influence therapists' assessments of clients. Those stereotypes are likely to be associated with different levels of pathologization and stigmatization of high levels of sexual interest and behavior. The aim of this study was to explore the possible connections between clients' gender and sexual orientation and mental health professionals' (MHP) pathologization of compulsive sexual behavior. A sample of MHPs (N = 546) were presented with a case vignette describing a client with compulsive sexual behavior. The information on the client varied by gender (male or female), sexual orientation (homosexual or heterosexual), and clinical condition (ambiguous diagnostic criteria and fulfilled compulsive sexual behavior disorder diagnostic criteria). After reading the vignette, the MHPs rated the client's mental health status and gave an opinion about causation (psychological vs. biological etiology) and stigmatization indicators (blaming the affected individual for their problems, desire for social distance, perception of dangerousness). The MHPs showed significantly fewer tendencies to pathologize when the client was a homosexual woman or man independent of their clinical condition. Mediation analyses revealed that the biological etiological model partly mediated the effects of reduced pathologization in homosexual clients. These results indicate that clinical decisions relating to compulsive sexual behavior are influenced by nosologically irrelevant beliefs about the biological causation of sexual behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Comportamento Compulsivo , Homossexualidade , Psiquiatria , Psicologia , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 669, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a gateway for HIV-1 in China, Yunnan has experienced dramatic changes in HIV-1 epidemics, during which HIV-1 genotypes have become complex. To track dynamic changes in HIV-1 genotypes, an HIV-1 molecular epidemiological study was implemented in the recently infected population in Yunnan. METHODS: From 6,357 HIV-1-positive samples diagnosed during the first half of 2015 in Yunnan, 586 samples were identified as recent infections with BED-capture enzyme immunoassay (CEIA) and were subjected to phylogenetic analyses. Spatial scanning analyses for the main HIV-1 genotypes were also performed. RESULTS: Among the 439 specimens successfully genotyped, more than ten genotypes were detected, including CRF08_BC (45.3%), CRF07_BC (19.4%), unique recombinant forms (URFs) (18.2%), CRF01_AE (11.4%), subtype C (2.1%), CRF85_BC (1.1%), CRF55_01B (0.9%), subtype B (0.5%), CRF64_BC (0.5%), CRF59_01B (0.2%), CRF83_cpx (0.2%) and CRF87_cpx (0.2%). Females, Chinese, heterosexual contact and intravenous drug injection were significantly associated with CRF08_BC infection; homosexual contact was significantly associated with CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC infection; males and non-Chinese had a higher risk of URF infection than females. Among all HIV-1 genotypes, the geographic coverage of CRF08_BC was the largest. For CRF08_BC, CRF07_BC, URFs and CRF01_AE, spatial clusters were detected. The two CRF08_BC clusters and one URF cluster were associated with heterosexual transmission, and two of CRF01_AE clusters were associated with homosexual transmission. Transmitted drug resistance (TDR)-associated mutations were detected in 2.4% of individuals. CONCLUSIONS: The diversity of HIV-1 genotypes increased in recent infections because of a long-term HIV-1 epidemic in Yunnan. The predominant HIV-1 strains showed distinct demographic characteristics and formed spatial clusters. These findings improved our understanding of the evolution of HIV-1 in Yunnan and provided information for further HIV-1 control and prevention.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Epidemias , Variação Genética , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , HIV-1/classificação , Heterossexualidade , Homossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Filogenia , Análise Espacial , Adulto Jovem
18.
Arch. med ; 19(2): 396-406, 2019/07/30.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023366

RESUMO

La adopción y crianza de niños por padres del mismo sexo es un tema de reciente discusión en Colombia, aunque ha sido investigado por más de 4 décadas en el resto del mundo. Existen dudas de que crecer en este tipo de familias produzca efectos adversos. Éste trabajo pretende responder a través de una revisión de la literatura, si existen diferencias en el ajuste psicológico, desarrollo de la sexualidad, estigmatización y desempeño cognitivo, de los niños biológicos o adoptados por padres homosexuales. A través de la búsqueda en la base de datos PubMed se encontraron 204 artículos en total; aplicando criterios de inclusión se seleccionaron 18 que incluyen niños que viven en diferentes tipos de familias. En conclusión, de acuerdo a la revisión realizada y para responder a la pregunta de sí el bienestar de estos niños es igual, mejor o peor que el de los que son criados por padres heterosexuales, existe cierta tendencia y consistencia en los estudios analizados, en mostrar que no hay diferencia en el bienestar psicológico ni el desarrollo de la sexualidad entre los niños de este tipo de familias; por otro lado, si hay mayor posibilidad de estigmatización, pero es una variable que no depende en sí misma de la conformación de la familia o la orientación sexual de los padres, sino de factores externos como el entorno social y de educación del niño y sus pares..(AU)


The adoption and upbringing of children by parents of the same sex is a subject recently discussed in Colombia, even though it has been investigated for more than four decades in the rest of the world. There are concerns that growing up in this kind of family produces adverse effects. This document aims to respond through a review of the literature if there are differences between biological children or children adopted by homosexual parents in psychological adjustment, development of sexuality, stigmatization and cognitive performance. Through the search in the PubMed database, 204 articles were found in total, 18 articles were selected that fulfilled the inclusion criteria, which include approximately 1700 children with different types of families. In conclusion, the quality of the studies does not allow to generate degrees of recommendation for answering whether the welfare of these children is equal, better or worse than the children raised by heterosexual parents. However, a certain tendency and consistency among the studies shows that there is no difference in the psychological well-being or the development of sexuality between these two groups of families. In contrast, there is a greater possibility of stigmatization, a variable that does not depend itself on the conformation of the family or the sexual orientation of the parents, but depends on external factors such as the social and educational environment of the child and his peers..(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adoção , Homossexualidade
19.
Disabil Health J ; 12(4): 557-563, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among U.S. youth. Prior research has found that disability and sexual orientation are each independently associated with suicide risk. However, most analyses regarding sexual orientation or disability in relation to teenagers' health have isolated the effects of these identities via multiple regression models. That approach assumes there is no multiplicative or synergistic effect between the two identities. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between suicidal ideation and the intersection of disability and sexual orientation. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2015 Oregon Healthy Teens Survey were analyzed using Poisson regression analysis with robust variance to estimate the relationship between the intersection of disability and sexual orientation and youth reports of suicidal ideation. We calculated three measures of interaction: 1) the excess risk due to interaction (RERI); 2) the proportion attributable to interaction (AP); and 3) the synergy index (SI). RESULTS: Sexual minority teenagers with disabilities had higher risk of suicidal ideation (adjusted relative risk [ARR] = 2.82, 95% CI: 2.47-3.21) with respect to heterosexual teenagers without disabilities. The risk was also elevated, to a lesser degree, for heterosexual youth with disabilities (ARR = 1.97, 95% CI: 1.78-2.19) and LGB youth without disabilities (ARR = 2.17, 95% CI: 1.95-2.42) with respect to the reference group. Our measures of interaction were indicative of a synergistic effect between disability and sexual orientation. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest the combination of disability and minority sexual orientation may be associated with compounded negative experiences that could exacerbate the risk of suicide.


Assuntos
Bissexualidade , Pessoas com Deficiência , Heterossexualidade , Homossexualidade , Comportamento Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Ideação Suicida , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários , Oregon , Risco , Fatores de Risco , Suicídio , Inquéritos e Questionários , Violência
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