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3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e246448, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607622

RESUMO

Importance: Nonheterosexual and gender-nonconforming (GNC) individuals tend to report adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) more frequently compared with heterosexual and gender-conforming individuals, and individuals who have experienced ACEs, identify as nonheterosexual, or exhibit moderate to high levels of GNC are more prone to engaging in problematic smartphone use (PSU). However, there is limited school-based data among adolescents regarding this matter. Objectives: To explore the associations between ACEs and PSU among adolescents across different sexual orientation and gender expression groups. Design, setting, and participants: Using data from the 2021 School-Based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey, this cross-sectional study includes participants from 288 public high schools across 8 provinces in China. Statistical analysis was performed from October 2023 to February 2024. Exposures: Data on ACEs, sexual orientations, and gender expressions (high, moderate, and low GNC) were collected. Main outcomes and measures: PSU was assessed using the 10-item Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version (SAS-SV). Weighted linear, logistic, or Poisson regression models were used. Results: Among the 85 064 adolescents included (mean [SD] age, 14.92 [1.77] years), 42 632 (50.1%) were female, 70 157 (83.2%) identified as Han Chinese, and 14 208 (16.8) identified as other ethnicities (Miao, Hui, Yi, Dai, and other ethnic groups). The prevalence of PSU among participants was 35.4%. Weighted Poisson regression models indicated that the interaction between GNC and ACE was significant (adjusted prevalence ratio [APR], 0.98; 95% CI, 0.97-0.99). Further stratified analysis demonstrated homosexual adolescents who experienced 4 or more ACEs showed a significantly increased prevalence of PSU (APR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.64-1.96). Similarly, a markedly higher prevalence of PSU was observed among bisexual individuals with 4 or more ACEs (APR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.41-1.80). Regarding gender expression categories, a significantly higher prevalence of PSU was noted among high GNC adolescents with 4 or more ACEs (APR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.60-1.98) compared with low GNC adolescents without ACEs. Furthermore, experiencing any 3 ACE categories (abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction) was associated with an increased prevalence of PSU across different sexual orientation and gender expression subgroups. Conclusions and relevance: In this cross-sectional study, the amalgamation of elevated ACE scores with nonheterosexual orientations or GNC identities was significantly associated with increased PSU prevalence. These findings underscore that preventing ACEs may be beneficial in mitigating PSU among adolescents, particularly for nonheterosexual adolescents and those with high levels of GNC.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Smartphone , Heterossexualidade , Homossexualidade
4.
Cien Saude Colet ; 29(4): e18412023, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655960

RESUMO

The present article aims to bridge the gaps or deepen the debate to discuss the relationship between homoparenthood and health. This essay is anchored in specific literature. We seek to work on the following questions throughout the text: (i) How is the central theme of this discussion historically outlined? (ii) How does homoparenthood appear in scientific health production in general? (iii) What sociopolitical dimensions emerge around homoparenthood-health relationships? and (iv) What are the limitations and possibilities for exercising reproductive rights between same-sex couples? Among the conclusions, we underscore the challenge of facing the strangeness of homoparenthood against the idea of the so-called called "normal" family based on heteronormative logic. Even in countries with some legal apparatus assuring the rights to homoparental families, their members suffer prejudice, discrimination, and violence.


Buscando preencher lacunas e/ou aprofundar o debate, o artigo objetiva problematizar aspectos que envolvem as relações entre homoparentalidade e saúde. O desenho metodológico é o de ensaio, ancorado em literatura específica. Ao longo do texto procura-se trabalhar as seguintes questões: (i) Como se esboça historicamente a temática central desta discussão? (ii) Como se afigura a homoparentalidade no campo da produção científica da saúde em geral? (iii) Quais dimensões sociopolíticas emergem em torno das relações homoparentalidade-saúde? e (iv) Quais são os limites e as possibilidades para o exercício dos direitos reprodutivos entre casais homoafetivos? Dentre as conclusões, destaca-se o desafio de se enfrentar o estranhamento da temática homoparentalidade para a ideia da família denominada de "normal", configurada a partir da lógica heteronormativa. Mesmo nos países em que há algum aparato jurídico que garanta direitos às famílias homoparentais, seus integrantes são alvo de preconceitos, discriminações e violências.


Assuntos
Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Humanos , Homossexualidade , Preconceito , Família/psicologia
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 29(4): e18172023, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655957

RESUMO

The aim of this article is to present the state of the art, in the field of public health, on cis homoparental reproduction, from 28 studies addressing barriers to reproduction by homoparental couples for legal, ethical, technical or economic reasons, in addition to prejudice and discrimination. Six studies addressed facilitators, such as receptiveness in services, availability of conception and contraceptive methods and training of health professionals. The results show that the discussion has focused more on the barriers than on the facilitating factors. This may indicate a continuing need to problematise the hegemonic model of a heterosexual, nuclear family.


O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o estado da arte sobre a reprodução homoparental cis no campo da saúde coletiva. Vinte e oito estudos abordam barreiras para a reprodução de casais homoparentais relacionadas a questões legais, éticas, técnicas e econômicas, além de preconceito e discriminação. Seis abordam facilitadores, tais como acolhimento nos serviços, disponibilidade de métodos conceptivos e contraceptivos e a capacitação de profissionais. Os achados evidenciam que a discussão se volta mais para as barreiras do que para os facilitadores. Isso pode indicar que ainda se faz necessário promover a problematização do modelo hegemônico de família nuclear e heterossexual.


Assuntos
Anticoncepção , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Anticoncepção/métodos , Preconceito , Homossexualidade , Reprodução , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde
6.
Cien Saude Colet ; 29(4): e18662023, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655961

RESUMO

Considered until recently unfit to rear children, non-heterosexual people have been excluded from forming families in most countries. Many, worldwide, demand access to family formation, claiming the same aptitudes as heterosexual people for raising children. However, when non-heterosexual singles and couples want to become parents in Spain, they must consider transnational contexts, resorting to inter-country adoption or surrogacy abroad, processes that contribute to delay their family formation. They must consider not only Spanish sociocultural conditions, but other countries' legal restrictions regarding parents' gender, social status, and sexual identity. These families experience great difficulty in gaining access to reproductive health services. Based on multi-site ethnographic fieldwork, this text addresses how, despite legislative changes allowing homoparental family formation in Spain, these parents must overcome complex bureaucratic processes when they decide to have children, while facing homophobic attitudes and policies in their quests to become parents.


Assuntos
Pais , Espanha , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Adoção , Mães Substitutas/legislação & jurisprudência , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Homossexualidade
8.
An. psicol ; 40(1): 85-94, Ene-Abri, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229030

RESUMO

Aquellas investigaciones orientadas a analizar las actitudes hacia la homosexualidad sugieren el uso de instrumentos que detecten los aspectos sutiles en la discriminación hacia hombres gais y mujeres lesbianas. Asimismo, se señala que la invariancia de medida de los constructos es imprescindible para que las comparaciones entre grupos sean válidas. Este trabajo pretende validar la Escala de Homonegatividad Moderna (MHS) en estudiantes universitarios del ámbito de la educación (N = 1.283) con un rango de edad entre los 17 y los 49 años (M = 2.88; DT = 3,02). Del mismo modo, se interesa por examinar la invariancia de medida de la MHS en relación con ciertas variables sociodemográficas y personales (p. ej. identidad de género), así como ideológicas (p. ej. inclinación política). Los resultados aportaron evidencias sobre la unidimensionalidad de la escala y un alto grado de consistencia interna (wMHS-G = .879; wMHS-L = .906), además de unos índices de ajuste (CFIMHS-G = .95, CFIMHS-L = .97; RMSEAMHS-G = .064, 90% IC: .057-.071, RMSEAMHS-L = .059, 90% IC: .052-.066) y unos valores de validez externa (MHS-G y AN-T: r = .753, I.C. 95% = .722-.785; MHS-L y AN-T: r = .76. I.C. 95% = .730-.790) satisfactorios. Asimismo, sugirieron que tanto la subescala hacia hombres gais (MHS-G) como mujeres lesbianas (MHS-L) son constructos invariantes conforme a las variables estudiadas. Las conclusiones apuntan a la validez y la invariancia de medida del modelo propuesto para comparar los niveles de homonegatividad moderna entre los grupos estudiados.(AU)


The research aimed at analysing attitudes towards homosexuality recommends the use of instruments that can detect subtle aspects of dis-crimination against gay men and lesbian women. It also asserts that the measurement invariance of constructs is essential for valid comparisons between groups. The present study aims to validate the Modern Ho-monegativity Scale (MHS) in university students in the fieldof education (N= 1.283) with an age range of 17 to 49 years old (M = 2.88; SD = 3.02). In addition, we seekto examine the measurement invariance of the MHS in relation to certain sociodemographic and personal variables (e.g. gender identity), as well as ideological variables (e.g. political inclination). The re-sults provided evidence of the scale'sunidimensionality and a high degree of internal consistency (MHS-G= .879; MHS-L= .906), as well as satisfac-tory fit indices (CFIMHS-G= .95, CFIMHS-L= .97; RMSEAMHS-G= .064, 90% CI: .057-.071, RMSEAMHS-L= .059, 90% CI: .052-.066) and external validity values (MHS-G and AN-T: r= .753, CI 95% = .722-.785; MHS-L and AN-T: r= .76. CI 95% = .730-.790). They also indicated that both the subscales –towards gay men (MHS-G) and lesbian women (MHS-L) –are invariant constructs according to the variables studied. The findings point to the validity and measurement invariance of the proposed model for comparing levels of modern homonegativity between the groups studied.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudantes/psicologia , Homossexualidade , Homossexualidade Masculina , Homossexualidade Feminina , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Identidade de Gênero , Universidades , Espanha , Religião , Religião e Sexo , Comportamento Sexual , Psicologia Educacional
9.
Arch Sex Behav ; 53(3): 981-1000, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413532

RESUMO

Partner preferences are an important differential in relationship formation and evolutionary fitness, and vary according to individual, ecological, and social factors. In this study, we evaluated the variation in preference for intelligence, kindness, physical attractiveness, health, and socioeconomic level among individuals of different sexes and sexual orientations in a Brazilian sample. We analyzed the preference scores of 778 heterosexual, bisexual, and homosexual men and women in three budgeted mate design tasks (low vs. medium vs. high budget) and their association with sociosexuality, attachment styles, homogamy, and willingness to engage in short- and long-term relationships. Results indicated a global trait preference order, with intelligence ranking first, followed by kindness, physical attractiveness, health, and lastly by socioeconomic status. Typical sex differences were observed mostly within the heterosexual group, and specific combinations of sex and sexual orientation were linked to variation in preference for physical attractiveness, kindness, and socioeconomic status. We also found unique associations of the other variables with partner preferences and with willingness to engage in short- or long-term relationships. By exploring the partner preferences of non-heterosexual individuals from a Latin American country, an underrepresented group in evolutionary psychology research, our results help understand the universal and specific factors that guide partner preferences and human sexual behavior.


Assuntos
Heterossexualidade , Comportamento Sexual , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade , Reprodução , Bissexualidade , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
10.
Soc Sci Res ; 118: 102972, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336423

RESUMO

Women are often considered more liberal than men on controversial social issues, but gender gaps in sociopolitical attitudes across different age groups have not been fully explored. This study challenges the taken-for-granted gender differences in public attitudes toward homosexuality by examining both between-gender gaps and within-gender changes across the life course. Using data from five waves of the World Values Survey in South Korea, we explore gender and age differences in Korean adults' attitudes toward homosexuality from 1996 to 2018. Consistent with previous research, people become more conservative as they get older, and in general, women are more accepting of homosexuality than men, accounting for sociodemographic covariates. However, this gender difference is conditioned by people's life stages. Only among young adults (aged 18-29) were female respondents more accepting of homosexuality than their male counterparts. For people aged 30 and older, there are no significant gender differences in attitudes, and for both women and men, homosexuality is mostly unacceptable during their mid (aged 50-59) and late adulthood (aged 60+). Further mediation investigation has shown gendered mechanisms behind age differences in homosexuality acceptability. For both women and men, traditional family/gender attitudes provide significant explanations about age differences in homosexuality, while for women, not for men, family status, especially the number of children, makes older women more conservative in homosexuality issues. We suggest that heteropatriarchal social structures may lead to a resistance to attitudinal changes in non-traditional family forms, such as homosexuality.


Assuntos
Atitude , Homossexualidade , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Opinião Pública , República da Coreia , População do Leste Asiático , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Lancet ; 403(10431): 1016-1017, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364840
12.
Arch Sex Behav ; 53(4): 1293-1306, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347324

RESUMO

Non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH) is a serious concern for the well-being of youth. Stressors relate to greater NSSH risk, such as being non-heterosexual in a heteronormative society. Other stressors may include traumatic experiences. These relationships may be mediated by psychological factors (depressed mood, anxiety, anger, and self-esteem) as well as contextual factors (support from parents and peers). The purpose of this study was to examine NSHH ideation and behavior among Icelandic youth, as well as relationships with stressors and mediators. Students in Icelandic high schools (N = 8921, 50.8% female) completed an in-class survey in the year 2016. Results showed an elevated risk of NSSH ideation and behavior among bisexual and homosexual youth. Mediation analyses showed that, for girls, being bisexual related to greater NSSH ideation and behavior, and these relationships were mediated by depressed mood, anger, and self-esteem, as well as by support from parents and peers. For boys, however, both homosexual and bisexual attraction related to greater risk for NSSH ideation and behavior, which was mediated by depressed mood, anger, and self-esteem. These results suggest that NSSH risk factors vary by gender and, therefore, they may benefit from different interventions to stop and prevent this behavior. This is the first study of its kind in Iceland, where sexual minority stress may need further study within the Nordic context.


Assuntos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Ideação Suicida , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual , Homossexualidade/psicologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38248568

RESUMO

The interplay between disordered eating, depressive symptoms and self-objectification differs between genders and sexual orientations, and merits further study in homosexual and heterosexual men. We examined disordered eating, depressive symptoms and self-objectification in a sample of Israeli heterosexual and homosexual men. Participants were 215 men aged 19-65, 108 of whom were classified by the Kinsey scale as being heterosexual and 107 as homosexual. They completed online measures of self-objectification, disordered eating and depressive symptoms. Heterosexual men reported lower levels of disordered eating and self-objectification than homosexual men, however the difference in depressive symptoms was not statistically significant. Correlations between disordered eating, self-objectification and depressive symptoms when controlling for age, BMI and number of children were all significant, with similar patterns of association for heterosexual and homosexual men. Self-objectification partially mediated the association between sexual orientation and disordered eating. However, contrary to our hypothesis, sexual orientation (homosexual/heterosexual) did not moderate the association between disordered eating and self-objectification. The tendency of homosexual men towards self-objectification is linked to unhealthy eating habits. Self-objectification helps explain the propensity of homosexual versus heterosexual men to develop disordered eating and possibly eating disorders. It should therefore be targeted in prevention and in therapy.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Heterossexualidade , Homossexualidade , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar
14.
AIDS Behav ; 28(2): 377-392, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38236319

RESUMO

Anticipating the availability of a safe vaccine, scientists at the Center for Disease Control (CDC) planned for a multicenter study of the prevalence, incidence, and efficacy of an experimental vaccine for hepatitis B in 1977, conducted the study among homosexual male volunteers in five collaborating sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in the United States from April 1978 through 1980, and concluded that the candidate vaccine was highly efficacious in preventing infections with the hepatitis B virus. Then something completely unexpected and portentous happened. Some successfully vaccinated as well as other homosexual and bisexual men began to show signs and symptoms of a rare cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, and opportunistic infections typically associated with severe immunodeficiency. As early as October 1983, members of the Hepatitis B study cohort in San Francisco were invited to return to the city STI clinic for further examinations, testing, and confidential interviews about their sexual and other practices. CDC AIDS Project 24 was designed to help describe the natural history of AIDS, define risk factors, and predict future trends. It produced some of the earliest and most convincing scientific evidence about the seriousness and extent of the AIDS epidemic among homosexual and bisexual men in the United States. How the City Clinic Cohort Study came about and evolved is the focus of this commentary.


RESUMEN: Anticipando la disponibilidad de una vacuna segura, los científicos del Centro para el Control de Enfermedades (CDC) planearon un estudio multicéntrico sobre la prevalencia, incidencia y eficacia de una vacuna experimental contra la hepatitis B en 1977; realizaron el estudio entre voluntarios varones homosexuales en cinco colaboraron con clínicas de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) en los Estados Unidos desde abril de 1978 hasta 1980, y concluyeron que la vacuna candidata era muy eficaz para prevenir infecciones por el virus de la hepatitis B. Entonces sucedió algo completamente inesperado y portentoso. Algunos hombres vacunados con éxito, así como otros hombres homosexuales y bisexuales, comenzaron a mostrar signos y síntomas de un cáncer poco común, el sarcoma de Kaposi, e infecciones oportunistas típicamente asociadas con una inmunodeficiencia grave. Ya en octubre de 1983, se invitó a los miembros de la cohorte del estudio de la hepatitis B en San Francisco a regresar a la clínica de ITS de la ciudad para realizar más exámenes, pruebas y entrevistas confidenciales sobre sus prácticas sexuales y de otro tipo. El Proyecto 24 del CDC sobre SIDA fue diseñado para ayudar a describir la historia natural del SIDA, definir factores de riesgo y predecir tendencias futuras. Produjo algunas de las primeras y más convincentes pruebas científicas sobre la gravedad y el alcance de la epidemia de SIDA entre los hombres homosexuales y bisexuales en los Estados Unidos. El tema central de este comentario es cómo surgió y evolucionó el estudio de cohorte de City Clinic.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite B , Vacinas , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. , Estudos de Coortes , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , HIV , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
J Interpers Violence ; 39(11-12): 2782-2810, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38193437

RESUMO

Historically, same-sex intimate partner violence (IPV) was ignored, and victims often experienced high rates of harassment and intimidation from police, leading to low reporting of same-sex IPV incidents, victims' unwillingness to cooperate with the police, and common arrests in such incidents. Although the Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) legalized and legitimized same-sex marriages and relationships in the U.S., mandating the inclusion of same-sex partners in protective order laws and yielding collateral benefits for victims of same-sex IPV, it is unclear if the decision has had a positive effect on same-sex IPV clearance rates. This study uses National Incident-Based Reporting System data to compare IPV clearance (arrest, dual arrest, victim noncooperation, and prosecution declined) pre (2013/2014) and post (2016/2017) Obergefell v. Hodges (2015). Regression results show no substantial changes in same-sex IPV clearance after Obergefell v. Hodges (2015). Compared to opposite-sex IPV, same-sex IPV was less likely to be cleared by arrest but much more likely to be cleared by dual arrest, victim noncooperation, and prosecution declined. Same-sex IPV involving Black couples and married partners were also less likely to be cleared by arrest but more likely to be cleared by dual arrest than Black/White same-sex IPV and incidents involving unmarried partners, respectively. Moreover, same-sex IPV victims experience unfavorable criminal justice outcomes in states with mandatory arrest policies but fare better in states that supported same-sex relationships prior to Obergefell. The implications of these findings for practice and research are discussed.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Casamento , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Masculino , Casamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Estados Unidos , Adulto , Decisões da Suprema Corte , Homossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
16.
LGBT Health ; 11(2): 81-102, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37676973

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic review and, where possible, meta-analysis on the prevalence of physical health conditions in sexual minority men (SMM, i.e., gay- and bisexual-identified men) compared with heterosexual-identified men. Methods: A systematic literature search in the databases MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and Web of Science was conducted on epidemiological studies on physical health conditions, classified in the Global Burden of Disease project and published between 2000 and 2021. Meta-analyses comparing odds ratios were calculated. Results: In total, 23,649 abstracts were screened, and 32 studies were included in the systematic review. Main findings were that (1) Largest differences in prevalence by sexual identity were found for chronic respiratory diseases, particularly asthma: overall, SMM were significantly almost 50% more likely to suffer from asthma than heterosexual men. (2) Evidence of higher prevalence was also found for chronic kidney diseases and headache disorders in gay men and for hepatitis B/C in both gay and bisexual men. (3) We found an overall trend that bisexual men were more affected by some of the physical health conditions compared with gay men (e.g., cardiovascular diseases, asthma). However, regarding cancer, headache disorders, and hepatitis, gay men were more affected. Conclusion: We found evidence of physical health disparities by sexual identity, suggesting more health issues in SMM. Since some of these findings rely on few comparisons or small samples of SMM only, this review is intended to be a vehement plea for routinely including sexual identity assessment in health research and clinical practice.


Assuntos
Asma , Transtornos da Cefaleia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Asma/epidemiologia , Bissexualidade , Transtornos da Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Heterossexualidade , Homossexualidade , Fatores de Risco , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/enzimologia , Hepatite/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia
17.
J Homosex ; 71(7): 1684-1702, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36989378

RESUMO

A bibliometric analysis was conducted to map out trends in publications on attitudes toward the LGBT community based on the 470 documents retrieved from the SCOPUS database for 2002-2022. The results revealed that the United States is the leading country contributing to the publications on attitudes toward the LGBT community and has a strong impact in the field (64.68%). The authorship analysis revealed that Flores, Woodford, and Worthen from the United States are the leading researchers in this field. Analysis of publication sources showed that the Journal of Homosexuality is the top publisher of findings on the LGBT community whereas the Journal of Interpersonal Violence and Sexuality and Culture have gained more traction among researchers in recent years. The analysis of the co-occurrence of author's keywords indicated that transgender is the gender group that is the most researched compared to other sexual identities. Negative attitudes such as homophobia, discrimination and being heterosexist toward one's sexuality or same-sex marriage are the current research foci. Religion and culture are seen as important predictors of attitudes about homosexuality and same-sex marriage policy. The study addresses the gaps in the literature by recommending future researchers to investigate attitudes toward other gender identities as a result of the revolution in sexual identities.


Assuntos
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Pessoas Transgênero , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Atitude , Homossexualidade , Bibliometria
18.
J Homosex ; 71(5): 1201-1230, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715727

RESUMO

Sexual minority individuals often have complicated relationships with conservative religion, including conflicts between their sexual and religious identities. Sexual minority members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (CJCLDS) experience unique struggles, given the policies and doctrine of the CJCLDS and its commitment to heteronormative family structures and gender roles. A better understanding of the identity development trajectory for sexual minority individuals formerly involved in the church can deepens our understanding of sexual identity development in constrained contexts and help promote successful identity integration within this subpopulation. Transcripts from semi-structured interviews with thirty-four sexual minority individuals who identified as former members of the CJCLDS were analyzed using an inductive thematic approach, followed by a deductive theory-building process in which Cass's Homosexual Identity Formation Model and Genia's Religious Identity Development Model were overlaid on themes. We present a model that captures the trajectory of sexual and religious identity development that captures the experiences of sexual minority adults within the constraints of the CJCLDS, a non-affirming religious denomination.


Assuntos
Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Identidade de Gênero , Homossexualidade
19.
J Homosex ; 71(5): 1177-1200, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688863

RESUMO

There are currently debates inside and outside intersex communities about whether to include the I in LGBTQI+. Intersex has historically been critical in arguments about the boundaries between significant ontological and epistemological categories, particularly: female and male; homosexuality and heterosexuality; and sex, gender and sexuality. There is also a long history of conflation and confusion of categories of sex, gender and sexuality. It is clear that intersex is in some way inseparable from LGBT politics. This article will present the historical case study of Georgina Somerset, a British intersex woman, focusing on 1960-1970. Somerset's story illustrates both that intersex is different and separate from issues of gender and sexuality, and that intersex is always intimately connected to LGBT issues, whether historically or in contemporary politics. I identify four contemporary tensions that can be illuminated by this history of the entanglements and tensions of LGBT and I: the difficult boundary work between intersex and trans; the association of both intersex and trans with homosexuality; the issues of distraction and instrumentalization; and the affordances and limitations of identity politics. As the "I" was there all along, the politics of recognition might help us generate different discussions of LGBTQI+ politics and responsibilities.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Transexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Homossexualidade , Identidade de Gênero , Heterossexualidade
20.
Cult Health Sex ; 26(3): 317-331, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37104826

RESUMO

In 2016, Human Rights Watch, an international human rights organisation, published a report on the use of forced anal examinations to identify and prosecute putative 'homosexuals'. The report provided detailed descriptions and first-person accounts of these examinations in several countries in the Middle East and Africa. Drawing on theories of iatrogenesis and queer necropolitics, this paper uses these accounts and other reports of forced anal examinations to explore the role of medical providers in the 'diagnosis' and prosecution of homosexuality. The goal of these medical examinations is explicitly punitive rather than therapeutic, making them quintessential examples of iatrogenic clinical encounters which harm rather than heal. We argue that these examinations naturalise socioculturally derived beliefs about bodies and gender that construct homosexuality as 'readable' on the body through close medical inspection. These acts of inspection and 'diagnosis' reveal broader hegemonic state narratives of heteronormative gender and sexuality, both within countries as well as internationally as different state actors circulate and share these narratives. This article highlights the entanglement of medical and state actors, as well as contextualises the practice of forced anal examination within its colonial roots. Our analysis offers the potential for advocacy and holding medical professions and states accountable.


Assuntos
Homofobia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Humanos , Homossexualidade , África , Doença Iatrogênica
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