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1.
J Homosex ; 68(1): 70-87, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31194923

RESUMO

This study investigated the association between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms among Korean lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals and explored the role of community connectedness in that association. We analyzed a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 2,162 LGB adults in Korea. Discrimination based on its types, including sexual orientation, over the past 12 months was classified into four categories: (1) 'never experienced discrimination,' experienced (2) 'only sexual orientation discrimination,' (3) 'any of the other types of discrimination,' and (4) 'both sexual orientation discrimination and any of the other types of discrimination.' Our findings suggest that there was a statistically significant association between 'only sexual orientation discrimination' and depressive symptoms among LGB individuals with a low-level of community connectedness, but not among those with a high-level. In the other two categories of discrimination, which included the other types of discrimination, the associations were statistically significant, regardless of the level of community connectedness.


Assuntos
Bissexualidade/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Homofobia/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , República da Coreia , Características de Residência , Sexismo , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Homosex ; 68(1): 23-46, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204585

RESUMO

Kabbalat Shabbat (Welcoming the Sabbath) is a traditional Jewish ritual marking the transition between the profane weekday and the holy Shabbat. Reform Jewish communities maintain this practice with certain ritualistic and textual revisions, in order to include gender and sexual categories previously excluded from mainstream traditional Jewish texts and rituals. This ethnographic article analyzes the particular LGBTQ Kabbalat Shabbat. By creating unique rituals to mark phenomena of both oppression and exclusion, on the one hand, and of love and acceptance, on the other, the Reform congregation emerges as a religious safe space. I argue that those rituals dedicated to and constructed by the LGBTQ community function as a performance of affirmation and empower of gender and sexual identities. This egalitarian performance fosters a shared political discourse for promoting the struggle for equal rights, through a new religious practice.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade , Judeus , Judaísmo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Comportamento Ritualístico , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Israel , Judeus/psicologia , Masculino
3.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 18(2): 73-95, jul.-dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144713

RESUMO

Resumen (analítico) Este artículo presenta una revisión sobre los procesos de revelación y aceptación de la orientación sexual y el papel del apoyo social familiar como un aspecto fundamental para el bienestar de hijos gays e hijas lesbianas. Se resalta que los padres, madres, hijos e hijas atraviesan diferentes etapas para lograr la aceptación de la orientación homosexual. Así mismo, el apoyo informacional permite el apoyo emocional por parte de los padres y madres. Se evidencia que ciertas creencias, estereotipos e información insuficiente, así como la pobre educación acerca de la orientación homosexual obstaculizan el apoyo social brindado por las familias a sus hijos e hijas. Se recomienda para futuras investigaciones el abordaje del apoyo social familiar, entendido como un proceso transversal, presente y activo en las familias con hijos gays e hijas lesbianas.


Abstract (analytical) This article presents a thematic review of the processes of coming out and acceptance of the sexual orientation of lesbian and gay children and the fundamental role of social support for their welfare. It highlights that parents and sons/daughters go through different stages to achieve acceptance of homosexual orientation. In addition, the study finds that information facilitates emotional support from parents. It is evident that certain beliefs, stereotypes, and insufficient and false information, as well as limited education about homosexual orientation, act as obstacles for providing social support to lesbian and gay children by their families. Recommendations for further research include considering family social support as a crosscutting process that is present and active in families with gay and lesbian children.


Resumo (analítico) O artigo apresenta uma revisão temática do processo de revelação e aceitação da orientação sexual e o papel fundamental que o apoio social desempenha para o bem-estar de crianças lésbicas e gays. Destaca-se que pais e filhos/filhas passam por estágios diferentes para chegar à aceitação da homossexualidade. Além disso, apoio informacional permite apoio emocional por pais e mães. É evidente que algumas crenças, esteriótipos e informações falsas e insuficientes, assim como baixo nível de educação sobre a homossexualidade se tornam obstáculos para prover apoio social para filhas e filhos lésbicas e gays por parte de suas famílias. Recomendase para pesquisas futuras, a abordagem de apoio social familiar, entendendo que esse é um processo transversal presente e ativo nas famílias com filhos e filhas gays e lésbicas.


Assuntos
Apoio Social , Núcleo Familiar , Informação , Comportamento Sexual , Homossexualidade , Educação
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33322744

RESUMO

Despite the Caregiving Questionnaire (CQ) being a widely used measure for the study of caregiving behavior in the context of romantic relationships, to date, few studies have focused on empirically evaluating its underlying theoretical structure. The aim of this study was to examine the factorial structure and equivalence across sex and sexual orientation of this instrument. A sample of 912 Chilean individuals currently involved in a couple relationship completed the Caregiving Questionnaire and the Experiences in Close Relationship Scale. After comparing various traditional Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)models, the results provide support for a multidimensional and hierarchical nature of a brief 16-items version of the CQ. More specifically, the analyses supported a bifactor-CFA solution composed of two global factors and four specific factors, suggesting that they add information to the caregiving construct in the context of couple relationships. Additionally, the scale showed measurement invariance across sex and sexual orientation. Finally, significant associations were found between CQ scores with measures of romantic attachment in the expected directions. Theoretical implications about the nature of the caregiving system are discussed.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Comportamento Sexual , Cuidadores/psicologia , Chile , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Homossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Hist Psychiatry ; 31(4): 421-439, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605397

RESUMO

A conceptual evolution is traceable from early modern classifications of libido nefanda (execrable lust) to early nineteenth-century allusions to 'perversion of the sexual instinct', via pluralizing notions of coitus nefandus/sodomiticus in Martin Schurig's work, and of sodomia impropria in seventeenth- through late eighteenth-century legal medicine. Johann Valentin Müller's early breakdown of various unnatural penchants seemingly inspired similar lists in works by Johann Christoph Fahner and Johann Josef Bernt, and ultimately Heinrich Kaan. This allows an ante-dating of the 'specification of the perverted' (Foucault) often located in the late nineteenth century, and appreciation of pygmalionism and necrophilia as instances of 'perverted sexual instinct'. In this light, Kaan's early psychopathia sexualis was less innovative and more ambivalent than previously thought.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade/história , Transtornos Parafílicos/história , Feminino , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Psico USF ; 25(2): 207-222, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, il
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1135719

RESUMO

O modelo do Estresse de Minoria (EM) propõe a existência de estressores específicos que levam pessoas lésbicas, gays e bissexuais (LGB) à posição de maior vulnerabilidade social. O EM é composto por homonegatividade internalizada, a ocultação da sexualidade e as experiências de estigma. Embora o modelo tenha recebido suporte empírico, não há instrumentos adaptados para sua avaliação no contexto brasileiro. Portanto, este estudo objetiva a adaptação transcultural e a produção de evidências de validade para o contexto brasileiro de um protocolo para avaliação do EM em LGBs (PEM-LGB-BR). A amostra foi de 1451 participantes que responderam a Escala de Homonegatividade Internalizada, a Escala de Revelação da Sexualidade e a Escala de Experiências de Estigma. As análises fatoriais exploratórias e confirmatórias sugerem a estrutura de três fatores do PEM-LGB-BR como a mais adequada. Tal resultado é coerente com a teoria, tornando o protocolo válido para ser utilizado no contexto brasileiro. (AU)


The Minority Stress (MS) model proposes the existence of specific stressors that make lesbian, gay and bisexual people (LGB) more socially vulnerable. MS is composed of internalized homonegativity, concealment of sexuality, and stigma experiences. Although the model has received empirical support, there are no instruments adapted for its assessment in the Brazilian context. Therefore, this study aimed to cross-culturally adapt and assess validity evidences for the Brazilian context of a protocol for the assessment of MS in LGBs (PEM-LGB-BR). The sample consisted of 1451 participants who answered the Internalized Homonegativity Scale, the Outness Inventory, and the Stigma Experience Scale. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggest the three-factor structure of PEM-LGB-BR as the most adequate. This result is consistent with the theory, making the protocol valid for use in the Brazilian context. (AU)


El modelo de Estrés de Minoría (EM) propone la existencia de estresores específicos que llevan a personas lesbianas, gays y bisexuales (LGB) a posiciones de mayor vulnerabilidad social. El EM se compone de homonegatividad internalizada, ocultamiento de sexualidad y experiencias de estigma. Aunque el modelo haya recibido soporte empírico, no hay instrumentos adaptados para su evaluación en el contexto brasileño. Por lo tanto, este estudio tiene por objetivo la adaptación transcultural y producción de evidencias de validez en el contexto brasileño de un protocolo para evaluación del EM en LGBs (PEM-LGB-BR). La muestra fue de 1451 participantes que respondieron la Escala de Homonegatividad Internalizada, Escala de Revelación de Sexualidad, y Escala de Experiencias de Estigma. Los análisis factoriales exploratorios y confirmatorios sugieren la estructura de tres factores del PEM-LGB-BR como la más adecuada. Este resultado es coherente con la teoría, tornando el protocolo válido para ser utilizado en el contexto brasileño. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estresse Psicológico , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Vulnerabilidade Social , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Estereotipagem de Gênero , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (38): 121-135, Jan.-Jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1090091

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é analisar as representações sociais de profissionais do sexo sobre HIV / AIDS. É delineado como um estudo qualitativo, descritivo-exploratório das representações sociais com uma abordagem processual. Quinze profissionais do sexo participaram do estudo, esses homens fazendo sexo com homens, homossexuais, travestis e mulheres transexuais. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista estruturada e questionário sociodemográfico, no período de março de 2015 a março de 2016. A análise de conteúdo da avaliação foi utilizada como técnica. As representações sociais dos sujeitos do estudo sobre HIV / AIDS apresentaram elementos conceituais sobre vírus e doenças, vulnerabilidade; Consequências; Prevenção; e transmissão. Conclui-se que os participantes mostraram em suas representações o déficit de estratégias de promoção da saúde sobre o tema, focado em suas necessidades e especificidades dos profissionais do sexo.


Abstract The objective of this study is to analyze the social representations of sex workers about HIV / AIDS. It is outlined as a qualitative, descriptive-exploratory study of social representations with a procedural approach. Fifteen sex workers participated in the study, these men having sex with men, homosexuals, transvestites and transsexualwomen. Data were collected through a structured interview and sociodemographic questionnaire, from March 2015 to March 2016. The evaluation content analysis was used as a technique. The social representations of the subjects of the study on HIV / AIDS presented conceptual elements on the virus and disease, vulnerability; Consequences; Prevention; and transmission. It is concluded that the participants showed in their representations the deficit of health promotion strategies on the subject, focused on their needs and specificities of sex workers.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las representaciones sociales de los trabajadores sexuales sobre el VIH / SIDA. Se perfila como un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo-exploratorio, de representaciones sociales con abordaje procesual. Participaron del estudio quince trabajadores sexuales, siendo estos hombres que tienen sexo con hombres, homosexuales, travestis y mujeres transexuales. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevista de tipo estructurada y cuestionario sociodemográfico, de marzo de 2015 a marzo de 2016. Se utilizó como técnica el análisis de contenido evaluativo. Las representaciones sociales de los sujetos del estudio sobre el VIH/SIDA presentaron elementos conceptuales sobre el virus y la enfermedad, vulnerabilidad; Consecuencias; Prevención; y transmisión. Se concluye que los participantes se mostraron en sus representaciones el déficit de las estrategias de promoción de la salud sobre el tema, enfocadas a sus necesidades y especificidades de los trabajadores sexuales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Travestilidade , Brasil , Homossexualidade , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , HIV , Profissionais do Sexo , Pessoas Transgênero , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Promoção da Saúde
8.
Ann Epidemiol ; 45: 1-4, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439147

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We sought to document the association between parent's report and their child's report of the child's sexual orientation and associations between this agreement/disagreement and the child's psychiatric morbidity. METHODS: Data were drawn from 11,565 parent-child dyads who completed the baseline assessment of the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development study (2016-2018; children ages 9-10 years). Whether the child was "gay or bisexual" was asked separately of parent and child. We created four categories: (1) Concordant No; (2) Discordant: Parent Yes/Maybe, Child No/Unclear; (3) Discordant: Parent No, Child Yes/Maybe; (4) Concordant Yes/Maybe. Parents reported their child's lifetime psychiatric morbidity (i.e., depression, anxiety, ADHD, ODD, OCD, PTSD, eating disorder, and conduct disorder). RESULTS: Of parent-child dyads, 960 (7.9%) disagreed about the child's sexual orientation; the Concordant No dyads reported the lowest psychiatric morbidity compared with the other three dyad groups. Child psychiatric morbidity among the Discordant: Parent Yes/Maybe dyads compared with the Concordant No dyads was elevated across all disorders except PTSD (e.g., depression [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.20, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.51-3.21], anxiety [aOR = 1.63, 95% CI: 1.38-1.92], and eating disorder [aOR = 2.63, 95% CI: 1.39-4.68]). CONCLUSIONS: The sexual orientation disparity in psychiatric morbidity begins in childhood. Parent-child agreement/disagreement of children's sexual orientation represents a potential marker of this early vulnerability.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente/fisiologia , Bissexualidade , Cognição/fisiologia , Homossexualidade , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pais/psicologia , Adolescente , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Criança , Transtorno da Conduta/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 669, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has the world's largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) population. This study assessed the discrimination experienced by LGBT individuals in China in a comprehensive way, covering discrimination perpetrated by family, media, medical services, religious communities, schools, social services, and in the workplace. METHODS: The current study involved a national survey of 31 provinces and autonomous regions. Discrimination was measured both in terms of heterosexual participants' attitudes towards LGBT individuals, and LGBT participants' self-perceived discrimination. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to examine the difference between heterosexual participants' attitudes towards LGBT individuals and LGBT participants' self-perceived discrimination. Linear regression was used to investigate the association between gross domestic product per capita and discrimination. RESULTS: Among 29,125 participants, 2066 (7.1%) identified as lesbian, 9491 (32.6%) as gay, 3441 (11.8%) as bisexual, 3195 (11.0%) as transgender, and 10,932 (37.5%) as heterosexual. Heterosexual people were generally friendly towards the LGBT community with a mean score of 21.9 (SD = 2.7, total scale score = 100) and the grand averaged score of self-perceived discrimination by LGBT participants was 49.9 (SD = 2.5). Self-perceived discrimination from family and social services is particularly severe. We created a series of provincial level choropleth maps showing heterosexual participants' acceptance towards the LGBT community, and self-perceived discrimination reported by members of the LGBT community. We found that a higher level of economic development in provinces was associated with a decrease in discrimination, and we identified that every 100 thousand RMB increase in per capita GDP lead to a 6.4% decrease in discriminatory events perpetrated by heterosexuals. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese LGBT groups consistently experience discrimination in various aspects of their daily lives. The prevalence of this discrimination is associated with the economic development of the province in which it occurs. In order to reduce discrimination, it is important for future studies to discover the underlying reasons for discrimination against LGBT individuals in China.


Assuntos
Bissexualidade/psicologia , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Sexismo/psicologia , Estigma Social , Transexualidade/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bissexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Feminino , Heterossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Homossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
10.
Arch Sex Behav ; 49(5): 1769-1782, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285312

RESUMO

Chinese Confucian filial piety posits that getting married and having children to maintain family bloodlines is a fundamental duty of children to their parents. Chinese lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals experience added stresses because of the pressure to get married from parents, social environments, and themselves. However, no research thus far has examined the influence of this added stressor, called "pressure to get married," on the mental health of LGB individuals in China. This study examined the influence of sexual orientation-based stresses (i.e., LGB minority stress and perceived pressure to get married) on mental health among 543 Chinese single LGB individuals (259 gay men, 161 lesbians, 68 bisexual men, and 55 bisexual women). We developed a new measure of stress based on perceived pressure to get married and found three factors based on pressure sources: social pressure, parental pressure, and internalized pressure. Both minority stress and perceived pressure to get married were associated with worse mental health. Minority stress and perceived external pressure (i.e., perceived social and parental pressure) were found to be components of a second-order latent variable, called sexual orientation-based stress, which was associated with worse mental health. Sexual orientation-based stress is associated with mental health through coping/emotion and cognitive, but not social, processes. The results indicate that the pressure to get married experienced by Chinese LGB individuals need to be examined further. The findings indicated that the perceived pressure to get married was another significant stressor based on sexual orientation and minority stress, and was associated with mental health among Chinese LGB individuals.


Assuntos
Bissexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Minoritários/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Arq. bras. psicol. (Rio J. 2003) ; 72(1): 93-104, jan.-abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1114674

RESUMO

This study aimed at analyzing social representations of Brazilian gay men concerning male aging, homosexuality and homophobia. Ten gay elder men, at the average age of 65.7 years participated of it (SD = 3.86). To obtain the social representations, the free word association test was used, with the stimulus "male aging"; the responses were subjected to prototypical and similarity analysis with the software IRAMUTEQ. The social representations of male aging showed negative aspects, such as sadness and loneliness, and positive ones, such as health and life experience, as well as sexuality. It is expected that data can contribute to new investigations and reflections on the aging of homosexual people, bringing life quality to that group.


Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar e explicar as representações sociais de idosos gays sobre o envelhecimento masculino. Participaram 10 homens gays idosos, com idade média de 65,7 anos (DP = 3,86). Para obtenção das representações sociais, utilizou-se o TALP com o estímulo "envelhecimento masculino", em que as respostas foram submetidas a análise prototípica e de similitude com o programa IRAMUTEQ. As representações sociais do envelhecimento masculino situaram em aspectos negativos como tristeza e solidão, positivos como saúde e experiência de vida e sobre a sexualidade. Espera-se que os dados possibilitem novas investigações e reflexões sobre o envelhecimento de pessoas homossexuais, de modo a trazer qualidade de vida para este grupo.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar las representaciones sociales de los hombres homosexuales brasileños con respecto al envejecimiento masculino, la homosexualidad y la homofobia. Participaron diez hombres mayores homosexuales, con una edad promedio de 65.7 años (SD = 3.86). Para obtener las representaciones sociales, se utilizó la prueba de asociación de palabras libres, con el estímulo "envejecimiento masculino"; Las respuestas se sometieron a un análisis prototípico y de similitud con el software IRAMUTEQ. Las representaciones sociales del envejecimiento masculino mostraron aspectos negativos, como tristeza y soledad, y aspectos positivos, como salud y experiencia de la vida, así como la sexualidad. Se espera que los datos puedan contribuir a nuevas investigaciones y reflexiones sobre el envejecimiento de las personas homosexuales, aportando calidad de vida a este grupo.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Homossexualidade , Homofobia , Homens , Brasil
12.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 212-224, jan.-mar. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087309

RESUMO

A pegação masculina em espaços públicos da cidade é um fenômeno plural, rico em experiências instauradoras de práticas e modos de ocupar o mundo dissidentes da heteronorma. Não por acaso, foi submetido a muitos registros de infâmia. Dos antigos crimes jurídico-religiosos de sodomia forjados na Europa, que colonizaram, inclusive, os prazeres nas Américas, até sua inscrição patológico-criminal apoiada pela ciência do século XIX, a pegação tornou-se um atentado ao pudor, uma afronta à moral pública. Contudo, as figuras anônimas homoeróticas que circulam oscilantes pela urbe, instauradoras de territórios de prazer em meio ao espaço público, nos ajudam a entender, através de seus rastros, muitas vezes captados pelos aparelhos de poder, justamente suas histórias de repressão.


The cruising gay men in public spaces of the city is a plural phenomenon, rich in experiences instituting dissident practices and lifestyle of the heteronormativity. It is not by chance that this phenomenon was subjected to many registers of infamy. From the ancient juridical religious sodomy crimes established in Europe that even colonized the pleasures in the Americas to their pathological criminal inscription supported by nineteenth-century science, the cruising gay men became an indecent assault, an affront to the public moral principles. However, the anonymous homoerotic figures that circulate around the city, establishing pleasure territories in the midst of public space, help us to understand through their traces often captured by the power apparatus, precisely their stories of repression.


La práctica del cruising en los espacios públicos de la ciudad es un fenómeno plural, rico en experiencias que establecen prácticas y formas de ocupar el mundo disidentes de la heteronorma. No por casualidad, el fenómeno fue sometido a muchos registros de infamia. Desde los antiguos crimenes jurídico-religiosos de sodomía, establecidos en Europa y que incluso colonizaron los placeres en las Américas, hasta la inscripción criminal patológica apoyada por la ciencia del siglo XIX, la práctica del cruising se convirtió en un atentado contra el pudor, una afrenta a la moral pública. Sin embargo, las figuras anónimas homoeróticas que circulan alrededor de la ciudad, estableciendo territorios de placer en el espacio público, nos ayudan a comprender, a través de sus rastros, a menudo capturadas por los aparatos del poder, precisamente sus historias de represión.


Assuntos
Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Homossexualidade/história , Sexualidade , Sexo sem Proteção , Sociedades , Cidades , Prazer
13.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 36(2): 181-184, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129759

RESUMO

Evidence for a "homosexuality gene" was claimed in the early 1990's on the basis of linkage studies that, by current criteria, were woefully underpowered. Indeed, follow up studies gave contradictory results. Genome-wide association studies, and very large databases with detailed genetic and phenotypic data, have made possible a re-examination of this issue. While modest heritability (ca. 0.3) for homosexuality is confirmed, no major locus is found and the genetic influence appears extremely polygenic. Thus, there is no single gene, or even small set of genes, that have a strong influence on homosexuality.


Assuntos
Marcadores Genéticos , Homossexualidade/fisiologia , Padrões de Herança/genética , Feminino , Ligação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/história , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/tendências , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Homossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prevalência
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197386

RESUMO

This study examined the factors related to the preference about laws to legalize same-sex relationships in participants of the first wave of a survey (Wave 1, 23 months before the same-sex marriage referendum) and the second wave of a survey (Wave 2, 1 week after the same-sex marriage referendum) in Taiwan. The data of 3286 participants in Wave 1 and 1370 participants in Wave 2 recruited through a Facebook advertisement were analyzed. Each participant completed an online questionnaire assessing their attitude toward the legal recognition of same-sex relationships, preference about laws to legalize same-sex relationships (establishing same-sex couple laws outside the Civil Code vs. changing the Civil Code to include same-sex marriage laws), belief in the importance of legalizing same-sex relationships, and perceived social attitudes toward the legal recognition of same-sex relationships. The results revealed that those who did not support legalizing same-sex relationships were more likely to prefer establishing same-sex couple laws outside the Civil Code than those who supported the legalization. The form of law preferred to legalize same-sex relationships significantly changed between Wave 1 and Wave 2. Multiple factors, including gender, age, sexual orientation, belief in the importance of legalizing same-sex relationships to human rights and the social status of sexual minorities, and perceived peers' and families' attitudes toward the legal recognition of same-sex relationships, were significantly associated with the preference of laws, although these associations varied among heterosexual and non-heterosexual participants and at various stages of the survey.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade , Casamento , Mídias Sociais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
15.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(3): e00222618, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187295

RESUMO

This study reviewed articles originated in Brazil, in the United Kingdom, and in the United States from 1970 to September 2018 in the Web of Science database. Text mining techniques were used, and a predominantly qualitative analysis was performed, including correspondence analysis and sentiment analysis using the R Software (version 3.5.0) tools. Results show a repathologization of homosexuality in the gerontological knowledge production. This includes studies performed in 51 areas of knowledge in the three countries. That was followed by the depsychiatrization of homosexuality during the peak of deaths caused by AIDS, and its consequent recognition as an epidemiological threat. The article concludes reviewing the collected biomarkers, such as "sexual", "risk", "MSM", and "HIV/AIDS", which prove the progressive impact of sexual panic in gerontology studies and also associates AIDS with masculine homosexuality.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Biomarcadores , Geriatria , Brasil , Infecções por HIV , Homossexualidade , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Reino Unido , Estados Unidos
16.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 28(1): 89-97, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092416

RESUMO

Resumo Este estudo teve o objetivo de identificar e discutir aspectos bioéticos que envolvem a proibição de doação sanguínea por pessoas homoafetivas. Trata-se de revisão integrativa da literatura, com abordagem crítico-reflexiva de artigos disponíveis na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde e publicados entre 2013 e 2018. Foram selecionados sete estudos que contemplaram a temática, a partir dos quais surgiram quatro categorias: "inaptidão para doação de sangue"; "só homossexuais praticam sexo anal?"; "saúde pública ou heterossexismo na saúde?"; e "considerações da bioética principialista para doação sanguínea de pessoas homoafetivas", remetendo aos quatro pilares da teoria principialista. A bioética promove reflexões sociais, direciona linhas de pensamento ou questionamento e cria novos espaços para discussão do assunto. Os dilemas envolvidos nessa abordagem dizem respeito à negação dos quatro pilares bioéticos aos sujeitos homoafetivos, induzindo maleficência a esse grupo vulnerável e aos receptores do tecido sanguíneo.


Abstract This study aimed to identify and discuss bioethical aspects that involve the ban on blood donation from homo-affective people. This is an integrative review of the literature, with a critical-reflexive approach to articles available in the Virtual Health Library and published between 2013 and 2018. Seven studies were selected that covered the theme, from which four categories emerged: "unfit for blood donation"; "are homosexuals the only ones who practice anal sex?"; "public health or heterosexism in health?"; and "considerations of principlist bioethics for blood donation from homo-affective people", referring to the four pillars of the principlist theory. Bioethics promotes social reflections, directs lines of thought or questioning and creates new avenues for discussing the subject. The dilemmas involved in this approach are related to the denial of the four bioethical pillars to homoaffective subjects, inducing maleficence to this vulnerable group and to blood tissue recipients.


Resumen Este estudio tiene el objetivo de identificar y discutir algunos aspectos bioéticos que implican la prohibición de donaciones de sangre por homosexuales. Se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura con el abordaje crítico y reflexivo elaborada con artículos incluidos en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud y publicados entre 2013 y 2018. Se seleccionaron siete estudios para abordar el tema, de los que resultaron cuatro categorías: "imposibilidad de donar sangre"; "¿Solo los homosexuales practican el sexo anal?"; "¿Salud pública o heterosexismo en la salud?"; y "consideraciones de la bioética principialista para la donación de sangre de las personas homoafectivas", abordando los cuatro principios de la teoría principialista. La bioética promueve la reflexión social, dirige las líneas de pensamiento o el cuestionamiento y crea nuevos espacios de debate. Los dilemas de este enfoque se refieren a la negación de los cuatro pilares bioéticos a los sujetos homoafectivos, lo que induce a la maleficencia a este grupo vulnerable y a los receptores de tejidos sanguíneos.


Assuntos
Bioética , Doadores de Sangue , Homossexualidade , Saúde Pública , Equidade em Saúde , Direitos Humanos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045994

RESUMO

This study examined the associations of perceived socially unfavorable attitudes toward homosexuality and same-sex marriage with suicidal ideation in non-heterosexual and heterosexual participants from first (Wave 1, 23 months prior to same-sex marriage referendums) and second (Wave 2, one week after the referendums) wave surveys in Taiwan. Data provided by 3239 participants in Wave 1 and 1337 participants in Wave 2 who were recruited through a Facebook advertisement were analyzed. Participants completed an online questionnaire assessing suicidal ideation and perceived unfavorable attitudes toward homosexuality and same-sex marriage from Taiwanese society, heterosexual friends, and family members. The results indicate that perceived unfavorable attitudes toward homosexuality from Taiwanese society, heterosexual friends, and family members were positively associated with suicidal ideation among non-heterosexual individuals in the first but not the second survey. In addition, among non-heterosexual individuals, such attitudes toward same-sex marriage in family members and in heterosexual friends were positively associated with suicidal ideation in the Wave 1 and Wave 2 surveys, respectively. Perceived unfavorable attitudes toward homosexuality and same-sex marriage in heterosexual friends were associated with suicidal ideation in heterosexual participants with a favorable attitude but not in those individuals with an unfavorable attitude toward homosexuality, in both surveys. Perceived socially unfavorable attitudes toward homosexuality and same-sex marriage were significantly associated with suicidal ideation before and after same-sex marriage referendums; however, the associations varied between non-heterosexual and heterosexual individuals.


Assuntos
Atitude , Homossexualidade , Casamento , Ideação Suicida , Adulto , Feminino , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Casamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Política Pública , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
18.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 53(3): 216-221, 2020 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been relatively few studies concerning gender and sexual identity in research on ageing and nursing or care. Non-heterosexual older people and those in need of care describe fears of rejection and the dependence on third parties in their use of health and social care services in old age. OBJECTIVE: This article examines the question of how gender and sexual diversity can be respected in older adult social services. It focuses on the question of how sexual and gender identity become relevant in particular contexts and how these categories interact with other categories of identity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative data from the same sex and nursing in old age (GLEPA) research project with older lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans*and inter* (LGBTI*) people in need of care or help are used. For the analysis, biographical case reconstructions are combined with an intersectional perspective. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The analysis of the data shows how sexual and gender identities of older LGBTI* people are represented in differing contexts and depend on their experiences across the course of life. It also shows how specific strategies associated with these identity categories are developed and can be distinguished. Particularly in the act of personal care, the interplay between age, body and gender identity shows how the interviewees experience the normative and sometimes violent, structures of long-term care. Regarding sexual identity, the data show the continuing relevance of life situations and lifestyles for LGBTI* people into old age, demonstrating the importance of taking an intersectional perspective for person-centered care with older adults.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Homossexualidade , Sexismo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Comportamento Sexual , Estigma Social
19.
J Relig Health ; 59(2): 828-844, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052279

RESUMO

There is a growing interest in addressing spirituality in health care with evidence emerging that personal spiritual and religious practices, and support of these, can influence mental health in a positive way. However, there can be distinct challenges to spiritual expression and mental health issues for youth who identify as LGBT+. The goal of this paper was to undertake a systematic review of the available evidence to investigate the relationship between mental health, spirituality and religion as experienced by LGBT+ youth. A comprehensive literature search was conducted using medical and psychological databases that focused on spirituality, mental health and LGBT+ youth. The search yielded a total of ten articles published in English between May 2008 and June 2018. The key findings highlighted issues around discriminatory attitudes, shame related to disclosure, spirituality as a supportive resource, internalised conflict and external factors around sexual orientation concerns. The psychological, social and health implications are presented and discussed.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade/psicologia , Religião e Psicologia , Religião e Sexo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Adulto Jovem
20.
Psychol Addict Behav ; 34(4): 512-520, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077708

RESUMO

Research indicates that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth are at increased risk for heavy drinking relative to their heterosexual peers. One possible contributing factor is that religiosity fails to provide the significant protection for LGB youth that it provides in general population samples. Although prior studies provide some support for this hypothesis, there is little research on the reasons that religiosity may fail to protect against heavy drinking among LGB youth. The current study addressed this question by examining relations among religiosity, age of self-identification as LGB, and alcohol use in a sample of 162 young adults self-identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning. Age of self-identification was conceptualized as an indicator of stress or internal conflict between religious beliefs and self-identification. We hypothesized that higher levels of religiosity would be associated with a later age of identification as LGB, which, in turn, would contribute to heavier drinking. Path analyses conducted in Mplus provided support for this hypothesis, with higher levels of religiosity indirectly contributing to increased alcohol use through later age of self-identification. Whereas additional studies directly assessing stress associated with the self-identification process are needed, the results of this study suggest that religiosity may serve as a risk, rather than protective, factor among LGB youth. The development of religious support groups specifically for LGB youth may help these individuals reconcile their religious beliefs with their emerging sexual identities, thereby allowing them to derive some of the same benefits that heterosexual youth derive from religious beliefs and practices. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade/psicologia , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Religião e Psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
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