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1.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(1): 102-104, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524132

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of implant digital impression,in order to provide guidance in digital implant prosthesis. METHODS: According to the requirements, 115 patients undergoing implantation were randomly selected. The implantation impression cap was placed and scanned with CBCT after esteosenesis. Oral cavity was scanned to make the 3D digital implantation model. The model data were obtained by scanning the digital resin implantation models. Based on the remaining teeth, the model data and CBCT data were matched in Nobel Clinicion software. RESULTS: The implantation impression cap in the patient's CBCT was completely matched and overlapped with the digital model in all of the occlusal, coronal and sagittal planes,which meant that the position, direction and angle of the implantation in the oral cavity were exactly the same as those in the digital model made by oral scanning. CONCLUSIONS: 3D digital resin model of oral scanning printing is completely accurate and can be popularized and applied in clinic.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Modelos Dentários , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Impressão Tridimensional , Software
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(25): e20588, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569185

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is an increasingly recognized immune-mediated entity that can affect virtually every organ system. Depending on the location of the disease, it can present a wide range of clinical manifestations and even mimic malignancies. Appendiceal involvement in patients with IgG4-related disease is particularly rare and very few cases are reported in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of IgG4-related appendiceal disease in a 42-year-old woman who presents with a subacute onset of right lower quadrant abdominal pain. DIAGNOSIS: Abdominal computed tomography showed a markedly enlarged appendix, raising the concern of malignancy. The diagnosis of IgG4 appendiceal disease was confirmed by postoperative histopathologic and immunohistochemical examination. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent right hemicolectomy. OUTCOMES: After the surgery, the patient had an uneventful recovery and reported a resolution of her symptoms. The serum IgG4 was revaluated 5 days after surgery and returned to its normal values. At the 3-year follow up, the patient had no recurrence of symptoms and her imaging exams remain unremarkable. LESSONS: This study reports the fifth case of IgG4-related appendiceal disease. Increasing awareness of this condition may influence the management of these patients, once patients with IgG4-related disease should be monitored after treatment, due to the risk of recurrence or involvement of other organs.


Assuntos
Apêndice/patologia , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Adulto , Apêndice/diagnóstico por imagem , Apêndice/cirurgia , Colectomia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/sangue , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/patologia , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(25): e20679, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569198

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to quantify changes in the lateral ventricular volume, the depth of the calcarine sulcus (CS), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of occipital lobe in fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly (IMVM) using MRI.Seventy-one fetuses with IMVM at 25 to 38 weeks gestational age (GA) and 58 fetuses with normal lateral ventricles at 25 to 38 weeks GA were enrolled. Volumes of the lateral ventricles were measured by 3D magnetic resonance hydrography. Depths of the CS and ADC values were also evaluated. All differences were tested by t test. Bivariate correlations were performed using Pearson method.Fetuses with IMVM had significantly larger lateral ventricular volumes and smaller CS depths than controls (volumes: 9.37 ±â€Š2.20 mL vs 5.04 ±â€Š1.33 mL, respectively, P < .001; depths: 8.27 ±â€Š2.55 mm vs 10.30 ±â€Š3.14 mm, respectively, P < .001). In IMVM cases, the CS depths were smaller on the side with the larger ventricle (8.10 ±â€Š2.54 mm vs 9.59 ±â€Š2.81 mm, P < .001). No differences were observed in occipital lobe ADC values between the2 groups (IMVM = 1.80 ±â€Š0.24 µm/ms; controls = 1.78 ±â€Š0.28 µm/ms, P > .05).Fetuses with IMVM had larger lateral ventricular volumes, shallower CS depths, but normal occipital lobe ADC values.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Hidrocefalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos Laterais/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Occipital/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (6): 104-108, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573540

RESUMO

The main surgical approaches to the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis were developed and introduced into surgical practice in the 60s of the last century. However, epidemiological changes and new medical technologies justify advisability of further improvement of surgical management of pulmonary tuberculosis. Computed tomography with 3D-nodeling and preoperative planning are valuable to analyze spread of pathological process and visualize pulmonary structures for improvement of surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose Pulmonar/cirurgia , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
5.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(2): 204-209, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530168

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To assess the accuracy and reliability of the two 3D measuring methods, structured-light scanning and single-camera photogrammetry in forensic body surface damage and scar measurement. Methods The measuring results of 86 injuries by the ruler method, structured-light scanning and single-camera photogrammetry were compared and evaluated. The area measuring results of 13 simulated scars by the structured-light scanning, single-camera photogrammetry, Photoshop lasso pixel method and PDF reading software were compared and evaluated. The time consumed was recorded. The known specification information of the stickers was used as the standard value to compare the measuring accuracy of the ruler method, structural-light scanning and single-camera photogrammetry, and to calculate the root mean square error (RMSE). The consistency evaluation of intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for the repeatability of 3 measuring results obtained by different operators and the same operator. Results The differences in results of the two 3D measuring methods and the ruler method had no statistical significance; the differences between measuring results made by the structured-light scanning, single-camera photogrammetry and PDF reading software and that of the Photoshop lasso pixel method had no statistical significance. The post-processing of the single-camera photogrammetry consumed more time than that of other methods. When the long-distance group (10-40 cm) was measured, the results obtained by the ruler method were shorter than the standard value. The RMSE value results were structured-light scanning < single-camera photogrammetry < ruler method. The ICC value intragroup and intergroup were greater than 0.99. Conclusion Both structured-light scanning and single-camera photogrammetry can be applied in recording and measuring forensic body surface damage. The former has better performance in measurement accuracy and stability, while the latter has better color performance but longer post-processing time.


Assuntos
Cicatriz , Imageamento Tridimensional , Humanos , Fotogrametria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Software
6.
Anticancer Res ; 40(5): 2567-2572, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the utility of high spatial resolution digital positron emission tomography images with the source-to-background ratio (SBR) algorithm for gross tumour volume (GTV) delineation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bowl and spheres (10-37 mm) were filled with fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose to achieve 4-16 times background radioactivity. The images were reconstructed using three isotropic voxel sizes. The SBR and percentage threshold (TH) to SUVmax were calculated. The plots between SBR and TH were fitted using a regression equation. The contoured volumes (CVs) of the spheres were calculated by applying TH. RESULTS: TH was 38.6+75.0/SBR for 4 mm voxel size; 39.6+37.0/SBR for 2 mm; and 38.8+35.2/SBR for 1 mm. The mean relative errors between CV and true volume for 4, 2, and 1 mm voxel sizes were 15%, 7%, and 7%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The present technique is useful for GTV delineation with reduced contouring error.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento Tridimensional , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos
7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 375-382, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393005

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of three-dimensional(3D) visualization technology in the precision diagnosis and treatment for primary liver cancer. Methods: A total of 1 665 patients with primary liver cancer who admitted to seven medical centers in China between January 2009 to January 2019, diagnosed and treated by 3D visualization protocol were analyzed, and their clinical data were retrospectively reviewed. There were 1 255 males(75.4%) and 410 females(24.6%), with age of (52.9±11.9) years (range: 18 to 86 years). The acquisition of high-quality CT images with submillimeter spatial resolution were conducted using a quality control system. By means of homogenization methods, 3D reconstruction and 3D visualization analysis were performed. Postoperative observation: pathology reports, microvascular invasion, perioperative complications and follow-up. SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for statistical description and analysis of clinical data. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to calculate overall survival and disease-free survival rate. Results: (1)In the sample of 1 265 patients, 3D reconstructed models clearly displayed as follows. tumor size: ≤2 cm in 155 cases (9.31%), >2 cm to 5 cm in 551 cases (33.09%), >5 cm to 10 cm in 636 cases (38.20%), >10 cm in 323 cases (19.40%). (2) Classification of hepatic blood vessels. Hepatic artery: type Ⅰ(normal type) in 1 494 cases(89.73%),variant hepatic artery in 171 cases (10.27%), including type Ⅱ in 35 cases, type Ⅲ in 38 cases, and other types in 98 cases. Hepatic vein: type Ⅰ (normal) in 1 195 cases (71.77%),variant hepatic veins in 470 cases(28.23%), including type Ⅱ in 376 cases and type Ⅲ in 94 cases. Portal vein:normal type in 1 315 cases (78.98%), variant portal veins in 350 cases (21.02%), including type Ⅰ in 189 cases, type Ⅱin 103 cases, type Ⅲ in 50 cases, type Ⅳ in 8 cases. Hepatic artery variation coexisting with portal vein variation in 24 cases (1.44%). Hepatic vein variation coexisting with portal vein variation in 113 cases (6.79%). Three types of vascular variation in 4 cases (0.24%), including coexistence of type Ⅱ hepatic artery variation or type Ⅰ portal vein variation with type Ⅲ hepatic vein variation in 2 cases,coexistence of type Ⅲ hepatic artery variation or type Ⅲ portal vein variation with type Ⅱ hepatic vein variation in 2 cases. (3) Preoperative liver volume calculation:1 499.3 (514.4)ml (range:641.7 to 6 637.0 ml) of total liver volume, including 479.1 (460.1) ml (range:10.5 to 2 086.8 ml) for liver resection and 959.9 (460.4)ml (range:306.1 to 5 638.0 ml) for residual function. (4)Operative methods: anatomical hepatectomy in 1 458 cases (87.57%); non-anatomic hepatectomy in 207 cases (12.43%). (5)the median operation time was 285(165)minutes (range: 40 to720 minutes). (6)The median intraoperative blood loss was 200(250)ml (range:10 to 4 200 ml) and 346 cases (20.78%) had intraoperative transfusion. (7)Pathology reports: hepatocellular carcinoma in 1 371 cases (82.34%), cholangiocarcinoma in 260 cases (15.62%) and mixed hepatocellular carcinoma in 34 cases (2.04%). Microvascular invasion: M0 in 199 cases, M1 in 64 cases, and M2 in 27 cases. (8)Postoperative complications in 207 cases (12.43%), including Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ in 57 cases, grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ in 147 cases and grade Ⅴ in 3 cases.There were 13 cases (0.78%) of liver failure and 3 cases (0.18%) of perioperative death. (9) The follow-up time was 3.0 to 96.0 months, with a median time of 21.0(17.8) years. The overall 3-year survival and disease-free survival rates were 80.0% and 56.5%, respectively. The overall 5-year survival and disease-free survival rates were 59.7% and 30.0%, respectively. Conclusion: 3D visualization technology plays an important role in realizing accurate diagnosis of anatomical location and morphology of primary liver cancer, improving the success rate of surgery and reducing the incidence of complications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , China , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Environ Manage ; 268: 110521, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383653

RESUMO

Due to the influence of buildings on the distribution of flood and their economic and social attributes, 3D spatial information such as the size of buildings and the flooded ratio of buildings relative to their height has an increasing impact on urban flood risk. However, existing flood risk assessment methods mainly use data in 2D and analysis methods are mostly 2D. In this study, flood variation processes were analyzed in the form of 3D dynamic visualization by coupling an urban drainage model and a flood simulation model with 3D visualization methods. By further combining with 3D building models, the 3D spatial information of buildings related to flood was obtained. In order to study the influence of 3D information on flood risk and combine with other multi-source heterogeneous data for integrated analysis, a 3D visualization assessment and analysis method for flood risk, coupled with the projection pursuit-particle swarm optimization algorithm (PP-PSO) was established (3DVAAM-PP-PSO). A case study from Chaohu City, China, was used to demonstrate the method. The results showed that the PP-PSO algorithm can process high-dimensional information and obtain the objective weight of each index. The 3D information from the influenced buildings had an impact on the evaluation results, which needed to be considered. Through the 3D visualization analysis, the overall distribution of flood risk and that around the buildings were obtained in multi-perspectives. The flood risk during different rainfall return periods were analyzed intuitively and comparatively. This study furnishes a novel method for flood risk assessment and analysis by making the most of 3D spatial information.


Assuntos
Inundações , Imageamento Tridimensional , Algoritmos , China , Cidades , Medição de Risco
9.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(1): 56-60, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the behavioral changes of inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate receptor type 2 knockout (Itpr2-/- mice) and investigate the blood perfusion changes in the hippocampus using three-dimensional arterial spin labeling (3D-ASL). METHODS: 28 Itpr2-/- mice and 20 wild-type mice were assessed for depressive phenotype using behavioral tests (including sucrose consumption test, tail suspension test, forced swimming test and open field test). 15 Itpr2-/- mice and 14 wild-type mice were randomly selected for 3D-T2WI imaging of the whole brain and 3D-ASL imaging of the middle hippocampal layer, and cerebral blood flow (CBF) of the middle hippocampal layer was calculated. ITK-SNAP was used to delineate the bilateral hippocampal area and measure the average CBF value. RESULTS: Compared with the wild-type mice, Itpr2-/- mice exhibited a distinct depressive phenotype with significantly decreased sucrose preference (P < 0.05) and increased immobile time in tail suspension test (P < 0.05) and forced swimming test (P < 0.01), without obvious changes in the performance in open field test (P > 0.05). Significantly decreased mean CBF values were found in the left and right hippocampus of Itpr2-/- mice as compared with the wild-type mice (left: 73.30 ±5.609 vs 95.77±5.095; right: 73.53±5.700 vs 100.5±4.696; bilateral means: 73.42±5.607 vs98.12±4.754; P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Itpr2 deficiency can cause depressive phenotype and affect the cerebral blood flow in the hippocampus of mice.


Assuntos
Circulação Cerebrovascular , Depressão/genética , Hipocampo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional , Animais , Hipocampo/irrigação sanguínea , Receptores de Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Imagem de Perfusão , Marcadores de Spin
10.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 208, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Landmark-based approaches of two- or three-dimensional coordinates are the most widely used in geometric morphometrics (GM). As human face hosts the organs that act as the central interface for identification, more landmarks are needed to characterize biological shape variation. Because the use of few anatomical landmarks may not be sufficient for variability of some biological patterns and form, sliding semi-landmarks are required to quantify complex shape. RESULTS: This study investigates the effect of iterations in sliding semi-landmarks and their results on the predictive ability in GM analyses of soft-tissue in 3D human face. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used for feature selection and the gender are predicted using Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) to test the effect of each relaxation state. The results show that the classification accuracy is affected by the number of iterations but not in progressive pattern. Also, there is stability at 12 relaxation state with highest accuracy of 96.43% and an unchanging decline after the 12 relaxation state. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that there is a particular number of iteration or cycle where the sliding becomes optimally relaxed. This means the higher the number of iterations is not necessarily the higher the accuracy.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Face/anatomia & histologia , Imageamento Tridimensional , Análise Discriminante , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Componente Principal , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(19): 198104, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469536

RESUMO

The localization of point sources in optical microscopy enables nm-precision imaging of single-molecules and biological dynamics. We report a new method of localization microscopy using twin Airy beams that yields precise 3D localization with the key advantages of extended depth range, higher optical throughput, and potential for imaging higher emitter densities than are possible using other techniques. A precision of better than 30 nm was achieved over a depth range in excess of 7 µm using a 60×, 1.4 NA objective. An illustrative application to extended-depth-range blood-flow imaging in a live zebrafish is also demonstrated.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Microscopia/métodos , Animais , Cloaca/irrigação sanguínea , Imageamento Tridimensional/instrumentação , Microscopia/instrumentação , Imagem Molecular/instrumentação , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Peixe-Zebra
12.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(1): 33-42, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232227

RESUMO

Deformities of the maxillofacial region following trauma and ablative surgery are devastating and not uncommon. Reconstruction of such defects is a surgically challenging procedure. Conventionally, reconstruction of dental arch defects lacks preoperative customised planning and relies heavily on the surgeon experience to ensure optimum surgical outcomes. The restoration of the dental arch shape and function has taken precedence after an extensive tumour resection surgery, especially in the current age of technological advancement. Thus, personalised and accurate reconstruction of dental arch defects has become a new goal. Computer-assisted surgery, especially navigation-assisted surgery, has gained popularity of late, in reconstructing deformities and restoring facial symmetry, appearance and function in the maxillofacial region. This technology provides a clearer three-dimensional visualisation of the area of interest and its relationship with the adjacent vital structures. Together with preoperative virtual surgical planning, it allows more specific and accurate osteotomies, thus reducing the ischemia and total operating times substantially. The risk of complications is also minimised whilst improving the final surgical outcomes. The use of the intraoperative navigation system and other computer-assisted surgical techniques during surgery can significantly improve the precision of the reconstruction of dental arch deformities, and achieve personalised and functional reconstructive goals while enhancing the quality of life of patients postoperatively. The Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chinese Stomatological Association provides the present professional perspective and treatment protocol for navigation-guided reconstruction of dental arch defects, to allow standardisation of the technique while promoting its application among oral and maxillofacial surgeons.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Algoritmos , Consenso , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Qualidade de Vida
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233198

RESUMO

A technology called Trace Registration (TR) has been introduced to allow dynamic navigation of implant placement without the need for a thermoplastic stent. This study was undertaken in order to validate the accuracy of the TR protocol for dynamically guided implant surgery. A retrospective, observational, in vivo study was performed using dynamic navigation via the TR protocol. The preoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) plan was superimposed and registered (aligned) with the postoperative CBCT scan to assess accuracy parameters. A total of 136 implants were placed in 59 partially edentulous arches. Mean deviation between the planned and actual position for all implants was 0.67 mm at the coronal level (entry point), 0.9 mm at the apical level, and 0.55 mm in depth, with an angle discrepancy of 2.50 degrees. Tracing 5 to 6 teeth tended to improve accuracy results compared to tracing 3 to 4 teeth. TR is as accurate as traditional registration and statically guided methods for implant surgery.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Boca Edêntula , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 423-426, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056457

RESUMO

The aim of this investigation was to define the volume and area of the airway in subjects with Class II and Class III skeletal deformity. A cross-sectional study was designed including subjects with facial deformity defined by Steiner's analysis in subjects with indication of orthognathic surgery who presented diagnosis by cone beam computerised tomography. We determined the measurements of maximum area, minimum area and volume of the airway. The data were compared using Spearman's test, with statistical significance defined as p<0.05. 115 subjects were included: 61.7 % Class II and 38.3 % Class III, mean age 27.8 years (± 11.6). A significant difference was observed in the area and volume measurements in the groups studied, with significantly smaller measurements found in Class II (p=0.034). The minimum area was 10.4 mm2 smaller in Class II patients than in Class III, while the general volume of the airway was 4.1 mm3 smaller in Class II than in Class III. We may conclude that Class II subjects present a smaller airway volume than Class III subjects.


El objetivo de esta investigación de definir el volumen y área de vía aérea en sujetos con deformidad esqueletal clase II y III. Se diseñó un estudio de corte transversal incluyendo sujetos con deformidad facial definida según análisis de Stainer en sujetos con indicación de cirugía ortognática que presentaran una tomografía computadorizada de haz cónico como elemento diagnóstico; en este examen se determinaron medidas de área mayor, menor de vía aérea y volumen presente; los datos fueron comparados utilizando pruebas estadísticas con el test de spearman considerando el valor de p<0,05 para definir significancia estadística. 115 sujetos fueron incluidos, siendo 61,7 % de tipo clase II y 38,3 % de sujetos clase III, con una edad promedio de 27,8 años (± 11,6). Se observó una diferencia significativa en mediciones de area y volumen en los grupos estudiados, siendo el grupo de clase II significativamente menor (p=0,034). El área de menor tamaño fue 10,4 mm2 en pacientes clase II que en pacientes clase III, mientras que el volumen general de la vía área fue 4,1 menor en los clase II que en los clase III. Es posible concluir que los sujetos de clase II presentan menor volumen de vía área que los sujetos clase III.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Sistema Respiratório/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/diagnóstico por imagem , Faringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Sistema Respiratório/anatomia & histologia , Nariz/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 367-373, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056449

RESUMO

Sexual dimorphism in Homo-sapiens is a phenomenon of a direct product of evolution by natural selection where evolutionary forces acted separately on the sexes which brought about the differences in appearance between male and female such as in shape and size. Advances in morphometrics have skyrocketed the rate of research on sex differences in human and other species. However, the current challenges facing 3D in the acquisition of facial data such as lack of homology, insufficient landmarks to characterize the facial shape and complex computational process for facial point digitization require further study in the domain of sex dimorphism. This study investigates sexual dimorphism in the human face with the application of Automatic Homologous Multi-points Warping (AHMW) for 3D facial landmark by building a template mesh as a reference object which is thereby applied to each of the target mesh on Stirling/ESRC dataset containing 101 subjects (male = 47, female = 54). The semi-landmarks are subjected to sliding along tangents to the curves and surfaces until the bending energy between a template and a target form is minimal. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used for feature selection and the features are classified using Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) with an accuracy of 99.01 % which demonstrates that the method is robust.


El dimorfismo sexual en el Homo-sapiens es un fenómeno directo de la evolución por selección natural, donde las fuerzas evolutivas actuaron por separado en los sexos, lo que provocó las diferencias en la apariencia entre hombres y mujeres, tal como la forma y tamaño. Los avances en el área de la morfometría, han generado un aumento significativo de las investigaciones en las diferencias de sexo en humanos y otras especies. Sin embargo, los desafíos actuales que enfrenta el 3D en el análisis de datos faciales, como la falta de homología, puntos de referencia insuficientes para caracterizar la forma facial y la complejidad del proceso computacional para la digitalización de puntos faciales, requiere un estudio adicional en el área del dimorfismo sexual. Este estudio investiga el dimorfismo sexual en el rostro humano con la aplicación de la deformación automática de múltiples puntos homólogos para el hito facial 3D, mediante la elaboración de una malla de plantilla como objeto de referencia, y se aplica en cada una de las mallas objetivas en el conjunto de datos Stirling / ESRC que contiene 101 sujetos (hombre = 47, mujer = 54). Los semi-puntos de referencia se deslizan a lo largo de las tangentes a las curvas y superficies hasta que la energía de flexión entre una plantilla y una forma objetivo es mínima. El análisis de componentes principales (PCA) se utiliza para la selección de características y las características se clasifican mediante el análisis discriminante lineal (ADL) con una precisión del 99,01 %, lo que demuestra la validez del método.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Caracteres Sexuais , Tecido Conjuntivo/anatomia & histologia , Face/anatomia & histologia , Análise Discriminante , Análise Multivariada , Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 348-355, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056446

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Photogrammetry is becoming increasingly popular in morphological research and teaching due to its portability, ability to reliably render 3D models, and quality-to-price relationship relative to some popular surface scanners. Compared to surface scanners, however, the learning process in photogrammetry can be very time consuming. Here we describe common mistakes of photo capture in close-range photogrammetry that greatly affect 3D output and tips to improve them. Problems were identified after the 3D model construction of 780 hand bones of chimpanzees and gorillas from museum collections. Their hands are composed of 27 bones which vary in length and complexity. We show how lighting, object position and orientation, camera angle, and background affect the 3D output. By taking these factors into account, time and error rates for beginners can be greatly reduced and 3D model quality can be considerably improved.


RESUMEN: La fotogrametría está siendo cada vez más popular en la investigación y enseñanza morfológica. Esto debido a su portabilidad, confiabilidad de los modelos 3D y buena relación calidadprecio. Comparada con los escáneres de superficie, sin embargo, el proceso de aprendizaje de la fotogrametría puede llevar mucho tiempo. Aquí se describen errores comunes en la toma de fotos para fotogrametería que afectan de manera importante la creación de los modelos 3D, así como consejos para superarlos. Los problemas descritos fueron identificados luego de la construcción de 780 modelos 3D de huesos de la mano de chimpancés y gorillas depositados en distintas colecciones de museos. Las manos de estas especies están compuestas por 27 huesos que varían en tamaño y complejidad. En este artículo mostramos como la luz, la posición y orientación del objeto, el ángulo de la cámara y el fondo de la imagen afectan el resultado en 3D. Considerando estos factores, personas que están aprendiendo esta técnica pueden reducir de manera importante el tiempo y la probabilidad de error, y mejorar considerablemente la calidad de los modelos 3D.


Assuntos
Animais , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Fotogrametria/métodos , Mãos/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Pan troglodytes , Imageamento Tridimensional , Gorilla gorilla , Mãos/anatomia & histologia
17.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 280-284, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268631

RESUMO

With the wide application of digital technology in the field of stomatology, the acquisition of three-dimensional tooth and dentition information through three-dimensional (3D) image data and optical scan data has become an indispensable process in clinical diagnosis and analysis. Cone-beam CT images and optical scanning images have their own characteristics in terms of data acquisition range and the accuracy of data. Single data source is not accurate enough or complete in the delivery of tooth and dental information. At present, two data sources are used to construct a 3D crown root model with high-precision crown and complete root information to meet the requirement of clinical orthodontic functional setup and implant surgical guide design. The integration of tooth crown and root is one of the focused topics of clinical research. This review will summarize the research progress of 3D crown root model construction method, introduce the application of various algorithms, and analyze the characteristics of these approaches, in order to provide reference for clinical application and scientific research.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional , Coroa do Dente , Dente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Coroa do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária
18.
J Laryngol Otol ; 134(4): 302-310, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent developments in magnetic resonance imaging have enabled demonstration of endolymphatic hydrops, and the clinical application of these imaging studies in Ménière's disease is being explored. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our centre's experience to date of hydrops magnetic resonance imaging in patients with episodic vertigo. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging was performed using a high-resolution three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence on a 3 Tesla scanner at 4 hours following double-dose gadolinium administration. RESULTS: The study included 31 patients, 28 of whom had a clinical diagnosis of Ménière's disease. In unilateral Ménière's disease, magnetic resonance imaging was able to lateralise endolymphatic hydrops to the clinically symptomatic ear in all cases. Mild hydrops was often seen in clinically asymptomatic ears. CONCLUSION: There is a good correlation between the clinical symptoms and lateralisation of hydropic changes on magnetic resonance imaging. Further refinements of imaging techniques and grading system will likely improve the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utilisation of hydrops magnetic resonance imaging.


Assuntos
Hidropisia Endolinfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doença de Meniere/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Gadolínio/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Masculino , Doença de Meniere/classificação , Doença de Meniere/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Vertigem/epidemiologia
19.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(4): 350-356, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306602

RESUMO

Objective: To compare short-term efficacy of robotic versus 3D laparoscopic-assisted D2 radical distal gastrectomy in gastric cancerpatients and those with different body mass index (BMI). Method: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria:(1) gastric cancer proved by preoperative pathological results and tumor location was suitable for D2 radical distal gastrectomy; (2) no distal metastases such as in liver, kidney or abdominal cavity, and no direct invasion to the pancreas or colon on preoperative imaging; (3) postoperative pTNM stage ranged from I to III; (4) no conversion to open surgery or change of surgical procedure during operation; (5) complete clinicopathological data. Patients with severe chronic diseases, other malignant tumors, tumor invasion of other organs or distant metastases, benign gastric tumors, gastrointestinal stromal tumors and recurrent gastric cancer were excluded. According to the above criteria, 531 patients who underwent robotic or 3D laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy at the General Surgery Department of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were enrolled. Among them, 344 patients underwent 3D laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy (3D-LADG group), including 250 males, 94 females, 66 cases (19.2%) with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2), and 278 cases (80.8%) with a BMI < 25 kg/m(2), and 187 patients underwent robotic-assisted distal gastrectomy (RADG group), including 122 males, 65 females, 69 cases (36.9%) with a BMI≥25 kg/m(2) and 118 cases (63.1%) with a BMI < 25kg/m(2). There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Operative indicators, postoperative recovery, pathological characteristics and complication rate were compared between the two groups. Subgroup analysis stratified BMI was also performed. Results: Compared with RADG group, 3D-LADG group presented more harvested lymph nodes (29.1±12.4 vs. 25.2±9.0, t=4.238, P<0.001), shorter postoperative hospital stay [8.0 (7.0 to 10.0) days vs. 10.0 (9.0 to 11.0) days, Z=-6.205, P<0.001], less operative cost [(3.6×10(4)±1.1×10(4)) yuan vs. (6.2×10(4)±3.5×10(4)) yuan, t=-9.727, P<0.001], less cost of hospitalization [8.6×10(4)(7.5×10(4) to 10.0×10(4)) yuan vs. 12.8×10(4)(11.7×10(4) to 14.1×10(4)) yuan, Z=-15.997, P<0.001] and longer first flatus time [(3.9±1.0) days vs. (3.4±1.2) days, t=4.271, P<0.001], whose differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). While there were no statistically significant differences in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, overall complication rate [10.8%(37/344) vs. 12.8%(24/187), χ(2)=0.515, P=0.473] and severe complications rate [2.0%(7/344) vs. 3.2%(6/187), χ(2)=0.294, P=0.588] between 3D-LADG group and RADG group (all P>0.05). In BMI<25 kg/m(2) group, propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce bias of baseline characteristics. After PSM, 3D-LADG group presented higher proportion of intraoperative blood loss <50 ml [26.7% (31/116) vs. 8.6% (10/116), χ(2)=13.065, P<0.001], more harvested lymph nodes [30.3±12.2 vs. 25.3±9.5, t=-3.192, P=0.002] and shorter postoperative hospital stay [9.0 (7.0 to 10.0) days vs. 10.0 (9.0 to 11.0) days, Z=-4.275, P<0.001] compared with RADG group, while other perioperative indicators showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). In BMI≥25 kg/m(2) group, 3D-LADG group presented higher proportion of intraoperative blood loss >200 ml [18.2% (12/66) vs. 1.4% (1/69), χ(2)=10.853, P=0.001] and shorter postoperative hospital stay [8.0 (6.0 to 10.0) days vs. 9.0 (8.0 to 10.5) days, Z=-3.039, P=0.002] compared with RADG group, while other perioperative indicators also showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: It is safe and feasible to perform 3D-LADG and RADG for patients with gastric cancer. The short-term efficacy of both is similar.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(3): 171-176, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343277

RESUMO

3D virtual planning optimises the predictability of orthognathic surgery. The planning is based on a cone beam computed tomography-scan of the patient as well as a plaster model, and is transferred to the patient by a 3D printed occlusal splint. In 3D printing the build angle influences, among other things, the accuracy (in earlier research, proven in dental crowns), manufacturing time and capacity. In this research, using 10 plaster models, 3 different build angles (0°, 30° and 90°) are compared. The fit of the splints was tested by 2 physicians using plaster models. According to this small sample, the fit does not depend on the build angle. When considering the manufacturing time and capacity, there is a preference for the 90º oriëntation, because it increases the manufacturing capacity and decreases the manufacturing time per splint.


Assuntos
Placas Oclusais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Impressão Tridimensional
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