Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22.161
Filtrar
1.
Rev. Psicol., Divers. Saúde ; 13(1)abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551269

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A percepção e satisfação corporal têm sido amplamente estudadas em diversos públicos, principalmente em estudantes universitários; porém, existem poucas investigações com vegetarianos, sendo assim, torna-se necessário avaliar se o padrão alimentar vegetariano está relacionado com os fenômenos inerentes à imagem corporal. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a percepção e a satisfação corporal entre estudantes universitários vegetarianos. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 123 participantes, no qual foram aplicados o Questionário de Imagem Corporal - BSQ (Body Shape Questionnaire) e a Escala de Silhuetas de Stunkard. RESULTADOS: Os dados mostraram que 86,2% dos participantes eram eutróficos (IMC=22,4±3,3), sendo o score obtido no BSQ foi de 84,6 pontos (±36,0) correspondente à leve insatisfação com a imagem corporal. Cerca de 82,1% dos estudantes se mostravam insatisfeitos com a silhueta, dentre estes, 61,4% desejavam diminuí-la. CONCLUSÃO: O padrão alimentar (ovolactovegetariano, lactovegetariano, vegetariano estrito e vegano) não se relacionou com a insatisfação corporal, mas sim o desejo de ter silhuetas magras que são valorizadas pelo padrão de beleza vigente.


INTRODUCTION: For Body perception and satisfaction have been widely studied among different publics, especially among college students; however, there are few investigations with vegetarians. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate whether the vegetarian eating pattern is related to the phenomena inherent to body image. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate body perception and body satisfaction among vegetarian college students. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study with 123 participants, in which the Body Image Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Stunkard Silhouette Scale were applied. RESULTS: The data showed that 86.2% of the participants were eutrophic (BMI=22.4±3.3), and the score obtained in the BSQ was 84.6 points (±36.0) corresponding to a mild dissatisfaction with body image. About 82.1% of the students were dissatisfied with their silhouette, and 61.4% of them wanted to reduce it. CONCLUSION: Dietary patterns (ovolactovegetarian, lactovegetarian, strict vegetarian, and vegan) were not related to body dissatisfaction, but rather the desire to have thin silhouettes that are valued by the prevailing beauty standard.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La percepción y satisfacción corporal han sido ampliamente estudiadas entre diferentes públicos, especialmente entre estudiantes universitarios; sin embargo, existen pocos estudios sobre vegetarianos, por lo que es necesario evaluar si el patrón alimentario vegetariano está relacionado con los fenómenos inherentes a la imagen corporal. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la percepción corporal y la satisfacción corporal entre estudiantes universitarios vegetarianos. MÉTODO: Se trata de un estudio transversal con 123 participantes, en el que se aplicaron el Cuestionario de Imagen Corporal - BSQ (Body Shape Questionnaire) y la Escala de Siluetas de Stunkard. RESULTADOS: Los datos mostraron que el 86,2% de los participantes eran eutróficos (IMC=22,4±3,3), y la puntuación obtenida en el BSQ fue de 84,6 puntos (±36,0) correspondiente a una insatisfacción leve con la imagen corporal. Alrededor del 82,1% de los estudiantes estaban insatisfechos con su silueta, entre ellos, el 61,4% deseaba reducirla. CONCLUSIÓN: El patrón alimentario (ovolactovegetariano, lactovegetariano, vegetariano estricto y vegano) no estaba relacionado con la insatisfacción corporal, sino con el deseo de tener siluetas delgadas que son valoradas por el estándar de belleza vigente.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Estudantes , Vegetarianos
2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0296061, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574001

RESUMO

Obesity is found to have a significant impact on body image perception and overall well-being. This study examines the impact of body image and perceived stigmatization on the psychological wellbeing of obese women in Kumasi metropolis, Ghana. A sample of 231 obese women was selected from health shops and some fitness centers using snowballing technique (purposive, snowballing technique and convenience). The study employed the descriptive survey design and made use of both descriptive and inferential data analysis approaches. The body shape questionnaire BSQ-34, the inventory of the Stigmatization Situation (SSI) and finally, the psychological well-being tools were used. Also, frequency distributions mean, and standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient and simple linear regression analysis were employed using SPSS version 23. Our findings indicated that obese women in the Kumasi metropolis were significantly satisfied with their body image. This is a true reflection of their higher self-esteem and standard of living. The body image and perceived stigmatization on the psychological wellbeing of the obese do have some counselling implications. Counselors, nutritionists, and clinical psychologists address specific schemes such as binge eating, dieting, and exercising to build the self-esteem of obese women.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Estereotipagem , Humanos , Feminino , Gana , Obesidade/psicologia , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(866): 590-594, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506460

RESUMO

The body image, defined as an individual's 'inner vision' of himself, stems from the combination of multiple factors. The body dissatisfaction, which represents its negative version, is associated with eating disorders, a sedentary lifestyle and weight gain. Several patients suffering from obesity consider weight loss as a strategy to work on their body image. Multiples studies confirm a positive association between weight loss and improved body images. Nevertheless, few elements seem to predispose to body dissatisfaction persistence, such as a history of strict diets, eating disorders or other psychopathologies. To treat body dissatisfaction, we need to focus our attention on self-esteem, a balanced lifestyle, and media education.


L'image corporelle, définie comme la « vision interne ¼ qu'une personne a d'elle-même, est multifactorielle. L'insatisfaction corporelle, qui représente sa version négative, est associée avec des troubles du comportement alimentaire, la sédentarité et la prise de poids. Certains patients visent une amélioration de leur image corporelle avec la perte pondérale. Si nombre d'études confirment une association bénéfique entre perte de poids et amélioration de l'image du corps, certains éléments, notamment les antécédents de régimes stricts et la présence de troubles alimentaires ou d'autres psychopathologies semblent prédisposer à la persistance de l'insatisfaction corporelle. La prise en charge de l'insatisfaction corporelle repose sur le renforcement de l'estime de soi, une hygiène de vie correcte et l'éducation aux médias.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Autoimagem , Redução de Peso , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Dieta , Peso Corporal
4.
Psychooncology ; 33(3): e6329, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502048

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This review aimed to identify, characterize, map, and summarize existing knowledge about the relationship of perceived body image with the quality of life (QoL) of women who have undergone surgical treatment for breast cancer. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted following the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus databases were searched, and articles published until August 2022 were included. RESULTS: The search resulted in 796 records, and 51 articles were included for analysis. A significant negative impact on body image perception and QoL after surgical treatment for breast cancer was found in the majority of studies. Sociodemographic variables such as age, education, socioeconomic status, unstable attachment styles and time after the surgery may have an effect on a worsening of the overall body image and QoL score of women. It was found that there was greater dissatisfaction with body image in women who underwent mastectomy compared to those who underwent conservative surgery. CONCLUSION: Evidence has shown that breast cancer surgery affects the perceived body image and QoL of patients worldwide. Age, education, socioeconomic status, and the type of surgery are potential factors influencing these outcomes. It is worth noting that the review encompassed articles from various countries, reflecting a significant cultural diversity among the studied populations. However, most of these articles did not delve into an analysis of these cultural disparities. This review also indicated insufficient details regarding the assessment instruments used to assess perceived body image.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Mastectomia , Imagem Corporal , Escolaridade
5.
Rev Infirm ; 73(299): 34-35, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485400

RESUMO

Sexuality is shaped by experience and by what has been passed down. Body image and sex influence desire and pleasure. In the case of endometriosis, suffering and pain can lead to shame and guilt. Encouraging people to talk to each other helps to create a free eroticism that resembles the couple.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Comportamento Sexual , Humanos , Feminino , Sexualidade , Dor , Imagem Corporal
6.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 117, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with increased body dissatisfaction and disordered eating behaviors in adolescents. To better understand these associations, this study tested an explanatory model in which appearance-focused social media use, internalization of social media pressure, and mindfulness abilities mediated the relationship between COVID-related distress and body dissatisfaction, which in turn was associated with dietary restraint and binge eating episodes. METHODS: Adolescents (N = 493, Mage= 16.7; 47.5% girls) recruited within high schools completed online measures. We conducted model testing through path analysis in MPlus, using modification indices to derive a well-fitting model. RESULTS: The initially hypothesized model was a poor fit for the data. The final well-adjusted model confirmed several significant paths and supported the parallel mediational roles of social media (specifically, the use of appearance-focused social media and internalization of social media pressure) along with mindfulness, on the relationship between COVID-19-related distress and body satisfaction. Model adjustments involved adding three paths, resulting in two additional significant indirect effects, and suppressing one path. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that mindfulness, media use and the internalization of social media pressure are potential key processes explaining body dissatisfaction and eating disorders among adolescents who experienced higher levels of COVID-related distress.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Imagem Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento Alimentar
7.
Neuropsychologia ; 196: 108853, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490535

RESUMO

In 1992, Goodale and Milner proposed to study the visual system based on function, thus dissociating vision for perception (ventral stream) and vision for action (dorsal stream). This became known as the Perception and Action model (PAM). Following the PAM in the visual system, a somatosensory PAM was proposed including a body representation for perception and a separate for action. This review explores the body model of the hand and how it relates to the PAM. The body model refers to the internal representation of the body that is responsible for position sense. Previous research has shown that the representation of the hand features systematic distortions: an overestimation of hand width and an underestimation of finger length. These distortions have been reported using different paradigms, different body parts, and in various settings. Thus, body model distortions appear to be a characteristic of human body representation. If the body model of the hand is distorted, how can actions like reaching and grasping be accurate? We review evidence that body model distortions may in fact provide a functional benefit to our actions, that cortical maps in the somatosensory and motor cortices reflect these distortions, and that actions rely on a distorted body model. We argue that the body model is a product of both the ventral and dorsal somatosensory streams. Further, we suggest that the body model is an example of the inextricable link between the two streams.


Assuntos
Dedos , Mãos , Humanos , Imagem Corporal , Força da Mão , Propriocepção , Percepção Visual , Desempenho Psicomotor
8.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 219, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460054

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was threefold: (1) to explore Danish adolescents and young adults' (AYAs) thoughts concerning sexual health particularly focusing on sexuality, intimacy, and body image throughout a cancer trajectory, (2) to investigate how AYAs experience healthcare professionals address of- and respond to sexual health issues, and (3) to identify AYAs' suggestions on how to support conversation about sexual health. METHODS: A qualitative, single-center study was conducted, including AYAs (18-29 years) diagnosed with cancer recruited at the University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted from January-February 2023, recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Twelve participants were interviewed, aged 20-29; five were diagnosed with hematological- and seven with oncological cancer. Our analyses yielded three themes: (1) sexuality and body image as part of the identity, (2) excluding relatives in conversations about sexual health, and (3) uncertainty how to discuss sexual health with healthcare professionals. Finally, the AYAs' suggestions to support conversations about sexual health were organized into six thematic categories. CONCLUSION: In this study, participants experienced altered sexual subsequent impacts on body image and self-esteem during their cancer trajectory. While some adapted to these changes, discussing them with healthcare providers was difficult, especially in the presence of relatives, as the AYAs wanted to shield them from additional concerns. To enhance support, AYAs suggest regular discussions on sexual health and the use of a dialog tool by healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Neoplasias , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Parceiros Sexuais
9.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(3): 128, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is an extremely unpleasant and unbearable experience that can have a profound impact on a person's life. Compared to other types of cancer, breast cancer has a more severe psychological impact on women. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy on demoralization, body image, and sexual function in Iranian women with breast cancer. METHOD: A sample of 30 women with breast cancer were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. The research was conducted in the oncology division of Imam Reza Hospital in Kermanshah by the clinical trial method with a two-group pretest-posttest design and a 2 month follow-up. Participants in the intervention group received Mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy for eight sessions. The intervention was carried out individually in weekly 60 min sessions. While the control group received self-help treatment (through an educational book). A demographic questionnaire, Demoralization Scale (DS-II), Body Image Scale (BIS), and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were used to collect data. For data analysis, means and standard deviations were calculated and repeated measures and the Bonferroni test was conducted using SPSS 26. RESULTS: The results showed the effectiveness of mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy on demoralization, body image, and sexual function (p < 0.05). Concerning demoralization in the intervention group, the pre-test mean was 16.73 ± 3.33, and it reduced to 11.93 ± 1.49 in the post-test. The body image mean score showed a decreasing trend in the intervention group, from 12.47 ± 1.88 in the pre-test to 8.80 ± 3.21 in the post-test. The mean score for sexual function showed an increasing trend, increasing from 18.06 ± 2.29 in the pre-test to 23.07 ± 0.91 in the post-test. There was no significant difference in the mean score of the post-test compared to the pre-test and follow-up in the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MICBT can be used in conjunction with pharmaceuticals and medical treatments to improve the psychological symptoms of women with breast cancer, according to this study's results. Trial registration (IRCT20160103025817N6). 2022-04-06.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Desmoralização , Atenção Plena , Feminino , Humanos , Atenção Plena/métodos , Irã (Geográfico) , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Imagem Corporal , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos
10.
Trends Mol Med ; 30(4): 314-316, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519349

RESUMO

New media play a significant role in adolescents' body dissatisfaction and eating disorders in Mainland China, through shaping social standards, peers, and family dynamics. How to mitigate their adverse effects on adolescents, reduce body dissatisfaction, and prevent eating disorders is a significant social issue that demands serious consideration.


Assuntos
Insatisfação Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Adolescente , Imagem Corporal , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Grupo Associado
11.
Appetite ; 197: 107326, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552742

RESUMO

Eating Disorders (EDs) and related symptoms pose a substantial public health concern due to their widespread prevalence among both genders and associated negative outcomes, underscoring the need for effective preventive interventions. In this context, deepening our understanding of the interplay between ED symptoms and related protective factors appears crucial. Therefore, this study employed a structural network analysis approach considering both ED symptom dimensions (i.e., drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms, and body dissatisfaction) and related protective factors (i.e., body and functionality appreciation, intuitive eating, and self-esteem) to shed light on how these factors are interrelated. A community sample of 1391 individuals (34.4% men; Mage = 26.4 years) completed a socio-demographic schedule and self-report questionnaires. The network showed that the nodes with the highest positive expected influence were body and functionality appreciation, while those with the highest negative expected influence were eating for physical rather than emotional reasons and unconditional permission to eat (i.e., two components of intuitive eating). Crucially, the most relevant bridges between the conceptual communities "ED symptom dimensions" and "Protective factors" were the negative relations between (a) eating for physical rather than emotional reasons and bulimic symptoms, (b) unconditional permission to eat and drive for thinness, and (c) body appreciation and body dissatisfaction. Finally, age, gender, and body mass index did not moderate any edge in the network. The practical implications of these findings are discussed, especially in terms of preventive interventions for ED symptoms.


Assuntos
Bulimia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Bulimia/psicologia , Magreza , Fatores de Proteção
12.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e065498, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Given the increasing prevalence of obesity and need for effective interventions, there is a growing interest in understanding how an individual's body image can inform obesity prevention and management. This study's objective was to examine the use of silhouette showcards to measure body size perception compared with measured body mass index, and assess body size dissatisfaction, in three different African-origin populations spanning the epidemiological transition. An ancillary objective was to investigate associations between body size perception and dissatisfaction with diabetes and hypertension. SETTING: Research visits were completed in local research clinics in respective countries. PARTICIPANTS: Seven hundred and fifty-one African-origin participants from the USA and the Republic of Seychelles (both high-income countries), and Ghana (low/middle-income country). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Silhouette showcards were used to measure perceived body size and body size dissatisfaction. Objectively measured body size was measured using a scale and stadiometer. Diabetes was defined as fasting blood glucose ≥126 mg/dL and hypertension was defined as ≥130 mm Hg/80 mm Hg. RESULTS: Most women and men from the USA and Seychelles had 'Perceived minus Actual weight status Discrepancy' scores less than 0, meaning they underestimated their actual body size. Similarly, most overweight or obese men and women also underestimated their body size, while normal weight men and women were accurately able to estimate their body size. Finally, participants with diabetes were able to accurately estimate their body size and similarly desired a smaller body size. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights that overweight and obese women and men from countries spanning the epidemiological transition were unable to accurately perceive their actual body size. Understanding people's perception of their body size is critical to implementing successful obesity prevention programmes across the epidemiological transition.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/complicações , Imagem Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Obesidade/complicações , Índice de Massa Corporal , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Peso Corporal
13.
Breast Cancer Res ; 26(1): 47, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486203

RESUMO

Breast cancer-related lymphedema is currently one of the most serious complications that most affect the quality of life of women undergoing breast cancer. The aim of this study was to explore in-depth the experience of women who suffer from lymphoedema after breast cancer and how does this condition affect corporeality, with no judgements. For this purpose, a qualitative methodology was followed. In-depth interviews, interviewer's field notes and participants' letters were used for data collection. The participants were twenty Spanish women with lymphoedema after overcome a breast cancer in the past. Healthcare specialists with experience in the topic were also included. Results showed 2 main categories: "From cancer to lymphedema, another disease another disease" and "Potential for transition and transformation towards a new way of life". As a conclusion, the difficulty in accessing adequate treatment, the need for greater awareness of lymphedema and the importance of the emotional and psychological dimension of this chronic disease. Highlighting the attitudes that these women develop for self-care and the concept of new corporeality. After breast cancer, women with lymphedema experience a drastic change that affects all areas of their lives. The adaptation process, and the search for resources and aid, play a fundamental role in overcoming this process.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Linfedema , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Imagem Corporal , Qualidade de Vida , Linfedema/etiologia
14.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 78(3): 614-622, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504390

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dissatisfaction with one's body can be distressing; youth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be at increased risk for body image dissatisfaction given disease symptoms and treatment side effects. Yet, no studies have examined body image dissatisfaction over time in youth with IBD and whether depressive symptoms are associated with change in dissatisfaction. METHODS: Fifty-seven pediatric participants (8-17 years old) newly diagnosed with IBD were enrolled. Youth completed questionnaires assessing body image dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms shortly after diagnosis (Time 1) and 12 months later (Time 2). Multilevel longitudinal modeling was used to test the extent to which body image dissatisfaction changed across the first year of diagnosis and to test change in body image dissatisfaction as a function of depressive symptoms. RESULTS: Findings indicated significant between- and within-person variance in body image dissatisfaction over the 12 months, yet the sample as a whole did not report significant changes in dissatisfaction from Time 1 to Time 2. Children reporting depressive symptoms greater than their individual average over time reported greater body image dissatisfaction. Between-person variation in depressive symptoms demonstrated a significant interaction with time. As an individual's depressive symptoms exceeded the group average, their body image dissatisfaction increased, although less drastically as time since diagnosis progressed. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that body image dissatisfaction is a complex and dynamic construct across youth and that interventions for pediatric IBD patients need to be tailored to the needs of individuals. Methods for assessing body image dissatisfaction efficiently and repeatedly across multiple visits are provided.


Assuntos
Insatisfação Corporal , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Adolescente , Humanos , Criança , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Depressão/etiologia , Imagem Corporal
15.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542684

RESUMO

Dietary intake is known to impact athletic performance. The factors that influence dietary intake have been investigated widely, but their collective effect has not been examined. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the relationship between dietary intake and nutrition knowledge, body image, weight control, macronutrient balance, and hedonic hunger. Forty-two student athletes or active individuals were recruited through contact with sporting organisations and course coordinators, advertising via twitter, and flyers posted within university buildings. Nutrition knowledge, body image, weight control, macronutrient balance, and hedonic hunger were measured using the Abridged Nutrition for Sport Knowledge Questionnaire, Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire and Contour Drawing Rating Scale, a Weight Fluctuation Measure, Australian Eating Score, and Power of Food Scale, respectively. Hierarchical regression analysis, correlation testing, and mean difference testing were applied. Carbohydrate intake, body image disturbance scores, weight fluctuation, and hedonic hunger for food tasted had a significant relationship (R2 = 64.6%, Adj R2 = 0.608%, p < 0.001) with dietary energy intake. Student athletes' dietary intakes are influenced by multiple potentially modifiable factors. Future studies should use larger sample sizes, with interventions focusing on individual modifiable factors to determine how dietary intake can be most significantly impacted.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Fome , Humanos , Imagem Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Austrália , Ingestão de Alimentos , Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Atletas , Nutrientes , Estudantes
16.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542722

RESUMO

In recent years, excessive body weight has become one of the most serious psychological, biological and social problems. According to forecasts by the World Health Organization, obesity and overweight will continue to increase among both adults and children in the coming years. Poland ranks sixth in Europe in this respect. In 2021, almost 58% of Poles had above-average body weight (overweight or obesity). In Poland, 29% of women are overweight, and 21% of women are obese. Body dissatisfaction, depression, and anxiety disorder are indicated as consequences of high BMI in women. Reducing excess body weight improves psychosocial functioning and changes body assessment. The most lasting effects of weight reduction are achieved by a properly selected diet combined with increased physical activity. This results in a change in lifestyle, changes in the levels of metabolic indicators, and changes in one's body image and mental health. Objective: Our objective was to assess changes in body image and mental health among Polish women and their dependence on the weight reduction method used (type of diet and physical activity). Comparative studies involving 122 women were conducted. These women were selected from 1000 volunteers based on BMI criteria. The effects of diet therapy were compared with the effects of diet therapy combined with physical activity. Research tools: The GHQ-12 scale was used to measure mental health, and the Body Esteem Scale was used to measure body image. The study lasted four years. The results showed changes in body image, general mental health index, and BMI in women who dieted and in those who dieted and exercised. In women using a diet combined with physical activity, greater positive changes in mental condition and stronger positive changes in body image, namely in the assessment of satisfaction with sexual attractiveness, physical condition, and body weight control, were observed compared to women using diet therapy alone.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Sobrepeso , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Polônia , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Obesidade/terapia , Aumento de Peso , Redução de Peso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal
17.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 138, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies have examined the relationship between internalization of media appearance ideals and eating disorders. However, few have discussed the relationship between eating disorder tendencies. To fill this research gap, this study was to explore the influencing mechanisms of internalization of media appearance ideals on adolescents' eating disorder tendencies in Chinese cultural context. METHOD: The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire, Eating Attitude Test-26, Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Body Image Depression Questionnaire and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support were employed in this study to investigate 1523 adolescents. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0 and AMOS 24.0. RESULT: The results showed that: (1) internalization of media appearance ideals had a significant positive predictive effect on adolescents' eating disorder tendencies; (2) internalization of media appearance ideals significantly influenced adolescents' eating disorder tendencies through the mediating role of body esteem and body image disturbance respectively, and also influenced eating disorder tendencies through the chain mediating of both; and (3) social support played a moderating role between body image disturbance and eating disorder tendency. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest distinct pathways through which internalization of media appearance ideals may influence adolescents' eating disorder tendencies. It is suggested that reducing body image disturbance and enhancing social support can help reducing eating disorder tendency.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Autoimagem , Humanos , Adolescente , Imagem Corporal , Atitude , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 24(1): [100441], Ene-Mar, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-230381

RESUMO

In the context of body image and mental health, transgender individuals face distinctive challenges stemming from the complexities of their gender identity journey, societal expectations, and body norms. However, the existing line of research on this topic remains limited. This study explores the complex relationship in transgender individuals between body objectification, body weight dissatisfaction, and eating concerns. A sample of 154 individuals (77 transgenders paired with 77 cisgenders) was recruited via LGBTQ+ groups’ mailing lists. Participants completed various questionnaires assessing body image, eating psychopathology, depression, and body objectification. Propensity score matching was performed with different variables: age, current BMI, years of education, current self-identified gender, and sexual orientation. The results revealed that transgender individuals experienced higher levels of body objectification, body weight dissatisfaction, and eating concerns compared to their cisgender counterparts. Additionally, age emerged as a protective factor, as older transgender individuals demonstrated improved body acceptance and self-esteem. Logistic regression analyzes indicated that bulimic behaviors, depressive symptoms, and appearance control beliefs were specific factors significantly associated with being transgender. Our findings highlight the unique challenges faced by transgender individuals in navigating their gender identity and body image, underscoring the importance of targeted interventions and support systems.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoas Transgênero , Identidade de Gênero , Autoimagem , Imagem Corporal , Psicologia Clínica , Saúde Mental , Peso Corporal
20.
Syst Rev ; 13(1): 65, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We plan a scoping review aimed to synthesize what is known about the use of sensory-driven body illusion (BI) interventions for understanding and treating body image disturbance (BID) in people diagnosed with clinical eating disorders (EDs) and people with subclinical ED symptomatology. Our study will provide an outline of the current literature, identify gaps within the literature, and suggest novel directions for future research. METHODS/DESIGN: The scoping review process will be guided by the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley, subsequent recommendations by Levac et al., and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis Protocols Extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines. The following electronic databases will be systematically searched: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Scopus. Furthermore, to identify additional studies, we will use a search engine such as Google Scholar, and for grey literature, we will include Proquest for Dissertations and Theses. A search strategy has been identified and agreed upon by the research team in conjunction with a research librarian. Two researchers will screen the titles and abstracts independently and then assess the full text of the selected citations for the inclusion criteria. A third reviewer will be involved in cases of disagreement. Data will be extracted, collated, and charted to summarize all the relevant methods, outcomes, and key findings in the articles. DISCUSSION: A better understanding of this topic will aid in the development and refinement of current treatments aimed at treating BID in people with EDs. Implications and recommendations for research, policy, and practice in the context of the ED community will be discussed. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: https://osf.io/3bcm6/?view_only=83b2e8a2445d4266909992e3dfb51929.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Ilusões , Humanos , Imagem Corporal , Bases de Dados Factuais , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia , Literatura Cinzenta , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...