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1.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 28: 1610588, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091937

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare and aggressive non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma characterized by the translocation t(11;14) (q13;32) and overexpression of CCND1. MCL is immunophenotypically identified as CD20+, CD5+, CyclinD1+, CD43+, CD10-, BCL6-, and CD23-. It is often distinguished from B cell lymphomas of germinal center cell origin by the absence of CD10 expression. Here we report the unique clinicopathologic features of a patient with CD10+ MCL with gastrointestinal involvement and review current literature identifying this unique immunophenotype.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células B , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Adulto , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Neprilisina , Translocação Genética
2.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 44 Suppl 1: 54-63, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074710

RESUMO

Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a highly aggressive B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma frequently associated with immunosuppression, particularly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Although PBL is rare globally, South Africa has a high burden of HIV infection leading to a higher incidence of PBL in the region. Laboratory features in PBL may overlap with plasmablastic myeloma and other large B cell lymphomas with plasmablastic or immunoblastic morphology leading to diagnostic dilemmas. There are, however, pertinent distinguishing laboratory features in PBL such as a plasma cell immunophenotype with MYC overexpression, expression of Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNAs and lack of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) expression. This review aims to provide a summary of current knowledge in PBL, focusing on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, laboratory diagnosis and clinical management.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Infecções por HIV , Linfoma Plasmablástico , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Linfoma Plasmablástico/diagnóstico , Linfoma Plasmablástico/epidemiologia , Linfoma Plasmablástico/terapia
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077165

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a relatively new form of programmed cell death, which can enhance the efficacy of tumor immunotherapy by regulating the tumor microenvironment (TME). In the face of the dilemma of a great difference in the efficacy of immunotherapy for gastric cancer (GC) patients, the exploration of ferroptosis may assist us in predicting immunotherapy efficacy prior to treatment. The potential role of ferroptosis in TME still needs further elucidation. Based on ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs), we systematically evaluated ferroptosis molecular subtypes in gastric cancer. Additionally, the association between these molecular subtypes and the characteristics of TME was examined. A ferroptosis score was constructed to further explore the predictive efficacy of ferroptosis on the immunotherapy response in gastric cancer. There were also 32 other cancers that were evaluated. Three molecular subtypes of ferroptosis in gastric cancer were identified. The three immunophenotypes of tumor immune inflamed, immune excluded, as well as immune desert were mostly in agreement with the TME features of these three subtypes. The individual tumor genetic variation, TME characteristics, immunotherapy response, and prognosis could be assessed by a ferroptosis score. High ferroptosis scores in gastric cancer suggest stromal activation and immunosuppression. It is noted that tumors with a low ferroptosis score are characterized by extensive tumor mutations as well as an immune activation, which are associated with an enhanced immunotherapy response and an improved prognosis. This study reveals that ferroptosis plays an integral role in the regulation of the tumor immune microenvironment. The ferroptosis score may serve as an independent prognostic factor for GC and will deepen our understanding of the TME infiltration mechanisms as well as lead to more rational immunotherapy regimens.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias Gástricas , Ferroptose/genética , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
4.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 44(5): 837-845, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106595

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of plasma cell (PC) compartment is influenced by the quality of bone marrow aspirate (BMA). Herein, we evaluated the impact of sequence of pull on quality of clinical assessment in plasma cell proliferative disorders (PCPDs). METHODS: Histomorphology along with smears from first pull and second pull BMA and flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCMI) data from second pull aspirate were evaluated for cellularity and PC%. RESULTS: Of the 484 samples, BMA smears were adequate in 87.4% of first pull (median PC = 7%; IQR = 2-25%) and 51.2% of second pull samples (median PC = 2%; IQR = 0.5-12%; p < 0.001). Recovery of PC was least on FCMI (median PC = 0.59%; IQR = 0.14-3.07%), however, sample adequacy was met in 42.6% of samples with acquisition of ≥3 million events. Second pull smears under-reported PC% in 34% of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) (<10% PC) and 46% of MM on therapy (<5% PC), resulting in suboptimal assessment. Bone marrow biopsy (BMBx) was evaluated in a total of 309 cases (median PC = 10.0%; IQR 4.0-40.0%) with significantly higher numbers of BMPC% on BMBx compared with first pull smears (Mean ± 2SD: 25.9% ± 30.54 vs. 20.77% ± 20.20; p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: First pull BMA smears were of superior quality but inadequate in one-tenth of samples. Second pull smears underreported PC% and recovery of PC compartment was poorest on FCMI. Concurrent bone marrow biopsy and use of the first pull sample for FCMI along with acquisition of a higher number of cells on FCMI may enhance the quality of assessment in PCPDs.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Plasmócitos , Medula Óssea/patologia , Exame de Medula Óssea/métodos , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Plasmócitos/patologia
5.
Cancer Cell ; 40(8): 804-806, 2022 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944499

RESUMO

Morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics, and genomics have long dominated diagnostics in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). In this issue of Cancer Cell, Bottomly et al. demonstrate that combining the above with transcriptomics and ex vivo drug testing of patient myeloblasts yields novel diagnostic and therapeutic insights with the potential for clinical translation.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Medicina de Precisão , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia
6.
Blood Cancer J ; 12(8): 117, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35973983

RESUMO

Classifications of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients rely on morphologic, cytogenetic, and molecular features. Here we have established a novel flow cytometry-based immunophenotypic stratification showing that AML blasts are blocked at specific stages of differentiation where features of normal myelopoiesis are preserved. Six stages of leukemia differentiation-arrest categories based on CD34, CD117, CD13, CD33, MPO, and HLA-DR expression were identified in two independent cohorts of 2087 and 1209 AML patients. Hematopoietic stem cell/multipotent progenitor-like AMLs display low proliferation rate, inv(3) or RUNX1 mutations, and high leukemic stem cell frequency as well as poor outcome, whereas granulocyte-monocyte progenitor-like AMLs have CEBPA mutations, RUNX1-RUNX1T1 or CBFB-MYH11 translocations, lower leukemic stem cell frequency, higher chemosensitivity, and better outcome. NPM1 mutations correlate with most mature stages of leukemia arrest together with TET2 or IDH mutations in granulocyte progenitors-like AML or with DNMT3A mutations in monocyte progenitors-like AML. Overall, we demonstrate that AML is arrested at specific stages of myeloid differentiation (SLA classification) that significantly correlate with AML genetic lesions, clinical presentation, stem cell properties, chemosensitivity, response to therapy, and outcome.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Antígenos HLA-DR/genética , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Mutação
7.
J Immunol Methods ; 509: 113342, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36027932

RESUMO

Common variable immunodeficiency is a heterogeneous condition characterized by B cell dysfunction with reduced serum immunoglobulin levels and a highly variable spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from recurrent infections to autoimmune disease. The diagnosis of CVID is often challenging due to the diverse clinical presentation of patients and the existence of multiple diagnostic criteria without a universally adopted consensus. Laboratory evaluation to assist with diagnosis currently includes serum immunoglobulin testing, immunophenotyping, assessment of vaccine response, and genetic testing. Additional emerging techniques include investigation of the B cell repertoire and the use of machine learning algorithms. Advances in our understanding of common variable immunodeficiency will ultimately contribute to earlier diagnosis and novel interventions with the goal of improving prognosis for these patients.


Assuntos
Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum , Linfócitos B , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/diagnóstico , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas , Imunofenotipagem
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13416, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927313

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 90% of all renal cancers and is considered highly immunogenic. Although many studies have reported the circulating peripheral cytokine profiles, the signatures between the tumor tissue and matching healthy adjacent renal tissue counterparts have not been explored. We aimed to comprehensively investigate the cytokine landscape of RCC tumors and its correlation between the amount and phenotype of the tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). We analyzed the secretion of 42 cytokines from the tumor (n = 46), adjacent healthy kidney tissues (n = 23) and matching plasma samples (n = 33) with a Luminex-based assay. We further explored the differences between the tissue types, as well as correlated the findings with clinical data and detailed immunophenotyping of the TILs. Using an unsupervised clustering approach, we observed distinct differences in the cytokine profiles between the tumor and adjacent renal tissue samples. The tumor samples clustered into three distinct profiles based on the cytokine expressions: high (52.2% of the tumors), intermediate (26.1%), and low (21.7%). Most of the tumor cytokines positively correlated with each other, except for IL-8 that showed no correlation with any of the measured cytokine expressions. Furthermore, the quantity of lymphocytes in the tumor samples analyzed with flow cytometry positively correlated with the chemokine-family of cytokines, CXCL10 (IP-10) and CXCL9 (MIG). No significant correlations were found between the tumor and matching plasma cytokines, suggesting that circulating cytokines poorly mirror the tumor cytokine environment. Our study highlights distinct cytokine profiles in the RCC tumor microenvironment and provides insights to potential biomarkers for the treatment of RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral
9.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 43(6): 469-474, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968589

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the differences in immunophenotype, cytogenetics, and molecular biology between typical and atypical immunophenotype chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) , and explore the correlation of cytogenetic anomalies with gene mutations. Methods: This study included 488 patients diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between November 2014 and May 2021. Of these, 382 patients scored 4-5 points, which was typical CLL (tCLL) , and 106 scored 3 points, which was atypical CLL (aCLL) as per the Royal Marsden Hospital Immunomarker Integral System. Peripheral blood cells were collected for immunophenotype by multiparameter flow cytometry in 488 patients, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was employed to detect cytogenetic anomalies in 359 patients, and gene mutations were detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS) in 330 patients. Results: The positive rates of CD10, CD22, CD49d, CD81, and FMC7 were significantly higher in the aCLL compared with the tCLL group (P=0.020, P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.027, and P<0.001, respectively) , while the positive rates of CD5, CD23, CD148, and CD200 were lower in the former compared to the latter (P<0.001, P=0.017, P=0.041, and P<0.001, respectively) . aCLL exhibited a higher frequency of trisomy 12 and lower frequency of del (13q14) compared to the tCLL group (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively) . Moreover, aCLL patients also showed a higher incidence of NOTCH1 mutations than the tCLL patients (P=0.038) , while no statistically significant differences in other gene mutations occurred between the two groups. No significant differences in overall survival (OS) and treatment-free survival (TFS) occurred between aCLL and tCLL using Kaplan-Meier analysis (P>0.05) . Conclusion: aCLL has characteristic immunophenotype, cytogenetic, and somatic mutation that differ from tCLL, and this can provide reliable information for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis between the two groups.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Citogenética , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Biologia Molecular
10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 915157, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911721

RESUMO

It has recently become clear that spatial organization contributes to cellular function and that expanding our knowledge on cellular organization is essential to further our understanding of processes in health and disease. Imaging mass cytometry enables high dimensional imaging of tissue while preserving spatial context and is therefore a suitable tool to unravel spatial relationships between cells. As availability of human tissue collected over the course of disease or infection is limited, preclinical models are a valuable source of such material. Non-human primate models are used for translational research as their anatomy, physiology and immune system closely resemble those of humans due to close evolutionary proximity. Tissue from non-human primate studies is often preserved large archives encompassing a range of conditions and organs. However, knowledge on antibody clones suitable for FFPE tissue of non-human primate origin is very limited. Here, we present an imaging mass cytometry panel development pipeline which enables the selection and incorporation of antibodies for imaging of non-human primate tissue. This has resulted in an 18-marker backbone panel which enables visualization of a broad range of leukocyte subsets in rhesus and cynomolgus macaque tissues. This high-dimensional imaging mass cytometry panel can be used to increase our knowledge of cellular organization within tissues and its effect on outcome of disease.


Assuntos
Citometria por Imagem , Sistema Imunitário , Animais , Imunofenotipagem , Macaca fascicularis , Macaca mulatta
11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(4): 1056-1062, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35981362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the expression of helper T cells 17(Th17), interleukin 23 (IL-23) in peripheral blood in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), to analyze the relationship between Th17, IL-23 in peripheral blood and immunophenotype. METHODS: 105 patients with AML in the hospital from January 2019 to January 2021 were prospectively selected as the research subjects, the expression of Th17 and IL-23 in peripheral blood of patients with AML was detected by flow cytometry; immunophenotype was detected and counted. The relationship between the expression of Th17, IL-23 in peripheral blood and immunophenotype of AML patients was analyzed. Draw ROC curve and analyze the predictive value of Th17 and IL-23 expression in peripheral blood to immunophenotype. RESULTS: The immunophenotype results of AML patients showed that myeloid antigen, lymphoid antigen and hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell marker antigen were positive expressed for various antigens in 105 AML patients, in myeloid antigens, CD13+ accounted for the highest proportion (93.33%), in lymphoid antigens, CD56+ accounted for the highest proportion (32.38%), and in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell marker antigens, CD38+ accounted for the highest proportion (68.57%). The expression of Th17 in peripheral blood of AML patients with CD56+, CD7+, CD34+ and human leukocyte antigen DR+(HLA-DR+) were higher than that of AML patients with CD56-, CD7-, CD34-, HLA-DR-, the expression of IL-23 in peripheral blood of AML patients with CD56+, CD34+ and HLA-DR+ were higher than that of AML patients with CD56-, CD34-, HLA-DR-, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05); compared the expression of Th17 and IL-23 in peripheral blood between other antibody positive and negative patients, there was no statistical significant difference (P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the high expression of Th17 in patients with AML was related to the positive expression of CD56, CD7, CD34 and HLA-DR in the detection of immunophenotype, the high expression of IL-23 was related to the positive expression of CD56, CD34 and HLA-DR in the detection of immunophenotype. The ROC curve showed that the AUC of expression levels of Th17 and IL-23 in peripheral blood alone and in combination for predicting CD56+, CD34+, HLA-DR+ and Th17 in peripheral blood for predicting CD7+ were mostly 0.5-0.7, which had certain predictive value, but the predictive performance was low. CONCLUSION: Myeloid antigen, lymphoid antigen and hematopoietic hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell marker antigen are positive expressed for various antigens in AML patients, the high expression of Th17 in peripheral blood of AML patients is related to the positive expression of CD56, CD7, CD34 and HLA-DR in detection of immunophenotyping, the high expression of IL-23 is related to the positive expression of CD56, CD34 and HLA-DR in the detection of immunophenotype.


Assuntos
Subunidade p19 da Interleucina-23/sangue , Interleucina-23 , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Antígenos CD34 , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Antígenos HLA-DR/análise , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Células Th17
12.
Front Immunol ; 13: 979993, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36003398

RESUMO

While the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) of metastatic melanoma has been well characterized, the primary melanoma TIME is comparatively poorly understood. Additionally, although the association of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes with primary melanoma patient outcome has been known for decades, it is not considered in the current AJCC melanoma staging system. Detailed immune phenotyping of advanced melanoma has revealed multiple immune biomarkers, including the presence of CD8+ T-cells, for predicting response to immunotherapies. However, in primary melanomas, immune biomarkers are lacking and CD8+ T-cells have yet to be extensively characterized. As recent studies combining immune features and clinicopathologic characteristics have created more accurate predictive models, this study sought to characterize the TIME of primary melanomas and identify predictors of patient outcome. We first phenotyped CD8+ T cells in fresh stage II primary melanomas using flow cytometry (n = 6), identifying a CD39+ tumor-resident CD8+ T-cell subset enriched for PD-1 expression. We then performed Opal multiplex immunohistochemistry and quantitative pathology-based immune profiling of CD8+ T-cell subsets, along with B cells, NK cells, Langerhans cells and Class I MHC expression in stage II primary melanoma specimens from patients with long-term follow-up (n = 66), comparing patients based on their recurrence status at 5 years after primary diagnosis. A CD39+CD103+PD-1- CD8+ T-cell population (P2) comprised a significantly higher proportion of intratumoral and stromal CD8+ T-cells in patients with recurrence-free survival (RFS) ≥5 years vs those with RFS <5 years (p = 0.013). Similarly, intratumoral B cells (p = 0.044) and a significantly higher B cell density at the tumor/stromal interface were associated with RFS. Both P2 and B cells localized in significantly closer proximity to melanoma cells in patients who remained recurrence-free (P2 p = 0.0139, B cell p = 0.0049). Our results highlight how characterizing the TIME in primary melanomas may provide new insights into how the complex interplay of the immune system and tumor can modify the disease outcomes. Furthermore, in the context of current clinical trials of adjuvant anti-PD-1 therapies in high-risk stage II primary melanoma, assessment of B cells and P2 could identify patients at risk of recurrence and aid in long-term treatment decisions at the point of primary melanoma diagnosis.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Melanoma/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
Front Immunol ; 13: 968089, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36032084

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in tumor progression and metastasis. However, the immune phenotypes of colorectal cancer (CRC) and the underlying immune escape mechanism have not been studied sufficiently. A total of 1802 and 619 CRC samples from the microarray and TCGA cohorts were enrolled, respectively. The ssGSEA algorithm and unsupervised clustering were used for TME cell infiltration speculation and immune phenotype recognition in the above cohorts. A total of 447 samples from Zhongshan Hospital were collected for validation. Immunohistochemistry was performed in this cohort to quantify TME cell infiltration. The single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) data of 252,940 cells from 60 CRC samples was analyzed for further mechanistic exploration. CRC samples can be classified into three distinct immune phenotypes. Subtype 1, the immune-active subtype, was characterized by high infiltration of activated adaptive immune cells. Subtype 2, the immune-desert subtype, featured high tumor purity and low infiltration of immune and stromal cells. Subtype 3, the stroma-rich subtype, had high infiltration of stromal cells. The stroma-rich subtype conferred a significantly worse prognosis. The three subtypes had different immune escape mechanisms. The immune-active subtype has the highest immune checkpoint expression level. In comparison, the immune-desert subtype had the lowest immunogenicity and defective antigen presentation. The stroma-rich subtype lacked activated immune cells. In conclusion, distinct immune phenotypes and immune escape mechanisms may provide inspiration and direction for further research on CRC immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Fenótipo , Prognóstico
14.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(8)2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36011285

RESUMO

Immunophenotypic characterization of leukemic cells with the use of flow cytometry (FC) is a fundamental tool in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnostics. A variety of genetic aberrations underlie specific B-cell precursor ALL (BCP-ALL) subtypes and their identification is of great importance for risk group stratification. These aberrations include: ETV6::RUNX1 fusion gene, Philadelphia chromosome (BCR::ABL1 fusion gene), rearrangements of the KMT2A, TCF3::PBX1 fusion gene and changes in chromosome number (hyperdiploidy and hypodiploidy). Diagnostic panels for BCP-ALL usually include B-cell lineage specific antigens: CD19, CD10, CD20, maturation stage markers: CD34, CD10, CD38, TdT, IgM and other markers useful for possible genetic subtype indication. Some genetic features of leukemic cells (blasts) are associated with expression of certain antigens. This review comprehensively summarizes all known research data on genotype-immunophenotype correlations in BCP-ALL. In some cases, single molecules are predictive of particular genetic subtypes, i.e., NG2 with KMT2A gene rearrangements or CD123 with hyperdiploidy. However, much more information on possible genotype or prognosis can be obtained with wider (≥8-color) panels. In several studies, a quantitative antigen expression scale and advanced statistical analyses were used to further increase the specificity and sensitivity of genotype/immunophenotype correlation detection. Fast detection of possible genotype/immunophenotype correlations makes multicolor flow cytometry an essential tool for initial leukemia diagnostics and stratification.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Citometria de Fluxo , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico
15.
STAR Protoc ; 3(3): 101557, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35852944

RESUMO

Immunophenotyping of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) by flow cytometry can predict clinical efficacy of immunotherapy. However, several obstacles need to be overcome for developing a flow cytometry assay starting from solid tumor specimens. Here, we show a detailed enzyme-based protocol to isolate TILs from human tumor tissues. The protocol was optimized to obtain enough viable TILs from a biopsy tissue specimen for flow cytometry-based TIL immunophenotyping. Additionally, tissue samples could be preserved for up to 72 h for subsequent characterization. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Kumagai et al. (2020, 2022).


Assuntos
Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Neoplasias , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/patologia
16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(38): e202208640, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896518

RESUMO

Single-cell multiplexing is key to exploration of the heterogeneous cell populations in biological systems. Although the state-of-the-art mass cytometry (CyTOF) possesses high resolution and multiple dimensions, the lack of suitable marker materials prohibits fully exploiting the available CyTOF detection channels. Here we report a new design strategy for CyTOF markers using functionalized mesoporous porphyrinic frameworks (MPFs) as scaffolds for chelating metals that have been unachievable by conventional approaches. We developed surface modification for stably dispersing the MPF nanoparticles (<40 nm) during the metalation and antibody conjugation processes. Our markers exhibit higher sensitivity and comparable specificity compared with a polymer-based commercial benchmark. Compatibility with commercial markers during co-staining was also confirmed. Furthermore, our markers show promising performance for immunophenotyping and potential implementation in CyTOF systems.


Assuntos
Anticorpos , Imunoconjugados , Biomarcadores , Quelantes , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Imunofenotipagem , Análise de Célula Única/métodos
17.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 102(5): 353-359, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35796438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The potential loss of CD19 during targeted treatment of B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) can hamper flow cytometric minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring. In the current study, we present expression data for antigens that are candidates for CD19 substitution: surface CD22, CD24, CD10, and intracellular (i) CD79a. METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 519 consecutive children (below 18 y.o.) with primary BCP-ALL were studied with a focus on expression of CD19, CD10, CD22, CD24, and iCD79a. As these antigens are planned to be used as substitutions for CD19 for primary B cell gating, only total expression on the leukemic population (≥95% cells) was considered appropriate. RESULTS: It was found that each of these antigens is totally expressed in nearly 90% of patients. For each single marker, a subgroup of patients without complete positivity presented with BCP-ALL harboring diverse cytogenetic and molecular genetic aberrations. Based on expression data, we have developed algorithm of simultaneous application of these antigens for initial B-lineage compartment gating, that is applicable for nearly all patients after CD19 targeting. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the addition of CD22, CD24, and iCD79a to the conventional antibody panel and their application together with CD10 allow for the identification of B-lineage compartment including residual tumor blasts, for MFC-MRD searching in virtually all patients with BCP-ALL after CD19-directed treatment.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Doença Aguda , Antígenos CD , Antígenos CD19 , Criança , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Neprilisina/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia
18.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 158(1): 27-34, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Classification of acute leukemia involves assigning lineage by resemblance to normal progenitor cells. This approach provides descriptive information about the blast cells that is useful for disease monitoring, provides clues to pathogenesis, and can help clinicians select effective chemotherapeutic regimens. Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALALs) are those leukemias that either fail to show evidence of myeloid, B-, or T-lymphoid lineage commitment or show evidence of commitment to more than 1 lineage. The different treatment regimens for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) make ALAL a challenge both diagnostically and therapeutically. METHODS: Current classification criteria have reduced the reported incidence of mixed-lineage leukemias by emphasizing fewer markers and categorizing some biphenotypic leukemias with recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities as other entities. Several recent studies have explored the genomic and epigenetic landscape of mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) and have suggested a further refinement of the World Health Organization classification to emphasize the genomic heterogeneity of MPAL. RESULTS: Genomic and expression profile data for MPAL reveal mutations commonly seen in both AML and ALL, with T-/myeloid MPAL showing overlapping features with early T-cell precursor lymphoblastic leukemia. CONCLUSIONS: Our review aimed to discuss the diagnostic challenges, recent genomic studies, and therapeutic strategies in this poorly understood disease.


Assuntos
Leucemia Aguda Bifenotípica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Doença Aguda , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia Aguda Bifenotípica/diagnóstico , Leucemia Aguda Bifenotípica/genética , Leucemia Aguda Bifenotípica/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico
19.
Oncoimmunology ; 11(1): 2103277, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35898705

RESUMO

Aggressive triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is classically treated with chemotherapy. Besides direct tumor cell killing, some chemotherapeutics such as cisplatin provide additional disease reduction through stimulation of anti-tumor immunity. The cisplatin-induced immunomodulation in TNBC was here investigated in-depth using immunocompetent intraductal mouse models. Upon primary tumor transition to invasive carcinoma, cisplatin was injected systemically and significantly reduced tumor progression. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping was corroborated by immunohistochemical analyses and revealed both differential immune cell compositions and positivity for their programmed death (PD)-1 and PD-ligand (L)1 markers across body compartments, including the primary tumor, axillary lymph nodes and spleen. As key findings, a significant decrease in immunosuppressive and a concomitant increase in anti-tumor lymphocytic cell numbers were observed in the axillary lymph nodes and spleen, highlighting their importance in cisplatin-stimulated anti-tumor immunity. These immunomodulatory effects were already established following the first cisplatin dose, indicating that early cisplatin-mediated events may determine (immuno)therapeutic outcome. Furthermore, a single cisplatin dose sufficed to alleviate anti-PD-1 resistance in a 4T1-based model, providing add-on disease reduction without toxic side effects as seen upon multiple cisplatin dosing. Overall, these results highlight cisplatin as immunotherapeutic ally in TNBC, providing durable immunostimulation, even after a single dose.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Animais , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Imunomodulação , Imunofenotipagem , Camundongos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Andes Pediatr ; 93(3): 400-409, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35857011

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection involves multiple factors internal and external to the host. Among the internal factors, the immune response plays a fundamental role in the process of antigen presentation, lymphocytic response and cytokine-mediated regulatory response that are directly as sociated with disease progression and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To compare the immune response in gas tric mucosa of H. pylori infected patients in two regions comparing the risk of developing gastric can cer. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 71 participants with symptoms of dyspepsia were included. The samples for biopsies were collected from different regions of the gastric mucosa; the identification of H. pylori was carried out by culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the ureA gene. For the characteri zation of the histopathological alterations and the immunophenotyping of lymphocytes, anti-human mouse monoclonal antibodies specific for each antigen were used: T lymphocytes: CD3 and CD8; B lymphocytes: CD20; Natural Killer Cells: CD56; Macrophages: CD68. RESULTS: The prevalence of H. pylori was 83.1%, the predominant types of gastritis were chronic gastritis and multifocal atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia (63.4% and 22.5%, respectively). The cellular response was charac terized mainly by polymorphonuclear lymphocytes and positive anti-CD8 reactivity both in stroma and epithelium. CONCLUSIONS: Multifocal atrophic gastritis was more prevalent in the high-risk region for gastric cancer (GC) while non-atrophic gastritis and the expression of CD3 and CD8 antigens in the foveolar epithelium was higher in the low-risk region.


Assuntos
Gastrite Atrófica , Gastrite , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Animais , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Gastrite/metabolismo , Gastrite/patologia , Gastrite Atrófica/metabolismo , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Camundongos , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia
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