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1.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 213-224, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865913

RESUMO

Asthma is a chronic, serious allergic inflammatory disease in the airway. The inflammation in the airway is induced by the allergic T-helper 2 cells (Th2 cells), which leads to unfettered production of inflammatory cytokines. The accretion of inflammatory cells in the airway also speeds up the secretion of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and suppresses antioxidative processes. Hence, the present work aimed to study the antiasthmatic efficacy of betulin and its effect in suppressing the inflammatory markers of ovalbumin (OVA) challenged asthmatic mice. The observed results revealed that the levels of inflammatory cells including neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and macrophages were effectively decreased by betulin treatment; furthermore, the inflammatory markers IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and TNF-α levels were notably suppressed by betulin administration in OVA-challenged asthmatic mice. Similarly, the oral administration of betulin showed a reduction in IgE level and elevation in the IFN-γ level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The elevated levels of antioxidant enzymes like catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were observed in betulin treated mice. Furthermore, reduced levels of reactive oxygen species like NO2, NO3, and MDA were noted in the betulin treated group. Consistently, airway hyperreactivity (AHR) was depleted in the betulin administered group compared with the OVA-challenged asthmatic group. Betulin treatment was revealed to have noteworthy antiasthmatic effects mediated by the suppression of production of inflammatory cells and the expression of other inflammatory markers. Furthermore, the elevation in the level of antioxidant markers helped to disclose the original regulatory mode of betulin on asthma treatment.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Asma/imunologia , Asma/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinófilos/citologia , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Testes de Função Respiratória , Triterpenos/administração & dosagem
2.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 225-234, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865914

RESUMO

Asthma is marked by chronic irritation in the airway lumen of the lungs due to the accretion of inflammatory cells that influence the regular inhalation process. An extended buildup of inflammation leads to oxidative pressure and the repression of antioxidant functions. In the current study, a potential compound, boldine, was tested for the containment of provocative markers along the path of antiasthmatic activity in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice model. As an effect, the boldine (10 and 20 mg/kg) treatment suppressed inflammatory cells such as eosinophil, macrophage, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and other inflammatory markers in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of OVA-induced mice. Likewise, immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels were drastically condensed in the serum of boldine-treated animals. Levels of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH), were upregulated in the boldine treatment group compared to the asthmatic control group, which displays the antioxidant effects of boldine on asthmatic animals. Interestingly, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malonaldehyde (MDA) levels were repressed in the BALF of boldine-treated mice groups. Therefore, the effects of boldine are significant for the management of asthma, reducing the accrual of inflammatory cells, along with other inflammatory markers, while improving antioxidant markers and containing ROS. Hence, boldine may be an option for clinical trials of chronic asthma management.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Aporfinas/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Aporfinas/administração & dosagem , Asma/imunologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Citocinas/análise , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinófilos/citologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Testes de Função Respiratória
3.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(9): 797-804, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882764

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Climate and lifestyle changes increase an individual's susceptibility to various allergens and also the incidence of allergic diseases. We aimed to examine the changes in sensitization rate for aeroallergens over a 10-year period in Korean children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 4493 children who visited the allergy clinic at a tertiary hospital in Korea for allergic rhinitis or asthma from January 2009 to December 2018. The serum specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels were measured to confirm the sensitization against Dermatophagoides farinae (D. farinae), Alternaria, weed and tree pollen mixtures, as well as cat and dog dander through ImmunoCAP test. RESULTS: D. farinae was the most common sensitizing aeroallergen (45.9%) during the 10-year span. The sensitization rate for tree pollen mixture (p for trend <0.001), weed pollen mixtures (p for trend <0.001), dog dander (p for trend=0.025), and cat dander (p for trend=0.003) showed ascending trends during the 10-year study period. Furthermore, the sensitization rate for multiple allergens (≥2) in 2018 increased significantly compared to that in 2009 (p for trend=0.013). Compared with children without sensitization to D. farinae, those with sensitization to D. farinae showed higher sensitization rates to other aeroallergens (p for interaction <0.001). CONCLUSION: Children's sensitization rate to cat and dog dander and weed and tree pollen mixtures significantly increased during the 10-year period in Korea. Children with sensitization to D. farinae are likely to be sensitized to other aeroallergens as well.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/imunologia , Asma/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Rinite Alérgica/imunologia , Alérgenos/efeitos adversos , Animais , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/epidemiologia , Gatos , Criança , Dermatophagoides farinae , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Masculino , Pólen/imunologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rinite Alérgica/diagnóstico
4.
S Afr Med J ; 110(7): 686-690, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergy is a common health problem in South Africa (SA), and a rational approach to allergy testing is essential to ensure cost-effective as well as optimal patient diagnosis and management. OBJECTIVES: To review allergy testing data with respect to current national testing recommendations, and to explore the regional variations in sensitisation. METHODS: Retrospective data review on allergy testing from a private pathology provider in SA over a 2-year period. Data on skin-prick testing (SPT) and allergen-specific IgE testing originating from all the provinces of SA were collected and analysed with regards to allergen positivity rate and regional sensitisation patterns. RESULTS: Among the patients (N=45 0320) tested for a suspected inhalant allergy, 46% tested positive. Only 45% of these received additional testing for the nine recommended inhalant allergens included in the current national testing protocol. Among the patients (N=6 775) who received SPT for a suspected inhalant allergy, 59% yielded one or more positive results. The most frequent sensitising allergens were house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) and grass pollen. The house dust mite, Blomia tropicalis, was a significant sensitiser in coastal regions. SPT identified two other important regional allergens which are not included in the current recommendations for inhalant allergen-specific IgE testing. CONCLUSIONS: The current diagnostic recommendations include allergens that demonstrate significant sensitisation in all regions of SA. Two additional allergens that show significant regional sensitisation in the South African population were identified. These findings may aid the recommendations for the most appropriate and cost-effective approach to allergy testing of symptomatic patients in SA.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Alérgenos/imunologia , Animais , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Pólen/imunologia , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes Cutâneos , África do Sul/epidemiologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21183, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791692

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an immunoglobulin E (Ig E)-mediated inflammatory disease. Intranasal phototherapy is a promising treatment modality because it has a profound immunosuppressive effect, but the evidence of its use for AR is insufficient. Therefore, rigorously designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are needed. Our objective is to describe the protocol for an RCT to assess the effects and safety of intranasal phototherapy for the treatment of AR. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a study protocol for a single-center, randomized, parallel (acupuncture-controlled), open-label, investigator-initiated, pilot study. A total of 80 patients with AR will be randomly assigned to the intranasal phototherapy or acupuncture group at a 1:1 ratio. The participants will receive intranasal phototherapy with medical or acupuncture treatment for 20 minutes, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The primary outcome will be the mean change in the total nasal symptom score (TNSS) from baseline to 4 weeks. The secondary outcomes will include the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) score, Nasal Endoscopy Index, total serum immunoglobulin E (Ig E) level and eosinophil count. DISCUSSION: The findings of this study will provide the basis for the design and implementation of RCTs investigating the effects and safety of intranasal phototherapy for AR. Additionally, it will provide preliminary evidence of intranasal phototherapy for use in AR. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered at the Korean National Clinical Trial Registry, Clinical Research Information Service (KCT0004079).


Assuntos
Eosinófilos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Contagem de Leucócitos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/efeitos adversos , Cavidade Nasal , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Rinite Alérgica/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Método Simples-Cego
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21255, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791702

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease associated with a personal or family history of atopic diseases. Determining the objective severity scoring of AD index (SCORAD) and total immunoglobulin E (IgE) to help to stage the severity (lesions extent and intensity of the lesions and then the itch and sleep disturbance they may cause) of AD in children.In this study, we adopted the SCORAD index, which consists of severity, area, and sleep disturbance, to evaluate the AD status of children up to 18 years old. We examined the blood levels of total serum IgE, white blood cell count/differential count (WBC/DC), eosinophil counts (EC), eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and specific IgE.A total of 208 children with AD were enrolled in this study. Serum IgE values and a number of specific IgE that are positive significantly different SCORAD index through simple linear regression; however, after multiple linear regression, only IgE values (95% CI: 0.001-0.004, P < .001), total WBC count (95% CI: 0.112-1.736, P = .026), EC (95% CI: 0.045-6.706, P = .047), and specific IgE to Cheddar cheese (95% CI: 1.814-16.731, P = .015) remain different. After applying the Phi coefficient, we found that specific IgE to tuna (r = 0.632), codfish (r = 0.613), and clam (r = 0.613) each had a moderate correlation with specific IgE to Cheddar cheese. The 6 most common allergens were found to be mite (D. Farinae: 65.9%), mite (D. Pterony: 64.9%), house dust (47.6%), cockroach mix (37.0%), shrimp (30.8%), and crab (22.6%). Covariates of SCORAD index, severity, area, and sleep disturbance differed.In this study, we found that total IgE values, specific IgE values, WBC, EC, and specific IgE to Cheddar cheese have significant correlations with SCORAD index in AD of Taiwanese children.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/sangue , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Alérgenos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Queijo/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dermatite Atópica/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/complicações , Humanos , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taiwan
7.
Toxicol Lett ; 333: 222-231, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798538

RESUMO

Despite many hypothesized benefits of dietary isoflavone genistein (GEN) deriving from soy-based products, questions surrounding GEN's developmental effects are increasing. To understand if in utero GEN exposure modulated postnatal respiratory allergies in the middle age, we conducted a time course study in the B6C3F1 offspring (PND 240-330) using a common household allergen (house dust mites: HDM; 10 µg/mouse for PND 240 and 290, and 50 µg/mouse for PND 330, a middle age in mice) following intranasal instillation, a physiological route of allergen exposure. GEN was administered to dams by gavage from gestational day 14 to parturition at a physiologically relevant dose (20 mg/kg body weight). Female and male offspring were sensitized with HDM allergens beginning about one month prior to sacrifice followed by challenges with three weekly dosings of HDM extracts, and they were euthanized at day 3 following the final HDM exposure. In utero exposure to GEN decreased HDM allergen-induced respiratory allergy in male B6C3F1 offspring at PND 330 as reflected by decreases in airway hyperresponsiveness (e.g., Penh value), HDM-specific IgG1 (a Th2 type Ab) and the activity of eosinophil peroxidase in the lung (an indication of eosinophil recruitment to the lungs). However, in utero exposure to GEN had minimal effects on HDM allergen-induced respiratory allergy in the middle-aged female offspring. Changes in serum total IgE, HDM-specific IgE, and lung histopathology scores in both male and female offspring were not biologically significant. Overall, in utero GEN exposure exerted a protective effect on respiratory allergy in the middle-aged male, but not female, B6C3F1 offspring following later-life HDM exposures.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/imunologia , Genisteína/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/prevenção & controle , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/prevenção & controle , Envelhecimento/sangue , Alérgenos/imunologia , Animais , Peroxidase de Eosinófilo/metabolismo , Eosinófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eosinófilos/enzimologia , Feminino , Genisteína/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Pulmão/embriologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C3H , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/sangue , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/imunologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/patologia , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/sangue , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/patologia
8.
Gene ; 763: 145073, 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of FoxP3, a master regulator of T regulatory cells, in allergic diseases such as asthma is of immense importance yet the effect of its gene variants on the disease predisposition is not fully understood. We studied the association of FoxP3 polymorphisms (-2383C/T and -3279C/A) in allergic asthma patients and their correlation with serum IL-4, IL-13, Total IgE, and Vitamin D levels. METHODS: In this study 350 individuals were enrolled, 150 allergic asthma patients and 200 healthy controls. SNP analyses were performed by RFLP. IL-4, IL-13 vitamin D and Total IgE were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: The AA homozygous mutant of -3279C/A posed a three-fold risk [P < 0.005; OR, 3.52] whereas the -2383C/T variants TT genotype carried a fourfold risk [P = 0.002; OR, 4.04]. Haplotype analysis exhibited predisposition to allergic asthmawith CC/TT [P = 0.01; OR 5.93 (95%CI)], AA/CC [P = 0.01; OR 3.29] and AA/TT haplotypes [P = 0; OR 11.86 (1.31-85.87)]. A negative correlation between IgE and Vitamin D was found [r = -0.30p-value 0.001] but a negative correlation betweenIgE and Vit D was established in the haplotype CC/TT [r = -0.45P = 0.002] and CC/CT [r = -0.52P = 0.04]. In allergic patients, the eosinophils count was high [p = 0.003] and the mean levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-13 were elevated [P < 0.001] as well. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests SNP -3279 -AA genotype and, -2383-TT genotype in association with certain haplotypes pose a risk for allergy development. There was no correlation between different genotypes and serum levels of various cytokines.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Asma/sangue , Eosinofilia/sangue , Eosinofilia/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Interleucina-13/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Masculino , Vitamina D/sangue
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e21055, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629732

RESUMO

Food allergen and aeroallergen sensitization are common allergic diseases worldwide, with widely varying estimates of prevalence in children. Our study investigated the characteristics of ingestion and inhalation allergy among children from Sichuan province in Southwest China, so as to get public awareness of these disorders.A total of 1722 children between 0 and 14 years' old were enrolled in this study. They were outpatients in the West China Second University Hospital during June 2019 to September 2019. Serum specific IgE specific to 10 types of food allergen and 10 types of aeroallergen were estimated. Nutrition indicators were tested by electrochemical luminescence.59.70% children were allergic to at least 1 allergen, comprising 24.90% to aeroallergen and 38.81% to food allergen, respectively, whereas 36.28% children were allergic to both aeroallergen and food allergen. Milk was the most common food allergen, and egg came in second place. With regard to aeroallergen, house dust mite held the maximum proportion (65.02%), whereas dust mite followed behind. Inhalation allergy was more commonly seen in boys than girls. Bronchitis was the most common symptom of both allergies. In addition, the highest incidence age for children to be sensitive to food allergen and aeroallergen were 0∼2 years' old and 3∼5 years' old, respectively. It is worth mentioning that there was no significant difference in nutritional status between children with or without allergic diseases.Our findings reveal that milk, egg, house dust mite, and dust mite are the most common allergens among children in Sichuan province. Boys are more susceptible to aeroallergen than girls. Furthermore, the prevalence of ingestion and inhalation allergy varies from different age groups, and has no correlation with nutritional status. In brief, the analysis of the pattern of food allergen and aeroallergen sensitization is invaluable to effective diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/epidemiologia , Imunização/métodos , Adolescente , Alérgenos/efeitos adversos , Animais , Conscientização , Bronquite/epidemiologia , Bronquite/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade a Ovo/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade a Ovo/imunologia , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Inalação/imunologia , Masculino , Hipersensibilidade a Leite/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade a Leite/imunologia , Estado Nutricional/imunologia , Prevalência , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e20911, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common allergic disorder worldwide. Western medicine is not optimistic about the therapeutic effect of this disease. However, moxibustion can enhance vital energy or immunity through a great number of clinical trials. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of indirect moxibustion for treating AR. METHODS: We will conduct a comprehensive literature search in Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, WanFang Database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database from inception to August 2020 without any language restriction. In addition, we will retrieve the unpublished studies and the references of initially included literature manually. Reviewers will identify studies, extract data, and assess the quality independently. The outcomes of interest include: total effective rate, total nasal symptom score, total non-nasal symptom score, rhinitis quality of life questionnaire, visual analog scale, laboratory indicators (i.e., serum levels of IgE, IgA, or IgG), and adverse events. Randomized clinical trials will be collected, methodological quality will be evaluated using the Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool, and the level of evidence will be rated using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. Meta-analysis will be performed using RevMan 5.3.0 software. The heterogeneity test will be conducted between the studies, and P < .1 and I > 50% are the thresholds for the tests. We will utilize the fixed effects model or the random effects model according to the size of heterogeneity. RESULTS: Because the review is ongoing, no results can be reported. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this review will provide reliable evidence for effectiveness and safety of indirect moxibustion for treating AR. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required for this study. This systematic review and meta-analysis will be disseminated online and on paper to help guide clinicians. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019140944.


Assuntos
Imunidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Moxibustão/métodos , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Moxibustão/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/psicologia , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
11.
Life Sci ; 258: 118139, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721463

RESUMO

AIMS: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by eczematous lesions and has become a serious health problem worldwide. Pseudoephedrine (PSE) is a nasal decongestant to treat the common cold. PSE has been reported that is beneficial to allergic diseases. However, whether PSE has the potential in atopic dermatitis remains to be elucidated. MAIN METHODS: Male BALB/c mice were challenged with 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) to induce atopic dermatitis-like lesion and orally administrated with PSE for two weeks. The skin hydration and the scratching behavior were detected. The skin lesions and histopathological changes were evaluated and inflammatory factors levels were detected. Human Keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) were stimulated by TNF-α/IFN-γ after PSE-pretreatment. The transcriptions of inflammatory factors were detected. KEY FINDINGS: PSE decreased skin lesion area and skin thickness in atopic dermatitis mice. PSE improved skin hydration and scratching. Histologically, PSE reduced mast cell and CD4+ cell infiltration. PSE suppressed serum TNF-α and IgE levels, reducing cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6, IL-13, IL-33, TSLP, and IL-23) and neutrophil migration factors (CCL2 and MMP-9) in skin tissues. In addition, PSE inhibited TNF-α/IFN-γ-induced release of inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-23) in HaCaT cells. Furthermore, PSE suppressed the activation of MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro. SIGNIFICANCE: These results demonstrate that PSE could inhibit inflammatory responses in atopic dermatitis models. PSE may serve as a viable alternatives drug for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Pseudoefedrina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Dermatite Atópica/sangue , Dermatite Atópica/enzimologia , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/patologia , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Pseudoefedrina/química , Pseudoefedrina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
12.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 125(4): 418-424, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In children younger than 2 years, studies evaluating the value of skin prick tests (SPTs) and specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) results to predict persistence or resolution of egg allergy (EA) are limited. In addition, the value of egg yolk (EY) sIgE and fresh egg (FE) SPTs has not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal decision points (ODPs) for outgrowing allergy with SPTs and sIgE tests for egg allergen preparations. METHODS: SPTs for FE, egg white (EW), and EY, sIgE tests for EW and EY, and oral food challenges (OFCs) were performed in children with suspected EA. Reactive patients strictly avoided all dietary egg. After 1 year, EA was reevaluated with addition OFCs, SPTs, and sIgE tests. RESULTS: A total of 81 children (median age, 7 months; age range, 2-24 months) were enrolled. Notably, 4 children with a history of anaphylaxis and 60 of 77 children with a positive challenge result underwent egg elimination. The 1-year follow-up OFC test was performed on 59 children. A total of 27 reacted to egg. No persistent patient had a follow-up SPT result for FE of 4 mm or less (positive predictive values of 100% and negative predictive value of 56% for outgrowth). The diameters of the initial SPT for FE decreased 50% or more in half of the patients who outgrew EA. The ODPs for outgrowing allergy for follow-up sIgE tests for EY and EW were 2.1 kU/L or less (positive predictive value of 86.2%) and 4.0 kU/L or less (positive predictive value of 84.6%), respectively. CONCLUSION: A SPT diameter for FE of 4 mm or less and sIgE values of 2.1 kU/L or less for EY and 4.0 kU/L or less for EW have a good positive predictive value for outgrowth of EA in children younger than 2 years.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Ovo/diagnóstico , Clara de Ovo , Gema de Ovo/imunologia , Testes Cutâneos/métodos , Alérgenos/imunologia , Pré-Escolar , Hipersensibilidade a Ovo/imunologia , Clara de Ovo/efeitos adversos , Gema de Ovo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Lactente , Masculino
13.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 48(3): 232-236, mayo-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China and Spain are world leaders in the consumption of edible bulbs (garlic and onion), but there are few references to their capacity to cause allergic symptoms. The target was to study allergic sensitization and clinical symptoms associated with garlic and onion consumption in a large sample of allergic patients. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted, testing garlic and onion extracts in 8109 patients of all ages seen by our allergy clinic in 2018. Forty-four aeroallergens and foods were tested, including garlic and onion, with prick test and determination of specific IgE. Oral provocation and contact tests were performed if a delayed reaction was suspected. Western Blot was performed in the serum of patients positive to garlic and onion. RESULTS: We conducted 356,798 skin tests and 4254 specific IgE determinations. Of the 8109 patients tested, 2508 (30.92%) presented with symptoms associated with food intake and, in these patients, food hypersensitivity was detected by skin test, positive specific IgE or provocation in 924 patients, and was caused by garlic or onions in 27, indicating a prevalence of 2.92%. Immunodetection showed an association between the symptoms and a specific LTP to these bulbs, without cross-reactivity with other LTPs in the Mediterranean diet (peach, wheat). CONCLUSIONS: Allergic hypersensitivity to garlic and onions should not be underestimated and, given their high consumption, should be included in the diagnostic food allergy battery


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/diagnóstico , Alho/imunologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Cebolas/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Testes Cutâneos , Teste de Radioalergoadsorção , Estudos Transversais , Western Blotting
14.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 48(3): 259-264, mayo-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192028

RESUMO

The clinical history is of importance in the investigation of allergic diseases but does have limitations. Many allergic conditions will be over-diagnosed if anamnesis alone is used for diagnostic criteria. Serum total immunoglobulin E (TIgE) quantification, as well as panels containing allergens prevalent in the studied population, may serve as screening tests and facilitate the diagnosis of allergic disease or its exclusion. We assessed the positivity of two versions of these tests, Phadiatop Europe® (PhEU) and Phadiatop Infant® (PhInf), as well as total IgE (TigE) values in patients with a medical diagnosis of allergic disease and non-allergic individuals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study performed in eleven Brazilian pediatric allergy centers with patients divided into groups according to the primary condition and a group of assessed control subjects. They were submitted to TIgE measurement and screening tests (PhEu and PhInf). RESULTS: TIgE mean serum levels were significantly higher among allergic patients, especially those with asthma/rhinitis or atopic dermatitis. The positivity of the screening tests, considering the total population, was 63.8% for PhEU and 72.6% for PhInf. These increased when we evaluated only the allergic subjects. The concordance index of the two tests was Kappa = 0.7 and higher among those of greater age. CONCLUSIONS: In the assessed population, there were significantly higher levels among those with positive screening tests and PhInf showed better performance in the identification of sensitized individuals, regardless of age. This is the first study to evaluate Phadiatop and Phadiatop Infant in the same population


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Testes Hematológicos/métodos , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Técnicas Imunológicas/métodos , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Alérgenos/imunologia , Dermatite Atópica/imunologia , Asma/imunologia , Rinite Alérgica/imunologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 4(7): 526-535, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562634

RESUMO

Peanut allergy is an important public health concern and causes substantial psychosocial comorbidity. Although fatal anaphylaxis is rare (occurring at 0·03-0·3 per million person-years in the general population), peanuts are one of the most frequent causes of food allergy mortality. The Learning Early About Peanut study transformed prevention of peanut allergy by showing that early introduction of peanut into the diet of children at high risk (ie, those with an egg allergy or severe eczema) reduced the relative risk of peanut allergy at age 5 years by 81%. Following publication of this study, the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, convened an expert panel, which recommended that, for infants with severe eczema or egg allergy, health professionals should strongly consider evaluation with peanut-specific serological IgE or skin prick test (or both) and, if necessary, an oral food challenge before peanut introduction. In the USA, depending on test results, peanut-containing foods are recommended to be introduced from age 4-6 months in infants with severe eczema or egg allergy. Early introduction to peanuts is also advocated for children with either mild to moderate or no eczema, and in children who are not allergic to egg, but without screening before peanut introduction. However, the NIAID addendum guidelines contrast with other international approaches that do not advocate for allergy screening at a population level before introducing peanuts into infants' diets. In this Review, we evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of a pre-emptive screening approach before the early introduction of peanuts in infants at high risk of peanut allergy.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Amendoim/diagnóstico , Alérgenos/administração & dosagem , Alérgenos/imunologia , Dessensibilização Imunológica/métodos , Eczema/complicações , Hipersensibilidade a Ovo/complicações , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Lactente , Hipersensibilidade a Amendoim/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Testes Cutâneos , Desmame
17.
Life Sci ; 256: 117896, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504758

RESUMO

AIMS: Numerous studies indicate that toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) led to divergent effects in asthma. The occurrence of autophagy in asthma pathogenesis is still incompletely understood. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of TLR2 and the underlying mechanisms in allergic airway inflammation and autophagy activation. MAIN METHODS: C57BL/6 and TLR2 knockout (TLR2-/-) mice were subjected to an ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized allergic airway model, and were treated with SP600125. Differential cell counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were determined by Wright's staining. Histological analysis of airway inflammation was determined by haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. The levels of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Proteins expression in lung tissues was detected by western blot, expression of TLR2 was further observed by immunofluorescence. Autophagy activation was determined by western blot and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). KEY FINDINGS: TLR2 expression was increased upon OVA challenge, and TLR2 deficiency was associated with decreased allergic airway inflammation. Meanwhile, TLR2 deficiency weakened autophagy activation. Moreover, inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) by SP600125 also suppressed OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation and autophagy activation. Interestingly, treating TLR2-/- mice with SP600125 showed similar OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation and autophagy activation compared to that in vehicle-treated TLR2-/- mice. SIGNIFICANCE: TLR2 might contribute to the maintenance of allergic airway inflammation through JNK signaling pathway accompanying with autophagy activation. These findings may provide a novel signal target for prevention of allergic airway inflammation.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Hipersensibilidade/enzimologia , Hipersensibilidade/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Ovalbumina/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia/enzimologia , Pneumonia/patologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Caliciformes/patologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/ultraestrutura , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Pneumonia/sangue , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234731, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544181

RESUMO

Airborne fungi are associated with upper and lower airway inflammatory diseases. Alternaria is commonly found in nasal secretions and induces the production of chemical mediators from sinonasal mucosa. This study aimed to establish an Alternaria-induced chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) mouse model and determine the influence of host allergic background on the immunopathological characteristics of CRS. BALB/c mice were used for establishing the CRS model. Alternaria was intranasally instilled for 8 or 16 weeks with or without ovalbumin (OVA) presensitization. Total serum IgE and Alternaria-specific IgE levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, interferon (IFN)-γ, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels in nasal lavage fluid (NLF) and splenocytes were measured by ELISA and their mRNAs and levels of associated transcription factors in sinonasal mucosa were determined with quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Hematoxylin-eosin staining and periodic acid-Schiff staining were performed to evaluate histological changes. Total serum IgE was increased in both allergic and non-allergic CRS. IL-4 was strongly expressed in NLF in both allergic and non-allergic CRS at 16 weeks and not only eosinophils but also neutrophils were increased in NLF of non-allergic CRS mice. The levels of Th1, Th2, and Treg cytokines and transcription factor mRNAs were significantly increased in sinonasal mucosa of non-allergic CRS mice. Both inflammatory cell infiltration and goblet cell hyperplasia were increased in CRS mice. Repeated intranasal instillation of Alternaria results in sinonasal inflammation with inflammatory cell infiltration. The sinonasal mucosal immune responses against Alternaria were shown to differ depending on the host allergic background.


Assuntos
Alternaria/patogenicidade , Rinite/patologia , Sinusite/patologia , Alternaria/imunologia , Animais , Doença Crônica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Interleucina-10/análise , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/análise , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Líquido da Lavagem Nasal/química , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Rinite/imunologia , Sinusite/imunologia , Baço/metabolismo , Baço/microbiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234413, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chlamydia pneumoniae is an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes respiratory infection. There may exist an association between C. pneumoniae, asthma, and production of immunoglobulin (Ig) E responses in vitro. Interleukin (IL-4) is required for IgE production. OBJECTIVE: We previously demonstrated that doxycycline suppresses C. pneumoniae-induced production of IgE and IL-4 responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from asthmatic subjects. Whereas macrolides have anti-chlamydial activity, their effect on in vitro anti-inflammatory (IgE) and IL-4 responses to C. pneumoniae have not been studied. METHODS: PBMC from IgE- adult atopic subjects (N = 5) were infected +/- C. pneumoniae BAL69, +/- azithromycin (0.1, 1.0 ug/mL) for 10 days. IL-4 and IgE levels were determined in supernatants by ELISA. IL-4 and IgE were detected in supernatants of PBMC (day 10). RESULTS: When azithromycin (0.1, 1.0 ug/ml) was added, IL-4 levels decreased. At low dose, IgE levels increased and at high dose, IgE levels decreased. When PBMC were infected with C. pneumoniae, both IL-4 and IgE levels decreased. Addition of azithromycin (0.1, 1.0 ug/mL) decreased IL-4 levels and had no effect on IgE levels. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that azithromycin decreases IL-4 responses but has a bimodal effect on IgE responses in PBMC from atopic patients in vitro.


Assuntos
Azitromicina/farmacologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/imunologia , Imunoglobulina E/biossíntese , Interleucina-4/biossíntese , Idoso , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Asma/complicações , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/imunologia , Infecções por Chlamydophila/complicações , Infecções por Chlamydophila/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Chlamydophila/imunologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/patogenicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/complicações , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/microbiologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Técnicas In Vitro , Interleucina-4/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Respiratórias/complicações , Infecções Respiratórias/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Respiratórias/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233707, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484810

RESUMO

Royal jelly (RJ), a creamy substance secreted by honeybees, is the exclusive diet for queen bee differentiation and life maintenance. RJ has been used in cosmetics, beverages, medicines, and supplements worldwide. However, allergy is a concerning issue for RJ, especially in atopic dermatitis (AD) and asthma patients. In some cases, allergic reactions are seen after the first intake of RJ, suggesting the existence of allergens cross-reactive with RJ. Information about the cross-reactive allergens is very important for the safe application of RJ; however, study of this cross-reactivity is quite limited. In this study, we attempted to identify allergens cross-reactive with RJ by using serum samples from 30 AD patients who had never been exposed to RJ. In an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) experiment, RJ-binding IgE antibodies were detected in the serum of 10 out of 30 patients, and their antibody titers ranged from 4- to 2,048-fold dilution ratios. Additionally, 3 AD patients were determined to be positive in a skin-prick test (SPT) with an RJ solution. Significant correlations were observed between the anti-RJ antibody titer and nonspecific IgE and between the anti-RJ antibody titer and the Eczema Area and Severity Index score. We further examined the cross-reactivity between RJ and 14 typical allergens by using an ELISA-inhibition assay and demonstrated that the following 6 allergens showed cross-reactivity with RJ: the European house dust mite (HDM) (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus), American HDM (Dermatophagoides farinae), snow crab (Chionocetes spp.), edible crab (Cancer pagurus), German cockroach (Blatella germanica), and honeybee venom (Apis mellifera). In conclusion, people with a history of allergic diseases, including AD, asthma, and allergic rhinitis, should be cautioned against consuming RJ products because of the potential for cross-reactive responses to ensure the safe and successful use of RJ supplements.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/imunologia , Abelhas/imunologia , Dermatite Atópica/imunologia , Ácidos Graxos/imunologia , Adulto , Animais , Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/imunologia , Venenos de Abelha/imunologia , Blattellidae/imunologia , Braquiúros/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas , Dermatite Atópica/sangue , Dermatite Atópica/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Frutos do Mar , Testes Cutâneos , Adulto Jovem
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