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1.
Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng ; 38(2): e3549, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723440

RESUMO

This study aims to characterize biomechanical behavior of various designs of posterior mandibular marginal resection under functional loadings using finite element method. The ultimate goal of this work is to provide clinically relevant information to prevent postoperative fracture and to stipulate prophylactic internal fixation for planning of marginal mandibulectomy. A 3D mandibular master model was reconstructed from cone beam computed tomography images. Different marginal resection models were created based on three design parameters, namely, defect curvilinear radius, anterior-posterior defect width and residual height of the mandibular body. Functional loadings from incisors (60 N) and contralateral first molar area (200 N) were applied to designed models and stress patterns were compared of five groups with curvilinear radius from 0 (conventional rectangular shape), 2.5, 3.5, 5, and 6 mm. Models with 25, 35 and 45 mm defect width mimic defects varied from canine to 3rd molar were tested. Residual height range from 10 to 4 mm was assessed. The results show high stresses predominated in the occlusal area and the posterior inferior border near the resection corner. The average maximum stress decreased by 29.8% (r = 2.5 mm), 51.9% (r = 3.5 mm), 54.4% (r = 5 mm), and 59.3% (r = 6 mm) compared to the baseline of r = 0 mm. The results from the combined defect width/residual height models demonstrate the increase of defect width and the decrease in residual height resulted in the increase of maximum stress. Our data also confirm that the factor of residual height supersedes defect width in terms of prevention of postoperative fracture when considering resection design.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Mandíbula , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Incisivo , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Estresse Mecânico
2.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(2): e310, dic. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383656

RESUMO

Introducción: el síndrome del incisivo central maxilar medio único (SMMCI) es un trastorno de etiología desconocida, con base genética heterogénea, que se caracteriza por la erupción de un único incisivo central en el maxilar y que se puede relacionar con multitud de patologías y síndromes, entre los que destacan las alteraciones de la línea media, obstrucción nasal congénita, disfunción hipofisaria, talla baja y holoprosencefalia. Caso clínico: neonato mujer con síndrome dismórfico no filiado y obstrucción nasal congénita, que es diagnosticada de SMMCI tras consultar en repetidas ocasiones por cuadros de dificultad respiratoria y problemas para alimentarse. Conclusiones: el conocimiento de este raro síndrome es fundamental para la realización de un diagnóstico precoz por parte del equipo pediátrico y obstétrico, ya que un diagnóstico temprano es posible, mejorando la evaluación prenatal ecográfica, así como el adecuado manejo posnatal multidisciplinar posterior de nuestros pacientes.


Introduction: the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor Syndrome (SMMCI) is a disorder of unknown etiology, with a heterogeneous genetic basis, characterized by the eruption of a single central incisor in the maxilla and that can be linked to various pathologies and syndromes, among which the alterations of the midline, congenital nasal obstruction, pituitary dysfunction, short stature and holoprosencephaly stand out. Clinical case: female newborns with unknown dysmorphic syndrome and congenital nasal obstruction, diagnosed with SMMCI after repeated consultations due to respiratory distress and feeding problems. Conclusions: understanding this rare syndrome is essential for an early diagnosis to be carried out by the pediatric and obstetric team, since it will improve the ultrasound prenatal assessment, as well as the adequate subsequent multidisciplinary postnatal patient management procedures.


Introdução: a síndrome do incisivo central maxilar médio solitário (SICMMS) é uma desordem de etiologia desconhecida, com base genética heterogênea, caracterizada pela erupção de um único incisivo central na maxila e que pode estar relacionada a uma infinidade de patologias e síndromes. onde se destacam alterações da linha média, obstrução nasal congênita, disfunção hipofisária, baixa estatura e holoprosencefalia. Caso clínico: recém-nascida com síndrome dismórfica de origem desconhecida e obstrução nasal congênita, diagnosticada com SICMSS após várias consultas por desconforto respiratório e problemas de alimentação. Conclusões: o conhecimento desta rara síndrome é essencial para que a equipe pediátrica e obstétrica possa fazer um diagnóstico precoce, pois ele pode melhorar a avaliação ultrassonográfica pré-natal, bem como o adequado manejo pós-natal multidisciplinar pós-natal dos pacientes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome , Anormalidades Múltiplas/patologia , Obstrução Nasal/cirurgia , Holoprosencefalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/anormalidades , Anodontia/complicações
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225946, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1384159

RESUMO

Aim This study aims to evaluate and validate the sensibility and the level of agreement between different gingival color measures obtained by a spectrophotometer (SPECTRO) and a photography (PHOTO) method. Methods Among 40 patients, the color was measured 2 mm apical to the gingival margin by CIE L*, a*, b* system using a reflectance spectrophotometer and the photography's plus software. The level of agreement between three different measures (m1, m2, m3) in parameters L*, a*, b*, and ∆E (color variation) was evaluated by random and systematic errors, as well as the limits and coefficient of concordance. A comparison between the methods was performed by the Bland-Altman test and the sensibility level was evaluated accordingly to the ∆E: 3.7 thresholds with p<0.05 as the level of significance for these comparisons. Results The SPECTRO method has not presented the systematic error (p>0.05) and had reproducibly and agreement level in three variable measures L* (r: 0.6), a* (r: 0.3), and b* (r: 0.5) as to the PHOTO method L* (r: 0.6), a* (r: 0.5), and b* (r: 0.5), which presented systematic error in L* values (p<0.05). The means of ∆E between measurements were: 6.5 SPECTRO and 5.9 PHOTO. There was no good level of sensitivity ∆E> 3.7 and agreement between the methods, mainly for the a* values. On the other hand, for the L* and in for the most comparisons of b* values, the level of agreement was higher. Conclusion Both methods could quantify the gingival color from the coordinates L *, a *, and b *, which has shown greater reliability between the measurements acquired by the SPECTRO method.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espectrofotômetros , Cor , Fotografia Dentária , Gengiva , Incisivo
4.
Head Face Med ; 18(1): 30, 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guided insertion of palatal miniscrews using a lateral cephalogram instead of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) significantly reduces the radiation level for the patient. Till now no data are available on the risk of hitting the incisors in this regard, which is one of the worst clinical complications when inserting a paramedian miniscrew. Hence, this study aims to investigate the distance between the mini-implant and the roots of the central and lateral incisors. METHODS: Lateral cephalogram, an intraoral scan, and CBCT of 20 patients were superimposed. After a miniscrew (1.7 × 8 mm) placement based on intraoral scan and lateral cephalogram, the CBCT was used as control for the distance between the miniscrews and the roots of the incisors. RESULTS: The mean value of the shortest distance between the miniscrew and roots of the incisors in the lateral cephalogram was 4.74 ± 1.67 mm. The distance between both miniscrews and the central incisors measured in the CBCT was 5.03 ± 2.22 mm and 5.26 ± 2.21 mm and between the two miniscrews and the lateral incisors was 4.93 ± 1.91 mm and 5.21 ± 2.64 mm. No significant differences between the distances in the CBCT and the lateral cephalogram could be observed. In one case, the CBCT control revealed the penetration of two palatally displaced canines after insertion based on intraoral scan and lateral cephalogram. CONCLUSIONS: The use of an intraoral scan and a lateral cephalogram for guided paramedian insertion of palatal miniscrews can prevent incisor root damage. This may reduce the radiation since no CBCT seems necessary. The current investigation focuses on the anterior paramedian area of the palate. Outside that region and in complex cases with displaced teeth in the palatal area, a CBCT might be indicated.


Assuntos
Maxila , Palato , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/cirurgia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia
5.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e937833, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Early pre-eruptive inclination changes of the first premolar (FP) and its associative changes with canine (C) inclination are important to predict canine impaction. This study aimed to evaluate the mesiodistal root angulation of permanent lateral incisors (LI), canines, and first molars by orthopantomogram dental imaging in 296 children ages 6-14 years at a single center in India. MATERIAL AND METHODS The total number of participants was 296, with equal numbers of boys and girls divided into 4 age groups: 6-8 years, 8-10 years, 10-12 years, and 12-14 years. Angles between lateral incisor, erupting canine, and first pre-premolar with midline were measured on an orthopantomogram (dental imaging which includes all the teeth with TMJ). The angle between the erupting C with LI and erupting C with FP was measured. Pearson's correlation was also evaluated between the movement of the erupting canine with lateral incisor and erupting canine with erupting first premolar. RESULTS There was a significant difference in the angular values of different age groups (P≤0.05). The movements between LI, C, and FP were moderately correlated boys and girls aged 6-12 years. CONCLUSIONS The findings from this study showed that in boys and girls aged 6-14 years, eruption of the upper canine tooth was synchronized with eruption of the LI and FP.


Assuntos
Dente Canino , Incisivo , Dente Canino/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar , Radiografia Panorâmica , Erupção Dentária
7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 5579243, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119931

RESUMO

Background: Early diagnosis and interceptive treatment of the maxillary canine impaction is crucial as it reduces treatment complexity and decreases complications and adverse outcomes. Aim and Objectives. To determine the mean maxillary canine position among 9-10-year-old children and predict the risk of impaction of the maxillary canines. Methodology. Panoramic radiographs (PANs) of 289 healthy children aged between 9 and 10 years were observed where the average position of maxillary canines was related to the lateral incisor, sector locations, and angulations to the bicondylar line were traced. The average position was obtained by using descriptive statistics. One sample Wilcoxon signed-rank test is done to predict the risk of canine impaction by comparing the data obtained to the average position from prior studies. Results: A total of 289 PANs (126 males and 163 females) were utilized for the analysis. The findings showed that the average position of the maxillary canines in our population was statistically different from the average position of nonimpacted canines in previous studies. However, on average, more than 85% of canines in our population were still located within the safe range of satisfactory position, with females showing slight predominance outside of the acceptable range. The mean scores of the angles between the right canine and lateral incisor were significantly higher among females than males (p = 0.001). Similarly, females had a significantly higher mean angle of the left canine than males (p < 0.001). In regard to the angles between the bicondylar line and permanent maxillary canine, the mean scores were not significantly different (p > 0.05) on both the left and right side. Conclusion: There is a low risk of impaction of maxillary canines in the Malaysian population. However, more retrospective studies using more radiographic and clinical indicators need to be done to confirm the risk of impaction further.


Assuntos
Maxila , Dente Impactado , Dente Canino/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 31(2): 167-172, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110074

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was designed to establish a 3-dimentional finite element system to simulate the clinical scenario where labial segment was retracted with sliding mechanism in extraction cases treated by individualized lingual orthodontics. METHODS: A typical clinical case was selected. The subject was diagnosed with Class I malocclusion with alveolar protrusion and treated with extraction of 4 first premolars. The subject was under the treatment stage of frontal retraction by eBrace system, an individualized lingual appliance. The subject was also taken cone-beam CT (CBCT) based on which digital 3D reconstruction of dentition structures was formed with Mimics software. With the aid of software platform Pro/E 4.0, the important anatomical structures were defined, and relevant lingual devices, including lingual brackets, arch-wires, mini-screws and other accessories were formed. With the aids of software platform Geomagic Studio 13.0, the 3-dimentional structural mode, featuring maxillary alveolar, upper dentition, periodontal ligament, miniscrew and lingual applicance, were constructed. With the assistance of Ansys Workbench 15.0, 3D model for finite element system was finalised by conducting model meshing and defining the mechanical properties and the interface relations of the selected materials. RESULTS: Based on the digital information drawn from CBCT image, a 3-dimentional finite element system was successfully created, featuring all the elements mimicking the clinical scenario for En masse retraction. This system enabled an insight study on the effects of various retraction modes controlling the incisal torque and maintaining the dental arch integrity. CONCLUSIONS: The creation of a finite element system in this study is based on the digital data from the CBCT image of a real patient diagnosed with prognathic malocclusion and treated by lingual appliance. The clinical scenario of labial segment retraction via sliding mechanism is simulated in this finite element model.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Carcinoma Verrucoso , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Má Oclusão , Neoplasias Bucais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Incisivo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos
9.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 31(2): 193-197, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110079

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of miniscrew in controlling the roller coaster effect in long-distance space closure with clear aligner. METHODS: Sixteen adult patients with bimaxillary protrusion were selected. All cases were treated with clear aligner and their four first premolars were extracted. G6 was designed in all cases. In the experimental group, four miniscrews were inserted at the beginning of treatment to control the teeth in three dimensions; while in the control group, the miniscrews were not applied until obvious roller coaster effect appeared. Paired t test was used to analyze the data with Graphpad Prism 6.0 software package. RESULTS: All the extraction space was closed successfully and the lateral profile was improved significantly. The torque of the upper incisor was under well control and no roller coaster effect happened in the experimental group; while in the control group, the lingual inclination of the upper incisors and open bite of the posterior teeth developed(P<0.05). After the miniscrews intrusion of the upper anterior teeth, the occlusion relationship improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Miniscrews effectively prevents and eliminates the roller coaster effect in the process of long-distance space closure with clear aligner.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Humanos , Incisivo , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 31(2): 211-216, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the effect of orthodontic treatment with extraction on root resorption and alveolar bone morphology of the central incisor in adult patients. METHODS: Eleven adult patients receiving orthodontic treatment were enrolled, and asked to take cone-beam CT(CBCT) scanning before and after treatment. Root resorption of the upper and lower central incisors after treatment, changes in alveolar bone thickness and height of alveolar bone were measured and compared. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 23.0 software package. RESULTS: The length of the tooth and root was reduced to a certain degree. The change in root length of the maxillary incisor was larger than that of the mandibular incisor. The alveolar bone width of the lingual and palatal neck of the central incisor showed some reduction, and alveolar bone width of the palatal neck of the upper central incisor and the middle lingual side of the mandibular central incisor changed to a certain extent. The width of the alveolar bone in the middle labial side of the mandibular central incisor increased, but the alveolar bone on the lingual and palatal side increased after orthodontic treatment, which was more obvious than that of the maxillary central incisor. CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic treatment with tooth extraction is accompanied by a certain degree of root resorption of the central incisor and alveolar bone on the lingual and palatal side. However it is also accompanied by an increase in the amount of alveolar bone on the labial side. More fenestration and dehiscence are observed in the mandible.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Reabsorção da Raiz , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Trials ; 23(1): 787, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Failure of eruption of the maxillary permanent incisor teeth usually presents in the mixed dentition between the ages of 7 and 9 years. Missing and unerupted maxillary incisors can be regarded as unattractive and have a potentially negative impact on facial and dental aesthetics. The presence of a supernumerary tooth (or odontoma) is commonly responsible for failed eruption or impaction of the permanent maxillary incisors. The primary objective of this trial is to investigate the success of eruption associated with maxillary incisor teeth that have failed to erupt because of a supernumerary tooth in the anterior maxilla. METHODS: This protocol describes an interventional multicentre two-arm randomised clinical trial. Participants meeting the eligibility criteria will be randomised (unrestricted equal participant allocation [1:1]) to either space creation with an orthodontic appliance, removal of the supernumerary tooth and application of direct orthodontic traction or space creation with an orthodontic appliance, removal of the supernumerary tooth and monitoring. The primary outcome of this trial is to determine the prevalence of successfully erupted maxillary central permanent incisors at 6 months following removal of the supernumerary tooth. Secondary outcome measures include (1) the effect of initial tooth position (assessed radiographically) on time taken for the tooth to erupt, (2) time taken to align the unerupted tooth to the correct occlusal position, (3) gingival aesthetics and (4) changes in the self-reported Oral Health Related-Quality of Life (OHRQoL) (pre-and post-treatment). DISCUSSION: There is a lack of high-quality robust prospective studies comparing the effectiveness of interventions to manage this condition. Furthermore, the UK national clinical guidelines have highlighted a lack of definitive treatment protocols for the management of children who present with an unerupted maxillary incisor due to the presence of a supernumerary tooth. The results of this trial will inform future treatment guidelines for the management of this condition in young children. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN Registry ISRCTN12709966 . Registered on 16 June 2022.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Dente Supranumerário , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Dente Impactado/complicações , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/terapia , Dente Supranumerário/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Supranumerário/terapia
12.
J Dent ; 125: 104276, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the stress distribution and forces transmitted from orthodontic aligners to the tooth surface are affected by the geometry and extension of the trimming line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six aligners were thermoformed from Zendura FLX sheets (0.75 mm thick) and divided into four groups based on the design of the trimming line: Scalloped, Scalloped extended, Straight and Straight extended. Fuji pressure-sensitive films were used for pressure measurement. The pressurized films were scanned and evaluated. Pressures and forces were measured over the entire facial surface of an upper right central incisor (Tooth 11) and at 7 different locations [cervical, middle, incisal, mesio-incisal, mesio-cervical, disto-incisal, and disto-cervical]. In addition, the thickness of the aligners at these 7 sites was measured with a digital caliper. RESULTS: The active force ranged from (2.2 to 6.9) N, and the average pressure was (1.6-2.7) MPa. The highest values were recorded for the (straight extended) design, while the lowest values were recorded for the scalloped design. The forces and stresses were not uniformly distributed over the surface. When the values in each area were compared separately, significant differences were found between the different designs in the cervical area, with the scalloped design transmitting the lowest cervical forces. Aligner thickness was drastically reduced (60-75% thinning) over the entire tooth surface after thermoforming. CONCLUSIONS: The straight extended design of aligner's trimming line exhibited more uniform force transfer and stress distribution across the surface than the other designs. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The trimming line design could have a significant impact on the clinical outcome of orthodontic aligner treatment.


Assuntos
Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Dente Canino , Incisivo
13.
Br Dent J ; 233(5): 387-390, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085463

RESUMO

There is an association between increased overjet and risk of trauma to the maxillary incisor teeth in children and adolescents. It would therefore seem sensible to recommend overjet reduction as early as possible to help reduce this risk. However, orthodontic outcomes are essentially the same whether you start treatment in the early or late mixed dentition, while early treatment carries a heavier burden on compliance - taking longer and involving more appointments. This article explores the complex association between early overjet reduction and dental trauma in the context of current best evidence. Careful case selection is advised when justifying early intervention for increased overjet based on reducing trauma risk.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Adolescente , Agendamento de Consultas , Criança , Dentição Mista , Humanos , Incisivo
14.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14356, 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999338

RESUMO

We investigated a state-of-the-art algorithm for 3D reconstruction with a pair-matching technique, which enabled the fabrication of individualized implant restorations in the esthetic zone. This method compared 3D mirror images of crowns and emergence profiles between symmetric tooth pairs in the anterior maxilla using digital slicewise DICOM segmentation and the superimposition of STL data. With the outline extraction of each segment provided by 100 patients, the Hausdorff distance (HD) between two point sets was calculated to identify the similarity of the sets. By using HD thresholds as a pair matching criterion, the true positive rates of crowns were 100, 98, and 98%, while the false negative rates were 0, 2, and 2% for central incisors, lateral incisors, and canines, respectively, indicating high pair matching accuracy (> 99%) and sensitivity (> 98%). The true positive rates of emergence profiles were 99, 100, and 98%, while the false negative rates were 1, 0, and 2% for central incisors, lateral incisors, and canines, respectively, indicating high pair matching accuracy (> 99%) and sensitivity (> 98%). Therefore, digitally flipped contours of crown and emergence profiles can be successfully transferred for implant reconstruction in the maxillary anterior region to optimize esthetics and function.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Maxila , Estética , Estética Dentária , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/cirurgia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Fluxo de Trabalho
15.
Oper Dent ; 47(4): 367b-374, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001812

RESUMO

Maxillary lateral incisor agenesis (MLIA) is a condition that significantly compromises smile esthetics and is a particular concern in younger patients. The treatment options include orthodontics for space opening with rehabilitation or space closure with canine camouflage. Currently, there is some controversy regarding the most appropriate treatment. In this case report, we propose a multidisciplinary approach through the combination of orthodontic treatment, frenectomy, and a restorative finishing stage with composite resin and dental implants. More specifically, this treatment was planned to orthodontically close the anterior space by opening the premolar area for subsequent placement of implants and enameloplasty with a composite resin. The replacement of a missing lateral incisor by an implant is a predictable treatment approach, but it might best be deferred until dental maturity and then accurately placed in a well-developed site through a multidisciplinary approach. Precluding the closure of the anterior spaces and the opening of the posterior zone for implant placement, allows for a more stable and appealing esthetic and functional rehabilitation for young patients, in whom esthetic appearance and self-esteem play a primary role.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Incisivo , Anodontia/cirurgia , Resinas Compostas , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo/anormalidades , Incisivo/cirurgia , Maxila , Sorriso
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(15): 5476-5484, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35993643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: An adequate alveolar facial bone thickness (FBT) and facial bone height (FBH) in the mandibular anterior region is essential for implant placement. However, the diabetic condition may affect FBT and FBH. The aim of the study is to compare the alveolar FBT and FBH in the anterior mandibular region of diabetic and non-diabetic individuals utilizing Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in dental clinics of Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 46 CBCT images belonging to the diabetic (n=23) and non-diabetic (n=23) individuals were obtained from the radiographic image database of the hospital. The alveolar FBT and FBH in the anterior mandibular region were measured directly on CBCT images using Galileos 3D Digital Imaging System in Sagittal and cross-sectional view. RESULTS: The comparison of mean FBT between non-diabetic and diabetic individuals in central incisors (0.96±0.25 vs. 0.79±0.24, p=0.025) and lateral incisors (1.00±0.23 vs. 0.78±0.17, p=0.001) showed a statistically significant difference. Similarly, the mean FBH between non-diabetic and diabetic individuals differed significantly in central (31.37.96±2.98 vs. 26.07±6.58, p=0.001) and lateral incisor (31.20±3.05 vs. 26.79±6.83, p=0.008) regions. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our study, non-diabetic individuals showed higher alveolar FBT and FBH levels than diabetic individuals. Hence, diabetic condition affects the alveolar FBT and FBH around the central and lateral incisor regions.


Assuntos
Processo Alveolar , Diabetes Mellitus , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Incisivo , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(4): 719-726, 2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35950398

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the method of measuring root volume with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) three-dimensional reconstruction technology, and to study root length and root volume of upper and lower central incisors in patients with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion treated by surgical orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Twenty patients with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion undergoing surgical orthodontic treatment were selected. CBCT data at three time points, before decompensation treatment (T0), after decompensation treatment (before orthognathic surgery, T1), and the end of post-operative orthodontic treatment (T2) were collected. Three-dimensional reconstruction technology was used to measure the root length and root volume of the upper and lower central incisors (including total root volume, cervical root and apical root), calculate the percentage of reduction volume, and measure the distance of tooth movement after orthodontic treatment. Data were statistically analyzed by SPSS 20.0 software. Least significant difference (LSD) method was used for pair comparison between the groups subject to normal distribution, and non-parametric test was used for comparison between the groups not subject to normal distribution. The differences of root length and root volume of upper and lower incisors were compared, and the characteristics of root absorption were analyzed. RESULTS: Root length and root volume of the upper and lower central incisors were reduced during the surgical orthodontic treatment (P < 0.05) in cases. Both the root volume of cervical root and apical root were significantly reduced (P < 0.05), the reduction of apical root was more significant. The percentage of root volume reduction of the upper central incisor was (30.51±23.23)%, and lower central incisor (23.24±11.96)%. Compared with the upper central incisor, the root volume reduction amount and percentage of the lower central incisor were smaller, and apical root volume reduction of the upper central incisor was greater than that of the lower central incisor, which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). During pre-surgical orthodontic treatment, maxillary central incisor palatal moving was in a controlled tipping manner, and the mandibular central incisor tipped labially. CONCLUSION: In patients with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion, root length and total root volume of upper and lower central incisors decreased during surgical orthodontic treatment. Root volume measurement indicated that the cervical root also had root resorption. The difference in root resorption of the upper and lower central incisors might be related to the distance and direction of teeth movement. CBCT three-dimensional reconstruction will compensate for the limitation of root length measurement in evaluating root resorption.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Reabsorção da Raiz , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia
18.
Crit Rev Biomed Eng ; 50(1): 19-34, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997108

RESUMO

The aim of the present study is to classify and quantify the anatomical variations of teeth in terms of form and number of root canals reported in human teeth employing the classification systems proposed previously. An electronic (PubMed) and manual search were performed to identify case reports noting any of the anatomical variations. Each alteration was studied independently. The electronic search was performed using the following keywords: anatomical aberration, root canal, permanent Dentition, case report, c-shaped canal, dens invaginatus, palato-radicular groove, palato-radicular groove, palato-gingival groove, radix entomolaris, dental fusion, dental gemination, taurodontism, dilaceration. The initial search revealed 1497 papers, of which 938 were excluded after analyzing the titles and abstracts. Therefore, 559 potential papers were considered. Of those, 140 articles did not meet the inclusion criteria. For the final revision, 419 papers were considered. We found that the mandibular first premolar had the highest prevalence of C-shaped canals. Dens invaginatus was more frequently found in the mandibular lateral incisor. Taurodontism was more prevalent in the maxillary first molar and in the mandibular first molar. Dilaceration was not clearly associated with a particular tooth. The classifications systems used in this review allowed for the better understanding and analysis of the many anatomical variations present in teeth. The variations in shape most found were dens invaginatus and radix entomolaris. The most frequently reported anatomical variation was in the number of canals.


Assuntos
Dens in Dente , Anormalidades Dentárias , Cavidade Pulpar/anormalidades , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Incisivo
19.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent ; 42(5): e143-e151, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044696

RESUMO

The aim of this cohort study was to assess the effect of connective tissue graft (CTG) following immediate implant placement (IIP) at maxillary central incisors on esthetic outcomes, buccal bone thickness, soft tissue dimensional alterations, and patient-centered outcomes. Twenty-eight patients treated with IIP at maxillary central incisor sites with approximately 6 ± 4 years in function were divided according to the use of CTG (n = 17) or no CTG (n = 11). The primary variable of the study was the Pink and White Esthetic Score (PES/WES), evaluated in photographs taken before and after implant placement. The thickness of the buccal bone, midbuccal mucosal level (MBML) changes, and patient satisfaction were assessed and compared between the two groups. The results showed similar PES/WES before IIP between the CTG and no-CTG groups (13.5 ± 3.7 and 12.6 ± 3.2, respectively). After IIP, the PES/WES value in the CTG group was significantly higher (15 ± 2.5) than in the no-CTG group (12.1 ± 3.1) (P = .012). No significant differences in the buccal bone thickness, MBML, or patient satisfaction were observed in CTG and no-CTG groups. This study found that CTG following IIP and socket grafting promoted better esthetic outcomes.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Estudos de Coortes , Tecido Conjuntivo/transplante , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Maxila/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(4): e398-e401, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the maxillary complex would be sagittally, vertically, or mutually displaced after the transverse maxillary correction by surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion and how the facial profile would be affected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 28 adult patients (mean age 25.8 [age range 19-39 years]; 50% women) with transverse maxillary deficiency greater than 7 mm who underwent the surgical rapid maxillary expansion. Cephalometric analysis (n  = 112), intra- and extra-oral registries, and radiographic records were taken before treatment (T1), right after the end of the expansion (T2), 4 months after the expansion (T3), and 10 months after the end of the expansion (T4). Dental and skeletal cephalometric measurements were evaluated at each time-point, whereas soft tissue cephalometric analyses were determined at 2 time points (T1 and T4). RESULTS: The results indicated that no sagittal, vertical, skeletal, or soft tissue variation was found after the surgical expansion. However, statistically significant dental changes (P  < 0.05) were observed in dental angles (1.NA/1.SN/1.PoOR/1.PP) throughout the different time-points. The authors found statistically relevant posterior inclination of the incisors from T2 to T3 based on multiple comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion does not promote anterior and vertical displacement of the maxilla. Notwithstanding, the surgical intervention causes upper incisor palatal inclination.


Assuntos
Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Adulto , Cefalometria/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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