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1.
Actas urol. esp ; 48(3): 246-253, abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231930

RESUMO

Introducción La infertilidad constituye un problema de salud que afecta gravemente la reproducción humana. En el caso de la infertilidad masculina, la mayoría de los casos se deben a factores genéticos. En este estudio nos propusimos realizar un análisis de correlación entre la infertilidad masculina idiopática y el polimorfismo de un solo nucleótido (SNP, por Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) de los genes LHCGR (rs2293275) y NR5A1 (rs1057517779) en la población azerí de Irán. Métodos En este estudio de casos y controles participaron 100 varones infértiles y 100 varones sanos procedentes de la población azerí iraní. La genotipificación se realizó mediante el aislamiento del ADN genómico a partir de muestras de sangre total con el sistema de amplificación por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa refractario a mutaciones Tetra-primer (Tetra-ARMS-PCR). El análisis de los datos se llevó a cabo mediante la prueba de Chi-cuadrado (χ2) y la prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados Según el análisis de genotipificación del polimorfismo LHCGR (rs2293275), la frecuencia del alelo C en el grupo de casos era significativamente mayor que en el grupo de control (p<0,05). El análisis del polimorfismo NR5A1 (rs1057517779) indicó que la frecuencia del alelo A y del genotipo heterocigoto GA en el grupo de casos era significativamente superior a la del grupo de control (p<0,05). Conclusión Nuestro estudio demostró que los SNP de los genes LHCGR (rs2293275) y NR5A1 (rs1057517779) pueden desempeñar un papel crucial en la infertilidad masculina de la población azerí en Irán. Sin embargo, se requieren más estudios realizados en otros orígenes étnicos con muestras de mayor tamaño para obtener resultados más precisos. Además, podrían ser necesarios experimentos funcionales para comprender el papel de estos polimorfismos en las vías moleculares implicadas en la fertilidad masculina. (AU)


Introduction Infertility is one of the important phenomena in human reproduction. Genetic factors are the most important cause of male infertility. Here, we aimed to investigate the correlation between idiopathic male infertility and SNPs of the LHCGR (rs2293275) and NR5A1 (rs1057517779) genes in the Iranian-Azeri population. Methods This case-control study consisted of 100 males with infertility and 100 healthy males from the Iranian Azeri population. Genomic DNA isolation from whole blood samples and Tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (Tetra-ARMS-PCR) method was used for genotyping. The data analysis was performed by Chi-square (χ2) and Fisher's exact tests. Results Genotyping analysis for LHCGR (rs2293275) polymorphism indicated that the frequency of C in the case group was significantly higher than in the control group (P<.05). Moreover, genotyping analysis for NR5A1 (rs1057517779) polymorphism indicated that the frequencies of the A allele and heterozygote GA genotype in the case group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<.05). Conclusion Our study demonstrated that the SNPs of LHCGR (rs2293275) and NR5A1 (rs1057517779) genes may play a critical role in male infertility in the Iranian Azeri population. However, further studies on other ethnic origins with larger sample sizes are essential for accessing more accurate results. Moreover, functional experiments might be needed to understand the role of these polymorphisms in the molecular pathways involved in male fertility. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Infertilidade Masculina , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Correlação de Dados , Irã (Geográfico) , Estudos de Casos e Controles
2.
Anal Chem ; 96(15): 5960-5967, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581372

RESUMO

Nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) is an important cause of infertility, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is the mainstay of treatment for these patients. In cases where a sufficient number of sperm (usually 1-2) is not available, the selection of oocytes for ICSI is a difficult problem that must be solved. Here, we constructed a dual-activated oxidative stress-responsive AIE probe, b-PyTPA. The strong donor-acceptor configuration of b-PyTPA leads to twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) effect that quenches the fluorescence of the probe, however, H2O2 would specifically remove the boronatebenzyl unit and release a much weaker acceptor, which inhibits TICT and restores the fluorescence. In addition, the presence of a pyridine salt makes b-PyTPA more hydrophilic, whereas removal of the pyridine salt increases the hydrophobicity of PyTPA, which triggers aggregation and further enhances fluorescence. Thus, the higher the intracellular level of oxidative stress, the stronger the fluorescence. In vitro, this dual-activated fluorescent probe is capable of accurately detecting senescent cells (high oxidative stress). More importantly, b-PyTPA was able to characterize senescent oocytes, as assessed by the level of oxidative stress. It is also possible to identify high quality oocytes from those obtained for subsequent ICSI. In conclusion, this dual-activated oxidative stress-assessment probe enables the quality assessment of oocytes and has potential application in ICSI.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Oócitos , Piridinas/farmacologia
3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 289, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial role in regulating gene expression vital for the growth and development of plants. Despite this, the role of lncRNAs in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis) pollen development and male fertility remains poorly understood. RESULTS: In this study, we characterized a recessive genic male sterile mutant (366-2 S), where the delayed degradation of tapetum and the failure of tetrad separation primarily led to the inability to form single microspores, resulting in male sterility. To analyze the role of lncRNAs in pollen development, we conducted a comparative lncRNA sequencing using anthers from the male sterile mutant line (366-2 S) and the wild-type male fertile line (366-2 F). We identified 385 differentially expressed lncRNAs between the 366-2 F and 366-2 S lines, with 172 of them potentially associated with target genes. To further understand the alterations in mRNA expression and explore potential lncRNA-target genes (mRNAs), we performed comparative mRNA transcriptome analysis in the anthers of 366-2 S and 366-2 F at two stages. We identified 1,176 differentially expressed mRNAs. Remarkably, GO analysis revealed significant enrichment in five GO terms, most notably involving mRNAs annotated as pectinesterase and polygalacturonase, which play roles in cell wall degradation. The considerable downregulation of these genes might contribute to the delayed degradation of tapetum in 366-2 S. Furthermore, we identified 15 lncRNA-mRNA modules through Venn diagram analysis. Among them, MSTRG.9997-BraA04g004630.3 C (ß-1,3-glucanase) is associated with callose degradation and tetrad separation. Additionally, MSTRG.5212-BraA02g040020.3 C (pectinesterase) and MSTRG.13,532-BraA05g030320.3 C (pectinesterase) are associated with cell wall degradation of the tapetum, indicating that these three candidate lncRNA-mRNA modules potentially regulate pollen development. CONCLUSION: This study lays the foundation for understanding the roles of lncRNAs in pollen development and for elucidating their molecular mechanisms in regulating male sterility in Chinese cabbage.


Assuntos
Brassica rapa , Brassica , Infertilidade Masculina , RNA Longo não Codificante , Masculino , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Brassica/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Transcriptoma , Fertilidade , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Infertilidade das Plantas/genética
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612746

RESUMO

Signal peptide peptidase (SPP) and its homologs, signal peptide peptidase-like (SPPL) proteases, are members of the GxGD-type aspartyl protease family, which is widespread in plants and animals and is a class of transmembrane proteins with significant biological functions. SPP/SPPLs have been identified; however, the functions of SPP/SPPL in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) have not been reported. In this study, 26 SPP/SPPLs were identified in rapeseed and categorized into three groups: SPP, SPPL2, and SPPL3. These members mainly contained the Peptidase_A22 and PA domains, which were distributed on 17 out of 19 chromosomes. Evolutionary analyses indicated that BnaSPP/SPPLs evolved with a large number of whole-genome duplication (WGD) events and strong purifying selection. Members are widely expressed and play a key role in the growth and development of rapeseed. The regulation of rapeseed pollen fertility by the BnaSPPL4 gene was further validated through experiments based on bioinformatics analysis, concluding that BnaSPPL4 silencing causes male sterility. Cytological observation showed that male infertility caused by loss of BnaSPPL4 gene function occurs late in the mononucleate stage due to microspore dysplasia.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Brassica rapa , Infertilidade Masculina , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Brassica napus/genética , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases , Fertilidade/genética , Peptídeo Hidrolases
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612930

RESUMO

Infertility is a global health challenge that affects an estimated 72.4 million people worldwide. Between 30 and 50% of these cases involve male factors, showcasing the complex nature of male infertility, which can be attributed to both environmental and genetic determinants. Asthenozoospermia, a condition characterized by reduced sperm motility, stands out as a significant contributor to male infertility. This study explores the involvement of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system, crucial for ATP production and sperm motility, in asthenozoospermia. Through whole-genome sequencing and in silico analysis, our aim was to identify and characterize OXPHOS gene variants specific to individuals with asthenozoospermia. Our analysis identified 680,099 unique variants, with 309 located within OXPHOS genes. Nine of these variants were prioritized due to their significant implications, such as potential associations with diseases, effects on gene expression, protein function, etc. Interestingly, none of these variants had been previously associated with male infertility, opening up new avenues for research. Thus, through our comprehensive approach, we provide valuable insights into the genetic factors that influence sperm motility, laying the foundation for future research in the field of male infertility.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia , Infertilidade Masculina , Masculino , Humanos , Astenozoospermia/genética , Fosforilação Oxidativa , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612936

RESUMO

Male infertility is a significant factor in approximately half of all infertility cases and is marked by a decreased sperm count and motility. A decreased sperm count is caused by not only a decreased production of sperm but also decreased numbers successfully passing through the male reproductive tract. Smooth muscle movement may play an important role in sperm transport in the male reproductive tract; thus, understanding the mechanism of this movement is necessary to elucidate the cause of sperm transport disorder. Recent studies have highlighted the presence of platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα)-positive interstitial cells (PICs) in various smooth muscle organs. Although research is ongoing, PICs in the male reproductive tract may be involved in the regulation of smooth muscle movement, as they are in other smooth muscle organs. This review summarizes the findings to date on PICs in male reproductive organs. Further exploration of the structural, functional, and molecular characteristics of PICs could provide valuable insights into the pathogenesis of male infertility and potentially lead to new therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Sêmen , Masculino , Humanos , Espermatozoides , Genitália , Receptores do Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas
7.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; 27(1): 2338290, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602121

RESUMO

This study aims to compare the embryological and clinical parameters of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles using testicular versus ejaculated sperm in male patients with elevated sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF). A total of 73 ICSI cycles were examined in couples where the male partner exhibited high levels of SDF. ICSI was performed using either ejaculated or testicular sperm. The primary outcomes were rates of blastocyst formation, high-quality embryo development, and clinical pregnancy. The DNA fragmentation index (DFI) for testicular sperm (16.81 ± 17.51) was significantly lower than that of ejaculated sperm (56.96 ± 17.56). While the blastocyst formation rate was significantly higher in the testicular sperm group compared to the ejaculated sperm group, no statistically significant differences were noted in fertilization rate (72.15% vs. 77.23%), rate of high-quality embryo formation (47.17% vs. 46.53%), clinical pregnancy (50% vs. 56.52%), Cumulative pregnancy (70.2% vs. 55.6%), or live birth rate (43.75% vs.43.48%). Testicular spermatozoa have no additional advantage over ejaculated spermatozoa except for blastocyst quality in patients with high SDF, the use of testicular spermatozoa for the first ICSI cycle in male infertility patients with high SDF should be undertaken after much consideration at present.


Assuntos
Ejaculação , Infertilidade Masculina , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fragmentação do DNA , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Taxa de Gravidez
8.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 81(1): 174, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597936

RESUMO

Mature spermatozoa with normal morphology and motility are essential for male reproduction. The epididymis has an important role in the proper maturation and function of spermatozoa for fertilization. However, factors related to the processes involved in spermatozoa modifications are still unclear. Here we demonstrated that CCDC28A, a member of the CCDC family proteins, is highly expressed in testes and the CCDC28A deletion leads to male infertility. We found CCDC28A deletion had a mild effect on spermatogenesis. And epididymal sperm collected from Ccdc28a-/- mice showed bent sperm heads, acrosomal defects, reduced motility and decreased in vitro fertilization competence whereas their axoneme, outer dense fibers, and fibrous sheath were all normal. Furthermore, we found that CCDC28A interacted with sperm acrosome membrane-associated protein 1 (SPACA1) and glycogen synthase kinase 3a (GSK3A), and deficiencies in both proteins in mice led to bent heads and abnormal acrosomes, respectively. Altogether, our results reveal the essential role of CCDC28A in regulating sperm morphology and motility and suggesting a potential marker for male infertility.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides/genética , Sêmen , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Cabeça do Espermatozoide , Espermatozoides
9.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 81(1): 170, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597976

RESUMO

In our prior investigation, we discerned loss-of-function variants within the gene encoding glutamine-rich protein 2 (QRICH2) in two consanguineous families, leading to various morphological abnormalities in sperm flagella and male infertility. The Qrich2 knockout (KO) in mice also exhibits multiple morphological abnormalities of the flagella (MMAF) phenotype with a significantly decreased sperm motility. However, how ORICH2 regulates the formation of sperm flagella remains unclear. Abnormal glutamylation levels of tubulin cause dysplastic microtubules and flagella, eventually resulting in the decline of sperm motility and male infertility. In the current study, by further analyzing the Qrich2 KO mouse sperm, we found a reduced glutamylation level and instability of tubulin in Qrich2 KO mouse sperm flagella. In addition, we found that the amino acid metabolism was dysregulated in both testes and sperm, leading to the accumulated glutamine (Gln) and reduced glutamate (Glu) concentrations, and disorderly expressed genes responsible for Gln/Glu metabolism. Interestingly, mice fed with diets devoid of Gln/Glu phenocopied the Qrich2 KO mice. Furthermore, we identified several mitochondrial marker proteins that could not be correctly localized in sperm flagella, which might be responsible for the reduced mitochondrial function contributing to the reduced sperm motility in Qrich2 KO mice. Our study reveals a crucial role of a normal Gln/Glu metabolism in maintaining the structural stability of the microtubules in sperm flagella by regulating the glutamylation levels of the tubulin and identifies Qrich2 as a possible novel Gln sensor that regulates microtubule glutamylation and mitochondrial function in mouse sperm.


Assuntos
Glutamina , Infertilidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Tubulina (Proteína) , Sêmen , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Espermatozoides , Microtúbulos , Ácido Glutâmico , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Mitocôndrias , Proteínas Mitocondriais
10.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 22(1): 42, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The landscape of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has seen a significant shift towards frozen-thawed embryo transfers (FET) over fresh transfers, driven by technological advancements and clinical considerations. This study aimed to compare live birth outcomes between primary FET and fresh transfers, focusing on cycles without preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), using United States national data from the SART CORS database spanning from 2014 to 2020. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of autologous first ART cycles without PGT comparing primary embryo transfer (frozen thaw vs. fresh) success rates from the 2014-2020 SARTCORS database. Live-birth rates (LBR) and cumulative live-birth rates (CLBR) were compared between first FET versus first fresh embryo transfer from an index retrieval. Multivariate logistic regression (MLR) determined association between live birth outcomes and method of transfer. In a subsequent sub-analysis, we compared these two embryo transfer methods among patients with either diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) or male factor infertility. RESULTS: 228,171 first ART cycles resulted in primary embryo transfer. 62,100 initial FETs and 166,071 fresh transfers were compared. Initial FETs demonstrated higher LBR and CLBR compared to fresh transfers (LBR 48.3% vs. 39.8%, p < 0.001; CLBR 74.0% vs. 60.0%, p < 0.0001). MLR indicated greater chances of live birth with FET across all age groups, with adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of live-birth incrementally increasing with advancing age groups. For DOR cycles, LBR and CLBR were significantly higher for FET compared to fresh (33.9% vs. 26.0%, p < 0.001, 44.5% vs. 37.6%, p < 0.0001), respectively. MF cycles also demonstrated higher LBR and CLBR with FET (52.3% vs. 44.2%, p < 0.001, 81.2% vs. 68.9%, p < 0.0001), respectively. MLR demonstrated that in DOR cycles, initial FET was associated with greater chance of live birth in age groups ≥ 35yo (p < 0.01), with aOR of live birth increasingly considerably for those > 42yo (aOR 2.63, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Overall LBR and CLBR were greater for first FET than fresh transfers with incremental increases in odds of live birth with advancing age, suggesting the presence of a more favorable age-related change in endometrial receptivity present in frozen-thawed cycles. For both DOR and MF cycles, LBR and CLBR after primary transfer were greater for first FET than fresh. However, this was particularly evident in older ages for DOR cycles. This suggests that supraphysiologic stimulation in older DOR cycles may be detrimental to endometrial receptivity, which is in part corrected for in FET cycles.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Doenças Ovarianas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Transferência Embrionária , Testes Genéticos
11.
Am J Mens Health ; 18(2): 15579883241241060, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606758

RESUMO

Varicoceles are a common cause of male infertility, affecting up to 35% of men undergoing fertility evaluations. This study aims to investigate the potential influence of altitude and residence time on the occurrence of varicoceles, as well as on sperm quality and sterility in plateau areas. A total of 168 patients with varicocele were enrolled in the study, and the study population was divided into groups based on their direct exposure to different high altitudes due to their living locations. The internal diameter in Quiet breath (Dr), internal diameter in Valsalva maneuver (Dv), reflux peak value, and reflux time are gradually increased accompanied with altitude elevation and residence time extension. The number of cases above 4,500 m also increased with the severity of varicocele, and the altitude of clinical types was higher than that of subclinical types of varicocele. Especially above 4,500 m, the Dv, Dr, reflux peak value, and reflux time all increased with the severity of varicocele. The severity of varicocele was positively correlated with the residence time in plateau area. Patients with residence time of more than 1 year had higher values of Dr, Dv, differentiation time, reflux peak value, and reflux time than those with residence time of less than 1 year. Compared to 3,650 m, patients with varicocele in 4,500 m also have worse semen quality. Both altitude and residence time are strongly positively related to the severity and incidence rate of varicocele in plateau areas.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Varicocele , Humanos , Masculino , Varicocele/epidemiologia , Varicocele/complicações , Análise do Sêmen , Tibet , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Infertilidade Masculina/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , China/epidemiologia
12.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 446-452, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557524

RESUMO

Although vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common health problems throughout the world, conflicting information exists on the potential association between serum vitamin D levels and semen quality. Currently available data identifies that vitamin D has a vital role in reproductive process as it affects sperm motility. This study was done with the rationality to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D levels with asthenozoospermic males. This cross-sectional analytic study was conducted on 314 men who attended the Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh July 2018 to June 2019. Considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria all participants were categorized into two groups; Group I included 157 asthenozoospermic male and Group II included 157 normozoospermic male according to World Health Organization 'strict' criteria 2010. Participants completed the questionnaires after they had agreed on a informed consent. Blood and semen samples were obtained for assessment and all data were adjusted for age, body mass index (BMI), total motility and progressive motility. Vitamin D levels were classified according to the Endocrine Society guideline. Statistical analyses were carried out by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 22.0 for Windows (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). The results showed that the mean vitamin D level was 16.63±5.54ng/ml in asthenozoospermic group and 19.83±5.33ng/ml in normozoospermic group. The mean vitamin D level was significantly (p<0.05) lower in asthenozoospermic group. It was noticed that 86.6% patients had vitamin D deficiency (≤20ng/ml) in asthenozoospermic group compared to 56.7% in the normozoospermic group. The study found that low vitamin D was associated with a fivefold increased risk of developing asthenozoospermia at 95% CI (2.74-8.99). Moreover, there was a positive significant correlation (r=0.285; p<0.001) between serum vitamin D level with total motility and progressive motility (r=0.232; p<0.001). Hence, the study suggests a significant association between asthenozoospermia and low vitamin D levels. However, clinical trials are warranted to further reinforce the findings.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia , Infertilidade Masculina , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Humanos , Masculino , Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Análise do Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Estudos Transversais , Vitaminas , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações
13.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 586-591, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557544

RESUMO

Infertility, affecting 60 to 80 million couples globally, is clinically defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual contact. Male factors contribute significantly, comprising 40.0% to 50.0% of infertility cases. While the prevalence ranges from 5.0% to 30.0% in developing countries, the exact global prevalence remains unknown. The study, conducted at CMH and Ibn Sina Hospital, Jashore from October 2020 to September 2023, utilized a cross-sectional approach; examining 4173 samples aged 21 to 41. Exclusion criteria considered known female reproductive abnormalities or medications impacting male fertility. Standardized procedures, in-depth questionnaires and SPSS software version 15.0 were employed, adhering to World Health Organization Guidelines. In a study of 4173 seeking infertility treatment, 63.0% had abnormal semen parameters, with 45.0% aged 31-40 years. Addiction patterns: 76.0% used tobacco, 14.0% reported alcohol and tobacco. Occupations: 43.0% government workers, 41.0% private workers. Marriage duration: 44.0% married 5-10 years, infertility duration: 64.0% less than 6 years. Semen analysis showed 40% with sperm count above 65 million, 46.0% with 60.0-90.0% motile sperm, and 78.0% with sperm morphology below 15.0%. The most prevalent abnormality is asthenozoospermia 59%, with oligozoospermia and azoospermia observed in 31% and 3% of cases, respectively. This study highlights the global complexity of male infertility, emphasizing genetic factors in infertile couples. Addressing sample bias and the lack of national epidemiological data underscores the ongoing need for comprehensive research to advance global infertility diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Sementes , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Prevalência , Infertilidade Masculina/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Análise do Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Contagem de Espermatozoides
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7720, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565688

RESUMO

Male reproductive impairment has been linked with an increased risk of numerous non-communicable diseases. Yet, epidemiological data on renal disease among subfertile men is scarce. Therefore, by using male childlessness as a proxy for male infertility, we aimed to investigate its association with renal function. Data was sourced from a population-based cohort including 22,444 men. After exclusion of men aged < 45 years (n = 10,842), the remaining men were divided into two groups: these being childless (n = 5494) and fathers (n = 6108). Logistic regression was applied to explore the association between male childlessness and renal impairment. Childless men as compared to fathers, were more likely to have an estimated-glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73m2 (OR 1.36, 95 CI 1.08-1.70; p = 0.008). After adjustment for age, marital status, smoking habits, diabetes, hypertension and other components of metabolic syndrome, childless men were also more likely to have dipstick proteinuria (OR 1.85, 95 CI 1.16-2.95; p = 0.01). With the growing panorama of disease associated with male reproductive impairment, men with fertility issues may constitute a target population with potential benefit from closer follow-up of their renal function.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Síndrome Metabólica , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Infertilidade Masculina/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pai , Rim
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 41(4): 500-505, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565519

RESUMO

piRNA is a class of small non-coding RNA which specifically binds with PIWI protein. It is mainly expressed in germ cells and involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis. The role of piRNA pathway in the regulation of spermatogenesis mainly includes inhibition of transposons, induction of mRNA translation or degradation, and mediation of degradation of Miwi ubiquitination in late-stage sperm cells. With the detection of piRNA in seminal plasma, more attention has been attracted to whether piRNA can be used as a non-invasive molecular biomarker for the evaluation of spermatogenesis. This paper has reviewed recent studies on the mechanism of piRNA pathways mediating spermatogenesis and potential roles of piRNA disorders in the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , RNA de Interação com Piwi , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Sêmen/metabolismo , Espermatogênese/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Biomarcadores
16.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 362024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589340

RESUMO

Infertility affects approximately 15% of couples trying to conceive. Male-related causes account for roughly 50% of cases, with obesity emerging as a possible significant factor. Obesity, defined as a body mass index of 30.0 or higher, has become a widespread epidemic associated with numerous health issues, including a decrease of fertility. This review discusses the relationship between obesity and male infertility, particularly focusing on sperm quality and function. An overview of the literature suggests that obesity may influence the male reproductive system via disruptions in hormonal profiles, oxidative stress, and inflammation, leading to changes in sperm parameters. Several studies have discussed if obesity causes a decrease in sperm concentration, motility, and normal morphology, so far without a consensus being reached. However, available evidence suggests an impairment of sperm function in obese men, due to an increase in DNA damage and oxidative stress, impaired mitochondrial function and acrosome reaction in response to progesterone. Finally, the relationship between obesity and assisted reproductive technologies outcomes remains debatable, with conflicting evidence regarding the influence on fertilisation, pregnancy, and live birth rates. Therefore, the actual impact of obesity on human spermatozoa still needs to be clarified, due to the multiple factors potentially in play.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Sêmen , Gravidez , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Obesidade , Espermatozoides
17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8132, 2024 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584153

RESUMO

To figure out how does SARS-CoV-2 affect sperm parameters and what influencing factors affect the recovery of sperm quality after infection? We conducted a prospective cohort study and initially included 122 men with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The longest time to track semen quality after infection is 112 days and 58 eligible patients were included in our study eventually. We subsequently exploited a linear mixed-effects model to statistically analyze their semen parameters at different time points before and after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Semen parameters were significantly reduced after SARS-CoV-2 infection, including total sperm count (211 [147; 347] to 167 [65.0; 258], P < 0.001), sperm concentration (69.0 [38.8; 97.0] to 51.0 [25.5; 71.5], P < 0.001), total sperm motility (57.5 [52.3; 65.0] to 51.0 [38.5; 56.8], P < 0.001), progressive motility (50.0 [46.2; 58.0] to 45.0 [31.5; 52.8], P < 0.001). The parameters displayed the greatest diminution within 30 days after SARS-CoV-2 infection, gradually recovered thereafter, and exhibited no significant difference after 90 days compared with prior to COVID-19 infection. In addition, the patients in the group with a low-grade fever showed a declining tendency in semen parameters, but not to a significant degree, whereas those men with a moderate or high fever produced a significant drop in the same parameters. Semen parameters were significantly reduced after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and fever severity during SARS-CoV-2 infection may constitute the main influencing factor in reducing semen parameters in patients after recovery, but the effect is reversible and the semen parameters gradually return to normal with the realization of a new spermatogenic cycle.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infertilidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen , Sêmen , Estudos Prospectivos , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , SARS-CoV-2 , Espermatozoides , Contagem de Espermatozoides
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37815, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The imbalance between the generation and elimination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is defined as oxidative stress (OS). Elevated levels of OS are implicated in various diseases, especially in gynecological and reproductive disorders. The abundance of recent literature makes it challenging to assimilate all available information. This bibliometric analysis seeks to depict the research landscape of OS in gynecological and reproductive diseases and to identify future hotspots and trends. METHODS: The Web of Science Core Collection served as the source for articles related to OS in gynecological and reproductive diseases. CtieSpace and VOSviewer software were utilized to analyzed countries/regions, institutions, journals, authors, and keywords of all eligible articles. RESULTS: A total of 1423 articles were included. There was a gradual increase in the number of publications in this field. The USA maintained the highest number of publications, with 372 articles. Cleveland Clinic was the leading institution in terms of publication volume, contributing 67 articles. In total, 6925 authors were identified. Agarwal A as the most frequently co-cited author, received 812 citations across 43 publications. The predominant clusters included "placenta," "polycystic ovary syndrome," "male infertility," and "oocyte quality." Notably, "oocyte quality'" was identified as a current key research topic. CONCLUSION: There was an uptrend in the number of articles addressing OS in gynecological and reproductive diseases. However, international collaboration and exchange were limited. The topic of male infertility had remained a consistent area of interest, and research on oocyte quality is poised to become a potential focal point in the future.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Estresse Oxidativo , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Masculino , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Bibliometria , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial
19.
Elife ; 132024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573307

RESUMO

The perinuclear theca (PT) is a dense cytoplasmic web encapsulating the sperm nucleus. The physiological roles of PT in sperm biology and the clinical relevance of variants of PT proteins to male infertility are still largely unknown. We reveal that cylicin-1, a major constituent of the PT, is vital for male fertility in both mice and humans. Loss of cylicin-1 in mice leads to a high incidence of malformed sperm heads with acrosome detachment from the nucleus. Cylicin-1 interacts with itself, several other PT proteins, the inner acrosomal membrane (IAM) protein SPACA1, and the nuclear envelope (NE) protein FAM209 to form an 'IAM-cylicins-NE' sandwich structure, anchoring the acrosome to the nucleus. WES (whole exome sequencing) of more than 500 Chinese infertile men with sperm head deformities was performed and a CYLC1 variant was identified in 19 patients. Cylc1-mutant mice carrying this variant also exhibited sperm acrosome/head deformities and reduced fertility, indicating that this CYLC1 variant most likely affects human male reproduction. Furthermore, the outcomes of assisted reproduction were reported for patients harbouring the CYLC1 variant. Our findings demonstrate a critical role of cylicin-1 in the sperm acrosome-nucleus connection and suggest CYLC1 variants as potential risk factors for human male fertility.


Assuntos
Acrossomo , Infertilidade Masculina , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Sêmen , Cabeça do Espermatozoide , Espermatozoides
20.
Life Sci Alliance ; 7(6)2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570187

RESUMO

The transition zone is a specialised gate at the base of cilia/flagella, which separates the ciliary compartment from the cytoplasm and strictly regulates protein entry. We identified a potential new regulator of the male germ cell transition zone, CEP76. We demonstrated that CEP76 was involved in the selective entry and incorporation of key proteins required for sperm function and fertility into the ciliary compartment and ultimately the sperm tail. In the mutant, sperm tails were shorter and immotile as a consequence of deficits in essential sperm motility proteins including DNAH2 and AKAP4, which accumulated at the sperm neck in the mutant. Severe annulus, fibrous sheath, and outer dense fibre abnormalities were also detected in sperm lacking CEP76. Finally, we identified that CEP76 dictates annulus positioning and structure. This study suggests CEP76 as a male germ cell transition zone protein and adds further evidence to the hypothesis that the spermatid transition zone and annulus are part of the same functional structure.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Cauda do Espermatozoide , Humanos , Masculino , Cauda do Espermatozoide/metabolismo , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides/genética , Sêmen , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/metabolismo , Mutação/genética
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