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Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1346084, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572478


Objective: A Mediterranean dietary pattern, sleeping habits, physical activity, and lifestyle appear to affect reproductive health. There are few reports about whether fertility-specific quality of life (QOL) is linked to infertility treatment outcomes. The aim of this study is to investigate when lifestyle factors and fertility-specific QOL are comprehensively considered, which factors influence assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes. Methods: This prospective cohort includes 291 women undergoing a first ART treatment at multiple centers in Japan and was designed to evaluate the influence of diet, physical activity, sleeping pattern, computer use duration, and fertility-specific quality of life tool (FertiQoL) score on ART treatment outcomes using a questionnaire. The primary endpoint was the good-quality blastocyst rate per oocyte retrieval and the secondary endpoints were a positive pregnancy test and gestational sac (GS) detection. Results: The good-quality blastocyst rate per oocyte retrieval tended to be negatively associated with frequent fish consumption. After all embryo transfer (ET) cycles, a positive pregnancy test tended to be positively associated with longer sleep and longer computer use (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 0.9-2.7 and OR = 1.7, CI = 1.0-2.8, respectively) and negatively associated with a smoking partner (OR = 0.6, CI = 0.3-1.0). GS detection was positively and significantly associated with frequent olive oil intake and longer computer use (OR = 1.7, CI = 1.0-3.0 and OR = 1.7, CI = 1.0-3.0, respectively). After ET cycles with a single blastocyst, a positive pregnancy test was positively and significantly associated with longer computer use (OR = 2.0, CI = 1.1-3.7), while GS detection was significantly more likely in women with longer computer use (OR = 2.1, CI = 1.1-3.8) and tended to be more likely in women with a higher FertiQoL Total scaled treatment score (OR = 1.8, CI = 1.0-3.3). p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant and 0.05 ≤ p <0.01 as tendency. Conclusions: Olive oil may be an important factor in dietary habits. Fertility-specific QOL and smoking cessation guidance for partners are important for infertile couples.

Infertilidade , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Azeite de Oliva , Fertilidade , Fertilização In Vitro , Infertilidade/terapia , Estilo de Vida
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 25(4): 499-509, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572608


Background: Salpingitis obstructive infertility (SOI) refers to infertility caused by abnormal conditions such as tubal adhesion and blockage caused by acute and chronic salpingitis. SOI has a serious impact on women's physical and mental health and family harmony, and it is a clinical problem that needs to be solved urgently.

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to explore the potential pharmacological mechanisms of the Yinjia tablets (Yin Jia Pian, YJP) on tubal inflammation.

Methods: Networks of YJP-associated targets and tubal inflammation-related genes were constructed through the STRING database. Potential targets and pathway enrichment analysis related to the therapeutic efficacy of YJP were identified using Cytoscape and Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (metascape). E. coli was used to establish a rat model of tubal inflammation and to validate the predictions of network pharmacology and the therapeutic efficacy of YJP. H&E staining was used to observe the pathological changes in fallopian tubes. TEM observation of the ultrastructure of the fallopian tubes. ELISA was used to detect the changes of IL-6 and TNF-α in fallopian tubes. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ESR1. The changes of Bcl-2, ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2, MEK, p-MEK, EGFR, and p-EGFR were detected by western blot.

Results: Through database analysis, it was found that YJP shared 105 identical targets with the disease. Network pharmacology analysis showed that IL-6, TNF, and EGFR belong to the top 5 core proteins associated with salpingitis, and EGFR/MEK/ERK may be the main pathway involved. The E. coli-induced disease rat model of fallopian tube tissue showed damage, mitochondrial disruption, and increased levels of the inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α. Tubal inflammatory infertility rats have increased expression of Bcl-2, p-ERK1/2, p-MEK, and p-EGFR, and decreased expression of ESR1. In vivo, experiments showed that YJP improved damage of tissue, inhibited shedding of tubal cilia, and suppressed the inflammatory response of the body. Furthermore, YJP inhibited EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling, inhibited the apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and upregulated ESR1.

Conclusion: This study revealed that YJP Reducing tubal inflammation and promoting tissue repair may be associated with inhibition of the EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling pathway.


Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Infertilidade , Salpingite , Humanos , Feminino , Ratos , Animais , Salpingite/complicações , Salpingite/metabolismo , Salpingite/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Farmacologia em Rede , Infertilidade/complicações , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 230, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566020


BACKGROUND: Cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) is considered as the most important endpoint for assessing the probability of having a baby in a complete in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment cycle. Many previous studies have focused on the association between thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) and live birth rate after first embryo transfer cycle, however, evidence on whether the presence of TAI affects the CLBR is lacking. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of TAI on the CLBR in a complete IVF/ICSI cycle. METHODS: This retrospective study included 12,796 women who underwent their first IVF/ICSI treatment between January 2019 and February 2021. Based on the levels of thyroid antibodies, 2,603 women were assigned to the TAI group, and 10,193 women were assigned to the control group. Subgroup analysis was performed according to the different causes of infertility (including male factor only, ovulation disorder, tubal factor, endometriosis and unexplained infertility) and different types and titres of thyroid antibodies. The primary outcome in this study was CLBR, which included live births from the fresh embryo transfer cycle and all subsequent frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles performed before December 2021. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the CLBR between the TAI and control groups, even after adjusting for relevant confounders including age, body mass index, cause of infertility, thyroid function, protocols of controlled ovarian stimulation, type of transfer (fresh vs. frozen), type of transferred embryo (cleavage-stage embryo vs. blastocyst), and fertilization method (IVF vs. ICSI) (cumulative live birth: 50.6% vs. 52.1%, OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.86-1.02, adjusted OR 0.97, 95%CI 0.89-1.06). Subgroup analysis showed that no significant difference was observed in CLBR between the TAI and control groups for all causes of infertility, except for infertility attributed to endometriosis. Among women with endometriosis, the CLBR was significantly lower in the TAI group than that in the control group; however, this difference was not significant after adjusting for potential confounders including age, body mass index, thyroid function, protocols of controlled ovarian stimulation, type of transfer (fresh vs. frozen), type of transferred embryo (cleavage-stage embryo vs. blastocyst), and fertilization method (IVF vs. ICSI) (cumulative live births: 43.1% vs. 51.0%, OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.53-0.99, adjusted OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.53-1.02). Another subgroup analysis demonstrated that the type and titre of thyroid antibody did not affect CLBR in women with TAI. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, there was no significant difference in the CLBR between women with TAI and those without TAI, which suggests that TAI did not affect the chances of having a baby in a complete IVF/ICSI treatment cycle.

Endometriose , Infertilidade , Gravidez , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autoimunidade , Glândula Tireoide , Sêmen , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 228, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589804


BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although infertility as a significant cause of marital crises is prevalent almost equally in men and women, infertile women are under more pressure and distress than infertile men. Therefore, this study was conducted aiming to compare anxiety, depression, and stress between couples with male and female infertility. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, 40 couples (n = 80) with male infertility and 40 couples (n = 80) with female infertility were referred to the infertility clinic of Al-Zahra Educational and Medical Center, Rasht, Iran. Eligible infertile couples were selected by convenience sampling method. The data collection tool was a two-part questionnaire consisting of a demographic information form and a short form of the standard Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Data analysis was carried out using descriptive and inferential statistical tests at a significant level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: The severity of depression, anxiety, and stress also had a statistically significant difference between men and women. The severity of depression was mild in 57.5% of infertile women and moderate in 40% of infertile men. The severity of anxiety was moderate in 42.5% of infertile women and mild in 57.5% of infertile men. The severity of stress was Severe in 37.5% of infertile women and mild in 40% of infertile men. There was a statistically significant difference between infertile women and men in terms of depression (t=-4.213, df = 1619, p < 0.001), anxiety (t=-7.261, df = 2274, p < 0.001), and stress (t=-9.046, df = 2308, p < 0.001) subscales, and the total scores (t=-7.709, df = 2315, p < 0.001). The depression, stress and anxiety levels were higher in infertile women than in healthy women with infertile spouses. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.01). The depression, anxiety, and stress levels were significantly different between infertile men and healthy men with infertile wives (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated that depression, anxiety, and stress were more prevalent in infertile women than in infertile men. The severity levels of depression, anxiety, and stress in the wives of infertile men were higher than those in the spouses of infertile women.

Infertilidade Feminina , Infertilidade , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e244438, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564220


Importance: The safety of exogenous gonadotropin treatment, based on its effect on embryos and pregnancy outcomes, remains inconclusive. Objective: To evaluate the associations of different doses and durations of gonadotropins with embryonic genetic status and pregnancy outcomes after euploid embryo transfer in couples with infertility. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was a post hoc analysis of a multicenter randomized clinical trial (RCT) conducted at 14 reproductive centers throughout China from July 2017 to June 2018 that evaluated the cumulative live birth rate with or without preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) among couples with infertility and good prognosis. The PGT-A group from the original RCT was selected for secondary analysis. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to the total dosage of exogenous gonadotropins and treatment duration: group 1 (≤1500 IU and <10 days), group 2 (≤1500 IU and ≥10 days), group 3 (>1500 IU and <10 days), and group 4 (>1 500 IU and ≥10 days). Group 1 served as the control group. Data were analyzed from June through August 2023. Interventions: Blastocyst biopsy and PGT-A. Main outcomes and measures: The primary outcomes were embryonic aneuploidy, embryonic mosaicism, and cumulative live birth rates after euploid embryo transfer. Results: A total of 603 couples (mean [SD] age of prospective mothers, 29.13 [3.61] years) who underwent PGT-A were included, and 1809 embryos were screened using next-generation sequencing. The embryo mosaicism rate was significantly higher in groups 2 (44 of 339 embryos [13.0%]; adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.69 [95% CI, 1.09-2.64]), 3 (27 of 186 embryos [14.5%]; aOR, 1.98 [95% CI, 1.15-3.40]), and 4 (82 of 651 embryos [12.6%]; aOR, 1.60 [95% CI, 1.07-2.38]) than in group 1 (56 of 633 embryos [8.8%]). There were no associations between gonadotropin dosage or duration and the embryo aneuploidy rate. The cumulative live birth rate was significantly lower in groups 2 (83 of 113 couples [73.5%]; aOR, 0.49 [95% CI, 0.27-0.88]), 3 (42 of 62 couples [67.7%]; aOR, 0.41 [95% CI, 0.21-0.82]), and 4 (161 of 217 couples [74.2%]; aOR, 0.53 [95% CI, 0.31-0.89]) than in group 1 (180 of 211 couples [85.3%]). Conclusions and relevance: In this study, excessive exogenous gonadotropin administration was associated with increased embryonic mosaicism and decreased cumulative live birth rate after euploid embryo transfer in couples with a good prognosis. These findings suggest that consideration should be given to minimizing exogenous gonadotropin dosage and limiting treatment duration to improve embryo outcomes and increase the live birth rate. Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT03118141.

Infertilidade , Resultado da Gravidez , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aneuploidia , Transferência Embrionária , Gonadotropinas/uso terapêutico
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7998, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580689


There are millions of patients experiencing infertility in China, but assisted reproductive technology (ART) is performed at the patient's expense and is difficult to afford. With the sharp decline in China's birth rate, there is a growing controversy over the inclusion of ART in medical insurance (MI). This study aims to explore the feasibility of ART coverage by MI for the first time. We obtained basic data such as the prevalence of infertility, the cost of ART, and the success rate in China with the method of meta-analysis and consulting the government bulletin. Then, we calculated the number of infertile couples in China and the total financial expenditure of MI covering ART. Finally, we discussed the feasibility of coverage, and analyzed the population growth and economic benefits after coverage. According to our research results, it was estimated that there were 4.102-11.792 million infertile couples in China, with an annual increase of 1.189-1.867 million. If MI covered ART, the fund would pay 72.313-207.878 billion yuan, accounting for 2-6% of the current fund balance, and the subsequent annual payment would be 20.961-32.913 billion yuan, accounting for 4-7% of the annual fund balance. This was assuming that all infertile couples would undergo ART, and the actual cost would be lower. The financial input‒output ratio would be 13.022. Benefiting from the inclusion of ART in MI coverage, there would be 3.348-9.624 million new live infants, and 8-13% newborns would be born every year thereafter, which means that by 2050, 37-65 million people would be born. Due to its affordable cost, high cost-effectiveness and favourable population growth, it may be feasible to include ART in MI.

Infertilidade , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Vigilância da População , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , China/epidemiologia , Infertilidade/epidemiologia , Infertilidade/terapia
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300355, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573892


In recent decades, minimally invasive surgery has become the favoured surgical technique, with increasing utilisation of robotic surgery to enhance patient outcomes. However, the design complexity of surgical robotic instruments can pose challenges in maintaining adequate cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation-particularly of the device's interior. In our hospital, robotic instruments are reused for a maximum of ten successive patients, following the manufacturer's guidelines. To the best of our knowledge, neither the manufacturer nor ISO standards have specified any methods to determine the sterility of robotic instruments after cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation procedures. In a small pilot study, we used a locally developed protocol to evaluate the sterility of 20 da Vinci SI robotic instruments, with the aim of determining whether the recommended cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation process is adequate to achieve safe usage in subsequent patients. None of the 20 instruments showed viable micro-organisms, therefore the robotic instruments were considered sterile, and suitable for re-use. We recommend our protocol to other hospitals, to be used as an essential control element in the assessment of their unique reprocessing technique for robotic instruments.

Infertilidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Desinfecção/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
Reprod Health ; 21(1): 43, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576027


BACKGROUND: Approximately one in six couples are currently infertile, defined as unable to achieve pregnancy despite 12 or more months of active attempts to conceive. Experiencing infertility has been disproportionately associated with an array of psychological difficulties, particularly in women. However, currently available psychological interventions have had minimal benefits for distress, anxiety, or depression related to infertility. METHODS: A one-arm pilot study was conducted to test the acceptability of a newly created acceptance and commitment therapy-based self-guided program-Infertility ACTion. Twenty women, located in Canada, completed the program and completed measures assessing expectancy of improvement, treatment credibility, participant satisfaction, treatment completion and retention, psychological flexibility, fertility quality of life, depression, and anxiety. Participants were also asked to provide feedback on how the researchers could improve the intervention. Paired sample t-tests were conducted to compare pre- and post-intervention outcomes. RESULTS: Sixteen out of 20 participants completed the entire intervention. Reported treatment expectancy, credibility and satisfaction were favorable. Eighty-one percent of participants reported that they would recommend the program to a friend and 88% thought the program was worth their time. Medium increases in psychological flexibility and fertility quality of life were observed. Improvements in anxious and depressive symptoms were in the small to medium range but were not significant. Participants had several recommendations for program improvement. CONCLUSIONS: This acceptance and commitment therapy-based self-guided program proved to be an acceptable treatment for infertility-related distress. Participant feedback will be used to adjust the current intervention in preparation for a more rigorous randomized-controlled trial testing this program.

Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso , Infertilidade , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Depressão/terapia , Depressão/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Infertilidade/terapia
J Physiol Sci ; 74(1): 22, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561673


Androgen excess and metabolic abnormality largely contribute to the pathogenesis of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), which primarily precipitates ovarian dysfunction and infertility in reproductive-age women. Impaired mitochondrial function and epigenetic alteration have been linked to the development of PCOS. However, it is unknown whether acetate would exert a therapeutic effect on ovarian mitochondrial dysfunction in PCOS. Herein, the study hypothesized that acetate reverses ovarian mitochondrial dysfunction in experimental PCOS rat model, possibly through modulation of mitofusin-2 (MFn2). Eight-week-old female Wistar rats were randomized into four groups (n = 5). Induction of PCOS was performed by 1 mg/kg letrozole (p.o.), administered for 21 days. Thereafter, the rats were treated with acetate (200 mg/kg; p.o.) for 6 weeks. The PCOS rats demonstrated androgen excess, multiple ovarian cysts, elevated anti-mullerian hormone and leptin and decreased SHBG, adiponectin and 17-ß estradiol with corresponding increase in ovarian transforming growth factor-ß1. Additionally, inflammation (tumor growth factor and nuclear factor-kB), elevated caspase-6, decreased hypoxia-inducible factor-1α and elevated histone deacetylase-2 (HDAC2) were observed in the ovaries of PCOS rats, while mitochondrial abnormality with evidence of decreased adenosine triphosphate synthase and MFn2 was observed in rats with PCOS. Treatment with acetate reversed the alterations. The present results collectively suggest that acetate ameliorates ovarian mitochondrial abnormality, a beneficial effect that is accompanied by MFn2 with consequent normalization of reproductive-endocrine profile and ovarian function. Perhaps, the present data provide hope for PCOS individuals that suffer infertility.

Infertilidade , Doenças Mitocondriais , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Humanos , Feminino , Ratos , Animais , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Letrozol/efeitos adversos , Androgênios/efeitos adversos , Ratos Wistar , Infertilidade/complicações , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Acetatos/efeitos adversos
Bull World Health Organ ; 102(4): 244-254, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562192


Objective: To estimate the proportion of married women in China who intend to become pregnant given the country's pronatalist population policy and to investigate fecundity, with an emphasis on the influence of socioeconomic factors. Methods: A nationally representative survey of 12 815 married women aged 20 to 49 years (mean: 36.8 years) was conducted during 2019 and 2020. All completed questionnaires, 10 115 gave blood samples and 11 710 underwent pelvic ultrasound examination. Fertility intention was the desire or intent to become pregnant combined with engagement in unprotected sexual intercourse. We defined infertility as the failure to achieve pregnancy after 12 months or more of unprotected intercourse. We considered an anti-Müllerian hormone level < 1.1 ng/mL and an antral follicular count < 7 as indicating an abnormal ovarian reserve. Findings: Fertility intentions were reported by 11.9% of women overall but by only 6.1% of current mothers (weighted percentages). Fertility intention was significantly less likely among women in metropolises (odds ratio, OR: 0.38; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.31-0.45) and those with a higher educational level (OR: 0.74; 95% CI: 0.62-0.88). Overall, 18.0% had experienced infertility at any time and almost 30% had an abnormal ovarian reserve on assessment. An abnormal ovarian reserve and infertility were less likely in women in metropolises (P < 0.05) but more likely in obese women (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The willingness of Chinese married women to give birth remained low, even with relaxation of the one-child policy.

Infertilidade , Reserva Ovariana , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Fertilidade , Serviços de Saúde
Actas urol. esp ; 48(3): 185-203, abr. 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-66


Objetivos El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática y metaanálisis era examinar la relación entre la infertilidad y la calidad del sueño en las mujeres. Métodos Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica entre octubre y noviembre del 2022 con estudios a texto completo en PubMed (MEDLINE), Cochrane, Google Scholar y Scientific Information Database (SID). El estudio se basa en las recomendaciones del Manual Cochrane de revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones. Los datos se analizaron mediante el programa informático Review Manager (versión 5.3). Resultados Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura incluyendo 11 estudios. El metaanálisis reveló una asociación significativa entre la infertilidad y la calidad del sueño en las mujeres, con una disminución de la calidad del sueño en las pacientes infértiles (DME: –0,75; IC del 95%: –0,84 al –0,66; Z=16,46; p <0,00001) y una diferencia significativa entre infertilidad y depresión (DME: –0,18; IC del 95%: –0,27 al –0,09; Z=4,00; p <0,0001). Conclusión Según los resultados de este estudio, las mujeres infértiles tienen una calidad del sueño baja. PROSPERO ID: CRD42023404389. (AU)

Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis study aimed to examine the relationship between infertility and sleep quality in women. Methods The literature search was conducted between October and November 2022 with full-text studies from PubMed (MEDLINE), Cochrane, Google Scholar, and Scientific Information Database (SID). The study is based on the recommendations of the Cochrane guidelines. The data were analyzed using the Review Manager computer software (Version 5.3). Results A systematic literature review was conducted, with 11 studies included. The meta-analysis revealed a significant difference between infertility and sleep quality in women, that the sleep quality of infertile patients decreased (SMD: -0.75 95% CI: -0.84 to -0.66, Z=16.46, P<.00001), and that there was a significant difference between infertility and depression (SMD: -0.18 95% CI: -0.27 to -0.09, Z=4.00, P<.0001). Conclusion The results of this study indicate that sleep quality is low in infertile women. PROSPERO ID: CRD42023404389. (AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Infertilidade , Fertilização In Vitro , Depressão
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1340188, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455658


Introduction: Fabry's disease (FD) is a genetic X-linked systemic and progressive rare disease characterized by the accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (GB3) into the lysosomes of many tissues. FD is due to loss-of-function mutations of α-galactosidase, a key-enzyme for lysosomal catabolism of glycosphingolipids, which accumulate as glycolipid bodies (GB). In homozygous males the progressive deposition of GB3 into the cells leads to clinical symptoms in CNS, skin, kidney, etc. In testis GB accumulation causes infertility and alterations of spermatogenesis. However, the precise damaging mechanism is still unknown. Our hypothesis is that GB accumulation reduces blood vessel lumen and increases the distance of vessels from both stromal cells and seminiferous parenchyma; this, in turn, impairs oxygen and nutrients diffusion leading to subcellular degradation of seminiferous epithelium and sterility. Methods: To test this hypothesis, we have studied a 42-year-old patient presenting a severe FD and infertility, with reduced number of spermatozoa, but preserved sexual activity. Testicular biopsies were analyzed by optical (OM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Activation and cellular localization of HIF-1α and NFκB was analyzed by immunofluorescence (IF) and RT-PCR on homogeneous tissue fractions after laser capture microdissection (LCMD). Results: OM and TEM showed that GB were abundant in vessel wall cells and in interstitial cells. By contrast, GB were absent in seminiferous epithelium, Sertoli's and Leydig's cells. However, seminiferous tubular epithelium and Sertoli's cells showed reduced diameter, thickening of basement membrane and tunica propria, and swollen or degenerated spermatogonia. IF showed an accumulation of HIF-1α in stromal cells but not in seminiferous tubules. On the contrary, NFκB fluorescence was evident in tubules, but very low in interstitial cells. Finally, RT-PCR analysis on LCMD fractions showed the expression of pro-inflammatory genes connected to the HIF-1α/NFκB inflammatory-like pathway. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that infertility in FD may be caused by reduced oxygen and nutrients due to GB accumulation in blood vessels cells. Reduced oxygen and nutrients alter HIF-1α/NFκB expression and localization while activating HIF-1α/NFκB driven-inflammation-like response damaging seminiferous tubular epithelium and Sertoli's cells.

Doença de Fabry , Infertilidade , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Testículo/patologia , Doença de Fabry/complicações , Doença de Fabry/patologia , Infertilidade/patologia , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/patologia , Hipóxia/patologia , Oxigênio
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 192, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515092


BACKGROUND: Research has widely indicated that the psychological distress experienced by infertile patients during fertility treatments may have a negative effect on the results of assisted reproduction. Although numerous studies have shown that psychological resilience and sleep quality are important influencing factors for psychological distress, the mediating mechanisms of psychological resilience in the relationship between sleep quality and psychological distress for Chinese women in particular remain unclear. Therefore, the current study investigates the association between sleep quality, resilience, and psychological distress in Chinese women with infertility and examines the mediating and moderating roles of resilience on the relationship between sleep quality and psychological distress. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 595 women with infertility who were undergoing IVF-ET were recruited at the Reproductive Medicine, Shandong University, from April to November 2019. Participants were instructed to complete four questionnaires, including a questionnaire about socio-demographic and clinical-related information, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10), and the Kessler-10 (K10). Pearson's correlation analysis was conducted preliminarily to describe the relationships between sleep quality, resilience, and psychological distress. A mediation model and a moderated model were constructed and analyzed using the PROCESS macro for SPSS. The Johnson-Neyman (J-N) technique was then used to identify the regions of significance across the levels of moderator values. RESULTS: Patients in the sample had a high prevalence of psychological distress (48.6%, K10 scores > 22), and mediation analysis indicated that resilience played a partially mediating role in the relationship between sleep quality and psychological distress (indict effect = 0.072, P < 0.001). Moderation analysis indicated that resilience also moderated the association between sleep quality and psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Resilience may play a key role in the relationship between sleep quality and psychological distress. Our findings imply that resilience training may therefore be an effective component of psychological distress intervention in women with infertility.

Infertilidade , Angústia Psicológica , Testes Psicológicos , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Feminino , Qualidade do Sono , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6153, 2024 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486057


The effect of weight loss before in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures on pregnancy outcomes in women with overweight or obesity and infertility remains controversial. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated whether weight loss before IVF in these women affected the IVF results and reproductive outcomes. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched from the inception dates until December 2022, using combinations of relevant keywords. Only six randomized controlled trials, including 1627 women with obesity or overweight, were analyzed. The weight change in the intensive care group, compared to the control group who underwent IVF without weight loss was - 4.62 kg (mean difference; 95% confidence interval [CI] - 8.10, - 1.14). Weight loss before IVF did not significantly increase the live birth rate in women with obesity or overweight and infertility (odds ratio, 1.38; 95% CI 0.88, 2.10). The clinical pregnancy, miscarriage, ongoing pregnancy, and ectopic pregnancy rates did not differ between the weight loss and control groups before IVF. This meta-analysis demonstrated that even significant weight loss before IVF in women with obesity or overweight and infertility did not improve the live birth, clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, or ectopic pregnancy rates. PROSPERO Registration Number: CRD42023455800.

Infertilidade , Gravidez Ectópica , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Sobrepeso/complicações , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Infertilidade/terapia , Taxa de Gravidez , Nascido Vivo , Obesidade/complicações , Redução de Peso
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 199, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486148


BACKGROUND: The objective of this research was to elucidate the association between the length of infertility and the outcomes of intrauterine insemination (IUI) in women of varying ages - a topic that has been the subject of investigation for numerous years, yet lacks a definitive consensus. METHODS: A retrospective cohort investigation involving 5268 IUI cycles was undertaken at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from 2016 to 2022. Utilizing the smooth fitting curve along with threshold and saturation effect analysis, the correlation between infertility duration and IUI clinical pregnancy rates was discerned. Moreover, patients were bifurcated into two cohorts based on their respective infertility durations. A secondary examination was also performed employing propensity-score matching to mitigate the impact of confounding variables. Subsequent threshold and saturation effect analysis was carried out across various subgroups, segmented on the basis of age differentiation. RESULTS: When the duration of infertility was more than 5 years, the clinical pregnancy rate decreased with the increase of infertility duration (aOR: 0.894, 95%CI: 0.817-0.991, p = 0.043). The multivariate regression analysis suggested that longer duration of infertility (≥ 5 years) was significantly correlated with the lower clinical pregnancy rate (aOR: 0.782, 95% CI: 0.643-0.950, p = 0.01). After the propensity-score matching, the clinical pregnancy rate of women with longer infertility duration were also higher. When the duration of infertility was more than 5 years, the clinical pregnancy rate of women younger than 35 years old decreased with the increase of infertility duration (aOR: 0.906, 95%CI: 0.800-0.998, p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of IUI in young women (< 35 years old) who have been infertile for more than 5 years significantly decrease with the prolongation of infertility time. Therefore, for young women who have been infertile for more than 5 years, IUI may not be the best choice.

Infertilidade , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infertilidade/terapia , Fertilização In Vitro , Taxa de Gravidez , Inseminação
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 315, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486167


BACKGROUND: This study aims to explore the infection and age distribution of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Herpes simplex virus type II (HSV II) among the outpatients of Reproductive Medicine Center in Putian, Fujian Province to provide a clinical basis for the early diagnosis and treatment of various reproductive tract diseases and infertility in this region. METHODS: A total of 1736 samples of secretions and exfoliated cervical cells were collected from the outpatients of the Reproductive Medicine Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Putian University from December 2021 to April 2023. The infections of UU, CT, NG and HSVII were detected by real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the infection statuses of the patients with different genders, ages and diagnoses were analysed. RESULTS: Among the 1736 patients, 611 were male and 1125 were female. The male patients had higher UU infection rate but lower HSV II infection rate than the female patients. No significant difference in CT and NG infection rates was observed between the genders. The CT infection rate gradually decreased with the increase in the age. The difference in UU, NG and HSV II infection rates among the different age groups was not statistically significant. For UU infection, the male infertile patients had the highest rate of 37.72% (172/456). Meanwhile, the differences in CT, NG and HSV II infection rates among the different diagnosis groups were not statistically significant. Among the male and female infertile patients, the CT infection rate was the highest in the 21-25 years of age group at 11.11% (2/18) and 9.47% (9/95), respectively. No statistically significant difference in UU, CT, NG and HSV II infection rates was observed among the different age groups of patients diagnosed in relation to the family planning guidance and between the male and female patients with other diagnoses results. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that UU was the most frequently identified pathogen in infertile men in Putian, Fujian Province. The CT infection rate was the highest in people under 20 years old, and the infection showed a tendency toward young individuals. Therefore, the publicity of sexual health knowledge must be strengthened, and the prevention and treatment of venereal diseases among young and middle-aged people must be improved. Moreover, the pathogen infection is related to infertility to a certain extent, which is conducive to clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Infecções por Chlamydia , Herpes Simples , Infertilidade , Infecções do Sistema Genital , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Idade , Infecções por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis , Herpesvirus Humano 2 , Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Radiographics ; 44(4): e230159, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512726


Endometriosis is a highly prevalent disease that affects 10%-15% of women of reproductive age worldwide and is mainly associated with chronic pelvic pain and infertility. With the widespread use of imaging for the diagnosis and monitoring of endometriosis, combined with the ability of surgery to eradicate the disease and address infertility, there has been a significant increase in recent years in imaging examinations for postoperative evaluation of endometriosis. US and MRI are used not only to help diagnose and map endometriosis but also to evaluate refractory symptoms, residual lesions, and complications at posttreatment assessment. Knowledge of surgical techniques and recognition of expected postoperative imaging findings are crucial to differentiate postoperative changes from residual disease and/or recurrence. The authors discuss imaging aspects of postoperative endometriosis, with an emphasis on the imaging approach, comprehension of surgical techniques, recognition of the expected findings, possible complications, and analysis of residual disease or recurrence. ©RSNA, 2024 Test Your Knowledge questions for this article are available in the supplemental material. See the invited commentary by VanBuren in this issue. The slide presentation from the RSNA Annual Meeting is available for this article.

Endometriose , Infertilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Endometriose/diagnóstico por imagem , Endometriose/cirurgia , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Infertilidade/complicações , Período Pós-Operatório
Int J Biol Macromol ; 263(Pt 1): 130607, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447848


Bactrocera dorsalis is a notorious pest widely distributed across most Asian countries. With the rapid development of pesticide resistance, new pest control methods are urgently needed. RNAi-based sterile insect technique (SIT) is a species-specific pest management strategy for B. dorsalis control. It is of great significance to identify more target genes from B. dorsalis, and improve the RNAi efficiency. In this study, microinjection-based RNAi results showed that six 20E response genes were necessary for male fertility of B. dorsalis, of which E75 was identified as the key target according to the lowest egg-laying number and hatching rate after E75 knockdown. Three nanoparticles chitosan (CS), chitosan­sodium tripolyphosphate (CS-TPP), and star polycation (SPc) were used to encapsulate dsE75 expressed by HT115 strain. Properties analysis of nanoparticle-dsRNA complexes showed that both CS-TPP-dsRNA and SPc-dsRNA exhibited better properties (smaller size and polydispersity index) than CS-dsRNA. Moreover, oral administration of CS-TPP-dsE75 and SPc-dsE75 by males resulted in more abnormal testis and significantly lower fertility than feeding naked dsE75. Semi-field trials further confirmed that the number of hatched larvae was dramatically reduced in these two groups. Our study not only provides more valuable targets for RNAi-based SIT, but also promotes the application of environment-friendly management against B. dorsalis in the field.

Quitosana , Infertilidade , Nanopartículas , Tephritidae , Animais , Masculino , Interferência de RNA , Ecdisona , Insetos , Controle de Pragas
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 84: 105512, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428292


BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune system disorder that affects the central nervous system (CNS) and progressively damages nerve fibers and protective myelin. People with MS often experience a wide range of complications, including lower urinary tract dysfunction, urinary tract infections (UTIs) and sexual dysfunction. MS is common in young people and can lead to sexual dysfunction (SD) and infertility, which becomes more pronounced as the disease progresses. RESULTS: Over the past two decades, significant advances have been made in the management of MS, which may slow the progression of the disease and alter its course. However, UTI and SD remain significant challenges for these patients. Awareness of the underlying complications of MS, such as UTIs and infertility, is crucial for prevention, early detection and appropriate treatment, as there is a causal relationship between UTIs and the use of corticosteroids during an attack. CONCLUSION: This article provides an overview of potential microbial pathogens that contribute to the development of MS, as well as an assessment of people with MS who report UTIs and infertility.

Infertilidade , Esclerose Múltipla , Infecções Urinárias , Humanos , Adolescente , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/complicações , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Infertilidade/complicações