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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 297: 120053, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36184153

RESUMO

In this study, the immunomodulatory effects and mechanism of action of a novel water-extracted Lonicera japonica polysaccharide (WLJP) on allergic rhinitis (AR) was investigated. For the efficacy of WLJP, behavioral symptoms (rubbing and sneezing), serum inflammatory factors, pathological damage, splenic T cell differentiation, gut microbiota imbalance, and protein analysis of the nasal mucosa and colon were assessed. WLJP and the NLRP3 inhibitor, CY-09, were co-evaluated in the AR model established using LPS + IFN-γ-induced THP-1 cells. The WLJP group showed decreased serum inflammatory factors, eosinophils, goblet cells, NLRP3 inflammasomes, splenic Th17 cell differentiation, and expression of IL-17, p-p65, and gut NLRP3 in the nasal mucosa while maintaining gut microbiota balance, repairing the mechanical barrier, and significantly improving AR behavioral symptoms. In vitro interaction analysis showed a significant interaction between CY-09 and WLJP. In conclusion, WLJP improves AR by repairing the gut barrier and inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome-driven inflammation and the Th17 immune response.


Assuntos
Lonicera , Rinite Alérgica , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-17 , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Lonicera/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal , Ovalbumina , Rinite Alérgica/tratamento farmacológico , Rinite Alérgica/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
2.
Theranostics ; 12(15): 6611-6625, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185602

RESUMO

Rationale: Astrocyte dysfunction is one of the important pathological mechanisms of depression. Stress contributes to the onset of depression. As metabolic stress sensor, Kir6.1-contaning K-ATP channel (Kir6.1/K-ATP) is prominently expressed in astrocytes. However, the involvement of Kir6.1/K-ATP channel in depression remains obscure. Methods: Astrocyte-specific Kir6.1 knockout mice were used to prepare two mouse models of depression to explore the role of astrocytic Kir6.1/K-ATP channel in depression. Primary astrocytes were cultured to reveal the underlying mechanism for Kir6.1-regulated astrocytic pyroptosis. Results: We identified that chronic stress reduced the astrocytic Kir6.1 expression in hippocampus of mice. We further observed astrocyte-specific knockout of Kir6.1 induced depressive-like behaviors in mice. Moreover, we found that astrocytic Kir6.1 deletion increased NLRP3-mediated astrocytic pyroptosis in response to stress. Mechanistically, Kir6.1 associated with NLRP3, and this interaction prevented the assembly and activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, thereby inhibition of astrocytic pyroptosis. More importantly, VX-765, an effective and selective inhibitor for NLRP3 inflammasome, could reverse the astrocytic pyroptosis and rescue the deterioration of behaviors in astrocytic Kir6.1 knockout mice. Conclusions: Our findings illustrate that Kir6.1/K-ATP channel in astrocytes is an essential negative modulator of astrocytic pyroptosis and plays a crucial role in depression and suggest that astrocytic Kir6.1/K-ATP channel may be a promising therapeutic target for depression.


Assuntos
Astrócitos , Inflamassomos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Depressão , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose
3.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2022: 5463505, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36186576

RESUMO

Objective: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play many important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. Here, we sought to determine that mitochondrial dynamic related lncRNA (MDRL) modulates NLRP3 inflammasome activation and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and protects arteries against atherosclerosis. Methods: In vivo experiments, we applied LDLR knockout (LDLR-/-) mice fed the high-fat diet to investigate the effects of MDRL on atherosclerosis. In vitro experiments, we applied mouse aortic smooth muscle cells to determine the mechanism of MDRL in abrogating NLRP3 inflammasome and inhibiting cell apoptosis through miR-361/sequentosome 1 (SQSTM1) by TUNEL staining, quantitative RT-PCR, western blot, microribonucleoprotein immunoprecipitation, and luciferase reporter assay. Results: Downregulated MDRL and increased NLRP3 were observed in mouse atherosclerotic plaques, accompanied with the increase of miR-361. The results showed that MDRL overexpression significantly attenuated the burden of atherosclerotic plaque and facilitated plaque stability through inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation and cell apoptosis, and vice versa. Mechanically, MDRL suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome activation and VSMC apoptosis via suppressing miR-361. Furthermore, miR-361 directly bound to the 3'UTR of SQSTM1 and inhibited its translation, subsequently activating NLRP3 inflammasome. Systematic delivery of miR-361 partly counteracted the beneficial effects of MDRL overexpression on atherosclerotic development in LDLR-/- mice. Conclusions: In summary, MDRL alleviates NLRP3 inflammasome activation and apoptosis in VSMCs through miR-361/SQSTM1/NLRP3 pathway during atherogenesis. These data indicate that MDRL and inhibition of miR-361 represent potential therapeutic targets in atherosclerosis-related diseases.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , MicroRNAs , Placa Aterosclerótica , RNA Longo não Codificante , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/metabolismo
4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 983713, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187088

RESUMO

In recent years, the risk, such as hypertension, obesity and diabetes mellitus, of cardiovascular diseases has been increasing explosively with the development of living conditions and the expansion of social psychological pressure. The disturbance of glucose and lipid metabolism contributes to both collapse of myocardial structure and cardiac dysfunction, which ultimately leads to diabetic cardiomyopathy. The pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy is multifactorial, including inflammatory cascade activation, oxidative/nitrative stress, and the following impaired Ca2+ handling induced by insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia in diabetes. Some key alterations of cellular signaling network, such as translocation of CD36 to sarcolemma, activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, up-regulation of AGE/RAGE system, and disequilibrium of micro-RNA, mediate diabetic oxidative stress/inflammation related myocardial remodeling and ventricular dysfunction in the context of glucose and lipid metabolic disturbance. Here, we summarized the detailed oxidative stress/inflammation network by which the abnormality of glucose and lipid metabolism facilitates diabetic cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , RNA , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
5.
J Clin Invest ; 132(19)2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189795

RESUMO

Mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) is characterized by recurrent fevers and flares of systemic inflammation, caused by biallelic loss-of-function mutations in MVK. The underlying disease mechanisms and triggers of inflammatory flares are poorly understood because of the lack of in vivo models. We describe genetically modified mice bearing the hypomorphic mutation p.Val377Ile (the commonest variant in patients with MKD) and amorphic, frameshift mutations in Mvk. Compound heterozygous mice recapitulated the characteristic biochemical phenotype of MKD, with increased plasma mevalonic acid and clear buildup of unprenylated GTPases in PBMCs, splenocytes, and bone marrow. The inflammatory response to LPS was enhanced in compound heterozygous mice and treatment with the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor MCC950 prevented the elevation of circulating IL-1ß, thus identifying a potential inflammasome target for future therapeutic approaches. Furthermore, lines of mice with a range of deficiencies in mevalonate kinase and abnormal prenylation mirrored the genotype-phenotype relationship in human MKD. Importantly, these mice allowed the determination of a threshold level of residual enzyme activity, below which protein prenylation is impaired. Elevated temperature dramatically but reversibly exacerbated the deficit in the mevalonate pathway and the defective prenylation in vitro and in vivo, highlighting increased body temperature as a likely trigger of inflammatory flares.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase , Animais , Temperatura Corporal , Febre , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Humanos , Inflamassomos/genética , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/tratamento farmacológico , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/genética , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/metabolismo , Ácido Mevalônico/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/genética , Prenilação de Proteína
6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 991044, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189207

RESUMO

In the early 2000s, caspase-1, an important molecule that has been shown to be involved in the regulation of inflammation, cell survival and diseases, was given a new function: regulating a new mode of cell death that was later defined as pyroptosis. Since then, the inflammasome, the inflammatory caspases (caspase-4/5/11) and their substrate gasdermins (gasdermin A, B, C, D, E and DFNB59) has also been reported to be involved in the pyroptotic pathway, and this pathway is closely related to the development of various diseases. In addition, important apoptotic effectors caspase-3/8 and granzymes have also been reported to b involved in the induction of pyroptosis. In our article, we summarize findings that help define the roles of inflammasomes, inflammatory caspases, gasdermins, and other mediators of pyroptosis, and how they determine cell fate and regulate disease progression.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Piroptose , Caspase 3 , Caspases/metabolismo , Granzimas , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação
7.
Front Immunol ; 13: 958820, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189282

RESUMO

Chikungunya fever is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. The infection is usually symptomatic and most common symptoms are fever accompanied by joint pain and swelling. In most cases symptoms subside within a week. However, severe prolonged and disabling joint pain, that may persist for several months, even years, are reported. Although the pathogenesis of Chikungunya infection is not fully understood, the evolution to severe disease seems to be associated with the activation of immune mechanisms and the action of inflammatory mediators. Platelets are recognized as inflammatory cells with fundamental activities in the immune response, maintenance of vascular stability and pathogenicity of several inflammatory and infectious diseases. Although the involvement of platelets in the pathogenesis of viral diseases has gained attention in recent years, their activation in Chikungunya has not been explored. The aim of this study was to analyze platelet activation and the possible role of platelets in the amplification of the inflammatory response during Chikungunya infection. We prospectively included 132 patients attended at the Quinta D'Or hospital and 25 healthy volunteers during the 2016 epidemic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We observed increased expression of CD62P on the surface of platelets, as well as increased plasma levels of CD62P and platelet-derived inflammatory mediators indicating that the Chikungunya infection leads to platelet activation. In addition, platelets from chikungunya patients exhibit increased expression of NLRP3, caspase 4, and cleaved IL-1ß, suggestive of platelet-inflammasome engagement during chikungunya infection. In vitro experiments confirmed that the Chikungunya virus directly activates platelets. Moreover, we observed that platelet activation and soluble p-selectin at the onset of symptoms were associated with development of chronic forms of the disease. Collectively, our data suggest platelet involvement in the immune processes and inflammatory amplification triggered by the infection.


Assuntos
Febre de Chikungunya , Inflamassomos , Animais , Artralgia , Brasil , Caspases , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Selectina-P , Ativação Plaquetária
8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 953530, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189327

RESUMO

Innate immunity is a primary defense system against microbial infections. Innate immune pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) play pivotal roles in detection of invading pathogens. When pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses, invade our bodies, their components are recognized by PRRs as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), activating the innate immune system. Cellular components such as DNA and RNA, acting as damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), also activate innate immunity through PRRs under certain conditions. Activation of PRRs triggers inflammatory responses, interferon-mediated antiviral responses, and the activation of acquired immunity. Research on innate immune receptors is progressing rapidly. A variety of these receptors has been identified, and their regulatory mechanisms have been elucidated. Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) constitute a major family of intracellular PRRs and are involved in not only combating pathogen invasion but also maintaining normal homeostasis. Some NLRs are known to form multi-protein complexes called inflammasomes, a process that ultimately leads to the production of inflammatory cytokines and induces pyroptosis through the proteolytic cascade. The aberrant activation of NLRs has been found to be associated with autoimmune diseases. Therefore, NLRs are considered targets for drug discovery, such as for antiviral drugs, immunostimulants, antiallergic drugs, and autoimmune disease drugs. This review summarizes our recent understanding of the activation and regulation mechanisms of NLRs, with a particular focus on their structural biology. These include NOD2, neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP)/NLRC4, NLR family pyrin domain containing 1 (NLRP1), NLRP3, NLRP6, and NLRP9. NLRs are involved in a variety of diseases, and their detailed activation mechanisms based on structural biology can aid in developing therapeutic agents in the future.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos , Inflamassomos , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Antivirais , Biologia , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interferons/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteína Inibidora de Apoptose Neuronal/metabolismo , Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Padrões Moleculares Associados a Patógenos , RNA , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 9082455, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105941

RESUMO

COVID-19 has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, from asymptomatic or mild/moderate symptoms to severe symptoms and death. The mechanisms underlying its clinical evolution are still unclear. Upon SARS-CoV-2 infection, host factors, such as the inflammasome system, are activated by the presence of the virus inside host cells. The search for COVID-19 risk factors is of relevance for clinical management. In this study, we investigated the impact of inflammasome single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals with distinct severity profiles at clinical presentation. Patients were divided into two groups according to disease severity at clinical presentation based on the WHO Clinical Progression Scale. Group 1 included patients with mild/moderate disease (WHO < 6; n = 76), and group 2 included patients with severe/critical COVID-19 (WHO ≥ 6; n = 357). Inpatients with moderate to severe/critical profiles were recruited and followed-up at Hospital Center for COVID-19 Pandemic - National Institute of Infectology (INI)/FIOCRUZ, RJ, Brazil, from June 2020 to March 2021. Patients with mild disease were recruited at Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC)/FIOCRUZ, RJ, Brazil, in August 2020. Genotyping of 11 inflammasome SNPs was determined by real-time PCR. Protection and risk estimation were performed using unconditional logistic regression models. Significant differences in NLRP3 rs1539019 and CARD8 rs2043211 were observed between the two groups. Protection against disease severity was associated with the A/A genotype (ORadj = 0.36; P = 0.032), allele A (ORadj = 0.93; P = 0.010), or carrier-A (ORadj = 0.45; P = 0.027) in the NLRP3 rs1539019 polymorphism; A/T genotype (ORadj = 0.5; P = 0.045), allele T (ORadj = 0.93; P = 0.018), or carrier-T (ORadj = 0.48; P = 0.029) in the CARD8 rs2043211 polymorphism; and the A-C-G-C-C (ORadj = 0.11; P = 0.018), A-C-G-C-G (ORadj = 0.23; P = 0.003), C-C-G-C-C (ORadj = 0.37; P = 0.021), and C-T-G-A-C (ORadj = 0.04; P = 0.0473) in NLRP3 genetic haplotype variants. No significant associations were observed for the other polymorphisms. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating an association between CARD8 and NLRP3 inflammasome genetic variants and protection against COVID-19 severity, contributing to the discussion of the impact of inflammasomes on COVID-19 outcomes.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Inflamassomos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Brasil/epidemiologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/genética , COVID-19/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Inflamassomos/genética , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Pandemias , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 955128, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059548

RESUMO

Target identification is essential for developing novel therapeutic strategies in diseases. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), also known as thioredoxin-binding protein-2, is a member of the α-arrestin protein family and is regulated by several cellular stress factors. TXNIP overexpression coupled with thioredoxin inhibits its antioxidant functions, thereby increasing oxidative stress. TXNIP is directly involved in inflammatory activation by interacting with Nod-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome. Bone metabolic disorders are associated with aging, oxidative stress, and inflammation. They are characterized by an imbalance between bone formation involving osteoblasts and bone resorption by osteoclasts, and by chondrocyte destruction. The role of TXNIP in bone metabolic diseases has been extensively investigated. Here, we discuss the roles of TXNIP in the regulatory mechanisms of transcription and protein levels and summarize its involvement in bone metabolic disorders such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. TXNIP is expressed in osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and chondrocytes and affects the differentiation and functioning of skeletal cells through both redox-dependent and -independent regulatory mechanisms. Therefore, TXNIP is a potential regulatory and functional factor in bone metabolism and a possible new target for the treatment of bone metabolism-related diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Tiorredoxinas , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/genética , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Doenças Metabólicas/genética , Doenças Metabólicas/metabolismo , Tiorredoxinas/genética , Tiorredoxinas/metabolismo
11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15123, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068262

RESUMO

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella abortus. An efficient immune response is crucial for curing brucellosis. The inflammasome plays a significant role in the immune response. It is unclear which inflammasome is active in acute and chronic brucellosis and how its levels relate to inflammatory cytokines. A total of 40 patients with acute or chronic brucellosis and 20 healthy volunteers had peripheral blood samples collected. The expression levels of AIM2, NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 were determined by a real-time polymerase chain reaction from RNA and serum samples, and IL-1ß, IL-18, and IFN-γ were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In the acute brucellosis group, AIM2 expression was significantly higher, while ACS expression was significantly lower than that of healthy volunteers. In patients with chronic brucellosis, AIM2 expression was significantly lower, while Caspase-1 expression was significantly higher than that of healthy volunteers. Serum IL-18 and IFN-γ levels were significantly higher in patients with acute brucellosis than in healthy controls. The IFN-γ level was also significantly higher in patients with chronic brucellosis than in healthy controls. The inflammasome responds differently in different stages of brucellosis. The inflammasome may be the site of action of immune escape in brucellosis.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Inflamassomos , Caspase 1/metabolismo , China , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-18 , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo
12.
In Vivo ; 36(5): 2083-2091, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The T cell's flexibility of the immune system to be regulated affects the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, the mechanisms of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and inflammasome activation in the circulating CD3+CD56+ T cells of patients with T1D remain unclear. This study evaluated the role of CD3+CD56+ T cells in T1D and their correlations with ER stress, inflammasome activation and disease characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The frequency of circulating CD3+CD56+ T cells was determined using flow cytometry in healthy individuals and patients with T1D. Calnexin, NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), ASC, caspase-1 (Casp1), cleaved caspase-3 (C-Casp3), and annexin V (AnnV) expression and propidium iodide staining in CD3+/CD56+ T cells were analyzed using flow cytometry. RESULTS: The frequency of CD3+CD56+ T cells was reduced in patients with T1D relative to that in healthy individuals. In addition, high calnexin, NLRP3, ASC and Casp1 expression in CD3+CD56+ T cells was negatively correlated with the percentage of CD3+CD56+ T cells in patients with T1D. CONCLUSION: ER stress, inflammasome activation, and a lower peripheral frequency of circulating CD3+CD56+ T cells might indicate disease progression and necessitate clinical T1D immunological self-tolerance monitoring.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Inflamassomos , Calnexina/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
13.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2543: 179-189, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087268

RESUMO

Pyroptosis is a highly regulated inflammatory form of cell death that plays a role in many different diseases, including cancer. Pyroptosis was initially described to be mediated by caspase-1, which is activated by innate immune signaling complexes called inflammasomes. Inflammasomes trigger caspase-dependent activation of the pore-forming protein, gasdermin D, and plasma membrane disruption. In this protocol, we describe a method to simultaneously detect two hallmarks of inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis. Using a fluorescently tagged inflammasome adaptor protein (ASC-Citrine) and membrane-impermeable nuclear dyes, we can track inflammasome formation and plasma membrane disruption over time in the same cell population.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Piroptose , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077357

RESUMO

Caffeine elicits protective effects against liver diseases, such as NASH; however, its mechanism of action involving the pyrin domain-containing-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome signaling pathway remains to be elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of caffeine on the NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in a rat model of NASH. NASH was induced by feeding rats a high-fat, -sucrose, and -cholesterol diet (HFSCD) for 15 weeks along with a weekly low dose (400 mg/kg, i.p.) of CCl4. Caffeine was administered at 50 mg/kg p.o. The effects of HFSCD+CCl4 and caffeine on the liver were evaluated using biochemical, ultrastructural, histological, and molecular biological approaches. The HFSCD+CCl4-treated rats showed fat accumulation in the liver, elevated levels of inflammatory mediators, NLRP3 inflammasome activation, antioxidant dysregulation, and liver fibrosis. Caffeine reduced necrosis, cholestasis, oxidative stress, and fibrosis. Caffeine exhibited anti-inflammatory effects by attenuating NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Moreover, caffeine prevented increases in toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) protein levels and mitigated the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Importantly, caffeine prevented the activation of hepatic stellate cells. This study is the first to report that caffeine ameliorates NASH by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation through the suppression of the TLR4/MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Cafeína/farmacologia , Cafeína/uso terapêutico , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077522

RESUMO

Mangiferin (MF), a xanthone that extensively exists in many herbal medicines, processes significant activities of anti-inflammation and immunomodulation. The potential regulatory effect and mechanism of mangiferin on cell pyroptosis remain unclear. In this study, mouse bone-marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were stimulated with 1 µg/mL LPS to induce cell pyroptosis and were treated with 10, 50, or 100 µg/mL MF for regulating pyroptosis. The cell supernatants TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-18 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); gene expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-18, Caspase-1, Caspase-11, and gasdermin D (GSDMD) was tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and protein expression levels of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-recruitment domain (ASC), nod-like receptor protein-3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, caspase-11, GSDMD, and NF-κB were detected by Western blot. The results showed that MF significantly inhibited the secretion and gene expression of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, and IL-18 that were elevated by LPS. Moreover, MF significantly suppressed the gene expression of Caspase-1, Caspase-11, and GSDMD, and decreased the protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, caspase-11, full-length GSDMD (GSDMD-FL), GSDMD N-terminal (GSDMD-N), and NF-κB. In conclusion, mangiferin has a multi-target regulating effect on inflammation and pyroptosis by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway, suppressing inflammatory caspase-mediated pyroptosis cascades, and reducing GSDMD cleavage in LPS-induced BMDMs.


Assuntos
Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Xantonas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspases , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-18 , Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas NLR , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Xantonas/farmacologia
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077562

RESUMO

Antibacterial delivery emulsions are potential materials for treating bacterial infections. Few studies have focused on the role and mechanism of emulsions in inflammation relief. Therefore, based on our previous analysis, in which the novel and natural Pickering emulsions stabilized by antimicrobial peptide nanoparticles were prepared, the regulation effect of emulsion on inflammasome was explored in silico, in vitro and in vivo. Firstly, the interactions between inflammasome components and parasin I or Pickering emulsion were predicted by molecular docking. Then, the inflammasome stimulation by different doses of the emulsion was tested in RAW 264.7 and THP-1 cells. Finally, in Kunming mice with peritonitis, NLRP3 and IL-1ß expression in the peritoneum were evaluated. The results showed that the Pickering emulsion could combine with ALK, casp-1, NEK7, or NLRP3 to affect the assembly of the NLRP3 and further relieve inflammation. LPNE showed a dose-dependent inhibition effect on the release of IL-1ß and casp-1. With the concentration of parasin I increased from 1.5 mg/mL to 3 mg/mL, the LDH activity decreased in the chitosan peptide-embedded nanoparticles emulsion (CPENE) and lipid/peptide nanoparticles emulsion (LPNE) groups. However, from 1.5 to 6 mg/mL, LPNE had a dose-dependent effect on the release of casp-1. The CPENE and parasin I-conjugated chitosan nanoparticles emulsion (PCNE) may decrease the release of potassium and chloride ions. Therefore, it can be concluded that the LPNE may inhibit the activation of the inflammasome by decreasing LDH activity, potassium and chloride ions through binding with compositions of NLRP3.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Animais , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Cloretos , Emulsões/química , Emulsões/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Nanopartículas/química , Potássio
17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 153: 113535, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076517

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) exhibit beneficial anti-inflammatory effects against Parkinson's disease (PD) via immunomodulatory actions. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential neuroprotective effects of MSCs and the possible mechanisms involved by infusing human umbilical cord MSCs (hMSCs) in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated mature male C57BL/6 mice. Subsequently, the striatal content of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons and activated microglia, circulating inflammatory cytokines, gene expression of cytokines, and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome molecules were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescent staining, and real-time polymerase chain reaction assays, respectively. Infused hMSCs markedly ameliorated the reduction in striatal DA and loss of TH-positive neurons in the substantia nigra of PD mice. The MPTP-induced activation of microglia and increase in tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß mRNA expression in the striatum were also attenuated by hMSCs. Furthermore, hMSCs completely reversed the elevated pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in the serum and mRNA expression of cytokines in the peripheral organs of PD mice. Moreover, hMSCs significantly inhibited the expression of caspase-1 and NLRP3 of the NLRP3 inflammasome in both the central and peripheral organs at mRNA level. These data suggest that hMSCs protect dopaminergic neurons in PD mice by suppressing both the central and peripheral inflammatory responses, probably by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome. However, the animals in our study only received several MSC infusions, and the effects of infused MSCs over extended periods on the NLRP3 inflammasome need to be investigated in future studies.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Doença de Parkinson , 1-Metil-4-Fenil-1,2,3,6-Tetra-Hidropiridina/metabolismo , 1-Metil-4-Fenil-1,2,3,6-Tetra-Hidropiridina/farmacologia , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dopamina/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas NLR/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Cordão Umbilical/metabolismo
18.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 2329904, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061354

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease. Intestinal mucosal injury is a significant factor in UC. Pyroptosis is a kind of programmed cell death induced by inflammatory caspases. Proteasome 20S subunit beta 5 (PSMB5) promotes cell viability. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of PSMB5 on intestinal mucosal injury and to elucidate the underlying processes in dextran sulfate sodium- (DSS-) induced UC mice. Kunming (KM) mice received 3% DSS for 5 days to induce UC. We collected clinical symptoms, body weight, colon length, and histological changes. MDA (malondialdehyde) and SOD (superoxide dismutase) levels were determined using an ELISA assay. RT-PCR was used to assess the expression of IL-1ß and IL-18. PSMB5 demonstrated a significant effect against UC by increasing body weight and colon length and decreasing DAI (disease activity index), colon macroscopic damage index (CMDI), histological injury scores, and reactive oxygen species (ROS), MDA, and SOD levels, thereby alleviating histopathological changes and inhibiting oxidative stress. HIEC-6 cells were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) condition with or without PSMB5, along with caspase-1 inhibitor (Z-VAD-FMK), NLRP3 inhibitor (MCC950), and ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC). The viability of the cells, the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and intracellular ROS generation were determined using assay kits. Western blot analysis was used to determine the levels of NLRP3, ASC, cleaved caspase-1 (p20), pro-IL-1ß, IL-1ß, pro-IL-18, and IL-18. PSMB5 overexpression enhanced the inflammatory damage in LPS-treated HIEC-6 cells by activating the NLRP3 inflammasome and mediating pyroptosis, as demonstrated by increased LDH release and lower cell viability, as well as increased expression of NLRP3, ASC, cleaved caspase-1 (p20), IL-1, and IL-18. Meanwhile, NAC protected HIEC-6 cells from LPS-induced damage by reversing the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis. In conclusion, PSMB5 may lower HIEC-6 cell susceptibility to LPS and ameliorate UC-induced HIEC-6 cell damage by decreasing ROS generation and hence inhibiting NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Inflamassomos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Animais , Peso Corporal , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspase 1/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/farmacologia , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase
19.
J Toxicol Sci ; 47(9): 349-357, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047109

RESUMO

Evidence has shown that suppression of the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome could ameliorate surgery/sevoflurane (SEV)-induced post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. UAF1 acts as a binding partner of USP1, which inhibits the ubiquitination-mediated degradation of NLRP3, indicating that UAF1 may be implicated in POCD through regulating the NLRP3 inflammasome. Here, we studied the role of UAF1/NLRP3 in SEV-induced cognitive impairment and neurotoxicity in rats. Neonatal rats were randomly divided into control, SEV, SEV+AAV-shNC and SEV+AAV-shUAF1 (UAF1-downregulated) groups. Morris water maze (MWM) test was applied to assess cognitive impairment. TUNEL staining, qRT-PCR and ELISA were used to assess the apoptosis and inflammation markers, respectively. The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were quantified to determine oxidative stress. The results showed that SEV treatment led to significant cognitive impairment, increased apoptosis in hippocampal tissues, upregulation of MDA and inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-18), as well as a decrease in SOD and CAT levels. All of the above observations were reversed by UAF1 downregulation. Furthermore, depletion of UAF1 neutralized SEV-mediated increase in p-NLRP3, p-IκBα and p-p65 levels. Altogether, the current study demonstrated that knockdown of UAF1 could alleviate SEV-induced cognitive impairment and neurotoxicity in rats by inhibiting pro-inflammatory signaling and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Inflamassomos/genética , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Ratos , Sevoflurano/toxicidade , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
20.
Mol Med ; 28(1): 103, 2022 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is still a critical problem in clinical practice, with a heavy burden for national health system around the world. It is notable that sepsis is the predominant cause of AKI for patients in the intensive care unit and the mortality remains considerably high. The treatment for AKI relies on supportive therapies and almost no specific treatment is currently available. Spermidine is a naturally occurring polyamine with pleiotropic effects. However, the renoprotective effect of spermidine and the underlying mechanism remain elusive. METHODS: We employed mice sepsis-induced AKI model and explored the potential renoprotective effect of spermidine in vivo with different administration time and routes. Macrophage depleting was utilized to probe the role of macrophage. In vitro experiments were conducted to examine the effect of spermidine on macrophage cytokine secretion, NLRP3 inflammasome activation and mitochondrial respiration. RESULTS: We confirmed that spermidine improves AKI with different administration time and routes and that macrophages serves as an essential mediator in this protective effect. Meanwhile, spermidine downregulates NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation and IL-1 beta production in macrophages directly. Mechanically, spermidine enhances mitochondrial respiration capacity and maintains mitochondria function which contribute to the NLRP3 inhibition. Importantly, we showed that eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) hypusination plays an important role in regulating macrophage bioactivity. CONCLUSIONS: Spermidine administration practically protects against sepsis-induced AKI in mice and macrophages serve as an essential mediator in this protective effect. Our study identifies spermidine as a promising pharmacologic approach to prevent AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Sepse , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas NLR/metabolismo , Fatores de Iniciação de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fatores de Iniciação de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Fatores de Iniciação de Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Respiração , Sepse/metabolismo , Espermidina/metabolismo , Espermidina/farmacologia , Espermidina/uso terapêutico
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