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1.
Noise Health ; 26(120): 44-50, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the association between the auditory handicap found in the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly-Screening Version (HHIE-S) questionnaire and hearing loss and the plasma levels of inflammatory biomarkers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 76 participants, 67 (88%) females and 9 (12%) males, with a mean age of 70 years. Tonal threshold audiometry and self-assessment with HHIE-S questionnaire were performed to measure the plasma levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10; tumor necrosis factor alpha; and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) flow cytometry method. For all data analyzed, the significance level adopted was P < 0.05 and 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: An inverse correlation was observed between the increase in plasma levels of IFN-γ and normal auditory handicap (P = 0.015; rs = -0.280). The severe handicap group showed an increase in the averages I (P = 0.005; rs = 0.350) and II (P = 0.016; rs = 0.368) in the right ear and the light/moderate handicap group increased the means I (P = 0.027; rs = 0.350) and II (P = 0.046; rs = 0.310) of the left ear. A statistically significant association was found between the speech recognition threshold (SRT) test results of the right ear and the severe handicap group (P = 0.002; rs = 0.271). CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between the increase in plasma levels of IFN-γ and normal auditory handicap. Additionally, statistically significant associations were observed between the mild/moderate and severe handicap groups with the increase in hearing means and an increase in SRT associated with the severe handicap group.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva , Interferon gama , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Audiometria de Tons Puros , Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sensação
2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1334772, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571956

RESUMO

Background: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) ranks among the most prevalent thyroid diseases, with inflammatory cytokines playing a decisive role in its pathophysiological process. However, the causal relationship between the inflammatory cytokines and AITD remains elusive. Methods: A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was performed to elucidate the causal connection between AITD and 41 inflammatory cytokines. Genetic variations associated with inflammatory cytokines were sourced from the FinnGen biobank, whereas a comprehensive meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) yielded data on Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto thyroiditis. Regarding the MR analysis, the inverse variance-weighted, MR-Egger, and weighted median methods were utilized. Additionally, sensitivity analysis was conducted using MR-Egger regression, MR-pleiotropy residual sum, and outliers. Results: Seven causal associations were identified between inflammatory cytokines and AITD. High levels of tumor necrosis factor-ß and low levels of stem cell growth factor-ß were indicative of a higher risk of GD. In contrast, high levels of interleukin-12p70 (IL-12p70), IL-13, and interferon-γ and low levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and TNF-α suggested a higher risk of HD. Moreover, 14 causal associations were detected between AITD and inflammatory cytokines. GD increases the levels of macrophage inflammatory protein-1ß, MCP-1, monokine induced by interferon-γ (MIG), interferon γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10), stromal cell-derived factor-1α, platelet-derived growth factor BB, ß-nerve growth factor, IL-2ra, IL-4, and IL-17 in blood, whereas HD increases the levels of MIG, IL-2ra, IP-10, and IL-16 levels. Conclusion: Our bidirectional MR analysis revealed a causal relationship between inflammatory cytokines and AITD. These findings offer valuable insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying AITD.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Doença de Hashimoto , Humanos , Interferon gama , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Doença de Hashimoto/genética , Quimiocina CXCL10 , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8046, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580748

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a common chronic disease and major cause of disability and chronic pain in ageing populations. In this pathology, the entire joint is involved, and the regeneration of articular cartilage still remains one of the main challenges. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying cartilage regeneration in young mice using a full-thickness cartilage injury (FTCI) model. FTCI-induced cartilage defects were created in the femoral trochlea of young and adult C57BL/6 mice. To identify key molecules and pathways involved in the early response to cartilage injury, we performed RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis of cartilage RNA at 3 days after injury. Young mice showed superior cartilage regeneration compared to adult mice after cartilage injury. RNA-seq analysis revealed significant upregulation of genes associated with the immune response, particularly in the IFN-γ signaling pathway and qRT-PCR analysis showed macrophage polarization in the early phase of cartilage regeneration (3 days) in young mice after injury, which might promote the removal of damaged or necrotic cells and initiate cartilage regeneration in response to injury. IFN-γR1- and IFN-γ-deficient mice exhibited impaired cartilage regeneration following cartilage injury. DMM-induced and spontaneous OA phenotypes were exacerbated in IFN-γR1-/- mice than in wild-type mice. Our data support the hypothesis that IFN-γ signaling is necessary for cartilage regeneration, as well as for the amelioration of post-traumatic and age-induced OA.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Camundongos , Animais , Interferon gama/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Regeneração , Transdução de Sinais , Modelos Animais de Doenças
4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(15): e2316447121, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557174

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cell immunotherapy has gained attention as a promising strategy for treatment of various malignancies. In this study, we used a genome-wide CRISPR screen to identify genes that provide protection or susceptibility to NK cell cytotoxicity. The screen confirmed the role of several genes in NK cell regulation, such as genes involved in interferon-γ signaling and antigen presentation, as well as genes encoding the NK cell receptor ligands B7-H6 and CD58. Notably, the gene TMEM30A, encoding CDC50A-beta-subunit of the flippase shuttling phospholipids in the plasma membrane, emerged as crucial for NK cell killing. Accordingly, a broad range of TMEM30A knock-out (KO) leukemia and lymphoma cells displayed increased surface levels of phosphatidylserine (PtdSer). TMEM30A KO cells triggered less NK cell degranulation, cytokine production and displayed lower susceptibility to NK cell cytotoxicity. Blockade of PtdSer or the inhibitory receptor TIM-3, restored the NK cell ability to eliminate TMEM30A-mutated cells. The key role of the TIM-3 - PtdSer interaction for NK cell regulation was further substantiated by disruption of the receptor gene in primary NK cells, which significantly reduced the impact of elevated PtdSer in TMEM30A KO leukemic cells. Our study underscores the potential significance of agents targeting the interaction between PtdSer and TIM-3 in the realm of cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A , Células Matadoras Naturais , Receptores de Células Matadoras Naturais , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo
5.
Med Oncol ; 41(5): 110, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592576

RESUMO

Suppression of the cGAS-STING pathway is an immune escape mechanism in cancer cells. The critical role of this pathway in gastric cancer (GC) is not fully understood. Herein, we evaluated the effect of the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), STING agonist, PD-1 immune checkpoint blockade, and their combination on the cGAS-STING pathway in GC. Expression of cGAS and STING in tumor tissue samples and adjacent normal tissue (ANT) biopsies of fifty new GC patients was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Moreover, cGAS and STING expression levels were examined in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) samples of forty GC patients and twenty-five healthy subjects. The apoptosis rate of cancer cells was analyzed by Annexin V-FITC/PI. Cell proliferation was measured by the BrdU assay. Also, IFN-ß levels were evaluated in the supernatants of the treated groups. The cGAS expression was decreased in patients with distant metastasis. Co-cultures treated with IFN-gamma showed an elevated level of cGAS and STING expressions in PBMC and cancer cells. The rate of apoptosis increased in all the treatment groups. In addition, the rate of proliferation in PBMCs increased in different treated groups. The main role of PBMCs in cytotoxicity was determined by a comparative analysis of the viability of cells treated with all treatments, both with and without PBMCs. The production of IFN-ß was elevated in all treated groups. The current study suggests that a combination therapy using IFN-gamma, STING agonist, and anti-PD-1 antibody can provide a promising approach to the treatment of GC.


Assuntos
Interferon gama , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia , Nucleotidiltransferases
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8196, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589444

RESUMO

In atherosclerotic lesions, monocyte-derived macrophages are major source of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), a pleotropic cytokine known to regulate the expression of numerous genes, including the antiviral gene RSAD2. While RSAD2 was reported to be expressed in endothelial cells of human carotid lesions, its significance for the development of atherosclerosis remains utterly unknown. Here, we harnessed publicly available human carotid atherosclerotic data to explore RSAD2 in lesions and employed siRNA-mediated gene-knockdown to investigate its function in IFN-γ-stimulated human aortic smooth muscle cells (hAoSMCs). Silencing RSAD2 in IFN-γ-stimulated hAoSMCs resulted in reduced expression and secretion of key CXCR3-chemokines, CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11. Conditioned medium from RSAD2-deficient hAoSMCs exhibited diminished monocyte attraction in vitro compared to conditioned medium from control cells. Furthermore, RSAD2 transcript was elevated in carotid lesions where it was expressed by several different cell types, including endothelial cells, macrophages and smooth muscle cells. Interestingly, RSAD2 displayed significant correlations with CXCL10 (r = 0.45, p = 0.010) and CXCL11 (r = 0.53, p = 0.002) in human carotid lesions. Combining our findings, we uncover a novel role for RSAD2 in hAoSMCs, which could potentially contribute to monocyte recruitment in the context of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Placa Aterosclerótica/genética , Interferons , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Quimiocinas/genética , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL11/genética , Quimiocina CXCL11/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL9/metabolismo , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/genética , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL10/genética , Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR3/genética , Receptores CXCR3/metabolismo , Proteína Viperina
7.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1332588, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38524121

RESUMO

Naïve CD8+ T cells need to undergo a complex and coordinated differentiation program to gain the capacity to control virus infections. This not only involves the acquisition of effector functions, but also regulates the development of a subset of effector CD8+ T cells into long-lived and protective memory cells. Microbiota-derived metabolites have recently gained interest for their influence on T cells, but much remains unclear about their role in CD8+ T cell differentiation. In this study, we investigated the role of the G protein-coupled receptors (GPR)41 and GPR43 that can bind microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in CD8+ T cell priming following epicutaneous herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection. We found that HSV-specific CD8+ T cells in GPR41/43-deficient mice were impaired in the antigen-elicited production of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), granzyme B and perforin, and failed to differentiate effectively into memory precursors. The defect in controlling HSV-1 at the site of infection could be restored when GPR41 and GPR43 were expressed exclusively by HSV-specific CD8+ T cells. Our findings therefore highlight roles for GPR41 and GPR43 in CD8+ T cell differentiation, emphasising the importance of metabolite sensing in fine-tuning anti-viral CD8+ T cell priming.


Assuntos
Herpes Simples , Herpesvirus Humano 1 , Animais , Camundongos , Herpesvirus Humano 1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Herpes Simples/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Interferon gama/metabolismo
8.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167121, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that predominantly affects exocrine glands. Previous studies have demonstrated that upregulated interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in SS triggers ferroptosis in salivary gland epithelial cells (SGECs), resulting in impaired salivary gland secretion. However, the immune cells responsible for secreting IFN-γ remain unclear. Therefore, this study conducted bioinformatics analysis and molecular validation to identify the origin of IFN-γ in SS salivary gland. METHODS: The 'limma' package in R software was utilized to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the human SS dataset. Subsequently, the identified DEGs were compared with the ferroptosis database and screened through Cytoscape to determine candidate genes. The cellular localization and expression patterns of candidate genes were further confirmed in the salivary gland single-cell RNA sequence (scRNA-seq) data set from healthy control and SS mice. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo studies were performed to analyze the effect of CD4 T-secreted IFN-γ on SGECs' ferroptosis and functions. RESULTS: Upregulated TLR4, IFNG, and IL33 were screened as candidates ferroptosis ferroptosis-inducing genes in SS salivary glands. The association of IFNG and IL33 with CD4 T cells was established through immune infiltration analysis. The expression of IFN-γ on CD4 T cells was robustly higher compared with that of IL33 as evidenced by scRNA-seq and immunofluorescence co-localization. Subsequent experiments conducted on candidate genes consistently demonstrated the potent ability of IFN-γ to induce SGECs' ferroptosis and inhibit AQP5 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that CD4 T cell-secreted IFN-γ in SS induces SGECs' ferroptosis and inhibits AQP5 expression.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Glândulas Salivares , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo
9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 148: 109480, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452958

RESUMO

Stimulator of interferon gene (STING) plays a crucial role in the innate immune response against viral and bacterial pathogens. However, its function in largemouth bass iridovirus (LMBV) infection remains uncertain. Here, a STING homolog (MsSTING) from largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) was cloned and characterized. MsSTING encoded a 407-amino-acid polypeptide, which shared 84.08% and 41.45% identity with golden perch (Perca flavescens) and human (Homo sapiens) homologs, respectively. MsSTING contained four transmembrane domains and a conserved C-terminal domain. The mRNA level of MsSTING was significantly increased in response to LMBV infection in vitro. Subcellular localization observation indicated that MsSTING encoded a cytoplasmic protein, which co-localized predominantly with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and partially with mitochondria. Moreover, its accurate localization was dependent on the N-terminal transmembrane motif (TM) domains. MsSTING was able to activate interferon (IFN) response, evidenced by the activation of IFN1, IFN3 and ISRE promoters by its overexpression in vitro. Mutant analysis showed that both the N-terminal and C-terminal domain of MsSTING were essential for its activation on IFN response. In addition, overexpression of MsSTING inhibited the transcription and protein levels of viral core genes, indicating that MsSTING exerted antiviral action against LMBV. Consistently, the inhibitory effects were significantly attenuated when the N-terminal or C-terminal domains of MsSTING was deleted. Furthermore, MsSTING overexpression upregulated the transcriptions of interferon-related genes and pro-inflammatory factors, including TANK-binding kinase 1(TBK1), interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), interferon stimulated exonuclease gene 20 (ISG20), interferon-induced transmembrane protein 1(IFITM1), interferon γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). Together, MsSTING exerted antiviral action upon LMBV infection through positive regulation the innate immune response.


Assuntos
Bass , Infecções por Vírus de DNA , Doenças dos Peixes , Iridovirus , Ranavirus , Humanos , Animais , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Imunidade Inata/genética , Interferon gama , Antivirais , Ranavirus/fisiologia
10.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 395, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although immune cell therapy has long been used for treating solid cancer, its efficacy remains limited. Interferon (IFN)-producing killer dendritic cells (IKDCs) exhibit cytotoxicity and present antigens to relevant cells; thus, they can selectively induce tumor-associated antigen (TAA)-specific CD8 T cells and may be useful in cancer treatment. Various protocols have been used to amplify human IKDCs from peripheral sources, but the complexity of the process has prevented their widespread clinical application. Additionally, the induction of TAA-specific CD8 T cells through the adoptive transfer of IKDCs to immunocompromised patients with cancer may be insufficient. Therefore, we developed a method for generating an immune cell-based regimen, Phyduxon-T, comprising a human IKDC counterpart (Phyduxon) and expanded TAA-specific CD8 T cells. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from ovarian cancer patients were cultured with human interleukin (hIL)-15, hIL-12, and hIL-18 to generate Phyduxon-T. Then, its phenotype, cytotoxicity, and antigen-presenting function were evaluated through flow cytometry using specific monoclonal antibodies. RESULTS: Phyduxon exhibited the characteristics of both natural killer and dendritic cells. This regimen also exhibited cytotoxicity against primary ovarian cancer cells and presented TAAs, thereby inducing TAA-specific CD8 T cells, as evidenced by the expression of 4-1BB and IFN-γ. Notably, the Phyduxon-T manufacturing protocol effectively expanded IFN-γ-producing 4-1BB+ TAA-specific CD8 T cells from peripheral sources; these cells exhibited cytotoxic activities against ovarian cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Phyduxon-T, which is a combination of natural killer cells, dendritic cells, and TAA-specific CD8 T cells, may enhance the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos , Feminino , Humanos , Interferons/metabolismo , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas
11.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1362775, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487528

RESUMO

Background: The benefits of recombinant interleukin-12 (rIL-12) as a multifunctional cytokine and potential immunotherapy for cancer have been sought for decades based on its efficacy in multiple mouse models. Unexpected toxicity in the first phase 2 study required careful attention to revised dosing strategies. Despite some signs of efficacy since then, most rIL-12 clinical trials have encountered hurdles such as short terminal elimination half-life (T½), limited tumor microenvironment targeting, and substantial systemic toxicity. We developed a strategy to extend the rIL-12 T½ that depends on binding albumin in vivo to target tumor tissue, using single-chain rIL-12 linked to a fully human albumin binding (FHAB) domain (SON-1010). After initiating a dose-escalation trial in patients with cancer (SB101), a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-ascending dose (SAD) phase 1 trial in healthy volunteers (SB102) was conducted. Methods: SB102 (NCT05408572) focused on safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic (PD) endpoints. SON-1010 at 50-300 ng/kg or placebo administered subcutaneously on day 1 was studied at a ratio of 6:2, starting with two sentinels; participants were followed through day 29. Safety was reviewed after day 22, before enrolling the next cohort. A non-compartmental analysis of PK was performed and correlations with the PD results were explored, along with a comparison of the SON-1010 PK profile in SB101. Results: Participants receiving SON-1010 at 100 ng/kg or higher tolerated the injection but generally experienced more treatment-emergent adverse effects (TEAEs) than those receiving the lowest dose. All TEAEs were transient and no other dose relationship was noted. As expected with rIL-12, initial decreases in neutrophils and lymphocytes returned to baseline by days 9-11. PK analysis showed two-compartment elimination in SB102 with mean T½ of 104 h, compared with one-compartment elimination in SB101, which correlated with prolonged but controlled and dose-related increases in interferon-gamma (IFNγ). There was no evidence of cytokine release syndrome based on minimal participant symptoms and responses observed with other cytokines. Conclusion: SON-1010, a novel presentation for rIL-12, was safe and well-tolerated in healthy volunteers up to 300 ng/kg. Its extended half-life leads to a prolonged but controlled IFNγ response, which may be important for tumor control in patients. Clinical trial registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/study/NCT05408572, identifier NCT05408572.


Assuntos
Interleucina-12 , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Citocinas , Voluntários Saudáveis , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon gama , Interleucina-2 , Proteínas Recombinantes , Albuminas/efeitos adversos , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2484, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509096

RESUMO

Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are common and aggressive malignancies. Immune check point blockade (ICB) therapy using PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies has been approved in several types of advanced SCCs. However, low response rate and treatment resistance are common. Improving the efficacy of ICB therapy requires better understanding of the mechanism of immune evasion. Here, we identify that the SCC-master transcription factor TP63 suppresses interferon-γ (IFNγ) signaling. TP63 inhibition leads to increased CD8+ T cell infiltration and heighten tumor killing in in vivo syngeneic mouse model and ex vivo co-culture system, respectively. Moreover, expression of TP63 is negatively correlated with CD8+ T cell infiltration and activation in patients with SCC. Silencing of TP63 enhances the anti-tumor efficacy of PD-1 blockade by promoting CD8+ T cell infiltration and functionality. Mechanistically, TP63 and STAT1 mutually suppress each other to regulate the IFNγ signaling by co-occupying and co-regulating their own promoters and enhancers. Together, our findings elucidate a tumor-extrinsic function of TP63 in promoting immune evasion of SCC cells. Over-expression of TP63 may serve as a biomarker predicting the outcome of SCC patients treated with ICB therapy, and targeting TP63/STAT/IFNγ axis may enhance the efficacy of ICB therapy for this deadly cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Interferon gama , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Imunidade , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 326: 117984, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428661

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The efficacy of the herbal formula Yiqi Yangyin Jiedu (YQYYJD) in the treatment of advanced lung cancer has been reported in clinical trials. However, the key anti-lung cancer herbs and molecular mechanisms underlying its inhibition of lung cancer are not well-understood. AIM OF THE STUDY: To identify the key anti-lung cancer herbs in the YQYYJD formula and investigate their therapeutic effect and potential mechanism of action in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using transcriptomics and bioinformatics techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mouse Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) subcutaneous inhibitory tumor model was established with 6 mice in each group. Mice were treated with the YQYYJD split formula: Yiqi Formula (YQ), Yangyin Formula (YY), and Ruanjian Jiedu Formula (RJJD) for 14 days. The tumor volume and mouse weight were recorded, and the status of tumor occurrence was further observed by taking photos. The tumor was stained with hematoxylin-eosin to observe its histopathological changes. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of the proliferation marker Ki67 and the apoptotic marker Caspase-3 in tumor tissues. Flow cytometry was used to detect the number of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and cytokines interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in the spleen and tumor tissues. The differential genes of key drugs against tumors were obtained by transcriptome sequencing of tumors. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed on differential genes to obtain pathways and biological processes where targets were aggregated. TIMER2.0 and TISIDB databases were used to evaluate the impact of drugs on immune cell infiltration and immune-related genes. The binding activity of the key targets and compounds was verified by molecular docking. RESULTS: YQ, YY, and RJJD inhibited the growth of subcutaneous transplanted tumors in LLC mice to varying degrees and achieved antitumor effects by inhibiting the expression of tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis-related proteins. Among the three disassembled prescriptions, YQ better inhibited the growth of subcutaneous transplanted tumors in LLC mice, significantly promoted tumor necrosis, significantly increased the expression of Caspase-3 protein in tumor tissue, and significantly decreased the expression of Ki-67 (P < 0.05), thereby increasing the infiltration of CD8+ T cells. YQ significantly increased the expression of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in tumor and splenic tissues of tumor-bearing mice and up-regulated the expression of IL-2 and IFN-γ. Transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics results showed that after YQ intervention, differentially expressed genes were enriched in more than one tumor-related pathway and multiple immune regulation-related biological functions. There were 12 key immune-related target genes. CONCLUSION: YQ was the key disassembled prescription of YQYYJD, exerting significant antitumor effects and immune regulation effects on NSCLC. It may have relieved T cell exhaustion and regulated the immune microenvironment to exert antitumor effects by changing lung cancer-related targets, pathways, and biological processes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Camundongos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Interleucina-2/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/genética , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
J Immunol Res ; 2024: 9069870, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455364

RESUMO

Background: Observational studies have suggested an association between inflammatory cytokines and Parkinson's disease (PD). This Mendelian randomization (MR) was conducted to further assess the causal correlations between inflammatory cytokines and PD. Methods: Genetic instruments associated with inflammatory cytokines were extracted from a large summary genome-wide association studies (GWAS) involving 8,293 European participants. Summary-level statistics for PD were obtained from a large-sample GWAS containing 17 studies that involved European participants. Causalities of exposures and outcomes were explored mainly using inverse variance weighted (IVW) method. Results: The IVW method indicated that basic fibroblast growth factor (FGFBasic), interleukin-2 (IL-2), and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) may be suggestively associated with the risk of PD (OR: 0.71, 95%CI: 0.52-0.96, P = 0.027; OR: 1.18, 95%CI: 1.01-1.38, P = 0.041; and OR: 1.23, 95%CI: 1.04-1.46, P = 0.018). In the reverse direction, monokine induced by interferon gamma (MIG), beta nerve growth factor (bNGF), interleukin-17 (IL-17), and interferon gamma (IFNg) are suggested to be the consequences of PD. Conclusion: Our MR analysis indicated that suggestive associations between circulating levels of FGFBasic, IL-2, and MIF and PD risk. In addition, MIG, bNGF, IL-17, and IFNg are more likely to be involved in the development of downstream PD.


Assuntos
Interleucina-2 , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Interferon gama , Interleucina-17 , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Causalidade
16.
Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm ; 11(3): e200217, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Despite this, there are no routinely used tests to measure cellular response to EBV. In this study, we analyzed the cellular response to EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) in people with MS (pwMS) using a whole blood assay. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place in a dedicated MS clinic in a university hospital. We recruited healthy controls, people with epilepsy (PWE), and pwMS taking a range of disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) including natalizumab, anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), dimethyl fumarate (DMF), and also treatment naïve. Whole blood samples were stimulated with commercially available PepTivator EBNA1 peptides and a control virus-cytomegalovirus (CMV) peptide. We recorded the cellular response to stimulation with both interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). We also compared the cellular responses to EBNA1 with IgG responses to EBNA1, viral capsid antigen (VCA), and EBV viral load. RESULTS: We recruited 86 pwMS, with relapsing remitting MS, in this group, and we observed a higher level of cellular response recorded with IFN-γ (0.79 IU/mL ± 1.36) vs healthy controls (0.29 IU/mL ± 0.90, p = 0.0048) and PWE (0.17 IU/mL ± 0.33, p = 0.0088). Treatment with either anti-CD20 mAbs (0.28 IU/mL ± 0.57) or DMF (0.07 IU/mL ± 0.15) resulted in a cellular response equivalent to control levels or in PWE (p = 0.26). The results of recording IL-2 response were concordant with IFN-γ: with suppression also seen with anti-CD20 mAbs and DMF. By contrast, we did not record any differential effect of DMTs on the levels of IgG to either EBNA-1 or VCA. Nor did we observe differences in cellular response to cytomegalovirus between groups. DISCUSSION: This study demonstrates how testing and recording the cellular response to EBNA-1 in pwMS may be beneficial. EBNA-1 stimulation of whole blood samples produced higher levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 in pwMS compared with controls and PWE. In addition, we show a differential effect of currently available DMTs on this response. The functional assay deployed uses whole blood samples with minimal preprocessing suggesting that employment as a treatment response measure in clinical trials targeting EBV may be possible.


Assuntos
Antígenos Nucleares do Vírus Epstein-Barr , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Esclerose Múltipla , Humanos , Anticorpos Antivirais , Antígenos Virais , Proteínas do Capsídeo , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Antígenos Nucleares do Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Imunidade Celular , Imunoglobulina G , Interferon gama , Interleucina-2 , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerose Múltipla/virologia
17.
J Immunother Cancer ; 12(3)2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ferroptosis plays an important role in enhancing the efficacy of anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) immunotherapy; however, the molecular mechanisms by which tumor ferroptosis sensitizes melanoma and lung cancer to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy have not been elucidated. METHODS: Cytotoxicity assays, colony formation assays, flow cytometry and animal experiments were used to evaluate the effects of mefloquine (Mef) on survival and ferroptosis in melanoma and lung cancer. RNA sequencing, Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR), western blotting, chromatin immunoprecipitation-qPCR and flow cytometry were used to determine the molecular mechanisms by which Mef regulates lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 3 (LPCAT3). The relationship between LPCAT3 and the efficacy of anti-PD-1 immunotherapy was verified via a clinical database and single-cell RNA sequencing (ScRNA-Seq). RESULTS: In this study, we discovered that Mef induces ferroptosis. Furthermore, treatment with Mef in combination with T-cell-derived interferon-γ (IFN-γ) enhanced tumor ferroptosis and sensitized melanoma and lung cancer cells to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. Mechanistically, Mef upregulated the expression of LPCAT3, a key gene involved in lipid peroxidation, by activating IFN-γ-induced STAT1-IRF1 signaling, and knocking down LPCAT3 impaired the induction of ferroptosis by Mef+IFN-γ. Clinically, analysis of the transcriptome and single-cell sequencing results in patients with melanoma showed that LPCAT3 expression was significantly lower in patients with melanoma than in control individuals, and LPCAT3 expression was positively correlated with the efficacy of anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our study demonstrated a novel mechanism by which LPCAT3 is regulated, and demonstrated that Mef is a highly promising new target that can be utilized to enhance the efficacy of anti-PD-1 immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Melanoma , Animais , Humanos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Mefloquina/farmacologia , Mefloquina/uso terapêutico , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Imunoterapia , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo , Fator Regulador 1 de Interferon/genética , 1-Acilglicerofosfocolina O-Aciltransferase/metabolismo , 1-Acilglicerofosfocolina O-Aciltransferase/farmacologia
18.
Cancer Lett ; 588: 216798, 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467181

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) offer new options for the treatment of patients with solid cancers worldwide. The majority of colorectal cancers (CRC) are proficient in mismatch-repair (pMMR) genes, harboring fewer tumor antigens and are insensitive to ICIs. These tumors are often found to be immune-deserted. We hypothesized that forcing immune cell infiltration into the tumor microenvironment followed by immune ignition by PD1 blockade may initiate a positive immune cycle that can boost antitumor immunity. Bioinformatics using a public database suggested that IFNγ was a key indicator of immune status and prognosis in CRC. Intratumoral administration of IFNγ increased immune cells infiltration into the tumor, but induced PD-L1 expression. A combined treatment strategy using IFNγ and anti-PD-1 antibody significantly increased T cell killing of tumor cells in vitro and showed synergistic inhibition of tumor growth in a mouse model of CRC. CyTOF found drastic changes in the immune microenvironment upon combined immunotherapy. Treatment with IFNγ and anti-PD1 antibody in CT26 tumors significantly increased infiltration of polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSCs). IFNγ had a more pronounced effect in decreasing intratumoral M2-like macrophages, while PD1 blockade increased the population of CD8+Ly6C + T cells in the tumor microenvironment, creating a more pro-inflammatory microenvironment. Additionally, PD1 induced increased expression of lymphocyte activating 3 (LAG3) in a significant fraction of CD8+ T cells and Treg cells, indicating potential drug resistance and feedback mechanisms. In conclusion, our work provides preclinical data for the Combined immunotherapy of CRC using intratumoral delivery of IFNγ and systemic anti-PD1 monoclonoal antibody.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Injeções Intralesionais , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Microambiente Tumoral , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6053, 2024 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480774

RESUMO

The bioactivity of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in cancer cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) is not well understood in the current immunotherapy era. We found that IFN-γ has an immunosuppressive effect on colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. The tumor volume in immunocompetent mice was significantly increased after subcutaneous implantation of murine CRC cells followed by IFN-γ stimulation, and RNA sequencing showed high expression of B7 homologous protein 4 (B7H4) in these tumors. B7H4 promotes CRC cell growth by inhibiting the release of granzyme B (GzmB) from CD8+ T cells and accelerating apoptosis in CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), which binds to the B7H4 promoter, is positively associated with IFN-γ stimulation-induced expression of B7H4. The clinical outcome of patients with CRC was negatively related to the high expression of B7H4 in cancer cells or low expression of CD8 in the microenvironment. Therefore, B7H4 is a biomarker of poor prognosis in CRC patients, and interference with the IFN-γ/IRF1/B7H4 axis might be a novel immunotherapeutic method to restore the cytotoxic killing of CRC cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Microambiente Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia
20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 209, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent and debilitating condition, leading to significant challenges to both patients and the governmental healthcare system. Non-pharmacologic interventions have received increasing attention as potential strategies to alleviate chronic low back pain and improve patient outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to comprehensively assess the changes in blood inflammatory biomarkers after non-pharmacologic interventions for CLBP patients, thus trying to understand the complex interactions between non-pharmacologic interventions and inflammatory biomarker changes in CLBP. METHODS: A thorough search (from January 1st, 2002 to October 5th, 2022) of PubMed, Medline (platform Web of Science), and the Cochrane Library (platform Wiley Online Library) were conducted, and inclusion criteria as well as exclusion criteria were refined to selection of the studies. Rigorous assessments of study quality were performed using RoB 2 from Cochrane or an adaptation of the Downs and Black checklist. Data synthesis includes alterations in inflammatory biomarkers after various non-pharmacologic interventions, including exercise, acupressure, neuro-emotional technique, and other modalities. RESULTS: Thirteen primary studies were included in this systematic review, eight randomized controlled trials, one quasi-randomized trial, and four before-after studies. The interventions studied consisted of osteopathic manual treatment (one study), spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) (three studies), exercise (two studies), yoga (two studies) and acupressure (two studies), neuro-emotional technique (one study), mindfulness-based (one study) and balneotherapy study (one study). Four studies reported some changes in the inflammatory biomarkers compared to the control group. Decreased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) after osteopathic manual treatment (OMT), neuro-emotional technique (NET), and yoga. Decreased interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, and c-reactive protein (CRP) after NET, and increased IL-4 after acupressure. Another five studies found changes in inflammatory biomarkers through pre- and post-intervention comparisons, indicating improvement outcomes after intervention. Increased IL-10 after balneotherapy; decreased TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-8, Interferon-gamma, interferon-γ-induced protein 10-γ-induced protein 10 after exercise; decreased IL-6 after exercise and SMT; decreased CRP and chemokine ligand 3 after SMT. CONCLUSION: Results suggest a moderation of inflammatory biomarkers due to different non-pharmacologic interventions for CLBP, generally resulting in decreased pro-inflammatory markers such as TNF-α and IL-6 as well as increased anti-inflammatory markers such as IL-4, thus revealing the inhibition of inflammatory processes by different non-pharmacologic interventions. However, a limited number of high-quality studies evaluating similar interventions and similar biomarkers limits the conclusion of this review.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Humanos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Dor Lombar/terapia , Interleucina-10 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Interleucina-6 , Interferon gama , Interleucina-4 , Biomarcadores , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Dor Crônica/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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