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1.
Front Immunol ; 13: 841254, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35669778

RESUMO

Background: Dysfunction of the immune system would disturb the intestinal homeostasis and lead to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Dendritic cells (DCs) help maintain intestinal homeostasis and immediately respond to pathogens or injuries once the mucosa barriers are destroyed during IBD. G protein-coupled receptors(GPR)174 is an essential regulator of immunity that is widely expressed in most immune cells, including DCs. However, the role of GPR174 in regulating the immune function of DC in colitis has not been investigated. Methods: Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) was administered to establish the mice colitis model. Data of weight, length of colon, disease activity index (DAI), and macroscopic scores were collected. The flow cytometry was used to detect the infiltrations of T cells and DCs, the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD80, CD86, CD40, and major histocompatibility complex-II (MHC-II). And T cells proliferataion was measured by carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE). The expression of cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin -4 (IL-4)) and GPR174 mRNA were measured by Elisa, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and immunofluorescence. RNA of bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) was extracted for sequencing. Adoptive transfer of BMDCs was administrated intravenously. Results: Gpr174 -/- mice exposed to 3% DSS showed significant alleviation characterized by reduced loss of weight, more minor colon damage, and better DAI and macroscopic scores. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6) decreased, while anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) increased compared with WT mice. In vitro, Gpr174-/- BMDCs showed less maturity, with a declined expression of MHC-II, CD80, CD86 and reduced TNF-α, higher IL-10 after LPS stimulation. Gpr174-/- BMDCs were less capable of activating OT-II naïve CD4+ T cells than WT BMDCs and induced more Th0 cells to differentiate into Treg while less into Th1. Furthermore, the transcriptome sequencing analysis exhibited that Gpr174 participated in TNF-α (NF-κB) signaling, leukocyte transendothelial migration, and Th1/Th2 cell differentiation pathways. Adoptive transfer of Gpr174-/- BMDCs to WT mice ameliorated DSS-induced colitis. Conclusion: Our study indicated that GPR174 was involved in the pathogenesis of IBD by regulating the maturation of the dendritic cells to maintain immune homeostasis. TNF-α (NF-κB) signaling pathway, leukocyte transendothelial migration, and Th1/Th2 cell differentiation pathways may be the target pathway.


Assuntos
Colite , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imunidade , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
2.
Front Immunol ; 13: 884663, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720355

RESUMO

Background: The parasitic trematode Fasciola hepatica evades host immune defenses through secretion of various immunomodulatory molecules. Fatty Acid Binding Proteins (fhFABPs) are among the main excreted/secreted proteins and have been shown to display anti-inflammatory properties. However, little is currently known regarding their impact on dendritic cells (DCs) and their subsequent capacity to prime specific CD4+ T cell subsets. Methodology/Principal Findings: The immunomodulatory effects of both native F. hepatica extracts and recombinant fhFABPs were assessed on monocyte-derived human DCs (moDCs) and the underlying mechanism was next investigated using various approaches, including DC-allogenic T cell co-culture and DC phenotyping through transcriptomic, proteomic and FACS analyses. We mainly showed that fhFABP1 induced a tolerogenic-like phenotype in LPS-stimulated moDCs characterized by a dose-dependent increase in the cell-surface tolerogenic marker CD103 and IL-10 secretion, while DC co-stimulatory markers were not affected. A significant decrease in secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-12p70 and IL-6 was also observed. In addition, these effects were associated with an increase in both Th2-on-Th1 ratio and IL-10 secretion by CD4+ T cells following DC-T cell co-culture. RNA sequencing and targeted proteomic analyses identified thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) as a non-canonical factor highly expressed and secreted by fhFABP1-primed moDCs. The effect of fhFABP1 on T cell skewing was abolished when using a TSP-1 blocking antibody during DC-T cell co-culture. Immunomodulation by helminth molecules has been linked to improved metabolic homeostasis during obesity. Although fhFABP1 injection in high-fat diet-fed obese mice induced a potent Th2 immune response in adipose tissue, it did not improved insulin sensitivity or glucose homeostasis. Conclusions/Significance: We show that fhFABP1 modulates T cell polarization, notably by promoting DC TSP-1 secretion in vitro, without affecting metabolic homeostasis in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fasciola hepatica , Animais , Células Dendríticas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Homeostase , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Proteômica , Trombospondina 1/metabolismo
3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 108: 108917, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729842

RESUMO

Kidney disease is a global health problem with high mortality and socioeconomic burden, including acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetic nephropathy (DN),and lupus nephritis (LN). However, IL-10 is an anti-inflammatory factor. During severe infection in kidney disease, maintaining tissue homeostasis by inhibiting excessive inflammatory response, regulating immune suppression, delaying tissue fibrosis, and promoting tissue repair. Therefore, improving the pathogenesis and identifying effective therapeutic targets are significant for treating and diagnosing kidney diseases. Thus, the current review describes the structure and function of the IL-10 family and focuses on crucial role in kidney disease. We further discuss the regulatory mechanisms through which IL-10 is involved in kidney disease progression.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Injúria Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Interleucina-10/uso terapêutico , Rim/patologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia
4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 419, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain and depression often occur simultaneously, but the mechanism of this condition is still unclear. METHODS: The aim of this study was to examine the alterations of monoamine neurotransmitters, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hormones, and inflammation cytokines in hyperalgesia and depression comorbidities. The reserpine-induced "Sprague Dawley" (SD) rat models were used, and the concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), and their metabolic products 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), Homovanillic acid (HVA), 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) in raphe nucleus region were tested by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Serum levels of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH), Cortisol (CORT), and inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-4, IL-10 were assessed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Repeated reserpine injection induced hyperalgesia and depressive behaviors with decreased sucrose preference and horizontal movement distance, and increased immobility time in forced swimming test. The concentrations of 5-HT and NE in raphe nucleus, and ACTH and CORT in serum were elevated in the model group. And the model group showed increases in serum IL-1ß and IL-6, and decrease in serum IL-10. CONCLUSION: More research in these areas is needed to understand the pathogenesis of the disease, so as to find more and better therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Hiperalgesia , Neurotransmissores , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico , Animais , Comorbidade , Depressão/induzido quimicamente , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Hidrocortisona , Hiperalgesia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperalgesia/complicações , Inflamação , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Norepinefrina , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reserpina , Serotonina/metabolismo
5.
Virol J ; 19(1): 106, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MDA-7/IL-24 cytokine has shown potent antitumor properties in various types of cancer without exerting any significant toxicity on healthy cells. It has also been proved to encompass pro-immune Th1 cytokine-like behavior. Several E7 DNA vaccines have developed against human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cervical cancer. However, the restricted immunogenicity has limited their clinical applications individually. To address this deficiency, we investigated whether combining the E7 DNA vaccine with MDA-7/IL-24 as an adjuvant would elicit efficient antitumor responses in tumor-bearing mouse models. Next, we evaluated how suppression of immunosuppressive IL-10 cytokine would enhance the outcome of our candidate adjuvant vaccine. METHODS: For this purpose, tumor-bearing mice received either E7 DNA vaccine, MDA-7/IL-24 cytokine or combination of E7 vaccine with MDA-7/IL-24 adjuvant one week after tumor challenge and boosted two times with one-week interval. IL-10 blockade was performed by injection of anti-IL-10 mAb before each immunization. One week after the last immunization, mice were sacrificed and the treatment efficacy was evaluated through immunological and immunohistochemical analysis. Moreover, the condition of tumors was monitored every two days for six weeks intervals from week 2 on, and the tumor volume was measured and compared within different groups. RESULTS: A highly significant synergistic relationship was observed between the E7 DNA vaccine and the MDA-7/IL-24 cytokine against HPV-16+ cervical cancer models. An increase in proliferation of lymphocytes, cytotoxicity of CD8+ T cells, the level of Th1 cytokines (IFN-γ, TNF-α) and IL-4, the level of apoptotic markers (TRAIL and caspase-9), and a decrease in the level of immunosuppressive IL-10 cytokine, together with the control of tumor growth and the induction of tumor regression, all prove the efficacy of adjuvant E7&IL-24 vaccine when compared to their individual administration. Surprisingly, vaccination with the DNA E7&IL-24 significantly reduced the population of Regulatory T cells (Treg) in the spleen of immunized mice compared to sole administration and control groups. Moreover, IL-10 blockade enhanced the effect of the co-administration by eliciting higher levels of IFN-γ and caspase-9, reducing Il-10 secretion and provoking the regression of tumor size. CONCLUSION: The synergy between the E7 DNA vaccine and MDA-7/IL-24 suggests that DNA vaccines' low immunogenicity can be effectively addressed by coupling them with an immunoregulatory agent. Moreover, IL-10 blockade can be considered a complementary treatment to improve the outcome of conventional or novel cancer therapies.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Vacinas de DNA , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Vacinas Anticâncer/genética , Caspase 9 , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Interleucina-10/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/genética
6.
Anal Cell Pathol (Amst) ; 2022: 3655595, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35757015

RESUMO

Breast cancer is considered refractory to immunotherapy. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for the therapeutic use of new immunostimulatory agents which would enhance antitumor immune response against breast cancer cells. "Derived Multiple Allogeneic Protein Paracrine Signaling (d-MAPPS)" is a biological product whose activity is based on chemokines and cytokines that modulate homing and phenotype of immune cells. d-MAPPS contains high concentration of dendritic cell (DC) and T cell-attracting chemokine CXCL16 and potent T cell-activating cytokine IL-27 which enhance DC:T cell cross-talk in inflamed tissues. Herewith, we used 4T1 murine model of breast cancer to analyze d-MAPPS-dependent enhancement of T cell-driven antitumor immunity. 4T1+d-MAPPS-treated mice showed delayed mammary tumor appearance compared to 4T1+saline-treated animals. d-MAPPS significantly reduced tumor weight and volume and improved survival of 4T1-treated mice. Significantly increased concentration of CXCL16, IL-27, IFN-γ, and IL-17 and decreased concentration of immunosuppressive TGF-ß and IL-10 were measured in serum samples and tumor tissues of 4T1+d-MAPPS-treated mice. d-MAPPS enhanced production of IL-12 and increased expression of MHC class II and costimulatory molecules on tumor-infiltrated DC, significantly improving their antigen-presenting properties. d-MAPPS in CXCL16-dependent manner promoted recruitment of antitumorigenic IFN-γ/IL-17-producing CD4+Th1/Th17 cells and in IL-27-dependent manner induced expansion of tumoricidal CD178+granzyme B-expressing CD8+CTLs and inhibited generation of tolerogenic DC, IL-10, and TGF-ß-producing FoxP3-expressing T regulatory cells. In summing up, d-MAPPS, in CXL16- and IL-27-dependent manner, enhanced T cell-driven antitumor immune response and suppressed breast cancer growth in experimental mice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Interleucina-27 , Animais , Citocinas , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-17 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Comunicação Parácrina , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta
7.
Front Immunol ; 13: 890003, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35757685

RESUMO

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a common opportunistic infection among people living with HIV. Diagnostic tests such as culture, Xpert-MTB-RIF, and ULTRA have low sensitivity in paucibacillary TB disease; a blood biomarker could improve TB diagnostic capabilities. We assessed soluble factors to identify biomarkers associated with TB among persons with advanced HIV. Methods: A case-control (1:1) study was conducted, with participants from Rio de Janeiro and Manaus, Brazil. People living with HIV presenting with CD4 count ≤100 cells/mm3 were eligible to participate. Cases had culture-confirmed TB (N=15) (positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis [Mtb]); controls had HIV-infection only (N=15). Study visits included baseline, month 2 and end of TB therapy, during which samples of peripheral blood were obtained. A panel containing 29 biomarkers including cytokines, chemokines and growth factors was utilized to assess candidate biomarkers using Luminex technology in cryopreserved EDTA plasma samples. We used neural network analysis, based on machine learning, to identify biomarkers (single or in combination) that best distinguished cases from controls. Additional multi-dimensional analyses provided detailed profiling of the systemic inflammatory environment in cases and controls. Results: Median CD4 count and HIV-1 RNA load values were similar between groups at all timepoints. Persons with TB had lower body mass index (BMI) (median=19.6, Interquartile Range [IQR]=18.6-22.3) than controls (23.7; IQR: 21.8 = 25.5, p=0.004). TB coinfection was also associated with increased frequency of other comorbidities. The overall profile of plasma cytokines, chemokines and growth factors were distinct between the study groups at all timepoints. Plasma concentrations of IL-15 and IL-10 were on average lower in TB cases than in controls. When used in combination, such markers were able to discriminate between TB cases and controls with the highest degree of accuracy at each study timepoint. Conclusion: Among persons with advanced HIV, plasma concentrations of IL-15 and IL-10 can be used in combination to identify TB disease regardless of time on anti-TB treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Tuberculose , Biomarcadores , Brasil , Quimiocinas , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-15 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tuberculose/microbiologia
8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 906311, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35757755

RESUMO

Neutrophils are a heterogenous population capable of both antimicrobial functions and suppressor ones, however, no specific pattern of transcription factors controlling this plasticity has been identified. We observed rapid changes in the neutrophil status after stimulation with LPS, pre-activating concentration of TNF-α, or IL-10. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) analysis of histone H3K4me3 allowed us to identify various transcriptional start sites (TSSs) associated with plasticity and heterogeneity of human neutrophils. Gene Ontology analysis demonstrated great variation within target genes responsible for neutrophil activation, cytokine production, apoptosis, histone remodelling as well as NF-κB transcription factor pathways. These data allowed us to assign specific target genes positioned by H3K4me3-marked histone with a different pattern of gene expression related to NF-κB pathways, apoptosis, and a specific profile of cytokines/chemokines/growth factors realised by neutrophils stimulated by LPS, IL-10, or TNF-α. We discovered IL-10-induced apoptotic neutrophils being transcriptionally active cells capable of switching the profile of cytokines/chemokines/growth factors desired in resolving inflammation via non-canonical NF-κB pathway with simultaneous inhibition of canonical NF-κB pathway. As apoptotic/suppressive neutrophils induced by IL-10 via positioning genes within H3K4me3-marked histone were transcriptionally active, newly described DNA binding sites can be considered as potential targets for immunotherapy. Graphical Abstract: H3K4me3 histone ChIP-Seq analysis reveals molecular drivers critical for switching neutrophils from their pro- to anti-inflammatory properties.


Assuntos
Histonas , Neutrófilos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
9.
Front Immunol ; 13: 899413, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35757772

RESUMO

L. johnsonii N6.2 releases nano-sized vesicles (NVs) with distinct protein and lipid contents. We hypothesized that these NVs play a central role in the delivery of bioactive molecules that may act as mechanistic effectors in immune modulation. In this report, we observed that addition of NVs to the human pancreatic cell line ßlox5 reduced cytokine-induced apoptosis. Through RNAseq analyses, increased expression of CYP1A1, CYP1B1, AHRR, and TIPARP genes in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) pathways were found to be significantly induced in presence of NVs. AHR nuclear translocation was confirmed by confocal microscopy. The role of NVs on beta cell function was further evaluated using primary human pancreatic islets. It was found that NVs significantly increased insulin secretion in presence of high glucose concentrations. These increases positively correlated with increased GLUT6 and SREBF1 mRNA and coincided with reduced oxidative stress markers. Furthermore, incubation of NVs with THP-1 macrophages promoted the M2 tolerogenic phenotype through STAT3 activation, expression of AHR-dependent genes and secretion of IL10. Altogether, our findings indicate that bacterial NVs have the potential to modulate glucose homeostasis in the host by directly affecting insulin secretion by islets and through the induction of a tolerogenic immune phenotype.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus johnsonii , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico , Apoptose , Glucose , Humanos , Interleucina-10 , Lactobacillus johnsonii/metabolismo , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo
10.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 437-443, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642152

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of circRNA 0003353 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with dampness heat obstruction syndrome and to examine its effect on inflammatory response of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Methods: The PBMCs and serum samples of 55 RA patients with dampness heat obstruction syndrome and 30 healthy volunteers were collected. The expression of circRNA 0003353 and its correlation with clinical indexes were examined. The circRNA 0003353 overexpression plasmid and siRNA were constructed and transfected into RA-FLS cell line. RT-qPCR was used to determine the expression of circRNA 0003353 mRNA. The expressions of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10 and IL-17 were examined by ELISA. The expressions of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), p-JAK2, signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) and p-STAT3 were exmained by Western blot. CCK-8 assay was used to assess cell viability. Cell migration was assessed with Transwell migration assay. Results: 1) Compared with that of the normal group, the expression of circRNA 003353 in the PBMCs of RA patients with damp heat obstruction syndrome was significantly increased ( P<0.05). 2) Pearson correlation analysis showed that circRNA 0003353 was positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), rheumatoid factor (RF), receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ B ligand (RANKL) and DAS28, and circRNA 0003353 was negatively correlated with IL-10 ( P<0.05). 3) The findings on the association patterns showed that the increase in circRNA 0003353 was significantly correlated with the increase of ESR, IL-17, CRP and immunoglobulin (Ig) G. 4) Logistic regression analysis showed that circRNA 0003353 was a risk factor for RANKL, CRP and ESR. 5) RT-qPCR results showed that the expression of circRNA 003353 mRNA in pcDNA3.1-circRNA 0003353 group was significantly higher than that in pcDNA3.1-NC group ( P<0.05), and that the expression of circRNA 003353 mRNA in si-circRNA 0003353 group was significantly lower than that in si-NC group ( P<0.05). 6) ELISA and Western blot results showed that, compared with those of pcDNA3.1-NC group, the expression of IL-10 in pcDNA3.1-circRNA 0003353 group significantly decreased, the expression of IL-17 increased, and p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratios significantly increased ( P<0.05). Compared with those of si-NC group, the expression of IL-10 in si-circRNA 0003353 group significantly increased, the expression of IL-17 and JAK2 decreased, and p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratios significantly decreased ( P<0.05). 7) The results of CCK-8 and Transwell assays showed that the viability and migration of RA-FLS in pcDNA3.1-circRNA 0003353 group were higher than those in pcDNA3.1-NC group ( P<0.05). Compared with those of si-NC group, the viability and migration ability of RA-FLS in si-circRNA 0003353 group decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion: The expression of circRNA 0003353 is up-regulated in RA patients with damp heat obstruction syndrome, and it is involved in the pathogenesis of RA by activating the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and promoting the inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-17 , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/patologia , RNA Circular , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Sincalida/metabolismo
11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 151: 113131, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643067

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the effects of the quercetin (100 mg/kg), 1% glutamine and 1% α-tocopherol antioxidants in the myocardium of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus. Twenty male rats were subdivided into four groups (n = 5): N (normoglycemic); D (diabetic); NT (normoglycemic treated with antioxidants); and DT (diabetic treated with antioxidants) treated for 60 days. Clinical parameters, oxidative stress markers, inflammatory cytokines, myocardial collagen fibers and immunoexpression of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD-1), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1), interleukin-1ß (IL-1-ß), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß), and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) were evaluated. Results showed reduced body weight, hyperphagia, polydipsia and hyperglycemic state in groups D and DT. The levels of glutathione (GSH) were higher in NT and DT compared to N (p < 0.01) and D (p < 0.001) groups, respectively. Greater GSH levels were found in DT when compared to N animals (p < 0.001). In DT, there was an increase in IL-10 in relation to N, D and NT (p < 0.05), while GPx-1 expression was similar to N and lower compared to D (p < 0.001). TGF-ß expression in DT was greater than N (p < 0.001) group, whereas FGF-2 in DT was higher than in the other groups (p < 0.001). A significant reduction in collagen fibers (type I) was found in DT compared to D (p < 0.05). The associated administration of quercetin, glutamine and α-tocopherol increased the levels of circulating interleukin-10 (IL-10) and GSH, and reduced the number of type I collagen fibers. Combined use of systemic quercetin, glutamine and alpha-tocopherol attenuates myocardial fibrosis in diabetic rats.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Quercetina , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose , Glutamina/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia , alfa-Tocoferol/uso terapêutico
12.
Front Immunol ; 13: 890887, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686128

RESUMO

Background: Relevant aspects regarding the SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis and the systemic immune response to this infection have been reported. However, the mucosal immune response of the upper airways two months after SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with mild/moderate symptoms is still not completely described. Therefore, we investigated the immune/inflammatory responses of the mucosa of the upper airways of mild/moderate symptom COVID-19 patients two months after the SARS-CoV-2 infection in comparison to a control group composed of non-COVID-19 healthy individuals. Methods: A cohort of 80 volunteers (age 37.2 ± 8.2), including non-COVID-19 healthy individuals (n=24) and COVID-19 patients (n=56) who presented mild/moderate symptoms during a COVID-19 outbreak in Brazil in November and December of 2020. Saliva samples were obtained two months after the COVID-19 diagnosis to assess the levels of SIgA by ELISA and the cytokines by multiplex analysis. Results: Salivary levels of SIgA were detected in 39 volunteers into the COVID-19 group and, unexpectedly, in 14 volunteers in the control group. Based on this observation, we distributed the volunteers of the control group into without SIgA or with SIgA sub-groups, and COVID-19 group into without SIgA or with SIgA sub-groups. Individuals with SIgA showed higher levels of IL-10, IL-17A, IFN-γ, IL-12p70, IL-13, and IFN-α than those without SIgA. In intergroup analysis, the COVID-19 groups showed higher salivary levels of IL-10, IL-13, IL-17A, and IFN-α than the control group. No statistical differences were verified in the salivary levels of IL-6 and IFN-ß. Lower IL-12p70/IL-10 and IFN-γ/IL-10 ratios were found in the control group without SIgA than the control group with SIgA and the COVID-19 group with SIgA. Conclusion: We were able to present, for the first time, that associations between distinct immunological profiles can help the mucosal immunity to maintain the salivary levels of SIgA in COVID-19 patients two months after the SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Imunoglobulina A Secretora , Adulto , Teste para COVID-19 , Humanos , Imunidade nas Mucosas , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-13 , Interleucina-17 , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e936134, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Sepsis has emerged as a leading cause of death in the intensive care unit. A growing number of studies have shown that genetic variants, especially single nucleotide polymorphisms, are key determinants of inter-individual variation in sepsis response. Therefore, early prediction of the onset and progression of sepsis, along with early intervention in high-risk patients, should be performed to effectively reduce the morbidity and mortality of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 581 Chinese patients were enrolled in this study, including 271 patients with sepsis and 310 patients without. We measured gene polymorphisms of MBL2 and serum levels of MBL2, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-4, and IL-10 in all patients. The effects of site mutations on the binding of MBL2 to mannose-associated serine protease 1 (MASP1) and MASP2 were also analyzed. RESULTS Of 3 site mutations in the MBL2 gene (rs5030737, rs1800450, and rs1800451), only rs1800450 had a mutant (G/A) genotype. The frequency of the GA genotype and A allele in the sepsis group was higher than that in the non-sepsis group. Furthermore, rs1800450G/A was associated with decreased serum MBL2 and IL-10 levels and decreased MBL2-MASP1 and MBL2-MASP2 interactions. Bioinformatics analysis showed that rs1800450G/A reduced the structural stability of the MBL2 protein and affected its function. CONCLUSIONS MBL2 rs1800450G/A was associated with a higher risk of sepsis, which possibly involved a decreased level of serum MBL2 that broke the balance of inflammation and weakened the binding of MBL2 to MASP1 and MASP2.


Assuntos
Lectina de Ligação a Manose , Sepse , China , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Interleucina-10/genética , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/genética , Serina Proteases Associadas a Proteína de Ligação a Manose/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Sepse/genética
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(11)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682841

RESUMO

Chronic visceral pain can occur in many disorders, the most common of which is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Moreover, depression is a frequent comorbidity of chronic visceral pain. The P2X7 receptor is crucial in inflammatory processes and is closely connected to developing pain and depression. Gallic acid, a phenolic acid that can be extracted from traditional Chinese medicine, has been demonstrated to be anti-inflammatory and anti-depressive. In this study, we investigated whether gallic acid could alleviate comorbid visceral pain and depression by reducing the expression of the P2X7 receptor. To this end, the pain thresholds of rats with comorbid visceral pain and depression were gauged using the abdominal withdraw reflex score, whereas the depression level of each rat was quantified using the sucrose preference test, the forced swimming test, and the open field test. The expressions of the P2X7 receptor in the hippocampus, spinal cord, and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) were assessed by Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR. Furthermore, the distributions of the P2X7 receptor and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the hippocampus and DRG were investigated in immunofluorescent experiments. The expressions of p-ERK1/2 and ERK1/2 were determined using Western blotting. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was utilized to measure the concentrations of IL-1ß, TNF-α, and IL-10 in the serum. Our results demonstrate that gallic acid was able to alleviate both pain and depression in the rats under study. Gallic acid also reduced the expressions of the P2X7 receptor and p-ERK1/2 in the hippocampi, spinal cords, and DRGs of these rats. Moreover, gallic acid treatment decreased the serum concentrations of IL-1ß and TNF-α, while raising IL-10 levels in these rats. Thus, gallic acid may be an effective novel candidate for the treatment of comorbid visceral pain and depression by inhibiting the expressions of the P2X7 receptor in the hippocampus, spinal cord, and DRG.


Assuntos
Dor Visceral , Animais , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Gálico/farmacologia , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Dor Visceral/tratamento farmacológico
15.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0270007, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35749690

RESUMO

Malaria is a major health issue with more than 200 million cases occurring annually. Moreover, in Malaria endemic area are frequently observed Malaria-enteroparasite co-infections associated with the modulation of inflammatory response. In this aspect, biomarkers play an important role in the disease prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate inflammatory mediators in malaria during coinfection with enteroparasites. A subset of serum samples already collected was analyzed and divided into four groups: Malaria (n = 34), Co-infected (n = 116), Enteroparasite (n = 120) and Control (n = 95). The serum levels of sTREM-1 and IL-6 were measured by ELISA. TNF-α, and IL-10 levels were previously carried out by flow cytometry. Higher serum levels of sTREM-1 and IL-6 were showed in malaria patients compared to healthy controls. In co-infected malarial patients sTREM-1 serum levels were similar to control group. Interestingly, co-infected malaria patients showed IL-6 serum levels decreased compared to individuals only infected with P. vivax. However, in Malaria patients and co-infected there was a positive correlation between the IL-6 and IL-10 levels (P < 0.0001). This is the first report of sTREM-1 levels in P. vivax infected. Moreover, the results revealing a divergent effect of co-infection with the increased balance between pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines and reduced IL-6 levels but increases the anemia occurrence. The results also highlight the potential use of IL-6 as a biomarker for P. vivax and enteroparasites coinfection.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Malária Vivax , Malária , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Malária/complicações , Malária Vivax/epidemiologia , Plasmodium vivax , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides
16.
Nutrients ; 14(12)2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745123

RESUMO

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are classified as chronic wounds and are one of the most common complications of diabetes. In chronic wounds, management of inflammation is a key step in treatment. Nutrition plays an important role in managing and controlling inflammation. This study evaluated the effects of nutrition supplementation and education on inflammatory biomarkers in patients with DFUs. Eligible patients with foot ulcers were randomly assigned to either a treatment (n = 15) or control group (n = 14). Both groups received standard care for wound treatment from the clinic; however, the treatment group was also provided with nutritional supplementation and education. Plasma concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers, namely C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL6), interleukin 10 (IL10), and tristetraprolin (TTP), were evaluated at baseline and every four weeks, until complete wound closure had occurred or up to 12 weeks. The mean plasma concentration of IL6 significantly decreased in the treatment group (p = 0.001). The interaction between time and group was not statistically significant for the mean plasma concentrations of CRP, IL10, and TTP during the 12 weeks of the study. The results of this study showed the positive effects of nutritional intervention on controlling inflammation in DFU patients. More clinical trials with a larger population and longer duration of time are needed to confirm our results.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Pé Diabético , Biomarcadores , Pé Diabético/terapia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Nutrientes , Cicatrização
17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 849409, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711427

RESUMO

We developed Lactobacillus casei bacterial ghosts (BGs) as vehicles for delivering DNA vaccines and analyzed their effects on immune responses. Uptake of the plasmids encoding the enhanced green fluorescent protein (pCI-EGFP) and BGs loaded with pCI-EGFP by macrophages was investigated using fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The results showed that pCI-EGFP-loaded L. casei BGs were efficiently taken up by macrophages. Lactobacillus casei BGs loaded with plasmids encoding VP6 protein of PoRV (pCI-PoRV-VP6) significantly upregulated the mRNA expression of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase-1 (Arg-1), Mannose receptor (CD206) toll-like receptor (TLR)-2, TLR4, and TLR9 in macrophages. The levels of markers of M1 polarization (IL-10 and TNF-α) and M2 polarization (Arg-1 and CD206) were increased in macrophages incubated with pCI-PoRV-VP6-loaded BGs compared with the control group. The results of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that the secretion of IL-1ß, IL-10, and TNF-α in macrophages was significantly upregulated compared with the control group. Flow cytometry demonstrated that L. casei BGs loaded with pCI-PoRV-VP6 promoted the maturation of dendritic cells (DCs). Following incubation with pCI-PoRV-VP6-loaded BGs, the mRNA expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and interferon (IFN)-γ in DCs were significantly increased. ELISA assay showed the secretion of the IL-1ß, IL-6, IFN-γ IL-10 and TNF-α in DCs were upregulated significantly. Thus, L. casei BGs promoted the maturation and activation of DCs. We analyzed the stimulatory capacity of DCs in a mixed lymphocyte reaction with allogeneic T cells. T cell proliferation increased upon incubation with DCs stimulated by BGs. After immunizing mice with BGs loaded with pCI-PoRV-VP6, the specific IgG levels in the serum were higher than those elicited by BGs loaded with pCI-PoRV-VP6. BGs loaded with pCI-PoRV-VP6 on Th1 and Th2 cytokines polarized T cells into the Th1 type and increased the proportion of CD4+/CD8+ T cells. These results indicate L. casei BGs effectively mediate immune responses and can be used as delivery system for DNA vaccination.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus casei , Vacinas de DNA , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Imunidade , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Camundongos , RNA Mensageiro , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(6): 641-6, 2022 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35712948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Buyi Pishen acupuncture (acupuncture for invigorating spleen and kidney) on inflammatory factor and synovial cartilage matrix in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 60 clean male Wistar rats were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside tablet (TWP) group and an acupuncture group, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group received intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) at right hind foot pad to induce the AA model. TWP suspension of 8 mg/kg was given by gavage in the TWP group. Acupuncture was applied at "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Pishu" (BL 20) and right "Housanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) in the acupuncture group, 15 min a time, once a day. The intervention was given 15 days in both TWP group and acupuncture group. The foot-pad swelling degree before modeling, before and after intervention and the arthritis index (AI) score before and after intervention were calculated; the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-4, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA method; the ultrastructure and histomorphological changes of synovium issue were observed by transmission electron microscope and HE staining; the positive expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue was detected by immunohistochemistry method. RESULTS: Before intervention, foot-pad swelling degree of the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group was increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01). After intervention, foot-pad swelling degree and AI score were increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01), foot-pad swelling degree and AI scores in the TWP group and the acupuncture group were lower than the model group (P<0.05), and those in the acupuncture group were decreased compared with the TWP group (P<0.05). The model group exhibited unclear nuclear membrane of synovial cells, chromatin pyknosis, massive inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue; the TWP group and the acupuncture group exhibited clear and smooth nuclear membrane of synovial cells, inapparent chromatin pyknosis, less inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue, the acupuncture group exhibited less matrix destruction as well. Compared with the normal group, serum levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were increased (P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, serum levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the TWP group and the acupuncture group; compared with the TWP group, serum level of TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group. CONCLUSION: Buyi Pishen acupuncture can effectively improve the injury of articular cartilage in AA rats, its mechanism maybe related to reducing the inflammatory reaction in synovium and inhibiting the degradation of articular cartilage matrix.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Artrite Experimental , Cartilagem Articular , Animais , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Experimental/terapia , Cromatina , Hiperplasia , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-4 , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
19.
Front Immunol ; 13: 868574, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720410

RESUMO

Multiple cell populations, cellular biochemical pathways, and the autonomic nervous system contribute to maintaining the immunological tolerance in the liver. This tolerance is coherent because the organ is exposed to high levels of bacterial pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) molecules from the intestinal microbiota, such as lipopolysaccharide endotoxin (LPS). In the case of Trypanosoma cruzi infection, although there is a dramatic acute immune response in the liver, we observed intrahepatic cell populations combining pro- and anti-inflammatory markers. There was loss of fully mature Kupffer cells and an increase in other myeloid cells, which are likely to include monocytes. Among dendritic cells (DCs), the cDC1 population expanded relative to the others, and these cells lost both some macrophage markers (F4/80) and immunosuppressive cytokines (IL-10, TGF-ß1). In parallel, a massive T cell response occured with loss of naïve cells and increase in several post-activation subsets. However, these activated T cells expressed both markers programmed cell death protein (PD-1) and cytokines consistent with immunosuppressive function (IL-10, TGF-ß1). NK and NK-T cells broadly followed the pattern of T cell activation, while TCR-γδ cells appeared to be bystanders. While no data were obtained concerning IL-2, several cell populations also synthesized IFN-γ and TNF-α, which has been linked to host defense but also to tissue injury. It therefore appears that T. cruzi exerts control over liver immunity, causing T cell activation via cDC1 but subverting multiple populations of T cells into immunosuppressive pathways. In this way, T. cruzi engages a mechanism of hepatic T cell tolerance that is familiar from liver allograft tolerance, in which activation and proliferation are followed by T cell inactivation.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Trypanosoma cruzi , Anti-Inflamatórios , Biomarcadores , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado , Fenótipo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
20.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 4667689, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720909

RESUMO

The smart wheelchair is a service robot that can be used as a means of transportation for the elderly and the disabled. The patients were given an intelligent wheelchair designed by electroencephalogram (EEG), which was used for more than 8 hours and tested continuously for 1 month. By ridit analysis, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (U = 3.72, P < 0.01). The scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) and joint ground visuality (JGV) in the observation group were significantly better than those in the control group. The modules of physiological function (PF), physical pain (PP), overall health (OH), vitality (VT), social function (SF), emotional function (EF), and mental health (MH) in the SF-36 scores of the two groups were significantly improved (P < 0.05), and the improvement of each module in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The levels of serum IL-6, IL-10, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the two groups were significantly improved (P < 0.05), and the improvement of serum IL-6, IL-10, and SOD in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group (P < 0.05). It is suggested that neural engineering based on EEG characteristics can be well applied in comfort industrial design.


Assuntos
Interleucina-10 , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Superóxido Dismutase
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