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1.
Virology ; 548: 31-38, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838944

RESUMO

Entering the nucleus is important for Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) replication. Karyopherins (KPNs) mediate the nuclear import of many cytoplasmic proteins. Our previous study showed that KPNA3 is involved in interferon production during PCV2 infection induced by Poly I:C and ISD (Interferon stimulatory DNA). However, it remains unclear whether PCV2 replication is associated with KPNA3. In the present study, knockdown of KPNA3 promoted the replication of PCV2, whereas overexpression of KPNA3 inhibited PCV2 replication in PK-15 cells. Furthermore, KPNA3 knockdown inhibited IRF3 and reduced the expression of antiviral genes including IFN-ß, ISG54, Mx1 and ISG56, while the opposite results were obtained after KPNA3 overexpression. KPNA3 knockdown also promoted p65 nuclear translocation and increased the mRNA expression of IL-10 and IL-1ß. These results suggested that KPNA3 facilitates IRF3 entry into the nucleus and the production of an antiviral response, resulting in PCV2 replication inhibition and blockage of NF-κB signal activation.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Infecções por Circoviridae/veterinária , Circovirus/fisiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/metabolismo , alfa Carioferinas/metabolismo , Animais , Núcleo Celular/genética , Infecções por Circoviridae/genética , Infecções por Circoviridae/metabolismo , Infecções por Circoviridae/virologia , Circovirus/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transporte Proteico , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/genética , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Replicação Viral , alfa Carioferinas/genética
2.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237754, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804985

RESUMO

A strain of lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus paracasei KW3110 (KW3110), activates M2 macrophages with anti-inflammatory reactions and mitigates aging-related chronic inflammation and blue-light exposure-induced retinal inflammation in mice. However, the mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of KW3110 remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of KW3110 using both mouse and human immune cells and evaluated the suppressive effect of KW3110 on the inflammatory reactions of the cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (LPS/ATP). KW3110 treatment induced anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 production in the supernatants of murine macrophage-like cells, J774A.1, and suppressed IL-1ß production in the supernatants of LPS/ATP-stimulated cells. The influence of KW3110 on the production of these cytokines was inhibited by pre-treatment with phagocytosis blocker or transfection with siRNAs for IL-10 signaling components. KW3110 treatment also suppressed activation of caspase-1, an active component of inflammasome complexes, in LPS/ATP-stimulated J774A.1 cells, and its effect was inhibited by transfection with siRNAs for IL-10 signaling components. In addition to the effects of KW3110 on J774A.1 cells, KW3110 treatment induced IL-10 production in the supernatants of human monocytes, and KW3110 or IL-10 treatment suppressed caspase-1 activation and IL-1ß production in the supernatants of LPS/ATP-stimulated cells. These results suggest that KW3110 suppresses LPS/ATP stimulation-induced caspase-1 activation and IL-1ß production by promoting IL-10 production in mouse and human immune cells. Our findings reveal a novel anti-inflammatory mechanism of LAB and the effect of KW3110 on caspase-1 activation is expected to contribute to constructing future preventive strategies for inflammation-related disorders using food ingredients.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/terapia , Lactobacillus paracasei/imunologia , Probióticos/farmacologia , Animais , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Camundongos , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
3.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(7): e1008622, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634175

RESUMO

Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen that escapes from phagosomes and induces a robust adaptive immune response in mice, while mutants unable to escape phagosomes fail to induce a robust adaptive immune response and suppress the immunity to wildtype bacteria when co-administered. The capacity to suppress immunity can be reversed by blocking IL-10. In this study, we sought to understand the host receptors that lead to secretion of IL-10 in response to phagosome-confined L. monocytogenes (Δhly), with the ultimate goal of generating strains that fail to induce IL-10. We conducted a transposon screen to identify Δhly L. monocytogenes mutants that induced significantly more or less IL-10 secretion in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs). A transposon insertion in lgt, which encodes phosphatidylglycerol-prolipoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase and is essential for the formation of lipoproteins, induced significantly reduced IL-10 secretion. Mutants with transposon insertions in pgdA and oatA, which encode peptidoglycan N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase and O-acetyltransferase, are sensitive to lysozyme and induced enhanced IL-10 secretion. A ΔhlyΔpgdAΔoatA strain was killed in BMMs and induced enhanced IL-10 secretion that was dependent on Unc93b1, a trafficking molecule required for signaling of nucleic acid-sensing TLRs. These data revealed that nucleic acids released by bacteriolysis triggered endosomal TLR-mediated IL-10 secretion. Secretion of IL-10 in response to infection with the parental strain was mostly TLR2-dependent, while IL-10 secretion in response to lysozyme-sensitive strains was dependent on TLR2 and Unc93b1. In mice, the IL-10 response to vacuole-confined L. monocytogenes was also dependent on TLR2 and Unc93b1. Co-administration of Δhly and ΔactA resulted in suppressed immunity in WT mice, but not in mice with mutations in Unc93b1. These data revealed that secretion of IL-10 in response to L. monocytogenes infection in vitro is mostly TLR2-dependent and immune suppression by phagosome-confined bacteria in vivo is mostly dependent on endosomal TLRs.


Assuntos
Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Listeriose/imunologia , Receptores Toll-Like/imunologia , Animais , Endossomos/imunologia , Endossomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Listeria monocytogenes/imunologia , Listeriose/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fagossomos/imunologia , Fagossomos/metabolismo , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
4.
Chemosphere ; 257: 127035, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702804

RESUMO

Human exposure to environmental chemicals might play a role in the pathogenesis of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol S (BPS) have been suggested to affect reproductive health. However, the mechanism remains unclear. To explore the association between BPA and BPS exposure and oxidative stress and immune homeostasis, we conducted a cross-sectional study and revealed BPA and BPS levels in relation to these two factors which were supposed to be implicated in miscarriage. 111 URSA patients were recruited and we analyzed urinary BPA and BPS concentrations, oxidative stress biomarkers (8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine and 8-isoprostane) and serum immune balance biomarkers (IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α, TGF-ß and IFN-γ). Multivariable linear regression models were used to evaluate the correlation between bisphenols exposure and outcome biomarkers. After adjustment for age, BMI, menstrual cycle, and parity history, creatinine-adjusted BPA was significantly associated with increases in 8-isoprostane (ß = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.07, 1.41; p = 0.031) and IFN-γ (ß = 0.18, 95% CI = 0.00, 0.36; p = 0.046). No statistical correlation between BPS and biomarkers of oxidative stress or immune balance was observed when all participants were analyzed. Further analysis revealed that in the subgroup of BPS > limit of detection (0.01 ng/ml), creatinine-adjusted BPS was significantly associated with increases in IL-10 (ß = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.00, 0.45; p = 0.048). Our findings suggested that BPA and BPS exposure might be related to oxidative stress and immune imbalance in URSA patients. Overall, our work might suggest potential pathogenic and aetiological associations among the bisphenols, biomarkers and URSA, which offers hypotheses for further studies.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Sulfonas/toxicidade , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Dinoprosta/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Gravidez
5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3334, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620760

RESUMO

TH17 cells exemplify environmental immune adaptation: they can acquire both a pathogenic and an anti-inflammatory fate. However, it is not known whether the anti-inflammatory fate is merely a vestigial trait, or whether it serves to preserve the integrity of the host tissues. Here we show that the capacity of TH17 cells to acquire an anti-inflammatory fate is necessary to sustain immunological tolerance, yet it impairs immune protection against S. aureus. Additionally, we find that TGF-ß signalling via Smad3/Smad4 is sufficient for the expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10, in TH17 cells. Our data thus indicate a key function of TH17 cell plasticity in maintaining immune homeostasis, and dissect the molecular mechanisms explaining the functional flexibility of TH17 cells with regard to environmental changes.


Assuntos
Homeostase/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Intestinos/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Animais , Plasticidade Celular/imunologia , Resistência à Doença/genética , Resistência à Doença/imunologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/imunologia , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia , Células Th17/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3412, 2020 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641742

RESUMO

Regulatory B cells restrict immune and inflammatory responses across a number of contexts. This capacity is mediated primarily through the production of IL-10. Here we demonstrate that the induction of a regulatory program in human B cells is dependent on a metabolic priming event driven by cholesterol metabolism. Synthesis of the metabolic intermediate geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) is required to specifically drive IL-10 production, and to attenuate Th1 responses. Furthermore, GGPP-dependent protein modifications control signaling through PI3Kδ-AKT-GSK3, which in turn promote BLIMP1-dependent IL-10 production. Inherited gene mutations in cholesterol metabolism result in a severe autoinflammatory syndrome termed mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD). Consistent with our findings, B cells from MKD patients induce poor IL-10 responses and are functionally impaired. Moreover, metabolic supplementation with GGPP is able to reverse this defect. Collectively, our data define cholesterol metabolism as an integral metabolic pathway for the optimal functioning of human IL-10 producing regulatory B cells.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B Reguladores/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Fosfatos de Poli-Isoprenil/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/metabolismo , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator 1 de Ligação ao Domínio I Regulador Positivo/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Transdução de Sinais , Células Th1/metabolismo , Receptor Toll-Like 9/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
Gene ; 759: 144999, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717305

RESUMO

Clostridium perfringens beta2 (CPB2), a key virulence factor, is produced by C. perfringens type C that is the main pathogenic microorganism causing diarrhea in piglets. However, little is known concerning the toxic damage effect of CPB2 on intestinal cells of piglets. In present study, CPB2 toxin obtained by genetic recombination technology was evaluated for its cytotoxicity property using the intestinal porcine epithelial (IPEC-J2) cells, which aims to attempt to understand and explain its mechanism of action in porcine small intestinal epithelial cells. IPEC-J2 cells were treated with different concentrations of CPB2 toxin (5, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 µg/mL), and MTT assay results showed that the cell viability of CPB2-treated IPEC-J2 cells decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay results revealed that CPB2 significantly increased the LDH release, relative to the control. The expression of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 8 (IL-8) gradually increased, while the expression of interleukin 10 (IL-10) gradually decreased in IPEC-J2 cells with increasing concentration of CPB2 (10-30 µg/mL), as analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR). Also, CPB2 increased the content of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) of IPEC-J2 cells. Western blot and immunofluorescence results demonstrate that CPB2 decreased the expression of zonula occludens (ZO-1), claudin12 (CLDN12) and occludin (OCLN) in IPEC-J2 cells. In addition, CPB2 increased Bax expression, and inhibited Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expression, as measured by Western blot. Considering all of these findings, it was concluded that CPB2 toxin shows significant cytotoxicity, cell growth inhibition and increase in cell permeability in IPEC-J2 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, thus leading to abnormal cell apoptosis and functions in porcine small intestinal epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/toxicidade , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Claudinas/genética , Claudinas/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial , Ocludina/genética , Ocludina/metabolismo , Suínos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 329: 109210, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726580

RESUMO

Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture capable of triggering inflammation and oxidative damage in animals at pulmonary and systemic levels. Tempol (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl) reduces tissue injury associated with inflammation in vivo by mechanisms that are not completely understood. Here we evaluated the effect of tempol on inflammation and oxidative damage induced by acute exposure to cigarette smoke in vivo. Male C57BL/6 mice (n = 32) were divided into 4 groups (n = 8 each): 1) control group exposed to ambient air (GC), 2) animals exposed to cigarette smoke for 5 days (CSG), mice treated 3) prior or 4) concomitantly with tempol (50 mg/kg/day) and exposed to cigarette smoke for 5 days. The results showed that the total number of leukocytes and neutrophils increased in the respiratory tract and lung parenchyma of mice exposed to cigarette smoke. Likewise, MPO levels and activity as well as lipid peroxidation and lung protein nitration and carbonylation also increased. Administration of tempol before or during exposure to cigarette smoke inhibited all the above parameters. Tempol also reduced the pulmonary expression of the inflammatory cytokines Il-6, Il-1ß and Il-17 to basal levels and of Tnf-α by approximately 50%. In contrast, tempol restored Il-10 and Tgf-ß levels and enhanced the expression of Nrf2-associated genes, such as Ho-1 and Gpx2. Accordingly, total GPx activity increased in lung homogenates of tempol-treated animals. Taken together, our results show that tempol protects mouse lungs from inflammation and oxidative damage resulting from exposure to cigarette smoke, likely through reduction of leukocyte infiltration and increased transcription of some of the Nrf2-controlled genes.


Assuntos
Óxidos N-Cíclicos/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Nitritos/análise , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Carbonilação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Marcadores de Spin , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
9.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233785, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521542

RESUMO

This study evaluated the impact of combined exercise training on the development of cardiovascular and neuroimmune complications induced by fructose consumption (10% in the drinking water) in hypertensive rats (SHR). After weaning, SHR were divided into 3 groups: SHR (H), SHR+fructose (HF) and SHR+fructose+combined exercise training (treadmill+ladder, 40-60% of maximum capacity) (HFTC). Metabolic, hemodynamic, autonomic, inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters were evaluated in the subgroups (n = 6 group/time) at 7, 15, 30 and 60 days of protocol. Fructose consumption (H vs. HF groups) decreased spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity and total variance of pulse interval at day 7 (7 to 60); increased IL-6 and TNFα in the heart (at day 15, 30 and 60) and NADPH oxidase activity and cardiac lipoperoxidation (LPO) (day 60); increased white adipose tissue weight, reduced insulin sensitivity and increased triglycerides (day 60); induced an additional increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) (days 30 and 60). Combined exercise training prevented such dysfunctions and sustained increased cardiac IL-10 (day 7) and glutathione redox balance (GSH/GSSG) for the entire protocol. In conclusion, combined exercise training performed simultaneously with exacerbated fructose consumption prevented early cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction, probably trigging positive changes in inflammation and oxidative stress, resulting in a better cardiometabolic profile in rats genetically predisposed to hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/terapia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/métodos , Animais , Barorreflexo , Pressão Sanguínea , Frutose/efeitos adversos , Frequência Cardíaca , Hipertensão/etiologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Miocárdio/metabolismo , NADPH Oxidases/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(27): 15935-15946, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571912

RESUMO

Excessive tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is known to cause significant pathology. Paradoxically, deficiency in TNF (TNF-/-) also caused substantial pathology during respiratory ectromelia virus (ECTV) infection, a surrogate model for smallpox. TNF-/- mice succumbed to fulminant disease whereas wild-type mice, and those engineered to express only transmembrane TNF (mTNF), fully recovered. TNF deficiency did not affect viral load or leukocyte recruitment but caused severe lung pathology and excessive production of the cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß), and interferon gamma (IFN-γ). Short-term blockade of these cytokines significantly reduced lung pathology in TNF-/- mice concomitant with induction of protein inhibitor of activated STAT3 (PIAS3) and/or suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), factors that inhibit STAT3 activation. Consequently, inhibition of STAT3 activation with an inhibitor reduced lung pathology. Long-term neutralization of IL-6 or TGF-ß protected TNF-/- mice from an otherwise lethal infection. Thus, mTNF alone is necessary and sufficient to regulate lung inflammation but it has no direct antiviral activity against ECTV. The data indicate that targeting specific cytokines or cytokine-signaling pathways to reduce or ameliorate lung inflammation during respiratory viral infections is possible but that the timing and duration of the interventive measure are critical.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Infecções por Poxviridae/virologia , Poxviridae/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Poxviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Poxviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Poxviridae/patologia , Infecções Respiratórias/imunologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
11.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 36: 101782, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526372

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are currently no satisfactory methods for predicting the outcome of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study is to establish a model for predicting the prognosis of the disease. METHODS: The laboratory results were collected from 54 deceased COVID-19 patients on admission and before death. Another 54 recovered COVID-19 patients were enrolled as control cases. RESULTS: Many laboratory indicators, such as neutrophils, AST, γ-GT, ALP, LDH, NT-proBNP, Hs-cTnT, PT, APTT, D-dimer, IL-2R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, CRP, ferritin and procalcitonin, were all significantly increased in deceased patients compared with recovered patients on admission. In contrast, other indicators such as lymphocytes, platelets, total protein and albumin were significantly decreased in deceased patients on admission. Some indicators such as neutrophils and procalcitonin, others such as lymphocytes and platelets, continuously increased or decreased from admission to death in deceased patients respectively. Using these indicators alone had moderate performance in differentiating between recovered and deceased COVID-19 patients. A model based on combination of four indicators (P = 1/[1 + e-(-2.658+0.587×neutrophils - 2.087×lymphocytes - 0.01×platelets+0.004×IL-2R)]) showed good performance in predicting the death of COVID-19 patients. When cutoff value of 0.572 was used, the sensitivity and specificity of the prediction model were 90.74% and 94.44%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Using the current indicators alone is of modest value in differentiating between recovered and deceased COVID-19 patients. A prediction model based on combination of neutrophils, lymphocytes, platelets and IL-2R shows good performance in predicting the outcome of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Feminino , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/metabolismo , Neutrófilos , Pandemias , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Pró-Calcitonina/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Tempo de Protrombina , Curva ROC , Receptores de Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Troponina T/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , gama-Glutamiltransferase/metabolismo
12.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234731, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544181

RESUMO

Airborne fungi are associated with upper and lower airway inflammatory diseases. Alternaria is commonly found in nasal secretions and induces the production of chemical mediators from sinonasal mucosa. This study aimed to establish an Alternaria-induced chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) mouse model and determine the influence of host allergic background on the immunopathological characteristics of CRS. BALB/c mice were used for establishing the CRS model. Alternaria was intranasally instilled for 8 or 16 weeks with or without ovalbumin (OVA) presensitization. Total serum IgE and Alternaria-specific IgE levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, interferon (IFN)-γ, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels in nasal lavage fluid (NLF) and splenocytes were measured by ELISA and their mRNAs and levels of associated transcription factors in sinonasal mucosa were determined with quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Hematoxylin-eosin staining and periodic acid-Schiff staining were performed to evaluate histological changes. Total serum IgE was increased in both allergic and non-allergic CRS. IL-4 was strongly expressed in NLF in both allergic and non-allergic CRS at 16 weeks and not only eosinophils but also neutrophils were increased in NLF of non-allergic CRS mice. The levels of Th1, Th2, and Treg cytokines and transcription factor mRNAs were significantly increased in sinonasal mucosa of non-allergic CRS mice. Both inflammatory cell infiltration and goblet cell hyperplasia were increased in CRS mice. Repeated intranasal instillation of Alternaria results in sinonasal inflammation with inflammatory cell infiltration. The sinonasal mucosal immune responses against Alternaria were shown to differ depending on the host allergic background.


Assuntos
Alternaria/patogenicidade , Rinite/patologia , Sinusite/patologia , Alternaria/imunologia , Animais , Doença Crônica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Interleucina-10/análise , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/análise , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Líquido da Lavagem Nasal/química , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Rinite/imunologia , Sinusite/imunologia , Baço/metabolismo , Baço/microbiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
Life Sci ; 255: 117743, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371064

RESUMO

AIMS: Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a serious complication of radiation therapy. Development of an effective drug that selectively protects normal lung tissues and sensitizes tumor cells to radiotherapy is an unmet need. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME2) possesses polypharmacological properties, which qualifies it as an effective radioprotector. Our aim is to explore the potential protective effects of 2ME2 against early and late stages of RILI and the underlying mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: BALB/c mice were either treated with 2ME2 (50 mg/kg/day i.p., for 4 weeks); or received a single dose of 10 Gy ionizing radiation (IR) delivered to the lungs; or 10 Gy IR and 2ME2. Animal survival and pulmonary functions were evaluated. Immune-phenotyping of alveolar macrophages (AM) in the broncho-alveolar lavage fluids (BALF) was determined by flow cytometry. ELISA was used to evaluate the expression levels of TNF-α, TGF-ß; and IL-10 in BALF. Lung tissues were used for histopathological examination or immunofluorescence staining for CD68 (pan-macrophage marker), Arginase-1 (Arg1, M2-specific marker), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS, M1-specific marker) and HIF-1α. VEGF and γH2AX expression in lung tissues were detected by western blot. KEY FINDINGS: The results demonstrated that 2ME2 improved the survival, lung functions and histopathological parameters of irradiated mice. Additionally, it attenuated the radiation-induced AM polarization and reduced the pneumonitis and fibrosis markers in lung tissues. Significant reduction of TNF-α and TGF-ß with concomitant increase in IL-10 concentrations were observed. Moreover, the expression of HIF-1α, VEGF and γH2AX declined. SIGNIFICANCE: 2ME2 is a promising radioprotectant with fewer anticipated side effects.


Assuntos
2-Metoxiestradiol/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Protetores contra Radiação/farmacologia , 2-Metoxiestradiol/toxicidade , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Feminino , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar/etiologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Protetores contra Radiação/toxicidade , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
14.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232174, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported on several genetic variants related to breast cancer, but a substantial proportion of mutation loci have not yet been identified. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and susceptibility to breast cancer in Shaanxi Han women in China. METHODS: Six SNPs were genotyped in 530 breast cancer patients and 628 healthy women from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University Hospital. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by unconditional logistic regression analysis to assess the association between breast cancer risk and polymorphisms of six loci. RESULTS: Two SNPs, rs3024490 and rs1800871, were found to be significantly different between breast cancer patients and healthy women. These SNPs also increased the risk of breast cancer in co-dominant and dominant models. Moreover, another SNP, rs1554286, was significantly associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in the co-dominant model. Functional assessments indicated that these three variants may influence the expression and transcription factor binding of IL-10. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that variants of IL-10 may be likelihood risk factors for the development and progression of breast cancer. Future studies should replicate this study and evaluate functional assessments in Chinese Han women and women from other regions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Interleucina-10/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
15.
Am J Med Sci ; 359(6): 347-353, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD19+IL-10+B cells are considered as a particular subset of immunosuppressive cells by producing interleukin 10 (IL-10), which plays an important role in infectious and autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) positive patients in comparison with H. pylori negative patients, and to determine the association with different clinical outcomes, such as gastritis and peptic ulcer disease (PUD), in infected patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We studied 25 infected patients with gastritis, 25 infected patients with PUD, and 25 patients negative for H. pylori. The number of CD19+IL-10+B cells was determined by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: The number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in patients infected with H. pylori was significantly 2.5-fold higher than uninfected patients (P < 0.0001). Also, the number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in infected patients with gastritis was significantly 1.45-fold elevated compared to infected patients with PUD (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that the increased number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in infected patients and its association with other cells may play an important role in the pathogenesis of H. pylori infection.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/microbiologia , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/imunologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Gastrite/sangue , Gastrite/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Úlcera Péptica/sangue , Úlcera Péptica/microbiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2286, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385332

RESUMO

Studies on macrophage gene expression have historically focused on events leading to RNA polymerase II recruitment and transcription initiation, whereas the contribution of post-initiation steps to macrophage activation remains poorly understood. Here, we report that widespread promoter-proximal RNA polymerase II pausing in resting macrophages is marked by co-localization of the negative elongation factor (NELF) complex and facilitated by PU.1. Upon inflammatory stimulation, over 60% of activated transcriptome is regulated by polymerase pause-release and a transient genome-wide NELF dissociation from chromatin, unexpectedly, independent of CDK9, a presumed NELF kinase. Genetic disruption of NELF in macrophages enhanced transcription of AP-1-encoding Fos and Jun and, consequently, AP-1 targets including Il10. Augmented expression of IL-10, a critical anti-inflammatory cytokine, in turn, attenuated production of pro-inflammatory mediators and, ultimately, macrophage-mediated inflammation in vivo. Together, these findings establish a previously unappreciated role of NELF in constraining transcription of inflammation inhibitors thereby enabling inflammatory macrophage activation.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Inflamação/genética , Macrófagos/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatina/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Ativação de Macrófagos/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Polimerase II/metabolismo , Sítio de Iniciação de Transcrição , Transcrição Genética , Ativação Transcricional/genética
17.
Vascular ; 28(5): 629-642, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Regulatory T cells (Tregs) mediate immunomodulation and protect against atherosclerosis. It is considered that reducing the amount of pro-inflammatory mediators could be achieved by enhancing the anti-inflammatory response, and this may be considered one of the main targets for therapy development. The inhibitory cytokines secreted by Tregs mainly include interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß). Based on its known immunosuppressive involvement with other inflammatory disorders, we hypothesized that the newly characterized cytokine interleukin-37 (IL-37) might be associated with the inhibitory functions of Treg in atherosclerosis. Immune regulatory functions of IL-37 have not been completely clarified. Accordingly, we speculated that IL-37 might play a regulatory role in the immunosuppression of Tregs in atherosclerotic disease. METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay were used to test gene expression and protein levels of IL-37 in peripheral blood and localized freshly resected arterial tissues from 84 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease and 50 non-atherosclerotic subjects. Results were correlated to disease hallmarks. We also evaluated the ability of recombinant IL-37 to modulate Treg cytokine secretion and T cell inhibition in relation to atherosclerotic disorder in vitro.Results: Our results revealed that IL-37 was increased in patients with chronic lower limb atherosclerotic ischemia, compared to non-atherosclerotic controls. In addition, the expression levels of circulating IL-37 correlated with disease severity of chronic lower limb ischemia. Supplementation with rIL-37 augmented levels of released IL-10 and TGF-ß in supernatants of T cells co-cultured with Tregs in the enrolled patients.Conclusions: Results suggest a role for IL-37 in mediating anti-inflammatory functions in the atherosclerotic process, potentially involving enhancement of Treg inhibitory function and anti-inflammatory cytokine secretion with a particularly marked direct response in severe disease.


Assuntos
Interleucina-1/sangue , Isquemia/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/sangue , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-1/genética , Interleucina-1/farmacologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/imunologia , Fenótipo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
18.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 688: 108404, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416101

RESUMO

Hemangioma (HA) is the most common benign tumor and formed by the proliferating endothelial cells of blood vessels. Interleukins (ILs) have been reported to be critical for HA progression. Our present study found that the expression of IL-10 was decreased in HA cells and tissues as compared to their corresponding controls. Treatment with recombinant IL-10 (rIL-10) can suppress the proliferation of HA cells via suppression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), while over expression of PCNA can attenuate rIL-10-inhibited cell proliferation. Further, rIL-10 can decrease the promoter activity and mRNA stability of PCNA in HA cells. Mechanistically, rIL-10 can increase expression of miR-27b-3p to decrease mRNA stability of PCNA, while down regulation of YY1 is involved in rIL-10 suppressed transcription of PCNA. Collectively, IL-10 can suppress the expression of PCNA via miR-27b-3p mediated suppression of mRNA stability and YY1 mediated down regulation of transcription. It suggested that rIL-10 might be a potential therapeutic approach for HA development and progression.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Hemangioma/prevenção & controle , Interleucina-10/farmacologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Progressão da Doença , Hemangioma/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/genética , Estabilidade de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição YY1/metabolismo
19.
Chemosphere ; 249: 126464, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229367

RESUMO

Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by fungal species that occur frequently in cereals and animal forages throughout the world, posing a serious threat to humans and animals. Although some studies showed the immunotoxicity of mycotoxins, little research focused on the two-way effects of mycotoxins on immune response in vitro and vivo. Here, we explored the effects of deoxynivalenol (DON), one of the most widely distributed mycotoxins, on immune function of piglets and porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs), and found it exhibited bidirectional immune effects due to different exposure doses. Our results revealed that low doses of DON increased the expressions of TNF-α and IL-6 in piglets and PAMs, promoted the chemotaxis and phagocytosis of PAMs and transformed macrophages to M1 phenotype (P < 0.05). Conversely, high doses of DON increased the expressions of TGF-ß and IL-10 in piglets and PAMs, inhibited the chemotaxis and phagocytosis of PAMs and induced macrophages M2-type polarization (P < 0.05). Mechanistically, DON exposure significantly activated the TLR4/NFκB pathway at low doses and induced mitophagy-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction at high doses in vitro and vivo. TLR4 interference and mitophagy activator, CCCP, were used to further confirm their roles. Therefore, we concluded that DON exposure at low doses caused immunostimulation via activating TLR4/NFκB, whereas it was immunoinhibitory at high doses through blocking mitophagy. Our study suggested that both high and low doses mycotoxins contamination might be harmful, and further back up the necessity to take a vigilant attitude to minimize humans and animals intake of mycotoxins in the environment.


Assuntos
Macrófagos Alveolares/efeitos dos fármacos , Micotoxinas/toxicidade , Tricotecenos/toxicidade , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Fagocitose , Suínos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Desmame
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 427-434, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056458

RESUMO

Granulosa cells (GCs) are essential components of follicles and play a role in regulating follicle development. The aim of this study was to investigate certain cellular components involved in the proliferation, differentiation and functional characteristics of granulosa cells in the success of fertilization of human oocytes during invitro fertilization (IVF) via immunohistochemical techniques. In this study, 30 patients who were diagnosed as primary or secondary infertility, polycystic ovary syndrome in the IVF center of Memorial Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology were included. The amount of Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH) in blood and granulosa cell diameter and cell core diameter were measured in 20 cells collected from each patient. In addition, degeneration scoring and BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 expressions in granulosa cells were evaluated (p <0.01). It was thought that apoptosis induced by human GCs might be an indicator of egg quality. Moderate expression of ADAMTS-1 was thought to be related to failure of ovulation, deterioration of oocyte quality and decreased fertilization rate. This decrease in AMH levels may be associated with defects in granulosa cells. Therefore, significantly lower AMH secretion and increase in IL10 expression levels in healthy people can be explained by the increase of granulocyte cells.


Las células de la granulosa (GC) son componentes esenciales de los folículos y tienen un papel en la regulación del desarrollo de éste. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar ciertos componentes celulares involucrados en la proliferación, diferenciación y características funcionales de las células de la granulosa en el éxito de la fertilización de los ovocitos humanos durante la fertilización in vitro (FIV) a través de técnicas inmunohistoquímicas. En este estudio, se incluyeron 30 pacientes diagnosticados con infertilidad primaria o secundaria, síndrome de ovario poliquístico en el centro de FIV del Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología del Hospital Memorial. La cantidad de Hormona Anti Mülleriana (AMH) en la sangre, el diámetro de las células de la granulosa y el diámetro del núcleo celular se midieron en 20 células obtenidas de cada paciente. Además, se evaluó la puntuación de degeneración y las expresiones BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 en células de granulosa (p <0,01). Se estimó que la apoptosis inducida por los GC humanos podría ser un indicador de la calidad del huevo. Se estimó que la expresión moderada de ADAMTS-1 estaba relacionada con el fracaso de la ovulación, el deterioro de la calidad de los ovocitos y la disminución de la tasa de fertilización. La disminución en los niveles de AMH puede estar asociada con defectos en las células de la granulosa. Por lo tanto, el aumento de las células de granulocitos puede explicar la disminución significativa de la secreción de AMH y el aumento de los niveles de expresión de IL10 en personas sanas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína ADAMTS1/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica
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