Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.319
Filtrar
1.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21837, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383985

RESUMO

Overwhelming evidence indicates that excessive stimulation of innate immune receptors of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family causes significant damage to multiple tissues, yet the role of these proteins in bone metabolism is not well known. Here, we studied the interaction between the NLRP3 and NLRC4 inflammasomes in bone homeostasis and disease. We found that loss of NLRP3 or NLRC4 inflammasome attenuated osteoclast differentiation in vitro. At the tissue level, lack of NLRP3, or NLRC4 to a lesser extent, resulted in higher baseline bone mass compared to wild-type (WT) mice, and conferred protection against LPS-induced inflammatory osteolysis. Bone mass accrual in mutant mice correlated with lower serum IL-1ß levels in vivo. Unexpectedly, the phenotype of Nlrp3-deficient mice was reversed upon loss of NLRC4 as bone mass was comparable between WT mice and Nlrp3;Nlrc4 knockout mice. Thus, although bone homeostasis is perturbed to various degrees by the lack of NLRP3 or NLRC4, this tissue appears to function normally upon compound loss of the inflammasomes assembled by these receptors.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Homeostase/fisiologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteólise/metabolismo
2.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361701

RESUMO

Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease accompanied by pathological reactions such as swelling, redness, fever, and pain in various joint areas. The drugs currently available to treat arthritis are associated with diverse side-effects. Therefore, there is a need for safer and more effective treatments to alleviate the inflammation of arthritis with fewer side-effects. In this study, a new sterol, Δ8(14)-ergostenol, was discovered, and its glycosides were synthesized and found to be more efficient in terms of synthesis or anti-inflammatory activity than either spinasterol or 5,6-dihydroergosterol is. Among these synthetic glycosides, galactosyl ergostenol inhibited the expression of inflammatory mediators in TNF-α-stimulated FLS and TNF-α-induced MMPs and collagen type II A1 degradation in human chondrocytes. These results suggest the new galactosyl ergostenol as a treatment candidate for arthritis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ergosterol/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Sinoviócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/citologia , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo II/genética , Colágeno Tipo II/metabolismo , Ergosterol/química , Glicosídeos/síntese química , Humanos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Sinoviócitos/citologia , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
3.
Zool Res ; 42(5): 633-636, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423606

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the etiologic agent responsible for the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Numerous studies have demonstrated that cardiovascular disease may affect COVID-19 progression. In the present study, we investigated the effect of hypertension on viral replication and COVID-19 progression using a hypertensive mouse model infected with SARS-CoV-2. Results revealed that SARS-CoV-2 replication was delayed in hypertensive mouse lungs. In contrast, SARS-CoV-2 replication in hypertensive mice treated with the antihypertensive drug captopril demonstrated similar virus replication as SARS-CoV-2-infected normotensive mice. Furthermore, antihypertensive treatment alleviated lung inflammation induced by SARS-CoV-2 replication (interleukin (IL)-1ß up-regulation and increased immune cell infiltration). No differences in lung inflammation were observed between the SARS-CoV-2-infected normotensive mice and hypertensive mice. Our findings suggest that captopril treatment may alleviate COVID-19 progression but not affect viral replication.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/complicações , Captopril/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/complicações , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2 , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Captopril/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Pneumopatias/virologia , Camundongos , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361744

RESUMO

Korean red pine (Pinus densiflora) belongs to the Genus Pinus, and its bark contains a great amount of naturally occurring phenolic compounds. Until now, few studies have been conducted to assess the neuroprotective effects of Pinus densiflora bark extract against brain ischemic injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of pre-treatment with the extract in the hippocampus following 5-min transient forebrain ischemia in gerbils. Furthermore, this study examined the anti-inflammatory effect as a neuroprotective mechanism of the extract. Pinus densiflora bark was extracted by pure water (100 °C), and this extract was quantitatively analyzed and contained abundant polyphenols, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins. The extract (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg) was orally administered once a day for seven days before the ischemia. In the gerbil hippocampus, death of the pyramidal neurons was found in the subfield cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) five days after the ischemia. This death was significantly attenuated by pre-treatment with 100 mg/kg, not 25 or 50 mg/kg, of the extract. The treatment with 100 mg/kg of the extract markedly inhibited the activation of microglia (microgliosis) and significantly decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1ß and tumor necrosis factor α). In addition, the treatment significantly increased anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 4 and interleukin 13). Taken together, this study clearly indicates that pre-treatment with 100 mg/kg of Pinus densiflora bark extract in gerbils can exert neuroprotection against brain ischemic injury by the attenuation of neuroinflammatory responses.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Pinus/química , Prosencéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Gerbillinae , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Inflamação , Interleucina-13/agonistas , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/agonistas , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Masculino , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Casca de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Proantocianidinas/química , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Prosencéfalo/metabolismo , Prosencéfalo/patologia , Células Piramidais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Piramidais/metabolismo , Células Piramidais/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
5.
Cell Rep ; 36(8): 109614, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433041

RESUMO

Zoonotic pathogens, such as COVID-19, reside in animal hosts before jumping species to infect humans. The Carnivora, like mink, carry many zoonoses, yet how diversity in host immune genes across species affect pathogen carriage is poorly understood. Here, we describe a progressive evolutionary downregulation of pathogen-sensing inflammasome pathways in Carnivora. This includes the loss of nucleotide-oligomerization domain leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs), acquisition of a unique caspase-1/-4 effector fusion protein that processes gasdermin D pore formation without inducing rapid lytic cell death, and the formation of a caspase-8 containing inflammasome that inefficiently processes interleukin-1ß. Inflammasomes regulate gut immunity, but the carnivorous diet has antimicrobial properties that could compensate for the loss of these immune pathways. We speculate that the consequences of systemic inflammasome downregulation, however, can impair host sensing of specific pathogens such that they can reside undetected in the Carnivora.


Assuntos
Carnívoros/metabolismo , Evolução Molecular , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Zoonoses/patologia , Animais , Caspase 1/genética , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Caspases Iniciadoras/genética , Caspases Iniciadoras/metabolismo , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas NLR/genética , Proteínas NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Salmonella typhi/patogenicidade , Zoonoses/imunologia , Zoonoses/parasitologia
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445509

RESUMO

Ischemia-like conditions reflect almost the entire spectrum of events that occur during cerebral ischemia, including the induction of oxidative stress, Ca2+ overload, glutamate excitotoxicity, and activation of necrosis and apoptosis in brain cells. Mechanisms for the protective effects of the antioxidant enzyme peroxiredoxin-6 (Prx-6) on hippocampal cells during oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) were investigated. Using the methods of fluorescence microscopy, inhibitory analysis, vitality tests and PCR, it was shown that 24-h incubation of mixed hippocampal cell cultures with Prx-6 does not affect the generation of a reversible phase of a OGD-induced rise in Ca2+ ions in cytosol ([Ca2+]i), but inhibits a global increase in [Ca2+]i in astrocytes completely and in neurons by 70%. In addition, after 40 min of OGD, cell necrosis is suppressed, especially in the astrocyte population. This effect is associated with the complex action of Prx-6 on neuroglial networks. As an antioxidant, Prx-6 has a more pronounced and astrocyte-directed effect, compared to the exogenous antioxidant vitamin E (Vit E). Prx-6 inhibits ROS production in mitochondria by increasing the antioxidant capacity of cells and altering the expression of genes encoding redox status proteins. Due to the close bond between [Ca2+]i and intracellular ROS, this effect of Prx-6 is one of its protective mechanisms. Moreover, Prx-6 effectively suppresses not only necrosis, but also apoptosis during OGD and reoxygenation. Incubation with Prx-6 leads to activation of the basic expression of genes encoding protective kinases-PI3K, CaMKII, PKC, anti-apoptotic proteins-Stat3 and Bcl-2, while inhibiting the expression of signaling kinases and factors involved in apoptosis activation-Ikk, Src, NF-κb, Caspase-3, p53, Fas, etc. This effect on the basic expression of the genome leads to the cell preconditions, which is expressed in the inhibition of caspase-3 during OGD/reoxygenation. A significant effect of Prx-6 is directed on suppression of the level of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1ß and factor TNFα, as well as genes encoding NMDA- and kainate receptor subunits, which was established for the first time for this antioxidant enzyme. The protective effect of Prx-6 is due to its antioxidant properties, since mutant Prx-6 (mutPrx-6, Prx6-C47S) leads to polar opposite effects, contributing to oxidative stress, activation of apoptosis and cell death through receptor action on TLR4.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/citologia , Hipocampo/citologia , Peroxirredoxina VI/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Citosol/metabolismo , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Peroxirredoxina VI/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
Gene ; 805: 145909, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 3 (ADAR3) was known as a prognosis factor in gliomas, while its function on neuropathic pain (NP) is barely investigated. Therefore, our present study concentrated on the potential role of ADAR3 in NP. METHODS: The chronic constriction injury (CCI) mouse model was established to induce NP in vivo. Behavioral experiments were carried out to analyze mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. RT-qPCR and western blotting assays were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions. The ADAR3-overexpressed adenovirus was injected into the CCI mice through an intrathecal catheter. ELISA was used to detect the contents of IL (interleukin)-6, IL-10, TNF (tumor necrosis factor)-α, IL-1ß and IL-18. NLR Family Pyrin Domain Containing 3 (NLRP3) was predicted to be the target gene of ADAR3 using Starbase. The interaction between ADAR3 and NLRP3 was verified via RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation and Pearson's correlation coefficient assays. Immunohistochemical staining assay visualized the expressions of NLRP3 and caspase1. RESULTS: Allodynia and hyperalgesia were exacerbated in the CCI mice, which implied a successful establishment of the NP model, while ADAR3 expression level was suppressed. After injecting ADAR3-overexpressed adenovirus into the CCI mice, allodynia, hyperalgesia and inflammation were all restrained. Moreover, NLRP3 was verified to negatively correlated with ADAR3. Additionally, the pyroptosis-related protein NLRP3, ASC, caspase1, IL-1ß, IL-18 and GSDMD expressions were all decreased by ADAR3. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, ADAR3 alleviated inflammation and pyroptosis of NP through targeting NLRP3, which suggested a therapeutical target for NP.


Assuntos
Adenosina Desaminase/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Neuralgia/genética , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Animais , Constrição Patológica/fisiopatologia , Hiperalgesia/genética , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Piroptose/genética , Piroptose/fisiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445126

RESUMO

Experimental and clinical studies have suggested that several neurological disorders are associated with the occurrence of central nervous system neuroinflammation. Metaxalone is an FDA-approved muscle relaxant that has been reported to inhibit monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A). The aim of this study was to investigate whether metaxalone might exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in HMC3 microglial cells. An inflammatory phenotype was induced in HMC3 microglial cells through stimulation with interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). Control cells and IL-1ß-stimulated cells were subsequently treated with metaxalone (10, 20, and 40 µM) for six hours. IL-1ß stimulated the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), but reduced the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-13 (IL-13). The upstream signal consisted of an increased priming of nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB), blunted peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) expression. IL-1ß also augmented MAO-A expression/activity and malondialdehyde levels and decreased Nrf2 mRNA expression and protein levels. Metaxalone decreased MAO-A activity and expression, reduced NF-kB, TNF-α, and IL-6, enhanced IL-13, and also increased PPARγ, PGC-1α, and Nrf2 expression. The present experimental study suggests that metaxalone has potential for the treatment of several neurological disorders associated with neuroinflammation.


Assuntos
Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/farmacologia , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Oxazolidinonas/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Microglia/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
9.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 22(5): 200, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212283

RESUMO

Mucositis is one of the most adverse effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and had no standard drug for treatment. Melatonin is a neurohormone, and can ameliorate radiotherapy-induced small intestinal mucositis. Melatonin encapsulated in niosomes improved its poor bioavailability. Succinyl melatonin, a melatonin derivative, showed prolonged release compared with melatonin. This study investigated the efficacy of melatonin niosome gel (MNG) and succinyl melatonin niosome gel (SNG) in 5-FU-induced small intestinal mucositis treatment in mice. MNG and SNG with particle sizes of 293 and 270 nm were shown to have mucoadhesive potentials. The effect of a daily oral application of MNG, SNG, or fluocinolone acetonide gel (FAG, positive control) was compared to that of the normal group. The body weight, food consumption, histology, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the small intestine were monitored. The results showed decreased %body weight and food consumption in all 5-FU-injected groups compared with the normal group. The MNG and SNG treatments maintained the food consumption and the normal integrity of the small intestines, as evidenced by villus length and crypt depth, similar to the observations in the normal groups. The FTIR spectra showed no change in lipids of the MNG and SNG groups compared with the normal group. Moreover, SNG could reduce IL-1ß content to a level that was not different from the level in the normal groups. Therefore, the oral application of MNG and SNG could protect against 5-FU-induced small intestinal mucositis in mice.


Assuntos
Lipossomos/química , Melatonina/administração & dosagem , Mucosite/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Animais , Fluoruracila/toxicidade , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Melatonina/química , Melatonina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Mucosite/induzido quimicamente , Mucosite/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
10.
EMBO J ; 40(18): e108249, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296442

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is an emerging coronavirus that causes dysfunctions in multiple human cells and tissues. Studies have looked at the entry of SARS-CoV-2 into host cells mediated by the viral spike protein and human receptor ACE2. However, less is known about the cellular immune responses triggered by SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins. Here, we show that the nucleocapsid of SARS-CoV-2 inhibits host pyroptosis by blocking Gasdermin D (GSDMD) cleavage. SARS-CoV-2-infected monocytes show enhanced cellular interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) expression, but reduced IL-1ß secretion. While SARS-CoV-2 infection promotes activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and caspase-1, GSDMD cleavage and pyroptosis are inhibited in infected human monocytes. SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein associates with GSDMD in cells and inhibits GSDMD cleavage in vitro and in vivo. The nucleocapsid binds the GSDMD linker region and hinders GSDMD processing by caspase-1. These insights into how SARS-CoV-2 antagonizes cellular inflammatory responses may open new avenues for treating COVID-19 in the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Nucleocapsídeo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/metabolismo , Piroptose/fisiologia , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/imunologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Animais , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Caspase 1/imunologia , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/imunologia , Camundongos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/imunologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Células THP-1
11.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 221: 112243, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217028

RESUMO

Due to their capacity to differentiate into the chondrogenic lineage, adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASC) are a promising source of therapeutically relevant cells for cartilage tissue regeneration. Their differentiation potential, however, varies between patients. In our study, we aim to stimulate ASC towards a more reliable chondrogenic phenotype using photobiomodulation (PBM). LED devices of either blue (475 nm), green (516 nm) or red (635 nm) light were used to treat human ASC from donors of varying chondrogenic potential. The treatment was applied either once during the 2D expansion phase or repeatedly during the 3D differentiation phase. Chondrogenic differentiation was assessed via pellet size, GAG/DNA content, histology and gene expression analysis. Reactions to PBM were found to be wavelength-dependent and more pronounced when the treatment was applied during expansion. Donors were assigned to responder categories according to their response to the treatment during expansion, whereby good responders were mainly donors with low intrinsic chondrogenic potential. Exposed to light, they revealed a particularly high relative increase in pellet size (more than twice the size of untreated controls after red light PBM), intense collagen type II immunostaining (low/absent in untreated controls) and activation of otherwise absent COL2A1 expression. Conversely, on a donor with high intrinsic chondrogenic potential, light had adverse effects. When applied with shorter wavelengths (blue, green), it led to reduced pellet size, GAG/DNA content and collagen type II immunostaining. However, when PBM was applied in 3D, the same donor was the only one to react with increased differentiation to all three wavelengths. We were able to demonstrate that PBM can be used to enhance or hamper chondrogenesis of ASC, and that success depends on treatment parameters and intrinsic cellular potential. The improvement of chondrogenesis in donors with low intrinsic potential highlights PBM as potent tool for cell-based cartilage regeneration. Its cost-effectiveness and ease of use make for an attractive treatment option to enhance the performance of ASC in cartilage tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos da radiação , Condrogênese/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo II/genética , Colágeno Tipo II/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos da radiação
12.
Cell Prolif ; 54(8): e13093, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine whether dental pulp stem cell-derived exosomes (DPSC-Exos) exert protective effects against cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and explore its underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Exosomes were isolated from the culture medium of human DPSC. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 2 hours transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) injury followed by 2 hours reperfusion, after which singular injection of DPSC-Exos via tail vein was administrated. Brain oedema, cerebral infarction and neurological impairment were measured on day 7 after exosomes injection. Then, oxygen-glucose deprivation-reperfusion (OGD/R) induced BV2 cells were studied to analyse the therapeutic effects of DPSC-Exos on I/R injury in vitro. Protein levels of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB p65, HMGB1, IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α were determined by western blot or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The cytoplasmic translocation of HMGB1 was detected by immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: DPSC-Exos alleviated brain oedema, cerebral infarction and neurological impairment in I/R mice. DPSC-Exos inhibited the I/R-mediated expression of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB significantly. DPSC-Exos also reduced the protein expression of IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α compared with those of the control both in vitro and in vivo. Meanwhile, DPSC-Exos markedly decreased the HMGB1 cytoplasmic translocation induced by I/R damage. CONCLUSIONS: DPSC-Exos can ameliorate I/R-induced cerebral injury in mice. Its anti-inflammatory mechanism might be related with the inhibition of the HMGB1/TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Exossomos/transplante , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Exossomos/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/terapia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
13.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 824, 2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193972

RESUMO

Demand for a cure of liver fibrosis is rising with its increasing morbidity and mortality. Therefore, it is an urgent issue to investigate its therapeutic candidates. Liver fibrosis progresses following 'multi-hit' processes involving hepatic stellate cells, macrophages, and hepatocytes. The NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is emerging as a therapeutic target in liver fibrosis. Previous studies showed that the anti-rheumatic agent auranofin inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome; thus, this study evaluates the antifibrotic effect of auranofin in vivo and explores the underlying molecular mechanism. The antifibrotic effect of auranofin is assessed in thioacetamide- and carbon tetrachloride-induced liver fibrosis models. Moreover, hepatic stellate cell (HSC), bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMDM), kupffer cell, and hepatocyte are used to examine the underlying mechanism of auranofin. Auranofin potently inhibits activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in BMDM and kupffer cell. It also reduces the migration of HSC. The underlying molecular mechanism was inhibition of cystine-glutamate antiporter, system Xc. Auranofin inhibits system Xc activity and instantly induced oxidative burst, which mediated inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages and HSCs. Therefore, to the best of our knowledge, we propose the use of auranofin as an anti-liver fibrotic agent.


Assuntos
Sistema y+ de Transporte de Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Auranofina/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática/prevenção & controle , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Macrófagos do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Tioacetamida
14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4546, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315884

RESUMO

The NLRP3 inflammasome mediates the production of proinflammatory cytokines and initiates inflammatory cell death. Although NLRP3 is essential for innate immunity, aberrant NLRP3 inflammasome activation contributes to a wide variety of inflammatory diseases. Understanding the pathways that control NLRP3 activation will help develop strategies to treat these diseases. Here we identify WNK1 as a negative regulator of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Macrophages deficient in WNK1 protein or kinase activity have increased NLRP3 activation and pyroptosis compared with control macrophages. Mice with conditional knockout of WNK1 in macrophages have increased IL-1ß production in response to NLRP3 stimulation compared with control mice. Mechanistically, WNK1 tempers NLRP3 activation by balancing intracellular Cl- and K+ concentrations during NLRP3 activation. Collectively, this work shows that the WNK1 pathway has a critical function in suppressing NLRP3 activation and suggests that pharmacological inhibition of this pathway to treat hypertension might have negative clinical implications.


Assuntos
Cloretos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose , Proteína Quinase 1 Deficiente de Lisina WNK/metabolismo , Animais , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Feminino , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Biológicos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Potássio/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase 1 Deficiente de Lisina WNK/antagonistas & inibidores
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198548

RESUMO

Inflammation in the tumor microenvironment has been shown to promote disease progression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC); however, the role of macrophage metabolism in promoting inflammation is unclear. Using an orthotopic mouse model of PDAC, we demonstrate that macrophages from tumor-bearing mice exhibit elevated glycolysis. Macrophage-specific deletion of Glucose Transporter 1 (GLUT1) significantly reduced tumor burden, which was accompanied by increased Natural Killer and CD8+ T cell activity and suppression of the NLRP3-IL1ß inflammasome axis. Administration of mice with a GLUT1-specific inhibitor reduced tumor burden, comparable with gemcitabine, the current standard-of-care. In addition, we observe that intra-tumoral macrophages from human PDAC patients exhibit a pronounced glycolytic signature, which reliably predicts poor survival. Our data support a key role for macrophage metabolism in tumor immunity, which could be exploited to improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Citoproteção , Glicólise , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Animais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/imunologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/metabolismo , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hidroxibenzoatos/farmacologia , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209843

RESUMO

In the search for new chemical scaffolds able to afford NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitors, we used a pharmacophore-hybridization strategy by combining the structure of the acrylic acid derivative INF39 with the 1-(piperidin-4-yl)1,3-dihydro-2H-benzo[d]imidazole-2-one substructure present in HS203873, a recently identified NLRP3 binder. A series of differently modulated benzo[d]imidazole-2-one derivatives were designed and synthesised. The obtained compounds were screened in vitro to test their ability to inhibit NLRP3-dependent pyroptosis and IL-1ß release in PMA-differentiated THP-1 cells stimulated with LPS/ATP. The selected compounds were evaluated for their ability to reduce the ATPase activity of human recombinant NLRP3 using a newly developed assay. From this screening, compounds 9, 13 and 18, able to concentration-dependently inhibit IL-1ß release in LPS/ATP-stimulated human macrophages, emerged as the most promising NLRP3 inhibitors of the series. Computational simulations were applied for building the first complete model of the NLRP3 inactive state and for identifying possible binding sites available to the tested compounds. The analyses led us to suggest a mechanism of protein-ligand binding that might explain the activity of the compounds.


Assuntos
Imidazóis , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/antagonistas & inibidores , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inflamassomos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Células THP-1
17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17227-17236, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198264

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are two of the most common types of arthritis. Both are characterized by the infiltration of a number of proinflammatory cytokines into the joint microenvironment. miRNAs play critical roles in the disease processes of arthritic disorders. However, little is known about the effects of miRNAs on critical inflammatory cytokine production with OA and RA progression. Here, we found higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in human OA and RA synovial fibroblasts (SFs) compared with normal SFs. Searches of open-source microRNA (miRNA) software determined that miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p interfere with IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α transcription; levels of all three proinflammatory cytokines were lower in human OA and RA patients compared with normal controls. Anti-inflammatory agents dexamethasone, celecoxib and indomethacin reduced proinflammatory cytokine production by promoting the expression of miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p. Similarly, ibuprofen and methotrexate also enhanced miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p expression in human SFs. The evidence suggests that increasing miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p expression is a novel strategy for OA and RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Citocinas/biossíntese , Citocinas/genética , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Membrana Sinovial/citologia , Membrana Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299264

RESUMO

Inflammation has a fundamental impact on the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA), a common form of degenerative arthritis. It has previously been established that curcumin, a component of turmeric (Curcuma longa), has anti-inflammatory properties. This research evaluates the potentials of curcumin on the pathophysiology of OA in vitro. To explore the anti-inflammatory efficacy of curcumin in an inflamed joint, an osteoarthritic environment (OA-EN) model consisting of fibroblasts, T-lymphocytes, 3D-chondrocytes is constructed and co-incubated with TNF-α, antisense oligonucleotides targeting NF-kB (ASO-NF-kB), or an IkB-kinase (IKK) inhibitor (BMS-345541). Our results show that OA-EN, similar to TNF-α, suppresses chondrocyte viability, which is accompanied by a significant decrease in cartilage-specific proteins (collagen II, CSPG, Sox9) and an increase in NF-kB-driven gene proteins participating in inflammation, apoptosis, and breakdown (NF-kB, MMP-9, Cox-2, Caspase-3). Conversely, similar to knockdown of NF-kB at the mRNA level or at the IKK level, curcumin suppresses NF-kB activation, NF-kB-promotes gene proteins derived from the OA-EN, and stimulates collagen II, CSPG, and Sox9 expression. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation assay shows that curcumin reduces OA-EN-mediated inflammation and chondrocyte apoptosis, with concomitant chondroprotective effects, due to modulation of Sox-9/NF-kB signaling axis. Finally, curcumin selectively hinders the interaction of p-NF-kB-p65 directly with DNA-this association is disrupted through DTT. These results suggest that curcumin suppresses inflammation in OA-EN via modulating NF-kB-Sox9 coupling and is essential for maintaining homeostasis in OA by balancing chondrocyte survival and inflammatory responses. This may contribute to the alternative treatment of OA with respect to the efficacy of curcumin.


Assuntos
Curcumina/farmacologia , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Curcuma/metabolismo , Curcumina/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/fisiopatologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Quinoxalinas/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205482

RESUMO

Tissue factor (TF) plays an important role in the progression and angiogenesis of tumor cells. The present study investigated the mechanism of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß)-induced TF expression in A549 lung cancer cells. Based on mRNA and protein analyses, including appropriate inhibitor experiments, IL-1ß was shown to induce TF expression in a time-dependent manner, mediated by IL-1 receptor-dependent phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) p38, p42/44 and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), as well as the Src kinase and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Thereby, inhibition of EGFR transactivation by the Src inhibitor PP1 or direct EGFR inhibition by the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) erlotinib led to a reduction of IL-1ß-induced TF expression and to a suppression of p42/44 MAPK and EGFR activation, while IL-1ß-induced p38 MAPK and JNK activation remained unchanged. A knockdown of EGFR by siRNA was associated with decreased IL-1ß-mediated p42/44 MAPK activation, which was no longer inhibitable by erlotinib. Concentration-dependent inhibition of IL-1ß-induced TF expression was also observed in the presence of gefitinib and afatinib, two other EGFR TKIs. In summary, our results suggest that IL-1ß leads to increased TF formation in lung cancer cells via both Src/EGFR/p42/44 MAPK-dependent and EGFR-independent signaling pathways, with the latter mediated via p38 MAPK and JNK.


Assuntos
Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Tromboplastina/metabolismo , Células A549 , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases
20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 139: 111660, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243628

RESUMO

The current study investigates the biochemical and histopathological effects of taxifolin on acrylamide-induced kidney damage. A 50 mg/kg dose of taxifolin was administered via oral gavage to the taxifolin + acrylamide (TACR) group (n-6) consisting of male albino Wistar rats. The same volume of distilled water used as solvent was orally administered to the acrylamide (ACR) (n-6) and healthy (HG) (n-6) groups. One hour after the administration of taxifolin and distilled water, a 20 mg/kg dose of acrylamide was orally administered to the TACR and ACR groups. This procedure was repeated once a day for 30 days. In the acrylamide group, malondialdehyde (MDA), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) levels were found to be high, total glutathione (tGSH) levels were found to be low, and there was severe interstitial haemorrhage; additionally, tubular necrosis, tubular atrophy, leucocyte infiltration, and glomerular structures with expanded Bowman's space were observed. In the taxifolin group, where the increase of MDA, IL-1ß, and TNF-α and the decrease of tGSH associated with acrylamide have been prevented, any histopathological finding other than mild necrosis and atrophic tubules was not found. This suggests that Taxifolin would prevent kidney tissue from acrylamide-induced damage would be effective in treating acrylamide-induced nephrotoxicity, inhibiting the increase of MDA, IL-1ß and TNF-α, and decreasing tGSH associated with acrylamide.


Assuntos
Acrilamida/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...