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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1096, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321014

RESUMO

Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is an autoinflammatory condition resulting from monoallelic NLRP3 variants that facilitate IL-1ß production. Although these are gain-of-function variants characterized by hypersensitivity to cell priming, patients with CAPS and animal models of the disease may present inflammatory flares without identifiable external triggers. Here we find that CAPS-associated NLRP3 variants are forming constitutively active inflammasome, which induce increased basal cleavage of gasdermin D, IL-18 release and pyroptosis, with a concurrent basal pro-inflammatory gene expression signature, including the induction of nuclear receptors 4 A. The constitutively active NLRP3-inflammasome of CAPS is responsive to the selective NLRP3 inhibitor MCC950 and its activation is regulated by deubiquitination. Despite their preactivated state, the CAPS inflammasomes are responsive to activation of the NF-κB pathway. NLRP3-inflammasomes with CAPS-associated variants affect the immunometabolism of the myeloid compartment, leading to disruptions in lipids and amino acid pathways and impaired glycolysis, limiting IL-1ß production. In summary, NLRP3 variants causing CAPS form a constitutively active inflammasome inducing pyroptosis and IL-18 release without cell priming, which enables the host's innate defence against pathogens while also limiting IL-1ß-dependent inflammatory episodes through immunometabolism modulation.


Assuntos
Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Animais , Humanos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-18 , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/genética , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
2.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(1): 118-124, 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322537

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the mechanism of spleen tissue inflammatory response induced by altitude hypoxia in mice. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to a plain, i.e., low-altitude, normoxia group and an altitude hypoxia group, with 5 mice in each group. In the plain normoxia group, the mice were kept in a normoxic environment at the altitude of 400 m above sea level (with an oxygen concentration of 19.88%). The mice in the altitude hypoxia group were kept in an environment at the altitude of 4200 m above sea level (with an oxygen concentration of 14.23%) to establish the animal model of altitude hypoxia. On day 30, spleen tissues were collected to determine the splenic index. HE staining was performed to observe the histopathological changes in the spleen tissues of the mice. Real time fluorogenic quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot were conducted to determine the mRNA and protein expressions of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-12, and IL-1ß in the spleen tissue of the mice. High-throughput transcriptome sequencing was performed with RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). KEGG enrichment analysis was performed for the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The DEGs in the key pathways were verified by RT-qPCR. Results: Compared with the plain normoxia group, the mice exposed to high-altitude hypoxic environment had decreased spleen index (P<0.05) and exhibited such pathological changes as decreased white pulp, enlarged germinal center, blurred edge, and venous congestion. The mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-6, IL-12, and IL-1ß in the spleen tissue of mice in the altitude hypoxia group were up-regulated (P<0.05). According to the results of transcriptome sequencing and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, 4218 DEGs were enriched in 178 enrichment pathways (P<0.05). DEGs were significantly enriched in multiple pathways associated with immunity and inflammation, such as T cell receptor signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, and IL-17 signaling pathway (P<0.05) in the spleen of mice exposed to high-altitude hypoxic environment. Among them, IL-17 signaling pathway and the downstream inflammatory factors were highly up-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with the plain normoxia group, the mRNA expression levels of key genes in the IL-17 signaling pathway, including IL-17, IL-17R, and mitogen-activated protein kinase genes (MAPKs), and the downstream inflammatory factors, including matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9), S100 calcium binding protein A8 gene (S100A8), S100 calcium binding protein A9 gene (S100A9), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), were up-regulated or down-regulated (P<0.05) in the altitude hypoxia group. According to the validation of RT-qPCR results, the mRNA expression levels of DEGs were consistent with the RNA-seq results. Conclusion: Altitude hypoxia can induce inflammatory response in the mouse spleen tissue by activating IL-17 signaling pathway and promoting the release of downstream inflammatory factors.


Assuntos
Doença da Altitude , Camundongos , Animais , Doença da Altitude/complicações , Baço , Interleucina-17 , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais , Hipóxia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Oxigênio , Interleucina-12/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3145, 2024 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326384

RESUMO

Indole-3-carbinol(I3C) is a tumor chemopreventive substance that can be extracted from cruciferous vegetables. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the cerebral protective effects of I3C in an in vivo rats model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). 8-10 Week-Old male SD rat received I3C (150 mg/kg, once daily) for 3 days and underwent 3 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by reperfusion. The results showed that I3C pretreatment (150 mg/kg, once daily) prevented CIRI-induced cerebral infarction in rats. I3C pretreatment also decreased the mRNA expression levels of several apoptotic proteins, including Bax, caspase-3 and caspase-9, by increasing the mRNA expression levels of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Inhibited apoptosis in the brain cells of MCAO rats. In addition, we found that I3C pretreatment reduced neuronal loss, promoted neurological recovery after ischemia-reperfusion injury and increased seven-day survival in MCAO rats. I3C pretreatment also significantly reduced the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (INOS), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA in ischemic brain tissue; Increased expression of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA. At the same time, I3C pretreatment significantly decreased the expression of the M1 microglial marker IBA1 after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and increased the expression of these results in the M2 microglial marker CD206. I3C pretreatment also significantly decreased apoptosis and death of HAPI microglial cells after hypoxia induction, decreased interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA The expression of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNAs was increased. These results suggest that I3C protects the brain from CIRI by regulating the anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of microglia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Indóis , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Microglia/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Apoptose , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
4.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 109, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease caused by the deterioration of cartilage. However, the underlying mechanisms of OA pathogenesis remain elusive. METHODS: Hub genes were screened by bioinformatics analysis based on the GSE114007 and GSE169077 datasets. The Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat model of OA was constructed by intra-articular injection of a mixture of papain and L-cysteine. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to detect pathological changes in OA rat models. Inflammatory cytokine levels in serum were measured employing the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was implemented to assess the hub gene expressions in OA rat models. The roles of PDK4 and the mechanism regulating the PPAR pathway were evaluated through western blot, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), ELISA, and flow cytometry assays in C28/I2 chondrocytes induced by IL-1ß. RESULTS: Six hub genes were identified, of which COL1A1, POSTN, FAP, and CDH11 expressions were elevated, while PDK4 and ANGPTL4 were reduced in OA. Overexpression of PDK4 inhibited apoptosis, inflammatory cytokine levels (TNF-α, IL-8, and IL-6), and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation protein expressions (MMP-3, MMP-13, and ADAMTS-4) in IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes. Further investigation revealed that PDK4 promoted the expression of PPAR signaling pathway-related proteins: PPARA, PPARD, and ACSL1. Additionally, GW9662, an inhibitor of the PPAR pathway, significantly counteracted the inhibitory effect of PDK4 overexpression on IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes. CONCLUSION: PDK4 inhibits OA development by activating the PPAR pathway, which provides new insights into the OA management.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo , Ratos , Animais , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/farmacologia , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338774

RESUMO

Although calcineurin inhibitors are very effective as immunosuppressants in organ transplantation, complete graft acceptance remains as a challenge. Transfer of genes with immunosuppressant functions could contribute to improving the clinical evolution of transplantation. In this sense, hydrodynamic injection has proven very efficacious for liver gene transfer. In the present work, the hIL-10 gene was hydrofected 'ex vivo' to pig livers during the bench surgery stage, to circumvent the cardiovascular limitations of the procedure, in a model of porcine orthotopic transplantation with a 10-day follow-up. We used IL-10 because human and porcine proteins can be differentially quantified and for its immunomodulatory pleiotropic functions. Safety (biochemical parameters and histology), expression efficacy (RNA transcription and blood protein expression), and acute inflammatory response (cytokines panel) of the procedure were evaluated. The procedure proved safe as no change in biochemical parameters was observed in treated animals, and human IL-10 was efficaciously expressed, with stationary plasma protein levels over 20 pg/mL during the follow-up. Most studied cytokines showed increments (interferon-α, IFN-α; interleukin-1ß, IL-1ß; tumor necrosis factor α, TNFα; interleukin-6, IL-6; interleukin-8, IL-8; interleukin-4, IL-4; and transforming growth factor-ß, TGF-ß) in treated animals, without deleterious effects on tissue. Collectively, the results support the potential clinical interest in this gene therapy model that would require further longer-term dose-response studies to be confirmed.


Assuntos
Hidrodinâmica , Interleucina-10 , Humanos , Animais , Suínos , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
6.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0295837, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335214

RESUMO

Poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) are a protein family that make ADP-ribose modifications on target genes and proteins. PARP family members contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis, in which monocytes/macrophages play important roles. PARP inhibition is protective against atherosclerosis. However, the mechanisms by which PARP inhibition exerts this beneficial effect are not well understood. Here we show that in THP-1 monocytes, inhibition of PARP by olaparib attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced protein expressions of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, leucine-rich repeat and pyrin domain-containing-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome components: NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain (ASC), and caspase-1. Consistent with this effect, olaparib decreased oxLDL-enhanced interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-18 protein expression. Olaparib also decreased the oxLDL-mediated increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species. Similar to the effects of the NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, olaparib attenuated oxLDL-induced adhesion of monocytes to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells and reduced foam cell formation. Furthermore, olaparib attenuated the oxLDL-mediated activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB through the oxLDL-mediated increase in IκBα phosphorylation and assembly of NF-κB subunits, demonstrated by co-immunoprecipitation of IκBα with RelA/p50 and RelB/p52 subunits. Moreover, PARP inhibition decreased oxLDL-mediated protein expression of a NF-κB target gene, VCAM1, encoding vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. This finding indicates an important role for NF-κB activity in PARP-mediated activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Thus, PARP inhibition by olaparib attenuates NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activities, lessening monocyte cell adhesion and macrophage foam cell formation. These inhibitory effects of olaparib on NLRP3 activity potentially protect against atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Inflamassomos , Ftalazinas , Piperazinas , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Adenosina Difosfato Ribose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
7.
Cells ; 13(3)2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334675

RESUMO

Cathepsin B (CatB) is thought to be essential for the induction of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (Pg LPS)-induced Alzheimer's disease-like pathologies in mice, including interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) production and cognitive decline. However, little is known about the role of CatB in Pg virulence factor-induced IL-1ß production by microglia. We first subjected IL-1ß-luciferase reporter BV-2 microglia to inhibitors of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), IκB kinase, and the NLRP3 inflammasome following stimulation with Pg LPS and outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). To clarify the involvement of CatB, we used several known CatB inhibitors, including CA-074Me, ZRLR, and human ß-defensin 3 (hBD3). IL-1ß production in BV-2 microglia induced by Pg LPS and OMVs was significantly inhibited by the TLR2 inhibitor C29 and the IκB kinase inhibitor wedelolactonne, but not by the NLRPs inhibitor MCC950. Both hBD3 and CA-074Me significantly inhibited Pg LPS-induced IL-1ß production in BV-2 microglia. Although CA-074Me also suppressed OMV-induced IL-1ß production, hBD3 did not inhibit it. Furthermore, both hBD3 and CA-074Me significantly blocked Pg LPS-induced nuclear NF-κB p65 translocation and IκBα degradation. In contrast, hBD3 and CA-074Me did not block OMV-induced nuclear NF-κB p65 translocation or IκBα degradation. Furthermore, neither ZRLR, a specific CatB inhibitor, nor shRNA-mediated knockdown of CatB expression had any effect on Pg virulence factor-induced IL-1ß production. Interestingly, phagocytosis of OMVs by BV-2 microglia induced IL-1ß production. Finally, the structural models generated by AlphaFold indicated that hBD3 can bind to the substrate-binding pocket of CatB, and possibly CatL as well. These results suggest that Pg LPS induces CatB/CatL-dependent synthesis and processing of pro-IL-1ß without activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. In contrast, OMVs promote the synthesis and processing of pro-IL-1ß through CatB/CatL-independent phagocytic mechanisms. Thus, hBD3 can improve the IL-1ß-associated vicious inflammatory cycle induced by microglia through inhibition of CatB/CatL.


Assuntos
Microglia , beta-Defensinas , Humanos , beta-Defensinas/metabolismo , Catepsina B/metabolismo , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Microglia/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
8.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(2): e14627, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation in which lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is released into circulation can cause cognitive dysfunction and we have previously shown that LPS impaired working memory (WM) which refers to the ability to guide incoming behavior by retrieving recently acquired information. However, the mechanism is not very clear, and currently, there is no approved strategy to improve inflammation-induced WM deficit. Notably, epidemiological studies have demonstrated a lower occurrence rate of inflammatory-related diseases in smoking patients, suggesting that inflammation-induced WM impairment may be improved by nicotine treatment. Here, our object is to investigate the effect and potential mechanisms of acute and chronic nicotine treatment on LPS-produced WM deficiency. METHODS: Delayed alternation T-maze task (DAT) was applied for evaluating WM which includes both the short-term information storage and the ability to correct errors in adult male mice. Immunofluorescence staining and immunoblotting were used for assessing the levels and distribution of CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 1 (CRTC1) and hyperpolarization-activated cation channels 2 (HCN2) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and hippocampus. Quantitative PCR and ELISA were employed for analyzing the mRNA and protein levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß. RESULTS: Our results revealed that administration of LPS (i.p.) at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg significantly produced WM impairment in the DAT task accompanied by an increase in IL-1ß and TNF-α expression in the mPFC. Moreover, intra-mPFC infusion of IL-1Ra, an IL-1 antagonist, markedly alleviated LPS-induced WM deficiency. More important, chronic (2 weeks) but not acute nicotine (0.2 mg/kg, subcutaneous) treatment significantly alleviated LPS-induced WM deficiency by upregulating CRTC1 and HCN2. Of note, intra-mPFC infusion of HCN blocker ZD7288 produced significant WM deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, in this study, we show that chronic nicotine treatment ameliorates acute inflammation-induced working memory deficiency by increasing CRTC1 and HCN2 in adult male mice.


Assuntos
Memória de Curto Prazo , Nicotina , Humanos , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Nicotina/farmacologia , Nicotina/uso terapêutico , Nicotina/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Transtornos da Memória/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Transtornos da Memória/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/metabolismo , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/metabolismo
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397063

RESUMO

Persistent immune activation is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people with HIV (PWH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART). The NLRP3 inflammasome may contribute to elevated CVD risk in PWH. This study utilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 25 PWH and 25 HIV-negative controls, as well as HIV in vitro infections. Transcriptional changes were analyzed using RNAseq and pathway analysis. Our results showed that in vitro HIV infection of macrophages and PBMCs from PWH had increased foam cell formation and expression of the NLRP3 inflammasome components and downstream cytokines (caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18), which was reduced with inhibition of NLRP3 activity using MCC950. Transcriptomic analysis revealed an increased expression of multiple genes involved in lipid metabolism, cholesterol storage, coronary microcirculation disorders, ischemic events, and monocyte/macrophage differentiation and function with HIV infection and oxLDL treatment. HIV infection and NLRP3 activation increased foam cell formation and expression of proinflammatory cytokines, providing insights into the mechanisms underlying HIV-associated atherogenesis. This study suggests that HIV itself may contribute to increased CVD risk in PWH. Understanding the involvement of the inflammasome pathway in HIV atherosclerosis can help identify potential therapeutic targets to mitigate cardiovascular risks in PWH.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Citocinas , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397123

RESUMO

Previous data indicate a role of IL-1 and IL-1RA imbalance in bladder carcinoma (BC); the inhibition of IL-1 signaling might be considered a treatment option. Objective: To assess expression patterns and the prognostic role of IL-1ß and IL-1RA in invasive BC and to evaluate their interaction with AKT signaling and proliferation. The study included two independent cohorts of n = 92 and n = 102 patients who underwent a radical cystectomy for BC. Specimen from BC and benign urothelium (n = 22 and n = 39) were processed to a tissue microarray and immunohistochemically stained for IL-1ß, IL-1RA, AKT, and Ki-67. Expression scores were correlated to clinical variables and Ki-67 and AKT expression. An association with outcome was assessed using Wilcoxon Kruskal-Wallis tests, Chi-square tests or linear regression, dependent on the variable's category. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard analyses were used to estimate recurrence-free (RFS), cancer-specific (CSS) and overall survival (OS). Both IL-1ß and IL-1RA were significantly overexpressed in invasive BC compared to benign urothelium in both cohorts (p < 0.005). IL-1ß was associated with vascular invasion (210 vs. 183, p < 0.02), lymphatic invasion (210 vs. 180, <0.05) and G3 cancer (192 vs. 188, <0.04). The survival analysis revealed favorable RFS, CSS, and OS in the case of high IL-1ß expression (p < 0.02, <0.03, and <0.006, respectively). Multivariate analyses revealed an independent impact of (low) IL1ß expression on RFS, CSS, and OS. The IL-1ß and IL-1ß/IL-1RA ratios were positively correlated to the AKT expression (p < 0.05 and <0.01, respectively). Additionally, the high expression of Ki-67 (>15%) correlated with higher levels of IL-1ß (p = 0.01). The overexpression of IL-1ß and IL-1RA is frequently found in BC, with a prognostic significance observed for the IL-1ß protein expression. The observed link between the IL-1ß/IL-1RA axis and AKT signaling may indicate possible autophagy activation processes besides the known tumor-promoting effects of AKT.


Assuntos
Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1 , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67 , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338721

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of a Tankyrase (TNKS-1/2) inhibitor on mechanical stress-induced gene expression in human chondrocytes and examined TNKS-1/2 expression in human osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage. Cells were seeded onto stretch chambers and incubated with or without a TNKS-1/2 inhibitor (XAV939) for 12 h. Uni-axial cyclic tensile strain (CTS) (0.5 Hz, 8% elongation, 30 min) was applied and the gene expression of type II collagen a1 chain (COL2A1), aggrecan (ACAN), SRY-box9 (SOX9), TNKS-1/2, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs-5 (ADAMTS-5), and matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) were examined by real-time PCR. The expression of ADAMTS-5, MMP-13, nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and ß-catenin were examined by immunocytochemistry and Western blotting. The concentration of IL-1ß in the supernatant was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). TNKS-1/2 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in human OA cartilage obtained at the total knee arthroplasty. TNKS-1/2 expression was increased after CTS. The expression of anabolic factors were decreased by CTS, however, these declines were abrogated by XAV939. XAV939 suppressed the CTS-induced expression of catabolic factors, the release of IL-1ß, as well as the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and ß-catenin. TNKS-1/2 expression increased in mild and moderate OA cartilage. Our results demonstrated that XAV939 suppressed mechanical stress-induced expression of catabolic proteases by the inhibition of NF-κB and activation of ß-catenin, indicating that TNKS-1/2 expression might be associated with OA pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Tanquirases , Humanos , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Estresse Mecânico , Tanquirases/antagonistas & inibidores
12.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(10): 15746-15758, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305974

RESUMO

The transition from paraquat (PQ) to diquat (DQ), both organic dication herbicides, in China has led to significant increases in the number of acute DQ poisoning cases. Case studies have shown that acute DQ poisoning resulted in injury to the central nervous system (CNS), but the mechanism underlying the injury remains to be explored. The present study aimed to investigate how DQ influenced purinergic signaling between astrocytes and microglia and whether extracellular ATP (eATP) was involved in promoting neuroinflammation induced by acute DQ toxicity through the activation of the P2X4/NLRP3 signaling pathway. We constructed a rat model of acute DQ toxicity to observe the pathological changes in hippocampal tissues after DQ exposure and measure the expression levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α in the hippocampal tissue. We also established an in vitro co-culture model of C6 astrocytes and BV-2 microglia using transwell chambers, measured the amount of eATP secreted into C6 astrocytes after DQ treatment, and assessed the inflammatory response and changes in the P2X4/NLRP3 signaling pathway in BV-2 microglia. The results showed that the neurons in the hippocampal tissue of rats exhibited loose arrangement, nuclear consolidation, and necrosis after DQ exposure, and IL-1ß and TNF-α levels were signification higher in the hippocampal tissue after DQ exposure. DQ exposure to the co-cultured cells induced an increase in ATP secretion from C6 astrocytes as well as a significant increase of P2X4, NLRP3, IL-1ß, and IL-18 expression in BV-2 microglia. In contrast, pretreatment of C6 astrocytes with apyrase (an ATP hydrolase) resulted in a significant decrease of P2X4, NLRP3, IL-1ß, and IL-18 expression in BV-2 microglia. Furthermore, inhibition of P2X4 expression in BV-2 microglia by transfection with si-P2X4 effectively reversed the increase of NLRP3, IL-1ß, and IL-18 in BV-2 microglia induced by DQ when co-cultured with C6 astrocytes. These results indicate that astrocytes can activate the P2X4/NLRP3 signaling pathway in microglia through the DQ-induced extracellular release of ATP to promote neuroinflammation in rat hippocampal tissue.


Assuntos
Astrócitos , Microglia , Ratos , Animais , Microglia/metabolismo , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/farmacologia , Diquat , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo
13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 129: 111559, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330794

RESUMO

Antibiotic-resistant Serratia marcescens (Sm) is known to cause bloodstream infections, pneumonia, etc. The nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), has been implicated in various lung infections. Yet, its role in Sm-induced pneumonia was not well understood. In our study, we discovered that deletion of Nlrp3 in mice significantly improved Sm-induced survival rates, reduced bacterial loads in the lungs, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and bloodstream, and mitigated the severity of acute lung injury (ALI) compared to wild-type (WT) mice. Mechanistically, we observed that 24 h post-Sm infection, NLRP3 inflammasome activation occurred, leading to gasdermin D NH2-terminal (GSDMD-NT)-induced pyroptosis in macrophages and IL-1ß secretion. The NLRP3 or NLRP3 inflammasome influenced the expression PD-L1 and PD-1, as well as the count of PD-L1 or PD-1-expressing macrophages, alveolar macrophages, interstitial macrophages, PD-L1-expressing neutrophils, and the count of macrophage receptors with collagenous structure (MARCO)-expressing macrophages, particularly MARCO+ alveolar macrophages. The frequency of MARCO+ alveolar macrophages, PD-1 expression, particularly PD-1+ interstitial macrophages were negatively or positively correlated with the Sm load, respectively. Additionally, IL-1ß levels in BALF correlated with three features of acute lung injury: histologic score, protein concentration and neutrophil count in BALF. Consequently, our findings suggest that Nlrp3 deletion offers protection agaisnt acute Sm pneumonia in mice by inhibiting inflammasome activation and reducing Sm infection-induced PD-L1/PD-1 or MARCO expression, particularly in macrophages. This highlights potential therapeutic targets for Sm and other gram-negative bacteria-induced acute pneumonia.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Pneumonia , Camundongos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Serratia marcescens/genética , Serratia marcescens/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Pneumonia/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos Knockout
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338718

RESUMO

Sarcopenia, a complex and debilitating condition characterized by progressive deterioration of skeletal muscle, is the primary cause of age-associated disability and significantly impacts healthspan in elderly patients. Despite its prevalence among the aging population, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still under investigation. The NLRP3 inflammasome is crucial in the innate immune response and has a significant impact on diseases related to inflammation and aging. Here, we investigated the expression of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway and pro-inflammatory cytokines in skeletal muscle and peripheral blood of dependent and independent patients who underwent hip surgery. Patients were categorized into independent and dependent individuals based on their Barthel Index. The expression of NLRP3 inflammasome components was significantly upregulated in sarcopenic muscle from dependent patients, accompanied by higher levels of Caspase-1, IL-1ß and IL-6. Among older dependent individuals with sarcopenia, there was a significant increase in the MYH3/MYH2 ratio, indicating a transcriptional shift in expression from mature to developmental myosin isoforms. Creatine kinase levels and senescence markers were also higher in dependent patients, altogether resembling dystrophic diseases and indicating muscle degeneration. In summary, we present evidence for the involvement of the NLRP3/ASC/NEK7/Caspase-1 inflammasome pathway with activation of pro-inflammatory SASP in the outcome of sarcopenia in the elderly.


Assuntos
Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Sarcopenia , Humanos , Idoso , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Sarcopenia/etiologia , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo
15.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 129: 111656, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340422

RESUMO

Geraniin, a chemical component of the traditional Chinese medicine geranii herba, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. However, its anti-inflammatory role in managing NLRP3 inflammasome and pyroptosis remains to be elucidated. To investigate the anti-inflammation mechanism of geraniin, LPS-primed macrophages were incubated with classical activators of NLRP3 inflammasome (such as ATP, Nigericin, or MSU crystals), and MSU crystals were injected into the ankle joints of mice to establish an acute gouty arthritis model. The propidium iodide (PI) staining results showed that geraniin could restrain cell death in the ATP- or nigericin-stimulated bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Geraniin decreased the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and interleukin (IL)-1ß from cytoplasm to cell supernatant. Geraniin also inhibited the expression of caspase-1 p20, IL-1ß in cell supernatant and N-terminal of gasdermin D (GSDMD-NT) while blocking the oligomerization of ASC to form speck. The inhibitory effects of geraniin on caspase-1 p20, IL-1ß, GSDMD-NT, and ASC speck were not observed in NLRP3 knockout (NLRP3-/-) BMDMs. Hence, the resistance of geraniin to inflammasome and pyroptosis was contingent upon NLRP3 presence. Geraniin reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and maintained mitochondrial membrane potential while preventing interaction between ASC and NLRP3 protein. Additionally, geraniin diminished MSU crystal-induced mouse ankle joint swelling and IL-1ß expression. Geraniin blocked the recruitment of neutrophils and macrophages to the synovium of joints. Our results demonstrate that geraniin prevents the assembly of ASC and NLRP3 through its antioxidant effect, thereby inhibiting inflammasome activation, pyroptosis, and IL-1ß release to provide potential insights for gouty arthritis targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Glucosídeos , Taninos Hidrolisáveis , Inflamassomos , Camundongos , Animais , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Piroptose , Nigericina/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Caspases/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
16.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(4): 1375-1388, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385066

RESUMO

Gingival inflammation and alveolar bone loss are characteristic manifestations of periodontitis. Interleukin (IL)-1ß, the maturation of which is mainly regulated by NOD-like receptor protein (NLRP) 3 inflammasome, not only amplifies the inflammatory response but also triggers osteoclastogenesis, thereby accelerating the progression of periodontitis. Dioscin, a natural steroid saponin, has been shown to inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome. Nevertheless, research on the effectiveness of Dioscin for the management of periodontitis remains scarce. In this study, Dioscin was found to dramatically reduce the integral components of NLRP3 inflammasome, ultimately limiting IL-1ß secretion. Notably, the inhibitory impact of Dioscin on NLRP3 inflammasome might be exerted by curbing the generation of mitochondrial (mt) reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidized (ox) mtDNA, which were mediated by inhibition of K+ efflux. Furthermore, Dioscin effectively alleviated periodontitis in mice. Overall, the results established that Dioscin could alleviate periodontitis by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome via modulation of the K+ efflux-mtROS-ox-mtDNA pathway, holding the potential to treat periodontitis and other NLRP3-driven inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Diosgenina/análogos & derivados , Inflamassomos , Periodontite , Animais , Camundongos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Homeostase , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(4): e18132, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345195

RESUMO

α-Solanine has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-tumour properties; however, its efficacy in treating osteoarthritis (OA) remains ambiguous. The study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of α-solanine on OA development in a mouse OA model. The OA mice were subjected to varying concentrations of α-solanine, and various assessments were implemented to assess OA progression. We found that α-solanine significantly reduced osteophyte formation, subchondral sclerosis and OARSI score. And it decreased proteoglycan loss and calcification in articular cartilage. Specifically, α-solanine inhibited extracellular matrix degradation by downregulating collagen 10, matrix metalloproteinase 3 and 13, and upregulating collagen 2. Importantly, α-solanine reversed chondrocyte pyroptosis phenotype in articular cartilage of OA mice by inhibiting the elevated expressions of Caspase-1, Gsdmd and IL-1ß, while also mitigating aberrant angiogenesis and sensory innervation in subchondral bone. Mechanistically, α-solanine notably hindered the early stages of OA progression by reducing I-κB phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of p65, thereby inactivating NF-κB signalling. Our findings demonstrate the capability of α-solanine to disrupt chondrocyte pyroptosis and sensory innervation, thereby improving osteoarthritic pathological progress by inhibiting NF-κB signalling. These results suggest that α-solanine could serve as a promising therapeutic agent for OA treatment.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Osteoartrite , Solanina , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Piroptose , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Colágeno/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia
18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 23, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative disease involving articular cartilage, in which ferroptosis of chondrocytes plays an important role. Baicalin (BAI) exerts regulatory effects in a wide range of orthopedic diseases including OA, but its effect on ferroptosis of chondrocytes (CHs) is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of BAI on ferroptosis in human OA chondrocytes (OACs), and to explore its possible mechanism. METHODS: CHs were treated with IL-1ß (10 ng/mL) to simulate inflammation in vitro. Immunofluorescence, quantitative RT-PCR, Western blotting and cell viability assay were performed to evaluate the impacts of BAI on Fe2+ level, mitochondrial dysfunction, ferroptosis-related proteins, oxidative stress and cytotoxicity in CHs. Additionally, siRNA was made use of to knock out nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) to analyze the role played by Nrf2 in BAI-induced CH ferroptosis. RESULTS: BAI eliminated IL-1ß-induced Fe2+ accumulation, changes in mitochondrial membrane potential and ferroptosis-related protein GPX4, SLC7A11, P53 and ACSL4 levels, as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulation in CHs. Besides, BAI reversed IL-1ß-induced decrease of Collagen II and increase of MMP13 in CHs. Meanwhile, BAI attenuated IL-1ß-induced CH toxicity and promoted Nrf2 antioxidant system activation. When Nrf2 was knocked down by siRNA, the effects of BAI on IL-1ß-induced ferroptosis-related proteins and antioxidant stress in CHs were significantly weakened. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that IL-1ß can induce CH ferroptosis. BAI is able to inhibit IL-1ß-induced CH ferroptosis and ECM degradation, and the specific mechanism may be that it can inhibit IL-1ß-induced CH ferroptosis by activating Nrf2 antioxidant system to attenuate the accumulation of intracellular ROS and lipid ROS.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-1beta/farmacologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 2, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein regulates programmed cell death throughout the disease conditions by upholding apoptotic pathways. However, the mechanism by which it's expressed in chondrocytes still needs to be studied in chondrocyte-related disorders. Additionally, exploring the potential therapeutic role of Chlorogenic acid (CGA) in confluence with Bcl-2 modulation is of significant interest. METHODS: In vivo and in vitro studies were performed according to our previous methodologies. The chondrocytes were cultured in specific growth media under standard conditions after expression verification of different microRNAs through high-throughput sequencing and verification of Bcl-2 involvement in tibial growth plates. The effect of Bcl-2 expression was investigated by transfecting chondrocytes with miR-460a, siRNA, and their negative controls alone or in combination with CGA. The RNA was extracted and subjected to a reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence assays were performed to visualize the intracellular localization of Bcl-2 and associated proteins related to apoptotic and inflammasome pathways. Moreover, apoptosis through flow cytometry was also performed to understand the modulation of concerning pathways. RESULTS: The suppression of Bcl-2 induced higher apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction, leading to IL-1ß maturation and affecting the inflammasome during chondrocyte proliferation. Conversely, overexpression attenuated the activation, as evidenced by reduced caspase activity and IL-1ß maturation. In parallel, CGA successfully reduced siRNA-induced apoptosis by decreasing Cytochrome C (Cyto C) release from the mitochondria to the cytoplasm, which in turn decreased Caspase-3 and Caspase-7 cleavage with Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax). Furthermore, siBcl-2 transfection and CGA therapy increased chondrocyte proliferation and survival. The CGA also showed a promising approach to maintaining chondrocyte viability by inhibiting siRNA-induced apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Targeting Bcl-2-mediated regulation might be a possible treatment for chondrocyte-related conditions. Moreover, these results add knowledge of the complicated processes underlying chondrocyte function and the pathophysiology of related diseases, highlighting the significance of target specific therapies. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Condrócitos , MicroRNAs , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Ácido Clorogênico/farmacologia , Ácido Clorogênico/metabolismo , Apoptose , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
20.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 38, 2024 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperinflammation, hypercoagulation and endothelial injury are major findings in acute and post-COVID-19. The SARS-CoV-2 S protein has been detected as an isolated element in human tissues reservoirs and is the main product of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. We investigated whether the S protein alone triggers pro-inflammatory and pro-coagulant responses in primary cultures of two cell types deeply affected by SARS-CoV-2, such are monocytes and endothelial cells. METHODS: In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and monocytes, the components of NF-κB and the NLRP3 inflammasome system, as well as coagulation regulators, were assessed by qRT-PCR, Western blot, flow cytometry, or indirect immunofluorescence. RESULTS: S protein activated NF-κB, promoted pro-inflammatory cytokines release, and triggered the priming and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome system resulting in mature IL-1ß formation in both cell types. This was paralleled by enhanced production of coagulation factors such as von Willebrand factor (vWF), factor VIII or tissue factor, that was mediated, at least in part, by IL-1ß. Additionally, S protein failed to enhance ADAMTS-13 levels to counteract the pro-coagulant activity of vWF multimers. Monocytes and HUVEC barely expressed angiotensin-converting enzyme-2. Pharmacological approaches and gene silencing showed that TLR4 receptors mediated the effects of S protein in monocytes, but not in HUVEC. CONCLUSION: S protein behaves both as a pro-inflammatory and pro-coagulant stimulus in human monocytes and endothelial cells. Interfering with the receptors or signaling pathways evoked by the S protein may help preventing immune and vascular complications driven by such an isolated viral element. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Inflamassomos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de von Willebrand , SARS-CoV-2 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
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