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1.
MAbs ; 14(1): 2029675, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35133941

RESUMO

The functional interleukin 6 (IL-6) signaling complex is a hexameric structure composed of IL-6, IL-6Rα, and the signaling receptor gp130. There are three different modes of IL-6 signaling, classic signaling, trans-signaling, and trans-presentation, which are not functionally redundant and mediate pleiotropic effects on both physiological and pathophysiological states. Monoclonal antibodies against IL-6 or IL-6Rα have been successfully developed for clinical application. However, designing therapeutic interventions that block specific modes of IL-6 signaling in a pathologically relevant manner remains a great challenge. Here, we constructed a fusion protein Hyper-IL-6 (HyIL-6) composed of human IL-6 and IL-6Rα to develop specific blocking antibodies against the IL-6/IL-6Rα complex. We successfully screened the monoclonal antibody C14mab, which can bind to HyIL-6 with the binding constant 2.86 × 10-10 and significantly inhibit IL-6/IL-6Rα/gp130 complex formation. In vitro, C14mab effectively inhibited HyIL-6-stimulated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation and related vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induction. Moreover, C14mab efficaciously suppressed HyIL-6-induced acute phase response in vivo. Our data from hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry demonstrate that C14mab mainly binds to site IIIa of IL-6 and blocks the final step in the interaction between gp130 and IL-6/IL-6Rα complex. Additionally, data from enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and kinetics assays indicate that C14mab interacts simultaneously with IL-6 and IL-6Rα, while it does not interact with IL-6Rα alone. The unique features of C14mab may offer a novel alternative for IL-6 blockade and illuminate a better therapeutic intervention targeting IL-6.


Assuntos
Interleucina-6 , Receptores de Interleucina-6 , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Receptor gp130 de Citocina/química , Receptor gp130 de Citocina/metabolismo , Epitopos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Receptores de Interleucina-6/química , Receptores de Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
2.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0265504, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511802

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We hypothesize that illicit opioid use increases bacterial translocation from the gut, which intensifies systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between opioid use and plasma soluble CD14 [sCD14], interleukin-6 [IL-6] and D-dimer in people living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS: We analyzed data from the Russia ARCH study-an observational cohort of 351 ART-naive PLWH in St. Petersburg, Russia. Plasma levels of sCD14 (primary outcome), IL-6 and D-dimer (secondary outcomes) were evaluated at baseline, 12, and 24 months. Participants were categorized into three groups based on illicit opioid use: current, prior, and never opioid use. Linear mixed effects models were used to evaluate associations. RESULTS: Compared to never opioid use, sCD14 levels were significantly higher for participants with current opioid use (AMD = 197.8 ng/ml [11.4, 384.2], p = 0.04). IL-6 levels were also higher for participants with current vs. never opioid use (ARM = 2.10 [1.56, 2.83], p <0.001). D-dimer levels were higher for current (ARM = 1.95 [1.43, 2.64], p <0.001) and prior (ARM = 1.57 [1.17, 2.09], p = 0.004) compared to never opioid use. CONCLUSIONS: Among PLWH, current opioid use compared to never use is associated with increased monocyte activation and systemic inflammation.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-6 , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos , Monócitos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/complicações
3.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267779, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511858

RESUMO

Clinical trials conventionally test aggregate mean differences and assume homogeneous variances across treatment groups. However, significant response heterogeneity may exist. The purpose of this study was to model treatment response variability using gait speed change among older adults participating in caloric restriction (CR) trials. Eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with five- or six-month assessments were pooled, including 749 participants randomized to CR and 594 participants randomized to non-CR (NoCR). Statistical models compared means and variances by CR assignment and exercise assignment or select subgroups, testing for treatment differences and interactions for mean changes and standard deviations. Continuous equivalents of dichotomized variables were also fit. Models used a Bayesian framework, and posterior estimates were presented as means and 95% Bayesian credible intervals (BCI). At baseline, participants were 67.7 (SD = 5.4) years, 69.8% female, and 79.2% white, with a BMI of 33.9 (4.4) kg/m2. CR participants reduced body mass [CR: -7.7 (5.8) kg vs. NoCR: -0.9 (3.5) kg] and increased gait speed [CR: +0.10 (0.16) m/s vs. NoCR: +0.07 (0.15) m/s] more than NoCR participants. There were no treatment differences in gait speed change standard deviations [CR-NoCR: -0.002 m/s (95% BCI: -0.013, 0.009)]. Significant mean interactions between CR and exercise assignment [0.037 m/s (95% BCI: 0.004, 0.070)], BMI [0.034 m/s (95% BCI: 0.003, 0.066)], and IL-6 [0.041 m/s (95% BCI: 0.009, 0.073)] were observed, while variance interactions were observed between CR and exercise assignment [-0.458 m/s (95% BCI: -0.783, -0.138)], age [-0.557 m/s (95% BCI: -0.900, -0.221)], and gait speed [-0.530 m/s (95% BCI: -1.018, -0.062)] subgroups. Caloric restriction plus exercise yielded the greatest gait speed benefit among older adults with obesity. High BMI and IL-6 subgroups also improved gait speed in response to CR. Results provide a novel statistical framework for identifying treatment heterogeneity in RCTs.


Assuntos
Restrição Calórica , Interleucina-6 , Idoso , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/terapia , Velocidade de Caminhada
4.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 7832564, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35542755

RESUMO

To investigate the value of perioperative cytokine levels in predicting the risk for in-stent restenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. 452 patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to our hospital between June 2018 and June 2020 were prospectively selected as subjects. All patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The baseline data of the patients were collected. Venous blood was taken before, 24 hours, and 3 days after the operation to detect the levels of related cytokines. Follow-up was performed for 1 year. The patients were assigned to restenosis and nonrestenosis groups according to the presence and absence of restenosis. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to explore the influencing factors of the risk for in-stent restenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. By July 1, 2021, 449 cases had been followed up. Of them, 44 cases suffered from in-stent restenosis and 405 cases did not affect in-stent restenosis. The incidence of in-stent restenosis was 9.80%. Before, 24 hours, and 3 days after the operation, the lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) level was significantly higher in the restenosis group than that in the nonrestenosis group. At 3 days after the operation, the interleukin 6 (IL-6) level was significantly higher in the restenosis group than that in the nonrestenosis group (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis displayed that Lp-PLA2 level preoperatively (OR = 1.048, 95% CI 1.029-1.068), Lp-PLA2 level 24 hours postoperatively (OR = 1.013, 95% CI 1.007-1.019), Lp-PLA2 level 3 days postoperatively (OR = 1.032, 95% CI 1.015-1.048), and IL-6 level 3 days postoperatively (OR = 1.020, 95% CI 1.000-1.040) were risk factors for in-stent restenosis (all P < 0.05). IL-6 and Lp-PLA2 levels can predict the risk for in-stent restenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction in the perioperative period.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária , Infarto do Miocárdio , 1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterase , Citocinas , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia
5.
Cell Commun Signal ; 20(1): 63, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment consists of stromal cells, extracellular matrix, and physicochemical properties (e.g., oxygenation, acidification). An important element of the tumor niche are cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). They may constitute up to 80% of the tumor mass and share some features with myofibroblasts involved in the process of wound healing. CAFs can facilitate cancer progression. However, their interaction with melanoma cells is still poorly understood. METHODS: We obtained CAFs using conditioned media derived from primary and metastatic melanoma cells, and via co-culture with melanoma cells on Transwell inserts. Using 2D and 3D wound healing assays and Transwell invasion method we evaluated CAFs' motile activities, while coverslips with FITC-labeled gelatin, gelatin zymography, and fluorescence-based activity assay were employed to determine the proteolytic activity of the examined cells. Western Blotting method was used for the identification of CAFs' markers as well as estimation of the mediators of MMPs' (matrix metalloproteinases) expression levels. Lastly, CAFs' secretome was evaluated with cytokine and angiogenesis proteomic arrays, and lactate chemiluminescence-based assay. RESULTS: Acquired FAP-α/IL6-positive CAFs exhibited elevated motility expressed as increased migration and invasion ratio, as well as higher proteolytic activity (area of digestion, MMP2, MMP14). Furthermore, fibroblasts activated by melanoma cells showed upregulation of the MMPs' expression mediators' levels (pERK, p-p38, CD44, RUNX), enhanced secretion of lactate, several cytokines (IL8, IL6, CXCL1, CCL2, ICAM1), and proteins related to angiogenesis (GM-CSF, DPPIV, VEGFA, PIGF). CONCLUSIONS: Observed changes in CAFs' biology were mainly driven by highly aggressive melanoma cells (A375, WM9, Hs294T) compared to the less aggressive WM1341D cells and could promote melanoma invasion, as well as impact inflammation, angiogenesis, and acidification of the tumor niche. Interestingly, different approaches to CAFs acquisition seem to complement each other showing interactions between studied cells. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Interleucina-6 , Melanoma , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Gelatina/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lactatos/metabolismo , Melanoma/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Placentário/metabolismo , Proteômica , Microambiente Tumoral
6.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268291, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether various novel inflammatory, angiogenic, and extracellular matrix-related mediators in amniotic fluid (AF) can independently predict emergency cerclage outcomes in women with acute cervical insufficiency (CI). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted among 50 singleton pregnant women (18-25 weeks) who underwent emergency cerclage for CI and were subjected to amniocentesis. The AF samples were assayed for endoglin, endostatin, haptoglobin, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-3, -4, kallistatin, lumican, macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), pentraxin 3, p-selectin, receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), resistin, transforming growth factor beta-induced (TGFBI), and vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) levels. Interleukin (IL)-6 levels in the AF were also measured for comparison with potential biomarkers assessed in this study. The primary endpoint was spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) at <34 weeks following emergency cerclage. RESULTS: The AF levels of pentraxin 3, RAGE, and resistin were significantly higher in women who had SPTD at <34 weeks after cerclage placement (pentraxin-3: P = 0.003; RAGE: P = 0.041; and resistin; P = 0.002). In multivariate analysis, elevated AF levels of pentraxin 3 (P = 0.007) and resistin (P = 0.006), but not those of RAGE (P = 0.069), were independently associated with the occurrence of SPTD at <34 weeks after cerclage, following adjustment for baseline clinical variables (e.g., cervical dilation). The area under the curve (AUC) values of AF pentraxin 3, RAGE, and resistin for the prediction of SPTD at <34 weeks were 0.749, 0.669, and 0.770, respectively, which were similar to those of AF IL-6. However, in univariate analyses, no differences in the AF levels of endoglin, endostatin, haptoglobin, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, kallistatin, lumican, p-selectin, TGFBI, and VDBP were found to be associated with SPTD at <34 weeks after cerclage placement. CONCLUSIONS: In women with acute CI, the AF levels of pentraxin 3, RAGE, and resistin could be useful novel biomarkers for predicting SPTD following emergency cerclage. However, the clinical utility of these new biomarkers should be validated in larger multicenter studies.


Assuntos
Cerclagem Cervical , Nascimento Prematuro , Incompetência do Colo do Útero , Líquido Amniótico/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Endoglina/metabolismo , Endostatinas/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lumicana/metabolismo , Selectina-P/metabolismo , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/metabolismo , Resistina/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Clin Interv Aging ; 17: 615-626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502188

RESUMO

Background: Inflammation is closely associated with prognosis in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), which is orchestrated by inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the levels of inflammatory cytokines in the early stage of aSAH and their predictive value for prognosis. Methods: In this retrospective study, 206 patients with aSAH were recruited and assigned to a severe group (WFNS grade ≥ 4) and a mild group (WFNS grade < 4) according to the severity of patients on admission. Flow cytometry was performed to detect the levels of 12 inflammatory cytokines in the serum of patients. Then, patients were grouped into a poor prognosis group (mRS score ≥ 4) and a good prognosis group (mRS score < 4) based on their prognosis after 3 months of discharge to compare the relationship between cytokines and prognosis. Propensity score matching (PSM) was utilized to control confounding factors. The correlation between inflammatory factors and prognosis was determined using Spearman correlation, and the predictive efficacy of inflammatory factors was tested by a receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Serum IL-1ß, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-γ, and TNF-α levels were significantly higher in the mild group than in the severe group and in the poor prognosis group than in the good prognosis group. After PSM, the differences in IL-1ß, IL-5, IFN-α, and IFN-γ levels disappeared between the two groups, whereas IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α levels remained higher in the poor prognosis group than in the good prognosis group. Additionally, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 levels were positively correlated with mRS scores. Moreover, the predictive value was found to be the highest for IL-6 and the lowest for TNF-α. Conclusion: Inflammation degree was related to the severity of aSAH. Inflammatory markers, including IL-6, IL-10, IL-8, IL-2, and TNF-α, might predict the poor prognosis of aSAH.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Citocinas , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-2 , Interleucina-5 , Interleucina-6 , Interleucina-8 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
8.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 94(2): e20201947, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35507979

RESUMO

The diagnostic role of serum cytokines depends on the etiology and pathogenesis of acute appendicitis but the clinical significance of these cytokines in the differential diagnosis of complicated acute appendicitis remains unclear. To investigate the prediction of progression and diagnostic values of interleukin-6, interleukin-1 beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in complicated acute appendicitis. This study was conducted in 100 patients with a definitive diagnosis of acute appendicitis and 20 individuals assigned for the control group. Venous blood was collected to assess biochemical tests, as well as interleukin-6, interleukin-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels. Serum levels of all parameters were dramatically higher in the complicated group compared with uncomplicated. Duration of hospitalization, rates of postoperative infection, intraabdominal abscess, and re-hospitalization were higher in complicated group. Cut-off points of WBC, CRP, NLR, interleukin-6, interleukin-1ß and tumor necrosis factor-α were 13.5x103/µL, 1.92 mg/dL, 6.09, 23.4 pg/mL, 5.6 pg/mL and 24 pg/mL (p=0.0014, p<0.001, p=0.009, respectively and p<0.001 for the rest). AUC of interleukin-6 was larger than AUCs of all other parameters, suggesting the highest predicting power of interleukin-6 among other parameters. Serum interleukin-6, interleukin-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels are valuable diagnostic parameters to predict a complicated acute appendicitis.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Doença Aguda , Apendicite/complicações , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Biomarcadores , Citocinas , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta , Interleucina-6 , Contagem de Leucócitos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
9.
Bioengineered ; 13(5): 11625-11635, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510377

RESUMO

Sepsis is capable of causing systemic infections resulting in multiple organ damage. Dexpanthenol (DXP) has been reported to protect against kidney and liver injury. Therefore, this paper attempts to explore the role of DXP in sepsis-induced kidney and liver injury. A mice model of sepsis was established using the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) method. The expressions of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 in the serum of mice were measured utilizing enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Additionally, the damage of kidney and liver tissues in CLP-induced mice was determined by their respective commercial kits, western blot, and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining kits. The apoptosis of kidney and liver tissues in CLP-induced mice was assessed by means of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and western blot. It was observed that DXP decreased the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and MCP-1 in the serum of CLP-induced mice, attenuated the functional impairment, pathological damage, inflammation, and cell apoptosis of kidney tissue. Meanwhile, DXP decreased the functional impairment of liver in CLP-induced mice, reduced the levels of inflammatory factors and antioxidant enzymes, attenuated liver pathological damage, and decreased cell apoptosis in liver tissues. In conclusion, DXP attenuates inflammatory damage and apoptosis in kidney and liver organs in a sepsis model.


Assuntos
Interleucina-6 , Sepse , Animais , Apoptose , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ácido Pantotênico/análogos & derivados , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
10.
Ren Fail ; 44(1): 551-561, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491874

RESUMO

Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and life-threatening complication in hospitalized and critically ill patients and has unacceptable morbidity and mortality rates. However, effective approaches for the diagnosis and treatment of septic AKI are still lacking. Here, we demonstrated significant increases in the miR-26a-5p levels in renal tubular cells of LPS-induced septic AKI models both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, we provided evidence of the involvement of NF-κB in miR-26a-5p induction. LPS treatment of renal tubular cells led to the activation of NF-κB, and inhibition of NF-κB by TPCA-1 prevented the induction of miR-26a-5p. These results indicated that NF-κB was a key upstream factor for the induction of miR-26a-5p in septic AKI. Anti-miR-26a-5p enhanced the expression of IL-6 at both the protein and mRNA levels following LPS treatment. Furthermore, our luciferase microRNA target reporter assay verified that IL-6 is a direct target of miR-26a-5p. Blocking miR-26a-5p promoted renal inflammation and worsened kidney injury. Thus, our study indicated that the miR-26a-5p/IL-6 axis can alleviate sepsis-induced acute kidney injury by inhibiting renal inflammation. This mechanism may represent a therapeutic target for septic AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , MicroRNAs , Nefrite , Sepse , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Sepse/complicações
11.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0266652, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Procalcitonin (PCT) is an acute-phase reactant with concentrations ≥0.5 µg/L indicative of possible bacterial infection in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19). Some with severe COVID-19 develop cytokine storm secondary to virally driven hyper-inflammation. However, increased pro-inflammatory cytokines are also seen in bacterial sepsis. This study aimed to assess the clinical utility of a cytokine panel in the assessment of COVID-19 with bacterial superinfections along with PCT and C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: The retrospective analysis included serum cytokines (interleukins; IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8 and tumour necrosis factor (TNFα)) measured using Ella™ (Bio-Techne, Oxford, UK) and PCT measured by Roche Cobas (Burgess Hill, UK) in patients admitted with COVID-19 between March 2020 and January 2021. Patients enrolled into COVID-19 clinical trials, treated with Remdesivir/IL-6 inhibitors were excluded. The cytokine data was compared between intensive care unit (ICU) patients, age matched non-ICU patients and healthy volunteers as well as ICU patients with high and normal PCT (≥0.5 vs. <0.5 µg/L). RESULTS: Cytokine concentrations and CRP were higher in COVID-19 patients (76; ICU & non-ICU) vs. healthy controls (n = 24), all p<0.0001. IL-6, IL-8, TNFα and were higher in ICU patients (n = 46) vs. non-ICU patients (n = 30) despite similar CRP. Among 46 ICU patients, the high PCT group (n = 26) had higher TNFα (p<0.01) and longer ICU stay (mean 47 vs. 25 days, p<0.05). There was no difference in CRP and blood/respiratory culture results between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Pro-inflammatory cytokines and PCT were higher in COVID-19 patients requiring ICU admission vs. non-ICU admissions despite no difference in CRP. Furthermore, TNFα was higher in those with high PCT and requiring longer ICU admission despite no difference in CRP or rate of bacterial superinfection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pró-Calcitonina , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Calcitonina , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Cuidados Críticos , Citocinas , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Interleucina-6 , Interleucina-8 , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
12.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(5): 424, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501324

RESUMO

UHMK1, a serine/threonine kinase with a U2AF homology motif, is implicated in RNA processing and protein phosphorylation. Increasing evidence has indicated its involvement in tumorigenesis. However, it remains to be elucidated whether UHMK1 plays a role in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we demonstrated that UHMK1 was frequently upregulated in CRC samples compared with adjacent normal tissue and high expression of UHMK1 predicted poor outcomes. Knockdown of UHMK1 by siRNAs restrained CRC cell proliferation and increased oxaliplatin sensitivity, whereas overexpression of UHMK1 promoted CRC cell growth and oxaliplatin resistance, suggesting that UHMK1 plays important oncogenic roles in CRC. Mechanistically, we showed that UHMK1 had a significant effect on IL6/STAT3 signaling by interacting with STAT3. The interaction of UHMK1 with STAT3 enhanced STAT3 activity in regulating gene transcription. Furthermore, we found that STAT3 could in turn transcriptionally activate UHMK1 expression in CRC cells. The complementary experiments for cell growth and oxaliplatin resistance indicated the interdependent relationship between UHMK1 and STAT3. Thus, these collective findings uncovered a new UHMK1/STAT3 positive feedback regulatory loop contributing to CRC development and chemoresistance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Interleucina-6 , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
13.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 74(2): 201-208, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503067

RESUMO

The shivering and nonshivering thermogenesis in skeletal muscles is important for maintaining body temperature in a cold environment. In addition to nervous-humoral regulation, adipose tissue was demonstrated to directly respond to cold in a cell-autonomous manner to produce heat. However, whether skeletal muscle can directly respond to low temperature in an autoregulatory manner is unknown. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels TRPM8 and TRPA1 are two important cold sensors. In the current study, we found TRPM8 was expressed in mouse skeletal muscle tissue and C2C12 myotubes by RT-PCR. After exposure to 33 °C for 6 h, the gene expression pattern of C2C12 myotubes was significantly changed which was evidenced by RNA-sequencing. KEGG-Pathway enrichment analysis of these differentially expressed genes showed that low temperature changed several important signaling pathways, such as IL-17, TNFα, MAPK, FoxO, Hedgehog, Hippo, Toll-like receptor, Notch, and Wnt signaling pathways. Protein-protein interaction network analysis revealed that IL-6 gene was a key gene which was directly affected by low temperature in skeletal muscle cells. In addition, both mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 were increased by 33 °C exposure in C2C12 myotubes. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that skeletal muscle cells could directly respond to low temperature, characterized by upregulated expression of IL-6 in skeletal muscle cells.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Interleucina-6 , Animais , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Temperatura
14.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 79(5): 272, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503385

RESUMO

Characterized by a surplus of whole-body adiposity, obesity is strongly associated with the prognosis of atherosclerosis, a hallmark of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the major contributor to cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Adipose tissue serves a primary role as a lipid-storage organ, secreting cytokines known as adipokines that affect whole-body metabolism, inflammation, and endocrine functions. Emerging evidence suggests that adipokines can play important roles in atherosclerosis development, progression, as well as regression. Here, we review the versatile functions of various adipokines in atherosclerosis and divide these respective functions into three major groups: protective, deteriorative, and undefined. The protective adipokines represented here are adiponectin, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF-21), C1q tumor necrosis factor-related protein 9 (CTRP9), and progranulin, while the deteriorative adipokines listed include leptin, chemerin, resistin, Interleukin- 6 (IL-6), and more, with additional adipokines that have unclear roles denoted as undefined adipokines. Comprehensively categorizing adipokines in the context of atherosclerosis can help elucidate the various pathways involved and potentially pave novel therapeutic approaches to treat CVDs.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Adiponectina/metabolismo , Adiposidade , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leptina/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2049-2055, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531720

RESUMO

The present study investigated the mechanism of the Tibetan medicine Ershiwuwei Songshi Pills(ESP) against the liver injury induced by acetaminophen(APAP) in mice based on the kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1(Keap1)/nuclear transcription factor E2 related factor 2(Nrf2) and Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) p65 signaling pathways. Kunming mice were randomly divided into a blank control group, a model group, an N-acetyl-L-cysteine(NAC) group, and high-(400 mg·kg~(-1)), medium-(200 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-dose(100 mg·kg~(-1)) ESP groups. After 14 days of continuous administration, except for those in the control group, the mice were intraperitoneally injected with 200 mg·kg~(-1) APAP. After 12 h, the serum and liver tissues of mice were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was performed on pathological sections of the liver, and the levels of aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) in the serum and the levels of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase(CAT), myeloperoxidase(MPO), and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in liver tissue homogenate were detected to observe and analyze the protective effect of ESP on APAP-induced liver injury in mice. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta(IL-1ß), and interleukin-6(IL-6) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The protein expression of Nrf2, Keap1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 in the liver was determined by Western blot. Quantitative real-time was used to determine the mRNA expression of glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit(GCLC), glutamate-cysteine ligase regulatory subunit(GCLM), heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase quinone 1(NQO-1) in the liver to explore the mechanism of ESP in improving APAP-induced liver damage in mice. As revealed by results, compared with the model group, the ESP groups showed improved liver pathological damage, decreased ALT and AST levels in the serum and MDA and MPO content in the liver, increased GSH, SOD, CAT, and T-AOC in the liver, reduced TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the serum, down-regulated expression of Keap1 in the liver cytoplasm and NF-κB p65 in the liver nucleus, up-regulated expression of Nrf2 in the liver nucleus, insignificant change in TLR4 expression, and elevated relative mRNA expression levels of antioxidant genes GCLC, GCLM, HO-1, and NQO-1. ESP can reduce the oxidative damage and inflammation caused by APAP, and the mechanism may be related to the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway and the signal transduction factors on the TLR4/NF-κB p65 pathway.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/metabolismo , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/farmacologia , Glutationa , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fígado , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2195-2199, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531736

RESUMO

The present study explored the anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic mechanism of Jingfang Granules on tail thrombosis induced by carrageenan in mice. Thirty-two male ICR mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a Jingfang Granules group, and a positive drug(aspirin) group, with eight mice in each group. The thrombosis model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of carrageenan(45 mg·kg~(-1)) combined with low-temperature stimulation, and the mice were treated with drugs for 7 days before modeling. Twenty-four hours after modeling, blood was detected for four blood coagulation indices in each group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the activity of plasma interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and other inflammatory factors. The tails of mice in each group were cut off to observe tail lesions and measure the length of the thrombus. The protein expression and phosphorylation level of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2(ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) in spleen tissues were detected by Western blot. The results showed that dark red thrombus appeared in the tails of mice in each group. The length of the black part accounted for about 40% of the total tail in the model group. Additionally, the model group showed prolonged prothrombin time(PT), increased fibrinogen(FIB) content, and shortened activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT). Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention displayed shortened black parts in the tail and improved four blood coagulation indices(P<0.05). As revealed by ELISA, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in the mouse plasma were significantly up-regulated in the model group, and those in the groups with drug intervention were reduced as compared with the model group(P<0.05). As demonstrated by Western blot, the protein expression and phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK in the spleen tissues were significantly elevated in the model group, while those in the Jingfang Granules group were down-regulated as compared with the model group with a significant difference. Jingfang Granules can inhibit tail thrombosis of mice caused by carrageenan presumedly by inhibiting the activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Trombose , Animais , Carragenina/efeitos adversos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Transdução de Sinais , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(5): 505-10, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy and possible mechanism of warming acupuncture combined with "three steps and seven methods" of tuina and simple "three steps and seven methods" of tuina in treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain (NLBP) of yang deficiency and cold-dampness blockage. METHODS: A total of 138 patients were randomized into an observation group (69 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a control group (69 cases, 7 cases dropped off). In the control group, "three steps and seven methods" of tuina was applied. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, warming acupuncture was applied at Shenshu (BL 23), Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Mingmen (GV 4), Weizhong (BL 40) and ashi points. The treatment was given once a day, 6 times a week for 3 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, the short form of McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI) score, finger-to-floor distance (FFD), Schober test distance, fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire (FABQ) score and yang deficiency and cold-dampness blockage score were observed, the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6 and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) were detected in both groups. The recurrence rate was evaluated in follow-up of 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: After treatment, the scores of PRI, PPI, VAS, ODI, FABQ and FFD, yang deficiency and cold-dampness blockage scores were decreased compared before treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.01); the Schober test distances were increased compared before treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was larger than the control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TXB2 were decreased compared before treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.01). In follow-up, the recurrence rate was 12.8% (6/47) in the observation group, which was lower than 34.3% (12/35) in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Warming acupuncture combined with "three steps and seven methods" of tuina can effectively alleviate pain in patients with chronic NLBP of yang deficiency and cold-dampness blockage, improve activity and dysfunction of waist, the clinical efficacy is superior to simple "three steps and seven methods" of tuina, its mechanism may be relate to the inhibition of inflammatory reaction.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Dor Lombar , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Dor Lombar/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Deficiência da Energia Yang/terapia
18.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(1): 26-34, 2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545360

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nephrotic syndrome is a common disease of the urinary system. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of astragalus polysaccharides (APS) on multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) and P-glycoprotein 170 (P-gp170) in adriamycin nephropathy rats and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: A total of 72 male Wistar rats were divided into a control group, a model group, an APS low-dose group, an APS high-dose group, an APS+micro RNA (miR)-16 antagomir group and an APS+miR-16 antagomir control group, with 12 rats in each group. Urine protein (UP) was detected by urine analyzer, and serum cholesterol (CHOL), albumin (ALB), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine (SCr) were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer; serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) levels were detected by ELISA kit; the morphological changes of kidney tissues were observed by HE staining; the levels of miR-16 and MDR1 mRNA in kidney tissues were detected by real-time RT-PCR; the expression levels of NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, and P-gp170 protein in kidney tissues were detected by Western blotting; and dual luciferase was used to verify the relationship between miR-16 and NF-κB. RESULTS: The renal tissue structure of rats in the control group was normal without inflammatory cell infiltration. The renal glomeruli of rats in the model group were mildly congested, capillary stenosis or occlusion, and inflammatory cell infiltration was obvious. The rats in the low-dose and high-dose APS groups had no obvious glomerular congestion, the proliferation of mesangial cells was significantly reduced, and the inflammatory cells were reduced. Compared with the high-dose APS group and the APS+miR-16 antagomir control group, there were more severe renal tissue structure damages in the APS + miR-16 antagomir group. Compared with the control group, the levels of UP, CHOL, BUN, SCr, IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and MDR1 mRNA, and the protein levels of p-NF-κB p65 and P-gp170 in the model group were significantly increased (all P<0.05); the levels of ALB and miR-16 were significantly decreased (both P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the levels of UP, CHOL, BUN, SCr, IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and MDR1 mRNA, and the protein levels of pNF-κB p65 and P-gp170 in the low-dose and high-dose APS groups were significant decreased (all P<0.05); and the levels of ALB and miR-16 were significantly increased (both P<0.05). Compared with APS+miR-16 antagomir control group, the UP, CHOL, BUN, SCr, IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α levels, MDR1 mRNA, and the protein levels of p-NF-κB p65 and P-gp170 were significantly increased (all P<0.05). The levels of ALB and miR-16 were significantly decreased in the APS+miR-16 antagomir group compared with the APS+miR-16 antagomir control group (both P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: APS can regulate the miR-16/NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby affecting the levels of MDR1 and P-gp170, and reducing the inflammation in the kidney tissues in the adriamycin nephropathy rats.


Assuntos
Nefropatias , MicroRNAs , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Animais , Antagomirs , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Feminino , Genes MDR , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(2): 202-210, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The plateau environment is characterized by low oxygen partial pressure, leading to the reduction of oxygen carrying capacity in alveoli and the reduction of available oxygen in tissues, and thus causing tissue damage. Cilostazol is a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor that has been reported to increase the oxygen release of hemoglobin (Hb) in tissues. This study aims to explore the anti-hypoxic activity of cilostazol and its anti-hypoxic effect. METHODS: A total of 40 male BALB/C mice were randomly divided into a low-dose cilostazol (6.5 mg/kg) group, a medium-dose (13 mg/kg) group, a high-dose (26 mg/kg) group, and a control group. The atmospheric airtight hypoxia experiment was used to investigate the anti-hypoxic activity of cilostazol and to screen the optimal dosage. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normoxia control group, a hypoxia model group, an acetazolamide (22.33 mg/kg) group, and a cilostazol (9 mg/kg) group. After 3 days of hypoxia in the 4 010 m high altitude, blood from the abdominal aorta was collected to determine blood gas indicators, the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in plasma were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutataione (GSH) were measured. The degree of pathological damage for rat tissues was observed with HE staining. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the survival time of mice in the low, medium, and high dose group of cilostazol was significantly prolonged, and the survival time of mice in the medium dose group was the longest, with an extension rate at 29.34%, so the medium dose was the best dose. Compared with the hypoxia model group, the P50 (oxygen partial pressure at Hb oxygen saturation of 50%) value of rats in the cilostazol group was significantly increased by 1.03%; Hb and Hct were significantly reduced by 8.46% and 8.43%, and the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in plasma were reduced by 50.65% and 30.77%. The MDA contents in heart, brain, lung, liver, and kidney tissues were reduced by 37.12%, 29.55%, 25.00%, 39.34%, and 21.47%, respectively. The SOD activities were increased by 94.93%, 9.14%, 9.42%, 13.29%, and 20.80%, respectively. The GSH contents were increased by 95.24%, 28.62%, 28.57%, 20.80%, and 44.00%, respectively. The results of HE staining showed that compared with the hypoxia model group, cilostazol significantly improved the damage of heart, lung, and kidney tissues in rats after hypoxia. CONCLUSIONS: Cilostazol can significantly improve the oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction caused by rapid altitude hypoxia, and it has a significant protective effect on tissue damage caused by hypoxia, suggesting that it has obvious anti-hypoxic activity.


Assuntos
Doença da Altitude , Animais , Cilostazol/farmacologia , Cilostazol/uso terapêutico , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-6/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estresse Oxidativo , Oxigênio , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527433

RESUMO

Objective: Transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were performed on the gene expression of nasal epithelial cells in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) and perennial AR, so as to obtain the differences in the gene expression of nasal epithelial cells between seasonal AR and perennial AR. Methods: The human nasal epithelial cell line(HNEpC) was cultured in vitro, treated with 100 µg/ml mugwort or house dust mite (HDM) extracts for 24 hours. Total cell RNA was extracted, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). From November 2019 to November 2020, 3 seasonal AR patients, 3 perennial AR patients, and 3 healthy controls who attended the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University were analyzed. The patients' primary nasal epithelial cells were cultured in vitro, treated with corresponding allergens for 24 hours. Total RNA was extracted for transcriptome sequencing, and the sequencing results were analyzed by bioinformatics. Results: The qPCR results showed that the cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and TSLP of HNEpC treated with mugworts extracts and HDM extracts had the same trend of change. After the nasal epithelial cells from patients with seasonal AR and perennial AR were treated with corresponding allergens, there were differences in biological processes and signal pathways between those and control. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes (DEG) in AR patients allergic to mugwort were mainly enriched in the oxidation-reduction process, the negative regulation of apoptosis process, and the cell adhesion; the DEG in AR patients allergic to HDM were mainly enriched in cell adhesion, the negative regulation of cell proliferation and the response to drug. Enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway showed that the DEG of AR patients allergic to mugwort were significantly enriched in arachidonic acid metabolism, p53 signaling pathway and transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) signaling pathway, while the DEG of AR patients allergic to HDM were mainly enriched in cells cycle, Fanconi anemia pathway and DNA replication. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) showed that the inflammatory response, TNF-α/NF-κB signaling pathway and IL-2/STAT5 signaling pathway were significantly up-regulated in AR patients allergic to mugwort, indicating the promotion of inflammatory response; and AR patients allergic to HDM had significant down-regulation of G2M, E2F, and MYC, indicating the inhibition of cell proliferation. The protein-protein interaction network showed that TNF and CDK1 were the most interacting proteins in mugwort and HDM allergic AR patients, respectively. Conclusion: Seasonal AR and perennial AR may affect the different biological processes and signal pathways of nasal epithelial cells, leading to differences in the occurrence and development of AR.


Assuntos
Rinite Alérgica Perene , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Rinite Alérgica , Alérgenos , Animais , Biologia Computacional , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8 , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Pyroglyphidae , RNA/metabolismo , Rinite Alérgica/metabolismo , Estações do Ano
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