Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.865
Filtrar
1.
BMJ Glob Health ; 9(5)2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the levels of demand for family planning satisfied (DFPS) have increased in many countries, cultural norms remain a significant barrier in low- and middle-income countries. In the context of multireligious African countries, our objective was to investigate intersectional inequalities in DFPS by modern or traditional contraceptives according to religion and women's empowerment. METHODS: Analyses were based on Demographic and Health Surveys carried out between 2010 and 2021 in African countries. Countries with at least 10% of Muslims and Christians were selected to analyse inequalities in family planning. The religious groups were characterised by wealth, area of residence, women's age and women's empowerment. The mean level of empowerment was estimated for each religious group, and multilevel Poisson regression was used to assess whether DFPS varied based on the level of women's empowerment among Muslims and Christians. RESULTS: Our study sample of 14 countries comprised 35% of Muslim and 61% of Christian women. Christians had higher levels of empowerment across all three domains compared with Muslims and women with no/other religion. DFPS was also higher among Christians (57%) than among Muslims (36%). Pooled analysis indicated a consistent association between DFPS and women's empowerment, with higher prevalence ratios among Muslims than Christians, especially in the decision-making domain. CONCLUSIONS: The gap between Muslims and Christians in DFPS significantly reduced as the level of empowerment increased. It highlights the importance of understanding and addressing cultural factors sensibly and respectfully to satisfy the demand for family planning services.


Assuntos
Cristianismo , Empoderamento , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Islamismo , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , África/etnologia , Adolescente , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Am J Disaster Med ; 19(2): 151-160, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698514

RESUMO

AIMS: The Arbaeen procession is one of the largest religious gatherings in which tens of millions of people participate every year. The presence of many people in this religious gathering highlights the necessity of planning to reduce incidents related to pilgrims in the field of health and to ensure their timely access to health and treatment services. The current research was conducted with the aim of investigating and analyzing the health field in the Arbaeen procession of 2022. METHODOLOGY: This was a qualitative study, in which in-depth and semistructured interviews were conducted. The target population comprised healthcare policymakers, managers, and providers of the Arbaeen procession in 2022. The interview and data collection guide were developed using the World Health Organization's recommendations. Data collection was continued till data saturation. Directed content analysis was used to analyze the data. Different strategies were applied to increase the validity and reliability of the results of this study. FINDING: Data saturation was reached after 33 interviews. In total, eight main topics were identified, including follow-up of disease and trauma, promotion of public health, education and health system, cooperation and coordination in the field of health, information and communication management, response operations, support and resource management, and security and safety. CONCLUSION: Essential health issues in Arbaeen procession were identified in this research, which may be considered as an evidence-based guide for planners, planners, and executive managers of this religious community. The findings of this research may be used in other marches and public gatherings.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Irã (Geográfico) , Islamismo
3.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301905, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630659

RESUMO

This paper evaluates the direct and indirect impacts (and their interactions) of individual and social ethics from (primary, secondary, tertiary) education and religion (Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism) on health and happiness in alternative religious contexts (majority and minority religions) and for alternative education policies (gross enrolment and per-student expenditure). It also specifies the time lag for the short-run indirect impact (and its size) of happiness on health and the long-run equilibria of both happiness and health. The statistical results show that there is no religious or secular ethics with beneficial impacts on both happiness and health at both the individual and social levels. Next, education policies have similar impacts on both happiness and health in all religious contexts, while most religious ethics have larger beneficial impacts on health and happiness if coupled with social and individual education policies, respectively. Combined statistical and analytical results show that the largest short-run indirect impact of happiness on health occurs after 4 years, where 1 out of 10 points of happiness produces approximately 3 additional years of healthy life expectancy at birth. Next, the long-run equilibria of both happiness and health are globally stable and are achieved after 8 years through oscillation dynamics.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Religião , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Cristianismo , Hinduísmo , Islamismo , Budismo
4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(17): e2307213121, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621134

RESUMO

In the past three decades, there has been a rise in young academy movements in the Global North and South. Such movements, in at least Germany and the Netherlands, have been shown to be quite effective in connecting scientific work with society. Likewise, these movements share a common goal of developing interdisciplinary collaboration among young scientists, which contributes to the growth of a nation's-but also global-scientific endeavors. This paper focuses on the young academy movement in the fourth-largest country hosting the biggest Muslim population in the world, which is also the third-most populous democracy: Indonesia. We observe that there has been rising awareness among the young generation of scientists in Indonesia of the need to advocate for the use of sciences in responding to upcoming and current multidimensional crises. Science advocacy can be seen in their peer-based identification of Indonesia's future challenges, encompassing the fundamental areas for scientific inquiry, discovery, and intervention. We focus on the Indonesian Young Academy of Sciences (ALMI) and its network of young scientists. We describe ALMI's science communication practice, specifically SAINS45 and Science for Indonesia's Biodiversity, and how they have been useful for policymakers, media, and school engagements. The article closes with a reflection on future directions for the young academy movement in Indonesia and beyond.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Indonésia , Alemanha , Países Baixos
5.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e082346, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604624

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is important to promote resilience in preadolescence; however, there is limited research on children's understandings and experiences of resilience. Quantitative approaches may not capture dynamic and context-specific aspects of resilience. Resilience research has historically focused on white, middle-class Western adults and adolescents, creating an evidence gap regarding diverse experiences of resilience in middle childhood which could inform interventions. East London's Muslim community represents a diverse, growing population. Despite being disproportionately affected by deprivation and racial and cultural discrimination, this population is under-represented in resilience research. Using participatory and arts-based methods, this study aims to explore lived experiences and perceptions of resilience in black and South Asian Muslim children living in East London. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We propose a qualitative study, grounded in embodied inquiry, consisting of a participatory workshop with 6-12 children and their parents/carers to explore lived experiences and perceptions of resilience. Participants will be identified and recruited from community settings in East London. Eligible participants will be English-speaking Muslims who identify as being black or South Asian, have a child aged 8-12 years and live in East London. The workshop (approx. 3.5 hours) will take place at an Islamic community centre and will include body mapping with children and a focus group discussion with parents/carers to explore resilience perspectives and meanings. Participants will also complete a demographic survey. Workshop audio recordings will be transcribed verbatim and body maps and other paper-based activities will be photographed. Data will be analysed using systematic visuo-textual analysis which affords equal importance to visual and textual data. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Queen Mary Ethics of Research Committee at Queen Mary University of London has approved this study (approval date: 9 October 2023; ref: QME23.0042). The researchers plan to publish the results in peer-reviewed journals and present findings at academic conferences.


Assuntos
Resiliência Psicológica , Criança , Humanos , Povo Asiático , Islamismo , Londres , Pais
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301398, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635825

RESUMO

The banking industry necessitates implementing an early warning system to effectively identify the factors that impact bank managers and enable them to make informed decisions, thereby mitigating systemic risk. Identifying factors that influence banks in times of stability and crisis is crucial, as it ultimately contributes to developing an improved early warning system. This study undertakes a comparative analysis of the stability of Indonesian Islamic and conventional banking across distinct economic regimes-crisis and stability. We analyze monthly banking data from December 2007 to November 2022 using the Markov Switching Dynamic Regression technique. The study focuses on conducting a comparative analysis between Islamic banks, represented by Islamic Commercial Bank (ICB) and Islamic Rural Bank (IRB), and conventional banks, represented by the Conventional Commercial Bank (CCB) and Conventional Rural Bank (CRB). The findings reveal that both Islamic and conventional banks exhibit a higher probability of being in a stable regime than a crisis regime. Notably, Islamic banks demonstrate a greater propensity to remain in a stable regime than their conventional counterparts. However, in a crisis regime, the likelihood of recovery for Sharia-compliant institutions is lower than for conventional banks. Furthermore, our analysis indicates that larger banks exhibit higher stability than their smaller counterparts regarding assets and size. This study pioneers a comprehensive comparison of the Z-score, employed as a proxy for stability, between two distinct classifications of Indonesian banks: Sharia (ICB and IRB) and conventional (CCB and CRB). The result is expected to improve our awareness of the elements that affect the stability of Islamic and conventional banking in Indonesia, leading to a deeper comprehension of their dynamics.


Assuntos
Diretivas Antecipadas , Indústrias , Humanos , Indonésia , Islamismo , Probabilidade
7.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300549, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630662

RESUMO

This paper discusses recent archaeological fieldwork conducted at El Castillejo, a medieval Islamic settlement in Los Guájares, Granada, southern Spain. Results from combined archaeological excavation and archaeoseismological assessment of standing structures suggest that the site was affected by a destructive earthquake during its occupation. Radiocarbon samples and OSL analysis point to a seismic event in the period CE 1224-1266. The earthquake occurred within an area marked by a 'seismological gap' in terms of historic seismicity and the causative fault has been tentatively identified in the Nigüelas-Padul Fault System which lies north of the settlement. This event is not recorded by national or European seismic catalogues and represents the oldest historic earthquake in the Granada area. Our work stresses the significant impact that targeted archaeological investigations can generate in our understanding of the local historic seismicity, thus providing clear implications for seismic disaster prevention and reduction.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Espanha , Arqueologia , Islamismo
8.
Am J Disaster Med ; 19(1): 71-77, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597649

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assist governments and organizers of mass gathering events in reviewing existing preventive measures for disease outbreaks to inform the adoption of enhanced strategies for risk reduction and impacts on public health. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive study. SETTING: This study was conducted in a mass gathering of Hajj, an annual religious event in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 70 personnel working in government ministries of Saudi Arabia (Ministry of Health, Ministry of Hajj, and Ministry of Interior) and the Saudi Red Crescent Authority involved in health management in Hajj, including policy formulation and implementation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perception and knowledge of health risks and outbreaks associated with Hajj. RESULTS: The majority of the respondents (60 percent) expressed concern about the potential for infection transmission during Hajj. The respondents also reported having or knowing a colleague, a friend, or a family member with a history of infection during or after Hajj. However, the respondents' knowledge of the possible modes of infection of various diseases was limited. CONCLUSIONS: Hajj is associated with various risks of outbreaks, and thus, better protection-enhancing measures are required. Training personnel involved in health management, including planners, coordinators, and healthcare providers, can help reduce the risks and prevent potential outbreaks.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças , Saúde Pública , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Islamismo , Viagem
9.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 211: 111661, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Muslim adult patients. Those Muslims are required to fast the holy month of Ramadan. However, the Islam religion exempted some people with medical issues. It was not clear if all the patients with diabetes were considered medically unfit to fast Ramadan. Therefore, IDF-DAR group created a new risk calculator to categorize the patients with diabetes to advise with or against fasting accordingly. OBJECTIVE: This study is validating the IDF-DAR tool in assessing the accuracy of IDF-DAR risk calculator tool on adult patients with diabetes visiting primary health care in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The study will facilitate the health care professionals' decision to exempt the patients from fasting. METHODS: It is a prospective, randomized study for Ramadan 1444/2023 to assess the new IDF-DAR risk score tool that predicts the complications and the negative outcome of fasting during Ramadan. It included pre- and post-Ramadan questionnaires. 757 patients were selected randomly from the patients list of the central diabetes clinics in primary health care for pre-Ramadan risk assessment scoring. Post-Ramadan a phone a questionnaire was done to evaluate the ability of fasting and the occurrence of adverse events. RESULTS: Out of the 757 participants, 611 were included in the study. The mean age of the studied population was 59.8 years and 52.8 % of them were female. 630 (95.3 %) had type 2 diabetes. According to the new IDF-DAR risk calculator, 184 (27.8 %) were categorized as low risk (≤3 score), 252 (38.1 %) as moderate risk (3-6 score), and 225 (34 %) as high risk (>6 score). The percentage of patients completed their 30 days fasting successfully without reporting adverse events in the low, moderate, and high-risk groups were 92.4 %, 89.3 %, 74.7 % respectively. There was significant increased risk in breaking the fast between the low-risk group and high-risk group with a p-value of <0.001. Similarly, there was significant increased risk in breaking the fast between the moderate-risk group and high-risk group with p-value of <0.001. The main reason of breaking the fast was hypoglycemic attacks. The leading factors that play a significant role in increasing the risk of adverse events during fasting Ramadan were type 1 diabetes mellitus, the presence of previous hypoglycemia attacks, the presence of renal impairment, and negative previous Ramadan experience. CONCLUSION: The new IDF-DAR risk calculator is a good tool to predict both the ability to fast Ramadan and the probability of experiencing adverse events (mainly hypoglycemia) in people with diabetes mellitus in Kingdom of Bahrain.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Jejum , Islamismo , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Humanos , Barein/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Idoso
10.
Ambix ; 71(2): 141-171, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660777

RESUMO

This article presents the results of a survey and a first assessment of the corpus of alchemical manuscripts retrieved from the Cairo Genizah, a storage room mainly intended for sacred writings that is attached to the Ben Ezra synagogue of Old Cairo. The alchemical manuscripts are described in their codicological and palaeographic features; their content is analysed in the context of the medieval production of alchemical texts in the surrounding Islamic world. The alchemical corpus of the Genizah represents a unique and widely unstudied source for our understanding of the relationship between Jews and alchemy in the medieval Mediterranean World.


Assuntos
Alquimia , História Medieval , Antigo Egito , Manuscritos como Assunto/história , Judeus/história , Islamismo/história , Humanos
12.
J Relig Health ; 63(3): 1954-1966, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532031

RESUMO

Research indicates that the suicide attempt rate among American Muslims is at least twice the rate of the national US average and follows a different trend of suicide behavior compared to other groups. Religious leaders, such as Imams, are commonly sought out for support, but many lack training in mental health crisis management. The Stanford Muslim Mental Health and Islamic Psychology Lab created the Muslim Community Suicide Response Manual and its accompanying training modules to address this issue. This paper describes the creation, evolution, and future directions of the Suicide Response Training from an Islamic perspective to reduce suicide risk in Muslim communities.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Prevenção do Suicídio , Humanos , Islamismo/psicologia , Religião e Psicologia
13.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0293339, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inequalities exist in uptake of bowel cancer screening in England with low uptake in areas with high deprivation and amongst certain ethnic and religious groups. Individuals from these groups are more likely to receive a late diagnosis of bowel cancer. Uptake in Muslim communities, for example, has been shown to be lower than in the general population. Culturally adapted interventions are needed to address these inequalities. This feasibility study aims to assess the acceptability and accessibility of an educational faith-placed bowel cancer screening intervention in the East of England, alongside its impact on bowel screening uptake. It was developed by the British Islamic Medical Association in partnership with community stakeholders and professionals. METHODS: Ethical approval was granted on the 27 October 2021, REC reference number 21/EE/0231. A two-group non-randomised feasibility mixed methods study will be conducted, using surveys, focus groups and semi-structured interviews. Participants eligible for bowel screening will be recruited through local mosques and community venues. We aim to recruit 100 participants to the intervention group and 150 to the comparison group (not receiving the intervention). Intervention group participants will complete a survey at baseline, post-intervention and at six-month follow up. Comparison group participants will complete a survey at baseline and at six-month follow up. Outcomes will include: intention to take up screening; actual screening uptake; knowledge, attitudes, barriers and facilitators towards screening. Regional screening hub records will be used to ascertain actual screening uptake at six-month follow-up. Quantitative survey data will be summarised using descriptive statistics (e.g., proportion), and exploratory univariate analysis will be undertaken (e.g., chi-squared test). Two focus group interviews will be conducted with intervention group participants (with up to 16 participants). Semi-structured interviews will be conducted with 10 clinicians delivering the intervention to explore the acceptability of the intervention, training, and delivery. All qualitative data will be subject to a general inductive analysis. DISCUSSION: The findings will inform how faith-placed interventions can be implemented to increase uptake of bowel cancer screening, and potentially other health promotion programmes, to address health inequalities in ethnically diverse communities in England.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Islamismo , Humanos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Promoção da Saúde , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico
14.
Public Health Nurs ; 41(3): 487-502, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To map the current evidence about the health concerns and the potential solutions related to the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca. DESIGN: A scoping review was applied. Papers published in English between 2012 and 2023 were included but non-human research and sources without any related data were excluded. Data charting and extraction were used to map the current evidence. RESULTS: The total of 36 papers were included with the total number of pilgrims of 17,075,887. The majority of studies were published in the Asia Pacific region (36.11%) as original articles (88.89%). The health concerns were grouped into five main aspects. There were 7603 deaths recorded or about 44 incidences of deaths per 100,000 pilgrims during the pilgrimage. There were recorded 11,018; 6178; 3393; and 17,810 cases for communicable diseases; non-communicable diseases; injuries and trauma; and health services (i.e., cardiac catheterization) and vaccination, respectively. CONCLUSION: Relating to the five health concerns, this study identified the top seven issues in each category (i.e., hypertension, influenza vaccination), except for the death record. Moreover, there were three solutions (for general health, non- and communicable-diseases) presented. Stakeholders could use this evidence to improve healthcare quality particularly related to the annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Viagem , Humanos , Incidência , Islamismo , Vacinação
15.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 63, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the last decade, there has been a growing concern to make palliative care more culturally sensitive and contextually appropriate. This concern is also relevant in Indonesia, where the progress of palliative care, particularly in home-based care, has been slow. Like elsewhere in the world, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of shifting from a curative orientation towards a palliative one, especially in cases where further medical treatment is futile. In this paper we argue that the development of palliative care practices would benefit greatly from learning about the values that are important for patients, families, and health professionals. It is important to understand these values to support forms of care that aim to enhance quality of life. To demonstrate this, we analyse the care values people in rural Java evoke in their home palliative care practices. METHODS: We conducted an eight-month ethnographic study involving forty-nine patients, families, and health professionals. RESULTS: We identified three specific Javanese Islamic values: making an effort (ikhtiar), being sincere (ikhlas), and being in a state of surrender (pasrah). These values influenced the participants' activities in a palliative care setting. Based on our findings, we suggest three strategies to incorporate these values into palliative care practices and to better facilitate palliative care's integration into Javanese Muslim communities. The first strategy is to include efforts to reduce suffering and improve the quality of life using the concept of ikhtiar. The second strategy is to foster sincerity (ikhlas) to help patients and families accept the realities of their condition and provide care for patients at home. The last strategy is to clarify that palliative care is not synonymous with 'giving up' but can be seen as an act of pious surrender. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified three Islamic-Javanese values that can be incorporated to strategies aiming at enhancing palliative care practices, resulting in care focused on improving quality of life rather than futile attempts at a cure.


Assuntos
Camelus , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Animais , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Indonésia , Islamismo , Qualidade de Vida
16.
J Genet Psychol ; 185(3): 162-166, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487856

RESUMO

Drawing on the framework of interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory), this special issue edited by Ronald P. Rohner, Sumbleen Ali, and Jennifer E. Lansford explores forgiveness and vengeance within the context of the Muslim world. Examination of the precursors of forgiveness and vengeance holds significance because vengeance typically correlates with adverse physical and psychological health outcomes. We suggest ways to advance research outlined in the special issue, such as assessing cross-cultural invariance and using diverse research designs. Moreover, increasing the diversity of socioeconomic status in studies conducted in the Muslim world and exploring hypotheses in high-income countries are necessary for contextually nuanced research. Overall, this special issue offers valuable insights into the dynamics of forgiveness and vengeance and highlights the role of culture and gender on psychological well-being across diverse contexts.


Assuntos
Perdão , Humanos , Islamismo , Pais , Pesquisa Empírica , Relações Interpessoais
17.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300257, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although there have been consistent improvements in maternal mortality, it remains high in developing countries due to unequal access to healthcare services during pregnancy and childbirth. Thus, this study aimed to further analyze the variations in the number of antenatal care utilizations and associated factors among pregnant women in urban and rural Ethiopia. METHODS: A total of 3962 pregnant women were included in the analysis of 2019 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey data. A negative binomial Poisson regression statistical model was used to analyze the data using STATA version 14.0. An incident rate ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used to show the significantly associated variables. RESULTS: Of the 3962 (weighted 3916.67) pregnant women, about 155 (15.21%) lived in urban and 848 (29.29%) rural residences and did not use antenatal care services in 2019. Women age group 20-24 (IRR = 1.30, 95%CI:1.05-1.61), 25-29 (IRR = 1.56, 95%CI:1.27-1.92), 30-34 (IRR = 1.65, 95%CI:1.33-2.05), and 35-39 years old (IRR = 1.55, 95%CI:1.18-2.03), attending primary, secondary, and higher education (IRR = 1.18, 95%CI:1.07-1.30), (IRR = 1.26, 95%CI:1.13-1.42) and (IRR = 1.25, 95%CI:1.11-1.41) respectively, reside in middle household wealth (IRR = 1.31, 95%CI:1.13-1.52), richer (IRR = 1.45, 95%CI:1.26-1.66) and richest (IRR = 1.68, 95%CI:1.46-1.93) increases the number of antenatal care utilization among urban residences. While attending primary (IRR = 1.34, 95%CI:1.24-1.45), secondary (IRR = 1.54, 95%CI:1.34-1.76) and higher education (IRR = 1.58, 95%CI:1.28-1.95), following Protestant (IRR = 0.76, 95%CI:0.69-0.83), Muslim (IRR = 0.79, 95%CI:0.73-0.85) and Others (IRR = 0.56, 95%CI:0.43-0.71) religions, reside in poorer, middle, richer, and richest household wealth (IRR = 1.51, 95%CI:1.37-1.67), (IRR = 1.66, 95%CI:1.50-1.83), (IRR = 1.71, 95%CI:1.55-1.91) and (IRR = 1.89, 95%CI:1.72-2.09) respectively, being married and widowed/separated (IRR = 1.85, 95%CI:1.19-2.86), and (IRR = 1.95, 95%CI:1.24-3.07) respectively were significantly associated with the number of antenatal care utilization among rural residences. CONCLUSION: The utilization of antenatal care is low among rural residents than among urban residents. To increase the frequency of antenatal care utilization, health extension workers and supporting actors should give special attention to pregnant women with low socioeconomic and educational levels through a safety-net lens.


Assuntos
Cuidado Pré-Natal , População Rural , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Etiópia/epidemiologia , População Urbana , Parto , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Islamismo , Demografia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
18.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299958, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38446809

RESUMO

In around 716 AD, the city of Santarém, Portugal, was conquered by the Berber and Arab armies that swept the Iberian Peninsula and went on to rule the region until the 12th century. Archaeological excavations in 2007/08 discovered an Islamic necropolis (Avenida 5 de Outubro #2-8) that appears to contain the remains of an early Muslim population in Santarém (8th- 10th century). In this study, skeletal material from 58 adult individuals was analysed for stable carbon (δ13Ccol; δ13Cap), nitrogen (δ15N) and sulphur (δ34S) isotope ratios in bones, and stable oxygen (δ18O), carbon (δ13Cen) and radiogenic strontium (87Sr/86Sr) isotopes in tooth enamel. The results of this study revealed a dietary pattern of predominantly C3-plant and domestic C3-fed herbivore consumption during adulthood (δ13Ccol and δ15N, respectively) but a higher proportion of C4-plant input during childhood (δ13Cen) for some individuals-interpreted as possible childhood consumption of millet porridge, a common practice in North Africa-in those with unorthodox burial types (Groups 1 and 2) that was not practiced in the individuals with canonical burials (Group 3). In this first mobility study of a medieval Muslim population in Portugal, δ18ODW values revealed greater heterogeneity in Groups 1 and 2, consistent with diverse origins, some in more humid regions than Santarém when compared to regional precipitation δ18O data, contrasting the more homogenous Group 3, consistent with the local precipitation δ18O range. Ancient DNA analysis conducted on three individuals revealed maternal (mtDNA) and paternal (Y-chromosome) lineages compatible with a North African origin for (at least) some of the individuals. Additionally, mobility of females in this population was higher than males, potentially resulting from a patrilocal social system, practiced in Berber and Arab communities. These results serve to offer a more detailed insight into the ancestry and cultural practices of early Muslim populations in Iberia.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Isótopos de Estrôncio , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Portugal , Carbono
19.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0292755, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457421

RESUMO

The Developing Belief Network is a consortium of researchers studying human development in diverse social-cultural settings, with a focus on the interplay between general cognitive development and culturally specific processes of socialization and cultural transmission in early and middle childhood. The current manuscript describes the study protocol for the network's first wave of data collection, which aims to explore the development and diversity of religious cognition and behavior. This work is guided by three key research questions: (1) How do children represent and reason about religious and supernatural agents? (2) How do children represent and reason about religion as an aspect of social identity? (3) How are religious and supernatural beliefs transmitted within and between generations? The protocol is designed to address these questions via a set of nine tasks for children between the ages of 4 and 10 years, a comprehensive survey completed by their parents/caregivers, and a task designed to elicit conversations between children and caregivers. This study is being conducted in 39 distinct cultural-religious groups (to date), spanning 17 countries and 13 languages. In this manuscript, we provide detailed descriptions of all elements of this study protocol, give a brief overview of the ways in which this protocol has been adapted for use in diverse religious communities, and present the final, English-language study materials for 6 of the 39 cultural-religious groups who are currently being recruited for this study: Protestant Americans, Catholic Americans, American members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jewish Americans, Muslim Americans, and religiously unaffiliated Americans.


Assuntos
Pais , Religião e Psicologia , Humanos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Islamismo/psicologia , Cognição , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Headache ; 64(4): 352-360, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ramadan fasting is an obligatory religious practice for Muslims. However, research data on the effect of Ramadan on idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) symptoms are lacking. This study aimed to study the effect of Ramadan fasting on the severity of headache and visual symptoms and related quality-of-life activities. METHODS: This prospective cohort study targeted females diagnosed with IIH (n = 102) who were eligible to fast for Ramadan in 2023. The patients were recruited from the Neurology Clinic in Beni-Suef University Hospital, Egypt. Body mass index (BMI), monthly headache days and intensity of headache attacks, six-item Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), and the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) scores during Ramadan were compared to those during the (non-fasting) month of Shaaban, the preceding month to Ramadan. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the BMI of patients with IIH in Ramadan compared to the (non-fasting) month of Shaaban, at a median (interquartile range [IQR]) of 30.5 (26.6-35.8) kg/m2 and 30.1 (26.6-35.2) kg/m2, respectively (p = 0.002). The median (IQR) value of monthly headache days was significantly increased during Ramadan in comparison to the (non-fasting) month of Shaaban, at 20 (11.5-30) vs. 15 (10-25) (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant worsening in the visual analog scale (VAS) scores (median [IQR] 7 [5-8] vs. 6.5 [5-8]), HIT-6 scores (median [IQR] 61 [58-67] vs. 59 [53-61.5]), and NEI-VFQ-25 total scores (median [IQR] 1312.5 [1238.8-1435] vs 1290 [1165-1417.5]) during Ramadan in comparison to the (non-fasting) month of Shaaban (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). The change in BMI in Ramadan was positively correlated with the change in monthly headache days (r = 0.24, p = 0.014), VAS (r = 0.20, p = 0.043), HIT-6 (r = 0.25, p = 0.010) and NEI-VFQ-25 scores (r = 0.24, p = 0.016). CONCLUSION: Ramadan fasting had an aggravating effect on headache, visual symptoms, and related quality-of-life activities, which might be attributed to weight gain during this month. Whether proper nutritional management to prevent weight gain during Ramadan may help mitigate this worsening effect is a mission of future studies.


Assuntos
Jejum , Cefaleia , Islamismo , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Jejum/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Cefaleia/fisiopatologia , Egito , Pseudotumor Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Pseudotumor Cerebral/complicações , Índice de Massa Corporal , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...